Hadith 39

Hatem al-Haj


Channel: Hatem al-Haj


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I'm about to proceed

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to go over this quickly this is a nice that we went over last time we will just try to remember together and then we'll move on to the next part is this these numbers, these numbers 38 have a lot of binary

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which ended up being 42 and they've neurotoxin combat he added hate to them. So they are not alone he can compendium of knowledge and wisdom consists of 50 a hadith and we said in the beginning that we will go over the 42 and then we decided that we will carry on and finish the 50 hobbies off inshallah.

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This is Reason number 38 that we went over last time. I would first say it in Arabic and then

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you know, say it in English. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, as it Buhari reported reported from hubiera, Iran or the alemayehu through an authentic chain of narration, certainly authentic because it is in Makati is a collection

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that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said

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that the loss of Kannada said making it a divine these holy Hadees could see how these

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men are very early on to the heart belhar Amata acaba de la mmf Tara to who la

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de la

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habana favor back to who can do some Allah vs NaVi avasarala de basura Bay where the hula to booty sobia radiallahu Latina EMC behalf whether insulin ILA or piano, whether any style vanilla or isn't, and we said in a report by Bacardi also there is a little addition after this format.

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Tara duty on the NFC at the moment. Yeah COVID Mota Waka homosassa

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so Buhari reports from Abu hurayrah, the Messenger of Allah, related from Allah subhanho wa Taala, making this hadith portsea divine Hadees

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who whosoever shows enmity to ya of mine, then I have declared war against them. And my servant does not draw near to me with anything more beloved to me, than the religious duties or then the words back then the food, the farm

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that I have obligated upon him, and my servant continue to draw closer to me, was not supererogatory deeds until I love him. When I love him, I am his hearing with which he hears and his sight with which he sees his hand with which he strikes and his foot or his leg with which he walks

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where he asked something of me, I will shortly be granted to him and were too worried to seek refuge with me. I would surely grant and refuge and the addition that we said was also important that Buhari and I have not hesitated doing anything and this is the literal translation of the word. Thought that too until we find a better word and have not hesitated doing anything more than a hesitate taken or seizing the soul of my

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believing servant. He hates death and I hate to hurt him.

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Do you remember just like a quick

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refresher here Do you remember what we said about the word hesitated This does not mean at all any fear or or ignorance because usually hesitation from a human being would be related to fear of consequences or ignorance about you know the best of two options or the best of two routes. But when it comes to our last pinata, then it means what

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it means mixed feelings that are that means mixed feelings basically. So

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Yeah, that is what it infers. But the words that are that are hesitation here, you know, one of the meanings of therapy is to have mixed feelings about a matter, even even if the path is clear to you, you still have mixed feelings, it is basically when you take a sour medicine, you have mixed feelings about the medicine, you know that you have to take it. So, it is like the it is the decision, it is not about, you know whether your ticket or not to take the medicine because it's good for you, but the medicine is sour. So, you have mixed feelings about the medicine. So, here, Allah subhanaw taala is showing that he's not indifferent or suffering, the loss cannot Allah

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does hesitate meaning that he

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wishes to not heartless, but it is part of the greater master plan, the greater master plan is that people will will die there will have to be death. Otherwise, there cannot be you know, generation after generation or generation replacing generation of human beings there's a there have to be this. So the decision is made and it is not whether it will happen or not happen because Allah said NFL ILO that I will certainly do, and never hesitating regarding the matter, that NFL idol I will certainly do, like a hesitate concerning the season God, the soul of the believing the soul of my believing servant. And we said that this is a Lost Planet, Allah showed us his compassion for us.

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it's an answer to those who may think that, you know, like atheists and the people that may think that your God is indifferent to your suffering, why does he allow all of this to happen? He allows all of this to happen despite his compassion and this fight is

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a lot for us, because it is part of the greater Master Plan, which is part of his encompassing wisdom, heavy metals agenda, that there will be a generation after generation in each item for the hanifa meaning I am I will send on to Earth

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creation that will

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basically come in generations succeeding one another. Khalifa here does not mean an agent, or one of the meanings of Khalifa is an agent. But it means more here, generations succeeding one another. You have to know for Bob and Bob when they succeed one another, like Abu Bakr is the Hadith of the Prophet of Islam because he succeeded the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in authority. And Omar was not ready for work and so on. So Khalifa in this case on Earth, meaning generations that will succeed one another. That is the master plan.

