Fiqh of Worship #44 – Confusion, Exemption, and Expiation of Fasting

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

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I'm about to proceed,

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forgive me, I will have to be fast. Because the there is much to discuss, we only had one month to go over the fact of fasting, the fact of fasting, you know, deserves a little bit more, but inshallah we will do it with,

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as you know, with as much accent as we can afford.

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Fasting is the main parts of the Federal fasting or this particular chapter on fasting, what is the ruling of fasting and when does Ramadan start and all of that stuff and that's what we discussed in the last session. But we do have a couple of points to address that we will address today inshallah, before we get to the second part, which is as hobble Azar, or Kevin McLean through Ramadan, those who are exempt from fasting and expiation and makeup and expansion and makeup.

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And then the third

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part, which will, we will discuss inshallah, next week, will be about the things that invalidate the fasting things that invalidate the fasting and you know, the things that factor in Ramadan

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and Ramadan things that invalidate the fasting. And then we will have two chapters that we will combine and we will go over in the last week of April, which are Sol Sol macatawa, voluntary fasting and attic F and F or devotional retreat, these are two smaller chapters, we will inshallah be able to combine them in one session. Having said that, each one of these sessions is is a little bit more intensive than than before because we can press the factor fast and in two four sessions only.

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Later us finish first what we love.

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You know, from the last chapter before we talk about rulings on those exempts from fasting and make up an expiation amount of Kodama, Rahim Allah said, Remember, we said that the Ramadan starts and the Hanbury must have by the testimony of one goes out by the testimony have to remember this,

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I will not repeat all of them as I have because now we're just going to go back and you know, waste a lot of time. But in the Hanbury mouth of Ramadan starts by the testimony of one goes out by the testimony of two others seeing the healer. But it also goes out by

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Sir by completing 30 days, right?

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The default is that it goes out either by two people seeing the crescent of showare or completing 30 days of Ramadan.

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That is the default. But now, if we started on the basis of a singular testimony of the or the testimony of one person alone,

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we should have started that on the basis of the testimony of one person because that's the mother. But if we did started on the basis of the testimony of one person, or if we started that, because there were clouds, and we were not able to see the cresson so we just started that because that's the position of the mother not the majority the mother only embodies if we start to that because of one of these two reasons what on the basis of the testimony of one or the sighting of one person only or on the basis of the presence of clouds in the sky.

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Then we will not break the fast after 30 days of Ramadan after 30 days of Ramadan, because it is possible that we started the Ramadan early

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right. It is possible that when we started because there were clouds it was possible that there was no Crescent and it is possible that only one because only one person saw it. It is possible that he was actually confused that he didn't actually see then the warm up I have not started yet. So it is possible that the 30 days that we fasted are one day from chabanne and 29 days from Ramadan. So now that we are not seeing the crescent after Well, let us not rush to end the Ramadan

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and let us complete let us add one more they add one more day to Ramadan.

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We consider chabang to be 29 days

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and then Ramadan now is 30 days. So instead of breaking our fast after 30 days from Ramadan let us break our fast after 60 days from the beginning of shower ban not Ramadan from the end of Raja let's start let us past 60 days before we break our first remember Kodama said when some overshadowed this nine cell Athena woman have thought over cannabic Iman I'll call you a hidden

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lamb you threw in an era who

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have they fasted based on the testimony of two for 30 days then they should break their fast whether or not they see the site the crescent Africa where whether or not you started the fast based on the testimony of two people you completed 30 days of Ramadan that's it we're done. Whether or not we see the crescent of showare However, if they did in the prayer if they did fast in the presence of the fogging by clouds are based on the statement of one then they should not break their fast until the either see it or complete the full period the full period here meaning 60 days from the beginning of Chabad not 30 days from the beginning of Ramadan

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then Emma said is a step by step ahead of us Hello I'll see if the Hara wasa in West Africa Shahada Alma Banda who were in wire for karma Kabbalah who lamb you see if a captive is confused regarding the months he should do his best to figure it out and fast if his fasting coincided with the month or started after it it would be valid but if it started if it started before it it would not be you are in a room you know locked up for instance and days are going by you know May Allah protect you all from from that

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the days are going by and you don't know when what started and everything and you want to fast from above because it's been many days and you think that Milan is like the storyteller story so if you fast your entire month if you fast your entire months

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if it coincided with Ramadan you that's great perfect

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but if you fast it instead of fast in Ramadan you fast shall well shall well is the 10th month Ramadan is the ninth so you fasted the 10th month shall well then that's fine, you're done. You don't need to repeat anything. Because even though you did not fast during Ramadan, but all the makeup require the view as fast as similar a number of days you already did. You fasted the whole month of showare

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or 30 days you know after Ramadan. What if you mistakenly fasted the whole month of

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Raja for instance, before Ramadan before Ramadan you know the seventh month in the calendar in the history calendar according to the four imants you will have to repeat this

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because you fasted before Ramadan

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Sam Scheffer is said that you don't have to repeat it since you had done your best

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but that's not authorized the view in the mouth

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Okay, you know this is a theoretical issue may Allah protect you even nowadays you know, you there is there is nothing like this anymore unless it's like really dire stuff. May Allah protect you.

