Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 4

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah. Al Hamdulillah, ham divert II shagreen executory hadn't done us in Yama Who were you Casio Mazda was only 11 malissa. ina Mohammad Anwar Allah Allah He will satiate my nine. One Jimmy is so hard that you are tabbing aumenta via the ascending laomi. Dean. We continue Sharla in our study group of the life of the second successor after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and farrokh mR Maha pop Ravi Allahu Allah, may Allah be pleased with him.

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And we went through this Alaska, the succession of backup, and how within two years or close to that he was able, with the graceful loss plan with Alan helped to establish the rule of Islam and the government of Islam within Arabia, after a lot of tumultuous time and tribulation that went through the Muslim ummah. And at the end of about two years and three months, aboubaker became physically ill, and he becomes the stress with sickness, and he realizes that he may not survive that illness.

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And what he did is abubaker gathered the Sahaba the companions of the Prophet or honkala, the prophets companion, and he tells them in many in the whole cabinet syllabi macaroni Wallah in the Navy, he said that you see what has happening to me and I think that I will not survive this I think I will die of this illness. What o'clock Allahu amen are coming by it and your pledges is returned back to you that you are free. You are not your halifa anymore. Well, hold on come up with your Dalai Lama come to me while I commend him for in the coming emergency Haiti can let him daddy Abubakar said if you choose a successor while I'm alive, it is prudent that you do that. So you will

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not have division and conflict after I die because he saw what could have happened right after the death of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam

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and the Sahaba disgusted amongst themselves and they came back to America and they said there is a de facto law he Rasool Allah He rock that he said, we will take your opinion, we will choose what you choose for us. So our Rebecca said, um he loony had the honour Allah He re evaluated. Abu Bakr said, Give me time, and I will contemplate I will ponder over this. And I will choose what is good for Allah, what is good for his religion, and what is good for the servants of Allah subhana wa. So he called one of the closest companions to him and that is Abdullah bin, may Allah be pleased with him one of the 10 that are given the black tiding of paradise. And he said, Good me and

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tell me what you know about

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the rough man said who have a lot of ecfe he said he is bigger what you think of him, whatever good, you're thinking of him, whatever. how good you think he is, he is even better than what do you think? And then he called another important companion of my friend, another one of the 10 that are closer to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and he said the same thing, Danny and Omar of Nepal, and earth man said and

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he said you are your visit you know him better than I do. You're closer to Allah than I am.

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And Abu Bakr said Allah I really care about Abdullah even though Tell me what what do you know of Omar said Allah home and he is making a loss to Allah his witness. He says a lot of them are in need D unnecessary irata who don't mean alania t that's what he hides what is in his heart was so close in heart is even better than when he shows what he shows is very good. But he shows us a lot of he man a lot of strong faith and a lot of strength and holding nappy that man is saying what I know about their model is what he holds in is even better than what he shows. Well I'm the hooligan lays a thin and flat and there is no no one among us that is as good or are equal to online.

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And this is important to say that to see how the Sahaba thought of Omar what was Omar status among the Sahaba what were their thinking about their companion Norma I'll be back have said your hammock Allah will la Hello Doctor whom out

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Abu Bakr said I think of him the same way that

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You do when he called one of the important the actually the most important Ansari at that time or say the bio say you belong saw so he said

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oh saidsaid Allahu Allahu Alem he orthodontic. I think he's the best man among us after you want to bother with the wires coupler, the socket? He said he he is settled he loves what a loss pentelic Allah loves and he hates what Allah Subhana Allah hates about one levy. Yes, sir. Well, how do you said, well, hydrometeorology yerlan. And what he hides is even better than what he announces. While Amelia has an ombre, I hadn't acquired a human, and nobody would be stronger, to take this rule for the Muslim on that the succession of Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam that is better than Omar. And this is very important for aboubaker because if we remember on the day of se that the conflict was

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between the Maha dream and the unsolved, there was not much conflict among them or Hadrian, except for the the event the situation we spoke about, about who should be halifa the whole conflict was should it be from the hygiene or should it be from the inside? So the the the testimony and opinion of Hussein Hubei was very important and that's what to say the Rabbi of the Ansari the the the elite of the unsought thought of Mr. hoppy Allah be pleased on him. So again, Abubakar can discuss this with solubles aid, also one of the 10 that are given the black tiding and he is the brother in law of Mr. Malhotra he is the husband of Fatima hatami Allah be pleased all of them and everybody

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agreed. That would be the the perfect choice for succession except for one so happy that did not disagree but gave a common given opinion to aboubaker and now was Paul had to obey the law and one of the very important so however, and he said that entaco Arabic Allah canister flare Africa, Oman Elena aka terra cotta, he said to Abu Bakar What do you say to Allah, when he will ask you about giving this to Omar and you know how our motto is strict and tight and strong and rough with the Sahaba. And Abu Bakar was laying down because he was sick and he said set me up. Now he wanted to respond to the serious allegation that he is choosing a man that will treat the Muslim Ummah

