Channel: Asim Khan
Series: Asim Khan - Tafseer Surah Luqman
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
wa salatu salam
nabina Muhammad in while he was here he married my parents and Mr. de
la he of our cattle dearest brothers and sisters, and welcome to the continuation of the sale of this very magnificent Surah Surah Luqman The 31st are on Sharla Today we will be beginning the story of local man's advice to his son. And perhaps inshallah we'll cover maybe just two of those verses verse 12 and 13. In today's lesson shall let us begin with the recitation of that part of the Quran.
Our beloved, he means Shane banyuwangi.
huami COVID. In Kulina See, woman cafe in ma helwani.
Calm color, no comma, no labor any way
shape and color
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or salat wa salam ala MB mursaleen Nabina Muhammad and while earning a sacrifice.
What follows now is a full passage on whole page of Quran dedicated to what somebody once said to his son. This somebody was known to the Arabs of that time, the Quraysh of Makkah during the life of the process of knew about this figure, knock man they knew about him being an Hakeem being a very wise person as well. Now, he spoke to someone and he gave his son some words of advice. Now those words of advice was so powerful, so rich in meaning and beneficial that Allah subhana wa tada took those words and revealed it to the process alum and by extension all of us, so we too could learn from those words.
Now, as we usually do, we ask the question, what is the link between this verse these verses rather verse 12 onwards, which speak about man and his advice to his son, which generally focuses Okay, the main gist objective behind his
advice to his son was to get him to absolve himself from the ship that he was doing his son was a missionary, and appreciate and affirm and believe in the heat of a Lost Planet, Allah this was the main objective.
And we will come to how, you know, he managed to convey that message to him through these words, but so this is the basic message of these this passage, teaching his son to hate and speaking about the the falsity of shirk before that, okay, came the verses were law related signs Kusum our T will help us on our radiometer this universe and everything that you can take is held up there without any almond yeah without any columns or pillars.
And then the ayat about the creatures with a fee included and about the plants of vegetation how they come forth and about the the rain how it comes down, and through it so much life comes about and that alone ended that passage by speaking about beloved barley Muna fee barley movie in about the machinery that they shipped with a lot was a clay show of the misguidance Okay, so that and now moving to look, man, yeah, well, Tina look man chicken about this man. Look, man, his advice to his son. What is the connection between this passage and the previous passage? In fact, let's make it even more open. What's the pledge read this passage and everything that came before right away from
the very beginning about women in nursery ministry now how do you all the way down to that end of that page, and now this beginning about a local man and advice to his son, who can possibly
relate to us a link between this and that
For the example
Okay, this is okay Mashallah. Mashallah Mohammed Brother Mohammed Masha Allah said that in the previous passage Allah speaking in general terms about Shere Khan the prohibition of making sure to Allah and affirming his door shade. This is like, if you like theoretical, yeah about the ayatollah think about them. But then Allah brings all of this in the form of a figure last month, in a how he lived those beliefs and moreover communicated them with his son. Perhaps a lot of this seems to be a good a good link that can be made, I haven't come across him so but it seems good, Mashallah. Anyone else?
Anyone else can think of a possible link between the previous passages.
I was the link, for example between a last worker woman and as you may have seen, and heard these people that speak, you know, false speech or are busy in entertainment all the time. And now coming to this figure,
and also about his speech to his son. This seems to be a link there isn't another comparison that that at least opposite extreme. You've got Amina nassima, yesterday in the Hadith, that all they engaged in is false speech, useless speech has no meaning.
But now on the other side of the spectrum, there is look man and look at his speech. So amazing it was revealed in the Quran. Yeah, this can be looked at as another thing. A Shogun Rahim Allah and His the seal, boat, another link, a very amazing link, to be honest. He said, You see before Allah spoke about his science, that he created the similar behavior. So he's relating to us, though,
in terms of Apple, talking about affirming the oneness of Allah, and the prohibition of shift from a very intellect intellectual, if you like perspective, from the perspective of the mind, if you think about the universe, and the ways creating the great way that it is reflecting therefore, the greatness of the Creator, then intellectually or the Russian, the atom suggests that it's true, he should be the only one that you worship and taking data is beneath him is wrong. And then Allah took the nakliye approach, the Napoli approach is to in the text to show that something is coming down also, that affirms the same thing, but in another way. So the story of lokmanya is coming down, and
it's firmly the same thing. But from a Napoli perspective, from a textual perspective, that this is this is not just something that you can think of your mind and come to the conclusion of, but also there's a story. One of the stories is this, and she's coming down and this also relates the same thing, but from an luckily perspective. Anyway, those are three links that any type this passage to the previous passage, okay, so verse 12,
palapa Athena, Look, man, Chiquita, anish karela so briefly, what is the the bio of this physical Look, man now, people may know many things about this figure Look, man.
However, what we find in the driver's seat, actually, firstly, what we find in the Koran in this passage is that there is not many details given there's not a there's not any
talking about when he lived. What was his full name? Where did he come from? Yeah, what was his lineage? etc, etc, etc. which shows us like we would like to explain sort of the scene about us herbal Perea certain details injury missing, and people like to know about those details, when do they live? Exactly? Was he a prophet yes or no tell us but the reality is a larger light didn't relate that to us, which in turn implies that those details are not really relevant. In fact, knowing those details or chasing chasing after those finer details will become obstacles to the real lessons behind his story. This is something said portable Rahim Allah actually mentioned in his the
field that we think that the stories seem to lack certain details, or are disjointed they move from this part to the next part. But the reality is that is intended by Allah. Allah didn't give us those details for a reason why because people will start thinking about those details and forget about the most important things. Okay. However, there are a few details which relate ethnocracy in LBI, when we hire mentioned the story of Lockman and he told us a number of things Firstly, it is said that he came from habit Okay, which is modern day Ethiopia Eritrea area that it is said he lived during the time
Doubt at a salon, the salon the profit though that is wrong, he lived from his time. He was a black man. And in before he matured in his community and became well known in his community as being a wise person, he was formerly a slave. He was said to be a slave before. Then he rose in rank amongst his community and his people and he became a party he became a judge.
