The Jewels of the Qur’an #03
Channel: Hamza Yusuf
File Size: 74.52MB
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Rasul Allah Allah Sina Mohammed whiner early or saburo sentiments aseema kithara and humbly lay on that Adam and along with the Helene have been, or dotnet or Jaco slidey hain along Miller in Milena Luma alum tonight in the control element Hakeem alumni alumni and ferno fan of you my lamp and I was in Elma. Cora is in the oma Alhamdulillah Salam alikoum. I hope everybody's, well, this is our third
session on moving to inshallah tomorrow to the Jawahar. But we've had these preliminary sessions. Today, I'm going to be talking about arugula Quran, I apologize for any of the technical difficulty that we had. But this is the nature of the dunya. And certainly the nature of technology. This section that I'm going to be dealing with today is the ad AB have to do with an
ad is very difficult word in Arabic to translate. There are, there are some words that are so specific in Arabic, like CAS is a very specific word, it means a glass that does not have a handle that is filled with liquid, that's a cast, it's very specific. You don't have any problems translating, with other Arabic words, you It literally there's a semantic field involved. So adab is one of those words, if you if you look at the origin of it, that we do is to really invite somebody to a banquet. And the the word metadata and metadata are both used to describe the parent. So the the metadata is, is really it's the idea of a place where you have a banquet, but also D is to
discipline somebody. So the devil is the one that raises children. It's the teacher of children. So other is is really about the proper manners that you would have at a banquet. And if anybody's ever been to a banquet I think most people have if they're adults.
There's certain things that you do you you respect the table you don't
transgress your boundaries. There's certain there's a certain adapt to the conversation also you don't interrupt people you don't if you're going to have a dab and there's obviously people that come they're very crude in these situations. And those people are in Malacca, Malaysia they're called be adab. They without further I think is Persian as well be added means without added so we don't want to be be added. So this is about the add depth of T Dallas and upon.
And this comes from email because it deals with this in two places. He deals with his in the Joa how to Oran but he also deals with it in the Yeah, so I preferred to look at it because the Jawahar indictable urbaine which is where he deals with it.
This is his he goes into more detail in it. So the the Koran one of the things this is a sign of the adverb of Quran. If you look at this
picture here, this is a picture of a manuscript and it's ornamented they, they usually put a last name in gold ink, they obviously put this illumination around it, it's quite stunning what they did so the Muslims really understood the importance of having adapt towards the Quran, in everything
we have in the Quran, Allah subhana wa Tana has blessed this oma with the absolute preservation of the book. There's recently been some Christian scholars that have tried to attack the pot on there that there are a certain group of Christians that really see Islam as the enemy. And they really feel they also know that Islam spreads rapidly. And they're seeing it spread even in these countries. Now, on the one hand, you could look at this as a kind of corporations and market share and campaigns against the corporation, why you shouldn't go to this. I mean, there's that element in it, but there's also an element of somebody believes something's true, and they don't want falsehood
to spread. And so there are certain Christians that have that belief. One of the things that they have tried to do is they spent a lot of time trying to create doubt about the Hadith that didn't really pan out because most of the latest research that is being done by Orientals on Hadeeth are actually recognizing how accurate the Hadeeth the rigor of the head, the transmission.
So there are several really serious orientalist that have been doing this.
So what they've chosen is to really try to undermine the idea of the perfect preservation of the Quran. So there are certain groups out there, I spoke to Dr. Juan Cole, who's, I think, one of the finest people in common Orientals, I wouldn't, but in the field of Western people that are studying Islam, and I talked to him about and he said, Nobody, that's really credential takes their work seriously. But unfortunately, they're online and people look at them. And they try to
make this argument that because there's all these Cara ads, that how do you have the preserved Quran when there's all these different ways of reciting it?
And then they try to create doubt about the the actual transmission of the Quran, because they show Oh, there's all these mistakes in the early manuscripts and there's things that were raised. Well, Muslims have never denied the fact that there were many recensions of the Quran. And in fact, when Othman part of the reason why earthman put the Quran together and made sure that it was preserved was because of the loss of the Pura and the fear that alternate recensions would spread amongst the Muslims. So, there are 10 cut out, originally, the seven were considered mutawatir emammal jaziri ended that debate. So, he he was one of the greatest scholars of Tisch we then have ortho or the
phonics or the graphics. So, he ended that debate and really
recognize the other three. So, these are the 10
and each one of them has a rally, there is no difference in the thematic script, there were there are differences there are differences in the diacritical marks, there are and then a few of the factors which change the meaning and give you nuances in the meeting. So for instance, will also have a memo see visit for B markers of equal at one Clara
de Microsoft ID comm without the is another one and it changes the meaning of the map. Is that a muster? You know is it saying a lady. So these are nuances in the meanings that will actually show up or to thaba to enter Bejarano in Surah Taha gerat is another example of that.
The important thing to note is that these are in the different Manik scripts and they were transmitted by the robot with Tata from the profit sighs I'm so we personally, as somebody who's
studied this and has been with people that master the 10 of karate, and also studied with the Mauritanians who have phenomenal memories. I have no doubt that that this is
this is accurate. So we have awesome sad from our Kufa, he's 127 after his Jetta, he had to go to what shot that and house houses the one that most people know. The Another thing you'll see, some people will say these same people say oh Huff's, he's not accepted and Hadeeth How could they accept them? And of course, this is I've seen this, you know, people write these things on the internet. And
there are many of the greatest scholars of the early period that were weak and Hadeeth. But they were masters in other areas. So they're taken in the areas that they're imagined that actually is a testimony to the rigor of the Muslims. The fact that they recognized him as a master in, in, in in the narration of Quran, but he was weak in the narration of Hadith. I mean, that's pretty obvious to me. So they'll do these things, even armor le asobi he was in Damascus. 118 he had, he shot them and even with a Kwan about armor and massini from our boss, Rob 155, he had a duty was soucy these are actually still read in Sudan. They read a duty even Okay, Thea has been busy and and, and humble.
