Self-Knowledge #7 – Towards A Qur’anic Anthropology

Hamza Yusuf

Date:

Channel: Hamza Yusuf

Series:

File Size: 91.49MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Episode Transcript ©

TRIGGER WARNING!!!

Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.


00:00:31--> 00:01:11

hamdulillah the academic program we have a BA, which is accredited, and an MA program which is accredited, both of them are rigorous programs. And our students are going to many, many wonderful places. We have people now at Oxford at Harvard, at Georgetown Law, Davis law, Urbana Champaign, Claremont Colleges, some of them are going into the Islamic teaching at the Islamic schools. But this is not a seminary, it's really important for people to understand that it's a liberal arts college, we do have people that will go on to study Islamic subjects. But there are other things, we also see the importance of the body and the development of the body, especially with young people.

00:01:11--> 00:01:25

And so we have incorporated as soon as sports tradition at zaytuna College. So we have a horseback riding, we have swimming, we have archery, and we actually are part of the collegiate Archery Association so we can compete with other schools.

00:01:27--> 00:02:08

We are building a really beautiful studio. In the studio, we're going to be having online courses done at a very high professional level, one in formal logic and the other in constitutional law taught by our own faculty members. There's also this extraordinary gardens that we're developing here with the XSL, which is for sustainable living. So we have some permaculture experts, we're already growing fruit and vegetables that our students are eating, but we plan on having really the bulk of their fruits and vegetables coming from the property itself. And that's a very ambitious program that we hope you support. The gardens are really quite stunning already. But we're planning

00:02:08--> 00:02:35

on really enhancing that. So I just want to again, thank everybody for supporting zaytuna College for supporting Z SEL and for supporting our students, our faculty, and our staff. So looking forward just to having your support but also looking forward to you seeing where we're headed and the things that are in store. I think you're going to be pleasantly surprised with where things are going

00:05:59--> 00:06:39

hamdulillah the academic program we have a BA, which is accredited, and an MA program which is accredited, both of them are rigorous programs. And our students are going to many, many wonderful places. We have people now at Oxford at Harvard, at Georgetown Law, Davis law, Urbana Champaign, Claremont Colleges, some of them are going into the Islamic teaching at the Islamic schools. But this is not a seminary is really important for people to understand that it's a liberal arts college, we do have people that will go on to study Islamic subjects. But there are other things, we also see the importance of the body, and the development of the body, especially with young people.

00:06:40--> 00:06:53

And so we have incorporated as soon as sports tradition at zaytuna College. So we have a horseback riding, we have swimming, we have archery, and we actually are part of the collegiate Archery Association so we can compete with other schools.

00:06:55--> 00:07:37

We are building a really beautiful studio. In the studio, we're going to be having online courses done at a very high professional level, one informal logic and the other in constitutional law taught by our own faculty members. There's also this extraordinary gardens that we're developing here with the Z cell, which is for sustainable living. So we have some permaculture experts, we're already growing fruit and vegetables that our students are eating, but we plan on having really the bulk of their fruits and vegetables coming from the property itself. And that's a very ambitious program that we hope you support. The gardens are really quite stunning already. But we're planning

00:07:37--> 00:08:04

on really enhancing that. So I just want to again, thank everybody for supporting zaytuna College for supporting Z SEL and for supporting our students, our faculty, and our staff. So looking forward just to having your support, but also looking forward to you seeing where we're headed and the things that are in store. I think you're going to be pleasantly surprised with where things are going.

00:08:51--> 00:09:12

Reuleaux Spinarak Rahim wa salatu salam O Allah said, You know what have you been Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? He was so happy to hear you on the tibia. Yes. And ADA Yama Deen Al Hamdulillah. Oklahoma. I don't know my own photo of Anna Turner was in the Edma or visiting Edma along with Halina for

00:09:15--> 00:09:18

society in will be man ACARA Oh,

00:09:19--> 00:09:23

Mark, the more leafy shahzada who want to work approval.

00:09:26--> 00:09:27

So we

00:09:28--> 00:09:31

we got halfway through his

00:09:32--> 00:09:42

where he's making an analogy of the human being as as a look at thinking on it as a city state. And so we looked at he talked about

00:09:44--> 00:09:45

the different

00:09:46--> 00:09:51

faculties that the human being has and these these powers that are within us the

00:09:53--> 00:09:57

the irascible that can Q percent or conclusive Q percent soul

00:09:58--> 00:09:59

or the appetite

00:10:00--> 00:10:13

It's sometimes called and then the rational soul and the relationship in terms of governance. So then he's now he's going to go into this idea that sometimes you have to be

00:10:15--> 00:10:16

you have to befriend your enemies

00:10:18--> 00:10:19

and

00:10:21--> 00:10:22

and he says that

00:10:24--> 00:11:00

Oh, come on, don't worry that has to be put in yeah tells you run. Yeah, did it knock the head with harder and more agile Carlota Anna Faden. sericultural. Hormoz arcturion machete kina hate who wish to move home or who don't want to do the home schooler Marcin. So he says sometimes the governor or the ruler, when they realize that they have strength, then at that time, if they're, if the treaty is at an end, then they can display their force to get out of oppression or a situation where it's it's

00:11:02--> 00:11:46

it's dis disadvantage to them. So he says like Allah subhanaw taala says, When the asuran haram ends, so there's the there were four months that the Arabs I mean, there's a feeling of most of the Ummah, consider them abrogated, but actually some of them did consider them to be that they should be honored. And those are the four months that are sacred months. And and and they they were months that the Arabs would not fight during those months and one of the the hikma the wisdoms behind that is that they would they, they learned a sense of the hallmark of something, the sanctity of something, that there are things that are sanctified in the world. And the Haram the Sacred the

00:11:46--> 00:12:32

sanctuary, right? is for that reason, a woman has called a homer in the Arabic language one of the words for a woman which is inviolable See, so it has different meanings. So haram, right tends to mean impermissible but the the deep meaning of the word has to do with sanctity that something is beyond the pale to use the English term. It's something that you don't go the prophets it says so in Valhalla. You know what a haram obey, you know, well, they know Homer or moron which Debbie had. They animal know Kathy Roman and NAS. And so he later in that hadith, he says, that if you go around them, the Shubho had, he said, it's like the HEMA of a king. It's like, it's like a place that's

00:12:32--> 00:12:51

protected by a king. And so in essence, the Haram are those areas, those are the HEMA of Allah. They're his protected areas. No, you can't drink alcohol, you can't eat pig, you can't steal, you can't murder, you can't do these things. You can't disrespect people, you can't oppress people. Those are all

00:12:53--> 00:13:00

those are all the areas of of how trauma of sanctity inviolability. And so

00:13:02--> 00:13:04

the four months were to teach them that.

00:13:05--> 00:13:52

And, and, and they took them very seriously, interestingly enough, I mean, they really did consider it a very egregious enormity, to, to, to violate those, those ones. So it says once because they made a treaty. And so once that treaty ended, then then you can fight the pagans wherever they are, right. And this is because they had attacked them. So because it's stuck in Milan, Mr. Amara comb, you know, be upright for them as long as they're upright for you. But if they break their oath, then at that point, and that's why, in Islamic law, when you come into a non Muslim country, if you have a visa, if you come into a non Muslim country, you are obliged to obey all the laws of the country.

00:13:52--> 00:13:54

If you break the laws actually, haram.

00:13:55--> 00:14:02

It's haram. And, and even Abizaid, he has a famous book of,

00:14:04--> 00:14:26

of issues, he goes into all these tuffrey as they call them, like just these branches. And one of the questions that was asked in that book was about Muslims that go into the European countries, then it was called, like a Rome. They go into the European countries, are they obliged to obey the laws? And then and then?

00:14:28--> 00:14:59

And then the answer was, yes. As long as as the government does not act treacherously towards you. So it's a it's a two way street. So as long as the government hasn't, hasn't oppressed you or done anything, but then he said, that, even if the whole heart like the rabble of those people, if they attack you because you're Muslim, you still have to obey the laws, because it wasn't from the government. It was from outlaws, right? brigands things like that or just

00:15:00--> 00:15:04

Apple, like they're all rabble. There's a whole bunch of words for rabble in Arabic.

00:15:05--> 00:15:08

Right? Ah ha ha.

