Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 33

Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim. Allah Allah was Hobie Khomeini standing at Rama Dean

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operates due to a law and realized Peace and blessings beyond the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, none all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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Were now basically finishing off the surah. I had hoped to complete it in this session, however, I think the material will stretch by possibly stretch into our next lesson. We need one more. But anyway,

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we're looking really from verse 107, which starts with the state of the believers after describing those who

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are the true losers in this life

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because of the fact that they thought they were doing what was right but in fact, they were misguided and doing what was wrong.

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That such people

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end up becoming disbelievers, while believing that they're believers or thinking that they're believers, such people

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as a result of their misguided belief, then speak ill of the believers and the message. And such Allah says that their their abode will be jahannam in the next life, their deeds will lose their value. And what they will find as a resort as a as a result, or how it's described as as, as hospitality for them will be the hellfire. So then a lot after doing that, that's up to verse 106. He then goes on to describe the state of the believers and what he has prepared for them. Verse 107, and then Medina I'm a new I'm a little slightly hottie cannot let him jannatul Ferdowsi. Newsela Indeed, those who believe and do righteous deeds will have the gardens of fear douse for

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hospitality. In contrast to the disbelievers will find the fires of jahannam as hospitality, the believers will find the gardens of Paradise as hospitality. However, they must fulfill to conditions belief and righteous deeds in the levena aminomethyl solid hat. Indeed, those who believe and do righteous deeds, the same two conditions, which were mentioned first, among the four conditions of Surah laaser. To escape failure and loss, Allah began with belief and righteous deeds, then he spoke of

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truthfulness and patience, but the core was belief in righteous deeds. The location of belief is the heart

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and of righteous deeds is the limbs. It is also possible for righteous deeds to refer to the deeds of the heart, like trust, fear, remorse, love, and other similar emotions.

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righteous deeds are primarily those done sincerely for a law sake, and in accordance with a laws divinely revealed law.

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I did cannot be considered truly righteous without fulfilling both these conditions. Thus, the deeds of one who commits shirk are not righteous, the deeds of one who innovates in religion are not righteous. Instead, they will be thrown in his face. The evidence for that can be found in the following headings could see

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in which our error code to the officer Salama saying, a lot almost less than transcendent said, I am the least in need of partners among those

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who our partners, whoever does a deed and shares any portion of it with others besides me, who would be left on his own with his partner.

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I am the least in need of partners among those who are partners. Whoever does a deed and shares any portion of it with others besides me will be left on his own with his partner.

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I shall at the law also quoted the promise of Solomon saying, Man I mean I'm Alan laser Lee I'm gonna forward whoever does it need not approved by me will have it rejected.

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The second condition of being in accordance with the laws. divinely revealed laws is more comprehensive

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Then being in accordance with Prophet Mohammed Salah Salam Sunnah, as it includes the believers, of our followers of the earlier prophets. So these are the two conditions for success. Right? That the deed should be in accordance with divine law that way, if it's in accordance with the Divine Law of Prophet Musa and you are a follower of Prophet Musa, then you fall into that category, and that's why others are not excluded. And of course, once one hears the message of Islam, then the situation has changed.

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Cannot long jannatul Ferdowsi Newsela, they will have the gardens of fear doubts for hospitality. The actual Arabic phrase expressing what will be given to the believers who do righteous deeds is cannot love whom they had this past tense

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in which the past tense phrase have to have is used, actually in Arabic, it's really

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to be for kind of lahoma has to be for but in idiomatic English we say to have. So it is cannot leave home meaning they had. It expresses both the fact that the gardens of Paradise were already given to them and allows knowledge before they came into existence as one element of it. And also it is indicating the certainty of them receiving

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this reward. So you'll find in many places in the Quran, where Allah will use cannot when he's speaking about the future.

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But the issue of time has been removed from it. This cabinet here indicates certainty of occurrence. It's so certain that a lot refers to it in the past, that's

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kind of the home jannatul fear doubt See, the gardens of fear DOS, referred to the best part of Paradise, about which the prophet SAW Salem was reported by Abu huraira. To have said, Whoever believes in the line is messenger establishes formal prayer and fast Ramadan will have as his right on a law that he put in Paradise, whether we fight in the way of a law or stays in the land in which he was born.

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The Companions asked a messenger of a law, shall we not give this good news to the people? He replied, indeed, a lot has prepared in paradise 100 levels for those who fight in his way.

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The distance between each level is that the distance between the heaven and the earth

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basically was saying, don't go tell the people because they will misunderstand it is the value of fighting in the way of Allah is so great that it's better for them to know this part.

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So if you're going to ask a law for anything, ask him for fear doubts, for it is the middle of Paradise and the highest part of Paradise and above it is the throne of the Most Merciful and from its spring, the rivers of paradise. So fear douse is the ideal that we should seek when asking a law with regards to paradise etc. Ask him for for dos

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patata had said fear Dallas is a healing paradise at its center and the best of it. And he narrated from Anna Sydney Malik from the province of Salaam that he said I'll fear those who are about to genetti or outsell to ha ha ha fadeout is a hill in paradise at its center and the best of it.

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Holiday nifi ha liahona and her hawala dwelling in it forever with no desire for change.

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The Almighty described the believers who attained fear doubt as holiday enough he had dwelling in it forever. This is understood as eternal residents. According to the scholars of our listener, those who are paused were mainly john Gibbons of one and the Morteza lights who claimed logically that everything Allah created must come to an end.

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Therefore, paradise should also come to an end. But the number of verses in the Quran which affirmed the eternal nature of Paradise is enormous. And the number of prophetic traditions is also very large. So where we have clear texts indicating

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eternity with regards to paradise, then we don't go back to logic.

