Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 8

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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The way is clear while at the Qunari Allen Allen says do not be dependent upon people. And then he said lay off I'll do a hybrid come and follow the risky way Apollo mahoma zucchini waka de Anima and the center Ella from Teresa haven Villa de la la la

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canessa Baba home in doubt. He said this is a very famous saying of Mr. Do hip hop, do not not one of you sit down in the house sit down in his home and and raise his head up to a lot to the sky and he said, Allah mode is up to me all law centromeres have sent me sustenance aloka Danny met in the summer LFM through the habenula footbaww he knows that the sky does not rain, gold or silver is that that that the sustenance doesn't just fall out of the sky Allah, Allah has laid in this universe has way in this life. He said in the law to Allah.

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Allah Subhana Allah sent his sustenance to people through other people who have to work last month Allah said jalna Baba from the bobbins that we employed one

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each other one for each other. That means that we have different professions in life, and we're all dependent on each other. And that's the way that Allah Subhana Allah made our results made our sustenance in his blessing in bounties come to us that way.

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We continue to go along with one aspect that is very related to taking care of subjects and and how diligent Omar was in pursuing this aspect of his khilafah how careful he was with his subjects. And he stated something in his khilafah that is, later on became also the ground work and the foundation for the police work for, for what needs to be done to take care of the security of people. And then the interests of people

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used to go out at night. And he used to check on his subjects in Medina at night. And this is what's known in history as a dirty yet no Maria, the Marion patrol, he would take his own patrol at night and he would take one of his friends either memorize, or Aslan, Aslan, his surgeon.

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And he would check out things in the city and things that happen at night do not happen at daytime and the things that can leak out at night. If somebody is really listening and watching what's going on is different from what goes on during daylight. And here's some of the things that are repeated in history. Some of the stories and incidents that are repeated about this amarrian the troll that he used to do at night.

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Once our viewers was s&m his sermons and this is narrated, on on s&m and it is narrated in the book of alphabet, when you hire that is written by Evan Kathy.

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An estimate, probably a long run.

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He said a caveman came to Medina. And they came around and they they set around the message. And I said to

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Mr. Brockman Ross had very close relationship with Bob. He said.

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He said, should we take care of them tonight? Let's guard them and you see how how, how much he cared about people. He said this is a caravan they they have their full of goods, let's say God around the camp that they have tonight. So Islam said that Allahu Sano sama sallyann they system denied make your pm and grabbing this camp of the caravan semia Omar on Buta Savi. And there was a small child and infant it continues to cry and cry and cry. And I kept hearing this infant crying. That was so he had towards that crime that that sounds that noise. The pilot and he talked to the mother behind the tent, talk to the mother of the child and he said tequila Whoa, I see Nila severe.

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Fear Allah and take care of this child is food and nurse and see what why is this child crying, so painful and

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went back to his place and the crying continues. So he came back. And then he said to the mother, were you happy?

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Or you are a bad mother. Then

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why is he not stopped crying? What's wrong? What What's wrong with you? And she said, Yeah, Abdullah Abdullah. She didn't know who this was somebody just annoyed by

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The noise. He said, Yeah, Abdullah in the pod.

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I'm trying to keep him from eating from the nursed. And he continues to cry. I'm not so great while you're not nursing him, and she said, you know, malaria for you.

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Because Emma, the Khalifa does not give the allowance except for those who are weaned off their mothers he considered before that night, that those who are dependent on their mothers their allowance, this the government aid, goes with the WIC, just like a locket that goes to the mother and says that infant that babies is attached to his mother in nursing, then they get one allowance. So she said, I'm trying to ruin him. So I can get an allowance separate for this infant.

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And he said, What can Nikki However, she said, How old is this baby? And she said, Kevin Walker sounds certain such month and it's not affected how much? How many months was the age of that infant that obviously it was less than two years and amagno that he still needed to be nursed? And he said way hacky let that Giuliani sit on he said do not wean him off. And then he cried and such a salad masala Sudha wahala yesterday in holiness, kurata, hoomin and buka. And while he was playing the federal people could not understand one word of what he was saying as much he was crying. He was feeling so guilty. That now this infants of Muslims are being tormented by their own parents so they

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can get the allowance because he prevented the allowance from getting to there or directly from getting to people. And he said, sadly, Omar, he started blaming himself. He said books amblyomma may or may not be the misery

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can katella mean a legend muslimeen how many Muslim kids are killed by his app by not paying attention to this to the spirit from the Amara Muna de and then he asked an announcer to go out and say that agile was severe Savannah COMM And he thought that in an effort to liquidity knowledge in Islam, he said From this day on, every born, every born person, every born baby, every born infant, will get the allowance, whether they are being nursed, or they are wheat. So this is what Bob would get on in one of his patrols.

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Another

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time, Bob was in the Medina. And there were so many armies that he sent out of Medina, so many memes, so many men that he sent out of Medina to to Jihad to enter into a sham in conquest. And we will talk about that in details in sha Allah, and the later part of this series in sha Allah, that he heard a woman saying some poetry missing her husband.

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And and the poetry goes about that she has she misses the the one that used to be with her and the men that she had and all of that, and and she misses being with her husband at night. And Omar said, Your husband can lie. He said to himself now love mercy on you, he felt the pain of this wife missing her husband. And then he sent her a gift and allowance. And then he went to have saw his daughter. And he said,

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and she said, Yeah, you need my other job because he had he said, What virtue in this late hour he came to her before dawn, and that's his daughter. He said he will come several, at deanza he said, Oh, my daughter, how long does a woman can stay patient with that her husband.

