Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 24

Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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While it was hobby for many standing between Nigeria and Medina, All praise is due to a law millas Peace and blessings beyond the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and an all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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We're continuing with the remainder of Soraka, half.

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Prior to the story of Musa and Heather, at verse 60 onwards, we're doing basically verses 58 and 59, which complete the

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material between the parable of the two individuals who are possibly brothers, who one of whom was rich and the other was poor.

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The rich one denied a law due to his being deceived by Satan, over his success, what God had given him in this life and

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then his gardens were destroyed etc. And then there was a series of verses discussing different aspects of this world of the world to come.

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Going both to the past to the present, and this is the last of the two the last two verses which completes that interval session between this the parable of the rich individual and the story of Musa

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and

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basically, what we have taken this has been basically 24 weeks

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24 weeks, six months, that we have been answered and calf so far, right. So this 24 we will put in tapes, we'll put them into albums of 12 each. So hopefully inshallah, by next Friday, we should have those available.

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For those of you who would like to listen to the, what they've missed, I know some of you have been coming in and out. I see new faces each each week, you know, anyway,

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verse 58,

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what are Buccola for the Rama? Now you are welcome.

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To whom be Mikasa boo da janela Hamada Dabba Bella whom our nije do min dooney hemo illa

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and your Lord is most forgiving, full of mercy, where he to hold them accountable for what they have done, he would certainly have hastened their punishment. Instead, they have their appointed time from which they will find no escape.

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Here a law shifts into a description of himself in relationship to his creatures, he said,

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and your Lord is most forgiving, full of mercy.

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A good portion of the Quran deals with what is referred to as the as mousy fat.

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The Divine Names and attributes were a law describes himself for his creatures,

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for them to be aware of what their relationship with Him should be. Because the names of a law though we have a Hadith of the Prophet Moses lm in which he said, Allah has 99 names,

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whoever

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memorizes them

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will enter Paradise

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from unhappy law, the hidden agenda.

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However, this translation, whoever memorizes them

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is not what the scholars understood, because the term hefele

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is not necessarily just memorizing but guarding.

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So the more accurate translation is, whoever guards them

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will enter Paradise. And then the scholars went on to explain what is meant by guiding and this is important because we all know in our countries

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We have these books on the 99 Names of Allah, which describe

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wonders, that one can achieve by by reciting these names, so many times in so many ways, after certain

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acts, etcetera, etcetera, you know, you have a whole body of material like this. So these names have become, like miraculous means of achieving, you know, whatever is not achievable, you lost your job, your business failed, there is a name of a law that you repeat, which will get you back a better job and give you a successful business.

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You can't find a suitable wife,

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there's a name to say, your wife can't have a child, there's another name to repeat, your wife has too many girls you want a boy is another name that you repeat, you know, so on and so forth a name for every contingency in, in life. And of course, all of this material is fabricated. It's fabricated material and misguides people, directs them away from the correct relationship between themselves on a law, you know, and his names into something which is akin to the other religions, where they depend on artifacts and things like this to achieve special blessings through the material laws creation.

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So, a lot in defining himself for us or using terminology to describe himself is doing So on one hand for us to know who he is, to have the correct concept of him.

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And in having the correct concept, then it means we're able to relate to him in the way that we are

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created to relate to him.

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The names become a means of worship.

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That's why the names and attributes scholars have put it as one of the elements of tawheed itself. tauheed

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maintaining allows unity, the essence of Islam is divided up into three categories. So heydo rubia, that is the unity of laws lordship, maintaining that unity. So hadal, as our sifat are the unity of allows names and attributes, and our hidden ibadah are hidden below here, which is the maintaining the unity, of worship of Allah. So, with the names and attributes, these names and attributes are, are guarded,

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by knowing what they mean in relationship to Allah, those which are unique to a lots of volunteer Allah, that these attributes and names only be given to him.

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Those which have an element

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wherein human beings can participate.

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Then, we apply those names within ourselves. For example, Allah describes himself in various terms and what we're looking at here of Rama

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and Mark Farah, mercy and forgiveness. Human beings can be merciful and they can be forgiving.

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So it means that when we look at the names of a law, with regards to His mercy and forgiveness, we should, as we seek His mercy and forgiveness, be prepared to also be merciful and forgiving. As Rob Solomon said, Men lie or hum, lie or ham, whoever is not merciful will not receive mercy from Allah.

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So, it means that the names were they have relevance to ourselves. In other words, they represent characteristics the higher characteristics which human beings can

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achieve, they can

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realize in their lives, then we are obliged to apply them

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in ourselves, and in that way, we have guarded those names of a law. So the guarding it is not merely memorizing the names but in applying the names ultimately, in our own in our individual lives.

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So Allah said, and your Lord is most forgiving, full of mercy.

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His forgiveness is so great that it encompasses all sins.

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As he said,

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In Surah zamar verse 53 Kalia Abadi, alladhina Astra fu Allah and fusi him latok Natoma Rahmatullah. In the La Jolla, Feroz de novo Jamia in the who who Allah for Rahim say all my servants

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who have

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fallen into

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all who have transgressed against themselves, do not despair,

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of Allah's mercy.

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For Indeed Allah forgives all sins

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truly is the act of forgiving, Most Merciful.

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So allows forgiveness

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encompasses all sins.

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And he is specifically merciful to his believing servants on the Day of Resurrection.