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You know, where there is where there are clear texts. This takes precedence over logic.

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Logic does come to play, where attacks are not necessarily clear. You know, it could mean this or it could mean that

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So you might use your logic to say, well, this seems to be most applicable. You know, this is the reasoning, which is done by the scholars and this seems to relate to another Hadith and so on, so on so forth. This is fine, but where we have clear texts, where

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the issue involved is crystal clear, then we don't have the right to go now back to logic and to cancel those clear text or the meaning of those clear Tech's simply because they don't agree with our individual logic.

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holiday in a fee ha liahona and hashoah. With no desire for any change means that they will not request the replacement of anything, because each inhabitant will be pleased with the pleasures he has given. In this world, the person was a beautiful palace, a beautiful home, nice car is happy with it. When he sees somebody with a nicer palace a nicer home a nicer car, then his happiness decreases, right? This is the nature of human beings. However, in the in the case of Paradise,

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though there are levels in paradise people are at higher levels than others. The point is that each person will feel that no one has more than him that he has the best interest.

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So he will not feel any decrease in his happiness, knowing that there are other people on other levels. In contrast, the people of hell will think that there's nobody receiving a more severe punishment than them. That's the opposite. Remember, this was described I was told him was described as receiving the lightest punishment in the Hellfire sandals from the Hellfire which would cause his brain to boil and cause him to think that he is receiving the most severe punishment of anyone in the hellfire.

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hollow Canon baharu Media then luckily Matthew Robbie Lana Fidel, baharu Abdullah, and further Kalamata Robbie well Gina de la jitna be Miss Lee metadata.

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Verse 109, say, if the ocean word Inc. to record my Lord's words, the ocean would be exhausted before my lords words would be exhausted, even if we added to it another ocean like it. This verse addresses the power and the might of the laws words and the uniqueness with which the Quran was written.

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A law begins by instructing Prophet Mohammed sallallahu wasallam to give people a word parable in order to clearly demonstrate His Majesty he told him colo Cannell baharu muda, then Li Kalamata Rabi say, if the ocean were ink to record my Lord's words, meaning that if the ocean was turned into ink in order to write out the laws words, then after then baharu arbella and for the calamata Robbie, the ocean would be exhausted before my Lord's words would be exhausted, because there is no end to allows words as he stated elsewhere. Lo and Mr. Phil out of the main shedra Aquila Manuel bahariya mucho de sobre to abhorring

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manaphy that came out to law if all the trees on the earth were pens, and the sea ink supplied by seven seas behind it allows words would not be exhausted So look, man 31 verse 27.

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Well Oh [???] now the mythic will legit not be Miss Lee metadata, even if we added to it another ocean like it, or seven more As stated before, the seas would be empty and the pens would all be broken, and laws words would not all be written.

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This verse represents clear textual evidence for the attribution of speech to Allah allows words most great and glorious. The 12th century Palestinian scholar Eben Kodama, he said in his book Luma, actually Octopod among the attributes of a law most high is that he speaks from the infinite past, allowing whoever he wishes of his creatures to hear it. Moses May peace be upon him heard it, without any intermediary. jabril May peace be upon him heard it, and so did whoever among His angels and messengers that he permitted. It is also among His attributes that he most glorified would speak to the believers on the last day and they will speak to him

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a lot most I said, well, qlm Allahu Musa tech Lima and Allah actually spoke to Moses

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that's

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nisab verse 164, and as you're allowed offers 144 yamasa in this cafe Touka Allah Naseby risala T, or B calamy, or Moses indeed I've chosen you among people to receive my messages and my speech.

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Men home men can llama law among them in reference to the prophets are those to whom Allah spoke to Al Baqarah, etc. So, Shura

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verse that's chapter 42. Verse 61, is not befitting for a lot to speak to a human except in the form of Revelation, or from behind the veil.

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So, a Taha when he came there a voice called out to him saying all Moses, indeed, I am your Lord, as Taha, verses 11, to 12 also in verse 14, indeed, it is I Allah there is no god worthy of worship besides me, so worship me.

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Even Kodama brought these verses, then he said, it is not permissible to say that the one speaking in these verses is other than a law.

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That is proof that obviously Allah spoke as the clear evidence of the live and must earn male IPS, be pleased with him said is that the condom Allahu been ye semi auto, Allah sama when Allah speaks revelation, His voice is heard by the inhabitants of the heavens. And he narrated that from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam of the lion on a score to the prophet SAW Selim as saying, on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will gather the creatures naked, barefooted, uncircumcised, and lacking, he will then call out to them in a voice which will be heard in the same way, by those far away as those near saying, I am the king, I am the king.

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Some of the leading scholars narrated it and all and Al Bukhari used it as evidence. The main two groups who oppose this understanding where the jack mites, the Morteza lights, and the ash rights are the Azure IRA.

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And, unfortunately, today, the vast majority of Muslims follow this position, the opposite position, the position of their IRA,

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the JAMA, it's claimed that the speech was not what that speech was not one of those attributes. Instead, it was one of the last creations which he created in the air or places from which it is heard.

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Thus, attributing it to a law was a form of attribution of the creation to the creator or ennoblement, as in the case of laws, camel allows house etc. This argument is rejected due to its contradicting the consensus of the seller theory, the generation never understood it this way. This is a later thing as a result of the infusion of Greek logic, people coming under those influences and the Greek philosophical understanding platonic Aristotelian understanding of who God the Creator was, this has affected them, and this is what they're expressing.

