Fiqh of Fasting #4

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

Episode Notes

Fiqh of Worship – Voluntary Fasting and I’tikaf

Episode Transcript

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Hello, hello sauce Romano solaria Savio manola.

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Today there is there is actually not much explanation and discussion, we have a lot of material to cover, but it is all self evident almost all self evident. So that's why I combined the last two chapters.

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There is not that much disagreement between the scholars is no room for you know, different interpretations here. Most of the statements of any amount of them and particularly in the first chapter are just right out of hobbies. For the he took the hobbies and just put it in the in the map and in the text of the book. didn't add his own words at all. He just took the wording of the prophets of Salaam and placed it there because this is about the the, you know, prescribing for us voluntary fasts, you know, the voluntary fasts that are prescribed that are preferred.

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So he developed a program Rahim Allah, who died in the year 620 after Hydra.

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Seven is Buccola Amanda. She's one of a series of books that he wrote on the Hanbury Mazda hub and then eventually with a comparative book with a Hanbury leaning that is considered to be the largest compendium of fact or Encyclopedia of written money, but starting from London, then in Laconia, and then at Cafe and then in Lavinia lambda is the book that we're covering here. And we are adding a little bit of a comparative flavor, but it is certainly Hanbury class,

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which is a disclaimer because like I said, you know, it's a hermetic class, we may not be doing justice to the proofs of the other mazahub. But you keep you are keeping in the back of your mind that we are not, you know, because if we if we have we give justice proofs with all of them as I have, we are not going to be able to finish anything.

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And that is important to say that we when we cover these issues, and we present so you know, what we're trying to be as fair as possible when we have address certain issues of like this agreement between the forum as I have, but usually for the smaller details, we're just presenting the honeyberry point of view, because otherwise, it will be extremely difficult to finish

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according to the forum, as I have, you know, with doing justice to every proof from every mother.

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Remember, Kodama Kamala said Abdullah cmcr muda whoo Dolly Salaam Can I assume well, man, we have the Roma are the best fasting is that of the wood alehissalaam used to fast every other day. This is just the Hadees reported by Bukhari and Muslim from Abdullah Mohammed Abdullah, the alojado. Hadith, no controversy.

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So the best fasting is the fasting of the would, Allah is Salam can so Mohammed with Roman he used to fast every other day he used the past one day and break his past the other day. One addition to this hadith has been reported outside of Bukhari and Muslim and sunon.

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The Prophet sallallahu Sallam added one federal law and he did not run away when he did not run away when he encountered his enemy when a federal is aloka and he did not run away when he encountered his enemy.

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Is this like, this is good, that's relevant, because he's telling you that the word la Salaam did this, but keep in mind that you do want you do not want to be weak and fragile and feeble physically. You This is not prescribed islamically this is Rabbani up to the omeka cabina lay him this monasticism that they invented and we did not prescribe it for them. Yes,

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you know, Ramadan as like a ground for Miss Ghana or you know,

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it allows you and we will talk about this and ChildLine the next you know when we go across

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but at the end of the day, when it is not made it is meant to make you taste hunger, it is meant to make you have this feeling government scanner. You know the weakness of the body but it is transient it is not meant to

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make you just generally weaker or generally less able.

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While federal is a law. Just remember this piece that he did not run away when he encountered this enemy. His fasting did not affect his energy that not affect his strength.

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The Buddha was still you know, as strong as you hear about him and his family did not affect that. So that is important.

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Then the Prophet sallallahu then

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it is actually the prophet SAW Selim speaking from here on until the end of the chapter, but if you haven't put them aside well after the CM brothers baldassari Ramadan sobre la la via the Runa will mojarra the best fasting after the month of Ramadan is the month of Allah.

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The quote Muharram is the month of Allah of equal Muharram the best fasting after a month of Ramadan is the month of Allah equal el Muharram.

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This is the Muslim report this from Abu hurayrah lavon, who says this is the exact wording of the prophets of Salah. So, why is it that the prophet SAW Selim use the fast more as para ha and Sha ban any for any reason, but whenever he you know, he said takes precedence over whatever he did, because he could have done things because of special circumstances because of something or another.

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But his statement his instructions for us like when he speaks to us, that is what we listen to first. Certainly the actions of the prophets are sometimes called uncertain and fairly actual sooner

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is is relevant is binding and everything. But sooner or later will come first when it comes to instructions does sooner or later comes first when it comes to instruction to us there is an alpha layer and then lastly is some area which is tacit approval, tacit approval, when the prophet SAW Selim sees something and does not comment, it means it has approval, because if he did not approve it, he would have corrected it because he would not leave this something you know, broken until he fixed it. So or you know, irregular until he fixed it.

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So after the sambala shadow Ramadan shadow lady at Ramadan, the best fasting after a month of Ramadan is the month of Allah the code Muharram.

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Now we know that I just said that the professor salon Can I assume you shall

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assume

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the premises that I'm used to fasting Shabana said, we thought that he would never break as fast and break as fast and third, we thought that he would never fast

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and he used he used to fast the most in shop and as I said,

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we set up a demo Ramadan beyond when we are mainly the Prophet sallallahu Sallam seven unauthentic Hadees do not precede Ramadan by fasting for one or two days. In larger carriers homes you can only do so musalman except for a man who used to have a particular habit and fasting. So if the last day before Ramadan was Monday, and this man fasts, all Mondays and Thursdays, that's fine, too fast, the 30th F sharp, and if it happened to be on a Monday, and you're used to fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, so just one or two days before Ramadan, the rest of shaba, and you can fast as much as you want. So the rest of this month that we're in can fast as much as you want. But one or two days

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before Ramadan start fasting, unless it is your regular fast, faster

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than the profits of the Lord. Then he

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said,

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while I am in the middle of him, the hub will allow him and actually that head there are no days on which righteous these are more beloved to a love and the first 10 days of the head. That's again, a statement of the prophets was one of the same wording of the Prophet. He used it for the Baraka and instead of rephrasing it and making his own words,

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he used the Hadith because they serve the purpose here. Their brief to the point. And

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so that's why he used the this is reported by Bukhari from the live na bass meme, an amateur hospital site a hub of hidden Illa men hospitals and hedger. There are no days in which or on which the good deeds are more beloved to a lot in the first few days of the head. Would this apply to fasting? So yes, it would apply to fasting because an ominous thought of fasting is that Ahmed sada and whatever reports from you know, eyeshadow on Ilana that he did not fast the first 10 days of the headset meant that he did not fast all of them. Certainly he did not fast the tense because the tense is a lot harder, and no one will shoot fast on the day.