Now, one of the reasons he managed to become a judge from being slave is because of his profound hikma. Yeah, for his profound wisdom, I because they mentioned a number of stories that they heard of those great news about that pointed towards his wisdom. One of them is that when he was a slave, his master said to him, sacrifice sheep and bring me the two best parts of that sheep. Which parts is bring? Does anyone know?
The brain, the heart, and yes, the heart and the tongue. So he brought to him the heart and the tongue. Okay.
Another similar incident, he told him again, sacrifice, but this time bring me the two worst parts of the sheep. And he brought in
the same thing, the heart and the tongue. So the Master said, I asked you to bring me the best to before and you brought me the heart and the tongue, but this time I told you being the worst, and again, you bring the heart and done, why not months and years, because if the heart and Tango pure, they are the best part of the body, and if they are corrupt, then indeed the other worst part of the body tune in in those words, you know, it is amazing to see the wisdom behind the man.
They are the stories were not mentioned them, but fair to say that he was well known for his wisdom in his speech and the way he used to think.
Okay, now, in terms of his full name, it is said that his full name is Look, man abney. Ron,
Besides his wisdom, he was also known for his birth of a lot, okay, so he was known to be a very righteous man, that was something else he was known to be a very righteous man. So it was not he was just a person who was very wise. No, he was a worship of Allah, who was also extremely wise. Now, when he became a judge, a man came to him once and said, you were asleep just yesterday, and you became a judge. Now, how did you manage to become a judge just like this? And he gave four reasons as to why he attained this position amongst his contemporaries. He said, firstly, it is by the father of a lot. Number one, he, if you like, gave the praise of his position, not to himself, but
to unless it is by the court of law. Then he said it is by fulfilling the Amana of others fulfilling the trust people trusted me with things, and I fulfill those trusts. I was true to those trust. That was number two. Number three, he said by being truthful in speech, yeah, being truthful in speech. And number four, he said by not engaging in things that doesn't concern me, man. Yeah. These words mad me, are also the words of the prophets that are long while they were selling him in Islam in Mali in Turku, Mala. mala, yeah, me the same things from other processes, as well. That from the goodness of a person's Islam, or from the perfection, rather Islam is that he leaves off nada, yani
that which is of no concern to him. So he mentioned that was a fourth thing that I did these four things, or these three things rather. So I became what you see me today, I moved from being a slave to a party.
Okay, the next question which a lot of people want to know the answer is, was he a prophet or not? Was he a prophet? Or do we say Look man, or a Salaam? Or do we not? Even if you say, Look, man, Annie Salaam and he wasn't a prophet, it is not incorrect to say upon Mbps, right. So the question rather still stands? Was he a prophet not now even for him online is obscene. He said that most of them have assumed said no, no, he is not a prophet. Rather, he was a righteous man who was also very wise and that is the view of most of Assyrian.
There is a statement that goes back to academia or the amount on a companion who said no, he was he was from the prophets. He was one of the prophets. However, this is a minority opinion.
The only other point to mention is about his son because this passage is about McMahon, and his son, his son, all we know is that he was a Muslim. Yeah, this is confirmed that he was a mushrik whether or not he became a Muslim after
These pieces of advice laquan gave him that is what something that they differed upon. Some of them I've read said that Look, man continued in advising his son up until he became a Muslim. And others said no, he remained emotionally, you made a mistake. One other piece of piece of information we can also relate is that he wasn't a young boy, like use of s&m was a young boy in the beginning of his story in Iran. No, he was not just a young boy, he was
must have been over the age of puberty. Because otherwise, look, one would not be condemning him for doing [???] is just a child, and he couldn't be said, wouldn't be called a Muslim. It wouldn't be condemned to being a Muslim can even be advised against shear, etc, etc. So he was a man as well. And obviously was a lot older than him. That's something else to bear in mind.
now, going to
first of all, there are three words that we want to explain.
Alas, it will occur the Athena lookman chicama. Allah game hikma, what does that mean linguistically, before we go to the signal schema, they said it comes from a root of hacker, hacker, okay, which means to curb to restrain to govern, to govern. That's why you get the word hacking, the judge who governs and makes decisions between people we use known as the hacking.
So hekima then relates to two main things, having knowledge, and also having wisdom, with that knowledge, having knowledge and having wisdom with that knowledge. In fact, what we'll find is that
it's more to do with the application of knowledge. Yeah, the application of knowledge. So we'll come to that when you go to the seat, but we're just looking at linguistically a lot at the end of this versus woman cafe in the law, her attorney, what is Ronnie mean? It means means basically three things.
It means that you are free from want of anything else. It means that you are independent, and it means that you can do without others. Yeah, that's why the rich person is also called honey. Why is he called honey because of his money. It allows him not to depend on other people because he can spend his money and take care of your own self. Interestingly, the alanya milania in Arabic is used to refer to the beautiful woman.
Now the why the reason they call her Rania from the root honey is because she doesn't need cosmetics. Because she's so beautiful. She's in No need of the makeup. So they said she is alone is a beautiful woman.
And then the next word is having paralysis in the law of Annie Yoon Hamid. Hamid
comes from root of Hamad, which means to praise to commend but also to be worthy of praise as well. You can praise any many things but what which of those things is truly deserving of praise when he said something is Hamid, it means that you are praising him and moreover, he deserves and is worthy of that praise. So when we refer to Allah subhanho wa Taala it means that he is worthy of great praise worthy of great praise.
now that we spoke about the link between this verse and the previous verses, now let's get to the actual words themselves.
