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The First Islamic Coin History Bites 1
Channel: Adnan Rashid
Series: Adnan Rashid - History Bites
File Size: 8.41MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
Salam Alaikum everyone, I am here today with history bites. Remember, I promised you that I'm going to bring a new series titled, history bites. And here we are. This is the first episode with a very, very special lesson on Islamic history. Today I'm going to talk about the first Islamic coin, the first fully Islamic coin in the history of Islam. Before I talk about it, I request that you subscribe to this channel for more history content, and also support our work through the link in the description patreon link. So let's get to the business. I'm wearing these white gloves because I'm going to handle something very, very special from the history of Islam. A piece of Muslim
history, one of the earliest Muslim coins, minted by the Muslim Caleb's in the first century. That's right, a coin from the first century of Islam. When some of the companions, some of the disciples of the Prophet of Islam were alive. This coin I'm about to show you was minted when some of the disciples of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him were alive. And this is the first century of Islam. Prophet Muhammad died in 632 CE, and the Islamic year was 11 Hijiri. And this coin, now we can look at it
was minted in the year 78. This is the first fully Islamic coin I hope you can see it clearly. And I will read it, this particular gold coin, it is called the dinar. This is the classic dinar from the Muslim history right. And this was the currency used by the Muslims
when it was minted in Damascus, by the Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan Abdul Malik bin Marwan ruled from 65 Hijiri to 86, Hijri 65 to 86, almost 21 years. And these coins were minted for a specific reason, which I will explain very quickly. Let's read the coin first. What is the coin actually have on it? I will use a pin to read. Let's read in the middle there. You can see
if you Yeah, I think the shade has to be right. Let's move it here. Okay, so the coin reads La ilaha illallah wa de hula Cherie kala.
There is no one worthy of worship except Allah. He is one and there is no partners on to him. Then anticlockwise in the Arabic language in the earliest Koofi Arabic, Muhammad Rasool Allah, or a Salah who Bill Hoda. What DNL Huck liyu the HERA who our deen equally, so we have read the averts this site is called the averse with the shahada, La ilaha illallah wa de hula Cherie Kala and then Muhammad Rasul Allah or Salah who build our deen il Huck liyu, the hero Hawala Deen equally, it is very difficult to read for non experts because it is the earliest form of the Arabic language. It is from the first century of Islam and when we turn the coin and look at the other side which is called
the reverse the reverse side of the coin, we have Surah class, chapter 112 of the Quran inscribed on the side and we will read Allah Who Had Allah Samad. This is a Samad lamea lead wollam You love. So you can clearly see that on this side. And now we will look at the date of the coin when it was minted. It says Bismillah Doray bah ha the DNR fee sunnah Semaan was about 18. So in other words, in the name of God, this dinar was struck in the year 78. So this is one of the earliest coins in the history of Islam. And now, let me explain how that is the case. When Muslims conquered territories in places like Persia and the Byzantines territory like Syria and Egypt in the seventh century, the
Muslims did not change the economic conditions of these lands. They kept status quo as far as the currency and administration was concerned. So the early companions of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam when they conquered these lands in Persia and in Egypt and in Syria or greater Syria, they kept the status quo they did not change the currency. So, early Muslims kept using the Byzantines gold solidus and they kept using the silver drum of the Persians which became their home or which was actually called their home at the time of the Prophet in Arabic it was called their home
And in the Persian language or in the Greek language, it was called rom ROM, okay. And this currency wasn't changed. So Muslims kept using this currency for some time because they didn't want to disturb the economic order. Muslims are very pragmatic, very practical with things Alhamdulillah early companions of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, so they did not change conditions, economic conditions in particular. But later on, let's say 50 years later, 50 years after the conquest, it came clear, it became clear that Muslims had to make their own money because there was some practical issues raised due to using currencies from other civilizations. For example, Muslims
would send papyrus which was a form of paper to the Byzantines as a business prospect, right? And Muslims would stamp these papyrus with Islamic formulas. The Byzantine emperor didn't like it. So he sent a threat to Abdulmalik memoranda cave at the time that if you don't stop inscribing, or stamping papyrus with Islamic formulas, I'm going to start minting coins with insults against Islam. So, this kind of shook up the malignant moron and his advisors, so his advisors, they advised him to mint Islamic currency, independent Islamic currency and there are many names given as to who the advisors were one of them that one of the names is highly binges eat the son of famous or infamous,
he has he been mafia. And
then we have
hijab bin Yousef and other advisors who had advised Abdul Malik when Marwan to mint this currency, so that the Muslims can have their own currency. So, this coin you looked at from the 78 He is the very second coin minted in the series. The first dinar first fully Islamic dinar was minted in the year 77. And it is heavily heavily heavily valued in terms of monetary value today, it can cause easily somewhere around 200 to 300,000 pounds British pounds right, you can buy a house from that one dinar minted in 77 because it is very, very rare and Muslim collectors around the world they are after it all the time. This coin you looked at in my hand was minted the very next year 78 HP. So by
that virtue, it is one of the earliest Muslim coins minted in history. And I wanted you to look at it, you looked at it, it is something fascinating, it is a golden hour it The wait is about four grams. And
and it is one of the earliest evidences for the history of Islam from the first century or the seventh century see.
And and some scholars are no not scholars or some missionaries, some Islamophobes claim that the Quran cannot be traced back to the first century of Islam. This coin has verses of the Quran on it, dated 78 Hijiri, one of the earliest minted coins of Islam. So those people they need to put their thoughts to rest because we have evidence on the first century of Islam where the Quran is clearly inscribed on coins on rocks, on papyrus and other
objects. So on that note, I will end I will remind you again to subscribe to this YouTube channel for more interesting information on history, generally human history and in particular the Muslim ministry, and also support our research our efforts by clicking the link in the description patreon link or you can make donations by other means. Thank you so much. I hope you like the content and there will be more coming soon. Until then. Assalamu alaikum