Shaykh Usman Dan Fodio – Reviver of Islam in West Africa

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Adnan Rashid

Channel: Adnan Rashid

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silagra manga Rahim ma arson naka de la Mata Lila Allah Ameen Pokhara full of lies and Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Balu, honey. Well, I respect your brothers and sisters in Islam. I thank you all for attending this very important event online. As you all know, we are going through a pandemic. And because of that pandemic, we had to all go online, in order to educate in order to talk to you in order to deliver a toxin speeches. And I would like to thank all the class machines in Cambridge, for organizing this beautiful event with many distinguished scholars, speakers, activists, and I feel honored to share a platform with all these distinguished names and personalities. So May Allah,

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Allah bless you all, thank you so much for attending this very important event. My lecture or my topic today is the history of shape of man, Dan fodio, who was a great personality,

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who lived about 200 years ago, in the land of Nigeria. Many Muslims talk about the history of Islam, from the Middle East, from India, from North Africa. And the history of Africa in general. You know, when we talk about Africa, West Africa, for example, or Sub Saharan Africa, or southern Africa, there is very little known about the history of

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this part of Africa. Unfortunately, and it is important for us to discuss our history across the board, we need to discuss the history of Islam in the Americas, we need to discuss the history of Islam, in Africa, in particular,

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West Africa, Sub Saharan Africa, in southern Africa, because because there is rich history there, there's a lot of history there that is not known to our youth, and the oma at large, it is absolutely crucial. It is absolutely important for us to understand our history so that we can take inspiration from all these great heroes of Islam, who lived for the last 1400 years after the prophet SAW the Muslim had passed away. You're in the history of Islam is so rich that if we were to start talking about great luminaries, personalities,

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inspirational characters, teachers, scholars, points, intellectuals, activists, people who struggled for the path for the fall in the path of a love for the sake of a loved one, like, there's so much to talk about. It is unbelievable. It's the sheer amount of people

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to discuss, when it comes to the history of Islam is absolutely

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amazing. It is huge. The number is huge. So one of the things I want to very quickly talk about before I go into the history of Shipman. Daniel for you is that

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a last message of promised some of long earlier solemn In fact, he announced that every car, every generation, they will be a majestic they will be someone who will come and revive this Dean when it is facing decline. Okay. The Dean cannot be,

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you know, facing declines of people, they lose track of the dean, they start to go off the track, they start to become misguided, they start to follow other things, then the way of Allah subhanaw taala. So for that reason, when that happens, Allah subhanaw taala arranges for many mcjuggernuggets revivals of Islam to come about. They are born into these communities into these societies, so that they can bring people back to a lot to his path, because they have gone astray. And the job

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the prophets were doing previously will be given effectively to these magette dates or these revivals of the deen. So there are no more prophets after the Messenger of Allah prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam because he clearly stated, okay, learn to be a body, there is no prophet after me. Okay? Allah subhanaw taala announces that in the Quran, as well I will be languishing on the redeemers for less money remark on him. The marriage article while lacking the sort of luck well thought of being the Muhammad Allah Islam is not the father of any of men, any of the men among you, rather, he is the seal of the prophets. He is the last and the final prophet and for that reason,

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there is no Nabhi after him there is no result after him. So what happens after him when people fall into corruption people fall

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into misguidance people start to go straight once Islam has reached as far as Spain and China, and all these Muslims when they are born into these societies, Muslim societies,

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new ideas are introduced in the name of Islam. What happens then? Do any profits come to fix the affairs? No, no, for that Allah subhanaw taala has appointed with that much updates on our mas quarters, revivals, who will come and who will put the record straight, they will come and demystify the image of Islam, they will clarify as to where the people are going to straight where they are going off the track. And then they will put people back on the track by guiding them to true Islam, how Islam must be followed how Islam must be understood how Sharia generally works. And for that reason, a loss of data from the very start after the first three generations, because because they

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were the first three generations and they were the best generations. The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam he stated in an authentic report, higher nausea for me, from ballerina Luna home to Marina Luna home, the best people of my generation, the one that comes after and the one that comes after. So

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after these three generations, in other words, the Sahaba, the companions, the disciples of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and then their followers, their students to Abilene. And then their students start I mean, these are the first three generations the most successful the most. How can I say?

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The most blessitt of generations, right? According to the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. After these generations, Allah paradigma sent revivals a lot, made sure that the boundaries of Islam are clearly defined by scholars, by survivors, by people who come and study Islam for 2030 4050 years. And having studied Islam in depth, they go out in societies, and they invite people to true Islam. They tell people,

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if they add anything new to Islam, or they try to basically enter into Islam with new ideas, or try to claim ideas in the name of Islam, these revivals, they stand up to the task, they come forward and they say, hold on a second. This is not Islam, okay? This was never taught by Allah. This was never taught by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. For that reason, this cannot be regarded as as Islam. If anything, these are innovations added into Islam or attempted,

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you know, into Islam, they cannot be accepted. So they are rejected as by the art, okay, or as innovations into the religion for that, for that reason.