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roughly. So he said up he said actually Sunni, Abdullah he to how we Fulani? Are you trying to scare me of Allah Subhana Allah, I'm doing Abu Bakar that the Prophet sallahu wa sallam said the faith of this whole entire oma was put in one scale. And the faith of Abu Bakar was put any other scale than the faith the man of Abu Bakar would be stronger would be heavier and the scale than the face of this entire owner. And he said are you trying to scare me along he's about to meet Allah Subhana Allah when most people that don't have a strong Eman as Abu Bakr will have it then because it's just about to meet a loss of kind of what the added the responsible for our action. He said, Are you are

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you trying to scare me that I'm making this for any earthly purposes? He said Hardiman has a word I mean Emory combi when he said that will be a loser who will do injustice to you. at this position. He said, What can I how would I do injustice to you? How would I miss choose for you intentionally?

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He said who he is what I will say to Allah, I'm not said aku Allah whom is the Abu Bakar Omar. Here's what Abu Bakr will say about Omar to Allah subhana wa Taala just like a walker. He said, I will say Abu Bakr said I will say Allah whom Mr. Left to Allah He him hyaluronic, he said, I will say to Allah, that I gave this to the best of them, to the best of your people to the best of the believers. And then he said, defending MMR and explaining to people why am I so rough was a habit. He said then ik he is rough with you because the end know who we are on European con, because he sees he she he sees that I am very soft, that I'm soft with you. When I spell Andrew La La taraka

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Tehran Minna LA, but if he becomes the halifa then that will change then he will go back to his nature that is soft, or with the movement. I was hurt and I said about those believers as in Latin, Allah mini isetan lol Kasserine they are humble, and and even to the degree of humility among the believers but there's

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Strong was the non believer stay defender of faith.

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And then he wrote

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a letter saying Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim has an Abu Bakr, Abu Abu Hamza, fear curiosity. He's in dunya hydrogen minha what are the hidden, hidden fee ha, this is this is the pledge of Abu Bakar. This is the testimony of Abu Bakar and his last days or last stage of this earth of this life earthly life, walking away from it, and his first stage, with the hereafter coming into it. High mineral Kapha when the unbeliever sees the truth, while up with Fagor and faith settles in the hearts of those who do not have it, why is the candidate and the wire will say the truth? He said that's when when justice is obvious to everybody and the truth is obviously everybody in Neelam

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Rasulullah who Edina who NFC what Yeah, come here, ah.

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He said, that I intentionally I will I will intentionally choose the best for what is what is to me good for the religion of Allah Subhana Allah and his religion and and myself and yourself. And that is our motto no kebab, sorry, neither psychedelica Juan NIDA as he is just and fair, then this is what I think he will be. While we see what in the delassalle equilibria in method, but if he changed what I know about him, then he will be in countable in front of Allah subhana wa adad while high rot and I wanted only I intended only good while I move right. And I don't know the future. I don't know what's almost kind of what Allah has ordained and the creed. And then he finished and and, and close

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this statement will say Allah will let you know column am Paula Damien collarbone and those who transgress they will see and they will have to face what is the punishment of Allah subhanho wa Taala would be

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I blindness etc, that disposition and I will know who was alive in this episode.

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He said as soon as he falletta the smartest people that have a vision that have a good hunch of what needs to be done, or three people in the last opinion. He said so to loosen, let's call it hear about his job in the hierarchy. And he said, Tell me, he said the the lady the woman of Midian when Melissa Kane and defended the two women at the wall, and one of them as I told her father hire him, he is indeed the strong and he is the trustworthy and she said he had shown me Let's move that forward for a few minutes. But she had a vision she knew that he would be he's a good man. He said that's one well saw had we use of paper color acrylic creamy mouthwash. I set a new fan out on a

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tequila holiday. And as he's a muscle, who said to his wife, take care of yourself and treat him well. He may be good for us later on or we would would become our son. So he also saw and use of the good coming in him. And then he said the last one is Abu Bakar Hina stavola stoklosa Omar, then Abu Bakar is the third one when he saw what he saw in Oman is his hunches his his his opinion of pharma is absolutely right.

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And then Abu Bakr Sadiq wanted to tell people and this is narrated in February. So some of the stories that and the historical facts are narrated in history books and some of them are narrated in Hadeeth book up to that time I will try to make the distinction because obviously the headies books especially it's like behati Muslim and then the nine books of Hadith have stronger authentication and and considered an authority and religion however history books are also well authenticated and will revise but they still are historical accounting for what happened.

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So tabari Abu Bakar came upon the people and and said a carbona demon is stuck left to Allah He can find new Allahumma ello to ninja Why? Well I would like to the Corrado was left to Allah komamura support fest Allah who will offer you and about Abubakar came up to people on from his house and he said I did not give this the succession to somebody that is a relative of mine.

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Somebody that I want any other earthly benefit to. And he said, I gave this to Mr. Moka pot, so listen to Him and OBEY Him.