Allah said well, aka the Athena man hikmah Allah, Tina Lockman, something Allah gave lookman something now here they said that this
Tina it young refers to Allah inspiring Look, man, yeah, inspiring Look, man, this is why you find there is a difference of opinion as to does this inspire, relate to washi? In which case it would be a prophet or does it relate to in harm in harm is a type of inspiration? Yeah, if it refers to just inspiration then it can be said to not to be a prophet as well. In the Quran, what we find is that there are certain people that were inspired by Allah but they were not prophets. Can you tell me some of those people
okay, what verse suggests that he was inspired by a
very good barium is one restaurant and another lady and other woman
no way which was we thinking he just guessing
and there is also in sort of passes mentioned of the mother of masala cinemas. Oh,
What I love tea while tea phillium
Allah said to her, he phillium and in the beginning of that verse well he, you know, he lay her that we are hyena. We revealed her know We inspired her, inspired her she was not a prophet is rather she was being inspired by Allah to throw him into the river, and also to breastfeed him as well. So these were inspirations come from Allah to nonprofits. And this is another case Look, man. Now what did Allah inspire him with? hikma, a lion Spider Man hikma. So what was the hikma of Look, man, we spoke about hikma in terms of linguistic sense, but here is the hikma of local man that Allah subhanho wa Taala gifted him gifted him now here poverty. Rahim Allah said, The hikma of local man,
It comprises of three things. First is
of the deep understanding of the religion meaning understanding how Allah is supposed to be worshipped. That is the first thing having an understanding of the religion.
Number two, he had Apple, he had intelligence,
meaning he had knowledge.
Number three, he said usaba filopodial. He had this assortment. But what does that mean? It means that if Saba Saba means to hit to strike a target, like when you fire an arrow and hits a target, you say it has, you know, he has hit the mark asaba. In coal in speech, so means whenever he would speak to others, he would choose the right words to use at the right time in the right place. And that really is indicative of a person's wisdom, that they have knowledge, but they know how to relate that knowledge in its proper time in its proper place. Okay, like, here we are brothers.
I'm talking to you. And at the same time, this is not just you, there are sisters as well in another room, also listening here. So the person needs to reflect on you and to think Well, I'm not just speaking to these people. I'm speaking to sisters as well. Moreover, there's a camera so whatever I say will be heard by many other people, believers, non believers, etc, etc. So what I say I can say many ways. True. There's so many words that I could use to say what I want to say. But the right words to use in this situation, at least takes Heckman this takes wisdom. Yeah, so when a poverty said a slob in the poll, it meant that he had knowledge but he knew how to relate that knowledge in
its proper place in his proper time.
Okay, so that was the hikma of lukeman. Then Allah said anish called Lila anishka de la has to see this okay to tipss Allah said that he gave Lockman hikmah. And then initial could Linda Alicia lilla can either mean number one, that it is in order that look man would make shocker of me gave him hikma as a gift in order to be an
issue, she could laugh so that he would make sure occurred to me. That is the first one. The second interpretation is that this
is an area What that means is it's an explanation. So the second opinion is that Allah subhanho wa Taala said, because he was making sugar of me. I gave him hikma
Do you see how the two are? complimentary? One is that Allah gave him hikma in order that he would make sugar of me The other one is am I saying? Why did we give him hikma? We gave him sigma because initially law because he would make sugar to Allah Subhana Allah that is why we gave him this gift of sigma.
When Allah said what made woman Yes, good, whoever yes good whoever does sugar for him Allah Yes, Guru enough. See, then his sugar is only for his own self.
Whoever does sugar, his sugar is only for his own. So what do you think? This statement was then related? straight after saying what about the local man? Mata anish? kuruvilla What do you think is the connection here?
The link is that Allah is saying that why did we give him hikma in order that he will make sure but to me, that's amazing. And he Allah needs estimates you could no man Yes, you could find an ice cream.
It is not for me. I didn't give him hikma, so do shoot me because I need that sugar. know if any of you that sugar, that sugar only goes back to your own self. So don't think I gave him hikma in order to do sugar
Because I need to
know rather the reality is the opposite. He needed the sugar just like we all need that sugar. That's why I'm not sure. He said look here at the statement it is john Marshall. It is a conditional statement for men. Yes Good. If anyone does sugar then the job is yes good enough so he only does that for his own self now when
you know somebody does something for you, you reciprocate with a thanks with sugar right. So there is the one who's thinking he is the Shakir and then there's the one who's being attacked his the the Moscow is a Moscow. But even now I should look at this statement. There is no mention of the Moscow there's no mention of Allah. So as if Allah is saying that you do sugar
to the school me but I'm just showing you that even if you do sugar to me, I'm not the one who's going to benefit from it. You're the one who's going to benefit from it. It is just about you. And support Allah Allah subhanaw taala teaching us that number one as the brother said, if you do shocker to me, then I don't increase in my mind My majesty mind Dominion one iota.
So what is it that now you need to do sugar for your own self?
Because it was a benefit to you. Number two, that allow once assata Shakur to him because he loves to see us making sugar of him. He just loves to see it people sing and hamdulillah Allah. Thank you a laugh what you're giving me Allah loves to see that.
He loves to hear it from us. He likes us to feel that in our hearts. Okay, then Allah said woman cafaro. But if you do cover mean if you do Cooper Cooper has two meanings in the Quran. First is disbelief. And second is in gratitude. This belief and in gratitude, so here's about in gratitude. If you show ungratefulness to me, then you should know that in Allaha, honey Yun Hamid then Allah is Honey. Yeah, a lot, as we said, is in no need whatsoever of that sugar in the first place. So if you don't do it, it will not have any consequences upon Allah whatsoever. He is funny. He's not even in need of that in the first place.
Meaning you are the one who is going to lose out You are the one who is in need of that should not Allah
and then Allah said he is Hamid he is having meaning that if anyone deserved that sugar in the first place, it would have been Allah subhanaw taala for he is Worthy of all praise. In fact, the two come together, the fact that he is Ronnie
necessitates that he would have need also because if he is funny, he means he needs no one
implies that he's taking care of everyone
because everybody needs him.
If he takes care of every one of us, then it means he should have all of our praise to do you see how they both come together in perfect harmony? A lot is when he he doesn't need anyone rather he is the one giving everyone everything. And so if he gives everyone everything it means that he is the one who deserves a shocker praise and so he's Hamid
This is now
the lessons the lessons Okay.
