The Jewels of the Qur’an 2022 #04

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Hamza Yusuf

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Salam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatu Alhamdulillah shallow we're starting the last 10 days of Ramadan. I know there's a slight difference for some people. It's the 20th 21st and for other people it's 20th but last night for some was the night teeth and for others it was the 18th 19th or 20th Yeah, so tonight's 21st For most people that are handy that this I wanted to again, bring this to the forefront after Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim o salat wa cinema Odyssey the Mohammed well it will stop me will send them to the McCarthy era. One of the Halina for Dr.

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Sadi in Alamosa. Hello Nina

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Marie for TPR hamara him in the oven Minette Nikka Titova Rahim, this hadith which relates, I think it's extremely important, though, for a number of reasons. One, the prophets Allah ICRM said in the rewire that Imam Ahmed relates is that anybody who hears it should learn it. So that in itself is justification enough to learn the DUA. But it's also prefaced by a statement that the prophesy Sam said whoever is suffering from depression should recite this and if they recite it sincerely, then inshallah the depression will be removed. So there's an antidepressant dua, and I think there's a secret in that it's a dua of asking

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Allah subhanaw taala to make the Quran, the spring of your heart because the Quran will bring the heart back to life in Allah. Yeah, he had orba the motiva Allah brings the earth back to life after it's dead. And the Quran is,

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is it has the Bush era? I mean, one of the reasons why the

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one of the reasons why the

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the news is so depressing, is because the good news that the prophets bring would not have the type of impact that it would have.

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If everything was good news, if it was all good news, then what really is the Bush era of the prophets there Bushra is that this abode is a trial and tribulation for a short time. And then after that, for those who pass the test, it's Bush ah, it's a good news. And so for people that live in the light of that truth

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They the world is not going to bring them down in the way that we're bringing down other people because the world really is designed to break hearts. It's designed to wear people down. That's the nature of the abode. And if you accept that truth, then you'll really appreciate the good times that you have. You will really be grateful for those times that Allah subhanaw taala intersperses between the tribulations to keep you going, because if it was all tribulation,

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people couldn't handle it. So this is very important. Allahumma in the Abda we know Africa we know America. Now see a TV a DECA Maldon fear hook mocha. I don't fear adore hookah Sarika be policemen who are like us a mater been upset. Oh, and sell to houfy keytab. Erica, our alum to Adam and Harpa always thought to be Adam Arabia indica and TJ Allah Khurana Robbie Appleby. We're neurosurgery. We're Jira, Hosni and rewire Gela Hosni with the harbor HMI.

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So may Allah answer that prayer. I want to just to look at a few of the Hadees they're very strong Hadees about these last 10 days, I shuffled the Londo relates that the proposal I sent him said cannot utilize a lot and he said that the prophets Allah I said I'm cannot rasool Allah He either the halal Ashura our here, when the last 10 Nights, men the Ramadan from Ramadan entered by Alain then he would bring the night to live and remember that most of his nights in the normal year were brought to life. So the fact that she's saying this about these nights is very strong, whatever the alcohol, so he also woke his family up because Polanco was como Alikum Nora, save yourselves and

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your family. So, we have an obligation also to, to, to wake our families up, well, Jed DOE has shut down Tsar and he was very, very serious during this time we shed them Tsar means he tightened up his loincloth, in other words, the the Tsar what they call lunghi in India, which is was one of the prophetic

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remnants of the Prophet slicin wore a lunghi. So shed the Tsar he bounded up. So he was very serious during this time. I mean, that's obviously a keen eye, for he wasn't he didn't.

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He wasn't with the women. So and even Amara de la

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Aneri John and then I was hoping to be useful role later cadre. So they were shown later powerful men and so they had a vision. This is a row here, which is different from a dream. A vision is a true event that occurs the prophesy Sam said it's 146 of prophecy. It's that aspect of prophecy that every human being even a disbeliever can have access to this. I like the Pharaoh who had a true dream.

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So for several hours, in the last seven nights, so you're gonna see seven and 10 We'll see some different views for rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam RR katoa but for Subhan Allah so what he means there is that the all these different people have the same vision. So that's the topic but you know, they they coincided in those seven last days from in Canada with the Henry half idea to Hara half an hour here. So that's any memorable Hadees so it's specially those last seven days, although all 10 are important. Obviously the 25th the 27th and the 29th are very strong days and the OMA differ about that. Allah subhanaw taala says in Zell nahi Lena to Mubaraka, so that Nayla

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Mubaraka, which is in surah, Doohan is considered to be Leila Takada. Some say it's nurse Shaban, which is another big night. There's a feed app about nurse Shaban. But historically has been practice. It's interesting that the Maliki school traditionally it was not practiced. But the molecules themselves ended up doing it. So it's practiced all over the Maliki countries. In the South Asian culture, it's very strong. And it was the opinion of many of the great scholars that it was a good night it was a blessing at night to to do here have their certain you know, people that see it that it wasn't strong and or there wasn't validity to it. Those are the facts and in the

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realm of Allah and it's very important for people not to make in car of other people that are doing these practices, but these are firmly established practices in the Muslim community. So Abu Huraira or the Allahu Anhu said an interview salatu salam ala

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The privatize em said Ira mana Palma Leila ter Padre Iman and YT Saba author Allahumma Takada moment MB, so whoever will stand in prayer on the letter cutter out of faith in you know, in belief with with faith will also 87 In other words, yeah testing for and Allah that they, they're really trusting that Allah is going to reward them. So there's a there's a they're reckoning with their Lord that that he's going to reward them for that. So they're doing it with that intention that Allah is going to respond to their worship ofera hamata at the moment then be he is forgiven all the things that preceded obviously, generally with these it's the Sahaba what are called the venial

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sins, the lesser sins, not the major sins, the enormities you need Toba specifically. So the seven mobile cards things like that, and I shutter or the Lola and her.

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Again, she said this is another Hadith but reiterating that Imam Muslim relates cannot also realize Allah is in your state Luffy Ramadan Amala shahidul theory of Russia our Harryman Humala if they do theory, so, he did is he had in Ramadan, and remember, the prophesy was in constant vicar. He was constantly with Allah. So in Ramadan, it was even more intense. But then in the last 10 days, it was even intensified. So it was more during this time than any other time. So, those are all really I think important reminders were in the last 10 days. So insha Allah may Allah give us the ability to fulfill these.

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These

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just encouragement from our prophets lies and the Prophet did not make things that were not fought. He encouraged people so these are really encouragement this is all from the men do bat there's there's nothing wadge of here. But But this our Prophet SAW SM if he's doing it, and and he his sins were forgiven. Mata Harman OMA Takata the even though his sins are the Hassan of we don't say his sins like he doesn't. He's muscle, but it's topical

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of Bali Fabiola, you know so that's but if the province or SLM has a completely clean slate with Allah and yet he's doing this and when I shot a little on saw, his feed has become swollen from standings is called venous stasis. When you when you stand for a very long time, especially an elderly person, when they stand for a long time, sometimes the the fluid will gather around the ankles. So you'll see that kind of so she saw that and he said, she said to him, you know, the you don't have anything to worry about with your lead, he said oh and then Shikara should not be grateful servant and Shikaras meaning constantly grateful. Shouldn't I be always grateful for what

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Allah has given me? So we go back to Surah Baqarah insha Allah this is such a important

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it's such an important surah in our tradition, I mean, all of the Quran is important, but there are so many atcom There's so many rulings that come there's so so much knowledge in this single chapter and the prophet called them does a heroine the to the hara,

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the surah baqarah le Emraan. And he actually said that they would defend they would be shade for people and their graves. So and he's he said to leave this as Hazara, you know, to take it as baraka to leave it as Hazara to take it as a blessing to leave it is remorse, and only really firmly rooted people are able to take on and baccara. So, we were looking at the early ones, he's giving the analogy now of these people. So the hypocrites

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you know, it's if they're in darknesses, thunder and lightning, they put their fingers in their ears and literally they did this literally. This is one of the proofs for majaz in the Quran, because they don't literally put their aside. They put a prophet or sabia so some of them call that a health, you know, images and words just omitted. Like I said on Korea, it's so Allah Korea, so here it's our Prophet Asada are in their ears because you can't put the whole finger in the ear. So this is a figure two figure of speech. But they used to do that when the prophesy sim came in, when they came to Mecca, the hypocrites when

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they ever heard they heard the Quran they would plug their ears. They don't want to hear it.

