Quran Tafseer ā€“ Page 41 The Story Of Talut Leading The Army

Ahsan Hanif

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me.

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Cinematic commerciali obrigado Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen Allah Akbar to toppin Walla agua Illa Allah The Midrash to Allah Allah Allah Allah Who are the hula Sharika EULA who actually don't have any notion under the Vienna Mohammed Abdullah who are pseudo Mustafa Al Amin Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala Abdi Cora sadaqa Muhammad, what are the early he was r&b a drummer in my band Welcome to another episode about the seed page by page and inshallah Tyler. Today we are covering the 41st page of the Quran, which is also the final page of the second Jos Surah Baqarah. In the previous episode, we had began the passage of the Quran in which Allah subhanaw

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taala mentioned to us the story of Baal lute and Janos and the Prophet of Allah with Ali Salatu was Salam. And the story which in English or in biblical terms is famously known as the story of David and Goliath is the story as we mentioned, of the people of Bani Israel who are going through a patch in a period in the history in which they were being persecuted. And they will lose in a number of battles and they were being oppressed. And so they asked from their prophet Allah azza wa jal had anointed for them at that time, that he placed above them a king that would unite them and lead them in war against the enemy who is Goliath and the Prophet of Allah at the time and Allah azza wa jal

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knows best for that prophet is His name is not mentioned in the Quran, he appointed for them a king by the name of powerboat, and immediately they begin to dispute his appointment because our loot is not from the relief is not from the nobility. He's not someone who's known for his wealth or for his position amongst the society. And so they begin to dispute this, but the prophet tells them that Allah azza wa jal has given them a number of signs to show that this man followed should be the king and he is their rightful leader. The part of the story which is not the second half of the story that inshallah Tada we begin with today is the period of the story of the puddle the story that

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deals with the actual battle itself. So in the previous episode, we spoke about the if you act, the introduction, and the steps that took place before the actual battle, now we're speaking about the battle itself. So Allah subhanaw taala says in Surah Al Baqarah, verse 249

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are all bIllahi min ash shaytaan the regime for them first to build you know the color in Allah MOBA Teddy Colombina heading feminine Shelley Berman, who follies I mean, the feminine Shani Berman overlays I mean, the woman lamb Nakahara MUFA, in whom in Tara Fattah Mir, the fishery boom in who Illa upon Isla Minam Bobrick this verse time because it is a long verse, Allah subhana Derrida says in verse 249, when Paul wrote, who is the king that people have been instructed had appointed over them. When Todd would set out with his forces, he said to his people, meaning his army, Allah will test you with a river. Anyone who drinks form it will not belong with me. But anyone who refrains

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from tasting it will belong with me, if He scoops up just one handful, but they all drank from it except for a few. So Allah subhanaw taala is seeing the pollutes, etc, this army going towards Goliath or jackboot, as is known in the Quran. And by Lord says to his army, his soldiers and you can imagine walking in the heat in the desert walking towards your enemy, the weapon and the armor that you carry in is something which is tiring, something which causes the person to have fatigue, and something which causes the person to be dehydrated that they need to drink, and they need to success students. The Prophet oh this king pollute, he said to his troops, Allah azza wa jal is

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going to test you now with a river that will come a river where you can take water and drink from it. But the test is that you refrain from drinking from the water, whosoever drinks from it is not from me, meaning that the camera company can't accompany me in terms of the army. I won't allow him to be part of my army. And this is a test from Allah subhanaw taala. And it is a test that we see played out in many different ways in the dunya how often, we as Muslims need to stay away from temptations from the dominance of the dunya from the things that are pleasing to our soul and our heart. But we know that Allah azza wa jal is displeased with those things, and we should refrain

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from them. This test is something which we all have to face in our lives. And so when you refrain from that which Allah azza wa jal is displeased with a new seek that which Allah azza wa jal is pleased with that is something which is beloved to Allah subhana wa Tada. But if you're constantly someone who's looking to find ways of second

