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Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 32

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Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim. Allah Allah was hobby minister Nebuchadnezzar Medina

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operates due to a law and realized Peace and blessings in the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, an all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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We are proceeding from our last session where we completed verse 101.

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We're proceeding on to verse one or two.

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Where

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a law

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raises

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the fundamental issues of faith,

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faith and practice of Islam

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what are the components?

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And what are the requirements?

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And verse 102?

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Allah subhanaw taala says Haha, Sybil Bella Dena cafaro takedo A baddie Ming dooney Alia

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in Altadena Johanna melon cafe Dena Newsela.

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Do the unbelievers think that they can take my servants as protectors besides me?

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Indeed, I have prepared hell as hospitality for the unbelievers.

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The Almighty addresses the disbelievers who are deaf, dumb and blind to a science which we spoke about in the previous verses

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and will be exposed to the Hellfire in the next life in order for them to reflect.

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And Allah asked the following rhetorical question haha sybella de nikephoros cafaro is a baddie Minh dooney Alia to the unbelievers thing they can take my servants as protectors besides me, without being serious the and severely punished, that is the

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fault which is understood from the verse which is not mentioned, you know, you'll find in different parts of the Quran, where Allah will begin a statement and not completed, leaving you to complete it in your own mind, you know, which gives it an even greater impact. So it is do the unbelievers think that they can take my servants as protectors besides me what is deleted is without being severely punished.

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That is, do they imagine that they will be able to benefit from what they falsely worship while turning away from reflection on a lot of signs and rebelling against the acceptance of truth.

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Everything Everything in existence is a slave of Allah.

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As a lot of mighty said, in khulumani, semi watashi, wa ala Atilla Rahmani abacha all in the heavens and the earth come to the Most Gracious as a slave Surah Maryam 19th chapter, verse 93, all in the heavens and the earth, come to the Most Gracious as a slave. So Allah defines the reality of his creation, everything in creation is a slave. So

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logically speaking,

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there can be no benefit

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from anything in creation for humans,

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instead of a law

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to seek help and benefit

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in a way,

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which is not the basic

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My car is broke down, can you help me change the wheel? You know, I need something from the store. Can you get it for me? I mean, these kinds of things, these needs that we seek help for, which are within the power of human beings to provide this is not what we're talking about. What we're talking about is seeking help and protection, which goes beyond the realm of everyday needs, which enters into the realm of a law going into the unseen. You have problems in your life. So you're calling on

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an unseen force, whether it is somebody who does

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of the past and is classified as a saint, or whether it is some other God besides the law,

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the Monkey God, you know of the Hindus Hanuman, or Ganesh, the elephant had God, you know, or some people call on sticks and stones, idols carved out of stone, and others call on angels. The Catholics, for example, on the 29th of September, this month, 29th of September, they have a mass called Michael mass. Michael mass is dedicated to the worship of angel Michael, they don't call it worship, they say this to honor him. But what they do is they call on Him in prayer, Michael do this for me, Michael helped me out. Michael, I need your you know, intervention. So, they're saying this is honoring but in fact it is worship or it could be a human being like as a memoriam Jesus, who has

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become God for you know, one fifth of human civilization.

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So, it is this requesting of help help of this nature, where these objects that are called upon, cannot provide this help, which becomes a form of worship. So Allah is questioning here, these who people are calling on besides a law, because when they call on them, they should be calling on a law they're calling on them.

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They're calling on them instead of a law. Do they think that he these objects they're calling on can provide protection from a loss punishment?

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ally raises this question in the rhetorical form, meaning is not looking for an answer, in order to emphasize that they will not be helped. It is not possible.

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As part of the mental torment on the Day of Resurrection, those who worship others, besides a law will be instructed to call on their gods for help.

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Allah says in Surah Al cosas 20th chapter, verse 64.

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Well, p ledger should account

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for thou whom follow Mr. g. Bula, whom are Allah de bello and whom can we do when

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it will be said to them call on your partners of a law and they will call on them, but they will give no answer to them. Instead, they will see the torment and wish if only they had been guided.

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On the day of judgment, they will be told to call in that same period that we were looking at earlier, the period of hasher when people are gathered, they will be told to to get help from those who they worshiped in this life. And this is as a means of further torment for them. This is this will be mental and emotional anguish, which they will feel because those that they were depending on will not be able to help them at all. And in other versions of the chrono livan has those that that they call upon rejecting their worship.

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And we also found a lot goes on to say in the Niger hunting MLM cafe de nanosolar indeed, I've prepared hell as hospitality for the unbelievers, meaning that Allah has prepared hell as their abode. This is what they will find in the next life.

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Then it goes on

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quite a bit. When x arena Amala verse 103, say, should I inform you about the greatest losers regarding their deeds?

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Allah here goes now to look at

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a phenomenon which is common among disbelievers in this life,

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that

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in their state of disbelief,

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they think that what they're doing is in fact, good.

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And this is why they will argue

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that isn't such an such a good thing.

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Wasn't Mother Teresa doing a lot of good

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You know, these kinds of questions, but they didn't believe is that little disbelief going to affect all of the good that they did? Or you have others who are doing good, where they think that the good they're doing is in fact good but it isn't.

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You have two types you have one type, which is a person who actually doing good, but lacking belief.

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So that good is for other reasons. Then you have others who think that what they're doing is good, but in fact, it is not good even in its essence.

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So Allah says Paul nabbit Okun bill x arena am Allah.

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Allah instructs Prophet Mohammed says lm because it starts off with coal, say,

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shall I inform you about the greatest losers regarding their deeds,

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as implies that the law wants to inform those who will lose the most deeds in order for people to avoid their characteristics and be successful.

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When a law

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chooses to inform us about some category or group of disbelievers.

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He is not just telling us about them so we can know who they are, but telling us about them in order that we may avoid falling into the traps that they're falling, when he describes as Christians and the Jews is doing this or that, or the pagans doing this or that or saying this or that.

