Quranic Seerah 02 – Pre-Prophethood Arabia
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
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Last week we began with this series of lectures for an axiom. And he gave an introduction into what organic sila is, and he spoke about some of the events that took place that Allah subhana wa Taala mentions in the Quran that took place before the birth of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
One of the things that we find in the books of Sierra the conventional books of CRM, and you read about the biography and the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is that one of the early things that they mentioned or one of the first chapters that they mentioned within their books, is the situation and the condition of the Arabs before Islam. So before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sent, what was the political socio economic The,
the way of the Arabs before Islam, and before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came as a prophet amongst them. So this is something that Michelle Tyler today we're going to attempt to do through the Quran as is the the mom in this series or shall allow Tyler everything that we study about the seal on the life of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam will be done through the viewpoint of the Quran, to see the context in which Allah subhanaw taala speaks about those same issues and those same conditions, but through the viewpoint of the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala in these verses in verses of surah to zakharov Surah Surah is one of the Macan sources, and it was a murky Sora which was revealed towards the end of the meccan period. So just before the Hydra maybe 234 years before the Hydra, Allah subhanaw taala revealed surah to zopo and olara sigil it says in verses 15 to 23 are all we'll be learning in a shape on Iran jeem what Jai Lula whom in arriba de Jos in in Santa Monica forum or been tougher the mean
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these verses verses 15 to 23 in Salatu, Salam inshallah, Allah we will try to assess and study the situation of the Arabs before Islam in the context and in the viewpoint of these verses in Surah zakharov Allah subhana wa Taala begins and he says what you
know, he says a lot of social says, watch our Lula hoomin Reba de Jos and they have placed a portion of what belongs to Allah meaning in terms of worship, they have given it to other than Him subhanho wa Taala. Otherwise there were Joel before he mentions verse 15, the verses before it, speak about some of the blessings of Allah subhana wa Taala.
And how will larsa will tell blessed mankind
In general and Quraysh, and the Arabs in particular, by allowing them to take sea voyage, by allowing them to embark upon ships and boats and to travel, the oceans and the seas from one land to another. And those are the verses that are larger directly before this verse that I began with today. Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions in those verses that there are that we should recite when we go on a travel or a journey. SubhanAllah the Sahara another woman, Allah whom Crimean War in Iraq been element palemoon. So Lara xojo, after speaking about his great blessing upon mankind, and is weighed virtues and favors upon them, Allah subhanaw taala immediately afterwards he speaks about
how the vast majority of mankind and especially the Arabs, because these verses are in the context of the Arabs, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sent to, especially them, that despite the blessings of Allah, they still associated others in the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala, they committed schilke meaning they didn't show the gratitude that belonged to Allah subhanho wa Taala that he deserves gela vahana and from the greatest form of that gratitude is to worship Him alone to make the heat with the loss of Hannah hautala instead, rather they made shark with him gel Luffy Rola. And so Allah subhana wa Taala mentions is to show us the context that the Arabs were in
the Arabs before the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and who is speaking primarily about the Macan Arabs, greyish and the inhabitants of Makkah, Allah subhanho wa Taala had made commerce and trade easy for them. To the extent that they were able to benefit from those journeys that we spoke about last week that alonza whittle mentions in Surah, Quraysh, the journey and the trips of the summer and the winter, one of them would be to Yemen and one of them would be to the lungs of a sham, where they would go and they would trade with those people and they would have commerce with them, simply because they happen to be in Makkah. And as we said last week that the
Arabs used to venerate and honor Makkah because of the Kaaba. So even though they were people who committed Shotokan, they worship idols and so on. But even so, they could trace some of the ancestry and some of their religious practices back to the Prophet Ibrahim and his Marina hemos Salatu was Salam. And so therefore, Allah subhanaw taala, in these verses is saying to them, that you don't even have the ability to recognize the favours of a larger jewel upon you, that Allah subhanaw taala bestowed you with so many blessings, but then instead of worshipping Him alone, you worship other than Him. And you think the fact that you live in Makkah, the fact that you're custodians of the
karma, the fact that you are the ones were the custodians of Zamzam. You think that these things in and of themselves are enough as a proof are enough as a justification for you to commit your show. And that's a large zildjian in another verse in the Quran, he says our lamb Yano and Johanna, how Rahman Amina will use the hot buffoon, assuming holy him, do they not see that we make it for them the harem, a place of sanctuary, a place of security and peace? What is the harem, the harem of Mecca, the harem of the Kaaba, even in the times of jelenia, even before Islam and the term je Leah refers to before the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Even in the times of Jackie
Leah, a lot of soldier used to call the harem the harem was a place of sanctuary which even the Arabs upon the ship would give to it is do wait of it being the sanctuary of the karma. Allah azza wa jal says, Do you not see that we made the hammam for you a place of security, and a place of peace? Are you the hot tofu nurserymen howling and the word the hot off the Arabic language means and people forced forcibly are brought to you? Meaning whether they want to or not, they are brought to you why, because of the harm they come to perform pilgrimage, and one of the byproducts of their pilgrimage is that then they have commerce and trade with you. So they will buy and they will sell
and they will bring products and they will take your products. And so they have everything there simply because Allah azza wa jal bestowed upon them, the land of the home. And even today, this is true. If you were to think about this today. Why do we go to Mecca and Medina? If it were not for the haramain? If it were not that they had the mosque of the Kaaba and the mosque of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam if it wasn't there, we could trace our history and our religion and our tradition and our legacy back to those two nuns into the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Otherwise, would you actually choose to go there for a holiday? Is there a place that you would go
to just to visit just for no reason? If there was nothing there that had religious significance? Probably no. So Larissa was blessed
That land with the harem. And when the harem was placed there, the people came with the hot awfulness as if people were being snatched and brought forcibly. Why? Because of the way that they would honor and venerate the Kaaba and the harem area, the sanctuary that it provided, and so large so what are they saying that these are the blessings that Allah bestowed upon you, yet you orange did not recognize them, you did not recognize them. And in this is the lesson for us as well. The many blessings that Allah subhanaw taala has bestowed upon us of food and shelter and of health and wealth and peace and security. To Frank Allah azza wa jal for this is one of the greatest ways that
you can show your gratitude to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Because Allah azza wa jal loves to be thanked for his blessings. As Allah says in the Quran will be named Matthew, Rob Baker, for Hadith. Speak and discuss the favors and the Blessings of your Lord mentioned them praise Allah discuss them, show your gratitude to them. And the greatest of those blessings that Allah has bestowed upon us is the blessing of Islam. The blessing of a man, the blessing of having the honor and and following the way of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it is the greatest blessing that Allah could bestow on any person. But how much gratitude do we show to a large soldier for this blessing?