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And she said, that's a little shocked our shadow us aletheia our bath in you for the Sabbath. He said she can be patient One, two and three months. And after the fourth month, the patients will be gone. And Omar decreed from that day on that no man should be kept away from his wife for more than four months, they have to be sent to see their family for a period after three to four months. And those who did not want to come back to see their family. He said that you have to have to give him some options. He sent these this decree to the leaders of the army to the commanders of the army. He said in the end Yeah, God let me say and they have the choice. Either to go back to the woman in the

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bathroom, Eli Eli the NASA cutting kaseya or they send them sustenance and allowance and take care of them. And the woman has to be accepted to that solution when you come up or they have to divorce their wives that they are given the time and and and the opportunity to go home and if they don't want to do that and their wives want them then

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wife has the right to divorce that husband and and that's how he wanted to protect women and protect the honor of this who are in the fighting.

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Another very beautiful story.

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One of my personal favorites is also narrated on Aslam solvit. The farmer he narrated many things in the books of history that

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he said

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I was was in a place called herbert walker and we know that Hara is a hilly area and we know Medina is squeezed between two large hilly areas. And he was in one of these hovers, welcome and

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he said we saw a fire we saw fire in the distance.

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And I said yes, I see the fire and news in a cold night and he said this may be travelers that have a fire so let's go close to them. And maybe we can get warm, maybe get get some heat from that fire. And he said, the connection and her will and we job to extend hotter than olamine home until we got close. Say that in writing. Now I have Soviet and we saw a woman with kids with children.

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And severe means that they are less than teenager in age it's between four and 10 years old. So kids small kids

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and and then we say a bowl, a cooking pot and on fire and this children are crying.

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And Omar said Assalamu alaykum Yella Bo he said salaam aleikum, people have a fire to people around the white

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people around the light and not the fire. And she said why alaikum Salaam.

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And he said edu. Can I come close? So it's taken permission because it's a woman no man. And he took permission to come close to her and she said it will be higher than

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either come close if you're bringing good if you're coming with peace or leave. And he said My dad said what's wrong with these kids? Why are they shouting and hollering and crying? And she said also that they been a lady well thought he said it's daylight and cold weather. And he said what what they're crying about what what are these children crying that you said you hunger? They're crying out of hunger. And he said Why are you saying he has a cooker? What are you cooking for them? What's in this cooking pot? And she said man, there's water. Water in there was a key to home v hat. Am I making dizzy with this? Like they're thinking there's something cooking in there until they get

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tired of crying and waiting and they sleep waiting for that water to cook.

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And he's and she's inside and she's aside. Allahu Dana now abena oma, Allah is our judge between us and Omar.

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And Omar was shaken by this and you know, how are fierce Hana with Allah? He said emaki la to Morocco. He said, Oh, have mercy on you. How would they know about you? What have you

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learned about your misery? And she said Yes, I will. Soon as anyone can do just take he accepted charge he accepted accountability. And then he does not know about us. This is we accept this. Phil after that. Will he accept to be the halifa? Yes, I am run out of San Juan. She did not take that as an excuse. How would he not know about us? He said that's not an excuse. He has to

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and then Omar came to Islam. And this is directly from a sunset and polycarbonate. Come on. Let's go back for hydrogen and what he said he went running to Medina, hyper Athena data. And data is a place where I'm not kept food and supplies. It's like a big silo, where he kept whatever sustenance comes to Medina and to be distributed for Muslim. And he said

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he took a bushel he took a bag of flour, and and and a little piece of fat of grease. And he said,

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Take the bishop put it on me. And Islam is his servant. This is the seven. I said acronym Ron Malaika and you're on momineen. Can I take it for you or on you? He says de la la. No, put it on. My

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name is Rio malkia. Are you going to take care of my sins on the Day of Judgment. Like I said, it's the same way he says

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He was sinning against that hungry children against that woman. And it is his duty to carry that flour to them. He said the lamb melech

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Rio del Kiana Are you gonna carry my sins for me on the day of judgment? He said for Hormel to ya, I put it on his back, and some follow up. And then he went jogging. He went running back to that woman. So he came to hell.

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He said, I brought he brought the flour, and he started cooking for that and that boiled water and when you put boiled water with flour and fat, it's it's it's some type of

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status to that. It's some type of pudding or site. It's called and, and harbor. It's got the start of cooking.

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And he continued to blow into the fire and esalaam said Farah a to define a little German hilarious yet. He said the smoke was coming out of his beard. He was cooking in diligently and working with this with this pot at Taco Bell fellow until he cooked for them. Some Manzella had and he carried the pot himself

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and bring me some dishes. So they she brought him a big dish that that would be soft, forever happy and then he emptied from the pot. I mean, he kept working that night for them. So up to the up for me, him.

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He said you start feeding them and I start cooling this this food for them. So the food is burning, and they're hungry. He wants to give the food to them fast. They're hungry, so he would put it on that dish until it cools and then give it to that woman so she can feed our children. telomeres and Hector shabbier visit, continue taking care of them until they they were satisfied with therapy on behalf of modelica Khan, he left the rest of the food and got up

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and do what he was leaving the woman she said De La Jolla, may Allah the word you couldn't tell me. He has an agreement. Omar, you are no Rosie, of this class as an American.

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And I'm not the one who this man is. And then he said Who the hell said some good things and then come tomorrow to the mean house and to the Marine Corps come to the Elisa court. Or Jackie who NACA inshallah, I will meet you there. I will meet you where the sunny set is tomorrow. And then from that Anaheim, and he stepped down. And he sat down in an area with them watching them and SLM said,

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Why are you still here and you did your duty? He said, No, no, until I see that they are peacefully sleeping. As I saw them hungry and crying. I want to make sure that they are sleeping and they're safe. And they're they're satisfied and full.

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And then he said until we continued until we saw the children playing and typewriter Sylvia tell story own they were wrestling. And then so they're playful. Now they're, they're happy. And then they slept. And then he set up and upon the walk. And then he continued to praise a loss of Hannah and with that.

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The next day the woman comes to the court of Mr. Bob.