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It is for us to know what has led them into that state and try to avoid it, for example, in rural Florida,

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where a law says

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we're asking for guidance, the straight path, and we say, The path of those on whom You have blessed, and not those on whom is your wrath. Right. Nor those who have gone astray. Ray Romano devialet, him Allah darlin, Alma de la him, Prophet Muhammad Salam informed us that they are the

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they are the Jews.

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And adore lien are

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Christians

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do ballet him, they're the Jews. Why? Because they have knowledge. If you look at Judaism, and its teachings, it is very close to Islam.

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In other words, they have preserved the teachings of the prophets far better than the Christians.

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Far better, you'd be amazed at we look at the legal system in Judaism, you know, and the place of worship and all the things connected to it. You see how close Islam is to Judaism? And you wonder why? Why would Jews not just become Muslims, you know, they're so close, though Allah tells us in the Quran, that you will find those who are closest to you

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will be the Christians and those farthest away from you, will be the Jews and the pagans, in spite of the fact that they have such closeness in terms of

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the message. So, the point is that they have the message meaning tawheed, the fundamentals of tawheed are firmly established in Judaism

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firmly established the oneness of Allah, I mean, they have

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distorted some elements of it, until he smiles the five meanings they have attributed to Allah, some attributes which are not suitable rest on the seventh day.

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Right? repentance to his people, because he thought to do something they didn't like, you know, some things like this, which are not really suitable, but in general, the concept of tawheed you know, not having another partner up there is clear, very clear. The 10 commandments here, O Israel, the Lord your God is one God. P alone, shall you worship.

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Very clear, Jesus echoed the same thing. So they have the message.

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But yet, they didn't apply it. Even in the time of Prophet Muhammad wa sallam,

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when they had a man and a woman from among them, had committed adultery, and they didn't want the law applied to them. So they came to us and asked him to make a judgement.

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So the problems are solved and said to them, bring your book.

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You know, we'll

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Go according to your book. So they brought the book, and one of their rabbis read from the book. What he did was was he was reading, he put his hand covering a part of the text, say, read what was before and what was after. Of course, he's reading in Hebrew prophet SAW, Selim does know.

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But one of the companions cobban Akbar,

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he had converted from Judaism. And he was himself a former rabbi. So he said to the prophet SAW, Selim, he whispered for two prompts I said, I said, Tell him to read, raise his hand and read what's under his hand.

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So of course, when he is forced, is embarrassed yet to move his hand and read it, it said, store them to death, save as we find in Islamic law.

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So that was their methodology, that's just an example of their methodology. And they have worked into their religion, a variety of, you know, of loopholes that you can get away from applying the law, you know, the rabbi's have become skilled at it, playing with the letter of the law. And, you know, so you turn it around this way. And that way, you end up doing what you don't have to you're not allowed to do just like mentioned in the Quran about the that, that that city which was near the see.

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And the law tested them a city of Jews were on the, during the week, they'd go fishing, hard pressed to find any fish. But on the Sabbath, Saturday, the fishes would be putting their heads above the water, you know, dancing in the seat.

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The big test is taught to do, you know, they want to catch these fish. So they said, Okay, what we'll do is they made an inlet, right? A little channel into a pool inland, right? They dug a pool out, made an inlet with a

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kind of a door, right? So what would happen is because on Saturday on the Sabbath, they're not allowed to work at this the law that was on them, you don't work on the Sabbath. So when the Sabbath came, and the fish are all up there dancing in the waters, they just lifted up the that door, right? So that the water would flow in, they didn't do any fishing and or doing any fishing here, right? They just lifted up the door, right? And after the water flows in with all the fish, then they close it back.

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So this was their way and of course, I mentioned that he cursed them, turn them into, you know, pigs and monkeys. Right. So this The point is that they knew the law, they knew they were not supposed to do anything on the Sabbath, but they you know, worked around it tried to find some loophole to get around it. And unfortunately, actually, that characteristic has come up amongst Muslims in different degrees.

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You know, one classical example was a, what I was told by some people, Srilanka, South India, where

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people are going to make Hajj.

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Right. And the molana told them, this is what somebody told me from them. Well, Allah told them that when you're going to make Hajj or maybe to the movie,

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make the intention to be Shafi

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make make the intention that you will be following the Shafi madhhab during Hajj, when you come back and you make the intention to come back to hanafy.

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Why? Because the Hanafi

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No, sorry, there shot phase the other way around. Right South India, Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, the shock phase, right. So this this is the other way around. And South Indian Chavez remember, for a shock fe following the principle that if a woman touches you brushes her hand against you anyhow, your widow is gone. Right. And if you're going to make Hajj, this is a trial for you. You're going to the Kaaba people are you know, 2 million people or they're trying to make the off and some woman touches you widow is gone in the middle of that by the time you go to the get to the bathrooms to make withdraw and come back in Salah is gone finished here. So you have to come there ready and you

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have to be able to get through what you really have to do. So they said okay, since Hanafi madhhab their position is that if a woman touches you, you will do is not broken. So they said okay, your you know your cha phrase we know but when you go for how'd you make the intention to be hanafy right. When you come back then you make your intention to come back to Shafi.

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This is loopholes. You know, either the position which you held concerning a woman touching you breaking will do is valid is correct. Which you're going to stick by and deal with everything that comes with it, or it's incorrect. Not we'll just deal with it that way when we're home and then go We'll switch out

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When we go for Hajj, no, this is playing and making loopholes. where that is not what is required of us what is required of us is to determine does your will do break or doesn't it? Because you can't have two things, right at the same time, which are opposites.

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Right? Because that's what you've ended up with, isn't it? The hanafy says, You touch that woman, a woman touches you, you have to do. The Shafi says you don't have to do, can you not have to do and have to do at the same time.

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Now these two things cannot coexist. So either you don't have to do or you have to do. So that's what needed to be found out. And of course, when you go into the sooner, you find that problems are seldom used to kisses wives, and only the salad straightaway. So if you didn't have to do from touching a woman, then prophets, Allah was leading most of his Salah without Voodoo.