How many times have we thanked Allah subhanho wa Taala for this, even though Allah azzawajal commands us to do so in the Quran, when he says we're called Al Hamdulillah. He loves he had Ghana he had and they say All praise is due to Allah, the One who guided us to this guided us to this What does this mean? What's it referring to? to Islam, all praises due to Allah The one who guided us to this woman, Lena, Lola and Hayden Allah, and never would we have been guided to it. Were not for the guidance of Allah subhanho wa Taala. If Allah had not blessed guidance upon you, you yourself would never have found your way to Islam, if Allah had not decreed upon you and pre ordained upon you, for
those of us that were born as Muslims, that your parents were Muslims, and you were born into this religion, perhaps you will never have found your way. And if Allah azza wa jal, even after you were born into Islam, or you accepted Islam, if Allah had not blessed you, perhaps you wouldn't appreciate the blessing of Islam, and you wouldn't practice the religion of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so alonza will often when he speaks about Quraysh and the and the Arabs and the polytheists and what they used to do within it, there are lessons for us as well, because often we fall into the same mistakes and history as they say, repeats itself. And that's where the Prophet told us on
Allahu alayhi wa sallam later Tiburon soon and among Kana publikum, you will follow the ways of those who came before you hand spanned by hand span foot span by foot span, to the extent that if one of them was to enter into the whole of a lizard, or the whole of a predatory animal, you would follow him into that hole. Because history repeats itself. And we don't learn the lessons that Allah zildjian has placed for us in the Quran. And so Allah subhanaw taala, in an indirect way, is speaking about the economic situation of the Arabs, that even though they were poor, in the sense that most of them were not extremely wealthy, and they didn't have natural resources or minerals.
And they went from from powerful Emperor empires like the Roman Empire and the Persian Empire. But even so, Allah subhanho wa Taala upon Quraysh had bestowed many blessings. And so the arrange then began to dilute or convert or twist the religion of Allah subhanho wa Taala with Jai Lula whom in Riba de Jews, and so they gave a portion of that which belongs to Allah, to the servants of Allah, to the creation of Allah, to the slaves of Allah subhanho wa Taala in in Santa Ana, California mubin. So Allah says and indeed man is ever disbelieving, extremely disbelieving and clear in his disbelief. And Allah azza wa jal says kofoed doesn't say careful, even though the word profit is
what means disbeliever he says kofoed which in the Arabic language is a more eloquent way of saying careful, it is more emphasis placed on meaning that he is perpetually disbelieving. meaning there's not just one blessing that Allah bestowed upon them and they rejected, but blessing after blessing, blessing upon blessing favor upon favor from the grace and bounty of Allah azza wa jal, and they disbelieve in all of it, and still, Allah subhanho wa Taala continues to bless them, and still, Allah azza wa jal withholds his punishment from them and still, Allah azza wa jal gives them time and chance that perhaps they will repent and return to Allah subhana wa Tada. So instead what did
they do? They gave a portion of their religion of their worship to other than Allah azza wa jal
It is said and there is a famous Hadith in Sahih al Bukhari on the authority of a mother Ayesha, or the Allah who and her that she said that the Prophet said sallallahu alayhi wa sallam indeed I saw he to Jason Janna T Mobile bah bah bah. I saw how fire and I saw that parts of it were devouring other parts, meaning that the fire of hell rages so fiercely, and its heat is so fierce and so strong and so powerful that the fire is devouring the fire itself. The fire of hell is causing harm to itself. It's devouring parts of it are devouring other parts? And then he said what are he to fear and I saw within jahannam within the fire of hell, a man by the name of Mr. ibnu Louis, I'm not
saying that he was the first one who changed the religion of smelling I'm not even know Hi, and this is many, many generations before the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. I'm not even know who he was from amongst the Arabs from the people of the Arab peninsula.