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And

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even the kuffaar they would give people cotton when they would come into and they'd say, Oh we have a big magician here. You don't want to hear him because he bewitches people so

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you can't or Barco Yatta for our sorrow I'm so hot for the bark is literally the lightning strike hot of a activo is to strike

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and so it ceases their their light Kolyma Allah, Allah home, Michelle fee, every time that their light is shed for them, they walk in it, and when it goes dark upon them, they stand still. And if God will, God could remove their hearing and they're seeing for God has power over all things. And we did this. So now this is

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the first injunction in the Quran. This is the very first command in the Quran. Linearly if you begin not chronologically because it was the first command chronologically, but if you begin linearly, this is the very first command and it's a command to all of humanity. Yeah, a Johann NAS. This book is unique in that it was sent to all of humanity. And it was sent in a clear Arabic language. The prophets lie Selim was given this book. It's not written by men. It was written down by men. But the book unlike the Bible, unlike previous dispensations, this is a direct revelation. And it's the final in our in our understanding. This is our faith. This is the final book. Yeah,

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Johan Ness, oh, you Oh, humanity, oh people, Dr. Clear, he's translating it old people, old people, but are back home.

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Serve your Lord, worship your Lord, serve your Lord, Allah the Halacha comb, the One who created you, while Ladino publikum and those before you that eloquent attack on

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so that you may be conscientious and he chose conscientious, which I think is a really good word choice. He was a master linguist, and knew many, many languages. But he really understood the importance of going to the roots of languages. So here

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conscientious, obviously there's, it's a Latin word, con using means with, and then CNC is knowledge with understanding. So you may act with understanding. It's very interesting that all of our world religions see ignorance as fundamentally the fundamental problem with human beings is that they're ignorant. So the Buddhists say that the the fundamental problem is ignorance. The Jews and the Christians have this understanding. The Muslims have this understanding. I mean, we call the time before Islam is called Janelia. The time of ignorance. Now, it's interesting that the word in Arabic for ignorance jahaan has both the meanings zealous, and the meaning of ignorant. So it's somebody

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who's, who is easily excited, they get angry easily, because that is from a lack of knowledge about how the world works. So the fact that you're getting upset, the fact that you're getting frustrated, is your spiritual immaturity. Because when you are when you have knowledge of God, everything is from God. And so you have a completely different perspective of reality. It's just a very different perspective. So one of the early meanings of conscientious in English was to be scrupulous in one's moral

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behavior. And this is really what taco is. Lana can tap on what kya is prevention, the Arab say that a penny of prevention is better than a pound of cure. Right. So, the Wokai is prevention.

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The McAfee is the one that guards himself, he guards himself. So and that's why topia is when, when it's permitted, for instance, if you're under threat of death, you can actually deny your faith which is called topia because you're you're guarding your, your, your, you're guarding yourself with that. So this is a this is the meaning of the word, taqwa in in in Arabic is a really important concept in Islam. The even Aisha the Great North African scholar, and really

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somebody who taught most of North and West Africa, their their Islam, even Asha says what has

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To Topo Easton Avenue is now on the third fifth law head on Walton and be there tonight. So, taqwa is here at NAB avoiding what's prohibited because well man How come I know Rasool fintel? Right whatever the privatize him is prohibited you avoid it. And the Prophet SAW I said I'm says that if I command you do something then do it. If I prohibit you something, avoid it but if I command you do do must stop at home. So it's more important to avoid the prohibition. Because the alarm there are many the alarm you're on many. And in fact that he had a Lydian Johann Ivana and I'm reheat that in America or the llano. In his soul. He understood the armor there was for her job, because if it was

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for the amount of the Prophet size, because the Prophet has a hammer, he has commands that are four that are recommended, or or mcru. Like telling you not to do something. So it's really important to understand that Taqwa is essentially

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the Ben Jews here Kelby he says there's five categories of Taqwa. The first one is tuck was shirk, or tuck would cover and that every Muslim ism would tacky. So that puts us all in Sharla in the WHO delille Mata pain that I mean that's a great blessing. So that's like you woman on windy morning FC. So that's Lonnie morning FC but he's still with Turkey, because he's afraid of shirk. And then you have the person who's he fears the Haram right. I mean, he's fears like cabeza and things like that. And that's another level of Taqwa. And then you have the person that fears. The macro heart, just, and then you have the person that fears the mobile hat.

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Imam Ali said about the dunya. He said, Hello, whoa.

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He said, Well, haram, who are a cob, what's permitted from it, you're going to be accounted for? And what's haram from it, you're going to be punished for I mean, Allah can forgive people, but that's the essential principle. So that means that the halaal is a he said, so that that's why they say Zohan, karuna is for dunya. The people that do without in the dunya, those are actually the the highest people. They're the most intelligent people. And so that's very important. And then And then finally, the last one is just the people who fear

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just that other than God occurs to their hearts. And that's more common, the highest MACOM of the RFN.

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Let the janitor come out of the fear Russia, this is a really amazing

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analogy here. So he made the earth

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a bed, a couch for you. A few Raj. So it could be bed or couch.

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The ultimate say that the reason Allah used Farage is because if it was too hard, you couldn't build on it. And if it was too soft, you couldn't build on it. So along made the earth, soil. If you look at soil, it's perfect for building on. It's not too hard. And it's not too soft. You can dig it, you can put your foundations in it, and yet it's stable. So it'll it'll, it'll hold you and that's how you want to bed. You don't want it too soft. You don't want it too hard. You want it right in that middle. And so that's why it uses that term was Santa abena and, and the heavens are roof now what is a roof to a roof protects you well, Sama dunya you have different heavens. But we have this

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subfield marfo is called the the protected roof over us. And now we know with Van Allen's belts, that we actually have this extraordinary roof over us that's protecting us from radiation bombardment like it's going on constantly. And had we not had that roof. It would annihilate us with there could be no life on Earth.

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So the fact that Allah calls it a Bina that it's a roof over you is quite stunning because that's exactly what it is. It's a protective barrier.