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And then he did this. He said Allahumma would like to be very unreasonable. While I'm a big advocate in la sala home, he said I gave him this without recommendation from the Prophet he said that I didn't have anything to go by about who should be the successor after me to Allah human fitness, but I was afraid to ovulation upon this on that wish they had to let him run he and I did what the best that I could what I thought for a later led him for your home. So I I gave this to the best of them

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was a home Island or shadow home and the best who will guide them on the right path.

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What got him in America However, if need be him for home, a dad he said so take care of them Allah subhanaw taala help Brahma and help the Muslims because they are indeed Your servants.

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In the court, then said it was that Atlanta blason came upon the people with the letter that he wrote with Abu Bakr de and he said, do give the pledge to whose name is in this letter in this statement, and everybody said yes. And in one reference that Talib no Abby, Pilate said, No, we do not unless it is Omar, unless it in the name and that and that statement is all modest, then we would accept and then Othman said it is indeed Omar, and everybody gave their pledge to have no support.

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So that was how Bob became

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the Khalifa and became the successor. And that starts a very bright chapter, a very shining chapter of artists like history, a 10 years to come, fill with, with justice, with fairness, with conquest and spreading the word of our last panel with Allah and the religion of Islam, Polycom, sobre, LA to the east and west to the two largest empires at that time, Persia and his antium.

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As we studied what Abu Bakr said in his football, in his very short hopes, but it lasted about a minute and delineated his strategy and his policies for his khilafah for his government. Mr. mahapatra also had hookah and he gave also State of the Union, if you will, of what is to happen to the Muslim woman.

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And there has been a conflict among the

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historians about exactly what was so there were multiple hookless and some scholars said, well, there were multiple hookless and different coopersville different speeches were reported into the different books.

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The first, according to a postcard,

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or marma support after Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim in praising Allah subhanho wa Taala. He said in the law telecom de la Kalani, Pico da da sahibi that Allah has is testing you with me. Or I'm like something that hits you and I am being tested with you after my companion has passed.

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Allahu Allah Bernie shame on me I'm reconfigure a Eliyahu I hadn't dooney while at Avaya, Danny, Goofy and just

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one Amana one la helaine I sent

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him what I said

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to him, well, that basically means is he said that any any matter any affair of the Muslim affairs, I should know about it. And I will give you my judgment with it. And I will do the best I can to give you this judgment, the things that I don't know I cannot control and anything that I will do, then I will try to do fairly

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another more input actually one of the the authenticated hooked by is this following one which is very important to go over and top has about seven points that really delineated and and gave the the course of what his khilafah is going to be like.

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He got up on the pulpit on the member and praise our last panel with Allah. And then he said how Prophet sallallahu wasallam passed and he was pleased with the aroma and how Abubakar has Khadija passed and he was pleased with Omar and then he said he said Zuma and knee pad will lead to Morocco Mohandas then I was given this responsibility

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over you people. Sad mo and nothing caching that acaba effect that my wife Miss with you has been softened. He's trying to tell them that that his dealing with them how rough he was with everybody is now different. He has he's in a different position. He said, it's not gone well.

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It's still there. But now it will be directed in the matter kuno Allah tadi it will be on those who transgress

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and be unjust and unfair with others. Wallace to have been more hidden, had ballet and I will not let anybody transgress over anybody or attack anybody take any room anybody had

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up until I would put his face on the on the floor? I know cheek on the floor and then I will put my foot on the other on the other cheek. This is how I'm going to crush them. Those who transgress?

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How about me I'll deal

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with the intellect how until he goes with justice and truth. Why do we die that should Becky Tilke and with my restless this about hundy I will put my own cheek on the ground on the floor, the De La Liga for those who are honest, fair, and just what are called Malaya yohannes, Orcas Island as Guru halochem sakuni beha He says, I will give you now my pledge, I will give you things that I will make a pledge to you that I will do I will I will not do and you are to take me with it. You are to to make me accountable in front of you for these. And this is I mean in the history of governments. This is the panel liar revolution. This is a an absolute governor. And in a time when there was

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really no rules of man, but he is applying the rules of a last panel with Allah and he's putting himself accountable. He's telling I am your governor, I am your ruler, but I will rule and I'm accountable to you for for these things and here's what I'm accountable to you for he said a match Debbie Shay and in Harajuku Well, I mean, I thought Allahu La La come in the future, that I will not take anything, anywhere within you that come to the Muslim in

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every revenue that comes to this on that I will not take any of it to me for me for my own.

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Unless it is in the way of Allah subhana wa God and lessons in the service of our last Hannah wakad wala coma Kamala is a la casa de la who Jamie in Luffy. Happy that whatever comes into my hand, whatever revenue whatever Lu whatever money I get that it will come out of my hand and it's due right. And it's like position

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walakum la. And as he bow Kolya como arza kocoum insha Allah, Allah and you also have a pledge, I will vow that I will increase your benefits

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in the way of Allah subhanho wa Taala that you have entitlements on this government of mine, that you have benefits and I will give it to you and I will increase it. And as long as Allah subhanaw taala is providing what I suggest.