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But the first nine days of that hedger, if you can manage the fastball that is fine. If you want to drop one or two days so that you're not fasting them continuously that is fine. But they are it's prescribed fast and

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it's prescribed too fast. Ma'am and Amazon llamados

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avina hubway illuminous

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then he Magna podemos Edwin on summer Ramadan with bow will visit in min show well fucka Anima Sana Dara Cola, whoever fasts, the whole month of Ramadan, fast Ramadan, the woman's Ramadan and followed it was six days of so well it is as if He fasted his entire life. It is as if He fasted his entire life. Again, a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. All of the above is not controversial, no controversy there, these are Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So it is as if He fasted his entire life.

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So when you first the month of Ramadan, that is 30 times 30 times 10% of your

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team 30.

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Every lead is multiply 10 times that's 300. If you fast six days of Siobhan but six times then that's 60 days 300 plus 60 is 360 days, the lunar month, the lunar year does not have 360 days, you know, so

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so you're fasting more, you know, so you're covered you cover the whole year and that's what the process was intended by this to tell us that the last one I thought I would multiply your reward 10 times as if you've asked the year if you've asked 36 days out of the year, as if you've asked the entire year and if you do this every year you fasted your entire life

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and the six days of shot so while there there is a wisdom in fasting in the six days of show when the wisdom here is that you're showing Allah subhanaw taala is that it is He that you know

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I am so eager to show again your pleasure and to show you my obedience and my aboudi through fasting that once Ramadan is done, I am you know, taking on the six days of Shabbat as well and I am not going to stop because that is what you required of me. I know that you know that you like me too fast the six days of so well. So you're saying to Allah, you know, you know it's not like I'm done with Ramadan and I'm like relieved. I'm just I got done with Ramadan hamdulillah

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No, I am excited to go back and fast to earn your pleasure after I complied with your command now I'm excited to go back and fast to earn your pleasure more of it. So it is like his seminal body so nobody Anna Salah, the after son of the Salah, the after an alpha and a Salah. He finished salata Azhar and then you stand up and you pray to rock as you're saying to ally, it's not just like, you know, walking on the version or the edge and I'm just doing whatever, you require the knee because they really fear of your punishment. I want your pleasure. And I'm doing this out of love. And so I will stand up and pray a little bit more after so it's like it's in the body. And fasting in Sha ban

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is like Santa, I'll publish that before sun.

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Then

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remember no Kodama Rahim Allah said, Casa Yama, Yama, Soraka, Farah to Santa was Yama Yama arasaka Pharaoh to sanity what I used to have with him and cannot be horrified or any asuma who fasting on the day of Ashura. 10th of Muharram is an expiation of the sense. You know, don't forget, you know, we do our best to keep it quiet.

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But don't get annoyed when you hear children crying.

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Because if you don't hear children crying, it should be concerned that you should be concerned but something is happening, they may be doing some mischief somewhere.

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Or you will be concerned that people are discouraged from bringing their kids and if people who have kids are discouraged from coming to the class, because they have kids then that would not be like

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desirable

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or people are not having children anymore. That should also be concerning.

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Anyway,

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don't don't get annoyed.

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Or Samia Mirage Raka. Farah to Santa Rosa Yamuna, modifica Pharaohs, entertainers to have women cannot be

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fasting on the day of Ashura. 10th of Muharram is an exploration of the sense of one year and fasting on the day of arafah is an exhibition of the tough two years.

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For the one who is at alpha. However, for the one who's at the heart of it is not recommended.

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fast to this day

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because they want all of the energy to make the eye and you know, to do the rituals have had, so they want all of their energy. So this is a hadith also reported by Muslim from Abu Qatada Ravi Allahu anhu. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said cm we only have accessible and the low hanging fruit, automobiles anatomical data or as he said, was young Astra accessible in the lung and you can feel a son of a mother or son Atilla t public

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fasting on the day of Arusha, I hope that Allah will experience expiate buy this for two years, the one before and the one after and I have asked them on the day of Ashura. I hope that allowed expeed buy this for one year or expired the sins of one year.

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And this is a report from a Muslim from Avi Qatada

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Hi, I know that you there are some concerns about the day of Ashura and there is

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okay, yeah, I want you to be understanding here that people have like a little bit there is a little bit of ambiguity in the hadith of Ashura. The fact that that was prescribed early on during the life of the J after the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in Medina and this was prescribed before the second year of hedgerow because in the second year of his Ramadan was prescribed and we know that fasting on hasura was prescribed before Ramadan, was prescribed and was obligatory before Ramadan was prescribed, and people say that the Prophet was on the same hobbies. He said, If I live in the next year, I would fast the the ninth and the 10th or the 10th and 11th and he did not live

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until the next year, it is very possible that there is a merging of two bodies. Keep in mind the transmission of the bodies that is why we we say that the transmission of our bodies is not certain like the transmission of the Quran, is not word for word, like the transmission of poor air, if you have difficulty with this, you will either have a face Crisis at one point or you will ignore the facts to the point where you become sort of irrelevant to people that you speak to the work if you will be just like to,

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just dogmatic to relate to or you will not just whatever you say will not resonate with people. The transmission of the Hadith was not certain like the transmission of the Quran.

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The transmission of hobbies was, you know, was through a bona fide methodology, a great methodology that created the best results possible that brought about the best results possible. Yet, it was not like the transmission of the crime, it is not with the same certainty as the transmissible correct, the majority of the of the the vast majority of those would even say that all of their hobbies accepted them with water or hobbies that are reported by continuous testimony have been transmitted on the basis of halibut, Van natya, clean, prepared propensity, not certainty, propensity not certainty, therefore, you cannot say that this hobby is because it is reported in Buhari, I swear by

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Allah, that this is 100% from the prophet SAW. So, I can say that honestly, I can. And despite all of the distortion and despite all of just like, you know, deformation that may result from making the statement, you will have to make it because it is true. Now, the thing is, I have great confidence in each and every one of these reports about Buhari and Muslim because the oma accepted those are hobbies because there is

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like a general collective agreement on the acceptance of the visa and Muslim and I believe that they are binding absolutely I can say this, are they binding absolutely, to be binding, do they have to be certain or propensity is enough for them to be binding, no propensity is enough for them to be binding. And for me, I am combating for me they are binding not only enamel but also an L not only a matter of practice, but also in matters of creed. They are binding, we have to accept that they are ahead. They are transmitted by like single reporters or more short of the water continuous this morning, but they are binding. They are binding. But having said that they are binding. You know we

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work in propensity, we don't always work. We don't always work on certainty. Most of our lives we're working on progress, the not certainty. So we work here on propensity as well.