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Bad chemistry and we're done with this we're going to start today's chapter now. babraham have clean free Ramadan rulings on those exempt from fasting

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while bound federal pay attention because these things are very important and you will be asked about them and you want to communicate some sort of coherent you know instructions to people when they ask you

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about federal here Ramadan. Dr. Bharti XM breaking the fast and Ramadan is permissible for four types four types, not just four but he combined some within the four so we will go over

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how to have one type is it Maria de la vieja Ruby well musafir but I will tell you why he divided them into four types because they are of different nature

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huduma and Marie de lluvia de la de la casa different federal law after La Mancha when sama as

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an LPC

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And mridula, viettel.rb and l person who would be harmed by fasting, while mussaf ito levy Lucas and the traveler who is permitted to shorten the prayer for the fifth ruler who may have been for them breaking the fast is preferable while allowing him alcohol and they may, they should make up for the number of days they did not fast or insomma at home, but if the fast it will be valid, if the fast it will be valid.

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So, for that sick one who fears that his disease will worsen deteriorate, his condition will deteriorate if he fast or if he's unable to faster because of his disease. And for the traveler for these two, fasting is this life. It's not just like okay, it is this like in the method, you should not fast in the method

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how to authorize the view of the hungry mother. It is clear that for a sick person that he may get harmed. It is disliked for him too fast because the Prophet said La da da da da da da. There should be no harm or reciprocation of harm.

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But why is it that the musafir the traveler is the it is disliked for the musafir too fast? Because of a hadith that is reported in Bukhari from Jabara the lower Han who were the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, lay seminal bury, sow mufa suffer, it is not of righteousness, it is not righteousness, the fast while you're traveling,

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based on this Hadith, in the mouth habit that authorized the view of the mouth of the said that it is disliked fast while you're traveling.

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Keep in mind, that there is another view in the mouth hub, that is not the authorized view,

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are we as a lesser view in the mouth or the weaker view in the mouth of that it is okay to fast and it is not this like if it does not cause you hardship, or severe weakness or something of that nature. The argument for this other view is that this hadith of Bokhari from Deborah Viola and who was in a particular context in which one man was sitting down, and people were trying to save him from the sun, and then the Prophet asks so what's happening with this, that everybody is trying is around this man and trying to see them? He this they said to him, he's fasting. So you're now fasting and you're having people like worry about you and sort of take care of your needs and shade

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you from the sun and so on. So the prophet SAW Selim said lay seminal bury some who suffer it's not righteousness the past while traveling, but then I was either quoted a Muslim reported from a recited portrayal of the Allahu anhu he said, Gordon and azamara salatu salam, ala Ramadan, Femina Mufti, Romana saw him for mechanical Judo move to the other side and what I urge you to sign out and move to Canada and and register quwata and facade for who hasn't won them and whether or after of our Hassan alcanada. So he said that we use the fast way we used to go on military expeditions with the province of Southern Ramadan, and some of us would fast and some of us would not fast. The

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people who fasted did not condemn the people who did not and the people who did not fast but not condemned the people who fasted, they thought that whoever found found strength too fast and faster than this would be hasn't good. And they thought that whoever did not train strength fast and broke is fast that this will also be hazard good.

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The bottom line, anyone who's fasting, anyone who's traveling, regardless of the hardship in that travel is entitled to break in their fast they have the concession they are entitled to breaking it further fast. The discussion here is about what is preferable, what is preferable and the authorized view and the method it is preferable to break your fast even if it is the nicest, most luxurious most like the fanciest

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travel traveling first class from here to

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from Los Angeles to here. You will get to break your fast early. you're traveling first class it is really nice, you know,

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the only problem here is that you're not going to get the meal.

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But

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first class they still offer me

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anyway, so So here, it is preferable to break your fast despite all of the above and authorize the view of the method. And we said there is the other view

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Okay, but for the people who Why did I mentioned the other view because it is much easier for people just that the faster during Ramadan, like they're traveling they're going from Los Angeles to New York and they're coming back the next day they do not want to miss days on Ramadan it will be easier for them to fast them in Ramadan than to fast thereafter. And they feel more empowered than Ramadan. That's fine. They can fast it it will use, you know, by agreement, it will be valid and will suffice. Okay, so that's that's what what then is shirahama Allah said, Hasani, Allah hot one professor tough Tehran Watashi wa in samata Lem use Houma, administrating woman and one having

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postpartum bleeding, they break their fast, must break their fast and make up for those days of the fast it will not be valid. And that is all by consensus.