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Allah subhanaw taala for this purpose sent many revivals to put the record straight. So my brothers and sisters in Islam, you must understand that it is important to know the history of the survivors to know they are to understand the legacies, to understand the sacrifices to understand the work they did, so that we can take inspiration from it, so that we can produce those revivals so that we can stand up to the task. If we are learned enough, if we are from the anama. If we are from the activists, we are from those blessing people who can stand up to that task, and start to guide people to the right path to the straight path, the path of the soul of the part of the earliest

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generations of Islam that part of the most upright and most morally inspirational people in the history of Islam. Okay. This is why it is absolutely imperative for us to understand the history of the history of these revivals. There were many who came from the second to third century of Islam moving forward all the way to our time, right. I can name some of them, as I understand them. Of course, these revivals were not perfect. They were not embodiments of perfection. Rather, they were humans, they made human errors like anyone else, like anyone else.

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And these people, they were

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basically doing the job to the best of their abilities. They were not

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perfect personalities. They were not innocent. They were not infallible, rather, they were very fallible. So how do we know they were survivors? We know they were revivals because they were calling people to carry on and the sooner anyone at anytime, anywhere in the world, inviting people to the Quran and the Sunnah is one of the devices.

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He is one of those survivors, he may not know that he's one of the survivors. He may not even claim that he is on the job that he may not even have an idea whether he is won or not. But he's recognized by the scholars by

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you know, how can you put it? Yeah, the

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Hollywood act, okay. People who are given that ability to assess the status of people in Islam. Usually they are the Allah, Allah know who these people are the revivals because one of the greatest qualities of these providers is that they call to the Quran and the Sunnah. So for example, among the humble in my Malika mama Shafi mahbubani father how to lay lay him, okay, after that, the theme who came forward, and they stood up to all the better art, all the innovations introduced in the name of Islam in the third in the fourth and the fifth and the sixth and the seventh in the eighth century and onwards. Okay, all these people, they stood up to the task, right? They they stood up,

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they took responsibility to guide people, when people were going astray when they were going off the track when they were coming off the track. And they started to practice other things in the name of Islam, when it wasn't Islam. So Allah always managed to, as he promised, through the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, that people will be coming, people will be coming, and they will be teaching about what the true path is. Okay, so having explained all of this, now we can talk about from these revivals very quickly. I have seen many amounts, many great scholars, people like Edna Tamia, I believe, if not a me up politely, was a great revival. He was a majestic he dealt with many issues

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of his times, right when he was alive in the 13th century CE II, okay, he dealt with many problems. He dealt with many issues that came his way. Okay, people ask him questions. There were many, many

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matters that were of concern to people in those times, and he will ask questions and he wrote books, giant compendiums for example, there was an issue with the sheer school of thought people asked you about whether the shadow is the straight path because some people some scholars, the Shia scholars are claiming that the other Sunnah are upon falsehood, because they do not follow the other base image a mere Delilah responded by writing this giant book, a magnificent book titled Madhava Sunnah Okay, man, I just don't know what the response to a treaties written by she scholar called Emerald Matata, Haley. Okay. And in this treaties, everytime he or politely responded to many of the

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allegations that came from that particular scholar from the shield school of thought respectfully, and then

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other issues came his way for example, the ashara he had debated with the Ashanti scholars he had debated with,

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for example, a month have been, you know, people who were following blindly Greek philosophy so he dealt with them, he spoke with them. And this is to explain as to how scholars can have discussions debates, in their respective times, put the record straight to show people what the straight path is, and they may not be perfect. I'm not saying Tamia was perfect rapidly and men love forgiveness mistakes and accept his good deeds. Likewise, Mr. Rosati. We don't agree with everything a man was already preached or taught, but he was reviver in many respects. He wrote a very powerful two T's against the Greek philosophers, right. And he advised the Muslim not to follow Greek philosophy

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blindly. Likewise, if we move further, further on, shall Will you lie in India, you know, he was a great revival of Islam. In the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century, when Islam or the Muslim thought was facing decline in the Indian subcontinent because of the political turmoil there in the Mughal Empire had declined. And because of that political decline, the center became weak. And because the political center was weak, that affected the Muslims more so than anyone else, because Muslims have always been a minority in India, although the largest minority but Muslim law still a minority in India, so Muslims felt vulnerable and that's when a majority or a revival had to rise up