Now hikmah wisdom, wisdom can be seen in many people believe is disbelievers. It is something that human beings have different levels of now, when it came to look, man, Allah said that he gave him hikmah but Allah didn't just say he had hikma a love and followed it up by saying that he made sugar over law. So it means that he had a particular type of hikma, he had the one of the highest grades of Hickman, he did not didn't have any wisdom, any wisdom for example, you know, a person showing wisdom could be this to people out there in the desert, and in on the horizon. They see some vultures circling. Okay, now one of the two says, Oh, look, this is the the second person says no,
this is a dead corpse they are this is an animal that's been fatally wounded. So the other guy says we're talking about he goes, No, no, that's what happens. Basically, when there's a, an animal that's about to die, the vultures come and start to and circulate. So that
other person he they both have knowledge but this one he sees further into things. He has a degree of hikma.
As for the heck of Lockman. It wasn't about looking out to other people.
Rather it was about his own self, he had the ability to look inwardly. When he looked inwardly he saw all of the blessings of Allah Subhana Allah, every single blessing of Allah, for them every single blessing but the blessings of Allah He saw them within him his own self.
And by recognizing the blessings, he made sure of Allah, Allah, Allah. So that hikma, the way it benefited Look, man, wasn't that he was able to put other people in their places. No, it was that he was able to recognize a loss blessing within his own self. And as a result, make sure of Allah subhanaw taala praise Allah and to thank him.
So these verses, they show us that this verse rather shows us that hikmah wisdom is of different grades. The highest grade of wisdom is what the prophets have. Here is what the prophets have.
And they after people like Look, man, okay, that one prophets, but yet they had a degree of hikma that made them better or worse because of a loss hangover. That is the purest form of wisdom.
The second second lesson in fact, we've discussed already the intended lack of detail about who lookman was, where he lived, what time etc, etc. The next verse, Allah subhanho, wa Taala said what you call a local man we live in he went
to Shrek villa in shilka lavon Moon now the first number 13.
What if now, this word right at the beginning, Ignacio said this links back to what came directly before? Meaning the words that look man gave to his son as advice were directly related to the Hekmat light given him.
Which shows us how long that look man first look, within his own self saw the blessings of Allah and that made him make sure to Allah, but then he looked around him. And where did you look? no further than his own son. That hikmah gave him the ability to do dour who do do doubt to first his own son. What if color look man if means remember? So remember when look man said liberty to his son?
Well, who Yeah, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa. Now, what this means this wow is known as a while of her. So it is a lie saying when look man said to his son, whilst he was admonishing him while she was monitoring What do you say? In that admonishment? Yeah, go near that yagoona to stick below very simple words. Oh, my son, don't do [???] with Allah. Now, the Wow, the wild howl is very important. It is if Allah is saying, actually, let me pose it to you as a question. What if I look man, Allah could have just said when Lockman said to his son law to stick pillar two would have been enough. Look man said don't do [???] with a lot Teresa. But Allah has added what Who are you whilst he was
admonishing his son. So what do you think? What extra any meaning? Or insight does that give us about local man and his son imagine Yanni. The two of them are there. And Allah is not saying that he just said to his son, but rather, Lockman said to his son was admonishing him. Oh, my son don't do shake with a lot. Can anyone any see extra benefit by Allah saying whilst he was admonishing his son, this gives an indication that it wasn't a one of
one day he sat down his son he said, Son, Listen, don't take with a lot. Okay? It's not right. No, well, who are ya whilst he was so he used to talk to his son often, he had a relationship with his son, he was close to his son. And on one such conversation
whilst he was admonishing him, so now he was talking to him, like he usually does. But on one such occasion where where he began to admonish him. So like he's talking to his son, what do you do in school today? You know, I was a football. What's your main saying, Would you go to San Diego, what do you enjoy today in school, wherever it is talking to him and then another conversation. So the son starts saying, Yeah, Dad, you know, I want to grow, I want to be a doctor. You know, I want to get married and I'm new to this area, this and then that's into the outcome, but you know,
There's more important things. What about your relationship with Allah?
Or mushrik? What Swamiji? Do you think it's about time now to stick with Allah?
And then it begins to admonish him. So in a very natural way, who are you? Oh, it wasn't just son sit down, bang.
It was natural. He had a relationship with his son. And his son was mushrik. His son was pushing his son was not Muslim. So he didn't say to him to hell with you. I don't want anything to do with you. Rather, he was still close to him. And he had the relationship with Him that allowed him to sit down with him and to talk to him, meaning his son also would like to listen to his dad. What that speaks, it wasn't turned his ear off. But it goes in here it comes out there. No use actually listening to him. And he did give a proper admonishment to somebody who's blank and doesn't listen to you. It's not really an admonishment. You're talking to yourself. Now a real admonishment means he was feeling
it, he was feeling it. So it was a natural conversation. And it led on to admonition that is what the world teaches us. And the second thing It teaches us is that it was an ongoing thing wasn't a one off whilst he was so he used to do this often, he used to do this often and now should suddenly see that in fact, Look man, continue to give advice to his son about not doing [???]. Up until one day his son became a believer. So spamela persistence will come to the end the lesson inshallah. So he said to his son, yeah, buena,
buena. buena is what they call Kalima, dust leave. It is taking the word sun and making it more cute. making it more cute. For wonderful better word. Yeah. You said he didn't say sun. He said de sun. And odo is a better, better or better. He's saying to him
in a very nice way. He's saying words of affection. Yeah, he's using affectionate words towards his son. Yeah. Oh, my dear son, how he began this admonition with words of affection and compassion.
Then he said, to Shri Kabila don't do ship with Allah.
After telling him don't do [???] with Allah, He then said, The reasoning he gave.
He gave the law. What was the law? Because in shape color woman, because she is indeed a great vote, a great vote, what is great overall mean? We'll come to that. But before we come to that, one question my brothers and sisters, we said usually the case is in an in an argument, as raised in the Koran in various places.
There are two components, there's the hokum and there is
what usually comes first.
The hurco mother
in law in law comes first, right? But here's the opposite not the end conclusion. The law to Shrek Billa seems to be coming first. And then inertia color nauseam. Indeed, schilke. Why, the reason why you should do should with allies because it is a great boon.
