Fiqh of Worship #45 – Invalidators of Fasting, Forgetfulness, and Doubts

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Hatem al-Haj

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spinoff from the law says Mr. tsuda loud earlier.

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Today inshallah Allah will go over this chapter and we said the fact of fasting According to the American Kodama in his book shalonda.

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We had, you know, for the first week we had what we talked about the ruling of Ramadan, and the beginning of the month ruling of fasting ruling of fasting Ramadan and how to determine the beginning of the month. The second week we talked about as habit Azar people who are exempt from fasting and we talked about color makeup and so on. This week, we will talk about the things that invalidate fasting. Next week inshallah, we will talk about the last two chapters which are a smaller chapter. So that's why we combine them and that would be cr macatawa, involuntary fasting, voluntary fasting, I'm sorry, voluntary fasting and

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lactic acid which is a devotional retreat. Today inshallah we will talk about things that invalidate fasting part of the discussion will include rulings on forgetfulness and compulsion and acts that do not invalidate the fasting and having doubt.

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So let's begin.

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Kodama Rahim, Allah said Babel myopes you know some of the things that invalidate fasting woman Aquila, I will share Eva, our starter house Allah Allah jiofi che and I am older and can come to our cabella LMS

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ohada Tata Mohammed executor lissoni for the festival song, okay. So he eats or drinks takes anything into his throat through his nostrils.

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Takes anything through any other route intentionally vomits, masturbates cases or touches the opposite sex and subsequently ejaculate semen or has mezzi which is has secretions excite, that accompany that sexual excitement has a drama copying with bloodletting or does it someone else intentionally hand while remembering that he is fasting for all the above the fast is nullified for all the above the fast is nullified. Okay.

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One thing he did not mention here, it's important to

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basically pointed out that he did not mentioned intercourse here as an invalidated or fasting oversight

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from Robin Kodama?

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No, because he included it in the previous chapter. And the reason why he separated intercourse from the rest of the validators is what is that ad has a set of rulings by itself in the Hanbury mouth hub and the shafa emails have intercourse does not require is the only thing that requires that Kfar, you know that severe expiation in the masochism, Hana fees, they consider also any invalidation of fasting to require it, but in the must have intercourse is a category by itself, because it requires the afara which is the expiation, you know setting free as slave or you know, the ones that we have gone through before the past 60 days to feed 60 people and so on.

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So, he did not include intercourse here, but that that is certainly an invalid dater and that was covered in the previous chapter, what he says here is woman Akela how Schrieber whoever eats or drinks, had eats and drinks to intercourse. And those three things are invalidated fasting by consensus of Muslim scholars. These three things are invalidated as a fasting by the consensus on Muslim scholars. Why is this?

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Because Allah subhanaw taala seven the Quran for the NFS 01 sort of Bukhara hero for anniversary Romanov turbomeca Bella Docomo kulu was horrible had a very unlucky when he told me that went on hiatus with even some museum a delay for the anniversary to one now have relationships with your spouse's now I you know, you may now you may at night before dawn, have relationships with your spouses because prior to this verse, they were not even allowed to do this at night and Ramadan. Now have relationships, marital relationships with your spouses. For anniversary Roman October maktabah Lola

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And secret that was which Allah has made, you know, had prescribed for you

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to go and eat and drink, he didn't drink hot

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water until the whiteness of the day is distinct from the blackness of the night, you know,

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some atomo sciamma in a line and then continue fasting until the night until the night Okay, what is Allah saying here, do these things, which has marital relationships, you know, that means intercourse, because you know, also kissing and touching during the day in Ramadan is a different issue, it is likely permissible for people who have the ability to restrain themselves and you know, it would not cause them to, to basically transgress so. So Allah subhanaw taala is saying that you may have intercourse, you may eat, you may drink up until FedRAMP, then you have to finish the fasting,

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you'll have to continue the fasting until sunset. This means that these three things are by consensus,

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and validators.

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was eating,

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less drinking,

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there was at one point the sun, there was at one point into some disagreement over eating the non food items, non food items, you know, items that are not edible, not food, non food items, like let's say

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papers, like eating sand. You know, what, if you eat sin, it does not invalidate the fasting, there was a little bit of controversy early on, but doctrines reversely controversy completely died out. And the position of the foreign Imams and the position of the agreement of them and now is that any form of eating, whether it is food items, non food items, it puts something in your mouth and swallow it would invalidate your fasting, even if this is dust, sand, whatever. Clear. So any form of eating. In fact, you know, although you know this is hungry, and this is a little bit of a betrayal here. But the most beautiful equation that someone put out for the things that invalidate

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fasting was put out by Hadley, ma'am cassani in his book, but Asada he's a Hanafi scholar who said that anything that would resemble these things in form or meaning or form and meaning

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will invalidate the fasting, say, you know, for Mesaba, half a sorority, our manner, our sorority all manner, so things that would resemble this in form, or meaning,

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or both. So things that resemble one of those three, in form would be what? To eat sand, that looks like you're invalidated, you're fasting because it's resemble, you know, eating, at least in form, not in meaning because eventually sand will not do your much.