And he was the first one who changed the religion of his marine history. Because as we said last week, the Arabs had some impression. Well, they had some idea of the religion of his married early his son. So they would perform for example, the Hajj, they had a concept of the Hajj, and they understood the virtues of Zamzam and so on. But the way that they would do it was obviously changed. So when they would perform hajj, for example, if someone came from outside of Macau, and this was also part of the arrogance, the arrogance that the Meccans and the grace displayed, thinking that they deserved the harem that it belonged to them, and it gave them a justification to do as they
pleased. When people would come from outside of Arabia from outside of Mecca to perform hajj and umrah they would make it a condition upon them, that they would have to buy new clothes. Because they would say that you need to be in a pure state. You can't just go and make armor or hunch. You can't just make pilgrimage with the clothes that you've been wearing for three, four weeks whilst you've been traveling in the desert sun and with the heat of the sun, you need to buy new clothes from us. As far as then we can go and make hunch as we like because we already live here I will close already pure for you. You must buy new clothes. Now obviously the vast majority of our rooms
were poor people. They had perhaps one set of clothes that they would wear at the most to white center wardrobes and suitcases that they would come in. They literally had nothing except what they were wearing. So when obviously they were then given this dilemma that these people are so poor, that they can't afford to buy new clothes. What do they say to them instead? They say okay, in that case, Dora See, go ahead, perform hygiene those clothes No, what did they say to them rather take them off. You must perform hands naked. This was their way of thinking this is how twisted the religion had become. For example, they would wouldn't go out of the boundary of the harem in hajj.
So enhance as we do today, as part of Islam. In How did you go to Mecca you go to Mina you go to miss deliver and you want to offer those are the four parts of the four places that you visit on Hajj. Makka, Mina and mas deliver, all of them are inside the harem. Our offer is outside the boundary of the home. Even though our offer is the most important pillar of Islam. As the Prophet told us on the logo, he will sell them and hadoo on offer Hajj is the spending on alpha. The Arabs, the pagan Arabs the mission again of orange, they would say the role of the Arabs must go to our offer. But as for us Quraysh, we will stay within the boundary of the home we don't need to go to
our offer. So they would skip that part of the Hajj. And they would say as their justification because we live in Makkah, we are the noblest of people, we are the people of the harem. Therefore we don't need to leave the harem. As for everyone else, because they don't live in the home in the first place. For them, they must go out and then they must come back in to complete their rites of Hajj. And so they have changed their religion. But the first man to change this religion as the Prophet Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was his man by the name of I'm not even know how many generations before. He was the first one who bought the practices of other places into the Arabian
Peninsula. And he was the first one that started the tradition of the practice of idol worship idolatry. He was the first one and he was the first one that starts to give them omens, and that they should see something as being a good omen or a bad omen and based upon it, they will perform certain acts of worship, as a large soldier mentioned in the Quran by Hera and sorry by Mozilla. Basically, if they saw for example, a camel doing a certain thing, what if we gave gave birth to a certain number of male camels or female camels, they would consider this to be a good omen. So for the rest of it stays, no one is allowed to marry
This comment again. Or for example, for the rest of it stays, no one is allowed to ride this camel again. Now it is something which belongs to our idols and our gods. And so they began to twist the region of a large religion, and that's where Allah Subhana Allah says in Surah tolon arm. From an Avila Moomin Manifesto, Torah and Allah He cut the belly or the wilderness.
And who is more oppressive and unjust than the one who ascribes lies to Allah
ascribes lies to Allah, so that he may misguide others without knowledge to can be more oppressive than this and Allah subhanaw taala and this is a warning for us as well. That when we speak about the original Allah azza wa jal when we say that this is part of the religion we say this is halal or haram. When we say this is what Allah wants us to do as Muslims, it is something which is a very grave responsibility, because Allah is saying no one is more oppressive than the one who thinks that he is guiding people whereas in reality, he is misguiding them, ascribing lies to Allah misguiding people without knowledge. And so this was not even to know hey, this was the situation of the Arab,
when it came to their religion, that their their society determined or the culture and practices determined that their worship of Allah azza wa jal had become so twisted, that they are changed from the religion of Ibrahim alayhis salam, which was Islam and towhead, are now changed into idolatry and worshiping other than a lot and so on. To the extent that one of them, for example, would even make Gods out of food, wheat, barley dates they would manufacture, they would build their own idols and their gods. And then when a euro famine would come upon them, and they would become so hungry. But all that they could do was find for food was that same idol that they claimed was a God that
they used to worship, they will go and devour him, they will eat their own gods. And for them, it was something acceptable, because this was the logic and this was the mindset that they had. And a large soldier in the verses that we're going to carry on with, he will continue to speak about the issues of religion, and Allah Subhana. Allah says, After this, because a large soldier is speaking about not only their worship, but also the way in which they ascribe that worship to Allah or that their mindset when it came to that worship. Allah subhanaw taala says, I mean, to her them in your hollow manner to come in. And do they take? Or do they think that a lot takes from that which he
created daughters for himself, and he has on them with sons.