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Another pledge that I will protect you, I will make sure that your burgers are protected. Thor is basically the points of borders and Islam walakum Allah Allah azza

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wa jal Moroccan feasts of Rico, while the victim Phil booth, he felt

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he had to lay him, he said and the last pledge that I will not throw you

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in calamities and in positions that he's meaning about the army fighting army of the Muslims, I will not put you in a position that they have in harm's way where you will not benefit from. And he said, I will not also send you on conquest or send people in the army for a long time where their family will list them for a long time. And we know our mom had a rule that it will be about three months before soldiers have to come back and be with their families and he would exchange that back and forth. And he was the first to do that. Because the conquest and fighting on the days of colossal Milan He will send them and Abubakar were within Arabia, within the peninsula of Arabia, but on the

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days of Omar is spread far, far beyond that. So if people are to go on and not come back until they finished their mission, it may be years before they're actually done with that army's particular mission. So he invented this rule. And he said the Army soldiers are to be with the army for a certain number of days, then they have to come back

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And be with their families.

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And then he said, and when you're away, he's talking to the people that are fighting in the way of a lost parent and the soldiers have always said, when you're away, then I am in custody of your children and family until you come back. He said, Now this is the responsibility of the government to take care of you and your families until you come back safely, that De La Jolla, iva de la, then fear Allah servants of Allah. Well, I know Niala and fusi come because

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then helped me upon yourselves to protect yourselves from me. I'm telling you that I'm rough with you. And the way to protect yourself is to do good, and not to do injustice.

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Why normally I'll NFC and helped me have been myself, protect me from my own self, how he said, the American narrow one nahi and Luca, then enjoying good upon me, and prevent me from doing bad deeds, wide body naziha and bring me good counsel, bring me good advice. Here is the ruler Subhan Allah, this is what what Islam teaches how to rule and how to govern. I mean, this is the best and most beautiful example of democracy and its best. And that was 1500 years ago, almost. And then he said, female will only have what stuck federal law Hello, Lena Lee, welcome. And I asked a lot of data forgiveness for me and for you.

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The legacy of Mr. Bob was justice and fairness. Now, if you ask anybody, in general, and any educated person and say what is Bob was known for, they will say he was known for his justice, for his fairness, for his straight, being straight with with Huck was the truth.

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And the during the collapse of America, there has been many examples to illustrate how just he was and how fair he was. And when we in this modern type of culture, when we speak of justice, we have a picture of a woman holding a scale and blindfolded like,

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basically a partial for what's in either scale. Well, let's look at the real examples of justice of Mr. Bob how he did that how he blinded himself. And he only had a loss of Hannah with that, as his the one that watches over him, and how he followed the way of lost control of the island, his role.

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Some of the stories

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was

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that I'm the blas was the governor of Egypt, after the conquest of Egypt, and a man came to pop.

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And the story as historian said that he was a Christian, Egyptian Egyptian, he's a Coptic Egyptian, that came to America and came to him complaining and he said, Yeah, I'm here on money and he's on becoming a one. Oh, Commander of the Faithful. I say ask refuge refugee knew from a justice or not

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become attentive. And he said Earth demo and that yes, you asked and refute if somebody that will give you refuge. What's your story? He said, SAVAK tube number blouse, that's about to the gyla very booni the South waiuku. Economy. He said I had a horse race with the son of your governor. I'm an Aboriginal laughs And I, I did my horse beat his horse. So the son of amrev allows the government of Egypt, he said he took his whip and he slapped he hit me with it. And he said how do you beat me? How can you How can you raise me and when? And I am the son of the elite. I am the son of the honorable people.

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So I'm not no prob writes a letter to hon alas.

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And he said Bring your son and come to Medina. So I'm Roberta Laos brings his son and comes to Medina. And Amar Amar brings hon asked his son and he said al Misra, you are as the Egyptian bring the Egyptian and he verifies the story. And then he tells the Egyptian take the whip father additional akrami and beat the son of the honorable that son that injustice to you that Muslim and here's the question on on the other person I mean talking about justice and fairness that does not

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Look at anything other than just fairness itself. And he said, a little bit more Academy, and the one that narrates This was NSR bumalik. May Allah be pleased with him and he said further up, and he said he took the whip and he started beating the son of honorable house. Now under the law says, Emil, is the governor of Egypt. And he said, so Allahu la Baba, Baba. He said, He's keep beating him, and we love what we see. Because we know that he was so unjust to this Egyptian Christian.

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And he said, Femara and who had that and and Lena, and yes, and so he kept beating him until he he took his his rights, and then only then we were satisfied that he should stop. And then here's what the Omar said to this Egyptian person after he took his ride from the son of pharma from some of the armor.

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He said, Islam Allah, Allah it. He said, Take the whip again, and now beat them. Beat the governor of Egypt himself.