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Not certainty and when the prophet SAW Selim sent Morales, who are Abu Musa or someone to teach them about their Deen, they are receiving the deen from one person. Is it logically possible that we're as may forget logically, but was it binding on the people of Yemen to listen to my eyes and to learn from him? There have been was binding was binding, even though logically possible, that my eyes may forget? Is it logically possible that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam may

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forget? Yes.

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What is it religiously possible that the prophets of Salaam would forget or error and not get corrected by the divine? No, it is not religiously possible. But is it religiously possible that morass or Abu Musab may forget our error and not get corrected by the divine? Yes, it is religiously possible. Therefore, it is possible

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despite the possibility of more ads forgetting or more as airing, the people of Yemen were required and the people that the professor's not himself His messengers to all over Arabia were required to listen to them and learn their Deen from them to summarize, make the distinction the mental distinction between binding and certain, you know that they are not mutually mutually inclusive. So, binding does not have to be certain and it is not only certain that is binding could be binding but not certain. And that is what we are saying for the singular reports that are authentic, they are binding, but they are not certain. Having said that some of these could be some of the reporters

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could have used a little bit of flexibility, and merged certain statements together. The prophets of Allah is Allah may have said may have prescribed the fasting of Ashura in the first year as confirmed as like, we know that this happened when he came to Medina and he found them to be fasting on a particular day. And he said, which What day is this the day that Allah subhanaw taala saved the moose and he said I'll, then we were more deserving of Moosa than them and the Benny faster that it is possible that later on because the prophets of Salaam did not necessarily you did not necessarily

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distinguish himself and the believers from the people of the book, and until later, in his blessing immensely, until later, not earlier, earlier, prophets used to act like them used to comb his hair like them, to distinguish himself from the pagans, because this is the group that we belong to. That group that we belong to, when Islam became strong and became distinct and so on. Then we distinguish ourselves from that group, that group, this group of religions Abrahamic religions,

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initially the Prophet sallallahu Sallam distinguish themselves from the pagans, and was more looking like the the People of the Book. Later when Islam became, you know, the complete and perfect, the professors distinguish themselves from the people have the book. So that, you know, because of the similarities don't think that it is a continuum. Because of the similarities don't think that this is just like the other ones. This is the final message. This is the last testament, this is the final testament last message from the divine and it is independent and separate and completely distinct from the other messages when Mohammed Ali and it is it has authority over all of them has

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authority over all of them. So, initially, the prophet may have not said that I would fast the ninth and 10th next year, then later on in his life, he said that, but that reporter may have combined the two because they used to do this, we used to have sort of the liberty to put together and separated, you know, put like, like half of our hobbies with a half and another half of the hobbies or separate them because many of the reporters felt that they do not necessarily need to relate the exact wording of the professors are Muslim, you know, did not believe that you could relate the meanings of what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, but not everyone was like Muslim, Rahim Allah, even

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Muslim he was receiving from reporters that may have not believed that the same way he did that they need. They did their best to relate the exact wording of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and this is quite obvious and the scholars of Hadith will tell you that they can taste taste the style of the prophecies element, the

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hobbies

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and the they can figure out sometimes something is like inconsistent because it does not sound like the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said they did their best. But you do see discrepancy between their hobbies, the different reports,

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you do see discrepancies between different reports. And if they say that the Prophet repeated the same statement 26 times

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every time and it doesn't make sense, we have to be reasonable, reasonable, because you're not p all people read nowadays, and people use the reason. So you have to be reasonable to be convincing. So you will have to say it is very possible that the reporters use slightly different wordings, in relating the Hadees. From the prophecies of them, it is very possible that the reporters took two pieces and connected them together. It is very possible that the reporters took one of these and separated it into parts. In this case, it is very possible that the reporters did this. And the prophets Allah Salaam initially fasted. And then he continued for nine years too fast, just like the

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Jews were fasting.

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And then had towards the end of his life, when he put more effort into distinguishing the rituals of Islam, from the teachings of Islam from the other from the rest of the group of Abrahamic religions. Then, he said, If I were to live, until next year, I will do such and such Is this clear?

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If anyone has is there, you know, there is a love, you know, you know Ashura and all that Yeah.

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Possibility

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possibilities

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for example, a

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blending of

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possibilities

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No, no, I'm lost.

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Why Well, what what makes

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what makes it controversial fasting as well, because obviously the the the car say that this is a made up thing, and there is no fasting of Ashura. There is no Hospira is the day that Hussein was killed on you guys made this all up. And here all the discrepancies and all the inconsistencies in your own reporting of this incident, they say that the Jews don't fast on this day, you know? And the answer to this is that, you know, the Jews today do not necessarily have to been, the whatever the Jews are doing today may not be what ever they were doing. During the time of the prophet of Solomon Medina of the province of Solomon, we have seen how religions evolved and how practices

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dropped and how practices evolved, evolved in different religions. They may say

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that there is a discrepancy here between your reporting that he did this on the first day and your reporting. If I live in the next year, then I will fast and he did not live until next year. So how come you're saying that He fasted on the first year? And you're saying also that he started the fast on the last year, and he did not make it to the shows is Yeah, so the the inconsistency is in the

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No, I'm not talking about performance, I'm talking about the she has any sort of controversy over Ashura?

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Yes,

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yes, no.

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No, we fast on today vasara what is not prescribed on the day of Ashura is basically celebrating the day as if it is if it is not I eat, you know.

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We are more saddened by the killing of animals than anyone else. It's not I eat whatsoever. It just that you know, the killing of a sign was a kurama for her son, he he attained martyrdom.

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So you know, it does not detract from the day. It is a glorious day. And it was a glorious day for a

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while the other one who and he I think martyr them

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on the day

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so we fast today but it is not a day of celebration for us. That's not is not a observation is that a fast thing? So we thank Allah subhanaw taala for saving

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Musa alayhis salam and this is our way of saying that. You know Messiah is ours and we are more worthy of Moosa than anyone else. And this is a continuum from Adam and then Mohamed Salah Arya sanlam is mine.

