Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 23

Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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While it was hobby for many standing ovation Attila Ahmed in

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our praise due to a law that allows Peace and blessings on the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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In our previous session

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in verse 54, we had a shift in topic we mentioned, where a law shifted from talking about

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the situation on the Day of Judgment, to

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a description about the Quran, and why people don't accept the message.

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Indeed, I've presented for people in this for an every kind of parable alive stating, is given sufficient examples, sufficient

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metaphors and similes to make the meanings clear, but humans like to argue more than anything else.

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Then,

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he continued,

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describing some of the characteristics of those who reject the message, saying yet when the message comes to people, nothing prevents them from believing and asking forgiveness of their Lord, accept that they await the arrival of the punishment of their predecessors, or that the torment be brought to them face to face. This is their obstinacy. The message has come to them, they understand it, and the only thing

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preventing them from accepting that message and asking forgiveness from the Lord is their challenges like the challenges of the people of old, you know, prove to us that you are a messenger, bring punishment down on us challenges. This is that same obstinacy in operation.

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And then

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Allah describes the inverse 56 the role of the messengers themselves.

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People are demanding from them, proofs, proofs which are supernatural proofs. And Allah says, instead, I only send messages to bring good news and to warn. But those who disbelieve false the dispute in order to refute the truth, and they mark my verses and warnings,

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that the duty of the messengers was not to bring

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supernatural consequences for those who disbelieve, because we're that the case, then there wouldn't remain any disbelievers.

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They were to bring the message the truth, warn them of the punishment to come. And they were then responsible to believe in the truth of that message because it is declared truth. However,

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they disputed using falsehood, to challenge the truth, as they continue to do even till today, and they mark the verses of a law the signs of a law and the warnings of a law.

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So from here,

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we shift

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to the verse we're looking at today.

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Which is verse 57.

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In which

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in which a last man to Allah states

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woman Allah mummy man Luke Kira, be it Robbie for our other the unhappy when I see Mr. Machida in jalna Allah kulu be him Akina if Co Op Danny him Baccarat playing Ted your home lol houda falaya do even Aveda

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and who is more unjust than one who turns away when reminded of the signs of his Lord, forgetting the evil he has done. Truly, I have put veils over their hearts and deafness in their ears. So they would not understand the score on an event.

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If you call them to guidance, they will never be guided

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woman out of them

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and the phrase and who is more unjust.

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Allah

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addresses injustice to self. What it means is who is more unjust to himself

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as human injustice, obviously it cannot harm a last man to Allah.

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Whatever evil humans commit, whether against other humans or in disobedience to a law, ultimately, such evil harms themselves the most.

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In the case of human beings, they will be punished for every act of injustice committed against others.

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And in the case of a lost man to Allah, they will be punished for every act of disobedience to a laws commands.

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So nothing will escape a laws

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punishment, whether it is deeds done to others, as the prophet SAW Solomon said, fear, injustice, the topic of loan,

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fair injustice. Why? Because a loom Zulu mad yarmulke, Yama

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Zulu

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becomes great darkness, evil consequence for those who committed on the Day of Judgment.

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And one of the narration prompts as element said, know that whatever

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he had, he was talking about the issue of judgment, right,

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that people had come to him to get his judgment on a particular issue.

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And he said,

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I'm a human being.

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And some of you might convince me with his speech, that what his case what whatever case he has is, in fact, true.

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And it is not.

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And I will rule in his favor. Because I'm convinced, however, know that whatever I rule in your favor, which is not your right, have the property of your brother, know, that it will be fire in your bellies on the Day of Judgment.

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So yes, you might get it in this life. You might appear successful. You got away with it. You won the case. But no, on the day of judgment, it will be fire in your bellies.

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And as we said relative to last month, Allah, as he said, we may do the law for a relevant officer. Whoever transgresses the limits of a law has indeed wronged himself.

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Because he cannot run a law. He cannot do injustice to ally cannot harm a law, he only harms himself.

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Women outnumber men men look here

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who is more unjust than the one reminded.

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This refers to

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those who have received admonition.

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They've either heard the message directly from the messenger and the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Or from his inheritors. Those who inherited his message carried his legacy to our times. Whoever has received the message,

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the message of Islam,

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the Hereafter, the judgment and all the things related to it.

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Allah uses the term

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reminded

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who is more unjust than the one reminded and this term reminded and reminder.

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Reminder is a term which ally uses to describe the Quran itself.

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He calls it a vicar

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in Zen vichara we're in a hula half a zone. Indeed it is I who revealed the Quran,

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the reminder

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and indeed I will guide it.

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Allah calls it the reminder.

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Why?

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reminder implies that you heard it before and you're just being reminded of what you already

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Heard.

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So where would we have heard the message before the Quran.

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from the previous prophets, it's a reminder from the messages of the previous prophets. Each prophet is reminding of what was told by the prophets before and their messages are not lost completely, they may be distorted, etc, but they trickle down into the various societies. So it reminds them of what came before also, as Allah said, into an hour off Seventh Chapter, when he created Adam and took from Adam, all of his descendants, and he told them Alice to be Rob become a manager, Lord. And we all said, Bella, indeed you are.

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So we have already given a commitment

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to believe in a law we have already accepted the law as our Lord. So the Quran comes as a reminder of that acceptance.

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All of the messages, all of the messages were reminders in that respect.

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Woman Avalon woman man lucara Be it Robbie four out of the unhappy

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and who is more unjust than one reminded

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about

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the signs of his Lord

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and turns away from it the signs of his Lord,

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the term iottie eye at actually this has many meanings, I add, commonly translated signs could be also translated as verses

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verses miracles.

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So, scholars in general have Tafseer they interpret this in both aspects.

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Because

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always wherever the verses have a

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wide meaning, we take it according to the wide meaning we don't restricted to a narrow meaning, given a particular circumstance, even if we know that a verse was revealed dealing with a particular issue. But the verse has implications beyond that issue will still take it with its implications.