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Done. And when we say by consensus, we're saying by consensus so that we all just close the discussion when it is a bona fide consensus, it closes the discussion, if it is a report that consensus report that consensus, but it is not really a bona fide consensus, what is the benefit of reporting it to put the burden on the opponent to produce the counter argument put the burden on the opponent to produce counter arguments, some of the concessions, you know, the denier of which would be gathered by the reported consensus, such as the Horace Porter across comedies forbidden Xena as Haram, five daily prayers are obligatory every day, there is still a benefit in reporting these

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consensuses.

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But maybe the greater utility of consensus is when you say that, you know, despite other views, Allison agreed on the provision of temporary marriage, you know, I had a son Adam, our Allah harmonica and Mata and his son agreed on the prohibition of temporary marriage. Now, this is not a consensus that you know, the denier of which will be careful, no will not be careful, if one would deny that consensus would not be careful, but it is it still has more value, it still has strengths. If you sit in your master, then you say to the people that smell that, you know gives a lot of credibility, the position a lot of strength to the position and puts the burden on the opponent to

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produce a counter argument that will be strong enough to counter that consensus. Clear. So it is still good. You know, even though we dislike over reporting of consensus and we have recognized that over reporting of consensus has been misused, but we are not doing away with the concept of consensus. We're not doing away with the concept of okay. So for the ministry woman and a woman who has postpartum bleeding, they must not fast and if the fasted if will not be sufficient, they will have to make up later

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for the fast enough for the prayer. Then it shifts Rahim Allah said a Salus Alhamdulillah one more there is a better Allah and foresee him of Tata wakaba We're in fetta Allah whether the Hema authority

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aka Amata and Coolio woman Myskina we're inside matter as is

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a pregnant woman and one who is breastfeeding gave the fear for themselves they break their fast and make up for it if they fear for their unborn children they break their fast unborn or actually unborn are born because for the breastfeeding woman it's it's a boy it's more so the you know corrected us in the book remove unborn that's the easiest way to correct just cross unborn in the book.

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They break their fast make up for it and feed one poor individual per day. If the fast it will be valid. If the fast it will be valid. Okay. pregnant and breastfeeding, pregnant and breastfeeding.

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pregnant and breastfeeding by the agreement of the former head

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Okay, so here's the authorized review in the in the in the Amazon app and this is the agreement of the forum as I have pregnant

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And breastfeeding they may

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break their fast

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but if they own the fear of the fear for themselves or their children or the fear for themselves or their children fear harm for themselves, dehydration, you know, I posted this some of you may have read it. So, the dehydration, illness, malnutrition, you know feared malnutrition for their fetus or baby, they fear something undesirable like an undesirable outcome from fasting they can't do it because they feel too weak or they fear that if they were to do it, they may suffer from some bad consequences or their children in this case, they are entitled to breaking their fast entitled to breaking their fast as the fear for fear of the harm for themselves fear of the harm for themselves,

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then what do they do they make up only according to the form of the hip, the only thing that is required of them is what just make up

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what if the fear the arm before the child the feel that the fear that of the child, they can fast the and they don't fear harm for themselves, but the fear that the child may suffer from you know, malnutrition or you know, may not be good enough, you know, and see, you know, like mothers are usually a little bit over sort of overly careful with their kids. So, because of the the chance that this is actually a little bit exaggerated.

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They are required to make up by the for e mams.

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E memorable hanifa Hammamet remember that fa

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fa when in addition to the makeup require them to feed a poor person per day per every day they did not fast Imam Abu hanifa and instead of requiring them to feed he only recommends for them to feed but does not require any man Malik says that it is required of the breast feeding to feed but not the pregnant

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Okay, let's just go back and reiterate the position of the mother half so that we don't get confused. If the pregnant and breastfeeding woman fears harm for herself, she is required to make up she is required she may break the fast and she is required to make up according to the forum as if the pregnancy and breastfeeding woman does not fear for harm for herself. But she fears some arm for her fetus or baby fetus or baby she may break the fast and she is required to make up for the missed fasts and to feed one you know a poor person every day for every day that she did not fast feed him what feed him

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one mode of weed in the method and I'm gonna only mention though because you gotta just take too long to go over you know, to do the comparative thing for every little thing. So, one mode of shy here, the one mode the border one mode, the camp one was the wheat, one mode of wheat which is this, this is 500 let us say about 500 grams.

