Qada & Qadar Part 2

Bilal Philips


Channel: Bilal Philips


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen

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wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim.

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Allah Allah was Hobie many standard episode Natty Rama Deen

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operates due to a law known as Peace and blessings in the last prophet Muhammad Sallallahu while he was lm and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

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Today, we begin the last section of the book

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allama Sunil Matura they are pakad a Thai Eva and Nadia almanzora

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by share

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half of the BNI Ahmed Al hakomi.

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book was begun by Shahab rove,

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for those of you who are joining late, and the earlier principles of

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al Qaeda for understood now, we're covered what we what remains, the last part of the book is the complicated area of other.

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And, sure, I believe a man which are the branches of man, mean, that closes the book with the branches of the man,

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the author,

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and hakomi

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is among the Saudi scholars

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of this century,

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who died young, he was about 35 year old when he died. And he had written a number of books, he was a very promising student of knowledge, studying under the leading scholars of his area and his time.

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And so much so he was such a, an aggressive student, that his teachers asked him to write books on different subjects. And he would rather compose poems, in which he would gather all of the principles of a given subject. as scholars of the past they this was a traditional way to simplify and to when it's a really simplified it was said to, to condense.

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Rules for students make it easier, they put it in a poetic form, for example, on other famous poems, is called alfia, dibny, Malik,

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and fear tube No, Malik, is 1000 lines of poetry, in which all of the rules of Arabic grammar and syntax are

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included. So a person who memorizes that has it all.

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Later, they teach you the commentary on it, because actually, when you read it, you know, for a person who, even with a good Arabic background, they read it, it's, it's like a puzzle, you know, because the poor, the poets will always or the authors who make these lines of poetry will, you know, shift things from their normal positions in order to keep things rhyming because you imagine you have to make grammar rules, all right, you're gonna have to do some playing around. So So a person who doesn't know all these rules themselves, and when he reads it, it will appear puzzling, to appear puzzling. So what they usually did after that is to write a commentary on it. So the poem

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was to facilitate for students, the memorization of all the rules, and you have what they call unfair, unfair, Iraq,

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where one of the leading scholars of the past Iraqi, he gathered up all of the rules of Hadith you know, the Hadith science lwml Hadith, he put it all together in 1000 lines poetry also, you know, so, because so much of learning in the in the past depended on memorization. So these are all tools used to memorize So,

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Hackman, he had written a number of such poems gathering areas of knowledge for students who would be following him.

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And he also wrote a number of books, among them in a number of subjects, among them, this particular

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text that we're looking at

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Now, there is a copy of this available. For those of you that are not aware, there's a copy of it available unselfie publications, I don't necessarily advise to read everything that's there.

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Because there is some elements of extremism.

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But they do have the text there. And we've made copies of it actually. Some people knew about it and made some copies. And other oath wanted people to do a lot of writing. So he, he didn't give them the answers. He said he brought all the questions deleted the answers, and that two singles was distributed. I don't really see anybody with it. So I don't know why that is. You don't have those. But anyway, in reality, whatever

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you can we can make a copy of the text for you with the answers that you can also follow what

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study, we can follow it yourselves. I mean, I'm doing further research, you know, beyond what is there in the text, and that I'll have you won't have

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at the end inshallah you can get it.

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Anyway, we reached as far as Question number 137. Of course, this is different from the numbering in the Arabic text.

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There's a difference of one, I haven't figured out why that is exactly perhaps

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in which text

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also the Arabic is off. Okay.

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Thank you. So the reason why there's a difference for those who are following it in the Arabic is because in the Arabic text, they use the same number twice. And this is why they end up being one number behind anyway, so the English is accurate.

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This question question number 138. What is the proof for belief in color?

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And the answer, given the evidence or belief in culture can be found in the following statements of a law the most high

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and the author there are lists

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basically five or six verses from the Quran, and

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three hadiths.

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What can I rely on other than mapa Dora in Surah Al ahzab verse 38,

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Leah Cody, Allahu Imran kanima for Allah. Verse 42, overland file that a law might accomplish a matter already ordained.

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And inshallah HAZOP verse 37, Locanda I'm gonna lie him if Allah allows command must be fulfilled. I don't know why the author actually put 38 first and then put 37 afterwards because they're related anyway, but we'll just do it in the order that you did it. And when I saw them we'll see button lobbyists nilla minute member law he Yeah, the callback, no calamity befalls, but by the decision of a law and the law will guide the heart of whoever believes in Him. That was to have been verse 11.

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And when I saw become yo multicol germani Fabius nilla. And what suffered what you suffered on the day the two armies met was by the leave of a law. That's sewer Allium Ron was 166. And

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we have the last of the verses from Al Baqarah

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156 157 alladhina. Saba Tomasi baton calu in Nan de la heat we're in LA Roger en la la sala Watanabe him Rama hola como la Motta Dune

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there are four hadiths. We'll look at those hadiths

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after we finish the section on the Quran, so let's go back.

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He said the evidence for belief in other can be found in the following statements of a law before looking at the evidence for belief in color.

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It would be good to know what exactly color is

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And whether

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the term other comes from the root cause error

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which means to evaluate other means to evaluate

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And it may be defined as a laws predestination of everything for his creation

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in accordance with his prior knowledge,

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the predestination of a law for everything,

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everything of his creation in accordance with his prior knowledge.