00:15:09--> 00:15:17

Homage they have a whole bunch and these are the low people that don't that don't have

00:15:18--> 00:15:19

they don't have respect for others.

00:15:21--> 00:15:53

What can I do? How can I put it in either Oyako enough's Allah Yoda Hina and like that is the duty of the intellect if it's it becomes strong over the the power of these, you know, these appetites of soul and the irascible soul, then there's no Madonna. You know, Madonna is is where you you you know that the Arabs say daddy Madonna feed daddy him go along with them as long as you're in their abode. You know, so Madonna is where you there's kind of a

00:15:55--> 00:16:01

stroking one another, you know like, I'm not gonna upset you. You don't upset me Madonna you die you know.

00:16:03--> 00:16:33

So he's saying that and then he says we will come on the shelf then it ends with Jin yoga. Okay, the home. I'm into Hassan Abdul Eman was the other villa with our Anna Manuela come up Adela Jota and in Emma Sultana Allah Lavinia to alone who will lead in whom behemoths recon. So just as the shale painted ins and the jinn, human shaped bonds, human demons and spirit demons, their plots get weak, their strategies are weakened with somebody who's fortified with faith

00:16:34--> 00:16:45

was to another biller and who seeks refuge in Allah. Right? Or is the other law so in the rewind, a memorable hurry the what?

00:16:46--> 00:16:48

If he seeks refuge in Allah,

00:16:50--> 00:17:00

then Allah gives him refuse the Valley of Allah. And that's why taking the with the will of Allah is very important, you know to, to, to,

00:17:02--> 00:17:23

to put your faith in Allah and put your trust in Allah because he's the only one that Allah is the only one that can defeat your unseen enemies. If you rely on yourself, you can't overcome these things. And that's why it's really important because one of the problems with people is they rely on themselves. Like with addictions. The most successful

00:17:25--> 00:17:34

addiction program in the world is a 12 step program. And the first step is to surrender to a higher authority.

00:17:35--> 00:17:55

Like I'm helpless is to admit that you are helpless. And that's one of the few programs that actually works for people to do that. And that's that's what people have to do you if you rely on yourself led to can kneel and FCL perfetta in the prophesizing made the DUA Do not leave me to myself for even the glance of an eye

00:18:01--> 00:18:12

No filming other than the thing if anybody's doing that, and I'd appreciate if people don't they don't look at their their these talking about

00:18:13--> 00:18:14

addictions

00:18:18--> 00:18:19

So, so the

00:18:24--> 00:18:39

so then he says that the authority IBLEES his authority is on those uto Ilona who they they they make alliances with him while letting him be him or she recon or they associate with him. So

00:18:41--> 00:18:46

that's really important. There's only of Shelton Shelton has Olia just like the Raman has earlier.

00:18:47--> 00:18:58

And so he's saying that's where the authority lies. If you if you give him power your toe alone, Whoa, you're giving him Wilaya over you by submitting to him.

00:18:59--> 00:19:49

What could that together okay, del Hawa, anilao, curry that our Billa and like that, the plots are the strategies. The machinations of passions also weaken before reason. If it strengthen Billa through God was to another be and they seek refuge in God, the hopple alchemy Aeneas either bIllahi min Allah so it's the duty of the intellect to seek refuge in God in Allah subhana wa Tada from the passions was Shara and from the you know, Shara here has like greed but it's it tends to be more greed, greed, greed for food. Shah so Shetty Han is somebody who's a glutton because the food is the source of the appetite of souls power. And that's why fasting weakens it. And that's why you're able

00:19:49--> 00:19:59

to do things during Ramadan that you're not able to do in other times when you're fasting because it weakens it. The prophesy centum said that it's like a weed. Yeah, you know that

00:20:00--> 00:20:10

So it's it's something that will protect you from your own human frailty and weaknesses by weakening the strength of the appetite of soul.

00:20:12--> 00:20:13

So then he says,

00:20:15--> 00:20:38

will help covetousness will Amman and also just procrastination hope that you can down the road. Things will change like the brothers of use of they said, oh, let's get rid of use of and then we'll become righteous. You know there's there's people that have that attitude that I'm going to become righteous down the road. So he says,

00:20:40--> 00:21:25

and then when Ibrahima they said, Said, Rob, Big Al Hodel, bairrada, Amina, was nobody who have any yet a network that does not make this city safe. So he again, he's using this analogy that make it make my soul safe. That's what Rob's doing. He's using this as an analogy. So if you analogize the human being as a city state, and Ibrahim sets up his he's in his city, he's saying make Mecca a safe place and avoid and and divert me and my offspring from worshipping the idols will what are the idols for him for all him? He's saying that a poet, shall we get a hold of Olivia?

00:21:26--> 00:21:37

You know, it's, it's my brother, my Budan and Allah, you know, the worst thing that's worship with Allah is Al Hawa. So that's he's using it as an analogy for that.

00:21:39--> 00:21:39

For

00:21:40--> 00:21:50

Vancouver, Roddy was eradicated the need to feed added in San jatiya, to Majerle Ausnahme. So these low impulses, and these,

00:21:51--> 00:22:04

these contemptible volitions in the essence of the human being, have the same place as the idols, the outward idols, because you're obeying false gods.

00:22:06--> 00:22:16

If you're disobeying Allah by obeying your neffs how I Cheban then you've taken them as the authority and not ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada and so that's what he's saying that

00:22:18--> 00:22:41

what Allah tampoco nestled in Santa Ana evaded the How come up Allah, Allah, Allah will now human or Katara, whom belie Allahumma Shahrukh Khan. And then he says, and it is rare for the humans, the soul of a human being to be free from their worship. And this is what Allah means when he says that most of them do not believe in Allah without them associating with Allah.

00:22:43--> 00:23:21

So he's, I mean, this is this is a really profound psychological approach to just, you can look at the outward meanings of all these things and they're valid. And that's the beauty of you know, Amazon rock said the difference between the bath Ania and the Sunnah is the balcony I reject the outward meanings and interpret it with these inward meanings. He said, I had a sunnah accept both, that it has both meanings, the outward and the inward who would or would it would fly here, what about them? So there's the outward and the inward then they have to they have to be in balance.

00:23:22--> 00:24:13

So then he says whether Kuru method and ahava rucola and Sanam Bedini he co and fi better than Peter Hapa herbaria, deca, manager Nyjah set at Dettmann Yep, Maruta diva Mina, Holly world Maniapoto riada, Tim and Hyo. And it he was he. So they also used another analogy saying that every human being with his body is like the the governor of a city. And it said to him, purify your city, you know, clean your city up of all its filth and waste. And Dominica with diva mentality and discipline. All of the citizens who are capable of being disciplined, would manioc burrow, riada Mahayana, it will see that and then train those that will are susceptible to training from the

00:24:13--> 00:24:27

animals and the and the Seba like the meaning like the livestock and then the more wild animals. And some of them can be trained we know that, like lions can be trained lions are actually closer to dogs and cats, even though they go into the category of the, in

00:24:28--> 00:24:46

the in the West, they're put in the categories same categories, the cats, but the prophesies have called them dogs. And if you actually look at the line, he's he's closer to a dog than a cat. Like they'll get up and they lick you know, they they look the person and they can be trained in a way like the dogs can be trained.

00:24:48--> 00:25:00

So woman atrophy when I'm Jakob de Bourgh riada this whole Octo what I can bill hack, and the one says corruption in it and does

00:25:00--> 00:25:02

and accept any any,

00:25:03--> 00:25:07

any discipline or training. So jail him

00:25:08--> 00:25:09

or kill him.

00:25:11--> 00:25:12

I mean, he's, uh,

00:25:13--> 00:25:14

you know, in the,

00:25:15--> 00:25:55

in the 15th century In common law in English common law, they had what was called outlawry. Right. So the Outlaw, because most places didn't have governments that and they use this common law here in the US what they called the West, where you didn't have governments still, as as you know, the the westward move in the US, they would move west. So you had the what were called the outlaws, right. And then at what an outlaw was, was a person who was encroaching on other people's persons and property. And they would be judged by the judge, usually, it was a minister in England, it was usually a religious authority, if they did not accept the judgement of the religious law, or the

00:25:55--> 00:25:58

they were declared outlaw. And at that point,

00:26:00--> 00:26:01

it was dead or alive.

