Adnan Rashid – Making of The Muslim Civilization

Adnan Rashid
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AI: Transcript ©
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So history is one of the most powerful arguments Allah uses in the Quran to teach the believers what they need to know. So you learn from the past

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so that you can have a prosperous present, and

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a potentially successful future. If you don't learn from the past, you will continue to repeat the mistakes people made in the past. So in order to avoid pitfalls,

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Allah subhanaw taala uses the history of previous nations and people who lived before us to teach us again, Allah reminds us all we will name is Blanca regime. This will let Amanda Rahim

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* autauga Hadith Musa.

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Has the news of Musa reached you. For example, Allah talks about no Allah Salam. Allah talks about OD and Mahmoud

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Alam Taraki for for Allah rabuka bayaud Rama muda Tila remod Allah T lum yoke lock Miss Lou Halfhill Bella was a Moodle, Latina Java Sakura Bill Awad, ALLAH is talking about these events and these people and they deeds so that you understand that people who came before you were very powerful, very influential, and achieved great things. When you look at the pyramids, when you look at Petra in Jordan, how people carved mountains with bare hands.

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And Allah talks about these achievements, and tells us that most of them were deniers, they denied Allah, they took pride in the achievements, and then they perished. Without a Trace, the monuments remained for you to take a lesson from them. You think you're powerful, you think you're clever, you think, you know, they were a lot more powerful and a lot more able than we may be today.

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Because they did everything manually. They had to work hard, they had to think extra.

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Today, everything is easy for us. So Allah uses them as an example in the Quran to teach us that learn from them. Don't repeat their mistakes, and where prophets did great deeds,

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virtuous things, honorable things, repeat them, follow them. So follow the examples of the prophets and Allah shows them as models in the Quran at the same time, for a bruh. For lessons. Allah shows us previous nations who perished. That's why history is so important.

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This is why history is so important. Allah uses it as a very powerful argument in the Quran, to make his case for humanity, to teach humanity 30% of the Quran, how can possibly Nora history we know slums? Generally speaking, I'm not talking about exceptions, because I know there are exceptions in this very audience, not talking about exceptions, generally speaking, we have completely lost

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our touch with our history, we have lost our history, in the sense that I can prove that is very intense. If I was to ask basic questions about the life of the prophet Sallallahu Sallam you will see most people will not know the answers, they pray, they fast some of them go for Hajj. We, you know we do all the basic things in Islam. But when it comes to knowing the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and his legacy, very few will actually understand it. Because in order to understand something, you have to know it. And if you don't know it, you won't understand it. And the Hadith I narrated in the beginning, where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam stated that you will not truly

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believe you will not truly believe until I Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam become more beloved to you than your parents, your children and all of mankind put together you cannot possibly love anyone else more than the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as a believer, because if you will love the Prophet, you will respect him

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and you will follow him. If you don't love him, you will struggle to follow him. And you cannot love Him UNTIL you KNOW Him or know he sacrifices.

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So the people who knew him, they gave their lives for him

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to protect him because they understood the man. They knew what he stands

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for what he has brought so in the Battle of Ahad when the prophets Allah salaam his life was threatened. He was surrounded by the Qureshi who were attacking him. Spears, arrows, swords, stones, dust, anything that came into the hands they were throwing at the Prophet Salah Salem, seven, seven Ansari, seven people from Medina who had promised to protect the Prophet sallallahu wasallam with their lives, gave their lives while protecting the Prophet sallallahu Sallam given one hour another pilot bellied Rhodiola one who was not yet Muslim, when he was attacking the Muslims and the Qureshi is had realized where the prophet was. They said, Okay, let's do this finish this once and for all

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finish this, okay, Kay Mohammed Salah Salem, and this is it. The war or the battle will be over. Right? So they all rushed to that place. One after another seven Ansari willingly gave their lives in the feet of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they became a shield. They were receiving swords, arrows, spears willingly, deliberately knowing well, what they're doing on their bodies to save the man they loved more than their lives. And when all seven of them fell to

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migrators of two people from monka palha been Obaidullah and sa had been away because they remained with the province of Salem, and even they got injured, severely injured protecting the province alone. So why am I telling you this, so that we understand how he was loved. And he was loved to an extent where people would give their lives to protect him SallAllahu sallam, so we cannot possibly love the Prophet salaallah Salam without knowing him. So we are in His love, we have to know him and his history and what he did for us Salatu Salam on that note, I will move forward. What am I talking about today, I will be talking about the making of the Muslim civilization. It is going to be a tour

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de force as they say, through the history of Islam, and I cannot possibly discuss all of it, but I will give some

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very powerful content to you for you to ponder upon for you to think about for you to contemplate so that you can actually see how magnificent and how powerful our history is and why we need to study it more. Inshallah. So the topic I am addressing today is making of the Muslim civilization. So what is the Muslim civilization? The Muslim civilization is the civilization caused by the rise of Islam.

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The Arabs, before Islam were semi barbarians or semi civilized how, however you want to see it, they will not fully civilized

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in the eyes of the Byzantines and the Persians who surrounded them. They lived in the desert. They lived off the desert. Right? They were traders, they were farmers, and they were shepherds. Then comes a prophet preaches to him. And then lo and behold, them minds switch. Something happens to them, they get some kind of injection. Right? And, historically speaking, they become incredible hulks, not literally having metaphorically to give you an example, right? Something happened to them after the revelation of this book. Something happened within Arabia that conditioned these very ill equipped people to do wonders absolutely amazing things. For example.

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The Quran tells us

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that at Allah promises to those who believe among you talking directly to the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

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Although we live in a chatango regime is when later on Rahim wa the Allah Allah the nominal income were Amyl asylee heart layer stuck leaf unknown fill or camasta falafel Allah Xena Min tably him it is a promise of Allah to those who believe among you, and do righteous deeds that Allah will grant you succession in the land like He granted it to those who came before you. So amazingly, the Quran makes a claim that so long as you believe and do righteous deeds, you will take the land, okay. And when this verse was being revealed,

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the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the primary audience of the Quran, were some of the poorest people in the world, some of the poorest and some of the least able people in the world to do what the Quran was proclaiming. Some of them came to the Prophet Allah salaam asking questions. Your Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is

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are pretty acceptable in one piece of cloth.

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And the professor sudden was surprised at the question

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our liquid LUCAM for ban, he responded SallAllahu Sallam that do you all have two pieces of cloth? So what does that mean? That means that most of them were praying on one piece of cloth. This is a poor they were and the Quran is telling them you will take the word, okay? The prophets Allah Salam is surrounded

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by a coalition of armies. This is why it's called as wattle Zab. And when he when they're digging the ditch for the defense, they don't know what's gonna happen. Right? A rock emerges and profit is called to break the rock because they couldn't break the rock. So promises are struck, struck the rock three times and a spark emerged. Each time he struck the rock and he said, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar three times and the third time the rock shattered. So the Sahaba Astilleros, Allah spark and Allahu Akbar at the same time, what does this mean? The Prophet said, the first spark, Allah gave me a glad tiding of a victory over the Arabs, okay, they can't even go to the

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toilet. They are so fearful these companions of the promises to them, that they don't know what's gonna happen tomorrow, because the largest coalition ever assembled in Arabia was coming to fight them. And that's why they were digging a ditch around Medina, right? Then the second Spark is basically for

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predicting or prophesying,

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a victory over the Byzantines. And the third spark was to tell us that you will be victorious against the Persians. So the Prophet in a state of fear, when they don't know what's going to happen tomorrow, he's telling his companions that this will happen. And because they love the Prophet, and they trust him, and they believe in Him, they believe it, even though this was an absolutely incredible news, too incredible for anyone with weak demand to believe.

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And they believed it. So it's like me walking

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to a village in

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I don't want to offend anyone, but I'll use maybe one of the poorest countries in the world is Burundi. Right? Let's use Burundi to be safe. Yeah. So you walk into a village in Burundi. And these people are dressed in I've seen with my own eyes, by the way, some of these people in this East African country, which which is one of the poorest countries in the world, right? You walk and people are dressed in rags and rags, they don't have complete clothes to wear. Okay. You walk up to them, and you say that we say to you tell them you will defeat China, Russia. And let's say that, okay, the US three superpowers. What do you think they will do to you?

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Who wants to help me? What do you think they will do to you?

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They will call Yeah.

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They will laugh at you natural, natural reaction, or they will think that you are?

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Yeah, you're not right in the head. Yeah. Because it's so incredible. What the Prophet was telling the Arabs was no short of that was nothing less than that. Because the Byzantines and the Persians were incredibly strong. They were the superpowers of the world. And another companion Rasul Allah says, and how do I know this that they were shocked at this? I'd even heard them was another companion of the Messenger of Allah Salah Salem. He was walking with the professor Loisel. So the Prophet was speaking with him. He was a Christian previously, he was the son of hottie Mapai how the Mapai was man known for his generosity in it within the Arabian Peninsula. So it was walking with

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the professor salaam, and the Prophet told him, RD, you will see that a woman will write a beast on her own and she will come to the karma make tawaf around the Kaaba, he will come from Hera, northern Iraq, and she will go back unmolested, insecurity, they will be so much security due to Islam.

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you will have so much wealth that people will you won't have anyone to claim it. You won't have anyone poor in your society, in other words,

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and then the most incredible predictions SallAllahu Sallam the Prophet made that you will conquer the treasures of Kisara now when are they heard? That is a Whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, hold on. You're talking about kiss Robin Hormoz. Literally, the words in the Hadith are there in Sahil Bukhari, right? Yasser Allah kiss Robin Hormoz. Jani, is it some other kisser? Are you talking? Are you talking about the same

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said kiss Robin Hormoz. Absolutely. And Adi heard this and then he testifies in this very same report that I was there when the Persian capitals telephone medallion was conquered and the treasures of Kisara came into the hands of the Muslims. And I saw a woman with my own eyes come alone and make the offer on the cover and go back in security. Right. And I am sure if I live long enough, the third prediction will be fulfilled and that happened in the time of Ammerman Abdelaziz Renata Lila when they were announcing Is there anyone to claim zakat or charity? No one. So

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the point is the prophets Allah solemn, foretold this, the Quran foretold this and 1300 years before the Prophet was born, this was foretold that this incredible event will take place, the expansion of Islam,

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the creation of what we call the Muslim civilization, the Islamic civilization, okay, it will take place. So if you go to the Bible, the Old Testament, and we believe the Bible is not entirely corrupt. We believe there are still remnants of the truth in it. We believe some passages within the Bible are still originally revelation.

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The wording is not we don't have the wording of moosari Salam or Rizal Islam, we don't have the wording, but we do have the message transmitted through different languages. So we have the translations of the translations of the translations of the translations, right. But the message has survived, even though it has been altered multiple times. So in the book of Isaiah chapter 42, It foretells the coming of a prophet king, a messianic figure is a prophecy for the future. And it describes certain qualities, certain characteristics of this individual who is he For example, He will be a chosen one of God.

