Muslim Civilisation in India
Channel: Adnan Rashid
File Size: 68.77MB
University of Sheffield – 28_03_2019
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Man Rahim al hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Muhammad Ali, our elder law attorney rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem, co
founder Luca Kanaka battle maka Devi, kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. bulevar Nicola is respected brothers and sisters, thank you very much for being present to listen to this lecture. And today we will be talking about a fascinating episode for Muslim history. And that is the civilization of Islam in the Indian subcontinent. Many Muslims are unaware of what happened in India, despite the richness of the history of Islam in that continent or subcontinent.
The reason is that the emphasis the focus has been on the Middle East. Many people know about the crusades, people are aware of the omiya than the basket dynasties, and you beads and the cell jokes, but very little study has been done, unfortunately, to date on Indian Islam, or Islam in India, or Islam in the Indian subcontinent.
Today, I will be delivering a lecture, which is an introduction, a short introduction to what happened in India, as far as the Muslims are concerned. And this introduction is very, very brief. The purpose of this introduction is to highlight as to the fascinating nature of Muslim contribution to the Muslim Indian civilization.
Muslims achieved great things in India.
Very often you hear rhetoric on the news, or possibly in the newspapers, or even in academic, pseudo academic writings, that Islam is all about invasions in India, in particular, it's all about massacres of Hindus, temple desecrations, intolerance towards the non Muslims. And the list goes on. This is a very powerful rhetoric, pumped out
in poorly researched books, biased, prejudiced books,
in news reports, on documentaries, all over the place.
And the verb is Islamophobia to spread hatred of Muslims, which is taking place right now, in the West, in particular, and globally in general. So to counter all this, this powerful rhetoric against you Why do I call it powerful, it is powerful, because to date, there is no systematic response to it. Unfortunately, the Muslims have been very slow in responding to this injustice. And one of the best ways to respond to this injustice is to actually study your history, learn about it, so that you can talk about it. Our history, the history of Islam is magnificent. It is amazing. It is mind blowing. It is so fascinating that once we start to start talking about it,
you will start to think where was I put all those years? Why didn't I study this? Why am I studying engineering? Why am I studying law? Why am I studying accountancy? Why am I studying all these things? Why am I not studying my history?
Because a lot of people nowadays when they study they think of the stomach.
Think of the stomach? How do we fill our stomach?
Why do you study? Have you ever asked yourself this question? Why do you come to the university? What is the purpose? What are you doing here in this institution? The purpose
in the case of over 90% of people here is what? To make a career
to get a better job.
So that so that I don't starve, right? This is how people think to put it in crude terms. There may be some exceptions out there. People who are intelligent who are wise, who have been advised as to the purpose, the true purpose of education, they will tell you, no, we are here for intellectual stimulation. We're here to learn to enrich ourselves with knowledge, so that we become wiser so that we become better people so that we are a source of making this planet
And that is the true purpose of education. In fact, Muslims, amazingly,
were the most bookly people in the world.
Muslims for over 1000 years lead
education in all fees. When I say all fields, you name it, all fields available to humanity for over 1000 years, we mastered all those fields and we taught them as masters, as professors, as lecturers,
as teachers, you name it, philosophy,
science, whatever primitive form, it was known, it was known to humanity in
Any other field you can think of?
alchimia, or chemistry, mathematics.
We can go on and on and on and talk about Muslim civilization in a London loose in the Middle East and Baghdad
and in other places in North Africa, but today we will be talking about what happened in India.
And the purpose purpose is to highlight the magnificence of our history. Of course, there are problems in our history. Of course, there are unpleasant
incidents and events in our history. But are they because of Islam? No, they are because of greed.
human labor, what we call human weakness.
Humans are vulnerable
to temptations. They do bad things, at different times in different places. So today, India is the focus so that we can all learn about what Muslims did in India.
And to make the final point of my introduction,
the importance of history is paramount.
As I said earlier, the Muslims were the most booklet people on the planet, we had the largest libraries in the world. Our library was our libraries are so huge, that we still have manuscripts lying around in bookmarklets. They ran into millions, millions of books, handwritten, by people, so
big, this tradition was that even the non Muslims are inspired to imitate Muslims in book collecting, book writing.
book decorating, bookbinding, you name it, it was all about books.
Book markets in medieval Islam. Were the busiest places
to today, when you go to the Muslim world, what are the busiest places?
What are they?
There is another market. Right? What are the busiest places in the Muslim lands?
malls? Where you have designer stores right? Leave it on Gucci? Yeah, this is what Muslims are dying for. Right? This is what we are investing in our lands. We are building skyscrapers. We're building malls we're putting
commodities in there as if this is what life is about. No.
We have lost the plot. As a civilization unfortunately, we have left our ways we have lost the plot. The first command which came to the Muslims was what at
best Mira baccala de Holla Holla call inside I mean Allah, the Quran book and a Quran, Allah de Lama bill column. Allah Mallinson Mala Mala,
the very first five verses to be revealed to humanity in the Quran. The last and the final message to humanity. Were about knowledge, reading,
writing, use of column use of reading user books. Yes.
What happened? It wasn't about
It was not about buying flashy cars, or getting degrees so that you can have a nice house.
And that's what that's what you live for. No, no, the purpose of life is not that especially for Muslims. The purpose of Muslim life is to make this planet a better place by educating yourself primarily in your own tradition. And then
other traditions so that you can be great contributors as we were in the past.
And it can be repeated once you learn about it. If it was done right in the past, it can be done right today. You all agree. Not everything about history was bad. Not everything about history was
embarrassing. No, we have magnificent things to be proud of. So, we have become the most bookless people on the planet from a very bookly people, we have lost value for books.
And the first step to improvement is to highlight the problem. And to acknowledge the problem once we acknowledge the problem, we will start moving towards improvement. So brothers and sisters, who are you who are listening to me right now? Know this is the problem.
You think doing a degree which is at best introductory, you do not become scholars by doing a Bachelor's you do not become scholars don't get this wrong. degree is not the end. It's the means.
A degree which you are doing in this university is not the ends. People think I'm gonna spend four years of
my life with education is done. Now I am educated No, he is still a baby. You're not educated. You think when you do a degree you're educated No. Education starts after the masters.
It starts after you do postgraduate. That's when you go into the depths of what you have learned. That's when you start to
explore territories which you cannot understand before.
degrees, little knowledge introduction. So don't be satisfied by your degree, which you have done for your stomach so that you can put pizza, burgers and fries in your stomach and get fat.
I just had a very nice pizza, by the way. I'm not against pizzas, Sheffield pizzas, very nice, by the way. Okay. It is about feeding your brain, not your stomach. Education is for feeding your brain, your mind. So, having had my emotional rant,
as usual in the beginning, we're gonna get on with the topic, India.
What happened in India? Firstly, the first emergence of Islam in India happened through traders. We are told
Gemini traders who inhabited the west coast of India and some of their descendants are still living there. In fact, the dress code is very similar as well. And the language is very close to the Arabic language although it has changed,
you know, throughout time, but the Yemeni traders were the first people to have emerged on the Indian scene. Then came the armies of hijabi use of led by a man called Mohammed bin Qasim.