This verse speaks about not only the religious aspects of the religious thinking of the Arabs, but at the same time, it also speaks about the societal issues that were prevalent amongst the Arabs, the issues that they had within the society that were prevalent. Allah subhanaw taala says that these people, do they think that Allah has taken daughters for himself, and he has honored them with sons? Why does Allah subhanaw taala say this, because amongst the Arabs, there was this practice, that daughters are not to be honored. Women are not honorable. Women don't have any rights. Women have no place really in our society, other than what we need from them, the bare basics as for
children, sons, that is what should be honored. So Allah subhanaw taala is saying to them, that they say that sons are more honorable than daughters. They say that sons are more honorable than daughters. But when it came to us bribing Allah partners, they didn't ascribe to instance, the Arabs not talking about the Jews and the Christians, Arabs, they didn't ascribe to Allah sons, they ascribed to him, daughters. So Allah is saying that you say that sons are better than daughters. But when it comes to Allah, you say what belongs to Allah, daughters. So Larissa is saying, therefore you have taken for yourself what you consider to be unreachable and better and noble, and to your
Lord and creator. You ascribe to him what you consider to be lonely, unworthy, something which doesn't have any place. And that's where Allah subhanho wa Taala in this verse, if you look at the Arabic, the eloquence of the verse, Allah says, I'm into further me, Maria, Bernard,
and he uses the word for daughters as a generic word, meaning just daughters, but when it comes to sons, he says elburn in V stands, it says, If Allah subhanaw taala is saying that the Arabs would rather have had any son, anyone, even if he was the worst pleased man ever to have been born. The worst
man ever to have come, they would have preferred him over all of the women. So Lars, they would do the same. This is the extremes to which they went in this regard. They would say, or some of the Arabs from amongst them said that Allah had daughters who were the daughters of Allah, that they claimed, the angels. They said that a lot of angels will, in fact, his daughters. And so what do they say for themselves? No, but for us, we have sons. And so Allah subhanaw taala. And speaking now, about not only a religious concept that they had, because Allah azza wa jal didn't speak about the worship of the angels that they did. But at the same time, he also speaks of how these same
Arabs had problems within their society. And that problem or glimpse of that problem that we find in the Quran is the way that they would treat their women the way that they would treat their daughters and their sisters and their mothers and their wives, and so on and so forth. So marzotto continues, and he says, What either Bushra hadoo home Bhima dorabella Rahmani masala. And if one of them was given the glad tidings, the good news of what they ascribe to Allah in comparison, meaning daughters, right, they think that it's something belonging to Allah, they're happy to ascribe it to Allah. But if they're given that same good use the Arabs or some from amongst them, dorabella, rough
man eema thumb, one word Jew homos, what? Their faces, their faces would be conducted out of hate, out of out of grief, out of sorrow out of how much dislike that they had, well, who are Kareem and Allah says they pressed this within themselves. And look at the beauty of the eloquence of a large language Jones Quran, Allah allies saying to them that it is glad tiding in the Bush era had him and they're given the good news. Because there is good news when you have a child. How many people that don't have a child yearn and love to have a single child does an alarm soldier in the parents speak to us about the stories of Zachary earning his salary Salam and Ibrahim alayhis salam before him.
And those prophets of Allah who waited for decades and decades, that Allah would bestow upon them, a single child, that Allah would give to them, a child from himself subhanho wa Taala. And so Allah azzawajal here is saying that it is good news. And it is doubly good news in the context of the forums, because the Arabs had a tribal system, the Americans had a tribal system. And in a tribal system, the way that it works is that your clan, your family, is only as powerful as the number of people that you have in it. So the bigger that your plan is, the more people that you have, especially the more men and so on, then it is stronger, and it has more influence, and you have more
likely positions of leadership within that tribe. And so they should have been happy that Alonzo vigil is giving them more children that their clans and tribes could increase in number. But instead, even though this is what they wanted for the law, and what they said, belongs to a lot more a law should have when it came to them, or vulner. What to whom
their faces darken with grief. So you have glad tidings and look at this juxtaposition and losses. They have glad tidings on the one hand, but how do they receive these glad tidings with grief and sorrow and hatred and anger and Runco within their hearts? Because it's something that they don't like, it's something that they don't want. It's something which they don't accept. And Allah subhanaw taala mentioned this in another part of the Quran as well. When a large soldier says were you the Bush era had to home bill Owens? valneva. To whom? What, what have him and then one of them is given the glad tidings of a female have a daughter, their faces become darkened with grief and
they suppress this grief is in their hearts, and it's in their within their bodies, and they suppress it. Are you misako who Allah Hoon ammirato, Sophie taarab. So either they will allow that female child that daughter to live, but they will suffer the humiliation for it, meaning amongst the rest of their family, their tribe, their relatives, they will suffer for having had this type of daughter, they will suffer humiliation, and those who fail to rob or what they will do was that they will hide that child that daughter by burying her alive, Alaska Ama comun. So law says and how evil is that which they used to judge how evil is that which they used to do that they would bury their
daughters alive, rather than suffer them to live because of the humiliation they thought that it brought to them. This was the situation of the Arabs and even though some of the scholars of history said that this wasn't the common practice amongst orange in and of itself.
It was common amongst the Arabs in general. And the Arabs, all of them had this thing that women were inferior and deficient. And so large there was a sense that they would rather bury them alive. Can you imagine, especially for those of us that are our parents or for those of us that have younger siblings or nephews or nieces? Imagine taking a young child one year old, two year old, three year old or a baby and taking them into the desert and burying them alive. They would rather do that than suffer any other type of humiliation. There was a companion who came obviously became Muslim net one, his name was basically in warehousing robiola when I'm in the time of God, he came
to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he said, O Messenger of Allah injure him the year before Islam. I buried eight of my daughters alive.
Eight of my daughters, one after the other, I took them into the desert, and they bury them alive. So obviously now he's remorseful, many years later on is a Muslim. So he says, a messenger of Allah, what can I do? What can I do for this? So the Prophet told him sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this generation is authentic, as in the Muslim devil bizarre. He said, Go and free a slave for each one of them. For each one of those that you buried, go and fiercely for them.