So how do we understand this, it seems to be at odds with what we learned is sort of seen and even before in the previous two verses about a law, speaking of don't do [???] with a law, but first giving the reasons why because he created the heavens without any armor, then he spread out in all of these creatures, and then he sent down the rain, etc, etc. Then at the end, the hukam Valley of barley moon, a few Bora moving down to ship with me Look at these misguided people. So even then, it was clear. And then this time, it seems, though, that the man is saying to him first, don't do [???]. This is the hook. And the reason why you shouldn't do is because it's a great zone.
So how do we reconcile this? How do we understand this? Well, it goes back to this Well, again, whoa, well, house shows that it was a continuous thing. It wasn't a one off son, daughter chick with a law one offsetting No, continuously look, mom was telling him advising him giving him the reasons and so it is already been there, embedded that he was giving him the advice. The reasoning is not traditional with a lot. So it is not really the case that you look at this and say, no, it looks like this is coming first. No, the fact is, is an ongoing
thing most probably look man began with the reasonings before he ended up with the conclusion which was don't disagree with a lot. That seems to be the answer for that question. Okay, now learn to shrink even
after that comes in the shipka Alvin
notaire Allah subhanaw taala didn't say that ship is if Alvin if mu nauseam it is the greatest sin, even though it is the greatest sin. Yeah, we spoke about last time that Allah said that he forgives all sins except shill whoever does the law in the law labor law does not forgive that particular sin. So it is the greatest sin but here
it is Vaughn Now usually translate volume to be injustice, but the word volume in Arabic encompasses three basic meanings. One of them is injustice.
A second is wrongdoing, okay, wrongdoing or evil doing wrongdoing or evil doing.
And the third, third is to misplace something to take something and to put it in its incorrect place.
Now, in a should color one our lien relates to the second two meanings, it is not an injustice for a year to build against a law, it cannot be no one can do injustice to Allah, who will only
know but it is number two, it is definitely an evil and for sure it is a wrong doing
that is clear. The third that it is putting something in an incorrect place. And again, this is so true for sure for sure is to take an entity out there an idol or anything else, living or nonliving and to afford it a position that it does not deserve to they took the idols the courage took the idols and put them from their position which is even lower than the position of themselves and elevated up to the position of the Creator, they placed this thing up here. This is according to the third meaning and even it is misplacement of something else which is your own devotion, your own feelings of love or veneration, you took those feelings and you place them within these idols. This
other entity beneath Allah, you also misplaced Your love, Your Worship, and something that doesn't deserve it something wrong. So support Allah, in
a ship, love boon boon, it is level not just misplaced, it is the worst type of misplaced and it is the Laverne lamb Toki it is the worst type of wrong.
So, in the word of womb, there is so many meanings. But more than that there is the law, there is the reasoning. There is a reasoning being given here in the use of the word thrown. By using the word boom, it becomes clear that you have done something wrong. You took that idea and you put it in the wrong place. Don't you see the reasoning This is wrong. It shouldn't be doing it. That's why I'm telling you don't use it with Allah because in the ship, there is this it took your devotion, you put it into the idols or you took the iron you misplaced them at the position of Allah. And moreover all of this is wrong. This is the reasoning that's why I told you learn to learn and not just that
it is our when it is the worst possible thing that you could do. It is the worst possible thing you could do. Now they are hard Allah, I've managed to put down five lessons, five lessons, they're not small lessons, the big lessons just extracted by these two verses and Charlotte will take them off to the salon will break here. But in Sharla these words are immensely rich and very, very beneficial inshallah we'll try and deduce the lessons after the summer sabbatical.
salatu salam ala
Okay, so the lessons now, these are just two verses from the story of Look, man his advice to his son.
We get five lessons. In fact, there are more than five lessons, these lessons five lessons which I managed to pick out in the time that I had
And relate them to now in sha Allah. The first one is about Tata via this word tarbiyah. Many people actually never even heard of this term Tata BIA. until just recently, there was in the in the Western world, I mean,
now it's becoming quite a common term, and people use it to have projects and any events where they call, this is terrible
tarbiyah type cause or is terrible, we elements in the etc. So what is this? What therapy I mean therapy comes from the root of Rob, you know, Rob, we said, that meaning of the farmer because he nurtures and the land and the soil to cultivate it to make it grow. And to make therefore the the yield come out the best as it can. That's what that'd be a refers to be able to nurture another person to be able to develop another person and there are certain things okay, that it seems alarm that a person cannot learn. It needs to be taught. They can't learn it, it needs to be taught, you know, one of those things is good manners. o'clock. That's why the mother of Mr. Malik, Mr. Lau said
nice to send him with a stick, in fact, to the message when he was just a young boy.
What was he going to learn, they asked her, she said I want him to learn the luck of the scholars first before he learns that this is a practice of the of the sort of is well known. So in that is indication that there are certain things that you can't learn by reading, or by listening to rather you need to see it acted out to another person or that person to actually tell you this is this and this is this and this is how you behave in this situation. This is gonna be okay. So look, man, in the story of Look, man, this Sunday is a great lesson in tarbiyah. In fact, the way he began the conversation, yeah, born a year, in that there is an immense lesson about showing affection to one's
children. It's something very basic, you may think of, but it has a major impact on the child's
development. Many people in behavioral psychology, they now say that most if not all of the problems that people experience later on in life in terms of abuse, domestic violence, etc, etc, goes back fundamentally to what
they own childhood, they own parents that some way somewhere along the lines, they too were abused or pressed by their parents or someone else. And that then later on manifested in another form of abuse by them towards their own wives, etc, etc.
So, one of the key elements of appearance, relationship with his son or daughter is to show them affection, affection, some people are more affectionate towards others. So a more affection than others, you know, people, some people that quiet, you know, affectionate the way they speak to others, where they feel about others, how other people are quite reserved, you know, they find it difficult to be
to show the emotions to other people, even their children, some people don't kiss the children. I mean, some of you may find that strange, but there are some people that they can't find it within themselves to kiss or to hug their children, that's their dispensation. But even those people, there is a lesson here, that you may not be able to feel or express affection because you don't feel it. But you can say words of affection. You can have gestures of affection, and panela. This word Yabu Nia is just a word of affection. But even the word has an impact on the one that is being addressed to. Yeah, hearing words of affection, especially from your own parents has a very positive impact on
the child and the child's, the way he views the parents and also the way he begins to develop as well and he has loved around. And the most important Love is the love of the of the parents and even in our circle moving beyond parent to decay, even in our talking to friends, family, colleagues, Muslims and non Muslims. You know, the process of sitting, widowed, that in a lot of you that Ummah is they translate as gentle and emotional risk and he loves gentleness. In fact, he said after that, that Allah gives for a thing that has gentleness in it, that which he does not give for a thing that has
harshness, and that relates to the impact. Those words will have. You can say any one thing in many ways, but I'm saying if you use gentle words, then the impacts alone give in it something that he won't give to for example, if you said the same thing with harsh course words. Okay?