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The Fall of two hands, let's say this is about 500 grams, this is one mode of calm. If it is anything other than palm Then what is it what is it two modes which is half half, one half here half a saw half a saw. So two modes, so one kilogram 1000 grams of anything other than we have anything other than wheat in the Hanafi madhhab it is one saw whoever said one saw this would be the Hanafi

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but we're saying here in the in the Hanbury Mazda it is one mode of weed two modes of

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of anything else, okay. Now, there is another report in the method that just given them a meal that would be equal to or more than this amount will be sufficient cooking are given given like a meal that will be equal to or more than this amount would be

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sufficient and the report that Anna's brought, like, you know, a lot of poor people don't cook the meat for them and for them

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to explain it for his inability and for the days that he was unable to fast when he grew up. Okay.

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Now, having said this, and like I usually say, this is the agreement of the former that have the require of her to make up to make up for the days that they missed, how do we treat the agreement of the form of the

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It doesn't matter if they agreed, you know, or is it a bona fide consensus? Neither nor it is not a bona fide consensus. So, it is not definitive, it does not enter the discussion completely. But it is an extremely valuable piece of information to know that the former they have agreed on some some issue like we said in the air and the earlier talk from qumola. Like we said in the talk on the scale or the soul of that event, Tamia Rahim Allah said lack lack capital, happier courage, Ronnie the fact that the the hack almost never almost almost never diverges from the agreement of the forum as a way of telephone famous al Khalili. The only disagreed over a few issues. So the agreement of

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the forum is it is not a red card. But it is a yellow card.

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So when we say that this is the agreement of the forum as I have, we're not flashing the red card, we're not saying End of discussion, you know, don't speak. We're saying if you are not a metalhead, you're not going to speak anyway. But if there isn't much that that is that has another position then this position, if there is a need for relief, somehow that need for relief, somehow that is a position of homestead, substantiated by proof or proofs accepted by collectivist, the other widespread, widespread acceptance, then this position is worth entertaining, and it may be mainstreamed. And you may preach it. In this particular case, many contemporary scholars took the

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position of of the law passed that pregnant or breastfeeding woman, particularly

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the frequent, you know, the frequently pregnant and breastfeeding.

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If you think about it, if she's pregnant for one year, and breastfeeding for two years pregnant for one, breastfeeding for two, let's say she had five kids, that's 15 years of not fasting. So at the end of the 15 years, if you tell her you know, you need now to make up for the 15 years.

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It may there may be some herot. So it meets that requirement in this case. And you know, and it meets the other requirements of a but but but at any rate, have the lab and our best as a data company. And a bizarre reported and this is not only the position of the lab and our best, but this is also the position of the lab and Omar, he said to he said that the pregnant and breastfeeding are from those who are

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you to Punahou. They he

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he said antimalarial at Punahou, you are one of the people who cannot afford to fast you know, cannot handle the faster he said that to a pregnant woman.

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So, he said that you are only required to feed while you're only required to feed and there is no makeup for you. You do not you're not required to make up for those days. Given that this is the position wrong bla bla bla bla bla bla and they are who they are. Given that this relieves some Distress. I believe that this is a reasonable condition to promote. But when you promote the added disclaimer, promote it with a disclaimer that this outside of the authorized views of the forum as I have so if you don't desire to take it, don't take it. But if you desire to take it, it relieves some hardship. It does have some substantiation it is not the position of insignificant man of the

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love nor bestest habit Aloma and

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it does have some widespread acceptance in our times into that. Next, he said, Rahim Allah, Allah, Allah I just want to sow Medicare in our meridian lyoto Jabu in a moody Coolio min Myskina the fourth type is the person who is incapable of fasting because of old age or an incurable disease. In this case, he should feed one poor individual per day. He should feed one poor individual per day and that

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is by agreement, you know, because that person would never be able if you are like 88 years old and you can't fast because you have your old age, it is very unlikely that next year you will be able to fast because 89 is not much better than 88. So, it is very well, if, if you're having a curable disease, then you will make up when you get better. But if you have an incurable disease, such as someone with Type One Diabetes, yeah, Allah is able to hear when they say your Josefa or they are talking about human assessment, human judgment, Allah is able to cure anything, but we're talking here about human judgment. Because oftentimes we get into this discussion, we tell the mermaid was

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when we tell people you could remove life support, if it doesn't know, if there's a hopeless case, they tell you better luck and CDR luck and do anything you prefer. Sure, you know, this is something I learned very early on.

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I am not denying this, but also allies capable over all things if you remove the life support and a lot of one's going to live, they will live, you know, because a landscaper will over will things. So anyway, so it is a human judgment, the human judgment here, if this is a cure, an incurable disease, someone who has type one diabetes, the doctors say to him that, you know, you're you're not going to ever it will not ever be recommended for you to fast they may discover some treatments, some wonderful treatment in the future.