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And and what unsettlement Osama Eman and he sat down and who sends water down from the skies right for Karachi Menethil Marathi respond la locum

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and Who brings forth from it fruits for your sustenance Mytho Marathi respond la calm and Thammarat generally firstly

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For most means fruit, like the fruit, how we categorize foods so we have fruits and vegetables and grains, and then the animal products. But if you look at

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the Arabs use fruit also for anything that's beneficial, like Sombra tamale, the fruit of his wealth is what you get benefit from. So he brought forth all of these benefits for us as provision this color calm Falletta alula, he and dad. So now he's giving us a reason. Like Allah saying, look, he did all of this, He created you created those who came before you. So you can't say Oh, my parents created me, because who created them? Who created those before them? It has to go back as chicken and egg. Right? So that's dollar and two cents sold in America, circular reasoning or infinite regress. They're both false. It's impossible. So Allah is saying, We did all this, that perhaps you

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might have Taqwa. You know, guard yourself, be conscientious about your Lord, be aware of your Lord. And then he made the earth this wonderful abode for you. He gave you a protective roof over you a canopy, he and then he sat down water from from the skies, and brought forth all of this provision for you, John lemon and Michael O'Shea. And hey, we made every living thing from water. So all this provision comes out. And you see like the dead earth brought back to life. It's amazing all the green that takes over. And so then Allah says, Allah Tada, Allah, Allah and dad don't set up anything. Do not suppose anything to be like God don't set up idols. Besides God, the NID is a like

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it's, it's the same as don't make something the same as God. And that's why the A man once said to the Prophet, either sha Allah was [???]tier, or sort of Allah, he's alerted and the NID Danmark Allah don't, don't make mine this year. And it because that's called Wow. That's a conjunction that indicates they're the same. So if you will, then if God wills and you will, so he was saying no, I will and God's Will are two different things. So let me need them Mala don't make me a partner with God I don't have the machine of God I have my own volition, but it's not God's mushiya So now what's important about this versus the Joomla Halia that comes after that well would have that comes out

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what untung tatlow Moon and you do it knowingly when you know

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and this is this is why our tradition and this there's a lot of feed off about these issues but I'm inshallah giving you the the normative most common belief that the Prophet told us we should be with the majority of people couldn't Masada Allah be with the vast majority of believers. The belief is, is that if people have not been given a message if they don't know then they're not taken to account for what they do out of ignorance, they have to have something like the Manhattan epatha Rasool we will not punish people until we send a message or now the Martez right said the Rasul is the icon, that the messenger is the intellect. And there is a man who really understanding that the intellect

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does have some tech leaf in it, but generally, the dominant pin of both the two dominant schools the Moto Revia, and Shakira is that people are not punished until the message comes to them. It's made clear to them and they reject it. And so this is a really important point because a lot and and I'll just say we'll get to this if we get to it, Inshallah, there's another verse in Bukhara and and

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Surah Al Hajj that just indicates the previous dispensation dispensations, but one of the things that's important to understand is that Imam Al Ghazali wrote a book called faith so that Africa was a very important book and the, the American scholar

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Dr. Abdul Hakim

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Jackson

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translated into English it's called

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the boundaries of tolerance, I think in English, so it's available in English, but it's a very important work that Imam has that he wrote to really define Kufa.

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One of the things that he makes clear in there, and he actually says that he can't say more about it, because he had a kind of opening from a Kish about it. One of the things he makes very clear is that the vast majority of people

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you know, we have to be very careful about condemning people, because there's so many variables in dealing with why people believe what they believe.

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And this is something even Hudson understood because he was a great sociologist.

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he really understood inculturation and how people are enculturated into their beliefs. So it's very hard for people to give up the beliefs that they grew up as children. In fact, the famous Jesuit,

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the founder of the Jesuit St. Ignatius Loyola, he said, If you give me the child before seven, I'll have him on his deathbed. That was, that was a understanding, like if we can get them really early and indoctrinate them, which is why a lot of this horrible stuff that's happening now is happening through childhood indoctrination, because they know if we can get them young, we just look at some of the children's books that are being published, because they know that they, the whole generation is going to die off the dinosaurs, the people that knew how life was before all this madness. And once they're gone, nobody will know it'll be like reading old history.

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All right.

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So I mean, my my grandfather, told me, he witnessed the introduction of cars into San Francisco's as a 10 year old, which is quite amazing. I mean, and now we have

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new flights to the moon. And people are have cell phones like Dick Tracy, that was all fantasy. In the 1950s and 60s, dictators. He had a little watch where he could talk to people on it. And now people do it all the time. I mean, I knew that the End of Time was Nero, when I went back after 10 years to Mauritania, was a young Bedouin boy

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in the desert, and he said to me, ask the Lavista, baby. And I just I knew that this was because when I first went to Mauritania, they didn't even some of them did not know where America was. They just vaguely heard of a place called him, I'm not making this up, like people's I exotic sized motif. And I know what I saw, I know what was there. It's very different now. It's still amazing, but it's very different from what I saw. And then I saw a place that was relatively untouched, in fact, I would argue, entirely untouched by modernity, pre modern people living with pre modern understandings. And to see that because I know, I know, there probably still are a few places where

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you could find that I'm sure. But it's very rare. Now, everybody's been tainted by modernity, and postmodernity. Now,

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so this, so he mentioned in there that

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even if people get a distorted version of Islam, they're not rejecting Islam, they're rejecting a distorted version. If you look at how much propaganda has been done, on the western peoples about Islam, it's first of all, it's 1000 years of propaganda. It's not just recent, it's been going on for centuries, about how evil Islam how evil, the Muslims are the cruel Turk, right? I mean, Turkish people are very, it's amazing. Anybody that goes to Turkey, they're really struck by the goodness of the people. They were, they were very tough and war, that's undeniable. But as a people, they're, they're actually very kind to animals, they had all these Alpar for animal helping animals,

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endowments, and things. Anybody that goes to Turkey is struck by the general goodness of the people.

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So

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really, really important verses about that. So, you know, if you see somebody who's worshipping idols, you know, just recognize that a lot of times it's just out of ignorance as what they were raised doing. And really, it's, I would blame the Muslims more than anybody. Because we've just failed to,

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to really bring Tawheed to people like Britain, praying, because we're the last people of Tawheed. I mean, we really have I, one of my professors when I was doing undergraduate in religious studies, he he was a Christian, but he's when he taught the, the different types of monotheism when he got to Islam, he said, Well, now this is radical monotheism. Like that's how he defined it. Radical monetary. And in other words, it doesn't tolerate any association with God. Because, you know, in Christianity you have

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you have the mystery of the Trinity. In Judaism, there's quite a bit of anthropomorphism in the tradition traditionally, I mean, I think rabbis argue that But traditionally, there's, there's quite a bit this and there's been books written on that.

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Now, this is like a real question. Keifa to Corona Vela. Like, how can you deny God really should be an exclamation point there. You know, how can you deny Kiva to Corona villa? How can you deny God

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Well quantum of water you were dead. In other words you were Lashay you were nothing

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like that. Yeah Come like he brought you to life God and God gave you life Thumma you need to come and then he will cause you to die he will then kill you film the young people and then bring you to life from either hate or

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then you will be returned to God. So that's a really just it's so clear. There's no commentary needed.

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No commentary needed. Wow, that will be

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who will Lydia Hannah panna Comerford already Jamia he made everything in the earth for you. This is a proof that also a shirt EBA that the foundation of things, there is a pilaf about that, but the dominant opinion, is it. Everything is halal, unless there's a proof that it's haram. This is one of them. The proofs for that, who Alinea Kadapa comberford Are the Jamia

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filmer Stella in a summer first awareness about some odd so God is who created for you all that is on the earth, then turn to the heights. And a Stella Ila means to direct one's attention, even though we have to recognize that there's always going to be some anthropomorphism. In language. When we speak about God, we can't get away from it. But we have to understand that you cannot take it in a literal sense that God then turned his attention to, there's there's no time God is is in the eternal, he He is the eternal Now God is present, there is no past, present or future, it's always present. So so there's no turning any direction, in that way. But the mostella, it has summer and

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Therma is after so we're in a time based understanding. So thumb is used. And then I mean that it does mean that. But it's really about the chronological creation of how Allah subhanaw taala did it but Allah,

00:37:16--> 00:37:22

the reality is outside time and space, we cannot place God within time, or space later, he Yizhou

00:37:24--> 00:37:38

he's, he doesn't take he doesn't occupy space, because if he occupied space, it would mean he would be limited. And if he was in time, it would, it would mean that he there's a past and a future

00:37:40--> 00:37:47

that there's change within God, because time is actually according to Aristotle, time is the measure of movement.