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But Allah subhanaw taala is telling us in this Hadith, that he is not indifferent to our suffering. So this was the hobby, the last Hadees because this, but this particular issue is an important issue that whenever we hear something like this, don't reject it, if it isn't the authentic sudden our proper way to understand what it exactly means, in light of what in light of

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our loss absoluteness. And in light of a loss, oneness and uniqueness, and in light of a lobby and unlike anything that you know of that he could imagine. And like anything that you could imagine, laser can miss lee say nothing is like him. So what whenever we talk about those attributes, when they pertain to the human beings, they're not the same attributes that when that we basically refer to God by them. When we refer to God by one of these attributes, we're using this attribute because there is some degree of overlap

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somewhere some degree of overlap in the in the meanings, but that degree of overlap does not mean at all.

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You know that it is the same thing is just the overlap here is that interrupted or hesitation for a human being when include mixed feelings, but usually for a human being. This comes with a little bit of ignorance, a little bit of fear, a little bit of anxiety, about the unexpected. All of this aligns deemed above all of this. The only thing that is left is the mixed feelings and the mixed feelings in this particular

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In this particular instance, shows us the mercy and compassion of Allah subhanaw taala Yes, he will seize your soul. Yes, he decreed that this child gets cancer and that he dies in two years

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that Allah subhanaw taala the hates to do this, but he will still do it, but a lot heats to hurt his arm, but it is part of the master plan. So, it will, the decree will will have to pass.

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So, that is what what the word hesitation infers, in this regard. The next hobbies

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is hobbies number 39 and hobbies number 39 is hobbies that is reported by and by happy and even imagine, from our beloved now Best Buy the low anhu in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in the Lucha that there was a Leon Amati and Kappa when the Sienna when Mr. Cree who Allah

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the prophet SAW Selim said in a llama Today was a Leon Mati and copper our nation, Mr. Greenwald.

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So this was reported by in America and reported by Albay happy and many scholars of Hadith consider that sound authentic. And all of the meanings included in this hadith have been basically

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stated explicitly in the Quran. So the plan explicitly stated everything in this hadith.

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And so the Hadith here is of which type of son let me just say, go

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back the first, the very, very early Allah the prophet SAW Selim said Verily, Allah has pardon pardoned for or been lenient with

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pardon for me my own pardon for me, my own their mistakes, there forget from this, and that which they have been forced to do

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duress, or under compulsion.

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Basically, Allah subhanaw taala has pardon my oma for their mistakes, their forgetfulness, and that which they do under compulsion. Now,

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there are a few things that we will say here first, this is, you know, in the beginning, let me tell you, this particular hobbies, although I hate to talk in this, you know, particular setting, I hate to make the the talk ficky talk, I like to make it more general, more of an exhortation analyzer for the purification of the heart and the soul, and less of a 50 thought, but this hobbies forces me to make it a Peter, because, as you know, this is all about

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it's all about solid tech also like the fundamentals of jurisprudence, fundamentals of understanding of rulings.

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So, the certainly the, there are some implications of the hobbyists that are not necessarily freaky,

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but most of the implications of this hobbies pertain to the area. So, unlike our routine, in these talks, our talk today will be more of a step one.

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So when I said that this hobbies

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when I began, I told you that all of the meanings and less hobbies have been explicitly stated in the plan. So the Hadith here corroborates the prayer, the Hadith here re iterates meanings that have been explicitly stated in the Qur'an. This makes this hadith of which type of sooner

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confirmatory confirmatory is and because we have,

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how many of the types of synonym we have three different types of

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explanatory confirmatory and independent meaning what this is not the prophet SAW seven under traditions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in relation to the puram certainly, this is one of the classifications of pseudonym, because you have other classifications that are similar depending on the you know, the basically axis of your classification, what your classification pertains to this particular classification, the classification of

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And into confirmatory explanatory and independent is in relation to or is concerning the relationship between the Quran and the Sunnah.

