Lessons In Fiqh 38
Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem
File Size: 13.32MB
Bien sallallahu wasallam avacado ab de la Ciudad vasudha Hina Vienna, Mohammed Ali wasapi hedge marine Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. And welcome to lessons and
today we have the chapter that deals with a van. And today's Hadith has a number of of 154. Brothers, it will read this hadith for us in Sharla narrated by argumentive nebulizers. May Allah be pleased with him, he said, O Messenger of Allah appoint me as the mmm meaning leader of my people in prayers. He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You are the Imam, but you should follow meaning observe the strength of the weakest among them and appoint one who does not charge for the color then,
In this video, we have a number of issues that we would like to talk about and explain if possible. The first issue was that as management of us, came to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, from Salif, which is a tribe of Thai for the city of the mountainous city of Thai, which is approximately an hour or less than an hour drive from Thai to Mecca. And Mecca, as you know, is about four, four hours plus
from Mecca to Medina. So they came all the way which meant that they've traveled probably for a day and a half.
until they reached Medina, they reverted and accepted Islam. And they wanted to learn and study knowledge. Earth man, even oblasts was the youngest of all. Yet the Prophet sallallahu Sallam instructed his companions to
build a small tent in the masjid for them to stay in, so that he would see them frequently. And they would learn from the prayers. Now, after a while, the prophets Allah Salam
allowed them to go back to their, to their families, because he felt that they had the need to see their families, they felt homesick. So he allowed them to go back on Earth man, even though he was the youngest, yet he was the most of them with knowledge, he was quick to learn, he was quick to keep the Quran by heart. So he requested the Prophet alayhi salatu salam to appoint him as an Imam,
because of the knowledge that he has. And usually, this is something that is not preferred in Islam. It is not preferred in Islam, to stand out and ask for authority, or ask to rule. It's not preferred in Islam, to bring attention to yourself, and show off, except if you sincerely believe that you are the best of the mall, and you have others,
saying and supporting you in this thought that you are the best. So you should come forward and lead the prayer or lead the group or be their instructor or guide.
Of course, our example in this is Prophet Joseph, may Allah peace and blessing be upon him where he says, set me over the store houses of the land, I'll indeed guard them as one that knows their importance. And this, of course, when he requested that from the ruler of Egypt, as you know, he was thrown in jail for 10, almost about seven to 10 years. And then when he explained and interpreted the dream that the ruler of Egypt saw, he took him out of prison because he was imprisoned without any right he was
unjustly imprisoned, simply because he did not accept the call for fornication, and to commit adultery with
the woman of the house that he used to be a slave. And
so he, after he was freed, he asked the ruler to put him in charge of the stores, or the store houses of the land, because He is worthy of this trust, he knows, he knows what he what he does. Now, this cannot be applied to us, generally speaking, because there are other Hadith where the Prophet alayhi salatu salam says, that this
ruling position, to be a ruler to be a governor to be a prince, this is something of our responsibility, and it needs our honesty. And whoever asked it for himself, we do not give it to him. And whoever it comes to him without him asking it, then Allah azza wa jal will support him, and Allah will give him help in this regard.
So in this case, Earth man, even eblast he requested to be the man because he had more knowledge than his companions. What did the Prophet so some say?
He agreed. He agreed, he said, You are their Imam. So he appointed him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to be their email. And then he told him that you should follow or observe the strength of the weakest among them. What does that mean? Mustafa that you should look at the person those who you need in prayer and look at the
strongest among the weak. Look at the strongest one of their own weak. What does that mean not even get prayer so much, so as to be it in the people? Well, you should observe the strength of the weakest, not the stronger, you should observe the strength of the weakest, which means that when an Imam bleeds prayer, he should not go and join prayer, thinking that he is healthy, he is strong, he's capable of praying for 20 or 30 minutes at one shot, he should not do this. You should not look at those behind him who are strong and capable, who are young, and willing to pray as long as it takes, he should look at the weakest one of them. So if there is a 60 or 70 years old man that
is diabetic and has to visit the bathroom every five or 10 minutes. This tells you that you should keep your prayer as short as possible. And this is the Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam.