00:37:48--> 00:37:54

And movement is change. And so God doesn't change. There's no change in God.

00:37:56--> 00:38:07

Because it was, so the seven heavens, these are, these are mystical concepts. But there's also we know now there's also the seven layers.

00:38:09--> 00:38:24

So it could have multiple meanings. And the thing about the Quran is you can't limit the meanings there. There are multiple possibilities in the Quran will be cliche, and Eileen. And God is completely aware of all things.

00:38:25--> 00:38:29

Now here, we're entering into a very interesting

00:38:30--> 00:38:31

section.

00:38:32--> 00:38:37

Because this is a foundational story. So this is really

00:38:39--> 00:38:58

rooting our species in a cosmology, like how did we come about? Where did we come from? And what are we doing here? So these are the big questions and in philosophy, they say there's five big questions. The ontological, the cosmological, the

00:38:59--> 00:39:44

eschaton know the ontological cosmological epistemological, Satori, illogical, and the eschatological. So those are really big words for basically saying, you know, what, what, what, what is this? Where did it come from? How do we know? What should we do while we're here? And where are we going? Those are the five big questions. And the beauty of religion is that they answer all five scientists can't answer though they'll attempt to answer maybe the cosmological now, but they don't still know where the Big Bang came from. Like, okay, you got to the Big Bang, what was before the Big Bang, and if the laws preceded the Big Bang, then

00:39:46--> 00:39:48

there was something before there was

00:39:49--> 00:39:50

there was something

00:39:52--> 00:39:53

so

00:39:54--> 00:39:59

so this is a really important with our a book a little mini ICA

00:40:00--> 00:40:25

And when your Lord said to the angels in the chat room for the RDF Khalifa, I am placing a deputy on earth. Khalifa could be translated in different ways deputy is certainly one of them, because you put a Khalifa in your place. And that's essentially what a deputy, when you deputize somebody, you're putting them standing like a deputy stands in place of the law, that they represent the law.

00:40:28--> 00:40:38

It can mean steward it can mean also a successor. And it can mean also, sometimes it's translated as Vice gerrant and vice regent.

00:40:40--> 00:40:49

So like a vice president, somebody who's when when the President is not there, they they fulfill that that role. In any case.

00:40:50--> 00:40:54

The Khalifa here, according to our OMA is Adam at ease.

00:40:56--> 00:41:01

So, Allah says, I am placing a deputy on earth

00:41:03--> 00:41:13

to attach Adolphe Herman UCOP ha, well, yes, we could do that. No, no, sir bill will be hunted down or additional, like father in the Aquila momella to animal.

00:41:15--> 00:41:30

So when Allah tells the angels that I'm placing a deputy honor, they say will you put someone who will cause trouble there he uses trouble for facade. You see the SOFIA so corruption is another translation there are several

00:41:32--> 00:41:33

translations but

00:41:34--> 00:41:44

in any case and shed blood well yes we could do when that no no somebody who we have to go and look at the Sudan and and while we sing your praise.

00:41:46--> 00:41:59

So there are the WoW is again, it's hard. This is you're doing this and we're in this hall of total obedience to you. So this is called it's not so an era Taarab they're not

00:42:01--> 00:42:48

CHALLENGING GOD. It's called su Al is stiff ham. explained to us we know your Aleem al Hakim. We know you know all things. Explain to us why you're doing this. Now there's different versions that Ultima in the tafsir Zima. Nassif Ian, other amorphous yourown. They say falcoda dena raazi mentioned this. Some some of the Obama said that they were making PS, the angels that they had seen the jinn had been down on earth before and they had freewill, and they wreaked havoc, and Iblees didn't get it under control. And so when Allah said he's placing another one, and they were like,

00:42:50--> 00:42:53

we just saw what happened to this, like,

00:42:54--> 00:43:02

you're going to do this again. Like they're trying to understand, like, is this all gonna happen again? And so.

00:43:04--> 00:43:13

And then they say, you know, they're going to show corruption, and they're going to shed blood like the gin did. And then we're praising you like this.

00:43:14--> 00:44:00

can explain this? That's that they're asking for an explanation. And this is a really good question. In fact, according to a wonderful book, written by Geoffrey Lang, even angels ask, I mean, it's a beautiful book, but one of the things that he was he was an atheist. It's actually one of the best conversion stories that I know of, because he was an atheist. And when he read that, he had these Arabs in his class, he was mathematician, he was teaching the Arabs, you know, given the Quran, and he was just thought this mythology, he was completely just uninterested. So anyway, he decided to read, you know, just, he said, he got to this, like, it's right at the outset of the book. And he

00:44:00--> 00:44:11

was like, Yeah, this is my question. Like, the angels are asking God that. He said, That was my question. Like, why would God create a war? So he's already pre empting.

00:44:12--> 00:44:24

He's pre empting. God is pre empting you on the problem of evil? Because that's what every all the Atheists say. How could God create a world that has all this evil in it? Well, God's gonna explain.

00:44:26--> 00:44:28

So this is really a beautiful

00:44:29--> 00:44:39

refutation of the problem of evil. It's like the angels wanted to know, like, if you're going to start this again, all this evil, why would you do that?

00:44:40--> 00:44:49

So Allah says, Allah in the animal Mela, tap. No, I know what you don't know. Now, what's interesting is

00:44:51--> 00:44:59

look now, the very first usage of Alamo here, Marla tanomo. That's the

00:45:00--> 00:45:31

Very first usage that Allah is setting up in these coming is it's quite stunning how many times the word that is used here, and yet it begins? I know and you don't know. And that is the equation that that's it. God knows. And everybody else doesn't know other than what God has taught them. And so there's a humility that's that we're being called to in this potter in the animal monitor animal.

00:45:34--> 00:46:14

Well, I love them, you see right after animal monitor animal on what Allama Adam, God taught Adam, what Allama Adam and Anima is a beautiful word Alima in Arabic means to know. But anima means to put an imprint, and it actually means to imprint in clay. So in cuneiform, the original writing, they were literally imprinting it into clay. And so the alarma is a sign that you put into the clay those uniforms. So that those are the Allah mats. And so Alhama Adam, is to imprint give us this knowledge, and this is why we have these.

00:46:16--> 00:46:27

The potentiality for knowledge in human beings is what's there Allah has put that in us, the potentiality is there. And it's going to be displayed by Adam.

00:46:28--> 00:46:54

I lemma Adam melasma Akula. So Adam was taught Now Adam and Arabic, Adam, a demon art, some says from a demon. Some say some automated or a demon are the machines. In Arabic a demo che is via hero viral coalition a demo why HERO COALITION a demo. So it's that he's created.

00:46:55--> 00:47:01

Unlike the gin, who are hidden creatures, Adam and his offspring are manifest.

00:47:02--> 00:47:52

The other one is arithmetic art that he's created from topsoil. And it's also aroma is similar. So it's, it's, it's a dark Tawny color. So he was created from he was created from all the soil. But if you look on the soil, the vast majority of soil is dark and Tawny, which is the majority of people on the planet. The outliers are extremely dark and extremely light. So those are the outliers. So there is soiled, it's white, and they're soiled. It's pitch black, but the majority of people are somewhere in that spectrum of samsara. And so that's why Adam actually sent him his he had all the recessive genes for white and for extremely dark. But the the he was he was up that dark, Tawny. So

00:47:52--> 00:48:09

it's more of the middle types of people on the earth that have these. It's a dark color, he was not white and he wasn't extremely although Hawa in Arabic tends to mean very dark. So I mean, we do know with genetics that that

00:48:10--> 00:48:21

that lighter skin is recessive. And so we know that the first people were dark, how dark and I mean that's all we'll know. Yamo pm and sha Allah when we see

00:48:23--> 00:48:27

our father and our mother inshallah so

00:48:28--> 00:48:35

so Allah and even that said even the name of pasa and and the

00:48:37--> 00:49:00

milk Rafa so even the Casa and the milk Rafa were taught to Adam, outside is the wooden bowl, and the middle of has the ladle that you take out. So he was taught all the night now, what is this ability, and this is what Razi, to me is really one of the most interesting he of all the amorphous Iran, he had the most profoundly philosophical mind.

