Book of Belief & I’tisam from Sahih Al Bukhari – Episode 01
Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem
File Size: 28.25MB
(Day 1 Session 1 Part 1)
Manda Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen
wa shanwa La ilaha illallah wa de la sharika wash and Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa. He was a big woman and he had he was Western vicinity in a DD
as salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
The book we're about to study chapters of his, as agreed upon all scholars of Islam the most authentic book after Kitab Allah the Quran
therefore when we study so he Han Bukhari we are actually learning our Deen from the most authentic source after the Quran.
usually, we would introduce who is Mohammed debonis married al Bukhari and what is his Sahih the book of Jamia so here what is it, but I think that this is irrelevant
because everyone knows what sorry halmahera is and what caliber is an Imam Hamad Al Bukhari
therefore, the Sahih is compiled of 73 chapters if I'm not mistaken,
beginning with Khattab bit ye ending with keytab at the heat
sufficient for you to know that one of the great scholars of a Shafi method mm even her job took about 20 years
to write his book for Turnberry
Chateau Sahih al Bukhari 20 years if you take this as a project of a lifetime, it would not
be underestimated because what is 20 years
in life, yet 780 centuries after his death will still benefiting from his book.
So, to come today
in an attempt to study two of the 73 chapters
in less than a total of 10 hours
worthy of giving the book its
level and appreciation, but in nowadays times, it is difficult
to devote more than that, especially in your professional life.
So we would like to utilize it to the best of our abilities. The book that you have
is Maupassant. It is not the full fledged book of alcoholics Buhari. Because of the amendment Buhari may Allah have mercy on his soul.
He was a muhandis
meaning that he
had the knowledge of the sciences of Hadith.
And he memorized all variations of Hadith. And he knew everything that went into that chain of narrators lives so he knows who zaharie is, or Sophia and Rowena or unmesh mesh or Arusha, every single one. He knew them and knew whether they're worthy of
being part of the chain of narrators or not. So he was mo had this. He knew everything about Hadith, but like the scholars of his time,
he was also a fatty.
So he had his own
understanding of jurisprudence and
and this is why the scholars say,
fit the whole email emammal Buhari fee Tara Jimmy he
the tip of Buhari in Sahaja you don't find him saying
This or that? Do you? You go through this or Hey, it's all a Hadith of the Prophet as yourself okay Where is his flip? Where is his understanding? The understanding is in the titles of
the chapters we are reading now, this is where he puts his flip in few words in a sentence or less.
So, when we go and try to study it, we find that a memorable heart in his soul he used one single Hadith in 1015, maybe 20 different chapters
and this is why one gets confused, he remembers that there is a hadith for example
of in the mallamma lineage. So he finds this in really, he finds this this in somewhere else in marriage and so on. To Why is he repeating the same Hadith because one single Hadith can be used in different chapters. For example,
is someone shooting me?
So I will know where to move.
when went once and spent the night at mmm Adam Campbell's house
and that morning time, the maid said to Mr. Mohammed, is this the man you claim that he's a great Imam said yes. Why? She said he is not a good Imam. I left water for him to make Moodle for night prayer. And I came at fudger time and he did not use the water meant, which meant that he did not perform they emulated so he smiled. He prayed fudger while going back with Imam Shafi. He told him about what the maid said.
And the chef indeed said yes, I did not pray night prayer.
You remember why? He said I spent the whole night thinking about the Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari where the Prophet said that is salatu salam to a young brother of nsmt Malik. Yeah, about Omar Masha, Allah knew
he was a 40 year old child. And he had the bird in a cage, and the bird died.
So he said to him, yeah, about romaine. He's Nick naming this child about romaine as if he has a child by the name of Rama.
What did the bird do?
So he said, I spent the whole night thinking about this hadith. And I got only 80 points benefited from these four words.