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And, but at least inform it resembled, you know, the one of the validators by consensus, what would be, you know, in meaning and meaning to basically take nutritious substance through another route, you know,

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in this case, the say, IV fluids, IV glucose, if you take IV glucose,

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that is, like eating and meaning and I'm informed, it doesn't look like he that's why he hasn't. That's why I'm not considered to be an invalidate or any of these things. Because he said that that no, no error, in his right mind would ever say that this person is eating. But the majority of the scholars, they did not only considered a performer but they also consider the meaning. So things that will resemble the validators in form or meaning or form and meaning. These things will invalidate your fasting But back to our Hanbury thing.

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So he said when an academic sarebbe whoever eats or drinks and that's by consensus, I will start takes anything into his throat through his nostrils through his nostrils.

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The I keep this as a separate category because this particular category

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which is having stopper which is the sniff water into intentionally you want to get the water to your throat, subsequently to your stomach. If you

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If the water too much, you know, if you snippet or you get the water introduced into your nostrils or into your stomach through your nostrils by a tube or something, you know some intervention, then that would invalidate your fasting. According to the four m&ms. The only one who disagreed with this was in the house, because according to Evan Hanson, you cannot say to someone who sniffs water into his nostril, but he's eating or drinking and Allah said, Acland, short and Allah did not say sniffing water into your nose, but the four times they have a strong proof and hobbies reported by Abu Dawood from Makita, sabirah

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radi Allahu anhu where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that a Philistine Sharpie, Atlanta kunafa Emma, where the prophets are seldom said over the years than shocked when you make will do overdo your Estancia. So sniff water far back into your nostrils, you know, very far back into the nostrils. Except if you are fasting, and the foreign moms would say that he would not say this, unless this would invalidate the fasting. Because you know if this is recommended throughout the year, or if this is recommended in every day, to overdo the stanczak Why is it discouraged when you are fasting because it may invalidate your fasting. Okay.

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So, in this case, but it would invalidate your fastening, if it is intentional, if it is not intentionally sniff water into your mouth, your nostrils and the water goes down your throat, your stomach not intentional, it does not invalidate the fasting, it does not invalidate the fasting. So

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then he said our Salah illa jiofi say an IM oberen can or takes anything through any other route or takes anything you know or takes any or or basically places anything into his jelf jelf means the hollow interior of the body cavity, that would be cavity hollow interior of the body. If you get anything into the hollow interior of your body through any route any orifice, then

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in this case, your fasting would be nullified. He we will come back to you know vomiting, and we'll come back to masturbation and all of those things. But let us first figure out how do you get things into yourself

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through any route, because this is very sort of.

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That's very controversial.

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Not very controversial, just a little controversial.

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But but but anyway, they they disagreed over a gel for the hollow interior, what is it? What is the huddle interior of your body, the interior of your body, keep in mind, all of the sort of

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Miss judgments here are not to be attributed to Allah and His Messenger, this is the fifth and now this is Sharia. And fifth, Allah and His Messenger did not say that, you know, stuff that gets into your brain would make it to your stomach. But most of the scholars believe that the stuff that gets into your brain goes to your stomach. This is based on their knowledge of anatomy, their knowledge of like human anatomy and human physiology. And their knowledge is not binding to us. Their knowledge is not binding to us. But there is nowhere in the Quran and Sunnah that tells us that you know this, that the cranial cavity the cranium, inside your brain, that cavity is connected to your

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stem

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during their times that used to be the understanding why? Because people who have you know put like something in there like eyedrops, they may feel the taste of the eyedrops in their throat, and your throat is certainly connected to your stomach. People who put on ear drops, they may feel some coolness in their head, you know, so it felt to them like there is a connection here between the ear and the brain. And there is a connection between the head and the stomach. People who also the noses as you know is obvious. And certainly there is a connection between the nose but the nose is outside of the cranial cavity. The nose is outside of the cranial cavity, but they disagreed on a gel for

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the hollow interior or the cavity that will be consequential, legally consequential. If you get

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Anything through to that cavity, you're fasting will be

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your fasting will be invalidated. So, the magic is where the clearest on this, that it has to get to the cavity that processes food that they just food, you know, Carter alata hidden there, which is the cavity that they just food, the hafeez mentioned this, but it was it was a little bit ambiguous.

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There is controversy within the embedding mouth of sometimes you feel that they mean this. And sometimes it is clear that they don't mean because of other rulings, you know, for instance, enema, you know, to put something in, you know, the rectum from below this 100 bellies would invalidate the fasting injecting the liquid into the rectum would invalidate the fasting. But at the same time, the ham bellies are saying that it does not if you if you inject milk into the rectum of a baby, it does not make the mother of you know the the producer of that milk haram to this baby because it does not have the power this area does not have the power of digesting and absorbing the food therefore, it

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will not result in Miami

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or it will not result in the prohibition of marriage. So, they are recognizing that this area is not capable of digesting and

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but but at the same time, they are saying that if you inject liquid into this area, your fasting will be invalidated it means that behind bellies despite the fact that they realize that this area is not going to absorb any nutritional substances will still invalidate your fasting by injecting liquid into this area because it is connected to the stomach. Keep in mind that you can absorb some you know electrolytes and some

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and water from your large intestines. But But what we're trying to say here is that they disagreed over this hollow interior what this hollow interior means what this auto interior means.