00:49:01--> 00:49:04

And he's been criticized for that, because he did.

00:49:06--> 00:49:58

But all the scholars have really marveled at morality, his Tafseer, but one of the things that he says, and this is extremely important to me, because it really understands what we're here to do. He said that what Adam the ability that Adam had, was to see the universal in the particular of the of things. What enables us to name is to see the one in the many, the end that's what universes means. So one out of many, like diversity, you know, you have a lot, diversity University is one out of many. And so, the universal is the one from which all the others the particulars

00:49:59--> 00:49:59

are

00:50:00--> 00:50:48

understood through. It's the universal, that so that ability to make one is central to the human condition. And that's why we're called malai. Dune. Moorhead literally means to make one. And that's why Tauheed is making God one God has already won. So what does it mean to have towhee? It means you are understanding God's oneness, you, in your own mind, are understanding the oneness of God. And that's what Tauheed is. So Tauheed is used constantly. The only reason we can communicate is because of the Tauheed, the Tauheed ik ability of the human mind, the ability to see one in many, that's the only reason humans can communicate. And that's why if we say, if you say, camel, why do we call

00:50:48--> 00:51:40

Bactrian camel and dromedary why do we call them both camels? If you look at them, one has the Bactrian has two humps. It's got that Tina Turner hairstyle. It's, it's and then you have the you know, the dromedary has one hump, like, how is that possible? How is that possible, because you are seeing the universal essence of that thing. You're seeing the one in the many. And that's why you can look at a Chihuahua. And you can look at a Great Dane. And you can see the dog Enos of those two things, you can see the universal in the many differentiations of God's creation, you can say that's a flower. Because you know what a flower is you can say, that's a tree because you know what a tree

00:51:40--> 00:52:04

is. Now, nominalist argue that that's just a trick of the mind. This is kind of the Kantian category, that the mind is simply playing a trick on you by that these aren't the same. And that's nominalism where, I mean, that's a radical nominalism where there's no there's nothing, there's no universals there isn't they don't even have a mental existence. It's, it's, it's, if you get into

00:52:06--> 00:52:33

Islamic tradition, you'll find that there, there were some differences. Is there a mental existence? And is there actually what are called the IANA theta, which some of our scholars argued that there were actually these original source forms that were shown to Adam and that's where we get our knowledge from, from those original source forms. And so this is a really really powerful and important

00:52:37--> 00:52:46

section for understanding our tradition. I love them at asthma Hakuna Matata Home and the Home they're some of that little Mercedes because

00:52:47--> 00:52:59

the that's the mere little alcohol, you know, it's home is a pronoun for rational beings. You would say here or, or who for it was.

00:53:01--> 00:53:15

But, but because they're the rational beings were in there also, it's included in there. So when you have, you know, Palma Kuno home Ilhan Omar, they all got up except for the donkey. So that's called a

00:53:16--> 00:53:23

stiff enamel cutter. So the home is the donkey is included in the pronoun of

00:53:26--> 00:53:34

anyway, those are grammatical problems out of the home are a little melodic at the only be asthma

00:53:36--> 00:53:50

in quantum sigh The pain so Allah showed the names to all the angels the Musa may add a smart animal somewhere, he showed them and he said tell me their names. If you're telling the truth.

00:53:53--> 00:54:45

Bardo sube Hannukah there in Milena so we go back to in the animal malata animal. Right I know what you don't know. sube Hanukkah, that's Tenzin that's for just glory to God Transcendent is God above anything we can imagine. There in Milena Ilana ilembe tena, we have no knowledge there, that that nifty diligence we have no knowledge, except what You have taught us indica intellia Ellinwood Hakeem, you are the All Knowing, the most knowing for you our most knowing most wise so Aleem is hyperbolic form of alum and Hakeem is hyperbolic form of Hakim. So, these are exaggerated forms to indicate that immense you know all knowledge and all wisdom you have all knowledge you have all

00:54:45--> 00:54:51

wisdom, you are the most more than anything anyone animal

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

animal condition. So, this is you know them admitting but look

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

Get the look at all the

00:55:03--> 00:55:03

Allah.

00:55:04--> 00:55:18

Allah Ilma Battler momella talamona Allama Adam, and then the embargo, which is a type of, you know, transmitting knowledge, I'm the only you know, let me hear you transmit the knowledge

00:55:19--> 00:55:52

and then sick, which is in quantum society again because real knowledge is truthful. And so you know, if you have knowledge then you're truthful if you're speaking knowledge because knowledge corresponds with reality knowledge is not false knowledge is true. Subhanak Allah al Mallanna LMR Lamanna in Nikka Antilla. Eileen, and then hikma, what's the purpose of knowledge? is wisdom. So look at all of that, just in those few is it's really quite stunning. Just how much is there on a

00:55:54--> 00:56:08

demo? And then he said, Oh, Allah. Yeah. Demo, and only asthma him. Adam, tell them their names for them. Own the asthma him bought an upper locum in the animal of EVA Samoa.

00:56:10--> 00:56:27

And then when he told them their names, God said, Did I not tell you? I know the mysteries of the heavens in the earth. I know, the unseen. I know what animal and again, I know that animal animal animal.

00:56:28--> 00:57:00

I know my took doona Well, my quantum tuxedomoon I know what you disclose, and what you've been concealing. In other words, I know that they're going to so corruption. I know they're going to shed blood on it. But I also know what you've been concealing about them. That there's going to be MBR from them. There's going to be LDL from them. There's going to be aroma, there's going to be righteous, there's going to be slowly home, they're going to do good. They're going to end they'll do it unlike you.

00:57:01--> 00:57:07

purely out of freewill because you do it because I have

00:57:08--> 00:57:17

programmed you to do it. You can't disobey me. They have the ability just to disobey me. And yes, many of them will.

00:57:18--> 00:57:20

But but many of them won't.

00:57:21--> 00:57:24

So it's really just stunning.

00:57:27--> 00:57:34

We're gonna lil Mila. Get in now. See now okay, as a Toba

00:57:35--> 00:57:36

for your bad opinion,

00:57:38--> 00:57:42

as a Toba for your bad opinion, show them respect.

00:57:43--> 00:58:07

You in in, in Asian cultures, in Asian cultures, they bow to show respect you bow to your master like the sensei. And and so in the sujood here is bowing according to most of our scholars, so they actually were told to bow to do like a bow of respect for Adam with Canelo and melodica teams to do the

00:58:08--> 00:58:21

first surgery to in Iblees. So they all bow down and it's his right to translate it bow because you could say prostrate but bow is the correct translation. I think.

