Channel: Isam Rajab
Special course by Yayasan Ta’lim & Arees University. Conducted by Dr Isam Rajab. FIQH FOR BEGINNERS (session 1)
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Al Hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah
salam aleikum, wa barakato
Welcome to the course of the fifth.
inshallah, in this course, we will cover the basic, all the basic things that are related to the book of Isaiah that everything that is related to the book of a bear that will be covered inshallah, in a very simple but important way.
And I will give you, I will start with a very simple example. How many times do we perform prayer every day?
Five times a day, right. Okay.
What are the things that you have to do during prayer?
During math before? See, that's the difference when we say pillar, pillar means part of the prayer, essential part of the prayer that without it, the prayer is not accepted conditions that is before the prayer, which is one of them. So during the prayer, what are the things?
Nia very good, that's one of them. What else?
Okay, how many things
13? You know, the number?
They are 13? What are they?
See, this is what I like to focus on. That's what I try to do always be specific, when you are specific in all the things because this is something we do every day. What is more frequent than prayer that we do every day. But still, we never took the time to think or list them in order. Like it's 123 I know when I say it's a pillar, and anything happens. I will know this is not one of them. So it's not a pillar so it's okay, I can continue prayer on Oh, this is one of the pillars it was didn't do didn't happen. So I have to do it again or I have to do to do that I have. So that's important. We will start inshallah, in order with the book of
purification. And what we will study in Sharla, mainly mainly is the Shafi school of thought. That's what we practice here. That's the common school of thought. If there is something
different I will mention it in Sharla. But mainly it will be the study of the school of thought of remember Shafi Rahim Allah, and based on the madhhab of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, what is the first chapter? What is the first book in film? It's keytab of bahara.
What about other schools of thought? Have you ever studied or took a class on comparative film?
Some scholars like in the Maliki school of thought they start with the book of Salah first.
Now what started what starts first fahara or Salah
Bara? Can you pray we do without bahara? You cannot. So which one should start? bar Mr. Malik disagrees? Why is the question and it's very valid, it's very strong. He says, you don't have to have bahara
until it's time for prayer.
That's why he starts with the timing of the prayer, the book of Salah kita, Salah, bourbaki, to Salah. That's what you start with. He says bahara comes first. But you don't have to have bahara until
it's time for prayer, that's when you have to have a seat. So knowing these differences would help you don't have to but you're still this is very basic, but it's it's helpful to know that. Now
when we start with the bahara, we have several acts of tahara.
What do we start with? As you see in the notes, what do we start with?
Hulu, Hulu, because we have awesome, right?
We have the mo Why don't we start with those things from cinema. Why don't we start with them?
What do you think?
or loosen is is more major
and it covers more things. So why don't we stop
its major purity, also is major purity.
That's the point. He said, What did he say? It's not always it's not as frequent, we start with something that is common that is frequent.
That's why it is bahara. And that's why it is because we know is the most repeated thing that is done every day. So
something that is not written here. And sometimes people like to pay attention to that. Sometimes they don't depending on new your selection. It's about the definitions. We'll do, what's the meaning of?
Or if I asked you to define we'll do what's the definition of verbal?
Any thought about that? Have you ever took any basic course of it?
This is very basic definition havapoo.
Someone told you, I don't know what to do is you have to explain everything will do is to wash your hands and wash your face. And that's not the definition. That's the scription to what you do. But the definition of booboo Any thoughts?
to purify that covers anything that we purify, even washing cloth that's to purify?
So the definition has to be comprehensive.
Washing with water, isn't that also also?
So again, we will not pay a lot of attention to that. But sometimes it's good to know these things. These are basic definitions. It's good to know we'll do is
as scholars define it in Arabic, last Lu, ma, ma Susa BK fi masasa.
Okay, moving on.
You got the definition, right.
But in Arabic, the washing of specific parts or limbs of the body, not everybody, so we excluded those in the washing of certain parts of limbs of the body in a certain way.
Okay, that includes and excludes everything else. This is all see it's very simple. Very simple and very basic term. Laszlo Bock masasa became the washing of certain parts, certain limbs of the body in a certain way. That's it. So the required acts of Google. What are they? By the way linguistically? Where did it come from? Did you take any basic Arabic course? Have you heard the term before we do? Baba Wahby.
It comes from the light mode.
You've never heard the term low light
Bow Bow Bow. Hamza? That's the light. So what is the correlation? both light and low. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned
on the Day of Judgment, the lames that you wash it will be what? shining it will be ready and that is the glass tidy for the believers. prophets are seldom said in Almaty. You've asked so Naomi, Mr. Mahajan. In my own mind, my nation will be resurrected on the Day of Judgment with their parts lighting. So it's easy to distinguish the believers on the Day of Judgment why they will have their limbs shining. Remember that always every time you make wobble, you're not just only required to do that and that's all you're doing. No, you are doing that you know that you are saving your life for the Day of Judgment. This is a mark of a believer.
So that's where the coloration came the name came from bow MOBA cannot do linoleum. He was a man handsome he had lighting fees.
Okay, so we have six
When we say required What does it mean?
Okay, what does it mean? It must it must it cannot be omitted. What does it mean? One of them is missing is the valid?
No, it's not valid. One of them is missing. It is not valid.
So the validity of blue is based on all not some on all these, how many? Six, six things what are the first one
having the intention? Now here is a big issue with having the intention.
First of all, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says in MLM Albania actions are only based on what intention Nia, no action without
nia. That's why Imam Shafi Allah says it is what it is a must.
