A Thematic Commentary On The Quran #25 Surat An-Nisaa 114-147

Moutasem al-Hameedy


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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad Ali, he was happy he he mean oh, by the way, Salam alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Welcome to the new Friday halacha. And

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again, we are we are dealing with shortened isa what we are talking about is what we are trying to do is a thematic approach to understanding the Quran, the book of Allah subhanho wa taala. And again, for those who are joining us, maybe for the first time, let me put things in perspective for you. We are actually approaching the source of the Quran from a thematic meaning semantic media semantic approach, with a focus on the meaning. And we're trying to see how every Surah has a unified or one central theme, and how all the other subject matters of the soul are connected this central theme. So thus, every Surah presents one main idea. And

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we have been going over Surah, Nisa, and what we figured out was that the central theme and sorting this out really appears clearly in the first verse of the surah. And it's mainly about the unity of humanity, and the different levels, or the different levels under which humans unite as well. So the most basic one is the family. And then we have the community. And here we talk about the community of the believers, people who truly believe in Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth. And Prophet Muhammad SAW Salam as the final messenger, and they follow this message.

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And then we have the whole family of humanity. And the surah addresses each one of those levels and addresses topics that are related to each one of those levels. And what you will find what puts all of this together is that Allah emphasizes throughout the surah. And specifically in the first verse, that he is the Lord, He's the ROB He is the Creator, the Sustainer, the one who takes care of his creation, and He is the one that we are supposed to devote our lives to, we are supposed to worship, meaning he's the ultimate purpose of our lives. And what this what unites us and makes us one family as humanity is the worship of Allah subhanaw taala, the worship of our Creator. So this is how these

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common themes or these how these themes come together to create one thematic unity in solid, and Nisa. And this is you will find throughout the surah sometimes a treatment of the nuclear family level where Allah talks about laws of marriage, divorce inheritance, where Allah talks about familial disputes, disputes and how to deal with them. And probably today, we're going to actually touch on some of those. And then Allah talks about the Muslim family or the family of the believers, the community, and Allah addresses certain issues, what unites, you know, this family and what keeps it together and what keeps the individuals bonded within it. And then Allah talks about threats that

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could jeopardize this family, and put it at risk like talking about the hypocrites, and this is why actually a considerable part of Surah Nisa talks about the hypocrites because the hypocrites are a real challenge and threat to the family of the believers and the hypocrites, we're not only limited to the time of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they actually exist in all times, but they come in different shapes and forms. And they come, we find we have hypocrites at different levels. So this is why it's important because it shows since it's emphasized in the shoulder to such a great extent, it shows that the whole concept of hypocrisy is something that we have to keep an eye on. And be

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very careful about in terms of, of handling it because as we said, it appears at different times in different shapes. And the consequences of the presence of this segment of a community is extremely risky, and dangerous and comes about with a lot of serious consequences. And then Allah many times throughout the surah talks about the concept of Tawheed, which is the oneness of God, the the sole right of Allah to be worshipped, that our devotion and our ultimate love should only be directed to our source of being to our Creator, Allah subhanho wa taala. We have come to a point in the solar and I believe where we stopped by verse number 113. Yes, so we can start with verse number 114. And

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again, let me just take an overview over these five pages we're going to deal with here Allah subhanaw taala establishes certain principles and these are there are actually here's some of the central verses in the Quran, some of the most frequently quoted verses in the Quran and what we find here that they contain principles on how

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To worship Allah, how to worship our Lord and how to remain true to our faith, and to our original state, which again, makes us all one family that what we share as humans in reality is our natural tendency, our innate

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need to worship Allah subhanho wa taala, to know him, recognize him, and then worship Him and live according to His guidance.

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So Allah talks about some of these things that Allah puts, you know, the human family, the condition of the human family, humans all in general, in perspective, and in relation to Shavon. So Allah tells us here about what shaytan really is trying to do, and how we are supposed to protect ourselves from it from Shaytaan. And then Allah make some reference

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to how he's going to hold people

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to account.

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And then Allah subhanaw taala returns to the concept of some of the familial regulations and rules with regards to, for example, the rights of women the issues of marriage, and how to handle marital disputes. And then Allah Subhanallah links this to the concept of taqwa, which is worshiping Allah being mindful, and being dutiful, to Allah subhanaw taala. And all of this, you know, the beautiful thing about solitude is that it connects all of these different levels and hierarchies so beautifully and organically that you can see that fiqh jurisprudence is strongly connected to our belief, and that we do at a familiar level in within the boundaries of our family and how we handle

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for example, marital disputes. This actually should be a reflection of our relationship with Allah and how much we are mindful and dutiful to Allah subhanho wa taala. And then Allah subhanaw taala moves on to talk about

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the concept of justice, fairness, standing with the truth all the time, then Allah comes back to address the issue of the hypocrites. And the Lord reveals a hidden aspect of their existence and the works here. And Allah warns us against them. Then Allah shows us what is the final end of those hypocrites, because sometimes people can easily get frustrated with such a destructive segment of society or the community and think that these people get away with what they do. But Allah Subhan Allah shows us that the end of these people is going to be actually the worst. So this is what we are going to deal with. We might dwell on some of the verses

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in some detail, and this is due to the importance of these verses. So let's start with verse number one.

