Channel: Bilal Philips
Series: Bilal Philips - Qada And Qadar
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Karim, Allah Allah was Hobie are many standard Episode lati, along with Dean
upraise do to align with us peace and blessings beyond the last prophet Muhammad some long, long while he was selling them, and then all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.
Today, we begin our session for aqeedah in which we will first review the previous exam, as requested by those who took it actually, mostly from the women side, there are only a few men who took it. What will go through the examination? And
I will just do it from the perspective of what the question was, and what the answer is, you know, so at least for those of you who didn't take that previous session, you could understand it at least what is the concept that was presented in the material, and which was tested on the examination.
we will go to the remainder of the book. And the book, we're working with allama sana and Matura. We had to call the tie for Nadia and Matsuura. This is by Sherif Ali and Haqqani, a
maybe some 50 plus years ago, young died, he was only 35 years old. But it was a very promising student and quite knowledgeable. And he comes with very high recommendations. His teachers asked him to
write certain books on Al Qaeda and other topics. And this is among the books that he prepared. It's in a question answer format.
We will continue with the questions from
to the end of the book,
there is a difference between the numbering in the Arabic text and the English text which was published
that text was distributed amongst you, you have copies of it, I believe.
For those who
didn't get that early text as possible for the section that we'll be covering from question 138 through to the end, that is basically question 160
I can just have that bound by itself. inshallah, the question and the answers
are often in the previous sessions or previous sections, had given only the questions and then he gave the answers, you know, with his own interpretation elaboration.
I will inshallah just give you the questions and the answers, whatever I have to add on top of it, then,
you know, it will be added from my own notes. So for those of you that don't have the answers, then these with these will also be provided for you.
The remaining section deals primarily primarily with other a greater portion of it deals with the other and the end of it deals with the branches of Eman.
So vast majority really is in others. So that's what we'll be focusing on. Anyway, if we go on to the examination, the questions covering really going from the question 110 we did from 110 to 137.
Right, basically 27 questions and answers.
The first question from the exam.
And I have a few copies here. If you'd like to look at the exam while we're doing it.
Please don't mark on these exams though.
The first question on the exam
was the ruling concerning someone who dies who denies the resurrection
is that he is
What is the basic ruling on such an individual? I mean, this is basically straight from the notes. One who that, who dies denying, or who denies the resurrection. Such an individual is a disbeliever. In a law, this is point number eight, his books and his messengers.
There are a variety of other combinations there.
He is disbeliever in a law but not in his books and his messengers.
Meaning that if a person said, I don't believe in the resurrection,
but I believe in the books and the messengers, he would still be classified as a disbeliever in a law in his books and in His messengers,
even if he said, I believe in his books and the messengers. Why?
Right? So, brother mentioned that Allah mentioned in the Quran,
that there is a, a resurrection. So if one says,
I don't deny Allah, but they have of Allah said that there is and you deny what he said, then, in fact, you're denying Allah,
His Messenger conveyed that message, not only Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, but all of the messengers of Allah conveyed the message of resurrection. This is the resurrection, this is the message of accountability in this life explaining what this life was about. So, I mean, one, when a person denies the resurrection, he or she is denying all of that. They're denying the books, the books, which came, no book of revelation came
without mentioning about
resurrection. Because otherwise, it would mean that the most important element of the life to come has been neglected and not spoken about. And of course, all messengers came to explain that, because this is from the unseen, we cannot deduce that from the life that we live. You know, we cannot, you know, work it out logically, though, after knowing about it, yes, we can say yeah, it does make sense. But if we didn't know about it at all, is there anything in this life we can say that will logically take us to believe in the in the resurrection?
If everything that we see in this life would say, No, you die, nobody else is coming back. So why should there be resurrection? That's logic based on just on human experience. So if the messenger has told us that there is the resurrection, because we couldn't figure it out ourselves
that happy having told us that there is a resurrection, we can logically say, Now, yeah, it does make sense, there should be a resurrection. Because we're living this life. And, you know, we're being tested with doing things is right and wrong, and etc. And it doesn't seem as though there is really accountability in his life. People do bad and they get good people do good and they get bad. So something doesn't really seem quite right.