There is no act without intention. What does that mean? Somebody was playing with water
playing. And he did this. He did this. He was playing. And you asked him, What are you doing? He said, I'm playing with water.
And he did exactly the act of blue. But he told you I was playing. Is this considered as well though? He did the same Act, the same act, it was time for prayer, then you said, Oh, you know what, I was playing with water and I just did the act. So it should be sufficient and I will go and pray. Is that accepted? No. There has to be what?
There has to be intention. So that's the first pillar. It's essential without intention.
Stop planning. This is number one. Now saying, having the intention as it's read having the intention, does it mean saying or uttering
Having is something and saying is something else.
So how do we have the intention that
in the heart, someone came and said, Okay, my intention is in the heart, but I want to alter it.
What do you think?
Very good deal. Was it ever reported that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam uttered the intention? You see the companions Rahim Allah, Allahu Allah. The companions were very accurate, very accurate when they describe the acts of Voodoo, they described it in details, everything, Prophet sallallahu wasallam did. They never ever mentioned that the prophets of Allah Hollywood send them before making the law? He said, I am intending, no way to do or he never said that. But according to the school of thought of Imam Shafi, if someone having with us having evil thoughts, having always doubts, then it is permissible for that person to utter the intention. It's no big deal. We don't want to make a big
deal out of it. But the sooner the sooner.
your intention is where in your heart, it is in your heart.
So how do you know your heart
determines whatever you do, we might smile, but in my heart, I am upset or unhappy.
Still, because it's inside. That's the intention. your intention is within. So the intention is a pillar. That's number one, number two,
washing the face will define the face.
When we say washing the face what constitutes a face.
what is here? Exactly
what is here?
From the hairline from the forefront, the beginning of the forehead, very good from the beginning of the forehead. Because hairline, somebody without hair, Where is his hairline? Does he have to wash his face like that from here? He doesn't have hair. So what do you do?
From the hairline?
okay, that's the length. What about the width
from between the two years Exactly. Now, I say this, believe me. Some people do not wash their face fully. What they do, they take the water and they do this. You see where my hands are? Did I cover all the face. It's not covered here. Especially with with us and especially
Even if we have bigger beard for men, here, this area that is area here after the hair but before the year
many times it's dry unless you make sure even with your thumbs that you are covering. Okay? Make sure you cover this area here.
So it's not just like that many people you see them doing this is not enough you cover the entire face, the entire face. Okay?
Washing the hands and arms.
and arms. So this is a hand and this is an arm
elbows to the elbow. Is the elbow included or not?
When I say from two
to is included or not? Yes, according to the majority of scholars, including Imam Shafi it is some scholars said no between
until but without it, but the majority of scholars said no it is included. The elbow is included.
Why being part of the head?
wiping now? Here's something washing, wiping. Wiping washing. What's the difference?
Once you leave,
washing with water, wiping without water with a wet hand without water. The hand is wet but without water.
Okay, while washing. I have water in my hand wiping I have had I had water but it's not there anymore.
Yes, the hand is wet but the water is not there. That is wiping. Okay, that's the difference. Wiping part of the head.
What constitutes part?
Not all the heads. Why not? Shouldn't you wipe the entire head?
No, the entire head or part of it?
part You're sure?
That's what it says here. Maybe it's wrong. Maybe it's a typo.
We are not saying what is sooner. We're saying what is obligatory? What is the see that's the filler when someone comes and tells you how to perform mobile you don't tell him the pillars or this the seminar this you explained to him to do but when someone says what I must do only without anything extra I just want what is must then you differentiate. Now we're not saying this is what you only do
nobody says that because the prophet SAW Selim did not do that only but we're saying this is what is essential. What without it to do is not accepted.
So part of the head
why part why not the entire head?
Why not the entire head?
Allah says in the Quran What?
All these pillars are included in one eye only one ayah in Surah Thelma Ada
i a number
What does it say? Yeah, you had levena hermano.
illa seletti fallacy you would you were idea co Ll murase. T one saho one saho y What
does the I do you know the i o you don't know. You'll never read the ayah
it's important I Atilla calm you should know that. Once you see the eye if it says one Saku Saku wipe your head then the entire head, but the ISS why one saho be bureau SQL be so this added later. What does it mean? scholars differ according to the shaft a school of thought and the majority actually, they say B means the proportion.
B the letter back is a little bit proportionally so why part of the head that part scholars differ according to the Hanafi school of thought the majority of the heads so two thirds of the head, three quarters of the head is enough.
According to the Schaeffer school of thought, any part anything that you could call part as little as few hairs, as little as few hairs, now again, no one is telling you go ahead and only wipe few hairs. But what we are saying is this is a pillar, the minimum required act to wipe part of the head, whatever is called part. So, let's say I did this, did I cover part of the head? I did. So it should be accepted. Now, I'm not saying go ahead and do just that. But according to the school of thought,
this is sufficient. This is enough. Why? Because of the iron the iron.
Okay? Allah azza wa jal is commanding us to wipe me once the whole Miro see Kamala didn't say one circle or circle. Because Allah said wash your hands,
wash your faces, wash your hands, but when it came to miss, he didn't say once a hollow circle he said Hamza, whoa,
washing the feet to the ankle, where is the ankle?
Where is the ankle?
The appearing born
of the foot.
On top of the foot, that is the ankle.
So you wash the feet to the ankle, again, is the ankle included or not? It is included. So you wash the foot, including the ankle,
including the ankles.
Next, performing these acts in the order indicated.
Okay, here's a scenario.