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Most of them the vast majority of them agree that the cranial cavity is the hollow and is part of the hollow interior agreed that the cranial cavity is part of volunteer abdominal cavity is the hollow interior and cranial cavity is the hollow interior. And they fail to that they are somehow connected, that they are somehow connected

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for the ham bellies to get this out of the way and then we can discuss, you know medical intervention and fasting and medical procedures and fasting but for the combat is to get this out of the way

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or maybe maybe I should draw a table for you.

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Okay, so here

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I'll say this is Hanafi

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Maliki

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Shafi

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This is Hanbury

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this is z and t

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z as the valley mazahub and T small t because it is only one scholar is Emily Tamia, Rahim Allah

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and this is the assembly which is the as the as the International Islamic

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Academy of the IC Organization of Islamic conference.

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So, basically, let us start from the top down let's start with the eye

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for the eye

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for the eye, who said that the eye will not get you know, what is a you know, whatever you get into your eye is not consequential Nana how do we how do we how do we define in validator and not in validator?

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This will be in validator

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and this will be not been validated. Okay.

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Okay. All right.

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So the plus sign would would mean in validator some things that are

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consequential that they will break your fasting. So for the AI, the Hanafi said nothing validator Maliki's in validator. shafa is not in validator 100 bodies in validators.

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Okay. And then for the year

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I'm not going to put the note or I'm put the notes also

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for the year.

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The Hana fees have a lot of controversy in the year. But you could say that they consider this to be invalidated, but they have controversy over you know, whether it is like liquid or oil or this or that. There is a lot of controversy among about hafeez themselves, but for the Maliki's.

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This would be an invalid ater the shaft is in validator 100 valleys in validator

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that's so we have the nose.

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We have in addition to the nose what what do we have? High ear? nose? Is there anything up here? No. And then we have the SIR the anus.

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We have the male urethra

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we have the vagina.

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We have penetrating wounds

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and treating wounds

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and we have

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I guess that's that's it right. Do we have any other orifice?

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No no order.

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Ah

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Oh, that's a good one. By agreement, there is no problem with the skin or anything you know that goes into your body through your skin is fine by agreement.

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The belly button that would be a penetrating wound because the belly button is not an orifice but unless the piercer. Okay, so, so here

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the Hanbury is in order for you to remember this, the only thing that the Hanbury is considered to be an exception is the matey urethra. They said that this does not invalidate the fasting

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when it comes to the vagina, and I'm sorry, like I said, when we talk about law, we're talking about our physical entity and then we will have to discuss matters that that relate to the sort of our that physical part of us not the spiritual part. So law tends to be

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detailed like this.

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So when, when the Hon valleys are talking about the vagina, they they say that this, that

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things that are non,

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this integrable non, this integrable will not invalidate the fast thing, things that are this integrable. So if you inject liquid into the vagina, that invalidates the fasting versus, you know, like putting, you know, something inserts, for whatever reason for the period for this or that, they would not invalidate the fast thing with that with things that are not that are not this integrable. So only this configurable liquids will invalidate the fasting, according to the ham bodies. So but for the rest, if you get anything into your abdominal cavity or cranial cavity through a penetrating wound, the honeyberries will invalidate the fasting through your eye, they will invalidate the

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fasting through your ear, they will invalidate the fasting and certainly through the nose, they would invalidate the fasting through the anus, they would invalidate the fasting. The only thing that escaped from this or that was an exception from this is the male urethra, because they presumed and they were correct, that the male you know, blew

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The blood that the bladder is not connected to the interior is not connected to the interior.

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And then when it comes to the vagina, they made this distinction between things that are this integrable and things that are not this integrable the allowed things that are non, this integrable only.

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Okay, so, is that clear? And certainly this is just, you know, here you're gonna need to go back and read and

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the

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shaft is agreed with the ham bellies on everything, but they did not exclude the meteorite, the only excluded die, they did not exclude the meteor a throw. So for the Sapphire is everything invalidates the fasting.

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The Hana fees agreed with the honeyberries on the meteor infra and amatic is agreed with the embellies and the meteor is that you know catheterization, urinary catheterization, even if someone injects fluid into the bladder, or a dye or anything that does not invalidate the fasting according to the Hanafi, Maliki and hanbali is only the Shafi said it will invalidate the fasting.

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Then

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when it comes to the nose, all of them say it invalidates the fasting all of the form as I have said it invalidate the invalidates the fasting. When it comes to the anus. They also say it invalidates the fasting.

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When it comes to

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the Maliki's,

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they say that things that are like liquids will invalidate the fast thing.

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Non liquids will not invalidate the fast thing. So whatever the Hannah hanbali said about the vagina is what the medic is said about the rectum.

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Hands and then when it comes to penetrating wounds, the medic has also said that no, it does not invalidate the fast thing. So if you have a penetrating wound, and you inject fluid into the abdominal cavity through the penetrating wound, that does not invalidate the fasting for the ham bodies in valleys the fast thing even if this is not a liquid, even if you which, which if they said if you allow someone to stab you, you know, because it is your own action, not someone else's action you allow someone to stop you. That means what in the hanbali thought

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about this issue, her laparoscopic surgery would invalidate the fasting. So to put a laparoscope, laparoscope through the abdominal wall, into the abdominal cavity invalidates the first thing, certainly endoscopy would colonoscopy would. So any school, any scope that you insert into the body will invalidate according to the honeyberries. The act of this, that if you put like a tube through the abdominal wall, will invalidate the first thing. The medic is said that it does not invalidate the first thing to inject liquid through the penetrating wound through the penetrating wound.

