Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 15

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam aleikum.

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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen Hamza Karina shaqiri, Hamden, US Indiana where you can assume azita when I was a villa Misha boreum fusina sejati. I'm Elena Maria de la palma de Palma. You live in and digitally William a[???]a wa salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi.

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inshallah we continue today on the the great events of the Battle of Al qadisiya, the battle that happened at the time of the Elisa Omar mahapatra, the Allahu Allah, may Allah be pleased with him. And that battle, opened the gates of Persia and open the the Persian Empire to the coming of the light of Islam and moving people from the darkness of oppression of the kisses of their rulers into the openness and comfort of the religion of Islam. That continued to be the case. So today's hamdulillah

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and as we go on on the events of Al qadisiya, we will do

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a quick wrap up for many of the brothers that were out last week for there was a community social function. So for those who were here last weekend, inshallah bear with me and have some

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review with some patience and for those who are not there will not miss the benefit inshallah. So, the Persians as we learned, they were preparing the largest armies here to fight the Muslims that they foresee as danger as an invasion coming out from Arabia, and the United finally under the kisara that was called yes desolate. And before that they had a turmoil political turmoil in the Persian Empire.

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And our orders the draft for the first time in Islam and to gather the biggest army possible, and that you can gather to protect the Islamic territory, the Muslim territories in Iraq and Mesopotamia.

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The many of the new territories once they saw that the Persians are preparing a large army to do to recapture the areas of South Iraq and the areas between the two rivers of Tigris and Euphrates and then visit the tonyan territories. they rebelled against the treaties that they already gave to Muslims and especially to their leader Alison Agnew. haritha. As she banned me Allah pleased with him. And within that, based on the orders of Omar withdraws from Mesopotamia and withdraws south of the river Euphrates of the

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AMA decides to leave the army and to Al qadisiya himself. He wants to face that danger that is coming from Persia, by him leading that army, and he consulted with the Sahaba. However, the Sahaba and Jeanine Abdul Rahman, may Allah be pleased with him, he suggests us that sad, if not be what costs or sad diplomatic zaharie is another name for Saudi Arabia or cause to be the leader of that army we know sad is one of the 10 that are given the timing of Paradise, and he is kin to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, however, that did not prevent them apart to give him some very firm and very strong recommendations about radical Islam about how he should deal with the army, how

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he should lead the army, how he should protect the army from danger. And yet he told the army that if they found sad to pass, and he's one of the most feared people, and among the Sahaba, if they found any mischief from him to report it directly through our model upon Allah speaks to the Muslim army in a speech that we mentioned the last time upon, leaving the the Medina and he

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recommended taqwa for the Muslim army. And he told them, that the armies of Islam do not attain victory do not reach victory, by strength, or by numbers, they reach victory because of their piety, and because of the sin of the enemy. So he said, I am afraid that if you become sinners, you will become equal in the eyes of Allah subhanho wa Taala to your enemy, yet they are more in numbers and they are stronger in military capacity, and you shall be defeated. So if

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You want to be victorious in this upcoming battle, then stay stick firm to piety and to the obedience for last 100 Allah and avoid the sins and will lie This is the the recommendation that every Muslim army should take in every battle as victory for Islam never was with military equipment or numbers it was always was with the message and piety of the Muslim army. So I'm within that may Allah be pleased with him waits for said that was coming from Medina and a place called Zipcar. And this is a place of an old battle that happened between the pagan Arabs at that time and the Persian Empire in the Arabs were victorious. And this famous battle anyway. And within weyden in the hall

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with 12,000 fighters, and set came with Medina, with an army that ranged between 4000 to 6000. fighters on the 14th year of findra. After the hidrive the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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sand recruited from legend legend is the area in the middle of Arabia. It's wherever yob is the the current capital of Saudi Arabia. And from that area next, he recruited 7000 people now volunteer, some of them will volunteer most of them are volunteers but he also drafted based on the orders of Mr. Top, then Mr. Sends 4000 more to follow side even at the lower costs. And that gets the Muslim army to close to about 30,000 Muslim fighters. And within that the hatikvah shavon years He is waiting in the car he becomes ill and and in the history of Islamic history books that says that he was ill from some wounds he sustained during the Battle of the bridge. The battle if I just said

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where I will obey the coffee's army, and then we'll send Nawaz among them was defeated by the Persian army led by jazz away.