And he was in Mecca, around 120 I mean, isn't it interesting that they're all around the same time line so this is when it was all coming down. nafi a lady was from Medina and munawwara and NASA is extremely important. He was he's he was originally from
he was the mom of Medina for 60 years. So he led the prayer in Medina verse because he actually when he spoke, a scent of musk came out of his mouth that people heard and he he said that, that since the time the person
Sam had, he signed a dream and the Prophet sighs
read the product, read the Quran to him and done something. And after that people always smelt that musk. He was also somebody who, when waters came to him,
waters had such a beautiful recitation that they used the other reciters with NASA used to let him recite so he had to by noon, which is read in Libya, and Mr. Walsh, which read in
in Africa, North Africa and West Africa. The distinction of NAFTA over the other art is that EMA Matic considered it soon above the other ones because it's in the ledger of Porush and the province I said I'm This is the language that he spoke, especially wash. And so for that reason, he considered as soon as he Mohamad was asked which para au Clara attend to father he said NASA will allow for Awesome, so they did have preferences, although they're all considered from the privatized
house was from Benny, Timmy, it's the ledger of Benny Tommy who were northern Arabs in East East northern Arabs, and then you had Hamza yet from our Kufa. 156 and he had colophon Khaled and then imamura. Kasai who's who's a very important scholar, also from an Kufa and he had a late and duty who also is is a rally in another, and then you have a budget of her and madonie and he has even more than an mg max. So he is 130 these key size 189 Hamza is 156. And they need Yeah, yeah, poor but Howdy, from Alibaba, 205, rows and rows. And these, these are our jafa iacob and have are, these are the 10. So the first up to kisai are the seven and then these are the 10. And then there's 14,
there's four more that are considered a head and then you have what are called the Shifu had means that their sound, but they don't have to Whatta so we can't take them as caught on. But that but their sound, this the it's like a hadith. So I had the head these are generally not accepted in aqeedah whereas they're accepted in film. So it's the same a had karats are not accepted for the Quran because the Quran has to be taught. So these are the reciters Allah Subhana Allah says alladhina attina Hammad, keytab yet Luna who haka Tierra de hula ek manana are human on Obi Wan Ling yuck for behave like a homer has your own. So this verse, those to whom we have given the Scripture,
yet to Luna Whoa, the beauty of the word to our in Arabic is it means to follow and it means to recite. It has both meanings. And so till now is what a company that tenaha like Allah says about the moon when it Tila, this the the sun as it follows the sun. So to Allah is following. So the beauty of this
idea is that it's telling you in one word, that it's both reciting and following and a moment of Azadi. We'll get to that. And then it says they believe in it and they don't disbelieve whoever disbelieves in it. They're the losers. The hoshea rune and I could really go into this is such an interesting word in the pot on
the host Ron datacolor, Hassan and moving house here.
But inshallah I'll do that for say that for a podcast, where either party or Quran of istemi rula Wang z to the eloquent or her moon, this is a very interesting verse in that
it has both Estemirova Whoa, so the Arab system is stomach, la II, which is what the eye so it's like watchful listening is the stomach level is with attentive listening with the ear, and then inside is to be silent because you could be listening and making comments or talking so if the Quran reciters you could be listening but then you so this is inside is really to to to listen quietly. Like really pay attention. There's a cyber mindfulness, Llandeilo counter hormone in order, Landa can mean it's for Taraji and in Arabic, but it also can be for tilaka. You know, it has the meaning of Taraji but it also has the meaning of that that it will happen So here it's in order for you
really more than that you may be given but in order Yeah. And then in no minimum you know, in our lead in either Luca Allah What do you that's kuruva home. Were you there to do any more. I had to hope that
tumo imana were anatomia to occur on so true believers are those whose hearts tremble there's there's waje that global home it's almost creates like a palpitation with all right and and and when God has mentioned and their faith increases when his revelations now from this you get a whole debate amongst them with the Kennedy moon does he man increase? Or does it not increase? So there's actually a he laugh about what that means, which is very interesting fade out but overall it's a semantic difference because when you actually look at it the maturity and the static positions on this
the idea of increase in demand is more knowledge that as you increase in knowledge you believe in more things. So your E man increases in that way but he man as a as a as a reality is one thing so that's where the debate is. So some of them say no that that actually man that is tough to do. It's it's fair as authenticating or verify that that actually will increase also, it's not just what you believe, but the actual the intensity of the belief and the power of the belief increases. So anyway, that that's a completely side issue. kemosabe 30 doodoo cash shim see it as a layered walk around and fidgety in a paranoid fidgety kind of shooter. Some people say the five prayers aren't in
the Quran, this ayah has the five prayers in the Quran. Because the even though it's the three times there are actually three times, which is why in the Shia tradition, they actually have three times. And in the molecule tradition, they have, technically three times because the volha and asar is is even though they're two separate things, the time for them is one time. So it's a very interesting debate about this, even though obviously even in the Maliki method, you should pray in the proper times. But the actual time of the huddle, which is it's still the hot is all the way up to the end of the time of Asa.
And the same is true for technically Isha and frasure. So here you have Luca shams, which is the movement of the Sun across one and then it is a layer. This is the time that when the sun passes its zenith and then the darkness of the night, and then the Koran and fidgety. And then Allah tells us that in foreign affairs he can I'm sure that so all of the Quran is witness. But the Parana fudgier has an intensity of witnessing due to the number of angels that are coming down and and the angels that are going up. So it's a time of exchange of the angel. So there's an immense amount of Baraka in reciting of Koran at that time. It's one of the best times obviously. And then the province it
was known as a woman a lady at the head jack B he now tahajjud tattooed in Arabic, literally means to fight off sleep. That's what it means. So who Jude in Arabic is sleep to fat Allah is to to ward off something, right? That's one of the means there's there's a few others in salt. So so tahajjud here literally means to fight off sleep, the hoodoo. Nafisa Tilak, the nasira is your no alpha, it's your extra. It's supererogatory. Even like if you look at the beautiful Hadith about later the other the prophets Allah isn't a lamb you as him, he didn't make it firm on the people he said Man armor he man and whack the seven or fear Allah, if you do it out of faith, and believing ever war with
Allah, you'll be forgiven from what has gone before your sins. So it's, it's an artifact. So the nafeesa is nafeesa is
it's what you show. It's that extra thing. And and people nephila is, when the wife or the husband whoever's making the dinner,
when they put the candle out, or they put the, you know, they do those extra things to make it just all that more special. So that is always out of love. And that's why it's so important to recognize that nafi that really comes from love. And so when the prophets I sent him you know, he got some venous stasis in his in his lower legs from because he was older. And and from standing up a lot because when you stand up a lot in one place, you can get some
swelling in the, if you've ever traveled on an airplane, on a long trip, all you have to do is just poke down on your lower legs and you'll see the right the the edema, the retention of the water down there. So I should notice that and said to him,
You know allows forgiven your sins.
