Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 25

Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdulillah hearable alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim. Allah Allah was Hobie woman is standing in Nigeria on the deen. All praise is due to Allah and Milan's Peace and blessings beyond his last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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In our previous session, we concluded the

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second

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major set of topics from Surah Al calf. The first was that of

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the people of the cave themselves, the youths who ended up fleeing to the cave to protect their religion and the miracles that happened with that. The second set

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focuses on the parable of the rich and the poor,

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and their relationship with the loss of hunter with Allah.

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And also, contained in that second section is the refusal of a police to bow to a law reality of a police his relationship with humans, past, present, and future, situation in Paradise and hell, etc, discussed.

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Now, the third section is that of the story of Prophet Musa and credit, who may also be called prophet together. As some scholars, a number of scholars do hold him to be have been a profit.

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And the fourth section deals basically with little coordination that is the focus of the fourth section.

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So beginning with the story of Moosa and Heather,

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and the proper pronunciation of Heather's name, though we all know him as could. And in some countries, it's mispronounced as his phizzer. and a variety of other things. It is actually harder.

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Harder, not harder, but harder. It is the correct pronunciation of the name of the teacher of Prophet Musa.

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that begins with the 16th verse was Allah Moosa Lee Fatah who la Abra hot lava magma, Alba harini dia hakoda.

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Remember when Moses said to his boy servant, I will not give up traveling until I reach the junction of the two seas, or until I have spent a long time traveling.

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So this begins a series of 23 verses, in which the story of Musa and his teacher are elucidated.

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Boys Karla Musa and the photo

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the conversation between Prophet Moses and his servant mentioned in this verse, remember when Moses said to his boy servant, was preceded by an incident in the time of Prophet Moses, which was left up to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam to explain to his followers

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and this is in keeping with the general principle regarding the Quran, which is expressed in Surah, number 16, chapter, verse 44, one zelner a lake and zakra need to be in La nassima new de la la him, Well, Allah whom

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I have revealed to you, Mohamed, the reminder, in order that you may explain clearly to people, what is sent down to them, and that they may reflect the Koran was sent down for humankind, but it was sent down to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. to elucidate its meanings to expand and to clarify for people

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the implications of it versus and the practical application of its instructions.

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Because an instruction manual

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if you're dealing with a very complex

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set of instruments or whatever, without somebody going over it with you, you know, you can

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Mangle and Bumble And Allah knows what you end up with. So, this is in keeping with the general principle that

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the Quran

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to be properly understood,

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has to involve the explanation given by prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah subhanho wa Taala left it up to him to give us the background and to clarify the certain details of the story, which are left as precise points, the most important points left in the Quran, but the some of the details and useful detail has been left to prognosis lm to clarify.

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And even that clarification,

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which was given by Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam,

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when we look in the books of Hadith about it, and it's found in Bukhari and Muslim a number of narrations there, in a number of the volumes is also found in autonomy, the

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other books of Hadith,

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we find that there was a particular occasion when this story was narrated.

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And it was when a Tabby a meaning a student of the Sahaba by the name of Saeed bin jubair.

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He went to even above us

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and informed him that an individual a scholar in Damascus was a judge and had a good bit of knowledge. His name was no fibbin be Kelly.

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He claimed that the Moses which is who is mentioned in the Quran, as the companion of Hodder

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was not the Moses from the Israelites was not the Israelite Moses but somebody else.

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Right.

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Now, if you take the text of the Quran, as it is, somebody could make that claim.

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And in fact, this individual did, and he was a scholar. However, when this was told to Eben Abbas, and we know all know who had been Abbas's, who was it not bad.

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Now relative to the Koran,

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he was considered to be the most authoritative interpreter of the Quran, among the companions of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, right. He was young, quite young. But Allah blessed him with a deep understanding Prophet Mohammed Salah made a special application for him.

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Anyway, society, bin jubair he took this statement of nofx Lb Kelly, to have been abuzz. And the first thing if not bias did was to confirm whether side actually heard this statement from nofx.

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Because he came and said Nuff said. But you know, we all say these things don't so and so said, but did you actually hear it from so and so that he said that, before he was going to deal with the issue, he wanted to be certain that no faction he said it.

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So when Sidon jubair, affirm that yes, in fact, it was a statement of now.

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Even a bias,

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reaction reacted angrily and he said, allies enemy has told a lie.

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Allies enemy has told a lie.

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Now, scholars looking at this statement. I've explained that one.

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Though he used the term allies enemy it was out of a strong reaction not literally meaning that he was an enemy of a law because the man was known to be a righteous scholar, etc, etc. But it was a serious statement.

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Very serious statement, because it was in contradiction to narrations from Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam himself.

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So he said a lot his enemy has told a lie.

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They did not bias

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went on to relate to Syed what he heard from obey Ben Cobb, obey even Cobb is one of the older

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Scholars among the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

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And he quoted the Prophet Mohammed Salim as explaining the incidence behind this verse.

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So the prophet SAW his alum said,

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once Allah is messenger, Moses starts off like this once allows messenger, Moses

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preached to the Israelites, until their eyes were filled with tears, and their hearts became tender. So that statement ended the doubt which was raised by now that this wasn't Moses of the Israelites, but some other Moses, end of story,

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that he brought the proof, because when he was going to make this statement is going to bring proof that this was in fact, incorrect. not correct at all.

