Bilal Assad – The Meaning Of Salah (Prayer) #5

Bilal Assad
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Mr. De kumara Mottola here we're gonna get to welcome back brothers and sisters and humbly level salatu salam ala Rasulillah. Today's class six, we're still talking about the

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all the different issues about salad and prayer. And today insha Allah going to spend the first 20 minutes or so to talk to you about a special characteristic that you can do in your salad. And that is called the Gemma and Casa where today we're gonna be talking about when can you join your prayers? And when can you shorten them? Joining praise and shortening the praise in sha Allah Allah or should I say salat? Because we agreed. We're not going to say prayer, we're gonna say solar, because solar is different meaning than prayer.

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So alhamdulillah so far, we've talked a lot about solid, why we pray the pillars of prayer, what do you do when you make mistakes, and so on. Today,

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I will start by explaining what shortening the prayer means. And then what joining the prayer means the solid. And then we're going to talk about the different

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times the different situations that you are allowed to do this.

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And the different situations where you're only allowed to join but not shorten. I'm going to reference to

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just briefly every time to what the opinions of the different schools of thought say about each one of them, just to respect different communities who do follow a particular school of thought and just for your own knowledge and to I usually look at what the majority

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conclusion is among the jurists. But nevertheless, I'll just show you just in case you do meet other communities or follow a school of thought, not to get a shock.

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And just to know that there are different ways and different valid

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opinions in these matters. They are allowed in these matters because they are not

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the pillars of Islam, they're branches of Islam.

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We're going to talk about different situations.

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And Inshallah, we'll leave it for questions and answers in the end deal. I won't look to you too long.

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So first of all, let's go through the definitions and descriptions, a very quick definition description.

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Brothers and sisters, it is Allah subhanaw taala has mercy and kindness upon us that when he made solid compulsory acts of worship, he also knows that there are situations in our lives where things become hard. Worship can be difficult. Worship can be strenuous, and so that we can keep loving worship and not finding it a bother or not feeling uneasy about it. Allah subhanaw taala made situations and avenues for us to make it easier so that we can continue a loss Mandela is doesn't want quantity. Doesn't want quantity. He wants quality from us. He wants us to love what we are doing. And the only thing why Allah subhanaw taala made solid, you know certain things compulsory is

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because they are the most beloved things to him, meaning they are the things that make you closer to him the most. And when Allah makes something compulsory, and you and I we neglect it, we stay away from it. The question arises, why are you neglecting it? Why are you neglecting something that you know, Allah Subhana Allah loves the most to the point that he has made it compulsory upon you. The question is not why Allah made it compulsory. Now, the question is, why are you neglecting it? Like what is the issue? What's going on? And that is why the sin of abandoning or staying away from something compulsory is so huge to Allah subhanaw taala to major sin.

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Because the question now is why? What's what's in your mind and in your heart that you neglect? The Salat? Why? That's the question.

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It's not about why didn't you pray for four records or two records or whatever? Allah is asking, what is making you stay away from solid

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and that is why Allah says in the Quran in certain mountain for why you do little more suddenly in a leather you know who mountain Salah thing himself on

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is like saying Hellfire

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or aura

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it's a it's a.

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It's like saying what? There is a terrible consequence for the ones who prey but they're neglectful of their prayer. People who believe in prayer, Salah, you're a Muslim, but you're neglectful of it. You skip your salad. You pray once a week

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Sometimes you skip even that one off, number three on then to off and another five off and then sometimes pray without the conditions and whatever

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way it means something's going on in your Eman. Something's going on in your life.

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For the reason that's causing you to stay away from Allah subhanaw, Taala and solid. So this is a huge deal.

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But Allah makes it easy

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in situations joining and shortening,

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what is shortening and what is joining, shortening, pay attention now shortening is when you don't have to pray

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a particular Salat fully, you can make it shorter.

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It is only when a for Raka Salat turns into a two rock solid

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for a car turns into two cars. What about the two rock solid like Fisher? Can we show them that? The answer is no. Because it's not a four car solid. The two stays too. And the mother of which is three, the three stays three I repeat, shortening the solid is any solid that is for compulsory solid four turns into two. As for the mother, which is three, it stays three. And the Fisher which is two remains two you can't shorten them is that part understood, four equals two, three stays three, Tuesday's two. So what is joining them joining is when you're allowed to pray to salads that are supposed to be in two different times you pray them in the same time.

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Again, joining the solid is when there are two compulsory solids that are meant to be in two different times.

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And you are allowed to pray them

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at one time.

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And the only solids that you can join.

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Only solids you can join are the VOR and the officer together in one time and the Maghreb and they share together in one time.

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Therefore, you cannot join Fajr with any solid and you cannot join arsenal

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with Maghrib

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which are the only two solids you can't join

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the officer and Marieb and the Fajr with any solid is that clear. So keep in your mind the only two solids that you can join other Varanasi and the mala Venetia,

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there are two ways you can join them either earlier

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or later.

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Me or means

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you pray the two solids at the time of the earliest solid

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of a horror and the answer, which one is earlier.

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Vote. So praying, joining them earlier means

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as soon as the Lord comes,

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you can pray over her.

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And also pray you're awesome. And you don't have to pray it again. That's early joining. Another example is McGraw Venetia. When Maghrib arrives, you pray your mother rib and then you pray you Aisha at that time and you don't have to pray share again.

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That's early joining. The other one is delayed joining or later joining. That's the opposite

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to her announced also,

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you don't pray a lot of time you just don't do anything until I sort of comes. Also time you pray over first. Then you're also and that's it.

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Another example Maghrib and Aisha we're gonna delay it. delay the joining. You don't pray at Maghrib you wait till a share. Then you pray the Maghrib then the Aisha what's the first thing you realized I said here with the delayed one.

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Did you realize I kept them in order.

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Did you realize I kept them in order. I said the word you can pray at a time. But you don't pray also first you pray the Lord first then ask your mother maybe wait till a shirt but you don't pray a shirt first you pray Maghrib then I share why the solids must be kept in order as Allah has kept him in order. And as the Prophet SAW Selim kept them in order. Always in order. You got it. So now we've defined very briefly what shortening the salad is, and what joining the salad is. We also talked to

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about early joining, and later joining, we talked about which solids you can join, which ones you can't. We talked about which ones you can shorten and which ones you can't. Is that clear up to now?