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And if he agreed with the Sharpies, and the ham bodies,

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we put z and t here together because they said no. No,

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no, no, no, no.

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So they said nothing invalidates the fast thing. None of the above invalidates the fast thing. Where When did they The only scenario where they diverged or any time era anahola diverged with

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you know an hasmik game way before everything made. I know this, you know, we're talking about fifth century and seventh and eighth century. So the only time when they may have diverged from the husbands choices here was the nose 70 they may have sided they may have sided with Jehovah here and even the husband is still sad. No.

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It appears that you know the modern scholars in the fact that you know the International Islamic Academy that belongs to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

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It appears that they have they their their position is mostly consistent with the position of any time era Hema hola they agreed with anything Mayor on

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almost all of them but they did not they take a mayor's position. Also, not

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In the husband's position with the nose, so the nose does invalidate the nose does invalidate

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according to the Philippine assembly. So according to contemporary, it's the hab, we are only left with the nose when it comes to medical interventions and the medical taking medicine and medical interventions, therefore, eyedrops accordingly, let's take that Islamic, you know, the International Islamic

00:30:34--> 00:31:00

Academy now has our reference, International Islamic track Academy, and this is a worthy reference, because this is like 59 Muslim countries sending, you know, scholars from those 50 non Muslim countries to sit together in one room and discuss different matters and come up with resolutions. Therefore, it does sound like a very good process, doesn't it?

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And so, so that according to the IFA, which is the International Islamic Academy hydrops will not invalidate the fast thing here drops will not invalidate the fast thing. Nose drops will not invalidate the fast thing. And

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as long as you're avoiding this swallow, what you what you can avoid the swallow as long as what you feel in your throat to avoid to swallow it spit. You know, nasal sprays do not invalidate the fasting nasal sprays do not invalidate the fasting

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in endoscopy does not invalidate the fasting. colonoscopy does not invalidate the fasting. enemas do not invalidate the fasting. No nmosd did not really discuss animals in the International Islamic tracker Academy, but the majority of scholars said that enema does not invalidate fasting enema, they did not they did not make a resolution on animals.

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But going back to the international assembly, so they said hydrops eardrops nasal spray, you know certainly skin preparations. All of that does not invalidate the fasting endoscopy does not invalidate the fasting. laparoscopy does not invalidate the fasting

00:32:28--> 00:32:49

they defer the discussion on animals the further the discussion on inhalers on inhalers However, he so they did not decide on inhalers however the the the sort of the committee of grant scholars in Saudi Arabia they discussed inhalers and they deemed inhalers to not invalidate the fasting.

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The reason why they said this be the sad because inhalers are primarily go to the respiratory tract, not the GI tract, and whatever if anything goes into the GI tract, it is a lot more negligible than

00:33:10--> 00:33:12

what is left in your mouth after my mother.

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But this is still controversial, and Ms are controversial. inhalers are controversial. But some many scholars did consider them to be okay. And to not invalidate your fasting enema and inhalers

00:33:35--> 00:34:09

injections by the Academy, the academy said all forms of injections are okay. And they do not invalidate the fasting with the exception of nutritious ones. If you take IV glucose that invalidates the fasting we go back to America Sony's statement about you know whatever invalidation form or meaning or form and meaning here, nutritious injections will not be like the validators and form that doesn't look anything like eating or drinking but in meaning.

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It is like eating and drinking because you

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What if you take a pill today discover a pill at one point in the future that will make you not feel hungry throughout the day you take it before breakfast, it'd be four years old, whether you're supposed to take this pill and then it will expand then your stomach. Hell just make you feel false throughout the day. At this time, we will not be able to say it invalidates the fasting. We're just going to not going to be able to scan someone say at this time can some scholars say at this time I don't advise this. I dislike it. I hate it. I hate you because you do it.

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They may

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They may say that but they will not be able to say it is invalidated.

00:35:06--> 00:35:50

Yeah, they will not be able to say it's invalidated. Okay. Now, the academy also said that dental procedures do not invalidate the fasting as long as you avoid swallowing, that the Philippine Academy also said that, you know, then that procedures do not invalidate the fasting as long as you avoid swallowing anything. They certainly said it would be if it is an elective procedure, it would be preferable to defer this procedure after Ramadan and most certainly it would be preferable to defer those elective procedures after Ramadan. But if you really need to see the dentist, because you have like a bad toothache, you could see the dentist, avoid swallowing and the dental work would

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not invalidate your fasting. Did I miss anything?

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caffeine patches would not invalidate the fasting. And any any medicine that you take through the skin during the day would not invalidate the fasting.