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When he finished the sermon, someone came up to him and asked him, is there anyone on earth? Who is more learned than you?

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Is there anyone on earth who is more learned than you? They were just amazed? You know, with what Prophet Musa just given them this

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really heavy sermon, very deep touch them so much. So they, somebody asked him that.

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So he said, No.

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So Allah admonished him for ascribing all knowledge to himself as explaining this, so Allah admonished him for not ascribing all knowledge

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to himself meaning to Allah.

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Instead of saying, as he should have said, Allah knows best.

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He was a prophet of Allah, Allah has blessed him with knowledge spoken to him directly, so many other factors, you know, and he didn't know of anybody who is more knowledgeable than himself. And he said, based on his own knowledge, but

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proper etiquette in this manner, in this regard would be is to say, Allah knows best and he was a human being. So he made a minor error here. So Allah decided now to teach him a lesson, there was lessons to learn here.

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So he said to him,

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he revealed to him spoke to him. at the junction of the two seas, there is a servant of mine,

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who is more learned than you.

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Moses asked, oh, my Lord, where is he? And the law said, at the junction of the two seas,

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Moses asked, oh, my Lord, telling me a sign by which I will be able to recognize the place.

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A law said, put a dead fish in a large basket.

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And the place

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where he will be is where it comes alive, and you lose it.

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Put a dead fish in a large basket.

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And the place

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where it comes alive, and you lose it, this is where he will be.

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So Moses put a dead fish in the basket and gave it to his boy servant and told him, I don't want to trouble you. Except to inform me as soon as you lose this fish.

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Okay, if I told him what you're gonna lose, it means it's gonna happen. Right? So he told him, and of course the servant is taking this and, you know, he feels he's gonna try to look after this is not really a big deal, just a fish in a basket, you know? So he replied, You have not demanded too much. Simple. I mean, I'll take care of this fish here.

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So Moses sets out to this boy servant. And his name is mentioned in narration founded Sohail Bukhari, as you shall have been known.

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In English,

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translation of Hebrew names, it's Joshua is known as Joshua.

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And this is the point at which Prophet Moses tells his servant labra, who had Tableau Varma Jamal Bahraini Oh am Dr. hakuba I will not give up traveling until I reach the junction of the two seas or until I have spent a long time traveling.

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And that's where the verse begins.

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That was the background.

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awkward to be

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the Spanish scholar, commentator on the Koran, legal scholar.

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He says,

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I identified some points to be extracted of benefit from this first verse.

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First he mentioned that this incident exemplifies the wisdom of scholarly travels in order to increase one's knowledge.

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A person is knowledgeable.

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But at the same time, he or she is encouraged, under the right circumstances, to seek further knowledge, not to just feel that what I have is enough and you know, that's it, but one should make an effort to gain further knowledge.

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Also, it includes the idea of not going on your own. take somebody with you, a servant, a companion,

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because a person traveling on his own is fraught with dangers.

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So the prophet SAW Solomon one narration it said, One who travels by himself is the devil, he susceptible to the devil.

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The verse also points to the importance of taking advantage of opportunities to meet noble souls, and eminent scholars, even if their places of abode are very far away.

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And this became a common practice among the early generations of righteous scholars. Imam Al Bukhari. He mentioned that the companion Jabir ibn Abdullah traveled a month journey to obtain a single Hadith single statement of Prophet Mohammed wa salam from Abdullah bin onis, another Companion of the Prophet Salah who had settled a month journey away.

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Another point

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to be noted from this verse, is the laws reference to Moses, his servant as his youth. And although I've translated it saying, remember when Moses said to his boy servant, Fatah actually means youth, or young man

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that this terminology this use

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contains a good example for the proper etiquette in treatment of servants,

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which the Sharia further affirmed, and the prophet SAW salams statement narrated by Abu huraira none of you should say,

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serve your Lord.

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Rob back, though the term Rob can refer to an individual, it's not the preferable term, leave that for a lot.

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Help your Lord make will do

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or give water to your Lord. Instead, say, My master, or my guardian.

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nor should you say,

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my slave boy, or my slave girl.

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instead say, my young man, my young woman, or my youth,

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and this is part of the principles and concepts which clarify that what was known as slavery

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in the Muslim world, was quite different from slavery anyplace else.

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Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam also said, Any man who has a slave girl

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teaches her good manners, frees her and marries her will get double the reward

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will get double the reward.

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And any slave who observes the laws right? And his masters right, we'll get double the reward.

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In fact, there was a narration from a Buddha in which he said

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were it not for Jihad and taking care of my mother.

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I would have preferred to have died.

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As a slave, I would have preferred to die

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as a slave is Abu huraira the leading narrator

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Have Hadith from Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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Verse 61

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for lama bellava majima Abbe Nima nesea, who Tahoma Fatah de Sevilla, who Phil Bahari Saba.

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And when they reach the junction of the two seas, they forgot their fish, and it tunneled its way through the sea.

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The Almighty went on to say, and when they reached the junction of the two seas, and the prophet SAW, Selim went on to explain, when they reached a large boulder near beside the sea, they looked around but found no one. Because Allah had said initially, that you would find him at the junction of the two seas. But it further clarified that the way to know at which area where the junction of the two seas are, you would take this fish with you and where you lost it, that's exactly where he's going to be.