And in the story of use of an SMD is a very nice point of benefit about affection because right at the beginning, he said to his father,
he said, I saw a dream. In New York, He had the Asha rokoko was shamisen, Allah, play tamale surgery, and I saw them all procedure to me. So he's talking to his father. And as indicated, he said he was younger. He was below the age of puberty. As a young child, he had a dream. And now he's coming to tell his father. Now the interesting thing is the father is isn't saying, though, we're talking about Jim, who do you know about dreams, he's listening to him. But before that, the child feels as if he can approach his father and tell him about something as small as a dream. Amazing. And he
has a relationship with use of that even though he was a young child, he felt confident I can go to my father and can have anything even about his dream was so all these stars and the sun and the moon bowing down to me sounds ridiculous, you know, like a fairy tale. But he feels now I can tell my father, and so had a lot of father's response. That dakka dakka don't disclose of this to your brothers mean, he took him seriously. He listened to him Scala and he valued what he had to say he was just a young boy.
gentleness, in the wording, don't get confused when having a gentle message. Many people hear this and think that what therefore needs to be about our diluted version of Islam. No, that's a two separate things. Who was the most evil person who ever lived on this earth? The most evil person known in human history was this incredibly evil man who knows more evil than
crown, he was the most evil of all people. Yet, Allah sent most of them and hold on to him and said to them, to
say to him,
this is the most evil tyrannical person who ever lived. Poland they give a word that is laying laying means what would make him inclined meaning a gentle would use words that are gentle coda Lena, why? Now this is the message part, this is the style. Now this is the message that allow the attacker so that he may remember it may Tamia Rahim Allah said he may remember what, remember the fitrah that Allah has ingrained within him to recognize that he is not the Lord. Law is the Lord. But if he doesn't yet, remember
Yahshua he may fear fear what? Fear the hellfire. This is the message. But how you relate the message, save old and lay in use the best
gentlest words that will make the person inclined.
Do you get that there's a difference here. style is one thing, message is a completely separate thing what we are speaking about here, yeah, bonia the style, the language he used, but look at the message.
You have to check with law, don't do [???] with Allah, The message was part of law, very blatant, don't do [???] with Allah. And moreover, though the words were affectionate, the way he was conversating with him was in the form of lower level work. Yeah, you know a law means not just to admonish, it means to educate and to impress upon someone, meaning being firm, he was being firm with him. So, he used affectionate words, and he had a very strong message and he was delivering that in a very firm way. Here, which brings us to another lesson, which is number three, firmness, sometimes a lower a law is required. It is not the case that every single time you should only say
well, I you know what, the only way I should do the hour, persuade others talk to others is in a very gentle way. No, sometimes the situation calls for you to be firm to give a moment of awe. And that is based on how you perceive the world, how you prioritize everything around you. If you believe that the worst thing a person can do is to make sure could Allah then for sure, you will want to impress it upon that person or not. This is the worst thing. You should not be doing this, this is wrong, and that you won't be able to help yourself except and be very passionate about other things.
Press upon that person. So this teaches us that sometimes firmness is needed. Yeah, with the children. With the children, you need to be generally gentle. And generally affection and part sometimes you need to be firm as well. Yeah, this firmness should not be left out. Sometimes it needs to be there. Okay, so there's another any point of benefit that we can learn from this. Number two, we said persistence in our persistence in doubt. Where does this come from? Well, who the hell we said it indicates that he was consistently key keep on telling his son imploring his son impressing it upon him to Shrek killer. Any somebody could have said to himself, you know, I'll tell
him once, twice, thrice. And that's enough, not gonna tell him anymore. Why should I waste my breath on him? He's emotionally Leave him be he wants to let you know. He continued, persisted. And so how was it natural said that he continued to do that until his son eventually accepted. The message eventually accepted the message and persistence of Harlan law.
True persistence can only come about when a person is in fact sincere. If a person is doing giving down to another be to family or friends or relatives, and he's not sincere. Maybe he's doing it just in order to get the outcome. I just want to see this person accept my message. When he says that what he's really saying is that I want something. And I want to see that he is not saying Allah once. Let me try to secure that. Allah is pleased with this person absolving himself from allies please with that, let me try it. You know what, let me continue to try and do it today. I'll do it tomorrow. If not tomorrow, that I would continue, I will do my utmost however, it is insincere. The
person will get frustrated. That didn't work. Forget it, man, who cares. If you were sincere to Allah, you would continue to try, you will continue to try and you will try and many different ways. So persistent though, in fact, I thought my A friend of mine told me
about two years ago, his father, unfortunately, he never prayed. He grew old, not praying, anything. And when he got married, my friend got married. He said that his wife, may Allah bless her, she continued to give him that his father chickadees, give him that one's funny. He's a father in law to her is not her father. yet. This was two years ago, I received an email from him. He said, You know what? My father became ill. And it was clear that he was at the end of his life. And while I've continued to say to him, Look, you need to stop praying, you need to stop praying, you need to stop praying. And she would do so many nice things when Brian gifts and talk to him and spend time with
even though I think sometimes he was rude to him. And in the end, he accepted. And he started to pray before he passed away, he began to pray and look at her rewards handler, the other you know would be for her, and the persistence, there is a real lesson persisting, because Allah loves to see this change happen. That is my motivation. If it doesn't happen, I will continue. And if it never happens, no problem alone will be pleased to see me try alone replaces me try even if the outcome doesn't happen.