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Okay, and hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah just to

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allow the sisters to catch up for some reason the mic wasn't working.

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We are

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at question 138 which was what is the proof for belief in other?

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The answer given by the author was five verses of the Quran and for hadiths. And we began to look at

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the evidence,

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where he said the evidence for belief in huddle can be found in the following statements of a law the Most High. We mentioned that it was necessary to first begin with understanding what is other before going on to looking at the evidence.

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the basic linguistic meaning of the term other is to evaluate.

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However, from an Islamic perspective, it is defined as a laws predestination of everything for his creation, in accordance with his prior knowledge,

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a laws predestination of everything

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for his creation

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in accordance with his prior knowledge,

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it is a laws decree or decision.

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It is a laws decree, or a decision as in the verse in column A in holla Punahou be harder. Indeed I have created all things according to predestined proportions, as powder used directly with this meaning everything was

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fixed in its proportions.

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According to a laws prior knowledge,

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also derived from the same root of the word, the verb Katara, is covered.

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In the text, as it's translated into English, they translated as other.

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Now the term color

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that is without the fat ha, on the doll, further and further, right color we're looking at now, this is

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an a verbal noun from the same verb Patara, they call the master

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it is virtually synonymous with other

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it's virtually synonymous with color, although it does in terms of usage have other implications, it's used to generally mean the amount of something

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right, the amount of something

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we also have little other is not later to cover, you know what has led to

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it being the night in Ramadan in which Allah sends down his annual decree, and decides the amounts of all things relating to his creation.

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in its usage in general, and in this context, in the context of al Qaeda, Carter and Carter are one and the same, there are synonyms.

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The other term, which is often referred to

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in the same context of predestiny, destiny, predestination, etc. is called are

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called out. Kadar literally means

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The Cordy in the court

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is called the party because he makes decisions is the decision maker makes rulings. So coda generally means ruling also covers a variety of other meanings. Actually, both of these words have a number of other means because we talk about prayers that we miss when we do them. It's called so called Koba.

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So it has a variety of other meanings but in the

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context of

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predestination. Cada means the implementation of a laws decree

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the implementation of a loss decree, as in Surah Al Baqarah, verse 117, but there are some Iwaki will out of the way de cada amaran, for Nami, akula who can fire Kuhn, when he decrees the matter, he only says to it be and it is,

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when a decrease decrease here meaning

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causes it to come into existence,

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he only says to it be and it is, so called ah here is taken to me in the implementation of the decrees, which are law had already decided by Qatar. So, Qatar is basically the decree and cada is the implementation of the decree, okay. That is the

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most popular understanding of coda and other amongst

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scholars of this area, and a number of others held this view of military and others. However, there is another view,

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there is another view held by legitimate scholars of the past like even harder and ask Ronnie,

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which is the opposite.

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It is the opposite.

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As if Nigeria said, the scholars say that coda is the general decree from eternity.

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Before we said, the decree was a thing called, is the general decree from eternity.

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And khadir refers to the details of that decree, and how they are implemented.

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It refers to the details of that decree and how they're implemented.

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And this is actually the most well known view.

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It is the most well known view in the Muslim world as a whole. It's the view which they're shy to hold that shot, right, that is their view.

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And, you know, scholars from all the stuff, you know, also held this, this view. So just be aware that that is a counter view.

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As is mentioned, Encyclopedia of Islam, the overwhelming accepted position, makes cada the universal general eternal degree decree and color the individual development or application of it in time.

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And that's why when you hear the term is mentioned together, they usually say

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otherwise, our other

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they don't say

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here it said called our Qatar, Qatar, in this the most widely accepted view was the decision other the implementation of the decision, however, texts can be understood to see the opposite.

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when these terms are used separately,

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they are synonymous.

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If you talk about allows other and some another hand does talk about a lot of other they mean the same thing, including both aspects.

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When they're said together, this is now when you need to make a distinction between the two.

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And whether you make a distinction one way or the other way we see from this, that it is both they're both acceptable

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because their evidence is to support both both now hakomi and the scholars of this area who follow the interpretation basically of shekel Islamic potamia they take the other view which I mentioned.

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Okay, if we go on now to the first of the evidences, which can be mentioned from Surah Al Azhar bukan amarula, here other than Mata Dora, and the last command is a determined decree This is proof for the belief in Qatar

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This verse

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anybody knows what context it comes comes in.

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Now this verse concerns the incident of the prophets are seldom adopted son,

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who's named name was

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Zed a been a haritha

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zedi been inheritor.

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Zed was married to the province or salams. Cousin.

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Zainab bint Josh, right.

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And after they were married for a while, about a year or so, problems developed, and Zedd came back to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and wanted to divorce

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their wives or sell them we didn't want this to happen. He tried to hide it, you know, told him to be patient, etc, etc. But it happened anyway.

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And after it happened, ally instructed the prophesize alum to marry Xena.

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Alliance instructed Vasa salam to marry Xena not according to the story, which is mentioned in some texts.

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That is a tabari which is well known Islamic historical text mentioned the story that the prophet SAW Salam after Okay, I'm not sure whether it's after before the AIDS divorce from Xena.