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Islands will wait for his law, the word in Hebrew is torah. It is a Torah coming after Moses, because Prophet Isaiah lived somewhere around eighth century BC, after Moses. So this is a law coming after the law of Moses, He will come as a light for the James will not come for Jewish goal, but this one, this messianic figure, this prophet, King is coming from the old world, you will come as a lie to Gentiles.

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And he will spread judgment in the earth, He will establish justice, in other words on the land, and

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he will take people out of darkness and bring them to light. He will take people out of out of dark dungeons and he will bring them to light and he will put idol worshipers to shame Allah He I'm quoting word by word. Okay, you can go and check Isaiah 42 Chapter for it, the book of Isaiah chapter 42. He will put idol worshippers to shame. He will be a messenger of God, he will triumph against his enemies, his enemies will not be able to defeat him. And the most important part where the geography is told is verse 11. Where it is said let the villages of K dar rejoice.

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Let them sing a new song from the top of the mountains. Let the inhabitants of Mount Salah celebrate, okay, where are these places? Where are the villages of K DAR? So when you go to the book of Genesis, where the list of the sons of Ismail la Salaam is given, pick $1 In the Arabic language, okay dar in the English language is the second son of his Malay salaam, and according to one of the genealogies of the professor salaam, we have received in the books of history, in the books of Syrah. LADAR was one of the direct descendants of the professor so of course the Prophet descended from his mind in Islam, we know that for a fact from so he reports. So gaydar

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was one of the ancestors of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So, this is a direct geographical reference to the provinces. So, now where is Mount salah,

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Mount salah, in the English language it is spelt with se la and in the Arabic language is saw lamb Aina Salah when you google it Moundsville as in Medina, even today mount salah, you will see it will show you the Google map if you you know go on that and you will see Mount Salah as in Medina. So these are specific references to an Arabian Prophet emerging somewhere in the future sometime in the future. He was some to do with the Arabs because they dar was the father of some Arabian tribes later on they became the Qureshi is right. So this is a very direct reference to

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Prophet Kingdom messianic figure who will do all these things one of them will be his law will be applied across islands. His law will spread throughout the world in other words, and he will put justice on the land. Now the question is Did this happen? This prophecy specifically does not fit anyone but the prophet of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam doesn't fit anyone, because he's coming as a light for Gentiles. And he will put law, Torah in Hebrew, which means a way of life, a system throughout the world. This cannot be Jesus. And this is not of the Israelite prophets. This is an Arabian Prophet who will do all of this, okay? Now look at the life of the prophet Sallallahu

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sallam, the Prophet salallahu Salam having forward hold all of this again. And for all of us again.

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The Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away in the year 630 To see exactly a century later in the year 730 To see where do you think the Muslims were? Who's going to tell me

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okay, very good

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okay, very good. So let me expand on that. In the year 732.

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Muslims were 500 miles from London, the City of London in Britain. They were in northern France, a battle took place in northern France, France called the Battle of Tours of the Battle of weitere. Okay, and Muslims were in northern France. And it is said that some of the top baleen some of the students of the Sahaba were there they are buried in France, some of them Yeah, but it in France

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these are the people who invaded France. Okay. All

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right. So, my point confirmed that these people were found

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in France,

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in the West, in the east, Muslims or in northern China. Okay. And in the Indian subcontinent, the Muslims are already in the prince of Sindh, and they are reached as far as Karachi, Pakistan, Matan the city of Milan, which is in the Punjab province. Now, this was the largest territory taken by any one group of people to date.

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I repeat that this was the largest territory taken by any one group of people to date with the application of one system. Throughout this land system. One or the law of Islam was applied from Spain, from northern Spain or Northern France, Muslims did not settle in France, they settled in Spain. So Muslims took almost 70% of Spain within four years. Right. So from Spain to China, all of this land was taken and the law was applied. Even in English historian called Bede, the venerable writing in 731. See, he writes that the Saracens have arrived in France, very close to us. So he's an Anglo Saxon historian. This is before there was England. He's writing in England in Britain, and

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he noticed that the Muslims, the Arabs have arrived in France. So why am I telling you this? This is to show you that that prophecy made in Isaiah 42, and then in the Quran, and then through the mouth of the prophet Sallallahu sallam, it was fulfilled. Okay, now, this is our response as Muslims how this cosmic event took place with such speed. In such a short span of time, these people took so much land as if a knife is going through butter. It wasn't like that, of course, we don't look at history in that reductionist way. But within a century, all of this land was taken. And this was the largest territory taken by any one group of people in human history, even more than the Romans,

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Alexander the achieved in such short time, and this was to stay. This civilization remained. So the Muslim answer is it was foretold by Allah. There is a prophecy in Isaiah 42

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There is a prophecy in the Quran in chapter 24, verse 35, the Prophet Muhammad, Allah Islam said it multiple times that this will happen and therefore it happened. But historians don't accept that. They don't accept that explanation that metaphysic metaphysical, or, you know, what do you call it? supernatural explanation that oh, this was foretold by God. Let's take God out of the equation. Let's talk about the actual physical events on the ground. Why did the Muslims take all of this and to this day, and I'm not exaggerating. I'm a historian by profession to this day, Western historians, they are still struggling to understand this phenomenon called the early Islamic

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conquest or the early Islamic expansion. And I can give you names Lawrence Conrad, he has written on it. Hardly any firm conclusions have been drawn about early Islamic conquest. Carol Hillenbrand, writing for the Cambridge University, she writes that a much ink has been spilled on this phenomenon called early Islamic conquest, but hardly any conclusions have been drawn. And the Arabs had no special weapons to achieve all of this. So historians still they are baffled. How did it how they did this? What are the historians, however, in the late 19th century who was responding to some of the orientalist writing for Colonial establishments in India, in particular, this author this

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historian was Professor Thomas Arnold. He was one of the teachers of the famous poet called Muhammad Akbar. Do you know Muhammad Iqbal? Who knows Muhammad Iqbal, Ki Mohammed Zophar Tonetta homme de la Johan cheese Hakka mashallah, you know him. Okay. So, the Cabal was a very powerful, very charismatic and very moving kind of poet who wrote in Persian in Urdu and in Arabic, very impressive, a very important point in the history of not only the subcontinent, but then in the history of Islam. Okay. So he was a muhfucka. He was a thinker, and one of his teachers when he was a young man studying at government college Lahore, was a man called Professor Thomas Arnold, this

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was the colonial period, the British ruling India at the time, he was teaching at this college. So he being a fair person, a just person had realized that a lot of his companions, his fellow historians and scholars, were painting the history of the Muslim civilization with a very negative brush deliberately tarnishing the history of Islam, in particular in India, looking at the history of the daily Sultanate and the Mughals and painting it as a barbaric period. And a wider Muslim civilization was painted with a negative brush and accusation that Islam was simply spread by the sword all these people became Muslims, because Islam was, you know, sword was used to spread Islam.

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So he decided to put the record straight. He goes back to Britain spends years in the British Library, and he starts reading the history of Islam, early history of Islam, he knew the Arabic language, learned the Arabic language, and he started studying some of these prime ministers. And the result was his Magnus open, called the preaching of Islam in 1896, right, this book was published in 1896, the first edition, right? And then the second edition was published in 1913. Expanded edition in this book, he basically debunked all these theories put forward by Oriental and genuine colonial propagandists that Islam was somehow a powerful, a powerful force for tyranny and

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oppression. He argued to the contrary that Islam was actually one of the best things that happened to human history. He taught us really why Muslims spread so fast they took these lands so rapidly is because now coming now, this is the climax Okay, we're coming to the climax. Now pay attention. This is going to really when you look at the evidence, I have to share today Inshallah, that he stays the reason why Islam expanded as a power so rapidly in this short span of time is because the locals, the indigenous people of these lands, they welcomed the Muslims as liberators. Having heard about Muslim justice and compassion. They welcome the Muslims Muslim impression Muslim profile went before

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them. People had heard about them. And in many cases, the people who were opening the gates for the Muslims are welcoming the Muslims as liberators. We're doing this against their CO religionists, like Christians in the Syrian territory and in the territory of Egypt. Both of these people, people from these territories were Christians and the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire that was ruling there was also a Christian by

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It was following a different denomination and and it was trying to force the Byzantines we're trying to force day version of Christianity upon the masses of Egypt and Syria. And this was one of the biggest reasons why they handed over the land to the Muslims on a platter.

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Literally, and this were Thomas Thomas Arnold State's first time in the Muslim derived in Damascus. What happened was, the people saw these scruffy looking people with, you know, dust all over them dirty clothes, camels, you know, and the people of the Byzantine territory were, you know, educated, civilized Bookly people, you know, they looked at these people from the walls, these are okay, these guys look like cannibals. Right? They we don't know what they're going to do to us. So they resist it. Long story short, half the city is taken by force. The other half is taken by treaty. The people of Damascus now come to see the real behavior of these Muslims are these people scruffy looking

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people from the desert. So Muslims, tell them live in peace. No one will be harmed. So long as you pay your tax, that Jizya tax. And you may remain in your in your churches, the Christians cannot fight each other. You keep your churches live in peace. So now that happened, but then Emperor Heraclius, the Roman or the Byzantine emperor, assembled an army of 300,000 men according to sources, and he wants to come and take the land back from the Muslims from the Arabs. Now the Muslims have two choices, who's leading the Muslim armies, in this case, a companion of the Prophet salallahu Salam, Abu Zubaydah been the law, you know him, he is the leader of the army. So now he's

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facing two choices. You're not getting bored, are you? Are you sure? Okay. Now, pay attention. Some powerful stuff has come in. So bear the major Ah, he has two choices now, either to fight a siege battle remaining within the city, or fight an open pitch battle near the desert so that if the battle is lost, they can go back to the desert and the Romans will not pursue them. So they decided strategically evacuate the city and leave the city to fight an open page battle. Now when they are leaving, the Christians are in a state of anxiety. Why? Because they found the Muslims to be very generous, compassionate and merciful. Abu Abu Zubaydah commanded his treasurer to return the money

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we have taken from the Christians, the jizya, we took for their protection, now that we can no no longer protect them because we have to leave the city. Right? We return the money we took from them to protect them, we have no right to keep this money. And when did you need this money the most when in a state of war, the he's in a state of war. This is when he needs the money, he can confiscate he can keep it right. But he says give the money back and the Christians cannot believe they cannot believe the eyes and they cannot believe what the seeing. So they pray. Sources tell us they pray that the Muslims come back victorious, not the Romans. Right.