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Smoking invalidates the fasting according to the very vast majority of Muslim scholars, then you may say How could smoking get invalidated The first thing you guys are saying that the inhaler does not invalidate the first thing. And then you're saying that smoking invalidates the first thing then the distinction between the inhaler and the and smoking is that the inhaler is for someone who's sick, who had murdered his mother in law, Tara has

00:36:43--> 00:37:36

moderate calls for disease or sickness or illness calls for concessions to be you know, easy with those people. But smoking is a violation. And masa is not Muslim, not tacos and masa does not bring about rocastle concessions. So you do not, you know reward the disobedient by giving them concessions. Anyway smoking according to the vast majority of the Muslim scholars, although technically it may look like smoking is even less than the inhaler because there is no liquid involved at all. But because these are two different contexts. One can text is when concessions making concessions is suitable and called for and one context is when making concessions is not

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suitable and not warranted

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or clear. Any other issues with medical interventions. Yes.

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According to the AI FA nos is invalidated

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the plus means invalidate or minus means not invalidated.

00:38:03--> 00:38:10

Yeah, they say that nose is invalid either. Okay. Zach, Allah here for

00:38:11--> 00:38:20

asking for that nasal sprays and nasal drops, they say that they would not be swallowed. But if he intentionally swallowed

00:38:21--> 00:39:03

stuff through his nose, if he is intentionally sniffs water up his nostrils far up his nostrils and swallows that water. It isn't invalidated. It isn't. But they're saying that someone who takes nasal drops, does not intend for the nasal drops or nasal spray does not intend for the nasal drops or nasal spray to reach his stomach. And if he avoids that, then it is fine to take nasal drops. And solute that is mentioned here taking our stuff through your nostrils into your stomach is different.

00:39:05--> 00:39:07

you're intending to get it all the way to your stomach,

00:39:09--> 00:39:12

through your through your nostrils.

00:39:15--> 00:39:35

sublingual sublinguals, according to the American Academy, do not invalidate the fast thing. And this may be you know, it may be a little bit surprising to some of us. Because it looks like you know you're putting it in your mouth, it dissolves in your mouth. And then you're saying that this is okay. Yesterday he said that it gets all absorbed

00:39:37--> 00:40:00

through the mucous membranes of your mouth without it making it without making it to your stomach. Therefore, it is like the Skin Patches because the mouth is the exterior of your body, not the interior of your body. Why do they say that the mouth is the exterior of your body, not the interior.

00:40:00--> 00:40:10

Have your body because you wash it when you make will do and because, you know, they will ask you to spit something out that came

00:40:12--> 00:40:50

came all the way to your mouth, they will ask you to spit it out and not swallow it. They consider it to be part of the exterior since in spite of the exterior than the absorption of the sublingual tablets, through the mucous membranes of your mouth will not invalidate your fasting. So basically, the academy said that all of those, the the academy stopped short of two things, talking about enemas, and talking about inhalers. Like I said the the committee of urine scholars in Saudi Arabia addressed the issue of inhalers and said that inhalers also are okay.

00:40:51--> 00:41:00

But the Academy of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation refrained from issuing resolutions about these two issues.

00:41:01--> 00:41:03

Then an email Kodama Han Allah said

00:41:07--> 00:41:49

if he intentionally vomits, if he intentionally vomits before because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said analysis reported by pharmacy or intimacy from Avi Herrera, the Allahu anhu, the prophet SAW some segments that are quite Fela COVID la or Manas, Taka, family Tata, whoever vomits in voluntarily vomits in voluntarily there will be no makeup for him he does not need to makeup woman fra ever causes himself to vomit. Whoever causes this is not intentionally vomiting because if you feel very nauseous and you vomit that's it that is not as a car that is not causing yourself to vomit, vomiting

00:41:51--> 00:42:15

but if you introduce your finger into your throat for instance, the vomit or give yourself do something to cause yourself to vomit. Then the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said follow him Kava, Kava or makeup will be required of him. Then the man said I will stand for masturbates, if he masturbates in Ramadan. Then he you know the

00:42:17--> 00:43:01

break says fasting the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not say this, but what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, and this is a divine hubbies that profit reported from Allah subhanaw taala about the fasting one, the other ocean water who was karma who was yarrabah julio de yada, what? Who? What Arma who was a robber? Who acula who was sure But who? The agilely that the fasting one had abandons his is, or gives up his Shahada, his lust and food and drink for my cause, or for me for my sake. So the one who masturbates does not, does not really give up his shower, because he, you know, it's obvious.

00:43:03--> 00:43:29

So masturbation is in validator and that is by their agreement, and that is by their agreement. If he kisses or touches the opposite sex and subsequently ejaculate semen or has nothing, that also invalidates the first thing that also invalidates the first thing by agreement not not by agreement by agreement only if if he ejaculates reaches the climax.

00:43:33--> 00:43:39

But if it is met, even if is not by agreement, there is some controversy even within the Hanbury mouth hub.

00:43:41--> 00:43:49

Even within the Hanbury mela, man, why did they Why did they disagree even within the Hanbury method because it is permissible tickets and touch

00:43:51--> 00:43:54

you know, the one spouse so

00:43:55--> 00:44:06

they're saying they agree that if someone ejaculates then this is basically this was just too involved to be forgiven, to be overlooked, you know.