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For 114. Allah says Allah Hi, Rafi cathedra Minaj Warham in lemon Amala we saw Ducati in Omaha roofing out so there has been a nurse. Woman Yes, I'll delicate with you. I'm not a bloody Lehi for sofern T agilon Halima?

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Yeah, so, Allah says, there is not so much good in their private conversations, except for those who

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recommend or advise people to do charity or to do something good, or to bring about peace among people. And whoever does these things, any of these things with good intention seeking Allah's pleasure and contentment than Allah shall reward these people with such a great reward. So this is actually a very beautiful principle in our social activities, and even our psychological health, you will find people having conversations, many times, you will have a see people having private conversations, people whispering to one another. And sometimes we are tempted humans to be part of, of conversations that we see. And that's why we humans, by the way, that's why we love to peek into

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other people's private life. That's why we love reading novels, stories. That's why we love watching series, you know, TV series, and reality TV. And we love to know, you know, the private affairs of celebrities, and so on. And that's why we love vlogging as well. So because it's part of humans, we are social beings, and we would love to know about other people love to get to know them more intimately. And we would like to see more of their, of their secrets. So and this comes with, with some negativity because if you cannot be part of a conversation, sometimes you feel bad about yourself. If you can't be part of a specific group or a specific clique. You might feel as an

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outsider, you feel you have been pushed aside or you've been ostracized

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If you're alienated these are, these become sometimes reasons for someone to feel as an outsider or rejected or unwanted or unwelcome and it has serious consequences on their emotional health. So Allah subhanaw taala here puts human conversations that Allah says most of the conversations you see most of what people talk about in the world here, most of that is actually has no goodness in it, most of it is about matters that have no true value. But there is a small minority of these conversations, where you will find people actually recommend and enjoin, doing something that is good, for example, doing some charity, helping out people who are in need, or doing some engaging in

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some noble cause, or doing something more ethical, or maybe bringing about reconciliation and peace, to

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turn relationship that is shattered by dispute and misunderstanding.

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So Allah Subhan, Allah says, this is a minority of conversations and whoever engages in such conversations, that actually with with with the intention, that they should come from a place of seeking Allah's pleasure doing these things, not due to some personal benefit, or some maybe payoff they're trying to get, although this might come as a byproduct, but people should engage in goodness as part of, or as a reflection of a deeper appreciation of what life really means. As a believer with that. Believer is not just a word. It's not just lip service, saying I believe in Allah and the Last Day, what a believer means is that

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this is how I see the world. That's what it means. It means, I know that this world came about from Allah, Allah created it, Allah put it here and for a reason for a specific purpose.

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And that Allah designed this whole universe for us humanity, because Allah wants to put us through this test. And this test is about us choosing Allah or not. So this is a unique thing with all of the creation, ALLAH SubhanA, Allah made choices for them. But with humans, Allah left that choice. unmade, Allah left it for us to make that choice. And he gave us that bubble of choice that was given to no other creature, no other

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other species in existence, only humans have got this privilege that they can actually choose how they want to live, or for what end they want to live or what they want to do with themselves, they can either choose a law, their Creator, or they can choose something else, it's up to it's up to them. And this is something so unique about humans. So we should live our lives as if we claim we're believers, then this is our worldview, this is how we see who we are and who the world is and how we relate to the world. So Allah says, when you do these great things, you know, bringing peace into a relationship, helping someone who's in need, or, or, or, or recommending some a good cause and

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engagement in a good cause. So if that's what you do from this perspective,

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you can expect great reward from Allah subhanaw taala. But if, but these good things could actually be done for other ends, and other ends could be simply as, for example, maybe, again, getting some social reward, or social currency, or some recognition, or maybe some kind of payoff, or winning a favor over someone, and so on and so forth. So Allah is saying,

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the most of the conversations of humans are actually wasteful, except for a small minority of them that are done for a good cause. And this good cause is actually eventually fits within a greater frame. So you're doing a good thing, and also for a good purpose for a good end. That's how things should be. So this is a very beautiful principle that

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that can make us. I mean, it has an injunction a subtle injunction here. And that is, you know, don't worry about being part of every conversation, what you should worry about, is actually being part of constructive conversations

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that served the right purpose. And if you cannot be part of those, you can actually establish those, because part of what makes people feel alienated when they cannot be part of a conversation is that they don't know what the conversation is about, they have no clue. And

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we have this, you know, curiosity, we, we want to, we want to see things and this makes us reactive. But Allah Subhan Allah here gives us a better alternative and that's by initiating our own conversations

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and making them around something that is good. And all of this should be within the frame of, you know, the worldview that we embrace.