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Are we done with the definition and description? Good. Now let's move on to the second part number two of this topic.

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What are the reasons that you are allowed to use in order to join or shorten the solid? Or good? Everybody understand that question? In what cases? What reasons? Are you allowed to join these solids and shorten them?

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There are eight,

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eight reasons that you can join the solids, but only one reason that you can shorten them?

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How many reasons for joining

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eight, how many reasons for shortening?

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Let's go through them.

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Reason number one, is the only reason that you can do both join and shorten. Anyone know what it is travel. Traveling in Arabic is called suffer. We're going to talk about that extensively. But let me go through the eight. Secondly, the second reason. Now from here onwards, you cannot shorten you can only join, second reason for joining.

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In sickness. If you are reasonably sick.

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You're reasonably sick.

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As an example the scholars talked about is like the flu.

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The flu is not easy.

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And let's say severe headache. I remember when we got the Coronavirus, the COVID when I had the Delta,

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I couldn't stand up from the headache. So headaches are also there, but severe headaches. So reasonable sickness that makes you sick, that when you have a sickness, or you are in really old age, and your body has lots of weaknesses due to old age, do you know what I'm talking about? This is called an haram in Arabic, which means extreme old age where your body is weakened due to due to degeneration, deterioration of your limbs and organs due to old age, these two types of people, people who are sick or ill, and the people who are weakened body due to old age, they have the option of joining this solid to make it easier on them. You got it. Number three, during the times I

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want you listen to this carefully during the times of heavy rain and hit strong winds are repeated during the time of a heavy rain and strong winds. What did you realize I said here?

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What did I say? heavy wood

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and wind. Some people think it's only in heavy rain.

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It has to be heavy rain and strong wind. Why am I saying next? Because that's exactly how the Prophet sallallahu sallam said it. And he did not separate the two. Okay, because heavy rain and strong wind is a difficulty on people to go you can easily get sick, you can easily you know get it can harm you.

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Even if the harm is small, it doesn't matter. But it is difficult on people that Allah doesn't want us to look at worship as a burden. So you can join the solid

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number four, when you are unable to have access to water for cleansing yourself, let's say and this usually happens for people who are on usually on travel anyway. Or in certain parts of the world. Some countries that are experiencing drought, or scarcity in water, or places of poverty, they'll fit in that category. As for us here in Australia, we don't need to worry about that. But if there's scarcity of water, then you can join your solid if you fear that you're not going to be able to make we'll do it again or the water is scarce or there is a drought. Or let's say

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you know you're unable to cleanse yourself each time because of the scarcity of water so you can join your solid to minimize using water.

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Number five, this is something special for people who have these conditions. So the first one is for women

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Only women have this. And that is called abnormal uterine bleeding. In Arabic in the Sharia, it's called St. Haba.

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Abdominal abnormal

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uterine bleeding. What is it? It usually happens in certain cases. So a woman naturally and we all mature here to talk about brothers, sisters, women naturally have menstrual cycles, period. And they also after giving birth, for those of you who don't know, we've got young kids yeah, it's okay you can learn about this, when they give birth there has something called postnatal bleeding.

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All right.

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So sometimes,

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after it's all finished, it's ended for her. She finds herself still bleeding.

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That's no longer menstrual blood. Nor is it postnatal bleeding. This is this is really important for our sisters, they want to know that blood is abnormal uterine bleeding. And there are we don't know the main causes of it. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam talked about it. And he said it is a blood vessel. It's a blood vessel. It's not from the uterus itself. So when a woman goes through a menstrual cycle, that blood is unwanted blood, harmful blood to the body that has accumulated in the uterus, and it is used that that blood goes to the uterus, so that if the woman gets pregnant, that blood turns into the nutrients and the environment that helps the baby grow, per se, if she's not

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pregnant, the body gets rid of that blood, it's not needed, and it becomes toxic to the body. So it cleanses her. And this is this is a mercy from Allah subhanaw taala. And it shows you that you know, how Allah Subhan Allah looks after the woman and how we should respect that. So if she gets abnormal bleeding,

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then she can join her salary as well to make life easy on her. And the second one is for men or women. And it's a it's like,

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urinary incontinence,

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you know,

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in interesa, so in a racist, it's a medical term for people who have

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an, a consistent inability to hold urine. So sometimes they have this problem, a little bit in Arabic and seller sell bowl. So these there are people who have that condition. And they're allowed to have the option to join their prayers to make life easy on them, too. All right. Now, number six, who is able to join this alert?

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This is also rare for people who have the inability to calculate time. Sometimes they have a mental disability, some people have Alzheimer's and ALLAH SubhanA, Allah protect us. Some people have amnesia, some people may be going through severe case of diabetes. Some people go through cases of high blood sugar, low blood sugar. In that case, sometimes you get dizzy, sometimes this medication you're taking where you do lose a little bit of quite, you know, sort of the ability to tell time. So these types of people, if they're in that state, usually in this rest state, they can join us a lot

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out of mercy from Allah. Number seven, fear of losing something that's a bit ambiguous. But it doesn't matter. Let's say you're in a situation where you can't leave your position to go and make and pray. Or you know, you can't leave that spot. You're guarding your car, you're guarding your house, you're guarding your property, you're standing guard, whatever you're doing, right, any situation where you say, I can't leave right now, you're minding kids, for example, there are 100 different reasons in our life, where people cannot leave where they're where they are to go and make a dorm salad. These types of people are allowed to make the intention to join their salon. So I'll

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give you an example.

