New Muslim Corner – Fasting And Ramadan

Abdullah Hakim Quick


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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim hamdulillah who are beloved Amin, or salat wa salam ala Salle will leave Arkadin. nabina, Muhammad in Allah, Allah, he was happy, he were back with Salam, somebody coming out Allah.

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So for the next two periods, we're going to be looking at Ramadan. And to try to explain what it is and to answer some of your questions. And the intention is to do it in a way, in a basic way that could be understood, you know, by people who have recently embraced Islam, or people who are reviving, you know, their faith. And

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because we're not totally, there's another program downstairs, you know, we'll we'll be reviewing some of the issues that we're looking at next week also, for those who missed it. Now, remember, in the beginning of our session, we looked at the writings of a famous North African Maliki scholar, CD abdominal artery. And he had a section within his book that he called what is required of a new Muslim.

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And it was a brilliant approach. And from his approach, we remember that what he said in the beginning, is that a person who is embracing Islam should number one, correct and authenticate his or her faith. That's the first thing. And as we said, this presupposes that the person has a faith, or they have a way of life. So it's not to negate what you have before, but it is to correct it and authenticate it.

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And then he said, Seek knowledge of the personal obligations. So a person who's accepting Islam First, your concept of your faith, get it straight. And then and then

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try to come become as familiar as possible with Farah yet and for

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the obligations, things that we are obliged to do. There's certain things that Allah subhanaw taala Creek, has has commanded us to do we need to know what these things are. Before any of the other details. People tend to go into the details without learning what's actually

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foreign or what is really obligatory.

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So they might learn, you know how to tie their scarf or what type of cap to wear,

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or you know how to pick out halal food. And there's certain things that are important, but they're not necessarily the foundations. Okay, so from amongst these would be the five pillars of Islam. And then as the abdomen said that you should try to stay within the limits commanded by Allah. So what we want to show are the basic limits. And to give you a general understanding of the fasting itself, some of my slides because this is coming off of our iPad, some of them are not actually showing in this particular format. But the the foundations of Islam, we understood, this is the five pillars of Islam. And that is the shahada, the testimony of oneness of God and prophethood of Muhammad Salah

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Salem, and that is establishing prayers, establishing ALMS giving, right fasting in Ramadan, and making Hutch pilgrimage. Okay, so these are our foundations. And

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in terms of fasting in Ramadan.

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This is something that comes along, really once per year, one month during the year, there is fasting that we can do all you but this particular fast, the one that is obligatory on Muslims, it actually comes in the month of Ramadan, which on the lunar calendar is the ninth month

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and the lunar calendar rotates.

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Okay, so the the and the issue of fasting it is called Soul or CRM,

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right and CRM, that word in Arabic the literal meaning of CRM means withdrawal,

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stagnancy and motionless. And it's interesting to to learn the roots of words, because the root of the word that we do, as an action has has an impact on it. For instance, when you say is a cat, people will know that as the ALMS giving. Two and a half percent of your wealth is given to the poor and the needy. So people say okay, that's like charity, but no, the words are cat means purity.

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That's what the word is. And that impacts what it is because it's not just being kind to the poor. It's also it's purifying your wealth. That's the essence of what's a goddess. Okay, so Siyam itself, the Arabs used to use this word, when they talked about still still wind when the wind is like still, or when the water is still.

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Okay, so they would use that term. Also, horses that refuse to eat,

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they would describe it with this term. Okay. So the horse is like abstaining, for whatever the reason is, and also human beings, who are abstaining from food and drink, and also from talking.

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So CRM is used and we learned

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some of the great

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you know, prophets and, and people within Islamic history, Mariam, the mother of Isa, may Allah be pleased with her had to do a type of a fast Zecharia had to do a fast without speaking to anybody.

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Okay, so that's a fast to this, there is a fast way you abstain from talk, or you abstain from interaction. So these are all forms of the concept of cm. Okay.

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In this case,

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as a legal technical term, because this is how it's described in Islamic jurisprudence. Okay, so as a technical term soem it means abstention from food, drink, and sexual gratification, from dawn to dusk, meaning sunset with the intention of worship.

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So all of these things. So this is a special form of fasting. People fast for many different reasons. Now, there's a new craze,

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the intermittent fasting, and a lot of people say I want to be intermittent fasting. Right, and it's usually health reasons. Okay, it's a fast. You also have people who fast for political reasons. It's like a hunger strike.

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So fast

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I think it'd be done for another for a number of reasons. Okay, and, but but so I'm here the technical term, you know is, this is how it's described. And the province holds Sanlam observed fasting in what is called the Meccan period, and the first 13 years of his life when he was in Mecca. So that's called the Meccan period. And then he traveled to Medina, and that's the medina period. Okay, so the first 13 years Mecca, that glass 10 years was Medina. Okay. And in the Meccan, period, they did observe fast, but it was just random fast. Then, even on Mondays and Thursdays and,

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but there was nothing that was obligatory. So when you became a Muslim, in Mecca in the early face of Islam, you didn't have to fast that was not part of the main thing was to believe in one God, and to accept the Prophet Muhammad. And, you know, to be a good person, and to start to pray whenever you could,

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because this is the first phase of Islam. And so it has a lot to do with people's intentions. And they had to they suffered because they were under attack.

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Okay, and, but as it's stated here, fasting was made obligatory after the Prophet migrated from Mecca to Medina.

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Okay, so in the second year after the migration,

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that's when fasting became obligatory.

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And this is after salatu salam was not obligatory in Mecca here. But it became obligatory in Medina and zakat giving as a cat also became obligatory in Medina. Okay. So this is how it is like the evolution of fasting where it is. And as I said, fasting is done for many different reasons. health reasons, physical reasons, political reasons.

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There's a lot of different ideas concerning fasting.

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Buddhists fast some Christians fair some of the Christians say they fast on certain days certain Fridays like an Easter or whatever they do, they don't eat meat.

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So there's different but this fasting, what is the reason why we fast?