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In the mishap, they actually they actually

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factors are the same. They actually said if he becomes later better, he was incurable disease, but all of a sudden, he becomes better. If he had already fed the people for you know, fed the people for the days that he broke the fast, he does not need to go back and make up he does not need to go back and make up. So they discovered this wonderful treatment for diabetes. And all of a sudden you're good. You know, you you fed for 20 years. Do you need to make up for those 20 years? No, you do not need to make up even though you are now good. Okay, so arabela Hassan, Hassan medica Baron Amara layer jabber for in America, Liam and Myskina The first type is the person who is incapable of

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fasting because of all the age

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or an incurable disease in this case, he should feed one poor individual per day, what does he feed 500 grams one month of wheat or 1000 grams of any other food or M mean that is equal to or greater than the above me that is equal to or greater than the above and if you want to be more generous than certainly it is always recommended to be more jobs.

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And if you want to do it the Hanafi way you do one PSA, because they say that this is like Phaedra Phaedra in you know the Catholic faith, they say that the it is the same like fitrah. So, if you want to do the Hanafi way, then you give out whatever you give out in federa in psychother.

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Okay, so these are the different types of people that will be exempted from fasting, some of them, some of them will feed only, that is category for incurable disease and old age. And Hamad will model the breastfeeding and,

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and nursing women, they have the detailed discussion that we went over. So that's why you put them in a category by themselves.

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And how it will never set the women in postpartum bleeding and menstruating women and women and postpartum bleeding. They occupy a category of themselves because if they fast, it does not work. It does not count, it will be invalid. So that's the difference between them. And the other types. The other categories if they fast, it may not be recommended for them, but it will count. And then the first one was and married one was after the one who has transy and disease and the traveler, those people they break their fast and they make up later. So that is why he said four categories even though there it's more than four different types, but he puts a meridian musafir trends in disease

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and traveler in one category because

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they share the same rulings of needing to make up

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afterwards.

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This is clear so far.

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And I'm not looking at you because I do not want to see someone saying that it's not clear because I don't have time.

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What I said man after all Kaaba law v. lm and after a big man Fulford in one way or the other, for a limited for CMS rinomhota bi, en la mia Stata se, Tina miskeen for a limited sakata time As for the rest of those who break their fast, they should only make up those days except for someone who breaks his fast by having intercourse, in this case, he must make it up and free a slave, if he cannot, he should fast two consecutive months, if he cannot, he should feed 60 individuals and if he cannot, then the burden is lifted from him he does not need to do anything in the messed up.

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You know, he cannot cannot cannot cannot Okay, go home? That's it No problem.

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Where did this order come from? And I first you know, he's he's saying that if you break your fast by eating or drinking or any other thing that breaks the fast like, you know, vomiting and you know, forceful vomiting, or anything aside from intercourse and he had to basically say say,

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sometimes, sometimes, the discussions and even when we define the, you know, the contract of marriage and things, sometimes it becomes a little bit too graphic or a little bit too, you know, uncomfortable for for some of you, but these are the laws of the fuzzy these are the physical laws, they have to engage, you know, our physical reality. When, you know, the discussion that most people like is the spiritual discussion that we have this morning because it does not address

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the body, the physique, you know, that material nature of us. So we don't need to get into, you know, sticky discussions or uncomfortable discussions when we talk about spirituality. But that does not mean that we should ignore the law. Because the container of this spirit is the body and allow us into this area to regulate the actions of the body not for insignificant purpose, or hikma, but for our great hegman and purpose, the well the the straightness, the straightness and righteousness of our physical nature is important and conducive to the righteousness of this inner part or the inner nature of us or the spiritual

00:38:01--> 00:38:27

entity with within us and we have this dual nature in this dunya That is why we have these rulings, rulings for the interior and rulings for the exterior, they corroborate each other, they do not conflict with each other, they are mutually conducive to each other. So let us not create friction between them. And let us

00:38:28--> 00:39:15

read, you know, the law with objectivity and maturity. And if some things make you a little bit uncomfortable, uncomfortable when you read them or whenever you discuss them. You have to understand that this is just the nature of laws in general. You have if you read laws, laws, the laws need to be detailed. Even the not the sacred law. laws need to be detailed, because without details, without details, how could you figure out right from wrong without him saying, you know, here he's saying we're in London after a big mess and Fulford okay. It wasn't enough for you to say them and just move on. No, he wanted to say clearly that I am not that if someone has sex,

00:39:16--> 00:39:38

but not intercourse. This does not make him liable for the expiation in the method in the method does not make him liable for this, see, you know, severe expiation in the method is not clear why he is he's being so like detailed like this Okay. So now

00:39:41--> 00:39:59

we will talk about the things that will invalidate your fasting next time inshallah. But he abstracted out of them or he, you know, took out of them this one thing that will invalidate your fasting because it is a little bit different from the rest of them, which is having intercourse in the day of Ramadan.