I'm starting although I have intention, it's time for prayer. By By the way, what time is that? So prayer
for 3440 So, we are coming close to the answer time so let's perform Moodle. So I went ahead and I washed my hands.
I washed my face.
I washed my feet and I wiped my head and I went ahead and prayed. Is that accepted?
I started With what?
With the arms with the hands with the arms then what? face
and then the rest? Is that accepted or no? You should.
He says accepted Why
shouldn't there be an order?
It says he is performing these acts in the order.
But you say no.
in the air.
What is the valley? You say it's required right? You have to have the lead. You're saying what you're saying is right. You have to have the need.
This is essential. This is something we do every day. What is the need what is the evidence that it is required the order it is in the if
it is in the eye, it is a linguistic issue actually but I'll try explaining it to you.
The I put the X in order. Although when I say for instance he came and he came and he came I am putting them in order but one I interrupt this order there has to be something we I am what does it say once a year levina m n O you who believe either a la sala when you stand up for prayer, first salute you wash your feet, your faces where idea come in El Mirage you wash your hands and arms to the elbows, once a whole
mirror OC come listen now the I was mentioning what
what order washing then it came to what? wiping once a hobo sickle. Then we I said what? What our July
and your feet, your feet is going back to what to the wiping or to the washing. Washing so why I delay
The feet I should have said wash your hands, faces feet. But the ayah doesn't say that the ISS wash. Why wash and we know the Quran is very eloquent. It doesn't repeat anything unless it is necessary. So the I mentioned that order to tell us that it is a pillar to have this order.
So the I went from washing to wiping then went back again to what to washing Why? It's easier to say wash one time and repeat only the things wash your face, your hands with the arm, your feet, but they I didn't say that the I said wash your face. Your hand with the arm. Your feet, wipe your your head wash. So it repeated the wash. So that is the order. Is it a pillar? Yes, it is a pillar.
I'm okay with you. I agree. It's a pillar. You say it's a pillar. Okay. I am going to do the order. I'm going to wash What?
What do you see?
Yeah, I did that. I'm washing my face. I'm washing my hand to the elbow with the arm.
And then again, my foot left and then right.
Why we are in Malaysia, you drive from the right.
Started with the right Did he say you have to start like that.
I'm asking you.
Somebody started with the left?
That's my question. I'm asking. Is it valid or invalid?
valid you start from the left? Is that how the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did it? No. So how can you say it's valid?
It is actually valid. I'm not saying you do it. It's not. So now. The sooner is always as the sister said you start from the right.
But it is not a pillar. It's only sooner. sooner, you will do is still valid. You did something that is not recommended. He didn't follow the Sunnah. But it is still valid. Actually, there is a narration from Elliott of the law. And he said I don't care whether I start with left or right.
again, the I didn't specify the part right or left but specify the order.
Okay. So this is not
a pillar, another thing
I started will do.
I had the intention. And I said Bismillah and it started what
was washing my hands
washing my face. I lost my face,
washing my hands with the arm. Is that enough?
I did that one time.
Not three times.
What is that? So now?
Yes, the repetition of the times of washing, that is not a pillar. The repetition. You see, that's why you have to be accurate when you say what's the pillar is pillar. These are only pillars. Everything else is only what sooner? Again? I'm not saying go ahead and do it. But it is permissible. Actually sometimes the Prophet sallallahu wasallam did that. That I will do remember Bukhari Rahim Allah He had a chapter in his
chapter performing model once, twice and three times. Sometimes the profits of our salon would wash his barks one time. Sometimes he would wash two times. Sometimes he would wash three times and sometimes he
Mix is phase two times his hands three times to show that it is what? permissible it's not the pillar to do it three times three times is only what
Okay, how about the ears?
leading him mention the IRS
they are included in the head so they have to
wipe them or no
Is it a pillar to wipe the hand or no? It is a pillar are the ears from the head or no
it is or they're not if somebody has his ears in his hands that's different but the ears are part of the head. So is it a pillar to wipe the IRS? Oh no. Why
no. wiping the head is a pillar he is are part of the head wiping the IRS shouldn't be pillar
should or shouldn't
it is part of the hip
Come on. We want to move on.
See this is something you do five times a day you don't know if it's required or not required so panela
What's a you
it's not a pillar.
Maybe the notes are on this thing you
do we have to wipe the entire head or part of it? Part of it because of that the years are not mandatory to why
it's only what suddenly
part is about the sunon
what is Suna?
Oh wait, hold on a second. Something important.
It is time for boo boo. So I started Bismillah I started doodle. Took the water wash my hands first.
sniffed the water, washed my mouth. washed my face. wash my hands with the arms. Lived my head.
Okay, what can I get you?
All right. What else? Okay, by the way, how did this go?
So, I kept doing that for about 15 minutes. And then I remembered Oh, there is the feet left. So I lost my feet
and then went on.
There is a phone call went out from I went out and I came back
the entire thing.
What is too long and what is not too long?
There shouldn't be any interruption.
Yeah, but it's a phone call. It's important.
I'm not saying it's more important than alarm. But I'm doing though that's important.
But I didn't do them all at the same time at once.
I'm asking you
did it ever happen to you?
So what did he do?
redo the whole thing. You have to know.
No. So I wash my hands now. After 10 minutes. We have
40 minutes until the prayer in this for every 10 minutes I do one thing.
installment every 10 minutes. Is it permissible or no I'm asking you
should it be in succession or it's only as soon
All scholars agree that there shouldn't be any long interruption. But what constitutes a long interruption? When the parts are wiped on their own, they become dry on their own?
How long does it take?