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venting the loss of Allah azza wa jal, the boundaries that Allah subhanaw taala has set then that is a sign of a lack of Eman or a weakness of Eman. So God says to his troops, I know you're thirsty, I know you're hungry. We're going to come across a river, that river Allah azza wa jal is pleased for you as a test, meaning that river that we come across will be a test for you, because the temptation is for you to go on to drink to fill. But one of the tests that I have placed for you or that Allah azza wa jal is placing for you is that you cannot drink from it except for a handful. Whosoever drinks from it is not from me, and whoever does not drink from it, except for a handful, then he is

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from my army, because he wants to test their discipline, their steadfastness, their patience, they're willing to sacrifice for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. These are the traits that therefore will be needed in order for them to be able to overcome the army of Goliath. And this is something which you see, in all of the armies of the Muslims, for example, that we have in our Ceylon, the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, one of the armies during his lifetime, the Companions, the battles that they fought, in which they were victorious. They had these types of characteristics and traits and attributes within them the companions or the Allah who are in which

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many people have patience, people have steadfastness. People have trust in Allah subhanaw taala people willing to sacrifice their luxury their lives, their wealth for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada and Sao Paulo is saying something very similar. He is saying that you need to be people who are willing and able to ward off temptation, and that is that patience and steadfastness that will give you the ability to have victory by Allah's permission. However, as Allah azza wa jal says, Fischer the Boomin, who in the Kadena minimum, the vast majority of them could not resist that temptation. The vast majority of them went and they drank to their face, even though they were allowed to take a

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handful or two, just to sustain themselves, the vast majority of them drank and drank and drank it Allah kalila minimum, except as Allah azza wa jal says, for a few from amongst them. So Allah subhanaw taala continues, and he says, for them, Joe was the who I will live in, men will marry who called Lulu cotton and Leah will maybe Giroud diverge will know who they are.

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He says subhanaw taala. And when he crossed it with those who had kept faith, they said, We have no strength today against Goliath, and his warriors. So once they had passed by the river, so we have now the army of pollute split into two, the vast majority of those who disobeyed this command, who couldn't withstand the temptation who couldn't resist. And so those people are now Simon from the army, they are no longer allowed or given permission to continue with the army. And then you have the minority, the few who were steadfast who obeyed the command of power Lord, who took only from the river, that handful that was permitted for them, and they are the ones that are proceeding. Once

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they have proceeded. They said, Who are those that said, the scholars have to see defer, some of them said that it is group number one, the majority you stay behind? Another said no, it is the second group that minority that are still accompanying followed, on the festive seal, that it is the majority, they're the ones speaking about it, then it is as if Allah azza wa jal is affirming the very reason that they weren't allowed to accompany the army. And that is because they had the weakness of iman, they're looking at things like the numbers. They're looking at things like the power and the strength of the warriors of Goliath and Goliath himself and the army that he

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possesses. They're looking at the, if you like, the physical things and the materialistic things before them, and they're making a judgment according to that, whereas what Allah subhanaw taala wants to believe as always, to do first and foremost is to trust in Allah subhanaw taala. To know that Allah azza wa jal is the one who decrees victory and defeat, that Allah subhanaw taala can cause a suitable person to overcome a vast army, let alone a few 100 people overcoming an army that may be just double or triple their number. And isn't this something which we see within our own sera in the life of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the Battle of buds is one of the greatest

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examples in our history of a smaller group of people who are strong in Eman have that faith in Allah azza wa jal overcoming an army that was probably tripled their science much larger in terms of numbers, but Allah subhanaw taala gave them victory because of the Eman and because of their belief in Allah subhanaw taala and Allah azza wa jal makes them steadfast and firm. And then as we know, for example, in the Battle of whether Allah subhanaw taala sent angels, armies of angels forth, that would go and assist the believers on that day. So this is therefore if it's the first group of people that are seeing this that we have no power to withstand. Goliath and his warriors, its army,

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that is to go to affirm, it goes to affirm the weakness of the matter of those people in the very reason why they were told to separate themselves from the army. According to the second half zero on some of the scholars and commentators of the Quran, that is referring to those people who are the menorah

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But he was still accompanying polluting the army. So then from those people who did have discipline, who did have Eman, who did have one of those things, and Allah subhanaw taala is then relaying a statement of this perhaps and Allah knows best, then it is a sign that even the greatest people of Eman can sometimes have moments of doubt, they can sometimes have moments of doubt. And that is because these people when they see and it is natural is the natural response, that when you see an army that is far greater in number seems to be far more strong and powerful in terms of what it possesses of weapons and armor, then it is a very natural reaction to think that you are if you like