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So and within may Allah be pleased with him and have mercy on him. He dies before meeting sad event Abby will cause side moves

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on older sides to move to an era and he gives him more advice. And he gives him more plans and sad Nabeel cos moves with his army to meet with the army to make that Muslim army that we said the total of about 30,000 said wanted to choose the battlefield based on the recommendation of Mr. Maha pop. And some of these recommendations were very clear and very strict. You shall leave no body of water between you and me, between between support that should come from Arabia, from Medina from the Muslim territory and your army. So you would not be trapped with these Muslim fighters that were basically all what Muslims had and this entire area and if that this army is defeated, then the

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entire territories of Arabia will be open to Persian invasion, even Medina would be in their reach. And if the Muslims were victorious in this battle, then an mme will be open to the Muslim armies. So this is a very critical and very decisive battle, that the fate of the Persian Empire and the fate of the Muslim armies in that in that neighborhood should be decided. And a lot of those said that if Allah, Allah grant you victory in this battle, then do not stop until you enter Medan. So he said, Go for the capital. Go where kissflow is after you finish an accord the CFO must hunt Allah grant your victory in this battle. As you do not let them regroup. That's the message there. We saw that

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the Persians were being defeated in multiple battles that we studied over the last two sessions. However, they always managed to regroup in El Medina and come back. So Omar said this time go for the snake head. This time if you all lost contact, I grant you victory go for another end and finish Almaden and that way you will be able to control entire mix of the Tamia without a foothold for the person in this area.

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That's what this one is. So it was for the whole Persian territory, and Medan was was the the capital for Porsche at that time.

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Then, after choosing the place of Al qadisiya and settling his army in there,

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the Persian take position across the Euphrates River river with 100,000 fighters. So the Muslim army we're finding at least three to one to four to one Persians.

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to Muslims.

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And then sad based on the recommendation of Mr. Bob, starting sending, started killing callers through the way of loss hunting with Allah because this is the goal of the whole campaign. This is the goal of our expedition. It's not to kill Persian and it's not to capture land. The whole idea is to bring people to the freedom of Islam and the freedom of

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getting into the religion they choose and asking them to be under the dead justice and fairness of Islam. So he says 14 messengers to Yes, dedrick. And, and in the last session, we spoke of the compensation that went between Yes, that's right. And the messengers and ambassadors have side of Nebula hos. And at the end of this conversation, he told them, if he hasn't not for the messengers that would not be killed, I would, I would kill you. And then he asked them to carry dirt from the soil of Mesopotamia on their back and they said, Who's the most honorable one, and he put the dirt on his back. And then the Sahaba said, This is the glac tidying that now we have part of the earth

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part of the soil of Mesopotamia and Allah Subhana, Allah will give us this this land so this, instead of being a humiliation, instead of being an insult, it became a glad tiding to the Sahaba that they came from Alaska and with peace of of Persia, then said since most lessons send more messengers to wisdom, and wisdom, ask for a proof say ask for a time and the Sahaba said you have only three days and in the fourth day, the battle should start how'd you choose to fight

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and restaurant offered them money and he said, and they offered them to give them a king. He said we'll bring you a king to rule you and and take care of you. And they said we are not here for that. We are here for one of the three you either accept the religion of Islam you become one of us and and whatever the law for must handle the data that goes over Muslims and entire humanity will go over you or you have to pay the jizya the the tax of protection and be under the justice of Islam or you have to fight.

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So and the area and the place of Al qadisiya, Salma de la cos put his camp in a palace that was for a Persian people in that area that was captured by Muslims. And the Persian army cross after crossing the Euphrates river there is a small river called Allah to the river of Allah. Or it's also called the river of Alhaji sia and across that river, the Persian army moved into the plains of hell, qadisiya and Rustom sent set his camp cross from set B will cause

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both armies started preparing for the battlefield, kiss law. Older groups don't have the best leaders. These are names that we became acquainted with in the last couple of sessions because these are all leaders that lead battles against Muslim and had some experience in fighting Arabs. And of them they are jazz away, which was known among the Arabs as the hijab. And he was the one that led the battle. If I just saw there was jelly nose, there was a horrible Zan and there was Ron. And there were all people that fought in previous battles.

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Sad enough to put people again that had good experience in fighting the Persians. He puts up the lightning right? Then he put

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he put a rock

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and he put shorter, heavy cement on the army leaders, and he became ill so I did not do cos himself may Allah be pleased with him. And his illness was the sciatic nerve inflammation which is known today as sciatica, which is very painful disorder that causes severe pain in the back that shoots down to the leg and renders the patient unable to walk, unable to ride on on horses. So sad, if not your past became crippled with that illness, and he had to be laid prone on his stomach to look for the battlefield from a battlefield from the rooftop of the palace that he was staying in.

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And in that army, there was a diviner the sedan, and sell men in fallacy who was a Persian himself, and he is one of the Sahaba that was well known with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam

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He appointed saddam who passed after he became ill. He appointed Harley, alpha to be his vice vice commander on the battlefield, he needed a commander that can go in between these factions of the army and carry orders and carry the battlefield on the ground. And that was harder than alpha, row row. And then Sadie novocherkassk gave a speech and he boasted the morale of the Muslim army. And he gave them he the the recommendation that

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Allah be pleased with him gave to him.

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And that would be the first day of the Battle of Al qadisiya. Most of the battles that we studied before that was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and even some big battles between Muslims and their enemies. Outside Arabia last a day or or a day and a half or something like that, that this is the Battle of policy, it was one of the longest battles because it was so decisive, and it was so important for both sides, and both sides put their heavyweight as much as possible into this battle. So the first day was called the day of our math.