Few minutes, few minutes, sometimes four minutes. If the time went more than that, you have to redo everything. You have to redo everything. But again, is this required, there was an aeration reported from urban armor or the Allahumma, that he used to do everything. And he delayed washing his feet until he went out to the market, we have that sometimes you have the sink, the faucet, you only wash everything with the exception of the feet, you don't want to make a mess, you will go outside and you wash the feet that is permissible as long as it is not
long or faraway. But according to the charter school of thought, again, that succession of order is sooner as long as it's not too long. Okay, it's not required. So you could do that wash, and then go outside and then come back and continue as long as it's what? It's not long.
Okay, that's why it's important. Whenever someone is telling you what is required, you say, six things. Know the numbers Be specific. Just because you do something every day doesn't mean that you know it.
I give you an example. I like always to ask this question.
Who uses Google?
Do you use Google?
Have you ever used Google for searching something? How many times?
Okay, what are the colors of the word Google?
What No, they have? Sometimes it changes. Not the color, the shape entire shape? What is the color of the word?
red or blue? Or well, or?
It starts with green dot Look, I'm not asking you to look, you look every day. The point is what this is something you do every day. But is it important to know really the color the order of the colors of the letter? No, that's why you don't know.
Right? But for this, it is important. So you should know.
Okay, so your homework to know the colors of the
Alright, right? There are commanded acts Now, what is recommended recommended means you will be rewarded for doing it.
And you're not blameworthy if you didn't do it. But is it a must? No, it's not a must. First thing is saying Bismillah
why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said is that what bata whenever you perform or do say Bismillah Okay, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says say
is that a command or this is not a comment.
It's a command, a command from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam means what? obligation or just recommended?
Depends when I tell you give me this. You say it depends. You lose your job next day.
Right? This is a command from the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So it is obligatory or depends, or recommended only. Shouldn't Bismillah be with the first group with the things that are required.
What do you think? brothers and sisters?
saying Bismillah the prophet SAW Selim said, say Bismillah.
So let's move it. Let's switch it.
Let's switch it to number one. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said say Bismillah right. So let's go ahead and switch it.
Yeah, put it with the first group. So it becomes seven and this becomes nine.
What is the pin?
What do you think? why I'm telling you the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said say this
Mila. Whenever the Prophet says that I'm saying something, it's a command woman Atacama? rasuluh whatever the prophets Allah said and gave you you should take it. Woman, how come I often tell? It's not something that is up to our desires? It's a command from the Prophet sallallahu.
Level is almost.
Exactly so it should be number one. So go ahead put it in number one.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when a man asked him, How do I perform, although he told him to walk back can America perform will do as Allah commanded it? So he referred him To what? To the air to the air, we go back to the air. Does the ESA say Bismillah? No, that's the only reason why it is not amongst the obligatory acts otherwise it should be there. But because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself told the man performable as the ayah tells you, as the law commended you, the ayah doesn't mention Bismillah that's why it is not mandatory otherwise it should be whenever the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam says something it should be mandatory and actually according
to the hanbali amendment, it is a pillar is a condition you have to do it
washing the hands, what do we mean by washing the hands
exactly to the wrist. So, the first thing we do we wash the hands This is not the pillar, this is what So, now, now, what happens with many people, they make this mistake, they wash their hands. So, now they are washing the mouth sniffing and taking out the water from their nose washing the face after that they wash the hand this is wash. So they start from here, this is wrong, you have to watch the entire hand with the arm. Because what you started with that was only sooner now is the pillar. So you have to do the entire thing.
Okay, and you wonder why our prayer is difficult, why we are not feeling because many people actually even though they don't know how to perform many of them they make this mistake and will do.
So, you wash the entire hand with the arm to the elbow, because this is the pillar what you started with that was only sooner that was only soon
rinsing the mouth.
Question. Good question. What do you think is the direction of the washing? mentioned? No. So it is permissible.
It is permissible to start from here.
Going all the way Same thing with what
we had the seminar is to do what?
To go back all the way and come.
Some people understood it the other way around from him. If somebody started from him
What translation in English of what of the Quran? Okay, because I thought the translation of this okay.
It mentions the, to the elbows. So when I lost my hand, my hand with the arm to the elbow from here to here, it is to specify the length of the washing. Otherwise, how would it specify? When it says wash the hand? I would understand it to the wrist.
Or I would understand to the shoulder. That's all on. It's all on. But when it said to the elbows, it means this part. So I'm watching this part.
any other questions?
Raising the mouth.
How do we rinse the mouth?
You're laughing many people also don't do that. Put water. Throw the water. That's not rinsing.
Moving the water inside the mouth.
Move the water inside the mouth.
Many people don't do that water in water out.
when you put the water in your mouth, move the water inside your mouth.
flushing the inside of the nose.
Is the shark in Arabic. What does it mean?
sniff How do you sniff? Again? Many people what they do is not what is the sooner they insert water in their nose? That is not a sticker shock. When you do like that, that's not this the shark is the shark is
you bring the water near? And you sniff it with your nose? Not with your hand. Okay, many people that's what they do. This is not the correct way. You bring the water need. And you sniff it with your nose.
That's the correct way.
wiping the whole head
wiping the whole head.
So the whole head is sooner part of the head is
wiping the ears? again. Are they mentioned with the pillars or with the sooner we The sooner? They are not from the our can from the sooner
running water through?
Well, if you have bread.
See, I'm telling you that our mistakes don't listen always.
Somebody has long beard up to his chest.
Does he have to wash it?
I'm asking you. Do you have to wash all the way here? Why not?
