Pearls From Surah Yusuf – Part 6
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
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swindler hamdulillah salatu salam ala rasulillah he, he also heavy woman Wallah. Bad. So we were discussing the section of pseudo use of in which the wife of Aziz was tempting, and was attempting to seduce use of alayhis salam. And we mentioned that the modal word is a continuous verb which means that she was attempting to seduce she was attempting to flirt, she was attempting to persuade, what are the two Letty who are phebe at her, the one in whose house use of force and as we mentioned last week, this is a very powerful phrase. Allah didn't say the wife of Aziz tempted him. Allah says the one in whose house use of was tempted him. And as we all know, the temptation. Generally
speaking, it is a man that attempts to seduce a woman, generally speaking, it is a man who opens up the flirtation with the woman, and it is very rare that the woman is the one who begins this act. And when it does happen, then it is very difficult psychologically, it is very difficult for the man to say no. And in this case, the master, the wife of Aziz, the one in who's in whose house use of force began to continue to seduce him until finally when she attempted to do the very deed itself. And she said, I am ready for you A Teluk and some scholars said this is a phrase that simply means in a vulgar way, come on, or let's do it or another another interpretation the word hate that is
confusing as I said, another interpretation is that hater means I am ready for you. I have prepared everything for you use have sought refuge in Allah subhana wa Tada. And he mentioned that Allah has protected him so far in the hora be I sent him with why we said the strongest opinion or be here does not refer to the wife, the husband of the one who's seducing him. It doesn't refer to his master. It refers to Allah subhana wa tada and Allah subhana wa tada then says she desired him and he desired her and we
said that so many scholars of the past they said this is very problematic. How could you have desire her? Yet the fact of the matter is that human psychology dictates that the average human being the average male, the average person in this situation would be tempted. And the fact that he rose above the temptation is what is praised with you for use of Allah His center. And the Prophet system said a very important Hadith which we forgot to or what didn't have time to, quote last time, the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam said, Whoever hemma whoever intends to do a sin, but he stops himself from doing it. Allah subhanho wa Taala will write for him a reward instead of the sin. So intending to do
a sin, and then stopping yourself from doing it is in fact something that is praiseworthy. Now, we're not talking about somebody who wants to do a sin, and then something comes between him and the sin. So for example, he wanted to commit an evil he's driving to be committed to evil, the cop pulls him over for a speeding ticket, and he cannot do what he wanted to do. We're not talking about that. We're talking about somebody like the process, and him said, he really wanted to do evil, but then his conscience got the better of him, Allah Subhana, Allah will reward him for something he didn't do, even though this reward will not be given to somebody who didn't have that temptation. So for
example, right now, we're all sitting in this Masjid, and hamdulillah none of us is drinking or committing any major sin? Are we getting reward for every single second that we're here? By not committing a sin? We're getting reward for being an investor, we're getting reward for listening to Islam? Are we getting a reward for not committing a cent? No, because there was no desire, there was no choice. So my point here that I'm trying to stress that the majority opinion which found this phrase problematic, in fact, it is not problematic. And as I said, that sometimes some of our classical scholars, they tried to make profits superhuman, they tried to make profits above who they
are. And Allah keeps on emphasizing profits are human beings, when in them and above shoulder misery can no doubt they're the best, no doubt, they're the elite, no doubt, they do not commit major sins, but use of did not commit a sin. And that's the whole point. So in reality, there's nothing problematic at all, with affirming exactly as Allah says, what occurred to him Maybe he also had a desire for her and he also wanted to do something, but he saw the the bullhorn or the clear evidence from his Lord. And we said that the strongest opinion about this beforehand is that it refers to the knowledge of use of it refers to his prophethood we move on now what Stevo called Baba, what
staebell called Baba, the two of them raised for the door. And what this means is that when use have said no, he must have turned around to leave. And again, as we said, over and over again, the Koran does not provide details that are unnecessary. The Quran does not provide graphic detail, because it is not appropriate to talk about this story in such exquisite detail. And Allah subhanho wa Taala only tells us what we need to know. And we learn from this over and over again, that these titillating details these scandalous if you like stories, we shouldn't go and spread them we shouldn't narrate them, we should keep it Islamic and clean. If there is a moral as in this story,
even then there is no need to go into as we say juicy detail. But nonetheless, the message is given and that is that use of Allah His setup so much is said that doesn't need to be said and Allah azza wa jal by these two words that He gives us the whole picture. And one of them the one there's two people in the room, and the rooms are bolted remember, while I look at all the doors from the door of the house all the way to the bedroom, they have been shut double shutters, I look at it. So use of stands up to raise out and inside of him. He's fleeing away from sin away from Russia. He's fleeing literally physically and spiritually away from this evil and there is the wife of Aziz,
there is his mystery, his masters wife and she is fleeing towards sin. The both are running physically in the same direction, but spiritually emotionally they are exactly opposite. She wants to reach the door before him so that she can bypass him to get to the door and once again attempt to seduce him and she does not want to open the door so she wants to keep the door shut and he's opening towards the door to open it and to exit was tablecell Bob and in the process will cut that abusive woman doober his shirt was torn. A demeans a slit occurred from the back, meaning that in her zealousness in her in her crazed mind, she held on to use of shirt and she's physically pushing
him. She's physically begging him to come back into the room, and he's in his eagerness to leave. He darted out and the shirt tour from the back wall.