00:26:02--> 00:26:16

So that's that whole Wanted Dead or Alive. So anybody could go kill that person, because it was seen as you were relieving the Society of somebody who has chosen to live outside of the laws of the society.

00:26:18--> 00:26:59

So you were you were doing a favor to the other people because this person broke the social contract. So that's what he's saying, if you're enough is doing that, then that aspect of us has become an outlaw. Right? It's the it's the uninvited guests that's disrupting the hosts house, right? It's your abode. It's not your your Shaohua or your COVID of Adobe as a vote. It's your it's your Oculus abode is your hearts abode. That's, that's what Allah has put that your heart at the center of your being. And that's what's supposed to rule the roost. And if those other forces take over, you have to tame them. You have to bring them under control.

00:27:00--> 00:27:15

And the pre modern people the ancients did immense things to try to to try to overcome them. A min Sam, you read about the church fathers went off into the deserts they would meditate in and just trying to get rid of their appetites.

00:27:17--> 00:27:36

And our traditional our prophesized them out of the mercy to humanity gave us a much more balanced way. And that's that's one of the beauties of Assam is that Lara has been near to vit Islam, there's no monkhood in Islam, the prophet slicin And he married he fasted he broke his fast, right?

00:27:38--> 00:27:47

He was he was the most balanced human being but the devotional center of existence. If that's lost, then

00:27:49--> 00:28:27

the enemies have taken over. Because we're not created here. For frivolity. We're Mahara clue, Jenna wouldn't say Ill Alia who don't marinum inhuman risk. You know, I'm not, I didn't send you here for provision. Like you get your provision. But that's not why you're here. So there's all these people, that's why they think that's why they're here, just to have their livelihoods and do that, but Allah says, No, I did not send you here for provision that you have to do that. That's part of life. And the most intelligent people turn that into devotion. They do things, even for their livelihood, that have a devotional component. So So then he says,

00:28:30--> 00:28:43

you know, but but only don't kill the soul that Allah has sanctified, except with Right, right? So you don't want to you have to be careful. And and the best thing I mentioned the other day about

00:28:44--> 00:28:56

what's been Africa cibula Rift Plk you're gonna say we'll have a shoki go easy on yourself so that your journey is with with yearning, because if you break the soul,

00:28:57--> 00:29:10

then you've you've broken the beasts that's supposed to take you you know, if you if you break the knifes salt not the rule, the knifes you know, that's your that's your writing beast to get to Allah subhana wa Tada so you don't want to break it.

00:29:11--> 00:29:22

You want to tame it, and this is what CSA is. That's the essence of CSA CSA is to train an animal so that's what governing is is being able to herd cats

00:29:27--> 00:29:59

for you and I just tell periodicity here a minute and Jess 110 DB AutoHotKey. He will reality high on it. He will see that he further attaches and sanity in Africa metadata manager said he wanted accuracy in an interview Teresa cassava who won us via USB occur to her to her either an M to Coronavirus given them to con MacGruber. So then he says if you're not capable of doing this, because it's very difficult and it's arduous. The outside is you know it's the threshold of the house so it

00:30:00--> 00:30:14

So which what he's saying is, he's using that as an analogy for the, for the lower aspects of the self, because that's only your threshold is to get you to the higher self. So if you're not capable of cleaning up the threshold of your house,

00:30:15--> 00:30:25

from from its pollutants, the unjust the foul things, and and to discipline it's transgressors that the hot

00:30:26--> 00:30:30

and to train its its animals and its predatory

00:30:32--> 00:30:33

beasts

00:30:34--> 00:31:10

then it leaves Don't be incapacitated from guarding yourself from becoming soiled with those foul things wanted accuracy min and Teresa Cassie battle or and guarding yourself from being consumed by those predatory beasts. Or to become captive of its transgressors had to either allow them to kind of antiban them to good mother. So at least it's a it's a balance, you're neither overwhelmed by them, nor are you overwhelming them. So you don't

00:31:11--> 00:31:16

you know, they're there and you're dealing with them. And this is where he's going to get into his analogy.

00:31:18--> 00:32:02

So you're you're neither hot nor mug loop. And this is this is the what he's talking about. There is the path of salvation, you know, at least, you know, if you're going to have your appetites if you're going to don't let them destroy you. If you can't control them in the way that you should, you can't overcome them. At least don't let them destroy you, for Sauron has already been authority Osnap so there are three categories of people here. Sin lamea Velma, O'Meara behave what I'm you at the Huckle ialah motor house and on female who will not lie? Or jury ha what was Hera vasara and Darby, Marconi, he Maduro, Hanmer, Soran, Maluma and McCullough so the first group are those who do

00:32:02--> 00:32:09

not do what they were commanded to do, nor do they fulfill the duty of the ialah the Allah is like the

00:32:11--> 00:32:21

it's like the authority of the government, you know, so when you have authority over yourself, and you're not fulfilling the duty, that you have moved to housing on FEMA, who will let you know, so

00:32:23--> 00:32:36

to how on is to, you're just lackadaisical about it, you're not doing what you should be doing what what has been handed over to you as a responsibility, you're not fulfilling that responsibility because of your laziness.

00:32:37--> 00:33:03

So then you become wounded and captive. So these lower appetites wounds you and and capture you. And and so with your Lord, you become Maduro, Han, Matt Soran, injured captive Maluma and blameworthy. marulan. And in a state where you don't have to feel you're in a state of providential loss

00:33:05--> 00:33:18

and then the second group The second category, cinf fat and Emma O'Meara be he what happened? ialah fissara and Darby matura mascara, they fulfill the rights of vice GERAN see that they've been given

00:33:19--> 00:33:26

and with their Lord they are rewarded, and, and and shown gratitude.

00:33:28--> 00:34:05

Well, since then, Tara Tenma Cassata Ratan Tata 10 of one word personal authority. And the third category, they're serious sometimes, and they fall short other times for Jota. How would you rehab sometimes they're, they parry and they they get the strike against the lower self, and other times they're stricken. A lot of Oliva sometimes they end so this is how to see John. This is called enough. Salawa so he's telling you about Nuff said Amara Sue. Now salute and Mothma inna and Neff Salah Juana, these are the terms that the Quran gives for this. So so

00:34:07--> 00:34:10

we'll have a will, for who will come up at it to Anna What are her own, and

00:34:12--> 00:34:59

then we'll be him. Hello, I'm going on Saudi Anwar Garcia. So these are those who admit their sins. They have mixed righteous deeds, virtuous deeds with Vicious deeds or deeds lacking virtue, as Allah Who and you talk about him, perhaps God will will give them repentance in the love of all Rahim Verily, God is off to repenting merciful off turning to his his creation and merciful Okada vada Hamid insanity that tobira makeover to die Hughley, Lakota, Radha we will go to shoe shouty for method Huka method human Boulia if you somebody be somebody that Atherton or Tora Abraham had terraeum kyoho and he had a fossa and home where he actually is our home and Dooney him, but who am

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

I come up with?

00:35:00--> 00:35:48

Got a shadow. So So now he's going to strike an analogy of, we could look at a human being as in terms of either to get him in order to hire you. And in terms of the, the, the imaginal potentiality of the human being, and also the power of Adam and or shahadi irascible and the Appa TATIVE aspects of his soul. So here's the analogy is the analogy of somebody who has gone on a journey and they're tested, you know, bullied if you suffer so there there's an empty that they have a trial of having to travel in the company of three and they can't go get out of their company or tolerate him. They're compelled to travel with them today, okay, you know, and yet he won't be able to distance

00:35:48--> 00:36:27

himself from these, these travelers were equity several men doing him and to travel without them. For who for whom at home, so he's with them, whether he likes it or not, this is the journey so he's talking about the journey of life, you're on this journey of life. And you're gonna have these three companions, and you're just stuck with them on this journey. So what are they? And then he quotes the poet woman nicot of dunya ism, what's gonna be, I think, yeah, yeah, and within a while indicative dunya, added hurry, and Yara, I do wonder who Mammon sadhaka he would do is a very famous line that Arabs educated Arabs almost all know. So from, from the unfortunate aspects of this lower

00:36:27--> 00:36:40

world for a free man for a horror and the arrows meant by Hodor. They didn't mean they didn't mean like what we mean today, they meant somebody who was, you know, dignified and in control of himself.