The prophet SAW Selim, it was reported that he used to
run the water through
through the beard.
What is required is to wash the face. The beard is coming from the face. So the roots of that beard, that's what you are required to do. You did that it's sufficient. Anything else? Anything extra? That's only what? sooner? That is a sooner not a must. Alright, Is this clear? So running the water through the beer. That is not
mandatory? That's not true. That is only submit. Okay.
Cleaning the right side before the left side, again, somebody started from left.
permissible. It's not mandatory to start from right to left it is sooner. So if somebody reads from left to right, it is
performing these acts how many times
three times also that is sooner you do the acts once once. That is what
that is mandatory. You're okay. doing more than that is what some
doing more than that isn't
performing these acts in succession. As I told you without interruption, that is sooner.
All right. Things that invalidate will do.
Things that invalidate will do
whatever comes out of
the river out of the rectum
every human being natural human being because there are exceptions. Actually, some people are born with some
abnormalities. You have two outlets from the front and from the back. These are two outlets, okay. Anything comes out of them is what
invalidating measures are. That's different. Okay, because according to the Shafi school of thought money is not magic.
It requires washing but it's not magic. It's the essence of our creation. It's
Nothing changes. But it still men
validate the use of the state of power. So anything that comes out of the two outlets
that includes What?
What about hair? Somebody? Somebody discharged a hair
all the way through all the
here's something. Somebody has a kidney stone, and it's very painful. So all he discharged was a small piece like that. Does it require?
Yes, it does, according to the Shafi School of anything,
anything that comes out
from any of the two outlets, blood, what about blood?
Somebody did not discharge urine.
Blood still the same thing. So any discharge from the two outlets invalidates what we do?
That's number one.
sleeping not in a sitting position. Sleeping
was sleep invalidate will do. Yes, scholars differ on almost nine opinions,
But what we are worried about here is the opinion of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah in particular. And generally, the opinion of scholars, the majority of scholars, they said sleeping invalidates although Why? Not because of sleep itself, but because of what happens during sleeping? You don't know.
So you have to be in a state of certainty. Without it's not accepted. Maybe or maybe not, you discharge anything, maybe or maybe not, you touch something may. So to eliminate any doubt, you just have to perform mobile. Some scholar says because of that, that sleep itself does not mandate to do it is not a modifier. It doesn't invalidate people. But according to the Shafi school of thought sleeping does invalidate. However,
what kind of sleeping any kind with the exception of in the sitting position.
So if I am sitting like that, I'm tired after the class has been a long day. So I sit and I go down.
Then after one hour, it's time for prayer. I had to do before. So can I go ahead and perform prayer?
Why? What is so special about sitting? Different than laying down? It's worth sleeping, I was asleep. I was asleep. My head is down like that.
yes, in this position, the possibility the doubt of discharge from the outlet is gone.
Mainly the air, mainly beer.
That's according to the Shafi school of thought, although actually it might happen might happen but there is another Hadith.
scholars said it's a weak Hadith. So anyways, that's the argument of the Shafi school of thought when you are sitting there is nothing discharge. So because even if there was something you will wake up, you will be awake you will notice it. So the possibility is gone. Therefore, only exception for sleeping when you are sitting it doesn't invalidate
any kind of sleep,
lying down kneeling, any kind except for sitting
losing one's mind.
losing one's mind. You passed out. That also invalidates
It's similar to sleeping. You're unconscious. You don't know what happened.
You passed out. So it requires will
directly touching the skin of foreign woman
directly touching the skin of flooring woman.
First of all, what does that mean? directly? for him? And second, what's the evidence for that?
Ron, we have over 6000 diet.
All of them are evidence.
Yeah, so Let's marry him.
So that Marissa Mayer has over 100 iron which one of the
CBD specific you just don't give general things? All right. So directly What does it mean?
Is that direct or indirect? That's indirect.
Touching What? skin?
So, what what else is there? Other than the skin?
What about the hair?
Someone touch the head from the back. The head, the hair?
The hair is not skin.
male that's not skin. See, again, you don't have to go through all these details, but the scholars were accurate when they mentioned that all right directly. So it has to be direct.
And it has to be of air foreign.
Which means non Muslim.
Why what what is
different about the No, madam.
Many scholars, that's what they said the shower the desire. When you touch your doctor, would you have desire?
normal person or maybe sick person but normal person know. Your mother? You don't feel lost? She's your mother. Okay. But touching a foreign woman. It could
have this desire.
Okay, how about the wife
is see for him?
Is she Muharram? Is she for him? Does touching the wife invalidate or know? According to the surface school of thought.
It does invalidate. So is she foreign? Or she's known for not falling?
For him you tell your wife your foreign? Well, if she wasn't for in you wouldn't have married her.
Mom is the one that you cannot marry. Since you married her. She was 14. So she still invalidates will, according to the chef is colorful.
Even the wife
if she was a Muslim, if she wasn't for him, you wouldn't be able to marry her to begin with. So that doesn't change the ruling.
Now, what is the evidence for that?
Why would touching a woman just like that invalidates Voodoo.
is the Quran
whatsoever you said sort of Miriam. It's very short. Surah only 100 tell me which one is it?
Any Any thoughts?
Mr. Moon nice.
It's the same hire of Google. It was repeated twice.
I will miss the moon Lisa.
It is in Surah Nisa, and in Surah Tina either.
In the other narration, it came out lemma stone, lamb Messiah and lemma. So what's the meaning of lemma za
In Arabic lamps actually has two meanings.