What was the reason? historians have debated a number of times, you know, in a number of ways, some historians believe the Islamic traditional view or the Islamic historical traditional view that a ship carrying Muslim
women and men and children was attacked by some pirates near the territory today called sin in Pakistan. And these prisons are carried into that territory and hijacked the use of heard about it, who was the governor of Iraq at the time who was a very tyrannical, oppressive man who was responsible for killing 1000s of Muslims. He was informed about this particular incident and he asked the king of the region who was called Raja Dyer, okay the king, the king diet, and the king refused. He said, I cannot help you in any way. And as a result of German use of sent in an army of 5000 men, led by Mohammed bin Qasim
as takahe he was born with a cave. So was a German use of and cut the long story short, he came. He campaigned for two years, he took a large territory, he fought a battle against the king himself, Raja Dyer and the king was killed in battle. The king was a Hindu King Brahmin. And a large portion of the population at the time was Buddhist. The Buddhists were actually ousted by the Brahmins, through wars, killings, persecution, everything put together sorry, everything put together.
So when Muslims came in the Brahmins were in power and the Buddhists welcomed the Muslims because they were suffering from persecution. So they will welcome the Muslims naturally, so that made the rapid spread of Islam or Islamic territory or Muslim territory.
Instant, very easy. And after establishing the state, Muhammad Qasim was called back by Solomon by Abdul Malik who came to power in Damascus. political leadership had changed because Solomon was the brother of Walid bin Abdul Malik who was an immediate Calif before Solomon. And Waleed was responsible for sending all these generals to conduct conquests in all these faraway lands. Okay, so we'll lead generals were fighting in Spain. Who was that? Anyone knows the name? Sorry.
Very close. Yes, that's true man. Anyone else knows the name of the general who went to Spain.
Tarik bin Zayed urine Gibraltar who knows you brought her Hello, put your hands up.
Genova gibraltarian is
you know what it is?
It is in Spain but it is Britain.
Okay, it is Britain. Gibraltar is actually the word Gibraltar is a corruption of Jebel parekh the mountain of Park, this is the rock or this is the mount
upon which Tarik landed with his army. Okay. And that story, which is attributed to him that he delivered a lavish or a very emotional speech in front of his people, his army, and then what did he do? What's the story? Does anyone know?
He burned the ships. Have you heard about this? The story is not true. There is no evidence for this story. By the way, the story is falsely attributed to him. We don't have any historical sources to confirm the story. Okay.
So bargmann Zod was actually an associate of Musab in affair, who was the general conducting the business of expansion in North Africa.
And he was working on behalf of the lead men of the Malik the cave, very powerful Amir Calif, in Damascus. On the other hand, you have put a bubble Muslim in northern China, very close to northern China. This is a very large stretch of land from Spain, to northern China. Do you know what that is? If a plane flies today from China, going to Morocco? How long does it take?
Easily? 10 hours? Right? possibly more? Right? Okay. This is how far the generals were. And in the south now, Mohammed monocalcium was representing religion of the Nordic, but when power changed in Damascus, Solomon, the brother of elite came to power and he had vendetta against the generals have his brother, and he call them all back, cut the long story short, they were killed off, they were finished. And that kind of checked the progress of Muslim military expansion in India in Sindh and then, during the ambassade period, in particular, the period of halifa Mansoor almanzora was the same Khalifa who was alive at the time of Mr. Abu hanifa.
And when Mr. Shafi was a child,
elements heroes governing of that he was a very powerful Calif.
basses are completely removed from power and they are come to power. So during the Bassett period, the raids into the Indian Territory at that time known as Sindh, okay
reinitiated or reignite weren't reignited. So, again, some territory was taken and cut the long story short, up to the city of Milan, which is in currently Pakistan multani Southern Punjab. If you look at the Pakistani map, today, you will see a city called Mouton. Up to Moulton, the Muslim armies reached and they established some sub states and the Arabs are governing these states the coins when you find them, they have Arabic on them. So this was a very Arab arised. State, okay, in Sindh, right jizya was applied, people were given freedom to practice their religion, at times of a war there were battles. So Muslims governed tactfully, they bought alliances that bribed alliances
they fought alliances they did all these things, what is necessary for politics, which any other King or you know, group would do,
but then some is Miley's you know, we have to take long leaps, historically speaking of centuries, because we are missing sources. Unfortunately, one of the earliest sources we have on the first expedition into Hindi, or send or gets into was a province a small part of hindi, hindi was known as India at the time. This is how the the Arabs knew the Indian Territory. As far as they were concerned. Sindh was actually him because that's all they had seen of him, right. They had no idea what Delhi is or what
What Hyderabad is or what other parts Calcutta, they had no idea if anything is there they had they have never seen it. They don't know the only part of Hindi they know is st which is very, very close to Arabia, which was very close to a place called Macron where the Arabs had already established a Garrison's garrison towns and they are taking a lot of land in Persia, right. So, the only part of India they know is the part that is directly attached by land to some some of Persia or some part of Persia, which is today called Balochistan right,
or 30 Stan, earlier. So, the only source we have on this particular episode of history is called church nama.
Church was the father of King Dyer. And the sources named after him, unfortunately charged now is quite late. It is on the 13th century, and it's not fully trustworthy. Another source we have on the excursions of Mohammed and Qasim is photocall baudin of polidori, who has written a very early history
of conquest, literally translated for all boils down means the conquest of lands okay. And in this book, Amanda latorre, collects all the reports on the conquest of, for example, Palestine, the conquest of Egypt, the conquest of Syria, the conquest of Sindh, at the hands of Muhammad Qasim. Unfortunately, photostable dan is also two centuries late, but it traces back its information in the first century from first century sources. So we don't know much about what happened afterwards. Unfortunately, the only sources we have available to us about the Arab rulers have sinned in India. At that time, India.
Our coins the only source we have our coins, minted by them, and some of the names of the governors and generals are on the coins. Some of them are very cute, very little tiny, less than half a gram. They are called her body, her body Durham's if you google them, you will see exactly what I'm talking about. The very small tiny, possibly the tiniest Muslim coins ever. Right? Very small silver coins, less than half a gram, point three, zero gram. Okay.
And you have the names of these governors who were
obviously Arabs up there, man, Omar. Okay, Ali, Abdullah Obaidullah, these are the names they're on the coins. forgot to bring them with me because I collect coins and I have a collection of these coins as well.
And you can easily find them in coin markets.
So for the next three centuries, we don't have any sources unfortunately, cut the long story short, what happened after the decline of the Arab power in send some of the Smiley's were also known as kilometer, they had gained a lot of power in the Middle East. Egypt was occupied by the Fatah meets fatimids were, you know, they claim to be the descendants of Fatima radi Allahu Allah. They also call themselves Allah whites, okay. The children of Ali, and they claimed direct descent from the children of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And on those basis, they had established this government, which was Shia in origin, but they followed an esoteric version of Shia Islam which was batteria in
the Arabic language, we call it bothnia. Okay, they had hidden meanings. They read hidden meanings into the Quran. They believe the Quran has hidden meanings, and only the the best and the elitist of the Muslims, which were the other bait or the children of Ali, only they could read those meanings into the Quran. And they were a very dangerous group of people. They were also called nazar ease, and they were a menace for a very long time for a number of political leaders, and they assassinated a number of political leaders including Crusaders, even as late as the Crusades. So Don Saladino up his own life was threatened. There was an attempt made on his life by one of the miseries who tried
to kill him. Okay, so not all the zombies were a metaphor, every single political power that govern the region. They had established a stronghold in Multan. in Sindh at that time, because they found weakness, some of the art were sent from Yemen, because the fatimids had become very strong in Yemen also.
And what you see in Yemen today, nowadays, the Houthis and, you know, other groups who attribute themselves to the Shia school of thought they are possibly the remnants of these influences.