So it makes sense that there is a resurrection. But that's only after we've been told that there is
question number two, the difference between those who hold there are two blowing of the horn and those who hold there are three
what is the difference between the two is that obviously, they have referred to their different references, and some counters to and some counted as one. That's what it comes back to. And the answer in this case was B. There is no evidence for the third blowing in the Sunnah.
Right, it is not clear, but people have deduced it. You know, they have read what statements are there and interpreted it to be a third
question number three, the gathering. The hash tag refers to
the assembly of people immediately after their resurrection from the graves.
This is what the harsher is, which comes up in different verses in the Quran.
And number four, when I should ask the prophets I send them about people who
Looking at each other, after resurrection,
she was asking about that because of the fact that he said that they would be resurrected naked. And knowing what the situation was in this life. The question arose.
What do people do, then you know, they will be exposed to each other. So, the professor Sallam replied, when she asked about it,
the matter would be too serious for them to pay attention to that.
Right? People will not be concerned with what's happening with anybody else, but themselves. Everybody's gonna forget, because Allah describes it, the Yama federal monument, he, he will be the the person who's going to flee from his, his brother, his father, his mother, his children, in everybody that's not concerned about anybody else, but himself. So regardless of how you're resurrected, no, that is not an issue at that point.
Question number five at the time of standing,
the will poof, the day will be.
This is the calculation for the day, as mentioned, in the sun, now, it is 50,000 years of this world.
Right 50,000 years, which is answer number B.
Question number six people will be standing awaiting judgment, and what state will they be in at that time? while standing awaiting judgment?
The answer there is they will be in swept.
That is six
where there'll be in sweat
up to different levels of the body depending on their deeds. Right.
Some will be up to the middle of their heirs.
So this was the answer we had there for question number six. See.
Now some people might have thought while they were staring in horror, with their necks out stretch calling on the Lord. But actually the
the verses there is a verse in Surah Ibrahim which says that they will be standing, staring in our horror with their necks outstretched. But it is mentioned in su annaba that they will not speak. So they will not be calling on their Lord, not in a position to do any calling or speaking they will be virtually dumb.
Question number seven
will the believer is going to paradise be called to account?
Everybody will be called to account. However,
ally, the process of them explained that there being called to account
will only be a display of their account. This was the issue where process alum had mentioned, you know, a circumstance in which it appeared as if they were not being called to account and he questioned him about that he clarified that it is the display of the deeds. Right, allow you to take the individual aside, you know and point out what his deeds are, and I was wrong. And
the person will
confess to his deeds and think that is no there's no escape. And Allah will say that I've covered your deeds in this life. I'll cover them in the next
question number eight.
The Quran indicates that whoever is given his Record in his left hand
the answer is receive it behind his back
his record and his left hand behind his back. This is mentioned in the verses concerning the receipt of the book.
That's installing ship Hawk, verse 10.
But whosoever is given his Record behind his back
Back then goes on to describe as the person going to hell. Okay?
Question number nine, the Hadith of the fat man whose weight will not equal that of a mosquitos wing is proof that
people will be weighed number D will be weighed in the scales along with their deeds.
People will be weighed in the scales along with their deeds.
Scholars use that as evidence for that position.
Number 10. Abu Sayyaf stated the bridge over hell will be thinner than
swords edge No. Here, that's number see.
What is the proof that animals will or will not be resurrected?
Will they or will they not be?
They will be okay. So what is the proof?
Yeah. Number II they will be resurrected based on the Hadith and retaliation of the hornless goat against the horned goat.
Number 12. The pond How old?
it given only to Prophet Muhammad wa salam
is the only one who will receive or will have the
Oh, you're saying the answer is B? Yes, the answer is B, a vast pond of whitewater more fragrant than musk to quench the thirst of the believers. That's true because it's not only given to problem Hamza, salaam, all the prophets will have mainboss asylum has his own. And
it is mentioned that other prophets will also have
In some of his writings,
even taymiyah argued that
this had to do with the issue of having heaven in hell.