This is one of them and that's the direct meaning touch. The other meaning is
the other meaning is having the intercourse.
That's what the other scholars said. They said touching itself does not invalidate to do because the eye is not talking about touching. It's talking about the other meaning which is having intercourse. But according to Imam Shafi, Rahim Allah know the direct meaning is what
the touching the normal touching,
the majority of scholars, they say, touching invalidates will do but depending some of them say, not any touching, only the touching that is with desire, with lust.
Only touching, that is for a foreign woman wife is not included. So they have different opinions. I believe actually, touching by itself does not invalidate to do even to the wife because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was narrated that he used to kiss his wife before going to the domestic.
And this is authentic. So not that's the opinion of the school of thought that I'm shuffling and it's based again on the i i will i miss the Mona Lisa
touching one's genital organ with the inside of the hand
touching the genital organ with the inside of the hand. Why? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said men messa the Cara hufa Leto he who touches his private part he should performable man Mr. ricotta hopefully taught but which means touching the private part is what
invalidates will do.
But what if someone by mistake, that's why they say touching with the inside because if it's the outside, maybe there is a scratch or there is something so that's not
real touching, touching from the inside. That's deliberate.
Okay, they didn't specify.
They have these mentioned vacarro. This is the male organ. What about the female?
What about the female?
Is it also included?
According to the Shafi school of thought, yes, the Hadees didn't mention anything about women. But by analogy, it's the same,
the private part for the male and the private part of the female.
prophets, Allah mentioned men, that it doesn't mean that women are excluded. Also, if a woman touched her private part directly with the inside of the skin of the hand, it does work in validatable, that's according to the surface school for the last one touching one's anus.
This was also
not the same.
Even in the Shafi school of thought, majority of scholars they will tell you only five things in validatable
Even the Imam Shafi Ramallah in the previous opinion, because they had two opinions if you know he had an opinion school of thought in Iraq, then when he left to Egypt, he had a different school of thought.
Few things remain the same, but many things change of these things changed touching the anus. Is there any evidence for that?
According to the SE school of thought touching the penis invalidates the the Prophet sallallahu wasallam mentioning
that he he didn't. What did he mention?
The private part? The cup, not the anus. So, based on what, what is the evidence, Madeline?
Yes. Any thoughts?
The same thing since the Prophet sallallahu Sallam mention the front part. The back part is the same. By analogy. That's the evidence. It's analogy. It's not the IR Hadith. It is the analogy based on the invalidation of Voodoo for directly touching the private part, directly touching the anus invalidates.
That's the opinion of the Shafi school of thought.
All right, these things invalidate. We'll do what about Russell
The entire washing of the whole body
what requires whistle?
How many things
how many things?
Six? Because the Nazis alright.
You have to remember the numbers Be specific. It's always helpful.
What are the six?
contact between male and female genital organs? Okay, contact
because sometimes it doesn't last for a few seconds, nothing happened. No ejaculation no discharge whatsoever. It was just the contact, why it requires also
nothing happened. Just the contact.
What do you think?
The Prophet sallallahu wasallam said either meself eternal haitang
when the two circumcised the two parts, the two private parts touch, that's what he said. He didn't say it has to take long time or there has to be any discharge just the touching the touching of the two private parts that touching does what require it requires wisdom. Okay, the mere touching to some people they think that unless I discharge or unless it takes some time, I don't have to make also know the touching by itself requires
Second thing, ejaculation.
how we differentiate because many things are discharged from the private part. The thing that comes with lust, that's what
It is one of the obligatory things when someone dies. He has to be or she has to be washed. That is also
an Act requires loosely death.
That's for a woman. menstruation. It also requires Lucy
being in pure premium.
The Fast the state of bleeding after giving birth, postnatal that's what it means postnatal.
So why don't we say just giving birth?
Isn't it the same?
given birth spirit, no. given birth, they say and this is why again, scholars are accurate. Giving birth sometimes or rarely. once in a blue moon could happen without any bleeding.
now maybe that's rare. Maybe it happens only once every 10 years once in 5 million woman maybe it happened. So a woman gave birth without any witness any bleeding any?
Should she or she didn't she make awesome.
She has to make us giving birth by itself is an act requiring rustle the bleeding after birth that requires was
so it doesn't have to be bleeding. Just the mere giving of birth requires wisdom.
So these are six things shared three of them only happening to woman the last three of them.
menstruation being in pure premium postnatal and giving birth. Okay, so these numbers are helpful. They are important how much time
15 to 20 minutes Okay. Now next page
the required acts of
Mashallah over an hour on one page. Okay. We have to move on quickly actually. Otherwise we won't finish how many sessions six, five, panel required acts of muscle. What are they always having the intention that's always removing any impurity you cannot make muscle while still there is impurity on you.
There is blood
Or there is many sperm, it has to be removed, removing any impurity, washing with water, the whole body. And the here. That's it. So if you don't have any impurity, bleeding is gone, you have the intention, you are under the water. Again, why having the intention is important because somebody went swimming,
like swimming, then it was time for prayer, or I was just in the swimming pool. So I will go ahead and pray. No, if he didn't make the intention before that this washing of the entire body to perform prayer. It's not accepted. You have to have intention.
Well, that's another thing is swimming pool sufficient depending on the water, is it clean, not clean, small. That's another issue. But the main issue is the washing itself, the intention has to be there. Because some people they wake up sweating. So they say I will wash. I don't want to smell they go to the prayer then they remember, they had intimate relation earlier.
That's not sufficient. Because their intention was for what? For sweating, not for
So it's important to have the intention.
