Channel: Hamza Yusuf
Series: Hamza Yusuf – Vision Of Islam
There are a lot of ways to do that one of the most important ways is to learn the outward rules of it very well and to adhere to them in the same way that you would when you first learn to drive. When you first learn to drive, it's very troublesome because you're so you know, conscious of the rules, and especially if you have the teacher next to you, but at a certain point, it all just becomes, it's just what you do. So initially, being obsessed with the rules is problematic because you're so focused on the rules, you can't really focus on the spirit of the prayer. But it's that's a necessary stage of prayer. So learning the rules really well until they really become second
nature. And then you begin to work on your spiritual presence in the prayer. And part of that has to do with the amount of Vicar that you do during the day. And that's why the more thicker you do, the better your prayer and also will do is very important. See, the rock said Your presence in your will do determines your presence in the prayer. And one of the things that people do is they do will do very hastily and very ritualistically so that their will do is no longer an act of worship. And one of the best things that I ever was exposed to was watching more of that had to do will do because it really hit home The first time I saw it is a deep act of worship will do and we tend to forget that
we'll do is to actually part of prayer it's a very deep act of worship. So being present in will do not doing will do in a bathroom is really important to not doing it where the toilet is doing in a place it's
I mean there's other things there's the one of the things he documents or rock says saying before you start your paraquat, algebra, class medical Nancy Dinah's, before you actually go into the prayer, just to remove the West was, you know that, I mean, a prayer is one of the proofs of beliefs, because right when you do tuck be sometimes the weirdest things just and you Why did that suddenly come into my mind? I mean, that is that component that's working.
It's very interesting, literally do tech VR and tasawwuf is one of the words that you use to describe the science of s and it's the inner fit, you have an outer fit, and you have an inner fit.
So that's all it is. It's an inner fit. And just like you have folks that are wrong, in their outward rules you have people have to solve that are wrong in their inward so that's part of the problem is people just throw the baby out with the bathwater. Because there's people have to solve that went way out there and they're just, they're called Hoda to Sophia. And then you have extremist Sophie's and you have extremists,
or whatever was going to say is that in the West, one of the reasons that you have so much perversion in sexuality is because people are so removed from their bodies, sex becomes a very mental thing, that their experience of sex is all mental. And that has to do with it's a disease. So they want perverse sex because they cannot just experience a natural experience of being in the body. Very strange. But you don't have that in traditional cultures where people are very much in their bodies, you don't have perverted sex, a guarantee of mortality, they can't even understand. They can't, it just doesn't they don't understand.
They don't even understand sodomy. It's just it's, you know, they don't have where my doctor had is the one. He told me when he went to the Emirates. He told me when he was studying in Mauritania, he thought that sodomy was like
he said, he used to really be troubled by all this stuff about pedophilia and sodomy and the books of fic.
He thought it was really strange. And he said he thought it was all theoretical possibilities that the folk are trying to exhaust all the possibilities. But he just he said he didn't think that it was in the world.
He thought that convolute was a group of people and that was it.
Until he went to the east, many like really shocked. But that's Aboriginal peoples Aboriginal peoples tend not to have those types of perversions. What you were gonna say
is the name of the Prophet slicin. In the Hadith wise, the pillars described before faith.
I mean, part of it, Islam. Obviously, the first reaction of Islam is Shahad. And obviously that comes out of faith. So faith, in a sense, precedes Islam, but you can enter into Islam and your faith is
very immature and undeveloped. So faith is something that comes out of practice. It's developed through practice if the practice is done properly, I mean, there's some Muslim countries, I don't want to mention names, but there's Muslim countries where I mean, it's just it's like hypocrisy is a norm, where people do these outward perfunctory rituals that have no impact on their spiritual
reality at all. I mean, you can see the most horrendous examples of hypocrisy, and people that are pray and fast and do everything. So it's not it's no guarantee. Any other question, did you? You are Yes.
Oh, the other reason was, during the mameluke, period, slaves actually became rulers.
So it was actually a, they saw that as a fulfillment of that prophecy.
Korea, which is spiritual showing off, it's doing an act of devotion. In other words to God, hoping that people see it, for whatever reasons. I mean, Ria is definitely more significant in a religious society, we have showing off, which is, if somebody is a good horseman, you know, and they see some people, they'll do the fancy jump, and that's not Yeah, that's just showing off. Rhea is when you do an act, that should be done for God. But you're doing it for other people to say, what a generous person, what a brave person, what that's her. Yeah. And there's two types of Korea, there is the type, which is only for the people, which is the worst type. In other words, you don't even care
about God. So you give charity just so people say, he's a generous man. The other is where you genuinely want to do something for God. But you find this desire, and that's something people have to struggle with any mathematical delana was asked about a man on the way to a mosque, who, when he set out from his house, he set out solely for the sake of God, but on the way he's hoping somebody might see him. And he said, that I hope that his original intention is, what he was saying is it's human nature, that element exists. There's a famous story of a man who used to go to the prayer, who's in the first line every single day for 40 years before the prayer and one day he went, and he
missed the opening tech beer, and he didn't want people to see him.