What kind of a scholar would come with 80 points from such a statement one, the permissibility of giving nicknames to people who do not have children to nicknaming the children, three, the permissibility of keeping birds and subsequently hunting in Medina. Unlike
Makkah, it is prohibited to hunt in Makkah, which means that being a harem, like maca does not mean the same rulings because you can hunt. in Medina, well, you cannot hunt in Mecca for the permissibility of caping. live animals in a cage. And this would not be considered as torture. Five dying in a cage without any shortcomings of yours is not sinful. Because this is from Allah, unlike the cat that was kept at the woman's house, until she died, Allah admitted her to hell because that was a sin. And he went on listing at points from this hadith. Therefore, the scholars used to do this, they would not simply come to a Hadith, learn what it means the interpretation of words and
move on, they would try to milk that Hadith for every single bit of information that would benefit them into getting into general. This is really
our aim is not only to know,
because if realm was to know shavon would be the biggest scholar
wouldn't hate the police was with the angels not from the angels. Allah stated clearly a lot of the Muslims have confusion.
was not from the angels. He was from the jinn. But he was upgraded to a level where he was with the angels and was commanded to Prostrate to Adam, but he refused. Would anyone accused him of not knowing, maybe he was negligent, maybe he was absent minded in you. Therefore, knowledge is to understand it from all types and directions and to implement it in our lives. So we have two chapters to study one quite long, which is kuttabul.
As a man, your organizational speak,
is this go? Ha, kita bl, e man. And then we have a short chapter, which is kuttabul. Eric disarm being short does not mean it is of lesser significance, but this is the Hadees in it. And I pray to Allah that we benefit from this course. In a sense that we get closer to Allah, that we increase our knowledge, and that we implement this knowledge in our lives. Okay, who will read?
chapter one, Islam is based on this before chapter one does it say in the book something.
Book of belief, we would like to begin with this issue book of belief. In Arabic, it's called kita. Bull. He man. So as an introduction, what do we know about a man?
A man, as in the famous hadith of gibreel, we know that when jabril came to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, he asked him about few things. What is Islam? What is the man? What is sad? And then he asked him about the hour at the conclusion. prophets Prophet says la Sato Sam had gibreel attacco your ullamco omura Deacon he came to teach you matches of your deen so he man is part of our Deen. However,
when we talk about the 70 plus
branches of man, or 60, plus Hadith, authentic and another Hadith
when we speak about the oma being divided into 73, sects, all of them are in hell except one insha Allah, we are among this one.
Where is the fault when we talk about 72 being in health, it is in the definition, the understanding the implementation of a man. Therefore, it is very important to understand what emotion is the classifications of it and how it is understood by other sects? Where did they go wrong? Now, this would be applicable if we were talking about
a course in aqeedah. Then Yes, this would be relative, but now we are talking about in general chapter of a man dealing with the ahaadeeth in Mufasa as a DD officer, Swahili member Buhari, so the book of belief What do we mean by belief, linguistically?
in Arabic and a man is to believe
believe is the belief.
This was very difficult.
Allah azza wa jal says woman, meaning Lana, while acuna saw the key, the brothers abusive when they came, they said to him that you will not believe in what we're saying even if we were truthful. So in linguistic belief, are a man means to believe
in technical terms in terms related to either a man has two meanings.
One meaning is the whole of religion,
which includes this lamb email
A son, acts of the heart, acts of the tongue, acts of the organs. All of this is included in a man this is one part of it.
And remember Shafi
reported the consensus of all scholars that a man, belief of the heart
and the speech of the tongue and the actions of the whole body, it's a full package. It's not only the actions of the heart, Allah azza wa jal, when he addresses
the believers in the Quran does he only addresses those who believe in their hearts or the whole Muslims? Allahu Allah, you will move meaning Allah azzawajal is the ally of the believers, believers in the sense of a man or a sense of Islam, a man sn in everything that they do.