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teaches that we are here to do something good with our lives.

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As part of our journey back to Allah.

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We come into verse number 115. And that's a commonly quoted verse When were you shocked at Rasul? I mean that the meta unit Rahul Houda, with all your severe meaning, and when he met our love, honestly he Jahannam we sat at masa, Allah says, and whoever disputes with the Prophets with the Prophet, after the guidance has become clear has been made clear to this person. And then this person chooses other than the path of the believers. We shall give this person what they have chosen, and we shall make them

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a we shall make them live or abide in paradise in the hellfire, and what an evil about.

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This verse is quoted often to substantiate the concept of Iijima which is consensus specifically the consensus of the companies that will be allowed.

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And it shows that following Allah subhanaw taala, following the true guidance from Allah subhanaw taala

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has different levels of conception.

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So the first level is following the messengers alive so so Allah says whoever disputes with the messenger or rejects or opposes the messenger meaning this person rejected what the messenger said alive when he was in them came with and with the messenger SallAllahu Sallam came with is the Quran, the spoken word of Allah and the Hadith or the Sunnah, which is basically the meanings that Allah inspired the prophets of salaam with, and the prophets of salaam spoking spoke these words in his own words. So this is what we have from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam. So this is the, this is the foundational

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element of Islam and following the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but due to the gap in time that we have between us and the Prophet sallallahu, ala he will send them sometimes you have a word from the Quran or a statement from the Quran, or a statement from the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu Salam that has more than one interpretation. And sometimes it's difficult to choose which one was actually intended in the religious text. So we have another level of guidance or qualifiers, I would say, of indicators that can really help us point or figure out what is the intended meaning among the other possible ones. And this is the second one, which is,

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wait a bit, oh, you're severely mumineen. And this person follows other than the path of the believers. So

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this verse is often quoted to prove the obligation of following the way of the companions of the Prophet slots. And because no one truly in this room, no one truly deserves the title or the description of believers, more than the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and second in degree comes their students who are a tambourine. Right? So here, this verse is actually clear about following the Quran, the book of Allah, and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam always authentic traditions, within the framework of the understanding of the companions and the tambourine. By having all of these circles put together in alignment, it's actually it's a greater

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guarantee that you are actually following the true Goddess that came from Allah subhanho wa taala. Because even if it if, at some level, you have more than one option of understanding a specific text,

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then you have some extra caution, and you have some extra tools here to help you give preference to, to a meaning of one meaning or one interpretation of other interpretations. And that's the understanding of the companions that are the alarm they are the believers. So Allah recommends, or Allah makes it an obligation to follow the path of the believers. And this is actually a very powerful verse against people who claim

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to be following only the Quran. So they cast some doubt on the authenticity and the validity of the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and thus they say we only follow the Quran they call themselves called anino or an ITE or whatever, but it's a it's a.

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It's not an accurate name. Because if you want to be a Quran, if you want to be someone who truly follows the Quran, then you have to follow. The Prophet SAW Selim and his sunnah and you have to follow the way of the and this is where the Quran says right? You follow the Prophet signs and then you follow the believers. So so this verse is actually a very strong evidence against those people who claim to do

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Make only the Quran and discard the Sunnah completely. And they have many arguments. But again, upon

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proper assessment, you see that they don't have any real proof to substantiate what they say they're actually a departure from the, from the Ummah and from the history of the of the of the ummah of Islam over 14 centuries. But again, this verse is also used to substantiate following the way of SLF, or the way of the righteous predecessors, that Allah Subhan. Allah says here, whoever opposes the messenger, so I see them after the guidance has been clarified to him, and follows other than the path of the believers, other than the path of the believers, and the ones who deserve this title, the believers are the companions. So anyone who follows the understanding of the Quran and

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the Sunnah, other than that of the companions of the Allahu anhu, then these people have departed from the true path, either completely or, partly, to a certain extent, that's actually a very powerful, it's a very powerful, I would say, is to learn, as we say, in Arabic language, a very powerful meaning to take from the verse as a very valid one.