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So they looked around, they couldn't find anyone and as far as the junction of the two C's go, there are different opinions which people have held concerning where those the junction is, some say it is where the Red Sea joins together the two arms of the Red Sea, you have aka in the middle and you have two arms of the Red Sea on either side. I say it's where those two meet.

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Some say that it is where the branches of denials meet in Hartlepool, the white Nile and the Blue Nile where they meet two C's

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because the term C can refer to large bodies of water, whether rivers, large rivers or to oceans.

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And Arabic terminology.

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I will say I mean, he mentioned that some felt that it was where the Mediterranean Sea met the Red Sea.

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But I shall look at

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who Martin and scholar who did the commentary in the Quran known as a while by an he pointed out that there is no evidence from the Quran and the Sunnah to identify the location.

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And as such, any kind of research or efforts made to try to figure it out, it's wasted. Because whatever you end up with you cannot be certain about because without clear statements, either from a loss of Allah, or from Prophet Muhammad wa sallam, we really cannot say with certainty, this is the location.

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So, after Prophet Musa and his servant, Joshua, they looked around, they didn't see anybody.

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Prophet Musa proceeded and left his servant behind at the rock.

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And then the prophet SAW Selim explained that at the base of the rock, there was a spring, a miraculous spring, called the spring of life. It was given that name because anything dead which came in contact with its waters, came back to life.

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Prophet Moses returned and went to sleep on the rock, while his servant stood guard in the shade at the base of the rock where the ground was wet.

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And when the servant put the basket with the fish on the ground,

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the wind blew some water from the spring onto the dead fish, and it shivered with life.

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For Takada sebelah who Phil Bahari sarada. The fishes Escape is described in the Quran, as it tunneling its way through the sea. The prophet SAW Selim explained that the fish flipped out of the basket wiggled its way down the shore and to the water's edge. As soon as it reached the water, it swam off in a tunnel of water, which allowed cause to separate like an arc around the fish and performs as lm curve this hands mentioned in narration to indicate, you know, what was act what it looked like it was formed a tunnel the fish was going through the tunnel, there was obviously something miraculous.

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And the young man, the servant, watched in amazement and said to himself,

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I will not awaken him. Prophet Musa is sleeping, resting.

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But I should inform him when he awakens, told himself reminded himself anyway, he laid down also on the rock, went to sleep, and forgot to inform Prophet Musa Prophet Moses when they woke.

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Nasir who Tahoma

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law said that they both forgot the fish, they forgot their fish. That's how it's expressed. Though it was only the servant who actually forgot.

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And this might be an issue for some people who say, well look, you know, here's a contradiction in the Quran

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you know, the servant forgot, and the law says both of them did. So was it both of them or was it just the servant again,

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this is a construction a particular type of construction

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in Arabic, which they call to they refer to a soft bar,

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where the subject of a verb has another subject which is close to it, which may not be participating in the action, the verb but it is close in

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meaning or person physically or whatever.

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And so both are included in the description though it really is only work with revolving one. And this is also used. In general it's also described as the construction in which you use

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you generalize using a group statement, when you mean only an individual and this is well known in our most basic greeting Salaam Alaikum.

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Now if I say to you Salaam Alaikum.

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salaam aleikum means peace beyond you all on all of you. So actually, this addresses the everybody in the room, but I only mean you alone.

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Right? This is a construction which exists in Arabic. For a person not familiar with it. They might say it's kind of weird. Why don't you say salam alayka which means peace beyond you alone, just you alone.

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This possible also, but a preferable statement is Salaam Alaikum. And we can find it elsewhere in the Quran. For example, in Surah, man verse 22 Well, it says there yahuda German Houma Lu l marjon. out of them both come pearls and Carl. This is referring to to the both seas, this salty seas and the fresh seas. And it's well known that pearls and coral only come from salty seas, the salt seas, it's not from the freshwater seas.

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But because these bodies are close ally uses the term CS referring to both of them, but he is really only speaking of one of the two. Similarly, you can find in Surah Al and arm verse 130. Where law says there Yeah, my shadow Genie will allow me to comb rasuluh mink comb, or assembly of jinn and humankind did not come to you messages, messengers from among yourselves, though we know that all of the messengers were sent were human beings, no messengers, meaning prophets to whom revelation came.

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were sent from among the jinn. They're all humans.

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Verse 62,

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falam majha was jar was a colony Fatah who attina Hoda, Anna La Casa Latina amin suffering ah ha de Nevada.

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So when they had gone beyond that place, Moses said to his boy, servant, bring us our lunch. Indeed, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey of ours.

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The prophet SAW a solemn, went on to explain.

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They traveled the rest of the night. And the next day, Moses said to his servant, bring our food. For indeed, this journey of ours has been very tiring for us.

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However, Moses did not feel fatigued until after he had passed the place, which Allaah had ordered him to seek.

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The journey which Prophet Moses mentioned was after they had stopped at the rock,

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that a short distance beyond that he started to feel fatigue. And obviously this was from Allah Subhana Allah

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in order that he would not get

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so far away that getting back again to where you needed to go was

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difficult, so a short distance beyond it, he started to feel fatigue, tired. And so he stopped.

