The Rightly Guided Caliphs #1 Introduction
Channel: Bilal Assad
File Size: 55.17MB
salam ala Rasulillah.
My brothers and sisters,
we were tossing between which topics to start, after we just finished the topic on Kadar and Qatar.
we thought at the moment, most of the young people are at school and
we have a mix of older people coming to the masjid. Of course, this is recorded. And so you can, you know, it will spread throughout the world in sha Allah eventually.
So, we decided at the moment to go with a little bit of history,
history, Islamic history.
But I don't want to talk about the politics of it, or just boring historical facts.
I always like to talk about what is relevant to us today,
and how we can benefit from learning about Islamic history.
So we can practice it in our lives today.
So what I've decided to talk about now is a short series
the right leg guided caliphates and hola are Rashi dune.
Hola, Rashi. Dune
are the successes of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
who took over
the leadership and responsibility
of the entire Muslim world, the Ummah
and continued throughout history
with what we call the Islamic empire Khilafah caliphate.
throughout the centuries,
until it ended in 1924.
But I want to focus on what we call the Rightly Guided caliphs,
who are literally the Khalifa is the caliphates the leaders the successes named Abu Bakr, Siddiq, Radi Allahu Anhu
after him Omar Abdul hottub Radi Allahu Anhu
after him Osman even I first or the Hola, Juan, and then after him Ali ibn Abi Taalib, Radi Allahu Anhu. And then briefly one lesson about a fifth Khalifa, who is very close, Lee, related in character, and justice to those four, his name was Alma ignore Abdulazeez. He was not a companion though. And he only ruled for two years. But I want to focus on that era, the most. Because the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself, he praised them. And he told us to follow this sunnah to follow their practice.
And each one of them is different to the other SubhanAllah. And each one of their era is so different to the one before and the way they are governed and led are so different. And their characteristics, their mindset and the way they dealt with people are so different.
We want to learn about these great leaders and the people around them. How did they lead in Islam? What problems did they face? Are those problems familiar to us today? Are they same as what Muslims go through today?
What kind of character and religion and spirituality that these believers had?
And how were those around him? around them?
Can we learn from their spiritual religion, religion from their religious practice and their spirituality, their Eman?
How did they deal with tough situations?
How do we deal with tough situations today?
Did they deal with non Muslims
who tried to attack Islam and Muslims? How did they deal with them? Did non Muslims live among them? How did they treat them? How did they How did the non Muslim
They live their lives during those Khalifa times? How did the Muslims treat the non Muslims?
What were the rights and privileges that were given to the Muslims in a Khalifa state? Is it similar to today?
Or things that happened today that that show justice and looking after?
People? Did they originate? Did these ideas come from the Khalifa systems? Did they come from Abu Bakr, Omar Osman and Ali, for example, here in Australia, we have a lot of laws, which focus on fairness, and justice for the people example, the fine the the Centerlink system
the help that you get from the medical system, such as the Medicare and health care system,
to have a say, in politics.
workers rights and Employment Rights and Business laws, trade and fair trade that we have here in Australia
and other parts of the world
did they have these types of things happening in their time in Khalifa system?
My brothers and sisters, I think that we all must,
must learn about these rightly guided Khalifa eras, after Muhammad Salah Salem.
It is essential for every young person and old person to know it in detail.
But what I'm going to talk about insha, Allah in these series, as I said before, is not about the controversial politics that happened in those days, I am going to mention him, I am going to talk about him.
But what I want to take from them
are lessons for us to learn so that we can learn about how to solve our conflicts in our time between us as Muslims.
We want to learn about
a how do we live our life
with our identity, our Islamic identity?
In the ever so changing world? Societies that we live in different countries that we live in?
Do we really have to be exactly like the time of Abu Bakr, Omar, Osman and Holly for us to move forward in our religion and our faith? Or
can we learn from their lives and from the areas
that no matter what happens in the world, what country we live in, what society we live in? What changes happen in our education, system politics? Can we still learn from them to still be strong Muslims with a strong identity, and still live among all these people in harmony, and in some way of equality and unity together without losing our Islamic identity and practices?
How do we work through it?
Brothers Sisters, I think the study of the whole affair is a huge essential solution. For us to understand our times today. You might think that it's way in the past, it was 1004, nearly 1400 years ago.
But brothers and sisters, the Muslim ummah today, everywhere in the world, and our state is a continuation from that time till today.
And we still have from those days, practices today that equal the modern world. And some of them will law he even out date out date to the modern world. And I'll just give you an example. We still have literature that is from them till today without the change of a letter. That is our Constitution and our guide that no one can dispute it. Who knows what it is.
What is it? What is it? The Quran?
The Quran, the Quran outdates every time in every era.
If it didn't, we would not have an intact the last letter.