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And the fact that Satan was was killed on that day does not detract from this day it adds to the glory of a signer because he feigned the martyrdom on a blessed day. he attained martyrdom on a blessed day. Anyway, so then he said,

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Okay, well I used to have ocm MLB was nine or commies. And it does recommend that the faster the white days

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and Mondays and Thursday it's recommended to fast the white days and mckees.

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Thursdays

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passing the the white days, what are the white days the 13th 14th 15th of every month? I was there.

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tirmidhi reports from I was already Alon. He said I'm Rhonda Salas and Amanda sumatera. Sita Amman makhanda Sally Sasha rajshahi. Sasha, the Messenger of Allah commanded us the first three days of every month the 13th, the 14th and the 15th as well as our reset, why did the scholars thereafter call them the white days because because of the full moon, because the sky is white is lit by the full moon.

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Okay, then is nine oncoming incidents Nino and Fermi's is obvious because the professor seldom said Florida or Maria de la he ominous Nina or commies what have been your odometer your RSI This is reported by Timothy from Abu hurayrah prophets are solemn sad deeds are presented to our last panel attala on

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Mondays and Thursdays and I like my deeds to be presented when I'm fasting.

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Then

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By the way, the fasting you know, two or three days a week is what is prescribed now and intermittent fasting intermittent fasting is 16 hours a day, two, three days a week is basically

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exactly the same.

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And then he said what Simon Matata we are amuro nuptse insha Allah sama in shafter

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Wanaka Allah kavali the person performing a voluntary fast is in charge of himself. If he wants, he may fast and if he wants, he may break the fast, in which case he is not required to make it up. In which case, he's not required to make it up here where we get to the first controversy here. Whenever you don't want to have like an explicit an easier to kind of get into controversy. The magic is on hanbang hana fees. And keep in mind if you have been doing this keep doing it, the magic isn't Hana fees would require you to finish madiga hana fees would require you to finish the voluntary act that you started or make it up

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the shaft is on homebodies said if this is a voluntary act of this voluntary act,

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you do not need to finish it and you do not need to make it up because it was initially it was initially not require the view. And if you started it and you stopped,

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all of them will say it is not preferable. Would anyone say it's a good thing you know, it starts a good thing and stop it in the middle without finishing it. No one will say that all of

00:33:39--> 00:33:55

them will say, you know, it's not a good thing. But the magic is on HANA fees will ask you to make it up if you did not finish it. So if you fast that if you just happen to feel like fasting one day and you said I'm fasting tomorrow

00:33:57--> 00:34:02

and then by tomorrow or by tomorrow, you felt so like thirsty

00:34:04--> 00:34:11

and you said you know what? I'm just gonna break my class today. Or you did not have your coffee in the morning and you have headache and stuff.

00:34:13--> 00:34:18

not finished my first day. Don't do this number one.

00:34:22--> 00:34:35

So the magic isn't the HANA fees and Maliki's will tell you what, that's fine. Make it up. You have to make it up. Shafiq. embellies will tell you this wasn't was not required of you to begin with by the Sharia.

00:34:36--> 00:34:41

He don't need to make it. You don't need to make that clear. Okay.

00:34:45--> 00:34:46

He just could tell you yes.

00:34:48--> 00:34:52

Yeah, because Allah Subhan Allah, Allah said the IoT, no, no, not at all.

00:34:54--> 00:34:54

Morocco

00:34:56--> 00:35:00

in LA Vina caporaso danza de la casa para samanya matter

00:35:01--> 00:35:02

Lay

00:35:04--> 00:35:05

everything

00:35:07--> 00:35:20

over believe, obey Allah and His Messenger one out of the document do not invalidate your deeds do not invalidate your deeds. This has this could be understood in so many different ways.

00:35:22--> 00:35:34

But the medic is on HANA, Hana fees and Maliki's say that it means that once you started something, you don't invalidate it. You don't interrupt it. You don't invalidate. What's their take on this.

00:35:37--> 00:35:46

Then we're Cavalli Casa de todo el Hajj, Umrah in Malmo, Houma la Cava, ma f sada Ameen Houma

00:35:48--> 00:36:10

likewise are all voluntary acts except for HUDs and aamra. They must be completed and when invalidated, it is mandatory to make them up. So the shafa is on honeyberries agree with America's on HANA fees on one of the bad news have had an ombre they agree once you started them, you have to finish them and why do they agree here because our last seven sort of look at our

00:36:11--> 00:36:35

military law and offset from from mistakes I will add active meaning complete and had an ombre for Allah azza wa jal aminata Allah in our circumstance, so Allah said clearly about 100 Amara complete them and he did not you know point out the obligatory heads on camera or either not mentioned the obligatory had an ombre he said

00:36:37--> 00:36:50

complete hydrometer for Allah so the chef is a combat is here side with the medic is on HANA fees just on Hudson Amara, once you start them, you ought to finish them for makeup.

00:36:52--> 00:36:54

Okay, then,

00:36:55--> 00:37:05

when I have abuse all of those elements homeodomain yo milfit Wyoming of Havana and Samia Yamato sweet a la casa de Samia Mata Mata eval me added

00:37:07--> 00:37:17

when I had an Obi Wan Samia man, the Messenger of Allah forbade fasting on two days. He Amil factory Wyoming, the day of the Veterans Day of a lot

00:37:18--> 00:37:25

went on Samia Yamato shriya and he forbade In addition, he forbade fasting on the days of the Shri

00:37:28--> 00:37:33

Illa Sufi Samia Mata Mata is lm gadget and had he accepted that he

00:37:37--> 00:37:53

except for the person who is doing tomato and cannot afford the sacred, sacrificial animal heavy sacrificial animal, because Bukhari reports from Isaiah that the prophet SAW Selim levy as an lm euro Hospira Yama tree can you sum in LA Mata is

00:37:54--> 00:38:10

that it was not permissible It was not permitted for the it was not permitted for the days of the shriek to be fasted on except for the one internet who did not find that keep in mind the one who is doing Tehran

00:38:11--> 00:38:56

also takes the same ruling. So it is either with a metro or chlorine what is tomato tomahto? Is Amara before had with interruption of the state of Arab what is Iran? Tehran is Amara with not before Amara with had without interruption of the state of ahora both cases because you're doing Amara with had you know on the same trip, you are to offer a had sacrificial animal. So in the in, in both cases, you're allowed if you did not if you cannot afford the sacrificial animal you're allowed to make up for this by fasting

00:38:58--> 00:38:59

you know

00:39:01--> 00:39:04

from enemy okay. Yeah.