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He passed by the home or the tent and which

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Zainab was staying and the wind blew the cloth door

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from its position, and he looked inside of the home and saw Xena, they're in a state of

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you know, home dress, which meant that maybe some of her duty was exposed. But for sure if that were the case, and supposedly seeing her it went in his heart. So, you know, he desired her, but I think they actually was even before the divorce. This is how it is mentioned in this story, right? But he kept that back or whatever. Anyway, the point is, is not true. It's in Martin Ling's

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text. As one of the though Martin Ling's Autobiography of Prophet most of Prophet Muhammad wa sallam is one of the best written texts available, you know, for the pleasure of reading just for reading pleasure, because Martin lings was a writer.

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And he was an author, British who converted to Islam. We hope that he did.

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He had

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belief problems. After his conversion, he ended up in some element of Sufism,

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which came to be known as perennialism, which basically holds the belief that it doesn't matter what religion you believe in, as long as you're a sincere believer, you will reach God. All religions are like spokes on a wheel, that's all they put it at the hub is Allah and all the spokes are connected, you know, whichever spoke you come along, you're gonna find a lot as long as you're sincere. So this is the I call this the perennial list belief. He and there are others. In Europe, they're popular for these types writings. Guy Eaton is another big figure, you know, who is returning he died just recently. Okay, he did, I think. Anyway, the point is that Martin Ling's, his autobiography,

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biography, sorry, not autobiography, biography problems are seldom is

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the best written in English. Excellent English, beautiful reading, but he has in it a few errors like this. As he said, He's taking it from the earliest sources he did, but he didn't take it critically. Meaning if this was not authenticated,

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then well you shouldn't include it.

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So problems I send them was instructed to marry Xena.

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And this command here this this verse here which says a last command is a determined degree. It means that the last command, which he has decreed must inevitably come to pass.

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Nothing can prevent it or avert it

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for whatever

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He wills, whatever he does not decree, whatever he wills happens.

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And whatever he does not, does not happen.

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This is the meaning of that verse and this is part of the

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principle of acceptance of belief in harder

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ally stating that concerning performance or salams marriage does in the divorce of his former adopted son, Zed from her. And it was already written, this is something we must accept

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this second verse from Surah, Al and fall, Lee aka the Allahu Imran kanima for Allah, that Allah might accomplish a matter already ordained

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that a law might accomplish a matter already ordained.

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This now was in reference to the Battle of bother

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the Battle of better,

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which was not planned problems are seldom and his companions didn't set out to go and fight a battle at another.

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This wasn't the intention.

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They went

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to that area

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with what intention

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to intercept a caravan of the Quraysh. And this is where the accusation about the prophet SAW Selim and his companions, you know, being highway robbers, right, you know, look at them, attacking caravans, and you know, what is this is this befitting of a prophet, and he should get a band of his followers and go out there and, you know, as a highway robber, you know, stop caravans and take their goods.

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What is our answer to that?

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this was your first action to cut out economical.

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Okay, our brother's explanation is that

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with this establishment of the Islamic State in Medina,

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the state now in order to try to cut off the economic

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foundation for the Mexican society. This was the step which they took.

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Well, that sounds nice, you know, from a, you know, theoretical position, you know, you're part of your embargo, you're gonna stop goods coming in, you know, this kind of thing. Okay, sounds good. But reality is, it was a issue of revenge.

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It was an issue of revenge. Because stopping the economic, you know, function of Mecca is one caravan, you know, it's not really going the carriers are coming from other directions that come from the south, also, not just from the north.

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You know, this is not going to stop their economics, right? It's going to hustle them. So it was really it was more issue of revenge. Meccans were driven out those people in Medina, the muhajir, when they were driven out of Mecca,

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their properties were stolen.

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They were forced to leave, they fled.

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So they're economics was taken. So they had a right to go and take back as an eye for an eye. You've taken some of our economics we can take some of your economics.

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Right. So this was legitimate.

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People had lost, they went to Medina, they'd lost out, they went to Medina destitute. This is to regain something of what they lost. So they're right in that matter. Anyway. That was the intention. However, Allah had another plan.

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The other plan was that they were going to meet the Quraysh in battle, right. So instead of catching a caravan, they found an army three times their number, right?

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It was the determination of a law that a lot might accomplish a matter already ordained. They had a plan, but the law had another plan.

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they were made to fight that battle. And in that battle,

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a law brought glory to Islam. They were going in small numbers, Croatia large numbers going there, you know, sure. They're gonna beat these people because we, we tricked them, they thought they're gonna find the caravan and we're coming with you know,

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1000 plus they're only 300. So

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they went there being sure of victory, but instead of law humiliated them humiliated, the pagans and idolatry because they were the symbol of idolatry, and gave victory to Muslims, right. And Islam is a symbol of

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worship of Allah as he deserves to be worshipped.

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So the companions, they had no knowledge that this would happen.

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But a lot of knew a lot already a plan in place. And it was from a loss, compassion

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that this was done.

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Right, it was from a loss, compassion.

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Because though it involved struggle, some lives were lost, etc. It was a mercy from Allah, because it gave them a new position, and the eyes of others, it encouraged other more people to accept Islam etc, you know, seeing his Muslim successful etc.