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I had a call from a sister, who is a paramedic, and spineless she converted to Islam on her job Believe it or not, true story here in Australia in Melbourne. And she said brother I have to work from for my living and this is my job as a paramedic. And often there's blood on the floor. I've got patients with me we're waiting near the ambulance. We're waiting until we can let them you know

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admit them as patients sometimes I can't I miss out on my door sometimes I miss out on my she had even asked her sometimes so we we gave her the option Islam allows us she can't leave that patient alone and grow into a certain allow the patient to die for example Osama Hola. So we say no. She is allowed to make the intention to join her solids. Even even with acid for her. She can do what we call

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thought so because she has a good reason but to join him, you can join him. And the last reason,

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actually, yeah, so the last reason is genuinely got busy. And this is a lot of us, sometimes we get busy at work, just normal work, you're running a business,

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any kind of business, you're at a shop, you're in hospitality, you're teaching something. And you really generally got busy, you can't leave that responsibility. So you intend to to join your solid. So this is the

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eight cases. Now there is a ninth case,

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which is only in the Hanbali school of thought. And they do have

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valid evidence that even great scholars and jurists like Ibn Taymiyyah, and stuff, they agreed with this as well. So you can also use this, but use it in rare cases, in rare occasions, where you are busy, but you're not seriously busy. You're busy, but not seriously busy. Let's say for example, every now and then

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you were in the garden and you're planting and you're watering and then the solids gonna go and you and you're really out far or whatever, you know, you can make.

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Watering is a bad idea because you've got water there, don't you? But that's a terrible example. I don't know something about you just being busy with something it's not very serious. And you take that take away that example. And you you decide to join your salad so that you can go and wash up or whatever and and just to do your salad instead of load on each time with acid. But I only do that in rare occasions and the evidence for that is inside a Muslim where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam joined the liberal Nasser without the reason of rain and wind or being on travel. And this is what have been our best or the Allah one of the great companion he asked him Why did you do that? Yeah

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rasool Allah, what is the wisdom and he said, In order that I don't make life difficult on my ummah. So in sometimes if you are busy, but not seriously busy, I suppose as I've said, in those spear occasions spear, so long as it's not a habit, you can do that. When you're busy with something, someone's doesn't turn into a habit. And my brothers and sisters, these are the eight plus that nine route ninth reason that you can generally join your salad. The only one that you can shorten it is which one who can remind me

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traveling. So now we're going to talk about traveling. That's a major one. All right, let's go.

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Traveling, the companions of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam used to be in groups on travel. Some of them would choose to join, others would choose to shorten and nobody objected

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to anyone else. And all of these are authentic hadith about the Companions, this abundance of them in Bukhari, Muslim Abu Dawood and Timothy Nyssa. And I say all these main

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references of Hadith, the Prophet sallahu wa sallam join the process, sell them short and there are abundant Hadith so the companions did it some of them join some of them didn't This is to show you that if you were on a group of travel, and some of you want to join others they want to shorten it doesn't matter. You don't all have to do the same thing. Okay? Because I've been on these groups man, sometimes we go fishing or hunting or something like that.

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And the boys get together and he wants to argue now you can't join Yes, you can join Are you sure? I'm not sure it depends on who the leader is looking at. It's simply if you want to join join, you want to shorten shorten, you're going to pray together just follow the Imam End of story. You don't want to follow them go pro by so the point is there is space don't spend your time arguing on travel have a good time. So let's look at shortening the evidence is from the Quran about shortening if you're gonna ask me where did you get this from? I'll tell you from the Quran. Allah Subhana Allah says we're either verbatim feel the feelings and either you come Jonah on top or sudo may not Salah

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is sort of the Nyssa in chapter four verse 10. Allah says there is no harm upon you that when you travel in the land on Earth, to shorten your solid so it's clear it's in the Quran. There is no objection no difference of opinion about shortening your solid on travel by any jurist any school of thought nothing. They all agree on shortening on travel. Is that okay so far? Let's look at the evidence about joining. Where's my evidence? Where do you get this? Well, the evidence is from the Sunnah. The Sunnah means Hadith actions of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And one day in sha Allah, I'm going to dedicate a whole lecture just refuting this new group who thinks they know it

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all, where they've rejected sunnah and Hadith on some flimsy arguments, which they have

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taken and they don't realize from Orientalist arguments that are really ancient and the oldest tricks in the book to tell me there's only Quran and there's no Hadith. Anyway, we're going to do that one day. But for now, I'll just tell you the evidence for joining is in the Sunnah, Sunnah the actions things the prophets Allah set them even our best for the Allah Han who he says, Jama rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam have been a very well obviously one mother will be Malaysia it will Medina terminal at home in Walla Mater that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam joined between Lahore and also and Maghreb and Aisha,

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in Medina,

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without any rain, or fear, so this shows us the process I'm used to join his solid. He also did shortening and joining when in the opening of Makkah and sorry in the when he went to on an expedition to Mecca, another one was into book and he stayed there for 20 Nights, 20 days, and in Makkah for 19 days he used to shorten and join. So all these are ample hundreds, in in all the

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among the six books of authentic Hadees.

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The rulings among schools of thought shortening,

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shortening is recommended by all joining is allowed, but it is better if h Salatu was done at its time. If you're on travel, all the schools of thought the Hanafi sheffey Malika humbly and majority of jurists, they tell us, of course you can you're allowed to shorten to join your solids, but it is better. We always recommend that if you can pray each one at a time then do it. But great scholars like Ibn Taymiyyah and others have refuted this and they have very strong replies even modern day scholars they tell us that Allah Subhana Allah the Prophet sallallahu sallam said that he said in Allah you hippo and totaro, Hassan poka, yoke Rahu and Dr. Maha Rima, who, ALLAH SubhanA, Allah

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loves it, when you use these concessions that he gave you, just like he hates it when you do the forbidden things. And the hadith is inside Muslim. Obviously the jurists understood this, but it is their recommendation so that people don't get into the habit of abandoning Salatin taking for granted but it is allowed and it's probably better to join him.

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however, if you're on travel, and there is a mosque, and there are people praying in Jemelle, it is recommended for you to go to the mosque and pray with them if you're able to. And if you pray with them, you're not allowed to shorten or join your Salah. Or sorry, you're not allowed to shorten you can join Allah to shorten that Salah behind the Imam unless the Imam shortens praying behind the Imam that resident let's say you go from here to Malaysia you're on holiday and there's a mosque next to the resort you're staying at you go to the mosque you pray behind the Imam Malaysian Imam there and he praised her for do you pray to or fall behind him? You pray for behind him. Okay

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because you follow the imam in a lot of shorten. But if the Imam there looks and goes, You know what I've just traveled from

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I don't know Malaysian different island. Let's say that I just I just

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traveled from Penang to Kuala lumper and I'm a traveler and the Imam says I'm doing too. We can pray to behind him if we are travelers. But if you're not a traveler and you're praying behind an imam who is a traveler and the imam prays to what should you do,

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you should stand up and continue another two. Good. All right.