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And that's something nobody wants to say. Right? So the correct position in this case, was that of the Hanafi. School. Anyway, so the point is that Allah spoke about the Jews as a warning to us not to fall into their trap,

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the trap of playing with the law, the letter of the law,

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right, so that you don't have to follow the spirit of the law.

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In the case of the Darlene, the Christians,

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their case of misguidance, is due to due to what?

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Why are the Christians as a whole misguided

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knowledge.

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They have no real knowledge, no foundation for their teachings. It's all surmise, conjecture. That's the reality. In all of their sacred texts are in authenticated, they've not been authenticated, they don't know who wrote them when they were written.

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That is the foundation of their faith. So naturally, they don't have a real foundation at all. So it's all surmise. And that's why Christianity is got, you know, it's so fluid. You can go from one end of Christianity to the other end of Christian nations and find people doing all kinds of things. There no clear rules and guidelines, it's really you know, up to the people to make it however they make it and

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so they're misguided because of a lack of knowledge of ignorance. So when Allah tells us, you know, to say seek refuge, basically to seek the guidance, the straight path, and avoid the path of those who are the darleen those who are misguided, it is to seek

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refuge from ignorance

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and follow instead the problem is uncertainty instruction.

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fallible Elmi for either Allah, Allah Muslim, seek seeking knowledge is compulsory for every Muslim. That is what we have, which is the opposite. Every Muslim is required to seek knowledge. That's the difference in our religion.

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Right. So

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when a lot told us about these two practices, it was to tell us to be aware of the pitfalls. Similarly, when Allah here is talking about those who have most lost out with their deeds, he is going to inform us about characteristics.

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And in Surah, Al Asad.

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Allah defines there

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the four characteristics which a person must possess in order not to be a loser.

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Here last talking in general, but these four characteristics you're going to find coming up in the same discussion which brings in the following verses. And so I'll answer the four characteristics are one correct faith.

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Not just faith.

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lol Edina amanu, except those who believe.

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But when we say that in the Islamic context,

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Eamon has a particular meaning. A man is not just any belief. It is the correct belief as defined in Islam by a lot smarter Allah and by the prophet sallallahu wasallam.

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This is the correct belief, right?

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that's point number one number two Illallah de la mano y mano solid hot and

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righteous deeds.

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As the second characteristic for a person to not be a loser in this life one, he must have correct faith, too He must have righteous deeds. And later on, we'll look at what are the characteristics of righteous deeds etc. Third, truthfulness

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whatever so bellhawk truthfulness, he advises others to adhere to the truth

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while himself adhering to the truth, truthfulness.

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And fourthly, patients, what are also the subject

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that he is advising others to be patient and himself being patient. Those are the four.

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Now,

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actually, when this verse

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was discussed amongst the Sahaba,

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the students of the Sahaba they asked some of them what their opinion was in terms of who this verse was referring to say, shall I inform you about the greatest losers regarding the deeds who are the greatest losers?

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So, I did not be what cos

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I decided maybe because one of the major components of the process

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when he was asked

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whether this particular verse referred to the hero Rhea,

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or the hero rights

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who

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were given this name,

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because of the fact that they broke off from the following of Allie, it will not be tolerated during the caliphate of Allah even Vitaly.

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The struggle ensued between

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Ali ibn Abi Talib, and whom

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and Maja

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over issues of

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retribution for those who killed a man

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of man even a fan the third Calif, Weiwei was one of his relatives. And he wanted to punish have those who killed him punished. Ali Vitali did not want to deal with it at that time, because he felt that

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the establishment the establishment of order in the Muslim

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state was priority will deal with us man situation after while we have felt its priority dealing with this man first. So as a result of that difference of opinion, it ended up into a battle.

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But those who are following alley.

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Among them, were some who broke off

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in an in a place or near a town called herradura. So they came to be known as the hero rights, or huria.

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And eventually, the most common name that they were known as later was,

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huh.

00:28:29--> 00:28:49

Yeah, the cottages are the average. In English, they call the cottage heights, right, from corrodes, which means to break off from secessionists they call it that's the most common name that they're known. And they, in time, developed a system of beliefs.

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And

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that system evolved into states they established some states, some in North Africa, and some in

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eastern Arabia, and today, the ruling clan of our man.

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They follow a sect called a body or the body

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and they are a branch of the average. That's just to put it into context. Anyway,

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the Tibetans, they asked sidedness, of course, whether this verse referred to this these hero rights.

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And he replied, No.

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They are the Jews and the Christians. This verse actually refers to the Jews and the Christians. As for the Jews, they denied Mohammed Salah they had knowledge they knew it was him

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because they were waiting for a profit to come. We know that. That did not be what Paul said. They denied Mohammed Salah

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right. That was

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based on knowledge, and that's what puts them in that same category as alma dubya. lay him. And as for the Christians, they denied Paradise by saying it contains neither food nor drink.

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They denied Paradise by saying it contains neither food nor drink till the day. This was said 1400 years ago till this day, the Christians have this idea in paradise. It's just souls, souls coming together.

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That's how they put it. It's the coming together of souls. So for Muslims, you've got this kind of, you know, exotic paradise where you're eating and drinking, and these men and women and all this stuff. It's just No, no, no, no, this is not bad. Unfortunately, you know, a use of what's his name?

00:30:51--> 00:31:00

a translator of the crime. Now, Abdullah Yusuf Ali, he fell into that same trap, in his footnotes talking about paradise when these things are mentioned. He said, Oh, these are symbols.

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There really is no food and drink and sexual relations with these kind of things in paradise. No, no, no, no, it's just a meeting of souls.

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So they don't know what Paradise is, is their ignorance is the example of their ignorance. They don't know really what Paradise is. So for them, it is souls meeting. So you, when you hear them talking about what's going to happen, they really they're very vague. They really have no idea of what's going to happen at the end of the world where people are going to be they know there is an end of the world that no, there's a judgement, they have that much information, but what's gonna happen, what is part of that is going to be like they don't know. They just don't know.