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Okay, and this is where in the second chapter first 183 Allah tells us Yeah, are you Hala Dina? amanu quotevalet colloseum Kamakoti Valentina, mon publikum Lila contacto. So are you who believe fasting has been prescribed on you, as it was prescribed on those before you, in order that you would gain or nurture taqwa, the consciousness of Allah. So the essence of the reason why we are fasting

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is for the consciousness of God. It's not to lose weight.

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It's not to enjoy the meals. Although some people enjoy Iftar more than any other meals during the year. They build the whole Ramadan around Iftar.

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Okay, that's not the essence of why we're fasting. And when you understand this point,

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it makes too fast different.

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Because otherwise it becomes like a battle between you know, thirst and hunger.

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When we know it's something else, then then the mind and the soul has a way of controlling the body.

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Okay, so we can take it to a higher stage. Right?

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And in terms of the reasons why we're fasting as well, we had looked at this tradition

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before I believe in this class, but again, but this makes it very clear where the profits settle case mandanna NAFSA. Well, how many let him abadal Note that the intelligent person is the one who controls himself and works toward life after death.

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While McMahon Akbar enough Sahaba Ottoman Allah, Loyola, Mani and the fool is the one who makes himself follow his own desires, and then puts all his hopes in Allah. That is a fool. So fasting in itself as you can see, Allah case Mandana NAFSA. He controls himself. So what it also develops is patience.

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Self control

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and also empathy. And when they say empathy, you have sympathy in English, and you have empathy.

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So, if you are sympathetic to somebody, like you feel sorry for him, you see people in in, you know, in a starvation situation in a famine.

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And we say we are sympathetic. But many people think that they're sympathetic, but Empathy means you you identify with the people.

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Now, how in Canada

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with as much food as we have, we, we have to literally decide what kind of food we're going to eat.

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And some people are counting calories. How can you empathize with somebody who's starving to death?

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Very difficult, because you can't, you can't feel it, right?

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You can't feel it. Ramadan can give you that feeling.

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Because no matter what, during that day, you're not going to eat, and you're not going to drink.

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And it's for 29 to 30 days.

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So that's serious. So now, you can start to begin to feel how people are when they're in a famine situation and they cannot eat right now and bizarre and Philistine and places like this. Like if they're lucky, they get one meal a day.

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Right? And it's only something very simple.

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Right? So now how can we even relate to this fasting can give this

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and that's important. When we're we are at Omaha, we are a nation, everybody's not going to be the same.

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They're going to be some who have blessings, or have more abundance. That's reality of life. And other people don't have it.

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Some people live in tropical areas, and a tropical areas, it's raining. You go to Malaysia and countries like this, it's always like 30 degrees. Most of the year, maybe 29. Like 25 is like freezing for them.

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Okay, and it's usually has a light rain, then you have rainy season, but it's like sun, rain, sun rain. Okay, this is how it is. If you're in the Caribbean, I lived in the Caribbean for a while and in Jamaica, during much of the year, especially the rainy season,

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it would rain. When Toro o'clock comes, then you get a downpour.

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And then by ASA, the sun is out.

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Okay, so that's the perfect climate, for growing food.

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So therefore, there's no way you're going to be actually starving because something's growing,

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that you can even boil a coke or something. But if you live in a desert,

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with nothing out there,

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that's a different situation. So how can a person in a tropical rainforest relate to the person with no water?

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Or no food, that's what fasting can give? Okay, these are some of the concepts behind

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and in terms of its revelation, and I'm gonna go over this because I think most of the people here have an idea about Ramadan tonight. And you know, we can go over some of the other aspects of it. And next week, we can, you know, for the people who will be online

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review, and then go further.

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So, the Quran is saying that

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it was the month of Ramadan in which the Quran was first bestowed on high, right, it was revealed as a guidance to humanity and self evident proof of that guidance. Right and as a standard by which to separate truth from falsehood. So and then Allah says in this verse, so whoever of you lives in to see this month shall fast.

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So whoever is a life,

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right, and, you know, the, what is the conditions is the person needs to be mature

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and sane.

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Right and not, you know, have bad health. If you have any of these qualities, you must fast. If you're Muslim, you must first okay. Now, one of the things that may came come up, especially for the new Muslims, and this is an exemption were to go over some of the normal exemptions. But one key point is that, you remember in the Meccan period, people were Muslim.

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And some died.

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And they went they did not fast

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But they will highest level of Islam.

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So, fasting evolved,

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okay, it went stage by stage. Similarly when a person embraces Islam, they are not obliged to do everything immediately.

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It's a mistake to tell somebody who just took shahada that they have to fast every single day.

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We encourage them to,

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but they are allowed to gradually understand Islam and come into it until they they're on their feet as a Muslim, and then they confessed.

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Right? So, and that's how Islam came in the beginning, came in stages, didn't come all at once. And this is important for us to understand we our faith goes up and down. It's not always the same.

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Okay. Now, in terms of exemption from fasting, there is a person who is sick, the Quran tells us that if a person is sick, under real hardship, or a traveler, outside his home area, an elderly person who are unable to fast pregnant and breastfeeding women and women who are menstruating or in childbirth, right after conception, exempt exempted from fast. Now, I want to open up the floor for any questions you may have about these areas.

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Because these these are some areas that actually have questions.

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Yeah. traveled outside his home area. Yeah. So it was camping in Kingston would that count? Yeah. So this is a good question, because

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the quote and is saying, when cattlemen committee that whole others suffer, so the person is traveling.

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So traveling means that you go outside of your Township,

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right, and you're on the road.

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You can go camping in your backyard.

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We do it with our kids, you put up a tent in the backyard, right? And they camp and his raccoons and things around, so they can get some feeling, you know, of being outside, right. But they're not way outside. So if you're outside of Toronto, like on a journey, like you've left the city,

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then technically speaking, you could break your fast.

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Okay, more than likely you wouldn't if it was that close, but technically speaking, you can. And some people ask the question about traveling.