But the common swim in Drupal. What else if I say yadda yadda. And surprisingly, the word alpha has this connotation of they didn't expect it. It was not something they were planning. And as we had said that her plotting and her planning from the very beginning everything, it shows that she was not expecting anyone to return. And she had planned it in such a way that they had assumed that everything would be she had assumed that everything would be fine for and just to be on the safe side, she adds a few extra locks. But suddenly, surprisingly, the husband returned home unannounced well elfia say you don't have that. Now, notice here, the beauty of the Quran. Allah says, say ye
even though to say say Yoda, who would be more appropriate here
and to say zoologia ha, would be more appropriate here. In other words, the man is the husband of this lady, and the man is the master of use of.
So if Allah had said they found her husband at the door, it would have made sense. If Allah had said they found his master at the door, it would have made sense. But Allah subhana wa Tada. He kind of sort of merged the two together. And he said, they found her master say Yoda, even though of course, it's not incorrect to call the husband say it. But technically speaking, the sacred means the master, right. And the man was more of a master to use of them to his wife, you guys following this point, the Arabic point here, you guys following that, instead of saying her husband, or instead of saying his master, Allah said to her master, and the the profundity here is to show how depraved she
had become, that someone like her husband, who is in fact a type of figure, who is somebody she has to respect somebody she has to give this authority to, she betrayed that trust. And so by calling the master here by calling her husband, her master, Allah is emphasizing what an evil act that she committed without being so explicit. As we said, Allah does not speak in fascia. Allah does not speak in vulgarities. But by simply using the term her master allies emphasizing how depraved was she, even though the whole Quran doesn't say that right? But the meaning is given and as we said over and over again, this is the methodology of the Quran, and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam. This also shows the importance of the husband by calling him say you and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said that if a woman protects her, chastity and guards, what her what Allah has protected, and she is a good wife to her husband, she will enter Jen from whatever door she pleases. In other words, protecting what Allah Subhana Allah is protected. And this is one of the meanings of why Allah use the term master. So what else? What else is a Yoda del bap? They found their her master at the door. Pilate immediately she said, My Joseph, Omen arada be alakazoo. And what is possibly the penalty for somebody who wanted some evil on your wife, Illa and
use Jenna Oh, as I would earn him, except that he be put into jail or be punished. Now, this shows the immediate response, the simultaneous excuse that she invented. This shows her cunning nature, a more innocent person who is caught in this, it would be speechless. A more innocent person wouldn't have no idea what to do. But her cunning mind is demonstrated. And we know this from our experiences in society, that some people they're very slick, we call them, some people, they they're able to get out of a different difficult situation quite fast. And she is not expecting her husband. She hasn't calculated a plan B, right? Obviously not if her husband actually entered the room, and she was
successful. Can you imagine what would have happened? Right? If she had been successful, and the husband came in? Well, you know, she's basically going to be killed or something. So she there's no question. She's not planning for the husband to come back. The immediate instantaneous excuse shows her, if you like cutting mind, and many times this cutting minds they can be used for good, but she uses it for the evil that instantaneously she thinks of an excuse. And she says, What is the punishment of someone who intended evil against your wife? Notice she doesn't say someone who intended the act. She doesn't say someone who intended to, let's say rape or so she doesn't use a
word she simply says unable to and
also notice she cannot accuse us of of doing a crime. she accuses him of wanting to do a crime.
When arogya be alakazoo, because number of reasons Firstly, nothing's actually happened. Secondly, if she says something's happened, well, she's also in trouble. Right? If she says something's happened, then she's also in trouble. So she doesn't accuse us of actually committing a sin. She simply accuses us of wanting to commit a sin men are audibly alakazoo and Illa and use Jenna either boon as him. Now, of course it is the methodology of the people of bloom that people have wrong to accuse others of injustice. This is a standard tactic. you accuse others of doing an evil you and Allah azza wa jal says in the Koran, that one of the worst sins is to accuse an innocent person of a
crime. This is a major sin according to the text of the Quran, to accuse an innocent person of a crime, this is something that she has fallen into. And this is one of the problems of committing sins. When you commit sins. We already talked about the brothers of use of getting into more and more sins. Now we look at the wife of Aziz, she wanted to commit to one sin, she ends up committing 1015 sins, she wanted to do one evil now she has to cover up her tracks, and she has to lie. And she has to do this and that and because of her lies, eventually, as we know, use of ends up in jail. And this is one of the problems brothers and sisters of committing sins. shaytaan comes in said, Come
on, just do one send no big deal. But there's no such thing as one sin. every sin is a domino, every sin leads to other sins. So her intention to commit an evil now causes her forces her to commit slander forces her to go the next level, and it will go force her to go again and again as we're going to see more and more. So she says immediately that he is the one who intended to do an evil. And it is not only this woman who accuses falsely, will lie it is the methodology of every wrongdoer starting from a police starting from a police when a police did not Prostrate to Adam alayhis salam, he immediately accused Allah subhana wa Tada. He immediately accused Allah and he said, Oh Allah,
you're the one color of the bema avoid any, although you're the one who caused me to go astray. He couldn't take the blame himself. blaming other people is a sign of satanic tendencies, blaming other people for your own sin. This is of the earliest evils that we have recorded in human history. So
she says that use of intended to do some harm to me. Now, just as a side point, an interesting tidbit, the Prophet sallallahu I set him on his deathbed.