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The third verse, which is from Surah, abzorb, also, which preceded the first 138 it's verse 37. Well, Canada, amo la hymn of Allah, last command must be fulfilled.

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This is also about the promises or lamb's marriage to his cousin, Zainab bint jahsh, the only cousin that he married

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important point was Muslims today, especially in these parts of the world. They make the marriage of cousins obligatory. That's it. You're supposed to marry your cousin, if somebody wants to marry other than his or her cousin, you know, what is this? You know, you're breaking our traditions. This is Islam, you know, no, yes. No, sir did marry cousin.

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And this is also a point, which

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some Westerners and others use to attack Islam because marriage to cousins for them is not permissible. first cousins, right? not permissible.

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But the arguments they use about its prohibition a week, they say yes, it causes deformities and this kind of thing, but doesn't it doesn't there's an article which was which came in July magazine, if you'd like copies of it, I can pass it on to you afterwards, where they point explained from a scientific perspective, while this argument is false,

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continued inbreeding, yes, you know, in any given area, if people just marry amongst themselves, then certain recessive genes will become dominant after over some period of time and so certain illnesses if that receptiveness is an illness, it will become dominant in that area but it's not automatic that simply because you marry your cousin the likelihood or you your father married a cousin and you married a cousin that the likelihood that you're going to carry some you know some kind of deformity etc. It's not true. It's not true.

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It's when it when it's taken to access when it's taken to access.

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Anyway, the problem is our salams marriage to Xena broke the taboo about marriage and cousins on one hand and it also broke an even greater taboo which was to marry the son the daughter of your the wife sorry of your adopted son marrying the wife of your adopted son because they treated the adopted son like they do in the West today like your real son.

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So marrying your son's wife of course is something objectionable, noxious, same thing they said for your adopted son.

00:33:41--> 00:33:53

So the this act of course, this was already addressed in Alaska, verse four where law said Well, my Joshua,

00:33:54--> 00:33:55

Abner accom

00:33:57--> 00:34:09

he has not made your adopted sons, your real sons, so was already taken care of there. But that's in Word. The prophet SAW said lambs action, you know, puts that seal on it.

00:34:10--> 00:34:18

It puts the seal on it, there's number of things you see in the process of his lifetime which happened like this, where he told people to do things

00:34:19--> 00:34:29

they were traveling and they were fasting going for ombre. He told them break your fast because people were having difficulty with it. But people some people broke but other people didn't.

00:34:30--> 00:34:32

So he had to go out there and drink in front of all of them.

00:34:34--> 00:34:52

To break it. Same thing with Safa and Marwa de la said, you know in our merata minchah iryna because our two mountains which you know, the pagans used to get on top of and, and, you know, praise their false gods etc, etc. So

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

to include this in Islamic religious rights, the believers from Mecca had no objections they

00:35:00--> 00:35:12

felt shy to do so. So problems, go ahead ahead of them and do it, show them that it was okay. So, this is a practical affirmation of the breaking of the taboo.

00:35:15--> 00:35:32

So the interpretation of a loss command must be fulfilled is that the divorce and subsequent marriage was predestined and decreed by a law and was therefore inevitable. A law knew that Xena would become one of the prophets wives some lighter, solemn, and he had destined it

00:35:37--> 00:35:56

the third verse or fourth verse masaba min mercy button lebbeus nilla minute min Bella here the callback, no calamity befalls but by the decision of Allah, this is to Goblin 64th chapter, verse 11. And the law will guide the heart of whoever believes in him.

00:35:58--> 00:36:34

No calamity befalls but by the decision of a law and the law will guide the hearts of whoever believes in Him. There's another verse in Surah Al Hadid, verse 22, which carries virtually the same meaning masaba musi button fill out of the Laffy unfussy comb in Luffy kita Binh Minh cobbly and abraha. In Lika, Allah La Jolla seer every calamity which strikes on the earth, or in yourselves is inscribed in the book of decrees, before I bring it into existence. Indeed, that is easy for a law

00:36:36--> 00:36:39

whatever common calamity happens strikes

00:36:41--> 00:36:45

and this verses in Hadid it was already written.

00:36:46--> 00:36:52

And the verse brought this evidence in turabian. Right, it was already decided

00:36:53--> 00:36:58

the writing the decision writing being an expression of that decision.

00:37:00--> 00:37:01


00:37:03--> 00:37:07

when we put the two together in this, this versus it means that

00:37:09--> 00:37:39

whoever suffered an affliction and knew that it occurred by a loss judgment and decree and he patiently abides awaiting a loss reward, then the law will guide his heart will compensate him for his loss in this life by granting guidance to his heart and certainty and faith, allowing replace whatever he lost with something similar, or something better. According to the Tafseer of America here.

00:37:42--> 00:37:55

Verse 166 of sewer Allium Ron, for masaba, calm yo multiple Gemini for bf Nila, what you suffered on the day the two armies met was by the leave of a law. This verse

00:37:56--> 00:38:03

now is in reference to the Battle of offered, which happened after the Battle of butter

00:38:04--> 00:38:17

where the archers who were set to guard the rear of Muslims, the Muslim army as the and they were instructed by the prophet salla not to leave their positions no matter what.