00:58:23--> 00:58:40

illegibly So here again, this is called a stiff enamel cut that so it's it's it's this is how the grammarians would interpret that for essentially the Illa Iblees. Like I said, they all got up except for the donkey. So you can you can have something outside of

00:58:42--> 00:58:59

so when it said we said to the angels to bow down well IBLEES was included in them because he was among them use it. He was honorary in that Mela. Even though he was from the Jin Khanna minute Ginny in the Quran says that he was from the jinn some you'll find these

00:59:01--> 00:59:17

in Tafseer. Some of them say that he was transmogrified into a jinn that he was originally an angel. And that he was given that freewill and then he disobeyed and so he was, you'll see these things I once was in a measure this many, many years ago. This is like 40 years ago most. And

00:59:18--> 00:59:59

it was the much use of Sheikh Mohammed and Maliki and Sheikh Mohammed Al Savani. The Mufasa was in the measures. And he mentioned this idea and then he said he really got upset and kind of really gave a strong data about nobody should say that release was from the angels. He was from the gin shouldn't be any filler, but there is a field avid week, but you know, you have to acknowledge these things. So that's the normative opinion and the correct one of course, about a stacked bar. So he refused and showed arrogance is stacked bar as you know the beauty of Arabic the NFC tag

01:00:00--> 01:00:49

It is used in Arabic it can be used for, for to seek something out. So you say like you're steadily more like to seek out information or it can be used for to deem yourself a status you know, like I consider it very beautiful. So it's used that it asked me to stop Jarrah, you can say your aura to become something. So these are different ways that that I've seen ta affects the noun in this case it's he deemed himself Great. is stuck Bara. So Kabara means to be vast or great could be Allah's and Mata Kibera, Allah Azza kabhi Allah Akbar, right, so these are all.

01:00:51--> 01:01:47

So a stack of our stack bar. He refused about because he deemed himself too great to bow down. And he actually said us to the male character, like I should bow down for, and he actually says helmet and Miss noon, like black clay. So he actually uses that word. And that's why racism really is a demonic. It's from Iblees. We should really call it racism because he literally uses the word black and smelly. Like he said, It's black stinky clay, like, I'm gonna bow down to black, stinky clay. And I made out of fire. Like I'm this high element, You created me from fire. And you want me to bow down to this black, stinky clay. So he's arrogant. And that so that really is the beginning of what

01:01:47--> 01:02:28

what modern people call racism. It's arrogance. And that's why the root problem is arrogance. Racism is real arrogance. That's what it is. It's just it's arrogance in the heart. If anybody thinks they're better than another person, they're arrogant. It's as simple as that. And the prophesy some said, you will not enter paradise if you have even a mustards weight of arrogance in your heart. So, and that's why, you know, the sahabi that called the LAO, Divina Celada, which he obviously meant it as a negative term, you know, akin to maybe using a derogatory slur against somebody.

01:02:30--> 01:03:18

When the Prophet said he didn't call him like you're a racist, or he said unto him, Maru Imran fika, Jahad, you still have jehadi in you. So he wants to treat him. Like, he's letting him know, that's a jolly statement. He wasn't Jahad because he was a believer, and he was a devout believer, but he was saying, Yeah, you still have something in you that you need to exercise. And when he understood that he went any he asked the man to put his foot on his, his cheek, he literally went onto the ground and said, Put your foot on as a way of making Toba like he humiliated, humiliated himself before that man, as a way of making Toba to humble himself. And that's why Adam was given the Khalifa by

01:03:18--> 01:03:41

the philosopher because he was humble. IBLEES see, if you if you look at it, please if this has been way too many, you lead me astray. Now when When, when, when Adam was led astray by Iblees, he could have very easily said, The devil made me do it. And a lot of people take that route. The devil made me do it.

01:03:43--> 01:03:46

So he could have said that, but he didn't.

01:03:48--> 01:03:52

He said, We I oppressed myself, we oppressed ourselves.

01:03:53--> 01:04:07

We did it. He took responsibility. And that's the person that can be in charge, the one who's willing to say the buck stops here, the one who's willing to say, I'm responsible not to put the blame on somebody else.

01:04:09--> 01:04:09

Right.

01:04:11--> 01:04:16

Napoleon famously said that victory has 1000 fathers, but failure is an orphan.

01:04:19--> 01:04:37

You know, nobody wants to take blame. But if, you know there's a great story of Cervantes, who wrote the famous is considered the first novel in the West. There is actually a novel before that, I think in Japan, but it's the first

01:04:38--> 01:04:40

novel in the West,

01:04:42--> 01:04:48

called Don Quixote is very interesting, and it's heavily influenced by his Islam. But donkey.

01:04:51--> 01:05:00

Cervantes was a Spaniard living at the time when the Muslims were being persecuted in Spain. This is right during the Inquisition.

01:05:00--> 01:05:19

height of Inquisition. And there's a lot of characters in his play that are in his novel that are clearly hiding out from the Inquisition. They're Muslims. And he's, he actually got, you know, he's got this scene where he puts on his little toupee and starts doing Sobha. And he has his sights set on Mirage, it's very interesting story. But anyway,

01:05:20--> 01:05:21

there's a great

01:05:22--> 01:05:26

event that happens in his life. He was captured in and

01:05:28--> 01:05:40

by Corsairs, Algerian and he was taken to Algeria, and he was put in prison while they tried to make an escape. And so the,

01:05:42--> 01:05:44

the warden of the prison,

01:05:45--> 01:06:34

he ordered them all to be punished and Servantes came out, and he said, No, no, only punish me. He said, you can give me all of their punishment because I was the one that instigated this. And he he knew immediately that he was a nobleman, just from that act, because it was such a noble act. And he was he was an aristocrat, so he pulled them out, he ended up learning Arabic, he lived seven years, he became the governor's secretary, and he learned a lot about Islam, which is why you find Hadees all throughout serratus and I discovered that I read Don Quixote in Spain many many years ago, and could clearly see a lot of the Muslim influence was one of my father's favorite books. But There's

01:06:34--> 01:06:41

recently been researchers that have started to recognize the he actually says it was written by

01:06:43--> 01:06:57

Ben Hammett, Ben galley, you know, Hamid Bengali so he attributes it to an Arab the whole book that he's just the manual answers. In any case, there's a little diversion so

01:06:59--> 01:07:13

Mecanim middle caffeine and here really it's about ingratitude which is the meaning of kofod he was an angry he was the ungrateful because he's not a disbeliever in that way there's a muscle

01:07:14--> 01:07:21

the more fat muscle was a famous muscle the ultimate canal about this because

01:07:23--> 01:07:31

this is the between the the Shire and the maturity the can you see a moment on insha Allah because does

01:07:35--> 01:07:39

was it bliss always a Kaffir with God right

01:07:40--> 01:08:18

and that's the Miss Ella more fat it's it's how you come to God on the piano that determines the reality and that's why the shout out I say you can say on a moment on inshallah not doubt down in your eemaan but not knowing your hajima so you're you're you're not you're admitting that I don't know my heart tema. I'm hoping that I'll die as a believer, but there are people that the prophesy Some said they live their whole life a calf here and then right before they they become a believer. And there's other people they live their whole liveness and a lot of Afia Mauritanians me know me know.

01:08:22--> 01:08:45

Open the Moscone Center was ojochal Jen will coulomb in Rafah then hi to shed tumor. What are Takara had Isha Jarrah taffeta Khun I'm in a valley Maine and we said Adam live in the garden you and your wife and eat of it comfortably as you wish but do not go near to this tree for you will become abusive tyrants Lonnie mean meaning you will become

01:08:47--> 01:08:51

basically your your lower self will.

01:08:52--> 01:08:56

That it'll be tyrannical over your higher self.

01:08:57--> 01:08:58

So

01:09:01--> 01:09:02

this is now

01:09:04--> 01:09:21

Adam is in Jana, he's he has his mate Hawa. She's not mentioned the only woman that's mentioned in the Quran is Maryam, all the other women are mentioned like this. And the reason for that is because

01:09:23--> 01:09:28

in Arab tradition, you do not mention the wives of

01:09:30--> 01:09:51

other people in a mage days or a gathering it would it would be considered an item. I mean, modern Arabs now do it because they've lost these kinds of formalities, but traditionally it would have been a huge aid to mention that But and so a man can mention his wife, but not so this is like an edit

01:09:53--> 01:10:00

type of a dub, but it's a distinction of Merriam because she is I'm at a law so

01:10:00--> 01:10:11

It's her MACOM that she's the only woman named in in the Quran is that she has that MACOM with ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. It's as if he's saying she's mine.