And if it was up to you and made to preserve it, some people think the Quran is because Muslims preserve it. We don't preserve it. We cannot prove
Have at it, we did not preserve it we never did.
And we didn't preserve it through writing or through printers. No.
It is preserved because Allah is the One who preserves it.
It is impossible for him to preserve it because the language of the Quran Yes, it's in Arabic, but the way it is the way it's spoken is not
of human ability.
So how can we preserve something which we as humans cannot make? Like, we can't preserve it. As soon as something goes wrong, we don't know how to bring it back together the way it was, there'll be differing things in the Quran. Why am I saying this brothers sisters, Allah Quran connects us to that time
and what led them and help them to establish a just fair, harmonious, peaceful society to a certain extent and solve their problems when things went wrong. Was was the same
constitution that we have today the Quran, the Quran, they had the life that they lead the solutions that they their solutions, even though they had different problems, their solutions all came from the Quran.
And what we have today the Quran, and secondly, from the Sunnah, the Sunnah means the life example of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. All the verses of the Quran and all the Hadith, the words of the Prophet peace be upon him his actions which he left behind the authentic ones, of course, they are our
source tool today that they had 1400 years ago, from where we solve all of our problems, so long as we are sincere, truthful, sincere and truthful. And that our aim is to please Allah subhanaw taala. Number one, not for any selfish reason, not for racism, not for nationalism, not for capitalism, not for money, not for family, not for ourselves.
It's not Islam is a higher purpose. And nobody can know morals, right and wrong, what is morally right, what is morally wrong. What is ethically right, what is ethically wrong. No one in the world can decide that we will always change except through religion. Religion is the thing that tells us about right and wrong morals, science cannot. I have a science background, there is nothing in science, which tells you this is right, this is wrong.
They can't tell you morals. It just tells you how the world works. You decide the morals and people have so many different morals one minute this is okay, next minute we have a problem. This should be okay. Everybody's differs, but the Quran and religion. They decide that and let's see insha Allah from here, how we can benefit from the lives of the Khalifa Rashi don't call them Roshi doing the right leg guided because the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam called them the rightly guided the Rightly Guided caliphs, Abu Bakr, Omar, Usman and Ali, and some scholars have also considered a fifth Khalifa Alma Ignace Abdul Aziz, and I also agree with that and accept that.
So just a very quick history of the caliphate
system, the history of the caliphate, I just want to give you a very brief history you need to know your legacy brothers and sisters you need to know your heritage, your Islamic heritage, you and me no matter what color we are, where we've come from, male or female, doesn't matter who you are. You and I belong to a fraternity a brotherhood system that is so old and so strong.
We are called Muslims. We are not named after someone. We don't know if after a place.
We are not Muhammad ins for example.
We are not Jesus ins or Christians or we are not Moses sons we are not called a knights we are not Hadith Ian's
we are not named after places Medina aliens or Mexicans or Arabians we are not named after any such thing. Or, or race or nationality or race or ethnicity. Muslim is a description. It's an identity of description. It means those who truly choose to submit and believe in what Allah has revealed in the Quran. And to his messengers, the final messenger Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam a shadow Allah ilaha illallah wa shadow anna Muhammad Rasul Allah, the One who says I bear witness that there is only one God worthy of worship, and Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam is his final prophet and messenger. That's it. This is what unites us.
Everything else is secondary.
everything else. And this is what the caliphate system is based on.
Now, before I begin among the best resources, I think for Islamic history, which I use the majority of in presenting this series to you today is from a book called A historical book, a reference from the 11th century called lb Dahlia when the higher the beginning and the end, one of the most one of the top most reliable sources of Islamic history,
in our Ummah, by the great Imam Ibn Cassia.
Ibn katheer. Why? Because Imam Ibn Cassia, as the scholars say, he was not only a scholar, but he was what we call a mohawk and Muhaddith, a mohawk that means he was a historian, who was a researcher, and an investigator. He made sure and investigated this was his art, to to sift between historical information because it's very hard to find accurate historical information.
And he's also had this he was a scholar, a scientific scholar of Hadith, what the Prophet said,
he sifted through them he had like archaeology he made sure he was he had that he was a scholar of the science of Hadith. So he was able to tell us and rely upon Hadees which he himself could trace back to its authenticity, and with historically accurate information, at least, to a very high extent. Not everything he said was absolutely correct some information of the past he got them from Israel like traditions, but the Islamic history, the Sierra of the prophets, Allah Selim, and the Clutha this book is excellent. And every other books that were made, they kind of take from this fountain others are very high poverty and others like that, but the most authentic Allah knows best
is this one.