And he realized that he'd had that rehab for 40 years. And in the story that's told these, they said he made up his prayers for 40 years at home.
I mean, I don't know if that's true or not, but it's the meanings nice. It's just letting you know that there's a lot of subtle levels there that we're not even aware of. And that's part also of spiritual development. And that's why they say hasn't had that abrar say yet, and mokara been the good actions of righteous people are wrong actions for people in Divine Presence. And that's why each matam that you move to, you start saying, I've stopped fell in love with the previous macom. Because you realize how long how many things you were doing wrong things that you thought were right, when you get to a higher level of awareness, you realize, you know, I was doing it for the
It's a journey. It's why it's called path, the journey, the journey and mela process to realize arrival trauma. I mean,
I wanted to go over some concepts for people
to understand about jihad, because probably of all the topics related to Islam, the two most common misconceptions, I would say, are probably those concerning Jihad and those concerning women. And so most of the attacks on Islam generally tend to focus on those two elements. So I'd like to talk about this first, from what he mentions in the book, he mentions that the idea of holy war is misleading, and it's an inaccurate translation, jihad, holy war in Arabic, if you did have a word for it, and the Arabs actually don't, would be how to cut this
or something like that. And the Arabs don't have a concept of holy war in that way. In fact, it's actually a Christian concept, and coming out of the just war concept and the Crusades. So the word in Arabic that is used and has in fact become an English word, sometimes with a negative comment.
notation other times with a positive it's been used both ways by journalists and other people. Jihad comes from a root word which is jihad, or Jew hood, which has the idea of exerting energy. When you say somebody better than the whole, he exerted his utmost ability. And so the idea behind the word jihad, jihad is known as a verbal noun or a muster from jahad Uj e to the Quran says which ad would hit home but he hadn't Kabira struggle against them with it with the Koran, a great jihad, a great struggle, which means argue with the policy is using the Koran as the weapon of argumentation against polytheism. Because the Koran, although it never proves the existence of God, it is
constantly focusing on the unity of God. And so the idea was to use the arguments that the Quran presents for the oneness of God, in order to explain to the people who believed in more than one god that there was one guy so that is a type of jihad in the Koran, which had Jared whom he had an kaviraj that that's a great jihad, and that's why the prophets are lies to them. And the Quran says, struggle with them with your wealth and with yourselves. And also it says to the prophets, Allah is to them to fight with them with your tongues, in other words, argumentation and in fact, argumentation, not being disputation, or, but rather civil debate or civil discourse because the
prophets, Allah, Islam, if he conversation became heated, he would withdraw the province realize him did not engage in argumentation, as disputation, but rather in civil debate or discourse, where we sit down and we try to look at a problem, and from both sides, and so you put your proofs forward, the other person puts his proofs forward. And you attempt to convince somebody of a superior way. That's a civil discourse. And that's Jihad beliefs and the Koran when it says there is a superior optic of the Hikmah woodmore editor Hasina, which I did home bility acid, and dispute with them in an excellent way, which is civil discourse, using intelligence and using reason. Now, the
interesting thing is, is that war is actually when that breaks down in other words, course of force is what is used when people are not able to speak to each other in any civil way. So war is actually a collapse of intelligent discourse. And that's why in essence is a very stupid thing, or is an incredibly stupid thing. And that's why the Koran tells us not to be aggressors, because the nature of the aggressor is he's somebody who is unable to obtain what he wants civilly. So he resorts to other ways, violent means to getting what he wants. And those type of people usually want the wrong things, things that aren't theirs. And that's why the essence of conflict generally has to do with
one person or one group of people aggressing on another group of people. And so what happens is, one side is aggressed on and the other side is an aggressor, the people that are aggressed upon are the people in the Quran that are permitted to fight. And this is why at the essence of physical or martial combat, and that's why when we look at jihad, we have to look at it from three, there are three of Quranic concepts. The first is Mujahideen to neffs, that of struggling against the self, the idea that there's an internal conflict going on, so that you actually have to struggle with yourself. And part of struggling with yourself is struggling with the passions and the passions,
again, are what your beastial nature. And so what you struggle that with is with your reason, and that is why when somebody is attempting not to do something that is wrong, and struggle against those impulses, what he's using is a higher power and the higher power his reason is the opposite. And that's why the essence of intellect in Arabic means that which constrains you or which prevents you from doing something that will lead you astray. Alcala yaku means to stop to prevent and the other Arabic word they use for intellect is new ha which comes from that which refuses or that which prevents again yen Ha. Alright, so the intellect the essence of the intellect is that it prevents a
human being from going astray. Now those people that don't listen to the intellect, Allah says about them in whom they're like animals, but then he
But whom have been there even more astray. And the reason for that is because animals do not do things that harm them. If an animal knows there's harm in something, it will avoid it. If an animal sees fire, it will flee from the fire. If an animal sees something that threatens it, it will either defend itself if it doesn't see any other venue or if it by its nature. The threat is something that it deems within its power like a lion if it's threatened by a lesser animal, aggressive animal, the lion will tend to fight because it's a lion and it knows that it can overpower