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And Dionysius one of the Roman or Greek historians writing in the ninth century, he writes that Abu Zubaydah returned the money and Muslims went out to fight the battle of yarmuk. The famous battle of yarmuk need another Sahaba fought almost 2000, Romans 4000 Muslims fighting them, right? Lo Behold, the Romans are decimated. They are completely shattered, broken, defeated, never to return to the land of Syria ever again.

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So now the Muslims come back to the city of Damascus. Again, Abu Zubaydah had promised that we are victorious, we'll come back and have the same terms. So this time, Dionysius tells us

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a Christian Greek historian writing in the ninth century, that this time the people of Damascus, open the gates, they came out, showering flowers upon Muslims and thanking Allah crying, thanking God that it is these people who came back, not our core religionist the Byzantines. And Thomas Arnold also talks about all of this in his book, The preaching of Islam, a must book for all of you to read, if you want to read one book on the history of Islam and how Islam expanded. You have to read this book even though it's old, and in some people's opinion, it is outdated. It may be so but the information in it is not outdated information is taken from primary sources right now. Same

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thing happens in Egypt. They go into Egypt on webinars and other companion of the progress of salaam

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Professor Thomas Thomas Arnold tells us and there's another historian called Alfred J. Butler, who has written specifically on the conquest of Egypt published his

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With the Oxford University, he states when Muslims came in the Coptic Christians open the gates for them, welcoming them as liberators, Muslims came in 5000 5000 Muslims went in and took Egypt, all of Egypt.

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And then they went conquering all the way up to Spain. And I have a Jewish historian called Zions. olhar, who is from the US has written authored a book on the Jewish history. He is the title of his book is a history of Sephardic and Mizrahi jewelry. on page nine, he states that when Muslims arrived in Spain, the Jewish people welcomed them as liberated, I'm giving sources by the way, I'm not making this up. Okay, this may be very incredible for you to, you know, it may be too good to be true, but I'm giving references. So all of this happened.

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And this was an expansion on a grand scale.

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And what followed was

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absolutely amazing, a magnificent civilization throughout these lands, and what was the formula? So before I get into the evidence, the very evidence of Muslims doing what they did, they took all this land, however they took it, you can read the details in this book, the preaching of Islam, I want to move forward very quickly to the next point. And that point is the formula, the basic roadmap or the blueprint? Okay, I call it the golden chain of events in the Muslim history. So this is very important for you to pay attention to the golden chain of events in the Muslim history. What is this golden chain of events? It has four locks, every chain has locks, right? It has four locks for

00:36:44 --> 00:37:07

events, number one, number one to summarize how this happened, all of this, this cosmic event, what caused it? And what came of it? Number one, the revelation or the emergence of the Quran, if you are a Muslim, the revelation of the Quran, if you are a non Muslim, the emergence of the Quran, no serious scholar, historian.

00:37:09 --> 00:37:39

doubts that, quote, the Quran was revealed or the Quran emerged in Arabia in the seventh century, no one doubts that we have manuscripts of the Quran, from the very lives of the companions of the Prophet sallallaahu Salam in global libraries. No one doubt no serious scholar historian, doubts the fact that the Quran emerged from the Arabian Peninsula in the seventh century. Okay, that's the first event, the emergence of the Quran for the Muslims the revelation of the Quran.

00:37:40 --> 00:37:41


00:37:42 --> 00:37:54

after this revelation, the second event in this chain of events was a peculiar sense of justice that came from this text.

00:37:56 --> 00:38:22

A sense of justice that came from this text because those who followed the text, those who were conditioned mentally by the text, they came with the system, they brought a system with them every single land or every single piece of land, they took the broader system with them. Okay. Then, from that justice, event number three, or the occurrence number three in the chain was peace.

00:38:24 --> 00:38:40

Justice gave rise to peace. Okay. And once this peace was established, what came afterwards was progress. Now, go backwards with me. You cannot have progress without.

00:38:41 --> 00:38:46

Do you agree? We agree. You can never have progress without.

00:38:48 --> 00:38:48

You agree, right.

00:38:50 --> 00:38:51

So I'll give you an example.

00:38:53 --> 00:39:40

You are working on an essay or on an article or you're trying to prepare a report in your living room? Yes. And there are kids playing around you. They are throwing things at each other. Right, especially if you give them sugar at night. Yeah, they're throwing things around you and there is chaos around you think you will be able to produce a masterpiece. Now, right. So if there is fighting at home, or there is disturbance at home, will you ever produce anything in life? No. That's why peace is so important for progress. There is no peace, no progress, period, full stop. Right? You cannot have peace without justice. If there is no justice, you will not have peace. And

00:39:40 --> 00:39:46

in our case, when it comes to the Islamic civilization and achievements, there can be no justice without

00:39:48 --> 00:40:00

Quran. So the Quran gave repeat after me the Quran gave and justice gave and peace gave us progress this remember this chain of event

00:40:00 --> 00:40:45

remember this formula, the making of the Muslim civilization how the civilization was created? Right? So the Quran, from the Quran came a system, which promised justice, and from this justice came peace, and from peace came progress, what Muslims experienced later on from Spain, to China, the civilization, the libraries, the institutions, the roads and organized system of policing and militaries and economies and proper economic system that the Muslims brought with them. To an extent that the gold coins of the Muslims are being copied and forged by European kings.

00:40:46 --> 00:40:57

In he went about his ruling, French and English kings are copying the Muslim currency. Have you heard of a U bar? 3d? Anyone?

00:40:59 --> 00:41:02

Uh, you have really? If you move back, Stan, you would know him?

00:41:03 --> 00:41:04


00:41:06 --> 00:41:19

Thank you. He was a drug baron. In the outlaw territory in Pakistan, you know, he wasn't living in the board. He was known for one thing for printing dollars.

00:41:20 --> 00:41:41

I don't mean by business by literally in machines. He was producing fake dollars. Why was he doing that? Because dollar is the currency of the day. Right? Dollar is the most acceptable currency. If anyone's going to forge a currency is going to be what? Not that I encourage it. We don't believe in that. Okay.

00:41:42 --> 00:41:58

So for that reason, in the eighth century, European kings like Charlemagne, the great and King of Mercia, because there was no England at the time. And this is what I tell a lot of the British people when I speak with them, Islam was here.

00:42:00 --> 00:42:20

Or things Islamic or Islamic ideas. Those are here for there was England, before there was anything called England or even the English identity, because one of you Anglo Saxon kings called offer who ruled from 756 to 796 was minting coins with Muhammad Rasulullah

00:42:21 --> 00:43:09

sallallahu wasallam. And if you don't believe me just Google offer dinner this Google offer Oh, FFA dinar okay, you will see the images of this dinar, which is Mohamed, so they were copying the Muslim currency, because that was the economic might the strength of the Muslims throughout the Mediterranean region and all the way up to Central Asia, the basket gold was rarely acceptable in the whole world. This is only the economy, but when it comes to libraries, institutions, people studying science and philosophy and poetry and, and theology and no script, Hadith, and the Quran, and people are indulging in subjects never researched before in human history when people say that

00:43:09 --> 00:43:38

the Muslims simply copied from Greeks and the Romans and the Persians and just gave it to the world. No, this is a lie. This is a lie. Muslims produced their own independent research. So this was the progress part. Okay, this was the progress. But before we get to that, now the question is, did Muslims actually bring justice and we will go to our presentation, I want to present some evidence very quickly and see what Muslims brought with them.

00:43:43 --> 00:43:44


00:43:47 --> 00:43:49

yeah, okay, brilliant.

00:43:54 --> 00:44:11

So why is it not changing? Okay. So now, the Justice part, the Quran has been revealed. Muslims are believing in the Quran, the Arabs are already, you know, believers in the Quran, and they have been conditioned, they are convinced that this is the truth and this is the only way to go forward. This is the most

00:44:13 --> 00:45:00

effective way to civilize humanity. Okay. So what what did they do? They come out, and they bring this justice to the world. So how do we know that they promised justice to the people to the inhabitants of the lands that took looking at these treaties, the treaties, Muslims agreed on terms with non Muslims wherever they went. So we have Imam Al Bala Dori, who was a historian writing in the second century of Islam, he, he wrote a book he authored a book titled Sotol. Bolden photocurable done, which means literally the conquest of lands or conquests of lands. In this book, he documents the treaty the Prophet sallallahu Sallam

00:45:00 --> 00:45:42

himself agreed to with the Christians of neuron when they came to debate the prophet in the ninth year of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in Medina, nine Hijiri. They came to the masjid, they stayed in the masjid and you know the details if you do know, it is even mentioned in the Quran in surah Ali Imran the issue of mobile holla when the professor Alvin Allah revealed that if they are truthful, then tell them to bring the women and their families and you bring your families and then invoke the law on the layer. The Christians are not going to do that. We don't want them Ebola. Okay, so give us terms we don't want to believe as yet. But give us terms what we would do the same

00:45:42 --> 00:46:25

time we don't want to face you in mobiola Because what if you are a prophet of Allah? We're finished with despite so these terms were promised and the terms are what the terms when you read them cut the long story short, the treaty reads, can I have the laptop here so that I can read the treaty inshallah? Is that possible? Okay, okay. No problem. So the lives of the people of Nigeria on the property, they churches, the bishops, everything is under the protection of Allah and His messenger. That's what the treaty states right. And nothing will be changed in the conditions they may remain in possession of the churches. And they will live in peace in other words, okay, that's what the

00:46:25 --> 00:47:13

treaty promises can read the feet on the screen, you will see that is owned in for tool, Bolden. Next treaty, we see and I want to give you these treaties from different places at different times promised by different people. So that was the first treaty which I showed you from the Prophet himself for the people in Madras promising protection for the Christians, the churches, the crosses, the bishops, the religion in general, okay, we have no agenda to force you into our religion. Okay, next Jerusalem, the Treaty of Jerusalem, okay, between the Kaylee's Omar bin Hapa or the lawan and the Byzantines patriarch patriarchs Fronius of the city and Imam in Nigeria Tabari in his monumental

00:47:13 --> 00:48:02

history, he documents the text of the Treaty, which can be found in his book and this it states this is the protection with the servant of Allah Ameerul Momineen grants to the people of Palestine. Thus, protection is for the lives property church cross for the healthy and sick and for all the CO religionists in this way that the churches shall not be turned into dwelling houses nor will they be pulled down nor any injury will be done to them or to the enclosure to the enclosures nor to their cross and nor will any in will anything be deducted from their wealth, no restrictions shall be made regarding their religious ceremonies. In other words, the Christians are free to live as they please

00:48:02 --> 00:48:09

according to the religions, we will not do anything, just remain in peace and pay the tax Jizya okay, and you will live in peace.