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So the scholars of tafsir refer to say, say that this the signs refer to both the creational signs of a law, as well as his legal science. creational signs include the Solar Eclipse and the lunar eclipse. These are signs from a law

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with which a law puts fear in the hearts of his creatures.

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That he is in control. The lights go out, the night becomes black,

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the moon disappears. The sun is blackened out in the middle of the day.

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These are signs of course, when they came in the time of problems as allamani Sun Ibrahima died.

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And there was a solar eclipse at the same time people came to the prophet SAW Selim, you know and saying, Oh, you know, a lot. But the sign there, you know, for your son

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said, No,

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this, the soul, the sun and the moon, do not Eclipse for anybody on this earth.

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These are signs from a lot.

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Putting fear in the hearts of the believers.

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Knowing that the lies and control of everything we're used to

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the sun being out during the day. So a lot turns the day into the night right before our eyes.

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reminder to us that Allah is in control. Similarly, in the night we used to the full moon, the night is bright, and then a lot turns it

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into darkness. Knowing that this is where the law is in control. Of course, modern science tells us well, the solar eclipse is when the moon gets between us and the sun.

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And the lunar eclipse is when the earth gets between the sun and the moon. So the shadow of the earth blots out the moon. That's all it is no big deal.

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So they turn away from the side because you've understood

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the mechanics of it. Does it mean its significance is now lost? So this is the turning away from the science. No.

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Actually, awareness of this should bring us closer to a law

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That should bring us closer to a lot. These eclipses are predictable, we can plot and we can plan them.

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precise.

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This is not something accidental.

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Something has been set in motion in such a precise way we can tell where and when eclipses are going to happen over the earth for the next how many years.

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This is precision.

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Even our clocks are not as precise.

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So

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we shouldn't, people shouldn't turn away from the signs of a last one to Allah.

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On the other hand, the legal signs of a law contained in the verses of the Koran and the previous books of Revelation, as well as the instructions of the prophets and their southerners. People shouldn't turn away from it. But this is what they have done.

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The whole movement in the west to secularism is the turning away from the legal science of a law.

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Though they can see historically, when the 10 commandments came, when in Revelation brought laws to society, these societies were improved. They were made better guidance came with it. But they now choose to throw it aside and say we know better. Our minds can figure out what's good for us and what is not.

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And the end result is chaos, moral chaos, and decay in that civilization, which likes to prop itself up as being, you know, the ultimate, the evolutionary pinnacle of human civilization, but it's not.

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It is a garbage dump.

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It is a garbage dump. Yes, there are some good bits and pieces in there. You know, as you go into garbage dump people throw away some good things. So there are some good bits and pieces in there. But for the most part, it is a garbage dump.

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Now

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we're were a lot of previously said women, men men, look EBIT, Robbie, follow that.

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One may raise the question, here Elias saying and who is more unjust and one reminded

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about the signs of his Lord and turns away from it. When a law said earlier in the same surah, verse 15, from an Allah mommy manifestor Allah Allahu Khadija, and who is more unjust than he who invents a lie against the law.

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This is where those people trying to find contradictions in the Quran to say, here it is, there is a contradiction.

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And verse 15, it said, There is none more unjust because if you say, who is more unjust, what you're saying is, there is none more unjust than the one who invents a lie against the law. And in this verse, we're saying there is none more unjust, right? Then one who is reminded about the law of science and turns away from them. So then which one is more unjust?

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Ah,

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they're the same. No.

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In one case, it is about lies. How we understand this is that there is none more on just the most unjust liar is the one who lies about Allah, talking about one category.

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And this verse here refers to those who turn away, right? People hear information and turn away, the most unjust of those who turn away are those who turn away when they hear the signs of a law, because it's one thing for you to tell me a

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story, you know, and I turn away from it and say, I don't believe that stuff. Sounds like nonsense to me something people made up a fable.

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A few people turn away. Could be the truth could be falsehood, people turn away.

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But the worst if what I said was the truth and you call it a fable. That's bad. It's not good.

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But that is nothing in comparison to me telling you the signs of a law and you turning away.

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So the worst, these different verses because there are other verses were allowed.

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talks about the worst.

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Right? And the person who doesn't understand what is intended here could get caught. Because these two are not the same, we can say it's the same one who turns away when reminded of a lost sign.

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And one who tells a lie about a law.

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They may be overlapping, not saying there isn't may not be some overlapping, but they're not. You cannot say what they want and the same.

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So, these various verses which refer to none more unjust, the most unjust, they refer to categories. The most unjust in this category, is this individual, most unjust in this category is that individual. So that's how we clear away that

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apparent contradiction. This is what there's an apparent contradiction here, but there's an explanation for it.

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When I see Mr. De Machida forgetting the evil that he has done,

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among his acts of disobedience and disbelief,

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which are law will not forget.

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Indeed,

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he has recorded the laws recorded every act big and small.

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As previously mentioned,

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a lot of mighty said

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on the day when a law will resurrect them all together and inform them of what they did. A law has kept account of it while they have forgotten it. And allies witness for all things. Yo, my eyebrows zoom along with me for in a bit

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Emmylou of sahoo law, who when I saw a lot while actually Shane Shaheed,

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some scholars like unquote, to be explained that this phrase actually nesea mapa de Machida refers to obligatory deeds, which were deliberately abandoned

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and were not repented for.

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But as a consequence of this turning away,

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Allah places a seal over the people's hearts so they would not understand the truth.

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And that's why he went on to say, in Niger Allah Allah pulumi him Akina if Kahu Wolfie adenium worklog truly I've placed veils over their hearts and deafness in their ears. So they would not understand this score and

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this is one of the consequences for turning away. Actually, there are a number of other verses in the Quran, where a law

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addresses the issue of consequences for turning away. So one consequences this with call this consequence number one, that of a law sealing the hearts and blocking the ears.

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Another consequence is that Allah will take revenge from that individual. He said women outnumber men and men look here be it Robbie sumava in nominal Madrid, Amina moon, Dr. Moon, and who is more unjust than he was reminded of the signs of his Lord then turns away from them Indeed, I will exact retribution from the criminals.