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the underdogs, you are the ones who are for example in the minority, therefore you are most likely the ones to be of a weaker state in that particular battle. That is a natural reaction. But then your Eman overcomes you then your Eman overtakes you believe in Allah azza wa jal certainty and you're talking and Allah subhanaw taala overcomes and so therefore, it is permissible it is natural to have certain feelings, certain emotions, certain thoughts, that and that is natural because she upon comes to people and he makes those whispers and it is the way that people think naturally as well. And that is why Allah azza wa jal then goes on to say however, those people became steadfast

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and firm if it is according to that second position of the sea.

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And Allah subhanaw taala says Bala levena alone No no, no whom Mala Mala he can mean if he Cadila in order but we had Cathy rotten be evening. Wala humara saw median

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he says subhanaw taala but those who knew that they were going to meet the Lord, meaning those who have certainty that Allah azza wa jal you will meet him one day or another that death will come. And if this is the day that Allah azza wa jal has decreed for me to die, then I will die and there is nothing that can save me or protect me, even if I had millions of people on my side. And if Allah azza wa jal decrees around the state I will not die, I will not suffer defeat. I will not be from amongst those people who are hurt or injured, then Allah azza wa jal will protect me. And there is no power or force in the whole universe that can stand against me or stand before Me. Those who are

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certain of the meeting with Allah azza wa jal, Allah azza wa jal says that they said they remarked when they had the statement of people saying we have no strength or power against Goliath, his warriors, his army, they responded and they said, How often does a small force defeat a large army with Allah's permission? How often is that the case that ALLAH SubhanA data allows the few to overcome the majority. We see this throughout the Quran. In the stories of the prophets of the likes of Ibrahim, Ali salaam, and Nora and hood and saw the unload Arima salatu. Salam, they are always the minority in number when it comes to their nations and their people. They are always the ones who

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have even with the number that they have. Often they are those those people who are the week that I'm trodden, the slaves, the people that no one looks at, and no one pays pays any attention to the poor and the needy. And those are the people that often take the side of the prophets of Allah Azza wa salatu salam as opposed to the rich and the powerful and the strong. And Allah subhanaw taala over and over again in the Quran tells us that the reality is that Allah azza wa jal gives those people victory, because there is Allah subhanaw taala controls everything in the heavens and the earth. And even in the Sierra, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when you look at how the

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Muslims began, so few in number, so weak when it comes to the the ability to to withstand the oppression, and transmission of Galatians, the Arabs that came to attack them and to wipe them out. But Allah subhanaw taala gave them power. And he gave them strength, the strength of Eman and over time, they will be able to dominate those other tribes and other people of Arabia. And so Allah subhanaw taala says here that those people of Yemen know that this is the reality. Look at the story of Mousavi Islam that we've mentioned already in the Surah Surah Al Baqarah. How Allah subhanaw taala mentioned that the people of many Israel were people who were constantly transgressed upon,

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they will people who will weaken people whose children were being killed the women folk allowed to live but Allah subhanaw taala turned the tables upon Pharaoh and his armies, his nobility, and that is the power that Allah azza wa jal possesses and that he uses as and when he pleases Subhan Allah Tala these people have Eman. They understood this. How often does a small force defeat a much larger army by Allah's permission? In bid Nila wala humara sabe routine and Allah azza wa jal is read those who are steadfast and patient and that is why Allah subhanaw taala look at the link here that Allah azza wa jal is with. He gives His divine aid and help to those people of patients, how it is linked

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to the beginning of this verse. When pollut says you must show patience, you must show self discipline. You must show steadfastness because by doing so, then Allah subhanaw taala will be with the people of those coins.