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On the other hand, when some of the tabea in asked Ali Vitali

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and one of the leading scholars amongst the tabin at the hack,

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who this referred to they said it referred to the Harare group, the Hutterites

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so aside If not, the workers said no to the Christians and the Jews, and

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Abu Talib, Alibaba, Vitaly said, it refers to the hero rights. So what does he refer to?

00:32:12--> 00:32:22

Which one is it actually referred to? Well, everyone can hear he explained that this doesn't mean that the verse was revealed concerning any of these groups in particular.

00:32:24--> 00:32:32

It's not reveal concerning any particular group. If so, then the prophet SAW Selim would have said, would have identified that this verse is referring to so and so.

00:32:34--> 00:33:02

They are, the companions were basically only looking at groups of people to whom this verse may be applied. So rarely, the verse is general, and it refers to anyone who worships or law in a way which is not acceptable, thinking that he is right in doing that, and that his deeds will be accepted, but he is mistaken and his deeds will be rejected.

00:33:04--> 00:33:05

So the versus General,

00:33:07--> 00:33:11

anybody who falls into that category, can be included.

00:33:14--> 00:33:16

A lot goes on to say in 104

00:33:17--> 00:33:24

i levena de la you whom Phil hayati dunia, for whom yoshua buena and whom your sin una Suna

00:33:26--> 00:33:32

those whose efforts were wasted in this life, while thinking that they were doing well.

00:33:35--> 00:33:53

Those whose efforts were wasted in this life while thinking that they were doing well. This first law begins giving answers to the question which he raised in the previous verse, should I inform you about the greatest losers regarding their deeds.

00:33:55--> 00:33:59

He first explains the general characteristic with respect to their deeds.

00:34:01--> 00:34:22

The Almighty share states that the real losers are alladhina dalesandro home philhealth dunya those whose efforts were wasted in this life, meaning they did deeds that do not count deeds that were not in accordance with the prescribed way acceptable to a law.

00:34:23--> 00:34:57

In other words, the second condition of righteous deeds is missing from Surah laaser second condition of righteous deeds is missing. They went astray from the correct path. And as a result, their deeds were either wrong in their essence or wrong in the context. Wrong in the essence, meaning they were wrong deeds from the get go, as they say, or wrong in the context, meaning that there are disbelievers so those good deeds have no value

00:35:00--> 00:35:04

Well whom the Aqsa buena and whom your sin una Sana.

00:35:05--> 00:35:12

And the worst part is that they wasted is that they wasted their efforts while thinking that they were doing well.

00:35:13--> 00:35:40

That's the worst part. It's bad enough that you wasted your efforts. But what's worse is that you thought that you were in fact, right on, you're on the path, you're doing the right thing. This is the case of most people, like the Jews, Christians, Hindus, Buddhists communists, who all believe that what they're following is correct. Thus, they continue to follow their beliefs, regardless of what evidence to the contrary is presented to them.

00:35:41--> 00:35:53

There are also some among them who know their correct beliefs or their beliefs are incorrect. They know their beliefs are incorrect, but they continue to do them out of pride, or for material benefits.

00:35:54--> 00:36:20

Out of pride, for example, I will tell him, he is an example of those who continued in their way out of pride because he knew he knew that the way of the pradesh the pagan beliefs were false, that there were problems or Salah was correct, but he didn't give the Shahada. When the prophet SAW Selim called him to declare his faith on his deathbed, he refused.

00:36:21--> 00:36:39

So here's an example. Why, out of pride because his relatives, his brothers, and others, were there telling him Are you going to dishonor our forefathers, our class climate, you're going to dishonor them by following Mohammed Salim declaring that their beliefs are all false and corrupt.

00:36:40--> 00:37:09

So he stuck with the family, pride of the family. And today, you can find that among many Arab Christians are Christians are amongst the most difficult people to get the message of Islam to among the most difficult Why? Because they have Arabic, they can hear the Quran. Yes, they have the Injeel translated into Arabic. But you read that you read the Quran, it's like night and day.

00:37:10--> 00:37:13

It's like Shakespeare, and a kid's writings

00:37:14--> 00:37:15

and a nursery rhyme.

00:37:16--> 00:37:18

You know, the difference is so vast,

00:37:19--> 00:37:42

the power of the crime is there, they can hear it. But for them, Christianity has become culture. It's their way of life. So when you convert when you leave Christianity, you are abandoning the culture. So this is why they won't let it go. You will find that also amongst some Christian

00:37:43--> 00:37:44

of India.

00:37:45--> 00:37:48

Same thing, it's a matter of

00:37:49--> 00:37:51

culture and Hindus to

00:37:52--> 00:38:17

both let go. Because of pride in culture, though they know that their religion is ridiculous. And this is the more educated amongst them the ignorant maybe they're, everybody's doing this thing, worshipping idols, and that they just go ahead and do it. Right. And you might have a difficult time explaining to them that this is wrong. But the more educated ones they know. They know how ludicrous their belief is.

00:38:19--> 00:38:25

And how low the religion has sunk in their worship.

00:38:26--> 00:38:36

But they will not let it go white. Why? out of pride to become a Muslim. what it will mean to your family, the shame and all these other key things involved.

00:38:37--> 00:38:39

sorts of very difficult step.

00:38:40--> 00:38:43

So that's one group, the other group,

00:38:44--> 00:38:45

right,

00:38:46--> 00:38:50

which we said are those who hang on for material benefits.

00:38:51--> 00:39:04

An example of them are the bishops of England, the Anglican bishops of England, a survey which was done way back in 1984.

00:39:07--> 00:39:20

Among the bishops of England of the Anglican Church, right, which split away from Catholicism, they practice in practice, they're just like the Catholics, but they have a different head, Henry the Eighth,

00:39:22--> 00:39:22

right?

