Imam Abu Hanifa – His Life & Legacy

share this pageShare Page
Akram Nadwi

Channel: Akram Nadwi

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:01--> 00:00:08

Oil Amy was Salatu was Salam O Allah Rasool e Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Marina

00:00:10--> 00:00:24

y rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem. Mahalo to Elgin our inside La Jolla, Abu Bakar Tada, me. Da da da da da Rae, Buffy Huda, Tabby, Paula tada

00:00:26--> 00:00:30

Manu of their own wa t o Rasulullah. Umbra minicom

00:00:31--> 00:00:43

My dear brothers and sisters inshallah, I'm going to teach you to the history of Hanafi madhhab. And especially the Bible of its founder imaam Abu hanifah rahmatullah wa Taala.

00:00:44--> 00:00:53

The first ever please move forward, I don't know many people anyone to notice better to him, there's no need to sit in the behind in a way, there's so much space.

00:01:09--> 00:01:14

You know, one of the family. So I do in the Brahim. He said, I asked my father,

00:01:15--> 00:01:17

why is it that he Manzoni

00:01:19--> 00:01:25

all of you, you know, he left everybody behind, you know, you know, what, what, what, what the reason why, why he was so good.

00:01:27--> 00:02:04

So his father said the reason, whenever we used to come to the kalasa, Zohar, he used to always make effort to be in the front of the class, sitting in the front of the you know, so it is very important to be in front in debt, it showed that how much you have interested in learning in order to make a fortune or to be to move forward. And there are actually those who want to be forward, Allah make them forward. He moves you in. Because if people just sit behind the delay behind, where if you want to move, you know, I had Allah smarter will help you to all over the Mecca to be in the front.

00:02:07--> 00:02:09

Learning this history is very important.

00:02:10--> 00:02:48

Initial, I'll teach you some details, especially I work on Abu hanifa biography. For a long, long time, too, I wrote a book in English, which you can find somewhere on alibaba funny photo from a loudhailer, he's felt, and also, that how the tradition continued, you know, all over the world into scientific tradition, or even now, actually, the most of you know, people who follow the mothers and schools, the majority among them are hanafy. So like, you know, in Turkey, Central Asia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and also in the Western world, on arrival in Syria,

00:02:49--> 00:03:13

you know, majority are hundreds of people in Iraq. And in Egypt, there are many, many hundreds. So you can see that most people who follow the mother, among them, the majority are the one who follow hanafy mother, to two very important to learn. This is good. And also it will help you to understand other schools as well. And what what influenced our bouhanni faculty and other schools anyway, inshallah, I will make effort to teach all that.

00:03:14--> 00:03:26

But before that, it just reminded because I've been teaching this thing many many times, to remind us that it will help you that you know, always make effort to understand what the means, what mazahub means.

00:03:28--> 00:04:00

You know, people need to understand what Sharia means. And what the fulcrum is, because these words are used so much by the people. Very often people use them without realizing what their real meaning is. Especially when I fill in our time media and many people who are miracle workers are experts of Islam. They don't use these words properly. So are the word demons, Dini mean is the way of worshipping Allah and obeying Him simple matter.

00:04:01--> 00:04:02

So the way

00:04:03--> 00:04:12

of worshipping Allah is obeying. So when you worship Allah subhanaw taala and obey him the way that you follow that you will do

00:04:13--> 00:04:27

so our deal for the police along the way, this is how we follow how to worship Allah subhanaw taala to our Deen will be in all the details. Is it clear to DNA means the way of worshipping Allah and his obedience Deen

00:04:28--> 00:04:30

and this Deen has got two major parts.

00:04:32--> 00:04:33

The first one is EMA,

00:04:35--> 00:04:49

which is thinking, understanding and then believing that what email means that you think when you think then you make effort to understand or once you understand then you believe so there's a man a man is connected with the mind.

00:04:51--> 00:04:59

Second part of our DNA Islam, once you believe in, then you must surrender to Him. If you believe that he is your Lord or

00:05:00--> 00:05:06

Here's your ma boo, you have to worship Him alone. They surrender to Him to his commands to the viscera.

00:05:08--> 00:05:09

To salami submission.

00:05:10--> 00:05:18

These two things are, you know the deal with dealing with the two things there are sometimes you hear the word Hassan.

00:05:19--> 00:05:37

Hassan means to beautify these things to EMR in that one live in many, many levels to keep beautifying it. Hassan semi Salaam like in your prayer, your fasting, make it is better is possible to the sunrise Asana means to beautify, to improve it to make it much much better.

00:05:39--> 00:05:51

In the hadith of debri, ali Salaam when Gabriel Islam came and asked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam what is the man on what is Salaam? What is the Hassan then or the end of the Hadees?

00:05:52--> 00:06:04

Como Katara love and and the one who knows the Hadees he said after wired, the prophets Allah asked me, Omar Do you know who was the miner who came to ask the question this question he managed

00:06:06--> 00:06:08

to I said Allah and His Messenger know the best.

00:06:09--> 00:06:37

To the professor Latham said harder gb relo Jah kamijo your limo comm Deena comm This was gibreel, who came to teach you your dean, to see this was Denise Eman Islam and Hassan and there are some details about DFA so that what you know in the Hadith is very clear in the Quran a very clear D means that he man, his alarm on the top of that, to beautify them to improve them to make them as best as possible.