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This is where the distinction between him being a Rahim and AR Rahman is made a draft man, the Rama element, or the mercy in the term Rahman encompasses all of creation was Rahim is specific for the believers?

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So we said that he is specifically merciful to the believing servants on the Day of Resurrection and to everybody and everything in this life at the same time.

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As in Surah, Allah of verse 156, what mighty was the article a

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mile My Mercy embraces all things.

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In fact,

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those who enter Paradise those who are blessed to enter Paradise

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will only enter Paradise as a result of Allah's mercy.

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Abu huraira and I shall both related to the promised land Sallam had said, Do deeds moderately sincerely and properly and rejoice for no one's deeds will put him in paradise? they asked, not even you or messenger of Allah, He replied, not even me, unless Allah bestows his pardon and mercy on me. So

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even in relationship to Prophet Mohammed Salah Salaam.

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The entrance into paradise is by the mercy of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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However,

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elsewhere, in the Koran Allah explains that his forgiveness encompasses all sins, except

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it encompasses all sins, except shirk, worshipping others, besides the law. It says there in the La Jolla federal lion Pharaoh and you should be well Pharaoh Medina de Cali, Manisha, Indeed, Allah will not forgive the worship of others besides him. But he forgives besides that, for whomsoever He wills.

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So though his mercy and forgiveness is all encompassing,

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at the same time, where people fall into worshipping others besides the law, he will not forgive that that is the one unforgivable sin. But we said in the beginning, where does that relate to the fact that he said

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in Allaha, young Pharaoh xinova, Jamia Indeed Allah forgives all sins.

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So here again, for those seeking confusion, they would say, Well, does He forgive all sins or doesn t?

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How can He forgive all sins and then he forgives all sins except for one sin? I mean, is it one or the other? Well, he forgives all sins.

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If you repent,

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eventually.

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He forgives all sins,

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no matter what they are, if you repent, even check.

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Now if a person commits sins, and doesn't repent

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if he wishes to forgive any of those sins,

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He can, and he will.

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You haven't repented, you died, having committed that sin and you've not turned back to God and repentance, he can still forgive you for that sin.

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The only sin, which he will not forgive you if you have not died, if you if you have died without repenting, is shirk.

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And of course,

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people

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make an issue about this, right? Those who would question

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a person lives a good life.

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He or she does all these righteous deeds, his good deeds all their life, but the only thing is they're worshipping somebody else besides God,

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that small thing,

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and he's going to end up in hell forever. I mean, is this fair? All the good that they did is just negated and just this one error?

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Well, the point is that one

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in this one who is making that statement in their site, that one error is a small error. It's small, they're only worshiping other than Allah.

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But in the sight of God, that error is a great error. It is the biggest possible error you could commit. it negates the very purpose of your creation.

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So that one major error can destroy the value of all of the other good that you have done.

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That is the point.

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In surah, Surah nyda, in verse 72, Allah also says there in the humann, you should it could be that he forgot the Haram Allah, Allah and Jenna

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or, indeed, whoever worships other than others besides a law, then Allah has forbidden paradise to him or her, and the fire will be his or her abode.

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So

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shirak

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remains the one

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unforgivable sin,

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the one unforgivable sin, but of course,

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there are other issues

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that one has to consider

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that even though a person

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may have died in ship,

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it may not we cannot absolutely say that person is going to help.

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We cannot absolutely say

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only those who God has specifically said are going to hell, or the prophets have said are going to hell. We can say with certainty, everybody else, we can only say it appears that way.

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It appears that way. That person died. And

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if we don't have any other factors involved, then it seems that that person is going to hell for forever. That's it.

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However,

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why are we saying this, because of the fact that, that individuals life, ultimately what has happened in that individual's life is known to God.

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Allah knows what is taking place in that individuals life. If that person ended up in shock,

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because of misguidance others, misguided them they never heard the correct message properly, never came to them properly. It came in a distorted form.

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They were born next to edgemere.

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You know,

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they lived in a town which is right next to him which edgemere

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they were raised with a jamir admir being the pace of pilgrimage in India, the biggest tomb where people make 1000s 10s of 1000s every year make pilgrimage there and involve themselves in rites of shirk.

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Open rites of ship.

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Hindus take part in the

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procession also. And I saw a program BBC had done in which they interviewed some Hindus who are doing I said, Well, this is a Muslim shrine, what are you guys doing here? I said, Well, you know, he was a righteous man.

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You know,

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there's blessings.

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And you will find Muslims going to Hindu shrines and also making sense. And you ask them, why are you here?

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Same Day, same answer.

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So I person who was raised next to that tribe, that's all he ever heard. Nobody, the message of tawheed, of the oneness, the unique oneness of God never reached him.

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If that is the case, then of course, Allah

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will not hold that person accountable until the complete message gets to him. So he ends up among those people, children who die before puberty, the deaf, dumb and blind, the retarded, the senile, all these groups of people who the message didn't reach.

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The people between the profits they call a little fatter. This group of people who are the prophets or Sallam said, would be brought back fat prior to the judgment. And a messenger would be sent to them.

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Who would explain a loss oneness, etc. and their requirement to obey Him and instruct them

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to enter into what appears to them to be a fire. Those who follow the instructions will then go on to paradise, judgment and paradise. Those who refuse the instructions would then go on to help. So they so they, everyone would get a chance to hear the message and make the decision, as a law said, and so Alyssa. Well, my name was Bina Hatton avasarala, that I will not punish anyone until a messenger has been sent to them.

