The Best in Islam #07 – Charity (Part 1 of 4)
Channel: Bilal Philips
File Size: 24.42MB
Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
I'd like to welcome you dear viewers, to another in our series, the best in Islam.
In this series in which we look at the revelation
found in the Quran, and the Sunnah of the Prophet, may God's peace and blessings be upon him.
what is considered to be the best aspect of human life human interaction elements which make up the human circumstance. These have all been identified
in this series
we call the best in Islam, which have been compiled into a text
by myself, which was published back in the 90s. Anyway, what we will be looking at in this episode
is, in fact, the best of charity, we'll be looking at some verses from the Quran, wherein Allah speaks about
the importance of charity, how charities should be done, etc.
So that is the focus of this episode. That's the theme of this episode. So the first verse
which can be found in Surah, Al Baqarah second chapter of the Quran
A lot says there
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It is permissible for you to disclose your charity. But if you conceal it, and give it to the poor, that is better for you.
Allah will forgive you some of your sins.
So in this verse,
we are given an option with regards to
the giving of charity, that it may be done openly. That is that people know that we're giving or it may be done secretively.
The secretive charity is the superior charity.
But in any case, charity in general, this is a good deed, a righteous deed. And we're encouraged to give in charity, this is what Zakka is about. Zika is about developing in us a charitable approach to life that we are concerned about the situation's of others
and share the wealth we have. Allah has blessed us with with them without setting any amounts.
That's what we're encouraged to do. But we're encouraged to do it by a set amount, what because the car
is fixed that 2.5% 2.5% of wealth which we have accumulated over a year, which has reached the value of two ounces of gold. If we have that in our possession, a year passes on it, then we have to give 2.5% of it to the poor. So Zika is taken as an obligation from the believers who have surplus wealth.
But the idea behind it is to motivate those who have surplus wealth to give freely themselves was 2.5% is not very much though if it were collected consistently across the OMA much of the poverty that we may see
In the third world in the Muslim world today would be eliminated.
But unfortunately, many Muslims do not pay their Zakah. So
this account was there to develop this
generous spirit. And generosity is among the highest of the moral character traits that all societies recognize, honor, Revere, etc.
So zakah is there, the obligatory charity is there, to develop in us a regular,
conscious effort to give charity so that at times outside of the fixed times, we would also be charitable. So that's already in place. Now, when the charity is being given, beyond the zakah, as the verse pointed out, that charity can be given in front of everybody. People say, Well, what's use of that charity?
Because it's just showing off? Well, yes, if you're given the charity to show off, so that people will say, how charitable that person is, how generous that person is, then of course, the value of the charity is lost. So, public giving, has to be with a sincere intention. And public giving is somewhat dangerous, because of the natural desire that human beings have to be praised. Everybody likes to be praised, to be recognized, to be known, you know, known as a generous person. So we already have that in us. Giving openly, you know, tends to feed it. So that's why Allah has stressed the private giving, because that is a higher level of giving. But in any case, even given publically
has its value in that it may encourage others to do the same.
And one occasion, when some people were having difficulty in their area, there was no rain, crops were dying. And they were in rough circumstances, the delegation of them came to the Prophet in his mosque in Medina, may God's peace and blessings be upon him, and complained of their situation. So the Prophet sallahu wa salam, may God's peace and blessings be upon him,
addressed the congregation and called on them to give charitably to these people.
Nobody responded. He repeated the call a couple more times. Then one of them got up went home, left.
After some time, he came back, and he had in his Tobin his garment, jewelry, which he had collected from the house, from the women of the house, he had collected up what they had and whatever wealth he had, he put it in his garment, brought it back and put it down in front of the Prophet. May God's peace and blessings be upon him, for those needy people. At that point, when others saw him do it. They all got up, went home, came back and did the same. And the Prophet said, may God's peace and blessings be upon him. Whoever begins a good sunnah. Whoever begins, a good sunnah will get the reward of all who follow Him. So now meaning way, whoever begins or starts a good way of doing
things, like the act of that companion, to give in charity, publicly, which made others realize what they could do, and they went and they did it. He gets the reward of all those who followed him. Who did as he did. So this is commendable. It's his public giving, but it is rewardable.
In sha Allah, His intention was for the sake of Allah, and he would get the reward for himself and for all those who would follow him.
as the law goes on to say we're into full Ha, but to hell for Cara for who are Hey, roll lakum but if you conceal it, and give it to the poor, that is better for you. It's better to go and give to the needy without telling others. It's difficult, because we like to be praised. We liked that. Whatever good
We do is recognize, but for you to put your charity in an envelope without putting any name on it or anything, and putting it in under the door of a person in a needy situation in their home, whatever you just pass it, nobody knows you did it, nobody knows that you did it.
That is better.
Because that way your intention is saved, it's protected, that you don't have any other intention because nobody knows about it. Nobody can praise you.
It's only for Allah.
And the Prophet may God's peace and blessings be upon him had encouraged us to have some deeds like that, because their reward is far greater than those which we normally do publicly to have hidden, good secret good deeds we do.
So this is the advice of the verse from Allah subhanaw taala
that not only
is it better to give secretly, to give in general is good.
One of the results of it is that it would erase our sin
and it would remove the consequence of the sin from us. With that, we're going to take now a brief break. And we'll be coming back to follow up further on charity. So now why they come to Ma said I didn't come Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.