00:39:05--> 00:39:06

Yeah.

00:39:07--> 00:39:09

From 100 to 100 mistakes Mm

00:39:11--> 00:39:12

hmm.

00:39:13--> 00:39:14

Yeah, who knows, you know, the

00:39:16--> 00:39:17

counselors and Camilla

00:39:18--> 00:39:34

Makuhari Mr. Faraj. So, so, familiar with that idea for CMOS as a DM and for how to so whoever does not find that how do you whoever does not afford, you know, does not afford the year it means whenever it does not afford the sacrificial animal ficm was rather the aim and

00:39:36--> 00:39:46

then fasting fee then with this prescribed for them the past few days during HUD's and seven when the ureter so it is permissible for them to fast on the days of the sheep

00:39:47--> 00:39:50

if they cannot afford ahead,

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

because they are eight days and the prophet SAW someone said I am actually not sure but these are the days of such

00:40:00--> 00:40:13

ration, eating and drinking and everything. So, five days a year that we cannot fast, what are they in fifth, aha, and the three days of the trip

00:40:15--> 00:40:24

out ha three days of the ship. These are the five days every year that we are forbidden to fast.

00:40:26--> 00:40:58

What are you allowed to carry? Okay. And then in our parameter Laila to country country filled with three men in the hospital, our chairman Ramadan, The Night of Decree is one of the odd nights in the last 10 days of Ramadan. And he did not particularly say that 27th is the most likely one but in another hub, that 27th is the most likely one. And most likely one not determined not final, but the 27th is the most likely one.

00:41:01--> 00:41:13

And in general, it is one of the nights that 21st 23rd 25th 27th 29th these are the nights that you would be pursuing later Padre in

00:41:14--> 00:41:18

21st means what 20th at night,

00:41:21--> 00:41:34

the eve of the 21st someone just recently taught me to say the eve of the 21st because it was like clickin if you say the eve of the 21st, right? It takes in right for people.

00:41:35--> 00:41:45

So the eve of the 21st, the eve of the 23rd 25th 27th and 29th to be persona upon those minds.

00:41:47--> 00:41:57

But it will be exciting in the last 10 days in general. You'll be you know, upping this in the odd nights and you'll be upping this a little bit more on the 27th.

00:42:00--> 00:42:26

Then we're done with this chapter the barbel logic after the for the Charter of the bush devotional retreat altogether for all the zoom messages that are later olofi This means abiding staying in the mustard for the worship of Allah Most High abiding, we're staying in the message for the worship of Allah Most High, how long do you need to stay in the masjid to be considered the more attack if that duration if you have the HANA fees

00:42:27--> 00:42:32

and the honeyberries hana fees and honeyberries said one hour,

00:42:33--> 00:43:08

one hour by the way is our hour yesterday did not have watches, but they divided the day into 12 hours in the night into 12 hours. Therefore, it looks like one hour for them is like one hour for us. But it is not exact, you know because they did not have watches, but you get you get the point right. They divided the day into 12 hours and if they did then it is one hour to them is like one hour to us. So hafeez somebody said one hour. So if you are if you are with the benefit of the Hanafi and pembeli position, keep in mind the Shafi said one moment,

00:43:09--> 00:43:10

moment.

00:43:13--> 00:43:16

The Maliki's said one day

00:43:18--> 00:43:26

and there is like a little disagreement within the Maliki if it is one day meaning like 24 or one day meaning from February to sundown.

00:43:28--> 00:44:10

Is it from federal the federal or from February to sundown would be enough? But anyway, so one day according to the medic, he's one hour according to the Hanafi Betty's and one moment according to the shefa is the benefit if you don't think the Maliki position the benefit of the other positions is if you're going to spend some time in the masjid make any of it calf, any any time of the year because this is not limited to Ramadan. If you're passing if you're running some errands, and you said to yourself, I'll just go to the masjid and wait in the masjid until salata last, and it happened to be one hour more, making any effort to cap if you're a sapphire, and you're just going

00:44:10--> 00:44:16

through and you're just going to sit down for a moment, you can make out the gap. But the

00:44:17--> 00:44:31

but according to the majority, if you like if you're going to be able to spend one hour in domestic make any of the gap you get very worried about the gap as well. And this is any time of the year it is not limited to Ramadan.

00:44:33--> 00:44:59

When he said when he was on in the Ania coonan as ROM fans and would be, it is somewhere unless if is valid in the in this case, the vow must be fulfilled. The vow must be fulfilled. If you make a vow that you will find that you will make Africa on a particular day. It's obligatory because fulfillment of vows is obligatory, whatever vows you make except vows that you cannot

00:45:00--> 00:45:10

manage to fulfill and vows of sin, if you vow to make a sin, then you know, there is controversy over vows of mobile

00:45:11--> 00:45:20

permissible things, but vows of horribad vows of good deeds must be fulfilled, if you vow to make a good deed must be fulfilled

00:45:22--> 00:45:23

okay as long as you can fulfill it

00:45:26--> 00:45:46

now, so this is clear right but if it is not valid then it is just a sudden it's recommended becomes emphasized when the last 10 days of Ramadan is recommended any time of the year becomes emphasized when less than days of Ramadan Why is the considered prophet consistent he did it and then

00:45:47--> 00:45:50

except when he you know, when his wife's

00:45:51--> 00:45:52

for you

00:45:54--> 00:46:08

when they wanted to come and camp next to him and so on. But the the, the the, the throughout the year it is certainly emphasizes during the last 10 days of Ramadan. And

00:46:10--> 00:46:38

the Hanafi is said it's it's it's a community center meaning they do find you're liable as a community. If you fail to have a calf in your town. They will find you liable The hafeez will find the community liable if the community failed to have a Arctic cafe in their town. No one is making out the cafe in town. That town is liable in the according to the canopies. Okay.