There is also a beautiful podcast that
highly educated brothers living with us here and here in Melbourne there actually one of my some of my close friends, we went to uni together. And you know, they're like highly educated, Masha, Allah, when you speak to them, you think they're walking dictionaries, robotic Allah. And they made a few years back something called Islamic legacy. That's what it's called Islamic legacy. It's still you can look it up on
just just type Islamic legacy. And insha Allah there is an app for them. And you can listen to it. They did it about the most of the Islamic history. The Mongol scourge they call it when the Mongols came in into the 11th and 12th century, they talk about the crusade era. They talk about the Ayyubid dynasty they talk about, you know, the Ottoman Empire that it's amazing if you want to learn about that because I'm not going to talk about all that stuff.
Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said this hadith is authenticated by Imam Sheikh Al Burnie and it is within the six authentic books he said in a home and yeah, I mean combat the facade of the love and cathedra family can be so Nettie was Sonetel Hola. Rashidi unelma de and I mean Bardi demo circuit will be her well, how do I let you have been no GS, what a Kumamoto 30 or more for in a coup livedata And Allah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said before he died, he said, Whoever review lives after me, he's talking to his companions, whoever review lives after me for a while, they are going to see many conflicts,
conflicts and differing opinions among who among the Muslims.
So he said, So I advise you to stick to my sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided caliphs who come right after me.
alma de Yin alma de and means
the chosen ones.
As if Rasulillah Salam is saying that Allah subhanahu wata, Allah had willed for them to be those
men body after me.
held on to my sunnah with the backs of the teeth.
And another Hadith he said to us, Abdul Allah you have been no as is. Hold on to it the backs of your teeth with your molars
We're here to learn more. And beware of trying to reinvent something new to make it part of this religion when it was not making up some new rules and new acts of worship that did not exist such as to make a sixth pillar of plate prayer, for example,
for in Nakula, darkened Allah every innovated mirror that people make up and they say this is Islam is a misguidance. We're not talking about what helps you practice religion like microphones and steps and cars that take you to the masjid. No, no, no, no. Inventions are part of Islamic history. And we are encouraged to learn but to come to the religion and start to twist it around. Making haram halal and Halal haram and trying to invent new things saying this is also part of the religion that our Prophet taught us and came down from God.
This is called innovations in the religion.
My Brothers and Sisters in Islam, what is a caliph or caliphate?
A caliphate or a lover is an Islamic state.
Under the leadership of an Islamic steward,
you know, someone who takes after a responsible leader, with the title of Khalifa, caliph, a person considered a political religious successor to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa salam as defined and a leader of the entire Muslim world.
Okay, so politics and religion are together in this Islamic State Khilafah
we do not separate Islam and the Quran does not separate rules and politics from religion. Now, when I say politics, I don't mean the corrupt politics, where people want to use their whims and desires and play political shifty moves. Islam is based on Islam on the Quran and Sunnah. And it involves politics, meaning ruling of a country making laws governing you
know what Islam is not a religion, where you just sit in a dark place or in a cave or just in the Moscow in a church or in a monastery. And it's just private. And that's it. No, no, Islam is not just private, private is part of it. That's a spiritual part. But Islam is also it is,
you build, you innovate, you govern. You help. You know, it's throughout the world. It's inwards and outwards,
My brothers and sisters, the caliphate lasted for about 1300 And so years, from 632 to the third of March 1924.
After the First World War,
it ended in what is today known as Turkey or the Ottoman Empire fell and was abolished and replaced with a secular system, where it fell in Turkey.
The whole of Russia doing the rightly guided ones lasted from 632 to 661, nearly 30 years. The owner then came after them what they call the or made, caliphate. We're going to call it dishonesty. Why didn't st because dynasty is when it becomes hereditary. So it stays kind of within a family, the family, someone else they there is they become the believers. Now, this is acceptable in Islam, but it is not the only way and it is not the best way. And you will see that from then on more and more conflicts arose to the to the fall of the of the philosopher and that's what also Salah salem said hold on to the rightly guided ones, you will see that this was not hereditary. Then came the
Ambassade caliphate from 750 to 1258. And then the Mamluk Dynasty 1261 to 1517, then the Ottoman a lot of money from 1517 to 1924 among them and within their time, there were other little tiny
groups that called themselves a Khalifa. For example, at the time of the Besut sorry, the omega time there was something called the The Fatimid dynasty
or the abyssal time there was the Fatimid dynasty which ruled for about 200 years but they only ruled in certain parts of the world like North Africa like you know, Egypt, Morocco, Sudan, Sicily, the Middle East, and they will call the Ismail Haley Shira density. They are not a dynasty. They're not a dynasty. We can call them the smiley Shia
Well, you can't call them kind of a dynasty, what they call their own healer. And they believe that you can only have a Khalifa who comes from the bloodline
of Fatima or the Allahu Allah and the highlight of the Allah one.