00:48:11 --> 00:48:57

Then we move fast forward to alanda loose in Spain, okay, we are not talking about maybe 70 years later from the Treaty of Jerusalem. Okay, same behavior, same terms in Underoos. Adil Abdulaziz bin Musa bin Nasir, the son of Musa UNICEF promised these terms to the ruler of seven Christian principalities in Spain and same terms of offered that you may keep your churches, none of you will be kidnapped or tortured or anything like that there will be no oppression against you, right? And you pay a tax which is mentioned in the Treaty on the screen, right same terms offered as you can see the text so I like to talk with substance, you know, as they say, seeing is believing so these

00:48:57 --> 00:49:01

treaties are actually documented in histories. Now.

00:49:03 --> 00:49:40

Now the question is now someone Someone may ask this question. Okay, these treaties and by the way, there are more, there are more you can find in the books of history, but I chose these three as representative examples. So now one may ask this question. Fine, beautiful, these terms are okay. Very nice for those times. And for the medieval period. These are very noble terms, that you are allowing people to keep their religion even though you come from a different religion, and you have the power to change or to brutalize people like the Romans, the Byzantines before you were doing right. But you chose this. This is noble behavior, but was it actually practice is the question was

00:49:40 --> 00:49:59

it actually practiced? Did you even practice it? These treaties were what they implemented were they applied practically speaking. So who do we go to to get the answer would we go to we go to the recipients of these promises, right? We don't go to the ones who are delivering or

00:50:00 --> 00:50:29

promising making promises, we go to the recipients, right? So what do we call the feedback nowadays, when you go to a restaurant, when you go when you travel through an airline, or you know, when you travel with an airline, what happens? Sometimes they give you feedback forms, right? How was our service? Ah, write reviews. How was our service? How was the star? Okay, all those things, right? How was the food? Well, the seats.

00:50:30 --> 00:50:32

Good. Right. And

00:50:34 --> 00:50:35

I think P IA doesn't give those.

00:50:38 --> 00:50:42

And I'll leave it there. Yeah. I'll leave it there. May Allah help

00:50:43 --> 00:50:53

our brothers? I mean, okay. So the purpose is to know how the recipients of the service field, right? You don't go and ask

00:50:55 --> 00:51:26

a steward or the pilot or the staff for the feedback, right? They will never or in case there are exceptions, they might be honest with you. But in most cases, they will say, Oh, yeah, we're fine. We're brilliant. We amazing, right? Yeah. Okay. But you go to the recipient. So the who are the recipients, in this case, the Christians and the Jews? Let's see what the Christians and the Jews had to say about this promise of justice, which came from the Quran. The inspiration came from the Quran. Okay.

00:51:27 --> 00:51:51

No problem. So the inspiration came from the Quran. Right? Now, the promise of justice, by the way, was made in the Quran in chapter four, verse 135, and chapter five, verse eight, Surah, toma, Ada and Surah. Nisa, the promise has been made. Yeah, we have it. Thank you. So the promise was made in the Quran, and it was delivered, or it was again promised. Thank you.

00:51:53 --> 00:52:42

It was again promised by the Muslims, the early Muslims coming to these lands. Now the question is, was it delivered this promise? So now we come to the peace part. Justice has been promised. Let's say it has been applied. Did this justice bring peace? Is the question let's see what the these recipients have to say. Bernard, the wise, was a French Pilgrim, who was travelling through the Muslim lands in the ninth century. Right. And he traveled from France as a pilgrim to Jerusalem to go and see the holy sites. Okay. And he states in his memoirs, the Christians and the pagans are either Muslims, right, the Christians at that time in Europe called us pagans, right, have this kind

00:52:42 --> 00:53:03

of peace between them there that if I was going on a journey and on the way the camel or donkey which boy, my poor luggage were to die, and I was to abandon all my goods without any guardian, and go to the city for another pack animal, when I came back, I would find all my property uninjured. Such is the piece there.

00:53:04 --> 00:53:18

Okay, now, I want you to imagine this. Okay. You leave your precious belongings as the Louis Vuitton bag. Okay, or a Gucci bag in the city of New York on a pavement? What's going to happen?

00:53:19 --> 00:53:21

You don't have to put it on the pavement.

00:53:23 --> 00:53:51

Yeah. Do you agree? And to be fair, Karachi, Cairo wouldn't give us any better, right? Unfortunately, we have to be fair, we have to be just such as the state of the world today. Unfortunately, there is no peace. Okay, there is a promise of justice, but it is not applied. Right. But here, Bernard, the wise in the ninth century, saying, you leave your luggage, you will find it on touch when you return, such as the peace such as the peace in Muslim territory.

00:53:52 --> 00:54:10

Same time, at the same time in the ninth century, the patriarch, the Christian bishop, let's say, of the city of Jerusalem, wrote a letter to his counterpart in the city of Constantinople. And in the letter he states and these by the way, this is all taken from these primary sources, right?

00:54:11 --> 00:54:26

He writes in this letter, the Saracens, ie the Muslims show us great goodwill, they allow our churches and to observe our own customs without hindrance. Now remember, when was the treaty promised? When did the treaty take place?

00:54:28 --> 00:54:59

Yes, in the year 637, C 637. And this was written this letter was written in 869. C. So how much do we have in between this statement and the treaty? 200 years. And yet 200 years later, this Christian patriarch feels and by the way, the letter was written to the to the Patriarch of Constantinople. He wasn't he wasn't writing this to an Arab chief or the mayor of the city or the governor of the city so that you know, he has to praise the Muslims. You

00:55:00 --> 00:55:03

was writing this letter to his counterpart in the Greek language

00:55:05 --> 00:55:10

to to the Patriarch of Constantinople, such as the peace.

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Then Michel, the elder in the 12th century, a Syrian Christian writing, and quoting an earlier source, he writes, For when the city is submitted to the Arabs talking about the early Islamic conquest, they assigned to each denomination, the churches which they found it to be in possession of. And at that time, the great churches of Amissah, and that of Iran had been taken away from us by the Byzantines, because these people were heretics in the eyes of the Byzantines. Nevertheless, it was no slight advantage for us to be delivered from the cruelty of the Romans, their wickedness, their wrath and cruel zeal against us and to find ourselves at peace. That's the word. So now

00:55:55 --> 00:56:28

remember that formula in your minds, the golden chain of events, what is it, the revelation of the then came, and then came, and then came? Progress? We're still at the Peace part. Okay. So now move forward. John, a Greek author writing in Damascus, when Maha via Nadia Lohan is ruling the Muslim Omiya empire, let's say right, he is the Calif. He ruled for 20 years after establishing peace between

00:56:29 --> 00:56:33

Hassan Raja lawan and Malviya. Muslims became united. And then

00:56:34 --> 00:57:13

the process of peace was re established and re initiated. And at that time, a Christian writing in Damascus, John writes, the peace throughout the world was such that we have never heard either from our fathers or from our grandparents or seen that there had ever been any liking. Absolutely amazing peace. Now, these testimonies come from different places, at different times from different people, for different reasons they were writing. But one thing that comes out, glaring at us is this testimony of peace. So the feedback is

00:57:15 --> 00:57:32

then a ninth century Jewish source, it is an anonymous source, and I took this quote from Karen Armstrong's very good history of Jerusalem, she wrote a history of Jerusalem and she quotes the source of an anonymous Jewish source, this Jewish author writing

00:57:34 --> 00:57:55

in Jerusalem, the people in his room in whose hands that temple is played, namely, the Muslims have made it into a choice, excellent and honorable place of worship. They say, let us worship the one God who created heaven and earth, to whom the creatures belong until the coming of the Messiah. And on that day, the true worship will be reviewed and will be acceptable before God.

00:57:57 --> 00:58:42

So this is a Jewish author writing in the ninth century, justifying that Muslims lived in peace. Now move forward, fast forward to Spain, go to another territory in the 11th century, a Jewish rabbi writing in Cordoba in Cordoba, in the 11th century, intend at his name was Bahia in Baku, the he writes, a one of our contemporaries looks for similar miracles. Now, let him examine objectively our situation among the Gentiles, in this case, the Muslims, since the beginning of the diaspora, and the way our affairs are managed, in spite of the differences between us and them both secret and open, we are, we are well known to them. Let him see that our situation, as far as living and

00:58:42 --> 00:59:09

subsistence are concerned, is the same as theirs, or even better in times of war and civil disturbances. You see how both the leaders and their vulgar peasants toil much more than the middle and lower classes among us, according to our Lord's promise contained in the scriptures. So this Jewish rabbi writing in the 11th century, in Spain, in Cordoba is writing that, you know, our living condition is better than the Muslims, we live better than the Muslims, right.

00:59:11 --> 00:59:54

And this is another testimony from a Persian Patriarch in Persia, a Christian Patriarch in Persia, who writes and the Arabs to whom God at this time has given the Empire of the world. Behold, they are among you, as you know, well, and yet they attack not the Christian faith, but on the contrary, they favor our religion do honor to our priests, and the saints of the Lord and confer benefits on churches and monasteries. These are Christian and Jewish testimonies from different places at different times, and from different sources, right. So consistently, you see that the promise the Muslims made was generally delivered. Generally, there may be cases I'm not claiming a utopia, a

00:59:54 --> 00:59:59

perfect coexistence between three Abrahamic faiths and beyond. I'm not claiming any of that.

01:00:00 --> 01:00:39

There was no My Little Pony land. Do you watch Did you watch that cartoon as a child, my little pony, you know the ponies flying around with rainbows and stars falling from the heavens, there was nothing like that never we're not claiming anything like that, we have to be fair, there were periods when disturbances did take place for different reasons right. But generally speaking, the the pattern of Muslim behavior was this what you see in the testimonies This is how people felt after the conquest of Muslim civilization also expansion of the Muslims realization. So now we can see peace was delivered.

01:00:40 --> 01:00:42

After peace comes what

01:00:43 --> 01:00:51

progress before I get to that, I would like to quote and I'm very finishing very soon so that we can get to q&a inshallah.

01:00:53 --> 01:01:47

There there is, or there was an American philosopher historian, his name was Will Durant, he wrote in the 1930s, a monumental history of civilizations. And he put down this history in 10 volumes. And on the first page or the first volume, he defines a civilization as follows. Okay, he states, a civilization is made of four elements, four elements, number one, political stability, number two, economic provisions. Number three, pursuit of knowledge and arts. And number four moral traditions. Okay, these four elements make a civilization, political stability, economic provisions, pursuit of knowledge and arts like educational institutions, and moral traditions you have to be moral, okay,

01:01:47 --> 01:02:37

for a civilization to survive, it has to be moral, okay, it has to have at least two qualities, positive message to deliver or bring about positivity, number one, number two, and it has to deliver on the promise. This is how you judge a civilization. This is when when you look at the Bolshevik Revolution, the communists, the socialists, and the Nazis and the fascists, and now capitalism, you look at what is promised and what is delivered, okay? It's very important, the message has to be positive, the promise has to be positive, and it has to be practically shown to have been delivered. Do you agree? Right. Okay. So when colonial powers came into lands, like India, like Africa, like

01:02:37 --> 01:03:05

all these different places that came with a lot of might a lot of guns, a lot of gunpowder, a lot of strength, and a lot of acumen. Okay, do you agree? So the British went into India, they took parts of Africa, they took even Canada, let's say, Why, what followed? What followed? You want me to tell you you want to read the books? Okay. In case of India, let's say,

01:03:06 --> 01:03:25

there is a book titled in glorious Empire by an Indian author called Shashi Tharoor, he's a politician as well as a historian. Okay, read that book and you will know what happened in India. I'll give you a summary. In 1707, when the last powerful, the most religiously observant

01:03:26 --> 01:03:31

Mughal emperor died, his name was orang Zivame gear. He died in the year 1707.

