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Prophet Muhammad (S) Married a 9 Year Old – Historical Analysis

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Adnan Rashid

Channel: Adnan Rashid

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Without Adnan Rashid is associated with the 18 Institute, it's an organization in the UK is the head of the organization and a senior researcher and lecturer. He has an interest in history with a speciality in the history of Islamic civilization, comparative religion and Hadith literature. He is also a specialist in serum. He holds an honours degree in history from the University of London. And

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as a Jazz's in Hadith and from from a number of scholars, he possesses a keen interest in Islamic numismatics. It's one of the areas of knowledge that he says has been ignored by particularly Muslim scholars of the past, but is now they say, revival inshallah that's being envisaged, presently serving as a team in a number of New London mosques and is also conducting an extensive tafsir course. He believes that Islam is a way of life which promotes modernity in all of its positive manifestations, and provides realistic solutions for all problems facing mankind. Now, what kind of expertise for that kind of background and the topic that we have? We inshallah look forward to a

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enlivening illuminating presentation. Insha Allah, I'd like to welcome brother Adnan Rashid Biswas Rahmani Raheem Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Hatami Libya was a yodel mursaleen wa ala Ali he was hobby he'll go real my Amin woman who whose son in law your Medina MABA rubella Hisamitsu emuna shaytani R rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem Omar Sal Naka Illa Rahmatullah Allah Ameen. Potala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam balego, Annie walau, Ira, respected brothers and sisters, I thank you all for attending this very important event, as highlighted earlier, that Islamophobia has become a global phenomenon. It is now

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all around the world, it can be found everywhere, even in the Amazon jungle, the propaganda has reached there and Muslims are being tarnished by the International Islamophobia industry, which dominates the global media unfortunately, unfortunately, this is partly because of the Muslims. Muslims have neglected Dawa Muslims have neglected to representation of the faith Muslims have neglected books in general, we have become a Booklist people. And that has consequences. We were once upon a time, the most intellectually charged people in the world. We were the most Bookly people in the world. We had the largest libraries in the world. We had the best institutions in the

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world for over 1000 years Muslims dominated the world economically, militarily, intellectually, educationally, you name it. We had it all. After, after colonialism, things went downhill. But I would go to say, I would go as far as to say that, until the 18th century, Muslims still held the field in technology in leading the world in technology and education and most importantly morality.

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The greatest achievement of Islamic civilization of the Muslim civilization is more moral values, ethical

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uprightness of Muslims, and up to the 18th century, we lead the world in this field and you may be thinking 18th century what happened in 18th century, how the Ottomans were facing decline quite early on, you know, in the, in the 17th century, the Ottoman Ottoman declined, started after the second siege of Vienna failed 1687 or 1689. And they we lost our dominance, political, educational civilizational dominance of the world, right. But in the 18th century, in India, something very special happened. There was a state called Mysore and it was governed by a man called people Soufan, who was an embodiment of religiosity as well as if you want to call it technology or scientific

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advancement. He was a living proof of the fact that Islam or religious conservatism

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or Muslim identity does not contradict science, or scientific advancement and in any shape or form, if anything, Islam is a force that encourages involved advancements and education, and this is what our civilization stands for. So we will be talking about Bhutan in due course.

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In October, we are planning to do a tour de force through his history and his achievements. Not a lot is known about this person. Unfortunately, he is very neglected like other Islamic fields. So the purpose is to wake the Muslims up to reassert your civilization to stand up for your values and your heroes and your people. Teach your children about them so that you can know about them to resuscitate, you're

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already dying civilization, but ever not die because Allah's promises to keep it alive.

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We need it, we need to be part of this movement, this civilization,

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not the other way around, because Allah has promised to protect his way his Deen will live.

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So

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this is another topic which is directly linked to our decline in education.

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We have many

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intellectuals around the world, many great scholars, many book collectors and libraries. And I would like to thank Allah class academia library for facilitating events like this, to intellectually stimulate the Muslims, to wake them up to the reality and the importance of books, why books are important, why education? Why studying our sciences, when I say sciences, I don't mean you what you study in the university, for your stomach for your jobs, what you want to do in your jobs, your career, that's a different thing altogether. I'm talking about studying your civilization, studying your literature, your you know, your faith. Why should you believe? Why are we Muslims? And if we

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are Muslims, how do we actually defend our faith against attacks. So there are many vulnerable areas Islamophobes attack in order to

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demonize and dehumanize Muslims and Islam.

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Islamophobes raised certain questions, and these are sound bites. These are sound bites they throw at people to put them on the backfoot. And many times Muslims, unfortunately, youngsters, and in some cases, elderly, put on the backfoot, they start to become apologetic and they start because they don't have the knowledge how to defend their faith, their values, their civilization, they are put on the backfoot they immediately become apologetic, because they don't know how to defend. They don't know how to defend because they don't have the knowledge to defend. They're not into books, they don't read

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Islamic history. They don't read the history of the Prophet of Islam, salaallah Islam, they don't read human history in general. So on a positive note, things are changing and hamdulillah there is a global window of positivity when it comes to Muslims, Muslims have come to realize there's something wrong. We are being

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misrepresented on the global scene by the international media. So we need to stand up for ourselves. We need to create our own media, we need to create our own hubs, our own spaces where we can intellectually indulge in our sources and find answers. One of the questions that comes up time and time again again and again. That That question is the age of Ayesha or the Allahu Ana Islamophobes and sometimes

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very bigoted Christian missionaries or atheistic extremists, or atheist activists. They attack Islam on the age of Asia.

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They say Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam married Aisha when she was nine. Therefore he was not a moral man. And if he was not a moral man, how can you even follow him? On what basis? Do you believe that he is a prophet of God? Have you lost your minds? These are the questions that come up occasionally, frequently on global media. While previously there could be a nuanced discussion on the media, but increasingly,

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in the last decade, since the last I mean, in the last decade, when I say last decade, I've since 2010, for some reason, people who appear on the media to represent Islam and to attack Islam are the same. They are the same type of people, those who are attacking

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or attacking because they Islamophobes and those who are defending are also a bunch of Islamophobes. So it's a drama as if

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Islam cannot be defended. So, people who can give answers have systematically been put aside or being ignored. Today, we will see how we will we today we will give you an example of how Islam is deliberately misrepresented.

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How Islamophobes deliberately ignore

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straight evidence.

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Evidence that

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puts

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them to shame for attacking the Prophet peace be upon him. So Allah, Allah, Allah

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and they all they only successfully ignorant people. And unfortunately, most people are ignorant. Most people do not study whether they are Muslims or non Muslims, they don't study books.

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So today we will see how evidence vindicates the Prophet sallallahu sallam,

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from the accusation of

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being some kind of sexual deviant out of the villa. And there's another word very often used in public nowadays on social media on mainstream media, that Prophet Muhammad Allah Bella tamale, the biller was a pedophile, you know, by the mere virtue of having relations with a child. And we will see how that works. We will see whether Ayesha was a child. Whether marrying younger women was a crime, whether he did something wrong. And if he did something wrong, was he criticized? And if he was criticized, when was he criticized for this? And if he was not criticized, why was he not criticized?

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These are some of the questions we will address. But before we address all these questions, something has to be established. There is a modern movement now, among Muslims, as some Muslims are doing it out of the sincerity they love for the Prophet.

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They simply wash away their hands, they wash their hands away, you know, from the they throw away the baby with the bathwater, they say these literature is not trustworthy. Therefore, it was not nine she was 18. You know, they come up with these theories that I shall could not have been mine. And they do all these calculations, they find weaker reports within the Islamic literature to substantiate the view. Okay, and they make insinuations or they make inferences using weaker indirect vague evidence to make a specific points. While on the other hand, we have specific evidence giving us the age of Isaiah at the time of marriage. So a lot of Muslims in order to defend

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the Prophet because they don't understand the theology they literature, they start to make lame excuses or lame defenses.