But they were operating parallel while there was the real enough are happening, and they wanted to replace it. But they the ambassador, he never took them over and they were gone.
I'm not gonna go into this, she has so many business. I'm not here to talk about that we are talking about what is important to us now. And honestly, Islam is about truth. We need to know what is the truth without emotions, and I do not lean towards any particular group or agenda of any sort. I am Alhamdulillah a follower of the Sunni Islam, which is the mainstream and it's what I believe has we are socialized LM has left us on
and that is what is important.
My brothers and sisters,
the Rashi Dune, the Rightly Guided caliphs. They were elected by Muslims or agreed upon by the Muslims. The community majority the community from 661 onwards, as I said, became hereditary. And there was a little tiny dentistry called the Ayyubid dynasty the Salahuddin UB dynasty that happened a little while.
And you know what Islamic empire the Islamic Empire spread throughout the world after the Prophet sallallahu wasallam to reach more than 13 point 5 million kilometer square of this entire earth.
That's like nearly it's like a third of the earth almost, which became the largest empire ever seen. And the sixth largest in number in the history of this world.
It was huge.
It was huge. And the advancement in technology is blows your mind away. You talk about telescopes, you talk about maths, you talk about engineering, you talk about science of all sorts in every area of biology, medicine, even I have to say even music and notes and instruments and singing and also clothing and art and design and you know, it was unbelievable.
telescopes today as I said, for example, a lot of it was taken on by the Muslims afterwards. Hospitals, Psych psychology wards, you know, mental illness institutions, nursery, so as in nursing and nursery, agriculture and nursing medical, including Midwifery, and doctors and you know, even everything all of that stuff
was reignited and started by
the Muslims. One of them the first university was by a Muslim scholar, 40 mil for history, and also psychological woods.
All of these came from where they came within Islamic era Subhanallah
my brothers and sisters now, I will move on to talk about an introduction tonight to the first Khalifa Abu Bakr, Siddiq, Radi Allahu Han. Do we have any questions for now?
Alhamdulillah is that a good sort of
overall, okay, Hamdulillah.
What I want to do is I want to talk about these men and the women and men around them.
I want to learn about their life so that I can emulate them. We want the young people to have them as their heroes and their role models. We want the young people and the old people to look at them. As the great leaders of this earth, masha Allah, in what they did was remarkable and no one can match them. No one can match them. These hula effort were the companions of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they lived with him, ate with him, fought with him, hurt with him, rose with him, spent intimate time with him. They they, they traveled with him. And they spent so much the majority of their time within their lives. Abu Bakr Delaune spent the most time with the props la salam ala
the Allah one who spent the earliest time with the Prophet Allah Salam. He was his direct cousin from a very young age as a boy when from the time he was born.
We are going to learn remarkable things about this these most amazing character that no one can match in the history of this world.
Without further ado, let's talk about the first Khalifa
Abu Bakr Siddiq. His name is
Abu Bakr, which is His name, His nickname is Abu Bakr,
Abu Bakr, the father of bhaker. But in Arabic doesn't literally mean he had a son named Bucher, it means the man of bhaker What does it mean? bhaker means
the first calf or the first camel born. Why? Why do you think it was named after a camel or a calf in the ancient in the Arab world and in some cultures today, using Animals Names, gives a particular description of a person and it was nothing wrong with it. You know, it's like when you say to somebody, you are a lion, nobody says anything about that. Man, Arabs, they had certain names of certain animals which gave a particular characteristic describe that person. Why was he learned the first camel the first car, the camel serves people. The camel is patient. The camel can persevere. The camel can go days and weeks without food or water.
The camel is an amazing being which is mentioned in the Quran. And Abu Bakr was called that which tells you a lot about his characteristic. His tribe was called time and he was from a place from the tribe of Quraysh, the same tribe of who Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. His real name is Abdullah. That's his name. I will work with Alana is Abdullah, the son of Othman. His father's name was Arthur man, but we know him history books, we'll call him a book. Hahaha. So he was called Ibn Abu Kochava. And there were many poetry's and nasheeds made about him. You have a beer Kochava that was his name. He used to have a name before Abdullah
and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam changed it his name before Abdullah was Abdul Kaaba, the slave of the Kaaba. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam changed it to the slave of Allah. Naming is very important. It is haram to name people or your children after these types of names to call them the slave of the Kaaba or the slave of the Prophet.
Some people call themselves today Abdul Nabi for example, slave of the Prophet, Oh, disgusting names, named after disgusting things. Obviously, these are haram to name but a good name. And then that has a good meaning
is good. It doesn't have to be some people say Islamic name. And they think of things like you know, they think of names like Omar and Bilal. And yes, they are Islamic meaning they are good names, and they are named after great role models. But it doesn't have to be that way. A good name with a good meaning is enough for a Muslim and something easy on the tongue, which has a good meaning. Obviously, naming after these great figures, makes you become a great figure. It kind of changes you.