He accused some of his wives of being like these women of use.
And this led to a huge, like, not controversy. What What is this mean? What does this mean? They're like the waves of use of
the story is that when when the Prophet system was about to pass away, now realize that nobody knew that he was going to die. They expected this to be a bad sickness, and he'd recover. But during the very last days of his life, literally two days or three days before he passed away, his sickness really did get very bad. And it was so bad that he could not leave lead the Salah. He could not lead the Salah. And you can imagine when the Prophet system is there, nobody dares to lead the Salah in his presence. And if he comes late to the masjid everybody waits for him. Can you imagine he's not just any Imam he is not a pseudo lot. So nobody has ever led Salah in messenger than there be other
than the prophets of the Lord right and unless he's not physically present in Medina, then he would tell obeya been kept he would tell it mimic Doom to be the Imam but never has the prophecies and prayed in his own Masjid with somebody else leading the fun obviously, can you imagine? It's not even logical to think like that, right? So he tried to stand up to go to pray and he fell down unconscious. They threw some water on him. They did he commanded that he will do again. They tried again he fell down for the third time when he could not make up he's physically weak. He said, Go tell Abubakar to lead the solder Moodle. Back clean for you Salinas. Go tell aboubaker to lead the
solder. Now he's in the whose houses in
Arusha, he's in his issues out he passes away and issues out. So our issue is the one taking the command.
Issue does not want to tell her father to leave the salon. Why? Because she's dreading that this might be the last few days of the prophet SAW Selim. And aboubaker will be for the first time in the history of Medina. The boubakeur will be leading the prayer and the prophet SAW Selim is in his house. And if he were to pass away in that time, he is thinking a different way. She's thinking people will associate a worker and his email met with the death of the prophet SAW, he said, because that's gonna be if you like a direct, not a causal relationship, but a a direct if you like indicator, the only time
Have a worker is leading the prayer is one of the profitsystem basically passes away. That's what I was worried about. And she's worried that for the rest of his life, he will always be associated with the death of the process. Now, regardless of how true or not that was, that's her mentality. Right? So she said, Yeah rasulillah Why don't you tell half such a teller? Um, are
you married to have says we'll go till house? Or should I tell her maybe she can ask or delete this or let somebody else lead not my father because he is our Booker's daughter, right. So she kept on insisting and he kept on insisting until finally, he said, Go command him to lead the Salah. While law he you are like the women of use of you are like the sort of use of now, how is our issue like the women of use of scholars have tried to read in, but it seems like it's pretty clear. It seems like all the profitsystem understood that she's attempting to blame somebody else. He hafsa and Roma, she's attempting to shift the blame. And she doesn't want to take any quote unquote,
responsibility, if you like. So the Prophet system saw through her plot, and he accused her of being like the women of use of meaning that you are thinking that you'll get out of it, you're thinking that you're by accusing other people, or by shifting the blame, things will get better. So he called her the you are like the companions of use of this as a sight point because he used the phrase, the female companions of use of and this is what that refers to. So the wife of Aziz says that, what is the punishment of somebody who attempted to do evil, except that you put him in jail, or you punish him severely? Now for any man to attempt evil on any woman is a sin, but especially for a slave,
especially for a slave, and especially against his own masters wife, this would have been a very evil crime. And so she's saying something has to be done. You have to punish him or torture him or throw him in jail, in Houston or Azerbaijan, and he immediately use of Allah His Salaam response and use of says, God here our destiny infc use of said she was the one who attempted to seduce me. Now notice,
use of alayhis salam immediately defends himself.
He does not allow the accusation to go unchallenged. And this shows us that it is the least we can say it is permissible to defend your honor and reputation. Now later on in the story, Yusuf will be charged with another crime, and he does not defend his honor. And he remains silent. And that shows us it is also permissible to remain silent. You look at this situation, your honor will be dishonored, if you like, you will be accused of crimes, people will say bad things about you. This is human nature. At times you should respond back. If the situation dictates you stand up and defend yourself. And at times, there's no need to, at times, you don't have to do so you look at the
overall situation. And it is not wise to defend your honor each and every time. So use of alayhis salam in this situation in this scenario, he defends later on. We were going to come in a few weeks in sha Allah, another story of use of La Salaam, he's accused of something else he remains quiet, and he doesn't accuse and he doesn't defend himself. And we will show once again that it is permissible to defend your honor. It is permissible to remain silent. And the irony here.
He defends his honor when he's a slave. And when he's the minister, he doesn't defend his honor. When he's accused of stealing, his brothers accused accused him of stealing when they when they say that Binyamin won the Idi Amin was found with the cup What do they say? They say if he's a thief, his brother was a thief as well. Right? Allah says in the Quran, that when they found when you mean with the cup, the other brothers say if he is stolen, his brother has stolen as well. And use of did not respond back to that charge. So Subhana Allah at times of barf at times of loneliness, use of valued that honor and one to defend it. Why? Because being charged with the crime at that time,
would be physically harmful.
At times of his power, when his brother said something, it's not going to harm him. It's not going to harm him. In fact, expose himself at that time will be more problematic. And so he didn't defend himself and he let it slide he let it go. Social handle use of RSM looked at the consequences right now I need to defend right now I need to be on the defensive. And from this what we can learn is when Islam is attacked, and Islam is always going to be attacked. People always make fun of Islam. People always find problems with Islam and with Muslims. At times, really, it is almost Why'd you have to stand up and defend, especially at times of weakness and humiliation because we need it
That honor we need that is. And at times when Islam is at its its glory, and some, nobody comes and starts blaspheming What do we carry is not going to harm anything, right? So it looks at the situation you're in, in this case use of Allison immediately responds back and he says, Call the hero with it in the NFC, she was the one who sought to seduce me. Now notice use of accuses her of a specific crime.