00:36:41--> 00:36:49

And Yara, I don't want that he has to consider an enemy that he has, he has no way out of his friendship.

00:36:50--> 00:37:36

Because in life, you're gonna have people is like a boss that you can't stand. But you have to act friendly. And I mean, this is this is life, you're gonna have people even in your own family, you're gonna have somebody who just is really difficult, right, as the uncle, nobody wants to come over for the holiday. But he comes anyway, and everybody is nice. So that's what he's talking about. So now he's going to use that as an analogy for these these appetites that we have these these faculties in our own souls, the Yanaka, dunya meta antenna has hit home and hurry hotter your caribou to do. So he's saying, oh, you know, the trials of this world? When will you depart from this free man, so

00:37:36--> 00:37:42

that he can find the opposite approach? What's opposite, which is the, you know,

00:37:44--> 00:37:49

there's a Sudanese scholar who talked about the modern academia, you know.

00:37:51--> 00:38:13

So the modern academia, he said, you know, people shouldn't be so upset about having a spouse, you could it goes male or female. That spouse just gives you a hard time all the time. Because he said, actually, there's a lot of benefits to that moronic idea. He said, One, you're always doing dica because he's like, Hola, what up or what they live in LA, he were in LA.

00:38:15--> 00:39:05

And then he said, and then you're, you're always visiting your relatives, because he's, I have to go out. So he goes on, about that. So for why don't MMO who are the Hauraki when your father or anyone tackler Oho. Like you know Milliken MOBA Heaton, Momo Wuhan, you let people bought that Adelphia we have telcos Zuora FDLR, aka the failure to add KT by the city where the sower is beautiful writer is very, very nice writer. He has a five volume work called the Mahabharat of the Buddha, which is really stunning. But he so he was very very erudite in in Arabic literature that you will find his style is and he uses a lot of unusual words. So he says one of these enemies you he's in front of

00:39:05--> 00:39:07

you, so he's going ahead of you.

00:39:08--> 00:39:24

And he's Raqib his his his is on guard he's watching to protect you wine and tequila Oh, whoa. And he's like a spy because it means I but it also means spy so he's like a spy who's there to collect or who

00:39:27--> 00:40:00

is also to protect you know the guard like you know medicon So he has to Mel look is obsequiousness MOBA he tone he's he's just you know bad you better hitter who is to like tell lies but it's lies that you know that they're hard to believe. Malawi Hone Mimosa is a gilded like a you know in the Maliki felt that they have Momo wa in Hollywood he talks about the plates that are gold

00:40:00--> 00:40:11

gold plated, so mimosa. So the Mimosa is the one who he just embellished his things he he's not he's not being straight, he's hiding something.

00:40:13--> 00:40:25

And then you left your coil about it at telethia. So he's fabricating and conjuring up falsehoods. Tentacles Zora fgdata, again, is another way of saying you lifted up.

00:40:27--> 00:40:54

I mean, halacha in Arabic means to create, but when it's applied to the human means to lie, so tell us that means to lie. It's to because we don't create we're not created. That's my creative writing is one of the worst titles for a course ever. Because there's every everything is minimises you know, where it's all nemesis. There's no we're not creative beings in that way. What we are is

00:40:55--> 00:41:07

skillful, and an imaginative so in that way, but creation to create is is Allah's alone, he's the creator, He's the harlot. It's an unshared name

00:41:12--> 00:41:14

so then he says

00:41:15--> 00:41:21

so he he mixes truth with falsehood he mixes error with

00:41:23--> 00:41:25

with with Soa with what's correct

00:41:26--> 00:41:41

and then the second one and you mean he is on your right side but the show politicians that Iran so but this is like somebody who's like a thug that Iran is malicious so he's like a malicious thug

00:41:42--> 00:41:53

yeah me him and I D He protects him from his enemies like in okay the aroma up for you bow wood or metal, but he can lead him astray and destroy

00:41:54--> 00:42:03

what's your bow with our metal for the armor is your it's what's cultivated so he can destroy what you've cultivated.

00:42:05--> 00:42:11

While you're here, you do have a jewel, and he can instigate you fed if

00:42:12--> 00:42:26

he's not controlled by sound advice, what are your Refco and he won't bow down to gentleness and no not not on fear hop up he's like fire and dry wood. Oh say don't feel suburb or is like a flash flood coming down from

00:42:28--> 00:42:38

an elevation Oh, he has put him on if you have that edition should be a Carmen Cardamone is somebody who likes meat.

00:42:39--> 00:42:46

There's a hadith in the water, the Imam Malik there are only two Hadees in the mouth about meat and they're both negative. Very interesting.

00:42:48--> 00:43:04

But one of them almost saw this man buying meat every day. And he said to him a CoolerMaster hater straight. Like what you just get hungry for meat and you go buy it. And he said in the original Karima like I'm carnivorous.

00:43:06--> 00:43:16

Like I like meat. You know, like Avalon people, Arab people, they like meats. And so Amara Dylon who said a Hawaiian to corn and takuna Minella Dena,

00:43:17--> 00:43:25

ALLAH SubhanA wa paladium of hematoma by the Vatican thehigh article Madonia wisdom tacked on via that you will be from those who have lost all of your

00:43:27--> 00:43:49

all of your blessings in this world and enjoyed them here so you don't get them after. So there's something in in the pre modern world called sumptuary laws, which are very interesting. So Islam has sumptuary laws. A sumptuary law is a law that prohibits things that are going to lead to too much luxury.

00:43:50--> 00:44:11

And many, many societies had sanctuary laws. The Greeks had them because they were worried especially the Spartans, because they were worried that people would get two lakhs. The Chinese had some Sharia law. So Omar, the province of Assam clearly in our religion, the prohibition of men wearing gold is a sanctuary law. And that's a clear sanctuary law.

00:44:12--> 00:44:22

But Omar had sanctuary laws, so He prohibited eating meat every day in Medina when he was Caleb. He said you could eat it every other day.

00:44:23--> 00:44:59

And in the books of fickle, they talk about, you know, the right of a woman to the amount of meat and they literally based on her socio economic status. They had how many days so like a, you know, a woman who's accustomed to that at least once a week. One of the reasons why the meat was done on the Aedes was because most people were what we would today call semi vegetarians, because meat was really expensive. And meat was also wealth. Because livestock in all pre modern societies, livestock is is part of wealth. Right? It's like having gold or silver. So you don't want to like

00:45:00--> 00:45:11

just dissipate all your wealth by eating all the time. And then also they got they shown the, for the wool. I mean there were also milk. There's other uses why they wouldn't eat meat.

00:45:13--> 00:45:19

So he is saying it's the promotion of Telemon is like a stud in heat.

00:45:20--> 00:45:25

That's what it means. So quorum is like a fan that you track lil

00:45:26--> 00:45:28

let the ROB so it's only used to

00:45:30--> 00:45:37

you know, like these these stud farms where they have stallions that are only used to to basically produce

00:45:39--> 00:45:41

fine animals

00:45:42--> 00:45:59

oh seven Thank you don't or like a predatory animal that's lost its offspring. You know, like you never want to mess with if you kill the the offspring of a bear in front of that bear. Yeah, you better have two bullets in the

00:46:00--> 00:46:15

because an animal that that loses his offspring. It's, it's it's very angry. So yeah tells you on your Sakinah who DataMan the atom up well Minho. So he has to always be calming it down. And to guard himself

00:46:16--> 00:46:53

with it from it, both with it and from it because the POA BIA he's using his for the example of the POA or the via you need it for both. Right it's going to guard you but you have to guard yourself against it because it's dangerous. But who am I who come up here, Rocky, but I said you have on NAS wolf enough see the beautiful saying so the man who's writing the lion, everybody's in, in fear of him. But he's in he's the one that's most in fear. Because he's on the lion and he knows how dangerous it is. So you have this in the Asian tradition, the Taoist tradition, the idea of you know,

00:46:55--> 00:47:38

leave mountain embrace the Embrace Tiger return to mountain it that's about conquering the soul. You know, so the soul is used in in some of the Asian traditions. As the idea of you know, this is the enough that you have to tame like the lion tamer, you have to tame the lion. So he's saying you can ride it your soul, but you should. But you know, and people will be amazed at it. But you should always be fearful of it because you never know when it's going to rear its head. You just don't know. And you can't trust it. I mean, Abu Bakar said if I had one foot in Jana, and one foot outside, I still wouldn't feel safe. Until until both were firmly planted. And you know, the even

00:47:39--> 00:47:52

even Mr. Wood said when Kenny is Stan Philly Istanbul the immediate thing they'll hire Letterman, our Akobo whoever wants to take a sunnah take a sooner from Dead people don't take it from the living because the living are still under examination.