And that's why when you see people who know their religion, and they want to get up to some Hanky Panky, if his name is Muhammad he calls himself mo
right or owl or something like that. It's a bit embarrassing to call yourself a good name a beautiful name when you're doing wrong things. And that's that's kind of a good thing you know, that we don't we try not to use that name when it represents something so high, but what I'm saying is we should live up to those names inshallah. Without going even further on that we'll say
his mother's name was Salma. Oh it was called Oman hire the mother of goodness. So you can see brothers sisters, his entire family is based on goodness they were known for goodness they got beautiful names. They were nicknamed amazing names. His features what did Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu look like?
He was medium height.
very skinny. He was quite slim. He had long hair.
He sometimes had dreadlocks,
but not very thin, dreadlocks thick dark blocks. He used to tie them in dreadlocks sometimes.
And he had a light tan, an Arab 10 A light Arab 10 In those days, they used to call a light tan. White. They call them white. Not like to them we say white we mean something else. But in those days the Arabs if they saw an Arab with a light tan or anybody with a light tan, they call them white. Guess what they used to call the the white people of today what they used to call them those days.
Not read these they call them yellow. A sharp us for the in the Arab world in in the Arabia. They call them philosopher because they were blond.
Okay Chabela the red was kind of maybe among them but the Byzantines for example, the Romans were called tabula rasa because they
so the colors in those days were different. Anyway, I woke up to the line oh look like that. What about his character?
He was a successful businessman, an entrepreneur of the highest degree, very successful entrepreneur, businessman, very wealthy. He was extremely honest, truthful, trustworthy, warm hearted, soft spoken, gentle nature. He had empathy. He can, he used to feel for other people. And he was very generous. He always gave money when suffering happened, and I'm talking about him before he became a Muslim. And after he became a Muslim, no historical book denies that whether Muslim or non Muslim, even those who are against Islam. No one denies that about Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu.
About this character.
He became the most beloved to his community. Before he became a Muslim, he was the most one of the most beloved to his community. They called him the loved one.
Interestingly, Avoca Delano never worshipped an idol. He was raised among the Arabs of Mecca, and they used to worship statues of Walker Delano never worshipped a statue never worshipped an idol. Not because someone told him, but because of Hamlet, it never made sense to him, he was open minded.
He didn't follow the social norms of his time. He didn't follow just what his parents told him or what the society told him. He wasn't a follower. He thought for himself. And he has an interesting story when he was a child.
He, his his father's and his family used to bring him to the idols and it's nice to say to him, give the idols food, donate to the idols give, because that will make your life better.
And when he was a child, he used to put the food in front of them and look at them and say
But the idols would not talk or eat. So have a look at the London from a young age, maybe 10 years old, or 11. He decided, I'm not going to worship something that can't eat, can't help me to eat healthy, if he can't eat, how can I how can I tell me to eat, he doesn't even eat as a child, this is how he thought. And at some time, he would sit in front of the idols and we say, feed me, feed me, an idols wouldn't feed him.
So, but when he found out about Allah and Islam, he said, Allah is a god you cannot see right now. And everything in this world is evidence that he created it. And he feeds us from this what we see happening now.
My brothers and sisters aboubaker yelled Allahu Anhu. One day he brought a rock when he was a child, and he threw it at one of the statues. And it landed on the statue and made a chip in it.
And that further made him think, man, I am disgusted by these idols. These are not my gods, if I can throw a rock at it, and he can't defend itself, how am I going to ask her to defend me? So this was a book that I learned as a child. And these were similarities between him and Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salam, and Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. They were the same in that way of thinking. It's called the fitrah
Abu Bakr, the Alon who never drink alcohol. He actually forbid alcohol upon himself. And the story is because one time after seeing a man, he was drunk, in Makkah, he saw a man drunk. And this drunk man he saw
fecal material, you know, fecal matter who on the floor,
and the man who was drunk, picked up the poop and started to wipe it on himself.
A worker the Allah know, said, Oh, my God, this is disgusting. I will never touch that stuff that he's drinking. And that made him become disgusted
to alcohol and wine. So he was never intoxicated. And that is similar to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.
He was very close to Francois Silliman character, and you will see that throughout his time, whenever Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam thought he was confused about something wanted to make an opinion. He would always go to Abu Bakr, the Alonzo, and he would ask him what he thinks about this opinion, and would find that a word or the Allahu Anhu was thinking exactly the same as him.