00:44:09--> 00:44:59

But if someone emits this charges, the Matthew which is a different type of discharge, which is yellowish and sort of transparent in color, emits this charge that comes out with sexual excitation sort of the climax then this person in the lobby or in the authorized viewer of the Mazda is fast is invalidated. Just remember that invalidated so you know, don't be like too casual about these things and just try to be reserved. If you know that you're like the province of Southern medically lb, he has control over himself, then it is fine. It is fine. And why are we saying this? Because there's this intimacy short of intercourse this just really

00:45:00--> 00:45:11

intimacy is extremely important for marital relations, this is basically to whet your moist than the tree of love.

00:45:13--> 00:45:42

So that is why they are discussing these issues. It is not because there's just one to be this and Baba in your in our lives, it is important that they want to discuss these issues with me tell us, this is what you can do, this is what you cannot do. So the scholars are talking about these issues and you know, in this detail to tell us the teachers, what we can do. So for those who have good self control is fine, anything sort of, like sort of intercourse is fine.

00:45:44--> 00:45:53

However, if getting into the area where you think that you could actually embed these charges,

00:45:55--> 00:46:07

is not fine, is not fine, you keep it short of that you stay away from them. Because if you do your fasting, it will be invalidated.

00:46:09--> 00:46:14

And then he said, our hazama our if he has a gamma copying goes bloodletting

00:46:18--> 00:46:29

or does it to someone else. hijama you know, avoid hijama when you're fasting, this is a peculiar position in the Hanbury mazahub in the other mazahub they don't invalidate your fasting,

00:46:30--> 00:47:12

because of hijama because of copying was bloodletting, keep in mind and embodiments of not all forms of bloodletting will invalidate the fastening hitters hijaab it's copying with bloodletting, bloodletting without copying does not invalidate the fasting, which may will tell you what will tell you that even in the Hanbury madhhab they will be this agreement over blood donation. There will be disagreement over burger nation some would allow because some will consider it to be unlike a gym, some will not allow. Some will allow it Some will not allow blood donation. Blood tests are allowed by the majority of the vast majority of the scholars will allow blood tests. Taking a little blood

00:47:12--> 00:47:23

sample from you for a test is not a problem. blood donation will become a little bit controversial. Still, the majority of the scholars will allow blood donation

00:47:25--> 00:47:46

hijama is not allowed in the Hanbury Meza, but it is allowed in the three other Messiah because after I had these were, you know, I'll let you read them. They are in your book after June, both the one who is doing the bloodletting or the hijama, and the one who's having it done to them,

00:47:47--> 00:47:52

break their fast and then the other hobbies which is that the prophet SAW Salah Tajima

00:47:53--> 00:48:12

been a Mecca and Medina and Messiah and one more hit him that he made the hijama between Mecca and Medina while he was fasting and in a state of alarm reporting revenue measure from of the five and a half percent of the luevano. So the reconciliation between those two parties is that it was initially prohibited and then the provision was abrogated.

00:48:13--> 00:48:32

And then it became allowable, you could say you could come to a middle position, kind of symptomatic into another position. ematic himself mentioned this, that it would be disliked if it will cause you weakness. If you know blood, you're coping with bloodletting will cause you weakness that it would be this like,

00:48:33--> 00:48:34

so

00:48:35--> 00:48:37

try to avoid hijama when you're fasting,

00:48:38--> 00:48:41

in order, or do it at night. Now we

00:48:43--> 00:48:45

have a discussion over this.

00:48:49--> 00:49:28

Amazon's accuracy. And he said here, if you do any of the above, those are the seven things that will invalidate the first thing in addition to intercourse which he mentioned in the previous chapter. If you do anything of the above, intentionally, then I should not say in addition to intercourse, because in the hands of any amount of intercourse, whether you do it intentionally or not, or even absent mindedly, your fasting is invalidated only these seven, you need to do it intentionally and while remembering that you're fasting for them to be in validators to nullifier to be in other fires to nullify your fasting. So, you do any of these things you eat you drink, you

00:49:28--> 00:49:59

take anything into your throat through your nostrils, you take anything through any other route, intentionally vomit, masturbate, kiss or touch and then have emissions you know, discharge, genital discharges, or do hijama to yourself. Then in any of these cases, if you do it intentionally, why do you remember that this is Ramadan, your fasting is invalidated. Aside from the Hanbury Meza, we said according to the fair practice

00:50:00--> 00:50:09

To me, all medical interventions are fine including nasal drops and nasal spray and everything is fine and when it comes to medical interventions

00:50:13--> 00:50:17

then the SEC said we're in fall and when ESEA omachron lammi f. So,

00:50:18--> 00:50:41

if he if one does it absent mindedly or is forced to do it to do any of the above his fast is not nullified, not modified. This does not apply to intercourse intercourse was in the previous chapter even in the embodiment of if you do it absent mindedly, you're fasting is not a fight and you will have to make the kuffaar and the other mother happy don't.

00:50:43--> 00:50:45

But in the Ambani method, they don't

00:50:46--> 00:50:52

they just for them, it's not conceivable, like you can be absolutely. So

00:50:54--> 00:51:19

then he said no, because that is that is the default, right? The default is that when you do things absent mindedly, you are under compulsion, you're not liable because of an imagined reward from Allah best rather, Allah, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Aviano Matic Fatah Oceana Mr. Pillai, my alma was pardon for errors, forgetfulness, and that which they do under compulsion

00:51:21--> 00:51:23

or you know, quarters

00:51:24--> 00:51:34

Okay, then he said we're in Tara in a healthy huizhou Bab obar Ahmad moto stanczak fossa in a healthy Hema effect car fans and I'll really tell him

00:51:35--> 00:51:39

that I'm yep sweet song when Tara Humphrey is available.