The fourth lesson, look at how lookman went right to the root problem. His son was a mystic, he must have been doing many evil things, following backward practices of the people of that time must have been sacrificing idols making the art to them, and visiting the places of showcase cetera, etc, etc.
He could have taken the approach of saying, will you do this particular thing, you go to this place that time with these people when you do this practice, this is wrong, don't do this. He could have started with another thing, the way he speaks the way you speak. And you call out to these idols, this is not right. Don't say these words. No, no, he went not to the behavior. He went to the ideology, to the route that the way the person that the belief the person holds, that is where he went to first learn to Shrek build, he never say to him don't do X, Y and Zed in terms of practice, rather he went straight to the ideology, the ideology is corrupt. Let me fix the root with the root,
many, many things will change as a consequence Do you see that led to signaling he went straight to the root. And even if there are this is very
funny to have this mindset. And to have this understanding will increase in your effectiveness in that hour because we fall into a trap. When we are at school, college university. We have many friends and some of those friends are not practicing
All nominated, some of them don't pray, some of them have girlfriends on earnings in law, some of them are doing so many, so many things, okay. In fact, let's, let's take some example one of them has a problem with music. He loves music with his team is another person, he doesn't play another person, for example, he has a girlfriend,
another person, and another person who's studying one of those.
One of those subjects from the humanities from the humanity, department, humanitarian department, and he's hanging around with people who openly call themselves atheists. He's befriended them, and he spends much time with them. In fact, it's clear that he's become influenced by them. But he prays, he doesn't listen to music, he doesn't have a girlfriend, out of these four people that you know of, which one would you say should be the number one priority? The one that you should spend the most time trying to influence and to help? Is it the one who's doing dinner? is the one who has a problem with music? Is it the one that doesn't pray? Or is it the one who does pray? But he's
hanging around with people who openly profess the atheistic beliefs?
if he becomes influenced by them, and becomes what are your mode said, Forget about these people, this guy will take everything times 10
And the other thing is, it's not about as one of the brothers mentioned, who's one of our behavioral problems, this one is a ideological problem. And he has power law, this is one point, just to make it very quickly. People always play down the role of Islamic schools and say, you know, brother, these schools, they have all the problems of other schools, you know, you think they're so good, you want to send your children they give, you know, pay the tuition fees, but the reality is all that stuff happens. It happens there as well. That may be true, but there is one big problem that you are overseeing.
And that is that in the state schools, they are being fed an ideology.
That ideology goes to the very root of their belief, and it tries to unplug it. There is no such thing as a life to come. God Are you serious? When that gets into a child's mind, and he grows up with it, how long he's lost, he's gone forever.
Except who unloved guys. But the other way around in an Islamic school, he may do drugs, have a girlfriend, not study x, y Zed, but he knows that x y Zed is wrong. It is wrong. Allah doesn't want me to do that. Maybe one day he will make Toba from that and he continues life as a Muslim.
But he will never see 100 Xena who kiss Xena what is enough, I can live my life as want to live my life. There's no such thing as stuff a lot more the process that I'm on, there's a big difference between the two. This is a fair point.
Any This one is dangerous. ideologically speaking, this is dangerous. I'm not saying all the schools are like this. But generally speaking, it is clear, for example, the agenda on homosexuality is clear that it is going to be pushed down the throats of not just children, but the teachers in fact, are going to be told that they need to. And if they don't, they may be some consequences. So this is clear. This is ideologically any dangerous. This one is this behavioral issues. Maybe there's some ideological differences as well in certain other places. But anyway, that's one point to make. So starting with the root problem, you have many friends, they have many problems, you have many
problems as well. But you need to give in you give that will go to the heart of the matter, person habitually, since you can always be advising about those particular sins. But why does he do that? The main thing is that the heart is not connected to the earth. Remember this, the heart is not connected to the earth to the head, the heart being
reflecting on the life to come,
and the consequences of sinning in the life to come and the rewards that one will reap by abstaining. those sins would become marginalized. They wouldn't be as big a problem as they were. This is one thing the second thing the person has not caught the law country has not appreciate and felt the greatness of a lion is hot. If a person lives feeling the greatness of Allah subhanho wa Taala. He would find it difficult to sin against the law he would find it difficult
to persist in sinning, there is a difference between falling into sin and persistently doing that sin when we learn over and over again, when a person appreciates a loss of greatness and the greatness he has over him, he feels embarrassed, how can I continue to do this thing? Now, if you want to focus on these two things,
then you would find that you were thinking about that one problem. But this is correcting all of these problems, so many problems in his life.
And all of them seem to be getting treated, because you went to the root, the ideology, here, and in this case, the belief and the conviction and the greatness of our last panel.
The last point,
the last point was the provenance of ship canal time.
Okay, now, when you read about schicke, we know anybody who wants to ask us what is the worst sin that a person can do? Say? Sure, no doubt, and we say ship is the worst thing and we believe that too. But do we really believe that ship is as big a problem as it was during the time of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam
thinks that it was a bigger problem during the life of the Prophet Sunnah. And it is a lesser problem now. And to be open, I am not going to criticize anyone. This is just what you think what comes to mind. When you read about ship?
Do you think ship is everywhere? Everywhere you go, it should cost you the manifestations of ship just like in the tug of war is the case that any ship was the either worshippers of Makkah, and maybe the Hindus now.
Other people like but it's not prevalent, like it was during the life of the person, like give Ronnie Melissa like lokmanya to deal with his son.
I think it's a fair
judgment to say that we don't really believe it is as prevalent today as it was the true or not
The thing is, we have not appreciated what it means to do should cook a lot
in terms of the gravity of the sin, yes, but in terms of what does it exactly mean? How exactly does a person do [???]? With a loss of Hannah with Anna,
we spoke about the need our will be no here we said oh no here is that a person devotes their ariba and not just a bother in the very ritualistic sense but in terms of the spirit behind being something of showing reverence or greatness, love home trust reliance on an only in a loss paranoia, whatever that is the head and Lulu here. So, you lie saying this is only for me.