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Furthermore, it is illogical, because speech is an attribute of the speaker, and not something existing independent of him. Also, Moses heard a law say, in knee and along La Ilaha Illa Anna five Buddha knee, indeed, ama law besides whom there is no God, so worship Me, and it is impossible for anyone besides a law most glorified and supreme to say that that's common sense.

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They further argue that speech is a thing which is included under the general heading of everything.

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In the verse, Allahu Allah kukula Shea, Allah is the Creator of everything.

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Of course,

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there exists only the creator and the created, ally is the creator, and everything besides Him is created. They concluded from that, therefore his speech must be created. However, speech is one of the last attributes and the attributes of the Creator must be uncreated.

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Furthermore, the phrase everything is a general statement, possibly including or intending something specific, as in a law statement describing the Queen of Sheba, or OTF min Cooley she was granted everything.

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This is the hood said she was granted everything but wasn't everything, everything on earth she had, I wasn't everything which was, you know, the possessions that rulers would have, she had everything that they possess, so that everything doesn't necessarily mean every single thing. So similarly, when Allah says that he created everything is not it is everything which is from creation.

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Right, not his attributes because being eternal

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Not being on created naturally as attributes would also be on created.

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The correct interpretation is that she was given that which kings need

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this qualification can be understood from the context.

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Even a bill as elaborated on the position of Allah sadhana regarding the divine attributes of speech saying, when we say the law speaks, we are affirming one of his attributes of perfection. Its denial is to a true attribute to him a defect, one incapable of speech.

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We look at as somebody defective, isn't it, the person can't speak is dumb. So to attribute it that to a law that is not able to speech does not have his attributes is to affect to in fact, to attribute to a law a defect.

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This is clearly demonstrated by a law statement and his absence Moses, this people made out of their ornaments, a calf which seemed too low, do they not realize that it would neither speak to them nor guide them?

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The worshipers of the calf, their infidelity notwithstanding knew that their Lord was better, knew their Lord better than the mortality lights, since they did not tell Moses that his Lord could not speak.

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Regarding the calf, a lot also said, could they not see that it neither answered them, nor that it had any power to harm or benefit them? From this remark, it is clear that the inability to answer a speak is an argument which allow us to deny the divinity of the calf.

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The strongest argument that the mortality mortality lights have risen against the law of speech is that it would mean comparing a law to humans and attributing to him a body.

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However, this objection is not valid. When we say the law speaks, we add the qualification in a way befitting to His Majesty.

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Allah has said that day I will set a seal on their mouths, but their hands will speak to me and their feet will bear witness to all that they did. We believe that hands and feet will speak, but we do not know how they will speak. Similarly, a law says they will say to their skins, why do you give testimony against us? They will reply the skins will reply. Allah has given us the ability to speak, he who gives the ability to speak to everything, right?

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We believe that pebbles and food glorify the law, and that the stones gave salutation and the sounds of articulated words came from them, even though they didn't have a mouth. We know problems and solemn stones etc. The tree trunk gives alarms to him, right? Even though tree trunk does not have a mouth. Pebbles don't have mouths, we accept that. The eye shadow is the Asha rights, on the other hand, claim that the last speech is a meaning existing within him not linked to his wish. Furthermore, these letters and audible sounds are created in the air to express the meaning existing within a law

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is heavy philosophy right? It's just it's a way around what the mortal zealots were saying it's just a slightly modified version I woman suit allow to add

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the matauri diet creed is what is followed, you know mainly in the subcontinent, right? Which is their version of the ashari creed

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and matauri the hell that a lot speech is an idea subsisting in himself, which he later created in someone else.

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This claim is also rejected due to its contradiction to the consensus of the self, the early generation, it's being at variance with the proofs which indicate that a lot of speech is heard, and only sounds are heard. No meanings exist exiting from within it. It also is opposed to the customary understanding because speech according to custom is what the speaker expresses and not what he hides within himself.

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Commenting on the position of the Asha rights even Abdullah is who did the book call an Akita Talia right commentary on it. Many later halophytes believe that the speech of Allah is one and that multiplicity concerns its expression in words not in itself. that a lot of speech is one no matter where he says it whenever he says it is just one speech. But the it's in the expressions where the difference comes, words are created. They are called the word of Allah because they

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expresses speech and communicated. When communicated in Arabic it becomes the Quran, when it is communicated in Hebrew it becomes the Torah. And hence, it is the language that varies not the speech.

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Right? When we say the words, that the words are the speech of a law, we say so in a metaphorical sense, right, this is their interpretation, and a law's words, his speech is one, wherever it is expressed, if whatever language is expressed, then we give it another name.

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And that is how it appears in a created form the Torah, the NGO, and so on. So, this is their explanation of it's very philosophical, why we can't just say a law speaks and that is speech, why we have to go into this, you know, this, again, is a result of Greek logic, not taking the text as they come, and of course, those who take the texts as they come, they're called literalist. Now, you people are literalists you know, you blindly follow the text, but you know, we look to the inner meanings, you know, what, what does the inner meanings produce, but confusion. Anyway, this argument

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is, who was himself a Hanafi scholar, you know, he had said

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that this, this view is wrong. Why? Because it would mean that the words don't come near adultery. A lot of Rosina have the same meaning as be steadfast in prayer

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after masala

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because that's what you're saying, right? This one meaning, but just different words. So basically, don't come near as in our means the same as establish your prayers, it's confusion. Similarly, the verse of the footstool ayatul kursi would mean the same as verses concerning transactions involving death to date, etc.