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Have teas, as opposed to those people who don't possess those qualities. Allah subhanaw taala then continues in verse 250. And he says, Well, then, barazzutti Jalota you know the aircon? Rob banner free Vitalina sabara what a bit about them and once Ornette Coleman cough caryophyllene And when they met Goliath and his warriors they said meaning the believers said as they stood before Goliath and all of his warriors, his mighty his army, they said, I will Lord pour patients upon us a free Aileen Sabra, it is a beautiful turn of phrase in the book of Allah subhanaw taala a free Ralina sobre o Allah por patients upon us with a bit of a data manner and make a stand firm one summer and

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an omen, caffeine and help us against the disbelievers. This is the drug that they make. And that is the way of the believers that those times of calamity those times of hardship, those times of extreme danger, they know that the only one that can save them is the Lord and Creator Subhana wa Tada. So they spend their time in dua in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal in pleading and asking Allah subhanaw taala for his help, as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did as we know in the Sierra on the day of battle, before the battle commenced, he's they're raising his hands and instead he raised them so high that the robe fell off his shoulders. And Abu Bakr Radi Allahu and came in, he

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picked it up, draped once again over the shoulders of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he said, O Messenger of Allah, it is enough, enough dua for individual Lord will never forsake you. But the point is that Allah azza wa jal, the prophet Salim is showing us that this is the characteristics of the believers. The believers don't look at just things like numbers and weapons and armor, those things just they play a role and you have to prepare yourself and preparations are important. But ultimately, it is our Eman in Allah subhanaw taala no faith in Allah azza wa jal that gives us that added strength. And so this is what the people have Giroud the people of Duluth

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understood that the army even though they few in number, they know that their victory is with Allah azza wa jal Oh ALLAH poor patients upon us, make us stand firm and help us against these disbelieving people.

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So the result Allah azza wa jal mentions in two 251 Verse 251, Allah subhanaw taala says, for his MO home evening,

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we're PATA leather whoo Jalota hula hula Moon cavil. Hickmott our lemahieu Me mesh,

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Walla Walla, Walla, he nurse Amber about whom we barely left her said that

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kin Allah, Allah King Allah who fathered in Ireland, Ireland mean, Allah says and so with a loss permission, the defeated them by loot and his army were victorious over Goliath and his army. And God gave him and David killed Goliath, meaning the prophet that would Ali CERAM killed Goliath. And Allah azza wa jal gave him meaning that would ally CERAM sovereignty and wisdom and taught him what he pleased. If Allah azza wa jal did not drive some back by means of others, then the Earth would be completely corrupt. But indeed Allah azza wa jal is bountiful Tuan. Allah subhanaw taala simply says, For Huzar Moon evening Allah, they defeated them by Allah's permission. Allah subhanaw taala

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doesn't go into the detail doesn't tell us how the battle played out, doesn't give us a play by play in terms of what took place and what didn't take place on what happened. He simply says Subhana wa Tada. They will defeat it. And that is to show you the finality of Allah azza wa jal, its permit of Allah subhanaw taala has commanded that when Allah azza wa jal wants something to take place, it happens. Those people will feel a number that against Goliath a much larger, stronger army for the moon, but they defeated them by Allah's permission, will Attila the Wu Jai route, and with Ali Salam killed John Ruth dilute or Goliath that would destroy me, they said was a a an individual in the

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army of pollute. So he's a soldier from the soldiers in the army of bottled and that would really slam at this point is not a prophet of Allah subhanaw taala and Allah knows best, but He is a righteous believer in this army from amongst a few who remain steadfast and patient, and they resisted the temptations of drinking from the river. He comes and he finds that he is face to face in the army with Goliath. And so he kills him, how he kills him and in which man is something which is found in many of the books of tafseer from various narrations. Not none of them are a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but from various Judeo Christian and other trader traditions and

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statements of some of the scholars. Some of them said that he that he that he threw a stone or a rock or a one of those small catapults that you hold in your hand in something like this that he used and he struck juggled and he killed him. The point here is that Allah azza wa jal tells us that it is the Woodbury Sarang who killed Goliath and based upon that Allah azza wa jal then gave to him prophethood wisdom kingdom because they would Ali Salam is one of those prophets of Allah