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to the task and guide people to these times of turmoil and shall we law, the law lay, he did a brilliant job of guiding people through those times of turmoil and political chaos. Likewise, in the Hejaz region, we had

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Great mage update, a person of knowledge, not necessarily a perfect personality, of course, he made many mistakes. As I've already clarified that these mage updates these survivors are not infallible. They made many errors, they made mistakes, sometimes mistakes in judgment, right. But at the same time, we need to look at the good work they did, in order to bring people back to the straight path, the part of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam. So Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul Wahab, in the Arabian Peninsula, who was also alive in the 18th century in the 1700s. See, you also revived the true essence of Islam, which is toe sheet in the Arabian Peninsula when he saw many

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people doing things in the name of Islam that didn't come from Islam. Of course, I understand. And I appreciate that many people do not agree with Sheikh Mohammed that of the, of the how to approach they did not like him. In fact, many people to this day, they consider him to be a highly controversial figure. Without a doubt, he's a very controversial figure. But some of the things he did in the Arabian Peninsula can be seen as work of revival. Because he removed a lot of shrines that were being worshipped other than a lot. A lot of people were going to graves, and they were begging the people in the graves, for all sorts of things, right. And this was a very Christian

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practice. You know, you CBS, who is a fourth century church historian, wrote that whenever a Christian man a Christian saint died, he was buried. And then on top of his grave, a tomb was made, and people started to worship, not worship, frequent this tomb, they started to celebrate days, feasts, you know, like, it rings a bell. Nowadays, a lot of people they go to tombs, they celebrate a day, whether the day is to do with the person's birth, on that day, or whether the person is legacy, in somehow is somehow celebrated on that particular day. So there is a day

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dedicated for the celebration of that particular thing. The Christians are doing this you CBS wrote this in his history, in the fourth century.

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This was way before the prophet of Islam satellite salon was born. Okay, that the Christians,

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or the Jewish people, in some cases, whenever one of the saints died, they buried the saint and built a tomb on top of that saints grave, and they started to worship in that tomb. Right? Whether they were worshiping God or worshiping that particular person in the tomb is another question altogether. But they started to worship in that tomb. And they started to celebrate the importance of that particular tomb. And this was happening way before the prophet of Islam Prophet Muhammad sallahu wa sallam was born. And this is why on his deathbed sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he specifically highlighted this problem in the previous nations, he said, a lot, a lot of you who

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would learn a lot of your hood and nassarawa nosara if the huddle, water and bi him masajid that may a laws larner be upon the year who would end on Assad? Why? Because they have built masajid places of worship upon the graves of the prophets, or potentially the saints or the martyrs for in the case of the Christians, right. So this is what the prophet salaallah salaam, highlighted that you are not to do that all the believers the Muslim you are not to do that. Okay. So Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul Wahab, having seen what was happening in the Arabian Peninsula, he came up with this movement of revival. And he started to educate people about how this is not Islam, this cannot be from Islam.

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Likewise. Now moving on to our topic, Chef Othman, Dan fodio, who was also born at the same time. Amazingly, these three great revivals of Islam were born in the same century, were named contemporaries of each other. This is not a coincidence, I don't believe this is a coincidence. And all three of them came from different regions did similar work in these three different regions. This is something very, very interesting and fascinating. Amazingly, these three great revivals, they came from different regions, preached in different places, and preaching almost the same thing. This is not a coincidence, and they didn't seem to have any direct contact with each other, as if a

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lot produced three different people in three different places.

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About the same time doing the same work. This is not a coincidence. Okay, one can be an accident. The second can be an accident. The third, come on, this is too much, right. So, who am I talking about? I'm talking about showerwall you lock in India, who lived from 1704 to 1762. Okay, that's short with your luck, then check Hambledon of the Wahab was born. If I'm not mistaken, 17 or three, and he died in 1799. Okay, he lived possibly the entire length of the 18th century in the Arabian Peninsula. Share of man, Dan fodio, was born in 1754 and died in 1817. very much the same time, the same century. So share of man Dan fodio, was alive in the 18th century. In current day Nigeria. He

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was born in

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northern Nigeria, currently northern Nigeria, and he will see not. He came from a scholarly family. His family had migrated to northern Nigeria. In

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the 15th century, his ancestors came from a current day Senegal, if I'm not mistaken, and they took refuge in this land and check them for two years. Father was a great scholar of Islam. So the shape

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studied with his father. Initially, he memorized the Quran, and he studied basic texts from his father. And he started to follow the Maliki fic, the Maliki school of thought. And one of the scholars the chef was heavily inspired by was gibreel, when oma debriefing Amr was from the Saharan region, and he was a great scholar, a very, very strict man. In fact, some scholars even call him a radical, he was a radical in the sense that he was against innovations, he was against practices

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adopted by Muslims, who he calls semi Muslims, because some of the Muslims in this region, in the Fulani region, or in the house or region, the house or land, which was by this time, already Muslim, so before I go into the history of man, Dan, for you very quickly, I want to explain the background

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of

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shirtless man's history in this region, Islam had already taken

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root in this, Islam had already taken root in this particular region. That book please the book.