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And the meaning of sorella clause would be the same as the meaning of sorella hub, you know, very little reflection is needed to be convinced that this view is wrong and conflicts with the belief of the seller. Okay. So, this is just mentioned, you know, from the, from the perspective that this is a, an athlete, that sometimes we hear this issue of the ashara, what is it they believe in, and we hear that some people expressing that there's, there's wrongness there? Well, no, that this is the essence of it. This is just an example. They got caught up in Greek philosophy, and ended up trying to explain away a lot of attributes in a way which was not in keeping with the understanding of the

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first generation.

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Allows words are both creational and legal, will have philosophy now we're talking practical, his legal words are what he revealed to his messengers. The instructions and his creation are words are those which with with which he decides his decrees, as in the verse in nama amaura, who either are the shaman and your kulula, who can fire can indeed when he intends something, his command is only that he says to it be and it is, sorry, I see in verse 82, that is creational words. Whenever he wants something to come into existence, he says, says be

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wholly in nama and abashiri myth lucam you ha la Anima ilaha illa Han Wahid from uncanny or Julie karabi folia Mela, Milan saleha. Well, I usually could be a bad at Europe be a Haida verse 110.

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Say, indeed, I'm only a human like yourselves, except that it was revealed to me that your God is one God. So whoever hopes to meet his Lord should do righteousness, and should not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.

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This verse actually has a number of very pertinent, important points, points which distinguish for us some issues that which exist in the Muslim world today.

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There are some groups that are very dominant, and have great influence in some parts of the Muslim world. Which this verse basically blows apart,

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if taken as it is, and understood in its clarity.

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Of course, for them, this verses of the motto shall be had, right, of those verses whose meanings are not clear,

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though when we hear it, I think the meaning is very clear say, Mohammed Salam is told by last month Allah to declare his humanity

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to declare his humanity say, indeed, I'm only a human being like yourselves, called minima and abashiri, Miss Lacan. I'm not an angel, nor a demigod

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Raise like yourselves, was added to further emphasize the profits also lumps humanity, a lot could have just said call in them and

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say indeed I'm only a human.

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But he added me

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like you, like yourselves similar to you.

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The prophet SAW Selim insisted on using the title slave of Allah. Abdullah when he said the best of names, right to Allah azza wa jal was what Abdullah and Abdul Rahman, these are the best of names.

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So he insisted on being referred to as Abdullah, in order to avoid excessive praise of himself, or Maribel hottub was reported to upset that code to the browser same as saying, don't praise me excessively, as the Christians did to Jesus, the son of Mary, indeed, I'm only his slave. So call me the slave of Allah and His messenger. Don't praise me excessively, as the Christians did to Jesus, the son of Mary, indeed, I'm only his slave. So call me the slave of Allah and His messenger.

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For this reason, a law corrected some of the problems as well as mistakes in the Quran itself to remain a symbol of his humanity. For example,

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Ibis obatala, right where a blind man came from the province or send them to teach him. He had already accepted Islam, but Salam turned away and went to deal with the heads of Quraysh. Allah

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rebuked him corrected him. Where else

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huh?

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That's not in the Quran.

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Oh,

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honey, this is not in the crime.

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The

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match was cousin. Well, that wasn't really in terms of mistake, which was just advising him not to telling him not to be fearful of people, right?

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No, that was just telling him that, you know, you can't pray when he requested now that he did it and Allah corrected him.

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The Battle of better

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what to do with the prisoners, he asked the different companions What should we do? Right, Abubakar and the other said let them go. There are relatives or my said, kill them, that everybody take is relative and Kingdom himself to make it clear that you know the break was with paganism is finished. And the prophet SAW Selim went to the opinion the more gentle opinion of Omar and abubaker, etc. And then Allah corrected him and said it's not befitting for a messenger to take prisoners in a land before he has established himself in that land, because they had killed Muslims that driven them out, tortured them, etc. that they had to come back with a strong blow to them to break their will

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not to say you can take prisoners later on, but in the first encounter, no prisoners take their lives the opinion of Omar was the correct opinion. Also, we have the date params which was mentioned date palms is not in the Quran. But from the Sunnah. We have the case where problems are salam, when he went to Medina was in Medina, and he and another companion by the name of Abu Musa, even palha they passed by some people

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artificially inseminating the date palms grafting, he asked them what are they doing? And they said, we're rafting, you know, the day palms and he said, I don't see any use in it. So when this information was spread amongst the people, in Medina, they all stopped grafting the they proms, because the dead palms, you have a male de pomme and a female de pomme. What they do is they take a portion from the male napalm and they grafted on to the female they pumped for it to produce good grapes, good dates, right? It could be left to the wind to carry the pollen but, you know, from experience human experience over many generations, they found that it the pollination was very low

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level yield was low when they did this. So they evolved a lot showed them or you know, guided them to understanding that you need to do this grafting to get your best yield. Anyway, by that generation of the prophet SAW Selim. They didn't know why they were doing it. They just did it because the four parents did it. Right. That's how they did it. So when the prophet SAW Selim said I don't see any use in it, because it's artificial. Right? There's a general dislike of the artificial in Islam. The prophet SAW Allah He made his own chaos here, right. He made his own, you know,

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deduction that since Islam is against, you know, plucking, eyebrows, tattooing, all of these art

00:35:00--> 00:35:24

Official changes that people make to themselves cutting the errors of capital and all this kind of thing. So there's a kind of artificial thing of cutting off a piece of apply this to, you know, just let it take its natural way. You know, that's why some people referred to Islam as the natural way. Right? So it's in general, it's true, but not in every case, right? Because we do shave the hair under our armpits, and in other places, you know, we could say it's natural to let it grow.