00:38:19--> 00:38:49

When Muslims are successful in the battlefield, the archers saw Muslims defeated are in the process of defeating the enemy collecting up the booty. They became greedy. They didn't want to be left out. So they said half the battle is over. said the woman said you know we supposed to keep our position no matter what. It's over. Now he just meant during the battle so they started running down. The other ones who hesitated Southern money they want to be left out so they all ran down.

00:38:50--> 00:38:56

They ran down to join in collecting up the booty. And this is when Khalid bin Walid

00:38:58--> 00:39:10

being a pagan at the time, he saw what took place and he brought a rear guard coming from the rear of Muslims attacked them caught them in the midst of collecting the booty and

00:39:11--> 00:39:13

basically defeated them.

00:39:14--> 00:39:17

Or at least you can say took the victory away from them.

00:39:18--> 00:39:28

So a number of Muslims were killed, including the prophets asylums uncle, favorite uncle, Hamza.

00:39:29--> 00:39:32

And even the prophet SAW Selim himself was injured.

00:39:34--> 00:39:35

his helmet was smashed,

00:39:36--> 00:39:38

his tooth was knocked out.

00:39:39--> 00:40:00

We have that tooth, according to claims in Pakistan, in Turkey, in in Egypt, in Algeria, all over the Muslim world we have that too there but he's claiming this was the truth, but know that this truth claim is false. Because the only

00:40:00--> 00:40:18

The way we can establish the truth of that claim is if they can give us a chain, right back to the Sahabi, who picked it up in butter, and he handed on to his son or whoever passed it down. If they can't give us an authentic chain, then we say, this is a lie.

00:40:19--> 00:40:23

The life just like in Kashmir, has red ball.

00:40:25--> 00:40:44

mastery, there is a big shrine, for hear from the prophet SAW Selim his head, you know, similar kind of beliefs about it. We reject all of these things, you know, because you find they have no Senate have no chain of narrators to affirm that these things were collected, actually from the mouths of Salah.

00:40:45--> 00:40:56

And there are all kinds of stories people tell me you know about it, when you cut the hair, it goes back and they pass it on to other people. And you know, so it's been shared around in different parts of Pakistan, the hair as you can find bits and pieces of it all over the place.

00:40:58--> 00:41:00

Anyway, the point is that

00:41:03--> 00:41:39

Muslims suffered that day, right. So what you submit on the day that two armies met, was by the leave of a law by a laws permission. All of it occurred by laws will and decree based on his perfect wisdom. So this is, in the previous one, we talked about calamities be falling, we're talking about a loss decision in a positive sense, but even what appears to be a negative sense where they seem to have lost the battle and this was from molars wisdom, he had already decided this would take place and there were lessons in it that Muslims had to learn.

00:41:41--> 00:41:44

And the fifth verse, which is from Surah, Al Baqarah,

00:41:46--> 00:41:51

alladhina Saba Tomasi, baton kalu. In the law, here, we're in LA Roger on.

00:41:52--> 00:41:58

Those who are afflicted with calamity say indeed, to allow it belong. And to him, we will return.

00:41:59--> 00:42:05

There are those on whom are the praises from the Lord and receive His mercy.

00:42:06--> 00:42:09

And it is they were the guided ones.

00:42:10--> 00:42:11

So this,

00:42:12--> 00:42:13

this verse

00:42:15--> 00:42:19

doesn't have any mention of a laws decision.

00:42:21--> 00:42:25

The other is fairly obvious by the permission of a law.

00:42:27--> 00:42:41

The decision of a law allows command being fulfilled, if you look at the other verses always mentioned in there, a matter already ordained, a determined degree. Where is the

00:42:42--> 00:42:55

point of evidence in this, these two verses when calamity strikes you, those who were afflicted with a calamity say indeed to a law we belong to Him, we will return.

00:42:59--> 00:43:07

There are those in whom are the praises from the Lord and receive His mercy. And he says they were the guided ones.

00:43:29--> 00:43:30

Well, you know, this verse,

00:43:32--> 00:43:37

brothers mentioned that, you know, it's part of them accepting a loss decision in their lives.

00:43:38--> 00:44:06

By saying, in an ally or in a rod, your own process element taught us to say this, too, whenever we say this, when a calamity strikes to the law will replace whatever we suffer with what is better. Selma was a classical example where he taught her to say this, at the time when a person has lost somebody in, in the family, usually, it's used for people in case of death, but actually, it's not limited to death. But anytime person suffers some major loss, you can say that in any lie in it or in a Rajaraman

00:44:07--> 00:44:52

meaning that this process, I'm said, if the person has lost something, if they're patient, they accept it, this was the last decision that allow will replace it with what is better, replace it with what is better. So that involves then acceptance of a laws decree, and a law before that said, well, best * is sabihin give glad tidings of Paradise to those who are patient. So this is the expression of patience in Allah He or in LA Raja and patience, which is based on the belief that Allah has decided this for a good reason.

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

There is wisdom in it and allows decision we accept it and that's what makes us able to be patient.

00:45:00--> 00:45:11

For a person who does not accept the decision of a law and that it is best, then when calamity strikes them what happens? They become impatient,

00:45:13--> 00:45:18

they start to blame everybody around themselves, or they may blame themselves, they may you know, commit

00:45:19--> 00:45:25

suicide writing other things, they can't handle it, this is what tends to happen.