Now obviously, this isn't like make up for the chain. He did this before Islam, but as a means of trying to expiate or lessen some of that burden go and free St. He said, O Messenger of Allah, I don't have enough money to three h leaves. But what I have is camels. I have camels. So the Prophet told him salallahu alayhi wa sallam go and sacrifice a camel for each one of them, go and sacrifice a camel for each one of them. But the point here is that this is something which was serious amongst them, that they will literally bury their daughters alive and one man could even go and bury eight of their children, eight of their daughters alive. Now said Allah, Allah for life. Yeah. And so
Allah Subhana, Allah is mentioning this was their situation and to their minds, it made perfect sense. And it also made perfect sense that then they could ascribe the same daughters that they would treat in this way, they would say that mother Allah should have them instead. This was the concept of religion. And it wasn't just in this issue, but rather Allah subhanaw taala mentioned generally, in terms of children, that they would kill their children, if they feared poverty because of them. Allah subhanaw taala says, for example, in Switzerland,
or in Toronto at Loma had run out of Boko marleen come Allah to sneak a bill while he died in a Santa tokoto
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Allah Subhana Allah says, say to them, oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Come, let me recite to you from that which your Lord has made her arm upon you. He has made her arm that you should associate anyone in worship besides Him. And He has made harm upon you, that you should do disrespect to your parents, but rather you should treat them with goodness. And do not kill your children out of fear of poverty. Do not kill your children, because of poverty, not just daughters, children, sons and daughters. For verily we Allah says, We will be the ones who will provide for you and for them, and sorrow to the Israelites, they will talk to Allah, the commercial Theatre in LA.
And don't kill your children out of the fear that in the future, because of them, you may become poor. No.
We will provide for them. And for you, these two verses one in Scotland and one in Surah. Two israa shows that the outcomes would go to this extent if they thought that their children would bring death would bring poverty to them. In Surah Al Anam Allah azzawajal is addressing the parents. And he says, Don't kill them because you fear poverty now that this child will be born, you won't be able to support him. Don't do that. Rather, Allah will provide for you and for them when he mentions the parents before the children, but in sort of traditional large says, and don't kill your children out of the fear of some future poverty that you fear, because you fear that maybe not now. But when
that child grows up and his demands or her demands are more than a will cast me into poverty. And because a lot of speaking about the future, he says we will provide for them and for you, and he mentions them before you and this is from the eloquence of the Quran and the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But this was also something which the Arabs used to do. Likewise, alaric xojo says and he mentions in the Oran, that the Arabs were people who were especially when it came to the women folk, they wouldn't allow them to inherit, wouldn't give them any portion of the inheritance. If
If If, for example, the father died, or the husband of the family, he died, who inherited amongst the Arabs, the sons, the daughters didn't get anything. The mother didn't get anything. No one got anything except the sons. And what if there were more sons, if they didn't happen to be any sons from that marriage, it would go to the father's brother, the uncle would go to one of his other male relatives, the wife, the mother, the sisters, the daughters, would inherit. And this was the practice of the Arabs. And not only that, in terms of an inheritance, but even in marriage. For example, if for example, a person's Mother, mother passed away, they would marry his wife, if he had
more than one wife, he would marry one of his wives, the son would marry the wife of his father, after the father had passed away. And so this was the way of the society and especially when it came to women, this is the way that we would treat them. And so when Allah Subhana, Allah sent the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah azza wa jal elevated and raised the station of the women and he gave them their rights and Allah subhanaw taala mentions within the court on how he preserves the rights of the women. I know a lot of soldiers honors the mother and the wife and the daughter, and the great rewards that a person can attain from looking after those relationships that we have.
But this is again Allah subhanaw taala showing us the way that the Arabs well. So Lara xojo continues in Surah zakharova. And he says, In verse number 18, our male or female failure to have a feeling of Islamia, being an alarm soldier is still speaking about this issue of how they would bury their daughters alive. And he says to them, so therefore, you according to your understanding your intellect, your logic, you don't like them because you consider them to be weak. You say, for example, about these women, our men, you will often hear our women and our daughters, they're the ones who grow up in jewelry. That's the literal translation, meaning that they pamper the softer
week of nature. This is the way that they would consider their women folk to be before Islam. Well, who are we lucky Samia Lee Rubin. And these women in times of conflict are unremarkable. They don't have any portion in conflict, meaning when there's war, wars, and, and fights and battles, as is common amongst tribal systems that they fight, clans fight one another and, and tribes fight one another. For example, if in my clan, one person is killed, then we seek revenge upon the whole clan of the person who committed the murder, and then they seek revenge on us. And so wars, civil strife and war are something common amongst Arabs. And so these alarms are the same because the Arabs