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Because and this is a point that even scholars differ on. Because some of the scholars said that hardship means machaca

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it means difficulty.

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So they, you you must be traveling. Because when they traveled in those days, it was difficult. When you left your Township, you're in a desert. So there's some difficulty that you're going, but now can you say

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if a person has a meeting in Ottawa,

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so they so they drive to the airport,

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get on Air Canada, Canada,

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fly nicely, for an hour or so, to Ottawa,

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get out, go into their hotel

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and have a meeting.

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Then somebody would say that's not traveling. That's wisdom chakra.

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Right? This is a fifth, this is an argument.

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But the point is, that still that person is traveling. Because even although it's different, you're in a different place. Sometimes different times.

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Sometimes the temperature is different, whatever it is, but you've traveled out, so therefore it is permissible to break your fast and nobody can say to you, you can't break your fast. If you want to fast

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then okay, that's the question. So and there's even a case where the one person said I'm fasting, and they were traveling.

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And the Prophet SAW Salem then they drank he had everybody drink and he said there is no blessings, extra blessings in fasting while you're traveling.

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He put it to them because they thought that they were like super Muslims. No, there's there's no extra blessings and in doing this, right, you can do it. It wouldn't be wrong. But don't think that you're gonna get double the blessing because you're doing this. No.

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There's a difference between some of these points around except versus cannot straight. Look at that last one.

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Yeah. Okay, this style was we were just we're going stage by stage. Right. So the last the last point there you cannot fast

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women for demonstrating it's not that we can fast to get one two. Right, those that last point is they cannot cost versus the first four? I think they're allowed to correct.

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Right. So if you gotta go stage by stage,

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because they're not exactly the same.

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But but they're very similar. Yeah, she's been traveling, should you avoid travel? There's within those within your control during the month. Yeah, I mean, this is a good question because some weak minded Muslims and I'm not going to say which country it is because rich people, right. They would schedule their vacation in Ramadan.

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So they fly from the Muslim world to Paris, you know, as a Switzerland, you know, you know, gay petty, right gay to, you know, in their, in their in Paris or during Ramadan.

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Right. And technically speaking.

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There, traveling, right.

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They're traveling

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is my thing.

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So, technically speaking,

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they're traveling, that's wrong.

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I mean, you can't technically speaking, say to that person, that they've committed haram, that they've done something because they are traveling. But they are blessing, Allah knows what's in your heart. So they're trying to trick Allah by doing this. So that that that's not right. But you know, to travel in Ramadan is nothing wrong with traveling in Ramadan.

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And for some people, it's nice to travel and Ramadan, because you get to go somewhere else. And you'll be with other Muslims who are fasting and, you know, whatever. It's nice to try, especially if you could travel, you know, into a Muslim country where they're not blowing it up.

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You know, you really enjoy Muslims and Ramadan.

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Pessimists Muslim town or village. It's an experience, everybody should have.

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Questions. So this is the first point. Okay.

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Well, this is the traveler. The other point, which comes up is the sick person married.

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So what does Murray mean? In this case, some people think, well, you know, queasy and I got a little headache know, when you fast if you're really not used to fasting, especially in the first week or so you're gonna feel tired, queasy. You know, you might feel a little bit sick. That's not what this means you're sick. You're like really vomiting on your back. high fever, it means that you're, you're incapacitated. With sickness, then you can you can break your fast. And you make it up after the month. So you count the days, if you were sick, people had COVID Or you have a flu. So seven days you had it. So you mark the days. And then after Ramadan, at any point during the year, sooner,

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the better, you know, then you can make up the seven days. All right, so that's the sick person.

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The next category is the elderly person

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who's unable to fast,

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okay, because there are elderly people who can fast. But when the person's body does not allow them to fast, then they can break the fast and what they would do, they would feed a poor person for every day.

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So you're allowed to pay a feature, you know, which is feeding a poor person, we will make it whatever it is going to be $10 or whatever. So you would say if it's $10 for the future, then your $300 you give to feed poor people. And then you don't have to fast Okay, so that's the elderly people. Also pregnant woman and breastfeeding.

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Now this one gets a little bit this slight nuances in this because

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the pregnant woman is clear because now

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you know, they she will become she's like sick because the body can't take it.

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And that's okay. But now in terms of breastfeeding, the scholars are looking at is the is the woman is she going to break her fast because she feels sick? Or because the fast is diluting her milk.

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So she's afraid for the for the for the baby, but she's okay.

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But she breaks it because her milk is not strong enough for the child so she does it

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If she's breaking it for the child,

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if she break it up for, you know, because she's sick, make it up one day. But if it's that if it's doing it for the child, most of the scholars are saying fast the day over, and also feed a poor person

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for every day,

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if she's doing it for that reason, okay, so it's a slight nuance here amongst the majority of scholars

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for that case, and a woman whose menstruation comes also should break the fast and that means even if it is, unfortunately, five minutes before you have TA, and she sees red

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at that point, she's got to break it. It's not complete, you got to make it a border again. Okay, and then the new fast after the childhood, you know, for the for the period also, you have any fast.

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Okay, so So these are some of the main categories of exemption?

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Question, if I, let's say I'm traveling, and I break the fast halfway through the day, because I can't take it.

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Actually not not for the situation. Let's say, I accidentally eat food halfway through the day. And I broke my fast should I continue on as if I was fasting in the makeup later? Or should I just go on about my day as if I wasn't fasting? Okay, this is a good question. Also that comes up. And that is that if you break your fast

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by mistake,

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right. So

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the Prophet SAW, Selim, you know, said that, if the person breaks their fast, you know, by mistake, then you should, you know, continue to fast. Because Allah subhanaw taala gave you that food

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or gave you that drink. And it happens, especially in the first week.

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Because if we're in a habit of eating and drinking at a certain time, especially drinking water, right? So you might by mistake, drink water.

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Okay, as long as it's by mistake, then you okay? You can't drink the water and then finish it.