00:45:26--> 00:45:57

So, this belief that the law has already written these things for us for a good reason. This gives us patience and a lot of promises as paradise for it. So, if he has promised paradise paradise for those who are patient, when the laws decree what he has written for them strikes them, then it means then belief in it is an obligation for success. For us to succeed in this life, we must believe in it.

00:45:58--> 00:46:08

So this is the what they call watch holistic lol, or the angle from which the author brought this verse.

00:46:09--> 00:46:11

Then he brought four heads.

00:46:14--> 00:46:36

Evidence can also be found in the hadith of Gabriel or jabril. Which process lm said, What took minable Paddy Haley, he was sorry. And you believe in the defy the Divine Decree? It's good and bad. This was about the five pillars of Islam is a well known Hadith. You find it in Bukhari and Muslim.

00:46:37--> 00:46:40

So a Muslim is Hadith number one.

00:46:42--> 00:46:43

In which

00:46:44--> 00:46:48

problems SLM is sitting with his companions, he asked them to ask him some questions.

00:46:49--> 00:46:51

said to them asked me about Islam or anything.

00:46:52--> 00:46:56

But they all sat there, shy to ask him about anything.

00:46:57--> 00:47:17

So Allah sent Angel Gabriel in the form of a human being a man. They said, who looked like the hair, on of the possums come companions, who walked in amongst them and sat down right in front of the prophet SAW Selim and began to ask him the questions. Right, what is Islam? What is he man? What is?

00:47:18--> 00:47:21

What are the signs of the last day When is the last day? So

00:47:23--> 00:47:25

the Rockstar Salam gave the answer to what is Islam?

00:47:27--> 00:47:30

And what is a man and in his answer to what is the man?

00:47:31--> 00:47:39

The last pillar was that you believe in the divine degree? It's good, and it's bad.

00:47:42--> 00:47:56

So the hadith of gibreel, where he defined the sixth pillar of Eman as to believe in the Divine Decree, it's good and it's evil, hiring machinery.

00:48:00--> 00:48:01

That is evidence that

00:48:02--> 00:48:10

belief in other which was the question What is the proof for belief in other it is clear evidence.

00:48:11--> 00:48:13

Also, problems are seldom said

00:48:15--> 00:48:19

know that whatever has been fallen, you could never have missed you.

00:48:21--> 00:48:39

And that which missed you could never have befallen you. This is another Hadith. in another context, actually was narrated by Eben a de Lemmy, which he said, I went to a babe in Cabo and said to him, some doubt about whether has occurred in my mind.

00:48:40--> 00:48:45

So relate something to me, that perhaps a law would remove it from my heart.

00:48:46--> 00:48:47

He said to me,

00:48:48--> 00:48:54

if a law punished the people of the heavens and the earth, He would not do any wrong to them.

00:48:56--> 00:49:03

If a lot of punished all of the people in the heaven and the earth, He would not have done anything wrong to them.

00:49:04--> 00:49:13

If he had mercy on them, His mercy would be better for them than their deeds. If he had mercy for them,

00:49:14--> 00:49:20

His mercy would be better for them than what their own these would have earned them.

00:49:21--> 00:49:26

That's why we talked about before, whether one's murder whether one's deeds carry us to paradise or not.

00:49:27--> 00:49:34

Because our sermon said that it is the grace of Allah God that takes us to paradise.

00:49:36--> 00:49:48

And if you spent in the cause of Allah, the equivalent of Mount offered in gold, Allah would not accept it from you, until you believe in other

00:49:50--> 00:49:59

allow would not accept it from you until you believe in other actually this part of the Hadith has a stronger

00:50:00--> 00:50:22

proof for relief and other than the part which the author actually brought, he just brought the peace of the Hadith students knowing exactly what the whole idea was, you know would know it, but for us really, the greater element of proof is there and then the explanation of it from Salah not to say I know that whatever has befallen you was never going to miss you

00:50:24--> 00:50:27

and that which missed you was never going to befall you.

00:50:30--> 00:50:35

And if you died believing other than this, you would enter the fire

00:50:36--> 00:50:41

and if you died believing other than this, you would enter the fire

00:50:43--> 00:51:04

then I went this is a been a dilemma. He went on to say then I went to Abdullah live in Massoud by another leading Companion of the prophet SAW sanlam. And he said something similar to that. And I went to Jose for a man and he also said something similar. And I went to say dibny sabut and he narrated it to me from the prophet SAW Salah

00:51:07--> 00:51:08

the third had if

00:51:10--> 00:51:24

if something befalls you do not say if only I had done this, such and such would have happened instead say it is the decree of a law and he does what He wills, something befalls you. Something happens to you

00:51:26--> 00:51:31

don't say If only I'd done this, such and such would have happened. We do this all the time.

00:51:32--> 00:51:34

Sam said don't say this.

00:51:35--> 00:51:37

Instead, we should say

00:51:38--> 00:51:39

other law

00:51:40--> 00:51:47

bhamashah fan, it is a laws decree, and he does what he wishes.

00:51:50--> 00:51:56

That is actually again a part of another Hadith, Abu huraira he related that the last messenger had said

00:51:57--> 00:51:58

the rest of the Hadith

00:52:00--> 00:52:04

a strong believer is better and more beloved by a law than a weak believer.