00:06:39--> 00:06:40

There are what is sherea

00:06:41--> 00:06:42

sherea means

00:06:44--> 00:06:45

that

00:06:46--> 00:06:54

all those details of the deal this deal with a lower limit, or the details of the dean, which have been authorized by law,

00:06:55--> 00:07:30

to Sharia means authorized path of path, that Sharia means path. But that path which have been authorized, if you're not authorized, in our Sharia, for 45 may occur sooner. It's rubbish area. If I make a law, it will not be cheriya if I make a way of worship, it will not be Sharia law for Napa you know in India, many people go to Satish shrine, to visit them, you know, but that's not Sharia. Because that is not authorized by law. So hautala is a messenger. But if you go to Makkah through karma do have

00:07:32--> 00:08:12

that Sharia because that authorized by Larry's messenger, is it clear to Sharia is what has been authorized by Allah and His Messenger, Sharia and of course everything most people have been, you know, just narrowed Sharia to laws, Sharia does not mean low. Right on this particular piece, some people make it like you know, divine law or something Cherian does not mean law law are is more part of her year, Sharia Musa authorized, pass authorized whatever have been authorized by law satola every single thing, the prayer is Sharia, fasting, Sharia hiji Sharia, you know, several more teachings of Islam, there are social media, whatever had been authorized from among the details of

00:08:12--> 00:08:44

Islam, all of the marshy area to Sharia is authorized part of unless hautala What do you hate our thright? Is it clear to everybody to try to understand when people say our Sharia means Islamic law, it is mistake, Sharia does not mean Islamic law is laws are a very tiny part of sherea sherea means every single detail that has been authorized by Allah Allah and His Messenger, if there are something Muslims to do, which has no authority in the Quran and Sunnah. It will not be Sharia,

00:08:45--> 00:08:49

it will be invented it will widen batarseh sherea sherea

00:08:50--> 00:08:59

when it is authorized by Allah is messenger. Now the question is, what are the parts of Sharia? When we say Sharia what are the parts?

00:09:01--> 00:09:03

So, we can divide them in three parts.

00:09:05--> 00:09:30

The first part is norms norms, you know like norms of the things that we know people how normally people do to norms you have to Darcy's first part, you know a normal person what you mean in what they do there's a more like you know, you say a salon when you meet somebody just Salaam Alaikum you are kind to the people you respect the people you look after your neighbors you obey your parents, I you know and

00:09:32--> 00:09:59

don't lie, don't bite bite, you know honestly, these are nodes of the life the most part Sharia are basically our nodes. What normally people should do any any normal person will do. So that is most part 80% Sharia like that no nose, no rule. It is just basically in normal. If you live a normal person asking him if you make a list of what what a normal person we have, that what at least Sharia is most of the most parts.

00:10:00--> 00:10:12

Yes, what normally anybody will do is a career? That's most part. The second part of Sharia is because when people make are left to follow the norms, sometimes they don't know the priority.

00:10:13--> 00:10:56

For example, you know, sometimes you will, no, there will be some, like your parents are calling you. And then you have a promise with someone else to meet him at the same time, to which one you prioritize, whether you obey your parent, or you go and meet your friend, you know, in life, sometimes what happens to norms and three norms. You know, they basically, they have kind of flipped to where the nodes have conflicts, how we'll we'll do what we'll do to esalaam was to help you to esalaam has taught you the priority among the nodes that we call Ofcom rules. The rules are basically are not like laws or rules are only to teach you what are your priority

00:10:57--> 00:11:24

routes are in order to what if? What if? What is soon? What was the hub? That is that no rules have come? Is it clear to everybody, then after that, there will be some things in Islam and one person or maybe less than one person, where Allah will teach you this, these are the norms. And these are your priorities. don't exceed the limit, don't cross over the boundary, Allah made a boundary.

00:11:25--> 00:11:34

So if people cross the boundaries, sometimes punishment, sometime in a warning and the Day of Judgment, many of those, that is what we call lows.

00:11:36--> 00:12:20

The lows are very, very little is very, very few. Most Islam has nothing to do with the lows. Is it clear to everybody? To when we say sherea sherea miss what Sharia means that path, which are details of Islam, which have been authorized by Allah and His messenger? So their Sharia in calusa every single detail of Islam, Sharia not only Islamic law of Holy Lord Divine Law, Sharia what every single detail that has been authorized by Allah and His Messenger, the dictionary yet consistent three parts, I mentioned, most of them 80% 90% they are norms that people have to follow normal people, whatever normal people do, that what Sharia basically isn't normally foreign has come to

00:12:20--> 00:12:36

teach you to decide that, that among those things, sometimes you have conflict, you know, so many norms, you don't know which one how to pray, right. So then a poorer person will teach you certain rules to understand really, like when the time is for the prayer.

00:12:37--> 00:13:19

Go for prayer is simple matter. You are busy, you know, no doubt people are allowed in Islam, to talk with their friends, make them happy. But when the time for the prayer comes around hypers then you have to go to the mosque, to both our nodes, meeting the with the friends, making them happy talking to them, that's also normal, normal people do distance. And also norm is to go for the prayer. But which one has more priority? So when there's conflict, the priority will be for the prayer that what outcome rules or rules in Islam are to teach you your priorities properly, that you understand this thing, then the third part of Sharia will be that when people exceed the limit and

00:13:19--> 00:13:41

did better than war did not want to be normal people. They still you know, the you know, an hour day in a day disarray no respect, we may for example, out misbehave. So, then Islam will bring subtle punishment in us to pick up to keep them to be normal. So that is what we say laws how

00:13:42--> 00:13:48

to do that very little is a very, very few to not minimum, most of the time, you're expected to behave properly. Is it clear?