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No, that would be wrong. There's even one case where the brother is eating, and he's doing a whole meal.

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And when he's just about done, he said, Oh, Allah,

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I'm fasting.

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He's okay.

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As long as it was a mistake, is that the pen is lifted on three,

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the pen writing on you. It's lifted on a sleeping person until they wake up.

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And it's lifting on, lifted on a person who makes mistake.

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Right? It's lifted on a person who's forced to do something. So there's some categories, the pen is not writing. So so when you do it by forgetfulness, or mistake, it's okay.

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Continue on.

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For the money for

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for the elderly. Does that mean locally or? Or where should that money be given, you know, it is best to be given locally. Because Because the sooner was really to buy grains or dates or whatever it is, and you have poor people who are around. So you feed them. So that is the best thing to do. Today, however, we are connected internationally, to different situations. And so therefore, you could give to, you know, somebody who's in Gaza, you know, in parts of, you know, Kashmir or wherever it is where people need food, you could give toward that.

00:33:46--> 00:34:05

But the scholars do say it's better to deal with people who are in need around you first, got to deal with them first cause kind of contradiction. If there's people who were hungry there, and then you said that 10,000 miles away. And surprisingly enough,

00:34:06--> 00:34:07

surprisingly enough.

00:34:09--> 00:34:12

And I remember I recall, in working at a social service centre,

00:34:13--> 00:34:17

and then we we had some extra food.

00:34:18--> 00:34:22

And so we went to this hostel that was housing women.

00:34:23--> 00:34:26

Because we want we wanted to give away this extra food.

00:34:27--> 00:34:35

And we came to the hostel and we said, we've got some extra food here, some rice and meat and whatever. And they looked at us and they said, Are you Muslims?

00:34:36--> 00:34:39

And we said, Yes. And they said, Oh, that's really good.

00:34:40--> 00:34:44

Because half the women in the hospital, Optus hostel, are women, Muslims.

00:34:46--> 00:34:48

And they don't want to eat regular food.

00:34:49--> 00:34:59

So we thought we were just given it to a food bank, not realizing that there were Muslim women in there who could not feed themself

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

So right here in Toronto,

00:35:03--> 00:35:07

there are Muslims who are actually in difficult situations.

00:35:09--> 00:35:16

Okay, so we need to balance it as to how we actually do it. The question on the side as well.

00:35:17--> 00:35:25

If you break your fast accident, that's on a day you have to make up again, no, you don't have to make it up. You have to make it up.

00:35:26--> 00:35:26


00:35:29--> 00:35:43

So these are the people who are exempted from fasting in Ramadan, it's a person who's sick, mean really sick, not just feeling a little headache or stomach ache, the traveler when they're going outside on a journey outside their town.

00:35:44--> 00:35:56

Right. And this is an interesting one, because there were certain scholars and Hanafi fiqh, they were like in India, there was one point where in India and according to them, if you travelled 90 kilometres,

00:35:58--> 00:36:03

then you're considered to be traveling. And some of them you had less than that.

00:36:04--> 00:36:07

And those who read the books that are 100 years old,

00:36:09--> 00:36:17

and you're living in certain big cities, you can travel that distance inside of your own time, you haven't left your city.

00:36:19--> 00:36:21

Right? So it's not just based upon a number.

00:36:22--> 00:36:27

It's your intention, are you home? Or are you actually traveling?

00:36:28--> 00:36:30

So if you're actually traveling,

00:36:31--> 00:36:40

somebody might go to Hamilton and let's come back on the same day, right. So that's not really traveling. But if you went to Hamilton, which is outside of the GTA,

00:36:41--> 00:36:46

and you you intend to stay overnight, in Hamilton, then that's traveling.

00:36:48--> 00:36:52

So you could technically speaking break your fast it is permissible to break the fast.

00:36:56--> 00:36:59

Okay, so these are, you know, some of the categories

00:37:05--> 00:37:06

Okay, yeah.

00:37:07--> 00:37:11

And the other is the elderly, elderly people who cannot fast

00:37:12--> 00:37:17

and then pregnant, and breastfeeding women also can break their fast

00:37:18--> 00:37:23

and a woman who's on menstruation or in childbirth, okay. Now,

00:37:24--> 00:37:32

in terms of the pillars of fasting itself, and again, we have to look at Islamic fasting, as different than intermittent fasting

00:37:34--> 00:37:45

are different than hunger strike fast the pillars is and it's just sort of a jurisprudence thing. Your intention you have to make intention to fast

00:37:46--> 00:37:52

and it doesn't have to be you don't have to say it. Although some scholars say is better you say it every day.

00:37:53--> 00:37:58

But you're India is in your heart. So you need to intend

00:37:59--> 00:38:12

to be fasting and then complete abstinence. You know, you stay away from anything that will break the fast from the total duration. Okay, this is just sort of a jurisprudence point.

00:38:13--> 00:38:34

Okay, now, what are some of the Sooners of fasting one is that when the fast is now coming to a close you should hasten to break the fast you do it as soon as if terrorism and don't wait another hour two hours thinking that you're stronger Muslim

00:38:36--> 00:38:39

supposed to do with right away and also in the morning

00:38:41--> 00:38:52

he will take us home or you will take a meal in the morning right we know before you're done and if you can you break the fast with a date

00:38:53--> 00:38:54

or water or both.

00:38:56--> 00:39:14

Right and you know make a dua at the time of if ta Allahu Malacca some to Allah Risca of Tartu, for instance. I'm gonna go back over all of this, you know again next week. Okay, so these are some of the Sooners in terms of fasting itself. Any questions on any of this?

00:39:15--> 00:39:21

So this is what distinguishes an Islamic fast from other forms of fasting

00:39:24--> 00:39:29

now, undesirable actions, here's where some questions might come.

00:39:31--> 00:39:39

One of them is excessive gargling, like rinsing your mouth out and gargling you know when you goggle down into your throat,

00:39:40--> 00:39:48

okay or cleansing your nostrils and everything with water doing a lot that is you should try to stay away from this.

