Ramadan Preparation Seminar – Fiqh Jurisprudence

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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The importance of fasting during Islam's practice is discussed, including the use of medications and praying for God. Representatives emphasize the need for proper nutrition, avoiding drinking water, and understanding technicalities. The speakers also stress the importance of moderating food intake and offer some exceptions to drinking too early. They emphasize acceptance as a condition for acceptance, rather than just a status, and emphasize staying at home during the pandemic and obtaining guidance booklets. The speakers encourage listeners to visit a facility and recommend bringing pets with them.

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try to encourage you in sha Allah to, to dedicate yourself during Ramadan and motivate you and show it to make this the best year of your life. But I think aside to that, we also have to make sure we understand the fifth of it, meaning what is acceptable, what's allowed what's not, and how to do things in certain ways. So, so I think that's the I think it's worthy of at least sharing that because I get a lot of questions right before Ramadan. And honestly doing this session the session last year, it significantly brought down the number of questions I had to answer. So I actually saw the the gist data wide, I saw this, I saw a 60% decrease of the number of questions I was getting

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regarding like, fasting is up. So hopefully this year, it'll be even better and I won't get any questions at all. But we'll try to go through the basics and the most common or frequently asked questions regarding fasting and aspects of

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taloja and in prayer and other stuff. And of course, as brother had shared the lucky girl and his family Baraka Luffy overwhelmed us and then he graced us with the with an extension of the space which is just beautiful. So beautiful. I'm not even sure if and let anyone go into it for a while but it's just it's just a beautiful space, and inshallah it will be utilized for everyone here to enjoy and throat Ramadan after Ramadan insha Allah as well. And you can just make dua for him really, he doesn't want anything just wants people to make dua for him and his family. So please do that. And that's the least we can do for someone who's being kind and generous and helpful. And, you

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know, I know that I do all the time. And anybody can Luffy Luffy shalom, Athena Lee, Angela Hula, hula company, Sharia, yes, you know how to milk em, if you didn't a little while ago, a genetic name and shoulder Lahoma. I mean,

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and we'll talk about the fifth regarding that space as well. I didn't put that on the slides, because I wasn't sure we're going to have it for a month. I didn't want to assume. But now that we don't have to talk about the fifth about it, because we're going to still be praying in here. So I have to explain to you how this works. Inshallah. So we'll go through the try and get through all the slides before before a shot. So number one, the most important thing, there's no talk that will ever occur Islamically that can start with anything aside from starting with the we always have to start by talking about intentions. It is the most important piece of any Islamic act of worship by

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far, no book of Hadith will start without the Hadith in them and I'm not even yet and no scholar will begin a book of fish or does Gaya or sila or athlete or anything without talking about the importance of of sincerity, and perfecting your attention with towards what you're doing with for the sake of Allah subhanho wa taala. So, so it's a it's a condition for the validity of fasting.

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For the majority of scholars, they don't need you to make the intention every single night Shafi to do specifically, they have that as a very important piece of their of their method, meaning you have to make the intention for fasting every night before the date that you have a variety of different opinions that are much more loose and then you have the loose most lenient opinion with the opinion mmm Malika Villa Annika Molokhia. They say you just make the intention at the beginning of Ramadan once for fasting for 30 days. And then and then you're good, though, that we have everything in between where they don't require every night but they required before or something like that. So

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what what you need to know about this, what you need to know is that you have to know that you're fasting, you can't wake up at eight o'clock AM and have no recollection that today is Ramadan. And someone remind you that oh, by the way, some of that you should be fasting like, Okay, I know that doesn't work, you have to know that it's Ramadan, that you're fasting. If you eat slower than that's it, you've made the intention of fasting, if any, if you just by the merit of of having sold or praying for God that morning.

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If you are aware that tomorrow's Ramadan and that you have awareness of that at nighttime, you just know that tomorrow's Ramadan, so you're fasting not enough. You don't actually have to lock it down in that matter, but you can't be someone who's so distracted that you forgot altogether and that is Ramadan. And then sometime in the middle of the day someone reminds us Ramadan and I'll go fast then that doesn't work. You have to you have to know what you're doing. This is a third. And this is not an issue of sunnah. Now, for example, outside of Ramadan, if I wake up at nine and decide, You know what, it's a short December day. Muslim is at 415 I'm not too hungry anyways, I had a heavy sushi

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dinner last night or something. And I want to fast you're good to do that. You don't have to, you can just start at nine. But in Ramadan, you can't so I'm alone you have to know what you're doing. You have to know beforehand that you're fasting that so in America is happy with one intention. Even I'm sure if he wants it every single night and the other scholars somewhere in between. What's important is just at least you're aware that the awareness and if you wrote every morning and pray for each other then then that's more than enough because you know what you're doing, you know what's going on?

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I'll move on. That's all I need to tell you. So here's a general rule regarding fasting. If you just know this general rule than the concept of Siam will be easy for you. So anything that is taken intentionally and provides the body with medical The medical definition of nourishment

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or its equivalent invalidates your fasting. So anything that you take and potentially, that provides you with what medicine or biology calls nourishment, or anything equivalent to that, that is what will invalidate your fasting and all that. And that, of course, is, of course, UCLA it does up here.

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So this is how Islam works, you have the Constitution, which is a sort of filter, and then you have law, which is provided for you. And then you have filter, which are the verdicts. Today, I'm sharing with you the verdicts, but that here is law. This is the rule that we're going everything I explained to you comes back to this rule, if you intentionally take something that provides your body with any form of nourishment, you invalidate your fast as simple as that.

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So that means we have to talk about something being intentional, it has to provide the body with it has to provide the body with nourishment, it can't be something that's not providing the body with nourishment, or its equivalent, obviously. So let's go on. So actions that invalidate your first number one, obviously, eating and drinking intentionally, the moment that you eat and drink intentionally, you invalidate your fasting, we will talk about doing it, forget fully in a moment, but that's the first one and one and he's former sexual intercourse or its equivalent, anything that's similar to it, it will also invalidate your fasting, intention or vomiting. So these are

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important, you should know these will share them on the WhatsApp group. And if you don't, not a part of that, take a picture of them, they're important, these are the stuff that will invalidate your fast no them well, really, there's nothing outside of these, that will invalidate your fast that you will be subjected to, for the majority of human beings. Unless you're doing something really weird in Ramadan, like hiking in the Himalayas or something. This is all you need to know. So if you intentionally vomit, meaning you induce vomiting, by putting your hand into your mouth a couple of times trying to bring it out, then you invalidate your family. If it's not intentional, it's

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different parenteral nourishment, parenteral, meaning you're not taking it through the mouth, you're taking it through IV. So if someone this is called medically TPN, so if you're taking anything that is nourishing your body, so if you go to the to emerge for some reason, and they hook up a normal saline IV to your your, an IV, then then that doesn't, that invalidates your fasting, because that's a form of nourishment they're putting in, they're putting in water into your body, they're putting nourishment into your body. So you invalidate your fasting. So any form of IV nourishment will invalidate your fast and before you ask questions, let me continue because I'm breaking it down. So

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most, most of the questions are a little bit will be covered.

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Smoking, doesn't matter what type of smoking, tobacco, hashish, Teesha, you know, e cigarette, I don't care what it is, any form of inhaling smoke will invalidate your fast Okay, so that's not, it's not acceptable. And number eight, the last one is high yield or anything Fs. So a lady who was on her period, or a lady who was in her postpartum period, after she gave birth, but the 40 days afterwards, so they don't, they're not allowed to fast during that period of time. And we'll talk about what they're going to do in a moment. So these are this is what invalidates fasting these are the six major categories that matter that you will face as a human being living in the world today,

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you don't really need much more, you don't really need to know more than these. That's pretty much all you need to know.

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To actions that don't invalidate fascinate, because these are the questions that come on a daily basis. So number one, brushing your teeth, does not invalidate your fast unless somehow you are someone who eats the toothpaste or you swallow everything that you use to brush your teeth with then you invalidate your fast but if you're not doing that then doesn't invalidate your fast so you're allowed to use a toothpaste on the teeth and then spit it out spit out whatever water after you rinse your mouth that doesn't invalidate your fast if you are swallowing the water or swallowing the tooth toothpaste and yes you're yawning you're breaking your fast and that's kind of pretty simple,

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but in generally, brushing your teeth is not

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using miswak is probably better. That's the Sunnah of the Prophet Allah yourself summit Ramadan some scholars didn't like using Sundar at certain times and then they went back on on that opinion like him know me and they said use it anytime you remember the line is totally acceptable. So if you want to buy him a sweater and just use it throughout Ramadan is probably even a safer option. But if you're brushing your teeth and that's your habit you're fighting to get up in the morning, brush your teeth and go to work you're not going to melt your face unless you're eating or drinking the toothpaste or the water that's with it after that eating or drinking forget fully so if you eat and

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drink and you forgot

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so this is important I'm not saying that you forgot your your when I talked about intention you say that you didn't even know it was Ramadan you completely forgotten was Ramadan it wasn't even aware of someone that's how absent minded you are out of it. That's a problem for your fasting to be valid because you don't even know what's happening. But if you know you're fasting but then for some reason in the middle of the day, you just forgot you picked up your your your water bottle,

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go like that. You're fine, you're fasting, you're fine. You're fasting continues. You can do more than that.