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Allah is most just

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allowed to explain elsewhere, that his mercy and forgiveness is vast. But at the same time, his punishment is severe, is an important concept that we also have to be aware of in Surah, hedger, verses 49 and 50. Not be anybody, any analog for him or another baby who will adorable Aleem declared to my servants, that truly I am the Forgiving, the Most Merciful and that my punishment is indeed most painful.

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This is for those people who rely falsely rely on the Lord's mercy saying Allah is most merciful. They're involved in sins etc, and corruption and you advise them brother, sister,

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this you know is not pleasing to Allah. This is wrong, it's against instructions of God etc, etc. and their answer is a lava photo Rahim.

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This is a common answer lies most merciful are forgiving, you know. So they're relying on Allah's mercy, but they're forgetting these other elements which allow puts in different places when the Quran was speaking about the vastness of His mercy, etc. He also stresses that his punishment is severe.

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And the phrase and your Lord is most forgiving, full of mercy also contains reassurance to the messenger we mentioned in the previous verse, where, you know, Allah had said that these people would never be guided, no matter what you say to them, they will never be guided, talked about people whose hearts were sealed, their ears were plugged. And we talked about

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what it meant when a law said he sealed their ears and their hearts,

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that it was a consequence of their actions, that the sealing takes place, and not that the law himself blocks their ability to hear and to understand, because then what would be the meaning of the judgment where they had no choice in the matter.

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So continuing on, we said that we're allowed said they would never be guided meaning that when the Prophet had tried to relay information to them, they turned away, they rejected the information, etc. Then a lot of said, you know, don't worry, they would never be guided Anyway, you made the effort. And that's what's your responsibility. The fact that they don't accept it, don't worry about it. Don't let it bring you down, that you become doubtful or you know, you lose hope etc. No.

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Your job is to convey the message. Similarly, Allah

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Here in this your Lord is most forgiving full of mercy. It contains reassurance

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from another perspective, other than the previous reassurance they will never be guided, that the prophet SAW Selim could have asked why the punishment for those who rejected guidance was delayed. They turned away from the message in Mecca the Prophet, may God's peace and blessings be upon him and tried to convey the message to the people of Mecca and most of them

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rejected that message.

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So, he could have asked why was the punishment delayed?

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How was it? How it How could it be that these people who denied and belied the message

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would not be penalized? So ally explained here, that he is forgiving? He hides people's sins, He forgives them. He's also merciful in his dealings with the sinners. Which is why he said after that, while you are pillow home, the Marchesa boo La Jolla la comunidad, where he to hold them accountable for what they have done.

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He would certainly have hastened their punishment.

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We need to hold him accountable for what they have done. He would certainly have hastened their punishment, and another verse from the Quran. He claimed a lot clarified what the punishment would have been. He said in Surah, faltar verse 45. Well, no you are HIPAA law NASA be Marchesa, boo, Metallica, Allah Da, da ba. If a law were to punish people, for that which they earned, he would not leave and living creature on the face of the earth.

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That is, due to the atrocious pneus of the sins that humans commit, their punishment should be hastened, and it would require that all life on earth be extinguished. However, due to a large gentleness with these creatures, their punishment is not sped up. Instead, he overlooks and delays their punishments. His patient he conceals faults and forgives sins. He guides some of them from wrongdoing to true guidance. And whoever continues in their evil ways will meet a day when the hair of infants will turn gray, and every female will abort her child. He said, Bella, whom are Aiden lineage do mean dooney he mo Ella. Instead, they have their appointed time, from which they will

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find no escape, meaning that although their punishment is not as now,

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he is neither unaware of them, nor will he cancel their punishment. Instead, the Almighty has set an appointment for their punishment, which will neither be delayed nor advanced. He said into a novel and if allowed to seize people for their wrongdoing, he would not leave on Earth a single living creature, but instead he postpones them for an appointed term. And when their term comes, they can neither delay it an hour, nor can they advance it.

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And there are many verses in the Quran, which Allah mentions that he does not delay anything beyond its appointed time, nor does he do anything before it's time.

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Instead, they have their appointed time from which they will find new escape. This phrase also means that they will either be punishment punished at the hands of the believers, or the destruction will take place in this life, as I mentioned, and so are Toba verses 1415 fight against them so that allow will punish them by your hands disgrace them, give you victory over them, men the minds of the believers and remove anger from their hearts

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or it may refer to what they will face on the Day of Resurrection from which there is no escape.

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Verse 59

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what tickle craw a Holic Nahum, Llama Llama

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Lima, Nikki, him more ADA. I destroyed these towns when they did wrong, and I appointed a fixed time for their destruction.

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Typical Corolla homeland mavala move I destroy these towns when they did wrong refers to the people of towns of the past were destroyed when they disbelieved when they committed sins when they became corrupt.

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The wrongdoing mentioned in the verse refers to

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as mentioned in Surah lokman

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When look man was advising his son saying and remember when he said to him, oh my son don't worship others besides the law. Indeed worshiping others besides the law is a great wrongdoing. Yamuna Allah to Shrek Bella in the Shaka Zulu moon, Avi him

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was anally Maliki him more ADA and I appointed a fixed time for their destruction. A lot does as he wishes, if he wishes he hastens the punishment, and if he wishes he delays it. However, if the appointed time comes, there will be no delay. In this context, profit nor profit no at all these people. Indeed when the term of a law comes, it cannot be delayed, if only they knew in natural law, either john Liu or her local lowchen tomb Talamo.