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And, and that's the side of the IB or cos asked people to stand still, until the vote prayer and after the prayer, he will give it that Kabira and that was the TextView as a fourth that Virago Muslim army should start attacking their enemy. However, the Persians were so excited, and they were ready with their elephants. And they were ready with their equipment. And they started attacking the Muslim army

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early and they started first with the duels. And they started fighting after the Muslims recited by the orders of sad sorbitol and fat, which is also known as salt and jihad. And the Battle of the car started after the duels. And the day of the first few hours of the battle, there was an onslaught of elephant attack and soldier attack. Now, the good news is similar to you'd have that this is heavy armament, this is tanks of the old days, this this elephants, no nothing would stop them among the Arab armies. And as we said, even if the soldiers were not afraid of the elephant, the horses weren't, and the horses would not move to attack the elephants. And with these elephants, there was

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a lot of damage that was caused by the Muslim army. Another way side of Nabila costs divided his army in that place is he drafted people for the first time in Islamic history. And people that are drafted, may not be as clean and as enthusiastic on fighting as volunteers that are throwing themselves into the battlefield. So what he did is he used the tribal Alliance, to the advantage of the Muslim army, and he grouped people with their own tribes. So the people of the mean would fight together, the people of SS would fight together, the people of India would fight together all these tribes that were there and they had. And the other advantage to that is they are used to fighting

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with each other, and the way the battlefield runs there used to how they they're together in that same field. So that was what sad did. And what happened is the tribe of Medina was attacked very heavily. And the Persian that tactics at that time was to isolate each tribe and wipe them out, and then move on to the other one, then they saw the Muslim army fighting in this type of

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division. So the the Battle of assets, and the Battle of essence was led, the tribe of said was led by a prompt by first profit, that claimed profit after the death of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, who repented and came back to Islam and that his slaves have been hated it sad. Well, they had no toilet, repented. And this is the first time that allows the mortar Dean the people that went against slam after the death of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam to participate with the Muslim and a fighting but he gave sad recommendation to not make them leaders over more than 100 people. However, les has heroism at that time and Subhan Allah His repentance showed and his true faith came out in

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this battle. And he was one of the heroes of that first day, and he led acid into the heart of the battle to save the jailer. And after that Simeon Kane, and I said itself lost about 500 martyrs and as we said under the leadership of fillet hadn't waited and that battle and then samim, Cain and Tammy who had an advantage that they fought against

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Elephants before and they can protect the the fighting armies from elephant and they started cutting the saddle robes that hold the saddles to the elephants. So the people above the elephants can not direct the elephants where they want them. And that's how they were able to protect Jayla, and to say that from the the heavy attack that was led by jolly nose and jazz away.

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And then that night of the first day, called the night of quietness or laylat and had and then a Muslim woman, where they had a major role in carrying the wounds from the battlefield into a place called and they and in that elevate was the hospital that the field hospital that they had for the Battle of Al qadisiya. And the women did something that you women usually don't do. And these top vendors that varying the deck, they let the men rest and they were digging the graves themselves the women and varying putting the marchers into the graves themselves. And that was something that the women did not do. And this is one of the the exceptions of the Battle of hope hard to see.

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Some other women were were busy enticing their husbands and infusing enthusiasm and their children. And one of these people were the poet Ansel, who was a Sahaba. So how do the prophets Allah, Allah, He will sell them the price, he knew the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and she used to say her poetry in his presence. And she had four children, four soldiers, her sons that were in this battle, and she asked them to continue to fight until the last moment and she told them that the pride of Islam comes with the fighting in a way of a loss of Hannah with that, and that was how Muslims spend the night of a head and the night was not so quiet as the the sound of Quran was in the Muslim camp, as

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it was described by the historians and the scholars is the army was busy at night, reciting the Quran and getting their hearts ready for the second day of an odyssey.

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The second day was known as the day of Allah. And in that day, something happened. That is a help came support came from a sham.

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Now we if we go back to the days of the last few days, last few weeks of the life of Abu Bakr, radi Allahu and as he started the the for to handle Iraq, he sent Khalid bin Walid and the rescue mission from Iraq to a sham.

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And with him he was there was alcohol cob lung. And the army now after finishing their mission in a sham amount of news that the major battle that is coming up now is in Iraq. So he asked highly to send back some of these fighters to lay off so they sent 6000 with Hashem of Nora to them, if not have you a POS who is sads nephew

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and the front Platoon, it was only 1000 people that were led by a cop. And Abu Bakr said about the same thing that I'm upset about the car cause this man is worth 1000 fighters on the battlefield. And we will see how that became through and clear during the Battle of Al qadisiya. Alpha has 1000 men, but he wanted these 1000 men to have an impact, a psychological impact on the Persian army. So what he did is he ordered them to walk they were all on horses. These are all horse riders, nice if you will. And he said every 10 should come together and and make as much noise as possible and start as much dust as possible in the air. And everything that come the entire army will make the bill. So

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the Persians are standing aside and he would hear Allahu Akbar and they will see somebody coming and they will hear a lot about and they did that 100 times 100 times they thought that the Muslims have a major support coming and it was none but the 1000 that came with the car and that boosted the morale of the Muslim army. Then our pa challenges the Persians for a duel himself, and he calls for the leaders. So jazz away comes out. And he said, I said to jazz away Who are you? He said I am Batman jazz away and that was his title and cost said while Lisa Lisa Marie Abby obey said was the revenge of Abu Zubaydah. He's the one that caused the demise of Abu Zubaydah photography and the

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killing of the Battle of Jerusalem.