Not general like she did. She said he wanted to do some bad matches that woman or the via Holika suit, and he wanted to do some evil. She doesn't specify what use of his specific, she attempted to seduce me here at all with destiny, NFC. And, generally speaking, the one who accuses specific crimes knows more about what's happening and is more truthful than the one who responds in generalities. She's speaking in generalities. He's speaking in specifics and human nature psychology, the one who speaks specifics, the one who tells you the details, the one who tells you all of the tafazzin he knows what's going on. And he's the one truthful, and the one who denies Oh,
no, no, nothing happened, or I really don't know what he's talking about. Generally speaking, human nature is you deny in this type of manner. So use of an Islam accuses her of a specific crime. Now, interesting thing here use of says, she attempted to seduce me. And he didn't accuse her in the first person you attempted to seduce me. Rather, he speaks in the third person, even though she's standing in front of him. Now, some scholars have derived and I don't see any problem with this derivation. Some scholars have derived that, even though she's the criminal. And even though she is the one doing this evil, nonetheless, in the end of the day, she is a woman, and she deserves some
modicum of respect. And she deserves a little bit of kurama, a little bit of, of not being so accusatory that you are the one who did this. Rather, he appeals to the husband, as if she's not here, as if she's not present. And he speaks to the husband in the third person, that are the second person English sorry, she was the one who attempt to seduce me. And Allah knows best it does make sense that there is a reason why you so didn't use the direct even though she's standing right there. And he speaks to the husband as if she's not present here or the hero would that need an NFC she is the one who attempted to seduce me. Now, in the end of the day, there are two people each one
accusing the other of the crime.
And here is the husband, the master the Aziz, he has to make a decision
on what will he make a decision How will he based his decision on and every single day We are, we are if you like, also put in a situation of making decisions. We also have to figure out people are lying around us people are telling the truth in our jobs, in our social networks, in our family areas, everything these things happen. So Allah subhana wa tada says, We're shahida shy he don't mean
a witness from her family testified saying
in Canada coming soon put them in Oberlin for sada Hua Hua minute Khatibi. So
it is clear that the torn shirt is lying on the floor, it is clear that they can see the shirt has been torn. So somebody testifies and says, this torn shirt. If the shirt has been torn from the front, then she's the one telling the truth that he attempted to seduce her, and he is a liar. Why? Obviously, because if a man is attacking the woman, then if she's defending herself, which side will she be defending the front of the man?
She's gonna be defending from the front of the man. So she pulls something or fight something. The front of the shirt will be torn. What encounter communists who put them in? Do Boudin for cadets who are who are middle sodomy. And if the shirt has been torn from the back, then she is the one that's telling a lie. And he is the one that is speaking the truth. Now, this phrasing has a number of issues and benefits here. First and foremost, Allah says was shahida he don't mean le ha. So the first question that arises Who is this shyed? Here, so many mufa sirona have given against so many stories. Some of them said that it was a supernatural testimony. Some of them even said that the
shirt began to speak even though the Quran has no such indication. And clearly it's a human being because Allah says someone from her family and the shirt is not from her family. Right? But sometimes it's called is of diversity. They went into a little bit too much imaginative detail. It is reported that some of the Sahaba and tab your own. They said that this is a baby that spoke from the cradle, a baby of one of the servants of being
Maybe one of the members of the household, obviously not their child, they don't have a child right? As he is and his wife don't have a child. That's why as he said, we might want to adopt him. So some scholars said, and it is reported, some even Ambassador said also said this, that this was a baby, and they bring the Hadith. They bring a hadith which says, four people spoke from the grave sorry for children, not the grave. For children. There's another headache, but the government getting messed up for children spoke from the cradle for children spoke from the cradle. And one of them is, of course,
recently, his son, one of them is the boy of the,
the boy of the prostitute who attempted to seduce Judah, ah, the story of George, one of them is the
son of the one who used to comb the hair of pheromones daughter.
And one of them, they say is this one, which is the showerhead of use of Allah, his Salah. So this is a hadith that allegedly says this, the majority this hadith is not mentioned in the six books is French in the moral scruples the majority of scholars say this hadith is not authentic. Rather, this hadith is a statement of urban abis. And later, narrators mistakenly raised it to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the process of didn't say this, an authentic hadith in Sahih Bukhari says, three children spoke from the cradle. And there are three minus the showerhead of use of right we mentioned the three. So the authentic ID says three spoke from the cradle. This edit isn't
Buhari, we have no doubt about it. Clearly three people spoke from the cradle, right? Number one, Sally sanim. Number two, the child and the story of George George George, and number three, the the son or the daughter of the woman who used to comb the hair of the daughter of fit down
even to Marcia 30 feet, all right, so even to fit out, sorry. So the you know, the story of the these three, we don't have time to get into all of these stories. But when Finn Allen wanted to
kill all of the people, all of the male children, so one of them and all of the people who believed in Moosa, one of them was this, miss the the the one who's to comb the hair, she had accepted Islam, she was a follower of the Prophet. And when finau attempted to kill her with her child, she almost stopped. And she said, let me go back to the religion, but the child spoke from the grave or keep on saying, gravier, the child spoke from the cradle from from her hand, and the child said, proceed, or mother, you're upon the truth. And this is in Bukhari. So we have these three children that spoke from the cradle, even a bus has four people spoke to a cradle and he adds shade the shade from use
of, and that's why it became a very popular
misconception, if you like. And I say it is a misconception, because the fact of the matter is,
the wording of the Quran indicates that there's nothing. There's nothing that is that supernatural about the showerhead. In other words, if Allah subhana wa Tada, if if a child's spoke, there would be no reason to say a witness from her family said it would have been a miracle in and of itself. Additionally, what did the witness say? The witness said, a simple rule, if the shirt is broken or torn from the front, versus the shirt torn from the back. Now, if a child speaks, it's a miracle, it doesn't need to give you rules.