What is required after that, you just cover your entire body with water. That's it. It's enough. Now what is recommended? That is added you say Bismillah always in any action. You say Bismillah you eat? You entered the masjid. Even in the intimate relation in that private moment you say Bismillah everything. So here also with the apostle, you say Bismillah
performing these acts in succession, what are these acts body and hair running the hand all over the body.
Now, in our time, we have showers there times they didn't have the pressure to lift the water. So they had to pour the water somebody was standing under the
shower, not doing anything and the water the pressure was strong. So it covered the entire body.
Is that sufficient? Or you have to pass the hand and drop the entire body?
You don't have to it's only recommended. It is only recommended.
Performing will do is it required. No it's song sooner. The profits are seldom used to perform a loop before performing mostly
cleaning the right side before the left side. Again if you start because the sunlight is to start with the right side, then the left side and the whole. So if you start to do the left side that's permissible of the sooner is to start with the right side.
necessary conditions for wiping over the foot covering of
three conditions. Wearing the foot covering after completing the model. Okay, some people they wake up after long sleep. They say today's called I don't want to
wash my feet. They put on the socks they perform a loop and they wipe over the socks is that permissible?
You have to wear the socks after not before. After you are in the state of purity.
Okay, you cannot wake up after losing your loot. you're asleep. So you lost your room. You woke up you perform boo boo. And you said I will not wash my feet. You put on your socks and you wipe over them. No. You have to wash them after that you wear the socks and then when you lose your window you can wipe over them. You have to put them on the state of Baja. That's what the prophet SAW Selim told me on
the lawn that
he wanted to take off the food covers of the prophet SAW said and he said no no leave them I put them on on the state of Bihar.
The foot covering must cover the whole foot to the ankle. Okay, nowadays we have short
and we'll talk about the socks is it permissible to wipe over the socks
the third condition explains that one must be
able to walk continuously, with his feet in the foot covering?
If it's hot, or cold, can you walk with the thin socks?
It has to be what? thick? If it's a song or it's a foot cover, that's according to the surface school of thought. So based on that the regular socks, is it permissible to wipe over them? According to the surface school of thought, No. This is the condition you have to be able to walk over them.
With these socks, one would say I can walk over them. Yes, you can. Even if you are barefoot, you can. But outside the street, if there is some stones, you cannot step over them, you will hurt your feet. But if it is thick, you won't mind you're wearing shoes, it's fine. So the same thing, they have to be thick. That's the pinion, what constitutes, again, you want feel the regular coldness, or hotness, whether it's warm or cold, there is a barrier.
There is this buffer. But if it's very thin, you will feel it immediately. So that's the opinion of Mama safira mom, it has to cover the whole foot with the ankle. So the the small short ones that are below the ankle, that is not sufficient.
Here's something I find with many people. For some reason, they say it has to be leather.
Is the leather a condition? No, but because the leather isolates the water, you don't feel that's why it's recommended but it's not mandatory, not all companions, they wore leather foot covers
Okay, things that make wiping on the foot covering impermissible what invalidates the foot covering
taking them off
you use the white over them. So, taking them off just like discharging anything from their outlets, you took them off what happens
though is validate
expiration of the designated time what is the time period for the food covering for the wife it might be
three days for who
for the traveler three days and nights for the resident one day, so it is permissible for the resident to wipe over the foot cover. Yes it is.
anything that necessitates muscle like what genoveva ejaculation intimate relation,
you have your foot cover, you don't say I will wash my body but my feet I will wipe over them no anything that necessitates whistle, you have to take them off you wash the whole body and you wash the feet
we will finish the page inshallah necessary conditions for the
five conditions availability of an excuse
you have to justify them otherwise you should do what we do you cannot just
based on your desire at Will you have sand here and you have water you say today I will choose
the sand tomorrow you cannot do that there has to be a reason. Okay. arrival of time of the prayer. cannot say I will do Time now for nothing. The time has to come why this is a
concession. It's not like the regular time you can pray you can make withdrawal ahead of time with a moment has to be within the time because
you might think you will need the ammo. But when the time came, water came. So you wait until the time of prayer and then you make table not before that.
Seeking water. You have to look for water not just I don't have water.
What if water is there but you cannot use it.
Same thing. That's number four. difficulty with using water like what
it is drinking water, drinking water little and you want to use it for drinking. You are allowed here. So it's not only the innovation
inability of water, it's also the difficulty of using water. Another thing you have a pond, pure pond very clean, very nice. And you can make wudu out of it. But there is a lion in the way do you risk your life to go and make will go? No.
You Don't risk your life to make what do you got killed, you might get killed just to make will do. So that's difficulty. Physically the water is there. Or there is no lions, but you have allergy, your skin is peeling, you're sick, you get sicker, you don't use Voodoo. So it's not the inner availability, that's one two, difficulty using water.
The unavailability now after seeking water, if it was not there, then you perform them. These are the conditions of payment. You don't just say Oh, we don't have water, yes, here, you don't have water, but their water is there.
Or you don't say I am
tired, you have to look for the water, you have to find out that there is no water or you cannot use the water. It's there but you cannot use
the required acts of the moon. Again having the intention as always you need what intention wiping the face.
With the hand
you wipe the face with the hand
wiping the hands
Okay, now this is the opinion of women shuffling he differed with the rest of the scholars, why
not other scholars said, What do you like,
to the wrist? Mm hmm. Allah said to the elbow, why?