didn't consider them to be strong warriors, God and people of strength in that regard. They relegated them, kill them, give them the list of rights, and the least opposition in their societies. And at the same time from the audacity then, is that they will say rather they belong to Allah, rather, women daughters that are lost. They're the ones that belong to Allah. And so Lars dogen is showing us how the Arabs with the with the crazy interact, this is the way that they will think. And unfortunately, even in our times, within some of our cultures, we still have these practices, where women don't inherit in some of our cultures in Islam, Muslims have taught them and
our cultures, there are cultures where the Muslim woman, she won't inherit doesn't get anything from the heritage, the brothers will take it from her, the sons will take it from her, even though a large religion has enshrined her rights within our Sharia. In our religion, women are forced to get married, but they don't have any choice and they're not given any say in the matter, even though the Sharia gives them that right. And so again, the mistakes that Alonzo is highlighting to us that the Arabs used to fall into before the coming of Islam and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we still go back and we make those same mistakes. Even though Allah subhana wa tada look at the
language and the way in which he describes those events within the Quran. Allah subhanaw taala then says in verse number 19
vaginal mela ecotel Lavina whom Reba rushman enough and they made the angels who in reality are the slaves of Allah. They made them into females are the angels of Allah we don't know whether they're males or females, but they would make them into females. rebar. Don't rock man, he Natha Ushahidi Oh, halka home. So Allah says, Did they witness the creation? Do they know that they're female on the weather event? Will they present? Do they know that a lot of them as daughters are that they were Daughters of Allah? Do they see this happening? So took thermo Shahada to humble US alone, but rather their testimony what they say it will be recorded and then they will be held to
Come forth. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala now goes on to the issue of their worship, the worship of the Arabs in that time and we already spoke about the Emeryville no Hi. And I will change the religion of Ibrahim and his marine hemos Salatu was Salam and how he introduced idolatry, an idol worship amongst the Arabs, the Arabs, and this is important to understand, because Allah subhanaw taala mentions is in the Quran, the Arabs were shook with Allah and their disbelief in Allah was not that they didn't believe that Allah existed. They believe that Allah existed. And they believed more than this, that Allah was the creator. And that Allah was eventually the provider, he was the one
who ultimately provides and he is the one who decrees, life and death, life and death come from Allah. And he was the one who created the heavens and the earth and so on. So they believed in these aspects which we call in our religion are rubia the Lordship of Allah, that Allah is the Creator, the Sustainer, the originator, he is the one that fashion the heavens and the earth and so on. They believed in all of this, and that's where Allah Subhana Allah says in the Quran, and that they believed in this as well. A lot of soldier chairs, only manual or the woman fee in common tongue, tala, moon, Singapore, Luna de la, all fly into that cocoon, if you were to say to them, the Arabs
Quraysh. If the disbelievers amongst them, if he were to say to them, to whom does the heavens and the earth and everything within it belong to if you know, who does it belong to? They will say to you, it belongs to Allah, not to the idols not to let oryza not to one of the cons belongs to Allah. So Allah says to them, then why do you not remember and reflect all murghab muslimah is a very horrible Laotian. avi him say, oh, Luna de la, FL at the own. And if you were to say to them, who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Throne, the throne of a large religion, they will say It all belongs to Allah.
So then say to them, Why do you not have piety? Why don't you fear Allah? Why don't you have Taqwa? ohlman Beardy mallacoota cliche? Warhammer yoji arowana yuja Wiley in on Tomita, Allah moon sayoko, Luna de la olfa to sour on. And if you were to say to them, who controls the rounds of everything, who controls everything? Who is the owner and the Sustainer and the controller? And who is the one who no one can force protect and force everything and everyone else, they will say, Allah
and this was their belief. So the issue wasn't that they never believed in Allah. They weren't atheists or agnostics. They weren't people who denied a large existence of that a lot didn't do anything. Where did the problem come in?
Was Allah mentions in the first verse that we recited, they gave a portion of those rights that belong to Allah, to his creation as well. So they said, that we worship other than a loss of Hannah Montana, because these grants will bring us closer to Allah, we sacrifice to other than Allah, we take oaths to other than Allah, we pray to other than Allah, we do all of these things to buy to other than Allah, in the hopes that they will be intermediaries between us. And in some ways, they're sharp, is less than the shark of even some Muslims in our time, who will actually go to a grave and believe that that dead person in that grave, whoever it may be scholar or pious person
will saint they believe that he is the one who can change the universe, and manipulate the universe and he is the one who can grant a child and he is the one who can do everything. There are people who claim to be Muslims who believe this today, but the oration the Arabs, they didn't believe this. That's not what they had. And as we will see, later on, they understood the definition or the differentiation between this they understood very clearly, the distinction between Allah being the creator and between between giving all our our worship to Allah azza wa jal alone, and that's why Allah Subhana Allah says in Surah to Zoomer at the very beginning of that surah Allah de la de mon
Hollis, indeed pay attention indeed the religion of Allah, the religion belongs to Allah alone. To Allah belongs
to Allah belongs all sincerity to Allah belongs or love and hope and fear and the act of worship that you do. It belongs to Allah. Will levena de Holloman dawn he only
us for those who take God's besides
Law partners besides Allah claimed that Allah has a son or daughter or a helper who claims that he has other people that help him. What do they say? merner abodo home in your car we buena, you know law us.
They say we only worship these gods, because we believe they will bring this closer to Allah.