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Now, here are the conditions. If you're going to go on a travel, the only time you can join your prayers or shorten them on a travel the solid. There are conditions not all travel you can just go ahead.

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So if you're traveling for an Islamically, permissible, recommended or compulsory reason. So let's say you're traveling for hush that's compulsory, you join and shorten if you're going to aamra that's recommended sooner, you can join and shorten if you're going on a holiday or for work or anything that's allowed permissible you can join the only time you cannot join and shorten is that if you go on a haram travel, you're going to do haram things that is not a sufferer where you can join and use the condition of your worship.

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Allah forbid you in the first place from going on travel.

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Alright, I want to I don't want to give examples of what kind of haram travels there but you know what I mean? People travel for something haram like that travel itself is basically not if you go and there is haram there No, your main travel is going for that purpose for something really hard on and that's your purpose. Then you can't just go to a mosque and say I'm gonna travel or just sit there and say while you person gone to deliver drugs or something

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Thinking says I'm on travel. I love Allah. Allah loves whoever uses concessions. What about the Haram you're going for? So we're not allowed to do that by another question, what is the distance of the travel? So that you can be allowed to join? or shorten? What is the distance we set at last class? Who can remember what the distance is? Approximately?

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7075. Okay, there are some opinions like that. Good. I'm going to take that back and tell you what the majority of the estimations of modern day scholars are. And that is.

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Yeah, I'll tell you what it is. It's 80.5 kilometers. And the reason I said this number is because all of the schools of thought agree on it. Now they didn't, they didn't say kilometers. They talked about it in their own.

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Because call it metric, or whatever values, whatever value they use their time. So for example,

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some of them said, it is the distance of what a person who was walking on foot reaches in two days and two nights.

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All right, that's the

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that's the three schools of thought. The Shafi humbly and Maliki they said, the distance of Walking for two days and two nights, except for the Hanafi school of thought, they said, What is equivalent to walking for three days, which is equivalent to 120 kilometers.

00:31:38 --> 00:31:52

So between 80 and 120 kilometers, and you can follow the 80.5 kilometers. Now, the these are the distances that they recommend. But really, I'll be honest with you, I go by what

00:31:55 --> 00:32:05

I've been told me and the others talked about and, and they said, Honestly, there's no evidence to say exactly what the distance should be. They said it depends on what

00:32:06 --> 00:32:08

your society considers a travel.

00:32:10 --> 00:32:20

So minimum 80.5 kilometers, at least, and beyond is a travel anyway. Anyway, you can go by that and that is inshallah valid.

00:32:21 --> 00:32:23

Okay, another question.

00:32:24 --> 00:32:29

What about the length that you stay there the length of your stay?

00:32:31 --> 00:32:41

How long do you have to be on travel where you're allowed to join? So we already know at point five kilometers you can join? How long is your stay over there? Well,

00:32:43 --> 00:32:55

there's a difference of opinion about this among the the jurists big difference of opinion. But I'll help you guys out today Inshallah, and tell you the middle majority opinion in sha Allah. The first one is that

00:32:56 --> 00:33:27

if you go on a travel, and you know, when you are going back home, you know, when you are returning back home, then the jurists suggest only four days, you can join and shorten your solid, not including the day you enter and not including the day you exit. So how many days, four days is what the jurists recommend, if you know when you're coming back four days beyond four days, you pray normal.

00:33:28 --> 00:33:34

Let's say for example, you went to Malaysia, or to keep using Malaysia, want to use another country.

00:33:36 --> 00:33:39

Turkey, you went to the Kia

00:33:40 --> 00:33:47

and into the Kia, you spent, you booked a ticket to return four days later.

00:33:48 --> 00:33:55

You join and shorten those four days. But let's say you went with your wife and your wife says oh, I just want to visit

00:33:56 --> 00:33:58

you know such and such a place a little bit more.

00:33:59 --> 00:34:13

They say darling Come on, it's gonna cost us extra because doesn't matter. It's good. We can come back and work for that money. It's worth it. You say Okay, kids, you want to stay you stay in another three days. Alright, you extend your ticket.

00:34:14 --> 00:34:31

So beyond that now, you would have to join, you have to pray normal. Okay, you would have to pray normal. That's what the majority of jurors said. If you don't know when you're coming back, like let's say you go on a business trip to Turkey, Turkey.

00:34:32 --> 00:34:59

And you thought you were going to stay for four days. And then happens to be that you have to stay on longer than that. And you don't know when this work is going to end. Let's say you went to do some business and the people didn't arrive at the appointments. You didn't have a meeting some people are left behind or some people were delayed and you're four days turns into five days into six days. And you don't know when you're going to finish your meeting. Then they say you're always on suffering

00:35:00 --> 00:35:06

and keep joining and shortening, joining, even if it ended up being 20 days, 100 days, so long as you're not sure when you're returning,

00:35:07 --> 00:35:43

then there is the one I go with. And that's the Ibn Taymiyyah. One. He says there is no evidence that limits the length. So long as no intention to stay and live there. Whether you are more or less than four days, if you go, and you don't have the intention to live on, stay there, you're on a holiday and you go for 20 days, you're not going to stay there, you got your tickets, you're returning right? Then it's alright. 20 days, you keep doing shortening and joining, you went there for 30 days, keep joining to it two months, four months, you know, like a tourist visa. They said it's alright.