00:46:39--> 00:47:23

Then illimitable Kodama said well salmonella Atif equally messaged in higher MSG the beta for a woman that is valid in every message aside from the master of her own home. Keep in mind the master of her own home Mr. Bite is a master wizard. Metaphorically allegorically taking because technically it is not a master, the master of your home It means that the prayer quarters in your home and the new use to have the use to separate some area in their homes to be the prayer quarters in their homes that pray and then sit down and read parada and then make them their own to the masjid could be in her own bedroom. You know, she like nasai partition designated a certain area in her bedroom

00:47:23--> 00:47:48

to be her mustard, the place of her prayer and so she could miss it and make out the gap there according to the HANA fees that are more the majority said no she cannot make out the gap there because the calf is in massage quantum Aki funa for massages while you're making Africa in massage somatically shafa is somebody say no Attica for a man or woman except the NMS

00:47:50--> 00:48:01

half is only said that she can make it Catherine the master of hair home and Hannah is also said it is disliked for her to make artic F in the master

00:48:02--> 00:48:05

that is, you know the reading master in the massage

00:48:07--> 00:48:31

because of fit man because of all of this stuff the majority cited the mothers of the believers and make an article from the master of the prophet SAW Selim the Hanafi his rebuttal then he said he said that the prophet SAW Southern Command that that there tends to be removed but the majority said that the prophets of Southern Command did this when they started to compete with each other for getting closer to him for getting closer to his own

00:48:32--> 00:48:34

10th or his own FIBA

00:48:35--> 00:48:36

his own

00:48:37--> 00:48:39

well, cubicle or whatever.

00:48:42--> 00:49:27

Like Yeah, yeah. So when they started to compete and have eyes on half signs I interviewed everybody wanted now to come and make an autograph. He said to them and better to retina. Are you ready after bear? Are you ready after righteousness? Or do you really like intend the righteousness by this, and then in order that they're like, you know, tends to be removed and his you know, on temporary removed and so on and so forth. Because he felt that there was a little bit of competition here and a little bit of just like, intentions have been painted, stained, here. And that's what why I'm telling you the beauty of the Sahaba is that you get you get everything transmitted without makeup

00:49:28--> 00:49:37

and without hiding anything and for our own benefit and for our own learning and you feel that they are human beings, human beings who reach the

00:49:38--> 00:49:59

the sort of the greatest level of perfection possible for human beings aside from the prophets and messengers, and you feel that you could relate and you feel that you know, this is like flesh and blood and you could relate to their the guide you through your own struggle, without lying to you without exaggerating to you without adding any

00:50:00--> 00:50:07

Make up to their stories, they just transmit them to you for your own learning, and so that you could follow them and your own struggle.

00:50:08--> 00:50:22

Anyway, so they have this done. So the majority, the set of the HANA fees, the profits or some did not tell women that they are not meant to make Africa half the prophet SAW sun and on that particular

00:50:23--> 00:50:24

incident,

00:50:25--> 00:50:36

he felt that the intentions are not pure anymore. So that's why he commanded that everybody would, would come out of their articles because the intentions have been

00:50:37--> 00:50:38

painted.

00:50:39--> 00:51:20

So that's that's the disagreement that that is why you find in different communities, people are less accepting government, women making optic F in the master because if either the master this predominantly Hanafi mustard or the congregation, if the master is predominantly Hanafi, yes, you will get some frowns at women making autograph, because it is disliked in the mouth hub. It's not hot, um, it is this light. But if we say that the majority allowed it and it is not really hard on in the math lab, then we should really show flexibility and that is why many of the massage the hanafy massage that are sort of, you know, more tolerant of the disagreements and stuff they allow.

00:51:21--> 00:51:23

Nowadays they allow article from the master

00:51:25--> 00:51:26

whether it is basically

00:51:28--> 00:51:34

because of all disagreements or because of the pressure, because whatever.

00:51:36--> 00:51:41

Okay, and that would be like a good pressure, not not about pressure.

00:51:42--> 00:51:43

Sometimes it's bad though.

00:51:45--> 00:51:45

Anyway.

00:51:46--> 00:51:47

Next,

00:51:48--> 00:52:33

he said, what I said criminological if he messaged him to come up and somehow autograph who he mustered him to come here and do more of that. For a man it is only valid in a Masjid where the congregation prayer is performed and it is better to make out the calf in a Masjid where the Juma prayer is also offered. So for a man, it is only valid in a Masjid where the congregational prayer is performed and it is very to make out the cafe in the masjid where the Juma prayer is also offered. Is that clear? Yes. But this is only this is not everybody. By the way. This is not everybody. This is Hanafi and Hanbury hanafy of Hamburg and the Hanafi is do not require that the

00:52:33--> 00:52:46

five daily prayers are established but the Hanafi say that it is called you can't make it caffeine except in a mustard jamaa mustard jamara in the lingo of the Hanafi is means what means a master that has an Imam and

00:52:47--> 00:52:52

if the master does not have an amendment, then it has not messaged America in the Hanafi lingo.

00:52:53--> 00:52:59

So it has to have the amendment that was in and they have to be designated Imam and was the bratan

00:53:00--> 00:53:09

and this meets domestic demand in the Hanafi definition. In the honeyberries the Hanbury said five daily prayers

00:53:10--> 00:53:15

five daily prayers he man plus Muslim for the HANA fees

00:53:16--> 00:53:19

for the ham baddies five daily prayers

00:53:20--> 00:53:34

at least in the period or the during the period that he will be an article if at least the during that period the message of the house to have the five daily prayers okay for the Hungary's the Maliki's and the the shofar he said any message

00:53:36--> 00:54:15

any master it would make perfect sense for the ham buddies to say this because the ham berries believe that you know South America is obligatory that will make perfect sense for them to require that you make another mustard where the demand the demand is established. Now why is it that they did not require you to pray in a mustard where of Jamaica is established? The honeyberries are not requiring you to play in a mustard where Gemma established Is it possible that there would be a Masjid where the demand is established but the Juma is not absolutely in the times. This was not uncommon, because the old Converse to the mustard in JAMA and mastered at German

00:54:16--> 00:54:20

and mastered in German is called the German because it is

00:54:21--> 00:54:38

Dutch according to Naslund Jomo, so it is German, you know, gathers all the people for Gemma. So it's mustard any mustard you pray the five daily prayers but it must be the JAMA and the center of the town or the biggest muscle in town people converge to it for the Juma prayer.