This is the belief that we, as humans are not pious or noble or honorable or pure enough to approach Allah directly. So what do we do? We go to these gods, these idols, these sins, these bad people, and they will be the ones who will intercede on our behalf in front of Allah. And so therefore they diverted their worship to them in the hopes that they will then take them to Allah, their worship to Allah, but because they added this intermediary, that is the essence of ship. That is what ship is to believe that someone else deserves one of the rights of Allah subhanho wa Taala and that's why a large dogen says in the Quran we are a boon i mean do Nila Hema, your dog
from home and they worship besides Allah, that which can either harm them no benefit them. loss of power dialer doesn't need to listen to these gods or the saints or idols wherever and that doesn't care a lot. But they have nothing over a law. They have no favor that they can claim from Allah azzawajal don't benefit them. They don't harm them. But what do they say? Why Oppo Luna moolah? para una de la but those Arabs would say rather these are intermediaries our intercessors between us and Allah and His verses in Surah Yunus. And if you look at the chronology of the way that the surah of the Quran will reveal surah Yunus is a murky surah and it's the first one it came before surah. To
Zuma, the one that I recited before surah Yunus is the first time that Alonzo mentions this argument of theirs, that they would only worship these gods claiming that they were intercessors. So some of the scholars of Tafseer said that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came, and he made it so apparently clear to them, that their gods and their idols can can harm them, they can't benefit them, they can't do anything. They are literally so weak, that the people who make them out of food can then eat them, and they can't even defend themselves. That's how weak they are. They then said, No, it's not like that. You don't understand. We don't worship them. But there are intercessors
there are intermediaries, each, at each stage and junction, they were trying to justify the worship, that they did have the idols and their gods. And so Allah subhanaw taala says to them in the Quran in surah, two zakharov still going on with those verses were Paulo, Lucia, our rough man, Huma Abedin, whom, whenever they try to justify their worship of these gods and idols, just as today, people who perform innovations or they worship other than a law, they commit Sure, they will always have some type of justification. No one worships anyone other than Allah subhanaw taala, no one commits jerk, because they believe that the the shift that they're committing, each person thinks
that what they're doing has some basis who is white, it is honorable, it is normal. But Allah subhanaw taala tells us in the Quran, that just because you think that something is that way, doesn't make it so your religion is what Allah told you to do. The way that you worship Allah is the way that Allah told you to worship Him, not the way that you thought that you should worship Him, or not the way that your parents thought they should worship Him. And so large zildjian is saying we're called will OSHA or Rockman Ma, but now from the justification is that they used was that they said that if Allah didn't want us to do this act of worship to these idols, he wouldn't have allowed it
wouldn't have allowed it. And this is where they made a mistake. And this is the same mistake that many people in Islam fall into. When people say if Allah wanted me to pray, I pray. If Allah wanting me to be a good Muslim, I'd be a good Muslim, but obviously a lot doesn't want it to me, he never decreed it for me, and they confuse the two degrees of alarm. Because Allah subhanaw taala has two decrees. One is his universal decree, and from his universal decrees that He has given us free will, to do as we please. And the other decree is the decree of his Sharia what he wants us to do. So Allah wants us to worship Him, and Allah azza wa jal doesn't like sharp and he doesn't like
oppression and doesn't like murder. And he doesn't like people stealing and committing murder and all of these things. But Allah azza wa jal has given us that free will,
for us to be able to choose so that people can say that they were forced, that Alonzo john is the one who compel them to do something. And so the Arabs thought that because Allah gives them the free choice therefore whatever choice they make, it is good.
That's the same mistake people make, for example, when they think that because they have money and wealth, it means by necessity that Allah loves them. And there are many examples in the Quran of this surah the story of our own and the man with the two golden circle curve, and so on and so forth. Because they were given wealth. They thought, why would Allah give us money if he didn't like us? because money is something which people covet. Wealth is something which people want and they crave and they work so hard to attain so slowly, then, if Allah has given it to me, and it's a blessing, that means the Lord loves me, doesn't mean Allah loves you. Because Allah subhanaw taala
gives the blessings of the dunya to everyone, Muslim, non Muslim gives it to everyone. Why? Because the dunya is a test. Everything is a test your children are a test within the dunya, even though children are something which ought to be honored, even in Islam, and we love them. And it's something which we are encouraged to have. But still, there are test Why? Because it depends on what you do with those children. How you how you nurture them, how you educate them, how you bring them up, that is the test. Likewise with wealth, wealth is just wealth is money. But the test is what you do with that wealth. Likewise, free will Allah azzawajal gave us free will. And that's where the
test is to see what we will do with that for you. And so Larissa is saying that these people live from their justifications was that Allah allowed us to do so therefore it must be okay. For law says Mullah whom be there they come in. They have no knowledge of this. This is just stuff that they make up that they say, they have no true knowledge, no certainty of this in him in Yahoo soon berada irresponsive, fine, lying, ascribing lies to Allah, they have no knowledge. So Lars zoologia, in two ways in the sauna, he demolishes this argument, this is the first way that they don't base this on knowledge. No one told them this. There's no knowledge in this. It's just something which they
justify to themselves. And then Allah says, Tina home Kitab, amin arbalet, for whom B he Muslims Econ, or did he give to them a book that they are holding on to was the revelation that came to them, that the thing that Allah told us this, that a Prophet came to us and he gave us this, and therefore that is why we are worshipping Allah in this way. And in this verse, Allah subhanaw, taala is showing that this was the way the way that the Arabs before Islam is to worship Allah, how we should be different to them. Because Allah has given us a book, and Allah has sent to us a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and therefore when we worship Allah, or any action that we do in the
name of Islam as Muslims, it must have some basis, some justification and neither the concern, or the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So large soldier is saying that these people had no justification. And that doesn't mean that everything that they did was evil or wrong. No, there was goodness in there as there is God in every community and group of people. But a lot of soldier in the Quran is highlighting the problems that they had, in terms of their being ungrateful to Allah subhanaw taala and his blessings in terms of them committing shelf and not worshipping Allah alone, but committing ship with him with their idols, and gods and so on, and the way that they had these