00:39:24--> 00:39:25

Henry the Eighth.

00:39:26--> 00:39:38

He wanted to get married again. Wanted to divorce his wife and the pope wouldn't allow him because divorce is not allowed in Catholicism. So he said, Okay, we'll make our own religion here.

00:39:39--> 00:39:41

We're not Anglicans.

00:39:43--> 00:39:48

So he made another branch of Christianity, because he wanted to get married. Again.

00:39:49--> 00:39:59

That's how ludicrous it is. You know, I mean, Anglican who knows this is this is church history. I mean, shouldn't that say something that my religion was based on.

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

A corrupt ruler.

00:40:05--> 00:40:08

Wanting to get married again. He created my religion.

00:40:10--> 00:40:13

Anyway, the point is that they did a survey amongst

00:40:14--> 00:40:32

Anglican bishops in the UK. And they are the majority of Catholics there too. But the vast majority are Anglicans. So when they did the survey, asking them about belief in Jesus's divinity, that Jesus was, in fact, the Son of God,

00:40:33--> 00:40:39

more than 50% of them said, they did not believe.

00:40:41--> 00:40:44

They said the bishops going before

00:40:45--> 00:40:49

the church every Sunday, preaching to the people.

00:40:51--> 00:40:54

But most of them don't believe it.

00:40:57--> 00:41:00

So, we have to ask, we ask the question, why?

00:41:02--> 00:41:02

Why,

00:41:03--> 00:41:42

you know, this was done, of course, the survey was done without identifying people, right. But you had one of the bishops, Bishop Jenkins, of dirt of Durham, right, he was open. He actually stood on the puppet and said, Jesus wasn't the Son of God, openly. They couldn't remove him. Because, though some of them who were part of the more fundamentalist group, you know, who felt Yes, you have to believe that, you know, to remove a bishop, he has to have been, you know, caught in some acts of corruption. But the actual belief system is flexible enough that it had could accept a

00:41:43--> 00:41:48

bishop who didn't believe that Jesus was the Son of God, he openly said it.

00:41:51--> 00:42:29

Yeah, yeah. I mean, if he wasn't the Son of God, he wasn't God. Because to be God, he had to be the Son of God, first and foremost. Right. So, I mean, this is an example we ask ourselves, and why did they remain bishops? preaching at least Genki was openly told the people the truth, in that sense, right? Regarding Jesus, but why the others are secretly keeping it quiet and just continuing. Why? Because a bishop has so many material benefits. He has a nice home, nice car, his children receive the top education in the office, all of these material benefits for you to just

00:42:30--> 00:42:42

kick that aside? No, it's very difficult. That's why a lot describes them. And you know, some of the the leaders in the church that they're adjusting there for the money collecting up money.

00:42:45--> 00:42:52

So the material benefits they want to let go, actually, there was a case just a few years ago, maybe about three or four years ago, I remember reading about one of the

00:42:54--> 00:42:55

one of the

00:42:56--> 00:42:58

Catholic Bishops in Ireland,

00:42:59--> 00:43:27

you know, finally breaking down and telling the people the truth, he said he'd been hiding it for people for all these years, but he felt ashamed of himself. Finally, the weight of the burden of living, that lie became so much for him. He announced on the pulpit that he didn't believe Jesus was God. Of course, they got rid of him right away. They be the Anglicans. They're more flexible, more difficult to move a bishop. But for the Catholics, you're out of there in a minute. So he was deposed immediately.

00:43:29--> 00:43:33

The problems are solved. I'm also given an example of this situation

00:43:35--> 00:43:37

among Muslims, right.

00:43:38--> 00:43:39

He said,

00:43:41--> 00:44:00

Do you know he said to his companions, who is truly bankrupt? Do you know one who is truly bankrupt and they said, The bankrupt among us is the one who has no money or a no property. One was neither money nor property is bankrupt. mufflers

00:44:01--> 00:44:07

of masala Manasa said say no. The truly bankrupt in my nation

00:44:08--> 00:44:36

is one who comes on the Day of Judgment with prayers, fasting and charity. But he cursed this one, and slandered that one, he consumed This one's wealth, and he spilled the blood of that, that one, those people would be given retribution from his scale of good deeds. And when his good deeds finish, then some of their evil deeds will be added to his scale, and he will be thrown in the Hellfire

00:44:38--> 00:44:49

is coming with all these deeds, and the deeds are taken away from him. He ends up with a scale full of evil deeds and is thrown in the Hellfire because of it that is the truly bankrupt

00:44:51--> 00:44:59

so those who lose the value of the deeds are missing the second condition of Surah laaser that is righteous deeds.

00:45:01--> 00:45:23

The deeds are unrighteous, but they consider them to be righteous. Like those you have people in the Philippines and other parts of the world, but I hear about it mostly in the Philippines. When Easter comes around, you have people who have themselves nailed to crosses, they'll make big crosses, and they will go and hammer big spikes into their hands and feet

00:45:24--> 00:45:24

on Easter

00:45:27--> 00:45:51

and they feel this is something good. While they're doing it, they're doing it, feeling that this is a means of penance. You know, they're suffering as Jesus suffered. You know, it links them with Jesus. And it's a good thing, something pleasing to God. But of course, in Islam, because as Alan said, la da, da, da, da, da, you should neither harm yourself no harm others, and what is that, but harming yourself on a major scale.

00:45:53--> 00:45:56

And of course, it was a lie anyway, because Jesus was not crucified.

00:45:57--> 00:45:57

So

00:46:01--> 00:46:02

verse 105,

00:46:03--> 00:46:09

la isla de la cafaro, big robbing him while he called he, for Habitat.