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But again, here to highlight that not everyone who claims to be following in the Quran, the Sunnah, and the waiver of the predecessors. Not everyone for necessarily

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lives up to that claim. And unfortunately, in these days, it's become it's become very chaotic platform, where many people who are immature, who are not educated, or who have not, people who are impatient, who have not really given themselves and other people, the time for them to grow in knowledge and in maturity, and, and understanding and comprehension, and building a good foundation of faith, and the principles of faith and the principles of al Qaeda and a good understanding of history, and human dynamics before these people put themselves in the forefront and start speaking and making, you know, claims and making

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big statements about who they are, what the truth is about a specific matter, and who is deviant and who is not. And these people have not done a lot of these people you can tell it's obvious, these people have not done inner work, which is actually a pile a great part of the way of the companions Radi Allahu anhu, on this kind of self purification for many of these people, I mean, self purification has become a very technical thing, but it's a it's a very deep and profound experience.

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Which is, because it unless as a member claim or him allows to Allah says, in most of his books, and specifically he emphasizes this a lot in his book, mythology, Sally can, he says many times something to the effect that you can not truly give Allah his right to worship Allah properly, unless you have a very comprehensive, deep understanding of the workings of yourself, he says, because there is a lot of tricks, hidden subtle tricks that yourself plays on you. And,

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and they are not easy to detect and figure out. And

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the these, these, these gains or tricks can completely hijack your path to Allah to the point that you might be thinking all of your life that you are living in a state of devotion, sincerity, and that you are actually dedicating your life for the sake of Allah and your effort and your time and doing so many things for the sake of Allah. But in reality, you're doing these things for some personal gain. He says, you can actually live your life in this kind of doubt, and delusion, also in this kind of a lie, that you that you are living this kind of Mirage without knowing why, because you have not actually dug into yourself to figure out the workings of yourself to know how the self

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has this dangerous proclivity of actually deceiving you and showing you things not as they really are. It's it's a very, it's not just a common thing, it's a ubiquitous thing. Everyone has this and unless the person deliberately and consistently and over a long period of time, they they sort of unpack themselves and and figure out these workings of the self that set them at this great disadvantage. The person most likely will not, will not make it to Allah subhanaw taala or if they make it they will make it with so many injuries that would compromise on almost everything that they have done for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala so this was a very important sort of thing to clarify

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here because

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I'm personally aware that a lot of these

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a lot of the misconduct of such people has pushed many people away from the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW Salem, away from following the way of the self and the

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In the end, the companions and the early generations, probably Allah and

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why, because of the misconduct, the bad manners, the big egos of the people who I would say are way too impatient that they put themselves in the forefront before realising or understanding or grasping the real dynamics of how this life works and how the guidance and the religion of Allah subhanaw taala applies to complex situations just like the times that we live in and most of those people lizard Why say they haven't given themselves enough chance to study the religion of Allah subhana which Allah

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is that you see, they actually make big statements that contradict things that are clear in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, understand that the book of Allah is not easy topic. I mean, you can probably if you work hard, you could probably memorize it in two years in average, or maybe if you work,

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like very, very hard, you might be able to memorize it in one year. But understanding it, you might even put so much hard work and I'm telling you, even 10 years is not enough to understand the basic meanings and the basic Tafseer of the Quran itself, let alone the sooner we talk about the Sunnah, at least just focus on the core of the authentic son, Al Bukhari and Muslim these takes so many years just to understand the basic meaning, let alone understanding the fact of them, what about the sciences of fake and also the fact that you will need to understand what about Aqeedah that you will need to study in depth at many levels, to really appreciate some many of the nuances. So if you put

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all of that together, and then not only that, but even have have enough exposure to life and interactions with the world, to to realize that you can't take things at face value, oftentimes things don't appear as they really are because we humans have the dilemma of perception. And we have this kind of this principle of the least effort, our minds work according to the principle of least effort, which is which makes our minds very lazy or minds do not want to expend a lot of effort in figuring out things and understanding them. So it would take everything, almost everything at face value and not bother really dig beneath the surface. So if you take put all of these things

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together, it shows you that it takes quite a long time for someone to be able to put themselves on the forefront and be able to speak for the religion of Allah and for the truth and be able to classify people whether they are really following the religion, right, or they're doing it wrong. Now, I'm not saying there's no room for advice. And I'm not saying there is no need for a dolphin Nyan monkey. But doing or applying these principles the wrong way just creates way, way way more damage than even the benefit that these people are expecting from them. And the solution is to, I would say, to allow

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people who have done due diligence in studying Islam and relating to life and relating to the world.