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So Another consequence of laws taking revenge retribution from the individual.

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The third consequence

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the the people who turn away

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will become in their lives, like frightened donkeys

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is what Allah has Allah refers to them, he said, from Allah whom tells karate more Abilene can know whom homegrown Muslim Pharaoh then what is wrong with them that they turn away from the reminder, as if they were frightened, wild donkeys.

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That's what their lives become. The frightened wild donkey is what you know, any little thing is jumping here is jumping there is and that's what their lives become, isn't it? When they turn away from the science, the guidance, the revelation, the Scripture, the laws of law,

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then their lives become like that. Any little thing sends them this way, send them that way. They're flipping and flopping committing suicide, you know,

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huge depression, which is they just drop into depression.

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The state that they fall into

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the fourth consequence

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destruction. They are warned of destruction. As I said in Surah facilite

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verse 13 for an hour or two for coal and learn to come sakata Miss Lhasa, Katya I didn't was a mood. But if they turn away then say I have warned you about a thunderbolt like that which overtook the peoples of od and some mood.

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Among the consequences, is a wretched

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existence.

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As the law said,

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In Surah Taha, verse 24, woman out of the decree for in Allahumma Blanca, we're not sure Oh, my piano, Tiana. But whoever turns away from my reminder, indeed, life will be difficult for them wretched for them, and I will raise him on a blind on the Day of Resurrection.

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Life will become difficult constraint, those who turn away from the remembrance of Allah. And that's real, if they've turned away from the remnants of a lie, meaning that they are not aware of a lie in their lives. So when calamity strikes them, they have no way of understanding that calamity. But to blame others, or to blame themselves

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to blame life.

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They may even say statements about God, that God is unjust and things like this, and they end up committing suicide in this kind of life becomes unbearable,

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because they have divorced themselves from a loss medalla if turned away from his remembrance.

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Another consequence, evil consequence is that as a law says, a devil

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will be fixed for each individual turns away, when a person turns away, then a law assigns him or her, a devil,

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who will be there with him or whispering, encouraging as part of the misguidance that comes as a consequence.

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Allah says, My actual and liquid rock man, know how you the level shade thought and then for who Allah who Corinne, and whoever turns away from the remembrance of the Most Gracious, I will appoint for him a devil to be his constant companion.

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And a last man to Allah.

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He instructed the believers elsewhere in the Quran to avoid those who turn away from his remembrance, who site is limited to this worldly life. He said, therefore, withdraw from one who turns away from my reminder and desire is nothing but the life of this world. That is the extent of their knowledge.

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Such people who don't remember a lot, we should avoid, stay away from them. Why? Because their sickness will come to us.

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If we accompany them, it's one thing to meet with them, to give them advice, to encourage them,

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to try to guide them to be a positive influence to them. But if one tries time and again, and finds that they're not responding, but in fact, by you, accompanying them, being their companions,

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you are starting to be affected.

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You know, your own faith is starting to

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be corroded, because this is the reality.

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You cannot remain neutral. Eman doesn't remain static.

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When it comes into a circumstance, either it affects that circumstance

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or it is affected.

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Either it affects or it is affected.

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So we have to be careful. That's why the promises 11 said, you know, don't let anybody eat your food, but somebody was pious.

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I mean, this is not, you know, blocking the opportunity for doubt because you might invite your neighbor over to give him our maybe some relatives of yours that are not practicing, you might invite them over to give them down to advise them so on so these are exceptions to the rule, but as a norm those who eat your food should be the

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pious Hassan said that Why? What does it have to do with your food? I mean, if if, if a person was empires eat your food, does it affect your food?

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What do you think?

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Does it affect your food? No. So then what what is it the company is the company you keep related back to the company, because when you eat you eating with people, so their presence, their thoughts, their ideas, etc, gonna affect you.

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So avoid them.

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He also problems I said, I lost my dad also told us as believers, that we should avoid obeying those who turn away from the remembrance of Allah also.

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He said, do not obey Him whose heart I have made heedless to my remembrance, and who follows his own desires and whose affairs have been lost? Well, I took care of a fall Nepal bow, this is mentioned earlier, we took it verse 28.

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Our fall Nepal, bamboo and lick Rena, whatever, aha, well can amaru furuta. don't obey him.

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Don't follow his instructions.

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So Allah mentions here, the first of the consequences, that the hearts are sealed.

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seals are placed on the hearts, these seals, somebody may raise the issue saying that, okay, if a person's heart is sealed,

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his hearing is sealed. The site is sealed. Some other verses of a God talks about the site also sealed up. So they can't hear the truth.

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They cannot see the truth. They cannot understand the truth. So

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what choice do they have? But to sin?

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What choice do they have to sin? So what sense is there in them being punished on the Day of Judgment for the sins that they have done?

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What is the sense? If they have no choice? They are forced.

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Their hearts are sealed.

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So how can they be blamed?

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How

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deceiving is a consequence of their previous action?

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That's the point. There's the ceiling of the hearts, the ears, the eyes, this is a consequence of what they have done.

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Right ally didn't do that first. Because of course, if he did that first, then truly, they would not have had any choice in the matter. They could not be held accountable.

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That's why we reject those people who argue the homosexuals for example, argue that that's how I was created.

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It's in my genes.

00:33:26--> 00:33:52

You know, it's, I didn't have any choice in this matter, no, one except that this is the choice that you have made. If Allah has put a punishment in the Sharia, for what you have done, that it must be something that you choose to do. You may have inclinations. Yes, human beings have inclinations for all kinds of things. But it doesn't mean that simply because you have an inclination, you have no choice.

00:33:55--> 00:34:04

And this concept is actually reinforced in Surah a soft 61 verse five in which a lot said there for Lammas

00:34:05--> 00:34:12

as Allah Allahu Allah boom. So when they turned away a lot turn their hearts away

00:34:13--> 00:34:34

when they turned away, a lot turn their hearts away. So, this is how we have to understand the various verses that or statements of the prophets of Salaam to the in this regard. For example, in in hook bottle Hydra.