So if it were a child, the child would not have to go into the rules of law, you guys following me? Right? If it were a child, the child speaks to us we know users telling the truth. You see my point here? So really, it makes no sense to say that this was a baby. Rather, it was an elderly man. It was a normal, basically human being most likely a cousin or some relative of hers. How do we know it's relative or less so mean earlier? Why does the law say men actually have to show us
that he had no bias against her? If anything? His bias was for her? Right? Generally speaking, people have a family stick together. Right? Generally speaking, people of a family help one another out. So a lot is saying this was a man from her family. He's not a biased person. He's not somebody who had a vendetta is not somebody who had a grudge. Generally he should have supported her. The fact that he's making this statement shows he's neutral shows us looking for the truth. Well, shahida who don't mean
somebody testified from her house now here raises a very interesting question. Allah says
a witness testified from her family.
Was he a witness?
Was he a witness?
No Alo uses the word shy hid? What a shy hid mean? Somebody who saw Shahada, right? Or honkala. Now in this case, the man obviously did not witness anything. How can Allah call him a showerhead, when he's not a physical shy? You guys following the questioning right now.
He's an expert witness. This is this is a modern terminology, it's just not something that the showerhead would not be used in the Arabic language for this. Now, some scholars have said that Allah called him a showerhead, even though he wasn't a showerhead, because Allah was a showerhead. And what the man said was the truth, so he might as well have been a witness.
Because following that, Allah was the shade.
And the man spoke the truth. So Allah is testifying that this guy spoke the truth, even though the man is not too shy. Others have said that Allah called him a shy head, because he gave a simple rule.
So I guess your point indirectly comes in. Okay. I guess your point indirectly comes in. He might show absolutely colors. Well, okay, we'll give you your point comes in. So some people have said, Allah called him a showerhead, because he gave a simple rule.
The rule being valid, regardless of who's right and wrong. So Allah called him a Shahid because the rule was a valid rule. What was the rule in Ghana, as to who could determine who wouldn't? So he begins with her innocence because he wants her to be innocent. The first half the rule is for her benefit, let's hope that his shirt is torn from the, from the front, he wants him to be the liar and her to be the one who saved and this shows that he's a shy had been earlier, this shows is a showerhead that is neutral is unbiased. If anything, he wants his own cousin or his own, his own relative to be scot free, will share hadisha he didn't mean earlier in Ghana call me so put them in
Colin facade, even if the shirt is torn. Now, the here the the the precise meaning only Allah knows, but it doesn't look like there was a physical, there was a physical tear on the on the ground. In other words, it doesn't look like the the the shirt tore a piece rather there was a tear within the shirt, that the shirt itself had torn in a horizontal manner or sorry, in a in a vertical manner. This is the the general connotation. So the man is saying, we know that his shirt has been torn. How did they know that? Perhaps the outer shirt was on the floor. Perhaps this was given in the conversation that Allah did not mention, we can only assume we don't know, how do they know that the
shirt was torn? So he gives the testimony? Let us examine the shirt. And let us see if the shirt is torn from the front or from the back. Now. This clearly shows us that in Islamic law, it is permissible to paint based judgment and testimony on what we call an English circumstantial evidence.
And this is a controversial point, I don't want to go into too much detail. And fifth, but most of our scholars in our history have said that for any crime to be prosecuted, you must have two adult witnesses except for the crime of Zener, which requires for you all know them. Otherwise, you require two adult witnesses who saw the crime.