01:10:13--> 01:10:16

And it's it's her MACOM it's so high

01:10:17--> 01:10:18

and it has center.

01:10:20--> 01:10:55

So yeah, the Moscone Center was Audra congenita. We'll call him in Hurghada. Dan Rather than you know, comfortable. You're gonna have all you need hi to share. Toma wherever you go. But at acaba de shujaa. So there's always these are always the caveats in in life, you always have this, you can do whatever you want, but don't do that. Don't open the box. It's like, there was sure I had a his wife who he loved Zana. And he was the Adan had gone off he there was a there was a

01:10:57--> 01:11:09

scorpion in the room. And so he put a bowl on it and he was going to deal with it afterwards, because they had on went off and he just said Zanna natal tassa Don't Don't lift the ball.

01:11:10--> 01:11:18

So she goes in, of course, you know, the multi tenancy, aka that's adequate. And she got curious, she goes in, she lifts the ball, she got stung by the

01:11:20--> 01:11:44

so she comes back, he sees his poor wife, she's got stung by the scorpion. And he looks at her and he says, You know, I try to reach yada yada reborn and he sat home for sure Latin meanie yum Abiteboul xinova Is that I've seen some men they strike their wives may my hand be paralyzed if I ever lifted against Xena because she was a good woman. They're beautiful story.

01:11:45--> 01:12:35

So, but that's the thing, you the temptation is always there. Now there's a difference of opinion because we know the prophets cannot disobey. They don't disobey openly. Some other economists say that the early flam there is for ahead. In other words, it was specifically that that that he thought that it was specifically that tree, but not the fruit whereas it was actually for the estate of Iraq it was for all those types of trees. So that's some of them say that you know, there's different opinions about the Some say the Navy was tansy that it was it was my crew. It wasn't a NATO headin. So you're gonna get different opinions of trying to get out of this problem. A lot of

01:12:35--> 01:12:49

them Allah knows best. But what is the tree? Now in the in the Christian tradition they always use the apple even though the apples not mentioned in the Bible. In our tradition, the majority of said it was wheat.

01:12:50--> 01:13:20

And in fact, Imam Nassif he says that some of them say a cave and I'll see in San Robbo, la Makoto mindshare, Zara Sen. Like how could man not disobey his Lord, when his main staple is from the tree of disobedience? Because we eating wheat? Some say it's the karma, which I was thinking it's interesting if Indian you know that words from karma, because they use that word karma, you know, like the vine.

01:13:21--> 01:13:26

Like is that where all the karma began? was from the karma. Hello, Adam.

01:13:27--> 01:13:32

So anyway, those are those funny, like phony etymologies that people find.

01:13:35--> 01:13:43

So he was told later carbohydrate joura That Hakuna men Avani mean you your press yourselves.

01:13:45--> 01:14:05

For Oiselle Lahoma Chapin or anha for a hydrogel Houma minima can fee but then the obsessor he uses that term because was wasa is a type obsessive compulsive thoughts that IBLEES uses, he gets people to use these terms. So made them both slip and fall from there.

01:14:07--> 01:14:12

And as Ella means Zela is to slip and then obviously it can cause a fall

01:14:13--> 01:14:19

and have 100 Jehovah and dislodge them mean my canopy

01:14:22--> 01:14:38

because he convinced them to do to kumara Shara to hold one would collabora he tells them in another IRA. Another chapter he tells them Can I tell you this tree of eternity and a dominion that never ends?

01:14:39--> 01:14:51

So he tricks them and they and they eat from the tree. The Quran doesn't put the onus on the woman you find that in the Bible.

01:14:52--> 01:14:57

Allah Allah Allah I mean it's not. It's clearly says they both

01:15:01--> 01:15:04

ended up you know they both ate from the tree and that's what happened

01:15:05--> 01:15:06

so

01:15:09--> 01:15:38

me my canopy so some say because the devil was with a gene that he actually was at the gate of paradise when he called them and then there's also a rewire that says that he went into the FEM the mouth of a serpent and that's how he got in was the husband didn't see the serpent so it wasn't that he was a serpent but that that was the vehicle that he used to get into Jana

01:15:39--> 01:15:49

Allah Allah annum these are all you know in the end we only know what's sound which is in either that multilateral Quran or in the sahih Hadith

01:15:50--> 01:15:56

but you still use that and so we had a shot and they're mentioned in the tough series for a reason

01:15:58--> 01:16:09

McAfee welcome available so who bolt is new Zune go down to San let you all descend by the company better than I do.

01:16:10--> 01:16:32

So some of you this is a heartless a description of our state so go down you're now you're in the world of you were in paradise. Now you're in the world of freewill and appetites and so this is the body with the Addy This is the body come live better than I do.

01:16:33--> 01:16:44

That means some of them say it means the humans fighting one another and then it bleeds also another say it's a brace is our enemy and he's really the source of all the problem.

01:16:45--> 01:17:15

But Ramadan is a proof that you know there's more here working than IBLEES so welcome, welcome for the for the rd Mr. Carr. And there you will be there and there will be housing and food for you so you have this moussaka in the earth on earth for a while Metatron EDA hain. So you have a residence or are and you have an attack you have what you need, you know, food and provision really provisions

01:17:18--> 01:17:18

for

01:17:20--> 01:17:23

them we'll mail rob the he can email it and and I mentioned the other anyway with

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them mineraI Karima tune the third valley in the hood, Tolliver Rahim. Then Adam received instruction from his Lord and God relented toward him, for God is Most relenting most merciful on the alto Minho, Jamia in May at the end Khomeini Huda from antibiotic Budaya Farah joven. Adam, welcome. Yes, no. So we said, Let all of you descend from there. So in the commentaries, they say, Here, it's Adam Hawa and then Iblees. But if guidance does indeed come to you from me, then whoever follows My guides will have nothing to fear. In other words, you won't fear this the future and you won't have sorrow for the past. So that's why health and housing are used often in the Quran and

01:18:12--> 01:18:20

Hadith because one is fear of Makoto in the future, some harm and the others husband of what's passed.

01:18:22--> 01:18:55

When Medina covetable will get the movie I Tina Gula. Because how not Humphrey Hardy dune. And as for those who ungratefully repudiate our signs, and that's a beautiful translation of Cafaro because it's getting both meanings ungratefully repudiate. He's really getting both meanings of ingratitude, but also repudiation, the fact that you're rejecting so it's really a nice, I don't know if that's his or if there was other people that that use that. But he, Dr. Clear actually had many creative

01:18:57--> 01:19:15

solutions to the problem of translation of these words. And Ruth Lawrence acknowledges that and so does Hadid bank Chicago flagship apps actually thought that he said it could potentially become an important translation like he recognized that there was some really interesting aspects to it.

01:19:17--> 01:19:30

Well, could the will be i Tina Gula equals how not only how Hardy dune and accuse them of falsity and they are the company to fire us how not Companions of the Fire Company. They are the ones who will stay at home for you how hottie dune

01:19:33--> 01:19:34

how much time

01:19:38--> 01:19:43

okay, you know, just before I end, I just want to say please

01:19:46--> 01:19:54

support the college where you know, we have lots of plans, but we can't implement the plans without your help. We're really

01:19:55--> 01:19:59

almost done with a just a phenomenal Studio.