00:54:40--> 00:54:59

So that hat so so this is another Masjid here. The honeyberries told you that's okay. You could you could pray up this semester as long as it has the five daily prayers. What am I going to do when is the time of Gemini comes the honeyberries will allow you to go out not the man

00:55:00--> 00:55:47

Keys and Sharpies. They do not allow you to go out but the honeyberries will allow you to go out to the masjid for the Juma prayer. The medic isn't shafa He said if the time of Gemma will come Why didn't you pray? Why didn't you make it cafe domestic Gemma, if there will be a joma during your attic if you could have made an autograph in here you interrupted your autograph by going out to all Gemma the honeyberries say no we will allow you to make autograph romances that has the five daily prayers he even if the Juma is not established, and we will allow you to go out for drama, but but when you offer joma it is straight line straight line. And that's it any of the users don't like go

00:55:47--> 00:55:47

around

00:55:49--> 00:55:53

go through the market and look check out a few things and

00:55:54--> 00:55:56

yeah, stop by Starbucks.

00:55:59--> 00:56:00

Anyway

00:56:02--> 00:56:22

that's all clear right? Then the see except one another Allah decaf, our Salah. Now the master that the masjid that is that you can make attic F and according to the agreement of the four emails, the issue of attic f the issue of attic f is a very

00:56:24--> 00:56:29

the a mamzer for emails were stricter with articles than they are with a German.

00:56:30--> 00:56:37

The majority allowed the drama in a Masjid that is not really a Masjid in the technical sense of a must.

00:56:38--> 00:57:04

But they all required for attic f that you do it in domestic because this statement of the Alaskan hotel and the plan was to marquee food and massages while you are in an attic in the massage or in your devotional retreat in the massage abiding in the masjid. So so that is why they were stricter when it comes to our to Catholic if that has to it has to be in a in a master that is technically a Masjid

00:57:06--> 00:57:29

bothers booted Mr. D. And Mr. D or the state of being a mess it has to be confirmed. And this would be a long story. You know can it be Emma if it is on the first floor second floor can be ms didn't have something underneath it can be Ms. We don't have something above it, can it be an asset in a rental place can it be msgid before the building gets completed

00:57:31--> 00:57:49

it can be done in the name of someone you know, that has not completely come out of the ownership of the person. That long story. However, you know, a little bit of advertisement to hear from us that way this is a bona fide mastered for sure because it is

00:57:51--> 00:57:54

it's it's not a rental property it is it is wealth.

00:57:55--> 00:58:11

And it is not a rental property does not have anything underneath it does not have anything above above it. Most of these things their flexibility will be shown. And if it isn't mastered on the first floor and has something underneath has something above it like the

00:58:12--> 00:58:55

it can be considered the master. The one thing that would be a little bit more difficult if it is in a rental place. If it is a rental place, then it will be a little bit problematic according to the majority except for the Maliki's nomadic, he said that is okay. Could be a master rented mustard, mustard and a rental property. But the majority would require for the work to be established of a master for the master to be technically called the message would require a walk walk for means that the property came out of the ownership of the original owner to the ownership of Allah everything is owned by Allah but meaning that it hasn't been completely liberated from the ownership that were

00:58:55--> 00:59:12

that the orange ship of this particular individual to consider it a master. So if you want to be on the safe side, you go to a master that is that is just bona fide Master, according to all of them,

00:59:13--> 00:59:27

but there is flexibility you know, so forget about all of the conditions that I said just remember the difference between rental and owned property because that is really the majority said it has to be an own like a walk

00:59:28--> 00:59:39

not a rental property. Forget about the other distinctions because it is likely that it could be a mustard with something underneath it and something above it.

00:59:41--> 00:59:59

And we may discuss this some other time. Then in a moment, but Emma said on another article about Salafi mustard in Philadelphia with Attica Hello Masada serasa for is another adeleke of MST that haram Allah zema who were another Allah Tikka ministerial Rasulullah sallallahu fmsc that haram or another of mercy Roxanna hoffa,

01:00:00--> 01:00:08

Lu v ma hub, he who vows to make Attica or pray in a particular method may do so in a different one

01:00:09--> 01:00:17

and a different method, unless he vows to do it in one of the three massages, if you've asked to do it and most of the Haram You know, this is because of hadith of

01:00:18--> 01:00:38

Buddha would report from Jabara the long article, he A man came and said to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, I made a vow, if Allah subhanaw taala opened Mecca up for you, or you were able to conquer Mecca that I would go and make it gaff in baited madness in Jerusalem elaborated. And, um, you know,

01:00:42--> 01:01:01

so the prophet of Islam said to him, pray, you know, pray here. And the man said to the prophet SAW seven, but I made the noise. And the Prophet was on himself and pray here, and the man said, the problem is owned by me than other and the profits are sometimes set to shut out, okay, then it's up to you then, you know,

01:01:02--> 01:01:12

you know, I certainly respect that this man, this is a hobby, he's, he's up here. But, you know, the phenomenon of the ultra pious has always been there.

01:01:13--> 01:01:21

Because the professor is telling him and is repeating it, you know, you know, prayer, you know, this is

01:01:22--> 01:01:33

you, you will be okay. And then the man keeps on going back and saying, by me that while the Prophet heard you the first time and he's saying you pray here, I would have taken it, you know,

01:01:35--> 01:01:35

anyway.

01:01:37--> 01:02:06

But, so, if you make if you make a vow to pray in a particular message any message would do, except to the three massages, three massages are a special case. If you're making a vow to pray in Israel, AXA, then only one of three massages would do haram nabawi Al Aqsa, if you make a vow to make it calf in the profits mustard, only to massage it will do

01:02:07--> 01:02:20

that prophets mustard and a hot mess of the Haram in Mecca. If you make a vow to make out the calf in a mess of the Haram in Mecca, only one Masjid would do and message that Haram in Mecca

01:02:22--> 01:02:31

because they come in this order, and those are the only distinct massage. Otherwise, all the massage you know, hard to say.

01:02:33--> 01:02:40

Where's the humble Mr. tacky fellas? Taco Bell Kirby, what's the navvy melayani min. Can you allow me five more minutes?

