Building the Quranic Community – The Importance of Al-Hujurat
Channel: Ali Hammuda
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I have Rama Rahim Al hamdu lillah Hilda the Zella arbiter here kita Babylonia Chanda Viva La Mer Sunday was Sunday Marla Nabina Muhammad, wa ala Lee was so happy he may know about
Surah Al gerat without doubts was revealed in the Madani era, which means in the second main era of Islam, this is by the agreement of the scholars, all but one verse, about which there is a disagreement. And this is verse number 13. Yeah, you handle so in halacha Anna come in with a cutting weapon with all mankind We have created you from man and women, until the end of the verse.
Some have attempted to reconcile the difference by saying that the verse by its physical place of Revelation is Maccha. But by its time of Revelation, it is Madani how so? Well, some have said that in order for us to be Mechi, it must have been revealed in the Macan era. And in order for another verse to be Madani, it must have been revealed in the madonie era, meaning the second era of Islam, irrespective of where the verse was actually revealed. So, so long as the madonie era has begun, regardless where the prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam was physically if a verse was revealed during that era, it becomes known as a Madani verse. So verse number 13, could have been revealed, whilst
the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam was in Makkah, but during the Madani era, which I hope in sha Allah is quite understandable.
More precisely, the surah was revealed in what is known as the Al will food will food delegates weft is the singular of a delegates Now what's a delegate? It's a big group of people coming to visit the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam. And therefore, it is one of the last chapters to be revealed the year of the delegates, was the ninth year of the Hijra after the opening of Mecca.
An obvious question poses itself here. Muslims have been Muslim for a long period of time. And without doubt, the surah will speak about certain matters pertaining to that reality. But how is it that certain rudimentary manners and ethics basics that we would consider don't spied on backbite don't hold each other in contempt?
The greatest of you and Allah sight is who has the most taqwa and so on and so forth. How is it that these supposedly elementary matters are revealed so late in the Hijra? The question is the Companions need such character building? The answer is, of course not. The Companions were actually the examples used for those who were new to Islam to replicate and to follow. So the Surah, not withstanding the time of Revelation, the year of the delegates, it is a feast in the Sierra,
after which the Muslims had managed to repel an Arab wide coalition in the Battle of Alaska. So now the Muslims had proven themselves to be a mighty force in Arabia.
Then the Muslims carried out an expedition in a place called taboo against the Roman superpower. And more Amazingly, the Romans who were one of the two greatest superpowers of the Earth, at the time, felt to turn up to put up a fight against the messengers army, Alayhi Salatu was Salam. So the messenger had established the Muslims as a serious power bloc in Arabia, fearless in the face of the Empires across the globe, that the Arabs had previously coward to and they were petrified of before the messenger Allah is Salatu was Salam. So By Allah's grace, the political ties were beginning to turn in the favor of the prophetic community.
So naturally, many tribes who were previously scattered, separated weak tribes, were now coming to the messenger Alayhi Salatu was Salam, renouncing their traditional beliefs and accepting Islam.
Now many, as we mentioned, was still carrying so much baggage from the Janelia. Many was still carrying ignorant traits and characteristics and bad ethics and behaviors. That you know, it needed time for them to be able to discard or to change these behaviors. And others we're only accepting Islam because of the political and military dominance of the messenger Allah is Salatu was Salam. So they were claiming mana, but internally, they were only really in awe and in fear of the messenger allihies salatu salam, so their hearts and their love was still far from being in line with the prophetic community, those who were around the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from the very
beginning of the Dawa, the meaning of the muhajir on the inside.
So the surah came to nurture the luck of these particular individuals, and to tell them what Eman truly is, and hence it is repeated so many times in the Surah. And so many realities are outlined to bring them in line with the Companions as much as possible.
How does Alhaji rot in its position in the Quran as the 14th chapter, link to the 48th chapter, a link to the 14 chapter and if and linked to the 50th chapter off. Again, this is best endeavor discussion, it is not necessarily the correct conclusion, but it is a suggestive reason of why the surah is positioned as the 49th chapter this is with due regard to the fact that the ordering of the Quran, from one to 114 According to the majority scholarly opinion is divinely stipulated. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was told how to order the chapters of the Quran and no doubt how to order the the verses of the Quran.