00:46:10--> 00:46:14

For la new como la homeo malkia Mati was now

00:46:15--> 00:46:33

they are those who deny the signs of their Lord and denied having to meet him. their deeds will be in vain. And I will not give them any weight on the Day of Judgment. There are those who deny the signs of their Lord, their mighty goes on to describe

00:46:34--> 00:47:15

other more specific characteristics of the losers, and the consequence of their denial like alladhina Kapha Ruby iottie Robbie him, there are those who deny the signs of their Lord. The apparent meaning here is that they denied both laws creational and is legal science. However, those who deny the profits are solemn, who denied that he was a prophet of a law in his own time and after his time, they denied a laws, legal science while believing in this creation of science. proof of this is in our last statement found in Surah, and Anka booth 29 chapter, verse 61.

00:47:16--> 00:47:26

Well, I insulted him man, halaqa sama, what you allowed, was Sahara shamsul, camara. lyoko, Luna law for you for Kuhn.

00:47:31--> 00:47:44

If you were to ask them, who has created the heavens and the earth, and subjected the sun and the moon, they will surely reply a law. How then, are they deviating?

00:47:45--> 00:47:46

So they believe in a law.

00:47:48--> 00:47:52

They believe that a lie is the Creator of the heavens in the earth,

00:47:53--> 00:48:21

and subjected the sun and the moon, but they reject masala, the creational signs are the science in creation, that there is a creator. The vast majority of people on the earth believe this. Those who deny God's existence are few, vast majority believe that there is a God, however, so in other words, they do not deny the creation of science. These are so obvious.

00:48:23--> 00:48:33

They don't deny the creation of science. And this is why in science when you listen to the scientists, those scientists who study the universe,

00:48:34--> 00:48:45

astronomers, biologists, archaeologists, anthropologists, those who study you know, the allows creation,

00:48:46--> 00:48:51

you find the percentage of believers among them in God

00:48:52--> 00:49:17

is very high at 90%. When you go into the pseudo sciences of psychology, you know, psychiatry, sociology, now you find the percentage of disbelievers amongst them is very high. So the big difference in these areas, that's why the others are out really sciences, the pseudo sciences, they're based on theories, theories, people made up.

00:49:18--> 00:49:19

So

00:49:20--> 00:49:54

for it is natural for human beings to believe in God, from the signs around him. The universe is clear. So the creational signs they don't deny. So when it says those who deny the signs of the Lord, it's not referring to those signs. I mean, it does for those people who end up atheists, yes, it refers to them. But for the majority of people, it's not referring to that it's referring to the legal science of a law of science which have come in revelation came with Prophet Muhammad wa salam, Prophet Moses, Prophet Jesus, you know, la masala.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

None of the pagan Meccans claimed that there was another creator besides the law

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

Instead, they denied a large legal science, which the messenger of Allaah brought, while they call E.

00:50:07--> 00:50:13

And they denied having to meet him, meaning they denied the day of judgment and what was coming with it heaven and hell.

00:50:14--> 00:50:26

And they argued against it in a variety of different ways. The Almighty quoted them as questioning, well dorabella nam masala Manasa halka Allah you heal a llama here amin

00:50:27--> 00:50:29

and he puts forth

00:50:30--> 00:50:31

a parable for me.

00:50:33--> 00:50:49

That is the disbeliever in the legal science of a law puts forth a parable to a law and forgets his own creation. He says, who will give life to these bones after they are rotted and have become dust? Sorry, I seen

00:50:51--> 00:50:54

36 chapter verse 78.

00:50:55--> 00:51:45

And ally refuted their feeble arguments saying pull your hair lady Shahar Allah Mara, Wahhabi Cooley halkyn aalim verse 79, it says there say the one who created them in the beginning will give them life and he is completely aware of every creation. Logically speaking, recreation is easier than creation for the first time. As I said elsewhere and sewer our room for this chapter was 27 wahoo Allah de casa Marina do wahoo LA, it is he who originates the creation, and then later repeats it, and it is easier for him, though for a lot, nothing is easier, it's all the same. But in a relative sense, it is easier to recreate something than to create it in the first place. That's the argument

00:51:45--> 00:51:58

this argument becomes one of the proofs for the possibility for resurrection, and giving life to the bones and dust. Those those who lose the value of the deeds are also missing the first and third conditions of sort of

00:51:59--> 00:52:02

correct belief and truthfulness,

00:52:03--> 00:52:19

truthfulness, their denial of a lot of signs and resurrection and judgment constitutes false belief. That's a false belief. And it is in fact untruthful, because the law has shown them is clear science.

00:52:22--> 00:52:28

Then a law goes on to explain that the terrible consequence of their disbelief in science and resurrection.

00:52:30--> 00:52:41

He states for Habitat are maloom the deeds will be in vain, meaning that they will be of no benefit to them in the next life.

00:52:42--> 00:52:55

Elsewhere in the crime, a lot compared the value of the deeds to dust and to a mirage saying, what Kadena Illa. I'm Illumina, Malin for Jana hubba, among surah

00:52:57--> 00:53:07

and I will turn to whatever deeds they did and make them like scattered floating particles of dust. So for con 45th, chapter, verse 23.

00:53:09--> 00:53:17

Well, Edina cafaro Malou home castle Robin battiato in your symbolism are no

00:53:18--> 00:53:22

hotter Jaya who lamea Judah who Shia

00:53:23--> 00:53:36

as for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in the desert. One who is thirsty thinks its water until he comes up to it and finds it to be nothing

00:53:37--> 00:53:44

to regard regardless of what good deeds a disbeliever does, it will have no value in the next life.

00:53:45--> 00:54:31

If Allah wishes to reward him, he will give it to him in this life. One was become a disbeliever after being a believer will lose the reward of his deeds in both this life and the next. As the Almighty said, when my attended min Kuhn and Dini fire moto Catherine Fabiola aka habitat, our maloom dunya Allah Hara, and whoever amongst you leaves his religion and die is a disbeliever will lose the value of his good deeds in both this life and the hereafter. So Al Baqarah verse 217. If by Allah's mercy he returns to Islam after a pass stating the value of his righteous deeds prior to his apostasy will return to Him.