01:20:00--> 01:20:17

So we're going to be able to be providing a world class in shall have in the lab. That's our hope anyway, no claims. But really, we're going to aspire to really producing world class materials for online learning. Different subjects

01:20:18--> 01:20:48

have provided, you know, interviews, have doing lots of plans for that. The college is growing, we need your help to grow further. This is been a labor of love for a lot of people. I know we've had an immense amount of support out there, but we really need continued support. I know it's difficult times for a lot of people also but it's in difficult times that it's it's good to do what you can it's always good to do what you can because

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Allah is our Lord in difficult times in in easy times. We're going to Mexico City.

01:20:58--> 01:21:40

And with hardship comes ease. last cruise on one night, how can we understand this in light of the fact that people are going fast on different days? Well, stay up for all 10 I mean, that's the lesson in that because it's definitely is one night. I mean, obviously I lock and do whatever he wants. He can give you the reward for your Nia I you know, that's up to God to do that. I don't know. But Lana Takada is one night in the last 10 Nights, it could be any of the 10 Nights, but traditionally, it was because of the Hadees to look for it in the in the odd nights. Tonight is an odd night for some of us and it's an even night for others. I would say that's all the more reason

01:21:40--> 01:21:43

to just try to benefit from all the last 10 Nights.

01:21:45--> 01:21:48

Why is polytheism an unforgivable sin in Islam?

01:21:51--> 01:22:00

It's a good question. I think what's important to remember again, that the

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who Allah forgives, and who he

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doesn't, is entirely up to Allah Subhana Allah to Allah.

01:22:11--> 01:22:13

And Allah does say

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that,

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that lay of Quran you Shakopee. He like he does not forgive that he is associated with.

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And like I said earlier, it's clearly stated that the elderly are here, and then we're going to Tattler moon. So it's a very

01:22:37--> 01:22:38

arrogant thing to

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associate with your Lord,

01:22:42--> 01:22:44

who's given you everything.

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In terms of

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a loving, infinitely merciful, this was a problem in cut. Um, and you do see different attempts at solving this, even though to me, and there's people that argue that he didn't say this, but it's very clear that he did argue for what's called for now not that the fire eventually is extinguished.

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Even out of his solution to it was that eventually the fire actually they become natty Yan. Like they're just people of the fire. And so they actually they still have the eye that but it's like a masochistic, there's people and it was very interesting. We have these people on earth that enjoy being punished. That's a very interesting phenomenon, like people pay people to whip them

01:23:34--> 01:23:38

you know, or do these funny things were so and then

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you know, so and then also, there are Heidi's inaudible hottie about that a lot continues to take people out of the fire as long as they had even a mustard weight of of Eman in them. So

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we don't know.

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I'm not.

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I believe in the Quran. I believe whatever Allah said, I don't have any problems with whatever Allah wants to do. Because it's his world. He created it. I emailed it said, Oh, Allah, you are the way I love. So make me the way you love. And I think one of the things that

01:24:23--> 01:24:59

there is a kind of arrogance that we I don't know, with that we kind of assumed that God should be a certain way. Or, like we don't like things about God. I mean, I, whatever. I have never had a problem with Sharia. I just don't have problem with Sharia. I actually really understand property laws. Like I really, I do understand why you have to have mercy as well and and you don't implement HUD punishments when people are in very dire straits. But I think if if some of the Sharia laws were applied

01:25:00--> 01:25:04

You'd see behavior really get a lot better pretty quickly.

01:25:05--> 01:25:07

Yeah, there's a reason because that can

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precisely hire you have in these laws of retribution life because life becomes very difficult when laws break down and people don't obey the laws and it just becomes Doggy Dog and people just take over so ring structures in the Quran have been discussed the last two decades where they discussed classically not that I know of there's there's some interesting studies and ring structures you find ring structures in a lot of ancient literature. So it's not unique

01:25:41--> 01:25:44

to the Quran, although the

01:25:46--> 01:26:16

Cooper's book is a very interesting book and I think also farine who's in Kuwait I think he did his work at UC Berkeley but he's he's done some very interesting work on that and showing that the types of ring structures are they couldn't have been worked out like as a kind of pre planned the way the Quran was revealed. You couldn't have put it together like that. So there are some very interesting things. I don't know enough about it to have an opinion.

01:26:19--> 01:26:21

Any other questions?

01:26:32--> 01:26:56

What are the names that Allah taught Adam? Well, the prophet well I mentioned whatever that verse that he said it was all the names which there's a pilaf amongst our own, but I think it's an argument I love the melasma you know, that he taught them that language is totally for you. So the original language and there's a fee laugh about what it was. Some say it was Arabic Some say it was

01:26:57--> 01:27:05

a type of Syria Ania Iman Mazziotti says woman I Jack Ma Tara Lena Annie and Capri Sirianni

01:27:08--> 01:27:14

obduracy is the bag said that little babies when they babble they're actually speaking the first language

01:27:16--> 01:27:21

because they're talking to the angels. Oh, Adam, I don't know. But

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so the names were like he named things he gave everything a name

01:27:33--> 01:27:45

can you please explain the idea there's no compulsion in religion? It's pretty self explanatory that one that you kind of have a dean you shouldn't force people into a religion

01:27:47--> 01:27:51

because they just create monarchial con you just create hypocrites

01:27:53--> 01:28:02

people the prophesy Sam didn't compel people. The people entered Islam freely. I mean, obviously there are

01:28:04--> 01:28:11

read the laws and some people find those confusing in light of that you gotta have a dean.

01:28:12--> 01:28:42

There's only gonna have written on this of late and and it's it's something that I think modern Muslims are, are grappling with in the modern world. But I think that is not an abrogated it's a very late verse. It's not abrogated, and I think we should take it at face value. It could have been it's a it's a, it's the we're the only world religion that has that principle. No other word religion has that. We're the only one that that made that statement. So

01:28:43--> 01:28:50

and we should just honor people. You know, this is an age of for Danny, it's an age of individualism.

01:28:51--> 01:29:25

In the past, you know, the apostasy laws were to protect the believers, that was the purpose of them. And most people were happy to see them implemented, even though they were rarely and in Muslim history. Rarely, were there any read the laws implemented. That's simply a fact. Many, many heretics lived to a ripe old ages. I mean, there are periods where you have these things. In fact, the last thing and when you have the martyrs of kotoba, which were Christians that were really distraught at how many Christians were becoming Muslim.

01:29:26--> 01:29:45

That they started going into mosques and and cursing the religion and doing things to become martyrs. Like they actually wanted to be martyred and the KDF would find all these excuses not to do it like they were crazy and Roofer And Homer column and Muslims did not like to implement capital punishment.

01:29:46--> 01:29:59

I'm not gonna say it was all rosy and Kumbaya, because it wasn't. There's a lot of horrors in Islamic history, and just like all human history, but overall I think it was

01:30:00--> 01:30:22

Certainly a lot better than anywhere else on the planet. I think if, if you had a choice to live anywhere in the world 1000 years ago, most people would choose in the Muslim world if they if they could see the world as its as it was, they would have chosen the Muslim world. So we fallen on hard times, but the religion hasn't. You Muslims have but the religions the same same truths.

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That's it Subhan Allah Handicare shadow and Ilahi, Lanta, Astok Foucault to go like, what else are we in that in Santa Fe, Illinois, Indiana, and one middle Saudi had to also be able to also so I hope you inshallah will sign up for the 12,000 Strong, we've had a really good response to that in the last few months. And I really appreciate that. And the whole college on behalf of the whole college is really thank all of you for your support. But I do hope that you'll think about giving a donation in these last 10 days to zetonna. Even if you've already given one, maybe it's just a small one for the reward of doing that something extra just like Kamala Harris was settlement equal to

01:31:10--> 01:31:11

labor capital.