00:13:50--> 00:14:06

To I taught you what the means and I taught you what Imani means, what is allowed means what a facade means then I taught you what Sharia means. You know and then I taught you the Sharia has got three parts, you know norms. And the second thing is

00:14:07--> 00:14:14

rules. And the third thing is the dude and those this three now the question is what's your commutes?

00:14:16--> 00:14:59

So that actually, again, I mentioned in our time, everything had been reduced people don't a lot of things is the meaning of a man has become very narrow. People think a man who is happy the meaning of Islam had become very narrow meaning of Asana has become very narrow people think assignment to people actually narrow down everything reduce everything to similarly filtered meaning of the work has been, you know, some minor issues about which they ask you mostly to be fatwa. That's not right. Because data comes in from Arabic word. In fact, if, if that means a deep understanding of anything, if you understand something that's that's fine, but if you understand that

00:15:00--> 00:15:01

deeply that his

00:15:03--> 00:15:07

deep understanding of matter is fact Japanese deep understanding

00:15:09--> 00:15:10

how to understand that deeply.

00:15:11--> 00:15:28

How you understand something deeply like if somebody asks you understand that prayer deeply, what will it mean? Meaning will be first thing in a lot of other sources in a lot of what the prayer is in the Quran in the sooner how the Prophet has been praying, then understand the rules about the prayers

00:15:32--> 00:15:35

and awareness of everything properly,

00:15:36--> 00:15:42

that affect the affected deep understanding of every matter in from the sources

00:15:44--> 00:15:47

you know, and going in details as much as possible.

00:15:48--> 00:16:33

The fit will not only small defect will be far hole or deep or cheriya. So fit will be also how I if I want to be near to my Lord, that's also fair, I fought to be pious that also fifth, I want to be nice to the people, it also need to need the fifth, fifth will include everything, people have reduced the old list to two knows the fair people think Islamic law. No fear actually is much more than that. Fear Kucharek lose piety, fear of Allah subhanaw taala, in a proper belief, surrender to submission to Allah subhanaw taala. And also the details to fit the easy knowing the authorized part of Allah subhanaw taala in detail from the sources. If people don't know the sources, they don't

00:16:33--> 00:16:34

know the

00:16:36--> 00:16:43

for output, if you ask, you know, if you go to a mosque, or the people who come for the prayer, everybody knows how to do.

00:16:45--> 00:17:17

And you can ask them and they will, they will show you how to do. But that's another factor. Why? Because they don't know the sources or the details. If you ask them why you do Mother Mother gargling, why are you killing your nose? Why are you doing this work? They don't know that source. They don't know evidence. That's not the fact is, you know, the rules. But you know, also the source of, you know, the evidence properly. does. And you also know the wisdom, why we're doing this to the effect is actually if people don't know the sources, it's not

00:17:18--> 00:17:46

a simple matter. The farther apart if you ask the Mufti in a fatwa about certainty about the prayer, and it tells you this what you need to do. And then you ask him, what are your evidence? He said, I don't know the evidence, is it? If not? If he doesn't, then how can you say if you don't know the source? How can it be fair to must? How can we deep understanding that thinking? If you even don't know the source, you don't know your your evidence? How can we fix it?

00:17:47--> 00:17:54

When you see these many of these who give Fatah without knowing the source of the invaders, too many people must be thinking that what Abu hanifa was

00:17:55--> 00:18:04

not like that, to try to understand him. His life was not like that. That you know. So first thing is there are two misunderstanding about the

00:18:05--> 00:18:16

one misunderstanding if people have read use the Felker to certain those 30 the more than that fact is basically every aspect of Islamic life.

00:18:17--> 00:18:38

Fact basically includes all those details, which again cruise within cruise 30 includes all the authorized part by lasala. That is the first mistake people do they reduce the fifth to certain rules and laws. While the fifth is it more resembles that it actually includes every aspect of your life as a believer.

00:18:39--> 00:19:02

This first mitek the second mistake of the Hydra by the people is that people think faith only means to understand the details of the sticks it is not to really fake means understanding the details from the sources with reference to the sources. If you don't know the reference, you don't know the evidence, then it is not your artifact.

00:19:04--> 00:19:19

That actually has been meaning in all the sources FFP will mean the one who knows the details properly and the one who knows the sources and evidence of the details properly. If you don't know this, you are not if it

00:19:20--> 00:19:21

did clear

00:19:22--> 00:19:24

fact actually exists in Islam.

00:19:26--> 00:19:27

In Islam itself.

00:19:35--> 00:19:49

Admission is about the fact that there have been two misunderstandings among the people. The first misunderstanding is that people use fekir for a very narrow meaning, which is just some some lows.

00:19:50--> 00:19:59

And I said it's not true faith actually includes everything in a piety, fear of Allah subhanaw taala the Day of Judgment, you know all this turning to

00:20:00--> 00:20:21

Does the hotel appeasing him, you know, whether you're alone with your family anything meeting the people saying to them Salaam, you know, whatever, you know, kindness all these are part of the fifth, the fifth in equals whatever is Ramiz. This first misunderstood. Second misunderstanding actually among the people isn't there the fifth only means to know the details.