Now, if you took a sheet of any of those feelings and emotions and showed it to someone other than a law, then you have done [???]
and circus of levels, but the main thrust of it is that if you took some of these emotions and felt them towards someone other than Allah, then you will have an element of [???]can you Yeah, you would have an element of silicon you now, if you With that in mind, I want you to reflect over the celebrity culture that we see in our times here is something that is the celebrities are not just celebrities of the movie industry or the music industry, but you have sports stars, for example, they are equally as big celebrities as some of the rock stars. So, these culture, this celebrity culture.
Would you believe my brothers and sisters that non Muslim academics have studies in which they suggest that the reality of the celebrity culture is in fact, a culture of celebrity worship, culture of celebrity worship? Now, I want to I want to read out something I read in the British Journal of psychology or a paper that was published in 2002. It reads as follows
celebrity worship has been conceptualized as having pathological and non pathological forms and analysis on both fronts can be done by conducting celebrity worship questionnaires. So they got question is the design Christian is and they began to ask all of these fans these fans of various celebrities, pop stars, movie stars, etc, etc. After they got them to fill it in Then they began to analyze it.
So they said by conduct conducted the celebrity worship question is
they managed to piece together a celebrity worship scheme
Celebrity worship to which they shortened as CW s. This covers areas such as acting music, sports and others, like the gaming figures, the they identified the highest form of celebrity worship as being a mixture of empathy with the celebrity successes and failures. That means is that a person who can only feel happy when he knows that my favorite movie star is happy,
he finds out that his favorite movie star is unhappy or being exposed in the paper, he feels unhappy too, and his his happiness and sadness, it depends upon this, this figure
number two, over identification with the celebrity over identification and celebrity means that the person forgot who they are, but rather when they see that person on the post that they feel that they are the person and they identify themselves with that person to that extent.
Number three compulsive behaviors, compulsive behaviors, like stalking, stalking is any something which is a huge problem for the celebrities that people their fans, one day they're writing to them the next day they visiting them the next day they following them wherever they go, whichever country they are, they find that same person there and is stalking them. This is this is a psychological problem. Here this is going to becoming a psychological problem is
as well as the obsession with the details of the celebrity's life. And we then need to know everything where they went, how they went, how they performed, how many people came everything, they want to know every little detail about that person's life.
And they said some of them experience errata mania errata mania, okay means
a person is totally infatuated with another, he is totally in love with that person.
And extreme sense, an extreme lack of manic sense basically, that person has these feelings. So when they did the celebrity worship question is what they concluded was that many of the fans held these feelings towards these group of individuals. Now, there are many parallels between these group of individuals and those idols that the Quraysh worshipped 14 135 years ago. Number one, are these emotions, same emotions, they felt the same things towards those idols, they would call out to them, why would they call out to them? Why would they spend money and sacrifice to them, because they wanted to make them happy.
They wanted to make them happy, when they knew they were happy, they would be happy, if they thought that this God has been
defamed or this God has been spoken against, they would become angry,
they would become angry, I think mentioned sensors they are seen. So the emotions are wanting this three other paradigms which I thought of number one, do you see the idols that worship were in fact manifestations or they were
manifestations of past fingers, the lat minute, Rosa were in fact three individuals that lived before
they live before and they were known and respected amongst the community after they've died. Then people said we should have something to mock democamp demarcate the place of this so they built to over the graves. After that generations came they said these were people that who are fathers used to revert we should do more than just this we should build something remember so they built a statue, others that came later and shippon is working in the background. They said this all have one of these idols.
So these ideas are in fact manifestations of human beings.
A select small group of human beings being revered by a huge group of others. That is another parallel celebrities are just a handful handful of people, but they are revered by millions, billions across the world. So that is another parallel.
Another parallel is that the relationship is one direction
to the celebrity has no idea who you are, you are all my fans, I don't know and maybe he doesn't even care. There is no relationship from this person to the other, but the masses, they flock to this person, the relationship is for them, but it is not in the reverse. In the same way the idols did nothing for the people, yet the people still flock to them.
That is yet another power.
So, as we dissect this slowly, slowly what we come to realize is that you know what? shift is just as manifest as it was then.
In fact, it may be even worse than that, for Allah said when you ask them, man holla personality will play upon Allah. If you ask those Quraysh that worshipping those idols, who created everything, they will say Allah. So they used to do secret, a love, but they still believed essentially, in a creator. But look at most of these fans today, most of them don't believe even in the Creator. So the shift is even worse, is even worse.
So Subhan, Allah, any schilke my brothers and sisters need to be understood and appreciate in more than just a very narrow sense of a person bows down to an ideal a person does Puja, and he's a ship, he's emotionally law. It is much more than that. And that is why in the Quran, you find Allah spoke about Schick, not in terms of the behavior. But in terms of the emotion, Allah says in Surah Al Baqarah, Amina Nancy may yet definitely do mean do Neela and
that they are people have taken many other breed Allah and that meaning deities, in which sense, you have bone, cash kashia Villa that they love them, like they ought to have loved a lot. So Pamela, it is not about them, bowing down, giving money sacrificing No, it is about inside, you felt that love for somebody else, you ought to have felt it for me. And even as sort of a scene that they have taken breed Allah de de la la
la la nuestro means that they would pin the hopes in them, that they hoped that somehow this figure would bring about some blessing in my life. And isn't that exactly the same way self identification, over identification rather, that they believe that happiness will come to them? The more and more that can be like that figure? And it is it seems like it is exactly the same thing. In fact, it is exactly the same thing. And that is why ship is as prevalent in our times as wasn't therefore, we first and foremost should be wary of ship like never before. We should be asking a lot to save us on ship. And he imagined Ibrahim al Islam he was the father of any the pinnacle, you know of someone
who manifested a correct belief in Allah was Ibrahim and Hanif here, but he said julu Bernie, Bernie and nabooda a snap, he caught Crow, he cried out to Allah with a prayer. What was that prayer? Do nobody save me? What did he and my offspring from what?
Not from worshipping idols? Come on? Even on humanism? Yes, because it is that subtle, sometimes that you cannot see it.
And it is that great a sin that you better beg a lot to save you from it.
So this is the other place that we can learn that the prevalence of shark in reality is as big as it was back then maybe even more we asked the last panel to save us from shark and to save our children from ever falling into shape along the shoreline.