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Thank you. Islam had already taken root in this region. And there were many, many people who had come to preach Islam in this region. So there was a very important figure who had come to hausa land,

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and priest Islam in his pure form, he can also be regarded as a great majority of this region. His name was Alma villi. Share Abdur Rahim, Allah Healy, Abdul Kareem Abdul Karim Muhammad, Allah Healy, who was from

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currently Algeria, he was from Algeria. And he frequented this region

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in the 15th, century, 1400s, right.

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He was, again, a very strict figure who took Islam very seriously. And because of its strictness, he had to migrate from Algeria, because he had problems with the local scholars in Algeria, where he was actually from, so what he did, he migrated southwoods, coming towards house on land. And when he ended up in hausa land, which is currently in northern Nigeria, he started to preach Islam there, and many people were inspired by the writings of Alma villi. So Alba Healy was a great inspiration for people like chef mon Dan fodio, who came later on, although

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almost two to two to three centuries later, but still, he served as a great inspiration for share of man done for you. So this is a point you must consider brothers and sisters, that when scholars do their work, their work can never die, so long as they're sincere, Allah will cause a light to arise, even if it's, even if it's a spark, you're not a spark cannot light a fire necessarily, not all the time, not all the time, right. But that spark can remain burning, and it may light two to 300 years later. So a scholar may write our small pamphlet, a small book, and Leave it, leave it and as long as long as the scholar is sincere

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Love will give it acceptance, a love will make that work, become alive in the actions of people. Our love will cause people to take inspiration from that work and make it so the tragedy for the scholar who is in his grave and doesn't even know where the reward is coming from, the reward may come 234 100 years later, your manuscript might be discovered by someone later on and it is published. And lo and behold, before you know it is popular, people are reading it. For example, I want to give you one quick example, the 40 hadith of Mama nawawi. Okay. There are countless scholars in the history of Islam with compiled collections of Hadith. Okay, why the 40 hadith of NaVi?

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Why the 40 hadith of NaVi is a question, okay? why his 40 of these. So Allah give him acceptance. So here's 40. This has been studied non stop everywhere around the world, because a lot of it. Likewise, Alma Healy was a great scholar from currently Algeria, had migrated to how fell and northern Nigeria, did some work in the 15th century, and basically, delivered lectures, talks, wrote books, works,

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and gave advice to the rulers in the heartland, the local traditional kings or chiefs, he advised them to govern by Islam to live by Islam, and not follow the superstitions of the traditions that were prevalent at the time in northern Nigeria, in particular, and

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Africa at that time in many regions, right. So brothers and sisters, there was one particular system that was working in Nigeria at the time, and this system was something like, you know, seeking help from spirits, okay. And this particular system was very, very, very popular. So people are practicing a mixture of Islam with local superstitions, traditional ideas, to invoke spirits, and ask them for for help. And later on, when people became Muslim, they came to realize the spirits they may be invoking are actually jinns. So they will sacrifice animals to them. So a lot of the people I'm giving you the background of Shepherd manda and for your circumstances, the circumstances

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he was born into, this is why he became a reviver right? So this was happening before he was born, Alma Healy, who had come to northern Nigeria or house or land houses, and basically is the is the land of the house of people. Okay, in Nigeria, there are

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four major languages, if not more, I can mention some of them hausa, evil, Yoruba.

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These are some of the major languages today, even today spoken in Nigeria, and hausa was a huge territory

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ruled by the House of people, right. And they had different chiefs, different kings, governing this territory. So unbeliever had come from the north, from Algeria, into the south into this region, he was preaching and he was advising a lot of these scholars to practice Islam, not traditional shirk, and polytheistic ideas, and a lot of these ideas actually constituted polytheism. So a lot of these people supanova by the grace of Allah, you know, were inspired by Alma Healy, who had spoken

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extensively on these matters and written he had written two pieces. One of the treaties, treaties is he wrote shahidi was to advise the rulers. So he had advised the rulers at that time of this region, to avoid bidda to avoid shark and to rule by Islam, some of the rulers, they followed him, others did not take him very seriously. And Nigerian rulers at that time, continue to follow tradition, as well as the Islamic ruling wherever it suited them. So, this way, this traditional way, was called the way of the is cookie is cookie actually means spirits, basically. Right? So invoking spirits, how would How would these spirits invoked they were invoked from trees from anthills, from abandoned