The Prophet when he said Allah, his salatu salam, Al Jenna, would not be entered, except by a believing soul was the Prophet telling us that even the Muslims will not enter it only they were leaving. So all or he was mentioning a general description. This is the description or the general description where he man refers to what
it refers to Islam as a whole, it refers to the whole religion. So it's not a branch of Islam, it is Islam itself. Allah azzawajal says, In the beginning of the Quran, Surah Al Baqarah, when he talks about the motor cane, that they pray, and they believe in the unseen and cetera, et cetera, et cetera.
Now, there are people
or sex for example, Alma Tesla, and those who go their way, like me rondi, they say that a man is only to believe.
So, under this definition, even the Jews are considered to be meaning because they believe
jam even soft one and the Jamia are those who dismantle and they say that Allah has no say fat. So Allah does not have a hearing ability or attribute he does not see Allah azzawajal does not speak, Germania. They dismantle all of these attributes. So they say that Eman is knowledge.
And this is nonsense, to acknowledge that there is a lot every single Kaffir acknowledges that there is even the atheists, but they do not say it. So this cannot be a man algea they said that you have to admit with your tongue, that you are a believer This is sufficient.
So again, without doing good deeds, this would mean that even the hypocrites who used to pray with the Muslims who used to claim that the Prophet is a prophet of Allah can fall under the category of email and so on.
I had assumed that you will Gemma, this agree with all of that, they say that a man is to believe with your heart and to acknowledge this verbally and that you have to act upon it yet
acting upon it is not a condition in accepting it.
Because if it was a condition, then the hawara edge would come and say
if you do not act upon it, then you recover. And we would share this with them. No, we acknowledge that acting is needed. But it is not a condition in making it complete. or making it let me rephrase that in making it valid. Meaning if you don't have action, it's not valid. And if you have actions it's valid No, it is needed it is required that is part of an IE man.
definition of a man is when it is associated with something else. The first definition
When a man is used alone, so it refers to Dean, we've gone through that. The second way of using a man is when it is associated with something else, as in the case of Islam. So when Omar Hadith may Allah be pleased with him when jabril asks, What is Islam?
We will have these five issues now, what is the man we will have the six pillars of Eman? Now they are used together. Then what is it? What is the meaning when they use together they defer
what does it mean?
For a poor
needy. When they separate they all mean the same. He is for care. He is miskeen. This the same thing. When they are together, each one has a specific meaning. So for key who has not who does not have enough at all.
Maybe he has lunch but not dinner. miskeen is someone who's better. He has dinner he has lunch he has home to live in, but he doesn't have sufficient funding to make give him a normal life. So there may not have dinner
and miskeen is someone's better may or may not have rent to pay but he has a house may not have money to go for medication, but its kids go to school. So this is the difference. And there are so many things in Sri are in the Quran. When they are joined, each one has a different meaning and when they're separated they're okay such as Islam, and email. When we say al Islam, generally without mentioning a man, it is included in it. And when we say a man without mentioning Islam, Islam is embedded in it but when we say al Islam or a man, we come to a difference.
Allah says in Surah 200 chapter 49 Allah Allah boo ah
lamb terminology Polo as lemna Okay, then there is a difference because they're used together. But throughout the Quran, in the lilina ama, no one saw the hat, which means that when they are together Islam and Eman Islam means the actions that are apparent. Allahu Allah, what's in your heart, while a man means the beliefs that are hidden. So when we come to the Pillars of Islam,
the Shahada, then we have prayer, fasting, Zakat Hajj, you can see all of that with your own eyes. But when we come to Eman and to Amina Villa, where you will ask him when Mara kawakita when they began, ba, well, etc. So these are all hidden things.
You get my point while you're asleep.
Anyone who has confusion, when alone, it all means even Islam, the man religion, when combined. Islam refers to the actions that are apparent we can see like solids or calcium, while he man refers to the hidden beliefs and actions mainly of the heart. So, this is in a nutshell, an introduction to
the book, which is capable as a man we begin with the first heading.
Principles very typical in
Islam is based on the following five principles to justify that man has the right to be worshipped when applied.