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For la magia was a Cali Fatah who attina for the ANA. So when they had gone beyond that place, Moses said to his boy, servant, bring us our lunch.

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What was the lunch?

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Yeah, this is what most people think that it was the fish.

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It wasn't the fish. Because the fish was to be put in the basket. As the prophet SAW, Selim said, Allah had told him take a fish

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and put it in a large basket, and you will find him at the place where you lose the fish.

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Right. So obviously, the fish was not for eating, it was going to be lost. And that would be the signal to tell you where

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how there was. So that wasn't the lunch. The lunch was some other provision.

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knockout Latina is suffering ohada masaba. The Almighty statement Indeed, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey of ours. Quoting Prophet Moses. This statement contains evidence that informing others about one suffering and illness is permissible.

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And that it is that it does not contradict the principle of RDA that is being pleased with one's destiny.

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Accepting

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one's destiny, Allah has destined this for you.

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Is that contradicted? If you complain, you say, you say something about what you're suffering, etc.

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As long as it is not that complaint is not one based on anger, you know, you're upset whatever distressed, then you're saying it then this does contradict the principle of

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acceptance and pleasure with the destiny of a lot

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of code to be identified an issue that may also be deduced from this verse. He said, carrying provisions went on a journey.

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This principle is confirmed in this verse carrying provisions when one goes on a journey.

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And he mentioned that this description or this principle in the verse refutes the ignorant mystics Sophie's who embark on major journeys without permission provisions, claiming that true trusting in a law is to do that you just set out on your journey, forget it, don't bring any thing with you, you know, Allah is going to take care of just

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going out there. However, here is Moses prophet of Allah, to whom Allah spoke directly among the people of the earth, taking provisions with him in spite of his knowledge of a law and his trust in Him. This

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contradicts that claim.

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Also, some people from Yemen used to make Hajj without taking provisions with them saying, We are those who only trust in God.

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And when they would arrive to Mecca, they would beg the people

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right? So Allah revealed the verse and had you assured romelu Martin, from unfollow the fi hidden Alhaji Falah Rafa Salah for Sukkot, Alhaji de la fille Hodge Amata illumine Hayden yalom, who law What does Allah do? Hajj is the well is in the well known months. So whoever intends to perform Hajj there in then he should not have sexual relations while in the state of Iran, nor commit sins nor dispute unjustly during Hajj. And whatever good you do, Allah knows it, and take provisions for the journey.

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So now reveal that verse and take provisions for the majority to cancel this mistaken understanding of trust in a law.

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There is another side of trust in a law

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about which the prophet SAW Selim said

00:34:56--> 00:34:59

that whoever will not ask

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Anyone for anything

00:35:04--> 00:35:06

I will guarantee him paradise.

00:35:08--> 00:35:26

Whoever will not ask anyone for anything, I will guarantee him paradise him or her paradise. And he gave the example even if you're on your horse and your crop falls, that you get off the horse, pick it up yourself, get back on and do what you have to do.

00:35:27--> 00:35:30

Don't ask anyone for anything.

00:35:32--> 00:35:43

And that is a level of tawakkol or trusting in a lie in that sense, which very few are able to attain.

00:35:46--> 00:36:01

Verse 63, Allah Allah it is a way in a in a Sahaba for in Nina cetol fruta mama and Sammy who illustrate shaytaan and as Cora Taka Sabina who filmed Buhari algebra,

00:36:03--> 00:36:07

he replied, do you remember when we took shelter at the rock?

00:36:08--> 00:36:11

Most certainly I forgot the fish there.

00:36:12--> 00:36:19

It was only Satan who caused me to forget to mention it. And it took an amazing path in the sea.

00:36:21--> 00:36:23

So the prophets of Salaam went on to explain

00:36:25--> 00:36:31

that his servants had said to him that when when they were at the rock when he was sleeping,

00:36:33--> 00:36:44

what occurred would have taken place that he had made the intention to inform Prophet Musa. But Satan had caused him to forget.

00:36:46--> 00:36:49

And it tunneled its way into the sea.

00:36:52--> 00:36:58

Now, he didn't remember until Prophet Musa asked him about food,

00:36:59--> 00:37:03

as we said, which was other than the fish. So that was the key

00:37:05--> 00:37:14

to remind him. Now, in this verse, we find him attributing forgetfulness to Satan,

00:37:15--> 00:37:24

attributing forgetfulness to Satan. And you will find this mentioned in a number of places in the Quran

00:37:26--> 00:37:28

whether it is concerning

00:37:29--> 00:37:45

drugs, gambling, idolatry, or Allah says that it is from the work of Satan. He describes drugs, narcotics, alcohol, these things from the work of Satan,

00:37:46--> 00:37:49

that it causes one to forget.

00:37:50--> 00:37:50

Allah

00:37:53--> 00:38:03

creates emnity among them is forgetting a lot. This is where the danger of drugs lies, that a person forgets

00:38:04--> 00:38:11

God forget forgets the higher principles which they should live by.

00:38:13--> 00:38:23

And their moral sense is destroyed. And so they will do things they would never think to do when they're sober.

00:38:25--> 00:38:31

This is the greatest evil of the intoxicants. That's why they promised us and and said, it is omole Hubba.