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So after that, I'll pop and jazz away. Frost in a duel, and was the last panel with the Alice for jazz away was killed on

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The battlefield of Elkhart see Akaka did not have enough and he was not satisfied with the results. So he called for more. And the man that took jazil His face was called then by Roseanne, and he came out to take the revenge of jazlyn kilo cop, and another duel starts and the car kills by Roseanne, again, with the with the help of a loss of Hannah with that. So out of the five commanders, the Persians are two of them falling down within the first few hours of this second day of what, and the morale is even worse.

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Then that goes to a meme that was that we're fighting the elephants on the first day. And he were he was asking what was the worst thing that happened yesterday, and they said the elephants, we could not control the onslaught or the attack or the elephants. So sad. So

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he goes to Camille and he said, What can you do to defend the elephant the elephant and they said, We will do this and do that. He said, Why don't you disguise your camels as elephants? And Athenaeum said, Well, we tried to do that with a so they tried to wrap the elephant, the the camels with drapes, and put some whistles and bills and make them as noisy as possible. Of course, they did not look like elephants, but they looked like something the elephants never seen before the horses never seen before. And that also worked and was able to repel some of the horses of the Persians in that battle. Then the second day of life starts and our car charges by himself 30 attacks now we know

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that the tactic of the war is war farm is you go in attack, withdraw, attack, withdraw and attack. So he did and every one of these really takes its toll on the fighting Muslim army and con his group in themselves. They did 30 of these attacks. And that tired, the Persian fighter is tremendously.

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And what happened also one of the events that were reported by historian on the day of our work, is what happened to the children of Arkansas, as they were reminding each other with the recommendation of their mother on the day on the night before on the night, the quietness, and one of them would go into the battlefield. And he would say, remember what Mother said, and he will get killed. And then the second one will go in and recite some poetry and get killed. And the third one goes in and he gets killed. And all of them ended up being martyred at that day. And when they all killed, they went to a concert, people went to a concert, and they said that all your four children, all of them

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are killed and martyred on the battlefield. And she says her famous quote, as hamdulillah Hilary chalasani, copy him and hamdulillah that honored me with their death. Well abdomen Robbie and I ask Allah subhana wa to Allah and ye Janani be him to gather me with them. And the famous Dr. Mehta where his mercy is, so she knew that they are in the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala as almost hunter Allah, Allah would accept them among the martyrs.

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The other thing that happened the other one of the and that's what we concluded this session was last time is the heroism of doublemint, genista, coffee,

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coffee, set some poetry in the army, and he used to be a man of drinking wine and partying and the days of ignorance in a journey, and then he became to Islam. But he still was longing for those days. And he said some poetry that he wanted to be buried under a vine, a grapevine. So he would drink from the roots of these vines with some wine in his grave. So that was some poetic picture. And sad did not like that picture. And he put him in prison, on on the night of hell head on the night of quietness before the day of Allah. Now, a boomer Gen sees Selma sads wife, and he asked her to untie him, and give him sides horse so he can go and fight against the enemies of Islam the next

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day. And she said, Why would I get involved in something like that and make my husband angry and give you his horse? And then he started reciting poetry and then he said this.

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Finally, this this sentence, he said, Well, Eli, I don't know he's so big, he let him fall, we just learn as we will help me I said, Allah subhanaw taala released me with this, that I will never visit wineries or places of drinking or there was no bars at that time, but to have had an Arabic is the place of drinking at that time. He said, I will never put a foot in there and she said, Well, I will accept that pledge. And she untied him. So he said, Give me the horse. She said, You're not getting the horse. I will not give you the horse of sight of your costs. So he sleeps and he steals the horse of Saturday night view of costs and he goes into the event.

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battlefield. And abovementioned was one of the fiercest fighters that Muslims had. And sad was on top of his on the rooftop over he was leading the battlefield, and he would look and he said, this is the stabbing. This is the fighting of Jen. But I know john is in prison. And then he would see the walk in and then the horse horsemanship, and he said, this is like my horse, but I know where my horse is. If I had not knowing my horses, I would say this is my horse and belt car. And this is a woman. And of course it was and Belka and it was a woman engine. And then after a woman Jen made a lot of heroic effort on that day, he came back and he puts himself back in chains. And then Selma

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goes and tells an IBO cos that's what happened. And this is how I released them. And that's why I released them. So he calls upon him and he said, What happened? And why are you doing this? He said, Well, law he I will never ever say any poetry that say anything but the praise of our last kind of what the island praise of Islam. And sad said, then you are forgiven, and he lets him go away from prison.