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He said, Yeah, and your mo and the Missouri the Egyptian person said, Yeah, and Iran will mean in them abou lady Bhavani. He said, I mean, it's only his son that beat me. I'm gonna do anything to me. Why should I beat him and see said armor, armor, pop, look at camera loss. And he said, move cam tab back to NASA Walker duel at that home Omaha, Omaha Aurora, he said, When did you make people slaves? And their mothers want them to be free? When did you enslave people and their mothers wanted them to be free. And Mr. admirable, as he said, apologizing to Omar, he said, Yeah, and your mini album? Well, I'm the attorney. He said, I didn't know about this injustice, and the Egyptian did not

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come to me, he came straight to you, and had he come to me, then I would have done the same thing that you have done. So I probably did not get a beating that day because of that. But here's the justice is the absolute fairness that looks at no color looks at no ethnic background, and his Muslim conquerors, and in a land of non Muslims, three things those people that been conquered that way, beating the son of the governor in public for an injustice that they have done and fearing that and and and given the Justice over the quote enemy, or the one of the conquered land.

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Another story that shows His justice, even with his own family, one time outside Medina.

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Amara Maha blocks around and he sees a herd of cattle of camels and sheep, and they look healthy and well fed and well taken care of. And he said for whom this beautiful cattle for this beautiful herd and they said this is for Abdullah Omar. It's for your son, Abdullah, Omar.

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Abdullah, Omar, my son bring up the Latin I'm on here. So I'm the Latin Ahmad comes to his father and I'm delighted Omar is not spoiled man of the Wagner Omar is is one of the scholars of the bottom of this Omar he's very well known very pious person that is an authority in the religion of Islam. And asked his son he said I belong in a Malika Heather, what is this from? He said, Man, this easy dad, take it easy with me my father. He said this is for me. And I bought it with my own money. And I send it out with the shepherds that I pay them with my own money. And it's just the fair trade that I'm trying to invest in this cattle raising and this camel racing and almost said yes you are

00:34:00--> 00:34:34

trying to invest. So when you take your herd out, I tagged mabena people will say okay, this is the herd of our beloved neuroma. Let them drink further. This is the herd of Abdullayev Mama. So let them eat before somebody else eats let them go out before somebody else says out he said that does not work. Your cattle is healthier than everybody else's cattle. Your herd looks better than everybody else's. And that's because people are favoring you even unintentionally. He said take this cattle take this herd and sell it

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brings the money to me. So I'm the law does dad brings the money to his father, he gives them a profit, reasonable profit and he said the rest of this large profit is going back to the house of money to the to the movements to the to the treasury of Muslim and because he thought that his sons

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Cattle is getting preferable preferential treatment over the cattle of the rest of the people.

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And during his government, a lot of people were hit with a famine. That was one year called alma mater. And it's called Amara medicas basically is gray color, and ashes. And it's called alma mater because there was just nothing there. People just didn't find anything to eat. He was basically your family

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and

00:35:34--> 00:35:38

gave a vow upon himself that he will not eat grease,

00:35:40--> 00:35:40

butter,

00:35:41--> 00:36:03

anything milk or meat until people eat from that. And then after this year, last year, a caravan comes to Medina and I'm starving like everybody else. And this caravan had the the butter had foods have things that are what much needed for the Muslims.

00:36:04--> 00:36:05

So

00:36:06--> 00:36:34

one of our servants had 40 Delta ham, and he went and bought some bought some food from that caravan. And he brought the food to his master to his alma and momineen. And he said, apart from La Casa Mack, now you can eat Allah subhanho wa Taala has fulfilled your vow. He is the food in Medina and people are buying the food. And then and he said, here's what I bought, and I bought it for 40 Durham.

00:36:35--> 00:37:17

He said, an AMA looked at that and he said 40 Durham for this. It's too expensive. And obviously it was a year of famine. He said in Nila aku. So often I don't eat expensive food, take it and also duck being given away in charity. Give had been charity in the way of a loss of Hannah with that. And then he looked the server and looked at him and he said, Why is that? And almost said, Okay, fair enough, but not right. Yeah, either. lynnium is sending a message home. He said how would I care about my subject, if I don't feel what they feel, if I don't get the hunger that they get, if I don't get the starvation that they get? How would I really care about their affairs.

00:37:18--> 00:37:49

And then in that particular year, it was narrated in evening, Josie and he wrote a book called monopoly with meanings beautiful book about dharma. And you said his stomach would growl was was hunger and he would look at his own stomach and he said karma growl as much as you want for unlocking that that couldn't send Allah He will not face butter or grease or fast food had a coonass until everybody eats from from this this thing.

00:37:54--> 00:38:00

One time. Another story narrated in monoket onion momineen. About Adnan Josie in the book of Evelyn Josie

00:38:03--> 00:38:07

apob his son Abdur Rahman, and it's not said whether it's Abdur Rahman.

00:38:09--> 00:38:15

But Abdul Rahman was in Egypt, and honorable house was the governor of Egypt as we know.

00:38:17--> 00:38:19

And under watchmen

00:38:22--> 00:38:27

was caught intoxicated with alcohol, he drank wine

00:38:28--> 00:38:46

so I'm going to be allowance has to give the punishment for those who drink alcohol. So he takes up the AMA into a house and he whips him in the house with the punishment that is ordained from the last panel with that.