Okay, this was mentioned in the in the revision.
And that addresses the issue that
D had the Hellfire would come to an end. And some of his writings, even taymiyah had taken that position and written arguments in support of it. And he was supported by Malcolm in that position also. But in other writings, he stated otherwise. So he had two opinions.
And we pointed out that
this is only evidence that people are human scholars are human, as much as we admire
them and even taymiyah It doesn't mean that they will not without error. And, you know, if we are to take every person,
hold them to task for any little error that we are going to, you know, throw them out of our listener wajima of the manager, whatever, then what are we gonna do with a situation like this, you know, where somebody of this stature made a mistake of this stature, because it's not a small mistake, though. It's a big mistake, right? But he didn't as much tired with his evidences, and that he was not following how his own desires etc. He had evidence. And he brought the evidence just turns out that the evidence was weak. He depended on weak hedis which, you know, turned out to be not authentic. But he was not a person just following his own desires. But regardless, I mean, he
still ended up making a big mistake. What do we do we still accept him as one of the leading scholars of you know, that era, you know, after the early generations of scholars, we're maintaining the methodology of the early generation, right? scholars itself.
Question number 14
The answer was d 13. Was D that Hellfire would come to an end
Actually, when I was in India, somebody gave me a book written by some writer in India about this issue, you know, where he was promoting this argument to he was promoting it that Yeah, it really will come to an end. And, you know, he quoted from even taymiyah and others, you know, who held that position because, of course, when giving dour to non Muslims, you know, this is a sticky area where a lot of non Muslims find it hard to swallow. You know, that punishment. God is so harsh as to punish you forever. You know, you this believed and you ended up now in hell with forever. I mean, this, your life is so short, you made this one mistake, and then
it turned Lior unhealthy, just too much. Some people finding that to be so difficult, they find relief, in the opinion that
Hellfire will come to an end. You know, that saves the problem.
That makes sense, more acceptable, more palatable, you know, to a Western mind or whatever, right.
Anyway, question number 14, Harun yahia,
he claimed that again, this was in our review, material, Heaven and Hell are the same place. They're one in the same.
hiranya is important because you know, his books now flood the bookstores. And you know, they're all over the place here and the internet, all his material is there, but he has some serious flaws. And this is among those major flaws in his area, you know, serious about Kedah know, he has some problems.
Question number 15. And we had pointed out there that this mainly in his books, where he starts to speak about matters is where it comes in, starts to talk about the secrets behind matter, and matter isn't real. And, you know, he has a whole line of argument, you know, this is where he goes off his material, which deals with the arguments against evolution, and so on. So it's useful, so you can take that take the good of it, and the rest of it, you just have to live.
Question number 15 the verse Verily, whoever comes to his Lord as a disbeliever, and surely for him is Hellfire, when He neither dies,
nor lives should be contains proof that
the Hellfire is eternal, correct?
Because we neither dies nor lives there.
Dying will come to an end, right?
Number 16 death will be brought between paradise and hell, in the form of
a black sheep and sacrifice indicating the end of death.
that's nearly right.
It's actually answers he in the form of a black and white RAM, and slaughter to indicate that both paradise and hell are eternal.
the Shiites and Morteza lights reject the Hadith about seeing a law in paradise. Because
be they believe that only the prophets and the moms will be able to see a law No, actually, they believe is that nobody will see a law period in this life or the next.
No, but they don't say in this life.
They say they cannot see a lot in this life for the next hour. The answer is D. They claim that it compares a lot to the full moon because the Hadith is authentic hadith. It says you know that you will see your Lord, the way you can see the full moon, which was a little bother, right. This is the full moon. So they said it's comparing a lot to the full moon. So that's why they rejected Saudis. They use that as argument to reject the idea over the people of the suddenly reject that that argument saying that the comparison is not in what it looks like. But the fact that you'll be able to see it everybody that nobody has a problem seeing the full moon in the same way we have no
problem and seeing the full moon will be able to see a lot. That's what's being compared to seeing of a law, not what it looks like.
18 intercession will only happen
after a loss permission is given. Yes. Number 18.