Now, again, this is a relative issue, because it depends some people would consider reciting Paul who Allahu Ahad in one regard to be very long. And he will tell you, why don't you split these for Iraq for IRA and make two in the very beginning at two at the second record. And of course, this is unacceptable, although Allah had is one of the shortest surah as in the Quran. And again, some people would say, Well, if you recite a four, page surah, that would be nice. It should be okay with us is average, it's not long, we consider long to be as 10 or 12 pages. Now, you have to balance things up in the sense of integer of Friday, prayer of the day, Friday, every Friday on Friday, what
does the profiterez assembly site
here is is used to reciting to well known shoulders every single fudger
during the whole week, so every fighter he prays every, every Friday, he prays that instead of to send him pleasure, he prays to Sutras, in that prayer of Malik.
he is used to praying Surah stasha Alif Lam Meem. And he used to pray in the second record Surah Al in San Pedro, meta dar, and how many pages in total, approximately?
These are approximately five and a half pages, almost five and a half pages. So, this is his habit selection and this is his sooner. So is it possible that we ask people nowadays and mosques not to follow the sun and tell them well, there are weak people so you should observe the weakest.
The weakest one of them.
Is this possible? Or not? What do you think? permit?
I think No,
Because if we go like that, because most of people they fit are like a VC
not powerful. So like this, they will leave the prayer. What do you think?
Fadi? I think the damage will be greater if we do not stop or continue reading those disorders, because some people might be ill or have a heart disease or cannot stand up that much. And plus, that the Prophet didn't actually
always praise Him. Sometimes he left them and sometimes she committed. What do you think? Mustapha? Yes, I think that as long as it's not obligatory to pray with those two soldiers, then if there are people now, especially nowadays,
with people who are very old with very difficult diseases,
then what do you think, Mustafa? I think it's more important to apply the similar sometimes. I mean, like, we can go for a Friday we can apply it. And then another Friday, we can not apply. It we can make we can mix between both but not leave it completely.
What do you think of Malik? I think, you know, everything starts from the sun. And the people on Friday should be prepared for that. Even if they're going to sit down in the order people can have a sit down during the prayer. But this is fun. I believe it should be done on Friday. And this is the right and correct answer. See, the same person that told us not to prolong the prayer, to the extent that sick people or old people would find it difficult to follow is the same person that used to recite every single Friday, Friday, the prophet SAW Selim, it wasn't his habit to go on and off and Fridays, praying with different students. It is it has been reported that all Fridays that the
prophet SAW Selim used to pray used to always continue to recite, but if Let me massage that and in a minute.
Now, this is his sooner so we should comply. We should follow this sooner. As far as those who are tired or cannot stand to, to pray that long, they have the option of sitting down.
And if they have to answer the call of nature, then they may go and answer the call of nature, but we cannot jeopardize the sooner for their sake. Now, this is only in what? In fetchit prayer, only on Fridays. Now the other the whole week, all the rest of the prayers. And yes, you may observe
the strength of the weakest of the mall and try your best to to act accordingly. Yes. Isn't it also similar to read every fedrick from almost 60 to 100 verses it is the sooner but again, the sooner can be abandoned as the it was reported in different occasions that the prophets of Salaam recited it as zealot in our data, which is like six or seven
ayat verses in both rocker. So I'll get back to this point in Sharla. Just right after the break,
closing the gap.
Why closing the gap in this program Shaykh Yusuf Estes and Omar Dunlap are going to discuss how to bridge the gap between peoples of different cultures and orientations. The gap between males and females, Muslims and non Muslims, the east and the west. Human beings feel like that they're being slighted one way or the other, the gap between the youth and the elders the gap between various status in working the work field and education and then trying to provide solutions for these particular problems.