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Where does the sadhana fall from the Quran, what is the relationship between the Quran and the sun? So the sun when it comes to the Quran is one of three types, one type is confirmatory, which means what Allah says, Allah and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says, some, Allah says, pray and the Prophet says pray, Allah says fast and the Prophet says fast. then in this case, the prophet is three generating the Quran repeating, reiterating, stressing what the Quran said. So, this is called confirmatory son, confirmatory son.

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So, this you know, in Arabic it would be called the Sentinel Makita.

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And then, if you then the other type of center is the largest type of center the largest type of settlement so the confirmatory is not adding anything it's just confirming meetings that are in the air. But the second type of cinema Cinema Sherry hi explanatory SONA,

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SONA, Shahada explanatory, so now basically explains the program in what sense if the Core M was decisive, it removes that by detailing the rulings. So it details that which is

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And it clarifies that which is ambiguous, clarifies that which is ambiguous qualifies that which is absolute, specifies that which is general, all of these meanings.

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All of this would fall under the pseudonym that explains the prayer, it shows it explains the Quran. So, when a law forbids all sorts of dead animals and the sentence says except for

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locusts and fish, then that fish are okay to eat. This is a this is called what this is, specifies the general to ha salon, you know or qualifies them the absolute to chi that macula various ways of the sun, shedding more light on the Qur'an either by detailing that which is concise clarifying that which is ambiguous, qualifying that which is absolute, specifying that which is gender. That's the explanatory segment. And then you have another type of Sunnah.

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Another type of sadhana which is called independence, the scholar is you know, you know, so in Arabic, they would call it tsunami, patella or tsunami assist.

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So Mr. Killa, or my sister independence and in this case, some of the scholars you know, that have disagreed with the concept of the presence of independence. They did not disagree or disagree with the concept that the pseudonym made legislations that are not in the Quran, but they said that all of those legislations have been hinted in the Quran.

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So in indirapuram, do you ever find that a man cannot marry a woman and her can't at the same time? They can be co wives, a woman in her hand?

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Is there is this anywhere in the Quran? It's not anywhere in the Quran.

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Only in the puram

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one that's marvelous, Marlena fania Lama patella, and to combine between the two sisters.

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So, now, by consensus of the scholars, by consensus of Muslim scholars, you cannot marry a woman and her act. Okay. So now this isn't the suddenness. This was reported, you know from the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

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And all the scholars agreed to this. So how come some of the scholars say that there is no independence and because they will tell you that the root of this is in the upper end because Allah subhanaw taala forbade that combining between two sisters

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at the same time in marriage, and the eyelid, the cause of that prohibition is that this would cause family like the undoing of family ties would cause hard feelings between two sisters. So the same applies to a woman and her and so the prophet SAW sort of extrapolated from this

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The profits are sort of extrapolated from this. But at the end of the day, isn't that a new ruling? It is a new ruling. Because you know what so why did the Prophet Hassan extrapolate that you can combine between a woman and her cousin for instance? He did. But he said nominal hair. So it is a new rolling. Therefore, what what seems to be more consistent is that there is a type of sudden called an assessor Mr. Kela, the independent center that legislates rulings that have not been mentioned in the Quran, such as nausea, 30 words, there is no big big quest, or there is no bequeathing or request for an inheritor or an heir. So the lava cod where it is in the Senate is not

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on the prayer. The scholars who say there is no independent sooner they still say lousy after the worse, they will still take the Hadith, but they will say that ally hinted to this by giving

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specific shares for each and every one. And one of the profits or loss, Allah says lower salaries, there is no bequest you should not be squeezed money to someone who will get a share of the inheritance. When the Prophet said this, or the Prophet sallallahu Sallam alluded to the root of this endeavor, and he said that in the lack of alpha quality hacker, hacker fellow, see if it works, Allah has given every deserving

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inheritor his do share, so there should be no bequeathing to