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It is a specific time known to Allah and determined by his wisdom. Now the generalization in this verse where law speaks about destroying towns when they did wrong. This has been explained elsewhere in the Quran, a lot doesn't go into the reasons for the destructions, nor the times and the ways in which they were disrupted.

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But elsewhere in the Quran, we find the stories of Prophet nor Noah, Prophet hood prophets, Allah schreib, Prophet, Moses, etc, where details are given about the people, how they turned away from a law, the advice which was given to them, their response, and the punishments that came to them, and how they came to them.

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Of course, as we said before, when you compare the descriptions in the Quran, with those in the Bible, you find that those in the Quran are very concise, very precise, dealing with the key lessons to be learned from the various stories of the people of the past, as opposed to going into long winded, you know, details about

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aspects of the stories which are irrelevant.

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These towns are referred to they will refer to in the Quran

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because of the fact that the people to whom the Quran was first revealed, passed by such towns, whether it's Medina and Sala, to the north of Arabia, or in the south of Arabia, the remains that existed, I mean, this whole area, the Arabian Peninsula, and Jordan, Syria, these areas are filled with ruins, ruins of earlier civilizations. So Allah mentioned that for them to reflect.

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And if we consider today,

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the West's obsession with past civilizations, and the whole issue of digging up the ruins of the earlier civilizations, and putting them in

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national museums around the world, and you know, people coming to look at them as a whole, everywhere you go with this, a lot of time, effort and money is spent digging up bits and pieces of pottery and, you know, ancient artifacts.

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If we look at the reason why this process began, of course,

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much of it began with an effort on the part of Europe to justify its subjugation of the rest of the world,

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and went into Africa and Asia and enslave these peoples.

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In order to justify these people were uncivilized. You know, part of the archaeological effort was to promote Well, you know, Europe is the

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place of civilization elsewhere, people were living primitive, you know, misguided, you know, lives and, you know, we have come and civilize them. We've taken them out of darkness into light.

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And this was the evolutionary consequences, isn't it? Really, you know, survival of the fittest. We're at the top of the pyramid. Now, because we have characteristics which make us the fittest, and I mean, they promoted it openly. You know, from a racial perspective, you know, that we are farther away from the monkeys than the others. No. And these, these archaeological efforts were in support of this of course, as they started to dig around in different places. they stumbled across

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other civilizations, which ended up being even older than Greece and Rome, which is sort of looked at as the, the birthplace of European civilization. And if you look at the early writings, for example,

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textbooks and things like this from pre 70s, you will find that they would attribute even Greece as even Egypt, Egyptian civilization to Europe. They considered Egyptian cinema civilization, a European civilization, they, of course, the Greeks did take over Egypt for a moment

00:35:37--> 00:36:16

in the history of Egypt was just only a moment, when that's the area that they would focus on. And the images, you know, when they show Cleopatra and all the others in the people, you know, they're looking like Europeans, right. But the reality is that Egypt was an African civilization, which is something that Europe after having enslaved the Africans for being uncivilized, and everything else is just something which stuck in their craw, they really couldn't accept it. And suddenly, in modern times that, you know, they're grudgingly admitting, yes, these people were Africans. And the farther back you go, the more African they were looking, right. So, I mean, this element was there. But if

00:36:16--> 00:36:52

we look at what has happened, you know, in modern, accurate archaeology, where, you know, they have gone through all this effort, digging up all these towns all around the world, and, you know, observing destruction. In many cases, they're seeing civilizations wiped out, not knowing what happened to them, why demands and in America, Central America, flourishing civilizations, which had big pyramids, and all kinds of things, and, you know, reach levels of technology or unimagined. And then just suddenly,

00:36:53--> 00:36:53

they're gone.

00:36:55--> 00:37:06

before them were others and after them or others, you know, in Mesopotamia, and all over the world where they're digging up, they're finding civilizations like that, even as they dug, you know, in,

00:37:08--> 00:37:20

in, in Greece and Rome, I mean, they found other towns and places like Pompeii and things like this that were destroyed. In volcano, the ash came and just took the town in a moment.

00:37:22--> 00:37:35

But when they see these things, and they talk about the history, and they try to surmise as to what caused the destruction and things like this, there is no reflection of God.

00:37:37--> 00:37:58

The Quran cause people to reflect on this. When we look at these civilizations, we see them, we see what happened to them, these are supposed to be lessons to us, reminders to us, that our civilization, no matter how great we might think it is, or it has reached, it can be wiped out in a moment.

00:38:00--> 00:38:04

When they talk about looking back to the time of the dinosaurs,

00:38:05--> 00:38:07

you know, dinosaurs that rule the earth,

00:38:11--> 00:38:25

the biggest thing on the earth, and all of a sudden, dinosaurs were wiped out. It said it was impact of a meteor, or some meteors, a variety of different explanations they're trying to give but the point is that in a very short space of time, historically,

00:38:26--> 00:38:28

dinosaurs were wiped out.

00:38:29--> 00:38:30

Human beings.

00:38:33--> 00:38:47

Whether it's in small areas, floods, we see it floods, devastating the tsunami in wiping out areas. But we don't relate this back to Allah back to God.

00:38:49--> 00:38:55

And so this surah this, these verses here, call us to reflect on

00:38:57--> 00:38:59

the power of God in this regard.