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To allow those people to be the I would say, the the ones who really create or bring about the decisions or perspective on how to handle our big efforts. And those, the younger ones who are impatient can help them with wherever skills they have, but not for them to you know, take the deposition, or they take the leadership and leave the scholars and students have knowledge advanced units of knowledge. And wise people leave them behind just because you will find a lot of those senior ones, a lot of them don't have an all the technical knowledge or for example, maybe knowing how to handle social media or knowing how to make videos, or knowing how to keep up even with a lot

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of these social media platforms. And they don't know about just being so outgoing online and exposing yourself to the world and talking about your private life. And about some every issue that comes up where you have an opinion, they're not that kind of person. That's part actually that's part of the wisdom. So we live in a hype culture and we sort of have this kind of preference for high people who are just talking about everything. And they voice their opinion about everything and they jump in to make a conclusion about everything. Even if it does popped up yesterday, you really wonder that some of these issues require months and maybe years of careful consideration and study

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before a person makes an opinion. Yeah, so So you will find a lot of those youth they just bring themselves to the forefront and they talk quickly about anything. It just pops up popped up yesterday you'll find the already formulated an opinion about it. But

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you know, such an issue could take months maybe sometimes or maybe at least days of careful study and consideration before something is

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Being, it's being sent. And it's it's very rare that you find someone who's profound and who's very well qualified and who has the qualities of leadership who are able to respond on the spot to such urgent issues. And we have to admit that it's not easy and it requires great leadership to be able to do something like that. But leadership is not an inherent quality completely. It's not inherent, although parts of it are inherent, but leadership builds over time. It requires a lot of knowledge, it requires a lot of experience, it requires a lot of expertise, it requires a lot of maturity requires a lot of patience, and a lot of personal development and wisdom, and so on and so forth.

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So, again, the reason I'm saying this is the Sunnah and following the way of the companions has really got bad name in the last I would say, two or three decades, because of the practices, I'd say, erratic practices of many people who ascribe to the right way to follow the Prophet sallallahu Sallam which we find in this verse, verse number 115. Then

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Allah Subhana Allah says in verse number 116, and that's a very important verses very central verse in the Quran, Allah says in hola hola I have your usual I can be here way up if your own Medina Danny Kelly, Manisha one, they usually can be lucky for Ebola Ebola island by either Allah says that Allah does not forgive. ALLAH does not forgive acts of polytheism. ALLAH does not forgive associating partners with him.

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But he forgives other sins, when he wills.

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And whoever associates partners with Allah, then this person has gone really far, far, far astray.

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And what that means this is the central message of the Quran. Allah does not forgive shook

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and shook is associating partners with Allah in worship, or in his names and attributes.

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it's human nature,

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to recognize Allah to seek Him and to worship Him, and to acknowledge His attributes and His names and his greatness, and his magnificence.

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And this is why Allah Subhan Allah does not forgive Sheikh because it's completely against human nature, it is a very violent departure from human nature, it's a great violation, and it doesn't come about naturally, although I know these days, often you hear or you will, you will see that

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people will try to show atheism or polytheism.

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And any kind of, um, I would say violation of the rights of Allah, people try to show that as a natural thing is just the choice. But again, this is a very surface approach because we humans are not computers, we're not just information processing devices, we come into the world, with some kind of an operational system, we already come into the world full of human nature. When these men this human nature is related to physical attributes, we call it instinct.

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When it comes to,

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to the way we think, we call that

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principle, cognitive functions, or reflexes, sometimes when they are physical as well. We also come with spiritual instincts, if you like or reflexes and these spiritual,

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the spiritual content that we that's built in,

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is the most profound because who we are in essence, in essence, we are souls we are spiritual. So this is why the deepest and most powerful instincts instincts we have is our spiritual nature. And in our spiritual nature, worshiping others besides Allah is a great violation to this nature, you have to get out of your way to do something like that you have to sort of destroy and abandon your nature

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in order to do something like that. It is like

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it's like okay, let's, let's just take it to, to the level of

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this mate, let's make an analogy.

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someone to completely oppose their instinct for food for eating that, like their need to eat.

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It's not natural. And if someone wants to do that, actually, some people do that some people abstain from food, right. Some people abstain from food completely until they die and some people just go on a fast for long periods of time, 40 days, sometimes people 100 days.

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And some of them actually die in the

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Horses. But you know, this is extremely difficult you want to do this, it requires a lot of willpower requires a lot of discipline requires a lot of discomfort, because you're going against your nature in that sense, because your nature is that you're attracted to food, you feel hungry, you want to satisfy that need. The same thing worshiping Allah subhanaw taala alone, connecting to Him, obeying him being in touch with him, pleasing Him, knowing that you are in good relationship with Him is, is the same is even stronger than the need for food when it comes to our spiritual nature. So we have this need inside of us. And if we go against this against it, it just requires so

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much hard work just at least equivalent to the discipline that a person who abstains completely from food does in order to stay away from food, it requires a lot of discomfort, a lot of discipline, a lot of hard work, a lot of suppressing your own nature and so on and so forth. To actually depart from to hate to hate is the natural way of humans.