00:38:47--> 00:39:00

So our job is told the news that his son was whipped by Hon Alas, and because he was caught doing this in this

00:39:01--> 00:39:04

so I'm Bob

00:39:05--> 00:39:22

Gibbs writes a letter to Emerald last man Abdullah here Omar from servant of Allah Omar now what do you think this book is about? What do you think this letter is about? Now he caught his son committing a crime and He punished his son now

00:39:23--> 00:39:30

it seems like he's done the right thing to do and I'm absolutely will do the right thing. But he's what he said.

00:39:31--> 00:39:33

I said from Abdullah heromart

00:39:34--> 00:39:43

from Abdullah Omar to allow us into the center in the last hidden column and here he said you are the center allows

00:39:44--> 00:39:59

you to locate and allows I wondered about you of the loss What is your Attica Lee and how dare you over me How dare you beat my son? No, that's not what the letter is about. What he left it and just throw in my

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

My pledge.

00:40:02--> 00:40:11

He said, I'm not in a car left to see cars How about them green men who are higher on luck, how unique they are to college italica me why

00:40:12--> 00:40:39

I chose you over the people of beggar. He said I made you a commander I made you a governor of Egypt, over the people of desert because of your wisdom, because of your good arguments for Islam. And because of your sincerity in the religion of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah for Allah katella was who katella what I see that you became just dirty with with the fortunes that came for you.

00:40:40--> 00:41:28

From arani in Zulu, katha musi was slick, and I see that I should demote you and take you away from your post. Well, why is all of that? He said, Abdullah Hanafi baytech that you whipped up the rush man in your own house, Walker Doris Day and had a phony in the Mahabharata and Iranian rajasic personality Hinata snobby Rahim meanie he said you whip them in your house, but you whip everybody else in the public square. and you pick them out whip them privately. So you wouldn't embarrass him because you know that he is the son of me. And you wouldn't embarrass me because my son is committing this crime in public drinking and he used to be whipped in public, but you

00:41:29--> 00:41:40

did the wrong thing and you whip them privately. He said that can knock a quote. But you said to yourself, who are well I do any real mean he is the son of Amira, meaning

00:41:41--> 00:42:27

waka Doris, and hula, however, that Alia hadn't been a nurse end up happening in LA he he Bo LA and you know, I have no preferential treatment to anybody. And the right of Allah subhanho wa Taala, either by either jakka kitabi had said that the baton Allah had Dr. Abbas Allah, if you if you are my later reaches, you send him to me, send Abdullah and my son to me, and send them an ad that it's on the top of a camel died, so everybody can see when he uses being taken to Medina. And they brought him to Medina. And then he repeated his punishment in public, because that was the way that his punishment should be in Egypt. And this is how fair Omar was.

00:42:28--> 00:43:17

If we are to count the stories, farmer really will not finish but one very important story and is very well documented is now we saw how he is in is really indifferent to people's religion. He favored the Christian, Egyptian over a Muslim when it's was the just thing to do. He favored he did not favor his own son. Whether it's Abdullah in a trade, he did not favor Abdul Rahman when it is time to punishment. But here he is with the elite of people that he had no difference. Your status in society makes no difference to Omar. He was truly given example of the blind justice. And that's what happened with the king, king of Assam called jab lettable am this king of the sun. And he was

00:43:18--> 00:43:34

one of the followers of this on him. And he declared slam after he saw the conquest coming towards his way, and Muslim just taken one castle in one city after the other and dishonored him.

00:43:35--> 00:43:38

And he came to El Medina

00:43:39--> 00:44:30

and wrote a letter to Omar and farrokh neoma be pleased with him telling him that he's coming to Medina to visit him and declare his Islam and Omar became very happy with this announcement. So, juggler, job 100 came to Medina and he's he stayed with Omar who really treated him very well. And he did what Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam said to do, he said was the honorable and elite of people treat them well and give them their due right and this is what he did. He just hosted him very well. And then Joe Bella decided to go for Hajj from Medina to Mecca. And he went on the Hajj and during his tail off around the Kaaba, he a man, a lay man stepped on his garment on the garment of this

00:44:30--> 00:44:31

kink.

00:44:32--> 00:44:49

And this man was from Benny fissara was an bedwin Arabian. So this king of Lausanne looked at him and he slept slept the man pushing him away from from his beautiful garment.

00:44:50--> 00:45:00

So the man's nose was broke with this hit. So this man goes to Mr. Pop and he complains about

00:45:00--> 00:45:11

Gentlemen. So Mr. Maha pop brings Geobella to his court. Now this is the king sitting in front of me a mini. He said now that he didn't totally know

00:45:12--> 00:45:28

what made you transgress upon your brother. Now, it's no kings in amorous court. You said this bedwin is your brother that made you do justice to him? That action? In fact, what do you break his nose?

00:45:29--> 00:45:58

And then the last said, arrogantly that he was very nice to this bedwin and if it's not because they are around the caravan, he will do more for him daring to step over his own garment. So our said la carta isn't then you admit that you did that? He said in for the Roger. We're in salehoo meaning that you have two choices now. You either give them compensation until he's pleased with that.

00:46:03--> 00:46:51

Prime I'll let him break your nose like you break his nose. So chipper that was astonished. He said well, Keith Alec wah wah suka Malik. He said How come and he's a lay man and I am the king. How are you? Why are you saying that Omar? I mean, don't you see who I am? And he said that Omar said this famous word he said in Islam so verbena Kumar, Islam made you equal. Islam made you and that lane and equal you can have a son. And then you're sad. And you have a Sanjay Bella said, lack of volunteer and you're on meaning an akuna Phil Islamia as me Ninja helia. I'm your mommy. I thought when I become a Muslim, I'll become more dignified and become more honored than I was during the

00:46:51--> 00:47:18

days of ignorance. I thought all said that anchor had that. Don't give me this. Don't give me this. He said in NACA in lemtrada, rajuk apostolou. Link, you have two choices, you either compensate the man or you will be punished. And kybella says isn't a connoisseur, then I become a Christian again, I'll return to Christianity. I don't want this fault Islam. What is this equality thing? I don't like that. Um, I said no too late internal circle.

00:47:19--> 00:48:08

If you became a Christian, you will lose your neck, the end nakaka slump, because you publicly declared Islam for Tibet, then you become a rebellion. Now if you become clear, Islam is not again, it's not something that you play with. You declared Islam you refer to the rules of Islam or you're gonna lose your neck. He said Geobella knew that he has no, no, no like to stand on, he's not going to go anyway, with this little kebab with this photo. He said, once you give me time to think about it, I might have gave him some time, then Geobella escaped. And he left Medina and escaped to Constantinople. And he lived there for the rest of his life. And there's many poems from him after

00:48:08--> 00:49:01

that, knowing how much he regretted that decision, and how much he regretted not listening to Mr. nikopol. But this was how I'm held justice, this was the amount of that the fair armor, the the the commander of justice, and this is was his way of government for for for the the time that he spent as the Muslim Khalifa. So I will stop here the legacy of Allah goes on. Beyond that. inshallah, next session, we will discuss the freedom, the freedom that we only start hearing about, at the time of this modern revolutions of the French and the American and, and and the, the the personal freedom and the rights the Human Rights though I'm not I'm not has a long record of human rights, that when

00:49:01--> 00:49:45

Sharla go over, and these these rights are lies panel life you read over then you think that it was written in the 21st century, not in the 20th century, and it's actually went into through application and through respect, Under Armour, and it didn't remain like ink on paper did not remain only things to read and hang on the wall. freedom of opinion, we will go over that and we will go a lot over many opinions and many reform that Omar did in the Muslim Ummah and reshaping and establishing the rules of this oma and I will stop here and open the floor to your comment inshallah and questions because I can unlock it. Yeah.

00:49:46--> 00:49:59

Brother said it seems from the study of July because he asked Mr. For respite for some time too. He asked for bail basically. And and I'm on gave him that and he escaped and I'm on

00:50:00--> 00:50:44

You know, he can escape the justice of armor. But the justice of armor was basically done upon this king. He could not walk around the streets of Medina or mecca for him or anybody else stepping on anybody's dignity and hitting people right and left. And he made an example to other people how things gonna go in this in this government? Yes, people escape bail all the time and in all government and they're always criminals that will escape the judgment of human beings. But nobody's Han Allah will escape the judgment of Allah subhanho wa Taala. I don't think armor was defeated. And I don't think the the message that was sent was distorted by Jeb landscaping, the actual punishment,

00:50:44--> 00:50:52

or the actual compensation. And it's well known in history that he really regretted what he did. And he wished that he stayed with Mr. For the rest of his life.

00:50:54--> 00:50:54

Yes,

00:51:00--> 00:51:47

exactly. I mean, he would it would left him over his own kingdom over his own city, but he did not want to follow the rules, at least I'm not the rules of Allah. These are the rules of Islam. And Omar is telling him, no matter who you are, if you are a Muslim, and you are under a Muslim rule, you will respect the least important subject of yours, and they are your brothers. And you will sit in front of a court that will that will treat you the same goes the whole philosophy of Islam, that we will in front of Allah Subhana Allah be the same and be equal, whether you're a king, or whether you're a slave. And it's all the same for all of us kind of with that. Yes. What what we're trying

00:51:47--> 00:51:49

to do that yeah,

00:51:51--> 00:51:53

sure. Yes.

00:51:55--> 00:51:55

Right.

00:51:57--> 00:52:24

As inshallah coming Yeah, trying to really lump sum these or organize these stories. When it follows a certain subject, we started inshallah with justice and fairness. But Mrs. Legacy doesn't stop there. And we will see when we come to his record of human right of citizens rights, how it really extends to Christians, to Jews, and Muslims subjects, and it does not discriminate, differentiate among people.

00:52:25--> 00:52:26

Yesterday

00:52:28--> 00:53:14

started actually, in the Philadelphia boubakeur did not start in the Philadelphia from the armies were out, already, pilot was sent to Persia of Aden was sent to a sham and actually there for armies, and I'm leaving the the army and the battles till after we finish some of the legacies of Farmar and the accomplishment of armor, on several levels, and on on governmental level. And inshallah, later on, we will be back to our audio visual aid. And we'll show how the Muslim oma expanded and why how things happen and how it happened during the fall for Omar, but we will have first to go back to the initial movement of Army during the collapse of Abu Bakar. And we will show

00:53:14--> 00:53:17

a study that in detail Sharla Yes.

00:53:18--> 00:53:19

Yeah.

00:53:24--> 00:53:26

Yes. And

00:53:27--> 00:53:34

the question to repeat the question, was there any Salama Rama provocateur direct

00:53:37--> 00:54:05

asking from Abu Bakar to Mr. To accept this khilafah? And was there any direct recommendation and discussion between the two of them? And the answer is yes. And that has been reported. And here's what they will say yes. And it is narrated in the book of software to software. And maybe we have a few minutes to go over that. And here's the recommendation when he sat down with him and Omar, initially

00:54:06--> 00:54:54

try to get out of it. And aboubaker said that you have basically no choice because this is the responsibility that the Muslims and I will give you and he was still his halifa so he was given him an order basically. But then he gave him this beautiful recommendation and beautiful so yeah. And he said first, tequila hayama make takahama have Taqwa have fear of Allah hath piety. While I live in Allah He mln Vina ha la bella who will know that Allah subhanho wa Taala has given you tasks during daytime he will not accept during night. He means that you shall not be busy with worship from serving people means you do your obligations but don't say okay, I'm gonna have

00:54:56--> 00:55:00

10 months of fatty calf this year and not not serve my right yet. He

00:55:00--> 00:55:25

said that this is this is duty now on you from Allah subhana wa to Allah that He will ask you about, well I met him delayed layup, bellhop in the heart and there are job work for you at night that Allah does not accept the data that means do not neglect your obligations towards your right to your subjects and do not forget your obligations towards the last kind of what to add. And then he said why in the hula hula habitat

00:55:26--> 00:56:09

that Allah subhanaw taala does not accept the additional is that the NASA until you do your freedom until you do your obligatory work? Well in Morocco, LACMA was enormous duphalac now as you know, we all know piano beautyberry will help COVID than any Hakuna tequila. He said that the scales on the Day of Judgment become heavy was the deeds of those who have heavy scales that good deeds, because the work is heavy, because the work is hard. He said that if you think that you're going to fill your scale on the Day of Judgment with good deed, know that this is a hard deed it's going to be heavy on you to do it. scares does not get filled with easy work. He said so get ready for hardship

00:56:09--> 00:56:45

during this this time. While in lemma Fatma z women of technology in hooyo, malkia, ttba, Moon Botha and Yakuza, FIFA and those who have light scales on the Day of Judgment, because it was easy for them not to follow the right path, because following the bottle is easy and vinyasa is warning him that if you're going to do it right, get ready for hardship, get ready for for hard work, and he said widen the law has the Corolla jannetty Takara home biasanya marry him with a j was a year for either the Carter home controller near

00:56:47--> 00:57:33

him. He said last time Tyler when he mentioned the people of gentle paradise he mentioned them with their best deeds and he does not mention their bad deeds. So when I meant when I remember that I'm afraid that I will not be able to follow them meaning I remember remember your bad deeds the message of this is always remember your sins do not always look at said I did this and I gave this and I made this and and forget about your your sins and always be fearful and repent for the last panel with that. And then he said why not Allahu Allah, the Quran Allah nada de cada whom the family him What a Dalai Lama center for either the kata home to in Nila or jus an akuna hula via Kunal Abdul

00:57:33--> 00:58:14

Ravindra kita. lettermen Allah wa wa rahmatullah wa rahmatullah. He said, and then when I mentioned the people of Hellfire when he has a villa, then ally mentioned them with the worst of their deeds, and did not accept some of their good deeds. And he said, when I remember that what God is telling them I said, when I remember that, then I would ask a lot of Allah to not be with those. So I'm always hopeful of Allah. And I'm always fearful of Allah Subhana with that, and he said, the added, the slave does not hope and wish for paradise, and does not disappear from the mercy of Allah meaning that if you have too many good deeds, don't think that it's enough for you to reach what you

00:58:14--> 00:58:59

want to reach in paradise. But also if you have too many sins, do not be despair, from the mercy of Allah Subhana Allah and he said fate and to have your fellow co de la Cova, even Ababa la came in and load while a statue of Jesus then he said, when you remember my will, that remembered there. And you know, and this will reach you, and you will not escape from this day that I'm coming into. And this is was the will Abubakar to America, that we haven't shot a lot stuff here for South Africa. We ask Allah Subhana Allah Allah, to make us of those who hear the best of words and follow the best of it, and to let it lead us on the path of those who followed the right path of the Prophet sallallahu

00:58:59--> 00:59:17

wasallam of the guided successors, Abu Bakar Omar wife, nan allottee, and the rest of the companions and those who follow their path to the day of judgment and mean, but hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayidina syedna Mohammed involuntary he was having huge pain, and then the shirt is Arcola.