00:47:54--> 00:47:55

Right?

00:47:56--> 00:48:07

The living are still under examination. So it doesn't matter who I mean we had, you know, we've had people, notable people that left Islam,

00:48:08--> 00:48:15

people that were teaching and people learn from them, and then they just left Islam. So nobody

00:48:17--> 00:48:18

as long as somebody is alive.

00:48:20--> 00:48:42

We don't know we ask for personal hajima you know, and we ask Allah shall those people Allah illuminate their hearts and restore them to their sanity? You know, because the tragedy when somebody you know, one of the companions who went to Ethiopia, he was alcoholic and he couldn't control his his knifes you know, and so he ended up

00:48:44--> 00:48:47

becoming a Christian so he could drink alcohol

00:48:50--> 00:49:00

but that that's exactly it. You know, it's all it's it's more about appetites than anything else. People have a natural appetites and that will deviate them and take them away from the truth

00:49:06--> 00:49:44

so the so so so the third and you said he who will have the tea he been mattagami One Mushara like you know our en medicon Howdy Ron Shabbir con and ocean zero G for Sierra fee gelatin yeah to be up I met and honey attend Jana we met and habitat and for your crew who added tenacity for who yeah tells you and you saw a bit of home Add to Cart several variables are done mocha certain usually the puffy and nor what Tasha bofi had Naja with evolvement hold in my head and yeah, I'm gonna buy a home. So the third one is on his left.

00:49:45--> 00:49:54

And this is the one who brings the food on the journey. He's bringing the food and the drink. But he himself

00:49:56--> 00:50:00

is he's stupid. He's Oregon, like Oregon.

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

ONET enough's are the frivolities of the self so that Iran is the one who's engaged in frivolities.

00:50:07--> 00:50:17

Melia Khan, again is obsequious pathirana his his foul he's his is his cucina. You know, he's his dirty shabby icon

00:50:19--> 00:50:20

same thing

00:50:21--> 00:50:28

and then cut under who can Ziran I mean, this is in rhetoric for those of you who are doing the the

00:50:29--> 00:50:42

rhetoric it's it's an app right he's doing up to now, so he's, he's the ship the sharp is the one who's got just heavy appetite shall be a con. So

00:50:44--> 00:50:58

no hit zero. He's like a pig who's hungry? Who was made hungry like you're not feeding him and then he's put into the Gela you know the sky the pigsty?

00:50:59--> 00:51:23

Yeah, Tia Jana BL by Martin Hania sometimes they throw good food in the pigsty and sometimes they're if they throw foul food in it so he's just forced compelled to eat what's there for who yeah casual annual slugger home. So this one on the journey, he's he it's necessary for him to placate them to keep them until he finishes his journey

00:51:24--> 00:52:02

and reaches the Holy Land. This is a journey to the optimal ADESA usually puffy hand nor where the light illuminates. And there's the sheep and the wolf will drink from the same bowl together. So all of the the trials of the world for yet Manaphy hippo EPA home and then he's free finally of their of the trials. So getting to the other side, knowing that you have these three travelers on your journey, and you just have to watch out for them.

00:52:03--> 00:52:29

But this is the sole that's why I'm calling this a Quranic anthropology because it really is a study of the human being he's really giving us an anthropology rooted in the Quran. You can see how he's ruining everything in the Quran. And then he says that he's free minerality allottee Eurasia and yesterday women have yoga and you suddenly up AHA that British Zara had or Antarctica and so then he's able to

00:52:30--> 00:52:35

to put this malicious thug over this stupid

00:52:36--> 00:52:37

you know

00:52:39--> 00:52:47

this stupid foul one had to borrow zebra so that that he's he's constantly you know

00:52:48--> 00:53:07

zebra who is like constantly keeping them in check why not via a helluva attire be hit it has an origin and Momo and then he's able to put out the extremism of the of the zap the malicious one who's who's astray right

00:53:10--> 00:53:12

with the with the the

00:53:16--> 00:53:17

the ARA and Mimosa

00:53:18--> 00:53:19

with his

00:53:20--> 00:53:22

you know his deceptions?

00:53:24--> 00:53:42

What Elia genetic Elan MOBA hit and moto harus and that he doesn't incline towards the mobile hit and moto haras had to mow the pan man Allaha de la familia stoke overfamiliar and he and he doesn't believe that the lying one the Moto horas

00:53:43--> 00:53:46

until it brings a

00:53:47--> 00:54:07

something to verify from God as a strong covenant from God in order to believe him in what he's telling him not to do or to avoid for John and medical MOBA had keen eye on him. So he's he says the Melech l MOBA hat is is a

00:54:09--> 00:54:20

metaphor for wham. So the COVID wa Hema is is one of the you know, it's the wham is the estimative. Right. But it's,

00:54:21--> 00:54:59

it's it's the it's also it's related to, you know, you have European, you have Czech and then you have one, so what ham is it can it can create things in your mind that you think are true, and they're not true. It's it's very important, this quality that the human mind has yet to Wareham. It's important, but it's dangerous. That's what he's saying. Because it can it can make the falsehood look true. It can do things if you're not careful with it. So that's what he's saying. And then the butter Shahzad the malicious Thug is the is the irascibility and then the other end

00:55:00--> 00:55:32

Men up and there's the obsequious stupid foul one is the Shaohua Jelena Arden mocha sir Ivana, Andara, Sudan, and the Holy Land is the abode of Islam of Suriname, the paradise. Well, that can lead to Whovian. Yesterday I met him, and yet Faribault had the Cova we've identified Sheree butchery and so one of the strategies is to use one against the other is by way of avoiding harm with other harm. Willow annum and Allah knows best.

00:55:33--> 00:55:34

What how much time?

00:55:36--> 00:55:44

Okay, so let me see if I can. Yeah, this one's not too long. So calendar Lytton Sandhu and Maqsood mental annum, what is our DOMA Adele holy sh D.

00:55:47--> 00:56:09

So this is the fact that the human being is intended by the world itself, and his N everything that was created other than Him as for him, so this is a strong anthropic principle, right. He's basically arguing a strong anthropic principle that the whole of the universe is created for our species.

00:56:11--> 00:56:31

And people can say, Oh, well, why is all those galaxies millions of Well, the same is true, if you go in, like, if you go in, you'll have that we're actually at the midpoint. This is one of the things that Alexis Carroll who won the Nobel Prize, one of things that he pointed out, if you if you take the largest things in the universe, and you take the smallest things that we know, divide them by two, you'll get the human being

00:56:32--> 00:56:40

so so it goes both ways. And and and the thing about the human being humans we can travel

00:56:41--> 00:57:14

to in space, in our minds, and we can go inside with our minds. I mean, that's that's what's unique about us. So but it's also to show us and to my shadowhawk I mean, sama? Are you a greater creation, or the heavens, like it's also to show the plethora of Allah subhanaw taala that his power is so vast, and Allah swears that oxen oxen will be Malacca and June, we're in the hood, optimal low tech, and I'm gonna tell them, I swear by the positions of the stars, and if you bought new, you would know how vast and out that is.

00:57:15--> 00:57:28

Because it's so vast, all these galaxies, Allah swears by the positions of the stars, if you look at the Big Dipper, you'll see it looks like it's all on the same plane. Those are billions of miles away from one another.

00:57:30--> 00:57:38

So Allah swearing by the positions of the stars, and telling us this is a vast oath if you but new now we know

00:57:40--> 00:57:45

so new idiom, it and if it if it will be unforeseen, we will show them Our signs.

00:57:46--> 00:58:06

So so, you know, this idea that we're not, you know, that human beings, this whole modern idea that oh, we're just this insignificant speck of dust in this little corner of some, you know, relatively small galaxy that we don't have a lot of significance. This is a complete lie.