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a family member that will take care of the inheritance. Someone who will take care of the inheritance there shouldn't be no bequeath it to him. So whether you call this independent or you don't call it independent, all the scholars agree that it is not clearly stated in the Quran. But it is confirmed by all the scholars it is accepted by consensus, because it came in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So we have three different types of some confirmatory three other eights and stresses what the plan said it repeats it, pray pray fast fast repeats, explanatory, it sheds more light details that witches can size you know clarifies the switches ambiguous specifies that

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which is general qualifies that what is absolute. And then the third type of center is the independent Center, which is legislates rulings that have not been mentioned in the prayer. This Hadith belongs to each type of Santa

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because it every single

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concept that came in this hadith has been stated in the Quran. Where do you find this? You find this in Surah Baqarah for a better life, isn't it in the center of urban Allah, Elena is

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probably not going

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to be the last verse of sort of Bukhara, Allah subhanaw taala Allah says, on behalf of the believers that they supplicate to the Lord, say in a banner or Lord latwon fitna, do not hold us to account in the scene if we forget or have fun, or we urge the Court made a mistake, don't hold us to account. And then our beloved and our best as Muslim reported from him said, God, Allahu Akbar, Allah said I had accepted your da

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I, you know, I grant you what you ask for what you see.

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So here, then the last verse of sort of the buckler, Allah told us that he forgave us for copper nscn However, his error

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is error CCN is forgetfulness. Some of the scholars said that the insane was called the insanity because of next year you're insane insane meaning human being who's called the insane because he forgets from this year.

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You no one wants to create Who are they?

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This part where is this an operand?

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No amount of carbon is not clear. But the even clearer verse, no uncertain in which the last one out Allah said

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man confirmed by the many 11 opening Oklahoma with a man who

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said he who commits goofy after his he

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Man, except for the one who was compelled or force,

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then I must admit that I would say about whoever commits go for after a man following him, not only in Allah,

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Allah said that they will deserve the Wrath of Allah subhanaw taala and a great tournament, but allow me that exception here in Lemmon, Oklahoma,

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with a man except for one who was forced, but his heart his heart was certain with a man or his heart habit inand meaning that he had his heart with comfortable with his email. So, he was, he was having no doubt. And his heart was comfortable with email and faith, but he was forced to speak cough.

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This video was about Amara vinyasa when he was forced into

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you know, cough, to speak words of cough, and he uttered the words of cough, then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to him, in Abu foul, if we go back to enforce you, and torture, you, then go back and under the word of to get you know, you know, to

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basically to avoid the torture, the suffering.

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Now, that does not mean that it is always recommended that you say, sometimes if you feel that you want to basically

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show them, show them the courage, the determination, the resolve of a believer, and you don't say it, then that would be

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commendable. You know, who did this or blah, blah, whoever sent me.

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He did this, you know, Omar kissed his forehead, you know, the story of the Sahaba, Dominic, the Roman,

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you know, Caesar found them and

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caught him and they put him in jail, and they torture them. And they tried to get him to drink wine and eat pork or do this or that.

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But he, you know, showed resolve and refused under all forms of compulsion to say anything or to do anything that is compromising, not even say coffee, but to do anything that is compromising under a severe compulsion, because he knew that this Roman king who caught him knows that he has a Sahabi is a companion. So he found the treasure. So he's showing him

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who are the companions of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. So he took the pain and took the suffering and showed the resolve and determination. So sometimes, it would be commendable, that one will take the pain and suffering and not given to torture or compulsion.

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Anyway, so when when when the prophet SAW them says here that allows cannot Allah has pardoned for me my their mistakes their forgetfulness, and that which they have been forced to do, or that which they do under compulsion.

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There is another Hadith in which

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the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said raffia on metal copper on Seattle, Mr. Krieger, Ali.

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ruffian Mati means what raffia means what?

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To lift? Yeah, yeah, to remover to lift

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to lift copper and ECM to lift off of the Hata mtcn error and

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forgetfulness and compulsion, what does that mean? This never forgets.

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And, you know, because if it is lifted, then there is no forgetfulness, there is no compulsion there is no error.