According to that law, fingerprints are video testimonials or this or that would not be considered valid in a court of law. Now, in and of course, in those days, when they formulated law, they didn't have fingerprints. They didn't have all of this detective sciences. You understand this point, right? So the shediac came in and said two witnesses. Now, there were a very few people have them as even Tamia, they have no claim. And these were intellectual giants thinking outside the box all the time. They argued that well, two witnesses are good, but it's not necessary. If there is enough evidence, circumstantial, that clearly shows that the crime occurred. If there are a number of
evidences besides two witnesses, not every crime has two witnesses, right? Not every crime has two witnesses. What if we don't have the two witnesses? Are we allowed to base a verdict on other types of evidence? Now, believe it or not mainstream film would say no, we're not mainstream film because they still require the two witnesses. But there's always been a healthy minority. And in our times, many of the Islamic group judge judges across the Muslim world, many of them not all I even to say majority would be wrong. Perhaps the majority still follow that rule in Islamic law, but many of them
arguing for inventory of metal podiums position, which is that you look at DNA evidence, you look at fingerprints, you look at, basically detective work, you know, you see what other issues have happened. And let us see if we can narrow it down. And let's see if we can pronounce a verdict on that. And this incident here would be used as one evidence that shows you can use supporting evidence because a lot called it a shadow, even though it wasn't a shadow, right? This is the key that evidence that you have uses a law called it a testimony, even though it wasn't a eyewitness testimony. So the so over here, the man gives his general rule. And that is look at the front, look
at the back of the shirt. And let us see which of these two was the more was was torn. Now, there's other circumstantial evidence as well, which a number of scholars mentioned. And this helps to make use case more solid of them is that use is a slave. And generally speaking, generally speaking, slaves would never have the audacity to commit this type of crime. This was a very unheard of thing, even in jolly and early Islamic Society, still the concept of a slave. Yeah, and the way people looked at slaves, they were literally stopped for a while. But that's the we looked at them subhuman or looking at them as not fully human. So they don't have these desires, they wouldn't dare do this,
or else they'd be in serious trouble. So the fact that Yusuf is making this accusation really shows that this is not this is a very big thing. And it would be very difficult for society to imagine a slave attempting to do this. Number two, use of is the one scene exiting the door first. Number three, the wife of Aziz is dressed up and perfumed.
And it's obvious that this doesn't make sense that if she is the one saying that, and because she had prepared, hey, all at a Tilak or a yet to look right, I'm ready for you, I'm prepared for you. So clearly, she's prepared herself decorators are perfume do so wearing those types of attire. So this presents of warning bells as well. Number four use of alayhis salam has been living in the house for so many years, and his character his conduct is allowed or well known, and this is not ever expected from him. And number five, we already gave one point away and that is use of accusers or have a specific crime, whereas she accuses him of a generic crime. And generally speaking, the
one with the more knowledge is the one who's more truthful use of accuses her of seducing and she says he wanted to do some evil. And generally speaking, this shows who's who has the more authority. So these are other factors. Other Quran in the Arabic word is Kadena or Cora in that shows who's telling the truth. Now before we move on an interesting motif to motifs, racing, and shirts.
We have seen this before.
Racing, where did the first race allegedly occur?
It didn't actually occur. Right. But the brothers said, we went racing.
And they then brought back the shirt.
And the scholar say it was the shirt that alerted Yaqoob to the fact that his children were lying. Remember, we talked about this right? The shirt was blood stain without one single scratch on it. Right? And Yahoo said what a what a gentle wolf. This was that it ate abusive without touching him. Right. So the shirt saved use of memory in your mind. And here, once again, there's a racing, and there's a shirt. And the shirt saves users reputation. So there is this motif of sort of use of of the shirt being symbolic, if you like in this regard. And of course it is literal, and that there was a literal shirt here. Fela Murakami. So who could demin do Boudin when they all saw so there's
four people here know, right? The wife of Aziz, Aziz Yusuf and the witness. There's four people here when they all saw that his shirt had been torn from the back
or in the home in case he couldn't. He said this is of your plotting
indicator couldn't have him. Your plotting is indeed very mighty. It's very powerful. In other words, so now the husband knows he's not supposed to be back at this time. The husband knows the doors doors have been extra locked, right? All of these are caught up in all of these are hints now now all the alarm bells start running off everything fits into place. So he said what a dastardly plot what an evil plot You did all of this. This is of your plot. Indeed, your plot is very mighty indicate akuna Alvin, now one of the scholars of the olje give a comment Allah knows does he mean an in joke or not? But we will take it as a joke.
and that is he said, When Allah described
shavonne and the plotting of shavonne is sort of the Nisa for 76. Allah says in the Qaeda shaytani karna.
gana Bari, for the plotting of shaitaan is very weak. And when Allah describes the planting of women, he says, in decades akuna alvim, that the flooding of women is a very big thing. So one of the scholars or the who need to said, I fear women more than I fear the shape one, because the plotting of shaitaan is weak. But the flooding of women is mighty now we hope you meant it in jest. But perhaps what can be derived is that the seduction of women is far more difficult for a man to repel, and to save himself from on average than most of the seductions of shaitaan. And this is something that I think everybody would understand and agree to. So the husband realizes his wife is
lying. And he tells her Oh tells you so if you use the line harder, or use of turn away from this was still feeding them beaky in Nicki coonty. Meanwhile, halting use of algebra another use of turn away from this, turn away from this meaning. Don't tell anybody ignore it. Imagine that this never happened. There's only four people, right? There's a small thing now. And I know I'm not gonna tell anybody. What happened. I know my wife's not gonna tell anybody. I trust this man because he's a part of her family. And she would not he would not bring dishonor to his own family. Right? What man is gonna say that somebody in my own family did this right. So the only person left his use of use
of you turn away from this Adeline had imagined it never happened. And as for you, was still fairly them Biggie in Nicki Minaj, halting in, ask forgiveness for your sins make up for this sin. You were of those who committed a major sin, you're of those who committed some type of mistake. Now. question arises, why did the husband basically let her off with a tap on the wrist? I mean, this is a serious crime here. May Allah protect all of us with any man Muslim or non Muslim? If he found even a fraction, even a portion of this from his own wife, you can imagine what would happen, right? So why did this man overlook all of this, scholars have struggled to come up with a reason. Some of
them have said he was an imbecile completely out of it right? This doesn't make any sense because he clearly understands what's going on. And he pronounces a verdict, he knows who's right and wrong. Others have said he simply had a too soft of a heart to innocent of a heart, and he didn't think it would get any worse. But again, he accuses his wife of plotting a heinous crime of plotting an evil plot, saying this was a major plot. And he says you've committed a sin, you know, seek forgiveness. So that doesn't make sense either. Some of them have said, it seems like he had lack of leotta zerah means type of jealousy that a husband feels for his wife for protective jealousy. So some have said
that he had a lack of leotta. But once again, the fact that he's angry, the fact that he's showing that he is very hurt. Again, this doesn't make sense to me. The the opinion that really resonates with me and Eliza, Joe knows best. And it makes complete sense, from what we know of human psychology. The reason why he wanted to keep this affair secret, this mattress secret was because it harmed his own reputation.