Assalamualaikum warahmatullah and welcome back. Just before the break, brother Mustafa had a question, if you be kind enough to repeat it again. I was wondering, since it's also similar to the site from 60 to 100, versus every fetch
So this this actually does jeopardising This one is better than
making Kevin short pears or? Well actually, you see it's a relative issue because what's short in Monterey
was short and fragile can be long and memorable. So it depends. Now, bearing in mind that reciting from 60 to 100 verses, not necessarily that these verses are from Al Baqarah, or from Nyssa. We have long verses. Because if you look at, for example, I may alone short the number, you'll find that it's approximately, like what 7980 versus so if you recite it in February, this is enough. And it's acceptable to all those who pray, the length is is acceptable, but you may not jeopardize the sooner if you can, by saying that I'm doing this for the weak people that praying behind me because, again, you'll find out that there are still people thinking that your prayer is long, so you shorten the
shorter. And there are people that say your prayers long and no matter how you shorten it, it's got to be long for someone. So you have to have you have to draw the line and say, well, I'll follow the Sunnah in fudger prayer of Friday. I'll follow the Sunnah in all other prayers that the prophet SAW Selim was reported to us that he used to pray so and so sure as in these prayers, other than that, it's it's flexible, you can change that, for example. What did the Prophet that used to recite during Friday Prayer itself? No.
in Atlanta, Georgia, Allah and
Russia, he should recite this in the first record. And the second record, I used to recite the Russia, is there another center?
For that's all.
There is another son of the prophet SAW Selim used to recite on Friday Also, sometimes he used to, in the first week, I used to pray with a Joomla Joomla. And the second rock Raka, he used to recite surah, Morocco. So he either does this, or does that. So this is the son of the Prophet. So serum, one should maintain it, and and try to preserve it by doing it and applying it. Now, if we go back to the hadith of Horace Mann, they've never been asked. So he told him that you should observe the strength of the weakest among those who are praying behind you. And then he asked him, or instructed him to appoint more Advent, who does not charge for the call of event? And this is an issue that a
place of controversy because Does this mean that if I'm more than qualified for the event, he may not charge money for that. The Hadith says he shouldn't appoint someone who takes money who charges for calling the event. And this could go a little bit bigger. So what about appointing an Imam and paying him a salary? And then again, what about appointing a person that teaches the Quran? And he takes money for that? And what about this and that and that it all depends on a few factors.
First of all, is it okay for a more admin to take charge for it? For what what she's doing?
Mustapha, I think he can take charge, but not for the event. He can take charge for the time that he's spent. Because it's like, it's like in economics. Time, is what creates money. Time is charged for his time, but not for the event. Okay, this this rule of economy of economics, you know, one one.
I just I disagree with it. Because on the surface, yes, it's, it sounds good. As an Islamic point of view, time does not create money. It's a lot. So, that creates money. So, I do not associate risk with time or effort, though they are means to reach for this risk for this money, but it is a larger that creates it. Nevertheless, going back to what you have said, This is what the scholars say that for the event itself, it's a form of worship. So you may not charge for that for that because you're supposed to be doing it for a large surgeon. But if a person
does not have anything to do except
Kept, and then because to stick and stay in a mosque five times a day and night, this requires that you do not have any other job. Otherwise, it would conflict with your working hours with your own interest. So they say that if a person solely gives all of his time to the masjid, then there's nothing wrong in him charging money, so that he wouldn't have to go out and work. And this becomes his occupation, this comes becomes his job, but the money he's taking is not for the meaning that well, if you give me 2000, I'll make the other five prayers. You give me 1800. I'll skip one prayer. It doesn't go this week. And likewise, for the Imam, the Imam may charge money, depending that he
has no other income. Now, if an Imam has an income, or has an income, but someone volunteers, like the government, or the owner of the mosque, and telling him that, listen, I'm giving you 2000 3000 for what you're doing, and he did not requested. There's nothing wrong in that. But the wrong thing is when you start bargain to bargain about the owner of the mosque, because you know, he is a rich person, he tells you, I'm going to give you a 3000 and you say, Well, I know this mosque, they offered me 5000 it becomes an issue of bargaining. This is not recommendable. Does anybody know? Where
a hadith that allows us to take money for teaching the Koran
or for doing something that is for the Quran?