00:35:44 --> 00:35:48

But if you go to start staying and living, for example, on a student visa,

00:35:50 --> 00:36:08

or a work visa, you're going to stay you rent a house, you stay there you sleep there you go and come you live like the rest of the people. You're not no longer a tourist. Then they said you pray normal like the rest of the people. So the opinion I follow with this one, I'm not gonna go with the majority this time even though you should

00:36:11 --> 00:36:26

there's a reason I looked into them a little bit deeper. And really it is it is that even Taymiyah says, so long as you haven't decided to live and stay. You don't have to have a permanent residence, you'd have to be a citizen, then you're on suffer.

00:36:27 --> 00:36:28


00:36:29 --> 00:36:47

Anyway, the bottom line is that for the best rewards go for four days and beyond that, just pray like the locals if you can mix and match if you like, and you're all okay, inshallah. Is that clear? All right, beautiful. Just a few more points, and then we're done.

00:36:50 --> 00:37:18

So when do you start joining? And shortening? Is that when you get on the airplane? Is that when you get in a car? Is as soon as you step out of your house? Is that when you've exited your suburb? Is that when you get to the airport, or the train station? Or the docks? If you're going on a ship? When does your trouble stop? Are you Oh, you got to your camel or your horse? If you're going on horse or camel or donkey or whatever it is. When does it stop?

00:37:20 --> 00:37:28

Well, the jurists at least agree on this, that as soon as you're outside of your suburb

00:37:30 --> 00:37:42

in the olden days they call it sewer. So your town if it's got usually towns used to have a big wall around them that made it your town now the town or the town so they used to have it.

00:37:43 --> 00:38:05

And in today's modern way, it's what society what we're depending on which country you live in here in Australia, we consider ourselves our home suburbs. Because we asked each other you can see which which part of Melbourne you from set off from the northern suburbs or the eastern suburbs. And then you say which suburb or you're a Coburg boy or your Preston boy or your Brody boy.

00:38:06 --> 00:38:09

You remember that brother party boy back in the 80s

00:38:10 --> 00:38:12

Don't worry the youngsters here don't know what brought the boys

00:38:13 --> 00:38:45

they made trouble. livers and Turks. We were best Miss Daisy. No, no best days May Allah forgive him. So the doesn't matter sets your suburb as soon as you're out of it with the intention of travel and your town is behind you and you're heading towards your destination you heading towards the airport or the train station, wherever you're going on travel, you are on travel. So from outside you're sort of onwards, you can start joining and shortening. So for example, when you get to the airport, get to the prayer room did join your mother Venetia, or join your learner's even if you haven't gotten onto the aeroplane. Okay.

00:38:46 --> 00:38:47

All right, beautiful.

00:38:49 --> 00:38:55

So what else have we got? We've got Okay, here is a very good one. There is one more thing.

00:38:56 --> 00:39:03

There are people who have a regular ongoing

00:39:04 --> 00:39:11

travel every day, or every two days or fortnightly to work

00:39:12 --> 00:39:28

let's say rural rural work, let's say you're for example, you know you got your a doctor or your something else where you you're a farmer or something where you need to actually go and work in a rural area, you're an engineer or you're working in the

00:39:29 --> 00:39:32

agricultural or or

00:39:33 --> 00:39:45

any other type of business, you you need to travel to rural areas and those rural areas will be about, you know, at 100 kilometers away from your from your town.

00:39:46 --> 00:39:59

But you have to go there every day, wherever you find regularly. So you're on travel, do you join and shorten every single day or every time you go there? The answer is no. The answer is this the scholars have

00:40:00 --> 00:40:01

Bien you can look this up this

00:40:03 --> 00:40:17

Islam q&a is talked about it. There's another one called Islam online there is also Islam web, Lorimer in Arabic, you've got several references for this. So this is a modern question. So what happens here is, the moment you leave your town

00:40:21 --> 00:40:37

until you reach your place of work. During that time, you're allowed to join you're solid and shorten them. But when you reach the place of work, you pray normal, because it's a regular everyday thing, otherwise you're solid is lost.

00:40:38 --> 00:41:03

Everybody understood. So from here to 100, say 200 kilometers from here, let's say I'm going to ship it in Aubrey, you're just four hours. And I on that way, a lot of time comes I sort of time comes and I'm gonna miss out you can join and shorten the Michelle have also reached my place of destination, I pray normal, until and then when I come back home, I can join on the way too. All right, wrong good on that.

00:41:05 --> 00:41:06

Have I left anything else

00:41:13 --> 00:41:18

I'd like to add something that would help you as well just to show you how Allah makes our worship easy.

00:41:20 --> 00:41:24

You know, if you're going to travel, or dog can cook can be a bit of a hassle

00:41:25 --> 00:41:29

isn't it will can be a bit of a hassle. So what you can do is

00:41:31 --> 00:41:36

Michael do at home normal and wear your socks

00:41:39 --> 00:41:44

and that way keep your socks on. On travel, you're allowed to have your socks on for three days and three nights.

00:41:46 --> 00:42:07

And you don't have to take them off to make wood or you can just wipe over him. But who's gonna say like, let me gonna have a shower on you if you get somewhere but let's say you can't, you can keep your socks on and just wipe over him to make life easy on you. You can even have boots that go above the ankle and they're reasonably tight on your legs. You don't have to take your boots off either so long as they over the ankle.

00:42:08 --> 00:42:34

Even if you have your boots on with your socks and your socks or every ankle, you can wipe over the boots. That's fine. You don't have to take them off. So long as you've already made we'll do it first and then you want them understood. That's something to help you. Sometimes sisters, they wear their hijab, they're on travel and a hijab is on tight. It's a hassle to always take it off and make will do you can wipe over the hijab just wipe over it.

00:42:35 --> 00:42:58

Or if a man is wearing a turban, let's say somebody with turbans will be martyred. That thing that goes down like that. You can also wipe over it because many Hadith many authentic hadith the Prophet sallallahu Sallam what over his turban he wiped over his Imam Imam is like a turban or a hat. He wiped over his Limar remod is a scarf that women wear and men put it on. So these are two things that you can do inshallah.

00:42:59 --> 00:43:16

Now a lot of people ask me Socks, socks, socks, some students say socks and we love to wipe over the socks. Some people say it can only wipe over the leather socks. The hoof so this whole thing has showed up. Hope is later and Joe Rob is just socks made out of any other material.