Like even though his sins are, they're not sins really but has an added
macarons he, you know, has Sinatra sejahtera carabin like they say, so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to him, oh, and I'm gonna add them shakoora Shouldn't I be a grateful servant? In other words, that's out of love and gratitude might have been sugar. So, then this is why as any other ethic or bukem amoda, that perhaps your Lord in order that your Lord may raise you to that preset and the Mohammed Mahmoud is on the day of judgment when the Prophet has that position. And then in number omerta on our Buddha had the hill belt at lady how Rama ha, Willa, who could shave and this uh, this is really one of my favorite verses in the Quran. You know, I was commanded to worship the Lord of
this city, meaning Mecca. That alethea how Rama ha, that he has made it a home a sanctuary. Willa, who kulu Shea This is a lot does everything. He's the possessor of the dominions of the heavens. What will mere to an akuna min and muslimeen what an actual Koran. So I should be from the believers. And then to recite the Koran. This is the next I after this one. Sorry. So what an Add to add on here it is I didn't realize it was one I thought for many third of innovators in NFC if you do this, you're doing it for yourself. Don't think you're doing it to enhance God in any way. It allows
in No need of your worship he he added his generosity, he's given us this to know him. Well, unbelievable in the AMA. And I mean, I'm wondering, and whoever goes astray, just say to them, I'm only a warner. That's that's my role is to warn. So that's sort of the nemen in the ladina. Yet to know Nikita Avila kamisato ami Mirza anom Cyril alania, your unity Giada can lend toward again, those who follow the book of Allah but also who recite the book of legacy, and that's where the Tafseer the translation there, it only has recite, but it also means follow. Well, como Sana, and they establish the prayer, and they give out from what they've been given. And they but here
reciting the Quran is part of our Eva, and they give out for in secret and openly and out of a desire for commerce, that never declines. So this is that with Allah, your profit without law, will never decline. If you go to the stock market. It goes up and down. If you go to real estate, it goes up and down in dunya. It's always up and down. The market is never unless you're Bernie made off. It goes up, you know, it just keeps going up. Right? All the people said, Oh, we thought Bernie had the secret sauce. There is no secret sauce in the dunya. The secret sauce is in the era. That's what goes up and never declines is is after life, trading the stock market stock market with Allah
subhanho wa Taala. That's, you know, like Mr. Merkel, this is in Dickens character, you know that he was a Bernie Madoff character. These characters always exist. They're always around. So that T Giada is the one we want. I was it that he was a Terran or Anna tequila. In in, in, in in sort of the Muslim men ruther. Khurana 30, Allah recited slow and distinctly so now we move into what are the ads, here's those are all the proofs of why we should recite the Quran from the Quran. And there are many others there's there's a considerable number that I didn't go into them. But the idea of the Quran babble over the father of Quran I had he. So he goes into the virtues of the Quran and its
folk. And then he looks at the external rules of recitation. And then he looks at the mental tasks also related to recitation what's going on internally. So you have the external and then the internal, like mindfulness of just paying attention. And then also in the fourth one, understanding the Quran and understanding tafsir with bi and what that means, because there's there's Hadees that are very terrifying about intervening upon out of opinion that you might as well take your seat in hell, and
but he really refutes the idea that limits the Tafseer, only to knock on Mr. casati, because he, he really makes a very powerful argument. So these are the four things and for those of
You This is the only translation that I know of
the Arabic is obviously the best but if you don't have access to Arabic there is by Mohammed Al Qassam the recitation, interpretive product. It's a good study. He was a good Malay scholar.
At least I think he was I might be wrong. He might be South Asian, but they're printing in Malaysia and I know he did his PhD in Malaysia Ani Monica Zani. So, this is what he looks at now to go into the first section. He he a moment of Azadi has a scholastic tradition that influences heavily St. Thomas Aquinas. So for Catholics don't know this, but St. Thomas Aquinas borrowed that whole tradition from the Muslims. This was something that Muslims did, where you give your, your arguments you give your objections, and then you address the objection. But generally, Aquinas will always use like he'll give the biblical. He'll give passages and then he'll give the tradition. So this is this
is where a moment because it he'll give you the is like I did earlier, and then he goes into the Hadeeth. And then the he'll have the sayings of the sages of Islam. So many parents are anathema. And I had an Oto after a Mima OTF hypothesis for Mala Mala. So if you're a halfhill and you think anybody if you see padrone or Bill Gates and you think Bill Gates is richer than you are,
then you don't know what you possess. And that's why even Zalem golani
he had a Koran teacher to teach his child and when his child finished Fatiha, he gave him a dinar. And, and
what are you gonna do when he memorizes about IRA, so he fired him.
He just said, You're not going to teach my son. If you think that
the fat the Ha.
Is is worth monetarily. First of all is a problem. But if you think bacara is greater than the Fatiha, then you don't know very much about the Koran.
on us a lot he said no can have around a fee. haben mama said to her not this heading which is weak. But I'll tell you Anissa Gods is my witnesses truth right. And there's a witness to this story who lives in New Mexico is he was a dear friend of mine. For tape and Holly from Libya was from the famous Ben hallein family his uncle Mustafa Ben Harvey was the Prime Minister with King Idris. So this man was in the opposition for a dive in I was staying with him in Granada in Spain. And at the time, Gaddafi was assassinating opposition. So we we literally had driven in his car, and I had, I was a student at the time, I was very young, but I had the result of even I was able to Ronnie and I
had my most half of water both and I had them both beautifully bound in leather, like I had somebody from England and Ollie from England bound them for me. And so they were in the car and we went
to the apartment. The car was bombed, it blew up, the whole car was blown up and I swear as Allah is my witness, I'm telling you the truth of this story.
When we went back to the car the the entire inside was burnt out.
But the the the the the the seat was literally it was just metal like all the end my Koran and the result implies they were on there and all it had was they had like
you know just black around it. I opened it up and they were perfectly intact. And that I'm you can believe it or not. I don't that's for you to but I know what I saw for tape and Helene knows what he saw is a true story. So
I don't know if that happens all the time. But it happened for me as a you know maybe I'm surprised 22 years old or something like that. It had a huge impact on me because I knew this is real.