01:02:43--> 01:02:57

Okay, where's the hubballi montecchi for the quarter budget? What is Tableau? montecchi philistia horrible corbie product I'm sorry. When is the Hubble Mr. Corbett upon necec indianised Allah with here he meant to corrupt

01:02:58--> 01:03:29

where's the Hubble and more technically staccato been caught up was in Abu melayani him and Colin McFadden. What I have to say it means that it is preferable for the person doing artic F to keep himself busy with x that brings him closer to Allah because caught up the actions that bring you closer to Allah is for it is to bring up tala Cora, to Allah and to avoid words and actions that are not of his concern. Our calf is not invalidated with any of this though. So

01:03:31--> 01:03:45

cut down on talking cut down on you know everything and just get be busy with caught up things that would bring you closer to Allah subhanaw taala caught up in in class era, a horrible

01:03:46--> 01:04:35

day. Here. In particular because the prophet SAW settlement was not reported that the prophets of Saddam was busying himself during his articles of teaching the people and talking to them. So they say a portable class caught up with a limited benefit benefited limited to You are our have a priority over the idea caught up with transitive benefits caught up with transcendent benefit. So if you sit down and teach people this is portable or not portable, and it in addition to benefiting yourself you're benefiting other people are not Yes, usual circumstances this would be preferred over a portable passera core but that is limited to you on the non transitive quarterback that is

01:04:35--> 01:04:59

limited to only but in attic F in particular the quarterback that is about you because a seclusion is meant to hear for reflection and for connection with a loss of anata and some degree of isolation from the people. It is meant here. So being busy with these quorum is preferred. That does not mean because in our times people need lack knowledge.

01:05:00--> 01:05:32

And you know, certainly it does not mean that if you are in Africa it is haram or anything to be given a lecture or more asthma or to be given an A C ha or good counsel to some Muslim here or there. No, absolutely not. It just means that the thing that takes the comms as the first prayer priority is your own Vic your own core and your own Salah, your own thing, doing it with your own self alone in your feedback in your hideout.

01:05:34--> 01:05:34

Okay,

01:05:35--> 01:05:36

then,

01:05:37--> 01:05:49

is it okay to bring your laptop and do a little bit of work? While you earn it gaff? You know, because you happen to be one of those it guys fortunate guys who can actually work from home and do these things.

01:05:50--> 01:06:37

Is it is it okay that you do this? You can do this. The Japanese would allow this as long as it is not occupying, you know, a lot of your time. hanabi embeddings would not. They clearly said no. You know, the, you know, tailoring you know scribing you know if you're a scribe, can you bring in some of your work with you to the master. Even if you're ascribing books of knowledge, to religious knowledge, the hanbali said no, no scribing no tailoring, no crafts whatsoever. And no setting no buying for sure. But they are also saying no crafts. And this would apply in the Hanbury thought process to bring in your laptop and doing work from the master. But the sapphires and you could you

01:06:37--> 01:06:41

could switch if you want for just for for the for the 10 days

01:06:42--> 01:07:28

on this one particular one without allow you if you really need to stay in touch with people in a company like let's say that, you know, the CEO of a particular company really needed to stay in touch and he really desires to make it Caf, we will let him bring in his laptop or his tablet, you will give him the Chafee position. But we will tell him you know if you're doing this like 10 hours every day that's really another it calf msfa is would not allow this, they allow that if it is limited, you know? Okay. Then he said what do you mean and message to the Buddha who mean who in the Ania starita when I asked you to Mara, he should not leave the mustard except for an eat unless he

01:07:28--> 01:07:46

makes a condition he must not and he must not touch a woman that's lustfully or desirous Lee because touching is okay because the prophets are seldom used to stick out his head for HR to comb his hair and so on. So the simple touches okay it's the lustful desire statue that is not okay.

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Because Allah said what it is you don't want to mokopuna for massages Do not touch them while you are in the massage and alike you can and Allah uses allegorical speech in this regard, you know, for propriety, but he meant is not just simple touching because mobile Shara is when the Bashara touches the buzzer with skin touches the skin.

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But there's not any touch. So this is the last of all, touch and this applies to men and women are like he speaks to men. My hero is speaking in the masculine pronoun, but this is applicable to men and women. Women should not touch men. Men should not touch women, women, their spouses, in domestic if it is a lustful touch, and certainly if your spouse is making autograph in the master, you want to avoid touching altogether because you particularly younger people, you cannot really separate last fall from last not last fall and stuff. Older people may be able to handle this a little bit better. Or if you're younger you can really be can contrast yourself can trust your thoughts

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then that's fine.

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Leverage man who he does not come out of the master he does not come out of the master except if there is no one to bring him food he would go out to the masjid he would go out to the out of the masjid for the bathrooms right? These bathrooms are outside of the national or inside the masjid. outside. No but he cannot say that the bathroom is inside an acid. Why is that would be like an enormous

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like you're getting the message

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there the so the the bathroom even if they're attached within the same building, they're outside the message. So you're going out of the mustard for your needs. Your needs could include getting food, getting food, if you don't have someone to bring it to you, you can go out and bring your own food. If you have someone to bring it to you. You don't go out and bring your own food

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according to the majority and the stronger position. Some of them felt that people who feel too shy to eat in front of people they can go out and eat

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outside. But anyway, you will not go out accepted

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For any, where do you go out for a janessa for visiting someone sick for any of these caught up or

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no you will not unless you make a condition

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you will not unless they say this

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He did not say you could go out if you make a condition but this is in the error ear vowel dot

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philani stilettos. He said okay, he said a man who started unless he makes the condition yeah he's so it makes a condition that this applies to the vow that the calf I vow to make Attica for one month.

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I can when I am making this vow I can say except that I will go out for testimony Shahad, I will go out for Gemma, I will go out for janessa I will go out to visit the sick. He can point out the exceptions. When he makes the vow he can point out the exceptions.

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Finally, you're in Santa Maria de la he does. If he asks on his way about a patient, someone sick or someone else without changing his route to visit him it is permissible without changing his route to visit him it is permissible on your way. Your way, you're not going to stop you're not going to change you're out on your way to what to something that you need to go to. You went out to buy food because no one can bring you food. You went out to buy food, you went to the market. And you heard that for that and so and so is sick or he or she is sick. And while you're walking you ask if

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you just you asked about them and so on and you make it too high and so on and you continue to walk.

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You don't stop and chat about it and you don't change your route. You don't change your route to go and visit them. Now the magic he said if it is one of your two parents that are sick, you must interrupt your autograph they will not tell you that you did not interrupt the other half they will not give you the permission.

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You know that they will not give you that concession. They will tell you You must interrupt your autograph and make it up. If it is one of your two parents that they're sick, you must interrupt your autograph and you must make it up. You must interrupt your RTF and you must make it that's the Maliki position. This just the MADI keep is

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that's it.