00:38:32--> 00:38:44

intoxicants right Alhambra, Omaha bife. intoxicants are the mother of all corruption, and filth.

00:38:46--> 00:38:49

It's the birthplace of corruption and filth.

00:38:52--> 00:38:53

Also,

00:38:54--> 00:38:55

we find

00:38:57--> 00:39:00

mention of forgetting forgetfulness,

00:39:02--> 00:39:07

in the Quran, which is attributed to Satan because the fact that

00:39:09--> 00:39:16

this is one of the means by which Satan is able to gain control over us

00:39:19--> 00:39:40

by causing us to forget not necessarily literally entering into our brains and blocking the neurons which are conveying the information but by distracting us with other things. And this is why Satan is described as beautifying

00:39:42--> 00:39:47

beautifying evil, and corruption. So people are attracted to it.

00:39:48--> 00:39:59

So in that attraction, one loses and awareness and a consciousness of what is actually right or wrong is become beautified.

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

From the time of the garden

00:40:03--> 00:40:06

where the beautiful garden of trees

00:40:07--> 00:40:18

only had one forbidden tree, but Satan came and beautified that tree, to the point where Adam and Eve felt they had to eat from this tree.

00:40:20--> 00:40:38

And that is the same methodology, which he uses he and his cohorts, those who work with him on all levels of society, whether amongst human beings or amongst the jinn is one of the basic tools of Satan in misguiding people

00:40:40--> 00:40:42

beautifying corruption

00:40:46--> 00:40:48

profit, verse 64,

00:40:51--> 00:40:53

called alikum akuna nibbly.

00:40:55--> 00:41:02

For a third da Allah rehema pasa, for Moses exclaimed, that's what we have been seeking.

00:41:03--> 00:41:07

So they returned by retracing their footsteps.

00:41:11--> 00:41:12

Moses said,

00:41:13--> 00:41:16

told the servant

00:41:17--> 00:41:29

that is what he was looking out for, you know, this is what he had asked him to remind him where he lost the fish. So they retrace their footsteps and went back to the place

00:41:32--> 00:41:37

were the funnel or the tunnel, in the water made by the fish was

00:41:39--> 00:41:43

and that is where they met a hoarder.

00:41:46--> 00:41:53

when Moosa and Moses metal How did he greeted him? Salam aleikum.

00:41:55--> 00:41:55

Aloha they're

00:41:59--> 00:42:01

responded with the same greeting.

00:42:04--> 00:42:09

And aloha they're asked Moosa about the land from which he came.

00:42:11--> 00:42:14

And Moosa introduced himself to alhadeff.

00:42:17--> 00:42:24

Moses then asks alhadeff, if he can follow him in order to learn what he has been taught.

00:42:26--> 00:42:27

And this

00:42:28--> 00:42:33

is a sign shows a sign of humility, on the part of Musa

00:42:36--> 00:42:38

because the fact that he was himself a prophet,

00:42:39--> 00:42:41

but here was somebody

00:42:42--> 00:42:46

who was more knowledgeable than him. So he had no

00:42:47--> 00:42:48

doubt or no,

00:42:50--> 00:42:56

on willingness to submit himself, and to learn from him.

00:42:58--> 00:43:00

And this is very important,

00:43:01--> 00:43:06

as a general principle, for those seeking knowledge, that one has to be humble

00:43:07--> 00:43:19

with the one from whom one is seeking knowledge, if one goes, to seek knowledge from somebody who he feels is better than he knows more than they can learn.

00:43:20--> 00:43:31

And, of course, when we sit with others, we may know more than others in certain areas, but at least in the area that we came to sit with them,

00:43:33--> 00:43:35

we have to accept, if they are

00:43:37--> 00:43:53

knowledgeable in that area moreso than ourselves, we have to recognize that, and that is not doesn't put down, put us down in any way doesn't lower our status in any way. No, it is a part of humility, which Islam holds at the premium.

00:43:54--> 00:44:01

As I send them said, Whoever lowers himself for the sake of Allah, Allah will raise him.

00:44:03--> 00:44:09

whoever humbles himself for the sake of Allah, Allah will elevate him.

00:44:10--> 00:44:14

And this is something which, you know, many of us lack.

00:44:16--> 00:44:43

We feel that to humble ourselves, you know, as to put ourselves in a position of weakness, people feel better than us and so on. So we're loaded over us. And so nobody wants anybody to load anything over them. So they prefer to, you know, stand firm and, you know, speak with authority, and not accept, you know, anybody as being on a higher level than themselves. But in fact, really, that only harms us spiritually.

00:44:44--> 00:44:58

Because when we look at the Prophet Muhammad SAW Selim in his own lifestyle, how he dealt with people around him, how he dressed, how he lived. He was the epitome of humility.

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

He was the epitome of humility.

00:45:05--> 00:45:24

He lived such a simple life, that when emissaries came from different parts of Arabia, to see him after Islam established itself in Medina overtook Mecca, and the region surrounding it Islam was, you know, spreading rapidly. emissaries came to Medina to see him.