00:43:17 --> 00:43:26

The only condition the scholars citizens should be thick. Don't worry about how thick and this thick and that thing is thick. Even if it has a tiny hole in it, it's fine. Now

00:43:27 --> 00:43:28


00:43:29 --> 00:43:43

the evidence for the liver Sox is rampant Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam himself white over his leather socks the companion saw him wiping over him. He told his companions wipe over your

00:43:44 --> 00:44:15

your Mr and your hoof your leather socks. But with the normal assortment of cotton or whatever, or wool. We don't have evidence from the Prophet salaallah Allahu alayhi wa sallam himself doing it and there is a Hadith from Imam Timothy, which he says is authentic. But the majority of Hadith scholars they said it's not authentic. It's weak. So we don't have authentic evidence from the Prophet sallallaahu them himself wiping over socks made out of other than living material. But guess what we do have the evidence.

00:44:16 --> 00:44:45

We have the evidence from his companions, like we're talking about big companions have been our best have been Masood Ali Radi Allahu Anhu and they were all around the Prophet sallallahu wasallam we have at least 14 authentic accounts that have reached us today, 14 different companions who wiped over socks made out of non leather and nobody objected to them. So you can wipe over the sock and this is the Mercy of Allah and His compassion upon us.

00:44:46 --> 00:44:59

That's all the talking I'm going to do about joining and shortening. And now in sha Allah to you guys SallAllahu Nabina Muhammad while early or savage my brother Ibrahim first

00:45:00 --> 00:45:04

No, no, no, you can pray at home. Even if there's no wind or rain, you can still pray at home.

00:45:07 --> 00:45:08

That's another topic,

00:45:09 --> 00:45:09

isn't it?

00:45:12 --> 00:45:14

We'll make another lesson about that.

00:45:15 --> 00:45:16


00:45:17 --> 00:45:20

if there's heavy rain and heavy winds,

00:45:22 --> 00:45:25

we said you can join your solid, but not shorten them.

00:45:26 --> 00:45:42

So if you come to the masjid, the Imam can join the Salat. Or you can pray behind the Imam, let's say, Lord. And when they leave, you can also pray the apostle, you can have the intention, okay, at the masjid, you can do that.

00:45:43 --> 00:46:06

If you're at home, the point of the rain and the winds, is really the point is that so that you don't keep coming to the masjid because of the hardship. So you come to the masjid you can join. That's, that's why it's it's recommended. But you can do it at you can do it at home. But I will tell you, though, that some scholars were asked about this. They said, look,

00:46:07 --> 00:46:18

the purpose of rain and winds, why you're allowed to join him is so that you don't get out of your house all the time.

00:46:19 --> 00:46:19


00:46:21 --> 00:46:38

jurists have spoken about praying at home and joining them, they said, due to the sooner you can, but it is recommended not to. So if you're at home and you're all comfortable and peaceful and you've got your wood, fire, or you got your other here, we've got guests and everything got hot water.

00:46:40 --> 00:46:42

Why join your salad? Don't join it.

00:46:44 --> 00:47:12

Because the purpose of joining the solid is because of the hardships and the hardship is not there. Some people don't even know it's raining outside because how comfortable our homes are, isn't that correct. But when you have heavy rain, and heavy winds, here in Australia, we don't have a problem. But in a lot of other countries, it is a problem. It causes severe cold on people. So some of them don't want to keep making we'll do it because it's cold. It's severe cold, like in some places like

00:47:13 --> 00:47:19

where is it? Norway, the Netherlands, in Iceland, the Greenland,

00:47:20 --> 00:47:57

some parts of Russia up above some down. So the very cold areas. And Islam has given them a way to make their life easier with worship as well. So even if they're at home, they're not going to be like you and me here in Australia. See, the thing is, when we talk about Sharia, you're going to understand that our deen takes into account every person's different circumstances, their place, the geography, the environment, the climate. So when I talk, I'm talking in general, but for us here in Australia, you know, we always tend to think about ourselves here. And that's that's obviously logical. But Sharia talks about everybody in all circumstances. So the answer to that is, if you're

00:47:57 --> 00:48:10

at home here in Australia, and you're comfortable, don't join, you're solid. No, because there is no hardship on you. But if you're going to come to the masjid, then join your solid. So the Nanos going come? I think Brother over here had a question.

00:48:26 --> 00:48:44

Still, still, the minimum that we go by is the majority of jurists, the minimum is 80.5 kilometers, like even the I can't go into that, then I'm gonna give a fatwa. So the, we refer back to the scholars, modern scholars today.

00:48:47 --> 00:49:06

If not all majority of the scholars today any scholars, big scholars, we're talking about, for example, the permanent scholars committee that people take from the Saudi ones, for example, or the ones in Morocco, or the ones in the European Council of Scholars or any or the in America or you know, in

00:49:08 --> 00:49:09

also in

00:49:12 --> 00:49:35

there are what a tiny I think there are any Council of Scholars will tell you that 80.5 kilometers is the agreed upon opinion among all the jurists. No, no, they differ. They differ on for days. There's a big difference of opinion. We went through that. Yeah. Yeah. Total have you? Oh, I see. I get the question now. So the young man is asking you if you come to the masjid

00:49:36 --> 00:49:45

and the Imam is praying a hostel and you still have not prayed. Lord, what do you do? The answer is

00:49:46 --> 00:49:50

you can do two things. You can join them and your intention is the hook.

00:49:52 --> 00:49:55

Or you can join them and your intention is also and then pray. They'll

00:49:57 --> 00:50:00

say like this is praying also. I'll go

00:50:00 --> 00:50:15

Hmm, should I intend that I'm praying with them? Or should I intend also with them? I can say I intend, Lord, alright, I'll pray with them, I finish after I pray my hustle. Or I can say, You know what I'm going to intend to hustle. And then after that operate over,

00:50:17 --> 00:50:19

yeah, you can do either one insha Allah.

00:50:21 --> 00:50:30

But I'm going to advise you, the better one is to go in and say I intend to Lord with them. Because to keep it in order, you get it.

00:50:31 --> 00:50:33

Inshallah? Yes.