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What does it mean in this case, so, here, where it will get started to get a little bit more complicated.

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So, since the literal meaning is implausible, the literal meaning literal understanding is implausible. Then we will have to assume that

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we would have to insert a word here

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this is called the macabre.

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So, that required

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meaning, so, we will have to insert like a required addition are required

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has to be inserted into the text of the Hadith. So, what is it what is it here that we will insert

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the sin

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Okay, so what is lifted here is the sin the sin

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Who said this? enamel honey funnyman Malik.

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Okay, the set what is lifted is the sin. So there is no sin anymore. Concerning any of this

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mammoth chef mmm as Matt said, What is lifted? Is

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all the consequences, all the consequences? How is it going to make a difference between the Imams in mothers of

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how does it make a difference in matters of fact between the Imams?

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If I force you to eat in Ramadan,

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if I force you to eat and Ramadan

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Well, when

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did you incur any sin? No, no. But certainly this has to be a reinforcing, you know, the likey a fear from harm, like actual art of imaginary harm.

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And then you eat. So you don't incur any sin, right? You don't incur any sin.

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But who said that you will? Who said that you will need to make up for that delay. And who said You do not need to make up for that?

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You know, honey, vanilla Malik said, you need to make up for that day.

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Because you did not fast.

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Because then what is lifted?

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What is the move this the sin only, not all the consequences?

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So Dave OSHA and Mr. Matt, and certainly there are differences within the math hubs between different people within them as well. But we're talking about, you know, trying to be a little bit not too detailed here.

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But for Mr. Fair, and Mr. Mad,

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this act itself, eating did not happen.

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Because you were not willful. So, as if you did not eat,

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it's inconsequential. Because for the your act to be consequential,

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you know, and to ruin your fasting, you have to be willful,

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was no compulsion.

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You have to be mindful. Well, for no compulsion here, you know, what you're doing.

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So now, yeah.

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The consequences as well, yeah. So the helpman the rulings of the rulings that pertain to this act that you do out of forgetfulness, error or compulsion, or the rulings will not take place? Well, the act itself will be completely inconsequential, because you're not fully mindful and willful, when you did that act.

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Okay. So, when is it

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So, what if what what if

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you forget and you eat or drink,

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based on what we said that the member hanifa

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does not believe in a moment moqtada or the generality of the require the required

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Meaning that he believes that what is lifted is the sin only. So, based on this,

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that Imam Abu hanifa will ask you to repeat the day if you eat or if you drink,

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out of forgetfulness, does he know he does

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this so this what why does he do this?

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he distinguishes but why the Hadees does not distinguish because there is a hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said whatever forgets and eats or drinks while fasting, then Allah gave him food and water.

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Then a login from food and water enema Tama Hola, hola, Sokka. So Allah has given him food and water.

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So remember hanifa says is the salmon is the salmon,

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out of juristic preference,

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he will take the hobbies, even though the hobbies is not consistent with his car that with his principle, his principle is that only the sin is lifted. But he gets this particular hobby for about a particular scenario. When you forget and eat or drink, you forget and eat or drink. So, this hobbies to him

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is counter to his problem counters in his principle,

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right or wrong.

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Because the Hadith is saying, when you forget and you eat or drink, don't worry about it, don't do makeup.

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His karma is

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We're now live lift the consequences of the Act only the sin is lifted, but this had escaped and it is countered to his pride. So, this belief was authentic. And you know, behind the facade, because of the Hardys,

00:36:31--> 00:36:41

I will do out of stocks and juristic preference, I will take the hobbies, even though it's against the side or the principal.

00:36:43--> 00:36:54

So, that is that tells you that is the center juristic preference, but the amount of money for employees does not mean whimsical like out of basically

00:36:57--> 00:36:59

like unfounded

00:37:01--> 00:37:01


00:37:03--> 00:37:27

intellectual exercise it is basically when he has a stronger evidence than the time either he will take the stronger evidence. Sometimes he takes his son and his son would be counter to the Hadith because the other evidence is stronger to him, then the literal meaning of the hobbies.