00:58:07--> 00:58:49

It's completely alien to reality. And so So he's saying no, don't believe that that the human being is well, at Mach Sodom and Al Anam Asiad who che and by the che, who are unusual that Insano Verado minute or can and yes what I'm in Hannah beds, woman in Alberta and Solomon hello hi Lynette. We're going to hang out at a solid at Sam river Sharia when it assembled, but she didn't ask for a minute or one Nautica when or why not fit into Surah minarchy lavadora heater out if he already for you towards the Ruby effect. you're happier in an era of de cama de la la Jota arriba cote in Egypt, you don't have the Khalifa. So he says, the whole purpose of this world and his creation bit by bit,

00:58:49--> 00:58:50

little by little

00:58:51--> 00:59:25

is in order to bring the human being into existence. So the whole purpose of the elements is to produce vegetation. The purpose of vegetation is to produce animals. The purpose of animals is to produce bodies, human bodies, and the purpose of the human body is to be a vehicle for the soul, the rational souls and for the rational souls to become the vice Gerrans of God in the earth will also be far happier in the end by fulfilling that duty as the vice Jarrett of Allah in the earth, then you warrant eternal bliss

00:59:27--> 00:59:41

come Adela Jota Anna Arabia Cody in need Adi Khalifa and this is what Allah indicates when he said, Verily I'm placing in the earth of ice Jaron was not allowed to add an in Santa Solara till Allah was Abeta

00:59:43--> 00:59:46

Allah has made the human being

00:59:47--> 00:59:59

the Shalala it's like it's it's it's coming from. It's the offspring I'm an acellular is like a sigh on on offspring but Sula

01:00:00--> 01:00:11

is is is, it's all it's the chain that brings you into existence. So you're the offspring of the whole world everything has conspired in the world to bring you into existence.

01:00:14--> 01:00:18

And you are the Zubaydah, you are the cream of creation.

01:00:19--> 01:00:36

Whoo hoo will muscles but kuramathi And for this reason you have been ennobled and dignified. Now cut quorum now Benny Adam our hammer. Now verbal reward body was up now Hamanaka EBRT will have been nomadic Athena min, Manohar dotnet of Biela. We have a noble the children of Adam.

01:00:38--> 01:01:19

And we have carried them on the land and in the sea. And we provided from all the good things, and we have preferred them over so much of the creation, a clear preference was a messy well kill masculinity low. And he made everything in support of the human being. Everything is in support of the human being, the Earth is turning, creating the Van Allen belts, the Van Allen belts are protecting us from the radiation, the radiation comes just to the right degree to produce enough vitamin D and S to keep us healthy. By all these things, everything is here. And then he put everything on the earth for you. Sahara coma for some water out he he subrogated The heavens and

01:01:19--> 01:01:33

earth to you. He put it all there for you. He gave us glue, he gave us cloth, he gave us leather, he gave us milk he gave us all these different fruits. Allah has given us all these different things, and it's all provisioned for us.

01:01:34--> 01:01:36

I mean, if you want to read a really interesting

01:01:42--> 01:01:59

it's, it's it's a really a thought experiment, almost. But it's called eyepencil. And his man wrote it just to show you how miraculous just a pencil to come into existence is that, you know, we say only God could create a tree, only God could make a pencil.

01:02:01--> 01:02:17

And that's why Allah says in Allah, Holly kukuli Asana in was on it he he mumbled bye bye happy says Allah is the creator of every craftsman and the thing that he's making. So if you look just at a pencil, what did it take to make one pencil?

01:02:20--> 01:02:31

You have wood, you need wood. So there's there's people right now that have the Grow wood for paper and things i But do you think that guy who's planning those trees is thinking about a pencil?

01:02:32--> 01:02:55

He's not thinking about a pencil. And then those people need all these people to be supplying them with their needs, right? So they need all their equipment. And then they need also the food that comes to them. So they can work. Right? So that's all that going on? And then where does where does the graphite come from? There's three major plays 70%, graphite comes from Turkey, China, and

01:02:57--> 01:03:10

one other country can't remember. So then the graphite and then it's compound. It's not just graphite. So do you think those people that are harvesting the graphite, like they're thinking about making a pencil, they're just thinking about

01:03:11--> 01:03:16

making some money selling graphite to whoever wants to buy graphite, because graphite has a lot of uses.

01:03:18--> 01:03:24

And then the trucks that have to carry those logs, who made those trucks

01:03:25--> 01:03:49

to carry those logs. So there's all these people that are doing all these things. So were they thinking about a pencil when they made those trucks to specifically carry a log to the factory, and then the factory, they shaved the thing, and then the pencil company that buys the wood to make the pencils, and then they put them in there. And then all those people that created all those machines to do that work.

01:03:50--> 01:04:08

And on and on and on, you can just go on and on and on. So nobody planned to make a pencil. Somebody wanted to make a pencil but he could not in any way, shape or form, have directed all those different people on this planet, to enable him to make a pencil.

01:04:09--> 01:04:14

And that's just a pencil, which is a miracle in and of itself to come into existence.

01:04:15--> 01:04:20

That's what Adam Smith called the invisible hand. And Adam Smith was talking about God

01:04:22--> 01:04:32

He wasn't talking and that's why the Prophet SAW I sent him said they said set your own set your own like fix the prices for us. He said in the law when Messiah Allah fixes prices.

01:04:34--> 01:04:36

Allah fixes price the market is God's

01:04:38--> 01:04:53

all all these things that are happening on this planet, all the all the things were wearing, do you think they were thinking about you what the clothes you're wearing, that they were thinking about? So and so in California is going to purchase this that person's sewing that thing? They're they're doing that for you, but who?

01:04:55--> 01:04:59

A lot did it all and we're all helping one another. This is towel one

01:05:00--> 01:05:12

I, like human beings are helping one another. Without even knowing it. That's one of the one of the within me says that, you know, the Arab underbed who are helping one another without without even realizing it.

01:05:13--> 01:05:25

So all these things that come into the world, where did they come from? Who thought of them you couldn't have put them all together? No, but no one person could have thought of that. And that's why no one person could create a pencil.

01:05:27--> 01:05:32

There's not one person that could do that. It's only Allah subhanaw taala could do that.

01:05:33--> 01:05:41

I love him. He swore by the pen. Well, Allah me when is thrown by the pen, and what it produces.

01:05:43--> 01:05:58

So this is life on Earth. It's amazing. It's all wonder, that's what GK Chesterton said, that we're not perishing for, for, for what for what they were perishing, for want of wonder not for want of wonders.

01:05:59--> 01:06:10

Because people don't they don't marvel at all this stuff around them that's happening. It's all miraculous. I mean, COVID came and shut down the whole planet and everything just went like, how did it all keep going?

01:06:13--> 01:06:16

South web here, citizen proof God's running the world?

01:06:18--> 01:06:22

Because everything got shut down. And yet none of us starve to death.

01:06:24--> 01:06:26

And if we do we deserve it.

01:06:30--> 01:06:31

Anyway,

01:06:34--> 01:06:36

I think we'll stop there.

01:06:38--> 01:06:39

Any questions?

01:06:53--> 01:06:53

So I

01:06:54--> 01:07:09

had a question about this idea of like consciousness and the spirit. And I was wondering if maybe you could explain the difference, if there is a difference between the two. And perhaps maybe there's a connection to Cartesian Dualism in the two as well.

01:07:12--> 01:07:19

For us consciousness is it's an immaterial foot. I mean, it's spirit. It's not it's not substance.

01:07:20--> 01:07:25

But but we're not, we're not dualist in that in, in a Cartesian sense of that.

01:07:26--> 01:07:34

I mean, we're integrated beings, the man shot now have an Aha. So so our consciousness embeds in our bodies.

01:07:37--> 01:07:43

Minister, this the vehicle, Allah has given us a vehicle for that, and that and that's why it's recreated in the afterlife,

01:07:44--> 01:07:47

were brought back together we believe in the bodily resurrection.

01:07:50--> 01:07:52

Allah has made us by embodied human beings.

01:07:54--> 01:08:03

There is a there is a an immaterial aspect, like we can't we do go into other dimensions with the Spirit.

01:08:04--> 01:08:11

So consciousness can like dream the dream world is, is another if it's a true dream you're in, you're in a

01:08:12--> 01:08:13

you're in a whole other realm.

01:08:15--> 01:08:18

And you can experience long periods of time there's time dilation and dreams.

