Building the Quranic Community – Surrounding Al-Hujurat

Ali Hammuda

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Channel: Ali Hammuda

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The Surah's meaning and structure are discussed, including a multi-d offline and multi-dose study on surah's meaning and structure. The meaning behind the use of the word "how" in the Surah is to express morality and to point out the weight of Allah's words. The history and meaning behind the Surah's name is also discussed, including a collection of manners and ethics speaking about the backbiting and a collection of manners and ethics speaking about the backbiting. The Surah's meaning is to appreciate Allah's Messenger to appreciate his words and to point out the relationship between the Prophet's words and the heart of the person they are speaking to.

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Rahim Al hamdu lillahi rabbil aalameen Allahumma salli wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad in wa ala alihi wa sahbihi as you may know about let us continue in sha Allah Who Tala our journey through Surah Al gerat. Taking a glimpse into this university of ethics in an attempt to restore the Quranic community in sha Allah.

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Our transformative journey through surah Taha gerat will contain a multi dimensional study with relation to the wider context of the meaning of the surah how they relate to one another, the implied messages, the applications of those messages into our daily lives in sha Allah, and some reflections using the tools of Tafseer which is to elucidate the meanings of the ayat of the Quran as Allah intended in sha Allah using the classic with FSC IR and the tools of Tab bar. So, using those meanings to derive further reflections and applications, and how these can increase our iman and drive good action in sha Allah, we will look at the elaborate style of the surah we will look at

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the structure the content of the surah and we will today look at how its name and structural features are all assimilated with one another in sha Allah Huhtala. Now, for the sake of structuring this course, we will go by the suggestive sectioning of the surah into five sections. Now, this is just suggestive meaning some others will section it into three parts some may be into more than three some may be into more than five, but this is just for the sake of study. And inshallah if you intend on teaching this course to others, you can use this sectioning and it has been mentioned by others.

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So section number one we can call the manners with Allah azza wa jal and His Messenger starting from verse number one, you Hello, the man who learned to Adim obey the law he was truly he Oh you who believe or have or have Iman. Don't put yourself forward have Allah and His Messenger going up to verse number five, section two verifying news and obeying righteous leadership. We're in a Confessio convener but in Fatima, you know, if a first deviator was to come with news, then verify it. So verse number six to verse number eight.

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Then section three, dispelling argumentation and reconciling between Muslims. So conflict resolution, starting from verse number nine, we're in Nepal. If autonomy then what many Nakata do firstly, how will they know? If two parties of believers have meaning and fight, then reconcile between them? Two verse number 10. So just two verses in that section. Then section number four, a general collection of manners and ethics speaking about backbiting about ridicule, about name calling, about holding your brothers and sisters in contempt, and so on. So verses 11 to verse 13. Then finally, section number five very reality of Iman and very important conclusive points and

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messages that tie with the rest of the surah that came before bilateral Arab Munna, the Bedouin said, we are mean

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Subhanallah Allah and Allah refutes that claim. And he says to them, don't say you have become Mothman but rather say you have become Muslim until Iman truly enters your heart. So that is with the awareness of everything that preceded in the Surah. And it helps us appreciate why Allah said to the Bedouins who had newly embraced Islam, don't say I'm gonna say a slum now. Rather we have become Muslim.

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Now, the Surah Surah Al Hijra the 14th chapter is only known by one name, and that is Alhaji alright. So unlike other chapters in the Quran, that are known by sometimes several names, or there is a difference of opinion on that name. Surah Al gerat is by consensus, some have reported consensus, only known by the name Alhaji right now this probably means that the name is Tolki fee, which means one that is divinely

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stipulated or stipulated by the messenger Allah His Salatu was Salam which is equivalently divinely stipulated, which a consensus usually points towards. So the fact the whole Ummah has agreed on something probably means in all likelihood that it is by divine stipulation, so the surah is only known by the name, Alhaji rot the apartments.

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The term hoodoo rot specifically refers to the apartments of the messenger Alayhi Salatu was Salam, in which were his wives, Radi Allahu Taala and Hoon. So there were nine of them in total, and they were built around the masjid of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and separated by palm leaf stalks. So simple buildings square in structure, and probably had a height of around two and a half meters or low enough for you to be able to touch it if you're tall enough. So most of the Hydra were situated on the eastern side of the Masjid. How so? So we have Medina, the city of the Prophet is north of Mecca. So the equivalent of those praying in Medina they're genuinely facing south woods.

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So to the east of them, meaning to the left of the masala on the left hand side meaning on your left shoulder will you will find the Hijra of Aisha Radi Allahu Taala and her now Fujairah is the singular of moderate the plural. So you will find the Hijra of Aisha Radi Allahu anha and

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which was close to that to Fatima and the Hijra of Aisha is where the prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam is buried with the group with the two great companions Abu Bakr and Omar Radi Allahu Taala on Houma.

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So we mentioned that the Hydrolat were built around the prophets, Masjid most of them do not exist anymore apart from the Hydra of hi Isha, obviously, because the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam was very dead, and some remnants of others.