societal issues as well. One thing Allah subhanaw taala doesn't mention in the Quran is the political issues of the Arabs, the politics of the Arabs, and their station in terms of world politics. And perhaps one of those reasons Allah knows best that Allah doesn't mention this is because they had no importance. And so Allah doesn't mention something in the Quran, which is not they have no importance in terms of politics. They had the Roman Empire, and the Persian Empire on either side of the Arabian Peninsula. And they were the two superpowers of the time, but the Arabs themselves were just tribes. And so the Persians never conquered them. And the Romans never
conquered them, because all they would see was desert, Bedouins and tribes. Why would you conquer land when there's nothing to gain? Why busy yourself, send spin people and soldiers and money and all of that problem that goes into moving armies and so on, when there's nothing there anyway, and the Arabs are so focused for so introvert and focused within themselves and their own petty issues within their tribes and clans. They never bothered anyone anyway. They want people wanted to conquer lands or, or try to take on empires, they were just busy fighting their own petty issues. And so large soldier doesn't mention this. And also what Allah Subhana Allah mentions, but in an indirect
way, is the is the eloquence of the Arabs, the educational level of the Arabs. And the way that this is done in the indirect way is that the Orinoco hole is a challenge to the eloquence of the Arabs, because the Arabs were known to be eloquent and some of the scholars said that Alonso would yell to each nation with
He sends a prophet and he gives them a miracle that miracle is relative to what those people are good at something that they excel in. So Allah Subhana, Allah gave to the Prophet Musa alayhis salaam, the staff, and he used it to battle the magician of the sorceress of feral, the magic of the sources of Pharaoh because they were known for sorcery and magic. Turning Saudi tsunami gave the ability to kill the leper and the blind and so on. Because those people were known for the medicine. They were people who liked the medicine, and to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he gave him the origin. Because if the Arabs were known for anything, there was eloquence. In fact, that's
probably the only thing that they were known for the eloquence and an Arab Bedouin man, and he said, would come from the desert. And he would stand in the middle of Mecca, when they would have their festivals and so on. And he would just Spratt poetry, even though he couldn't read, couldn't write, didn't prepare anything, but they would converse with one another. And they would argue with one another, and they would debate one another. In poetry. You're like today we are poetry slams, when people are like just going back and forth in poetry, each one is trying to overcome the other they will do this. For now having worked for three, four months, they will just come and they were so
eloquent. And so Allah Subhana Allah sent to them the whole arm as a challenge to the eloquence
loss of Hannah Diana to summarize the way of the Arab summit summarizes them in the last two verses of Surah zakharova virustotal says, bow Paulo in our giardina
the Dawn berada they say as a justification that they have, they say that this is what we found our forefathers upon. This was the religion, the ways the culture, the tradition, the practices of our forefathers, and we are only being guided by them. They are the ones who are guiding us in this. And then a large soldier says after this immediately, workers nicoma autosen mean public effing empower your team in the Illa Paula pollo moto fu ha in our giardina
or in Allah, Rahim, Nakata dawn. And likewise we never sent a prophet to any people, any nation, except that those who oppressive those who rejected those prophets, they said that what we are doing, we found our forefathers upon and we are only following in their footsteps. Allah subhanaw taala is saying that this is one of the main and this is repeated many times in the Quran. That what really summarizes the situation of the Arabs before Islam, whether it came to their societal issues, whether it came to the economic issues, whether we came to their political or religious issues, their main justification always was, this is what our fathers taught us. This is what our elders
taught us. This is what our grandparents and our forefathers left for us. This was their religion. And this was the justification that they would use upon other people who would eventually go towards accepting Islam. How can you forsake the religion of your forefathers? How can you forsake the religion of your grandfather, your great grandfather, how can you do this? And that's what they said to a batalik. On his deathbed, will you leave the region of your father, I'm the mechanic, do you dare forsake his religion. And so learnzillion is saying that this is a justification that they always use. But Allah subhanaw taala is saying to us in the Koran, that you cannot base your
religion upon something just because your father did your father and your mother is not a valid excuse in the religion. That doesn't mean you disrespect them, we will honor their mother, everything they do is wrong. Right? Like often as when we're young, and we're youth this will be think that all our parents, everything they did was wrong, no. But at the same time, when they do wrong, and if they are wrong, then it is not allowed for you to follow them in that wrong simply because they're your parents. And often today, when you come to people as well, and they're committing shellcode, they're Muslims I'm talking about and they performing innovation that you say
to them, brother, sister, this is wrong. Allah didn't say this in the Quran, or the processor moaned against this and the sooner they will say for my father, does it our parents, our whole family, our whole tribe and all village does this, I will share how everyone does this, how can we all be wrong? And that is exactly the same justification that the corporation that Arabs used not just once or twice for over and over again. Allah azza wa jal mentions this in the Quran. And so Allah subhanaw taala summarizes them in that they were a group of people who just practice the rituals of their forefathers follow the practices of their forefathers didn't think for themselves. What does this
mean? Should you worship idols? Shouldn't you wish and what does it mean? Surely they can help us? They just follow they will blind followers. And so Alonzo Magellan is warning us as the home of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam not to be
follows on from the people who are just taken into that thing that you just follow what everyone else is doing. And that's why it is incumbent upon us to learn our religion for ourselves. Not just because you see someone on YouTube or Facebook or anywhere else telling you to go and do A, B, C, or D, you just follow them simply because they have a beard or wear a formal study and learn for yourself and understand your religion for you, because when you stand in front of Allah subhanaw taala and the Day of Judgment, you will have to answer for your deeds. And if you say that I only followed my forefathers, then that is not a justification. And even if you're following a chef or a
scholar, you the responsibility falls upon you to ensure that that scholar is qualified and trustworthy and someone that you should follow. And so Allah subhanaw taala is warning us of this in the surah as well. There were people amongst the Arabs at that time, who tried to follow the ways of Ibrahim Hara his center they were trying to follow what is known as honey fear. They will known as the honey fi in they will people who wouldn't commit shelter and they wouldn't associate themselves with adultery and so on. And they will say to those Arabs This doesn't make sense to us. This is before the apostle solemn came from amongst them was what had been awful will speak about later
because of the job of the Allahu Allah. But there was a small group of people who used to spread what they understood to be Islam and what was Islam at that time because they gave up idol worship and they said that Allah should be worshipped alone. But this is how the Quran speaks about the Arabs and the situation of the Arabs before the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and without a shallow to Allah we will conclude such an affair on
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