00:45:26--> 00:45:31

And they would come into the masjid and see people sitting in the masjid. And then they would ask,

00:45:33--> 00:45:36

Where is the Prophet? Whereas Prophet Mohammed,

00:45:37--> 00:46:11

so sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because he was indistinguishable from his companions in terms of his dress. I mean, they were expecting, here's a man who is now King ruler, like a king, he never took the title of King. But he was, that's how they looked at me was the king, he was the ruler of Arabia. So they're expecting to come in see him sitting on a big throne, you know, golden robes in the crown. And that's what they're used to everywhere else they went, that's, you know, that's how the rulers stood, they came in looking around,

00:46:12--> 00:46:21

where is the throne, where's the gold, can't see it. And they would say, Oh, it's that one over there, these light complexions sitting over there.

00:46:23--> 00:46:24

And they would come to him.

00:46:27--> 00:46:30

And when he came amongst his companions,

00:46:32--> 00:46:43

and they started to stand for him, some of them had traveled into other lands, to Persia, etc, whether that was understood, when the ruler came amongst you, everybody stood up.

00:46:46--> 00:46:54

So, when they tried to do that, for the Prophet, may God's peace and blessings be upon him. He said, don't, don't stand for me.

00:46:55--> 00:47:03

whoever desires the people standing for them in this life will find themselves standing in the Hellfire and the next.

00:47:07--> 00:47:08

Standing is for our law.

00:47:09--> 00:47:14

That's the first position of our prayer. We stand up for our law.

00:47:16--> 00:47:29

So although it has become standard practice, from British colonialism, and others, around the Muslim world today, when the teacher comes in the classroom, everybody stands up with the teacher, you know.

00:47:31--> 00:47:36

So we're being taught this is, you know, we've been indoctrinated with this, actually, this is incorrect.

00:47:41--> 00:47:53

The prophet SAW Selim forbade it. And that is from his humility, of course, he would stand and greet those who came, somebody comes from a journey to get up to greet them, hug them and so on. So this is perfectly okay.

00:47:55--> 00:47:58

But it's that standing at attention, you know, people stand up, you know,

00:48:00--> 00:48:07

you know what they're standing for, there's not up to greet you and standing in honor of so and so and so on. So,

00:48:09--> 00:48:12

so, the principle of humility

00:48:13--> 00:48:18

is enshrined here and the story of Moosa and further

00:48:20--> 00:48:28

of the time you heard that there was somebody more knowledgeable than him, he was ready to go anywhere. To gain that knowledge.

00:48:31--> 00:48:36

He accepted a laws rebuke his mistake, and sought to gain knowledge.

00:48:40--> 00:48:41

We'll stop here

00:48:43--> 00:48:47

and continue with the story of Musa and Kadir and the next

00:48:49--> 00:48:50

session next week.

00:48:51--> 00:48:54

And I should mention here that this story,

00:48:55--> 00:49:04

though, the vast majority of stories in the Quran can be found in Christian literature, Christian and Jewish literature.

00:49:05--> 00:49:08

This story isn't found.

00:49:10--> 00:49:12

It's not mentioned in the Bible.

00:49:16--> 00:49:19

So in other words, it is unique to the Quran itself.

00:49:21--> 00:49:24

Okay, we'll stop here for any questions you'd like to raise?

00:49:34--> 00:49:35

Yes.

00:49:37--> 00:49:40

Yeah, Joshua mentioned

00:49:41--> 00:49:49

in the Old Testament, you know, fighting the battle of Jericho is that's what he was known for.

00:49:50--> 00:49:52

He was one of the prophets of Allah.

00:49:54--> 00:49:54

Yes.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

Also, you will find in in a number of the classical tough series

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

When I heard his name is mentioned, they will also say la sala.

00:50:05--> 00:50:06

Peace beyond him,

00:50:07--> 00:50:11

which is normally what they said after the names of different prophets when they mentioned.

00:50:12--> 00:50:23

Because I said many of the scholars held that he was in fact the Prophet was alive communicated to him and he's teaching the prophets of Allah.

00:50:25--> 00:50:30

And the Prophet Prophet Mohammed Salim attributed to him a miracle

00:50:31--> 00:50:32

where his name came from.

00:50:34--> 00:50:41

That on one occasion, he sat in a barren white land.

00:50:42--> 00:50:53

And after sitting there some time, a law cause the land to turn green, with vegetation, lush vegetation over the whole land.

00:50:54--> 00:50:55

And

00:50:57--> 00:50:58

the word How did it comes from?

00:51:01--> 00:51:02

Da da.

00:51:03--> 00:51:21

Da is one of the colors Arabic names for the colors, aka that is the color for green. That's why it's typically, you know, in folklore, represented as the green one, you know, wearing a green turban and green clothes and green shoes. But this is folklore.

00:51:22--> 00:51:31

But that miracle, which happened at his hand, was the basis on which he was given the name al harder

00:51:34--> 00:51:35

for the question.

00:51:40--> 00:51:42

Well, again,

00:51:44--> 00:51:47

in relationship to alpha, and we'll go into it in more detail in next class.

00:51:49--> 00:51:51

Muslims, some Muslims

00:51:52--> 00:52:06

have given him the quality, or they have claimed that he is the equivalent of the biblical melchisedec.

00:52:07--> 00:52:09

There is a figure known as the

00:52:11--> 00:52:15

prince of Salem, or the king of Salem,

00:52:17--> 00:52:19

referred to as melchisedec,

00:52:20--> 00:52:25

described as having no beginning of days or ending of days.