00:51:40--> 00:51:51

If flies fly into one's mouth or bus, you know something gets into your throat without you know you open your mouth. And this could happen by the way could happen.

00:51:52--> 00:51:55

But it is a you know it would be

00:51:56--> 00:52:04

you know if someone had it happened to them, but the dust would happen that fly you know, it will take a determined flight

00:52:07--> 00:52:13

but you like Yeah, but you have not seen the flies you know, back home we have flies that are very

00:52:17--> 00:52:19

flies, you're very bummed by the way.

00:52:25--> 00:52:52

But anyway, so he said it flies find one's mouth or dust or one raises the mouth or sniffs Okay, then that is not all of these are not going to invalidate your fasting or once or one raises the mouth or sniffs water into the nostrils and water reaches his bearings. You know, you're not intended it just happened despite you not you know that you you meant it.

00:52:53--> 00:53:04

Or if one drinks if one thinks about sex and ejaculate that does not invalidate because that he didn't dare do anything. It's just like thoughts.

00:53:05--> 00:53:29

And the oma will also be forgiven, you know, Madison de emphasize Hitler and kandalama Otama v whatever thoughts the inner thoughts they have, unless they acted out or speak up, speak about it or act out. So you know, thoughts are not looking in the mouth tab will get you in trouble by the way.

00:53:30--> 00:54:18

So if you look, you know, twice and something happens, you know that his semen not you know, math, but if you look twice and semen comes out, you're fasting is is done here fasting is invalidate, so you don't look twice. Try not to look get the they say they used to say the soft and I'm not asking you to do this, but they used to spend most of the retirement the master in Ramadan, they say not for the CRM and we're trying to safeguard our fasting so we're not getting out. We're trying to safeguard our fasting and that is when the discussion of you know enhancement is even hasn't said all of these things do not invalidate the fast thing so he was he sounded the most liberal when it

00:54:18--> 00:54:38

comes to the invalidated fast thing but if the husband is the only one who said that false hood and Reba backbiting invalidate the fasting literally invalidate the fasting. So you need to make up for the fast according to the four other scholars the or the four mam's

00:54:40--> 00:54:44

said they do not invalidate the fasting but the ruin your reward,

00:54:45--> 00:54:58

the sabotage your reward, but the you don't eat the makeup. a madman was asked about this. He said if an Riba invalidates your fasting, then no one of us has a you know has any fasting

00:54:59--> 00:54:59

valid

00:55:00--> 00:55:02

Has any valid fasting, so,

00:55:04--> 00:55:33

but the prophet SAW seven, seven clearly milania dacotah sudra Lama, he plays really hard on a lot of our masaba whoever does not abandon falsehood in speech and action, a lot is not wanting to abandon his food, because food in Fair Food is permissible. Anyway, Allah wants you to sort of exercise this self control and restraint. A lot of times you don't eat don't drink the permissible food, you know, good, wholesome permissible food.

00:55:34--> 00:55:42

So, it makes more sense that you should not be backbiting slandering and doing all of this or speaking falsehood or lying.

00:55:44--> 00:55:45

Okay.

00:55:46--> 00:55:58

But according to the 40 memes, this will not invalidate the fast literally it will invalidate it would ruin sabotage, undermine the reward of your fantastic

00:55:59--> 00:56:10

photography, really he or he he or he injects any liquid into his urethra, our telomere or has like night emissions with dreams night emissions,

00:56:12--> 00:56:24

whatever, this was also, not even if he hasn't during the day, you know, even if he sleeps during the day and he wakes up and he you know, discovers that he had one

00:56:25--> 00:56:33

that does not invalidate the fasting, how that will tie me up. So some salmo or is overwhelmed by vomiting

00:56:35--> 00:56:40

feels to nauseous environments, then his fasting will not be another fight.

00:56:41--> 00:56:45

Can I take four or five more minutes? You know, okay.

00:56:47--> 00:57:37

So then the then the section or this segment on doubt, the novena parama sad woman Akela Wagner who Leyland for Ben and ajaran family and Papa if one eats while thinking that it is night and it turns out to be there he must make up that day. I'm an Aquila, Shaq can veto in federal army officer tsommo if he eats because of doubt that the time of federal has arrived, his fasting is not notified or inaccurate check configurable items for a cola if he eats guessing wrongly that it is past negative time he must make up he must make it up Why? What is the difference between the first scenario and the second two scenarios? Whoever eats thinking he has gone not check van

00:57:38--> 00:57:43

even van. So, what is Chuck Chuck is 5050

00:57:45--> 00:57:58

what is one vanness 6040 or 7030 or 8020 anything short of European and European certainty is 100%. So shock will be doubt

00:57:59--> 00:58:01

one what the propensity

00:58:03--> 00:58:07

hafting on propensity and the pain

00:58:08--> 00:58:41

would be certainty. Okay. So there we have three different scenarios here we have the scenario of European we have the scenario of doubt 5050 and we have this scenario in the middle of London which is propensity acting on propensity. Let us say you acted on propensity natya pain, you acted on propensity. And then you ate thinking that it was not fat yet, you ate steak thinking that the that Mercury is in.