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Others

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are outright outright modernists, Hadith rejecters some people do not accept Hadith entirely, which is also extremism. You cannot put the entire Hadith literature in to one basket or into the bin. You can't do that. Because without the Hadith literature, some parts of the Quran are in comprehensible Hadith complements the Quran. Without the Hadith literature, parts of the Quran are completely in comprehensible. You cannot be a Quran only Muslim.

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You cannot be a Quran only Muslim that's impossible. Because Quran itself tells you to be Hadith also Muslim.

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Because Quran itself tells you that you cannot understand the Quran by the Quran itself. No doubt the Quran is the first and the best source to understand itself. Quran explains the Quran. But then there are other sources that also explain the Quran.

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There are many reports in the Quran Sorry, there are many verses in the Quran that highlight the point that you need the Hadith to understand the Quran. For example, in sort of the novel, Allah subhanaw taala states out do we live in chatango regime?

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Or unzila, a lake Dicker little little by iannelli, Nas mana Zilla la him we have revealed vicar upon you, O Muhammad, so that you may explain to them what has been revealed upon them.

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In other words, you have to explain Oh Muhammad, Allah Allah has to learn what has been revealed upon them. So how does the Prophet explain in what language in what form that form is called? The Sunnah, the Hadith

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the words of the Prophet are preserved in some of the most authentic sources of the Quran, such as Bukhari and Muslim.

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So these are some initial points I wanted to highlight. And we will see how the hadith of Isaiah Raja low on her way she herself made the statement that I was nine when the Prophet consummated the marriage. The marriage the betrothal was done when she was six, and it was consummated when I was nine, this cannot be doubted if you are consistent about Islam and Islamic literature.

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This hadith cannot be doubted why. Let me clarify why that is the case.

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So the Hadith in Bukhari sahih al Bukhari their eyeshadow the Allahu Allah herself, states she she is reported to have said that

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the Prophet was betrothed to her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old. And then she remember she remained with him for nine years, so I shall was 18. When the Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away, this hadith cannot be doubted, for a number of reasons. As we will see, in due course, a lot of the Hadith rejecters of modernists, who are who are Muslim, they

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attack this hadith by using one of the reporters name.

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They claim that there is only one reporter who is in the chain, who reported this hadith, his name is Hassan bin orwa.

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And he was the son of one of the nephews of Ayesha Dlo Unha, who was AutoWeb in Zubair, the son of Zubayr been awam. So these attackers have this hadith or people who attack this hadith. And they say this is an authentic this hadith is not authentic, because there's only one narrator who narrates this hadith, and he is untrustworthy. Because some of the Hadith Authority stated later on that in his old age, he became forgetful. So it is very possible that he might have mixed up the age, he might have got the age wrong. Therefore the Hadith cannot be trusted because the only source of this information is Hashem been orwa the son of automobiles Where is everyone with me so far? So I want

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you to pay attention because we're going to go through a rollercoaster ride in this right in this in this discussion, and you're going to have to be switched on all the way so that we don't miss anything. And if anything is missed, you can come back to me during the q&a, and we can cover it inshallah Tala. So this hadith in Bukhari and scholarly opinion is, when I say scholarly opinion, scholarly consensus is that majority of the reports a man so the majority 99% of the reports in Bukhari are 100% authentic, these attributions cannot be doubted because of the diligent

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criteria of Imam Bukhari, which has also been studied by the scholars of Islam. He was very, very diligent in preserving the Sunnah he did not willingly, knowing knowingly intentionally attribute any false information to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam or to his family, or otherwise, everything in Bukhari found with a chain of narrators is authentic. The scholars of Islam from the day one to the day last since the time of Bukhari, up to this day scholars, traditional scholars of Islam

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have never questioned the veracity and authenticity of Bukhari. In fact, there's a well known idea, well known principle among the scholars of Islam. And that principle is that the most authentic book after the Quran is for heal Buhari after the Quran, the most authentic book is Al Bukhari.

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And there is nothing in Al Bukhari that will directly contradict the Quran rather Bukhari the information they're in actually complements the Quran. It explains the Quran.

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So Hashem been orwa.

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Was he, the only narrator? Those who attack this hadith by making disclaimer, absolutely ignorant of the science of Hadith, because he is not the only narrator, even if he was weak.

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As an individual, as a source, he is not the only narrator.

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He was not weak. He was very strong, many scholars vindicated him from accusations against him. So because he accepted his reports, he was not weak. Right. And the fact that Buhari accepts a report from an IT Narrator That means that narrator is trustworthy, that Narrator cannot be doubted when it comes to his trustworthiness because Buhari was very, very diligent with this criteria. In fact, Mr. Bahari, there is a report about him that he went to collect Hadith from a man and this man was trying to deceive a donkey with an empty pot. He had an empty pot in front of the donkey. He was trying to learn the donkey to follow him. Right. And because he realized that there is nothing in

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the pot and he's trying to deceive the because he said, whether he is trustworthy or not. I am not going to take reports from him. Why? If he can deceive a donkey he can

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surely try to deceive others. So for that reason, I mean, there was nothing wrong with that man. He was not doing anything wrong

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in Sharia Islamically but he was so diligent Bihari in collecting his reports from his sources, that he would never take a report from anyone if there was any room for doubt on that person's character, and Buhari is regional or the men who Buhari narrated from are well known. They are well studied. And we are not blind followers a mockery we don't for follow Buhari Imam Bukhari in a blind way we're not blindfolded when we follow Bokhari rather other scholars have come later. They have studied Bucarest chains and his criteria. And the men he narrated for many they reach the same conclusion that Bukhari was just in his treatment of narrators. So Hashem is one of the narrators

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from Bukhari. But is he the only one?

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It was narrated from Isaiah, via a number of his nods, not by one is not only as some ignorant people claim, the most well known chain of narration is that of a sham, no doubt.

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And he Shomrei from his father or Robins Zubair from and he narrates from Asia. This is one of the soundest generations as Orweb in Zubair is one of the most well acquainted of people with Ayesha because she was his maternal art.

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Overwatch was the son of asthma bent Abubaker,

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who was a stepsister of Ayesha so orwa was very close to Ayesha Raja lawanna, the father of a sham, therefore, this chain is very, very strong. But was he the only person who narrated? No,

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there are chains independent of Irva for a sham, independent of Islam, for example, Imam Azhari and Imam Al Amash. It was also narrated by another chain by Azhari, from Ottawa, able Zubair from Asia.

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So sorry, is directly narrated from Hashem his father, which is Orva. And he raised from Ayesha same report that she was nine when the Prophet consummated the marriage. And she was six when she was betrothed to the prophets of salaam the engagement or act was at six. And there's another question that comes from it that why did the Prophet wait for three years? What was going on? Right? Why wait for three years we will address the point later on in sha Allah. Why, why? Okay, betrothal has taken place at six. What's the waiting about? Right? So we will see why. It was also narrated by another chain by an Amish from Ibrahim Ibrahim Manaphy. from Alaska, and from Ayesha Raja lo Anna, so

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completely independent. The chain is independent of Hashem and his father. So there are independent chains

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that do not have a sham and orwa in the chain.

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Then, Eben amor and even Hatem also independent of Hashem and always father it was also narrated by another chain from Mohammed bin amor from Yahia, Eben man, how they from Ayesha Raja lo Anna. So

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autowire is not there and charm is not there. Independent raters, therefore this chain or this report cannot be doubted. It is multiple tested. It is not from one source rather multiple individuals narrated from Asia and

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their students narrated from the teachers like we see here on the screen.

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So we have chains of Ottawa where Hashem is not there. Other people are narrating from Ottawa, shake our is HOCl awaiting compile the names of those who followed or bobbins obey or in the chain, namely alas would be just eat. I'll call him a man. I'll cast him in Mohammed bin Booker. I'm, I'm Robin Abderrahman and Yahia bin Abdul Rahman Ebonheart him. So multiplate is attested reports.

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Then there are independent chains.

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There are people who are narrating or Machame a number of people who narrate from Hashem. He also compiled the names of those who followed a shaman orba in writing this hadith they were even Shahab Dari and Abu Hamza Mamoon, the fee slave, the freed slave of orwa.