01:08:20--> 01:08:43

Because people when they actually look at them when they're dreaming, they're very short periods of time. Because we know we know the the waves that produce dreams. So people you know these researchers have studied dreams they're actually dreams are very, very short periods. But But the dream is not there's a dream dilation. So because we're out of the time space of this world

01:09:00--> 01:09:31

so I was hoping we could go back to the analogy of the companions, companions, companions. Yeah, so the one that is like a guard or a spy that was referring to the Washington, the wall Hema Caldwell Hema Kula, Hema, that's what it's called. Yeah. Is that like the rational faculty? It's, well, animals actually share that with us. It's estimative. It's what it's what enables the deer to know exactly how high to jump to get over the fence.

01:09:33--> 01:09:52

Right. But but the problem with it is for us is that it can, it can trick us as well. Right? So I wanted to ask about that. So when it was mentioning the lies and the falsehoods, was he referring? Well, like McDonough B says, you know, Mansa, Pharaoh said, no, no, no, who

01:09:53--> 01:09:59

was satakam? The human Tomi, whose actions are bad, his thoughts become bad and he'll begin to build

01:10:00--> 01:10:16

Leave his own wha hum. So for instance, you know, if you think if you have a bad opinion of somebody and you think they don't like you, like, and then you see him look at you from a distance and then start talking to another person, your mind will say, Oh, he's talking about me.

01:10:17--> 01:10:26

That's the one that he's talking about. It's, it's, it's an imaginative faculty. It's a faculty that that's in that's in us that has,

01:10:28--> 01:10:33

you know, a capacity that's very positive, but it's also got that downside to it.

01:10:34--> 01:10:35

Okay, so.

01:10:36--> 01:10:52

So when he was talking about that analogy, was it one person plus three companions or a total of three? No, the three are the, the, the downside of the rational mind. That's that's the the guard. The downside of the

01:10:53--> 01:10:54

the

01:10:55--> 01:11:03

the irascible is the, the malicious thug, and the downside of the compute percent is the,

01:11:04--> 01:11:05

you know, the lusty

01:11:08--> 01:11:27

kind of foul thing malloc you said shall be a clone Malecon? pudieron. So those are the three he's talking about. He's talking about the defaults of those three, the human being is triune. So we have we have the POA a Nata, and then there's there's elements in that,

01:11:28--> 01:11:29

that are

01:11:30--> 01:11:52

you know, the morphic era I mean, this is all he went through it i i did it in the previous chapter the the morphic era Hajela the Halophila right. The the Acura some, some will put the Hatfield and Acura together or Harvey those memory and decorous recollection. And then and then the the why, Hema?

01:11:53--> 01:11:56

So and then and then the irascibility

01:11:57--> 01:12:29

is is the spiritedness that's what protects you so, so the COA or the BIA is for dar el Masada it's to protect you from harm. The covert shadow iya or shadow Ania is gel been masala. It's to accrue benefit. So one Ward's off harm the other approves benefit, if it's regulated properly. And the one that's supposed to regulate it is the Motomura. Right? It's it's, but that that can trick you.

01:12:30--> 01:12:34

And, you know, we have what's called cognitive dissonance. We have things like

01:12:36--> 01:12:56

projection. I mean, there's all these things that the mind does. When it's unwell. Right, grandiose ideas. You know, so mental illness is real. And there's a spectrum of mental illness. So he's saying that you have to watch out for the, your mind because it can play a lot of tricks on you.

01:12:58--> 01:13:34

That's the he's just warning about that. He's, he's analogized. The three aspects of the human being, as these three, you have to travel with them. And so they have a purpose. One's bringing you food, one's guarding, making sure you're not going to get into trouble. And one of them if you do get into trouble, they're going to defend you. But they're bad companions. That's all he's saying. So he said, you have to you have to take charge of them and be their master. And you can't do that at least make peace with them.

01:13:35--> 01:13:41

If you can't master them, don't let them dictate to you. Just make peace with them.

01:13:44--> 01:13:46

That clear? Yes, thank you.

01:13:50--> 01:14:18

Um, one thing that you mentioned, even in the last session, was the idea of the duty of the intellect is to seek refuge and Allah from passions and can you just explain more on like, what you mean by passions? The reason why I say that is because I think about like, in this day and age, all you hear is like follow your passion, right? Like ice like bad advice. Yeah. Do what you love. So like, Just do it. Yeah.

01:14:19--> 01:14:20

Yeah.

01:14:22--> 01:14:50

What a time Yeah. It's amazing. It's this is the most anti filter time in human history, because all previous civilizations recognize human frailty. All of them. They really did they recognize human frailty, and religions were there to help people navigate their own frailties. So societies would actually protect people from themselves. And that was decorum. The idea of, you know, just people knowing that somebody will see you do something would be

01:14:51--> 01:14:59

a restraint for you. Whereas now the anonymity of the world the internet is an anonymous place. So

01:15:00--> 01:15:19

Passion is a good thing, all these things are positive. And that's what he's saying. He's saying these things are there for a reason. And Allah has put them in us for a reason. They're there for a reason. So we don't want to destroy them. We want to be able to use them for their purposes. So

01:15:21--> 01:15:41

in, in a human relationship, one would hope that there's passion. I mean, you want you want to, to have a healthy human relationship, but when it becomes abusive, or when that passion becomes so overwhelming, overwhelming, that a person can't control themselves, and then they're out

01:15:42--> 01:15:45

you know, exploring other venues to,

01:15:46--> 01:16:02

to release their passions right, and dissipate themselves. Those same with food food is appetite is a good thing. Anorexia is a pathology. You don't want to be anorexic. We're Obama mustards and Sharon Mina, Tommy, you know, mambo Sadie says maybe

01:16:04--> 01:16:54

anorexia is worse than, than indigestion. Like eating too much, too much is healthier, because you can calm that down. But how do you? How do you perk up anorexia? How do you get an anorexic to eat? Like you can you can constrain the gluttony. So Apatheia is is I mean, you know, in the stoic tradition, it's just being in control of your it's not without, so to speak, but it's being in control of it, so that it doesn't take over. So So appetite is good, but it's there to help you maintain your health, not to destroy your health. So somebody, I mean, children, if you if you give children the choice, they're going to eat ice cream for breakfast, lunch and dinner, they're going

01:16:54--> 01:17:00

to eat candy, they're going to, I mean that most kids will do that. And you will kill them.

01:17:01--> 01:17:46

That's the knifes the infantile. The knifes is related to the infant. So the baby and that's why spiritually we are called to, to, to become mature, like to grow spiritually. So many people grow physically, but they don't grow spiritually. So they're knifes are still like infants. I mean, there's a, there's a, you know, one of these videos, somebody posted up, these little kids are all praying, you know, they're like five years old, they have their line, they're all praying and they have the Imam and, and that is what really, if we could see our mosques and see ourselves in reality before God. That's what most of us would look like, like a bunch of spiritual infants.

01:17:47--> 01:17:50

But we have tech leaf, and we're supposed to butterfly humans, aka

01:17:51--> 01:18:09

he or she has had success, who grows the soul? I mean, there's a debate about whether that goes back to a law or to the human. So but but it's it's both in that you have you have a duty to do the work and then Allah promises that He will produce the results.

01:18:13--> 01:18:14

That helpful.

01:18:16--> 01:18:17

Any other?

01:18:18--> 01:18:52

So we have some questions online. Okay. So how does one balance the desire of sleep? And how does one break in? I mean, sleep is very important. People that are sleep deprived, sleep deprived, deprivation is a torture. It's a form of torture. And people will go into psychotic states after maybe five or six days without sleep, they'll go into a psychotic state. And the reason for that, is that sleep, you know, even audibly says sleep is to the soul what food is to the body.

01:18:53--> 01:18:57

And we know now that that sleep is not

01:18:58--> 01:19:21

your metabolism is basically working at the same level when you're asleep, as it is when you're sitting or lying down awake. So what is sleep sleep is the souls need to leave the dunya for a period of time because it this is this we're aliens here. This is not our natural abode. So the waking state is like being fish out of water.

01:19:23--> 01:19:35

So we do our work. You know, we're like amphibians. Like we're here, but we have to go back into the water. And that water is the consciousness that happens in sleep.

01:19:36--> 01:19:39

And that's why you feel so refreshed after sleep.

01:19:41--> 01:19:44

Your soul is refreshed. It's not your body.