That was there. So from Yemen, the art were sent in to send to preach. The doctrine of the Father means that his Smiley's organizzare and they became very strong, strongly established. And the Saris had made
a mission in the life of the lives to dismantle the Abbasid Caliphate, the biggest purpose of
activity was to dismantle the bastard Caliphate, Caliphate of Baghdad. That was point number one on the manifesto. In a manifesto, something you want to do or something you do, right? Like the the Christ Church killer, he had a manifesto and he published it before he committed his barbaric atrocity. So the zombies are a very dangerous people, they were possibly the first terrorists in human history, they terrorized people by using very unpleasant unconventional tactics to kill assassinate people, right? If they had had if they had got their hands on bombs at that time, they would have caused a lot more damage to Muslims and other people, okay. So they will know also known
So they had established a stronghold in India and sent embleton out of all places, amazingly, and they had become a medicine for the abundance. So at that time, another power rolls in the north in the region today called Afghanistan, there was a city called Ghazni. Today's no is called rezny. The past it was called resona. Right now, another power had emerged in Central Asia. These was these were Turkic slaves, Turkic slaves, bought from slave markets in Central Asia, and they were trained into military arts, and they were employed by political powers in the Middle East and beyond. for military purposes, is that clear.
And this process started in the 10th century. It reached its peak in the 10th century, many of these Turkic slaves who were bought from Central Asian markets, trained into military arts became powerful men. Within within the state of protest, they rose to higher positions, and at times they became the sole pawns themselves, they became more powerful than the Khelifa Baghdad seljuks were a group known of these people. Now in the 10th century, the caves above data completely overpowered by a Shia group called buoys, right. And boots were actually ousted by the seljuks, who are Sunni Turkic generals who came to power and they came to rescue the Cave of Baghdad. Right. And in the 10th
century, the seljuks became the heroes of Islam, the defenders of Sunni orthodox Islam, right, this is what happened. And from abroad to the seljuks. Cave.
A family called the salmonids and a Turkic slave called subak. The key subject again, became the ruler of this land called Gaza
and established a huge government in the city called aurasma. And he himself was Turkic. He came from Central Asia
and he governed from 1077 to 1097, almost 20 years. Now, why am I talking about the book the game?
So book, again, is mentioned because of a son,
very famous conqueror in the early history of Indian Islam, his name is soulsborne Mahmoud razavi. Sultan, Mahmud ghaznavi was the son of superb dugin, who came to power in 1099. And he died in 1030. So almost 30 years of his reign, he conducted 17 raids into northern India 17 braids into northern India. Now, this is the first time
on this scale, Muslims have armies have approached India from the north, Sindh is in the south and who approached Sindh from the south who
Mohammed bin Qasim who was who was what
Arab, he will talk of he was he was
he was he he was from
the tribe very close to Mecca. You know, five, the city of pif was inhabited by the McAfee's, you know hotjar Musa was also aqui rasulillah salam said they were to liars Yes.
know there will be a liar and they will be
an oppressor or they may I think the Hadees stated to liars will come from one of the cave one was masataka V, and the other one was hotjar when Yusuf who killed many great personalities in the early history of Islam you're not getting bored are you? We're getting to the interesting part very soon inshallah going to cut the political history short and we're going to get to the the civilization of Islam in India very quickly, inshallah. political history is very important to understand the dynamics of what actually happened and why it happened. So con Mahmud ghaznavi, the son of the King sebagian, who was a Turkic slave who became the Sultan himself. Mahmoud was his son, who was a very
powerful leader, he became so powerful that he was threatening the Caleb directly Alhaji Bella, who was the cave in Baghdad. So if you pick up coins of Mahmud ghaznavi, you will see
his title on the coins. Okay.
Yummy. No kalaba Okay, nasiru ameerul momineen alkazi Bella, this is the title of Sultan, Mahmud ghaznavi on his coins and you find his coins in abundance in Afghanistan to this day, right? Because he was so rich. And how did he become rich, he became rich by attacking other territories. This is exactly what kings would do.
It wasn't done necessarily for Islamic reasons. A lot of chroniclers, a lot of historians at the time writing projects for Mahmud ghaznavi. or later on. He was
he was painted as the conqueror of his of Islam against Hinduism, right, by later historians. But that wasn't necessarily necessarily the case. Because sometimes people who read the perceptions or the current perceptions in to the past. Does that make sense? Sometimes, we read our current perceptions into the past. Sometimes we judge people of the past by our current standards, that particular
method of looking at the past is actually wrong. mistaken misplaced.
That system is called anachronism. When you use your current standard to judge a personality from the past, for example, a very quick example of this Prophet's marriage to eyeshadow below. And very often, you hear it in the mouths of Islamophobic Islam haters who deliberately ignore the context, ignore the entire history of humanity, and they attack the Prophet by our standards today. Right? In the past, people would get married to younger women. As soon as girls hit puberty, they were ready for marriage, as far as those people were concerned. Why? Partly because life expectancy was very low, women would usually die very young in childbirth, right? or from other problems. There were no
medical facilities women die young today, in
so called third world countries like India, okay, like, in some countries, or, like in Africa, basic medicine is not available. women die in the 20s. In the teenage, or even in the 30s.
This was happening in the past, and this was one of the reasons why they would get married to younger women. Now we use our standard today.
Some of the islamophobes, deliberately ignoring all the history, and they project their perception
onto the prophets of Allah Islam. This is what happened in Muslim history, unfortunately, as well, that Sultan Mahmud II was read later on by Muslim historians of the 13th century and beyond, as the Muslim hero who opened India for the Muslims, but he was not necessarily doing it for Islam, although he claimed it because you see, propaganda is a very powerful tool. You all agree? Yes. All people at all times use propaganda. I'll give you current Examples Examples to understand. So how the medieval Muslim kings inflating the image as the conqueror of Islam, or conquer for Islam. Right, right. The Mujahid feasibility law. Right, the hero of Islam. They would use propaganda how
in the hospice, they will be praised on Friday. On the coins, they will put the titles. For example, Mahmud ghaznavi on some of his coins, you read books,
In the Persian language, which means that the, the breaker of the idols right, so he presented himself as the hero because he was breaking idols. Not that he was alone in doing this breaking idols was an Indian phenomenon. It was happening in India before the Muslims came. Hindus who belong to different cults are different understandings of the deities, because you know, Hindus worship different deities, they have different deities,
different sects. And for that reason, they attacked each other in the past, and they destroyed each other's temples and idols. So when a lot of these islamophobes or Islam haters nowadays talk about Muslim history in India, they point to one phenomenon. And that phenomenon is temple desecrations. Temple desecrations was actually not an invention of Islam and Muslims, it was not. To the contrary, we have evidence that Muslims left those temples alone that had no political significance as such at the time, because temples in India was symbols of power.
The power of the king in the state was directly linked to the deity in the temple. And this is exactly what was the case with the Greek mythology. You see if you watch this movie, Troy, Brad Pitt, I like to watch the historic movies. Yeah.