19 the only ones for whom intercession will be allowed are those who
see yes allies pleased with those who are law is pleased with
ignorant Muslims feel that it's for the followers of Prophet Mohammed Salim as the common belief, process and intercession will be allowed for them just for Muslims and
those who are chosen by Mohammed Salah that's why you have a whole cult of worshipping the prophet SAW Selim where people pray to the process Allah believing that he will intercede for them
does quite an elaborate evening
know, lemonade, tada, right, the statements in the Quran, those who Allah gives permission, and those who are alive is pleased with
Question number 20. The greatest form of intercession is
during the standing will call for the Day of Judgment. This is where people will stand in that position. And they will not move they'll be waiting
for the judgment to start the process of judgment that is called the shofar to Cobra, the major intercession
the first person to be closed after the resurrection will be
that Prophet Abraham.
And does anybody remember what the scholars that said about that why he was the first?
Yeah, it's the sun mentioned that fact that he was thrown into the fire without clothing, you know that this is what a lot rewards him within the next life. And others point out mainly, that the Prophet Abraham was known for his shyness. And it's mentioned in hobbies, that he was the first one to wear suit while right wear pants under clothing, you know, so that his private parts would not touch the ground where he's making Salah.
This was how much he was concerned, you know, and so it's on the basis of that they concluded that he was the first to be closed.
Question number 22 there will be no intercession for the people of hell, except
in the case of Abu Talib, whose punishment will be reduced to the prophet SAW salams intercession that's v.
That is the correct answer.
people of tawheed who end up in hell
will what will be their state
and the idea
removed by the prophets intercession
before being burned to coals or after being burned two calls?
After Yes, I didn't say Muslim at his
answers number see where he talks about the people who will enter Paradise after being burnt into coal the last persons to enter Paradise will be those burnt to gold and they will be dropped into the spring of life and they will come back
24 will a person enterprise dies because of his deeds.
Will a person at the paradise because of his deeds?
No because this only allows grace that will take him there.
we do have
Quran where Allah says that you will go into paradise
based on your deeds.
Yeah, but I'm just saying the verses do say that you will people will go to Paradise
Because that is this is where some contradiction lay, right? Remember, when we took the notes, that was an issue with one enterprise, because of deeds, or, or not?
Right, because we have the statement of the process and we said, none of you will enter Paradise solely because of his deeds solely only because of his deeds. That's the point of the Hadith, because the Quranic verse, where it says, This is paradise which you have inherited, for what you use to do so Allah offers 43, saying that it's for what you did. So the answer is yes, you will enter Paradise.
But not only due to his deeds.
So the question, will a person enterprise because of his deeds, yes, but not solely because of those deeds. But because Allah has multiplied the value of the deeds, then the deeds have that effect.
Question 25,000 Salim said that the deed most loved by law
deed done sincerely for a loss pleasure?
A one done constantly, even if it is small.
Which which is it? Hmm.
I mean, this goes back to
the issue of what did the prophet SAW Selim say?
Yeah, it is actually a one done constantly, even if it is small, right? If they do it constantly, you know, consistently, if kept up with it.
And it's understood from it that it has to have the issue of a loss pleasure there. But when he said what, you know, what is the deed most loved to see this the statement? If we're to go according to our own logic, then a logic might say yes, it should be the one
done sincerely for loss pleasure. That's one that should be but if problems are seldom said, it is the one done regularly, even if it's small, and that's where we have to go.
And this is where we submit. This is Iris lab.
Okay, that was the
that covered basically the material that we took.
If there are any questions and on that, we can look at them.
We'll start actually the next topic, which is on
the coming Saturday, I don't want to start it for 10 minutes and then stop.
I should just mention that you know, some people
Yeah, what I was saying was that
when dealing with these
just for future reference, right multiple choice, how do you deal with multiple choice questions?
The multiple choice questions
I do, which is following the university pattern is that
it will have
some answers, which are obviously wrong.
Then it will have some answers, which could be right or could be wrong, they will appear that way. And there will be one answer, which is completely right.