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And probably most likely actually a lot of the anxiety and mental issues that people are having today. A lot of it comes from negligence of this because from a young age, people actually are indoctrinated and are bombarded with messages that keep them busy with the world and take away any notion about Allah and about God and about the creator and about the hereafter and about the next slide and so on and so forth, to the point that this spiritual nature is, is deprived, and,

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and is undernourished to a point that it really goes goes pale and go sick. And thus, you can't have you can't have a balance in life without without that being satisfied. Okay, so Allah subhanaw taala does not forgive shook. Now somebody might ask what if someone was a mushrik, or committed chick but then they repented to Allah subhanaw taala? Well, if their repentance is sincere, then Allah would forgive that. But you know, all other sins, if a person comes back to Allah, eventually, it with a good heart and good intention, even though they might have missed to repent from their previous sins, Allah might actually forgive these sins, we call them in Arabic and tattle mushiya, under the

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will of Allah, Allah could actually wipe some people's sins on the day of judgment as long as they come with wash with no hate to Allah.

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But if a person does not repent from shirk, there's no way there would be a repentance, there's no way that Allah is going to forgive that. And that's the gravest sin. So

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because this is the central thing, worshiping Allah is the central thing. And

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among all things, that's the only thing you can't actually neglect in terms of fixing in your life and if a person has shirk, and they do not truly give Allah his rights, and they do all other good things,

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all of these things are not going to have the weight that will benefit them in the hereafter. Because what gives all of these good deeds, an extra dimension of,

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of eternal impact is to hide itself as the secret that brings life to everything else in your life. So if it's missing, then all the good deeds might actually just you will benefit from them because Allah is fair, at the end of the day, Allah is going to give people have done good things, Allah is going to pay them back. And most likely, these people are actually getting paid back in this life. They are getting paid back in this life. It could be some times more provisions, more wealth, more money, maybe more fame, maybe more attention, maybe more facilitation in their affairs, maybe some more fun, and and other luxuries and so on and so forth. So they get paid eventually, or maybe some

00:38:57--> 00:39:00

harm that was coming this way Allah protects him from it.

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So Allah is not going to do injustice to any one of those people. Then Allah subhanaw taala here I'm gonna go a little bit more quickly. Allah says, anything else they they worship other than Allah and these are just not things that truly deserve to be worshipped, that Allah points out. Shavon Allah says she upon is behind all of this, Satan, he's your enemy. And Allah says that she Abyan made a vow that he's going to send humans astray. He's just acting out of jealousy. And you should keep that in mind. You should take him as your enemy and never lower your your guide. Just always be in our careful and be vigilant with regards to to Shalom Allah says she thought what's your gun does is

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he beautifies he promises He gives false promises and the people and this is what you know sometimes when someone wants to follow or commit a crime or do something bad they always say, you know, I will if I do if I do it, I will get this I will get that this is false promise of ship one or something

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He says, you know, if I do that if I follow my desires when it comes to these things, if I, you know, live according to this lifestyle, I'm going to be happy, I'll be successful I'll be this will be that many of these are just the false promises of shaytaan where as Allah subhanaw taala says these people on the Day of Judgment, they will only find themselves in front of the Hellfire, and they are just going to end up there. Then Allah compares them to the people who have truly believed they remain true to their own nature. So they worship Allah subhanaw taala and they do righteous deeds, they do goodness in this life, that Allah will enter them into gardens and under under which

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rivers flow they will dwell there forever. And this is the true promise from Alon who's more truthful in the word than Allah subhanho wa Taala that Allah subhanaw taala generally speaking mentions,

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for example, he says a verse number 124, when we get melamine Sid Hatem in Akron, Ohio and our warm enough for all that you can do the following Agenda, Walla, Walla, moulana, Tara, and whoever does righteousness does good things with a male female, when they are in a state of belief and faith in Allah, and these people will be entered into Jannah and no justice will be ever done.

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And Allah says, Who is better than someone who's better in their way of life than someone who has really turned their face to Allah, meaning they sought Allah subhanaw taala and they have done good things. And they followed the religion of Prophet Ibrahim Abraham alayhi salam, which is the way of all the Prophets and Messengers which is the worship of Allah alone.

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Then Allah returns to speaking about issues that pertain to women in verse number 127.