01:19:45--> 01:19:46

It's the soul.

01:19:47--> 01:19:59

So sleep is really important. And people need different levels of sleep, even in life. I mean, one of the things as you get older people think old people you know, can't sleep because they're

01:20:00--> 01:20:02

aren't supposed to be supposed to be doing a bad

01:20:03--> 01:20:11

the older you get, the more a bad that you should be doing. It's just natural. And that's why in the Muslim world all people know what to do with insomnia.

01:20:13--> 01:20:32

You know, they do to hedge it and they read the Quran and they do things that are appropriate for their age, because you dry out, you know, babies sleep a lot. They're like cats. Because cats are that, you know, they say that's one of the things about cats, they're more spiritual than dogs, they have to sleep all the time.

01:20:33--> 01:21:09

So babies are very wet and moist. And as you dry out through life, you're going to need less sleep as you get older. But people shut him down and he told me be careful not sleeping, because he said he actually harmed his health when he was young because he didn't sleep a lot. He just had such high him and children hate to go to sleep. Because their consciousness is there. They're they're new here. So it's like they're gonna miss something. Right? They want to stay awake, they fight sleep.

01:21:10--> 01:21:15

When we get older, it's the opposite where they I gotta get out of here and need a nap

01:21:17--> 01:21:54

so but so you know I would be careful but sit there during Ramadan we should be sleeping less. Yeah, and say now Ali's dua was World beanie be a CT min unknown, you know Hola Hola. Hola. Hola, Alina Belaz spam, waterfowl. Minella mad like enable us to pray Ramadan free of illness and free of preoccupations and content us with less sleep. So Ramadan is a good time you know to, but don't overdo it to where you're gonna get sick. You have to sleep to sleep is very important.

01:21:57--> 01:22:06

Today with regards demons don't nap either, you know, the Prophet SAW, I said, I'm settled Pidove in the shelter lay up you don't take naps because the demons don't nap.

01:22:08--> 01:22:28

Go Sorry. Go ahead. Today with regards to psychiatry, people create labels for all behavioral patent behavioral patterns. Should we be using these patterns? Yeah, I mean, you know, psychiatry is we have a whole tradition of the study of the psyche, right? Psyche is soul. And so

01:22:29--> 01:23:07

psychology is the study of the human soul, traditionally, and this really, for us, this is very deep psychology. I mean, he's giving us psychology, in terms of illnesses, we're living in an age of a lot of mental imbalance, but we're also living in a kind of psychological, you know, psychiatric period where everything's, everything's labeled. So everything, oh, he's got narcissistic personality disorder. You know, everybody's got, you know, they all have all these labels. And I think we have to be careful about being too quick to relegate people to

01:23:08--> 01:23:34

mental illness. In Islam, it's very hard to prove mental illness in criminal cases. Because if people act rationally in any way, then they're seen as having basic sanity. I mean, if somebody plans shooting up a school, you can say it's mental illness, but they plan to do something very heinous. So they're just a human demon.

01:23:36--> 01:23:42

And why there are human demons, God only knows. I mean, it's just not for us to penetrate that mystery.

01:23:43--> 01:23:44

But there are human demons.

01:23:46--> 01:24:08

And they're out there. And there's people they're under like a demonic possession, it's pretty clear. When we just look at them, they scream and yell, and it's amazing, you know, triggered like they can people, we should be able just to have a conversation about something. But there's people that can't, they can't sit, and then they're very troubled by people of piety and people of,

01:24:09--> 01:24:24

of spirit. They're very troubled by them. So they react when they see any type of any forms of piety, which is a proof that they're under demonic Yuto alone who I mean Allah says that they have taken IBLEES as their ally.

01:24:27--> 01:24:52

So so we live amongst them and you know, that's part of what he's saying is, look, you have it in your own self. And you have to learn to live with it in your own self, let alone in the world that we're in. Right? The heart should be in control, but the truth is reached by the intellect, how can you ensure that the intellect is still under control of the heart and you are not depending on it in a harmful way?

01:24:53--> 01:24:59

I mean, again, you just have to the most important things is to follow the Sunnah of the prophesies and him and you

01:25:00--> 01:25:06

You know, the Christians have that nice thing. What would Jesus do? You know, I mean, we have to think about the Prophet sighs to them and,

01:25:08--> 01:25:12

and then do our best just to be guided by those principles of sunnah.

01:25:13--> 01:25:17

So I don't I, again, I think you can overthink these things.

01:25:18--> 01:25:37

It's also good to get reflection from people that you trust, that have insight into you who know you well, because, you know, Siva is important. And traditionally, I mean, that was the whole point of the camera and having the idea of the Zarya, I mean, they were doing work on themselves. That was the purpose of that whole operation.

01:25:38--> 01:25:50

It a lot of it fell into a lot of dysfunctionality, like everything in the Muslim world, you know, the whole enterprise has fallen on hard times. So it's, they're not the only ones.

01:25:51--> 01:25:54

But that was the purpose of that third space.

01:25:56--> 01:25:59

So, but you can also I mean,

01:26:02--> 01:26:06

it's very important to preoccupy the self in good things.

01:26:08--> 01:26:17

Because if you're, if you're deliberating too much about things and what they call navel gazing, Kierkegaard called it navel navel gazing. Yeah,

01:26:18--> 01:26:20

it's a dangerous thing to do.

01:26:23--> 01:26:31

One of the purposes of one of the purposes of the human beings creation is the only model what exactly is what

01:26:32--> 01:26:33

a monitor I think.

01:26:34--> 01:26:35

Oh, Aymara a monitor,

01:26:37--> 01:27:01

what exactly is meant by it? I a lot of things. I mean, Aymara is the idea of cultivation, you know, even hull dunes. One of his major points in his book is this idea of Omron, you know, of civilization, that we are civilizing creatures, we take, we take wild nature, and we create gardens. We take,

01:27:02--> 01:27:05

you know, all of these vegetables and,

01:27:07--> 01:27:07

and

01:27:08--> 01:27:29

all the foods and everything, and we create cuisines. I mean, this is all cultivation, this is what humans do. And it's our filter to do that. We're artists in that way. So we have we have liberal arts, we have fine arts, and we have useful arts. So the liberal arts are what how we refine our cultivate our intellects.

01:27:30--> 01:27:44

And that enable us to study the higher truths. And then the fine arts are arts that are done for just the sheer joy of, you know, like embellishing

01:27:46--> 01:28:00

things, embroidery, all these things that are done, you know, fine. Their means from fine. I mean, it's really the final arts because they're an end unto themselves. They're not done, for they're done for just the sheer beauty of it.

01:28:01--> 01:28:03

Right, so like literature,

01:28:04--> 01:28:16

all those things that humans do poetry, it's all cultivation. And then you have the useful arts that are really important the crafts that that and we're losing a lot of some of the most important crafts

01:28:20--> 01:28:24

because a lot of people can't do things anymore. And the robots aren't going to do it.

01:28:25--> 01:28:38

At least not for a long time. If they ever do, but plumbers like I met this plumber, because now you can't get a plumber in California take you like two three weeks, get a plumber. So I met this plumber in an elevator and

01:28:39--> 01:28:47

pray tell what do you do? Like he had plumbing outfit and everything? He said I'm a plumber. So why is it so hard to get plumbers, he's a nobody wants to do it anymore.

01:28:48--> 01:28:52

So this guy gets $250 For just showing up.

01:28:53--> 01:28:59

He doesn't have to, like turn a wrench. He just shows up and he gets $250.

01:29:01--> 01:29:41

And he's did it when he was 18. And traditionally that's what people vocational training did. Plumbers very useful. So Rob, is very useful. Carpenters. There's no master carpenters. I know they used to have what they call journeyman carpenter. So these are people that would the juror was from France from the day so they were day carpenters. So they apprentice for seven years with a master carpenter before they got became master carpenters. And they're very rare and they make a fortune these people because really wealthy people want these MasterCard. They don't want these hackers. They don't want those guys. They want the people that do the fine art. So it's really hard to find

01:29:41--> 01:29:44

good carpenters bookbinders.

01:29:45--> 01:29:51

I mean, there's like, there's a guy here I swear to God, he's I used to bind books with this guy and

01:29:53--> 01:29:58

in Sonoma one of the saddest days of my life when he told me I'm retiring, because half my library was bound by him.