00:40:00--> 00:40:38

According to the shafa is on hand bellies. Only people who invalidate their fasting by intercourse are liable to expropriate, liable to free a slave, if they can, you know, fast 60 days, if they can't feed 60 people, only the people who invalidate the fast by having intercourse during the day of Ramadan, but in the Hanafi and the Maliki madhhab. If you break your fast, intentionally, you know, even with eating and drinking, you're still liable for this expiation, you will still have to

00:40:39--> 00:41:20

make this far. You still have to make this far. Now remember, in the Hanbury method, it is only intercourse that will make people liable for this, he said, and it is intercourse in the honeyberry method, unlike the other mazahub whether you forget whether you were a you were this or that, if it happened that happened there is in the other mazahub ammidon zachman. In the other method, if he is in doing it intentionally, while remembering that this is Ramadan, in the honeyberry method, whether you forgot or not, there is no way out of it, you're gonna pay the expiation.

00:41:23--> 00:41:25

Okay, so

00:41:27--> 00:42:05

where did this order come from? It came from Hadith that I want you to read, because I'm not going to go over it because it doesn't require any explanation how these different Muslim from Abu hurayrah what a man came to the prophet SAW Solomon said to him, I'm doomed. I don't have intercourse in the during the day of Ramadan. And the prophet SAW Selim prescribed for him feed once they've I can, you know, fast 60 days, I can't feed 60 people I can't and then the processor must have like a large container of data brought to him and he said to the man, well take this and give it away in charity, to South Dakota, take this, take the dates and give them away and charity. And

00:42:05--> 00:42:10

he said, Oh, you know, should I give them away to someone who is more needy than me and my family.

00:42:12--> 00:42:16

And other professors told him, just go Go and take it and eat it.

00:42:19--> 00:42:20

He said for 1111

00:42:22--> 00:42:31

hours. I mean, there's between the two lava hills of Medina, there is no family that is most deserving of the subject of Venice

00:42:32--> 00:42:48

give it anyway. So, but this is the order and this is in the Hanbury method is only required in the case of intercourse. What about for women, the same applies unless she was not particularly willing.

00:42:50--> 00:42:53

You know, if the two spouses have had

00:42:54--> 00:43:27

this expiation is not is not per is not, you know, per act. It is per every violator of the sacredness of Ramadan. So, the two spouses will have this violation together, they will have two explorations, not one, each one of them will be bound expeed only if she was not particularly, you know, that wedding, then the husband would be responsible for both.

00:43:28--> 00:43:30

Both both explanations.

00:43:33--> 00:43:45

I'm sorry, only the husband is responsible for the expiation or the the husband is responsible for the expansion. I meant to say as the husband is responsible for the feeding when I was talking about the

00:43:47--> 00:44:24

breastfeeding and the pregnant woman. And that's where I forget that that's where I got confused. The husband isn't responsible for expropriation and that's not expansion, this explanation, but the husband is responsible for the expansion by a farm for the pregnant and the breastfeeding woman for the pregnant and the breastfeeding woman. The husband in this case will be responsible for his expiation she is not responsible because he did not act willingly. But it is sinful for him. It just compounds his sinfulness to have basically coerced her into this.

00:44:26--> 00:44:59

Now for in German, our lm YUKA. For hotter Gemma Rania. Don't forget to head over into Farah, Madame Africa ferrania. If you have intercourse, and did not expiate expiated before he had intercourse again, then only one expiation is due on him. If he executed it and in and have intercourse a second time, then a second execution is mandatory on him. So keep in mind, this applies only to someone who have this done twice in one day, if he had it done on two separate days.

00:45:00--> 00:45:28

He's responsible for two exhibitions all the time. If he had this done twice in one day, and did not exhibit after the first one, then he is only bound or liable for one exhibition. So someone violated the sacredness of Ramadan by having intercourse with his wife, you know, early in the morning, and then he said, Well, since the day is ruined, you know.

00:45:31--> 00:46:00

Then he had another intercourse, after I asked before Maghreb, another one before America, he did not make CPAs in the middle, he would explain months, let us say he did this in the morning, and he went out just to clear himself of guilt, and expiated and came back home. And he figured that the day is ruined, and then repeated the same offense, he will have to go back and execute. He goes back and repeats it. He goes back and executes.

00:46:01--> 00:46:08

How could he expect this quickly? Yes, the free a slave will be quick expiation, you know.

00:46:10--> 00:46:11

Anyway.

00:46:13--> 00:46:16

So what I wanted to say here,

00:46:17--> 00:46:18

is

00:46:21--> 00:46:42

this is clear, right. It's clear. Well, kolomela zema m sec Fira mahvash sajama FACA farrotto acuminata. Madam Secretary, modern pajama family HCA for anyone who is required to abstain from the nullifiers of fasting in Ramadan and has intercourse should expiate.