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And Bob is sitting in his own court and she recognized demand that helper, but as she was walking in, they heard she heard someone telling addressing this man as me.

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So she became pale. She is she was cursing her mom, she was saying that things about the alarm. And she was saying that he's not even worthy of being Khalifa. And here he is. He is the Khalifa. So she was fearful. And Omar said La La ke Emma from LA to come here and peace. He said, How much? Will you sell me? Your mischief, the hardship that I caused you? How much would you want as a compensation for it? So you're not here to be punished for what you said, You are here to actually be compensated for the hardship that you went through and your children for that night and before and she was she refused and she said, Here is 600 Durham, he gave her 600. And then he asked us to write or one of

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the Sahaba. He said that you agreed to sell me to give me this to accept this compensation for that. And she said yes, I will take the 600 Delta, and he wrote an agreement between him and her that she is already innocent.

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He is exonerated from any problem of any wrongdoing that he caused to this woman for this $600 ham. And he told his family when I die, you put this paper with me in the grave. So when I need a loss of Hannah what Allah I know that this woman will not come and take her, right from me on the Day of Judgment.

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The story of

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the threads is one night.

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He was, and this is this is really the snake story is testimony for the humbleness of Bob and true caring for for the subject of the people he accepted. The the the responsibility for and and this is a great example of that. And one night he was around and walking around in Medina at night and he is woman in labor, a woman noise in Orange County. She was in labor, she was in the pain of labor and delivery. And it was an intense, kind of a two shot in linear convenience. It was a new thing. So these are not people, excuse me, of Medina, this are somebody who is a breadwinner or somebody visiting Medina. And then we say a man sitting at the tent, and he said man and Hawaii and the man

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said Roger Minelli, Daddy, I'm a man of the desert on the bed One

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more money now see them in public. I came to mean and they don't know me there are no TVs they wouldn't know who this one they're talking to. No pictures. He said I can't say I knew me and asked him for help. And he said, Oh my god, what is this noise? What is the sound that I'm hearing in the in the

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in the in the house?

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And he said Mr. Atul dunkel is my woman in labor. She's given birth to someone to baby And honestly,

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she has someone to help her. And the man said, No, it was just him and his wife and she's in labor and he's sitting outside doesn't know what to do. And then he ran around to his house. For it he consumer didn't. So he bro he talked to his woman to his wife on the consume now on the consume is the granddaughter off the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, she is the daughter of Fatima. And I don't even know if you call it

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now doesn't get any higher. And status in Islam like this one. He said to him local food, Henry McAfee engineering cerca de la la. Are you interested in a word that Allah subhanho wa Taala is bringing to you. So do you have an opportunity to get through work tonight? And she said, Well, no who call me? She said Where is it? And he said Mr. ethylmercury, that Phantom Hubble laser in the head. There is a strange woman that is a laborer and she has no body and she said now, yes, I'll come and help her. And he said, Fatima Akina is the holy more I think, more and more telling Elijah to him. And then what he did was, he said, Bring all the things that a woman needs and and their

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hour of labor like the cloth and the tissues and etc. And he said bring also a boy and bring some wheat and bring some grease, he wants to cook again. Subject he so they brought the stuff and they ran back to that tent.

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And then he asked him the kazoo, Allah be pleased with all of them to go into the tent. And then he came to the man and he said, Let's light the fire. And they lit the fire. And he pulled the ball. And he started cooking for this family.

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And then the woman gave birth and the microphone came out or the tents and she said best shows off. Yeah. And what I mean by sure Sahiba doula, she said and Omar is sitting with this man cooking now you have to imagine the situation this man is cooking with this guy. And the woman comes out of the tent and address him as their annual nominee. The president the king, the highest thing there is Amira nominees the Khalifa. And an hour of the huddle. He said, Robbie, this veteran stepped back he says, Who am I with?

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Omar said mechanica can stay where you are, don't worry. And then oma took this big boy. And he took it to the 10th to the day of the 10th day into the opening of the tent and he put it in there.

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And he said he had let her eat let her eat until she satisfied and she ate and then they brought the ball back and then he took it up his work and he took that and he gave it to them.

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And he said quote, he said eat for us I have to lay you you are tired you are you spend all night up and the man and he told the man when you get up tomorrow, then come here come to us come to our court and we will give you

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what what will make you happy will give you what will rectify your situation and he next morning, he gave them an allowance for him, his wife and his newborn baby. And this story is also in the book of having Kathy lb die on the high

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qualicum Cinema has

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another story that is also one of the very famous stories and it has historical importance about Bob and his nice Paul and his police work at night. And this goes into that part of police work. And then it's noted on esslyn he said mmm mmm

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when I was with Mr. macabre who is to the Medina and he's at night with Medina is IE who got tired, septic Allah journey, big data and to feel like he got tired. So he got close to a wall, and he just was leaning on that wall. But when you lean on the wall, you can actually hear what's inside the room and what's inside the wall. And he said he heard a woman asking and commanding to her daughter. He said, Yeah, he heard that woman saying yeah being tell me he lives at 11 thumbs up he will. He said I heard the woman he heard the woman ordering her daughter to go to the milk and mix it with water. And that is the oldest trick in the book for cheating. The water is cheating The milk is to

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mix it with water. And the daughter said to her mother, yo Ma, our Madden TV back then I mean asthma to me. I mean, did you not hear about the odors of any money? And the mother said when I can I mean as nutty what what did he order? And she said in Marana Yahoo Finance, he announced in the market, he made a public announcement. Then shove 11 bill now that nobody can mix milk with water.

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And she said the mother said to her daughter for me 11 fmZ he did not get up and mix that milk with water. So Nikki de Mogi in la que la mina de Omar, you are in a place where Omar can not see you or his announcer nobody can see you. Not his not a lot. And then dmso pharma. And the one the data said to her mother in law he likened to the OPR who Phil Miller.