00:37:29--> 00:37:39

But make the long story short, I just want you to realize how beautiful CEP is. And that those Imams, they they're they're just not doing things

00:37:40--> 00:37:43

out of basically,

00:37:44--> 00:37:45


00:37:47--> 00:37:53

haphazardly I usually say haphazardly when I wanted to find another way to do this.

00:37:58--> 00:37:58


00:38:00--> 00:38:01

So now

00:38:02--> 00:38:07

so why did the mimetic not act upon this hadith Anima Kama hula Masako?

00:38:08--> 00:38:15

Why did he say that if you if you're fasting remember that if you're fasting and you forget and you drain

00:38:16--> 00:38:18

you still need to make up.

00:38:22--> 00:38:32

Number two widely an act upon the hobbyist because the hobbyist says if you are fasting and you forget and eat or drink then it is Allah who gave you food or drink?

00:38:41--> 00:38:41


00:38:46--> 00:39:02

because that is does not say that you don't have to make up the head he said Allah gave you food and drink. So informatics ideas along gave you food and drink it means that don't worry is not a sin. But you still need to make it up.

00:39:20--> 00:39:23

No, no one said eat for the rest of the day.

00:39:28--> 00:39:28


00:39:31--> 00:39:48

Let's take a setback. If you forget and you eat or drain, you will abstain once you remember that you're fasting, stop. Finish your day in mathematic will tell you make up for that day. Because you're interrupted by eating or drinking.

00:39:50--> 00:39:54

It doesn't go to the day will not count you have to make up for it.

00:39:57--> 00:39:58

But you still cannot eat

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

Yeah, because it is Ramadan How could you eat and Ramadan?

00:40:05--> 00:40:06

Yeah, so

00:40:08--> 00:40:22

because you can violate the sacredness of Ramadan so you have to refrain, but the day did not count because he entered the one point cassina medic, but according to the three other imams

00:40:24--> 00:40:25

you will stop

00:40:26--> 00:40:33

and then don't worry about making up for that day because your day counts your fasting continues and no there is no problem.

00:40:36--> 00:40:57

But all these differences between the Imams despite the fact like you know, you start from a principle where you Mama hanifa Imam Malik agreed, but then mm hanifa sided with the vonshef A mathematic concerning part of this, when it comes to Ramadan and when it comes to fasting which is called NaCl

00:40:58--> 00:41:17

because of the Hadees that is not mean to Imam Malik that you don't need to make up because it did not explicitly say it. So all of them are trying to employ you know the principles and use the evidence available attempt, not rejecting the evidence

00:41:19--> 00:41:44

and not tampering with with the principles, they are just trying to be observant of the textual evidence and the principles of understanding can deduction as much as they can, and then they would arrive at different conclusions. But you this is like a beautiful exercise that shows their

00:41:45--> 00:41:51

like, passion for the deen and the respect for the text of the revelation though.

00:41:53--> 00:42:18

So it shows the respect for the work and their commitment to the sun. Because what they're trying to say here is keep in mind. So when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says ruffian nomadic hunter when this youngster clearly lifted off my own copper on this year, so Emmanuel hanifa Imam Malik said, The Prophet sallallahu Sallam

00:42:21--> 00:42:22

said a statement.

00:42:23--> 00:42:51

Now, I will have to insert an addendum or an addition to this statement to make the letter of the statement plausible, because it is implausible that that there is no mistake anymore, there is no forgetfulness. So I'll have to insert an addition here. So I'll have to say that the Prophet means by this, that sin was lifted off of them.

00:42:52--> 00:42:53

Why do I?

00:42:55--> 00:43:06

Why do I say sin? Only, and not all the consequences? Human wanting for the man medic says

00:43:08--> 00:43:35

it is not all the consequences that have been lifted, it is only the same. Why did they say this out of respect for the word of the province of Southern for the statement of the Prophet, he said, If I have to add to the statement of the Prophet salallahu salam to make it plausible, then I add the least that will make it plausible. So I am not adding too much.