00:39:49--> 00:39:51

Especially the goggling you can rinse your mouth

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

okay, but gargling down on your throat tried to stay away from this because very possible Your throat is

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

thirsty, right? So it's going to open up.

00:40:04--> 00:40:05

So try to avoid

00:40:06--> 00:40:10

this. And also because we're all you know, mature enough

00:40:12--> 00:40:18

kissing and hugging, if it causes desire, right husband and wife, undesirable.

00:40:20--> 00:40:22

Also chewing gum.

00:40:23--> 00:40:25

Like some people like to chew gum.

00:40:27--> 00:40:32

That habit has gone down now amongst young people. Is it a habit for young people to chew a lot ago?

00:40:34--> 00:40:41

I don't know why that stopped me because the dentist as of the labor cost too much, but 20 years ago, so everybody's chewing gum,

00:40:42--> 00:40:45

like chewing gum as part of being Canadian, right?

00:40:47--> 00:40:48

You know, and

00:40:49--> 00:40:54

people chew for different reasons in America and certain places, they chew tobacco.

00:40:55--> 00:41:01

And that's, that's a habit. That's also basically baseball players and people in the South. They used to choose

00:41:02--> 00:41:13

that people from Yemen, and Somalia and East Africa, they choose this leaf that they call cut, or Mira.

00:41:14--> 00:41:15

They chew that.

00:41:16--> 00:41:23

So anything, we're chewing on something, it's got a taste to it. It's got to go down right.

00:41:25--> 00:41:25


00:41:26--> 00:41:29

then you should, you should that's undesirable act.

00:41:31--> 00:41:55

Yeah, so So smoking also is undesirable thing to do. Because when you're smoking, you're going to see it goes into your lungs and down into the Gulf. You know, you so you shouldn't I mean, smoking actually, is mcru It's hateful anyway. Right. And, and scholars have actually agreed because even the cert Surgeon General in America, you know, put out the fact that smoking causes cancer.

00:41:57--> 00:42:06

But we cannot say we're not saying It's haram. Totally prohibited. Okay, but it's what they call mcru It is undesirable thing.

00:42:07--> 00:42:18

Right to you know, to be smoking. So that's the in Ramadan. You know, people should get away from this. And this is a chance in Ramadan, to actually cut down smoking, and maybe get out of the habit.

00:42:20--> 00:42:24

But some people unfortunately, they break their fast and they light up

00:42:25--> 00:42:28

for first before they even want to date, right? They want to smoke.

00:42:30--> 00:42:37

Right? Why is that? Because the cigarette has got nicotine. It's a drunk. So they're actually drug addicts.

00:42:38--> 00:42:40

And the body is craving nicotine.

00:42:41--> 00:42:45

So therefore, they would want that nicotine before the date.

00:42:46--> 00:43:02

So this is a chance for people who smoke to come out of it. Also, it's undesirable, not wrong. But it's undesirable to taste food, you know, when you're cooking. And you tasted to see is it salt enough or not.

00:43:03--> 00:43:16

And if you're if you're a good cook, you can you can taste and spit it out, rinse your mouth. But it's undesirable. Because if you're a person like me, if I tasted it, I'm going to I'm going to eat it.

00:43:17--> 00:43:20

I'm not trained, I can't, my body will eat that food.

00:43:21--> 00:43:29

So it's undesirable to taste food. Because if you do you have to rinse your mouth until the taste is out of your mouth.

00:43:31--> 00:43:44

So what that means is your husband or your wife has to be with, you know, the curry or the biryani be a little bit salty or it needs a little extra, you know, salt in your samosa they have to live with it right?

00:43:46--> 00:43:50

Okay, because we can't be tasting the food is undesirable.

00:43:51--> 00:44:29

And another undesirable act is cupping. And that is where people will put a cup on bloodletting it's a medical practice. Okay, where you put the cup on and then you drain the blood out of a certain area the cupping is still done today. And it's a value to some people you know to do the cupping especially in the head they have headaches and you know whatever, but it's undesirable act to do and Ramadan should avoid doing and of course all of these things are really during the daylight hours after maghrib when the sun set you go back to your normal life

00:44:30--> 00:44:34

so this is during the daylight hours are in Ramadan.

00:44:35--> 00:44:36


00:44:38--> 00:44:54

So you know that there's a lot of areas by just you know, took a couple of what breaks your fast any liquids or food? What is the key if it goes down into your Jove, this is the stomach area down. You know when things go inside the body,

00:44:56--> 00:44:58

but it could go through the nose and go in

00:44:59--> 00:44:59


00:45:00--> 00:45:02

It could go through the eyes,

00:45:03--> 00:45:04

or other parts of your body.

00:45:06--> 00:45:12

Right, so anything that's going to go through one of your openings and reach inside, then

00:45:14--> 00:45:33

this would break your fast. Also vomiting, and not throwing up or vomiting, some people passing the beginning of the fast, you know, they got really hungry and, you know, whatever, they get dizzy and you know, they vomit. And that night, they if time was like piles, you know, with food, they ate too much.

00:45:35--> 00:45:38

You know, so they might end up during the next day, vomiting.

00:45:40--> 00:45:45

Now, if the person just just vomits for natural reasons, it's okay.

00:45:46--> 00:45:48

But I'm talking about self induced vomiting.

00:45:49--> 00:45:50

Now, what does that mean?

00:45:52--> 00:46:05

As a strange thing, but in some cultures, the Romans used to do this because they loved eating food. So they would eat until they're filled, and then they would put their finger down, and they would vomit it out, clean their mouth, and then take a next meal.

00:46:06--> 00:46:09

You see, so some people do self induced vomiting.

00:46:10--> 00:46:14

Right? It sounds strange. But you can't do that.

00:46:15--> 00:46:25

Okay, self induced vomiting can help you sometimes, though, because you may have eaten some food that has actually spoiled food, it's no good.