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wells, okay, from abandoned places, and old temples or old palaces of old kings. So people would go to these places, they would do the rituals in whatever ways they had already adopted, and they would sacrifice animals depending on the request or the need of the person. So if someone had a big problem, you will take a bigger animal. If you had a minor issue, you would take a smaller animal and sacrifice the animal to the spirits more. I mean, I'm very sure that these spirits are nothing but gins who might even appear to some

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People and, and cause them to think that their prayers are being answered. So it's cookie system, or its cookie belief system was very, very common, very prevalent in this region. And people were basically

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practicing this traditional way of invoking spirits and asking them for help with Islam. So there was a mixture of Islam with the traditional spooky belief system. So people would ask isca if God would be a spirit, they would be asking, later on a lot of scholars did a lot of good work, okay. And they started to explain to people that what they're doing is actually ship. It is polytheism. They're invoking other entities than a lot other than a lot. And this constitutes ship, primarily.

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So many revivals, many scholars came, they did a lot of good work. But people still continued to do these things. For as late as the 18th century, when chef of man Dan fodio,

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was born. Chef monden, for you, as already stated, was born in 1754. And he was the founder of the Fulani Empire, also called the supporter Caliphate, the supporter Empire, which stretched

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all the way to Senegal, as well as Cameroon, it was a very, very big state, which basically continued

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for for almost a century. So it was established, the state was established in 1804, when the whole system of the state started when she was man, Dan fodio.

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Started to wage his jihad against the ship, and the beta, and all the superstitions of the area and the oppression of the rulers and other things. When he started this, it was the year 1804. So what was the shift doing between

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1754 and 1804, when he struggled and started before I speak about it struggle very quickly, I want to talk about what he was doing before that. So he was born into these circumstances, where the traditional superstitions are widespread Muslims or semi Muslims. were practicing these things with Islam, as well as the traditional ideas.

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Still working

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traditional ideas, so

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a lot of these

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ideas were obviously against Islam, they did not fit into the Islamic model. So she's being a student of Islam from a very young age. He memorized the Quran from his father, and he was deeply inspired by his teacher gibreel with Homer, who was from the Sahara and region, and debris jabril. Bin Omar was a man of honor been an honorable Maru for nahi Anil Mancha. He was a man of forbidding the evil and commanding the god he was a very strong proponent of that particular Islamic idea, like the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in ahaadeeth. clearly stated, mantra om incommon current value a year who began he filed yesterday familia Sani if I love your study, or we can behave with olika other

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awfully money, okay. So if anyone sees evil, you change it with your hand if you cannot do so if you do not have the power to do so. Then speak against it. If you do not have the power to do so. Then think of it as something evil in your heart. And this is the least of your mind, at least consider it evil. If you can't do anything about it. If you can't stop it with your hand, can't speak up, speak up against it, then at least have this thinking in your heart or at least consider it to be evil. Don't accept it. Don't say Oh, it's fine. Okay, at least consider it to be evil. And that is the weakest of Eman. This man jabril brahmer One of the features of chef with man Dan fodio, was a

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man of unbearable maruf one night he would come he would forbid evil wherever, wherever he would see it. And he would tell people to abandon all these evil practices they were conducting

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or they were indulging in basically. So, after having studied with this chef was man done for you. He started to work

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among his people from 1774. When he was about 20 years old, he started to work among his people. He started to preach, he started to talk and he started to speak up against some of these practices. He wrote letters to the rulers. He even gave advice to rulers, he wrote treaties. In fact, it is thought that between this period 1774

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To 1804 he wrote tons of works to do with Islamic law, Islamic morality, Islamic social values, so that they can be made available to people, people who proclaim to be Muslim who claim to be Muslim and who proclaim Islam. They need to be Islam Muslims properly. Okay, like Allah said, Look around the eye you're looking around and while we've been led to Chicago demons from that era he Yeah, you're looking at amaru Oh, the Holo festival Macaca mulatta. Beer, the watershed aren't in the hula, can I do Moby. So chef was mine, he started to do the work of deed, he started to work towards the revival of Islam in the house or region, in this entire region. But he realized that one of the

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biggest obstacles in his way was, or were the rulers of how solid they were many different kings, some bigger, some smaller chiefs. They started to see chef mods work as a threat because he became very, very popular when he spoke against superstitions, but the art innovations, things done in the name of Islam that were not from Islam, things

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practiced for no reason. Okay, superstitions, people conducting in magical practices, invoking spirits, and doing things like that.