00:34:35--> 00:34:59

Hydra which we start Juma with and and events, important events whatever with in Alhamdulillah now huduma Stein want to start futile when I was a belay Manchurian fusina when Satya Molina Mija de la palma de la la whoever la guides, none can misguide. Oh my lil for la hodja la and whoever la misguides

00:35:00--> 00:35:08

None can guide now if we just take that whoever law guides, people don't have any problem with that one right? Usually right?

00:35:10--> 00:35:24

But whoever law misguides This is the one oops, whoa, that is no guide for him wherever la misguides knows what what, what is his fault in the matter if Allah has misguided him,

00:35:25--> 00:35:36

but it has to be looked at in this concept context, this is how it has to be understood. And there are actually a number of other verses in which Allah said you know, similar things

00:35:38--> 00:36:04

you know, conveying the same concept. This is one I gave you there and sort of soft, you can also find in swell Manasa Poon, verse three, that's chapter 63 verse three law says there, that it can be unknown amanu sama, cafaro for taba Allah palooka him for whom life cohoon that is because they believe then they disbelieved. Therefore, a law sealed their hearts, so they can't understand.

00:36:06--> 00:36:25

It is after they have disbelieved. As a consequence of their disbelief, their hearts have become seal, because it wasn't just this belief. If a person is raised in a family of disbelievers, and you are raised as a disbeliever, Allah is not going to seal your hearts in this case.

00:36:27--> 00:37:05

But after you have believed, having been a disbeliever, you have believed then this believed, now your heart is sealed because you've come to know the truth. You know, sometimes you hear about people, you know, they are converted to Islam. They're praying in the masjid. They understood they were Christians before, for example, you know, and they are clear. And then you hear they became Christians, again, you say, Well, how? How could that be? they've understood that allies one is not varied of three and all these other things, how can they possibly go back to that other belief again?

00:37:07--> 00:37:08

People who do that,

00:37:10--> 00:37:13

then a law seals their hearts.

00:37:15--> 00:37:44

So as a consequence of that action, also in Surah, Al Baqarah, verse 10, Allah says they're fearful looby Mara Dune facade, Houma, la mirada off in their hearts is a disease and the law has increased their disease, because of the disease in their heart, Allah increased their disease consequence, because of what they did was that diseases based on their own choices.

00:37:45--> 00:37:46

So Allah

00:37:47--> 00:37:58

punishes them for it in that way, also in Surah, Al Motta 15 83rd, chapter, verse 14, can Balarama Allah polu be him Mark? Can we actually Boone,

00:38:00--> 00:38:06

indeed, their hearts in the on their hearts is a covering

00:38:07--> 00:38:08

Ron,

00:38:10--> 00:38:15

because of what they used to earn mustafi in verse 14,

00:38:16--> 00:38:17

because of what they did,

00:38:18--> 00:38:19

then

00:38:20--> 00:38:26

this covering came on the sentiment said it in the Hadith, that when a person does an evil deed,

00:38:27--> 00:38:30

a black dot goes on his hearts.

00:38:31--> 00:38:36

And the more evil deeds he does more black dots go on the heart when he does a good deed, a

00:38:38--> 00:38:52

chinee that goes on either section is clean. So that's how the heart functions. When the heart when the person's evil become so much that it is covered in black, that is the raw

00:38:53--> 00:38:55

data now sealed in darkness,

00:39:02--> 00:39:08

shall we say mean? He pointed out in this regard,

00:39:10--> 00:39:19

that it should be noted that among the most severe punishments for sins is sickness of the heart.

00:39:21--> 00:39:27

Among the most severe punishment for sins is sickness of the heart.

00:39:28--> 00:39:32

If a person is punished by the death of a beloved friend,

00:39:34--> 00:39:35

a loved one,

00:39:37--> 00:39:40

a loss of wealth, which he loved.

00:39:41--> 00:39:46

There are punishments, no doubt, there are punishments also. However,

00:39:48--> 00:39:49

those punishments

00:39:51--> 00:39:56

could be atonement, or expiation for sins.

00:39:57--> 00:39:58

Like when you suffer

00:40:00--> 00:40:04

You lost your wealth last, this last that can be expiation for your sins.

00:40:05--> 00:40:08

Or it could be even a means to increase your faith

00:40:11--> 00:40:24

as I said, overshadows slavery and if you're a patient, if you're patient with it, the W and akamba shaman and have free will you're, I'm going to try to test you a lot of promises with something of fear,

00:40:26--> 00:40:36

hunger, loss of wealth, life property is going to happen in each of our lives. But the key is

00:40:39--> 00:40:58

being patient abashiri savarin alladhina de Saba Tomasi, baton callooh in La la, he was in LA Roger on those who when calamity strikes them, they say indeed we belong to a law and to him is our return.

00:41:00--> 00:41:10

So calamities in our lives can be beneficial. We said before that the people who receive the most trials are Who?

00:41:11--> 00:41:21

The profits. So it's not a bad thing. calamities are not a bad thing. Unless the calamity is in the heart.

00:41:22--> 00:41:26

The calamity is sickness of the heart.

00:41:28--> 00:41:33

This is what she wrote a minute stressing that it is the worst form

00:41:34--> 00:41:38

of punishment where the heart becomes alienated

00:41:39--> 00:42:03

alienated from a lost $1. If no came and said, and two lines of poetry by a law, my fear is not of sins, for indeed they're on a path of pardon and forgiveness. Instead, what I fear is detachment of the heart from making revelation and Crime The judge

00:42:05--> 00:42:13

by a law, my fear is not of sins For indeed they're on a path of pardon and forgiveness.

00:42:15--> 00:42:22

Instead, what I fear is detachment of the heart from making revelation and the court and the judge.