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Then there is this accusation that because most of these people who narrate from a sham are from Iraq, therefore they're not trustworthy. Nine out of 10 reports from Iraq were generally rejected by the scholars of Hadith. Why? Because it is well known among the scholars of Hadith because of the shadow because of the Shia influence in Iraq. A lot of the reports were untrustworthy for the Sunni authorities, the Sunni authorities, Sunni collectors of Hadith did not trust the Shia

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reporters, right? So because Iraq was a hub of Shia activity, a lot of the Hadith authorities were very, very iffy about reports coming from Iraq. So one of the accusations is that most of these narrators who report this Hadith from Hashem are Iraqis. Therefore, these reports cannot be trusted. And all of these claims are based upon ignorance of the science of Hadith, as you can see there, because there are reporters from a sham who reported from Medina, they were in Medina, and they reported this Hadith from Hashem. Then they were reporters in Makkah in Ray.

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Ray is, by the way, Iran, right.

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Current Date Tehran, Israel, right. And Iran has not always been here. By the way, it only became Shia in the 16th century after the suffering of invasion. Iran was 90% Shafi, Iran was 90% Shafi up to the 16th century, it was only after the Sufi invasion of Iran, when the population was forced into Twelver Shia ism, this is an academic point for you to remember. Then Basra, there are people from Basra, who narrated from Hashem. So, what lesson do we learn? Hey, never trust anything you read on the internet without checking in with your scholars? Is that clear? Repeat after me. Never trust

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anything on the net?

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Unless you have checked it with a proper Muslim scholar.

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Because on the net, there are too many philosophers out there. Too many self made historians out there. Too many thinkers and too many.

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Too many chiefs. Not enough Indians, as they say, yeah. Right.

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So you have to be very careful. Just because you have read a very eloquently written book or an eloquent speaker doesn't mean what he or she is telling you is true, right? All of these accusations are embarrassing. A lot of this stuff you can find.

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Apparently, some very learned people will come up with this stuff. Just because they have read it. They go on the net. And the net is infested with inaccurate and authentic information.

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What are the things you will read on this report of Ayesha is always a sham, Sham, Sham. Sham is the only narrator is untrustworthy. Therefore, the report is not trustworthy. But that is not the case. When you go deeper into the science, you realize he's not the only that another idea these people who reject this report bring up is the age of asthma, the sister of Asia, so they do a comparison. And they say asthma was

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27 years old or 17 years old. For that virtue by that reasoning. Ayesha could not have been what she was like she was not nine at the time of the marriage, he was older. And all of these reports about asthmas age are untrustworthy, amazingly, so they will reject an authentic report, which the scholars of Islam unanimously accept. They have accepted it until the 19th century. And I will repeat,

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no classical Muslim scholar, listen to me carefully. No Muslim scholar

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up to the 19th century, ever questioned these reports on the age of Ayesha Rhodiola. Juana? None, not one. It was after colonialism after the rise of liberalism and secularism in the Muslim world, when Muslims felt inferior in the face of secular and liberal and atheistic onslaught, when they started to compromise some of the literature and the values. This is what caused the questioning, even in the Western world. The Prophet was never criticized for this and we will see why. So it is now clear.

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Brothers and sisters, this report cannot be doubted. Any of you who had these ideas before that I share was older than nine, just

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to defend the Prophet against accusations of indecency and immortality, immortality, then, let me let me tell you this now, you are wrong. There is no doubt that Isaiah was nine when the marriage was consummated. Prophet Salah Salem had intimacy with Ayesha when she was nine. And is that wrong? No. I'll tell you why.

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In today's world, yes. In today's world, it is if someone did that today, everyone would be screaming right? You will? Oh no. That's paedophilia, right. That's how people see it today. Because every single one of you has been conditioned, every single one of us. We are born in a different age. We have different

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perceptions we have different expectations from society. We have never seen

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a 10 years old bride. Have you ever seen a 10 year old bride? Tell me honestly, have you ever seen a 10 years old bride? Anyone? If you went to a wedding, and you saw 10 years old girl sitting in the place of the bride, and is at 40 years old man, a 50 year old man sitting next to her getting married to her, what would you think? Honestly, tell me honestly.

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Glory? Outrageous. Absolutely immoral, right? Today, you know why? Because all of you were born when? I'm assuming after the 19 after 1950s 1950 Unless there's someone 19 Maybe 40.

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You're not gonna I don't think anyone was born before 1900. Anyone know, if you if you were then tell you what you eat.

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So all of us were born after the year 1900 when social values were changed. We grew up in an age where this is not seen. It's not normal.

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If you saw someone, for example, riding a camel to join us book, what would you think?

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Tell me, someone who wants to get their cars driving pass. You had the jets that are planes, right? And someone's on a camel, right? riding a camel to Johannesburg or Durban or the other train? What was the other part of South Africa the other side of South Africa? What's the or maybe well, Avi, let's say Malawi, some of the country someone riding a camel to Malawi, you would think this person is mad, right? Unless he's doing some charity appeal or some you know, some kind of penance. Right?

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Why times have changed, expectations have changed. Now, let me show you. What you will see now in due course may shock you because they were people before 1900 for them. A 10 years old bride was normal.

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A seven years old bride was normal. Hello? Are you listening? A girl at seven could be married legally. We'll see. So these people who attacked the professor's for doing something he did in the seventh century, which was normal for his time, are completely unaware of Islamic literature, Islamic history, Islamic morality, Islamic ethics, one second, they are also ignorant of human history.

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And we'll see how Firstly, there is nothing from the Islamic history that the Qureshi is the Ark enemies of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam ever use this as a slur against him like Islamophobes today? What is the first thing the Islamophobes? Or the

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or the people who attack Islam use against the Prophet first thing number one,

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among many other things, number one, what is it? Age of Isaiah, your Prophet married nine years old right? Have you heard this before? Right. So from from now on, from today onwards, you can tell them

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to go to books and get some education, go and study because what you will see now will shock you as well. Believe me it will shock you

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Quraysh no accusations.

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No eyelids a baton. The Qureshi is never they called him a suture of fortune teller. Yet.

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Madman? What else? What else do the Qureshi is calling salatu salam.

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They used everything they tried to tarnish his name by any means. Yes. Right. They uttered poetry about him.

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But never did any one of them say why did you marry a nine year old girl?

00:34:04--> 00:34:10

Why did you marry? Are you a pervert? None of them said that to him. You know why? Because they had nothing.

00:34:11--> 00:34:26

You know, there was nothing wrong with it. It was a common practice. There is nothing from Islamic literature that tells us that Okay, what about medieval critics? During the Middle Ages, medieval period.

00:34:28--> 00:34:31

The Prophet was criticized any Europe

00:34:33--> 00:34:35

you know, who waged the crusades against the Muslims?

00:34:36--> 00:34:37

crusades.

00:34:41--> 00:34:59

Crusades were waged from France, England and Germany. Okay. What caused the Crusades? If we go by the traditional view, Pope Urban the Second Pope Urban the Second in 1095 delivered a speech in a place called Claremont and he

00:35:00--> 00:35:11

encouraged the Christian knights in Europe who are fighting each other, killing each other. That why don't you to unite and go and liberate the holy land from the infidels? Who were the infidels?

00:35:12--> 00:35:58

Muslims, right? The Saracens, the infidels, go and liberate. And one of the ways those wars were justified was by attacking Islam and the Prophet of Islam. The Prophet of Islam was painted as one of the worst people who ever lived in the history of humanity by the European clergy at the time Catholic monks writing on Islam, they painted the light on the Prophet, they said all sorts of things. And if anyone stood up to defend the Prophet Now hold on a second, they were excommunicated. They were seen as troublemakers, that How dare you defend someone like Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. And this process continued to Well, up as late as the 19th century, when some people actually said

00:35:58--> 00:36:08

enough is enough. You have lied enough against this man. And now we have to put the record straight. Muhammad was not Salallahu Salam, but you say he was.

00:36:09--> 00:36:23

And we will see how that happened. Right? So medieval critics never used this against the Prophet Never. Why? Because it was perfectly normal about their societies as well. They were getting married to younger women,

00:36:25--> 00:37:14

as young as 789, as we will see in due course, okay. Is this something I made up? No, no. This is what historians, sociologists, anthropologists, all of them are telling you this, that this was the case throughout human history. That was the case up to the 19th century. And you will see the evidence. Then, what about Renaissance authors? During the Renaissance and the 15th 16th 17th century? Did any of them criticize the Prophet they wrote about the prophet by the way, because the Turks, the Ottoman Turks, were a huge source of fear for the Europeans, Europeans during the Renaissance period, you know, the biggest nightmare what it was the Ottomans, who were around the

00:37:14--> 00:37:52

corner, they were very close. So because of the Ottomans, Europeans wanted to paint, paint the Turks in a bad light. And how do you do that by attacking the Prophet and the faith? So many Renaissance writers are writing on Islam and the Prophet and on the Ottomans, none of them criticize the prophets Allah Salaam for marrying Aisha at nine. Okay, how about Enlightenment thinkers, who are Enlightenment thinkers, people like people who wrote on the Prophet during the 18th century, the Enlightenment period is usually,

00:37:54--> 00:38:24

you know, considered to be the period between 1700 to the year 1800. This was the Enlightenment century when many European philosophers were born and they wrote the philosophies, philosophies, the Europeans live by today. Right. So who are the Enlightenment Enlightenment thinkers, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, for example, Isaac Newton, or John Locke. Okay. Joseph Priestley. Right, Adam Smith.

00:38:25--> 00:39:00

Gibbon, Edward Gibbon, the author of the decline in the fall of the Roman Empire, Simon ockley. All these people, some of them specifically wrote on the prophets, Allah solemn. Gibbon, specifically wrote a chapter and an entire chapter in his book, his book, The decline in the fall of the Roman Empire was published between 1776 to 1788 12. Volumes are published and he wrote, chapter 50, covers the life of the prophet chapter 50 of his book, and he actually specifically mentions that Prophet married Ayesha nine, no criticism, no criticism,

00:39:01--> 00:39:21

nothing. Why? Because it was normal for them. They could imagine a 10 years old, right? They could imagine a nine and eight years old, right? They could, you cannot if you went to a wedding today, as you've all testified, right, if you had to, if you went to a wedding today, but if you are alive in the 19th century, no problem because their conditioning was different.

00:39:23--> 00:39:27

Industrial Revolution during the 19th century, any criticism No.

00:39:28--> 00:39:29

No.

00:39:31--> 00:39:32

Victorian England Nope.

00:39:33--> 00:39:39

There were many authors who were writing on the promises from during this period, Thomas Carlyle actually defended the Prophet

00:39:40--> 00:39:59

George George Bernard Shaw wrote on the Prophet, no criticism, okay. William Murer, who was a Christian missionary, who wrote four volumes biography of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the 19th century, no criticism, hardly anything he said about this. Right. He did not accuse the process of anything weird

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

Blackstone

00:40:02--> 00:40:20

and we will see he was also an enlightenment thinker. What he had to say William Blackstone wrote commentaries on the English law in the 18th century 1760s 1760s. He wrote his commentaries on the English law and you will see what he said about this issue.

00:40:22--> 00:40:44

Then what about our Orientalist historian some of them have already mentioned Prieto, the one on the top actually wrote a book specifically on the prophet to attack the Prophet. This book was published in 1697, when 1697 and the title of the book is the nature of imposture,

00:40:45--> 00:41:08

a life of Muhammad, not Muhammad, Muhammad, this is how they spelt Muhammad in that age. So he wrote a book specifically to attack the prophet to prove in this book that Prophet Muhammad was an imposter SallAllahu sallam, he was not a true prophet. And what did he say about this issue? He actually defended the prophet

00:41:09--> 00:41:28

for marrying a nine years old, he defended, so a man who is attacking the prophet in the book, he is defending the prophet for doing it. Why? We'll see how Simon ockley wrote a biography of the Prophet as well, partly, he wrote a history of the Muslims, titled The history of Saracens published in 1708.

00:41:29--> 00:42:04

No criticism, right? Then we have given Edward Gibbon, who already I mentioned him already, then, Thomas Carlyle actually praise the prophet. He stated that Muhammad is one of the most maligned figures in human history, people have unjustly, in particular European authors throughout the Middle Ages and into the Renaissance period and into the the Enlightenment period. They maligned him unjustly. In other words, these authors are lying against him due to their religious or philosophical prejudice.

00:42:06--> 00:42:27

William, you're already mentioned. Then there were two very important Orientalist who produced a lot of work on Islam and Muslims Ignaz gozar, who was Jewish from Hungary. He was an Hungarian Jew and Theodore Nall, DEC who was German. Both of them they produced chunky volumes on Islam,

00:42:28--> 00:42:30

no criticism on Asia.

00:42:31--> 00:42:36

So, this is the title page of paedos book

00:42:38--> 00:42:44

the true nature of imposture, fully displayed in the life of Muhammad. Yes.

00:42:45--> 00:42:49

So, is he writing the book to prove that Muhammad is the prophet?

00:42:52--> 00:42:53

What is he writing the book for?

00:42:54--> 00:42:57

To prove the opposite

00:42:58--> 00:43:06

to prove that Mohammed Salah Salem was an imposter. And this book was published in London in 1697. As you can see the date in Roman

00:43:08--> 00:43:20

numerals. Okay. So, on page 52 of his book, this is what he has to say on this issue. Can you read from the top, this is Shakespeare in English.

00:43:22--> 00:43:23

So

00:43:24--> 00:43:32

he talks about Ayesha's marriage with the Prophet. And there on the third line, he writes, I shall the daughter of Abu Bakar

00:43:34--> 00:43:44

the Prophet married Ayesha, the daughter of Abubaker and soda. So the after the death of Khadija he's mentioning this, after the death of Khadija, the prophet married

00:43:47--> 00:44:38

Ayesha and soda, the daughter, the daughter of Zamar soda, Zama, okay. And while after he added to them, Hafsa, the daughter of Mr. Way by making himself son in law of son in law to three of the principal men of his party, he did by that alliance, the more firmly tie them to his interest, I shall was then but six years old, are you listening everyone? This is what it states in the book page 52 a book written to attack the Prophet, I shall was then but six years old, and therefore he did not bed her till two years after actually was three years after he was wrong. They're two years after, he did not bed her till two years after, when she was full, eight years old. She was nine,

00:44:38--> 00:45:00

four, it is huge. It is usual in those hot countries. Right this is interesting, as it is in all India, over which which is in the same climb with Arabia, for women to be ripe for marriage at that age, and also bear children the year following. So what is it

00:45:00--> 00:45:49

here, he's actually justifying why the Prophet married, I shall at nine, it was perfectly fine. In that area, the women would ripe. In other words, they would reach adulthood earlier in those areas. And what reference does he use to substantiate his point India, that this is what happens in India and Arabia and India are in the same climate, right? The geography was not very good at the time, unfortunately, right? Because the climate is in India and Arabia climate is different, although Arabia is hotter, right. So, he's making this point and the reference he uses his seminar, this reference, okay, this is a travelogue he was reading which was written in 1680s. So he had obviously

00:45:49--> 00:46:30

read or not, and have not mentioned that in India, girls at 910 would be married. As soon as they hit puberty, they were married. This is the norm that was the norm in India and in those societies. So this is a book written to attack the Prophet salallahu. Salam is full of attacks on the prophets character, and why he was not a true prophet of God, according to him, right. But when it comes to this point, no problems. In fact, he's defending the prophet to the contrary, right? Then this is the history of the decline and the fall of Roman Empire by given that's the first volume 1776, Chapter 50. He talks about the Prophet's marriage with Ayesha and he does not have any criticism,

00:46:30--> 00:46:35

rather, he just passes through, just okay, he was normal. What's the problem?

00:46:36--> 00:46:37

Now,

00:46:38--> 00:47:05

prepare for the shot. Now, what I'm going to read is some quotes from academics. Are you getting bored everyone? Are you sure? Is this information interesting? Okay, there's more interesting stuff coming now watch. So what did you say before? If you went to a wedding today, and if you saw a 10 years old girl, sitting in the place of the bride, and there's a 50 year old man sitting next to her, what would you think?

00:47:07--> 00:47:09

Outward outrageous, immoral?

00:47:10--> 00:48:01

perversion, madness. Crazy. Police. Her call the police? Yes. Call the authorities. There is something crazy going on right. Now watch. These are the quotes from historians dealing directly with this issue. How past societies worked pre 19th century, just over 100 years ago? Because you have all I mean, we have confirmed that all of all of you have been born after 1900 What was happening before 1900? When, if people went to a wedding and they saw a 10 year old bride, they wouldn't call the police. They would give a present to the bride and wish her well. Okay. How do we know this? Look, Margaret wait LaBarge in her book, a medieval miscellany. She stays on page 52. It

00:48:01--> 00:48:15

needs to be remembered that many medieval widows were not told for not old important. Harris's were often married between the ages of five and 10 and might find themselves without while still in the teens.

00:48:17--> 00:49:00

Professor Richard wordly and Professor Steven small bone in the book internet child pornography causes investigation and prevention. They state in medieval and early modern European societies in medieval and now you will understand why those offers. I mentioned earlier European authors had nothing to say on this. In fact, they were defending the problem. You know why? This? In medieval and early modern European societies the age of marriage remained low. We documented cases of brides as young as seven years. Although marriages were typically not consummated until the girl reached puberty, puberty. Shakespeare Juliet was just 13. Now I'll stop there and ask you

00:49:02--> 00:49:05

imagine today wrote a play

00:49:06--> 00:49:07

or romantic play

00:49:08--> 00:49:11

that involves a man and a woman and the woman was 12

00:49:13--> 00:49:14

Would that play get published?

00:49:15--> 00:49:17

Sorry, why not?

00:49:21--> 00:49:21

Why

00:49:22--> 00:49:39

child abuse it promotes child abuse right? Because the definition of children or child has been changed in this century. Sorry, previous century in the 20th century, the definition of child was changed, right? But guess what, it is still not changed, as we will see in due course is still not changed, right?

00:49:41--> 00:49:47

So Shakespeare's Juliet was 13. And there is no imagine Shahrukh Khan running in the field with a 12 years old.

00:49:48--> 00:49:51

Just this this came to my mind I wanted to mention that

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

imagine Daniel Craig James Bond going off with a 11 year old can you imagine

00:50:00--> 00:50:26

No, Shakespeare was fine with it. Shakespeare was fine with it. Juliet is 13. And there is no hint in the play that this was considered to be exceptional. These academics are saying that the situation was similar on the other side of the Atlantic bolo reports that case in 1689, of a nine year old bride in Virginia, at the start of the 19th century in England, it was legal to have sex with a 10 year old girl.

00:50:27--> 00:50:53

No problem. People would go to weddings where they would see a 10 year old, right? Okay, this was going on throughout history up to the 19th century, all humans were doing it. Right. So jump back to the seventh century anachronistically and use today's standard to judge a man in the seventh century is called anachronism. And history is called anachronism. Right? It is unfair, it's unjust.

00:50:56--> 00:51:45

Then, in this book, edited by Marshall Cavendish, published in 2010 sex in society is the title of the book. It states until the late 20th century us age of consent law specifically names males as perpetuate perpetrators and females as victims following English law in which the age was set at 12 and 12 to 35 and lower to 10. In 1576. Ages of consent in the American colonies were generally set at 10 or 12. The laws protected female virginity, which at the time was considered a valuable commodity until marriage, the theft of a girl's chastity was seen as a property crime against the father and future husband. If two people were married, and had sex no matter what the age, no crime

00:51:45--> 00:51:58

was committed because a woman was her husband's property, in practice to the consent laws only protected white females, as many non white females or enslaved or otherwise discriminated against by the legal system.

00:52:00--> 00:52:17

Richard A Posner and Katherine be still more. They're out there, right and on page 44 of the book A Guide to America's sex laws. The law governing the age of consent has changed dramatically in the United States during this century.

00:52:18--> 00:52:25

Most states codified a statutory age of consent during the 19th century and the usual age was 10 years old. 10.

00:52:28--> 00:53:09

Scottish law before 1900, by the way, by the law of Scotland, a woman cannot controvery sponsor Alia, before her age of seven years, so she cannot consent to a marriage. But when she's seven, she can consent to she can get married when she's seven, right? According to the Scottish law, but by common law persons may marry at any age, and upon such married the wife shall be endured. If the if the attained the age of nine years, of whatever whatsoever age her husband B, but not before the age of nine, so husband can be any age. The girl has to be nine, right in order to be able to be married completely.

00:53:11--> 00:53:35

Anthony Joseph Paul, qualities in his book opposing hate speech states, page 85. In 1962, the American Law Institute recommended that the legal age of consent to sex, that is the age below which sex is defined a statutory rape be dropped in every state to age 10. This was 1962, by the way, right?

00:53:36--> 00:53:44

In fact, until mid 1960s, the legal age of consent in Delaware was seven as late as 1960 When Elvis Presley was,

00:53:46--> 00:53:50

right, Jailhouse Rock, when was it? When did it come out? 1962

00:53:52--> 00:54:19

or 1957? I think 57, right. Yep. Can you imagine in Delaware in one of the American states, the age of marriage was 719 60. So how do people attack the Prophet Salla salon for doing getting married to a nine year old who had reached puberty at the time? That was the norm? So why do we feel so ashamed and go on the back foot and start changing our bodies literature? Start changing our literature, our values, no.

00:54:20--> 00:54:25

Profits doesn't do anything wrong. We're just people have to know the history. They own history, for that matter.

00:54:27--> 00:54:41

Maureen Dubba she states parental kidnapping in America, and historical and cultural analysis, page 120. In the 19th century, the minimum age of consent for sexual intercourse in most American states was 10.

00:54:42--> 00:54:44

In Delaware, it was seven

00:54:46--> 00:54:47

Are you shocked by the way

00:54:49--> 00:54:54

did you know this by the way before? Now did you know it to this extent? Right.

00:54:55--> 00:54:58

So now does it does the profit look normal?

00:54:59--> 00:55:00

In the

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

seventh century, in a hot climate by

00:55:04--> 00:55:42

were girls, when they were five, they would become, you know, already they are helping in the fields and they're helping in the household. You know, nowadays, you see, what we have is we have a conditioning. When we hit the age nine, we think old, you look at your child, you're nine years old, right? That little baby who sleeps in a very soft bed hasn't touched anything in her life. You know, when it comes to working in the household. I have daughters, right? I'm always screaming at them to help you, mom. Help. And they're like babies. They're like babies. So in those societies, forget those societies, just go to the zoo area.

00:55:43--> 00:55:57

Go out there and see how five, six years old are carrying the little siblings and helping out in the fields and helping the parents. Malawi have seen it. Right. So these kids, they grow very fast, mentally, and physically.

00:55:58--> 00:56:00

They grow very fast.

00:56:02--> 00:56:45

Mike, a male's professor at the University of California, these are early laws specified that a girl consenting to sex had to be at least 10 to 12 years old. In most states, with a few specifically ages as old as 14 or 16. In Delaware, the age of consent was seven, based on ancient English laws setting the age squire. Okay, there's a long quote there. But I think it is worth reading. Traditionally. This is author, author second. In his book, what's wrong in America? Traditionally, across the globe, the age of consent for sexual union was a matter for the family to decide. Or a tribal custom. And this is exactly what happened in ISIS case. In ISIS case,

00:56:47--> 00:57:00

the engagement took place a six the marriage the contract, and then there was a wait, when she became nine, aboubaker, AbuBakr, hula boubakeur, the father, he goes to the prophet

00:57:01--> 00:57:35

that my daughter is now ready. Ready for what? Ready for what? For marriage? And how did they determine whether she was ready? They looked at certain signs. Puberty is number one. Puberty is number one. Puberty in girls case, case usually is menstruation menstrual cycle, but there is another factor that is physical maturity, physical ability. How is that determined by parents? Right? When signs of womanhood have already appeared? Signs a woman physicality has changed.

00:57:36--> 00:58:19

A child is a child and a woman is a woman based upon what physicality, right? You don't know what's in the brain, do you? You don't know what's in the brain. Because a child who is 10 A girl can be as clever as someone who's 40 depending on what experience she has had in life, and a woman who is 30 or 40 years old, who has had a very easy life may not have that information in the mind. Right? But how do you determine a child as a child and a woman is a woman physicality, right? aboubaker came to the progress of Islam. So tribal custom. In most cases this coincided with signs of puberty, menstruation for a woman and pubic hair for a man. So advert coke in 17th century England made it

00:58:19--> 00:59:01

clear that the marriage of girls under 12 was normal. And the age at which a girl who was a wife was eligible for $1 from her husband's state was nine, the American colonies followed the English tradition, and the law was more of a guide. For example, Mary Hathaway of Virginia was nine was only nine when she was married to William Williams, Portugal, Spain, Denmark and switch cannons initially said the age of consent are 10 to 12 years and then raised to be to between 13 to 16 years in the second half of the 19th century. Historically, the English common law set the age of consent to range from 10 to 12. In the United States by the 1880s most states at the age of consent to 10 to

00:59:01--> 00:59:42

12. And in one state, Delaware, the age of consent was only seven social, social and resulting legal attitudes towards the appropriate age of consent have drifted upwards in modern times. For example, while ages from 10 to 13, were typically acceptable in Western countries during the mid 19th century, the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century were markedly so marked by changing I believe that a lot of our current Moors come from a reluctant reluctance to let our children mature mentally as quickly as our bodies do. Keep in mind that not all societies share Western Moore's and to my surprise until the latter part of the 19th century children in the Western

00:59:42--> 01:00:00

nations were engaged and married at a much earlier age. The trend to give children more time to mature is relatively new. In his book, The emphatic civilization. Jeremy Rifkin points out that the concept of $1 since only a month

01:00:00--> 01:00:28

emerged during the last decade of the 19th century. And the first three decades of the 20th century, society started to think of childhood as extending beyond puberty into the later teenage years before that children were considered to graduate into adulthood with the onset of puberty, as soon as puberty hit, they were not seen as children anymore. Pre 19th century societies, as soon as that puberty

01:00:29--> 01:00:37

is detected is seen that person is not a child anymore. How do we know this Islamically as well.

01:00:39--> 01:00:40

Islamically as well.

01:00:42--> 01:00:45

What happened? Anyone will talk about later

01:00:47--> 01:00:49

cineca Elliot.

01:00:53--> 01:01:27

In her book, not my kid, what parents believe about the sex lives of the teenagers, page 14 to 15. He states the statutes governing the minimum age under which sex cannot be legally consensual, and laws concerning marriage and workers rights were modified to reflect these changing discourses around childhood age of sexual consent, for example, rose from seven during colonial times to 10 and 12. And eventually as high as 14. In fact, now in Europe, some activists are campaigning to lower the age of consent. Did you know that

01:01:28--> 01:02:16

there was recently a campaigner in Britain, if I'm not mistaken, he was actually arguing to lower the age of consent. You know why? Because she has seen children, according to our current understanding of what a child is, right? Children are increasingly having sex in parks on weekends, they're having sex at school, they're having sex. They're having intercourse, because sex education is given to them at a very young age, and they want to try it out. A lot of them want to go and try it out. And the age of consent, current age of consent in the West ignores the physical reality, what is the physical reality? They hit puberty, and then they want to go and have relations. And

01:02:16--> 01:02:28

this cannot be stopped. It hasn't been stopped, right? By law, what are you going to do? If at 14 years old boy has sex with a 10 year old girl? What are you going to do legally? Put them both in jail.

01:02:30--> 01:03:10

Put them both in jail. So these are some of the realities that are coming to light. And some campaigners are actually campaigning to lowering and they are being demonized. They are being attacked by a politically morally correct people model morality, which is a relative concept. Unfortunately, in today's world, morality is a relative concept. It changes with social norms, social, you know, upbringing and social development. It changes it with me now that our social reality has hit some people that this is what's happening on weekends. Now moral values are about to change again, because some people are campaigning to bring it back now. Bring it back to early age.

01:03:11--> 01:03:13

Why? Because they're having sex anyway.

01:03:14--> 01:03:17

They're having sex anyway these these children, right.

01:03:20--> 01:03:27

So some people are campaigning to do that. Not that I agree with that. Right. But there are people who are campaigning to do that.

01:03:28--> 01:03:35

Susan M. Ross. According to British common law during the colonial period, the age of consent was seven.

01:03:36--> 01:03:47

Today we are astounded that girls of this age are assumed to know enough about sex or about sin to make such a decision competently. Today we are short, right? Yes.

01:03:49--> 01:03:50

And

01:03:51--> 01:03:54

how far you want you want me to go SubhanAllah?

01:03:57--> 01:04:30

Let's read what Carolyn Coker has to say in her book, adolescent sexuality, historical handbook and guide at what age is a person capable of making and informed decision about whether or not to engage in sex, whether it be 710 12 1314 1516 1718 or 21. Over the last 300 years, all the ages listed above word thought to be that magic age at which one could make such a decision. And all the ages listed above have at various times been inscribed into law as the age of consent to sex.

01:04:31--> 01:04:32

Start starting from seven.

01:04:35--> 01:04:40

So they were societies, even 19th century England, are you listening?

01:04:41--> 01:04:44

It was very possible to see you're 70 years old bright.

01:04:45--> 01:04:55

Some of you if you saw that today. You will you would faint. Right? If you walk into a wedding and you see a seven year old child sitting there and the place of the bride

01:04:56--> 01:04:59

would you would faint. I would faint

01:05:00--> 01:05:05

heard me Sure. What is this? Seriously, I have daughters.

01:05:06--> 01:05:38

I would never allow them to be married. So young because I have I have been conditioned by ah, I am conditioned just like you is something abhorrent for us is completely mad crazy to imagine that for them pre 19th century, completely normal. Just like if they saw a plane, imagine, in 1850. In 1850, a plane flew over London, or, or let's say, Cape Town, what would they think? Huh? What do you think they would think?

01:05:41--> 01:05:46

Sorry. If this were a plane flying over them, they would think like, you know,

01:05:47--> 01:05:48

recently

01:05:50--> 01:06:33

a tribe was discovered in Amazon jungle, on the borders of Peru and Brazil. This tribe has never had contact with any other human societies before never is inside the Amazon jungle. And how did they discover it? They flew over it. Right? And they saw these people they looked red, you know, they had red paint on their bodies. And you know what, those people were doing those shooting arrows at the plane. They thought it was a strange bird or something. And they were shooting. So this is exactly what would happen is this is how it is. Now you see a plane, okay, plane. Yes, right. But back in the day, it wasn't like that. It wasn't like that. If someone said when Rasulullah sallallahu sallam

01:06:33--> 01:06:55

said came to his people, and he said I was taken in one night, from Makkah to Jerusalem, and then to the seventh heaven. They when they came laughing to Abubakar, you know, your friend is saying is gone mad is gone crazy. You know why Abu Bakar was given the title acidic, acidic, because he confirmed he said Mohammed said it so Allah Allah Salam done it is true.

01:06:56--> 01:07:04

As incredible as it may seem to you, if he said it, it's true. I believe it and that's why he was given a tight acidic

01:07:06--> 01:07:14

today, you flying to the farthest end of Earth in a plane, right?

01:07:15--> 01:07:16

If you told Captain Cook

01:07:18--> 01:07:28

that we can we can do this journey in one day, he would he would put the bullet in your head, you know, even though you're crazy, you're mad. Right? You know, those hand match locks they used to have back in the day

01:07:30--> 01:07:54

kept uncooked would never believe you. So these are the things this is what conditioning does. Conditioning is not a day or twos process. It is a process of lifetime. Certain things you cannot imagine today, what happening is known in the past, right? And it is very possible if they bring down the age of consent to 10. Again, if they do if they do your next generations.

01:07:56--> 01:08:00

30 years down the line. If they see 10 years old, right, it's gonna be normal for them.

01:08:01--> 01:08:08

And if you were put in a room for 30 years and brought out and taken to a wedding, you start screaming 10 year old.

01:08:09--> 01:08:17

What's wrong with you? Are you crazy? Are you mad? This is normal, this is happening all over the place. Right? So this is how you need to think about social conditioning

01:08:19--> 01:08:20

Merrell de Smith,

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Encyclopedia of rape.

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PAGE 42 That and from ancient times to the present, many societies have acted to try to safeguard children from rape and other forms of sexual degradation. Though they might define sexual degradation differently from era to era and from place to place. One way societies have tried to protect young girls is through laws that they designate a statutory age of consent. such laws prohibit men from having sexual relations with females, under a specified a specified age on legal theory, that they are too young and immature to make informed decision and therefore are incapable of giving a legal consent. Historically, the age of consent was set at 10 or 13 years depending on

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the error and the culture and tended to coincide with female puberty, which was also the age at which a female could marry without parental permission. puberty.

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Similar stuff age of consent was 10 years until 1885. Melissa hope did more. Okay, same 10 to 13 years.

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And during colonial times in the United States, the age of consent was 10. Except in Delaware, were the age of consent for seven according to Martha Rosenthal, who is this

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I don't expect you to know he is a man on the ninth Sorry 18th century is a man from the 18th century. His name is William Blackstone. What is his name? William Blackstone, he wrote commentaries on the English law. His commentaries became the author

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authoritative view on the English law and a lot of his commentaries are still used to understand some parts of the English law. His commentaries are published in the 18th century, and they continue to be published even as late as the 19th century, as late as

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1867. A student's black stone commentary on the laws of England and four books by Sir William Blackstone are breached, and adapted to the present state of the law. That's the important part I want you to remember. Keep in mind, what adapted to the present state of the law?

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What data are we looking at 1867 there on the title page. And that's the page I want you to look at 110 Page Number 110, published in 1867 London. commentaries on the English law, William Blackstone,

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adapted to the present state of the law. So what was the present state of the law in 1867? Which is, what 120 150 years ago, right 150 years ago, that's the part which I magnified for you.

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Okay,

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so here,

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the third last line read from here, a female, also, at seven.

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At seven years of age may be betrothed or given in marriage. Did I read that correctly? Yes. 1867, British law, English law

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she would be given in marriage at nine is entitled to dour at 12 is at years of maturity and may consent or disagree to marriage. Okay. But at seven she may be given in marriage. That's the minimum legal age of marriage in England seven. Are you listening nearby? Yes. Seven.

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So, having seen all of that, those people who attacked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam for marrying a nine years old? Are they fair?

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Are they doing justice?

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If he was wrong, then the entire humanity up to the year 1900 was

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wrong. All of them were doing the same crime. And to condemn them all is what?

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Extremism to see this to say the least, if not madness, to say the least. So do not separate the province of Muslim from the rest of humanity. So this is what these atheists, Christian missionaries, and Islamophobes and Muslim modernist do. They have no idea what this history is. Seriously, they don't know about this, what we went through they don't know about this. They need to know about this. Anyone who does this today, anyone who attacks the progress of this alum today for

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okay.

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So, anyone who attacks the process for this today is guilty of anachronism. Okay. They are being unjust. And it is nothing but hate. Hate is usually blind it visually, but it doesn't see reason. So this is why you have to reason with people this content needs to be out you need to learn it, you need to know about it. You need to convey to people, we do not need to abandon any of our literature, we don't need to change it. We don't need to throw away the baby with the bathwater. Every single thing in the Quran. And Hadith in authentic hadith can be justified intellectually, socially, okay, in all shapes and forms, right? You can justify everything, all the attacks, the

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launch against the Prophet and Islam can be defended. Every time you bring a question, and we'll see if we cannot answer it.

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We will see if we cannot answer it, you just have to know how to answer it. You have to go and read books you have to study you have to think and you will find answers.

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So why today? Why is this question being raised today? Why are people so so shocked? And so, you know,

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awestruck by this today, the prophet married nine years old. Why today? A number of reasons, colonialism, colonialism came with this liberal and secular laws. And people assume that these laws are the criteria to judge. No, no, they're not. Liberal secular laws are relative, they change with time, the change with place, they may change to anything. So we cannot regard them as the end or as the criteria or as the yardstick as they say, liberal secular laws are not the not the yardstick for humanity. Currently, they are dominant laws because the West is dominant. culturally, politically, economically, the West is dominant. So we are

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conditioned by that way of thinking all of us. So, we think everything has to measure up to the Western way of thinking, everything has to measure up for it to be normal. Norm is being westernized, even now. You know, there are so many things we can look into liberal, secular moral relativism is another reason which I mentioned earlier, mentally colonized Muslims. Muslims are put on the backfoot because the mentally colonized

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and there are two reasons to be mentally colonized. Two reasons. They are completely ignorant of Islam and Islamic civilization and Islamic moral values and Islamic theology. And secondly, know more about the colonizers than they do about the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the history of Islam in history of humanity, for that matter. That's why they mentally colonized. It is very normal to be influenced by a civilization. Christian missionaries are spreading a lot of misconceptions and hate and lies about the Prophet of Islam deliberately. It started in the Middle Ages is continuing to this day there are very unpleasant, untrustworthy,

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you know, abnormal people out there, atheist extremists, they are extremist because they do not take human societies the history of human societies into consideration when they attack Islam and the prophets of salaam Islamophobes and Hadith rejecters all of these people are guilty of the same and not many, so not so many words. They are guilty of the same

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problem.

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Now, is it pedophilia? Technically speaking, even by today's standard, is it pedophilia? First of all, it cannot be otherwise. All of humans are purifiers. Do you agree? Pre 19th century every single Victorian gentleman walking with a stick and hat you know, like that? In London was a pedophile. Right? Potentially will. William Blackstone was a pedophile King, all the kings, all the Victorian thinkers, or including all those who wrote on the Prophet didn't criticize them. They were all pedophiles, every single person who believed in these laws, Thomas Jefferson, Adam Smith, you know,

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George Washington, right? All the major thinkers, you know, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo,

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right, Galileo, all the Pope's

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everyone, every single human, because they had no problem with it. If there were problems, they would write books on it right? produce one form of literature. You know, Victorians wrote hundreds of 1000s of volumes, and they published millions of books. Victorian England was very ripe with literature very, very rich period. Victorian England, produced one book, or one pamphlet or one leaflet where someone actually wrote something on it, that this is too young man. This is too young. No, none of them nothing.

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So what is the definition of a child? Pedophilia actually means pido philia pido. Philia is a Greek term philia means love. Peter means child. So literally translated means child love, technically means a person who wants to have sex with children, right? It's a crime. It's a crime today. But if it means having sex with children, what is a child? According to the Oxford University, a child? Is a young human being below the age of puberty. Is that clear? A child according to the Oxford University Oxford Dictionary, a child is a young human being below the age of puberty or below the legal age of majority. Right? That's the first definition. Right? Let's see now, by today's

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standard.