00:46:26--> 00:46:33

Right? And you and you feel it inside of yourself. And you're getting sick. But some people have difficulty vomiting.

00:46:34--> 00:46:39

Right. So in that case, they put your finger down your throat, whatever and make it come up.

00:46:41--> 00:46:46

So but if you do this self induced vomiting, then breaks your fast.

00:46:47--> 00:46:48

You can't do that.

00:46:49--> 00:47:05

Okay, and the other area is deliberately inhaling tobacco. And that's where your smoking comes in. Or drugs. Right. So as people who are taking drugs, any of these things, that's also going to break the fast.

00:47:08--> 00:47:08


00:47:09--> 00:47:19

Yeah. What if you have prescribed medicine throughout the day, especially if you have to take it with food or something before? Yeah, so the if the person

00:47:20--> 00:47:23

has prescribed medicine that they have to take during the day,

00:47:24--> 00:47:26

and there's no way that they can,

00:47:27--> 00:47:28

they can function without it.

00:47:30--> 00:47:31

Okay, then in that case,

00:47:32--> 00:47:34

that person is considered sick.

00:47:35--> 00:47:57

So they can break the fast and then they just feed a poor person for every day. Because they medically can't fast, but what the doctors will do, and this happens with some people who are say, diabetic, or some certain disease, they say, in the morning, take your medicine in the morning, especially for diabetes. Because when you're fasting, it lowers your blood sugar.

00:47:59--> 00:48:05

So they say take your medicine in the morning, fast. And then when if talk comes then you can take medicine to when you eat.

00:48:06--> 00:48:12

So with a doctor's prescription you can possibly do this.

00:48:13--> 00:48:16

Is the streaming things here is streaming,

00:48:17--> 00:48:18

data streaming was off.

00:48:20--> 00:48:21

Okay, are there any questions? Are there Yeah.

00:48:23--> 00:48:23


00:48:25--> 00:48:30

Let's try fasting Ramadan and wound up in the hospital with problems. Two years in a row.

00:48:32--> 00:48:42

Okay, quadriplegic. In this case, we'll define that what that means with problems with their kidney and bladder two years in a row. So quadriplegic,

00:48:44--> 00:48:56

so paralyzed, right. Right. So in that case, if they ended up in the hospital, then they're allowed to break the fast they muddied. Because the fasting is not a punishment, right?

00:48:57--> 00:49:23

We're not punishing our bodies, in order to purify yourself. That's not the idea of fasting, right? It's really more of your character than anything else. Why we're fasting is to come closer to Allah is not to punish our body. That's a Buddhist concept. That's not an Islamic concept. So if the person is sick, no problem. They break their fast and for every day, they would feed a poor person. No problem at all.

00:49:24--> 00:49:38

Okay, so for women, if she does not know the exact time that the menstruation started, she only realize after, so after, she doesn't know if you know, it was actually broken during the past. Is that something she has to?

00:49:39--> 00:49:49

Well, I mean, if she if she didn't know, and then you know, and if she really doesn't know when it happened, then it's okay.

00:49:51--> 00:49:59

So the question is if a menstruating woman, you know, found out after maghrib after sunset, that there were periods had begun

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

Okay, then what do they do?

00:50:03--> 00:50:22

Okay, if she can ascertain, and this is more technical, you know thing, but if she has certain is based upon, you know, the dryness of the blood or whatever it is that this happened earlier. If she could tell it happened earlier, then consider it to be breaking the fast, but if she's not sure that it's okay. It's not not breaking the fast

00:50:25--> 00:50:37

if someone misses all of Ramadan because of the fast, the fast well, so this is now the child birth it's a period of the childbirth afterwards or before

00:50:41--> 00:50:50

then she, yes. So she she feeds a poor she feeds a poor person for every day. You know that she miss and then

00:50:52--> 00:50:55

yeah, because it's like the menstruation as well. She should make up today.

00:50:57--> 00:51:17

Yeah. Last question is does backbiting break your fast? No backbiting and things like that doesn't break the fast it's not a good thing to do. swearing and things like that because we're supposed to be you know, fasting from evil deeds to but it's not going to break your fast it just lowers the blessing you're going to get out too fast.

00:51:18--> 00:51:39

So did not hear you know, and the promise of solemn even said in one Hadith that you know manlam Jada Collazo will MLP Felisa de la hija and Jada Toma, which he said, Whoever does not stop scandalizing people and acting on it, that Allah has no need for you to give up your food and drink.

00:51:41--> 00:51:45

Or if you can't do that, you're a joker, right? You're wasting your time.

00:51:47--> 00:51:57

Okay, so this is what it's saying. But technically speaking, it is a fast without lessons, like they're losing the blessings in the fast.

00:51:59--> 00:52:01

Okay. And

00:52:03--> 00:52:13

the other action and again, you know, there may be a need for us to go over this. But the other action is actions permitted

00:52:14--> 00:52:15

while fasting,

00:52:16--> 00:52:18

because some people get too stiff

00:52:19--> 00:52:20

when they're fasting.

00:52:21--> 00:52:24

And it is permissible to brush your teeth.

00:52:26--> 00:52:48

And especially the prompt Salam had the Miss whack it's a a stick plant, and it has a neutral taste. We have a miss whack in the Caribbean, there's one that was in Jamaica, I think it's other places too. And it has like a you know, a mint type of tastes you know, to it, it has a taste to or licorice.

00:52:49--> 00:52:51

So that one you shouldn't use because that's got taste.

00:52:52--> 00:52:58

But the miswak is a neutral taste. Or you could just use your your your toothbrush,

00:52:59--> 00:53:09

right without any toothpaste on it is better and then you can you know, brush your teeth, you know with that constantly and clean your mouth. Technically speaking

00:53:11--> 00:53:36

in the morning when you get up. If say you rested after fajr and you're fasting and you could brush your teeth with toothpaste. Now there's different opinions on this. But the middle road is try to avoid it. But if you if you use toothpaste, you have to rinse your mouth until the taste of it is gone.