So increase my Eman
on after a bad day to multi tier avatar. The best worship of devotion of my oma is recitation of Quran and that is a really important these are provided amount so some of the Hadees have weakness but generally, our scholars accepted we had these for Fabiola
This is a very interesting Hadith that Allah subhanho wa Taala.
Read to the angels ba and ye seen before by 1000 years, and these are mentioned in the books, that to me was a muhaddith. He has a lot of weak holidays. So you have to recognize that some of these Heidi's are weak, but he mama bizarrely mentions them and they're there. They're interesting. If it's weak, it doesn't say mean the prophesized him didn't say it. It's just we can't ascertain with any certainty that he said it. But we also don't know that he didn't say that's, that's a weak Hadith, a Mullah Hadith, he didn't say it. If it's very weak. It's likely he didn't say it, but it didn't flunk. And it's important for people to understand mutawatir Hadith got 100% on the test. A
Hadith has a 92 to 100. If it's our Buhari or Muslim, it's more in the 96 to 99. If it's a weak Hadith, if it hasn't, Hadith has got to be if it's a weak Hadith, it's below a B, and then very weak as a D, and then we'll do it is a F. So it's important you don't throw away a C paper it passes. It's just not something you're going to hold up as an example. And in our tradition, it's not something that you're going to rely upon with the exception of Fabiola if it's not weak, but also it's better you should know that it is is weak. I mean, I do say that there are three conditions for acting according to a weak Hadeeth and one of them is that it can't it shouldn't be very weak that
and also you should know it's a lie that I'm not it's not it's not something that you
and then that it's not assume that you know the province Aysen is not his normative practice.
Okay, document animal or animal allameh is a very important Hadith and Buhari the best of you are those who learn the Quran and then teach it your poodle load subotica Andaman Chateau kurata Khurana and do you want to set it to off but uh, however *reen you know, rewire also have bado
set in you know, the better than what I give the CIO here he gives better than the reward of the Grateful ones that's integrity. And then this is very interesting Heidi's here also about the three on the Day of Judgment who are on a sand dune of, of black Musk, and they're there they have no fear. And and they they won't have to be taken to account and and when the people are taking into account and one of them is a person who recites the Quran solely for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada. So that's a really very, and then a Hello Quran, Allah Allah He will har Seto the folk of Quran, the people of Quran. They are the Alola. That's that's what they used to call the Quraysh.
Because of the harem. The people of the Koran are like the porridge to the harem. You know, there are law
in an Apollo but this very powerful Hadith that Emma mcbay happy relates in the show
from Omar, the hearts oxidize or rust, like iron oxidizes, and they said Yara sobre la magia what is the polishing of the heart ojinaga for cada tyranitar Quran,
the recitation of Quran where the Quran mouth that is going to really polish your heart. And then the lay a shed do other than Iraq are your foreign men cyber Cain at iraq a net he that Allah subhanho data listens more attentively to a St. Matt here at an end means more attentively to the reciter of poron than somebody who has a singing girl listens to his singing girl. Right? And we know how people get obsessed about sing singing.
All these people that sing
the external rules of recitation the condition of the reciter like what's the howl of the party?
He should be in Whoo. He should have a good hair. He should have sukeena he should be wearing nice clothes. One of the tragedies of modern Muslims is they don't hold those in ethical mantequilla mustard, take nice clothes when you go to the masjid. We should even eat. Mr. kozar he says when you go to pray, you should go as if you were visiting in a meal. Are you going to wear a T shirt? When you go see the EMEA? Like what are you going to wear? So it's good it
Cuz now a lot of us are praying in our homes, just to have something that you can put on, when you pray. Even if it's a readout or something, obviously, the women have, you know, they have more rigorous
requirements into I mean, both have to be mystore. But for the woman, it's the head covering and everything. So that's important just to think about that not and also, he says, Don't sit around with Rob bear. So the matara bat, is somebody who is cross legged sitting cross legged, he preferred that they sit like the students sits with the teacher, which would be basically the way you sit in the prayer, which is interesting, but that's we don't sit cross legged in the prayer unless you're sick, and can't do that. So it's interesting. That's the way we pray to Allah. So he actually says it's better not to sit cross legged, I think my own experience of just seeing a lot of the really
great shoe and things. I think that that's probably
you know, I think that's a very rigid opinion, I think cross legged
I mean, I've seen a lot of righteous people recite Quran cross legged, so but this is what he he advises. If you're able to do that it's difficult to do for very long period of time, and not reclining, although it is permissible recite the Quran lying down, and we know the prophesized and recited the Quran, in the lap of Asia, it's just better not to, if you're if you're very tired, and you have a web or something like that, then just recognize that it's not the abab. It's, it's, you know, hit off at Oda. In some instances, it might even be my crew. And then the amount of reading this is really important. And I want to go into this, because the amount of reading is, everybody
should have some words of Oran, everybody, nobody should not be doing a daily word of Koran. In Sudan, they say, Lima, and the word GERD. And if you don't have a weird, you're weird, like a monkey. You know, it's like, you know, you're not human. So, this is really important to have a word of Oran just to have some portion of Koran. And so even Masood did data weekly. And that's according to mama Zadie, the preferred that you actually recite the Quran once a week now, purely say, once a week, it's actually if you get relatively good at reciting the Quran, it's about two hours a day. There are a lot of people, if you think of the amount of time people waste, there are a lot of
people that watch two hours of
film every day, or they'll spend a long period of time reading a magazine, or, I mean, this, this is reality, people don't like to think about this. But it's just where you prioritize your time. So I, one of my favorite quotes from Marcus Aurelius is that he learned from one of his teachers never to use, I don't have any time as an excuse. And that was an emperor of the Roman Empire. And I think there's a lot of truth in that, because whenever I hear that from people, I know how much time I waste. And so I just can't imagine, you know, we're time wasters, human beings, we waste a lot of time. And so there's always time, it's just where do you prioritize your time?
That that's, that's the question. It's like, it's like, you know, when you get a call, and they have call waiting, whenever you're on phone with somebody, and they have call Wait, you always know where you stand in the great hierarchy of things with that person. Because they say, Oh, sorry, I have another call. Which means this one's more important than you.