When Achilles, the Greek,
mythical hero attacks Troy, the first thing he does is go to the Temple of Apollo. And it cuts off the head of the idol to demoralize the enemy, the army of DNA. This is exactly what's happening in India, in India, Hindu kings would invade other territories Hindu territories, and these Hindus would be governed, so he would be worshipping a different deity. And one Hindu King would read another Hindu territory. And the first thing that Hindu King would do is to go to the temple, destroy the deity burn the temple down, and that would be moralize the entire army of the enemy. Because now the God is dead. The court has been killed and destroyed and desecrated. What's the
point of fighting now? I mean, God is not with us, hello has finished game over, you know, God has abandoned us this is how it worked. And this is one of the reasons why it was used as a weapon of war during the Middle Ages by Muslims and Hindus. Okay. So to point at Muslims only, which which is what happens nowadays, I mean, to mention grooming gangs as an example today. I mean, I like to give examples, current examples so that you can actually understand history better grooming gangs, who is the finger pointing at in newspapers, hello, Muslims. Am I exaggerating? You live in the north? You know better than I? Yes. Yeah. rotheram
and the other place that Rochdale? Who is the finger pointing at
Muslims, they call the Muslim grooming gangs they have even given them a religious title. Amazingly, they are Muslim grooming gangs.
But how Muslim are these Muslim grooming gangs? Is the question.
Other than their names, they have no connection to Islam.
And especially when we study the statistics in Britain, of pedophilia, and grooming, proportionally speaking, when we
look at the Muslim population, and the native English population or British population of Britain, proportionally speaking, the whites are the majority of grooming gangs, they are the majority of groomers they are the majority of pedophiles. This is statistically proven.
Hundreds of 1000s of whites travel to Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam to have sex with children. So the focus has been removed from them the real culprits? If we want to talk about this problem, then we have to talk about it in a just fashion. We cannot just ignore the elephant in the room and magnify the answer. Do you all agree? Okay, if I magnify the ant and make it look like the elephant, what are you going to tell me and there's a big elephant and not an Indian elephant, an African elephant. You know, African elephants are big. By the way. They are nearly
if an Indian elephant is as high as this roof, the elephant, African elephant is probably going to be three feet taller, you know, and they cannot be tamed a lesson on elephants as well. Because elephants are very important in Indian history. The or the army the military is used
And I was recently in South Africa and I took some footage of a selfie with an African elephant. And a lot of people told me afterwards you're crazy You are mad. Because these elephants are not tamed. They cannot be tamed. They are wild elephants, you know they can attack you in your time. 100 alarm here, I survived. So, grooming gangs,
the finger is pointing at Muslims.
unfairly unjustly because they want
those who are pointing the finger they want to magnify
the problem by highlighting
the culprits who are actually not
who actually don't represent the majority of culprits. The majority come from a different background, but they are completely ignored in media. Have you ever seen
a news headline or a newspaper headline stating white English grooming gangs active in Cambodia?
White, English, Christian, or slash atheist grooming gangs in Vietnam?
Nope. Have you ever come across any headline like that? White English Christian slash atheist? grooming gangs? active online? Nope. Nope. But they are the majority.
Not because the majority of the population is English or British? No, not because that I said proportionally, proportionally, when you look at Muslim population, and when you look at the English, when you do the proportions, according to the numbers. Still the majority are from the English or the white background in Britain. And I'm not trying to you know, cause hate hair or trouble here. This is a fact. This is what we're dealing with nowadays, unfortunately. Why did I come to this point in the first place? Please do remind me to go back to the initial point. Why did I mentioned grooming gangs?
Oh pointing of the finger. That temple desecrations is a Muslim speciality Muslims specialized in temple desecrations. They know how they knew how to remove the blocks professionally from temple. They knew how to slice the idols. But this was not a Muslim monopoly. It was happening in India across the board. And Richard Eaton is a very good scholar from the US who has written extensively on temple desecrations in India. If you Google Richard Eaton, Richard II, a to N Eaton, and then temple desecrations Google Richard Eaton, temple desecrations, you will see articles on temple desecrations in India, and you will see exactly what the reality is. So you need to learn your
history, you need to understand these things. Likewise, Mahmud ghaznavi, who came to India who came into India, he was invading this territory to accumulate wealth. And he used propaganda to be successful to recruit more volunteers from surrounding countries. And you know, when the call of jihad was made, many volunteers came and joined the armies and they came into India and not necessarily as far as the King was concerned. For the sake of Allah for the sake of Islam. It was partly because they wanted to accumulate wealth as kings did in the Middle Ages during the Middle Ages, Medieval period, there were no rules and regulations. There was no United Nation there were no
Geneva Conventions or bill of rights or anything like that these people they did as they went along. Basically, they made the minds of the decided things as they went along. Right. So Mahmud ghaznavi, rated 17 times and he destroyed one particular temple called Somnath in Gujarat, in the current a region called Gujarat. Okay, so this was the first time when some Muslim armies approached India from the north and Lahore. Have you heard of the city called Lahore? isn't currently Pakistan became the capital the ghaznavi capital. In India, the first Muslim stronghold in northern India was Lahore amazingly, a lot of people don't know this. By the way, Lahore became the first Muslim stronghold
again. Gradually the ghaznavi power declined, and after the ghaznavi another power arose in the 12th century called the Warrens, okay, led by a man called Marisa Deen, Mohammed bin Salman, Shahabuddin avoori. Okay. And he was called votary because he came from a region in Afghanistan call of war okay. And Ronnie is have a long history when when we talk about India and Indian Afghanistan, most invasions from the north came through a one is done, and they came from hybrid paths which isn't currently Pakistan By the way, right. So
These armies came they defeated some Hindu kings in the north, in particular, a king called Prithvi Raj chohan. He was defeated in a battle
the Battle of terrain and the Muslim power was established in the north, in the city of Delhi. Now the slave kings came to power literally called slave kings, okay. This is when the real power plate started as far as the Muslims are concerned in India, when the Muslims became real political players in the political or the military landscape of India. When did this happen? If you want to take one date, I would say 1200 easy to remember what what date 1200 easy to remember why 1200 because this is the time when the rise of the Muslim power in northern India actually
took a significant form.
And this started with again, a very Shahabuddin Gauri, who had a number of Turkic slaves under him serving as generals. So again, remember the tradition of buying slaves from Central Asia and training them in military art for them to become expert soldiers, fighters, generals, tacticians, all these things, right? So these Turkic slaves, who were very good at fighting wars, especially when we look at the medieval warfare, they brought a lot of expertise with them. So he had a huge number of slaves bought from Turkic regions, Central Asia, okay, current day it was Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and what are the stands are there?
was focused on Tajikistan. Kyrgyzstan,
Turkmenistan Kazakhstan, yes, yes, yes, absolutely. All these stands, right? They were at the time known as maharana maharana. Har actually means land. Beyond the river literally in the Arabic language river River. oxus. Okay, that separates of ronstan from Central Asia, also known as transect. Sonia, the region of transect. Sonia, right. So, these Turkic slaves were bought from these markets in this region. And they were trained in military ads. They became so powerful within the military of protests that they became Sultan. So when Why is the dean Shahabuddin Mohammed rorie Mohammed bin Salman Gauri was killed by an assassin in his tent. Is anyone from Pakistan here? I
don't think so.
What part of Pakistan are you from?
Okay, a bit for you.
Kashmir is big.
It's a big territory. There's a place called gujar Khan in Pakistan, not many people. If you are from there, you would know what I'm talking about. This is where Shahabuddin Rory was killed in his tent in 12 or six. And immediately after his assassination, his slave, portable Dean a buck or I buck came to power. The name is very Turkic, he was Turkic. And I can imagine if you saw him, he would look like a Central Asian, you know, have you seen Mongols yet? You know, they have long eyes, flat faces, very distinct features. They look like that this whole tans were Muslims, they looked like that. So he was a Turkic live coding iBook was Sultan and he governed for four years in 1210.