00:39:00--> 00:39:12

There are consequences, no matter how long we might think, or people think they're getting away with what they're doing. But there will be consequences, it may come swiftly in this life,

00:39:13--> 00:39:16

or people will face it in the next.

00:39:19--> 00:39:37

That basically covers verses 58 and 59. I won't start verse 60, which is the beginning of Moosa Until next week, Moses story with Heather, because we'll just begin it and we'll have to end up stopping.

00:39:39--> 00:39:42

There is a point which comes out of this

00:39:43--> 00:39:46

out of what we have discussed so far,

00:39:48--> 00:39:48

which

00:39:49--> 00:39:51

is commonly raised

00:39:54--> 00:39:57

with regards to those who believe in God

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

in a god

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

personal God, a God who

00:40:03--> 00:40:07

has sent messengers guided people

00:40:09--> 00:40:10

and

00:40:12--> 00:40:15

requires human beings to live in a particular way.

00:40:18--> 00:40:24

The response one of the responses to this concept is

00:40:25--> 00:40:27

what kind of God

00:40:28--> 00:40:34

merciful, great, forgiving etc, would create

00:40:35--> 00:40:40

a rich people, races, people, human beings, the Earth is

00:40:41--> 00:40:42

ruled by human beings.

00:40:45--> 00:40:48

Yet the majority of them

00:40:49--> 00:40:50

are going to help

00:40:54--> 00:40:57

the majority of them are going to hell.

00:40:59--> 00:41:00

Why create

00:41:01--> 00:41:06

these human beings with only a small portion of them going to hell?

00:41:07--> 00:41:09

I mean, going to paradise.

00:41:12--> 00:41:15

This is a question raised

00:41:16--> 00:41:22

by a deist actually, person who feel that God created the world and left it to run on its own.

00:41:24--> 00:41:26

And whatever happens happens.

00:41:28--> 00:41:30

There is no heaven and hell in this kind of business.

00:41:34--> 00:41:35

So what is the answer?

00:41:37--> 00:41:43

What kind of loving, merciful God creates billions of human beings

00:41:45--> 00:41:46

knowing that

00:41:48--> 00:41:52

the greater proportion of them will end up going to hell.

00:41:54--> 00:41:58

They will not follow the message, they will not accept the guidance,

00:41:59--> 00:42:00

unable to help

00:42:03--> 00:42:04

somebody have an answer for that one.

00:42:12--> 00:42:17

Okay, brother quotes a verse from the Quran which Allah says, If I wished

00:42:18--> 00:42:26

I could have given all of them guidance. Yes. If Allah wished, he could have made human beings like angels,

00:42:27--> 00:42:37

not doing any wrong, doing exactly what they're instructed to do. But he wished to create creatures who have a choice.

00:42:39--> 00:42:42

And the consequence of that choice is that most of them,

00:42:43--> 00:42:45

the majority of them, will

00:42:46--> 00:42:47

disobey God.

00:42:49--> 00:42:52

Refuse to worship Him and end up going to hell.

00:42:54--> 00:42:58

So, yes, this is one perspective that

00:42:59--> 00:43:04

we're allowed says also, that he will not be asked about what he does.

00:43:06--> 00:43:11

Or home use alone. And they will be asked a lot, he will not be asked

00:43:13--> 00:43:20

about what he does. Nobody, there is nobody over Allah to ask him. Why did you do this?

00:43:22--> 00:43:28

So it is actually an impertinent question. Okay. It is an impertinent question.

00:43:31--> 00:43:31

That's

00:43:32--> 00:43:33

an angle.

00:43:34--> 00:43:35

But still,

00:43:36--> 00:43:40

from the from the perspective of the believers, we can accept that.

00:43:43--> 00:43:48

But from the perspective of the DST unbeliever, it still

00:43:49--> 00:43:50

doesn't make sense.

00:43:52--> 00:43:53

It's not reasonable.

00:43:57--> 00:43:58

Anybody have another explanation?

00:44:01--> 00:44:02

Well,

00:44:06--> 00:44:09

if we look from the perspective of the cows,

00:44:13--> 00:44:17

imagine two cows having a conversation.

00:44:18--> 00:44:19

A deist. Cow

00:44:22--> 00:44:24

is questioning what's the purpose here?

00:44:28--> 00:44:30

The paradise for the cow

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

is in India.

00:44:34--> 00:44:35

paradise.

00:44:36--> 00:44:45

He's worshipped. He's got human beings worshiping Him. Right? They feed him they take care of him. They bathe in his urine, you know everything you know.

00:44:46--> 00:44:49

That's that's the cow that's paradise, the cows paradise.

00:44:52--> 00:44:57

But the vast majority of cows on the earth they end up as beef burgers.

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

They don't make it to the paradise, vast majority. And that was beef burgers.

00:45:05--> 00:45:06

Right?

00:45:07--> 00:45:13

So the guy was discussing with the other guy, what's the point? You know, why would God you know,

00:45:14--> 00:45:25

make us cows, and only such a small portion of us make it to paradise? The vast majority, and that was beef burgers. They're slaughtered, killed

00:45:26--> 00:45:27

all over the earth.

00:45:29--> 00:45:30

What kind of God is that?

00:45:32--> 00:45:35

Okay, that's from the perspective of the cow, isn't it?

00:45:36--> 00:45:38

But from the perspective of the human being,

00:45:39--> 00:45:43

when we look at the cows that we slaughtered eaters, beef burgers is good.