00:42:23--> 00:42:25

Since we're all going to do,

00:42:26--> 00:42:35

as the prophet SAW, Selim said couldn't Benny Adam hapa all of Adam's descendants constantly make mistakes. So, to fear from sin.

00:42:37--> 00:42:44

You cannot I mean, we can fear the consequences of our sins, no harm. We should fear the consequences of our sins.

00:42:46--> 00:43:09

But no, it's gonna happen. But Allah said, we're not that we sinned and sought his forgiveness. He would have removed all the human beings on the face of the earth and brought another creation who should commit sins and ask His forgiveness. So that's why I am said that sins are on the path of forgiveness.

00:43:12--> 00:43:15

And pardon, a law will pardon forgive you.

00:43:17--> 00:43:26

But instead, what he feared was detachment of the heart detachment of the heart from making revelation and Crime The judge meaning

00:43:27--> 00:43:31

that that revelation here refers really to the sinner

00:43:33--> 00:43:38

by us not making the Sunnah the Quran and the Sunnah the judge in our lives,

00:43:40--> 00:43:42

it means that our hearts have become detached.

00:43:44--> 00:43:49

The sickness, hearts have become detached. We're not afraid

00:43:51--> 00:43:52

to disobey Allah.

00:43:54--> 00:43:58

The Quran is there. So nice there.

00:43:59--> 00:43:59

But

00:44:01--> 00:44:04

we do not apply it in our lives.

00:44:06--> 00:44:08

That lack of application, this is the detachment

00:44:10--> 00:44:13

so we don't feel in our hearts any fear.

00:44:15--> 00:44:17

We'll go ahead and do it anyway.

00:44:18--> 00:44:21

This is the great sickness,

00:44:22--> 00:44:42

the worst calamity that can happen to any of us because of course, it is the most difficult to cure. The sicknesses of the heart are far more difficult to cure. Then, evils in our actions. evils in our actions, we can stop

00:44:44--> 00:44:44

everybody

00:44:46--> 00:44:48

evils in our actions, we can stop.

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

We can avoid by going to different locations not being around those people. You know, there. It's easier for us to stop these things, but

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

When it is in our heart,

00:45:04--> 00:45:06

where our hearts desire it,

00:45:07--> 00:45:10

you can't get away from your heart, your heart is with you all the time.

00:45:12--> 00:45:16

So wherever you go, it will manifest itself.

00:45:17--> 00:45:21

So this is the this is, as if no climate said the greatest

00:45:22--> 00:45:23

trial,

00:45:24--> 00:45:29

I'll say mean and refer to it as the

00:45:30--> 00:45:31

most severe punishment.

00:45:34--> 00:45:41

And then a lot goes on to say what integer or home in alhuda falaya. To do he then Aveda.

00:45:43--> 00:45:47

And even if you call them to guidance, they will never be guided.

00:45:49--> 00:46:08

And even if you call them to guidance, they will never be guided. As long as their hearts are sealed, their ears plugged, they will never find guidance. How can guidance come if the ears cannot hear the truth the hearts will not submit? Does this mean discouragement of the Prophet

00:46:10--> 00:46:12

is discouraging the prophets of Allah is saying,

00:46:14--> 00:46:18

you know, give up this is there's no chance.

00:46:22--> 00:46:29

No, this is not discouragement. Instead, it is assurance to the prophet SAW Selim

00:46:31--> 00:46:34

that that is the state of things.

00:46:36--> 00:46:42

They will not accept the truth no matter what you do. So therefore, don't worry about them.

00:46:44--> 00:46:56

This is after effort, of course, a lot of not saying this, you know? So Professor Salama not even make the effort? No. Because of course, in Tao, we don't know who is like this.

00:46:57--> 00:46:59

So we make the effort anyway.

00:47:00--> 00:47:01

We don't assume

00:47:02--> 00:47:06

we run into five, six people from a particular group, a

00:47:07--> 00:47:19

particular country or whatever, and we fail every time we tried to give them that we fail. Does that mean now we make a judgement are these people are useless? Don't even try to communicate with them? It's just a waste of time. No,

00:47:20--> 00:47:22

no, don't assume that.

00:47:23--> 00:47:40

Yes, you may learn characteristics. And some of these people do have some common characteristics. But what that should be for us is only a challenge to try to overcome

00:47:41--> 00:47:44

those weaknesses on their part. And

00:47:46--> 00:47:50

to reach out to them try to find ways and means of reaching them.

00:47:57--> 00:47:58

So in summary,

00:48:00--> 00:48:06

the verse is basically telling us that after people know what the truth is,

00:48:08--> 00:48:44

they rejected by arguing about it, and Satan makes their arguments appear attractive to them, that is actually the previous verse. And they make fun of the message that has been brought to them, as well as the messengers who bring them and they deny a lot of science as well as the science in their own life. Such people are the worst of humankind, though they would appear in this world to be the best. They're doing the best. Their lives seem to be filled with enjoyment, riches, etc, etc. But in fact, they are the worst of human guide.

00:48:46--> 00:48:51

Even Kathy had said that such people pretend to forget.

00:48:53--> 00:48:55

Whereas inside of themselves they know.

00:48:57--> 00:49:03

But they pretend this in order to justify turning away from the truth.

00:49:04--> 00:49:09

Even among the believers, there are such people who have accepted Islam.

00:49:10--> 00:49:14

But their acceptance is an external acceptance.

00:49:17--> 00:49:19

They go through the motions of practicing Islam.

00:49:21--> 00:49:28

They do it because it's obligatory on them, the society, the community, the peer pressure, so they do it

00:49:33--> 00:49:34

in the course of their lives,

00:49:35--> 00:49:38

Allah also shows them his science,

00:49:40--> 00:49:41

but they don't reflect on it

00:49:43--> 00:49:46

because they're just in a habit and a custom

00:49:49--> 00:49:50

alarm shows the signs

00:49:52--> 00:49:56

within their own circumstances as well as from without

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

people come to them, try to clarify to them

00:50:00--> 00:50:09

But now what you're doing this is not really right. It is not from the Sunnah of Prophet Hamza Salam never did it to grant doesn't support this practice

00:50:10--> 00:50:12

their response instead of saying,

00:50:14--> 00:50:25

Let me go find out is it in the Quran or is in the sun is there support from it their response, which may be a conditioned response is to say, Ah, here our hobby

00:50:29--> 00:50:34

that's just your opinion because your hobby you lived in the Gulf, you got infected.