Because he had his own ego, because he had his own prestige in society. And scholars point out the dangers of one's ego, the dangers of one prestige, that you're willing to allow filth to corrupt your own household, as long as it's private, I cannot allow the people to speak about me. And we know in our times, every single person this is one of the problems of the rich and the famous, this is one of the problems that they are willing to overlook a lot of filth and evil, as long as it doesn't get into the public eye. As long as it remains private. And they'll go to bribery and corruption and scandal, they'll do a lot worse, just so that it's not printed in the media, right.
So and this is I think, a very logical reason why we can say that the husband here the Aziz, he simply took under took no action. The main point that comes to his mind is what will people say what will people think this is going to destroy my reputation, my honor, so I cannot I cannot let this continue. And so he simply said use of turn away from here. Perhaps perhaps he reassigned the household chores that use of you don't do this anymore. You don't come here anymore. And he tried to represent represent his wife internally. But it is clear here. No matter what you say, though, at the end of the day, it's clear he understood
Did her passion and he thought that this was a one time mistake, it's not going to happen again. Because no matter how, if you like eager you are to protect your reputation. In the end, he didn't sell us so if he didn't get rid of us if he didn't do something that was more drastic, he did not fully take into account he underestimated the danger of the situation. Another interesting point here is that as he is and his wife are not Muslim, yet he tells her is still fee them bikie seek forgiveness for the sin that you have committed. So he wants her to seek forgiveness from his Gods not from him. He's already he's that's a different story, saying it's selfish to seek forgiveness
for your sin.
So he knows that infidelity is a sin, despite the fact that they don't believe in our *ty app and Subhanallah It is amazing that to this day, people consider so many fascia to be permissible. premarital, and in our days, we have the same genders all of them doing whatever they want. Everything is now permissible you know this right? But the one thing that is impermissible is extra marital. Think about this. You cannot marry more than one oh, god forbid. You cannot you cannot.
Or sorry you can engage in premarital premarital is now completely permissible, right? premarital is not even a sin at all.
With the same gender completely permissible. No big deal. No, it's anybody who opposes it. You're the backward person. You're the person with negative stereotypes, right? All of this is completely okay legit stuff for a lot. They even have group now partners and whatnot. If you're not married, the key is you're not married. Once you get married, they don't have a shediac this society. But once you get married Carlos, the big sin is infidelity, right having an affair, and Subhanallah This is ingrained in human capital. It's ingrained in human beings that you do not cheat you do not go outside the bounds of the bonds of marriage. And therefore even in their old in their old customs
and culture of Egypt. The husband did not appreciate this. He said you have to make it up to our gods. And you also have to get forgive.
seek forgiveness, you're of those who committed a sin.
So when this occurs, now, we'll just do one more iron Sharla then we'll open the floor for question. We'll call this fortune film Medina.
The women of the city began speaking.
What did they say? In Morocco, Azizi to all we do Fatah infc, the wife of Aziz is attempting to seduce her own slave.
She is attempting to seduce her own slave or the shell of her. She has loved him a violent love, a passionate love in Ireland are all huffy. balaia mubin. We see her to be in such manifest and clear error. So despite the attempts of Aziz to keep the matter hush hush to keep it quiet, nonetheless, the news spreads and Subhanallah This is the son of Allah xojo so niccone emini, this is what happens that this type of gossip of slander innuendos, people just love to spread about it. How did people find out most scholars, they say that the the household of use of the slaves in the house other than these for that they don't blame any of these for and of course, we no use of would not
have said anything. Aziz the Aziz himself was too embarrassed to the wife of Aziz would not obviously, and the showerhead was from her own family. So most likely the new spread in the
amongst the slaves of the house other than use of right. And it might have been also that
in her passion, she's so obvious in her flirtations with use of that the other slaves clearly see this right. So they might not know the full details. They might not know of that incident, but they do know that she is in love with us. So the other slaves spread it and the slaves spread it to the other slaves households, and then when their slaves spread it to the mistresses and the Masters, so slowly, but surely, gossip spreads. And as we said, gossip is the bane of society. Gossip is the social network of society, right? every society, every society is immersed in gossip, and often gossip, it spreads and as it spreads, it gets bigger and larger as it spreads. A small tail is made
10 times larger. And that is why in our *ty gossips and slanders and backbiting and all of these types of things, the door has been shut and sealed. In our *ty out we don't get involved with any of this. And gossip is of many types in the *tier Sopranos not even one type. There's LIBOR. There's there's no more
There's Bowden, all of this comes under types of gossip. LIBOR means, as we know, you say something about someone in his absence that he doesn't like, even and even if this is the truth, this is going to be called LIBOR. You say the truth, oh, you know, this guy, he did this and that what you say is true. This is deep, you're putting him down, You're mocking him, you're making fun of him, you're spreading something that he does not like to be mentioned, in his absence. This is called LIBOR. And we know the punishment for Riba and we know that it is one of the sins that will be punished in the eyes I will cover in the punishment of the grave. And we know what Allah has called it in the Quran,
and compared it in the Koran worse than this is Bhutan. And Bhutan means you spread a blatant lie about somebody. This is a slander, and that's worse than LIBOR. LIBOR means you're telling the truth and spreading the Riba and the Mima back to the person is called sorry, Libra and both that back to the person is called the Mima. There's a third category NEMA NEMA means.