00:54:33--> 00:54:34

So,

00:54:35--> 00:54:37

the deeds of the believer

00:54:39--> 00:54:55

is rewarded in both this life and the next whether he can see the reward in this life or he doesn't, but that of the disbeliever he will not receive a reward in the next life he will receive if Allah wills whatever reward in this life

00:54:57--> 00:54:58

there is an exception

00:55:00--> 00:55:08

For those for somebody who did deeds in this life and gets a reward for it in the next life, but he's a disbeliever who is that exception?

00:55:11--> 00:55:12

I will tell him

00:55:13--> 00:55:23

because performs Assalam intercedes on his behalf. We talked about it earlier, and his punishment in the Hellfire will be reduced. So he does get

00:55:24--> 00:55:28

reward for something of his deeds in this life.

00:55:32--> 00:55:37

Hello goes on to say philon up moolah homeodomain. chiamata was now

00:55:39--> 00:55:50

and I will not give them any weight on the Day of Judgment. So after Ally's, given his ruling on the deeds, the deeds will be of no value.

00:55:51--> 00:55:54

He now gives a ruling

00:55:55--> 00:55:56

on them.

00:55:58--> 00:56:02

ruling on the deeds first, now on them.

00:56:04--> 00:56:10

And I will not give them any weight on the Day of Judgment means that they will not have any value to alarm that day.

00:56:13--> 00:56:29

Some said that it meant that their deeds will not be weighed, because the scale is used to determine whether good deeds outweigh bad deeds or vice versa. And the disbeliever will have will not have any good deeds to weigh.

00:56:31--> 00:56:53

However, the correct opinion is that all these will be weighed even kefir felt it meant we will not make their balance heavy because it is empty of any goodness, alcohol and Muslim. They recorded a hadith from Abu huraira and when she quoted the prophet SAW Selim is saying a huge fat man will come forward on the Day of Resurrection

00:56:54--> 00:56:55

and he will not wait

00:56:57--> 00:57:01

any more than the wing of a mosquito to Allah.

00:57:03--> 00:57:05

And then he said recite if you wish.

00:57:07--> 00:57:11

Well, I know Kamala whom yarmulke Mati was now same purse

00:57:13--> 00:57:31

imamo core to be noted that this hadith text contains evidence for the weighing of people in the scales and not just deeds. This is something scholars are of different opinions about what is actually weighed, as adjust the deeds of the people, the book of deeds

00:57:32--> 00:57:34

is the people themselves etc.

00:57:36--> 00:57:39

He also noted that it contains a condemnation of obesity,

00:57:40--> 00:57:47

because it is generally a result of being distracted by restaurants from virtues.

00:57:49--> 00:58:24

And the added that it further indicates the prohibition of overeating. Then he quoted the following Hadith narrated by Miranda bin Hussein, in which the prophet SAW Selim said, the best of you are my generation, than those who follow them than those who follow them. Indeed, after you a treacherous people will come, who cannot be trusted, who will give false witness without being asked to witness and who will make oaths and not fulfill them, and they will appear among them, many obese people.

00:58:26--> 00:59:08

The best of you are my generation, and those who follow them, and those who follow them. This is the well known narration, which is used to speak about the first three generations of Muslims which they refer to as the salaf where people refer to themselves as following the way of the Salah, this is what's based on prasa Sallam said the best generation was his generation, then those who follow them, then those who follow them, that's three generations for three generations, that their understanding of Islam is the correct understanding. We interpret Islam, the different issues and principles of Islam, according to their understanding in order to maintain its purity. Some people

00:59:08--> 00:59:19

say oh, that's fundamentalism. Yes, it's fundamentalism, meaning that we tried to stick with the religion as it was revealed to Prophet Muhammad wa salam, and understood by those around him.

00:59:22--> 00:59:36

Then the prophet SAW Selim described the time indeed after you a treacherous people that's after the time of the Sahaba. A treacherous people will come who cannot be trusted will give false witness without being asked to witness and will make also not fulfill them.

00:59:37--> 00:59:59

And they will appear among them many obese people. So the final statement of this narration is obviously in dispraise of obesity is a big thing now in the West obesity, but actually spoke about it 1400 years ago in Malmo code to be said, the reason for it is because obesity is scholar

01:00:00--> 01:00:06

Spain, you know, back in the 12th century 10 century speaking.

01:00:08--> 01:00:20

He said that the reason for it is because obesity is a result of overeating, excess excessive sleep, and letting the desires have free rein.

01:00:21--> 01:00:36

Such a person is a slave worshipper of himself and not his Lord. Anyone in this state will inescapably fall into haram and every piece of flesh grown from that which displeases or belongs to the Hellfire

01:00:37--> 01:01:07

and the almighty condemned the disbelievers for excessive eating, saying, well, Edina cafaro a tomato, onoway, aku, Luna Kamata, Kunal and one narrow masala home those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as cattle eat and the fire will be their abode that's the cattle eat until they're full. They can't eat anymore. Problem Hamza Salam also warned against over eating in a number of narrations. For example, even Omar jab at him Abdullah Abu huraira and Abu Musab

01:01:09--> 01:01:20

lashari all quoted above Salama saying I mean Oh yeah, Goofy man wha hidden? Well, cafeteria goofy sobre RT M.

01:01:22--> 01:01:27

The believer eats in one stomach and the disbeliever as if in seven.

01:01:29--> 01:01:38

Even Omar also related to the Messenger of Allah forbade anyone from taking two dates at a time without the consent of his eating companion.

01:01:40--> 01:01:49

And mme in my decarie stated that the earth the promises are seldom said the worst container human can fill in the stomach.

01:01:51--> 01:02:07

A few small pieces of food to keep a person's back straight are sufficient, however, if his desire overcomes him, if his desire overcomes him, then let him use a third for food, a third for drink, and leave a third floor breathing.