00:50:38--> 00:50:42

So they're not they're just caught up in the ritual.

00:50:44--> 00:50:48

What they're doing is not based on faith, but based on custom.

00:50:51--> 00:50:53

That's a sad state to be.

00:50:55--> 00:51:03

Because in the end, as science common, they reject them and turn away from them. And their eyes become sealed, they sealing their own

00:51:06--> 00:51:09

fate. That sense.

00:51:10--> 00:51:21

And these are the people who we find referred to, for example, in Sahih, Muslim, where the prophet SAW Selim said, some people will do the deeds of the people of Paradise

00:51:22--> 00:51:32

until they reach a both length away from it. And they will start doing the deeds of the people of hell died doing those deeds and be thrown into hell.

00:51:35--> 00:51:37

And this is the tragic state

00:51:38--> 00:51:39

where Islam is external.

00:51:41--> 00:51:46

So Muslims are going to paradise, they're doing the deeds of the people of bad.

00:51:47--> 00:51:53

But internally, there is no real belief there. It's just a habit.

00:51:54--> 00:51:58

So what happens is that the law will cause them before they die.

00:52:00--> 00:52:04

To expose themselves, he will expose them.

00:52:05--> 00:52:12

They may not be known to the society as a whole. But some people around them will know. It will become clear.

00:52:14--> 00:52:20

Sometimes it's on the deathbed. And people are trying to tell that individual to say that a lot.

00:52:22--> 00:52:44

He is asking you about his bank account? Did you check the bank account in the quarter Islamic bank or the QB? Did you check my account there? I mean, there was some money which is supposed to be transferred, you say, say brother say that? Laila lies, he's worried about his bank account where the money is transferred? You know, did they take off any?

00:52:45--> 00:53:01

Was my interest? I did? You know, this is what he's what he's asking about is their designs. He dies in that state is what is he you know, as he's asking about the interest, his last breath, and he dies? What is this for you, but the sign is a clear sign.

00:53:04--> 00:53:11

I mean, externally, yes, we may end up going and burying him as a Muslim, but really, that man died as a non Muslim.

00:53:12--> 00:53:18

Those were the science. And really, he's not supposed to be buried amongst the Muslims.

00:53:20--> 00:53:33

It's clear to you, of course, if you suspect, you know, you can't just say I think he was a non Muslim. So we're not very, you know, you don't have the right to again, can suspect in this matter. But if it is clear to you here, his last statements,

00:53:34--> 00:53:49

you see the clear science, and really islamically you should bury him. I know your family would just go crazy if he tried to do this, but you should really bury him amongst the non Muslims. It's incorrect to bury aminoacid Muslims.

00:53:56--> 00:54:07

Anyway, we'll stop here. If you have any questions on verse 57, which is a verse with a lot of concepts here.

00:54:10--> 00:54:11

From the concept of

00:54:14--> 00:54:24

turning away from a law of science, which each and every one of us has in our lives, a lot doesn't leave any one of us no matter what we're doing,

00:54:25--> 00:54:27

without giving us some science

00:54:28--> 00:54:30

to choose the right way.

00:54:32--> 00:54:35

It starts with the choice of you mentioned,

00:54:37--> 00:54:45

choice or wrong choice and ultimately, whatever chances you get, finally, the heart the seat.

00:54:46--> 00:54:49

Is there any possibility of returning back does he have

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

by this question, once the heart is sealed? Is there any possibility of the individual coming

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

back.

00:55:01--> 00:55:06

Well, as the law said, once the heart is sealed, that is it

00:55:07--> 00:55:15

is no coming back once you reach that point, but who is to determine when a person reaches that point?

00:55:17--> 00:55:32

We don't have the authority, you know, we don't have any meters that we can measure so and so has reached that point, he's got enough admonitions, no coming back for him leaving. No, we don't know. So we will continue to try with that individual until his last breath.

00:55:33--> 00:55:36

Because we can't judge the state of the heights ultimately.

00:55:37--> 00:55:42

So our responsibility is to continue to travel. The reality is that

00:55:44--> 00:55:49

once the heart is sealed, because Allah said it in so many places, once it seal, there's no coming back. You cannot be guided

00:56:01--> 00:56:02

about

00:56:07--> 00:56:11

No, it's not the verse But this question concerning what I mentioned,

00:56:12--> 00:56:18

about the lunar eclipse in the time of the prophet SAW Selim, this was a hadith. Yes, is that is

00:56:19--> 00:56:24

the actual location. I cannot quote at the moment, but it's an authentic hadith.

00:56:25--> 00:56:31

Probably in Bukhari Muslim. You know, it's in Bukhari, everybody confirm that it's in Bukhari.

00:56:33--> 00:56:34

Well known Hadith.

00:56:43--> 00:57:01

Brothers question the hearts of the non believers should we consider them seal as I said, we don't have the right to, to consider anybody's heart sealed. Seal, meaning seal beyond the point of guidance, we don't have the ability to make that distinction, whether they're Muslim or whether they're non Muslim,

00:57:03--> 00:57:37

the hearts of this believers, as I mentioned before, you know where a person is a disbeliever. And they haven't received the message properly or whatever, then obviously, there is a chance for them to hear that message and to follow the truth. Wherever their heart becomes sealed, as is mentioned in the verse I mentioned to you earlier, is where a person a disbeliever believes, and then falls back into this disbelief. This is where the seal comes now, because they have seen the truth to go back to this belief, this is the turning away from the truth in the ultimate sense.

00:57:45--> 00:57:53

But this question, is there any relationship between being depressed and the level of one's Eman?