00:20:23--> 00:20:40

While the fetta means knowing the details, or knowing the source said other details and evidence as well, our source image word source immunise. Now the second question will be what are the sources? So the sources in Islam occur to most people are four.

00:20:42--> 00:20:45

The first one is the Quran, the Book of Allah.

00:20:46--> 00:20:49

The second one is the Sunnah of the Prophet, Allah is Allah.

00:20:51--> 00:21:19

The third one is the consensus of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And the fourth one is it you know, europaeus analogy how you make reasoning for new issues, which have not mentioned the prosumer initially, there'll be a full course on the demand the acid in it, so that you get to, you know, concept it in a much more clear way, but many people don't understand what it means and what they assume is. So the other sources, if somebody said to you, for example,

00:21:21--> 00:21:34

somebody says to you about something, it is so nine, the prayer, then it If, for example, many people in the most will tell you that when you come for the prayer, it is soon to cover your head, to have a Toby to hide for the men, they will say

00:21:35--> 00:22:15

to then you have full right to ask them, What is your evidence? tsunamis, what practice are the prophets, the listener, he ever had done this thing? Did the professor make effort to color his head when coming for the prayer? if people can't bring evidence, then it will be sooner, it is not enough to say the covering the head, you have to bring the evidence for that matter, if not sooner, if somebody teaches you eating with the right hand is sooner then he needs to bring evidence if he's if it is not for free, you are not obliged to follow him for every single matter, you need to know the details and you need to know their sources if you don't know the sources, it is not official and

00:22:15--> 00:22:33

sources will have disparity faster poron then the sooner then dejima then the chaos some people will go to the latest in a possible book written in India or anywhere that I read this in this book does not a source source always mean in very specific things that one can flip

00:22:34--> 00:22:44

the next question is what is possible you also is used you know this word or sold or sold basically is the science of the

00:22:47--> 00:22:50

you know, how you derive the knowledge

00:22:51--> 00:23:12

you know, how you derive the details from the sources? What are what are the rules that you follow? What are the rules of the language or any rule whatever the rules that you follow to derive any ruling for other sources that what or solution to follow up whatever somebody says to you that something is fallible.

00:23:14--> 00:23:56

So, there should be a pattern How do you know that something further how not divided how know something sooner how you know something Mister, how do you know that something Nakuru? How do you know that such a harem? You know, how do you love this thing? So, that is what is also live up to so the Saturday said the science of the Surah 32 not knowing the rules, you know, which help you to derive the rules from the sources that are also Russian. Also the SEC has been compiled Ron I will come to that inshallah and I'm Michelle Hanafi mother and what are the main sources? But first thing you know, just make sure that the first thing is that every 40 there must follow certain rules are

00:23:56--> 00:24:20

there how can we nobody can derive the knowledge if they don't know how to present our level of language. When you speak a language, you follow grammar. It could be that you don't know that you need to grow your hair but you follow the grammar add in a mind learned person will know the grammar rules of grammar to exploit the fact that they know the fit and they also know the rules how to derive the knowledge they know the rules properly.

00:24:21--> 00:24:40

This basic thing that you keep in mind shall have to be always helpful though it does look very simple. But I tell you what, most people don't understand these words as they are. So I told you what the Eman is Olam, Sharia, and what are part of Sharia. Then I told you about the fact and also I taught you about a surah

00:24:42--> 00:24:59

when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was sent the prophets Allah Allah is certainly the messenger and whatever you teach it that a source itself to the Sunnah, but it ran the people in order to give fatwa he trained people his companions to answer the question.

00:25:00--> 00:25:23

Cuz you know he can go everywhere you know, keep answering every single question to during his lifetime there have been many companions who used to answer the questions or the people about religious matters. Like Luca Sadiq or Mara faru or Samana Ali, even the wise person I listed them on a porn set to the world corner mitered

00:25:25--> 00:25:33

corner reminds the wives of the Prophet allows them that you have to learn because people will ask you to they used to give the fatwa when the professor Latham died

00:25:36--> 00:25:38

when he died on a Salaam

00:25:40--> 00:25:46

he left many companies more than 100,000 but not all of them are the scholars of

00:25:47--> 00:26:05

the only people who we have known the details they used to give fatawa and teach the effect and people asked us to come ask them question. Their number is 120 how many people 120 people are the people who used to give fatwa and answer the question

00:26:06--> 00:26:19

about these 140 people. Some are very well known. Like Allah, Allah for Russia aboubaker Alma Omar, Omar Ali. Then after that, Abdullah evil Massoud

00:26:20--> 00:26:31

to write out these nets are to live Masood God these are names that are gonna keep in reference will come to their names all the time in the books are different Hadith to Abdullah Masada the latter on who

00:26:32--> 00:26:33

ob junagadh

00:26:35--> 00:26:36

Zed in the hobbit

00:26:39--> 00:26:45

Ayesha the wife of the parcel on Salah masala, the wife or the person

00:26:47--> 00:26:49

and then after that Abu huraira

00:26:51--> 00:27:01

but a lot of onko are do live even though women are a bit lower on Hama Babu live not bus or they're low on Hama ragna, Javad

00:27:03--> 00:27:04

Abu Salah Shari.