00:43:36--> 00:44:26

If if the least that will make it plausible is the sin lifted off of my own mind is the sin of forgetfulness, you know error and things done under compulsion, then I will add only the sin not all the consequences, because the sin is much less than all the consequences. So, I need to add something to make it to make the statement of the profit plausible the literal statement of the profit plausible. So now what if any romantic out of respect for his statement to be said that, so why do the numbers FA and EMA mathematics say all the consequences lifted are all the consequences? It is still out of respect for the literal statement of the Profit System, because how they looked

00:44:26--> 00:44:34

at it is that if the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is saying that forgetfulness has been lifted,

00:44:36--> 00:44:41

and we cannot, and that is impossible,

00:44:42--> 00:45:00

then we will have to assume that he meant the closest thing to the haqiqa of forgetfulness to the essence of forgetfulness, as the essence of forgetfulness itself has not been lifted, then at least we

00:45:00--> 00:45:28

should say that he meant all the consequences, so, that we are closer to what he uttered, he said that forgetfulness has been lifted. And since forgetfulness has not been lifted, then we have to assume all the consequences of forgets forgetfulness have been lifted this way, we are closer to the literal statement of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam

00:45:31--> 00:45:34

anyway, so, yes,

00:45:38--> 00:45:50

save the situation or the, because maybe for testing is one thing, because that cut off the part, but when we talk about example, killing

00:45:51--> 00:45:54

somebody who like I killed somebody by

00:46:01--> 00:46:02

the consequences

00:46:10--> 00:46:16

thank you for saying this, because that was that the that is important, that is the next point. Because

00:46:18--> 00:46:26

the this discussion is a very, like involved discussion and various matters of

00:46:27--> 00:46:35

in this case, when you can make a mistake, that mistake results in damage or something,

00:46:36--> 00:46:41

then someone would have to be responsible, basically, this is like

00:46:43--> 00:46:49

they have like a criminal case in a civil case. And if you drop the criminal case, you don't drop the civil case and they're separate.

00:46:50--> 00:46:51


00:46:52--> 00:46:53


00:46:55--> 00:46:59

the the monitoring the liability for the damage that will happen,

00:47:00--> 00:47:09

who should be responsible for the, for the liable for the damage that happened, he killed someone, you

00:47:10--> 00:47:15

basically ran into a car or

00:47:16--> 00:47:31

like a shop, say, he did something that that caused some damage to some property of someone or the life of someone, then who should be liable for the damage.

00:47:33--> 00:47:37

Despite the fact despite the fact that your act,

00:47:38--> 00:47:44

how the forgetfulness and error is inconsequential to chef, a anathema,

00:47:45--> 00:48:13

inconsequential, they will stay say that the liability here is yours. Because someone has to be liable. And they can find anyone to make them liable, better than the person who caused the damage, even though he did the damage or the forgetfulness or error, but he caused the damage.

00:48:15--> 00:48:18

If he caused the damage, because he was under compulsion,

00:48:19--> 00:48:35

then the correct position, although there is a little bit of difference is that the liability is on that compeller the one who forced you, because in this case, you're just like a tool in his hand.

00:48:36--> 00:49:10

If this was true compulsion, then you were just you were just a tool in his hand that he should be liable the person who forced you to cause this damage. So, the damage is a seven right it is not a criminal case and the person that will be liable as the person that caused the damage whether or not he did this out of forget from this core error, but if he did it under compulsion, then the person who compel them will be liable for the damage.

00:49:11--> 00:49:13

So that is one thing.

00:49:14--> 00:49:15

The other thing is

00:49:16--> 00:49:25

haka. nscn is one thing and compulsion is another thing, because that the rulings vary between Harper nscn and compulsion

00:49:27--> 00:49:40

in the case of compulsive when the scholar is agree that compulsion itself is inconsequential, and it will not acquit you of any wrongdoing.

00:49:44--> 00:49:46

No, sir. Okay.

00:49:48--> 00:49:59

Keep in mind, all of them agreed. All of them agreed that statements speech that is said under compulsion, will not

00:50:00--> 00:50:07

Be a problem, speech, not action speech, if someone forces you to speak any.