00:35:25--> 00:35:53

We do clip our fingernails do because it's natural to let that grow to so reforms are solid. Anyway, he made that judgment and said it didn't, didn't make sense really was not of any use. So later on, they came back and informed him that the yield dropped. yield of the data dwindled considerably. So he said to them, if there's use in what you're doing, then go ahead and do it. Right. Obviously, there's use there, for it was just a personal opinion of mine.

00:35:55--> 00:36:05

It was just a personal opinion of mine. So don't follow blindly my personal opinions. Don't follow blindly my personal opinions.

00:36:06--> 00:36:21

But if I tell you anything on behalf of a law, then accept it, for I do not attribute any falsehood to Allah, the Exalted, the glorious isn't Sahih Muslim. You know, this is a hadith of undoubtable authenticity.

00:36:22--> 00:36:32

However, in spite of this clarity, sects and cults have arisen among Muslims claiming that the prophets are Salaam was not entirely human.

00:36:33--> 00:36:35

Not entirely human.

00:36:38--> 00:36:39

Among the biggest cults

00:36:40--> 00:37:02

is the Burrell who is right, in the Indian subcontinent. They represent the majority in Pakistan. And I don't know about the Indian community to a degree they represent it, but in Pakistan, they represent the majority, the founder, individual by the name of Afro Madrid or from the from a town

00:37:04--> 00:37:05

called railway in India.

00:37:07--> 00:37:10

He preferred the name, Abdullah Mustafa,

00:37:11--> 00:37:21

right, slave worshipper of Al Mustafa, that is one of the titles of problems SLM, that's his preferred title. It's telling you something right there.

00:37:22--> 00:37:23

Anyway.

00:37:25--> 00:37:30

Their claim is that the prophet SAW Salam is light.

00:37:32--> 00:37:35

Not human being, as we know human beings.

00:37:38--> 00:37:43

He writes in his book called Salatu Safa fino al Mustafa, right.

00:37:45--> 00:38:08

In the introduction, all praise be to you or light or light of light, or light before every light or light after every light, Grant blessing and peace to your radiant light, which you created from your light and created all creatures from his light. Bless the rays of his light, his family companions and moons, that's all of them.

00:38:10--> 00:38:27

And in this treatise that he made called Salatu, Safa, he attributed a tradition to Alamosa enough of it under Razzaq. It was a false attribution because it's not found there. It's fabricated, but this is a popular

00:38:29--> 00:38:49

tradition which you will hear used in a number of different circles. It says claim and promise as lm said, he said to Jabir ibn Abdullah, oh Jabir, Allah created the light of your profit from his light. Before he created all things. He then made that light circulate by his power, wherever he pleased.

00:38:50--> 00:38:54

At that time, there was not there was no preserved tablet,

00:38:55--> 00:38:58

nor pen, nor paradise, nor hell.

00:39:01--> 00:39:50

No angels have been no sun, no moon, no gin or man. When a lie intended to create the creation, he divided the light into four parts from the first party created the pen, from the second part, the tablet, from the third part, the throne. And then he divided the fourth part into four sections. From the first he created the bearers of the throne, from the second the footstool, from the third the rest of the angels. Then he divided the fourth section into four segments. From the first he created the heavens, from the second the Earth's, from the third paradise and hell, then he divided the fourth into four pieces, and so on and so forth. Basically, it's saying that the first thing

00:39:50--> 00:39:57

that a lot created was light from his light. And that was Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

According to one of the leading brain

00:40:00--> 00:40:07

scholars of the past did our alley. He said Mohammed Salah Salaam is neither a law nor other than a law

00:40:09--> 00:40:17

is neither a law nor other than a law. He is the manifestation of the attributes of a law.

00:40:18--> 00:40:29

He gives life to the souls, the jinn and mankind were created from him and the throne and the seat came into being from him Adam and Eve came into existence from him.

00:40:30--> 00:40:47

In another treatise, called nephele, Fe, a man, an RBE. I'll be naughty he cliche that is negating shadow from the one whose light illuminated everything. The founder of the Braille we set

00:40:49--> 00:41:02

off my radar he said, his shade did not fall on the earth, as he was light shadow didn't fall on the earth as he was light. When he walked in the sunlight or moonlight, his shadow was not seen.

00:41:03--> 00:41:13

He had no shadow. And there is a popular book available in Lahore in Pakistan called the shadow less Prophet, which goes to great lengths to establish this falsehood.

00:41:15--> 00:41:21

Braille results who believe that the prophet SAW Selim is present everywhere and sees everything they call this What?

00:41:22--> 00:41:49

How's your nausea, okay, how their lover, he hears is everywhere, and he sees everything. America himself wrote, weep over hobbies. For the Prophet of Allah is omnipresent and omniscient, omniscient, nothing happened in the world, and nothing will happen in it. But he sees it and observes it is present everywhere and sees everything.

00:41:52--> 00:42:10

The founder also said, the saints and the prophets do not die. Because the whole thing now also, the prophet SAW Selim has these qualities means that he didn't die, he's still alive. You know, the saints and the prophets do not die. They're buried while they are living, to have a very small cell Tomas, he was still alive.

00:42:11--> 00:42:31

Their life in the grave is like their life in this world indeed, far better. Concerning the prophets. He said, The life of prophets after death is real sense to us, like it was in this world that befalls them for a moment. So that allows word is fulfilled colonus in the auto mode,

00:42:33--> 00:42:46

after a second, that's only for one second, after a second life returns to them, and they become living as they were before. To this life applies the rules of this world the life For this reason, their inheritance is not divided.

00:42:48--> 00:42:56

Their wives are not married, nor do they pass a waiting period. They eat, drink and pray in their graves.

00:42:59--> 00:43:18

Of course, when confronted with the verse called a NEMA and a Bachelor of myth locum right? Their response is that the prophet SAW Selim was told to say, indeed am an human like you, he was told to say that nobody else is allowed to say this. Only him.