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The last plan after the fighting continues, and Nat not in that day until midnight. Now, usually after sunset, fighting stops. But in this particular day, fighting lasted until midnight, and asked his men to have a plan. He asked them to draw 100 at a time and hide way behind and then started coming back in the next day 100 at a time and each one like a small army that is coming to support. And he will take the army that was fighting on the right and make it go to the left and he will take the army on the left. And this is we saw that this trick was used before and fraught with highly dependent Walid on an earlier book. And that changes the people that the Persians are finding that

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changes the faces and give the illusion that Muslims are getting more and more armies now really gets into the morale of the army. So say if we couldn't defeat them, when they were few now then one of them, how can we how can we do this? How can we defeat them? We are not getting any support, but they are. And that's what our Papa did. And that's where we stopped last time. So with your permission, I'm going to just stop for two or three minutes because I really have to answer one call and inshallah we'll come back and with the to continue the session, just

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get some coverage during the sessions. But today's Pamela

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the second night was called the night of darkness.

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And that was the start of the third day. Third day was a very first day of fighting, fighting that

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surpassed and was over what both armies expected. Over the last few days, each army is getting more desperate, if you will, to finish this battle and to attain victory. And so far the battle has been back and forth and sort of the wash and that boost morale, so to speak on both sides, and at the same time, put some tiredness and some desperation in both sides as well trying to finish this ordeal and get it over with. So the fighting started on the day.

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Third day, this is called yomo mess. And

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that third day the person started with heavy attack. And they started using their elephants and they started protecting the elephants. Because they were learning every every day they would learn how the Muslims are counter attacking with these elephants, which is the heavy equipment of war and they will come up with a plan the next day that was counter the Muslim plan of the day before. So this time, the elephant started heavy attack into the Muslim armies and most of the Muslim armies have to remember they're all

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on foot. They're just infantry. They're walking on foot and they're finding of foot and here they come these large animals with archers on top of them, throwing arrows at them. And the elephants were well protected so nobody can come and nobody can cut the robes or put the saddles down or get anything done. So a cop cop

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sent to the Muslims that were from Persia. He said the who is a Persian Muslim Muslims that converted recently presented recently into Islam that are Persian origin. He said Bring him to me and he said tell me what is the weakness

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point where is the Achilles heel of the elephants? And they said the eyes if you give the elephant in the eye The Delfin becomes blind and not well functional. So cop said called an awesome of nom and he called him melodramatic and obey live number. He said that tell me where the leaders of the elephants are the elephants are heard that the train the elephant, they have herd mentality they follow leaders. So there was a white elephants and a grey elephants and each one was leading basically the elephant on each side of the battlefield. So Kaka and Aslam said, Let's go attack one elephant. And he said Jimin and are obeyed. He said, You go attack the second elephant. So if we get

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these two elephants, then chaos will

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basically happen among the elephants and they will have no elephants leader.

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So he came and he looked for the white elephant during the battlefield and he got close to the elephant and he started throwing this Spears him and asked him into the eye of that elephant and in a very heroic position, that they got very close cross the protection and they penetrated the wall of protection around the elephants from those who are protecting the the infantry that was protecting the elephants. And they were able to get the white elephant, one of the biggest elephants that the Persian armies and the eyes and they killed that that elephant and Jimin and are both on the other side, they also were able to cut the ropes of the other elephants, the gray elephants, and

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the saddle fell off, and then they were able to put Spears in the eyes of that other elephant and the elephant onslaught against the Muslim army was retarded significantly. With with this trick,

00:37:08--> 00:37:08

consider

00:37:11--> 00:37:51

Well, that's what the history books reported them and allow them of course, they're not like two people against the whole army. But these two people mentioned I mean, he can send a group of people to defend these two, but these two, their mission was to get to the elephants and to attack the elephant. And, and that by itself is an act of heroism. I mean, these people had know that they would fear at large animals like these and he had no experience. And and these two fearless and for fearless, actually, Muslim heroes got close to the elephants where they were able to just throw the spears and get the elephants in the eye. And I think that's kind of tough, I mean, the elephants is

00:37:51--> 00:37:59

not really a very big target. And they have to really get close and be able to hit these two elephants.

00:38:01--> 00:38:08

So this is just showing that alpaca and I will veil and awesome and

00:38:09--> 00:38:57

they were able to attack and kill the elephants. So what happened after that the elephants turned back and they started stomping the Persian armies and their retreat, and in their escape after they saw their to a elephant or male elephant, whatever you call them, alpha elephants. Then on the battlefield, and this major weapon, the secret weapon of the Persians turned against them. And these elephants started thumping the Persian infantry trying to escape from the battlefield. And the the early victory that the Persians had on that day of class was completely ruined. And the Muslim army started a major counter attack against the retreating Persian forces.