To offer the compulsory congregation prayers you can fully and perfectly
that is obligated to charity
to observe zone pass during the month of Ramadan
Hadith narrated by
Eben Omar, may Allah be pleased with him. He's Abdullah Omar M. nasaka. One of the great companions
Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam and one of the great pioneers and scholars of Medina, along with zedi mytholmroyd, whom all what we have of knowledge from Medina comes from them to. Now this hadith
an Imam Al Bukhari reported it in Islam is based on five principles. One would argue, if we are studying the book of a man, why does he bring this hadith?
What would be the answer?
I just spent 10 minutes describing
and explaining because a man when
use the lawn it includes Islam, which is the dean and this is why he's bringing you the definition of Islam in the book of a man because this is part of a man. And the Hadith
mentions the five pillars of Islam.
The first pillar that Islam is based upon is the Shahada.
But I think that it would be
appropriate to read the Hadith in Arabic as well, because so many times the translation fails, or the translator puts some info into it or takes some info out of it so that he would make it easy for you. So he thinks you have the Arabic Okay, I live near amarante Allahu Allahu Akbar, Allah Nabi sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam, booney al Islam, Allah hams Islam was built.
Here he says Islam is based. So I'm translating from my head. Islam is built. So Allah azza wa jal, or the profits of asylum is giving us the example as if Islam is a foundation or a building. So the building of Islam is based on these five pillars. Now one would claim and say hello, so if I do these five pillars, it's sufficient. No, you can live in a house
on the structure of a house, but you need paint.
You need windows, you need doors, you need air conditioning, you need
etc. So these are the foundations of Islam, which are one, the greatest of all pillars as Shahada, the testimony, shahadat Allah ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasulullah what he or miss saw that when he is caught while Haji was only Ramadan, here, you find that Hajj and some Ramadan in other narrations replaced so the fourth is fasting. And the fifth is hedge here, it's the other way around. The order does not give any much significance. narrator's narrated it this way. And that way, it's the same thing.
Now when we come to Islam, what does Islam mean?
It comes from the word peace, as some would like to say, Islam has two meanings. One, a general meaning in Diener in the law of Islam Verily, the religion between brackets accepted by Allah is Islam. Which means that the religion of all messengers and prophets of Allah was what was Islam.
This is the general
meaning of Islam. There is submitting your will to Allah azza wa jal.
The angels are Muslims.
Yes or no.
Allah ordered them to bow to add them.
They submitted their will and they bout or they mushrik
for doing this, they have this is submission Allah tells you to bow your bow Allah tells you don't bow you don't bow.
So this is the general meaning of Islam. Ibrahim, Allah tells him your 14 year old child
Take him down and slaughter him. What did he say?
Yes, oh Lord. And he did that.
The Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam is one of so many prophets and messengers, and the common denominator of them all that they submitted their will to Allah, worshipping only Allah, this is Islam. Then we have the other meaning of Islam, which is a specific meaning, and that is the religion given to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam through the divine revelation of the Quran.
And this is different than the other is that in Islam, the religion of Allah, which is our religion, we have five daily prayers. We first Ramadan, we give Zakat we perform hajj, can anyone say that this type of Islam was done by Moses by Musa?
Was it his religion? No religion of Raisa? No, they had their own law,
the main principle which is submission, they all share that they all submitted their will to Allah, they obey the law, whatever Allah revealed, they followed. So they're all Muslims, which means every single Prophet and Messenger are Muslims, from Adam, till the Prophet Mohammed Allah salatu wa sallam in the first definition, but by the second meaning of Islam, which is the five daily prayers the Quran and the Hadith, the son, this is only for the oma of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wasallam
Are you with me?
what is the first
to testify that man has the right to worship Allah
in Arabic shahadat, to testify, but it is one, not to testimony one,
but he mentioned to, to testify that there is no god worthy of being worshipped except a law and that his Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wasallam. So why did they make them into one
and not two? Simply because one includes both. When you say, I read all who Allah had in solid, do you mean only this verse? Or do you refer to the whole surah you refer to the whole surah so the Arabs usually use a lot of abbreviations abbreviations. So instead of saying I read hola had a lot of some of them.