00:43:19--> 00:43:22

Furthermore, he was only like humans, not exactly the same.

00:43:26--> 00:43:27

When you are misguided,

00:43:29--> 00:43:34

you will find ways to remain misguided no matter what.

00:43:36--> 00:44:23

So that's one body. The other major body are the Shiites. And actually, the beliefs of the railways. Some scholars hold that it really came from the Shiites. And if you look at, you know, the founder 100, his name, the name of his father's and the people around them, they all have the names that are normally Rizvi and Naqvi and these names which are normally attributed are known as Shiite names in that part of the world. Anyway, and she had tradition. The prophet SAW salams daughter Fatima, and the Imams consisting of his cousin Allie, his grandchildren, Hassan and Hussein and nine great grandchildren share the quality of special creation with the prophets of Salaam. Shiites believe

00:44:23--> 00:44:23

that they're

00:44:25--> 00:44:58

right. Prophet Muhammad SAW Solomon, his granddaughter, and the Imams are conceived in their mystical dimension as a light that a law created before the creation of the material world. This light then became the cause and instrument for the rest of creation. The following tradition is attributed to the prophets are solid from Shiite sources, a law created Ali and me from one light before the creation of Adam, then he split the light into two halves. Then he created all things from my light and alleys light

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

to

00:45:00--> 00:45:33

The similarity in the first demand, Ali is reported to upset falsely reported to have said, a lie is one he was alone in his oneness. So he spoke one word, and it became a light he created from the light Mohammed Salah, my descendants, that is the other Imams and me. Then he spoke another word and it became a spirit that he calls to settle upon the light, and he calls it to settle upon our bodies. And so so we are the spirit of a law and his word. And this was before he created the creation.

00:45:35--> 00:45:49

The sixth Imam Jaffa sadhak, to whom their madhhab is attributed the jaffery method differ, they claim false that he said, our light separates from our Lord like the rays of the sun from the sun.

00:45:50--> 00:45:54

According to Shiite theology, this light created by God

00:45:55--> 00:46:08

is the inner essence of the Imams. And it descended upon Adam, then upon each of the prophets and Imams, until it became embodied in Mohammed Salah Salam Fatima, and the 12 imams.

00:46:13--> 00:46:23

So, that is another body of falsehood, which has elevated problems or Sallam above his humanity. And

00:46:24--> 00:47:07

we can see similarities in their beliefs in their claims. And you have other groups amongst what may be referred to as the Sophie's right who share these similar ideas. They quote, similar ones similar that fabricated Hadith that I mentioned from the founder of Brill wisdom. That same Hadith is commonly quoted in Sufi circles, you know, and from this also, they have given the saints and others these kind of qualities as they gave mommies as a lamb, you know, this has their nausea thing. And from it, they have different rights, right, because when they have gatherings they have to stand up at a certain point because they believe that moms or xlm is present. And if you don't stand up,

00:47:07--> 00:47:28

you're, you know, you are shaming the province of Salomon, these kind of things so they have a whole series of rights that they've built up around these beliefs. Similarly, the Shiites have them and similarly Sophie's have built up similar ideas not to say that every Sufi share this idea, but it's a common belief amongst a major part of what is referred to today as Sufism.

00:47:29--> 00:47:35

Now, when people do that, they're doing it with an idea behind it, that somehow

00:47:36--> 00:47:45

we'll be able to benefit them to bring good for them or to protect them from evil. But last month, Allah clearly told us to say

00:47:46--> 00:47:50

in Nila amla, qu la comme Barranquilla rasheeda.

00:47:51--> 00:47:59

Say, it is not in my power to cause you harm or to bring you to the right path. This is Surah Jin, verse 21.

00:48:00--> 00:48:08

Allah has above us Allah give the answers to these claims. But yet, people will make it anyway.

00:48:09--> 00:48:11

Shere Khan was a mean

00:48:12--> 00:48:30

he commented on this phenomenon, saying, It is amazing that some people still exist, who are more attached to the messenger than they are to Allah, Most great and glorious, if anything about the messenger is mentioned They tremble and shiver and if Ally's mentioned it is as if he wasn't mentioned.

00:48:31--> 00:48:47

Some reach the level that they will swear by a lot by the messenger so as I love commonly in Egypt, people say what what maybe very common way of swearing wannabe by the prophet instead of saying well law, you know, this is shook.

00:48:48--> 00:48:52

Others consider visiting the prophet SAW son's grave superior to visiting the gabaa

00:48:55--> 00:49:09

shala Feynman said I have witnessed people crying because they were prevented from visiting Medina during the days of Hajj, you know, because when it comes close to the time for the rites of Hajj, they don't allow people to now go to Medina

00:49:12--> 00:49:13

say hello Semin

00:49:15--> 00:49:18

went on to say that

00:49:19--> 00:49:35

he found people crying because they were blocked from going to Medina. Hodge was right, close to begin. They're blocked wide to make sure that they're able to do the hydrides because if they went to Medina, they get caught up there, they might miss their Hajj.

00:49:36--> 00:49:36

So

00:49:38--> 00:49:40

he said that these people

00:49:41--> 00:49:49

when they're asked, Why did they come? they reply, I came to witness the lights and the light, referring to

00:49:51--> 00:49:54

Prophet Muhammad wa salam and Fatima etc, etc.

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

It is as if he went on to say that they only came to visit Medina and they forgot that they

00:50:00--> 00:50:14

came to fulfill the rights of hatch. This is a result of ignorance and the failure of scholars to clarify the truth to the common masses for the masses of wild emotions easily aroused. If the truth is explained to them, they readily return to it.