00:52:27--> 00:52:32

An eternal being, of course, Islamic liberal reject this.

00:52:34--> 00:52:38

Everything besides a law has a beginning and as an end,

00:52:39--> 00:52:42

God alone is without beginning and without end.

00:52:44--> 00:52:45

People have

00:52:46--> 00:52:47

applied the name

00:52:49--> 00:53:00

to melchisedec, this figure, and so they claim that he's alive amongst us, and He will remain alive until the end of this world.

00:53:01--> 00:53:27

And in fact, many of the selfies actually if you look at the Sufi chains, where they they claim special knowledge because what is as some branches of these mistakes Goofy's where they claim they have certain unique knowledge handed down from their share, which was given to their shape, shape, or form the shape, shape, shape, and so on. So, all the way back to Prophet Muhammad wa sallam, when, when he was in the cave with aboubaker.

00:53:29--> 00:53:38

Right? When he was going to Medina, and he was in the cave with Abu Bakar, he revealed to abubaker certain secret knowledge.

00:53:39--> 00:53:43

That secret knowledge was passed on, somebody is passed on to somebody,

00:53:44--> 00:54:09

you know, they'll use names which are well known, maybe a companion, you know, well known companion and Sidney Malick, or whatever you know. And then they want to link that now with their line of shifts. Of course, their shifts are known, they go back up, but then they can't find anybody to link between their line of shifts, and the early companions and their students who are known.

00:54:10--> 00:54:45

Because if they put a name, they have to establish secret you can't fake chains of narration. You cannot fake chains of narration, because the books of biographies of narrators have been established 1000 years ago almost written up details, who narrated from who narrated from whom people made notes in their classes they know who are the narrators. So if so, and so claims that this Sufi shared narrated got information, they check back to the books he was not among his students. It notes known it's a lie.

00:54:47--> 00:54:49

So as I was saying,

00:54:50--> 00:54:59

in order to legitimize those who claim secret knowledge hidden knowledge, esoteric knowledge, knowledge of the

00:55:00--> 00:55:07

inter meanings of things where the rest of human beings rest of the Muslim Ummah only knows the external meanings

00:55:09--> 00:55:10

they put together

00:55:11--> 00:55:12

in the chain.

00:55:14--> 00:55:17

So you'll find in their chains, and it's mentioned.

00:55:19--> 00:55:19

However,

00:55:21--> 00:55:24

there is a well known statement of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

00:55:27--> 00:55:37

in which he said that after 100 years, no one living on this earth will remain living.

00:55:38--> 00:55:41

He said 100 years from now,

00:55:42--> 00:55:47

no one living on the earth, now, will still be living.

00:55:53--> 00:56:10

They said, the prophet SAW Selim, it said, no one living on the earth now meaning in his time at that particular point, towards the end of his life, he said, no one living on the earth now would remain living after 100 years.

00:56:11--> 00:56:18

So, from that, if Hitler was around at that time, as they claim, then he would have died.

00:56:22--> 00:56:23

Any further question?

00:56:25--> 00:56:29

Okay. First question from the women's side, or

00:56:30--> 00:56:33

concerning slavery in Islam?

00:56:34--> 00:56:45

Sister questions What is so unique about slavery in Islam, when concubines? Or we may call common law wives are permissible?

00:56:48--> 00:57:00

Well, because it is unique, it doesn't mean that every single feature of it is different from slavery as is known.

00:57:02--> 00:57:02

Right?

00:57:04--> 00:57:13

Because it is unique, it doesn't mean that every single feature in slavery, because for example, in slavery, a person may be sold.

00:57:14--> 00:57:44

So in slavery, I mean, this is what, why, where the definition of slavery comes from, you know, but the understanding the fact that a person may be sold in Roman slavery, or European slavery, enslavement doesn't, because that is shared with selling in Islamic save, it doesn't mean it is, you know, it's the same, you have to look at what are the principles around it, because even with the slave girls, as I mentioned before, the slave girl who was taken as a common law wife,

00:57:45--> 00:57:49

and this was a means of, of also, you know, bringing in

00:57:50--> 00:58:35

communities that were, during war times where people were taking us prisoners, just integrating permanent prisoners into the society, it was a means of absorbing them, you know, as opposed to keeping them in prisoner status and what is involved with that, we have to know that the child of that common law, wife, slave wife, is automatically born free. So look at slavery in the other societies go around the world, wherever slavery existed, if the master has relations with his slave girl, is that child free or not? You'll not find in any other society, whether Greece whether Rome, whether you have any of these other places that the child is born free, no, the child of a slave is

00:58:35--> 00:58:35

a slave.

00:58:37--> 00:58:57

Right? That is how the systems function. So in Islam, it was unique, that the child of a slave born to a free master is free. And that slave girl who becomes said, like a common law wife can no longer be sold, if she bears a child, she can no longer be sold.

00:58:58--> 00:59:13

And if he dies, and he has not freed her, she automatically becomes free. So it is unique, and there are many, many other factors to really deal with it in its uniqueness. I mean, there it's a whole, a very large topic in and of itself.

00:59:16--> 00:59:17

The other question,

00:59:18--> 00:59:24

one sister mentioned that she read in some kids books that Hitler was an angel. That's nonsense.