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Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Welcome back
as we continue to look at charity in the verses of the Quran, where Allah has encouraged us to be charitable.
He said subhanho wa Taala
when Canada was rotten, for now Vera tune Eli my Sarah for the South Dakota hire to lock him in Khun tomb Tala moon, and this is installed Baqarah also, verse 280. If a debtor has difficulty repaying his
That grant him time until it is easier for him. But if you remit it as charity, that is better for you. If only you knew
this is dealing with people who have borrowed from us, they owe us
they have debts. And they may have difficulty paying back these debts, we can give them additional time was what is recommended by our last one to Allah give them extra time,
even though they committed themselves to pay back in a certain period of time, give them extra time.
But even better, even better, is for us to consider a charity and not ask for it back at all.
This is better
to turn that into charity. Of course, if you're running a business, etc, you can't do that all the time. But we should strive to do that, in cases of real need, where people have run into difficulty, unable to pay their debts, rather than trying to punish them through the court system or whatever. Now we are gentle with them, anything could happen to any of us. So therefore, we tried to be considerate and give them extra time to pay the debt or even better turning their debt into a charity. That was their intention in the beginning it was alone. But here Allah tells us that it is possible that even that which was given us alone, your intention was to get paid back, that it is
possible for you to turn that from being alone which you expect to be paid back into an act of charity for which you will be greatly rewarded. So this has to do with, again, the character that we spoke about earlier. How do we deal with people in times of need, that we shouldn't be merciful.
We should be charitable.
We should try to help them get back up on their feet. This is what Islam wants from us. And this is a charitable showing a charitable effort. And this is what makes us among the best of people that we are charitable to those in need. Now the Prophet may God's peace and blessings be upon him was very specific. In identifying some of the best
forms of charity there are many different ones. But among them, is one mentioned in the Hadith Narrated by Abu mama.
This hadith is collected by Imam Ahmed
in his Muslim head and his authentic
in which Abu Omar related the Prophet sallahu wa salam had said of the louzada Kotti the love for starting feasability la one well my near her to Hardiman, feasable Allah,
Otaru kottu for Herlin feasable Allah, the best charities are the shade of a tent in the path of Allah, the gift of a servant
for a lost cause, or a mature female camel in the path of Allah, these three
acts of charity that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam identified as being among the best. Why? Because they are connected with defense of the OMA protecting the Muslim nation, protecting the women and the children, the weak etc. from harm.
So, the shade of the tent, you have provided
shade for those who are engaged in the struggle. So you get the reward of those who actually do it.
Or giving a servant
for this cause
or a riding animal.
A mature female camel
And all of this earns the reward as the Prophet sallallaahu celibate said, Whoever equips a warrior in laws way, or looks after his family, in his absence is like one who actually fights that is recorded in Sahih. Muslim.
So, providing for those
who are in need, the families that have been left behind that tent, which was provided, could have been for them, or it could have been for those who are going to fight
and the gift of a servant,
that servant again could have been to help out the families that were left behind. Or it could be one who helps to carry the equipment used by those who fight to defend and protect the Muslim ummah. And as well, a riding animal in mature female camo.
That is the means of transportation, which was used in the past, Allah knows may be used more extensively again in the future, or in certain parts of the world and the Third World,
animals still play a big role in transportation of goods, etc.
So, the prophet may God's peace and blessings be upon him,
emphasized, defending the OMA with our charity, using the charity
to help the Ummah as a whole,
as opposed to a charity just benefiting an individual. Here it is now charity use to protect the Ummah from harm, use to protect the truth of Islam, so that it can be effectively propagated conveyed to neighboring nations, other nations around the world, keeping those doors open for this process. This is a great act of charity, when it is given in this way, looking after those who are fighting, known as Mujahideen, or Mujahideen, and looking after their families who have been left behind,
for those who were unable to go
and participate in the defense of the Ummah, they instead stay home and use their wealth to protect the families, wives and children who are left behind by those who have gone out, putting their lives on the line
to defend the OMA. So in concluding this episode, we did begin with the different types of charity, charity, which is done
openly in charity, which is done secretively. And Allah said, the one done secretively is better. Then
we looked at the verse, which encouraged us to give people more time if they haven't paid off their debts, they need more time give them more time. Of course, there are limits to how much more time you give them, or as a greater act more rewardable to Allah is to turn that act into a religious righteous deed by declaring it the wealth that you have given to be a charity, charity for that person. So that is among the recommended acts. And then in closing, the last of the statements concerning the charity with regards to jihad, fighting in the way of Allah etc. Where we are encouraged to help those who are making that effort, especially when we are unable to do so, if
we're able to do so for ourselves to prepare ourselves and prepare others that's even greater. But if we can't go ourselves then to help others. This is the great charity on our behalf. Whether it is to help the people who are gauged in the struggle themselves or their families were left behind while they engage in defense of the ummah.
So with that
We will close out our session, this session which is dealt with issues of charity. And we still have a number of statements of the Prophet may God's peace and blessings be upon him to look at in the next episode continuing under the general heading of charity.
So with that, we close the session. Thank you for being with us and this session and hoping that we'll see you in future sessions. So that's why they come to LA he or Barakatuh