00:53:38--> 00:53:39

You got to rinse your mouth.

00:53:40--> 00:53:43

Okay, but it is permissible to brush your teeth.

00:53:46--> 00:53:54

What about your own saliva? So that that's that that's one of the ones that's coming up. It's also Yeah.

00:53:56--> 00:53:57

swallowing your own saliva.

00:53:59--> 00:54:03

Okay, that's permissible. Some people are so hard line

00:54:04--> 00:54:15

that they say you can't swallow anything. Even the liquid saliva made by in your own body. If you swallow it, like you drank it, that's too far.

00:54:16--> 00:54:42

You can swallow that but some people they will continue to spit it out. That's going too far. It is permissible for that you can also take a shower or bathe I mean I put that picture but I wouldn't advise you know being in a place like this and Ramadan right. But technically speaking you know if you weren't if you did end up in a place like this. Then you could go into the water but don't put your head under water.

00:54:43--> 00:54:49

Right because the water so water doesn't go as you go under water. It's got to go inside.

00:54:50--> 00:54:58

But especially in in hot countries. It is good. Sometimes it's good after though the sun is really high. You can take a shower

00:55:00--> 00:55:04

but you just have to watch out for the water around your face. So doesn't do it.

00:55:06--> 00:55:14

Yeah, swimming in the summer pool also is undesirable unless you're doing the stroke, we are heads above water.

00:55:16--> 00:55:21

So you'd have to dog paddle or whatever it is, with your head above the water, once your heads under the water, you're in trouble

00:55:23--> 00:55:25

because the liquid more than likely is going to go in.

00:55:26--> 00:55:27

Right? So you need to avoid that.

00:55:29--> 00:55:34

Okay, and of course, eating and drinking at night is permissible.

00:55:35--> 00:55:36

Okay, and

00:55:37--> 00:55:55

but you have to watch out, you know how much we eat and drink, you know, tried to measure but it is permissible, of course in the evening, and it's permissible to travel. It's also a good thing. If you can go to Mecca and make Umrah, a lesser pilgrimage in Ramadan, you can get great blessings, almost like making a pilgrimage.

00:55:57--> 00:56:01

So it is good to travel, especially for good intentions and Ramadan.

00:56:02--> 00:56:27

So that's but that's permissible. Okay. Another thing is injections. Now there's certain injections like insulin or certain things with just on the top of the body, some injections which just you know, there on the top of the body, the injection, that's okay. The problem is, when the injection is intravenous, and it's going into your bloodstream, especially giving you nutrients.

00:56:28--> 00:56:30

That's the one that's that's not permissible.

00:56:31--> 00:56:37

But the person would just to take a shot like that a virus shot or some kind of thing. That's okay.

00:56:38--> 00:57:14

Okay, yeah. Is it frowned upon to nap for excessive amounts while you're fasting? No, it's okay. Sleeping is okay. We shouldn't be sleeping through salad or anything like that. But But sleeping is good. And the problem is on them is competitive. They used to take a rest. After though, between Doha and ASA, the siesta, Spanish call it a lulu. In Arabic, they used to take that. And an even scientists recognize that it is good to do what they call a power nap. So even some jobs, now I've got beds inside the office.

00:57:15--> 00:57:26

So if you can't take it there, let them lay down for an hour. And if you can lay down, take a power nap for an hour, then you're more productive than sitting there drinking the coffee and still yearning.

00:57:28--> 00:57:34

Take a power nap. And especially in Ramadan in the beginning, some people get a burst of energy.

00:57:35--> 00:57:41

But sometimes your body is you may feel a little bit tired. So if you so take a rest.

00:57:43--> 00:57:56

Yeah. Last year, when I was fasting, I felt like it was so cold. It was freezing, I would put on a sweater go under two blankets and my limbs would just be freezing. normal thing.

00:57:57--> 00:58:02

That is not normal. Maybe you need to go to the Bahamas.

00:58:03--> 00:58:15

You need to go south with the birds. You know that? You know, did you go to a doctor or anything like that. But my parents they said they kind of laughed and said you're finding funny all the struggles of fasting.

00:58:17--> 00:58:31

Because I think I did a bit of research. Maybe it has to do with metabolism, like your body's not quick the metabolism. I just wanted to know what level is. But I would say it's still better to see a doctor. Yeah, just just to be sure

00:58:32--> 00:58:59

what it is because sometimes the body can react in different ways, right? So you need to be sure what it actually is. Some people are diabetic and things that they don't even know that right? Until they go to a doctor get a full blood test. Then they realized that there's something happening. It's also permissible to use oil on your body. It's like you know, you know, perfumes, these are also permitted, you know as well.

00:59:00--> 00:59:03

But you have to realize in terms of your breath

00:59:04--> 00:59:11

that you know, there is a thing called Halluf femicide him and that is bad breath of a person who's fasting

00:59:12--> 00:59:22

no matter what you do, you will not be able to make your breath to be perfect. Nicely because if bad breath is coming from your stomach up

00:59:24--> 00:59:26

okay, and especially by the time after ASA

00:59:27--> 00:59:33

you know, so it's better to be especially in the end of the day, not so social, right?

00:59:34--> 00:59:37

Especially up in the face social just take it easy.

00:59:38--> 00:59:51

And some people have a way of sometimes a little rude but they have a way of talking to somebody and sort of like stepping back a little bit. You know, or, or like, like talking like this, but that can be rude if the person is not a Muslim, right?

00:59:53--> 00:59:57

But you're not going to stop the bad smell from your mouth.

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

And the promises of them said

01:00:00--> 01:00:10

This smell is sweeter to Allah than the sweetest musk, the sweetest perfume, that smell. It's sweet to Allah, me just suffering. Right?