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Allah talks about

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the delivery of women, for example of wives and how to give it to them, then a lot talks about disputes here number first number 128 129. A law talks about when the husband and wife are in dispute, the relationship is not in good shape, that they can actually seek people to help them out in or sort out this kind of dispute or issues. And Allah says, always, you know, reconciliation has priority over everything. So there is you will find in Islam, there is a lot of emphasis on keeping your marriages as much as possible as long as it's within the boundaries of,

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of health, like emotional, psychological, and religious health.

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So as long as there is room, it's better to keep the marriage but if it

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you know, if if making the marriage sort of survive to the detriment of any of those who are involved, whether spiritually or psychologically or socially, then divorce can be considered.

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Yeah, then the last one ever talks about certain principles about what it what was always his message to all people. And that's basically to have Taqwa of Allah to worship Allah. When Allah speaks at that level, when, as when he speaks about humanity in general, He's emphasizing the concept of the human family that can include all humans, and that really what the purpose of this of the existence of this of humanity is in reality, to connect to Allah to worship him and make their way back to the Creator.

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Then there's a beautiful principle that Allah emphasizes here and that's

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did we cover that not okay. Yeah. So Allah says, Yeah, you had Edina mn or Kunal a Wamena. Because the shahada Allah he will Allah and fusi come and will want it anyway. A Colombian economy and over here on for Allahu Allah behemoth Allah wa our and Tara do what Intel will ultimately do for in Allah cannot be met, I'm gonna have your lawyer who believe be so erect and so well established on justice. Always stand with justice and the truth in all situations, and be witnesses for Allah. mean being witnesses for Allah on the truth, you always stand with the truth, regardless of relationships, regardless of your own interest, and so on and so forth. Allah says, even if it's

00:44:16--> 00:44:31

against yourself, even if if the truth is going to work against yourself, or against your parents, or against those who are close to you, if this person is rich or poor, Allah is responsible for their

00:44:32--> 00:44:59

provisions. So meaning, you do not resort to deception or lying or false testimony. In order to try to help someone whether it's yourself or someone you care for, or someone who's related to you. You can't help someone with falsehood, falsehood is, or sorry, truth is the highest value. And in Islam, you will find this clear truth is the highest value and that's why one of the names of Allah Subhana Allah is Allah help God Allah is the truth himself. He's the author

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The truth himself. And this is why the truth is the ultimate value in Islam. Other values come under, under under the value of the truth. And if anyone comes in opposition if and an in situation, there is a value that competes with the truth, the ultimate truth, because even the truth could take certain levels by the way,

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any anything, any other value that comes in conflict with the value of the truth, we give precedence to the truth.

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And in our fabric humans in our spiritual makeup,

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we are actually made of that element of truth. So, we have this affinity to it, we have this connection to it. In a sense, it is who we are.

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So it's not like a fancy, ideal abstract ideal that we're just adopting and being inhumane when we sort of give it precedents. No, that's who we really are, that we have this, this bond, this relationship, this natural, intrinsic relationship with the truth, because it's part of our fabric, it's this, it's the central part of who we are the truth. So in a sense, Allah sort of the truth in the creation, Allah splitted into two hip pod, half of it inside of us and half of it in the external world. And this is why we humans are very naturally are very interested in the world. We are very curious, we seek the truth. Why because half the half of the half of the truth that is

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within us is seeking its other half it wants to complete the picture.

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And that's part of what makes us seek the truth in everything.

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Then Allah subhanaw taala generally speaking, gives advice to the believers about how to believe and emphasizes this.

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And then Allah addresses the issue of the hypocrites again.

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So basically Allah subhanaw taala, I'm going to summarize what's about hypocrites here, Allah says that they will receive severe punishment, and they actually in their external behavior, you will find that they align themselves with the disbelievers over the believers.

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And that shows what's actually in the hearts

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and they're always lying in wait trying to take the Muslims by surprise trying to bring about harm to the believers so they don't.

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Again they have this enmity this passive aggressive attitude towards believers.

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And Allah says about them ultimately a light really clarifies what is the what the experience of hypocrites or demographically in boils down to Allah says in verse number 142 In Illuminati now you have your own hola hola, hola hottie Omar either common insalata, Kwame salah, your own and NASA when I have gone Hola Hola, kalila. Indeed the hypocrites are trying to deceive Allah. But in reality, the deception is coming back to them. So Allah is causing their deception to come back to them to reflect back to them. And that's the ultimate loss that you think you're outsmarting Allah, but you're actually just fooling yourself. That's the worst thing and you don't you don't realize it

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until the whole thing is over. And these people, when they approach the prayer, they approach it dragging themselves with so much laziness. They don't have energy for this Allah. Why, again, because they don't have belief. And you know, what energizes acts of faith is actually the faith itself, right? Because salah fasting, any good deed is just an expression of faith. So when you lack the faith,

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why would you do something you're doing it just to impress right, just for show. And that's not necessarily a great motivation. So this is why these people have to drag themselves through it. And Allah says that they keep changing their positions based on you know, what works in the best of their interest,

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short term interest obviously.