So you're in a gathering here. somebody mentions, let's say,
brother, let's say
mentioned a name here, brother. Yes, let's call us. He mentioned his brother yesterday. Okay, now I'm not here. And he starts saying something about me or about anybody called the acid that he shouldn't say in public. Okay, I wasn't here. The damage has been that has been done is between him and Allah subhana wa Tada. Now, somebody comes back to me and says, Oh, you know what? You know what happened in that gathering? You weren't there. Let me tell you what happened. Fulani been Fulani. He said this about you you know that. Now you tell me how am I gonna feel?
The damage is done when the news comes back to me correct. This is called the Mima The one who tells the news back to you even that is how long
even that is how long
the logic or the obligation you defend the brother in his absence. When Libra is done you defended his absence or both and is done you defend him the least you should do is to remain quiet in hated in your heart. There's no email lesser than this for you to go back and spread the news to him intending to cause damage, right, intending to cause damage between the two people. This is called an imeem.
And now Mima is one of those things the profitsystem told us about the punishments of the mom and the prophets of Salaam said the one who does this will not enter agenda. The one his habit is to go and this is not somebody who's doing the Riba. There's not somebody who's doing the boat and all he's doing is being truthful. But there's no need to spread this truth is there, right? What is your need for spreading this? Now, I don't want to go into a long discussion once in a while some exceptional scenarios, there is a reason to go and tell the person is exceptional scenarios, right? But or the better thing to do is to cause reconciliation. If there are people fighting or having a
problem, then you get in the middle and solve the problem. But to get in the middle to cause damage. This person, the profitsystem said liat whole agenda attacks, the one who goes and he tries to break these friendships, he will not enter agenda. So the one who makes it a habit to spread Nima this person and his reason for doing so is to cause problems in society. This person has a major threat of being punished in the fire of health. And this is very relevant in every single society. It's relevant to the story here. It shows us human nature, we can talk about it in the story of the slander of Russia as well, in the slander of Alisha, when one of your own said something about Asia,
Allah criticized the Mona Hoon for saying it. And then Allah criticized the Sahaba for spreading it.
Both are worthy of criticism. The first group Allah said we'll go to now to jahannam
you invented a blatant lie, if they don't repent, Allah says they will go to the firewall. The second group, Allah says, Why didn't you keep quiet? Why didn't you keep your mouth shut? Why did you throw it from tongue to tongue? Allah says is that a cola who builds in a tickle? Tanaka means it came to your tongue you threw it back at somebody came to so it's as if it was giving an imagery that this evil
rumor it spread from tongue to tongue like wildfire. Allah says Why did you do it? Why did you have to go and tell other people you should have simply stayed quiet and said some Hannukah booth down on Halloween. This is an evil life. I'm not gonna say anything. Just be quiet about this. And this shows us again and again that a Muslim society, a Muslim character, a Muslim a HELOC. It rises
Above gossip, it rises above innuendo and slander, a Muslim does not get involved in these matters. And the Prophet system said, that of the perfection of one's Islam is that he leaves what doesn't concern him, of the perfection of one's Islam is that you leave What does not concern you? If somebody comes and tells you, oh, so and so said this, you say, I don't, I don't need to know why are you telling me and you don't go and tell other people. Once one of those famous scholars of the past, somebody came running up to him and said she How do you know she? How do you know so and so he said that about you. So and So said that about you. The scholars said, didn't shake on to find
somebody better than you to use as his messenger to come and tell me couldn't get on and so he criticized him, couldn't shaytaan find somebody better than you to come and spread problems between me and my brother, you are a suit of shape on basically, when you come and tell me this, you are sort of shape one. My point is brothers and sisters will lie It's human nature, that gossip spreads and it will exist Eli your milk Liam it is human nature. Every one of us should strive to overcome it in his or her personal life. Every one of you should strive to rise above gossip in our daily life. And in particular, and I have to say this, because Allah azza wa jal himself says this in the
context of pseudocode Yurok, which talks about baudin and spreading gossip and whatnot. Allah specifically mentions women because we call a nice word when Phil Medina because it is true and I'm not making a sexist me but it is true that generally speaking, women are more involved with gossip and with spreading these types of Tales than men are. And even over here it was the women who did the talking will call a nice sweater Phil Medina, and in sort of hoogenraad, Allah azza wa jal has a specific commandment. Generally Allah only speaks in the masculine because it suffices. But when it comes to this topic, specifically, Allah mentions the sort of the issue of women. And this is
because we know from experience and this is just a simple fact that this is something that is more predominant that women do talk about other women and other groups and other people in matters that are simply not a beneficial
In nephin, dounia Salah