00:50:36 --> 00:50:49

It's a good question. So is that 80.5 kilometers from your town or city? Or is it from your actual house? To be on the safe side, okay, and get us out of the difference of opinion. Go with the suburb.

00:50:50 --> 00:50:59

Because that's when the joining and shortening becomes permissible among the majority of scholars. So therefore, Count 80 kilometers from

00:51:01 --> 00:51:28

from reservoir. So it's, you know, what, it's approximately, I'll tell you how much it is. I'll tell you how much the town area would be in those days. And what it's estimated today. Five kilometers. So count from five kilometers onwards, you're on suffered from your home? Five kilometers, then from there on your own suffer? That's the Juris old way of

00:51:30 --> 00:51:43

how they made the value. How they counted the value in today. It's equivalent to five kilometers from your residence from your house. Yes. straight straight line. Yeah.

00:51:45 --> 00:51:47

If I if I rotate around, I haven't left.

00:51:49 --> 00:51:49

That's a tricky one.

00:51:51 --> 00:52:22

You're right. You're right. You're right. You're right. That is very true. That is true. Yeah, you got to be careful. So estimate, estimate, estimate to the best of your ability that you would love to leave a loss meet or loss pantalla on. So look, Islam does leave room for estimation of your own HD head, you make your own consensus, your own educational deduction. So there is some room like this. Is it really or is it not? I don't feel it is I'm going to add another 10 kilometers here. So now it's you and Allah.

00:52:24 --> 00:52:24


00:52:25 --> 00:52:42

Amen. Amen. The question that you're asking me here is if I'm in a park and a dog comes in jumps on my back while I'm doing solid, is my salad still valid? Do I cut it off? Yeah. Okay. This is huge, huge among the scholars.

00:52:44 --> 00:52:46

If you want to know what i

00:52:48 --> 00:52:51

Okay, so, the

00:52:53 --> 00:52:57

the school of thought, which is the Maliki school of thought

00:52:59 --> 00:53:14

they have, as far as I'm concerned, Subhan Allah, the strongest evidence and argument that the dog saliva is not necess. Would you believe that?

00:53:17 --> 00:53:21

Not not just the Maliki only the Maliki.

00:53:22 --> 00:53:22


00:53:24 --> 00:53:35

And some scholars consider the whole dog nervous, but that's weak. No evidence. The majority they believe the saliva of the dog is nervous, but not the body.

00:53:37 --> 00:53:41

You understand that part? Okay, so, the correct opinion the

00:53:42 --> 00:53:49

they all agreed majority agree that the dog's body is not impure. It's okay.

00:53:50 --> 00:54:03

The dog's body body, body. As for the saliva, the drawl, you know, the dog has lots of saliva. This one is difference of opinion.

00:54:04 --> 00:54:51

Only the Maliki school of thought have really good evidence and argument which I have adopted now, I believe now before not, but that's just me. You don't have to follow this okay? That the dog saliva is not impure. One of the evidence is that the dogs at the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam used to enter the Medina. masjid, the Mosque of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is to come in and out in and out. And the Muslims, the poor ones that were inside. They were called a philosopher. Long story. They the process of getting placed in the masjid right at the back. They used to feed the dogs and they were inside the Masjid. Dogs would come in and come out and there was no report of

00:54:51 --> 00:55:00

them. sprinkling water or cleaning the floor after the dogs come in and out in between salats in

00:55:00 --> 00:55:02

between solids. So the whole then

00:55:04 --> 00:55:24

there's no solid dogs come in and out of the Masjid. They would come and pray. No one asked how many dogs came in did the Dog Drool so long as they cannot see? No Jessa on the ground or smell it, he was fine. So this is just one evidence. There's many other evidences the Maliki's use.

00:55:25 --> 00:55:39

So my answer to you brother if I was praying and the dog jumped on me and I was praying, I mean, I'd get a little bit shocked because I don't know if the dog gonna bite me or something. But if other than that purity I would continue praying insha Allah.

00:55:41 --> 00:56:08

But don't follow me because I have you have to listen to me a lot to be convinced. Follow majority. Let's go majority. Okay. Majority jurists say that the dog saliva isn't just impure. So if it comes on your clothes, if you are able to take off your jacket, stay in solid. If you are not able stop your solid. Go and clean it with water once water once how many times

00:56:09 --> 00:56:18

once you show one so seven times. No no no once oh seven times. So it comes on my jacket I put under the tap. How many times

00:56:20 --> 00:56:23

a lot of people say that's only once. That's it just once.

00:56:25 --> 00:56:46

None of the sand No No need or you can do it just for safety. Have you look let me tell you something we're going to talk about this another class what is considered impure on the floor for solid? Whatever you can see or smell. That's it. If you cannot see the NASA you cannot smell the NASA there is no NASA

00:56:48 --> 00:56:50

same with your clothes cannot see it cannot smell it.

00:56:51 --> 00:56:58

Yeah. Okay. So that's dealt with inshallah. Now you know the seven

00:56:59 --> 00:57:03

in other seven cleansing you got to clean dog saliva seven times.

00:57:05 --> 00:57:08

Don't worry, it's just a job. You know, the seven times cleaning?

00:57:10 --> 00:57:12

So seven times clean. Where did that come from?

00:57:16 --> 00:57:16

Our parents

00:57:19 --> 00:57:26

so tell me tell me how do you what do you mean by what do you what do you guys understand about cleaning seven times about the dog? What is it? In Indonesia?

00:57:27 --> 00:57:34

What do you clean like your jacket for example? Like let's say the dog licked my pants. What do I do with the pence?

00:57:35 --> 00:57:37

Wash seven times.

00:57:40 --> 00:57:46

And then, so I watched six times and seven times with sand my pants

00:57:47 --> 00:57:53

that's what they do. Okay, your hands for example. Let's say the dog licks your hands. What do you do with your hands?

00:57:55 --> 00:57:57

I go watch six times and one with the

00:57:58 --> 00:58:08

okay one with the sand and six times with water over over six times. Okay. So let me explain something. This is a misunderstanding.

00:58:09 --> 00:58:16

Misunderstanding of the Hadith. I will clarify now inshallah. Okay guys.