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And the last one that ultimately says in verse number 145, in North Africa, and if you don't kill us, Philomena natty will tell you then at home NASA indeed the hypocrites are in the lowest recesses, the lowest levels of the hellfire and they will have no helper, no ally, no one will come to help them. Why? Because they have just positioned themselves against the truth. And not only that, they've lied against about it.

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Allah says except for those who repent and fix and all the damage that they have done

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that's it and Allah concludes this and these sort of, you know, five pages we're dealing with four pages today may or may have a lot will be either become in shackle to momentum, or can Allahu Shaquan Halima know, he says, I was wondering who says, you know, what would Allah do with punishment would punishing you if you are thankful? And if you are believers, if you stay true to your nature of you humans just do what's right. Why would Allah want to punish you that shows that Allah doesn't gain anything from punishing anyone?

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The reason there is, reward and punishment, there's paradise in the Hellfire is the truth is the ultimate value of the truth.

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Because if you remain true, you deserve that reward if you violated the covenant of truth.

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That's not just a simple cognitive opinion. This is a violation of existence. This is a violation of your humanity. It's a violation of the Divine Principle, according to which the whole universe was designed, it's extremely evil. And again, when we acting from a world or when we are thinking from a worldly perspective, we don't realize the gravity of this, for us is just another choice. But the reality is no, you have to destroy so many things. Before you align with falsehood.

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You have to sort of break the structure of the world and violated the universe creation, violate it,

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it in a very despicable way for you actually to end up and to arrive at falsehood and disbelief and also masking that disbelief. So Allah is saying, Allah doesn't want to punish you, Allah has no benefit in punishing anyone. But Allah has put a principle that if you act according to the truth, and if you do the right things, you're just going to get rewarded. But if you create damage, suffering, evil violation, you bring so much evil into the world,

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then you just have to face the consequences. And here are the consequences, and they are severe, they hellfire, and Allah described it in detail in the Quran.

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So it's your choices.

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It's your choices. Again, Allah does not gain anything from punishing anyone. But Allah abide, Allah created the principle of the truth in the creation of Allah made it binding upon himself to,

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to deal with people based upon that. So its commitment from Allah, it's, it's a gift from Allah, its truth from Allah subhanho wa taala. And if anyone thinks, you know, you know, why just not punish anyone, etc, it would be much better much Rosie, this, this basically shows immaturity, and lack of, you know, critical thinking, because it is similar to saying in school, you know, everyone passes, whether they attended lectures and classes or not, whether they sat for exams, or not just, you know, give them

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give them a pass, or give them a certificate, right. And it's just like, you're in a company or an organization, and employees who do a good job and contribute to the success of the organization, and those who, you know, are absent, who don't sign in, who don't do the work, waste their time, or maybe playing games on social media, etc. And they don't have any level of productivity, they don't contribute to the success of the organization, treat them the same. Right? Why lay off people Oh, not contributing? That's cruel, right? Again, this is this kind of fancy, you know, thinking it's what they call this, I think, cry bullies, right? These extremely, very, very sensitive, although

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they're not sensitive, they're just sensitive to only a small spectrum of things that they have selectively chosen with so much bias, but they have complete indifference to important moral principles that are greatly consequential. So ALLAH SubhanA, Allah says, That's what success is. And that's what you know, loss is success is in line with your design, your original original design, your footwork, and I've given you all the tools, everything in the world actually helps you take this path. But if you want to take this path at your own peril, it's very difficult.

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There will be temptations, but it's extremely difficult because you have to depart from your own human nature, you have to break so many principles, you have to violate a lot of moral barriers that are instilled inside of you, in order to make it there, but at the end of the day, if you that's the choice you want to take, you want to make

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a lie created humans, the whole test of humanity is the concept of choice. So again, all of this again, treats the whole concept again, of

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family at the level of the nuclear family, community and humanity and linking all of this to the concept of worshipping Allah Subhan Allah to Allah, and Allah here, he's talking about the function and the purpose of the family and all of these levels, and Allah gives some instructions on how to handle these and the most important one is to worship Allah subhanaw taala because our existence is about worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala so this is it for this week, Inshallah, hope to see

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you next Friday with the last part of Surah An Nisa Zakon la halen was salam alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakato