Roman Fortress of Nicaea.

Adnan Rashid


Channel: Adnan Rashid

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The speaker discusses Nicaea, a city in Turkey that was named after a war council in the Northern Roman period. They show a picture of the wall behind them and show how long it has been built. The speaker also mentions the construction of a new structure and the importance of Nicaea as a city in the ancient world.

AI Generated Transcript ©

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AsSalamu Alaikum everyone, this is Nicaea, the famous Nicaea, where the Council of Nicaea took place in the year 325. See, I'm standing right now, next to a gate, built during the Roman period, you can see the gate behind me, this is where we came from. If you look behind me, there, okay, actually in front of me. And now behind me, this is a Roman gate. And this is the city of Iznik. In Turkey. Today, the city is called Iznik. But the classical name of the city, the ancient name is Nicaea. And this city was named after one of the generals, the sister of sorry, the wives of one of the generals of Alexander the Great. His name was Leslie Marquez, when his wife died, her name was Nicaea. So he

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named the city after her since then, since the fourth century BC, the city has been around. It could be older. No, no doubt for this structure is from the Roman period, you can see Greek return on

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on top there, you can see play the Greek alphabets, there is something in Greek here. Okay.

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It's all in capitals. Of course, the classical Greek was all in capitals. Right? So that's the classical Greek day from the Roman period, the structure is still very much stunning. As you can see.

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It looks very scary. It looks like it's gonna collapse. But it has been around it has

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survived so many earthquakes that took place in this region. It still stands to this day, nearly 2000 years later. So just wanted to quickly share some information on the city of Nicaea. And the walls around it. Actually, if you come follow me very quickly, and I want to show

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everyone, this is how the Romans they made the roads. Okay. This is from the Roman period. You can see how neat this looks. I mean, we make roads today and they don't last, the breakup. Okay, coming from London. Now, you know, what the state of the roads is?

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I don't want to make it a political rant. But

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you can see

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you can see the walls outside.

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Okay, this is enrollment period, you see these these massive blocks, okay, many of them are made of marble. They were carved, they were specifically brought here. By 1000s of slaves, bulls and carts would carry them.

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And these constructions, this giant massive constructions took place. And if you come behind me very quickly,

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I want everyone to see how far how long this particular wall is built during the Roman period, this city was impregnable. The Ottomans spent years trying to conquer Nicaea because this was a very important city in the ancient world. For Christians, it was very important, religiously speaking, because this is where the Council of Nicaea took place. I made a blog earlier. At that very spot where the council took place. You can see the walls behind me. I'm sure the camera is showing you the long wall behind me.

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Look how gigantic how magnificent

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how powerful

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the structure is. So it was in the 1331 when the city fell into Muslim hands of course Seljuks had taken it before and then the the Crusaders took it from the Muslims and the Byzantines took it. And then the Ottomans took care in 1331 Sultan or Han, the son of Sultan of man or the logic of man, his son took it from the the Romans or the Byzantines as they are known. Okay, and this was an impregnable city. It was a very difficult city to take the seizures very long, but eventually it fell into the Ottoman hands and it survived to this day. Amazing structure. Thank you for listening