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So,

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with the fact that the surah is called Al Gerards, by divine stipulation, it deserves some moments of reflection. Why is it called Al gerat? What are the themes and messages in the Surah, which primarily speaks about ethics and mannerisms, such that the surah needs to be called the apartments. Seemingly, the name apartments doesn't relate to ethics. Again, this discussion doesn't escape best effort of deduction. Some have mentioned that che Haytham mentioned in his de Roos during the family break from his research, that the fact the Hydrolat are next to one another

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indicates that the surah is about teaching us how to live as one tight knit community. So it uses the word Allahu gerat. It almost borrows the term the apartments. To illustrate what it means for us to be living closely and figuratively, we need to embody certain ethics to be able to live literally close to one another, like we do, as apartments or as for gerat. But stretching this meaning to encompass the whole community almost as if all of the Muslims live next to one another, like apartments, and how we deal with one another and thus, you can associate the ethics with that physical illustration in your mind as if we live next to one another in apartments. Another opinion

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of associating the name with the contents is by looking at where the word Allahu gerat appears in the Surah.

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This gives us a good idea of that association. Allah azza wa jal says, In Lavina Yuna do not kami Mara Ilhan Marathi at federal hula yaki lune focus on the wording here. As for those who call you out from outside your private quarters outside your apartments, most do not use that intellect.

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So we already appreciate that the main message of the surah is to perfect character with Allah and His messenger and one another.

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Now a prerequisite of perfection of that character is to appreciate Allah's Messenger to appreciate Allah's messenger Allah He salatu salam and to first appreciate Allah azza wa jal and depositions. And that is to exhibit Eman and Taqwa

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those who called the messenger out from behind the quarters wish they were

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which the verse refers to, were a group of Bedouins by the name Ben who Tamim, which will be covered later on in sha Allah. Fie gathered around the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam apartments whilst he was resting with one of his wives, and they start started calling him out with his direct name, and not showing him the due respect and eminence that he ought to have been shown, meaning they were out of character completely.

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So to tie this behavior with the name, it is necessary to look at the Arabic root of the word how gerat.

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So although gerat specifically refers to the apartments, if you break it down to the Arabic trilateral route, you will find it comes from her Jaya Raja.

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And the word Hajra. means to prevent or to demarcate an area in order to prevent access usually using something hard, like stone, something inanimate. So it is to bar entry Hajra. That's why the word how gerat refers to apartments because it's bars the entry of those you don't want to be inside your apartment.

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So

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thinking about that meaning, and referring it to where it occurs in the verse, speaking about them not using their intellect. It is as if their harshness and careless treatment of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the result of their hearts exhibiting the same harshness and the same hardness, hard heartedness. Referring to a person with coldness with brashness with emotional and spiritual indifference. He's in front of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, yet his heart is too hard to be able to appreciate his eminence and therefore soften to His Presence Salah he's salatu salam and give him that due respect, through lowering the voice and having kosher and

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having a good demeanor that their hearts were like Hajra haidara stone they were cold hearted, hard hearted, emotionally indifferent. Allah azza wa jal says regarding the bamboo straw eel, which is a similar meaning to this, through Naka, set Polo bukem in body the de Kapha here Cal hijo Rottie. Should do cassava. We're in nominal hijaab Battilana Yatta German hold on her. We're in I mean, Halima? Yes, Chaka HuFa, Raj women who

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were in I mean, Halima Yeah, happy to meet her she Atilla woman, Allah Who Bihar feeling I'm down alone, then your hearts became hard and after that, meaning the venue is rock ill. So they became like rock. Hey Jarrah, listen to the similarity or even harder still, because there are some haidara some rocks from which rivers gush out and others which splits open and water pours out, and others which crush from the fear of Allah and Allah is not unaware of what you do. So Allah as they will say, in your hearts, even harder than hedgehog are referring to the Israel because some rocks at least allow water to cash out from them, but your hearts don't allow this Subhanallah so the

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relationship between rocks and hearts is one consistent with other places in the Quran.

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So there's an inseparable link between the limited experience with the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then unis to Islam. And that engagement in bad manners I alluded to earlier which they had taken from their time in pre Islamic ignorance selja Helia.

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With how they treated the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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harshness, bluntness argumentation, backbiting had been fostered by their hardened in different hearts. So their hearts were prevented from emotionally softening to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and similarly to the inviolability of the Herma of Al Islam.

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So in other words, the name Alhaji rots may go to negate the humanity.

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Listen to this carefully, to negate the humanity of those who don't appropriately respect the messenger Alayhi Salatu was Salam bye

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likening them to the inanimate, and this is the case in all days and in all ages. Those who cannot see the position of the messenger Allah is Salatu was Salam, and His Eminence, their hearts, or they as a human beings are like the inanimate, they do not use their intellect, such that they have realized who this man is who Allah azza wa jal has sent and his eminence, the fact they do not or cannot, intellectualize the need to hold him in high eminence and prestige and superiority means they themselves are like the inanimate they are like a Hydra.

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That's one way the name can be associated with the substance of the surah. And in sha Allah in the forthcoming episode, we will speak about the time of Revelation. Xochimilco. hyaluron Salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

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