00:57:54--> 00:57:55

Definitely.

00:57:58--> 00:58:10

You know, a law says that, you know, only those who despair of Allah's mercy, those who despair of mercy are only the disbelievers,

00:58:11--> 00:58:13

related to this belief.

00:58:16--> 00:58:30

There are many verses in the Quran when Allah speaks about those who believe in Allah and the Last Day or do righteous deeds etc. He closes it by saying

00:58:31--> 00:58:40

la hoffen la him woolacombe Isaiah noon, for example, they will not be overcome by fear, nor will they

00:58:41--> 00:58:43

be sad, depressed,

00:58:44--> 00:59:02

this is the this is the nature of the believer, like the true believer, that he will not be overcome by these factors we said before that the affair of the believers are amazing thing. If God comes to him,

00:59:03--> 00:59:16

he is thankful to Allah and Allah rewards him for it, if evil befalls him, he is patient and ally rewards him for it. So, a person becomes depressed

00:59:17--> 00:59:22

when he cannot find the patience to deal with his circumstance

00:59:24--> 00:59:25

is overwhelmed.

00:59:27--> 00:59:27

Right.

00:59:28--> 00:59:39

So, yes, there is definitely a relationship between depression, you know, excessive sadness. I mean, of course, people will become sad.

00:59:40--> 01:00:00

You know, we all have times it will be sad, but the point is where you fall into depression is where it becomes rooted, you become you're unable to free yourself from this state of, of melancholy or, you know, of, you know, deep sadness. Some people say, well, it's actually

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

Something medical,

01:00:02--> 01:00:08

you know, and so you have the medical profession providing or prescribing all kinds of medicines for these things, you know,

01:00:10--> 01:00:16

basically a medical, you know, medicines which make you a little bit high, so you feel a little happy.

01:00:18--> 01:00:28

But you have to keep taking the medicine because as soon as you stop taking it, you're down in the depths, right? So it hasn't really addressed the root of your problem.

01:00:30--> 01:00:56

And the root really will be having lost one's contact with a law becoming detached. No, the person might say I'm a Muslim, or they might say I'm a believing Christian or whatever. You might say these things. But these are only statements a practical sense within their lives. Their lives don't reflect, you know, their attachment to a loss. My data.

01:01:07--> 01:01:11

My brother's asking what is the characteristics of a Wahhabi? I've never heard this term before.

01:01:12--> 01:01:20

You never heard the term Wahhabi before is new. Oh, yeah. One of the rare individuals out there I've never come across Wahhabi. Well,

01:01:22--> 01:01:26

Wahhabi, of course, this term comes from Mohammed bin Abdul Wahab.

01:01:27--> 01:01:28

Right.

01:01:29--> 01:01:50

Mohammed Abdul Wahab was an Islamic reformer, you know of the 18th century in Arabia, he called the people back to worshiping a law without any of the practices of shirak calling on saints and these kind of things, you know, and he tried to, to to stop such practices in the Arabian Peninsula.

01:01:52--> 01:02:18

As a result, you know, his followers when they went into Mecca and Medina, they destroyed the tombs there. If you look at pictures of that period, drawings, etc, of the graveyards in Mecca and Medina, they look like cities, huge dorms and structures and minaret knowledge kind of thing. That's how it was. But if you go to Mecca and Medina now it's just flat land.

01:02:20--> 01:02:35

So for people who had become used to these dorms and structures over graves, because that's where it is in your country, that's where it is all around the world, Muslim world, this idea of destroying, you know, the dome over

01:02:37--> 01:02:38

Fatima's grave,

01:02:39--> 01:02:47

or others, right, these structures which were to designate the beautiful and, you know,

01:02:48--> 01:03:07

painted and all kinds of ornamentation for these special structures. And these people just came and destroyed them broke them up. Of course, it was shocking, shocking to the Muslim world. So they looked at these people as being some kind of fanatics who have deviated

01:03:08--> 01:03:12

and the name Wahhabi was used to apply to them.

01:03:16--> 01:03:21

But actually, if you go and look at what our hobby is, really our hobby is a practicing Muslim according to Quran and Sunnah.

01:03:23--> 01:03:48

But you know, practicing grundens Muslim according to Christ and Suna in a context where people are not practicing according to Quran and Sunnah, then you appear to be strange. And that's why you will find that label. You know, the more you you apply, take on granted sooner in your life and try to live it, the more you'll start to hear this Wahhabi term coming up, right, so now you know where it's coming from.

01:04:00--> 01:04:06

Okay, brothers read the question that I said about not obeying the disbelievers. Did I actually say that?

01:04:14--> 01:04:28

No, I don't think I said don't obey the disbelievers. We said that the law said that we should not obey those who turn away from the science right?

01:04:31--> 01:04:35

Who turned away? Yeah, from the signs I didn't say, don't,

01:04:36--> 01:04:42

don't don't disobey, don't obey the disbelievers. Right. So just be a little technical right.

01:04:43--> 01:04:47

falsely accused me here. But let's clarify this point.

01:04:49--> 01:04:53

There is obedience which has to do with your relationship with a law

01:04:55--> 01:04:57

that we obey no one

01:04:58--> 01:04:59

who tells us other than

01:05:00--> 01:05:02

What Allah and His Messenger has told us.

01:05:04--> 01:05:09

But then there's there is obedience, which has to do with authority over you.

01:05:11--> 01:05:14

As Allah also tells you how to read the Quran, I'll tell you a lot too soon.

01:05:16--> 01:05:33

I am remain calm, obey a lot of wait a minute messenger and those in authority among you. So if you happen to be a minority, in a majority, non Muslim country, they have laws,

01:05:34--> 01:05:36

you have either to make hedra,

01:05:38--> 01:05:43

right, you find someplace else to live, or if you live under them, you have to obey the laws.

01:05:44--> 01:05:46

There's no choice in the matter here.