00:45:44--> 00:45:49

As this is a good purpose here, you know, God has provided us with all these cows we can eat.

00:45:50--> 00:45:52

You know, Indians are foolish enough to worship them.

00:45:53--> 00:45:54

That's their loss, right?

00:45:56--> 00:46:08

But for the rest of the world, they like their beef steak, beef burgers, you know, and everything else. So they serve a useful purpose. From the perspective of the cow, he can't see that purpose.

00:46:10--> 00:46:14

Right? From the perspective of the cow, he can't see that purpose.

00:46:16--> 00:46:18

So when the human being discusses amongst himself,

00:46:19--> 00:46:27

he can't see the purpose. And all of these going to help. Well remember we spoke before about the hellfire.

00:46:30--> 00:46:37

Remember, we spoke about the Hellfire and paradise, paradise being a place which Allah created,

00:46:38--> 00:46:41

placed Adam in it took him out, etc.

00:46:42--> 00:46:42

A location

00:46:44--> 00:46:47

but the description of Hellfire was what

00:46:49--> 00:46:50

a beast least

00:46:51--> 00:46:53

a living being.

00:46:56--> 00:46:58

And his food as the law says,

00:46:59--> 00:47:06

we'll go to Hannah's Well, hey, Jarrod. Its food is human beings and stories.

00:47:07--> 00:47:07

So

00:47:08--> 00:47:12

those human beings relative to the Hellfire,

00:47:13--> 00:47:14

that's its food.

00:47:16--> 00:47:21

They have a purpose. They feed a creature whom Allah created

00:47:25--> 00:47:37

the rescue go to Paradise, which was right. That was what it was created for. That's what they were all created for. Those who chose to be food for the hellfire. That's their choice.

00:47:39--> 00:47:53

Of course, in the case of the cows is no choice involved there. Right. So we had to remove that factor out. But just to give a perspective that you know, human beings, of course, when we try to look at it from our own perspective,

00:47:54--> 00:47:57

things might appear illogical.

00:47:58--> 00:48:04

Things might appear illogical, because our logic is limited.

00:48:08--> 00:48:13

This is the point I wanted to share with you because it's something which came up and it's related to

00:48:16--> 00:48:19

what we have looked at this evening allows mercy forgiveness

00:48:20--> 00:48:28

is mercy which is so encompassing. The question arises, why would he create people and put them in hell?

00:48:33--> 00:48:34

Any further questions?

00:48:39--> 00:48:44

Well, brothers question, can we visit the ruins of other civilizations?

00:48:49--> 00:48:54

Problem homicide, Salama told us, that whenever we pass by these ruins,

00:48:56--> 00:48:58

we should do so quickly.

00:49:00--> 00:49:00

And

00:49:01--> 00:49:02

fearfully.

00:49:05--> 00:49:28

We pass by because it's on our way it's in our way, etc, we pass by but it's not that we go there and wonder take all these photographs and look at this and look at this architecture. And you know, we're caught in the wrong was caught up in the wrong aspect. We're caught up in it, you know, you go to Thailand or this place you go to the Buddhist temples news camp.

00:49:30--> 00:49:36

Photograph album filled with these pictures is, you know, I'm sure places of shark No.

00:49:37--> 00:49:51

So if it happens to be on the way you have to pass by the you pass by the and you reflect it, you use it as a means to remind ourselves of our situation, but to spend money,

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

time and effort to actually go and take journeys to these places. islamically

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

This is not acceptable

00:50:11--> 00:50:13

Yeah, we're allowances you fill out

00:50:14--> 00:50:19

you know go in the earth in a wherever you travel these things will be there you will see

00:50:21--> 00:50:28

the consequence. But the idea of taking a journey specifically for that

00:50:30--> 00:50:37

this is where we question of course, wherever you're traveling the earth these signs will be there, these are among the signs of a law.

00:50:38--> 00:50:58

But problems as Alam gave us instructions as to how we should deal with places like Medina and Saleh, etc. He didn't say go there and camp out and, you know, observe and wonder at their architecture, how they dug houses into rocks, and

00:51:00--> 00:51:01

he didn't say that.

00:51:03--> 00:51:05

You see it wherever you go.

00:51:08--> 00:51:12

To questions you mentioned about those who received the distorted distorted messages.

00:51:21--> 00:51:27

Okay, by this question, if a person receives the distorted message of Islam,

00:51:28--> 00:51:33

from Mombasa, Selamat said, whoever hears about me from the Christians and the Jews,

00:51:34--> 00:51:39

and does not believe in me, will never enter Paradise.

00:51:40--> 00:51:41

So he hears about

00:51:44--> 00:51:45

in a distorted way.

00:51:47--> 00:51:49

He hears about the message in a distorted way

00:51:51--> 00:51:55

does not apply to him. He hears

00:51:56--> 00:52:06

let's look at it from the perspective of those who hear that Prophet Mohamed Salah Salaam is an idol worshipped by the Arabs.

00:52:08--> 00:52:11

allies and other idle the moon god

00:52:16--> 00:52:20

they kill their women, they call it under killing.

00:52:22--> 00:52:24

They mutilate the women

00:52:25--> 00:52:27

under the name of circumcision

00:52:30--> 00:52:31

and so on and so forth.

00:52:34--> 00:52:37

Is that person expected to believe in Islam?