01:02:09--> 01:02:47

imamo core to be said in this regard if the believer imitates the disbelievers taking pleasure from whatever they take pleasure, everywhere at any time, where is the reality of faith? And where is the implementation of Islamic teachings? The more a person eats or drinks, the greater his appetite. His desire and his concern for food becomes the more lazy becomes and the heavier his sleep at night becomes Of course they heavily sleep at night. We might say that something good. You know you can't go to sleep. You know, sometimes insomnia heavy sleep at night is a good thing. But for those who are conscious

01:02:49--> 01:02:59

as in Mr. McCarthy's time, you know, those were knowledgeable, heavy sleep at night was a curse. Because what did it mean? You couldn't get up for tahajjud

01:03:02--> 01:03:21

in verse 106 a lot closes this series valleca Oh whom jahannam de Maka foru? What? Taku iottie rusu li hua that is how they reward because they disbelieved and made fun of my signs in my messengers.

01:03:22--> 01:03:59

The Almighty now explains the ultimate consequence, and the end of the road for being among the great losers with regards to one's deeds, the alakija, whom jahannam Bhima cafaro that is how they reward because they disbelieved, it means I will punish them in hell because of their disbelief. The absence of the success Principle number one, correct belief, relegates a person to hell automatically. However, some excuses may be given for disbelievers

01:04:00--> 01:04:09

to get another chance, like the people of the interval, who didn't, the message didn't reach them. And in fact, that's not a discussion in and of itself.

01:04:11--> 01:04:21

But those who add to their disbelief, mockery of a law, science, or in the worst state, as the law said, what it was who Lee, who's

01:04:22--> 01:04:57

and made fun of my science and my messengers, those who ridicule a lot of signs and scorn His Messenger seal their feet, and book their places in hell. It is common for those who reject faith to make fun of the true believers and the true faith. Though deep inside themselves, they know it is the truth. As the Almighty said we're jaha do Bihar was the Karnataka and foster home. Little men were alua they deny them wrongfully and arrogantly though their souls are convinced.

01:04:59--> 01:04:59

So a lot complete

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

The discussion, the

01:05:04--> 01:05:05

description

01:05:08--> 01:05:11

of those who

01:05:14--> 01:05:18

are the greatest losers with regards to their deeds

01:05:19--> 01:05:20

after discussing

01:05:22--> 01:05:26

the issue of taking protectors besides a law

01:05:27--> 01:05:30

and that is, of course an act of disbelief, it is shirk.

01:05:33--> 01:05:37

He has given us the various qualities or characteristics.

01:05:39--> 01:06:03

And as we said they refer in the end back to the four pillars of success identified in Surah alacer, at least three of them were focused on correct belief, righteous deeds, and truthfulness, patience elsewhere in the Quran, Allah stresses it, because patience

01:06:04--> 01:06:05

is critical.

01:06:07--> 01:06:12

But, if one has correct belief, and righteous deeds,

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then it is possible to make it to paradise.

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truthfulness is added assurance

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and patience, further added assurance. So the verse focuses on the main two, which is belief and righteous deeds.

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truthfulness is understood from elements of it.

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And when we go into

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verse 107, we'll complete the surah in the next session in sha Allah,

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we find in 107, that a lot goes back to those same two and uses it as the basis for description for those going to paradise. He says there indeed those who believe and do righteous deeds will have gardens of Paradise for hospitality.

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We'll stop here if you have any questions on what we've covered.

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So far, please.

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Wanting to

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protect this usually have the normal thing to further if

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you handed in

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this verse and they say that it's translated as friends don't take them as friends. Not to take.

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Okay, brothers question concerning the use of the term Olia here in verse one or two, where Allah says, do the believers think that they can take my servants as translated as protectors is the term only out here. Whereas elsewhere in the Quran, Allah says, Don't take the Jews and the Christians as Alia, men do Neela and it's only as that's translated there as friends, instead of a law or elsewhere, it talks about state instead of the believers.

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Well, the term only of course, has different implications, you know, and that is the nature of language, that context may vary the shade of meaning that is intended here. So, in this first one or two, not taking a lot of servants, you know, what he has created, as friends is not the issue here is not the issue of friendship here, close friendship, you know, but it is more the issue of the dependence of close friends, when you have a close friend, you depend on that person. So it is that element, you depend on that person for their help when you're in need when you have problems, etc. That's the person that you turn to. So it's that element of dependency, which leads now to disbelief

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which allies condemning here. So this is why we use the term servants as protectors here, as opposed to friends. In other places only are used actually in common Arabic usage only becomes to mean saints.

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Saints, they are Leah. This is what they call the Alia

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and we know that the person who is considered to be the guardian for the woman, she's also called the Wali plural, Alia, The Guardian. He is the Guardian what sense not friend, the father relative to his daughter is not the issue of friendship here. It's the issue of protector

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He's our guardian. So this is the element of the meaning of the word Wali plural. Alia

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actually

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means friends. So you guys are not supposed to be friends with us or whatever. Well in the verse concerning Christians and Jews, it doesn't mean mere friend. It means close friend whom you depend on. Instead of because the verse could goes on to say men do nilla

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or in other verses, you know, when doing meaning,

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instead of the believers. So it's not that you cannot have friendships with Christians and Jews, of course you can. But where you take a Christian and a Jew, as your dear friend, is the person who's your best friend, so on. So that is dangerous. That is dangerous, because, you know, Professor Sallam said, Be careful who you choose as your friends because you will be raised on the Day of Judgment with your friends.

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So it means meaning not friends in the general sense, but friends, meaning who you take as your close friend, who you will turn to, when you have a problem, you turn to this person for their advice. So if you're going to be turning to a Christian or a Jew for advice, of course, you're going to be misguided it's going to be it's going to hurt you in the end. And also the person who you should not take as your close friend should be a Muslim, who will give you advice in sha Allah from a Muslim perspective. So that is to protect the faith, not not talking about friendships in general because having friends amongst them, you know, acquaintances who you are friendly with, you know, is

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perfectly legitimate. Islam does not say we cannot have any friends from non Muslims

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for the question

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Okay, we'll stop here and Sharla