00:27:06--> 00:27:16

So these are the people who are well known to teach people the fact and the fatawa they are most Hadean that think that the people who make full effort to teach people everything

00:27:17--> 00:28:04

certainly the professor Allison cetera in Medina, Medina is the city where the profits are taught and people are implemented in every single teachings. So that a city or the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he did not do the same with any city to Medina city of Medina was raised in in in front of the eye of the personalizada he supervised the nurse in Medina, the culture in Medina, the way of the people in Medina, it all has authority from a lot of messengers a lot of send them to Medina is very important. And Medina the city where the professor laughs I spent the last 10 years of his life and that is a city where for FAR Russia has been I've been Abu Bakar then Omar, then Osama, and then

00:28:04--> 00:28:29

rd. Later on Ali move from Medina to Kufa so that was the major city official. You know in Medina, Medina is where actually most companies were in Medina or the LA reticle, xenophobic Abu huraira in over Jamaica, the people the photo and the facts have been in Medina or done almost a lot longer than they are the people are affected first of all in Medina.

00:28:31--> 00:28:41

Then after the death after companions with Medina, we have got our value. The those who follow the Sahaba among them are people like Saeed even Masaya

00:28:43--> 00:28:44

protoype noiseaware

00:28:46--> 00:28:49

passing even a Mohammed even Habiba

00:28:51--> 00:28:54

Salim, even our dilla even Omar

00:28:56--> 00:28:59

harissa even reside in a salad

00:29:01--> 00:29:05

or Wei de la ignore dilla ignore what the Buddha even muscled

00:29:07--> 00:29:13

seven footer how big a big people in Medina has got then after that in Medina, you have got younger

00:29:14--> 00:29:15

younger

00:29:16--> 00:29:17

people like your mom zori

00:29:20--> 00:29:21

arrabbiata, right.

00:29:24--> 00:29:30

Yeah, it was sorry, I'm sorry to do that younger thug in Medina.

00:29:32--> 00:29:36

Then after these younger da vida Madeira, you have got people like Imam Malik

00:29:39--> 00:29:51

or they do love Armory and people like that your Moloch is the most known one. So this is the history of the people of Medina the basically you can say the first major center of the field in Islam has been Medina.

00:29:52--> 00:29:59

There was no city were to Medina in knowledge, that why the poor are set for Loudon forum in Kula Putin.

00:30:00--> 00:30:21

If at a minimum, they are de facto 50 Why not from every city, every guru, some people come to Medina. I learned from the professor dallisa to Medina where the center where people were asked to come and spend some time learning the field. Then they go back to their home and teach people while they will come home. him down.

00:30:22--> 00:30:24

They go back to their home and teach people

00:30:26--> 00:30:44

to that other city of Medina, after the city of Medina, the city which became the most important center affected, that the city of Kufa so that you need to learn. There have been no sit in Islam, or the important in the high school for after Medina.

00:30:46--> 00:30:53

Kufa establish during the fall of Omar imbricata or the Allah on

00:30:54--> 00:31:22

when you become very far, and Syria and Iraq was conquered. Then in Iraq, he settled cities like in Kufa and bussola he made and he come ask our price to move there. So they can, you know, Islam will be well established in a city, Taylor Kufa, many many Arab tribes, they moved here and Kufa became very important center for Islam, who found people needed somebody who can come and teach them.

00:31:24--> 00:31:39

So then America thought the Law Center in Kufa, one of the great companion Abdullah, even Masuda they left on he came where to go from resettle there, he taught equal there and later on Omar

00:31:41--> 00:32:11

retaurant. Alia de la Khalifa. He spent five years of his life in Kufa to Kufa cap capital of Islam, after Medina, Medina was first capital where the Prophet was there. Abu Bakar Omar Ozma then Ali, Mujahid alpha o capital from Medina to Kufa to go for over a certain Kufa to Kufa became very important center of learning nearly there have been 500 companies.

00:32:12--> 00:32:17

Not as many as in Medina, but more than any other city.

00:32:18--> 00:32:26

You don't have these 500 companies it or similar number in any city, neither in demand. Neither in Cairo, you're in Egypt

00:32:27--> 00:32:34

are in bussola no city, Kufa has got such a big number of companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

00:32:35--> 00:32:48

So in Kufa, because after Masuda la Tonto, and then later on because of Ali, Ali was Allah subhanho. The city became very important in the in Islam we have got two major schools.

00:32:50--> 00:32:58

One is Medina and one is Kufa. So Medina gufa both are the important centres of the fifth in Islam.

00:33:00--> 00:33:45

The most effect that is coming to Islam is actually coming from these two cities, whatever love then after that other folk however they do that combined the take from these two centers, they learn from them, either combined or they prefer one over the other. But actually the federal lot in these two cities. The US can see that you know fake coffee or rock or fake of Kufa fake up Medina what fucka Medina say, WA for half Iraq's it we always find this reference in the source of Medina and a Kufa there too though there have been learned people in other certificates from as well. There have been learned people in bussola in companies also they must like a Buddha did maga de la Rondo in Egypt as

00:33:45--> 00:33:55

well they have been learned people and they will fuck. But these two centers have been very important and they are the major centers of learning for the film in Islam.