00:52:38--> 00:52:42

and believe in Prophet Mohammed Salim? No.

00:52:44--> 00:52:48

That's false information, we can say simply because he heard the name.

00:52:49--> 00:52:51

He is then obliged to find out the truth about it. No.

00:52:53--> 00:52:56

If it does come to him in such a distorted way,

00:52:57--> 00:53:03

then he can't be held responsible to believe in it. But the point is still in that individuals life.

00:53:04--> 00:53:14

A law may show him other science or other science. So that is known to a lot. We don't know. We can say who received who didn't receive etc.

00:53:18--> 00:53:23

But if they didn't receive it properly, then they can't be expected to believe in it.

00:53:38--> 00:53:47

They're in a similar situation. Those people who accepted a distorted message of Islam. They didn't hear the correct Islam. In America.

00:53:48--> 00:53:53

They heard that a lot came in the form of a man named

00:53:54--> 00:54:08

master furrowed Mohamad. Right, who taught Elijah Muhammad in Chicago, about Islam, and then designated him as a messenger of Allah to the black Americans.

00:54:11--> 00:54:12

And that

00:54:13--> 00:54:17

all black Americans are laws.

00:54:20--> 00:54:23

And all white Americans are devils.

00:54:27--> 00:54:28

This is the message that so and so heard.

00:54:32--> 00:54:39

Can we say that Mohammed was mentioned in the Quran? That's this Elijah Muhammad.

00:54:42--> 00:54:45

Can we say this person was required to believe in Islam

00:54:46--> 00:54:49

as it was revealed to Prophet Mohammed says Allah.

00:54:52--> 00:54:58

So I mean, what where, where a person receives the message, as it was revealed

00:55:00--> 00:55:02

Then he or she is responsible

00:55:03--> 00:55:07

before a lot, this is the hard job, the message has reached them will

00:55:12--> 00:55:45

not punish anyone until the messenger has come, the message has come. So if a message is come if it is arrived in a form and correct form, then people are held responsible. Other than that, that goes back to now science in individuals lives. And what they found out what was shown to them through a law because sometimes the law shows people in their dreams, shows people you know, through their neighbors, shows people through, you know, other sources, something an article in a newspaper, something on television, whatever it can, even though they may have heard a distorted picture, you know, something of the truth may appear before them.

00:55:46--> 00:55:54

Right. And they may get enough of it, that they now become responsible to follow up and find out well, what is this thing really,

00:55:55--> 00:55:59

if they choose to reject it, you know, then they're held responsible, but this is with a law

00:56:03--> 00:56:03

against

00:56:06--> 00:56:10

a nation of another nation to ask one nation to fight against another.

00:56:16--> 00:56:17

Your question again?

00:56:21--> 00:56:22

Okay.

00:56:24--> 00:56:50

Does the law favor some nations over other nations? Well, yes, as a lot of favorites, some people over other people, as a lot of favorites, some individuals over other individuals. You know, there are a number of verses in the Quran where he talks about that, you know, that he has favorites, some others, even the prophets over other prophets. So this is not

00:56:51--> 00:57:01

a strange concept, a lot. repels some people by other people, he uses them to repel other people and to save the others.

00:57:07--> 00:57:12

Question from the sisters, concerning the statement that

00:57:14--> 00:57:29

the prophet SAW Selim was reassured that he should not worry about those who don't accept the guidance, that they would not be guided. We said before that was reassurance to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

00:57:30--> 00:57:51

That, should we take reassurance also, where we tried to convey the message to Muslims, for example, we find Muslims around us, you know, are engaged in on Islamic activities misguidance in Al Qaeda or the fedco, whatever? Should we not worry also,

00:57:52--> 00:57:54

we've conveyed the message so on So?

00:57:55--> 00:57:59

Well, yes, I think that it is also applicable.

00:58:01--> 00:58:09

Not worrying, meaning, that one should not themselves become despondent.

00:58:11--> 00:58:18

You've tried to convey the message to others, you don't let their rejection of it

00:58:19--> 00:58:47

stop you then from trying to convey it to others. So that's where the worry we're talking about where you get worried where you get you feel down, you feel a failure, you know, you they're not listening, what's the point, so you lose the desire to want to try to convey that message to others. This is where the worry that you know, you should not feel but worry in the sense that you worry about them, worry about where they're headed.

00:58:48--> 00:58:50

You know, you feel sad.

00:58:51--> 00:59:18

You are worried about what their end is going to be, then, of course, that worry should always be there with us. I mean, that's part of compassion. And, you know, being to empathize with others to understand what's happening to them, and be worried and concerned about them. This is a good quality, good characteristic. So we put worry with it's a certain type of worry that we need to look at the

00:59:19--> 00:59:27

second reference or second question was relative to mention that on the Day of Judgment,

00:59:29--> 00:59:51

women pregnant women are pregnant actually mentored pregnant she camels, you know, mentioned various references will abort the question was whether this is the abortion meaning like what people are doing now aborting fetuses? No, it means natural abortions. You know, where the child will come down, you know, prior to its term.