00:50:15--> 00:50:39

A lot then goes on to identify the most unique characteristic, distinguishing the profits or salom, from the average human being you have in a year, except that it was it has been revealed to me meaning that revelation came to him and not to others. Besides the prophet of mess, prophets and messengers, realize peace and blessings be upon them, no one received revelation

00:50:40--> 00:50:42

beside problems or solve

00:50:44--> 00:51:10

anyone who would claim revelation in his time, that's the time of the prophet SAW Selim, or after his time, are considered the worst of creation, as the Almighty said woman of lamb amendment if Tara Allah Allahu kariba Alcala oh here la Willem you, ha ha ha ha. And who can be more unjust more evil than he who invents a lie against the law or says revelation has come to me, while nothing has been revealed to him?

00:51:11--> 00:51:13

To al anon verse 93.

00:51:15--> 00:51:20

A lot then goes on to identify the essence of what was revealed to Prophet Mohammed Salim saying

00:51:22--> 00:52:14

Anima Allahu Allahu wa had, that your God is only one God. The message of tawheed affirming the law is unique, is a unique unity in his dominion, his attributes, and how we should be worshipped. No one shares his dominion over creation. No one possesses anything of his divine attributes, and nothing is worthy of worship besides Him. That being the case law has the prophets I seldom advise those who believe in God and the resurrection and judgment from uncanny or juliaca Arabi. So whoever hopes to meet his Lord and desire a good result from the meeting, they must fulfill certain basic criteria regarding their beliefs. Belief alone is not enough, because it can easily be confused with

00:52:14--> 00:53:02

mere knowledge of belief, and limited knowledge can lead to false hopes, as in the case of those who have memorized only the first part of the following prophetic statement narrated by Abu huraira, which was us lm said, Coloma to toluna Jenna, all of my nation will enter Paradise, but they neglect the remainder in lamb and Abba. Kalia rasulillah woman Abba Holloman upon any agenda, oh man, I saw a need for God Abba, Francis Allah not to say except for those who refuse and they asked him who would refuse or messenger of Allah, He replied, whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me has refused. actions are the fruit of correct belief.

00:53:03--> 00:53:15

Therefore, a law made the prophet SAW Selim informed the believers if they wish to meet Allah with genuine hope, for Leon mela melon saleha voila, you should be a bad at europei

00:53:16--> 00:53:22

let him do righteousness and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.

00:53:23--> 00:53:30

And the last part of this verse, Allah instructs the believers to do good works only for his sake

00:53:32--> 00:53:35

and not to join any partner in worship with him.

00:53:36--> 00:53:46

There are a number of prophetic statements which speak again to Ria doing things for humans in the ahafo Maha for Aleikum schilke lasar.

00:53:48--> 00:53:54

The thing which I fear most for you is my inner shark. And when he was asked what is my inner Shirky answered, Ria.

00:53:56--> 00:53:57

In another narration, he said.

00:54:01--> 00:54:05

He said to the companions, while they were discussing about the jungle,

00:54:06--> 00:54:13

and he had previously said that the jungle is the greatest trial that would face human beings

00:54:14--> 00:54:17

from the time of a last creation of the world and people in it.

00:54:19--> 00:54:19

But he said,

00:54:21--> 00:54:28

while they were discussing about the job, should I not inform you of that which I fear for you even more than the dangers of the job?

00:54:30--> 00:54:39

They said, he said it is hidden ship, a person stands to pray and he beautifies his prayer because he sees people looking at him.

00:54:40--> 00:54:46

Should I not inform you of that which I fear for you even more than the dangers of that Jan? The Antichrist?

00:54:48--> 00:54:55

It is hidden shirak a person stands to pray and he beautifies his prayer because he sees people looking at him.

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

So when we put this idea into perspective, we can appreciate

00:55:00--> 00:55:20

The major danger that Ria presents, the calamity of the journal is the greatest affliction that mankind will ever experience from the time of the creation of Adam until the day of judgment. That's what the Bible says Adam said. And there has not been a single prophet after the time of Prophet nor who did not warn people of this great tribulation.

00:55:23--> 00:56:11

The prophets I seldom advise anyone alive at the time of the jail to run away from him. And he would always seek refuge in a law from the dangers of the jail after every obligatory prayer, so much so that the companions learned it. Like they learn the chapter from the Quran itself, that the bouncer Sallam said, he feared the danger of Rhea even more. So that is general advice to us to purify our worship, and make our intention sincere, and all the various forms of worship. And that brings to mind just in closing, as we are about to enter into Ramadan, the brothers or Salah had said that one who doesn't make the intention to fast in Ramadan, before fudger has no fast.

00:56:14--> 00:56:18

This is something most people haven't even heard.

00:56:19--> 00:56:29

One who doesn't make the intention to fast before 5g comes in. Meaning by sohar time has no fast.

00:56:30--> 00:56:38

Of course call is different. Now what is have no fast mean, has no complete fast, you know? Or does it mean has no fast period zero.

00:56:39--> 00:57:28

What it is addressing really is the issue of intention. That the fast of Ramadan, the tendency for us because we're fasting 29 or 30 days, as it becomes a routine. You're not thinking about what you're doing anymore, we just slide into it and we slide out of it. Right. So this is basically a guidance for us that we need to make that intention renew that intention every day. So that the goals and the and the and the benefit that we're seeking to gain from fasting that it will purify of us of our sins, blah blah Salam said from Ramadan, Ramadan is purification for what's in between, for that to happen for it to take place, then the fast has to be a sincere fast, one where our

00:57:28--> 00:57:35

intentions are clear. And we are fasting in accordance with intentions according to our problems as daughters.