00:58:17 --> 00:58:19

Now I shall reveal it to you.

00:58:22 --> 00:58:30

So, the Hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu Selim goes exactly like this. Either well as alkyl Woo. Filled with a

00:58:32 --> 00:58:35

if the dog drooled in

00:58:37 --> 00:58:43

the utensil that you drink or eating and we means it's pretty Tencel you drink and ate in

00:58:46 --> 00:58:47

process and I'm says

00:58:49 --> 00:58:51

Phil Sue wash it.

00:58:52 --> 00:58:53

In water bill Matt

00:58:54 --> 00:58:57

subohm Ratan Hola, Hama Fatah Rob.

00:58:58 --> 00:58:59


00:59:01 --> 00:59:09

I might have missed a letter or a word there but the utensil the plate or the cup I drinking or the plate or eating?

00:59:10 --> 00:59:13

First I put soil

00:59:15 --> 00:59:36

then six times I wash again and again six times. First time soil six times, wash again and again. So now we understand. It's not everything. It's only in the stuff that you eat and drinking. The reason is because the dog saliva

00:59:37 --> 00:59:41

is harmful to our digestive system.

00:59:42 --> 00:59:46

That is why you have to clean it until all the bacteria

00:59:47 --> 00:59:50

that our digestive system cannot break down.

00:59:51 --> 01:00:00

That our body our immune system, the body that protects us the stuff inside immunity cannot fight. That's the dog saliva. We

01:00:00 --> 01:00:18

have to cleanse it that's what it means. Everybody understood that part. So now if a dog licks my hand I just washed with water normal like anything else licks my pants just get some water and just sprinkle a bit and wash. That's it. Shock or if you're shocked and you use shrieked

01:00:19 --> 01:00:24

okay like that when you're praying does it's okay you can continue salad unless you speak.

01:00:25 --> 01:00:32

If you speak say, What are you doing dog get away dog or you swear stop for Allah or something like that you stop your salad repeat again.

01:00:34 --> 01:00:35

Okay, amen.

01:00:39 --> 01:00:49

Last Last few questions. I think we had yellow probability. Think of some okay the brother is asking with a shirt and mulberry before I want to join them do I wait

01:00:51 --> 01:00:57

until a shirt to pray? No No brother. You can do either way. There is no matter Kadeem and Gemma

01:00:58 --> 01:01:09

early joining later joining early joining is when Maghrib and Isha Margaret time later joining McGraw bernicia at a short time, you can do either one.

01:01:10 --> 01:01:11

Either one inshallah.

01:01:14 --> 01:01:17

If you want to ask me, which one is better,

01:01:18 --> 01:01:25

before or later for Maghreb and Aisha only a Rasul Allah Salam advised

01:01:27 --> 01:01:38

some of his companions women he was talking to a woman about something and he said, and better if you can delay to your mother with a share because prayer praying at night is better. That's all

01:01:39 --> 01:01:40

but that's just for my reputation.

01:01:42 --> 01:02:13

Okay, that's more detail Yanni. Better calorific. Mallory, would you? Yes. Ah, if you're gonna if you're gonna join Madrid with a shirt in a short time is there a cut off time we go back to our early listen I think was number three or four we said when does our shirt and so now you pray Maghrib on a shirt terms on a shirts terms when a shirt ends market abounds with it. So I share if I'm joining my group and I share I share time the correct opinion

01:02:14 --> 01:02:16

we always talk about opinions panel

01:02:17 --> 01:02:22

there's a reason for it the correct opinion and Allah knows best

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of the scholars is that a shirt goes all the way

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till further

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All right. And there's weak evidence ambiguous evidence that they share ends at midnight or halfway through the night but it's not strong evidence the safest thing to do is what pray before half the night inshallah with my group

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done going by dogs now and have them as pets just because of that topic. Yeah. For the brother is asking with the question about traveling and coming back home on a regular basis. Brother is saying I do travel a bit regularly.

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Now do you? Is it is this shedule known to you

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so you're not sure you might end up

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then to go another time you might end up Tolki

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other week in advance other times where you end up not traveling.

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Okay, in your case, you are on travel so long as you're on travel. You don't follow the rule I told you

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because you know why? Because you don't have a regular known shedule

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so we're talking about the known ones a regular known shedule you go there you come back you go there you come back yours we don't know maybe when they go next.

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If it's inconsistent, if it's inconsistent. You always prey on travel normal

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if it was consistent and known to then you follow the other rule when you get there pre normal.

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If it's consistent and it's known let's say for example from now to the next six months you've got an entire calendar and you know exactly you're gonna go from here to there then that regular consistency means that you just pray travel on the way

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the other one where it's inconsistent you not know you like knowing only a week before then that's fine. You prey on travel. Go ahead use the concession

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lucky you if you believe in luck, fortunate Fortunate are you.

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These are Muslim things we understand.

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All right.

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You know the reason I told you before don't go buy a dog and have a dog as a pet. Just some people were looking. It's not that we don't like dogs. We like dogs. There's nothing in fact, a woman entered Paradise because she fed a dog among other things, but

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Russell SallAllahu Sallam just told us that the angels don't enter don't enter a house where there is a dog or images of faces hung up. It's like if you if you walked into a house and as a bad smell and now you just want to walk out and the angels don't like entering a house where there is a dog or images and that you can own a dog for reasons such as guard dog farming, her dog, you know, sheep dog, guide dog.

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Some other spaniel the other day I was watching a documentary about a woman who has his rare condition which is just faint she loses consciousness abruptly she never knows you could be gone down the stairs you can be crossing the road and this dog Subhanallah was able to sense

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sense at least five minutes or so before she had an attack and he just sit next to her and bark in a strange way. And now this dog is medically prescribed Subhanallah to help these types of people with disability and Subhan Allah and you know Islam jumps on he says of course you can have that kind of dog so if there is a reason why you need a dog you can otherwise we're not Islam Muslims shouldn't own dogs as pets inside their houses the only because of the dirtiness of it and the Yeah, the incompatible

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saliva and everything with with humans. Just like a little house of Hanukkah, llama the hamburger shed one day that stuff. We like Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.

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