00:33:56--> 00:34:24

Actually, they are the major centers also for the for the reading of the Quran, the reading of the Quran that people know in the world now. They're coming from where? From Medina and from Kufa. At the moment most people who read the Quran either they follow Medina and with a cufon away, like for a printer in North African countries. We're in Morocco, in Libya, in Tunisia, people read the Quran according to the reading of a watch an Apollo

00:34:25--> 00:34:55

watch and Carnell both has to serve NASA or NASA is a mama para Medina and is reading the Quran Tisa Medina, in less part of the Muslim world, people now read the Quran, a guide to the reading of hustling for mahasi that what will people do? Most people live in the Middle East Saudi Arabia and in the Middle Eastern countries in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh and Turkey of Central Asia. Now in Europe and America. Most readings are word Huff's for amasi

00:34:57--> 00:35:00

so you can see even reading the Quran. These are the two major

00:35:00--> 00:35:11

citizen in Muslim Islam, Medina and Kufa, the same in the fact that Medina and Kufa they have been two major centers and they are very distinctive

00:35:12--> 00:35:25

imahara from Allah tala, he is a mom of the people of Kufa that too, I'll come to that in a history inshallah, in detail because you know, you need to learn every single aspect of district.

00:35:27--> 00:36:09

But before coming to that, I emphasize this meaning, you know, much more really, that Domo to narrow down the door to make soccer, just details of you know, how much you raise your hand, when you put your hand in the prayer on the chest or underneath of your navel, or things like that. felt really the much more detail was more than that. It is really knowing the soul, the fundamentals or the religion, you know, then after the minor details, if you're not making near to Allah, it will let anybody know, like a British law, Indian law, you know, if people give fatwa on Islam, you know, just as the rules and laws, but does not make it equal nearer to Allah subhanaw taala

00:36:10--> 00:36:48

nothing to do with the filter. Like in our time, we have developed a Islamic Finance, which people use to become rich and listen to that in a lot hotter Did not you know, make people to become richer, richer, you know, a lot I sent a myriad of people to make effort to become near to lasala to get paradise to be saved from the header file. If you read people's alive if this word does not make them to be saved from Hellfire does not make them to become worthless, waste of time. So that what you need to understand is not really that to find answer for every question, real theory is that your life you become nearer to Allah and people who learn from you, they become near to Allah

00:36:48--> 00:37:01

subhanaw taala if you don't attend the near miss to Allah, then your time is wasted, your knowledge is wasted. And I read something from one of the greatest core of Islam and then we shall move on more details about the history of a

00:37:02--> 00:37:14

lot Allah will emerge Josie Allah from Allah tala. He said in one of his books that his slides will have a very noisy force here the recorded

00:37:15--> 00:37:19

he said in ama, for hammoud Basu will not refer to

00:37:20--> 00:37:31

what our motto he is the hippo who won Nevada resource analysis was a Huberty with the Adobe Adobe for hamanaka

00:37:33--> 00:37:38

una de yada, Allah Allah Ma, para undersea II mean.

00:37:41--> 00:37:55

He said understanding the fundamentals of the region, like EMA is alarm, piety, fearfulness, hautala, you know, being accountable that they have genuine, understanding the OSU will not refer to them or good, or know your model,

00:37:56--> 00:38:08

the one who worship Ramadan is greatness, how great he is His mercy, his power, his knowledge, you know, how you know, nothing to do like us really, you know, this, you know, greatness of it, you know is

00:38:09--> 00:38:44

your your Lord, understand, and whatever he deserved from you, that you respect him, you obey Him, you know, you are shipping and then looking at studying the biographies of the professor lesson among his companions, the how they have been a pious, what ought to be, and then making effort to become like them, say minor. You know, the reason I'm doing this, you can know what Abu hanifa Abu hanifa people think Abu hanifa just mean, you know, man who made Islamic law, manufacture the first one distance in all these manners, piety, fear of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:38:45--> 00:38:55

And to understand whatever the state one element of it, this is a useful knowledge. This is a beneficial knowledge, which at least the greatest Allah is carozza in

00:38:56--> 00:39:09

look, you know, greater Salama, they find them think really, they are even lower than the most ignorant person on the face of the earth. When you get this thing, then it is

00:39:10--> 00:39:48

if I think I'm better, there's people, I'm better than other people. If I feel like that, it means something missing in my understanding, really, people have the knowledge or whatever the humble, they always believe that they are lowest people. When people are proud or arrogant, it is simply simply to me they are not a 14 year old can be arrogant. He always will figure in a no or nothing in other people, maybe then we are taller than me. You know, knowing some details. You know, even you can make the computer no details, your credit, put all the details in the computer, you know that you know that's not so important, important and really easy. That how near your fullest. hautala so

00:39:48--> 00:39:59

it could be somebody you know, more near than me. So I don't know, when you get this thing that what they're what happens that you respect every believer. Don't give advice to people don't make people fast.

00:40:00--> 00:40:21

My father, like in our time, you know, many, many of the people that make everybody coffee run faster and faster. And you know, this is this person who found the path of Islam. The reason is happening is because you think you are, you have authority to do this thing you don't think really, that you need yourself to make effort to become closer to humbleness, humility in order

00:40:29--> 00:40:30

will now do this

00:40:31--> 00:40:39

to the first I want to tell you really that if the filter is a disconnected from these OSU, it is not

00:40:40--> 00:40:43

if it is not a pious person with nothing.

00:40:44--> 00:40:50

Like in India, one of the shareholders of India His name is Abdullah Sultan puri.

00:40:51--> 00:40:53

He was Chairperson of India during the reign.

00:40:55--> 00:40:59

So much money huge money gold and silver is how so much.

00:41:00--> 00:41:15

If you had to pay the card, it will be a lot of money. But what he's to do here before the end of the year, that can if you have to pay the card on the first of Ramadan, to on the 29th of shaba. He will give all his wealth as a gift to his wife.