00:46:43--> 00:46:53

And this is the Hanafi and the Han Han very position. The Hanafi is and Hanbury said if you were if you were traveling, and he came back home, now you have to abstain from eating and drinking.

00:46:55--> 00:47:33

Even though you started the day eating half his body's not medic isn't shuffling half his hand berries, and a visa from berries. You started the day, you know, you you weren't, you had your period, and your period ended by a lot of time. Now you should never eat and drink. Respect Ramadan, don't eat and drink until you you know, you were a little boy. And all of a sudden you hit puberty, something happened then you hit puberty. And then have by a bizarre time, you should not eat or drink. You were not Muslim and you accepted Islam. But you know,

00:47:34--> 00:48:06

a lot of us on a day of Ramadan, hafeez or ham bellies, they will tell you tell him or her stop, you know, don't eat and drink content marketing here in our lab. And this is Ramadan, you should not violate the sacredness of Ramadan. You were you were sick and now you feel sort of energetic and so on you started the day not fasting because you were sick and all of a sudden your cold is gone. Now you should abstain from eating and drinking hafeez at home buddies. Now

00:48:07--> 00:48:11

these people they are not fasting

00:48:12--> 00:48:35

That is why he described them by saying couldn't MLS email him sexy Ramadan. Anyone who is required to abstain he's not saying fasting people he's saying are required to abstain, because even though you're not you're fasting is not counted, and you're not really fasting. But you're required to abstain. Why? The respect to Ramadan? The Magic isn't Shafi said

00:48:36--> 00:48:41

you need to respect Ramadan, but not by abstaining.

00:48:43--> 00:49:20

By abstaining, generally Absolutely. But rather abstaining in public from eating and drinking. But they allow you to eat and drink in private. If he the day does not count for you. Because they said since the day does not count for you. You're just yeah. And there is a Hanbury position also that that that sided with Americans and cefa is on this but it is not the authorized position of the authorized position is like the hanafy position that those people are required to abstain from eating and drinking. Okay, then.

00:49:22--> 00:49:42

Woman Afro Cavalli, resident hot rocklahoma there is no there is nothing in the Brennan Center that tells us exactly which one of these two positions is stronger. This is mainly about reasoning ratiocination ratiocination or just like the ockley sort of

00:49:44--> 00:49:45

evidence

00:49:46--> 00:49:56

woman after cavallier other than happy Ramadan Africa fillet Salah here we're in La Liga Leo min Myskina

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

if one delays making up the days

00:50:00--> 00:50:12

Till the next Ramadan comes and he has an excuse that nothing is required of him except to making them up and that is by agreement that is by agreement

00:50:13--> 00:50:20

you are if you break your fasting you are required to fast you are required to fast

00:50:22--> 00:50:27

according to the madikwe shefa is an embellies you're required to fast before the next Ramadan

00:50:29--> 00:50:47

but if you defer the fasting until next Ramadan comes in the further fasting Ramadan 1432 you missed four days you did not fast them until Ramadan for tears 1433 now Ramadan so you have to fast this Ramadan

00:50:48--> 00:51:09

and then that you made up for the four days in Shadwell or not hedger, 1433 or maybe muharrem 1444 1434 Okay, then in this case, in this case

00:51:11--> 00:51:30

the hand berries Maliki's and sapphires will tell you you don't only need to make up but you need in addition to this to feed one person per every day because you violate

00:51:31--> 00:52:04

the requirement of makeup within the same year before next Ramadan who said that this is a requirement not the Prophet of the love No Omar Abu hurayrah of the love and our bass and a couple other sahabas said that is required and if he does not then he makes time for feed in addition to making up if he did not fast until a year later after the next Ramadan if he deferred fasting after the next Ramadan Is this clear?

00:52:05--> 00:52:22

Only America and Amber is also you they're never let you down sided with him you know something buddies so it's like the small a not the not the capital A so small a capital H. He said he's only required to make up

00:52:24--> 00:52:47

try to remember the position of the majority the authorized position in the metal hub. If you defer it until the next Ramadan comes in and you do not and you only make up after next Ramadan that have been our best and if not the majority, and the authorized view in the meth lab will tell you fast makeup and feed one person per each day he broke the fast.

00:52:49--> 00:52:58

Then he said when taraka kapa haka met the earthen philosophy ally when can elevator overdone automaton all equally a woman

00:52:59--> 00:53:11

a man who liquidly amin miskeen en la Annie akuna song woman Zoran Finn who you someone who work at vatika coluna Vito when Takahata met de

00:53:13--> 00:53:21

la Renta la la. If he deferred making it up until he died, then there is nothing required of him.

00:53:24--> 00:53:42

If he deferred the making it up until he died then there is nothing required of him. So while they're there, there are so many things that need to be corrected have here for an extra for a valid excuse, if he deferred to making it up until he died and there is nothing required.