And when I woke up, I had an opinion, who would go to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he would find the Prophet sallallahu wasallam had the same opinion. So the kind of thought the same. Now when we're saying about opinions, we're not talking about opinions where Allah had already settled and told him, we're talking about worldly opinions. Where because Islam doesn't tell you about every single thing. We have room to make decisions about certain things in our lives. And he would go to the brothel SLM and find that he had this
similar opinion to him
why was he called a Sadiq?
That's his title Abubaker acidic. Acidic literally means the honest and truthful one. Actually, it means the one who believed the Prophet in everything, the one who believed the Prophet in everything, every time. The problem is we want him said something. He was the first to say he is truthful. He never hesitated. Everybody hesitated except Abu Bakr as Siddiq or the Allahu Anhu. And as so big, that title was really for him.
For he was the first man to believe in the message hood, messenger heard of Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.
The Prophet sallallahu wasallam told us that he did not hesitate nor stutter, no doubt a second, when he came and told him Abubaker I am a messenger from God. And He said to him, select you are truthful and I'm the first to believe in you and follow you did not hesitate and there is a nice story, which is insane Muslim and similar to insoluble Hari. And incident happened between him and Amara, the hola Juan, this is when they were Muslim in Medina. I'm just telling a little story in Medina, Amara, the Allahu Anhu kind of always had the opposite opinion of Abu Bakr
and it was so much so that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to say, if Abu Bakr and Omar, if you two ever agreed on one thing, don't even ask me. It has to be right. Because you never agree. There was so different in the way they thought. So one time Abubaker the Allah who I know had a little altercation with Ahmed, or the hola Juan and this time, Abu Bakr the Allahu Anhu it was his fault. It was a worker's fault. He made a mistake. And a little bit with Omar Ahmad, his nature was quite stern and tough. He gets angry, and then he comes down.
And so one of the Allahu Anhu after wronging Omar with something small.
He became very sad about what he did and apologized to Omar and said Omar please forgive me. But I'm gonna the Allahu Anhu couldn't forgive him just yet. said I can't right now. Just give me some space.
So what are the Alana went to the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam
and he was crying.
Why is he crying? Now because he wants to remember to be his favorite or to like him? A worker the Allahu Anhu he feels God. He doesn't want on a day of judgment to face Allah and Omar has not forgiven him.
So he said, Yeah rasool Allah, I did this. And Ramadan did not forgive me and I tried. Please Yeah, Rasul Allah helped me and save me. And the Prophet sallallahu sallam said, yeah, he said, counsel, like be a mediator between me and him and the prophets. Allah Salam said to him, yeah, Abubaker Allah has already forgiven you. Allah has already forgiven you.
Suddenly, oh my God, Allah who comes in as I told you, I'm gonna do I know he gets angry that comes down and becomes the best came into the masjid.
And he had come down. As soon as he saw the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the Prophet saw him. The Prophet peace be upon him looked unhappy with Omar
that petrified Ahmad Allah Juan, because he's the messenger of God. If the messenger of God is unhappy or displeased with you.
That means Allah is going to be displeased with you.
Ahmad was petrified he became pale and could not speak anymore.
So a worker their loved one when he realized when I told you he's got empathy, he saw hombre de La Nina state. He saw Mohamed Salah Salamina state he just want hombre the Allah who wanted to be to have the Prophet displeased with him. So our bhaker rushed to the Prophet peace be upon him and sat on his knees, he went down to his knees, he hold on to the Prophet Allah so let me say Dr. Rasool Allah, please, please be pleased with Omar. It was my fault he didn't do anything.
Then the Prophet sallallahu sallam said,
people to Islam. Everybody thought over it,
at least for a while.
All except Abu Bakr.
He believed me. The moment I told him about Islam, he accepted it without any hesitation. No stutter no doubt. Won't you all leave my best friend alone? Won't you or leave my best friend alone?
In another Hadith inside Buhari number 3661. He said, Allah sent me to you all.
You all said I lied.
In the beginning,
but Abu Bakr said, You have spoken the truth. He also supported me with his own self and his wealth. So are you all going to leave my companion alone or not? Are you all going to leave my companion alone or not?
He was never harmed by anyone. After that day, I will walk out of your lawn, nobody did to upset him even a little bit after that day.
What is this rank and his character of Walker Delano has with the Prophets Allah Salam and with Allah, that Allah subhanaw taala automatically forgave him even though I'm gonna be alone did not forgive him. Something is so highly different about him
because his heart was something else.
And look what he did. His love for Ahmad Alana for all his companions. My brothers and sisters, that a Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was once climbing up the mountain of oil. There was a mountain there called Ohio does the Prophet sallallahu Sallam loved and he said it its origin is from Jana. The hadith is insoluble hurry, he was climbing up and began to rumble to began to shake.