00:41:17--> 00:41:18

No, no, no zakat.

00:41:20--> 00:41:45

His wife will keep all that until 29th of Siobhan one day before that, she will give all those wells back to her husband as a gift that nobody pays a cat because the cat only costs obligatory if you want something for the whole year. If you own less than one year, the cat is not obligated to his manufacturer, you know the filter, but he did not want to pay the card. This how he's to play the tree.

00:41:47--> 00:42:10

To certainly this is not Islamic. Maybe in the worldly legal matters, you can actually make effort to avoid the tech paying tax and you think you are clever. But if you want to avoid paying Zakat, and we think you're clever, you're not clever in the punishment we'll be using this data to make very clear that would be how Miss how there is a deep misunderstanding what is developed about is

00:42:12--> 00:42:22

not like worldly lows. It is a completely different matter. Is it a bit of a new on your road near this was hautala mo hanifa Allah was so different from the people to inshallah Allah come that anyway.

00:42:24--> 00:42:26

So this was the first thing I wanted to teach you. Now.

00:42:29--> 00:42:35

I mentioned to you, honey FEMA, the hub, or a coupon filter is based mainly

00:42:36--> 00:42:44

on the teaching of the great companion, Abdullah. Even the muzzleloader the laughter on visitation.

00:42:45--> 00:42:51

So I will give you the genealogy of basically the three goals and I write down

00:42:52--> 00:42:57

also, so people can see maybe I just like don't get too caught

00:43:01--> 00:43:04

up to lead on the soybean I'm glad to hear so you can see what

00:43:07--> 00:43:09

people got copied.

00:43:40--> 00:43:40

Somebody has to

00:43:42--> 00:43:44

look kinda Can you fix it here?

00:43:45--> 00:43:46

But this cannot come.

00:43:51--> 00:43:53

You're just in America that people can see all this.

00:43:59--> 00:44:00

Yeah, this is better.

00:44:04--> 00:44:18

Yeah, now look at this chart, which will help you to understand where Abu hanifa comes from. Certainly Abu hanifa many, many teachers I'll come to that in further detail anyway. To man a person every 100 females have this man a mother comes up to learn with Massoud

00:44:20--> 00:44:31

dough Hanafi madhhab. Got influence of other companies has good luck on whatever hottub Ayesha, the mother of the believer, so many, an alum without him.

00:44:34--> 00:44:45

Then, you know, people who actually in Kufa that taught her this mother on this opinion, the multivendor to people Alabama and Alaska.

00:44:47--> 00:44:52

from Alabama, that's what the notice came down to Ibrahim

00:44:54--> 00:44:57

and for me when I'm Nakai from mud, even abyssal a man

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

fora Mohamad Abu hanifa

00:45:22--> 00:45:31

Okay, now I will tell you some details about some of these people to become aware really that how much knowledge they used to have and why it matters so important.

00:45:32--> 00:45:39

I will not go details of every single person because a lot of you must know I shared a lot around how Hormel is known to the people, everybody analogies,

00:45:40--> 00:45:50

but the one which central in this instance you might have a doula even more so that is a center person in the hands of the mother and the companions.

00:45:52--> 00:46:18

a doula Masuda lot on who he is called alima, Allah haver imaam and in a great manner the knowledge 40 hiruma is 40 of dishoom immigrant Sahaba you know very few people if you select a few people who are the people, the best in the filter will be Omarosa top of German Masada. Ayesha, very few people. The Abdullah Massoud is one of them.

00:46:19--> 00:46:27

He's not ordinary from Makkah. He came from some his family long time ago came and certainly Makita Luca Rama, but they are not ordinary for America.

00:46:29--> 00:46:33

He is one of the people very few people who became who accepted Islam

00:46:34--> 00:46:35

very early

00:46:36--> 00:46:46

on some people Socrates or the six of the sixth, sixth of the six, mill said, After five people he became Muslim is very, very early in Islam.

00:46:47--> 00:47:04

Among the people or the knowledge and chosen people, he did his era to Habesha and then to Medina, he attended all the battle bother with all the buttresses lamps you can see or with Hi Bill, with the professor lesson attending all the battles

00:47:05--> 00:47:17

he the virtues are a lot and he has got a lot of knowledge so many Hadith from him. So he is a teacher of the Quran, Teacher of the sooner the parcel Allah Salaam, and so many Hadith from him, so many of these very strong

00:47:19--> 00:47:27

he was one of the most intelligent people in Islam, you know, among companions, those who are clever people intelligent, he is one of them.

00:47:29--> 00:48:09

Beside that, he was very close to the professor Landis alum actually he was he was to be called, I the man who carries the water for the parcel Allah Salaam, and looks after you know his news. And also he was the one who keeps the secrets or the process or listen to the process are you to trust in him so much? The professor Landis Allah used to love his reading to verse at the parcel as passed by the mosque and Abdullah Massoud was, you know, reading the Quran, there was so much impressed by reading and listen to in his reading was very impressive of the Quran. Actually, his reading of the Quran was so good.