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What is puberty? A child is someone who reached puberty on the National Health Service website, British National Health Service NHS on their website. This is how puberty is defined. Puberty is when a child's body begins to develop and change as they become an adult. When do they become an adult. Girls develop breasts and start the periods boys develop a deeper voice and facial hair would start to appear. The average age of for girls to begin puberty is 11. While for boys, the average age is 12. Now it makes sense why in the past, they had such lower ages 1011 12 even seven seven is I think extreme right? But average was 1011 1210 1112. In human societies generally right? Well,

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this is why because by that age, girls would usually reach puberty, right? But it's different for everyone. So don't worry if your child reaches puberty before or after their friends. It's completely normal for puberty to begin, at any point from the ages of eight to 14. The process can take up to four years. So by

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logically, scientifically, someone who reached the age of puberty cannot be technically called a child according to these definitions, but I do understand that laws, legal systems see it differently. They define child differently a child is depending on what what the age of consent in a given country is, it may be 16, it may be 14, it may be 1718, depending on the country you live in. And this is why those countries the laws have to be considered, they have to be followed. And this is why people would not get married to girls.

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Given the age of consent, and that country would they would not get married to anyone younger than that age of consent today, right? But you cannot use the current legal system as the yardstick to condemn the entirety of humanity that lived before the 19th century or before the 1900s Actually, before the 20th century. So I'll repeat you cannot use the current legal systems and the age of consent that define

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to condemn the entirety of humanity before the 20th century. Do you agree? Okay. So now when someone comes to you,

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and tells you the Prophet married nine years old, Ayesha, what would your response be?

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Sorry.

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It was normal for the time. And then they will ask you to prove it. And then what will you do? Take them to the sources and tell them go and read the histories, social histories of humanity, pick up any book and see the ages of consent, even in Britain? One convenient reference you can give is this one, William Blackstone commentaries on the big English law. Remember this William Blackstone commentaries on the English law? The legal age of marriage is seven in England as late as 1867. That's it. Okay. So, to summarize everything, number one Hadith of Ayesha is not untrustworthy, it is authentic. There is no doubt that Ayesha said what she said she was nine when the Prophet

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consummated marriage so you don't need to throw away the baby with the bathwater, right? You don't need to do away with your literature, your Hadith literature, it is powerfully preserved. Do not doubt any hadith of Bokhari that comes with a chain. Any additions al Bukhari with the chain do not doubt it and don't try to water it down. Don't start to change it because you don't know how to defend it. You don't know what the context is. You don't know what the commentaries are, you don't have the knowledge to understand it. If you are finding it difficult to fathom, then it's your knowledge. It's your lack of knowledge and intellectual ability to understand it. There's nothing

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wrong with the literature. Right. And you saw a demonstration of that today. Do you agree? Okay. So

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are we obliged to do it today?

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Are we obliged to get married to nine years old? Because some people will now come back having heard all of that, they will say, but your profit is a model for you. until eternity. He is Rahmatullah mean, he is a merciful all the words and you have to follow Him until the day of judgment. So you should be getting married at nine and 10 years old girls? No, no, because we tell them our Prophet rode camels to Makkah.

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And if we did that, today, our Prophet would be telling us Are you mad?

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If the Prophet was here today, do you think you would choose to go on camel?

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The Prophet wanted to go for Hajj in 2019. He was in Cape Town. Hmm. If you happen to be in Cape Town, we're not so fortunate to have him among us. But Allah has blessed us with with other things. You know, we sort of Lhasa salaam said, my brothers who would come after and the Sahaba said, Yasser Allah, the ones who are around him, are we not your brothers? He said, Yo my companions. But those people who will come after me, they haven't seen me and yet they will love me and they will believe me. Believe in me. They are my brothers Allahu Akbar. And a good one of them. A good one of them will have the reward equal to 50 Good ones have you? Can you imagine brothers and sisters, that the

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the fact that we don't have his companies Allah bless them. But that doesn't mean we cannot have the reward and honor to love Him and to be with him on the day of judgment or after we die. Right? And there are many ways to do it. One of the ways to is to care for an orphan on our cover your team will Janaka attain the progress that I am the one who takes care of an orphan will be in paradise like this. You can be with the Prophet after you die on the Day of Judgment. Taking care of my mother in law died just yesterday. I'm going to lay her and I'm traveling to London. Tonight. I had to cut my trip short but hamdulillah most of the work is done. My lectures are finished now. So she

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took care of orphans. Specifically we know of

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Family, they were orphans. He bought a house for them. He put the entire family in the house. She's not here today. So I'm not showing off for her. I'm not the one doing it. So there's no showing off. Right? She did it. So I'm telling you this to encourage you and will lie. There are signs we can see that that was a special woman. The amount of condolences and the amount of prayers coming our way from all around the world is unbelievable. The amount of acceptance Allah gave her she died in Ramadan. She was fine. Walking around. I left it to three days ago in London walking around I spoke to her smiling walking and before Ramadan, doctors I said you will die soon. Right? And she was

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walking around. We thought she may take three months, four months but in Ramadan.

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This is how she deteriorated as if Allah wanted to take her in Ramadan. Allah wanted it because she was special. So Rasulullah Salam told us he gave us these incentives and she took advantage of one of them orphans and I believe in shall live that deeds is accepted. That alone will take her to Jana, Amin Inshallah, that alone will take her to Jana. So we're not obliged to do it today because the Prophet it is the same prophet muhammad sallallahu Sallam who taught us to be very be sensitive of the cultural norms of the people you live with. How there's a report from the Prophets Allah salaam, I have to end very soon so that we can take some questions and when leave for the airport.

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The province was on set to Ayesha, the Alon ha in Makkah, that Oh, Ayesha, if it was not for your people who I just people who were there. They were also the prophets people. Courageous. So he's making a point that if it was not for your people, Asia, your tribe Quraysh. I would bring the door of the Kaaba down. At the moment. Where is the door? is seven feet about right? Yes, the Prophet wanted to bring the door down. But he didn't do it. He didn't do it. Why? Why? It was perfectly halaal for him to do it. He wanted to do it, but he abstained. Why?

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To avoid controversy to avoid unnecessary controversy because if he tried to do it the Meccans decorations, they would have had a problem with it. So Prophet knew his situation. Well, he said Ayesha, if it wasn't for your people, I would have brought the door of the Kaaba down. Right. So what lesson do we learn from this must Lucha and Masada the concept of Muslim Masada? That when you live in a society, you have to consider the norms? You have to be very insensitive, right? Not everything the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did his sunnah. Not everything he did a sunnah it may be for that time for that specific situation. So now it's something he did consistently continuously.

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Yes, he did certain actions to highlight that it is perfectly halaal to do it.

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So if you were to get married, like previously Muslims did to younger women. As soon as they hit the age of puberty, the Prophet was defining what is halal and what is haram? So the prophets Allah solemn came to highlight to clarify what is halal and haram. So when you boil came to determine the times of Salah, what did you do? He came at the early time, and he came at the latter time, only for margaree became one time so give rise did this for what reason so that Muslims can understand is an early time for each and every single Salah and there's a lot of time, you have to pay your Salah within that time, right? Likewise, the province of Islam was sent as a model for Laqad Karnala confy

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Rasulillah. He also known Hassan right, so he came as a model. So he married a very, you know, not very but an older woman than him himself, Hadith or the Aloha. She was older than him. Right? He was not, of course, he was young for her age at that time. 40 years old, and professors almost 25 So here he is teaching his Alma that it is perfectly valid, perfectly fine for you to get married to older women. Right. Likewise, he got married to Ayesha as soon as she reached that age of puberty, nine. Okay. So that he can highlight for is Omar that this is the minimum? This is the minimum. That's the maximum. But do we have to do it today? No, we don't have to do it today. Because

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expectations, social norms of change changed. So we don't have to write cameras today. Yeah, we don't have to, you know, draw water from wells today. Right? You can do that right today? Yeah. How many would you do that today? Go you need water go and draw water from well because we're in the time of the Prophet so you love the Prophet so much that you want to do it like that? Right? The Prophet will tell you what's wrong with you. What's wrong with you? Right. Prophets Allah salaam, moved with the times he taught us to move with the times we do not change our morality. We do not change our ethics. We do not abandon our literature or theology.

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But we move with the times and we consider the norms of the times we live in and the people we live live with thank you so much for listening 100 liable army