The one that could be right and could be wrong
is the one which
a statement from your notes from the notes to have taken like as the example given is I want to give you is like Question number six people will be standing awaiting judgment. Right.
What will be their state, staring in horror with their necks outstretched calling on their Lord? Well, we do have a text there from Stuart Abraham verse 2042 43, where it says consider not that the law is unaware of what the
wrongdoers do, but it gives them respect up to a day when the eyes will stare in horror, they will be hastening forward with necks outstretched, their heads raised up, their gaze not returning towards them and their hearts empty.
So, the first part of that staring at heart with the next outstretched, is correct. There's no mention about calling on their Lord.
Furthermore, in Surah, nabba, and this is from the notes which was given, it states there, the day that the soul or the that is really jabril auror. And the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak the people standing will not speak except Him, who Allah most gracious allows, and He will speak what is right. So they will not be able to speak, people will not have a voice to speak, they will be in a state of
fear etc, etc. So that answer a is wrong because of calling on their Lord. First part of the answer is correct. But the second part is wrong. Then you have in the notes.
Also, and this is the answer to question 116. And the notes, it states they're headed from the prophesied solemn.
apostles I'm said one of them stands in sweat, and it covers him to half of his ears. So this already
and another narration that people will sweat on the Day of Judgment, such that their sweat goes into the earth 70 cubits and it will cover them until it reaches their ears. Okay, so there is text from the pastor Salaam, which describes the general state of people being in sweat up to their ears. Now there are further Hadees, which explained that some people, the sweat will be less, and some people will be more, but as a general statement of their state, it will be up to the IRS based on the text, you know, which was in the hands of the students. So this this type of difference, when you when you're looking at
questions, you have to be careful. This type, you have to be careful that you're not drawn into a trap. Meaning that for those people who just memorize, as soon as they see keywords, you see that, oh, that's got to be it, right? Because what may happen also is that the right answer may be put, in other words, explanatory words, as opposed to the exact text which was there in the book, you know, that is the nature of this kind of test, to not give those who just memorize a chance to get the top marks. This is what tends to happen, you know, in certain other types of exams where exact answers are put. So as long as you memorize your skills with memorize, you get it.
But you didn't understand if somebody came back and asked you, you know, well, what really was the situation you didn't understand you memorize, but you didn't really understand. So it's to make sure that people have actually understood what the various answers or principles were.
Okay, brothers question with regard to the two opinions of of new Tamia.
Whether the opinion that
held the Hellfire would end with something he held in the beginning and later changed his mind and died on the other opinion. It's not known.
It's not known.
Yeah, the reference for it can be found in the Omar laskaris. series on the pillars of Eman about this question was, is there a text where we can find a reference, you know, to where they reference that Tamia took that position is it is there he brings the whole quote in Atlanta
and discusses the issues concerning it.
Any further questions?
Just like to mention to you that we do have
a lecture coming up on the true religion of God, which will be in the Sheraton salwaar.
ballroom, they call it summer ballroom.
So the approach basically on the lecture is to deal with the issue of
whether there could be a true religion of God. Because for a lot of Westerners, and that's just considered out of the question, and all religions are the same. So the idea that one of them is going to say, well, we're the true religion, you know, this is considered now, you know, not acceptable. So, the greeting cards, if you read the greeting card, it doesn't openly come and say, the true religion of God, this is our lecture, come to it, you know, it,
it introduces the topic, in a more subtle and gentle way, dear friend, are you among those people today who are honestly seeking truth about the true religion of God? If you are not you should be as our spiritual existence is far more important, ultimately, and our physical.
There are hundreds of religions in the world today. No one is born in the religion of his or her own choice. And it goes on like that, you know, from a general intellectual point of view, you know, then it says there will be this there'll be
an interactive seminar session, and we will, we will examine
the concept of the true religion of God and the basis for the claim that any one religion could possibly be the right path for humankind. So it leaves it sort of open, you know,
as the poster is a little bit stronger, this invitation guide is more subtle.
Okay, that's the event we can break here and shall not so panic alone. Can shadowland and the stock Furukawa to willeke