They said, this is cool. Hola. Likewise, I said the Shahada. One says,
one or two.
I said the Shahada.
I said the Shahada team. So there's no reason for that. One is by default in cluded, with the other. So what does this Shahada mean? First of all, the first part of the Shahada, Shahada to toe heat, the greatest phrase ever said, by a human being, there is nothing greater than a shadow La ilaha illa Allah. But here, this Shahada is divided into two sentences or phrases. One is a negation
a shadow, Allah, Allah.
I confirm and testify that there is no god.
Oh, Mashallah, you're an atheist.
Yes, you wait until I finish. You hear the one who said it. And this is a problem when we do tawaf.
in Harlem, we hear the people they give him money to say the car for them. So he lives in LA and they say
maka, they're all saying there is no God. There is no God. And then he says, Illallah
except Allah, it is not recommended at all to separate them. But sometimes Unfortunately, when we have new reverts wanting to say the Shahada, you tell him a shadow Allah ilaha illa Allah is
he cannot say it is too difficult. So you have to break it down to a shadow is us hado
Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah ha, you repeat it once, twice until he says it well, then in LA LA LA LA is very easy. Then you explain to him that it is that there is no god worthy.
The word worthy is not found in the Arabic. So why do we say it? Because if I say it as follows, there is no God.
worship other than Allah, there is no god worship other than Allah is this true?
People would say, No, Buddha is worshipped other than Allah. The idols are worshipped other than Allah. So how do you say there are, there is no god worship other than Allah, so many gods we have. But when you insert the word worthy, only Allah azza wa jal is worthy of being worshipped. So this is needed to insert so it would give it a better meaning there is no God in Arabic, we know this. And this is why the Arabs with the Prophet came to them and said to them, are they salatu salam, c'est la ilaha illa Allah, and the whole of Arabia will follow you, you will lead them you will own them. They refused. Because they knew that the implication of saying La ilaha illAllah that we do
not worship our gods, we do not follow our whims and desires, we do not have legislation other than what Allah has revealed. This is too much for us. So they refused.
So the first part of the testimony to negate there is no God.
And the second part is to confirm except Allah azza wa jal who is worthy of being worshipped. And this means that anyone who associates other with allies origin cannot be considered to be Muslim at all, he will not be accepted. Allah azza wa jal says, what are called the BATNA fecal matter basura.
Near boodle wha, wha? Wha hoo. And we certainly sent into every nation and messenger saying, worship Allah and avoid pervert,
confirmation and negation.
And Laszlo gel says. So whoever this believes in port, and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa sallam highlights the importance of Shahada to toe hate La ilaha illAllah. It's a statement that we rarely say it except in salaat. We do not say it in our daily routine, frequently, but we should. The Prophet said la salado Salamanca heruka Romina dunya, La ilaha illallah wa ala Jenna, whoever last words of this dunya before he dies, is La ilaha illa Allah, he would enter Jannah and this is why whenever someone is on his dying bed, we try our level best to what to make him say the Shahada. Now, if someone is
on his dying bed, how frequently Should I tell him to say la ilaha illAllah every minute, five minutes or 15?
What do you think?
every every one minute once
and hello Salif. Ah,
the sooner is to sell him c'est la ilaha illAllah. If he says it, leave him unless he says something else. Get me some water please. You get him the water and say the Illa hi Lola and you do not directly say that to him.
You do not say uncle Salalah a llama
because this would be a little bit aggressive. Some
The people on the dying beds would become
defiant, arrogant and said I don't want to see.
So what do you say? You say it on your own. Here's the water. So nice weather La ilaha illAllah he immediately said anyone in front of you it's a lie that lie you will automatically repeat it but when you say directly say that a lot a lot.
And you start shaking him say La la la la.
This is not the way of doing it. There is an etiquette for that.