01:00:12--> 01:00:18

Right. So that's, that's a good thing. So don't think that you're going to defeat you know that and, you know,

01:00:19--> 01:00:29

take it easy, you know, take it easy. Now in the end. Again, this is the point, you know, you're excused if you swallow your own saliva.

01:00:30--> 01:00:45

Okay? And then also, like I say, if vomiting comes up, as long as it's not self induced vomiting, then you know, You're excused. Okay? If you're outside inhaling dust

01:00:46--> 01:00:49

or you know, smoke from the streets

01:00:50--> 01:00:58

or if you happen to be in a room or a place and somebody's you know, smoking marijuana and they blow the smoke and you smelled it

01:01:00--> 01:01:01

is not going to break your fast.

01:01:03--> 01:01:17

Okay, it is excused, excusable, but you try to avoid it as much as possible. Some people who work in jobs where there's a lot of dust and things, they might ask these questions, maybe even good to cover yourself with a mask.

01:01:19--> 01:01:20

Quick question.

01:01:21--> 01:01:22

Anybody has any more questions?

01:01:24--> 01:01:26

Yeah, go ahead. Online.

01:01:27--> 01:01:28


01:01:29--> 01:01:33

Okay, we asked that question, she went and we asked

01:01:35--> 01:01:36

nothing else.

01:01:37--> 01:01:58

Okay, so the floor is open. Okay, eating and drinking by mistake. We said that if you eat and drink by mistake, then Allah has given you that drink. And given you that food. It happens on the first day of something. The person just by mistake, they just naturally drink the water. That is Oh, no, it's Ramadan.

01:02:00--> 01:02:01

That was given to you by Allah.

01:02:02--> 01:02:05

Because you've made a mistake. Right?

01:02:06--> 01:02:12

But not, you know, to continue drinking. Once you know, you got to stop.

01:02:14--> 01:02:19

What happens if you intentionally break your fast? Yeah, so can you say

01:02:20--> 01:02:33

I tap out? Yes. So so this is something that we were gonna go on, it's a little bit higher level. But you know, that person has to, they have to do cut fodder. They have to now pay

01:02:34--> 01:02:39

to to cut that's a major sin that they did intentionally break in the fest.

01:02:41--> 01:02:51

Okay, it's not again, the person is not sick, and they can't make it or anything like that. No, no Muslim, who just started and they didn't realize that's going to hit them like this. That's okay.

01:02:52--> 01:03:22

But somebody who's in Islam and whatever, they intentionally break their fast, then, you know, they have to, you know, you know, free a slave, you know, which we don't have slavery here. Now, some people say, pay bail for a Muslim in jail or something? I don't know, I don't know if that qualifies as the same as slavery, right? But, or else, you know, you have to, you know, feed 60 Poor people, you have to fast for like, you know, two months consecutively.

01:03:24--> 01:03:25

So, this is no joke, right?

01:03:26--> 01:03:31

fast for two months consecutively of feed 60 poor people.

01:03:32--> 01:03:34

Okay, because it's serious thing.

01:03:35--> 01:04:03

That changes depending on your scholars school of thought. So, there were when I had this one question, is it sinful to follow to switch between schools of thought based on your knifes, like your desires? Yeah, I mean, this a little higher level class question for our class. But there are different scholars who have codified, you know, Islamic practices, and they're called schools of thought,

01:04:04--> 01:04:18

within the people of the Sunnah. And if a person is just jumping in between one scholar, that the playing games, to try to get the easy way out that that is not right. However, if your school of thought says something,

01:04:19--> 01:04:36

and another person comes along with a Hadith from the prophet that says you're allowed to do something else, then you can follow the Prophet because the scholars never came along, to try to stand in the face, or in the way of the Prophet SAW. So they never came for this.

01:04:37--> 01:04:44

But the wrong thing is that intention of jumping between one and another, to get the easy way out that that's not right.

01:04:45--> 01:04:49

This alternative of feeding the poor, right.

01:04:52--> 01:04:59

Like in the case of missed pass, or things like that, is there another way of doing it like if you don't have access to like 60 copies?

01:05:00--> 01:05:39

What can you do need to devise change or something like that? Yes. So this is a good question. Because today, especially here, in the GTA, unless you went to certain sections of Toronto, they're pretty bad. But we have set up and most of the mustards have set up, you'll see boxes on the front of the mosque. And one of them is saying, like figure, it is saying this, especially for people who are who are breaking their fists, so you can give it to that. And the mosque takes responsibility to take that money and give it they can't use it for to clean the building or not. They have to feed the people with that money.

01:05:40--> 01:05:47

So it's set up for that. So you'll be able to give it there in the masjid and that's that will make it easy.

01:05:48--> 01:06:12

Yeah, and who determines like the rate in terms of okay, how much is reasonable? Right, so So the scholars now determine that it might be slightly different mustards you know, here are Sheikh Mohammed cootie we will see the figures I don't know how they announced the definitive price now so they will announce the actual costs for the future. Yeah, but it's around $10 So sometimes it changes you know slightly

01:06:13--> 01:06:35

you know, some people are really literal. So they say it was used to be like a saw like a certain quantity of barley or dates. And if you took that much how much would it actually costs? So they said no, I can buy this much barley for $5 but when you look at the situation here if you're going to feed that person in those days that would affect them.

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But in these days what is $5 going to buy you you can hardly buy Tim Hortons

01:06:43--> 01:06:56

you can't get a meal for $5 So that's why they balanced it out to be like somewhere around $10 where at least you can get some decent thing you know, you know for a meal free for you each day.

01:06:58--> 01:06:59

Go ahead

01:07:03--> 01:07:07

incense Yeah, just burning incense the smoke does not break the fast

01:07:12--> 01:07:12


01:07:18--> 01:07:20

Good question. Yeah, in this case, it is it is.

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It is.

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So, we're going to break here for the Salah, and next week we're going to continue on in this will do a slight review and then go on to some other points, but think about questions of Ramadan, and your fasting inshallah. And we'll see you again next week. Raka Eduardo hamdulillah herbal Atomy was salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.