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Oh, that was a prophet and a king. Some of the prophets of Allah azza wa jal will given kingdom, they will kings alongside their prophet hoods and from them is this Father and His Son, that would end sorry man Allah him salat wa salam, they were kings alongside being prophets of Allah subhana wa Tada. So Allah azza wa jal says that we gave to him kingdom, and we gave to him wisdom. And we taught from that which we pleased and you know, elsewhere in the Quran, Allah azza wa jal mentions the stories of the Buddha and he ceramah the stories of his son, Solomon Ali salatu salam as well, and from that which Allah azza wa jal gave in terms of the knowledge that was given to the Gudauri

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CERAM was the Psalms DE BOER, the revelation that was given to the ordinary salatu salam, and the Psalms are one of the things that were that Islam was known for in the Quran and the sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it seems very bad. He's a prophet of Allah, that was engaged in worship known for his riba known for his fasting, known for his prayer, known for his dhikr of Allah azza wa jal and his remembrance, they were people and his family, not just him, but his whole household, as Allah subhanaw taala mentioned elsewhere in the Quran, and men who Allah that would the chakra work or household of their would, in the gratitude of Allah, meaning worship Him. And

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then you worship Him in a sentence of narrations that you find in the books of Tafseer. Throughout the day, and throughout the night, they engaged in the worship of Allah subhanaw taala there was always someone in the household of the wood was worshipping Allah azza wa jal, at every point of the day and the night and then Allah azza wa jal says, luckily, you don't mean any bad the shocker, because how few of my servants are truly grateful that will that his son was known for his recitation of the Psalms, and he was known to have an amazing voice, a beautiful voice that he would recite the Psalms with and Allah azza wa jal made it easy for him in terms of his recitation of

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those verses will come inshallah Tada throughout the Quran, they will speak about different snippets from the life of that will not only salatu salam and one of those aspects will be his worship and his recitation of the revelation that Allah azza wa jal bestowed upon him. Allah subhanaw taala concludes this verse by saying and murdering not that Allah azza wa jal drives some of you back by means of others, then the Earth would have been full of corruption. Allah subhanaw taala it is from his universal law. And it's from the Sunnah of Allah azza wa jal that people overcome others nations conquer others, people who are today powerful will tomorrow become weak. And people who today will

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we call tomorrow become powerful. And anyone that studies the history of the world will see that this is a cycle. Sometimes that cycle may last for centuries, for 1000 or more years, but eventually you will end and then the one that looks at the history of the Egyptian empires and the Greek Empire and the Roman Empire and the British Empire and all of these empires that have taken place throughout the history and even today in our time. It is still a cycle that you see that as one comes into ascendancy. Others descend into difficulty. And as those countries seek to come into ascendancy, the one that was formerly in ascendancy becomes or falls into descendency. This is

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something which is a natural phenomenon that we see from in the world and that is because Allah azza wa jal balances the way that people are in this way by his permission subhanaw taala. And Allah azza wa jal is bountiful, as he says, subhanaw taala to all of his creation, the final verse of this page and therefore this just Allah subhanaw taala concludes and he says Tilka to Allah, you know, through her, they will have got well in Kerala, Amina Monson. These are the revelations of Allah which we recite to you mean oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam with the truth and indeed you are one of the messengers. Allah azza wa jal says that these are the verses of Allah that we recite to you we give

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to you with truth. How else would we know about the story of that would injured what David and Goliath How else would we know for example, what took place in the life of Musashi Sanam are the stories of Ibrahim and no, and hood and Sally Hunter Amon autonomous salatu salam, how else would we know about the worship the worship of the woods or the great vast kingdom of Sunni man and he must salatu salam, how else would we know all of these stories that Allah azza wa jal released was in the Quran, what not that Allah subhanaw taala had revealed to us this book with all of the verses and the guidance that it contains. And therefore it shows that these verses are verses of truth. And

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anything that is based upon truth is something which you should benefit from something which you should take lessons from something which you should take and apply in the best way possible. And then Allah azza wa jal concludes, and he says, we're in the Kerala middle mousseline, and you are truly one of the messengers referring to obviously our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam, and with that we come to the end of the second Jews and inshallah Tada. In our next episode, we begin with the first page of the third Jews which is in surah, Al Baqarah, and inshallah Tada in that first page, we also have the greatest verse of the Quran AYATUL kursi BarakAllahu li Walakum wa SallAllahu

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ala Nabina Muhammad Ali, he also be a drain

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Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Bismillah

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Haley's