00:59:55--> 01:00:00

Once you came across a website, which claimed that Islam was a racist religion,

01:00:01--> 01:00:02

Because

01:00:03--> 01:00:53

bringing the verses which spoke about, you know, that day when some place faces will be black and some faces will be white, and those faces that will be black are going to hell and those whites are going to paradise right. So, you know, how do you respond to such claims? Well of course, it goes it goes into translation, some translations will say dark, darkened and dark and referring to you know, more a mood than actual color, you know, a person you know, who is field fields low, whatever, you know, you say, the face has become dark, not dark, meaning literally the color, right. And similarly, another person's face is bright, you know, so the term used other translations use the

01:00:53--> 01:01:37

term bright, bright, meaning happy and feeling, you know, cheerful and this kind of thing. So, I mean, that is what the diversity is referred to. And there are many other verses in the Quran, where Allah speaks about the different colors and that, you know, it's amongst us and it's all from the creation of a law, no, no distinction made these kind of things that we have so many statements of the Prophet Moses I love about no favorite to Arab over non Arab, you know, white over black and you know, etc, etc. So this is a false claim. The last question was that of an amulet, sister advice another, you know, who was wearing an amulet? You know that this is not acceptable. islamically You

01:01:37--> 01:02:05

know, there's so many statements of the prophet SAW Solomon, which he spoke against the amulets, and she accepted the advice and wanted to know what to do with the amulet. Well burn it. You know, if it's something burnable you know, crush it, break it up forever. Usually, when you open up these amulets, you know, the little bits and pieces of paper and things inside there, of course, they may have the name of Allah in such a way that you may want to burn that instead, the rest of it, you just throw in the garbage

01:02:18--> 01:03:02

at the time of the resurrect brothers question, for those people who get the second chance, people between the prophets, the deaf, dumb, and blind children and others, right? That this is in the time of the resurrection, as people are resurrected, you know, those people who are in that category will end up in some other location on the earth, where Allah will send a messenger to them, go and speak to them. issue of the racism of whatever been going on, in one of the CDs that you gave us, for the documentary was about this. He said, If you take a black man and a white man, you put him in fire anyway. And that's talking about the punishment that they will receive when they come out.

01:03:06--> 01:03:47

But no, actually, well, that may be another issue. But actually, the verse is not talking about people in who came out of the fire, right? It's talking about, yeah, that was in that was specifically in reference to those people who had received their book of deeds, knowing that they have done evil, they have not worshipped the law. They've, you know, at that point, you know, that will be utter destruction for them, you know, their faces become darkened. I mean, they're, they're just, you know, they're just, they're at a loss, complete loss, you know, despondent in all of this, this is what it's referring to, whereas those receiving the book of deeds in the right hand, these

01:03:47--> 01:03:52

are the people who are righteous, who have been trying to do good, etc. They're happy, they're joyous.

01:03:55--> 01:04:01

One of the question seeking was sila through saints is this shirk, which requires eternal

01:04:04--> 01:04:18

life and hellfire. Well, again, this goes back to the factors behind that individuals schilke because of course seeking was sila, were one prays to others besides a law,

01:04:19--> 01:05:00

right, if this is what they mean by wartsila, praying to others beside a lot and this is a form of shirk, you know, whether you consider that person to be a holy man, a person close to Allah, whatever, you know, it's still praying to others besides the law calling on them and why is prayer to them? Right. So, such people and there are many, what is the what is their state? Well, ultimately, that is, the decision left up to a last man to Allah. If they die in their state without repentance, then what is ahead of them appears to be eternity in fire. So it is not simply because they were Muslim.

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

That they go into paradise. And that's the point that one clarifies.

01:05:04--> 01:05:05

And as I said,

01:05:08--> 01:05:15

many of those people who believe who claim to believe are committing? Sure. So that's reality of the world.

01:05:19--> 01:05:37

Question from the women's side, the concept that a law can forgive a person, even if they don't repent? Does that? Or Wouldn't that discourage people from repenting and

01:05:38--> 01:05:47

a need or desire to want to change? No. I mean, it's just dealing with the ultimate Mercy of Allah spawns Allah.

01:05:49--> 01:06:00

Who is he going to forgive? Even though they didn't repent? Is it the average sinner? The person who

01:06:02--> 01:06:10

has rejected a lot left and right in his or her life? No, I'm talking about these people. It's talking about people who

01:06:11--> 01:06:22

Allah has chosen to go to Paradise, because of the other good in which that they have done. There is some elements here that he chooses to forgive?

01:06:25--> 01:06:32

Because if it is just arbitrary, that somebody could be among the most evil

01:06:34--> 01:06:41

and alive chooses to just forgive all their sins, put them in Paradise, then of course, what's the point?

01:06:42--> 01:06:43

What's the point?

01:06:45--> 01:06:51

The forgiveness is a part of a loss grace

01:06:52--> 01:07:04

on those who deserve it, who he has determined who deserve it, and he has related they're deserving it to their deeds to both their faith and their needs. So

01:07:05--> 01:07:34

it is only the foolish person who would use this as an excuse to not repent for his or her sins. You know, again, he is the one who says a lot of what Rahim is the same person, right? allies are Forgiving and Merciful. He doesn't want to think about the lobbying, also shadow Linda calm, you know, severe in retribution.

01:07:35--> 01:07:58

Having a severe penalty and punishment. He or she has ignored that. So they're ignoring it, whether you tell them that or not, I mean, that's just an attitude they've taken and these are the people who will not receive it. Those who have taken that path are the people who are guaranteeing for themselves that they would not receive that forgiveness of Allah.

01:08:00--> 01:08:07

Okay, inshallah, it's time for salon Allah Subhana, Cologne, hamburger, shadowline and the stock Furukawa to be like