00:57:38--> 00:57:45

inshallah, we'll stop here, this is the end of the surah if you have any questions, you could take a few brief questions now.

00:57:46--> 00:58:10

inshallah, by next Saturday, we will have the text of the whole chapter ready for you, at least in a relatively rough form somewhat corrected, that you can utilize it to prepare yourself, those of you who wish to prepare themselves for a test on the surah

00:58:12--> 00:58:32

those who just want it for reading because you've been listening to the Tafseer you have missed some and whatever you want to be able to go over the Tafseer it's useful for Friday's better understanding of social capital which was to recite every Friday to read every Friday and inshallah you can get copies of it at that time.

00:58:35--> 00:58:37

The audio of the

00:58:38--> 00:58:53

tafsir it is being prepared there is a rough audio available with the breaks and things that will be available once we finished today from next week onwards it will be available

00:58:54--> 00:59:16

an audio which involves which has been cleaned up meaning all of the coughs and the baby screams and all the other things in the background have been cleaned up. So you have a clear text mean that will take some time because the brother was working on it says it takes him about three hours to work on one tape and we have basically 33 tapes.

00:59:18--> 00:59:27

So we have to give him some time but in the meantime those would like to get at least a rough copy. You know they will be available from our

00:59:28--> 00:59:47

test GL department of recording, you know at a nominal cost maybe it's about three hours per tape. We have a question from the sisters are two questions not really related to the topic. But questions nonetheless. Concerning the dean, one concerning salata spear, is this

00:59:48--> 00:59:59

classified as an authentic hadith or not? Well, actually all of the narrations of salata are weak. This is why the majority of the scholars of Hadith have rejected it outright.

01:00:00--> 01:00:34

Though some scholars among them shared Macedonian Bernie, he concluded that, though they're weak, there are enough of them from enough sources to indicate that there is at least a basic level of authenticity to them. So it is considered to be Hadith Hassan or workable Hadith. So those who choose to choose to do it and of course, in many different narrations describing how it's done, basically, almost no two narrations agree. So you choose one of the narrations, and it's permissible for you to do so on the basis of that

01:00:35--> 01:00:42

argument. Or if you choose to go with the position of the majority of Hadith scholars, then it's not authentic, you leave it.

01:00:44--> 01:00:45

The other

01:00:46--> 01:01:18

question was concerning shifting one's place after doing farm prayer in the masjid, shifting from one place to another, there is some there's some narration that'd be that would sooner be the word concerning it, which is acceptable, acceptable narration, and it's something that may be done, not something which must be done. Some people have taken it as a must, when the salon is over there insisting that you move from your place and take their place where they can take yours. This is not this is going overboard. It's something which you may do not something which you must do.

01:01:20--> 01:01:21

Concerning the concepts of

01:01:29--> 01:01:30

concepts.

01:01:32--> 01:01:54

My brother's question or suggestion that when looking at the various groups, which are which have sprung up, it seems many of them popped up really in the 19th century in 1800s, whether it's the cardia knees or the highs or whatever. But it seems that they seem to have a common thread, linking them to Shia Islam.

01:01:56--> 01:02:19

Is that what was my comment on it? I say, well, it is not surprising. I mean, if we consider that Shia Islam or Shiite thought, is really the work of the handiwork of Satan in our people have been diluted, then everywhere that the false sector arises is going to be from the handiwork of Satan. So there's going to be a commonality. So it's not surprising, you know?

01:02:23--> 01:02:24

Okay, brothers,

01:02:25--> 01:02:32

comments concerning some narrations which are found in some of the obscure books, that

01:02:34--> 01:02:36

the prophets are alive in their graves.

01:02:37--> 01:02:39

We have even more

01:02:40--> 01:03:25

we could say, well known narrations that brother salamina will give salaams to you, wherever you are, in also, this process of giving salaams implies life. But the issue is not about whether they're alive or not. The issue is, what is the what is the quality of that life is that life that we consider as our living? So then you're going to apply to it, what may be applied to the living meaning, when the prophet SAW Selim was living, you could ask him to do something for you. In this, if you are amongst the Sahaba, you are their president, you could ask him, no problem. So now that he's in the grave, and still living Can you still do that, you know, this is where this is where the

01:03:25--> 01:03:53

difference comes. So the issue is not about the life but the quality of that life does he is he living as a human being is living in this life here that he can be called upon, you can you can get his his help and support etc, etc. And this is what, you know, the scholars of the early generation are unanimous that this is not the case. This is not the life of the prophet SAW Selim, or the prophets in general, that they're living as the Shahada, their living is different.

01:03:54--> 01:04:18

The we bury them, we pray a lot to janazah for them. So that's the genesis for the dead, you know, not for the living. So you know, that quality of life is not what it has been distorted into in Braille, we thought and others to be where it then justifies calling upon our solemn and seeking from him things, which are only acceptable if he were living in amongst us.

01:04:19--> 01:04:59

Okay, we'll stop here. So monticola, hamburger shadowline and stop Furukawa to blue lake. And just to remind you, again, as I said, next week, we will, we'll provide the books for you in sha Allah, the Tafseer itself complete up here. And we'll also decide on which surah will be going to next probably to be sorry, as in, you know, we're choosing basically the popular sources that people like to read and, you know, clarifying any misconceptions that people may have around them, and at the same time, taking benefits from them because they're all beneficial. Okay, and, and also, I will outline a program which

01:05:00--> 01:05:08

I mentioned earlier, you know of study for university credits that we can try to evolve our classes into

01:05:09--> 01:05:09

slavery.