Or Hold on. And then they go to that person, they say, I'm on the other phone, can I call you back? So they're letting you know, just this person's important, but you're more important, then they come back to you, or they ignore that call altogether. And then you know, how unimportant that person might have been. So this is this is the nature of dunya. Like, what? Where is God in the scheme of your reality? Where do you place God? How important because this is his call to you? Are you going to answer the phone? Or are you just going to say, I'm busy with this other call? Because that calls very often Iblees.
Like, if it's television, you know, let's face it. So those are the things that we all have to decide.
So how do you do this? Every every week, and I'm really not encouraging people to do this. You have to it's like a marathon runner. You have to work
Up to this, don't try to do this. The Prophet said he said that in a hidden lava lava.
Don't try to take on this whole Deen, you'll get overwhelmed. If you're not doing any Oran start with half a page a day, just or a page a day. And just keep to that commit to it and sustain it. Once you've done that for long enough time, and you're really you're consistent with it, then maybe move up to two pages or three pages. So but I'm just going to give you this for those of you because there's some how far off here and things.
True traditionally, even Massoud and others would do something like this, where you go you and Fatiha obviously, which is seven is so it's very short, but they would do by the odd surahs. So the first three, they would do, which would be at bacara. And then la embrun, and Nisa. So those are those are three, that's one day. So you do those three, and then the next day you start at an matita five. So you go three, the first three, setting aside and fat not setting aside but acknowledging that you read fat too high with our bacara, the first three and then five, and then seven. So then you start at Yunus. And so that's your third day. And then then on the fourth day, you go to nine,
which is an issara. So you're going to recite nine sources. So now you've done three on the first day, five sources on the second day seven on the third day four, on the fourth day you do nine, and that's and that's up to show era, which is the
the the fifth day and that's the 11th. From there, you do 11 sodas, and then you do 13, which will take you to soft fat. So 357 911 there's very easy to remember, you just do the odd number of sodas each day building up so 357 911 and 13. And then off to the end of the poron. So there's 65 pseudos path is called animal fossils, some say begins in hujjat. But the majority say it's a path path. So that's the beginning of the Mufasa. And those are the is traditionally that you're supposed to recite the prayer in because Moloch or the lion Who says you should recite a whole surah in the prayer. That's not to just take pieces of the planets of hate half and the other imams are fine with
that. That was his method. So traditionally, the monarchies recited only from off if they were leading the prayer, obviously. So that's, and then key tablet or foreign. We don't this was a time when they actually didn't publish. This is before Gutenberg. So they didn't publish Hold on. So that's why he's, he's talking about that. It's actually I hope, that if Allah gives me life, I would like to write the Quran at least once. So it's something that maybe, you know, it would be a really good practice. It's one way to really learn the Quran. Well, and then the 13 doing the proper recitation of Quran so it's Mr. hab
Well, hello, Mr. Happy hater Quran.
in Serbian Anna Matsuoka, a typical Oh, yeah, so he means slow recitation. So all technically they're all till his topic that we are and harder. So there's a you know, they use these, you'll see these terms use so sometimes that paper is used for tactile so tactile is slow recitation, but according to even adjust it to his word. You've been all the types of recitation top tier is reciting with Tajweed. Right woman you woman no mujo with Khurana Attica. Right? So So whoever doesn't do us touch weed, there's a thumb in it. And so that's very important. And then I mean, there's a theater of about coffee and lunch and coffee and lunch and jelly.
So I don't want to deter people who might not know the exact
recitation rules. If it's less than happy. It's permitted to read the Quran if it's jelly you can't which means that you're actually making mistakes in the in the grammar of the Quran and things but if you're not pronouncing the Islam properly, or if you have some difficulties in like CRR jeonhwa hajah. If you said Sarah, Jen and you, it's better noon, so you actually put it as opposed saying CRI Jo, with either arm cam. So in those instances, people should try to learn to tweet properly. It really is an awfully
To me, the majority of odema say that it is an obligation, but they do give out officer for people so that they can recite the Quran, at least grammatically correct.
So that's important.
So the proper recitation, so Tapi IP is very slow. It's for somebody who's learning the Quran. And it's also for somebody who's doing to dub bore, they really want to focus on so and then the moderate Ted Weir is so tacky, it could be
me that he can keep our eye it's like it's reciting it slowly. Moderate is going to be quicker. It flam me that he could kita Bula and then the header is it's fast, but you still should not do the color you should be doing the properties weed
that you do and this is from email even just city one of the great scholars of tip sweet what your Corrado Khurana remark had it in what did we run or cologne with?
Matt Hosni assault in Villa hoonah Arabi, Marathi and Mojo widin but Arabi so this he This is in his famous by you, but I'm not sure of your karate Raja, which is similar to the shot the BIA
and looking at the 10 cut out. So those are the three levels. They're all 13 although some people will use 13 for tapit you'll see that and then the external rules. So those are Yeah. Oh, sorry. Yeah.
Fulfilling the right of the verses recited so this is more at how can I add? So if it's a if it's an idea of such that you should do such as so there's according to hanifa Imam Shafi, there's 14 Maalik, there's only 11.
And I think I've met, I'm not sure about admin, but the majority of people are Shafi and Hanafi, and monarchy. So and I think there's one that's different in the Chevy and the hanafy. In bet, you'd have to look at that with your teachers that the Maliki's only have 11 because they don't have the ones that are in the more fossil. So all the ones in off like, first you'd walk through it which is in that that's not a that's not a such that for us now. soja is meant to be
our hanifa says it's wajib but the the other imaams it's meant to you should do it
because it really is a dab of the Quran. But if you didn't do it, it's it's not considered sinful according to the Imams and and
if if you're in a situation where you can't do such as then you do Subhan Allah let him deny what Allah will Akbar four times in replace of the such there. And then the
is preferred to recite the Quran aloud unless it's going to show with Shana ness.
So, and then also testing and cara, the prophets Eliza themselves they you know, or Quran via Swati Khan, you know, automate the Quran with your words. Some of the Maliki's interpret that to be makalu. So it actually means that you know, us what, compare Quran and there is McLovin the Arabic language. So because they said, you can't, you can't enhance the words of Allah, although there are other eyes that are pretty strong, in that, indicating that so Allah loves his Quran to be read in a beautiful voice. And then also just recognizing the album of the Quran.
Nkrumah used to pass out when when, when when when they if they open the most half, he sometimes he would literally pass out. And then when he would come to he would say upon the other column or Abby, this is the words of my Lord. So it's it's a very momentous thing for us. It's not Lehman with the kingdom, you know, just magnifying the one speaking, that don't talk over the front. One of the things I really hate about modern is
Islamic behavior, Muslim behavior, rather, is they play the Quran in restaurants, or in shopping, you go into a market and you'll hear the Quran recited as if it's like background.