00:59:26--> 00:59:29

Another question whether

00:59:30--> 00:59:31

somebody has done you harm.

00:59:33--> 00:59:43

And you speak about it to others, is that backbiting? Well, it depends. If you're speaking about it to others who can do nothing about it.

00:59:46--> 00:59:47

You're just complaining.

00:59:49--> 00:59:53

Right? Then it may end in the category of backbiting.

00:59:55--> 00:59:59

However, if you're giving evidence in court

01:00:00--> 01:00:11

Somebody comes to you and says, I want to get into a business deal with this person, do you know him? And this guy just ripped you off for how many 1000s you're gonna say, Oh, he's a good Muslim, no.

01:00:12--> 01:00:16

And Islam, it is your duty to inform that person, what happened to you?

01:00:17--> 01:00:44

So, where it serves benefit, it is actually benefiting protecting people from greater harm, you know, giving evidence, etc, etc, you know, then it is not considered to be backbiting where it's just, you know, squealing just crying squeaking, you know, you're telling anybody, you can tell it's not gonna do anything, it's not going to change the situation, they're not in a position to make a change, then it's useless

01:00:46--> 01:00:49

and can end up in a situation of backbiting.

01:00:50--> 01:00:53

The last question from the women's side, and we're going to stop after this.

01:00:55--> 01:01:00

If we claim non Muslim assets, we claim that Allah is most knowledgeable.

01:01:02--> 01:01:07

So he knew what Adam and Eve were going to do before he put them in the garden

01:01:08--> 01:01:09

and the tree

01:01:11--> 01:01:14

and allow Satan to get to them. Why did he do it?

01:01:16--> 01:01:17

If he's most knowledgeable,

01:01:18--> 01:01:24

see, again, that type of question is based on what?

01:01:26--> 01:01:34

saying that if I were God, right, I wouldn't have done it that way. I would do it some other way. Well,

01:01:35--> 01:01:38

shoot, Oh, really?

01:01:40--> 01:01:41

You can't be God.

01:01:42--> 01:01:50

God is most wise. He chose to do it that way. Then we have to assume that that is the best way.

01:01:52--> 01:01:56

What we know is that out of it came great good.

01:01:58--> 01:02:00

out of it came great good.

01:02:01--> 01:02:05

And we are and we are ready. we point out that if God wished

01:02:06--> 01:02:17

he could have created human beings put those going to hell in hell. And those going to paradise in paradise right from the get go.

01:02:18--> 01:02:26

Don't bother to live your life out. He just creates you drops you anywhere you go. Now those going to paradise? Are they gonna complain?

01:02:27--> 01:02:29

Or loud? Are you putting me in this beautiful place?

01:02:31--> 01:02:32

They're not gonna complain.

01:02:33--> 01:02:37

Now those being put in hell, they're gonna say, Why

01:02:38--> 01:02:54

are you putting us here? He says, Well, that's where you're gonna go anyway, Satan was going to get to you and you're going to do this and that the other end that's where you're gonna end up. They're gonna say no, no way. If I knew there was a heaven and hell, and Satan and all this stuff, there's no way I would end up here.

01:02:55--> 01:03:08

So Allah allows us to devote our lives, to make our choices to make our own decisions, so that on the Day of Judgment, when we come before him,

01:03:09--> 01:03:17

and our book of deeds are presented before us, nobody is going to question we know, we chose hell.

01:03:19--> 01:03:21

There was a of us, and I asked

01:03:23--> 01:03:25

that it be none of us.

01:03:26--> 01:03:27

Those people who choose hell,

01:03:28--> 01:03:36

in a will have nothing, no complaint to make. And that's why in the Quran, whenever law speaks about this situation, and the people are being led off to hell,

01:03:38--> 01:03:50

none of them he mentions, claiming, this is not right. I shouldn't be here. No. Instead, a lot quotes them are saying, we now know with certainty.

01:03:52--> 01:04:00

Give us another chance. If we, so we'll go back to the world and do good and end up where we supposed to go.

01:04:02--> 01:04:09

But the law says you're liars. If you're brought back to this world, you will do as you did and end up where you are.

01:04:12--> 01:04:21

Because if he brought us back, it would bring us back without knowledge. You know of certainty, we will come back just as we are now.

01:04:22--> 01:04:23

Is there a heaven and hell?

01:04:25--> 01:04:41

A prophet said that Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam Did you meet him? You don't know him? Or his there's a book Quran, which explains it. Is it really the truth? Are all the other religions false? You know, are we certain?

01:04:44--> 01:04:52

Same choices that we have to make now are the same choices we would have to make if we came back without that. Knowledge of certainty.

01:04:56--> 01:04:59

Chawla would stop here semantic alone, aka shadow and eyeliner.

01:05:00--> 01:05:43

Let's talk Sudoku and a to b, like just reminding you that we have these tapes from the janaza course, the four tapes on funeral rites in Islam, you know, part of a course which people just completed. Both are in English. And we have also the CD choosing Islam, which is number of stories of VCD that is of Westerners, Americans, British and other Muslims from different parts of the West, who have accepted Islam including use of Islam and others, explaining why they chose Islam a very good gift to give to non Muslims and to watch ourselves.