There's a very famous Hadith, yes, not every that person was saved. The best salaries that somebody take is when he teach algebra. And that's true. Do you know the origin of this Hadith,
the origin of this hadith that a group of companions were traveling, and they visited a non Muslim village. And they requested food because they didn't have any food. So they obeyed. They refused them food, they kicked them out, say go away. We have no we don't have any food. And this is bad for Arabs, you know, Arabs are known to be generous. So whenever anyone comes to them, they feed them. Because this is type of their customers. It doesn't have to do with religion.
So they left away, they went away. And minutes later, the tribe, their tribesmen, the leader of the tribe, one of the tribesmen was a bit or was stung by a scorpion.
So they came to the Muslims and said, Well, our leader now is ill from this poison. So does anyone have you know how to make raffia? Does anyone know how to recite special words that cure cure him? So one of them said, Yes, I know how to do this. But I will not do it free of charge. Because you've requested food from you and you didn't use us food. So you want me to recite something that would cure the sick person, you have to give us money. So they agreed to give them a number of sheep, let's say 1015 heads of sheep. So the guy went in and started to recite Al Fatiha chapter number one, and he started reciting it over and over and blowing, not spitting, blowing at the man and so
panela in minutes he was standing as if nothing happened to him.
So the companions went back and wanted to take from this food from these sheep and eat. So their leader said we should not touch anything until we go back to Medina and ask Susannah for permission. So they went to Medina and told the prophet SAW Selim that what's happened with them. So the Prophet told him, told him how did you know that it is Rokia has great, it's good news. It is Rokia and they told him what about the food we had taken? What about the money that they have given us for what we have recited so the Prophet said as the best thing to take money for is the Quran because you thought the Quran is the most valuable thing to show. And he approved it and they gave him a share
of it. So it's okay to take a money or charge for teaching the core and the last thing or was this the last thing? Yeah, this was the last thing in
the hadith of Earth man, even Abby
Alas, the following Hadith Hadith number 156 55 narrated by Malik, and Hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to us, when the time of prayer comes, one of you should announce the event.
Okay, now Malika in Hawaii with a companion of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam was accompanied by some of his companions, and they were traveling. So again, the prophet gives the usual instructions, and the usual advice. So I told him that when time comes, when the time for prayer comes, one of you should make the van. And again, you recall, Fadi, what is the rolling on a van?
mandatory, we have to do we have to do is that true Mustapha, only a group of people have to do it. So it's not mandatory on all because otherwise, every one of us when it's time for prayer would go and make an event? No, it's mandatory on a group of people. If they do it, then it's okay for the whole community. But if they all
refrain from doing it, then they are all sinful. And this is the case with the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, that whenever he visited, or actually, whenever he went to wage war on a tribe or on a village, he asked his companions, not to wage war until after fudger prayer. And he ordered that wait until you hear the other end. If you hit the other end, then refrain, they are Muslims. But if you don't hear that, then then go ahead and attack because they are not Muslims. And, again, it is not permissible for the event to be called by another Muslim.
Because it's a form of worship. And this is ridiculing our religion. If you allow another Muslim, no matter how beautiful his voices, he may not call the event. It's a ritual. It's a form of worship. And, again, the event has to be on time, which means that if a person calls for the event before the before it's time, then the prayer is unacceptable. You may not pray. If you didn't know and you prayed, then the burden falls on the person who called the event. I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program. So until we meet next time, fear Manila was Santa Monica Rahmatullahi wa barakato