00:50:14--> 00:50:27

We only have like 10 minutes. So quickly go over the concept of compulsion, because all of them agreed that speech if you're forced to speak, there will be no sin. And you could say anything, you know,

00:50:28--> 00:50:35

no one ever is the only one who said that if you're forced into divorce, then the divorce will count. The rest of them said that the divorce will not count.

00:50:36--> 00:51:07

Because you have to be completely mindful and wasteful. Even in mathematic sided with the measurements are very Anima Mohamad here, so how many four sided was done on the issue of fasting magmatic sizes with the amount of suffering any amount of mud here and he said, that if the divorce if you were forced into divorce, the divorce will not count. Now, hanifa said that the divorce won't count, it seems that the position of the majority here is stronger, the divorce will not count, the act itself will be very inconsequential, because you are forced into it.

00:51:08--> 00:51:20

So, about the mobile hanifa said that there is no sin and all of them said there is no sin Whatever you say, you know, under compulsion, there is no sin, but what if someone forced you into

00:51:22--> 00:51:23

killing someone

00:51:25--> 00:51:32

they all agree that this the compulsion here would be completely irrelevant in consequence inconsequential,

00:51:34--> 00:51:47

you will still be a killer. Because, you know, what is the worst thing that he will do to you? kill you. So, so, like you can rescue yourself by killing your brother.

00:51:50--> 00:52:13

No, compulsion will be inconsequential, your act will be consequential, but the compulsion will be like not the meaning the compulsion will not equate you of your wrongdoing, that compulsion will not be consequential. Your act will be completely consequential if you kill someone, you're completely responsible in the sight of Allah seven criminals every in every way.

00:52:15--> 00:52:19

Because you can't rescue yourself by you know, getting your brother.

00:52:20--> 00:52:37

The one other thing that the that where you have a sizable majority of the scholars saying that you still compulsion will not get you out of trouble will not acquit you of wrongdoing is fornication with

00:52:40--> 00:52:40


00:52:44--> 00:52:45

like a non wedding woman?

00:52:50--> 00:52:51


00:52:53--> 00:52:53


00:52:55--> 00:52:57

fornication with a woman that is unwilling

00:52:59--> 00:52:59


00:53:00--> 00:53:03

non consensual? In consensual

00:53:05--> 00:53:06

non consensual?

00:53:08--> 00:53:11

Yeah, like rape. Yeah. So

00:53:13--> 00:53:21

somebody is forcing you to do the act, even if someone is forcing you to do the act, because rape was was equated with killing.

00:53:23--> 00:53:29

So this is the second thing that you cannot do, even if you will,

00:53:30--> 00:53:35

endanger your life. The rest of the stuff you could do, we

00:53:36--> 00:54:01

may refuse to drink wine or refuse to eat pork because he said that he's just a hobby. And now I'll show them who are the Sahaba but for the regular individual, if someone forces you like I'll kill you, if you don't drink if you don't eat pork, if you don't do this, all of us is permissible to do the two exceptions would be killing or rape.

00:54:06--> 00:54:11

And, yeah, we should probably stop here because we only have three minutes.

00:54:18--> 00:54:20

You'll get into politics and stuff. Now.

00:54:27--> 00:54:52

The Mufti has a different position because the Mufti when he speaks, he speaks he basically declares on behalf of Allah subhanaw taala. So he has a difficult a different position, but which Mufti and which case which scenario which issue? lots of details. So we'll do this some other time. But I hope that we discover just

00:54:54--> 00:54:55

one question regarding murder.

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

Sorry if this was like too complicated or usually this class is not like, if

00:55:08--> 00:55:16

the threads like the compulsion is for your daughter or your kid saying that I will kill them. If you don't perform this act of murder,

00:55:18--> 00:55:20

then what I mean he's not threatening you is threatening your family.

00:55:22--> 00:55:39

That will count as compulsion. If he's threatening your family that will count as compulsion except forgiving because you're just killing another soul. So what let him kill you or kill your family but you cannot kill another soul to rescue yourself or rescue are found.

00:55:42--> 00:55:43

No, like

00:55:44--> 00:55:50

what we're talking about here when you can defend yourself or if you can defend yourself. Defend yourself.