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All of this was very, very apparent to the shape for obvious reasons, because he was the shape of the seminar. He upheld true Islamic values. He had studied Islam, in depth, orthodox Islam, he was a maleki. By practice, and by aqeedah, he was a 30 rajmata la de la, he wanted to bring a change in his in this region. So he started to preach, you went out, he was from region to region, he traveled vast territories in hausa land, he traveled hundreds of miles, hundreds of miles. He stayed in regions. In some regions, he stayed like, five, five years in a particular region, if I'm not mistaken, in one particular region, he stayed five years, okay, places like Congo, places like

00:37:15--> 00:38:00

many other cities in northern Nigeria, in this house are now territory, they came under his influence. So what happened after his preaching in this region of northern Nigeria, him speaking against with art, and ship, and invoking of the spirits and tell his men for example, people are putting their trust in the in these talisman, right, you know, hanging things with their bodies or trees and things like that similar things that were happening in the Arabian Peninsula. And in the Indian subcontinent, people doing things in the name of Islam, that had had nothing to do with Islam. So, check with Mark Dantonio, he became very, very popular, people started to follow him dry

00:38:00--> 00:38:24

droves, and most of his followers were people from the rural areas who were facing the brunt of high taxes, were facing oppression on the part of the rulers of that region. So they became his followers because they saw him as a glimmer of hope. And he was preaching against oppression, high taxation, corruption,

00:38:26--> 00:39:07

weaknesses in state administration, and the corruption of the kings for that matter. So many of these rulers of this region, they became his enemies, and they started to ban his activities. In fact, they made his work so difficult that he had to migrate to another region. Okay. And after this migration, he was appointed as the leader of the Muslim movement in northern Nigeria in the house house on my spawners. He had many sincere followers, some of whom were great scholars. He had taught his brother Abdullah He, who was his right hand man and his son,

00:39:08--> 00:39:09

Hamad Belew,

00:39:10--> 00:39:17

who was who was a very strong leader after his father. Chef, don't forget you're passed away. So

00:39:18--> 00:39:50

Abdullah, he and Mohammed Belew, were both the students one was the shake son, the other was his brother. So all three of them, they started to work hard towards establishing an order. An order was established. Chef, Dan fodio, asked his followers to be armed and they made an army and they started to raid territories in order to bring about justice. Right. So a lot of the activities today, people are doing

00:39:52--> 00:39:56

in the name of Islam in northern Nigeria, for example, Boko Haram, you know, they're trying to claim

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

the legacy of horsmonden

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

For your and they tried to claim that they are his followers, but they have nothing to do with him.

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The kind of atrocities some of these groups are committing have nothing to do with the legacy of check with Monde on 40. Or if you look at his legacy, he promoted the education of women. His own daughters were scholars of Islam, one of his daughters was, was an intellectual, she was appointed. She was a great intellectual, right. And she lived as as late as 1860s. And she was known for knowledge. He produced hundreds of female scholars in northern Nigeria, this was a revolution of a grand scale. This was a revolution to civilize people. This was a revolution to bring people to morality. So share with man Don 40. Oh, he spoke against free mixing. He spoke against superstition,

00:40:50--> 00:41:40

superstitious practices, he spoke against people doing things that had nothing to do with Islam. And this brought about a huge revolution, people started to practice Islam, they started to worship a lot alone, they stopped, they stopped invoking spirits. And women and men, they started to study the Islamic sciences, and that produced by a huge number of Muslim scholars in Nigeria, Allahu Akbar. Amazingly, all of this region became filled with scholars. And all these scholars, they started to work towards establishing a state, which later on became the Sokoto Caliphate, which stretched at one time, from Senegal to Cameroon, taking all the territory of northern Nigeria today. So it was a

00:41:40--> 00:41:44

huge territory carved out by chef Amanda and fodio.

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And he ruled this territory up to 1811. His jihad, against bidda, against oppression of the rulers of the land at the time, because these rulers are very, very corrupt. They're very corrupt, they didn't care about Islam, they didn't care about the people. They didn't care about the well being of the people, they were charging heavy taxes. People were very impressed. This is why chef with mon Don fodio, he became very popular. One of the reasons he became popular was, of course, he was a sincere man who wanted to bring about a good change. But one of the biggest reasons he was so popular was

00:42:22--> 00:43:16

the fact that rulers in this area were heavily, heavily pressive. They were tyrannical. And people basically went against them. And chef of mud, he launched this movement, which lasted from 1804 to 1808. In these four years, he carved a huge empire for the Muslim order, or the Islamic order in northern Nigeria, and a lot of people started to follow this particular order. And Islamic law was applied, judges were appointed, market prices are fixed, taxation was heavy taxation was removed. So this became a civilization in its own right, people started to flourish, they became very happy people prosperous, people started to really cherish this new beginning of a new era. So Pamela, and