00:38:58--> 00:39:50

Rustom was watching what's going on on the battlefield and he decided that is the time to send his best fighters in and he whatever reserve he had behind the army started sending that all the way to the to helping these these fighters that were stumped. So they have been hoisted this repenting man that came to Islam with the handler clean heart, he does an act of heroism that started the Persian army he what he did is he took his horse and and he turned around the entire army, and he penetrated the Persian army from the back and he was making loud that could be with his men. And the Persian army thought that they were trapped between two Muslim armies from both sides and they were in a lot

00:39:50--> 00:39:59

of chaos, and that time and the support instead of pushing forward to the battlefield and pushing against them.

00:40:00--> 00:40:15

advancing Muslim army, they stopped to see what's going on. And they're back to see how they can protect their back before they go forward. And that stopped the the restaurant plan to counter attack the Muslims.

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So that stopped that attack, and that

00:40:21--> 00:40:31

made the Muslims regroup very well. And that ended the day of a mess with the heroism of Paul, I have no toilet.

00:40:32--> 00:41:17

What happened is that night, you remember that first night, the night of darkness and the night of quietness and then the night of darkness. There were some reprieve and there were some quietness, and there were some varying and taking care of the wounds, except for that night, which is called the night of ellaria, or the night of whisper. That night, did not stop the fighting for the first almost the first time as we know and the fighting have denied that fight and continued throughout the night. And the armies were you could hear the fighting the sound, the vibe of that fighting. All right, and that's how the night got its name, that it was not a quiet night. It was not a dark

00:41:17--> 00:41:33

night, it was a night of fighting, where some scrimmages continued to go on throughout the night. And that fourth day was called the day of hard to see Yeah, the night comes before the day as we know. So the night of ellaria came before the day of alpha.

00:41:38--> 00:42:08

And it was called the night of Whisper because people were so tired. And so busy with the fighting that they can only say a few words to each other. And they were just busy fighting and they could not make a lot of noise. It would just there was just a lot of fighting. And and it was quiet fighting. So it was called and how do you and how do you it's not exactly a whisper and if somebody has a better word, please go ahead and how do you have some type of a muddled noise, if you will. So

00:42:09--> 00:42:11

that was the night of Alpine

00:42:17--> 00:42:19

and then sat nav your costs

00:42:20--> 00:42:23

went and that night and he started

00:42:24--> 00:43:06

paying for last kind of with that. Now one thing about Santa Claus is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has prayed for saddening drought for said that sad will be Mr. Javid da he will be if he prays to Allah Subhana Allah, then Allah subhanaw taala would respond to sajna view of course. And then that night, Saturday night because one of the great Sahaba one of the closest Sahaba to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam spends the night as his army was fighting he was praying to Allah Subhana Allah for support and for victory, just like what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did on the day of winter. And he was he was feeling the pressure, he was feeling distress, and he

00:43:06--> 00:43:17

was praying to Allah Subhana Allah to turn the tide to Muslims advantage. And to finish this, this battle of Al qadisiya to their advantage as well.

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Rustom arranges his army in a different way on that fourth day, he puts them in a 13 row, he saw that Muslims are able to penetrate through the army to get around the army they were able to get the elephants out. So he put defense lines and he put 13 defense lines in front of the Muslim armies in front of on that day of fall party senior

00:43:48--> 00:43:59

Muslims were much less and they put upside put three three defense rows three rows of fighters between him and the the the battlefield

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and sad gave commander ship to alcohol

00:44:06--> 00:44:07

and alcohol

00:44:08--> 00:44:18

continues to lead the battlefield and the daybreak started with the fighting and and the fierce fighting that Muslims showed and that day.

00:44:20--> 00:44:30

Alcohol gives a small speech and he says in that speech on that day of God, the CA said in the da da da dah dah dah alko. Fast boo Sarah

00:44:31--> 00:44:33

masama sub

00:44:34--> 00:44:59

Atheros sobre la jezza. What that basically means small recommendation he said, this is that this is it. It's been This is the fourth day. And it is the victory would be for those who have more patience. The victory would be for those who have more endurance, those who stayed fast and in front of their enemy. He said if you hold tight if you are able to hold it

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

As Allah, Allah said is Allah, Allah,

00:45:04--> 00:45:23

tala to alumalite bar, when you find those who are unbelievers, then do not turn their back to them and retreat or in defeat. He said if you do that, then Allah Subhana Allah will grant you the victory and he shall come quicker today because both armies are basically worn out.

00:45:26--> 00:46:15

Another Hill Islam called Nomad yeah crap, he said, Do not let the Persians be more daring for death than you are. And do not let them be not concerned about this dunya more than you are, you are the Muslims, you are the ones that should not care how this dunya ends or how this this whole vineya is just the station. It's a relay station for marine life of Alaska. So do not let Persians teach you that lesson. Show them how much you love to meet a loss of Hannah with Allah when Allah Subhana Allah is pleased with you, and be daring and be forward in the face of death. So that was that the Muslims started their heroic effort and he were able to penetrate the Persian army. And for the

00:46:15--> 00:46:24

first time a hawk Hawk himself on a group of Muslims penetrate the heart of the Persian army, and they reach the 10th of rustem.