We see if we take a moment to contemplate on its placement, that the final verse of the 48th chapter of the Quran which is surah Allah, Allah azza wa jal says, Mohammad Rasool Allah will Lavina ma who actually the WA and kufr your hammer obey now
for all homework I'm suggesting editor who in fact LEM you know Allah, he would have won.
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him, around him, our fears to the disbelievers merciful towards one another. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Allah has good favor and his pleasure, almost immediately you can see the link. But to explain this, just before 100 begins, we find that Allah praises the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and those with him, meaning that companions who supported the messenger from the beginning and supported his cause, and they fought with the messenger Allah, His Salatu was Salam from the beginning.
Accordingly, the beginning of Al Gerards outlines the sublime manners due to Allah and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that would enable the generality of the Muslims, which is the category mentioned at the end of alphabet, or it will enable the generality of the Muslims that were embracing Islam newly to resemble that of the Muslims around the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned at the end of Surah Al Fatiha.
In fact, Aleppo gerat contrasts the behavior of the two groups in the end of the Surah Surah federate and it furnishes those newly accepting Islam from the Bedouins and those new delegates and tribes during Iman were forward with the IT furnishes them with the role models mentioned at the end of alphabet,
which those Bedouins ought to aspire to resemble. Bye
How does surah Taha gerat relate to Surah Kahf which is the next Surah after puja to chapter number 50.
Consider the last verse of a pejorative Allah azza wa jal says in Allah HYAH Alamo haber Samoa it will auto Wallah. hope I'll see you soon. Bhima Tama Loon, Allah knows the Unseen things of the heavens and the earth. And Allah sees what you do.
in complete harmony Surah Tov begins with off off is one of the Quran separated letters, the full meaning of which is reserved to Allah subhanho wa Taala meaning it is from the hype from the unseen knowledge reserved to Allah subhanho wa Taala mentioned at the end of Surah alpha gerat Subhan Allah
but also there is a immaculate link between the contents of alpha gerat and the content of of how so Surah Kahf focuses on the terrifying episodes of The Day of Reckoning. Allah subhanho wa Taala says in part of the surah are the bIllahi min ash shaytaan regime were at circa 2000 mouthy will help me then he can come to me with a head
and the throws of death will come revealing the truth. This is what you were trying to evade and run away from when you feel healthy so rica will wide and the trumpets will be blown. That is the day of threat. While collapsing Ma has
Shahid every self will come with a driver and a witness.
Lock on the coup de La Fleur team in fact a chef curry or Kapha bizarro Kalia, Huma Hadid, you were heedless of this. So we stripped you of your covering and your and today your eyesight will be sharp until Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Yo Ma now call od Jehan NEMA Halleen therapy, what's up all Wilhelmi Mazie on that day, the Day of Judgment, Allah will say to the Hellfire Are you free? And it will say Are there any more to come?
So if Al gerat is centered on the importance of good manners, or the encouragement and enticement, Vitara reap, to have an embody those good manners.
Then Surah Tov contains the total rip the threat the admonishments, if a person were to forego those good manners, and to put the messenger Allah His salatu, was salam behind them, and Allah azza wa jal behind them, and to not embody any of the characteristics of Eman and other manners or towards other believers, then they are to face the terrifying episodes of sort of Subhanallah although some will say that, you know, it is my choice how I behave and how I conduct myself. This is true as far as the dunya is concerned, but in the era, those angels are not going to give a person the choice of whether they go to the Hellfire or whether they go to the Jannah. So yes, a person has the choice of
what's manners or what ethics to embody in the dunya. But in the era, that person will have no choice of going to Jamna if they embodied characteristics different to those contained in Surah Al for gerat. And this is just one of the way the surah relates to that previous Surah Al Fatah and the following Surah off and Allah azza wa jal knows best well Hamdu lillahi rabbil aalameen
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