I just it really bothered
There's me, because the Prophet said that this book will you will grow accustomed to it and it will grow old for you, like a cloak grows old on the back of one of you wearing it, you know, it's no longer new. And one of the things we forget about the Quran is its newness, the Quran, the language that brought the Arabs had never heard anything like it. People don't realize this, when they heard it, you had you can't imagine what they were hearing, they had never heard there is no language. That was like the Quran before the Quran, when they heard these things. That was they were hearing something that they had never heard before. And they heard that, you know, mahira and others when
they heard it, you know, they said, there's this Oran there's something about it. What What is it the power of it? And and so that's really important to remember that distinction between Hadith and Quran is so extraordinary, that it's so clear that they're not from the same sources. The Hadith is the province is him speaking, even though it's revelation, it's revelation through his own words. He's the one saying it, the Quran is not he is he's, he's a conduit of the Quran, he is simply reciting what was recited to him. And that's why when you hear the Quran, they'd never heard any of these things before. And then just look at Eddie flam mean, that to me should convince anybody that
this is not a human book, because who could have thought of just putting letters, the Mukhabarat? And here's the secret I one of the secrets because I am I always say, What's the secret of the mock up that nobody knows except Allah, but one secret I think,
in linguistics phonemes are meaningless. So if you say who he will be, for linguists, they say it's, it's, it has no meaning until it becomes a word, usually by bringing two phonemes together, like yes.
no. Right. So so because that's and oh,
what the Quran is telling us, it for
me, it for
it's telling us it's meaning all the way down.
You just don't know what it means. But its meaning its meaning all the way down.
That there's nothing meaningless in this universe is all meaningful. So even those sounds those UI, you know that the child when it's crying, all those sounds are meaningful. We just don't know what a lot of them mean.
So just Magnum, and then mindfulness Hold on.
We'll talk had enough had enough is,
you know, like the man who said, you know, oh, I heard your hotbar. Last week, it was fantastic. And he said, Well, he said, is amazing. I was completely mesmerized, the whole hour and a half. And he's like,
I've never given a football more than 20 minutes. He said, it sure seemed like hour and a half. Right? Why? Because when you get bored with something, your mind starts to wander, do you know and then time expands and you you can't wait to so it's my crew to look to see how many pages left of your word.
Like to check, you know, to see like, like people read the Quran. And then they want to see how many pages are left. That's my crew. Because it's like saying, you know, when am I going to finish? Right? So, just being mindful, deep contemplation to double affrighted the Bruner Quran
and a proven Aquatica.
Just look up what that means in the Arabic language. Do they not deeply compliment contemplate this Koran?
Or are their hearts sealed? So if you're not deeply contemplating the Quran, it's an indication your hearts are sealed.
to double is a beautiful word because to double means to penetrate something to the to the end of it. The double your double is your back. It's the backside. It's your end. So to double is to fat. It's to penetrate to the to get to that what's on the other side of it. And even Massoud said, Whoever wants intimate odium without hidden value, third word or Quran, let him
deeply go into this Quran. Really open it up
And so deep contemplation, and that, obviously we need to learn how to do these things also, and then to home, again to fire him is to kill off its attempt to understand make an effort to understand. Right? So for him to means I understood it a tougher hammer. Whoa, I'm trying to understand it. Right.
Very important, and then also getting rid of the millennia of understanding. So abandoning the barriers to understanding. So what are the barriers? One of them and you couldn't go home once I defended atopica takaharu. So they're not properly pronouncing it right. And so it's very important that you deliberate and you get it correct. Also tuck lead. So emammal, Rosario was very opposed to blind dogmatic following.
So what he meant, I mean, obviously, we're all more collegian to a certain degree in this age. But what he meant is don't go into that kind of alphab.
Like a kind of fanatic blind following, because there's nothing worse than a fanatic blind follower
of anything. And then also in Missouri, Allah, Allah, Allah dhanu. So that will block you.
Limiting the understanding to what's been narrated in tradition. There's more far, the parent letter, the idea about the prophesies, m said in testimony, its wonders will never cease.
And then there's some external rules again, this is the different proxies
to authority to be affected by the Koran to and as your heart opens up to it, there'll be periods where you'll get overwhelmed by the Quran and then taraki to ascend with the Quran, you tharaka era and you're smacked around min Allah like to really feel that it's from God.
So it's, you know, one of the things Alam Gabbard said that his mother told him, is recite the Quran as if it's being revealed to you.
It's a beautiful statement, like feel as if God is revealing it to you, because it's to youth through the prophets eyes. So in that way, it is being revealed to us through the prophets allottees.
And then recite it as if you're standing before God, recite it while knowing that God is watching and listening. Being in a state of petition, humility, and supplication. I mean that we're really here, asking God for forgiveness, relinquishing any sense of entitlement. So when you read about the righteous in the Quran, don't feel you're entitled to be in those descriptions. When Allah says cataflam won't be known.
You know, that's me. Know, because they're living in Oceanside and has your own. Do you have hirscher in your prayer?
You know, don't let that go unphysical don't consider yourselves already there have that all and a sense of a whole bucket of Siddiq said if I had one foot in paradise in one out I still wouldn't feel safe till both were firmly planted. So don't have that sense of entitlement.
why attempt to understand deep me is what if there's a strong opinion of using one's personal opinion? He goes into this manifestor korumburra, Ethernet Ababa macadam, and now he goes very deeply into this. Be careful, be very wary opinion is what you think about something. But there are if you want to learn the rules of Arabic If you know Arabic, if you've read the tough seers, if you're not about the knee, if you're not saying it really means this, you will have inspiration and insights into the meanings of the Quran. Allah will give those to you and and so that's important. But whatever insights you have, they can't go against the Arabic language and they can't unless it's
an E Shara. Sometimes any shot like for instance in the Quran, it says, Allah will your animal comala have Taqwa of Allah and Allah will teach you that technically is not a Joomla sharqiya in Arabic, because will you learn more comala is not it's not job sharp. So technically it doesn't mean have Taqwa of Allah and God will teach you but there is a hadith that says minalima Bhima men Ameobi Matt ma ma ma Oh rato lower in momentum Yana. If whoever acts according to his knowledge, Allah will give him knowledge is that he didn't know. So that gives an E Shara in that
That if you have Taqwa and I heard model that had when I recited that I to him, he said, 100 day job now, you know, we've tested that the truth of that verse
and 400 dinars, he said that he knows that there's no way that he could have learned everything that he knows in one lifetime. Like he, he knew that what he knew was not humanly possible for a person to learn in one lifetime. So it'll ham is real. And Allah can give that to people. So
also one of the, in the verses where it says, like to go into such debt, and they go into such that weeping, if you can't weep, you should at least pretend to not in front of people, but, you know, just,
you know, just do
tobacco You know, that's what the Hadees says, like, just to at least feign weeping
and maybe weep that you can't weep.