00:43:16--> 00:44:09

after this empire was carved, in about four years, chef of mine, Dan fodio, in 1811 handed power to his son and his brother, who were basically appointed governors and judges in different places, and he started to do the work of writing again. And by the end of his life, the sheriff had written close to 100 works over 100 I mean, there is there is no exact count of the amount of treaties or the amount of books he has written. But there is an estimate that he wrote over 102 thesis, over 100 works on different topics, he was a scholar, par excellence. He was an intellectual, who had studied classical Arabic as as from from a young age, he was a poet, and he was a scholar of high repute,

00:44:09--> 00:44:17

only a scholar of high repute can manage a civilization or a movement like that long. So after

00:44:18--> 00:44:59

he had done his work, he passed away in 1817. But I'm ally Ali, having carved this empire, known as the Sokoto Empire, also known as the Fulani Empire, and this empire was governed by the law of Islam. For this reason, even today, if you go to northern Nigeria, the the regard of Islam and true Islamic practices very, very strong. Okay. You go to northern Nigeria, even to this day, of course, it's not perfect. There's a lot of corruption throughout the world. Not only in Nigeria, of course, throughout the world, you will find problems in every single nation. Everywhere you go.

00:45:00--> 00:45:07

But the regard for Islam, the practice of Islam is still very strong in northern Nigeria to this day.

00:45:08--> 00:45:41

Putting aside all the evil actions of some of the extremist groups, I'm not talking about them. I'm talking about the beautiful, lovely, amazing people of Nigeria. Okay? They still uphold Islam, and they are in love with the legacy of chef with man done for do they cherish his legacy and condo was the center of his power. After shared with man Dan fodio passed away his brother Abdullah, he and his son ran the state son came to power from 1817.

00:45:43--> 00:45:50

And he continued to govern for a while after his power father passed away if I'm not mistaken 1830s when

00:45:52--> 00:46:40

Muhammad bello also passed away. And so cultural Empire or this particular Empire lasted until 1903. Early 20th century when the colonial powers like Britain, they invaded Nigeria or territories in Nigeria and this empire crumbled. Unfortunately, even today, there is a descendant of the chef considered to be the Sultan of Sokoto Empire. You can go and meet with him is there in Conway if I'm not mistaken, and the legacy of chef of man Dan fodio lives on. So to summarize very quickly, brothers sisters you have with mine, Dan fodio was a revival of Islam in northern Nigeria in the house or region, and he created an empire based upon Islamic values. It was called the Sokoto

00:46:40--> 00:47:16

Caliphate, also called the scorcher Empire or Fulani Empire. It was governed by Islam. He worked against a lot of innovations, a lot of on Islamic practices people were indulging in, in this region. And he promoted true Islamic values. And he was a mystic. He was a point he was a scholar part salons who had memorized the Quran, who had written many, many works on Islamic sciences throughout this period, and there are many, many good books you can consult. One of them I strongly advise is in the heart of West African Islamic revival. This book is a strong

00:47:17--> 00:47:31

book on this topic. It is recommended strongly and the author is Chef Abdullah Hakim quick Shaykh Abdullah Hakim quick has compiled a biography of chef with man, Don fodio.

00:47:33--> 00:48:01

And you must read this book in order to understand briefly the life of the chef and his legacy. And I will stop there zacco will lock over listening to me. I hope I've covered pretty much most of the events from the shakes life For details, you should consult books like this. And there are other academic books on the life of the show. You're not gonna love him, but handling later Bill alameen wa Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh over your over to you, brother, Ali Hassan

00:48:10--> 00:48:11

Ali, could you maybe

00:48:14--> 00:48:38

just recollect that shift for this great talk Mashallah, we're just waiting for just the other two comments Allah He should join us. If any brothers and sisters the luck we've got like five minutes if they have any questions to ask for the sheriff regarding this talk Mashallah. It was very beneficial, especially regarding the aspect of the race and Nigeria and the shifts effort so if any brothers and sisters that have a question for the shift

00:48:43--> 00:48:46

you can send your questions to Brother Ali and he can read them out to me inshallah.