00:48:11--> 00:48:56

That later on during his khilafah Omarosa toda la Don who sent a command to every surface, that people who teach the Quran, they should not teach from their memory. They should teach from the most from the written copy. Because the memory sometimes you can do mistake one or two words, a teacher perahera written a copy not from your memory, and over hothouse away or with high being, whenever he calls for hygiene, he would ask people of every city How are your teachers? How are your governors, he wants to know them how they're doing. So when he came once for hygiene, he met somebody from Kufa. He asked him, you know, how are your teachers and this and that in our people that make it and

00:48:56--> 00:49:42

then he asked how the teacher Quran he said, the pastor, one of our teacher, he teaches Arar from memory. from memory, not from the written text. humara became very angry, his first face become read. He took his you know, stick people say, and you know, I've got to hit and you're so angry. So who this man who teach the Parana from the memory when I said people should teach from the written copy. Then the person said that he is a doula, even muscle. Then Omar, calm down, calm down, and they say if he teach it, he deserves Chi Rahim. Learn to win. People did not know that you consider it Omar hatao who insisted that people should teach from the you know, brother from the Musab. He

00:49:42--> 00:49:59

allowed other Massoud to teach from the memory that actually when Abdullah when Omar Catalano, he made the city of Kufa and then his center of drama suta. The teacher appointed the teacher. He wrote a letter to the people of Kufa and he said he said anything

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

One of the things that he said to the Pura Kufa, third Taco Bell, Abdullah II, Allah and

00:50:07--> 00:50:20

I wanted to keep up dr Masuda with me in my in Medina, but I preferred your need for a minute. This has been the Anyway, after law school was very close, the process was so close

00:50:21--> 00:50:25

that at the time of the conquest of fiber that is sixth

00:50:26--> 00:50:28

in the city and when the

00:50:29--> 00:51:11

hyper was conquered after that many new people came Priscilla. Among them are also some people from Germany. They came and they became Muslim, and leader was Abu Musashi. He came on to become a Musashi nurse. He said, you know, me, I came I and you know, with my family from Yemen, and we stand in Medina for a long time. I used to think we used to think that Abdullah Massoud is from the family of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but all the time in his house, always following him to be interesting. He's from the family to INSEAD, former governor of Hainan Wilma

00:51:12--> 00:51:43

mo il Illa mean alibis inhibition data center. We used to think that other Masuda and his mother both are from Barcelona Salah lick Ephrata, de hula him were Haru Jima la they got so much they used to be inside the house or the porcelain always going they're always coming from there all the time. You can see them to get his outsider in Alamosa. Jennifer Medina is from from Yemen to his thought for a while that Abdullah Massoud is from the city from the famous parcel Alyssa

00:51:48--> 00:52:27

abou Wyatt one others to love Abdullah Masuda para la Toronto you know who was in Medina in Kufa okay and he will not have time for the question. So I'll come to this in return you know I want to teach you details Do you understand the history of this this school properly that how it is connected to the company not only one companion and also Mr. thug, every single person that people always have one name Abu hanifa did not like that not only fine went to the mother actually he received it inherited from all those people they know and then he developed it further but he has got so much knowledge for other people before him so that I was coming shala but before that if you

00:52:27--> 00:52:32

have any questions please ask us the speaker you know mic on or if you have any question please ask him

00:52:44--> 00:52:45

you can give them Mike is

00:52:54--> 00:53:02

not clear ask don't fish is because you cannot teach it. Okay you know unless you understand properly. And also we must also learn

00:53:03--> 00:53:19

in the past like I have also done but not only because when people understand if anything are clear, don't worry. Don't think that you will laugh at me that I don't know this thing not Don't worry people let people love once you learn then those who love they will come to LA from you.

00:53:20--> 00:53:21

Only come

00:53:22--> 00:53:24

Can you explain the definition of kasasa

00:53:26--> 00:53:27

curriculum what

00:53:31--> 00:53:32

the definition of causes

00:53:35--> 00:53:48

chaos Dr. Sophy us. The US administer election or pass a piece of means when you measure something measurement to what they asked music to us means that you have got

00:53:50--> 00:53:51

a new case.

00:53:52--> 00:54:04

You don't know ruling about this new case. You look in the Quran that no single verse in the Quran which can help you to understand ruling about this new new case. You look in the Hadith you don't find

00:54:05--> 00:54:18

then what you do you find a similar similarity between this new case and a between a case which is mentioned in the Quran soon when you find a similarity, extend the same ruling to this new case.

00:54:19--> 00:54:24

For that the Quran has forbidden wine that people are

00:54:25--> 00:54:41

not allowed for the people to drink wine. When our time there are many many new drinks which are not wine but they've got intoxication like made drugs you know people and all these people, people use them. So but they're not dependent upon their permission

00:54:42--> 00:54:49

to water for tea will do. Okay, these drugs, they're similar to the wine because they also make people intoxicated.

00:54:50--> 00:54:59

So now the same ruling which is for the wine will be extended to these new drugs that occur over the years. You know to me

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

Any rules in Islam, they are known by a US. You know, reason is because in well that's not going to teach you every single small things you have to learn. And then after that, you can accept that you know your if

00:55:12--> 00:55:15

you don't learn from your father or mother, or the sentences do

00:55:16--> 00:55:58

you make your own sentences, but you will learn enough which can enable you to make your own sentences to similarly, you know, this focus. Allah has taught people enough from which they can extend it in all these rules to new cases. You don't need every single thing to be mentioned the persona is you don't need to learn every single sentence from your parent, you can make your own sentence and our children make their own sentences. They know that what they ask them to pay us basically your own extension of the same ruling to the new cases. Now the same tie for the breaker to stop it here. And we'll come back. If you have a question. We can start with the question shall