01:03:33 --> 01:03:53

And at that time, the GDP of India was 24% of the world, India was the richest country in the world, when orange Zavala gave died when the British left India in 1947, India was on 4% on 4%. India had been

01:03:54 --> 01:03:56

you know, drained dry

01:03:57 --> 01:04:36

of everything. In fact, during the Second World War, one of the biggest catastrophes in Indian history took place, the Bengal famine, 4 million Bengalis died on roads. They were corporate corpses all over Bengal. They had no idea how to cater, how to how to deal with this. And Churchill, Winston Churchill was directly behind this, right, the hero of Britain today, who can be found on the back of the five pound note for some reason, okay, Hitler is bad, which he was no doubt. Okay, but why is Churchill a hero?

01:04:38 --> 01:04:59

Because he killed 2 million less people. 2 million less people, right? And many more examples can be given Italians went into, let's say Libya and Ethiopia. Half the population of Libya was killed in concentration camps. During the Italian occupation of Libya. The Germans committed a genocide in Namibia.

01:05:01 --> 01:05:06

The Belgians committed a genocide in Congo in the Congo. Sorry.

01:05:08 --> 01:05:18

And during the Boer War, the British committed atrocities in South Africa. And in Kenya, they were concentration camps where hundreds of 1000s of people were killed.

01:05:20 --> 01:05:24

Algeria, the French occupation of Algeria, you name it?

01:05:26 --> 01:05:26


01:05:29 --> 01:06:11

1.5 million people in seven years, I've been told. Okay, the list goes on. There's a lot of there's a lengthy list of this mission civilizing. Because these colonial powers when they came into these lands, what did they say? What was the rhetoric? What was the idea? We are coming in to civilize the savages? Yes or no, we are coming into civilize the savages, right. And even in this case, Canada, you know, the indigenous, the First Nations, and the graves are still being discovered, right? of children in residential schools. So there is this code. So I'm saying the promise has to be positive, which in the case of colonial powers was very positive that we are coming to civilize you,

01:06:11 --> 01:06:12


01:06:13 --> 01:06:28

But then it has to be seen to be delivered, it has to be delivered, what is promised has to be shown, okay, it has to materialize in this case. Amazingly, when Muslims promised all those things, and then peace was testified to.

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And then later on, let's see if that progress actually took place. Before I get to that,

01:06:35 --> 01:07:19

we'll do in states those four elements that make a civilization rest upon one pillar, and that one pillar is sense of security, and justice, when sense of security and justice are missing. All of these four elements will eventually collapse, they will cease to exist, a civilization will no longer be sustainable, because the founding principles or the sustaining principles of a civilization are justice and peace, move forward. So what did authors European author's starting with the, the Enlightenment period in Britain, what did they think when they studied the Muslim civilization and what the Muslims did? Adam Smith is the founding father of modern economic

01:07:19 --> 01:07:22

principles. I mean, he's even called the father of capitalism, okay.

01:07:23 --> 01:08:08

He was a philosopher writing in the 18th century, which was born in 1723, and died in 1790. He was found on the back of the previous 20 pound note before the new plastic note came in. Right. He writes in his book, his essays, his essay on astronomy, he writes the ruin of the empire of the Romans. And along with it, that's a version of all law in order, which happened a few centuries afterwards produced the entire neglect of that study of the connecting principles of nature, to which leisure and security can alone give occasion, after the fall of those great conquerors, and the civilize of mankind, the Empire of the caves seems to have been the first state under which the

01:08:08 --> 01:08:52

world enjoyed that degree of tranquility, with the cultivation of the sciences requires, it was under the protection of those generous and magnificent princes, that the ancient philosophy and astronomy of the Greeks were restored and establishing the east, that tranquility which their mild, just, and religious government, diffused over their vast empire revived the curiosity of mankind, to inquire into the connecting principles of nature. So Adam Smith is saying, the reason why Muslims achieved what they achieved, and after the Roman Empire, in his opinion, the Muslims were the greatest civilization of humanity. And they achieved that what they achieved was because of the

01:08:52 --> 01:09:10

mild, just, and religious government, the law of Islam. I mean, this is Thomas sorry, not Thomas Adams with writing in the 18th century, paying a tribute to the Muslim civilization, I'm sure when he was put on the back of the 20 pound note. They didn't know that he said this.

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Okay. I'm just being naughty. Sorry. Okay. So Professor Thomas Arnold, in his book, preaching of Islam, already referred to states, Muslim, Spain had written one of the brightest pages in the history of medieval Europe. Her influence had passed through Provence into other countries of Europe bringing into birth, a new poetry and a new culture. And it was from her that Christian scholars received what off Greek philosophy and science, they had to stimulate the mental activity up to the time of the Renaissance, even the European Renaissance, the revival of sciences and knowledge and philosophies in Europe when the Europeans became what they became in the 15th century. Passing on

01:09:53 --> 01:10:00

from the Middle Ages into the Renaissance period, when they call it the reawakening of Europe. You know, when the Europeans read

01:10:00 --> 01:10:45

discovered, rediscovered themselves which which is actually a problematic idea, because they didn't rediscover, it's the Muslims who gave everything to the Europeans, not everything. Of course we don't we're not reductionism, and we don't speak in those terms. But majority of the knowledge that came to European institutions and universities like Oxford, Cambridge, Naples, Paris, all of these European schools during the Middle Ages, much of the knowledge and manuscripts came in the Arabic language from Spain and Sicily. Okay. One example is Daniel of morlais, who traveled from England in the 12th century, to split off to Paris, he came to Paris to study from the Parisian monks, and he

01:10:45 --> 01:11:03

saw them teaching. And he writes, in his preface, the preface of his Brasilia, which was written Latin, he writes, the Renaissance, the French monks teaching, the more they pretended to be learned, the more illiterate and and brutish, they appear to me. And then I heard of the Arabs in Spain.

01:11:05 --> 01:11:27

And I realized that they were far more learned than these people and I made my way to Spain. Then later on, he collects books and manuscripts and constantly comes back to Britain to establish a school of philosophy at a place called Oxford, and lo and behold, these schools become the Oxford what the Oxford

01:11:28 --> 01:12:17

the oldest manuscripts in the Bodleian Library that made the earliest schools at Oxford, or in the Arabic language and came mainly from Spain and Sicily when the Muslims are ruling these lands, right. So, one book in particular, I strongly recommend, although it's difficult to find, but find it somehow. It is titled The matter of Araby in medieval England, the matter of Araby in medieval England. The author is a Jewish lady called Dorothy Metz litski. In this book, she writes that, basically, for five centuries, almost 500 years, the Arabic language was the lingua franca. In Britain, can you believe that? The Arabic language was the language of the learners, the educated

01:12:17 --> 01:13:06

people in Britain in England for 500 years. And she documents the history of the men who came to Spain and other land, learn the land to the decade, learn what the Muslims and other Arab authors have achieved in Spain and take it back to their people. And that's why promise honors says what he says in this quote, okay, Victor Robinson, who wrote a history of medicine, it was published in the 1940s. He draws a an eloquent, you know, comparison between medieval Europe and Islamic Spain. During the Middle Ages, he writes, Europe was darkened and at sunset Cordova shown with public lamps. Europe was dirty Cordova built 1000 bots, Europe was covered with vermin. Cordova changed his

01:13:06 --> 01:13:43

undergarments daily. Europe, Lane mud Cordova streets were paved. Europe's palaces had smoke holes in the ceiling. Cordova was arabesques were exquisite. Europe's nobility could not sign his name Cordova children went to school. Europe's monks could not read the baptismal service, Cordova teachers created a library of Alexandrian dimensions. So on libraries now, the greatest, the biggest, and the most extensive libraries in the world, for nearly 1000 years, were in the Muslim lands for only 1000 years. Okay.

01:13:44 --> 01:14:19

And catastrophes in the history of Islam cannot be forgotten. We don't know what we lost there. The Mongol invasion of Baghdad. And as a consequence, the destruction of the Library of Baghdad whereby millions of books were thrown into the river Tigris, the river blade became black for days, no one knows what was lost there and how many books we lost, and what contributions and legacies left behind by the Middle Eastern scholars and scholarship. You know, I was completely devastated and lost. The second kept catastrophe took place in the 1492.

01:14:20 --> 01:14:26

Was that and I'm not talking about Christopher Columbus discovering America. Sorry.

01:14:27 --> 01:14:44

fall of Granada, thank you, for all of Renata or Grenada, Grenada of Grenada, the last stronghold of the Muslims in Spain in 1492. When Christopher Columbus parted or departed for India, you know what he was?

01:14:49 --> 01:14:50

Yes, yes, yes.

01:14:54 --> 01:14:59

Yes, absolutely. And he was funded by the same monarchs who took Granada and

01:15:00 --> 01:15:15

When he left, you know, he was looking for India. And as far as he was concerned, he found India, Hispaniola, or Haiti or those islands in Panama. As far as Christopher Columbus was concerned. That was India. And this is why Native Americans were called what?

01:15:16 --> 01:15:50

Indians? Read Indians, right? Okay. And they're not Indians, the Native Americans, even the word America was given after a Portuguese explorer. But anyway, moving forward. So libraries in Granada in 1492, these two monarchs who had joined hands through marriage, the state of Aragorn and Castillo, they joined hands, and their mission was that we have to no wipe out the Muslims completely from Spain, right? This exhibition they did was they burnt 1 million books having taken nada.

01:15:51 --> 01:16:32

So again, a lot of the legacy Muslims had achieved in Spain was basically went through in ashes, right went up in ashes, basically. Right? So Muslims created libraries of great magnitude. To give you one example, you're not getting bored and tired. Or you burn sisters. Don't be polite. Just say, oh, yeah, but just please, can you summarize? Yeah. Okay. I'm finishing now. Right, very quickly. final few points. Because this, I can go on for a few hours talking about each and every single subject Muslims mastered in Spain, and in other places around the Muslim world, right. And this wasn't, by the way, this wasn't the greatest achievement. I believe that the greatest achievement of

01:16:32 --> 01:16:36

the Muslim civilization was that justice and peace.