00:58:43--> 00:58:55

And then it turns out, you became sure you became certain that you actually ate during the day that you actually violated the fast in the mass hab you will have to make up

00:58:56--> 00:59:10

in the math, you will have to make up according to the mama method, according to her like a lesser position in the method and is half of the formula and the choice of anytime you don't but

00:59:12--> 00:59:49

but that is a small minority who said you don't because in the math and according to the other means I have the form as I have, you need to make up so let's just forget this because it's safer, you need to make up the root of this is that during the time of the prophecies on them, they became cloudy they ate and after the eighth they found out that this the the sun did not set and there are conflicting reports whether they made up or did not make up. There are conflicting reports from Amara, the Allahu anhu as well.

00:59:50--> 00:59:59

What you know when this happened to him, and he ate at night before fed and then discovered that it was the time when

01:00:00--> 01:00:06

In, there are conflicting reports, the sound the reports from Omar is that he did not make up.

01:00:07--> 01:00:38

But because of the, you know, controversy, because of this is the sort of the formulas that have, if you eat or drink thinking that it is night, it turns out to be there, you know, you're sure it is they, then you do need to make up according to the form of controversial stuff, there is some, but according to the front of the head, you do need to make up. Let's remember this, okay? Now, what are the two other scenarios? The two other scenarios are not?

01:00:40--> 01:00:42

In the two other scenarios, you did not

01:00:43--> 01:01:02

come to know that it was the daytime, you continue to be doubtful. You continued to be doubtful. Okay. So, before Feds is different from after fetch is different from before.

01:01:04--> 01:01:04

Margaret,

01:01:07--> 01:01:08

before Margaret,

01:01:11--> 01:01:12

or let's say phazzer and Maryland.

01:01:13--> 01:01:14

Okay.

01:01:15--> 01:01:16

Okay. So before,

01:01:17--> 01:01:21

before you continue to eat and drink.

01:01:22--> 01:01:33

And you have doubt whether it is, you know, the Federal Reserve Federal Reserve is in or not, and you continue to eat and drink, continue to eat and drink.

01:01:35--> 01:02:26

And then you stopped eating and drinking. And you continue to have doubt. Whether you ate after fed or not, you continue to have doubt, you did not come to know that you ate after fetch. Because if you came to know that you ate after tragedy, then according to the formulas I have, you need to make up for this day. But you continue to have doubt. Did I really eat after eat after Friday, or you know, I finished my soccer to the forefront in this case, in this case, they will tell you don't worry about it, your first thing is valid. Why? Because the rule here, the principle here that they apply is what has this hub presumption of continuity. Because it is night, and we presume that night

01:02:26--> 01:02:50

it continues to be a night until we are sure that it is day. So presumption of continuity of the of the night. Therefore they tell you, okay, you're fasting is valid, if you continue to be in doubt. What about on the other end of the day? Now it is a marker of time, marker of time and you're fasting.

01:02:51--> 01:03:06

And you look at the sky and is thinking that it is sitting here, you know, not sure there are clouds, you think that it is matter of time, and you eat in thinking that it is a matter of time and you eat

01:03:10--> 01:03:22

then if you if afterwards afterwards, it turns out that it was actually negative time, you're good, you're fine. You're fasting was fine.

01:03:24--> 01:03:48

Afterwards, if it turns out that it was not negative time, now you're sure that it was not negative time your fasting is invalid is invalid. What if, what if you continue to be unsure? Is it possible that you continue to be unsure? I'm really not sure you continue to be unsure. What is the recording here?

01:03:49--> 01:04:01

Your fasting is invalid. Why is this different from before Feds because of the same principle presumption of continuity as this hub?

01:04:02--> 01:04:10

Because it was daytime, you should have presumed that the day continued until you made sure that the night arrived

01:04:11--> 01:04:49

since he did not and now you are in doubt your fasting is invalid. The only case where the fasting would not be invalid is what if you came to know for sure that you ate after negative and not before then the fasting but if you continue to be doubtful, you're fasting is invalid. So this just try and make sense out of this whole if you become sure that you violated the fast then according to the you know formulas I have you violated the fast if you become sure in the case of doubt,

01:04:50--> 01:04:59

doubt there are there is a difference between that would be for fads and that would be for marketed that would be for fad will be on your site.

01:05:00--> 01:05:02

Doubt before magnetic is against you,

01:05:03--> 01:05:07

doubt before magnetic is against you, unless you are sure that the you know

01:05:09--> 01:05:11

that does not mean that you will only eat

01:05:13--> 01:05:48

what after you become certain that it is not going to find because in them as have Roberta's omnitrans in mesilla Valley a pain in the mouth hub acting on propensity is like acting uncertainty. So he will allow you to eat when you feel you know that it is magnetic time relevant design propensity that it's not just mere doubt, it's not just mere conjecture. You're really comfortable that this is not gonna have time, but you're not certain they will allow you to eat but they will tell you that there is a caveat here. If it turns out that this was not my time you will have to make up for that

01:05:50--> 01:05:50

qualify the other stuff