00:46:26--> 00:47:13

restaurant was leading we saw how he was leading the battlefield from a huge stain from behind the 10 that that the Sahaba came through, and they saw the silk and the gold and the glory of Persia and that position of leadership. Now, Akaka himself, gets in there, and he finds the Rustom trying to escape, trying to leave the hisense. And a car car goes around, and he catches the wrist of and his escape route. And he kills him, he kills him close to Allah to deliver and restore himself, the leader of the Persian army was killed by the hero of Islam of the hero. I'll call this one of the heroes of our privacy. As you can see, there's only not only one hero This is this battle was filled

00:47:13--> 00:47:20

with brave Muslim fighters that gave their life and and their fighting energy had the last panel with the island.

00:47:22--> 00:48:16

Johnny knows was second in command. So what he did is he withdrew to the river. And after a storm was killed, Johnny knows wanted to lead the army cross the CRF or orotic River and regroup on the other bank on this on the northern bank of the Western bag of olatuja. So jelly knows tried to regroup the army, but it was too late, his army started fleeing the battlefield after they saw what happened to the storm, and how the Muslims endured for four days in a row. And then the last day it was day and night and another day, almost 36 hours straight of fighting, and brothers and sisters fight things in those days. It's not easy fighting is a lot of physical, a lot of endurance that has

00:48:16--> 00:49:08

to do to be an on the battlefield. And then the Muslim started chasing after their fleeing enemy based on the recommendation of Saudi Arabia or cos and Zoho, one of the leaders that sat appointed, as we saw early on in this battle, reaches jelly nose himself, and he was able to kill him on the other bank of the river of Al qadisiya. And after that, the Persians army was defeated in this very important battle and the plains of Al qadisiya became all under the Muslim territory and under the Muslim dominance with the grace of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And those four days and three nights, concluded one of the most important battles and the bravest battle and the fifth throughout the

00:49:08--> 00:49:10

conquest of Iraq.

00:49:13--> 00:49:14

Have no idea

00:49:16--> 00:49:36

the man that killed jelly nose took the group of the army and started chasing after the Persians making sure that they cannot regroup. The days continue to flee all the way to El Medina. And we know that tomorrow no ha ha ha side, clear orders that you have to follow them. You group your army, and you go on all the way to an madang

00:49:37--> 00:49:59

said since I'm not a mahapatra letter saying Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Allah Subhana Allah, He says Allah Subhana Allah, Allah see the Sahaba they know where victory comes from, says a last kind of the guy that gave us the victory over the people of Persia. And then he said, Well, Menachem sunanda Levine Academy, copy him. He put them on the way

00:50:00--> 00:50:22

Have those who rejected before them, those who reject the call for loss handler to Allah, they have only one faith, and that is defeat in the way of Allah subhana wa Tada. And then he said, After that bad that battalion Pauline was in Zion and Sinead, he said we after a lot of shaking and a lot of fighting, he said this battle was not easy. He's coming out of hip hop

00:50:23--> 00:50:40

muslimeen aboard that then lamb era una Ninja, felony and fat loss will be valid. He said, they came to us with an army that nobody has seen before. No Muslims and Allah subhanaw taala did not benefit them with their armies with their 100,000 fighters.

00:50:41--> 00:50:50

Then he told the Armada, how the Muslims are now chasing after them, and how they are dispersing in every place after those portions.

00:50:51--> 00:51:28

Mr. macapa was very worried about the fate of the Muslim during this battle. And what he would do every day he was waiting on messengers to come from Alcon senior, he gets the news, day by day, night by night, he wants to know what is going on in the battlefield. Of course, there were no direct communication, you have to wait on people to be able to cross the desert and bring the news to you. So Omar was really worried he couldn't even stay in Medina, he would go outside Medina to get closer to the roads to Iraq, and wait for somebody coming from that direction to tell him anything.

00:51:30--> 00:52:13

So a man, the Messenger of sad coming to Medina, and here is outside Medina, of course, this messenger doesn't know who it is. I mean, the pictures of Omar obviously was not everywhere. And if you don't see a lot before, you will not know what it looks like he sees this man and this man stops and he said, Do you have any news about the RDC? And he said yes. And he continues on. So Omar is running after him. And he said, so what are the news? He said, I don't have time I have to get to the halifa. I have to get to Rama. And Rama said when would you just tell me and then he said hazama Allah who I do lots of harm to Allah defeated the enemy. So Omar is one with him. And he's making

00:52:13--> 00:52:30

tech VR and he's making tech lead in the way of our last panel with Allah. And then as they entered Medina, this messenger was running on his side, sees people saying to this man as salam alayka ameerul momineen salam alayka Allah, so he stops.

00:52:32--> 00:53:09

He said, Yes. So the woman she told me that Why didn't you tell me that? He said la la cara? Hey, take it easy. Don't worry about it. My brother he was so happy with with these news that came and see how much modesty a lot of Maha pop had how much humility in the way of our last panel with the ad that he wouldn't even stop this man said hope. I mean, stop here, come tell me what's going on. He, he just behaved as one of the Muslims. And and and his his his concern about what is going on and you'll probably see it if he would leave and Medina and he goes outside Medina, just waiting for a news from Elkhart DC.