00:52:05--> 00:52:07

But there is good in both

00:52:08--> 00:52:17

cherish what benefits you and seek help from a law and do not lose heart. seek help from a law and do not lose heart

00:52:18--> 00:52:21

and if anything befalls you that's when it's best to

00:52:23--> 00:52:34

do not say If only I'd done this such and such would have happened instead say it is the decree of a law and he does what He wills the rest of the Hadith for Surely if

00:52:35--> 00:53:05

opens the door for Satan's work if if only low This is the opening for shaytaan once you say if shaytan is in your head giving you all the other possibilities that he could have been and so you feel sad you feel you know the loss and you feel you want to blame somebody and all these other things shaytaan is got you know from Salam said don't say if only I done this why because it opens up the door for

00:53:07--> 00:53:14

regret sadness in other than its place of course there are times when you've done things which are wrong.

00:53:16--> 00:53:22

Don't say I shouldn't have done I should not have done that to say to yourself I should not have done that is perfectly okay.

00:53:25--> 00:53:30

I should not have done that. It is wrong. And I should feel sad about it. That sad that I did it

00:53:31--> 00:53:39

but at the same time knowing that it would not have taken place had a law not permitted to take place.

00:53:40--> 00:53:45

Right? Not thinking that it's okay because it took place because there's two different things

00:53:47--> 00:53:49

a lot of permitted to take place.

00:53:51--> 00:54:09

So it is bylaws will also I am still in the wrong for having chosen to do this thing. But in the end, Allah has permitted it to happen I should feel sad turned back to line repentance, etc etc. but not go into depression. Don't go to an extreme in that

00:54:11--> 00:54:23

where you feel you know the whole world has ended and you know you're you're lost and there's no point anymore and it's no no. Allah forgives is able to forgive everything but if we die in that state

00:54:24--> 00:54:28

so know that if we are sincere in our repentance, we can

00:54:30--> 00:54:43

gather back our affairs and go forward from it learn from our mistake, you know build that's the key if we're able to learn and not keep repeating it over and over again.

00:54:45--> 00:54:51

The last Hadith mentioned by the author alchemy is the prophet SAW Selim said

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

Kula Shay in the father in hatha lodges, while case everything occurs by decree

00:55:00--> 00:55:02

inability and capability

00:55:04--> 00:55:27

in ability and capability. This is actually again a part of another Hadith ta was reported, I met some people from Allah as messengers companions who said, everything is by color. And I heard of the live in Omar quote, Allah's Messenger saying everything is by others even in ability and capability or capability and in ability.

00:55:29--> 00:55:30

So even

00:55:32--> 00:55:34

the ability to do something,

00:55:36--> 00:55:44

the desire, the effort, all of this is by a laws, other.

00:55:46--> 00:55:50

He has created everything, everything is included

00:55:52--> 00:56:06

in his creation, and apportioned accordingly, because that's something real, we know, some of us are born. And growing up, we can run fast, some are slow,

00:56:07--> 00:56:37

some are higher IQ than others, these abilities and abilities, this is not by our decision, we you come into the world with it already, and Allah has decreed what each and every one of us will have, what amount we will have of these things. Now, a lot of reward or punish on the basis of that a reward and punish is on the basis of what we do with those abilities. How do we deal with our inabilities?

00:56:39--> 00:56:58

So this Hadith, you know, takes it down to the human makeup, the nature of human beings, that whatever abilities, capabilities, we have, have already been fixed and decided by a law for a good reason.

00:57:00--> 00:57:16

for a good reason. And it's important again, because we have people I know you read about stories, in the newspaper of in India, especially it seems to be common in aware kids that don't do well in their exams, they're killing themselves, hanging themselves from

00:57:20--> 00:57:26

a variety of different locations in Japan, also to a lot of pressure on the society to produce and to

00:57:29--> 00:57:35

to be first in your class of the top 10 or whatever. So you can be chosen for this institution. That institution.

00:57:38--> 00:57:48

happens here today. Now, of course, the local people are there, you know, long as you're local, then you're guaranteed you can get in anywhere you want. But I mean, in the in the extra Xbox community. Yeah.

00:57:49--> 00:57:51

MIT. Yeah.

00:57:52--> 00:57:56

MIT also now, yeah, I mean, it's all over the world, many people where they

00:57:57--> 00:58:20

have done their utmost, because it's one thing where you didn't make the effort. And you did bad. Okay? You know, whose fault it was right? But when you did your utmost, you worked hard, you studied you did everything you could, and it just didn't happen the way you wanted it to happen and you failed, or you did poorly or whatever. Then you you, you ask yourself, why,

00:58:21--> 00:58:24

why, why me? And why is this happening to me.

00:58:25--> 00:58:48

And if you don't have that understanding, well, you know, as long as you've done your best, that's what you know, it's pleasing to Allah, as a lot of us haven't said in a lie, you hit boom, and I had to come in Milan euskara. Allah loves from each and every one of you, if you do any deed, do it to the best of your ability. So that's what's from you, if you have done your best, and that's what's pleasing to Allah, no matter what happens in the end.