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She said I will not obey Him publicly and disobey him privately.

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And Omar is listening to this conversation is obviously getting his attention.

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And then he said

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to his esla to Islam to the man he said mark this house and the next day he comes and he asked about this woman and he said Is there a husband and how is there a man in the house

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and he investigated for Aslam Aslan continues his narration because Islam did the investigative work for them. And he said he will know that I'm about to fail even Jerry at a human led Allah

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la sala Harada he said I investigated and this woman is is has no husband and the daughter is single. Also the daughter has no husband.

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So this is a team of mother and daughter and they are they sell milk to people. So Mr. key to this and he knocked on the door and the woman comes out. And he said asked the woman Why do you Why are you mixing the milk with water? Why are you cheating? The Muslims? And the women said well why he laughs or law? He I don't do this. I don't mix milk with water. And the daughter of behind her from the house. She said yeah, I thought machine and musty need. What do you think Vina Allah Amira news to me? Allah near me. She said, not only you chief Muslims, but you also give your name you make an order from Allah Subhana Allah and you lie to the Khalifa. You lie to me.

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And Omar left the house and he went to his children and he

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He said healthy common law sauza widow, he said anybody any of you needs a woman, because I found a good one.

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And that is that pious women that that daughter that refuse to obey the orders of her of her mother, even without knowing that and even more meaning was around with it. It's not it was only her and her mother, and she refused to disobey Allah Subhana Allah with that. And his his children of the law said he has no job development said no, everybody said, I have a wife. We don't want to get married. And I said, If none of you will do it, and I will do it, and I will go get married to this woman. She's a pious, good woman, and asked and said, Oh, Father, I will get married. I will I will take that. I will take that woman to Austin in Oman.

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And then he

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asked that woman to marry. Awesome, his son. So this look, woman, this set of milk became the wife of the son of me money due to her piety and fitness of our last panel with that, but it doesn't stop there. They have a daughter, the son of an oma and this woman, the milk woman have a daughter they called her Laila. They led them to ask them get married to a man called Abdul Aziz, Marwan Abdul Aziz in new Milan, they have a child called Omar Omar, Abdullah Aziz is the grandson of the monk woman.

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And this is how Allah subhanho wa Taala brings the pious people from pious people, and how the reward that Allah subhanaw taala gave to this woman into this family in life is this amount of abdulazeez this this gray Khalifa of Islam,

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may Allah be pleased with all of them.

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So this was a result of nothing else that an Omani in patrol at night police work of

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choosing the right woman for the right person and making sure justice and piety is what prevails in the streets of Medina.

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While

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Yes, I think we counted him before it was seven, but he has like there is a dilek Bob, and he would name them same thing of the rational actor. And there is also narration there is abdominal out of the middle of the watchman and under.

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Yes, yeah. Jr. said he would have same names for many of his children. Yes.

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Yes, Islam was a Muslim. Yes.

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But he has a Christian servants as well. And he didn't force them to accept Islam at all. I mean, that was one of the things that we narrowed into sakalava

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I'm not saying that Omar came to bat was not only people, but you want to make sure that even animals

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under his government are taking care of that animals are not overworked. And animals are taken care of.

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One time that said, you know, Darwin said, I saw him beating the man beating a man that takes care of camels. That means camel, and he said hello there. janella kelela. You're overworking overloading your camel. He started Didi, the camel, camel caretaker.

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And he used to say to people I left the height in the last year. Okay? Don't you feel a loss to Allah in your rides? And what's your eyes on? That means the horses, the donkeys and the camels. And now I didn't know how

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did you not know that they have rights upon you. Even the animals that people use and are a little unhappy? Don't you just give them a break? Give them out. And

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also they can go out and eat from what what the girl?

00:34:16--> 00:35:00

And we also narrated that story when I was painting, prostrating the disease camera with Todd. And he calls upon the NFL, who was a governor of Iraq to come and help him and painting card with the camel because that camel was of the saga was of the camels of charity. And people said, can't you order a slave to do this a servant to do this? And he said, Why are you I didn't have a delivery, whose slave more slaves than I am who's the servant. This is I'm doing this as a slave to a loss of Hana data. I know that he can be more slave to a law than me and he insisted on doing this work himself and one time he

00:35:00--> 00:35:24

So sick camera, and this is in the back of October. And he put in he started examining the camel even examining the behind and he put his hands and in their in his that's the way of checking their temperature and doing other things. And he said in Neela Hi, Fernando Salah, and I'm afraid that I will be asked about you on the day of judgment because that was also a camel in the custody of the charity.

00:35:27--> 00:35:35

So by that inshallah we close that chapter of the social aspects of the philosopher from our technical part

00:35:36--> 00:35:37

yesterday

00:35:49--> 00:35:50

you want to go ahead and

00:35:51--> 00:35:59

actually I did not find the reference for that. And that's why I mean, I'm trying to not bring the the stories that I can't reference very well.

00:36:00--> 00:36:04

I did not find it in Charlotte, what are the four C's alluding to is?

00:36:05--> 00:36:52

Or is this the story that again, I cannot reference and might very well be one reference, but I just couldn't find it in some other fabulous one night walking the streets and he hears people and partying and then there's a commotion in their drinking. Obviously there's a commotion and he gets up and he look from above wall and he sees this youngsters partying and drinking alcohol and drinking wine and having a good time. And he brings them back to punish them. And they said if we are making one mistake, then you are making more you're making also mistake that we are drinking this you're making three mistakes. Allah subhanaw taala said Well, let me just say so and you made

00:36:52--> 00:37:04

the justice you spied on us last night Allah said do not spy. I was a pirate Allah said that you should come to the houses from its doors. And you came up on the wall. You climbed up the wall is the third mistake.

00:37:06--> 00:37:19

He didn't say Salaam Alaikum. Yes. When he comes in. He did not read them with a salaam aleikum. They said if we made one mistake, then you made three mistakes. So he let them go. I think that's the story goes. But I did not find the

00:37:21--> 00:37:55

message. The stories that I read, you see does not and most of them are not in the books of Hades. They're mostly in the book history. But the heart goes over the background of people talk about what is reported upon each person that narrated any Hadees since Mr. mahapatra narrated Hades in that book would go into his life, then it'll be better when you have is one of the greatest books of history. I mean, he goes from the beginning to the end in a way of living Kathy and he also narrates a lot of history books. And there are

00:37:56--> 00:38:04

a lot of inside. And there are many other books that Sharla will try to reference it and maybe we'll bring it back later on Sharla

00:38:08--> 00:38:10

ohada Yes, is a colossal?

00:38:13--> 00:38:26

We'll go over that in a special chapter of how Mr. Fogg treated his subjects in alongside us this is an absorber is basically the territory's the new open territories. And there is

00:38:27--> 00:38:38

some session Sharla will be about how he managed the government from the central government from Medina and how he were able to manage everything else from there. Oh, yeah.

00:38:40--> 00:38:43

The second thing that we will try to go over tonight

00:38:44--> 00:38:54

for last pantalla just permission to is to go over amagno support organization, to the education and his government.

00:38:55--> 00:39:00

And by education, I mean Islamic education, the education of religion.

00:39:02--> 00:39:04

During his time during his

00:39:05--> 00:39:07

government during his real

00:39:08--> 00:39:21

the Muslim Ummah, territory tripled and quadrupled, and it came back tenfold what it was before, and there are so many new territories and new cities and new

00:39:22--> 00:39:35

areas that have been conquered. And now, people in those areas needed Islamic education. The Sahaba took their education directly from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and from each other.

00:39:36--> 00:39:37

Now, these are called as

00:39:39--> 00:39:59

the followers, they did not see the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam but some of them saw the Sahaba this is the definition of activity, somebody who took the knowledge and science and education from a hobby from a companion of the Prophet sallallahu said

00:40:01--> 00:40:03

And we will see how Mr. Pop

00:40:04--> 00:40:14

followed the signals the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Now we see how when did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam do when he wanted the people of Medina to learn Islam.

00:40:15--> 00:40:16

He sent them

00:40:17--> 00:40:21

masaba, Mayor De La Jolla, he sent them an ambassador, when the people of Yemen

00:40:22--> 00:40:26

he sent them was 100. So I

00:40:27--> 00:40:53

wanted to do the same thing. He wanted to make sure that in every capital, every main city in every new school of Islamic thought, they will be a mentor. And he would handpick this mentors, and make sure that the standard education goes on, well under the supervision of that person, and due to the strategy of

00:40:54--> 00:40:55

Islamic

00:40:56--> 00:41:35

and Islamic knowledge, actually branched into well known schools of thought and these schools of thought are known in history. And we will study in a short lot more shallow last time data helped us we will try to study the the Imam, Abu hanifa and shafia Ahmed Mohammed Ali Malik, these these learn in these schools and we will see that Shafi would go along with a chef who travels from Mecca to Medina to and Kufa to elbow spa to muscle. Why would the chef do this in those days, because the schools that are not potty established, have different specialties.

00:41:36--> 00:42:22

They're all great. They all teach slang and religion in football and had eaten for ad. But they were strong in one single aspect, that they were the strongest in that particular school. And that was because of who Mr. Fogg chose to be the dean, if you will, of that school. So we'll start with the schools that Bob established. And I'm not talking about a building school building. I'm talking about a school of thought that are not late. And the first school was madrasa and makiya the School of luck. Now mark as the cradle of Islam. Well, and Medina was the capital, the political capital for Islam, that Mecca also had many of the Sahaba, especially from the Sahaba of the people of

00:42:22--> 00:42:24

Christ, and Hashem.

00:42:25--> 00:42:38

And when of the Dean of the Milky school, at that time was Abdullah, if an Abbess may Allah be pleased with both of them. And

00:42:39--> 00:42:55

the this time and I believed that I best lived a long time, and he was a teacher. He was a scholar of the Wagner I best had different titles that are given to him by historians, and one of them is

00:42:56--> 00:43:34

hybridoma is this color of the nation. And another important title that that will give us a giveaway with just the specialty of Abdullah bass. He was called the interpreter of Koran or the translator of Quran or to German. This was his title. So he knew exactly is that interpretation of Quran he knows the, the cause, why the the idea was revealed, and what is the interpretation of the eye and he was the most knowledgeable person in that particular science and the science of the fear.

00:43:35--> 00:43:42

The Prophet sallallahu wasallam naked media drive to Abdullah das for de una mujer

00:43:44--> 00:44:03

que a DD when the Prophet sallahu wa sallam gave him to add to the verse in FIFA, and religion game and knowledge and interpretation that are the ones that are best will learn how to interpret the verses and what is given to him. And

00:44:04--> 00:44:21

he was very close to pop and he was very close to him from that standpoint. I met a shabby. No, it's on the authority of heaven addressed himself that he said, my father and I best have an optimal policy. I'll at least with him, he said to me.

00:44:23--> 00:44:24

Yeah, I

00:44:26--> 00:44:49

will be curious to hear Oh, come on as me not hardy Rasulullah he said, I see that. Omar is keeping you close to him. And he is consulting with you with companions as the Prophet sallallahu he was sending a love Anita lesson. So that will give you three advices since he's a very young man, I've left my best at that time. And

00:44:50--> 00:44:56

they're young and I mean in his teens when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam died and he said even when

00:44:57--> 00:44:59

he was still longer than 20 years old.

00:45:00--> 00:45:28

And anonymous consulting with him with a delicate No, I bet so his father was afraid that that may actually corrupt his thinking, that may make him a little arrogant and who wouldn't be? He said, he said, so let me give you three advices my son in law, her letter she and Allahu Sera, Sera, Allah, and do not give any of his secrets away, as Mr. moussaka will come and consult with him about something that may not be may be private matter.

00:45:37--> 00:45:42

Never ever lie. So you want to be a fickle, you want to be a trustworthy Island,

00:45:43--> 00:45:44

when I tell them

00:45:45--> 00:46:32

Do not talk about anybody in his presence. And that also goes on without his present. He said do not backbite anybody and that will make any money trustee. Suddenly I do cos may Allah be pleased was a one of the 10 given the glass tanning of Paradise so that that underlying model hadn't been fun, while I let them settle in, and also human need me at best. He said, I've not seen anybody that is more intelligent, smarter, or more knowledgeable, or more patience, now teaching and given the knowledge to other dudes a lot of patience. And that was a blog address at one of his trades. And he said, Well, Ah ha, ha ha ha blah. I said

00:46:35--> 00:46:50

that he believes it only for the hard questions. It doesn't consult him about it. He said when it's a hard issue, and it's a complicated question, he would call upon the live events and he will say in deca jack Come on Bella.

00:46:51--> 00:46:53

Hola. Hola. Hola.

00:46:56--> 00:46:59

He will call upon the ones that are best and he said

00:47:00--> 00:47:28

a virtual difficult one. And then he said from Milan Joseph Cola, then he takes exactly what Adair says. And around Omar would be the people of desert. So people from the very early days of Islam, and here he is consulting that young man and he goes with the opinion of this young man and other top said about about an excuse me on how to blue

00:47:31--> 00:47:35

himself described as best as the

00:47:37--> 00:48:14

law who will own the pulvinar code. He said he is the elderly of young people. He is the wise meaning the wise of the young people. He's trying to tell him why he would consult this young man now who He says He has been goes out with questions. I mean, he's got an inquisitive mind. What are you gonna call and he's got a heart that that is angry is that is longing to get wisdom it means that he understands what is given to him. He has a mind that would interpret what what the knowledge that he gets.

00:48:15--> 00:48:52

And perhaps the law said the trauma. He always put up the Latin our best opinion in the forefront. So the Dean of the medical school was Abdullah of an advanced male Lavie pleased with him. And the specialty of that medical school was the interpretation of Quran. And from then on, if somebody wants to get the best education, and how to interpret the verses of the Quran, the idea of the Quran would go to Mecca, because the people that are the lagna are best taught where were where they were all in Mecca. So people that wanted to get that knowledge would go to Mecca.

00:48:53--> 00:48:58

The Mecca school is the second school that that are established.

00:48:59--> 00:49:20

And the Dean of that school, if you will, is a Saturday, they did the sabots we remember that he's the one that was given the task, the great task and the mission of gathering the Koran, and he was very well trusted by Abu Bakr Omar and the rest of the Sahaba and he was one of the most knowledgeable people

00:49:21--> 00:49:43

and the Omar Abdullah bin Omar said federal Komodo Sahaba feel Buddha took the Companions for for harder. The time has knowledge and he dispersed them all over the country all over the Atlantic. And well Heather says a debnath avatar Billy Medina but he locked they decided not not

00:49:45--> 00:49:59

literally, but he made him stay in Medina use t Allah to give them cetera. So the the knowledge of Eben VEDA the Sabbath was and he was very versed

00:50:00--> 00:50:45

Verse was the knowledge effect what are focal of something that needs he had something needs focus Something needs. And this is the intelligence of Omar Maha pop is every problem in the Muslim world will go back to where to Medina, they will send him a question to another Macaca. Now he wanted to keep this addict with him, because he's the one that can give them advice. And I mean, the questions will be about new things that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam did not advise about because it didn't happen. And the days of SLM, since that needed he had needed a ruling that was not there before. So I kept the static with him, because he's very well versed in

00:50:46--> 00:51:28

and the Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam said about zayde This is a hadith from the profit center while he was in them, and it is an activity about zeta masala Salim said a frog the quinzaine that they is the most knowledgeable in alpha in the acts of worship the diva and he is the one that has all the knowledge about what to do and how to do it and where to do it and and all of that. He said the Prophet witnessed in the Prophet destiny testified that this is the man to ask. If you have a question about a cat, come ask. If you have a question about head come as he said the one that knows the best about fara is a dog

00:51:32--> 00:51:40

and I met a shoddy set validez agent in NASA Alice named alpha it will come on that stage was very knowledgeable in as far as we said. And

00:51:42--> 00:51:48

needless to say that he's the one that that was given the task for gathering the answer. He was one of the most

00:51:50--> 00:51:55

authorities the most strong authorities on Koran and Rover's people in the UK.

00:51:59--> 00:51:59

Some of his

00:52:02--> 00:52:10

people that were was aided in in Medina was able to say, Well, I'd love to be there also from the scholars of Islam.

00:52:12--> 00:52:52

The third school and that further school took very important place later on in the Muslim Ummah later especially in the omiya. And and Bessie khilafah was in Madras and Austria and pasa. pasa was on the news a lot recently. So everybody knows where bus rides, it's in South at all. It's where the deadline for the participation of the Tigris and the Euphrates for me. And then he met they formed in that point is a vessel. And this was not a city that was known before. It was built by Muslims at the time of

00:52:54--> 00:53:28

and the one that builds the one that started planning the city was that was one on the 14th year after feature set. And it was one of the earliest unsolved the earliest cities that Muslim laid for for their settlement, if you will, in the new territory, so there was nothing in that area and Muslim builds Basra and that was before they built Kufa were three years so we'll talk about Kufa as the second school. So another St. basilea. St. Paul started being established and started settling and the area of the saw

00:53:30--> 00:54:17

immediately wanted to know and realize the need for teachers, for mentors for people to guide these herbs and the new people of the area of Iraq and the Persians that are coming into Islam and their religion. So he sends them to people and send them a preview cell ashari or NSW Matic and these were the people that led the School of fossils. And they have this one special little bit of a nice LSR II was known as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam with our Tell him to teach them is not unimas me read his science his knowledge was read reciting the Quran. Now the dream is different from Accra. We will talk about that in a little bit more, but the manner of reciting the Quran and Kemet, we, I

00:54:17--> 00:54:23

believe that Ashanti was the best Sahabi that knows exactly that they had the best flower

00:54:24--> 00:54:34

and the best weed comes out of Abu Musa the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to love to hear other lusail ashari reciting the uncanny

00:54:36--> 00:54:59

valley. He said In fact, he said he's in the first animal cart and the animals they have layers of Sahaba and they will put them at one layer after the other according to their knowledge and their importance and their effect in the history of knowledge of Islam and abuse unless it is in the first layer, according to exactly. And he said Kana holliman

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

He was knowledgeable, learned person and he would work with his knowledge to apply his knowledge to his life. Then Nikita de la Mancha.

00:55:12--> 00:55:21

He said he was the ultimate he was the top in the beautiful citation, he cannot hear the most beautiful citation than you would from other musella foreign

00:55:23--> 00:55:24

investor.

00:55:25--> 00:55:43

He said the best recycler in Basra and the most knowledgeable person in basalt. So, I will I will use LSR II was one of the best recyclers of Quran and that's why the best spa became also a center for reciting Quran and learning the science of the wheat.

00:55:45--> 00:55:58

And then another thing ashada He was also known and the knowledge of Kabbalah of the justice of the Vienna judge. He was one of the judges of this ama. And Shadi says

00:55:59--> 00:56:22

there are four judges and no one in this nation of islam or Islamic law. He said, Oh, yeah, and he was a bit misguided, while the lusatia He said, The four people that are known with the judgment is oma himself. I live in Florida. And Zelda brozovic, the Dean of Medina school, as we said, and other moves that Alicia

00:56:29--> 00:56:47

said about Abu Musa, he said similar to other Musa al amin, I heard Abu Musab yaku, man, Allahu Allahu inlands, that you are living this who Allah gave them knowledge, let them give it, let them teach it, don't keep the knowledge yourself or share it with somebody else when

00:56:48--> 00:56:49

he says,

00:56:50--> 00:57:14

but don't say something that you have no knowledge of, don't get carried away. And this issue and this is something that everybody has to watch specially in situations like this, hey, if we take a look at our community, those who don't do that, who give knowledge that they're really not well versed in, they are passing through religion like the arrow passes through the target.

00:57:17--> 00:57:43

And then I believe he said admissions upset about evolution, he said after failure, or the resale would come to the rows one after the other, and one male after the other. Yes, Vito kurata. He will make him recite and he would correct them, He will give them tell them what their mistakes are in the citation. So people have pasar became very well versed in general in the recitation of Quran and in the science of the tweet.

00:57:44--> 00:57:47

And he said, Look, I know Omar is a genocide

00:57:49--> 00:58:05

Paladin who and Jaco Allahumma at Sri Lanka and whenever Musa comes to Amman was nothing else but Abu Musa to recite. We said he was the best recycler of Prague and Omar would want when he sees a blue cell nothing but I will use a star in the sighting plan for him.

00:58:09--> 00:58:14

And I said numeric narrative about the new cell he said that Amelia Shari, you will

00:58:17--> 00:58:22

call a doctor who and luminesce for color in the Hokies and lettuce. Yeah.

00:58:24--> 00:58:36

Malik came to Mr. He said, Who NSM numatic of course was was Abu Musab BestBuy. So Ahmad asked us about our reviews and he said, How is Abu Musa How is he doing? He said, He's teaching

00:58:37--> 00:58:44

us what a boo says doing? And Omar said, Okay, yes, he really is intelligent. But don't let him know that.

00:58:45--> 00:58:46

Don't tell him.

00:58:47--> 00:59:00

He does not want arrogance or pride to go into the heads of people that he loves and likes. He said, I have no I love absolute silence. This is great. Don't let him Don't tell him, let him know. Don't tell him that he's good.

00:59:02--> 00:59:35

And another thing that I will use I was well first off is a similar the Sunnah of the Prophet. So while he was similar, that he wants, he did not know that many Hadith like many Sahaba they were very fearful that they will slip and not recite, not narrate the heavies, exactly, as it was told. And they would not learn at all. So but he was very well versed in cinema, and web. There are a lot he sent them to do and how he did this and how he did that. And that's one of the strengths of other musella Shari.

00:59:37--> 00:59:38

And I said Malik,

00:59:40--> 00:59:59

filled that gap. And so Malik is one of the most abundant narrator of Hades. Now, this is the Vice Dean of Basra. This is the second person that that pops into Basra to teach people and NSW Malik who was the servant of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And he was always

01:00:00--> 01:00:49

bragging about this title on the servant of the Prophet, and he was the son of the Prophet when he was 10 years old, and he stayed with the Prophet for 10 years. So he lived as a prophet, he heard the Prophet, so he knows Hadees and he knows pseudonym of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and the process to send them prayed and made for Malik. He said, I ns he said, Allah axiom Allah what Elijah who were very clear houfy he said, May Allah increase and make his money a lot abundant and make him rich and Omar and make them live long. And Allah bless his well and his age. He lived a long, long time teaching the cinema and the Hadith of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam. It is noted that ns

01:00:49--> 01:00:56

economic narrative 2386 Hadith of the prophets, Allah Allah Allah USL

01:00:57--> 01:01:21

and the Hylian Islam have agreed upon on 180 of them 180 of them are in and barrio. So that's a lot brothers, that's a lot of heavy. And then and that he had an extra ad that he did not have in Muslim and Muslim and Muslim had 90 that did not, he did not have so so many heavies today for them and in the body and miss them. He has more than 300 heavies.