01:05:48--> 01:05:48

So,

01:05:49--> 01:06:18

no one would not say, don't obey the laws of disbelievers. No, of course, where these laws are harmful, where it prevents Muslims from practicing as they should, then Muslims should organize and try to, you know, through legal channels, try to express their opinion and try to change the law to accommodate you know, their practices and principles. You know, so

01:06:20--> 01:06:28

that is the root. Otherwise, as we said, there is Hydra. Hydra remains open to us until the last day.

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Question.

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In my mind, okay, he's talking about

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definitely his actual descriptor look at it. I don't want to be political, but doesn't appeal to me. And appeals to me at

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is turned away as the head of the state.

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Army?

01:07:05--> 01:07:08

Well, you know, we have so many instructions on the browser

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that

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in a circumstance where the leadership brothers question was concerning, you know, Pakistan, you know, country where it appeared to him, that the leadership while saying there are Muslims, you know, had have deviated?

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Should they that leadership be obeyed? Well, the point is this,

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if you have the means to change that leadership,

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you have the support of the people, and the means to change it, then you should change it. But if you don't have the means,

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that you will only become a rebel, you will start a rebellion. And in that rebellion, many lives will be lost and blood will be spilled, etc, then don't submit, obey.

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As long as they're not telling you to do something, which clearly canceled some aspects of the deal.

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You obey. So we have to look at the consequence

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of the actions. If there is a good you want to do.

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But the consequence produces a greater evil

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than the evil you want to correct, then better not do that good. That's a good that you need not to do at that time.

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As you look at the greater evil, the greater good, you have to assess the situation, simply because something is good does mean yes, do it? No, you have to look is doing it going to bring about a greater good or greater evil brings about the great evil, then you have to leave it.

01:09:04--> 01:09:04

So

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in this context, we have clear instructions about obedience to rulers, politically, we do so

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questions from the women's side.

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The sins which hypno came spoke about, that he didn't fear were the major or minor sins. Well, the issue of repentance, the issue of forgiveness, this is for both major and minor sins.

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Right, this is for both major and minor sins. not fearing in the sense who said, of course, we should fear the consequence, whether minor or major, we're talking about fear in the in the sense in the in the ultimate sense, that fear them that if we do them, you know, we're destroyed.

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No, don't fear them to that degree.

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We fear that there is a consequence for them. So we should try to avoid them. But it's going to happen where human beings

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The next question

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if we do some sins and get away with it and repent,

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will we be forgiven next life? Yes, if the repentance is sincere, I mean, you don't have to be caught.

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For you to get forgiven.

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You don't have to be caught to be forgiven, forgiven. So if you commit a sin, and you appear to get away with it, nobody found out nobody knows only Allah knows. But you repent for it, if you didn't repent for it, then you have a problem, then you have a problem, that you're gonna meet it. But if you repent for it sincerely, that Allah forgives it from you, and you know, you're excused from it, you will not be punished for it inshallah, in the next life.

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Question, should we not focus on our own deeds and not look to the deeds of others? Yeah, in general, we should focus on our own deeds. But yes, we do have to look at the deeds of others. Also, depending on the position we are in life in our society, if we have children under us, we have to look after those look after their deeds. You know, we have a husband, we've got a wife, you have to look after their deeds, or relatives or family to look after the needs of other people do, you know, in the sense of trying to correct them and to change them. But of course, the greater focus is on ourselves and our family, immediate family, as I said, cool, and fusa, como alikum, narrow, protect

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yourselves and your families from the hellfire.

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The company of the unrighteous.

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And its harm is watching TV and movies. You know,

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the unrighteous company?

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Yes,

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it would be a part of that unrighteous company, we're watching those lifestyles, the way people live in this kind of thing. So where we

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are frequently in that company, then it is going to affect us, you know,

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loss of life and punishment is less than life of punishment. Well, not always. If a person accepts Islam and some relative loses their life, this is the punishment for them. Now, we don't necessarily say that loss of life is a punishment for the individual who is impatient.

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If he is patient,

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then it's a means of atonement, and betterment. So we actually determined because people ask, how do we determine whether a calamity, whether it's loss of life money, or whatever, whether this calamity is to increase our a man

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to test our faith, to punish us, or to remind us,

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but it depends on how we respond to it. If we were off the path, and the calamity strikes, and we remember and get ourselves on the path, and it was a reminder,

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if we were negligent, and it came on us, but we were patient, then it was a test of our patience. And it increases our Eman.

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So if for example, we are negligent person that comes on us, and we don't increase our mind, we don't reflect or anything. It just comes and we suffer, then it was punishment.

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So we determine ultimately, whether calamities are punishments,

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tests to increase our faith reminders to get back on the path or not.

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And eventually, when they see the

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death or whatever, and they say, Oh,

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do we use

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this? Well, the point is, if we're giving down by this question, somebody rejects constantly.

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They've and they say, well, they accept the idea that the hearts are sealed, then, you know, of course you have to look elsewhere. You know, if they don't want to hear what you have to say they cannot, you know, they cannot hear it. You can see you're telling them they're not hearing it. You're showing them to explain to them you're giving them they're not responding to it, then you have to put your efforts elsewhere. I mean, you don't necessarily say I will never speak to you again.

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You may try them again after a year's time. Maybe what you think was not affecting them was affecting them. I just took some time it went into their subconscious took some time before it came back to the surface. The last question which concerns

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sickness of the heart if a person has a weakness, which they can't stop,

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does it mean that they have they're in that state of sickness of the heart What you said is worst form of, of trial or calamity that can

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catch a person. No, not necessarily. You know, sickness of the heart is where the heart

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becomes unaffected. Because you may have a weakness so you're doing this thing but you are affected by it, you do feel bad about it, you know, so it still has an impact on you. You know, where the sickness of the heart is where the heart feels nothing. It's become like rock. It is hard and it is not it's not the Nothing hurts it nothing affects it.

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subhanak Allahu Allah, Allah, Allah and stop felucca when

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there is no such thing.

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There's no such thing.

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a hypothetical question.