00:53:11--> 00:53:13

Then he gathered people in El Medina.

00:53:15--> 00:54:03

And then he said that Allah Subhana, Allah has given us this victory. And then he told the idea and called the subject he said, Let's to be Nelligan first, who said I'm not a king. So I will not make servants out Have you done the victory all that conquest of Persia basically, is the became an inevitable situation it's going to happen to the old wealth of Persia, is now open after this. He said in Nima and Abdullah, I am slave for Allah subhana wa, tada, Aruba, llmnr, he gave me the trust of the Muslim 10 a day to her, then I have to accept this trust of Allah soprano with that. And then he said, I will exonerate myself from this wealth, and I will give it back to the Muslims. And I

00:54:03--> 00:54:13

will give these treasures of Persia to every Muslim that witnessed al qadisiya and those who are waiting for Muslims in our party, see, after I'll call the CEO.

00:54:16--> 00:54:44

He said and if I stretch my hand and if I take some of these things that Allah Subhana Allah has given you, then I will be happy in this dunya for a little while, he said for to kalila and I would be happy for a short time, what has into the wheel and then after that, I will be unhappy for a long time, meaning that Allah subhanaw taala will punish him if he miss us the trust of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:54:45--> 00:54:59

Then sad as Dharma that should I do with those who betrayed the treaties with us? Once they saw the Persian army coming? They told the Muslims that we don't have any deals with you. We're going back to the Persians and now we'll see

00:55:00--> 00:55:30

slums are back. Now Muslims are on the other bank of the Euphrates and on the entire visit, the Tamia is open for them. He said, What should I do with these people? And I'm out of milk up, Bob said those who want to go back on the treaty, let them go back on the treaty, and give them the same options that they had before. So Subhan Allah see the generosity of the Muslims. And then he said that after that they will need a loss of Hannah with Allah. And Allah Subhana Allah says, and as

00:55:32--> 00:55:41

a doula, I mean how there are wildly mirrabooka hadda he said, they will face what they have done, and Allah Subhana Allah will give this justice to no one.

00:55:42--> 00:56:00

And that was the end of the battle of a party. See ya. And Mr. Boo hapa took the moods of Al qadisiya, the spoils of Al qadisiya. And he gave one fifth to Kathleen to the fighters that fought hard during the Battle of El policia.

00:56:01--> 00:56:50

And that was he had, that was something that Bob decided to do as initially had as as as his as an opinion as his authority as the Sangeetha of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, just acknowledging how much these fighters put in this battle for God to see a new way of responding to Allah, and they will not they were not waiting on the wealth of the Persians, they were just waiting on the support of our last panel with that. And then like they give the decoration after the the battles today for those who fought well, about no cops and Four Swords, and four horses, as gifts, as decoration for those some of the fighters that they choose, and those who are family numeric and

00:56:50--> 00:57:09

obey the two that killed the gray elephants. So he gave him two of the swords, and then one for flay have no violet, that that false prophet that offended that to to Allah subhanho wa Taala. He acknowledged among his contribution, and he decorated him. And the fourth one for Awesome.

00:57:10--> 00:57:41

Awesome is one of the leaders that said appointed and he's also the man that went without law to attack the white elephants on that day of the sea. Then the horses were given to alpaca Anoma, one of the horses was given to Cabo, I'm one of the most important heroes of focaccia, as we saw, and then three of them were sent to three people from the tribal field, they were fought fighting very hard, and the night of a rush, and

00:57:42--> 00:57:53

decorated them with these horses. And that's not to belittle anything from the other fighters, but just to acknowledge the contribution of these fighters, and in these, in this battle.

00:57:54--> 00:58:41

One last event, before we make a van, just to show you what event meant for these people, and I don't suggest we do what they did, then well, then, the one that calls for then was martyred in the way of Allah subhana wa God and that battle, someone the Select came after the battle, Muslims came in everyone wants to make an event, because there is a lot of reward there was no appointed was then at that time by side. So everybody found an opportunity that they would call as n and for the award of event and the Muslim started fighting, and they almost took their swords out fighting who wants to make a then so in sha Allah, we know how much reward and then based on that, in that position,

00:58:41--> 00:58:50

and then that that conflict was solved by said by he made he made not not really a lottery but he took some

00:58:51--> 00:59:41

like, what do you call it short straw that we do today and he let them draw them and the one that had the marked one, made as that so we will not do this tonight, but inshallah we will conclude with our last panel, what to Allah, teach us the things that will be of benefit to us and this religion, and help us fulfill the message of Islam and help us fulfill the message of Amanda lots of Hannah with Allah and trusted us with in sha Allah to spread Islam in this land and everywhere on earth. And Islam doesn't get spread only by the sword. There is the word of Islam as we have the freedom to spread the call to Allah subhana wa to Allah, then that's what Allah, Allah calls for us. So on that

00:59:41--> 00:59:46

note, I will also would like to beg your pardon and ask you for

00:59:47--> 00:59:53

your permission, that I will be absent for most of the month of July to lie about again.