What do you watch,
you watch the wrist or you wash the arm, the arm to the elbow. So this is alternative of Voodoo. So you do the same thing you wipe until here. Other scholars said no. Based on two things, the hand
could be called that and that's what is cut off when a thief steals money. And the other thing the performance of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he didn't go all the way. So but according to the Shafi school of thought it is to hear you are the face your wife with the sand with the gods they hand to
and the arm to the elbow.
performing these acts in the order, again, you start with the hands or with the face.
is striking a condition or a pillar.
Some people say you have to know you don't have to, as long as you have dust in your hand. That's all it matters. Usually you won't do that without striking. Yes, but it's not a pillar. It's not something that is mandatory. Should we move on or enough for today? Move on things that invalidate whatever invalidate to do, how many things invalidated
six very good. Mashallah. Okay.
Seeing water at the time of prayer, at the time of prayer,
The comma is about to be cold. And
you determine because there was no water but then you heard the water is coming through the pipes.
You open the sink, there is water, you close that immediately. You said I just have to pray now. Can you do that? No. You have to make
with the water.
You have to Okay, what if you started already? Allahu Akbar.
You said Allahu Akbar. And then you heard
the water is coming. What do you do? You continue it's too late. Now you continue you don't break your prayer to go and Niccolo. No, you continue. Okay, so seeing water at the time of the prayer, apostasy.
It's strange to be mentioned here because it invalidates everything, everything.
It invalidates all the good deeds. But they mentioned it here in particular, why? You know why? The mo is a concession.
The mo is a concession. It's an alternative.
You don't take concessions with an act of Kufa this belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And things that are prohibited during menstruation and postnatal pure premium prayer can only pray even if she wants to cheese prohibited fast. The same thing
reciting the Quran. That's according to the Shafi School of other scholars know there is a difference between touching
and reciting some woman they menstruate for 910 days, that's one third of the month. So for one fifth of the month, we are told not to recycle and but that's the opinion of Imam Shafi there is separation, touching is different. So number four, touching, entering the masjid.
Entering the masjid, again that's according to the Shafi school of thought there is difference of opinions here.
circumambulating the Kaaba, you cannot do tawaf, you can do what side side is permissible, but the love is not permissible. Sexual intercourse it is prohibited.
Allah azza wa jal mentioned it is other
ways aluna can inhale other factors illness or avoid women
during menstruation that is UNICEF in mind, what does it mean avoid? Stay away from them, don't talk to them. Don't touch that know it. Avoid implies the sexual relation,
attaining pleasure in the area of the body that is between the belly button and the knees.
According to the surface school of thought, not only the sexual intercourse, but also seeking pleasure.
Why? According to the Shafi school of thought this could lead to the prohibited act. So you stay away from it. between here and here during menstruation. It's not permissible. One of the narrations that I shall have Ilana says can an abuse of alcohol he was
used to command me to wear is up. Then he puts his skin directly on my skin. That's one of the evidences. Other scholars said no, the only thing that is prohibited is what the intercourse itself anything else is permissible. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said this now coolessay do everything with the exception of one thing, the intercourse itself, but the cording we're taking, what mannschaft ilasik five things that are prohibited one in the state of Geneva. Now it is not the state of menstruation, or postnatal it is Genova prayer, again, you don't pray, you don't recite the Quran. You don't touch and hold the Quran. You don't circumambulate the Kaaba and you don't stay now
there is difference passing by is different than staying. So entering. They said it is permissible, why
you might be in domestic doing article and
it happened. You woke up and you found yourself on the state of Geneva.
You should leave Are you blameworthy? Because you had no. So it could happen.
Staying is different than passing by or entering.
Three things that are prohibited the one is
in the state of Hadith, which is the minor impurity, the discharge of air or anything from the two outlets that's the hardest prayer circumambulating the Kaaba and touching the Quran.
Allah has just says Leah masuku lol mocha Harun. Only the purified ones touch the Quran.
And that's the opinion of the majority. Another group of scholars they said
the ayah doesn't mean the people it means the angels.
So they allow the most of this.
As long as you are not in the state of Geneva you just lost euro Do you can touch it, but the opinion of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah you have to have
you cannot touch the camera. Okay, we'll stop here. hamdulillah we finished the book have
And then they break them into
little bottles to spray on the
No, it's just waiting No, that you have to have water.
So this spray if it was gathered or collected and it became water, then yes, you could.
The quantity itself doesn't have to be much. This is something we didn't learn to follow the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim with what was the quantity of the water that he used to make a loop with? More, what is the month? That's the month. So it's this would be a month
or even less than that it covers or actually some of this water will not be in my hand, it will be too much. Can you make odo with this only?
Many people can't This is not even enough for washing the hands. That's the suit now the professor said what about the rustle four times only four times this amount? That is the pseudonym
but how you can do that without wiping you cannot do that? Because we go under the shower. So back again to your question with that spraying if it really if it really you can gather the water than Yes, but if it's just just waiting No.
Any other questions you had a question?
go to the
How do you make the mo on the air?
Yeah, it is actually very hard. Well the thing is do you have to have to do during the last quarter remember
why you choose very odd opinion which is making them instead of choosing not to follow the surface school of thought in this issue?
Any other questions? If
The soil of the earth
The wall and
Yes, according to the Hanafi school of thought they are more lenient in that because allows agencies for the MMO Sidon, Sidon means in Arabic appearance what appears on the earth. So they said anything that appears on the earth, it doesn't have to be dust is permissible. But according to a majority of scholars, it should be dust. What about black sand? You see in front of the beach? There is dark sand can you do to me that?
You cannot you can't. It's black like black sand. You can in front of the beach.
Okay, any other questions?
See you next time. No homework