And, and then the exit. There are many great professors that came after the setup. So even though we should always look at what the set of said about it, first and foremost, the pro if the pro the Prophet didn't Salalah ism his whole life as a commenter of the Quran, but he did not comment on if there are very few eyes that he commented on, because had he done so who is going to say anything about those eyes, after the Messenger of Allah. So he left it for that reason that his oma would be able to always find meanings that they need and the Quran will never end. It just won't the meanings of Quran will never end and that's what we're gonna get into when we get into the Jawaharlal Koran
So, he goes into some of the reasons for the prohibition, hastening to interpret the Quran based on apparent meaning in the Arabic That was out the rescue requisite knowledge being influenced by their nature and passion when interpreting so some people interpret it just for that reason. So
people that try to validate heresy for instance, ignorant people, because they want to follow their passions. And
that's, that's book eight. I mean, obviously, there are many other there's a lot of rulings that I didn't go into. These are the adab there are therapy rulings that relate to it. For instance, can a woman who's menstruating recite the Quran in the Maliki method is is a little easier than the other methods on that issue.
things like the student the most have,
that they're not in will do because they have a soil and mapa Harun you shouldn't touch it unless you're in the state of purification which is true
kind of non will some carry the port on those are all cam that relate to the books of Philip it's good to study those I didn't go into those. I'm focusing on these adapt but the next session is going to be on I'm going to give a framing of the job first and then we'll look at what are called culatta are caught on is very interesting term. I did not know that term. Although apparently it was a used quite a bit in the early period. The politics of the Koran or the the is that they're like you know they're Claudia they're striking is and they they they knock the they're like a you know like a Muhammad Ali punch to the shell thing. They just knock them out
a lot so he remember that he looks at the colada and Koran
Oh, did we get up on mine? Well, the chat was open so we got a few Okay.
How can someone levers the liberal arts particularly the tool sciences to better unlock a deeper understand the Quran against St. Agustin actually wrote a book arguing that you should not be allowed to interpret the Bible if you had not studied the liberal arts. And I think in our tradition, the same was considered by our scholars if you had not not not necessarily the quadrivium, which are the quantitative arts, although they will help they give insights into things, but particularly geometry, because of its relationship to logic.
But grammar and rhetoric are absolutely sinequan on law.
is going to be less.
And I accept that there is a debate amongst even even a Mazziotti debated that although, in post, bizarrely, Islam logic was taught in all of our mattresses. It still is. It's just not used anymore, but it's still taught.
The Iranians I think still use logic in their method. I says, there's some Kurdish some of the Kurdish schools the Mauritanians to a certain degree. I mean, Shia belvin V is a great magician. So logic is very important. There's a really interesting book written via a Western scholars you remember name, when I think W, W y in any, any way, she wrote a book on logic and the port on which is based on human metaphors that is full stop. Yeah, what's it called God's God's arguments. So even on a facade, he wrote a book called postrace and was stuck in which was one of his books that in which he wanted to reveal to expose the the botany of the occultist. But he also shows these five
methods that God uses in the Quran, which is basically he said that he learned logic from the Quran.
Even taymiyah said that, you know, it's even tiny as definitely
he responds to email, a lot of Ezzati a lot. And you can see that if you read him a lot, like he really respond, but he said, he learned it from even Sina. That what email because it shows in, in in, in his book is that Allah is using what are called enthymeme in logic, which in Arabic called ps naugus. So there's definitely logical arguments in the Koran, there are enthymeme, which are types of syllogisms. So logic is very useful.
And I would highly recommend, so I think it's really important to study the arts.
For that reason, is it? Is it possible for those who do not know Arabic, the large majority of the Muslim oma to become Allah Quran? Absolutely. There is no,
there are many, many people that have have achieved we lie in this oma that have no knowledge of Arabic men in countless people, there are many people who come out of law.
They say about,
though the agony that, that he used to really be moved by the Quran without understanding it. And somebody said to him, you know, you weep when you hear these words, but you don't understand the meanings. He said, Listen, he asked me what
he said My tongue is as me but my heart is Arabic. In other words, and the thing about the Quran is the sounds are,
the sounds penetrate, without without the sounds are meaningful. Remember, the Quran began as a Jaras, the heaviest meanings that came to the Quran to the prophesies, were the reverberations. So those just reciting the Quran is going to impact your heart, whether you understand it or not.
I don't like the idea of you know, come and learn Quran, the names of Quran in a year because I think, I think it's very misleading to say that you can learn the language of the Quran in a year, but you can learn a type of basic understanding at a very superficial level in a relatively short time. And and obviously, that will become more meaningful. But the Quran is a lifetime study. And if you study it for a lifetime, you will never never even come close to you, you will still be relatively close to the shore of the ocean of poron It's as simple as that and I'm not exaggerating this in any way. This is simply a statement of fact. The I mean the subtleties in the poron the the
the I was talking to the students last night about somebody was asking you know, how do we maintain humility I just said you know read Arabic dictionaries every once in a while
cuz cuz cuz I read the senate out of for enjoyment and, and I feel so crestfallen after reading it because I realize how many words I don't know. And the Arab the Arab say there you hear about our VAT Illa illa nebby. Nobody can encompass the Arabic language except a profit.
So the Prophet Sahaba asked him what he meant.