00:53:44--> 00:54:29

Okay, it is clear from the next sentence it will be clear from the next sentence because the next sentence says if it was without an execute, then one poor individual should be fed per day on his behalf. But if you want to add clarity to the first sentence, say if he deferred making it up without proper execuse until he died, then there is nothing with a proper executes with a proper excuse until he died and there is nothing required for him. He was sick, you know, he had a transient disease, not necessarily an incurable disease and he was waiting until he gets better or he was traveling or he had some excuse. So he waited until he gets back and he died before he got

00:54:29--> 00:54:52

better. So what is required now? Nothing. Nothing is required, because they didn't do anything wrong. Okay. Now, if he deferred it without a valid execuse the further it without a valid excuse. When Canada the higher your author, an author a man who literally amin miskeen

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

if it was without an execute, then one poor individual should be fed per day on his

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

Have on his behalf

00:55:05--> 00:55:32

while you fast on his behalf, no. In the Hanbury method, have you done fast the obligatory fasting on someone's behalf unless it is about fast. It is about fast, but you don't fast the obligatory fast. You don't fast the days of Ramadan on behalf of someone else. Where is this? And keep in mind, keep in mind that this is the position of the forum is that

00:55:33--> 00:56:11

because of the live now Besson of the Wagner, Homer, the both said Laos only Dona Ana had what I also mojado Nana had, no one may pray on behalf of someone else, and no one may fast on behalf of someone else. No one may pray on behalf of someone else. And no one may first on behalf someone else. That is why the four imams said that if someone missed the days of Ramadan, you do not fast those days on their behalf. What you do is feed on their behalf one per person per day. Now why is it

00:56:13--> 00:56:17

that the Hanbury must have executed from this

00:56:20--> 00:56:21

ruling

00:56:22--> 00:56:28

concerning obligatory fast that you don't make up obligatory fast on behalf of someone else.

00:56:30--> 00:56:41

The excluded from this the Vout fasts if someone vowed to fast a certain number of days and did not fast and did not fast them.

00:56:43--> 00:56:56

He vowed to fast like 10 days and he did not fast it is recommended not obligatory in the Mazda It is recommended for the responsible air there well a

00:56:57--> 00:57:02

you know closest family member it is it is

00:57:03--> 00:57:13

recommended for their for their well a the responsible air too fast on their behalf not required, not required.

00:57:16--> 00:58:04

The Hanbury said this because because a Muslim reported from Isaiah his Hadith where the prophet SAW Selim says men sama men matter man matter metal alloy his own, some actually, metal is on someone who, whoever dies. While all when fasts, lay his own requirements, first of all impressed his way they should fast on his behalf. So why are the Hamburg is not using this in Ramadan, they said we're not using this Ramadan because of the loving, blah blah best said no one should fast on behalf of someone. And we consider their statement to apply to the obligatory fasts in Ramadan. And this is our way of reconciling those two reports. And we can tell you that in some reports, the Prophet

00:58:04--> 00:58:16

sallallahu Sallam clearly stated that had that the fast was valid fast that he allowed the makeup for the valid fast. So even though

00:58:17--> 00:58:21

in some reports, it was not luck, it was absolute man matter I love

00:58:23--> 00:59:11

you, whoever that is not luck, absolute, you know, not qualified, whoever dies and he owes some days that he did not fast, his whether you should fast on his behalf this month work because of the law, blah, blah blah Omar said that no one should pass on behalf of someone and no one should pray on behalf of someone. We will qualify this month luck with the other reports in which it was clear that the Prophet allowed fasting on behalf of someone who made a nazzer made a vow made another too fast. But they did not fast. And that would be the Hanbury position. Keep in mind many contemporary scholars take the position of Abu Saud and some [???] you know, like a minority position within the

00:59:11--> 00:59:13

chef it must have an episode and

00:59:16--> 00:59:45

and and certainly if my husband hasn't actually requires if not only you recommended requires the weight too fast on behalf of the relative in any fast. So some of the scholars say that if the contemporary scholars say that if they missed the days of fasting in Ramadan you make up on their behalf. This is not the position of the mouth have this is not the position of the majority position of the Muslim is that and the position of the foreign imams is that you don't make up the days of Ramadan

00:59:46--> 00:59:55

on behalf of someone else, because those are specific for Ramadan. In the position of the map is that you are recommended to make up the valid fasts

00:59:57--> 00:59:59

and for Ramadan, you

01:00:00--> 01:00:16

will feed one per person per every day. Your family member was was not fast and did not make up for it. Even though they had the ability to

01:00:17--> 01:00:25

and they did not have excuse to defer. But if they have an excuse to defer that nothing is required whatsoever

01:00:26--> 01:00:33

from anyone, no feeding, no makeup, call the hospital or the electronical functional and stuff like