00:58:49--> 00:59:25

So that's the kind of consciousness very important, especially in schools, you know, there's something missing in many of our Muslim schools. This consciousness is not there, we big big reward who's first in the clouds from the top in the school and you know, but we don't give the reward for the one who has made the greatest effort. In some schools, you have this thing about our some award, the gift for greatest improvement, and that's really what is most important, the person has built up from what they had, you know, that really shows the effort, as opposed to one person who just happens to be so intelligent and so they get number one, and really in the Muslim school, what the

00:59:25--> 00:59:28

top prize should be was for what? The best Muslim

00:59:30--> 00:59:44

you know, because when we tell them the top prizes, the top academic, and we're telling them also, we're sending wrong messages, isn't it? We're giving wrong signals. Yeah. So So what does that put in the heart of the child by any means necessary?

00:59:45--> 00:59:59

So your cheat, you know, your copy your, you know, bring your notes into, you know, your exams, because some kids do it and get away and they get the top marks. So that's what your goal is, right? Wrong. Wrong, very, very important that we instill in the children.

01:00:00--> 01:00:26

You know the correct values. So we give the top reward, it gives reward for academics also, but our top reward is for the, it's for the best student in terms of their character, most respectful, so on so on. So so we're telling the students and giving the students a message. We give them the reward also for the academics, but we've given them the message that the greater and most important thing is that they have good character as Muslims.

01:00:29--> 01:00:34

Okay, that basically covers the evidences for question number 138.

01:00:36--> 01:00:40

Are there any questions on what we've covered? so far? Question 138?

01:00:49--> 01:00:51

independent to make a choice.

01:01:01--> 01:01:39

Okay. Brothers question concerning individual choice and a laws decree, that if a law is decreed something, then where is the choice of the individual, I mean, this is an area, of course, and we're gonna look, we just began to look at Carter, right, he's brought the evidence for that you have to believe in it. Now he's gonna go and look after this at the different levels of color. And as we go into this, we'll, we'll look at these issues in more depth, you know, but enough to say just briefly, that what Allah has written, is the choice that we were going to make.

01:01:40--> 01:01:46

Now that we don't have a choice, we have a choice. But Allah knew that choice before we made it.

01:01:48--> 01:01:56

Of course, there are other issues that come along with that, you know, Phil already knew the choice that you're gonna make? And are you really making a choice, you know, but anyway,

01:01:58--> 01:02:03

we don't want to go all the way down that road right now, just the basic answer for the question. That's it.

01:02:05--> 01:02:10

From the sisters side, we have a question about where a person says,

01:02:13--> 01:02:15

I shouldn't have done so and so

01:02:16--> 01:02:52

not over something which was sinful, because I mentioned, if it was sinful, then you should say, I shouldn't have done that. But if it's not sinful, that was just a choice. It should be our two choices. You could have done this, or you could have done that you chose to do this? Should you say to yourself, I shouldn't have done that? Well, of course, you can. You could say I shouldn't have done that, in the sense of there were there was some factors that you should have taken into account, you know, that you learn from your mistake, right? It may not be a sin, but it's still a mistake, we can still learn from mistakes, the idea of not saying I shouldn't have meaning if only I

01:02:52--> 01:03:07

hadn't. This is where we now go into a sense of failure or a sense of sadness, etc, because over something that really was a last decree, and you know, we should just accept that decree.

01:03:08--> 01:03:37

Right? So the idea of learning from our mistakes doesn't rule out, you know, the accessibility of saying, you know, I shouldn't really have done that. That wasn't the best choice. There was a good and a better, a lot corrects the problems, I sell them in some of his choices in the Battle of bother, etc. So if there was no issue, and then he goes on to say it was already written, already knew it. So we accept that element of it. But at the same time, there's still good choices and better choices.

01:03:39--> 01:03:40

The other question had to do with

01:03:41--> 01:03:45

abilities and capabilities that is coming from a law that

01:03:46--> 01:03:58

earlier we had said promises elements said that we shouldn't desire what other people's people have. A question was whether this is included under the heading general heading of capabilities and abilities.

01:04:00--> 01:04:14

I would just say that, sometimes it may be in sometimes it isn't, because some of the things you may desire that people have, has to do with something which Allah has bestowed on them external to their capabilities. And sometimes it is

01:04:15--> 01:04:56

something which is intrinsic in them, which Allah has created them with, which you just don't have, which you can achieve, because it wasn't given to you, you know, and that sense. So, it may be included, it may not be included, in either case, whether it is or it isn't, you know, we are discouraged from desiring what other people have, except in three occasions. Professor Salomon mentioned, you know, and really as examples of where it is something positive and your desire for it is something positive. You see somebody knowledgeable was teaching you desire to have that knowledge, right, and to be able to teach and to benefit others as they're doing and so on and so

01:04:56--> 01:04:59

forth. He gave other examples, which indicate that where it is something

01:05:00--> 01:05:37

positive and you desire it for yourself to be able to do something positive, it's permissible, but it is the negative element where you desire what other people have when you wish they didn't have it as one element and I was really evil element, or even just desiring it, you know and it's really not something which is particularly desirable islamically it's not it says something good for you there's just a part of the dunya really that is the area which is not liked by last medalla Okay, inshallah we stop here subhanak Allahu Allah, Allah and the stock Furukawa to bhulekh