He would say things and they would say, what is that? We know this, what's that? So, the province is Loma Sunday. I they, I mean, I she asked him, he said, Hello komati botany with our own, my alma will be destroyed with a foreign strike. Like, you know, somebody strikes you with a sword or a spear that's called a thorn and violent. And and he said, I don't know but and from that bottom, we know what pattern is what is thought on and he said it's it's it's a it's Watson curmudgeon it's like something that penetrates from your unseen enemies, which
arguably gin in Arabic. And I'm not I mean this was Muhammad Abu his interpretation. The jinn were microbes and things, but they are, there's their shell thing that are gin, but there's also anything unseen in Arabic is called animal jinn. Even in classical Arabic, the angels are from Adam and Jin, even though they're not gin, because the gin is whatever is unseen. So microbes are unseen. Viruses are unseen, or you can see them on electron microscopy, you know, you have to, I mean, have an immense magnification, but for us, they're in the unseen world. This animal, right. So the animal aid, you know, here's a really nice, Quranic Latif, whenever Allah says animal aid, he uses Ireland.
Right? Right. That his animal radio Shahada, he knows the seen and unseen, an animal, right? Whenever you use a rule, he says i laminate for you. He uses the hyperbole of Ireland, every time in the Quran. So you have singular, it's an island. If you have plural, it's an alarm, because it's hyperbolic. So there are many. So she asked,
what was the thought on he said Watson medical imaging? Alone? It seems to me this only occurred to me that apart and we're bound to put those two together would mean that is a biological weapon. It seems like that
to put, you know, Baron and foreign together, Halak rometty will be with Diane, and although Adam, I don't know, but it seems to me that it might be a biological weapon from our unseen enemies. And then what zone is like a prick like a needle prick as, like in Arabic?
Luxembourg. Eva is acupuncture. So what has that is, is a needle prick? So it's like a Muslim? And it's like a needle prick from your unseen enemies? Yeah, because if you look how when a virus goes into a cell, it literally pricks it. There's a little, it's got a little.
Yeah. Is that what they call? Yeah, it's a spike protein. And it goes in. And you can see these you know, how they show them. The video he goes in and penetrates, which is what has literally, as long as it penetrates, it goes into it, and then it releases, and then it takes over the cell, right?
Some people say that Mr. Karzai had a genuine crisis of faith caused by doubt. Is this accurate? Or did he deliberately create doubt in order to later verify? And this is a really interesting question. Is it Cartesian doubt. I mean, that's basically is that even though he's proceeds,
you know, Descartes, but Descartes decided as a mental exercise to doubt everything. And that's where he came up with kognito ergo sum, the only thing that he couldn't doubt was that he was that he was doubting.
So it's a good question. I don't think he ever had a crisis of faith in God or or in Islam. I don't.
I think what he had a crisis of faith in was an epistemology, of knowing with any certainty, which is certainly an epistemological problem. I mean, there's a lot of debates about this very problem. So the skeptics, you know, you have extreme skeptics. And then you have moderate skeptics. So somebody like Locke is a moderate skeptic, but, but you have the extreme skeptics, and they're still around people who say you can't know anything.
Even though they're stating
a kind of categorical statement. You say you can't know anything well, these you know that you can't know anything. So obviously, you can know something that you don't can't know anything. So, but I whatever you had, he goes into quite a bit of detail in the monkey
Some people say he used it as a kind of literary trope to do that. I'm not convinced of that. I think he genuinely had a crisis.
I think it was more a crisis
of his relationship to reality.
Because I think he was so absorbed in his fame, and in his position, and he realized how vacuous because he had reached the top in his field. And then it's kind of the emptiness of, you know, the applause is over, and then you go home. And then now what?
So I think, I think that's really where his crisis was, it was that he did not feel genuine in himself
that he was teaching, you know, there's a extraordinary documentary by
I think his name was Richard Alpert, who became, he took the name Baba Ram Dass. And he was somebody who took LSD and Harvard, he was a Harvard professor of psychology. And he was with Timothy Leary. And they were taking LSD and they ended up Leary became a follower of Alastair Crowley and just went around spreading the message of taking drugs tuning in turning on and dropping out, that was his message. But Albert went to India, and wanted to find you like reality. And he ended up there with a guru, who was obviously some kind of extraordinary person. I mean, the Hindus have these amazing people. And
he, he came back and he became a guru. And he wrote a book called be here now, which was a very
big bestseller back in the 70s, a spiritual book and, and he gave all these talks, and he's going around, he was the guru and everybody was, and then he, he had a stroke. And he did, he did a documentary, which was about how he realized what a total religious phony he was, like he had thought he was, but when he had his stroke, he rise. He, he didn't practice any of the things. He was preaching to people about accepting everything and about, he just really, it's a very powerful story, because it's like a russellian story in that, I mean, I wouldn't compare the two in any way. But it has that element of somebody who realized that he was a fraud. And I think that's what he
meant. Because it he realized that while he was an intellectual Master, he was a spiritual fraud. Because his his intellectual tradition was in a religious
tradition. And so even though he knew all these amazing things,
it hadn't transformed him in the way that they're meant to. And that's when he takes his journey. And that's why he's so amazing, because it's, it's, I mean, I know, this odious comparison, but it's, it's like, it's like somebody like Malcolm, you know, Malcolm X, one of the most amazing things about him is the transition. He knew what it was like to be in that world before and he knew what it was like, or another one, just ask, he is a really interesting, if you look at just abschied just ask he was a radical he was he would be like one of these activists like tearing down things. And he was a radical, and he was in this radical group. And they got caught, and he was actually
condemned to death. So they put him he was literally in front of a firing squad. It's 20 degrees below zero. And he's in this square, in Petersburg, St. Petersburg. And they literally have their and, and he talks about how he, he saw the sun shining, and he realized this is the moment of my dad.
And right then, somebody came,
they had all been the sentences had been commuted, and they were actually freed. They were still in prison. But they they were, they were condemned to five years of hard labor in Siberia. So he is a man who literally looked death in the eye and that transformed his life, that moment, completely transformed his life. And then he went and lived in in horrific conditions in Siberia in the House of the Dead. He talks about that, of the of these criminals that he lived with. And this is like a very erudite You know, he had been an engineering student and he was he lit he, you know, he he'd been on literary scholar on
So he had that incredible transformation in that amazing moment of realizing the gift of life. And with that note how Ron is letting me know the end. So, inshallah I'm sorry there was technical difficulties, but tomorrow inshallah we'll are our warriors back here. naman Harun will
make it work with
logical AFRICOM salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah Charles for zaytuna College May Allah bless you may Allah accept your prayers May Allah subhanaw taala accept your fasting supersonic loan but having to go shadow on ilahi land as of the quarter we like