01:16:37 --> 01:17:23

Romans reached high achievements, you know, in science and technology for their period for their time, the Greeks were absolutely amazing minds. If you read Aristotle, and Plato, you will think these guys are geniuses, right? Okay, they reached immense heights of, you know, intelligence, right. But what they could not establish and deliver was a promise of either justice or peace. Right. This is something that was achieved by the Muslims, in particular, if not others, and Muslims actually allowed judicial autonomy to Jewish and Christian people. They allowed them to live as they please, according to their own laws, which I can address during the q&a, you can pick that up. So

01:17:24 --> 01:17:59

libraries one example in Spain, the largest library in the world, the largest private library in the world, was in Alain de los, and it belonged to Hukam. The second the OMA yet, Caleb, in the 10th century, how come the second who was the son of Abderrahman, the third, okay, now, usually people send agents and spies to do the dirty work in other countries and all that, how come the second had sent agents to Damascus, to Baghdad to summer Condon Bahara. And other than to do what,

01:18:00 --> 01:18:48

like books, they were collecting books, or the Calif, who was funding this enterprise handsomely, generously. And the result was 400,000 volumes in his personal private library in Cordoba. All handwritten manuscripts, there wasn't there were no printing presses at the time, each and every single book was handwritten, in his library, the largest library ever assembled in human history, more so than Alexandria, the Library of Alexandria and other libraries, right. And because he was himself a scholar par excellence. So he encouraged us there were 70 public libraries in Cordoba, and same can be said about the moguls, the Ottomans, and the U. I mean, minus the wars and disturbances

01:18:48 --> 01:19:39

and chaotic periods. When Muslims are flourishing, they were studying, they were educating themselves and others, the Jewish and the Christian scholars were also studying with the Muslims taking knowledge from the Muslims to take it around the world. So now, this was the progress part, to summarize it, going back to the golden chain of events, what was it? Quran, justice, peace, and just remember this roadmap or blueprint for and you will understand how the Muslim civilization was made, what principles gave birth to this greatest achievement, or one of the greatest achievements of humans, right, what we call the Islamic civilization and the Muslim civilization to finally the

01:19:39 --> 01:19:48

last statement I want to make is became a civilization. It became a flower that left fragrance in the hand that came to crush it.

01:19:50 --> 01:19:51

And that happened in Spain.

01:19:52 --> 01:19:59

This hand came to crush this flower called the Muslim civilization. And still this flower left fragrance in that hand.

01:20:00 --> 01:20:43

later on, this fragrance came about in the form of the European Renaissance and whatever progress Europeans made. To a large extent the Muslims are directly behind or the Arabs, generally speaking, are directly behind the rise of the Western civilization. And there are so many borrowings, the Western civilization, you know, took from the Muslims and the Arabs and the Islamic civilization, that both of these civilizations in many ways are intertwined. without us realizing it. There are so many things within the Western civilization principles, laws, language, ideas that came directly from the Muslim civilization. To give you one quick example. I know I said, that was the last point.

01:20:43 --> 01:20:54

But let me add another point very quickly. John Locke was an English philosopher, who is seem to be the founding father of democratic principles, he wrote on tolerance.

01:20:56 --> 01:21:47

And here a teacher called Edward pokok, who was an orientalist, actually is called the first British Orientalist. He was teaching Islamic Studies in the 17th century in 1600s. at Oxford, John Locke himself writes that I do not attend anyone's lectures more willingly, willingly, then advert Paul Cox. So Edward pokok was his teacher, who was an Orientalist knew the Arabic language was was delivering lectures on Islamic Studies, and many people believe that Locke's theory on governance comes directly from those lectures, his theory on governance activos lectures that point I will stop here. Remember the gold general, where's the formula in your minds if you take that formula away

01:21:47 --> 01:21:55

today? I've done my job. So remember that formula? Quran? Just this piece? And

01:21:56 --> 01:22:15

work Rhoda Juana? Anil hamdu, Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. Thank you so much for being patient and listening. May Allah bless you all. Thank you. Yes. Thank you. So any questions? Anything, please ask and we will I will try my best to give answers as quickly as possible so that I can take as many questions as possible. Yes, please.

01:22:17 --> 01:22:18


01:22:19 --> 01:22:24

to turn it on a bit. Yeah. So we have a cordless mic here for the questions or for the audience that online.

01:22:26 --> 01:22:26


01:22:29 --> 01:22:30

Check check.

01:22:33 --> 01:22:38

The gain is coming towards you. Wouldn't be any check who's asking the question.

01:22:46 --> 01:22:48

There was a coin here in a plastic case.

01:22:51 --> 01:22:55

There was a coin here in a plastic case. Does anyone know what took it?

01:22:58 --> 01:22:58


01:23:00 --> 01:23:01

Oh, my God took it. Okay. Okay. Okay. Sorry.

01:23:03 --> 01:23:43

So, question, please. Yeah, my question was, what are some books that you recommend for someone who is a beginner in this subject? And also what was the name of the book that you mentioned that everyone should read? I forgot the name, preaching of Islam. The book I invite everyone to read on how Islam spread as a power as a civilization throughout the Muslim territory, which became Muslim territory later on. Preaching of Islam is a very good start. For Facts are facts. Okay, not like an not for not necessarily for an academic analysis. But for facts, you will find a lot of facts taken from primary sources. That's one book, another general introduction to the history of Islam, or the

01:23:43 --> 01:24:32

Muslim civilization. I strongly recommend a book anyone can pick up and read. It is called the lot Islam history myth, Eros alpha T. Okay. Very good book. Do you agree? Yes. Yeah, it's a good book, right. And also, also remember, the Muslims were the most Bookly people in the world. Muslims are the most Bookly people. We really need to get into this book, Linus, because we have effectively become the most bookless people in the world. Nothing pleases me more than when I go to someone's house and I see a library that shows me that this person is awake, not physically, but spiritually. His spirit is awake because he's a reading person he reads, and He's truly a successor of the Muslim

01:24:32 --> 01:25:00

civilization. We were the most Bookly civilization, we need to become that civilization again. We really need to get into books, okay. A lot of us do a lot of things. Okay. Some of us drive taxis, others work in factories, some restaurants, others are busy and some are, you know, construction consultants and things that whatever whatever you do in life, nothing stops you from picking up a book on the Muslim history in particular or any other subject in general.

01:25:00 --> 01:25:49

wrote, to learn your faith and your history. Read for 10 minutes a day, 20 minutes a day, even half an hour a day and you will see a difference in the way you think it will make you a better person. It will enlighten you. It will give you confidence in your own history. Right? If you don't know your history, you will lose what you have Malcolm X. Malik Shabazz Rahmatullah. He said, If you want to brutalize abuse, and destroy people, take away the history from them. Take away the history from them. Hence, he called himself Malcolm X. Unknown. I don't know my history. But there is an amazing book on Muslim Afro Americans and the background. How hundreds of 1000s if not millions, of Muslim

01:25:49 --> 01:26:14

slaves were taken from West Africa to the Americas and what struggles they went through. That's an that's an that's another very fascinating issue, directly relevant to your geography. You are in Canada, North America. This book is titled, servants of Allah, servants of Allah. The author is Sylveon Ed of cvrd. She's an American

01:26:16 --> 01:26:59

historian, she has published his book with an academic institution. It's a very powerful book on the history of Muslim slaves taken from West Africa. And some of these stories will absolutely blow your minds or you will think Subhanallah How did these people survive as Muslims in this hostile territory and how they were writing Quran from memory, writing blogs, on Bible? In one case, Omar bin Saeed is an individual who was given a Bible to make his life easier. They said, Okay, read the Bible, your life will become easier on the Bible. He wrote in the Arabic language which his masters and his abusers could not read. It was what Allah Allah, Allah, Allah Muhammad, wa ala Ali, Mohammed

01:27:00 --> 01:27:13

Cavazza later, the Drude written on the Bible on Marvin side, so stories like this absolutely fascinating, you know, servants of Allah. Sorry. Next question. Sorry for taking long. Yes. One second. Okay.

01:27:19 --> 01:27:20

Okay, so,

01:27:22 --> 01:27:22


01:27:24 --> 01:27:28

And thank you for the lecture and giving us your time.

01:27:29 --> 01:27:30

You mentioned that

01:27:32 --> 01:27:34

John Locke was

01:27:36 --> 01:27:42

inspired by his teacher who was an Orientalist and spoke on the topic of Islam.

01:27:44 --> 01:28:20

And he was inspired to write his works. In his book of toleration, I took this course in university, and I briefly went through one of the things that he mentioned was that, like, Muslims should not be tolerated because they, because their allegiance is to the caliphate. Right? So they, in essence, you cannot really trust them. Because if everything goes wrong, then you know, they're gonna support. So was John Locke,

01:28:21 --> 01:28:27

like, in like he was influenced in a positive way or a negative way?

01:28:28 --> 01:29:15

Very good question. Thank you. John Locke was writing as a Christian, don't forget, and not only as a Christian as a particular type of Christian, that toleration, not only the Muslims, that toleration didn't even extend to the Catholics. Do you remember that? Even Catholics are not to be tolerated. He was writing in a specific political context for a specific audience. And his main audience was basically the influential of Britain at that time. And that's why even though he was writing strategic treaties on tolerance, he wrote three, right, three treaties on tolerance, even though he was writing these statistics on tolerance. He didn't extend this tolerance to the Muslims

01:29:15 --> 01:29:59

and the Catholics, for obvious reasons, because he was a Christian. He wasn't even a Protestant. By the way, he was a Unitarian Christian, John Locke did not believe in the doctrine of the Trinity. So he had a very kind of different view on Christianity also. So he was writing as a Christian as he didn't having attended those lectures. He didn't become a Muslim, but he was definitely inspired by some Muslim ideals. 100 Plus there's no doubt about that, because he himself said that there are no lectures he would attend more willingly then advert porks and advert cause hope every call was delivering lectures on Islamic Studies. That was a subject so Locke took many ideas from him and all

01:29:59 --> 01:29:59


01:30:00 --> 01:30:49

idea were followed. And similarly, during the Middle Ages, when the European scholars were traveling to the lands, they left the religion and they took everything else. They took, they took, the commentaries are nourished, they say Aristotle was rediscovered or discovered for that matter by the Europeans through the writings of interest. Ignace was a theologian par excellence. He was the kadhi of Kurkova, the city of Cordoba, and he had written commentaries on Aristotle's works. So, Aristotle was studied through the lens of ignore rushed, even even people like Thomas Aquinas, St. Thomas Aquinas, a man canonized by the Catholic Church was a direct

01:30:51 --> 01:30:52

you know,

01:30:53 --> 01:31:38

there was a directly inspired student of the writings of Ebner rushed and he was even accused of being an ever every reust Ignace was called every rose in Latin and he was so influences are there we can see influences in some cases clearly pronounced, even even acknowledged that we are influenced by this person in this place, but they left the religion for some reason, you know, ignorance was studied enthusiastically during the Middle Ages in Europe, but his religion was ignored completely. So there was this Christian bias, which remained even as late as the 19th century, when the British colonial establishment came in. They had a sense of arrogance in the

01:31:38 --> 01:31:47

culture and the religion in the race, right. For that reason, they took what benefited them for example, the work of Abolfazl and Mughal India.