01:01:22--> 01:01:36

Some of his some of his students carry the tab in the followers and you will recognize these names immediately and hasn't been bustling. is a student of NSF nomadic Mohammed machinery

01:01:37--> 01:01:38

and side.

01:01:39--> 01:02:04

Now these are from the higher rank of atropine inshallah we'll try to go over some of their lives as well. So the School of this law was very, very important school. And he was very close to the visa or the visa was the one who was the governor and the Moosa was in charge, and Ms was with him, and he was the closest one to him. And he used to be his Ambassador used to be the ambassador of Abu Musab.

01:02:07--> 01:02:09

The fourth is school, and

01:02:11--> 01:02:24

was the the School of Kufa at Kufa was established after the buffalo three years. If I tell you the name of the Dean of that school, you'll know immediately what the specialty of the school was, the Dean was.

01:02:27--> 01:02:30

Now in the third is what we call an

01:02:32--> 01:03:07

accordion nursing is not the third read now this is the Quran. The Quran is different from the third read the Quran is how each word is pronounced not in the beautiful citation. But there are many different ways of reciting the Quran. And Abdullah was well versed in all of them. And then he had the most number of areas that he heard directly of Sora stuffer Suma here directly from the mouth of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

01:03:08--> 01:03:18

He had more than 70 CEOs that he heard directly from the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And the Prophet said about him and

01:03:20--> 01:03:27

Ben, who wants to hear the Quran fresh, like is this descended that was revealed, fell Yahoo Allah

01:03:28--> 01:03:34

okemah karasuma salatu salam, let's hear it from ebony, Mohammed, who is Abdullah

01:03:36--> 01:03:36

and then

01:03:37--> 01:03:39

freezing of the teeth

01:03:40--> 01:04:22

of petrol one of the pledge of a cigar off the tree. At the time of the day, the 300 of them were increasing, so very strong, and the people and 70 of the people of desert so many Sahaba settled in St. Lucia and on top, a big letter to the people of Greece and he said he was he was very aware of who's in Kufa many of the great Sahaba whose center of it was a military center for the war against Persia. And he said yeah, I ll cool Sati enter Rasul Allah, you are the head of the Arab that came out of Arabia. We're certainly living on neither You are my air that I shoot with

01:04:24--> 01:04:54

a bass to la comunidad de La Nina Sood, I send you a de la evenness rude frequently here LFC I prefer you over myself that I gave you this muscle but I want to keep them but I gave you he was telling them that this is just because you are so important to me that I'm sending out the logical necessity. And then in another nation, he said in the bath to LA comme Amnon Amira was the one

01:04:56--> 01:04:59

that I sent I modeled the asset as an EU as a as the ruler

01:05:00--> 01:05:06

And I send a blog on this earth as a teacher, and a vice me or vice commander.

01:05:08--> 01:05:08

That's

01:05:09--> 01:05:12

one of them in a new job a new life

01:05:14--> 01:05:33

or a new, sort of to come the Abdullah he added, he added a CFO. He said, listen to them, obey them, and they are from the prophets, companions. They are from the best of the prophets companion. And I preferred you over myself with Abdullah he always regrets that he sent Abdullah he wants to keep it to himself.

01:05:35--> 01:06:10

And then he asked Abdullah he said in an MS Allah de San equation to occur in less I believe that equation led the user to die. He said, read the people with the tongue of courage that teach the people that I have had different dialects my brother so people reduced to recite the Koran in different dialects and he Omar instructed Abdullah use the dialect of Christ, which is what we have today. And that is also one of the important things that came out of that school is preserving of the Kufa is preserving the Koshi dialect and reciting the Quran

01:06:11--> 01:06:39

and those who told the Sahaba that you are going to refer to people like him that we will call an encounter with you. They have the Koran reciting like the the bees and in their in their nest. So do not make them dizzy, do not confuse them with the Hadees let them be focused on the Quran in the School of Kufa and he said generally do what are called the rewire that was what he likes what he said there

01:06:40--> 01:06:57

was any phase that he wants to make sure that the Quran is well preserved and nothing gets mixed with the Quran he said do not give them too many Hadees Do not confuse them with Hadees and look at the last episode teach them the way it was revealed to the Prophet said Mr. Han is your son

01:07:00--> 01:07:05

of the lovely Masood and we'll finish inshallah in a minute. He said Well, I mean Fira su de la

01:07:07--> 01:07:12

la la la Allah dailiness, hability and meaning lm, lm Nikita Abdullah. He

01:07:15--> 01:07:49

said, I took from the mouth of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that means I listened immediately to the Prophet more than 70 surah and all the companions know that I'm the most knowledgeable and core and but I'm not the best of the companions. He said, I may be, I'm telling you, I'm the best no one that knows the Koran, but I'm not the best companion, he said. So he's not arrogant about it. He said, I know what I know. And this is what I know is to earn and carry. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, he stuck with me. Take the Quran from four people. Abdullah he

01:07:50--> 01:08:31

first started with Abdullah Massoud, he says up the wideness was Sally Mola at the Jose said, What are you bluecat? When was it in Japan? He said these four people these are the people that you take the Quran with. We have to stop now and inshallah we'll continue on your review some of these schools next session. I will talk about two more schools very briefly the School of a sham and the school of massage Jazakallah hiren and I apologize for not allowing time for more questions and comments but we have to close in short law without for as an in a shop. That was kind of without me because of those who learned and hurt he is the best of the of the teaching and follow the best of

01:08:31--> 01:08:48

it. And the last panel with Allah increase our knowledge and Eman and increase in IDs and core and make us of those who make the Quran the Constitution in life and mean 111 or Bill alameen wa salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi h means