00:49:05--> 00:49:53

One of the things I want to very quickly mention before any questions come through, is that any reviver big or small, his work is not wasted by loss of power to Allah. So any little work you might do may inspire people. Decades later, centuries later, like I mentioned, shekel Malayali, who came from Algeria. What business did he have in Nigeria, Algeria and Nigeria, there is a difference of there is a distance of 1000s of miles. So he migrated from Algeria into this Southern territory. Today, we call it northern Nigeria. Okay. Allah brought him to this region, possibly to cause the survival in the 19th century. We never know. We never know that alone might have brought automobili

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

for that particular purpose. He wrote some diseases that survived for as late as the time of chef Amanda

00:50:00--> 00:50:23

Do you have what's mine done for you was very much heavily inspired by the writings of shekel Malini, okay, he read these works, specifically the treaties. He had written to advise the rulers on Islamic ruling how to govern as a good Muslim ruler. Right. So Shere Khan really had written a to tease us a book,

00:50:24--> 00:51:14

advising the rulers in northern Nigeria, how to govern like a good Muslim ruler. So he emphasized the importance of justice. He emphasized the importance of fair taxation. He emphasized the importance of being a moral character dressing properly, presenting yourself in a decent fashion to public having the right people to advise you. All of these pieces of advice were given by shekel McGee in this book, he had written to advise the rulers of northern Nigeria at that time as to how must a Muslim ruler behave. And amazingly, these stories, these these teases lasted for for another 200 years to inspire a great revolution in northern Nigeria, which was, of course, the work of chef

00:51:14--> 00:52:01

of mine, Don fodio, who had taken inspiration directly. How do I know that because she was monda and Forleo, had quoted Shere Khan McNeely in his works. He referenced chef McGee in his works that that's what the chef said. So, therefore, this and this and this. So, it is very clear from this point, that any divider of Islam any person who works for the sake of Allah leaves a legacy behind big or small, will be used by a lot to make a greater impact in the future. So a loving lever, a loving lever, waist, your good deeds, however small they are, this is why the province of the likes of me said Lata Kiran middle Maha roofie Shea and wallow and Kaka big league that do not belittle

00:52:01--> 00:52:22

any of your good deeds, even smiling at your brother. So Carla. So whatever work today people are doing for the sake of a love of the sake of Islam. Whether it's small or big, a love is make it big inshallah, however does it it's up to him, you know, so we have to be sincere in our activities and our work and the love and put some inshallah some power in it.

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Are there any questions brother, it hasn't

00:52:28--> 00:52:28

only come

00:52:30--> 00:52:39

to luck. My name is purveys. I'm here from Kent. And I wanted to thank you, brother for you know, mentioning

00:52:40--> 00:53:24

so many scholars names. And I just wanted to give you an a personal observation from many people around here, that there is a very big disconnect with the scholars of the past. And I myself, you know, I'm guilty of that. And I myself learning the names of the various scholars, you know, the pious scholars, our our predecessors, you know, like the one we should be reading about. So I just wanted to make an observation about that there is a big disconnect among the youth you know about the the recent scholars like last 200 years or 300 years and and I wanted to thank you for mentioning this particular scholar from Nigeria does Aquila, thank you so much. And may Allah bless

00:53:24--> 00:53:37

you and may Allah enable us to do more of this work. And do more detailed studies of these scholars, these great heroes of Islam, in fact make documentaries about them, you know, media is our disposal.

00:53:38--> 00:54:23

Media is at our disposal and we can do so much work with media, we can create documentaries, we can create small movies Hello movies, of course, right away by these scholars are represented the legacies I introduced to our youth, instead of watching Tom and Jerry and Lion King and, and things like that. And, you know, other programs our kids should be watching entertaining programs about the heroes of Islam. Right? People are going crazy about this new series called Total Okay, authorial is is based upon fiction, although it represents the Islamic culture of the time somewhat, but it is still fiction. Imagine if we started to tell the true history, the real history of our heroes of

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Islam from the past, this will

00:54:26--> 00:55:00

put a lot of inspiration through our youngsters, you know, our youngsters need examples. They need inspirations, okay, they don't need football players or music stars or snooker players, or bodybuilders as inspiration, necessarily rather, I mean, rather, we need to have character inspirations, character. Examples, people who are great scholars of the past great heroes of the past. They need to be introduced to the youth so the youth can take inspiration on you can never take inspiration from a person you

00:55:00--> 00:55:43

No. In order to know, we need to do more of these events and talk more about our scholars and our great luminaries from different regions, whether they are from Africa from Asia from Southeast Asia, I'm pretty sure there are so many heroes in lands like Indonesia and Malaysia. Okay Philippines, there were scholars there. India, there are so many personalities we can talk about from the Indian subcontinent as well as North Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa, there is so much to talk about, for light, our history is very rich, so we need to talk more about that inshallah. So that our youngsters can appreciate better appreciate the legacy of Islam in the 21st century.

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That you have done inshallah yet is going to come online at any time now. So okay, well thank you very much, Mashallah, it was very inspiring to come into chef. He has done many biographies of shabalala Shy Smile before and the DevOps data center console way back brothers to consult them on our YouTube channel and the chef's YouTube channel, which has as well many other channel so inshallah I think that to ship him Allah preserve him and take many services from him and carry on the legacy of his great family just like Kamala Harris Amelia loker. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.