01:31:48 --> 01:32:34

I will follow the scholar working for Geraldo de Muhammad Akbar, one of the Mughal emperors, who was a controversial figure putting that aside, but he had produced a Magnum magnum opus, sorry, Magnus was a magnum opus, right? He had produced this monumental work titled iron Akbari, right? I need a query basically meant the laws of Akbar, right. And he documented all the details about the system of governance in India during the Mughal period. And this was one of the most powerful periods in Indian history. And you know, what the British did in the 18th century, when they took over India that took this work, I need a query and took immense inspiration from it, but left other ideas. So

01:32:34 --> 01:32:40

this can happen, historically speaking, humans do that. So Locke was no exception. In that sense. I hope that answers your question. Thank you.

01:32:43 --> 01:33:34

So this might be a long question. But given that you touched on India, I remember something which is a very rare find. I found it in one Urdu book from Dr. Mubarak Ali, he mentioned that some top brain came to South India, or had trouble in preaching to the Hindus because of the burn a system. And they weren't. And there were some who, who went to China and to other areas, even far off east. So I have questions based on that. Why don't we hear such Eastern sides of history? And given that there is a lot of misinformation propaganda going by the Hindu pucks in India? So how can we prevent ourselves from keeping away from this misinformation and preserving our own history in that sense,

01:33:34 --> 01:34:17

by studying the study and study objectively, right, where there is a problem, acknowledge it, right? And be fair when you study history and try to understand the other side as well. I mean, try to be tried to be as open as as possible to their sentiments and the views. We're not I'm not talking about bigotry, we don't be open to bigotry and outright lies. For example, now someone in India is claiming Taj Mahal was built by Hindus, right? Okay. Something crazy people absolutely crazy, pseudo intellectual pseudo historians, sitting on mainstream TV channels, talking to millions of people and coming up with this kind of rubbish, unbelievable stuff. You know, what's happening in India is a

01:34:17 --> 01:35:00

phenomenon is absolutely mind blowing, how humans can end up but then again, we have other examples. Unfortunately, similar things have happened in history before. So propaganda lies, okay, tarnishing of history, degrading people. Now, one example of this is in India the Marotta has, the Mirages are being glorified through movies, through books, news reports, even documentaries. Marotta has, were one of the most devastating forces in Indian history. And when I say that, I mean against everyone, not only Muslims and Sikhs, even Hindus sub

01:35:00 --> 01:35:45

Third, extremely at the hands of the Waratahs, and the Mirages were absolutely brutal when it came to invasions and taking other territories. They had no principles, they did not follow any moral principle they had no mercy. So speaking of one particular case, when they invaded Bengal in 1740s, the merata has invaded Bengal. They decimated the entire Hindu population of Bengal when they came across it because they were different Hindus, they were not Marathas they were different right? So they had no mercy but for some reason these people are being glorified through movies like you know, pani, but let's say, you know, where the Afghans who invaded India, for what reason? That's another

01:35:45 --> 01:36:31

issue. That's another, you know, question altogether. They came partly to save the Muslims on the Murat has partly and there are other reasons of as well, of course, so mirages are painted as heroes, they're depicted as heroes. On the other hand, the Mughal emperors and the Muslim kings or the Muslim past of India is painted with the same brush used by British colonial establishment in the 19th century. So these Hindu extremists today are using the same historic narrative that was pioneered by the colonial propagandists in the 19th century. Today, they are using the same narrative which the historians reject all major historians on India, and Indian history. Indians and

01:36:31 --> 01:37:18

Western are those who are acknowledged and those who have some respect. in academic circles, people like Audrey Trask, Richard Eaton, even Indian historians, you know, they reject all of this, and they're just scared for their lives. They can't speak the truth, they can't come out publicly and say, this is all propaganda, these are all lies because they get they get, you know, pestered. They get trolled, they get followed, and they even get death threats at time. So it's a very difficult situation. So study, read, read, read, read your books, read, read Basic Books on in all Muslims in general, and you will see how, you know, you can easily debunk so many Islamophobic attacks against

01:37:18 --> 01:37:57

you, your faith and your history. You just need to read, you need to know, okay, sometimes the question comes to you and you get baffled you get thrown off, you know, you get thrown off, you think Subhanallah there is no answer, how am I going to respond to this? You don't have an answer because you don't read. You don't read the people who want to tarnish your name and really give you a bad name they are reading and then selectively choosing quotes and things and throwing them at you. While you know. So you speak to any of these Islamophobes today, and ask them one question, find what your whatever you say about us the recent events and violence throughout the world, and

01:37:57 --> 01:38:23

geopolitics of the Middle East and all of that. But what about 1000 years of history? What about our libraries, our authors, our poets, our intellectuals, our scholars, our researchers, are her book production on a massive scale from China to Spain for 1000 years. Where do you put that? What basket? Are you going to put that in?

01:38:24 --> 01:38:36

Do you even consider that as an achievement or was that an accident? Was that just accidental? Or was it actually an outcome of some ideas? So these are the same things you need to really think about inshallah? Yes.

01:38:37 --> 01:38:42

I think we'll go for another four more questions Yes. And then cello we'll call it

01:38:45 --> 01:38:46

you want to force your question

01:38:55 --> 01:38:56

massive scale

01:38:58 --> 01:39:13

on politics on Education of civilization, architecture and everything, but it seems to be a thing of past now. We are far far away from like, intellectualism now history

01:39:28 --> 01:39:29

No, we're not lost.

01:39:32 --> 01:39:33


01:39:42 --> 01:39:48

I will address some of these questions during my Juma kotoba at Esna.

01:39:49 --> 01:39:55

i We know the problems. We have many problems as an OMA as a community globally. How do we

01:39:57 --> 01:40:00

overcome these challenges? So I will be talking about

01:40:00 --> 01:40:08

solutions. And I will propose my solutions, my ideas that how we can overcome these challenges. And I have few

01:40:09 --> 01:40:13

I'll quickly mention them each other. I believe we should

01:40:14 --> 01:40:54

invest heavily in education. Firstly, Islamic education, teach your children Islam before you start to teach them Aristotle and Plato and John Locke and Shakespeare, and the list goes on. Yeah, teach them about the messenger of allah sallallahu sallam, teach them the Quran, not nazara not reading, don't send them to the mall, resolve to beat the * out of him and make him read a book he does not understand. You're not teaching him the Quran, I'm sorry to say this year. If you are sending your kids to the mall visa, I'm not stereotyping. I'm saying generally, you know, I'm from Pakistan, so you can't blame me for that. Right? So I've seen this happen with my own eyes, right with kids,

01:40:54 --> 01:41:17

where kids are brutally beaten, right to teach them the Quran. Do you think that child is going to love the Quran? You think you actually think those children are actually learning the Quran? What you teach with love will stick what you teach through brutality will never stick. Okay? So leave the stick if you want the knowledge to stick.

01:41:20 --> 01:42:05

Does that make sense? So, so educate, we must invest in education, Islamic education, the basics, the foundations, first of all, okay, before you start, and then once they become Islamically trained, then you invest in what we call secular sciences, we need to break this dichotomy between the secular and the religious. This is where our Alama they need to be scientists are Olimar they need to be astronauts Alama like we were in the past. You know all of these people if not, Haytham, I will cost him a Dharavi and Jabra min Hayyan and even even pnrhost. They were walking around with turbans and thobes. and European scholars were copying them. You see some old European medieval

01:42:05 --> 01:42:50

paintings, you see the teacher sitting on the pulpit, and there are students underneath and the teacher is wearing a turban and he's not a Muslim. He's a Catholic, European. And they got completely inspired by the Muslim society to the extent to which they started to copy the dress code. Okay, and one of the quotes I will quickly read in this regard, it's absolutely fascinating. Okay, in the in the ninth century, Paul Alva ruse was an author. He writes, The Christians love to read the points of and romances of the Arabs. They studied the Arab theologians and philosophers not refute them, but to form a correct and elegant Arabic. Where is the lay man who reads the Latin

01:42:50 --> 01:43:33

commentaries on the Holy Scriptures, or who studies the Gospels, prophets or apostles, alas, all talented young Christian read and study with enthusiasm to edit books, they gather immense light at great expense, despise the Christian literature as worthy of attention. They have forgotten their own language. For everyone who can write a letter in Latin to a friend, there are 1000 Who can express themselves in Arabic with elegance and write better points in his language, then the Arabs themselves. This is ninth century Cordova, Cordova, in Spain, right, a Christian complaining about what he's seeing from his eyes. Right. So this was going around everywhere. So what we need to do is

01:43:33 --> 01:43:54

education, invest in education, and we need to distribute, okay, not everyone has to become a lawyer, accountant and doctor, you know, we say in Pakistan, okay, that you know, in Punjabi language does sound better, but I will say it in English, right? In case you don't understand that you lift a brick, you lift a brick anywhere in Pakistan, you will find a doctor underneath.

01:43:55 --> 01:44:41

Everyone wants to study medicine, everyone wants to study, let's say accountancy or or be calm like business studies. You know why? The thinking from here? The gut, they're not thinking from the mind. Their purpose of education is to fill the gut, not the mind. Okay? Allah revealed the Quran, not for the gut. Allah revealed the Quran for the mind Accra Bismillah because he cannot read the first revelation in the Quran amazingly, ironically, for us, yeah, is to read and we Subhanallah have neglected almost every single important field of education. And the result is what we are what we have today too many doctors, too many lawyers, too many accountants, little thinkers, very few

01:44:42 --> 01:44:59

people to give you solutions or anthropologists or sociologists or you know, I mean we have scholars theologians as well, but we need that balance. We need Chava EULAs we need to know to him yesterday. Okay, we need polymaths okay, even though Tamia Rama Tala lay it just said about

01:45:00 --> 01:45:08

Time that when he spoke on a science when he spoke it was as if that's only science he studied all his life.