He was playing Polo in Lahore, and he died having fallen from his horse and he was buried in Lahore, his tomb is there in law. After him came to power a very important figure called Don ill to mesh shamsudeen into again a very Turkish name, right? He came to power and he governed for another 26 years from 1210 to 1236. He came to power 26 years and it was in his reign, when the Mongol
started to kill Muslims. When the Mongol invasions started Ganga Khan and his army started to invade Muslim territory from the the North East, okay from the Mongol territory Mongolia, currently Mongolia so Ganga Khan came out to avenge the murders of some Mongol merchants were killed in the territory of quarrelsome Shah. Harlem Shah was the king of a very huge territory, consisting of parts of central Asia, Persia and
The Middle East after Iraq, he was a very huge King, who had become so huge that he had killed all the other kings in these territories. Now because only he remained as the King, no other kings remained.
He could fight the Mongols alone, but he couldn't fight the Mongols alone. That was the problem. When the Mongols came in, he was on the run, and many eventually got killed or died. The Mongols had taken all that territory. Now what happened? India,
the Indian Islam. What happened as far as the Muslim civilization in India is concerned,
is directly linked to Mongol invasions. Amazingly, if Mongols did not invade
Central Asia, which was predominantly Muslim at the time, the cities of Bukhara, and some of Carmen,
who was a famous historian writing in the 13th century, early 13th century, who also wrote about photons, Latina UV and the history of the crusades, he wrote about the Mongol invasions because he met refugees. It's like one of you goes to some of the Syrian refugee camps in Jordan, or in Lebanon, and you meet some of these Syrian refugees. And you see the difficulties they've gone through, you see women who have been raped, you see children who have been, you know, they have bullet wounds, you see, things like that disturbing things like that. Okay. And then you write about it, your hands will shake, right? Telling the story. This way, Ignasi writes that my hands do not
have the strength to write what I have witnessed in the refugees who have come from some of the content Bukhara, and he was writing in Mosul at the time. So Mongol invasions, or a catastrophe of
a huge scale in Muslim history.
And this is why this is what I tell islamophobes Islam haters in Islamophobia is a big problem on my mind. Okay. And this is the biggest problem we are facing in Britain, the Muslims of Britain. This is the biggest threat you are facing today. Islamophobia. Okay.
And this is why I keep mentioning it this way I tell islamophobes that no matter how hard you try to spread hate against Muslims.
We have survived Mongol invasions. We survived Mongol invasions. And you don't know what that is. Once you study the Mongol invasions, you will know exactly what that means. And we will survive this. We will also survive this. Your hate your life. Your peddling of
misrepresentation of our faith is not going to work. It's going to fail. It is going to fail and we will survive we will last This is the promise of Allah to us. And you know, when the Mongol invasions happened, Muslim scholars are saying this is it. This is Mohammed This is your Judah module is finished. We are finished. But what happened? The same Mongols they became the defenders of Islam.
They became the defenders of Islam. So from the same people came Who? The Ottomans, the Ottomans.
It happened in the 13th century, Ganga Khan came in 2019. And he died in 2027. Having killed almost 10 million Muslims from East Turkestan up to Syria. And then an army of Mamelukes say for the record has defeated the Mongols for the first time on that scale. And they advanced was checked. Amazingly, the Mamelukes. The Turkic slaves who were trained in military art have this honor
to claim in the history.
Both cases were Mongol invasions were stopped and checked. They was taught by the Mamelukes by slaves, bought by Muslims will pawns Muslim kings trained in military arts. They were the ones who defended and protected the Muslim civilization from destruction from eminent destruction, where one case is Egypt, where again the Mamelukes the slave kings were governing sayfudine, Kratos was a mameluke and baybars after him.
And the second case is India, where photon il two mesh who was governing when the Mongol invasions happened, and after these invasions, you remember when I when I mentioned that Indian civilization, Indian Islam
owes its existence to Mongol invasions.
Sometimes when you see some things some destruction, you see destruction, but Allah had an has another plan. God has another plan. And you cannot see that plan unfold, because you don't live long.
enough to see that plan. You see what happened? What's happening in Syria, what's happening in Burma, for example with Ranger Muslims, or what's happening to Christchurch for example, what happened in Christchurch a hater a racist bigot, walked into a Masjid due to Islamophobia peddled by a number of pseudo intellectuals in Britain, in America, in Australia, because he cited all of them, by the way, in his manifesto, he told us who the inspirations are. So we're not i'm not making things up. Am I making things up? Has anyone had the privilege of a privilege of reading his manifesto? Anyone? You haven't had the privilege?
May Allah not give you that privilege? Right. In that Manifesto, he, he actually quotes people. He mentioned his inspirations. And there is a direct link between what he did and Islamophobia. So you see Islamophobia you see hate, this is why I said we will survive this. We will survive this. Why? Because it has another side after he killed 50 Muslims. Do you know how many people have come to Islam and New Zealand and Australia? Any idea?
Any idea? He wasn't thinking that was he? When he went into the mosque, massacred 50 Muslims. He didn't think that his actions will bring 1000s of people to Islam. And that's what happened. That's what happened. I have a friend in New Zealand as we speak today. He said people are coming to mosques and drives.
Not only the Christchurch mosque, they are going to mosque all over New Zealand, all the New Zealand New Zealanders Is that how you call them TVs? Right? All the TVs are making their way to mosques. And even in Australia, they're going to mosques to ask questions.
Because they sympathize with Muslims. So the more you attack us,
the more you will, you know, cause us to grow. We become stronger. The Mongol invasions made Muslim stronger, and this is the point I want to make now. So Mongols were thinking we have destroyed Islam. But they actually made Islam stronger than it was where in India,
all the intellectuals, all the philosophers, all the points, all the theologians, all the historians from Central Asia,
all the artists,
all the experts in architecture, the cream of the crop, the cream of the crop from Central Asia, and it's a huge region from places like Samarkand and Bukhara from the Fergana Valley and from Afghanistan.
they migrated they left the region because of Mongol invasions, that destruction. And where did they go?
India, they took refuge under the protection of these powerful photons in India. Oh, my God, I've been talking for an hour now.
Okay, so we're gonna stop very soon. And take questions on, you know, take questions. So I'm going to now summarize very quickly get to the conclusion. They came to India and in India, all of these scholars.
And all of these architects and intellectuals brought their knowledge and their expertise with them. That's why India became such a power that a menace like Mongols could not shake it for over a century. For over a century. Muslims sold bonds from different dynasties governing
North India, we're protecting India against the Mongol invasions.
So first soltana He also been
another Turkic slave slave of Sultan Chavo the university
after input Miche 12 3060 died his daughter Razia Sultana came to power. You know, Razia Sultana is a very famous figure in the Indian history and Indians know about her, she only government for years and she was the first Muslim woman, ruler of India. She governed for years, and she governed effectively. In fact, well, Donald took me she preferred her over his sons.
He used to say I wish you were a man, that you could become the Sultan after me because she had all the qualities of the Sultan, but the Turkic
these slaves of bonds are established in India at the time was a very male dominated system.
So these Turkic
leaders chiefs did not accept her as the ruler, so she was eventually deposed. And then other sons of Iraq which came to power, they were weak links and then came to power away also being a very powerful Turkic slave General, again trained in military art, and he created a huge empire in India, so strong that the Mongols could not break through he built fortresses in the way of the Mongols. Now, when Indian context is discussed in India, do you know how much Islamophobia there is in India? Do you know anything about it?
In a way that Muslims are attacked on daily basis,
the mosques are attacked, Muslims are attacked for slaughtering cows.
In the rural areas, Muslims cannot practice their faith. This in some cases have to hide the identity recently a case happened where a Hindu mob walked into a Muslim home and they beat up women, children, men, elderly, everyone.
It was on video it was national news in India. It's happening in India on a daily basis because the government, the Government of India, the current government, I'm not saying all Indians are like that. There are amazing beautiful people in India, like there are in Britain, like there are New Zealand, like there are in the US. They don't agree with the government policy. Because the government's in some cases are in these cases I mentioned are complacent, or maybe complicit, you know, they they are complicit in this, they are probably part of the problem. They are not taking action against hatred. So in India,
a lot of Muslims are being persecuted. There's a lot of Islamophobia in India. And it is because
what I mentioned Indian Islamophobia was talking about before that,
in India. Yeah, but before I mentioned that he was talking about just before that, what point of history was I at?
Razia Sultan. Right. Baldwin? I mentioned Bob Baldwin. Okay. He became a very powerful song. Never Nevertheless, I don't know why I mentioned.
Okay, but I'm sure there was a point which is complete.
And then I was talking about balvin. Oh, yes. Now, I remember Thank you.
Why Muslims are being persecuted in India is because again history is being distorted. It is being read selectively. And it is being misconstrued deliberately. It has been taken out of context. In India, pseudo intellectuals appear on TV programs in the spread hate against Muslims. They tell us that we are not mobile's. We are not Turks, we are Hindus, we are Indians. So the Muslims are actually representatives of morals and Turks are not Indians. This is the point. Okay. But one thing Muslims don't know about India, is that if the Muslim saltpans did not stand in the way of the Mongols,
do you know what would happen to India? Do you have any idea what the Mongols would do in India? The Indians cannot imagine it. To understand what I'm talking about. Just read what they did to
land between China and Syria.
In those 50 years, you know what they did in Baghdad in 1258, the Mongols in Baghdad, they killed the entire population. They left out the Shias. They left out the Christians. They completely slaughtered the entire population of
the Sudanese about that.
very quickly, I'm going to have to stop recording as well because my phone is giving me warnings. Okay.
So the Mongols were stopped by the Muslims will dance.
Muslims will dance stop the Mongols. And if the daily photons did not stand, the Sultan's who were slaves initially and they became kings, so tongs in this case, they also been bourbon. They also been bourbon governed from 1266 to 1286 20 years. Okay, I haven't even got to moguls yet. I think we're gonna have to do part two of this, this session. Otherwise, this is gonna get so condensed that we cannot possibly cover all of this. So we also been Baldwin was a very strong full time.
His son was killed in battle defending India against Mongols. Prince Mohammed William had was killed in battle against Mongols. And then we move on to the next dynasty that came to power the ecologies another have gone family from a granny standard came to power, they fought against Mongols. Then came the tolex also a Turkic, originally Turkic family from slave class, who became Sultan's and kings. They also fought mumbles and one of the kings among them was Mohammed bin Pollock, who govern from 1325 to 1351. For almost 26 years, he was the strongest Sultana among the top looks, and who knows a blue Matata, who knows.
A blue the the color of a global tota the memoir the travel. The travelogue of immutable data is well known among Muslims in Muslim scholarly circles. He was a traveler who came from Morocco and he travelled all the way to India. He visited India at this time, when Hamad bin Pollock was governing Mohammed who appointed him as the colony of Delhi on the Maliki fic, and then sent him with some presents and gifts for the Chinese Emperor. So he sent him as an envoy to the Chinese Emperor. And then he was shipwrecked near the south of India. And even Buddha decided to go back to Morocco instead of going back to Delhi because he knew this was done will kill him for losing all the things
he was given for the Chinese Emperor. So all this is happening. I will now take on hugely because of the shortage of time, we will go to the Mongols, the Mongols came to power again, a Turkic family originally, they were descendants of Taymor Timo, the lame who was a conqueror after Ganga Khan, who conquered a large territory in Central Asia again, following the footsteps of Ganga Khan, and he went as far as the Ottomans and he actually fought against the Ottomans and captured the Ottoman Sultan, Sultan barges, he yelled drum was captured by him and killed by him, okay, so the rule was very dangerous. He actually invaded India as well in 1398 and devastated Delhi. But from his
descendants came a man called Barbarossa he will be empowered who invaded India and the Mughal dynasty was established in India. And for the Mughals, we need a separate lecture. So what were the achievements of Islam and Muslims in India throughout this period Muslims produced on the best points in Indian history. Some of the best Persian poets came from this period in India. One of them was Amir, Amir khusro, his poetry is so powerful that to this day, people admire it, he was
and there was a rivalry between Persian Persian points and Indian Persian points. Persian language became the core language of India. Okay, it was the literary language of India, all the court records, the letters, the correspondence was done in Persian and the photons spoke Turkic, they spoke Turkic, but the language of the court was pleasure. So, Persian language went through a renaissance in India and scholars luminaries had these scholars, philosophers were produced in this period. And the list is so vast brothers and sisters, I simply cannot possibly cover all these lists and achievements they made. For example, in India, you know, the person who measured the
circumference of the Earth, it was all biruni Alberoni, he was in India Abra Han Alberoni, who was very very well known as, as a geographer,
was working in India, he actually wrote one of the first histories or one of the first social studies of India, and this was done in the 11th century, early 1000, early 10 hundreds basically, during the reign of Sultan Mahmud ghaznavi, Abu Rihanna Alberoni wrote this Kitab al Hynde, which is a very thorough study of the Hindu religion, and their philosophy and their way of life, a very impressive treatment of what the Hindus are about at that time. And this is how Muslims worked at the time. You know, if you want to live with the people, you have to study them, you have to understand them. You have to understand the sensitivities. You have to know about them to be able to
live with them in a friendly setting to be able to get on with them. Unfortunately, what's happening in Britain nowadays today.
Muslims live. And Muslims have been here for nearly 50 years or 40 years. And not many Muslims understand the British culture, the British psyche, the British sentiments, British feelings we don't, we don't study our counterparts. We don't study the people we live with. We don't study the history. We don't even explain the history of Islam in Britain. And that's another lecture we would we should have in the future Islam in Britain will lie that history will blow your minds away, it will simply completely blow you away, because of the because the contribution Muslims are made in this region. So, India,
if we study the Mughal period alone, when the government for nearly three centuries moguls governed parts of India for three centuries, and they made huge contributions to an extent that I want to quickly share something with you.
I have a book with me. moguls are so influential in promoting the Muslim civilization in India that they had
Persian fight Hawk Hawk, how can I put it up Persian
Yes, they are Persian eyes, the native people of the land, even the Hindus had become Persian iced, I will give you an example. I will show you an example of this a living example. In front of me very quickly. This is an original manuscript from my book collection. It is a handwritten book from the Mughal period penned during the reign of orange wave alum gear, okay, orange zevalin gear. And this is for the people who will be looking at it later. This is a Persian book written in a very lavish text called the Sheikah star text, which is curvy text, which is very stylish in its way of expression. And this particular manuscript was written by a Hindu
and his name is Amar Singh. And at the end of the manuscript, you clearly read when it was written, it was written on the third of
gokada year 42 of the Emperor on gear orangevale m gear, who governed from 1658 to 1707. And this particular manuscript was penned in 11 or 900. So why is a Hindu writing the history of Muslim sects is the book is titled xerography. Cyril archerfield, basically is a history of Muslim saints of India, Muslim spiritual mystical figures of India. So, why is a Hindu writing the history of Muslim saints of India in the Persian language in this script, called the Shaka star text and he is paying a lavish tribute through the Emperor and this particular manuscript was penned in Lahore of the city of Lahore. Okay, this is to show you that the the Mughal Empire, the Mughal civilization was so
influential and so powerful that even the Hindus had become patronized or Islamic FIDE. Okay. When you read this book
from the beginning,
when you look at the first page
it clearly states on the talk, a Hindu scribe writing Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Okay, a Hindu scribe who has written this very manuscript is writing Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Okay.
Persian, the whole book is in Persian, in in Arabic Rossville hut. The alphabets are Arabic. So, what happened to Hindus in India?
What happened to them? They knew the Sanskrit but they had become so influenced by the Muslim civilization, that they had become Islamic fight. They were using Islamic language. In many cases, many Hindus came to Islam because of the beauty of Islamic culture and Islamic
tradition. In India at the time during the Mughals, I cannot paint all the mobiles as the same because there were different different kings did different things at different times in different places. Right. But generally speaking, the Mughals had a very positive impact on the Indians. You know, I can talk about the Taj
I can talk about the Red Fort, I can talk about the mobile monuments and the buildings and the art on tombs, and the calligraphy and, you know, illumination of buildings and all that I can talk about that. But the real achievement of the Mughals in India was they tolerance towards the masses.
The coexistence of the Muslims and the Hindus and the others. Under the Mughal rule, the Mughals provided that justice, that stability of state, it wasn't perfect, it was never perfect, because those times were chaotic. Wars, rebellions caused problems. But if you look at the norm, people lived in enough peace to be able to write books like that. And pen krons in the 1000s. This is a Quran again, from the mobile period, handwritten, possibly from the same period of orange zevalin gear or his father, shajahan 1000s of them were penned in this at this point in this period. So a lot of these things when we look at them, and I recommend strongly a book written by a scholar
called Audrey truck, she has written a book titled
The culture of encounters
Sanskrit at the mobile court, or in the mobile court, or culture, or the culture of encounters Sanskrit at the mobile court. And another book she has written, which is a short book on one of the Emperor's in whose reign this particular manuscript was penned, or observed lm gear, who was the most Islamic mobile King, Islamic, you know, he was the most Islam observant King in the Mughal history, and he was the man responsible for building the bachi Mosque in Lahore, which was the largest mosque in the world until other mosques are made later on right. And he was also responsible for compiling al fatawa oliguria also known as Al fatawa, Allah Hindi India, okay. The largest
collection of hanafy
jurisprudential opinions in one Compendium is alpha towel India compiled by the orders of orange Zeb alum gear. So, a lot of contributions can be talked about.
If we talk about points, the list is so vast if we talk about all the language for example, later on we are valid and will do point we had mirror Okay, even today, if you look at the Indian language in India spoken by the Hindus, it is heavily influenced by Muslim vocabulary Muslim dress code Muslim culture for that matter, this cannot be taken away from India.
So, the Muslim civilization in India achieved hugely positive things for the Indians and Indian.
If we were to look at the books
and if we were to look at the literary works produced by Muslims throughout the eight century of rule or even seven century of rule seven centuries of rule, we cannot possibly cover all these aspects of Muslim civilization in a short lecture of one hour. Now, we need a lecture series on every single aspect for example, Muslim poetry in India, Muslim theology in Indian Muslim philosophy in India, Muslim science in India mostly Muslim military tactics or military skills in India, Muslim contribution to Indian architecture Muslim contribution to the intellectual development of Indian
intellectuals Muslim contribution to the freedom movement against the British East India Company and later on the British Empire.
Well, I the list is so long that we cannot possibly Muslim freedom fighters. Kings like to Busan tippu Sultan. Again, this is another lecture in itself. The man was killed in battle in 1799 against the East India Company forces. And he was so sophisticated that his name is among one of the inventors of rockets.
If you go to the American rocket Institute, if that's what it's called, he will see his name among one of the inventors. People search on Google when you go home. This is your homework, Tipu Sultan t busulfan. Very little known to Muslims outside of India unfortunately, a very powerful figure to remember he will
No less than photon. Salahuddin Allah UV no less when you study his history. He was a master diplomat. His diplomacy was absolutely amazing. He sent emissaries to Thomas Jefferson. You know, Thomas Jefferson is
the author of the Declaration of Independence 1776 he was sent, he sent emissaries to the Turkish Sultan. He sent emissaries to the French King, Louie the 16th and then after that to Napoleon Bonaparte, why, because he wanted to liberate India from the British East India Company, because the British East India Company was bleeding India dry, who says so, it was often not I that British officers working within the East India Company themselves. There is a book written at that time.
It was published in 1772.
And the book was titled, The British transactions in Bengal, the British transactions in Bengal, it was published by William bots, Bo LTS William bots, he exposed the business of the East India Company in three provinces of India, which were occupied by the British and the British went to India as traders. During the Mughal period,
they came when the Mongols were at the peak, the peak of the power the moguls are the most powerful political entity in the world. Starting from an emperor called jalala Dean Muhammad Akbar, then his son,
Jonathan, no routine john here, then his son Shahabuddin.
shahjahan, the builder of Taj Mahal,
and then his son, Aurangzeb alamgir. These four kings they witnessed or they saw,
or the facilitated the peak of the Indian
Empire in the world during the reign nearly the during the narrative nearly 50 years reign of orangevale. I'm here, from 1658 to 1707, India was the richest country in the world. It has been never so rich, before and after. An orange a volunteer is the most maligned Muslim king in Indian history, because of his because of his Islam, but he made India a formidable power, never before India witnessed so much power 24% of global GDP 24% of global GDP was in India during the reign of orangevale and gear, this is all powerful India was he was the richest man in the world. And yet, he would sleep on a mat.
He memorized the Quran after he became the Emperor, when he was over 40 years old. He would write the Quran in his own hand.
And he would deliver justice personally.
For his subjects, when he would hear one of his sons or one of his cousins or one of his relatives is abusing power, he would personally get involved and he would have
So orange a volume give us that. But then after his death in 77, within 50 years of his death, the Mughals went downhill immediately, the succeeding emperors or a bunch of, you know, weaklings, they were busy in debauchery, they were, you know, having fun, the harms, the singing and dancing, the smoking of shisha hookah, all of that this is what they were busy in. Okay. And then political power was lost in 1757, the British fought a war against the Mughal then defeated them, and then they woke up to the potential of India, they realize that they can possibly own India, in their wildest dreams, these merchants working for a company or trade company called the British East India
Company, they could never imagine that they will one day become the masters of India, the richest country in the world, what Britain is today, what Britain is today is one of the richest countries in the world, right?
A huge a huge proportion of the British wealth or the gold reserves of the Bank of England. A huge part of it comes from India. I tell you that without hesitation Okay, if you don't believe me, read
The Book of Shashi Tharoor titled The dark Empire, the dark Empire, okay, Shashi Tharoor.
So, the British came to power in 1757. And slowly and gradually by plotting by planning, which anyone would do, we can't blame them for that, okay British East India Company wanted to get his hands on power and own India, which they successfully did. They could not claim, however, ownership of India until this man called people's will turn was killed in 1799. Why he was killed? Who was he? What are his achievements? Please,
either listen to my lecture on him on YouTube, the biography of TiVo Sultan or read a book on him, called the tiger of my soul by Kate brittle bank, Kate brittle bank
antipasto, Tom was the last giant standing in India until he was Bhutan was alive. The British could never claim racial
or cultural or religious or political superiority over the native Indians.
It was only in the 1820s, after a typical pattern was killed, and Muslim political power was removed completely from the Indian landscape.
Then the British would claim racial superiority, then racism
could be could be seen in the government policies. It could be seen how communications were done between the British I recommend two books strongly two books strongly to understand this point by a British author. His name is William Dalrymple, William Dalrymple, has written two books on this very topic to understand what I'm talking about read white moguls, white models, by William Dalrymple, and the last model by the same author, and you will get the end of the Muslim Empire or Muslim civilization in the Indian subcontinent. And what remains of the Muslim civilization in the Indian subcontinent, politically speaking is Pakistan.
Pakistan is a nuclear power. And Pakistan is,
you know, in political rivalry against India, unfortunately, we don't want to see this. Pakistani leaders and leadership has made it amply clear that they do not want war with India. They don't want hostilities with India rather they want a relationship of friendship. They want friendliness, of friendship with India, not hostility and war. And the story continues. The story continues. Thank you so much for listening with Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.
do apologize for the long lecture, we will do a short q&a and if it needs to be long, then we will prolong it until the battery of my phone dies. We can continue Yes, please.
Okay, before you go, everyone, I have some artifacts here for your
perusal. These are some of the Koran pages from the Mughal period, they are calligraphy from the Mughal period, okay, there are three to 400 years old, they from the Mughal period, they are original, right? So these are basically what 10 pounds each. Okay, we're giving them away so that we can use this money for protecting and conserving
and accumulating more manuscripts like this. This is what we're doing with manuscripts. This is my private project. Okay, funded by me, owned by me, what I'm doing is I'm acquiring these manuscripts, some from our friends and ancestral library. I'm trying to preserve them and some from other sources, right? And we get them bound. We get them bound like this in leather, and we get them conserved where this worm damage we get it repaired. So this prolongs the life of amending a manuscript like this for maybe three to four centuries again, okay, and they will survive hopefully, likewise, this Quran if you saw it when we acquired it, you wouldn't believe it is the same Quran.
So this is the the project we're spending the money on, and I have some mobile coins on the mobile period, right? So you can look at those and even this Quran, this Quran, if anyone is interested in it, let me know inshallah, inshallah. We will use these funds in this project to conserve to protect Muslim heritage inshallah, in the form of manuscripts and numismatics. Thank you continue, please.
Thank you very much.
of India with the Portuguese. So they came, they colonize the western side. Oh, God. Yeah, yes.
Let me let me answer that question very quickly. Okay, Portuguese were a maritime power. They were very, very strong in sea activity. They were expert Seaman. They were, you know, they were involved in piracy. They were gangsters of the sea. And because there are experts of that science,
you see, some some, some fields do not. They cannot be mastered by money, and gold and silver, they are mastered by experience. The Portuguese had huge experience in maritime activity. So they took full advantage of it. And they occupied these coastal cities of India. And they were effectively insignificant for the Mughals. Mughals didn't care about those cities. And that's why they left the Portuguese in the little circles. Like the City of God today, right? later on. The British fought them and reduced the territory even more, you know, they were Dutch in India, they tried their luck. And the British fought them away. The French were they the French colonies in India, right? And they
were driven away by the British. So
the Muslims would not fight them because they were, you know, in they had strong naval experience.
And the moguls never put enough emphasis on building.
A Yes, eventually, it was the English who shrunk
the Portuguese territory, not the Mongols. The Mongols didn't really care about them.
the Omanis. Okay, now, that's the history I'm not aware of. That's the history I'm not aware of. So the Omanis, we're fighting the Portuguese, yes. Okay. I'm not aware of that history, so I wouldn't be able to talk about that.
Right. Ottomans fought for the Portuguese and, and, you know, in 1571, there was a huge battle, the Battle of lepanto, which the Ottomans lost Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent are Solomon cannone, he fought this battle against the joint naval fleets of Europe. You know, there were there were French, you know, there, the Spanish, the Portuguese, all of them joined hands against the Ottomans, and the Ottomans lost. And they recovered, although, that the value of that battle was highly exaggerated by European historians at the time, but it was not as significant because the Ottomans recovered soon after, right. So the moguls were not a naval power. They were not a naval power. In fact, even for
Hajj journeys. They depended on the Portuguese.
Yes, that's the problem. Anyone? Can Can you come back your question?
Yeah, if anyone Yes, please go ahead. We'll take turns and challenging. Yes.
If you want to read an introduction on the moguls, FF Richards, F. F. Richards. The most the book is called another book I would strongly recommend if you if you need to know how mobile
you know, Royal households worked. Then a mobile princess by moniece. Farooqi. monese Farooqi, mobile princess. Okay. These are recent books. And Audrey tragics. Okay, order truck order a Ud REYTRUCSHK. He is a very strange name. But she's an American scholar and she's she's she has received a lot of hate towards her on Twitter. She's a warrior. She's a warrior. She's not a Muslim, by the way. She's an academic from the US. He's teaching at one of the American University. And she receives tons of hate every single day on Twitter, from India, because she paints the Muslim history as as a positive thing, you know,
old red trash
t RUCSHK e.
ch. k truck. Yeah, she's on Twitter.
As well by the way, you go and check your Twitter you'll see what she goes through every day. She recently lectured in India, she was heckled by the crowd. And then there were there was another side which was protecting or defending her. So, India is going through a very, you know,
revisionist, I mean, there are two groups in India now, though the, the the BJP, the, you know the extreme right wing, extremist Hindu, Hindu to our side and the other side is the secular, educated,
enlightened side as well. Yes, anyone? Yes, please.
also interested in manuscripts
private libraries, and all the Arabic in Arabic, have they been published, like,
keeping knowledge as they are
not published. You see, the first step is to protect them, preserve them, conserve them. That's the first step. And then publishing comes later. The first thing we are struggling with is to protect them to somehow protect them against destruction. Okay, and the oldest we have maybe 800 years old, in our personal library, our ancestral library because we I inherited a lot of books. In Arabic In Arabic is a book on thick.
Then we have Korans very old, what six to 700 100 years old. So we know from the hot from the from the writing, we know that these are all came from the paper as well, you can tell. And so we have a number of books from that period.
Many haven't been published, to be honest with you, I don't even know what's there. My ancestral library haven't fully gone through it. There's a lot my ancestors acquired a lot of books, they have left them behind for us and we want to take care of them. And there are others we can we know people who have lived libraries who have these books, we buy these books from them as well and try to preserve them. Yeah, this is what we do.
Anyone else? No more questions. Yes, please.
Sorry, what was I talking about?
Lm gear olum gear or en zaib lm gear.
A You are a G ra NGA you are a YOU ARE A and G Zed Eb oron zabe alum give is a second name a m g IR Google him and you will see what it is. Yes. Okay. Anyone else? Yes.
which system is that?
No, no. I mentioned I mentioned common error dates. I mentioned the the common error. You know the
Gregorian calendar dates. Yeah. I didn't mention that Islamic dates, because most Unfortunately, most students here wouldn't be able to appreciate the Islamic dates because we are not Islamic. You're trained unfortunately. This is the problem we are facing. We need a revival of Islamic dates. Yes, we need it. Yes. Yes. Yes. And?
Yes. In the English books. Yes.
All of them use Islamic deaths.
Even this manuscript written by a Hindu, the date he writes the Islamic data because the British haven't yet come to power in India. It was after colonialism. And the rise of Western imperialism, when the common error date became universal. Before that the Islamic history date was the date of the world. That was the system which was used by the most educated people in the world. And then when Muslim civilization lost its political, Germany or political influence in the world, that's when the commoner dead came on top. Yes. Anyone else?
Okay, thank you so much for listening. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.