And the Prophet peace be upon him said with Bucha Oh, who would be stable for walking on top of you right now is a prophet. And a Sadiq. One who is who believes in the Prophet and to martyrs.
Who were the two martyrs. The Prophet Allah said let me said it was me the Prophet, Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu and
two martyrs was Omar and Ali to the Allahu Allah. What is the main martyrs it means they were going to be killed in the name of Allah and murdered
what pleases Allah, they will be killed because of Islam. So they were called murderers. You'll hear you'll know about this story later on insha Allah and he by the way, these series they're gonna go maybe for about eight or 10 and that's called a summary. So insha Allah will enjoy it.
Another time was Israel mirage.
You will know the story of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam when He ascended to the heavens, and he journeyed by night from Mecca to Jerusalem, it's incidentally straw so bihon and lazy as Ra they are the de minimis G dinner held on the eel MSG, the alkaline soil, the rock in
the rockin how hola hola in Oriya home in yeah Tina in who was Sammy balsley verse one. Allah says Glory be to he who's who took his his who took his servant Mohamed Salah Salem by night, from the sacred mosque in Makkah to the Sacred Mosque in Jerusalem, Jerusalem around and surroundings that we have blessed in order to show him some of our divine signs our miracles. Verily Allah is all the one who he is your call and the one who sees
when he went and went into the heavens and came back by night he came back to Makkah and what happened? The first one to hear about it was Abuja and he was the most tyrant leader of Quraysh. And he always had it in for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So he used and said, Okay, this is the time I'm going to show how this man is a madman. This is good. And he went around telling people look at what he's saying. He went from Mecca to Jerusalem, no cars, no of planes, nothing over there in one night and went into the heavens. Quite as we told you he's, he's mad. That's what he said. Then I approached aboubaker worker was a very respectable man and they wanted to take him away from
the province Allah said I'm so they came up to Abu Bakr and I said to him, listen to what your friend is saying was Jehovah said to him, listen to what your friend is saying. Come on, man. Are you going to say his truthful
and what did a workout Alana say?
He said in color her if Mohamed Salah Salem truly said that.
For called Sadhak he is truthful for me. So Dr. So Dr. Boucher in
ackermans Alec I believed in him in something even greater than that. I believe that he received words from above seven heavens down to earth which he received the Quran of course I believe him. So he was called a sub the.
My brothers and sisters he was the first man
to convert to Islam. Absolute first men to convert to Islam. The first woman is Hadith of the Allahu anha and the first child is earlier the Allah
who was the only Sahabi the only companion whose entire family household converted to Islam.
Some before others, the last of them was his father,
a vocal half of men.
And he converted to Islam before the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the 11th year of his era, so two years before the Prophet died.
And there is an amazing story about that. In sha Allah we will talk about it in next class.
He was the first of the 10 Guaranteed Paradise by name in one Hadith. He was the closest friend to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The Prophet peace be upon him said, If I were to choose a title of Best Friend, from among my alma, I would have chosen Abu Bakr
but he is my closest companion and brother, the hadith is in Muslim.
And another Hadith he said, but Allah has chosen me as his allele as his companion. Khalil means the closest one to him.
As he chose Ibrahim Ali has Salam. So because Allah is allele of Muhammad, Salah Salem, Muhammad wa salam couldn't choose Abu Bakr.
But if it wasn't for that he would have
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
received help from Abu Bakr before anyone else all the time. The Prophet peace be upon him said once the hadith is in the measure, no wealth has ever benefited me like the way of a bucket as wealth benefited me.
Abu Bakr when he heard this, when of course, as I've said this a worker Delana started to cry.
And he said,
and what is myself and my wealth, but all yours to begin with, oh messenger of Allah. Like, you don't even need to say that. My wealth and myself is all for you.
The Prophet SAW Selim then replied, none I owe anything to accept Abubaker for he used his self and property for me more than anyone else. Let all the doors to the masjid be closed except the door of Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu. And he said these words before he died by a few days, there were many doors in the midst of the prophets Allah Salam salaallah alayhi wa sallam where people used to enter from and after his death he said before his death he said close all these doors and make one entrance for everybody. Because they were named after different people. He said except for the door of Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu keep it open always for all people.
Until today, we still have the door of Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Allah, you enter into the masjid and Nabawi right from the front, kind of from the right side and you enter
the door of Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Allah and later on other doors were opened in different just to accommodate people.
The Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu
one day they were sitting on the edge of a well and the hadith is inside Buhari and Prophet Muhammad Salah Salem he was sitting on the edge of this well it's called the well of ARIS known well over there and he had his, his trousers his his Thurber, his trousers, it was kind of lifted up from Salah Salem had his clothing lifted up.
And he had with him the companion Abu Musa lashari Are the Allahu Anhu he said, I could see the prophets whiteness of his thighs, by although funny they
which means that the Outre of a man is from the navel to the knee, but it is it can also be a little bit above the knee from this hadith, the prophet of Salem a little bit of the a little bit above his knee was shown
and a door knocked. There was a door there prophets Allah Salam said Don't let anyone enter until you asked me. And then yeah Rasul Allah, he said it is Abu Bakr.
He said to him, let him enter and give him good news that he will be in paradise.
Then another knock. He said it is Omar, ya rasool Allah, the Prophet peace be upon him said let him in and give him good news that he will be in paradise.
Then a third knock, it was awesome man are the Allahu Anhu. He said, let him in and give him good news that he will be in paradise, but only after a calamity befalls him.
And we're going to learn about what happened to us not only Allah Juana with this calamity.
And Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu he sat next to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him to his right
When almoner the Alonso came in, he sat next to Abu Bakar to his right. When I was mad at the Aloha Nukem, he didn't find much room. And Osman was shy, his nature was shy. We'll talk about him when he comes. And he went around and didn't want to inconvenience everybody. So he sat
in front of them on the other side of the well.
And when he entered the Prophet sallallahu Sallam put his trousers down.
He rolled them back down.
And when he was asked by Abu Musa Sharia, why did you do that? You're Rasul Allah, when asked matter, the Allahu Anhu entered, and there's another Hadith with Aisha the Alana in a similar way, but he didn't do with Abu Bakr and Omar.
He said, How can I not be embarrassed or respectful in a shy way in front of a man and the angels are shy in front of and he was Othman or the Aloha? No, he cannot. He was so modest and shy in nature.
The scholars interpret this incident in the following way. They said, this was the foretold clue that when the Prophet sallallaahu Salam died,
Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu was going to succeed him followed by Amara followed by Osman.
Also, it is the full told clue that when Mohamed Salah Salem was being was buried, Abu Bakr is grave was going to be next to his on his right. And Alma his grave was going to be next to Abubaker, the Alon on his right. And Arthur mantle, the Allahu Anhu was going to be buried elsewhere. And he truly is buried in El Bahia. A little bit of a distance about Korea is a little gray is a big graveyard next to the Prophet's mosque. And truly till today SubhanAllah 1400 years later, the grave of the Prophet sallallaahu Salam, Abu Bakr and Omar are exactly alike that Subhanallah from that incident, the scholars say that was foretold
so there are many hints and signs in the life of Muhammad Salah Salem, that shows a worker the Allahu Anhu that he will be the successor and his relationship to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. How much time do we have left? For a shot?
How much? Two minutes. So what I'm going to do now is I'm going to stop here
as an introduction to the series of the whole effort Rashi Dune, the Rightly Guided caliphs, I have now introduced to you a bucket of the Allahu Anhu in his character, his name and brief stories around the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam to know what kind of a man we are talking about, in sha Allah next week. On Wednesday, it will be school holidays in sha Allah, but I will continue in the school holidays. unless something comes up, look it up on the Preston mosque on my Facebook page. Inshallah next week, we'll talk about his early life in Makkah, and we'll go through the story of how he converted. We'll talk about
the first call of Islam in secret and the role of a worker the Alana there. We're going to talk about old workers incidents of where he risked his life for the province of Allah Salam. His story about how we liberated slaves, risking his life a second time. We're going to talk about his migration to Abyssinia and the story around there that will really interest us. We'll talk about his migration with the Prophet peace be upon him to Medina. We will talk about some stories around that migration. And I'm going to, I'll probably disappoint some of you with some stories that you've always known since your childhood. Some of them are fabricated, some of them are weak, but we'll
leave that till next week in sha Allah like a cliffhanger. And we'll talk about on his way to Medina and what happened some miracles that happened with a man called Soraka Abdul Malik are the Allahu Anhu. We will talk about some certain incidents in Medina. And lessons of disagreements between the Muslims and how they dealt with them and we can learn from them and we have disagreements among us. We will talk about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and our issues marriage or the Allahu anha talk about some family feuds that happened between the Prophet peace be upon him and his wife, Aisha and how Abu Bakr, the Alana father came in to help them with their domestic issues.
And we'll talk about his participation in the battles with the Prophet Mohammed Salah Salem that's what we'll talk about insha Allah next week, may Allah Subhana Allah preserve you bless you. And please if I'm taking too long, you're allowed to let me know in sha Allah, I don't want to drain you because it is historical. But with a worker long stories next week, you're going to be intrigued. You're gonna be so Intuit insha Allah
may Allah Subhana Allah reward you all insha Allah I'll see you next week with part two of the Calif Khalifa series. Well, her there was Salah ha Nabina Muhammad while early he was Sahabi Germaine was salam aleikum wa rahmatullah Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.