01:45:10 --> 01:45:22

He was 13 when he wrote his first book at 19 Giving fatwa Do you know what that means? At the age of 19 Ignosi Mia was giving fatwa

01:45:23 --> 01:45:49

and he wrote on every single topic that was necessary for his times, okay. And I don't have the time to indulge in his history, but absolutely mind blowing character shower EULA, okay. People like him polymaths real thinkers giving solutions for the to the problems of the time, right? He was Uzziah, The Hobbit

01:45:50 --> 01:45:50


01:45:52 --> 01:46:21

Sahib disciple Farage, you know, he was a, he was, he was very diligent in his prayers, but at the same time, he was very awake giving solution. So we need that today. This is what we need solution is. So we need indulgence in politics in the hallway. We need journalists, we need scholars, academics, okay. So apart from doctors, scientists are not scientists or doctors, lawyers and accountants, I can guarantee you you go to any Muslim country,

01:46:22 --> 01:46:52

you will find specific fields, everyone is going to the university for the same reason for saying 1000s upon 1000s of doctors 1000s upon 1000s of, you know, accountants and lawyers and because these fields they think, bring money, you know, this is for money, they're not studying for enlightenment, they are studying so they can get a job and make some money, that this is why the situation is the way it is. And for the rest for the details. You need to attend the code war on Joma inshallah. Okay, any more questions here?

01:46:54 --> 01:47:23

A salami, melodical. Shalom. So my question is also about the East Muslim history in the East. And I asked this, because in North America, there's a lot of very, very secularized Iranians, right. And some of them hate Islam, and some of them hate their connection to Islam so much that they wouldn't even like to call themselves Iranian. They would say I'm Persian. And I always ask them, where's that on the map? Exactly. Persian? Because I don't know. Anyways, like they made a couple allegations. One is that

01:47:24 --> 01:48:04

after the Islamic conquest of Iran, that Persian language and culture was very severely repressed. Once I heard someone say that even the Persian language was outlawed. So does it make sense to me because I would the buoy, it Sawsan, it's there there were these semi autonomous dynasties a bit later on. Yeah. And they were very personalized in their character. But the question is that was there some kind of was there some period perhaps in early Oh, my history, where Persian culture or language was repressed in this way? And despite Zora Zoroastrians, having been given some of the same freedoms as Al Kitab, again, these prisons are these Iranians make allegations that there was

01:48:04 --> 01:48:43

wanton destruction of the Zoroastrian temples. And finally, it's related. It's not separate question. They say that there's like a 200 years silence on what was happening in Iran after the Arabs, you know, took over. So is there any documentation like you have here about Damascus, Jerusalem, North Africa? Do we know what was happening in that early absolute period in Iran? Very good question. First of all, I mean, now you have asked me a few questions. And each of these questions need means at least half an hour for me to give you but I will quickly summarize, there was no massacre of the Persian language. In fact, Persian language went through a revival and a

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renaissance in the 10th century, especially at the court of Sultan Mahmud ghaznavi. In fact, one of the best Persian collections of epic poetry was produced at his court called shenana. By Ferdowsi, right, and before that Persian language was openly spoken. In fact, what happened in Persia during the Ambassade period, in particular, the Umayyads kind of ignored and neglected Persia,

01:49:09 --> 01:49:59

they were not really interested in suppressing the Persian language. During the Omega period, a lot of Arabs moved into the Persian territory, okay. And these Arabs became Persian iced, and as a result, some of the Persians became atomized and these people were called collectively abana sons, sons, sons of the Arabs, the early settlers, right. But the Persians started to run the Learn the Arabic language and vice versa the the Arabs learnt the the Persian language and they became rabbis. Now, during a basket revolution when the ambassador outs outstripped the immediate from power in 132 Hijiri. The baskets their stronghold was Persia, and during that period, Persian language went

01:49:59 --> 01:49:59

through arena

01:50:00 --> 01:50:45

So a revival, okay. In fact, a lot of the leaders in the basket armies, the armies of Mandsaur, some of the leaders, they were Persian, they spoke Persian. In fact, if you read a Tabari, who was on Tabari Stan in Persia, he writes that while Caleb Amin was being killed, I mean, this is not a pleasant incident for me to cite. But to give you an example, the people who were killing him, okay, we're speaking Persian to each other and Imam Abu Dhabi actually documents the words they were saying Macoun, for example, Macoun means the body language Don't, don't do it. Right. So the Persian language was very much alive. And that period, there is there are histories written on that period.

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So there is a book titled Persia after Islamic conquest, something like that I may be getting the title wrong. I have the book in opposite Persia after the Islamic conquest. So that book documents that on that period. So the language went through a huge Renaissance, they were Persian dynasty speaking Persian, although having adopted the Arabic culture, and language as a religious language, but Persian never died never. Okay, the Samanid dynasty was Persian. The Sephardic dynasty was Persian. The, the legacy of the dynasty was Persian, in fact, all dynasties that followed. The rest of the dynasty in India were all Persian. In fact, Richard Eaton, who is an American historian, has

01:51:31 --> 01:52:19

authored a book that's titled India in the Persianate age, from 1000 to 1750. So the Persian language was very vibrant. This revival of so called Persian values and culture in Iran is a recent phenomenon. By the way, it's a reason for recent phenomenon. Why I'll tell you this is a reaction to mainly because Shah of Iran was very much responsible for this kind of thinking. But after a revolution in a lot of people reacted in this way. But if you go to the pre Safavid period in Iran, this was the most vibrant period in the history of Iran, and the history of Islam in general in Persia. Some of the best scholars in the history of Islam were produced in Persia, or in the Persian

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territory, Persian speakers. Right. Imam Abu Hanifa was Persian Imam tell him was he was Persian Persian speaker when I say per unit was speaking Persian Imam Ghazali spoke Persian, he wrote in Persian, okay, then we have a list goes on, like imam for Kobina raazi Persian, right. We have Subhanallah points, some of the best Persian points were born during this period, pre suffering period, we're talking about half as Shirazi check, Saudi, disarming Hakone you the list goes on, most Americans are in India. So you know, this again, this topic is so huge that I cannot possibly do justice to but this is the point. The point is, this is a recent phenomenon, this reasserting of

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Zoroastrian past where people are wearing this, you know, the, the emblem of what's the name? Hold on was the you know, the image of Ayahuasca which is like the the Persian imagine God with wings, and there's an individual in the middle. This is a recent phenomenon by the way, yes, please

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attend 32 How many more you want to go to more quickly to more and more I know because now people are getting hungry and getting way more than too many people asking so you pick Okay, these two brothers sorry guys. I'm sorry. Nice. Okay, so we start with this brother here.

01:53:43 --> 01:53:58

Unless I can do quick answers so quick. For anyone that may want to reference some of the stuff that we've gone on today. You can always go to or IRA Canada at their our YouTube page or the Facebook page Sharla.

01:54:00 --> 01:54:20

Slowly going into labor cartoons zakra Hereford coming to Canada and trying to spread the deen Thank you. May Allah reward you here. Good deeds. Yes. So my question was after the Mongol conquest, how did the Ottomans on you know Reviver like keep stable the Islamic empire?

01:54:21 --> 01:54:24

Okay. Again this question.

01:54:25 --> 01:54:59

This is a lecture in itself, okay. The Ottoman succeeding from the Mongols. Mongols basically came in the 13th century. automatons came to they came to the scene on the 14th century. 1399 is the year when, you know historians say the Ottoman dynasty began. But this lecture read the book Caroline Finkel, the autumn, is the book is titled Osmonds dream Osmonds dream. Okay, Caroline Finkel, she's done an amazing job introducing the history of the Ottoman Empire in one book. Okay, so read that book and you will get the answer

01:55:00 --> 01:55:18

But the Ottomans and the mangoes are two different topics. So they're not intertwined. What you saw in a total series is not necessarily history. Okay, that's mainly fiction. Okay. There's hardly anything known about authorial what we the only thing we know about our total is that he was the father of

01:55:19 --> 01:55:29

Raggio. of man. That's it. We don't know anything about him. The rest is all tradition and legend. It's all legend oral tradition, which, who knows if how true it is, very quickly.

01:55:31 --> 01:55:33

So this is the last question brothers and sisters.

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Some of them are there none. My name is Rosetta Dean. My question is regarding there's a heavy sort of solemn, that talks about Imam Heddy return. And when He returns, them possibly might go in fighting with weapons like such a swords and stuff. Is that an association with like, let's say, if the European kill each other with nuclear weapons, will that take away the magnetism of the earth and take us back to no electricity? I, I am a historian. I'm not an eschatologists, you know, so I wouldn't I wouldn't I can I study the past and can talk about about the future, only Allah knows what's going to happen. So I cannot answer that question.

01:56:15 --> 01:56:59

Not necessarily. I wouldn't read it literally like that. I'm not I'm not saying that the Hadith doesn't mean that. But I leave it to the Alama. Okay. It is very possible. Absolutely. I mean, if the Allamah want to take that meaning that it is definitely the swords and like some Omar do respect to 100 Allah that's it no problem. We believe it is very possible. And that theory may well be true that they will cause so much destruction in the world that there won't be any, any anything left to fight with. So people will go back to spears and swords. Yes. Right. So with with Hobbes in particular, on eschatology, on the end of times, right, you have to authenticate. And when people

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start giving the wild theories about the last day, when people start talking about the jollies in Britain, right? I think you know who I'm talking about. I'm not going to mention the name because I don't Yeah, the jar is in Britain, and all sorts of wild theories. as respectful as a person may appear and as elderly as he may appear. Does he doesn't have to be right. Right. So you really have to stick to the Quran and Sunnah stick to the Quran and Sunnah and stick to the Allama who are the middle of the road? Olimar not like wild conspiracy theories, okay? With respect, okay, I'm not disrespecting anyone. But I'm saying Be very careful when you start listening to people online and

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start believing everything they say, just because they're sitting in front of a mic and have a camera in front of them, okay, including myself. Okay, so the check everything I said, if it's correct, take it if it's if it's wildly some strange theory, please don't accept it, please. Yes. Next question. Yes, that brother over there very quickly, so I'll try to be as quick as possible.

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So Salam Alaikum Sokolow hair for coming into my land, as I'm Chief Kalinka from the indigenous inhabitants of this country, Hatim of the indigenous before the white people Allahu Akbar. So inshallah Tala, my question brother is any of the brothers in England that are involved in this type of work that you guys are doing, as anybody aware of the evil works of Zecharia Sitchin and the fitna that he's causing and you guys have any reputations of him coming in the future? I'm not aware of that name. Fortunately,

01:58:34 --> 01:58:42

not known to me that person is not known to me and it's possible some people know but there's nothing I am aware of. That has been so maybe you can actually

01:58:43 --> 01:58:53

afterwards give me the name and the book's title and maybe we can look into Yes, like 30 books. Okay, thank you so much. Thank you so much for bringing that to light.

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So I'm so sorry guys. That's all there is time for tonight. Okay, refreshments are in the back so please feel free there's tea coffee and snacks. Okay, this is not gonna last on that note Subhanak Allama Bamileke Masha Allah Allah Allah antenna stuff we're gonna do like Giacomo for your patience tree can boasting so please do forgive me. I said anything wrong? Or if you didn't like anything, Please do forgive me. My intention was nothing but to teach history to the best of my ability. Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah.

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