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I have received some of the most bizarre questions in the world regarding this one. Like the most interesting question I've ever received. I've been something some of them actually hold on to them like I screenshot the question and just keep it from my archive

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Go, someone will tell me I forgot I went to this place and I had lunch and tea. And then I went, this person went into the restaurant, sat down, ordered a meal, waited for it ate the meal, ordered tea afterwards, and they remembered they were fasting. And somehow, they want me to say like, well, you know, if you forgot, and that is that you actually forgotten, then your valid is fasting, but you have dementia, and you need to go see a geriatric psychiatrist or someone to help you because that is not, that is not normal. So some of the weirdest stuff will come from this, don't ask us you, you just have to answer the following question, Did you at the moment that you ate or drank,

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were in the state of forgetting that it was Ramadan, or that you were fasting? If you had forgotten, then that's fine. You're even if you ended up, you're eating a sandwich or going beyond, like, what is normal. But the moment you remember, if the food is even, almost fully chewed in your mouth, you're not allowed to swallow it. If you swallow it, you lose your fasting, you have to spit it out. Right? So it's not very obviously, it's not nice, and it's not beautiful. But that's what you have to do. The moment you remember, you're fasting, you're not allowed to swallow anything you have to you have to get it out of your mouth, whatever it is. But what do you do if someone is eating or

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drinking in front of you? And they're forgetting what you do?

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You remind them

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no, you don't remind them if someone in front of you is eating or drinking, forget fully, you late you leave them alone, let them finish what they're doing. Don't remind them as they are about to swallow and then cause them to choke on the other thing they're doing. And then no, don't do that. Leave them alone. And then remind them once they're done, like remind them once they've swallowed the fool, anything that they that in their mouth, if they why because the profit is awesome explained in the amount of time a hula who was UCLA, Allah subhanaw taala has, has granted them like an ease of Ramadan, this is this is a gift from Allah. So don't, so don't intervene, if someone is

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free, you know, they're fasting, and they just forgot, and they're holding the water water bottle.

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And they're drinking, let them finish the you know, let them swallow the gulp of water. And then after that, you can remind them, but don't do it in the midst of their eating. Okay,

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unintentional sexual pleasure of any sort, meaning if you're sleeping, you wake up and it's a dream, then that does not invalidate your fasting. So if you sleep after five minutes, you wake up, and that doesn't invalidate your fast. If it happened during your sleep, and you were not, it was not intentional, it does not invalidate your fast, and you have to, obviously shower so that you can pray and you have to do muscle, so that you can pray your Salawat, but your fast, your fasting is fine. It's when it's intentional. Whether it's sexual intercourse, or its equivalents, that will invalidate your fat. And that's a big problem. Because that's the only that's the height, that's the

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worst way to invalidate your fasting. So be very careful with that, and we'll talk about it a little bit a little bit, we're talking about the expiation that's required with that, um, so intramuscular, or subcutaneous medical injections that are non nourishing.

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So when you get an injection in in the muscles to intramuscular, or you get it under the skin, or they pick up the skin, and they put it the needle under, if it's not nourishing, then it does not break your fast if it's not something that's going to offer nourishment. And there's a lot of examples like that are similar to that.

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I think I talked about this last year, and I got a lot of questions. I insulin is usually also subcutaneous, and insulin does not for the majority of scholars today, at least, don't see that to invalidate your fasting. However, people who have type one or type two diabetes that are insulin dependent, had to be very careful whether they can fast to begin with, meaning they have to actually speak to the endocrinologist or their family physician who's following their their disease, to make sure that they have a disease that is stable enough to allow them to fast for 17 hours, and continue to take in because sometimes if you're going too fast for a long period of time, then they actually

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actually have to adjust your your medication and adjust the insulin injections, so that you don't end up hypoglycemic or end up getting rushed to emerge because you don't have enough sugar in your blood. So that's very important. So have these discussions with your family physician and endocrinologist. If they tell you that you know you're not you cannot go without food for a certain amount of time, then you have oh, do you have an appropriate excuse not to fasten on explain to you what to do in a few moments, but generally speaking, intramuscular or subcutaneous injections that are not designed for nourishment. So for example, some people will take blood thinners and it'll be

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injection under the skin. Sometimes you'll take vitamin D or 12, or something on this in the muscle. These are not nourishing, these don't offer any form of nourishment to the body. This is just closing gaps within your electrolytes and maybe other aspects of your health. So it does not break your fast. And if you have questions at the end, I'll offer you some time to ask questions if you have specific issues, and unintentional water swallowing after a blue ocean. So if you're making Blue and you do metamodel and you spit out the water, if so, don't don't get obsessed. Don't get obsessed with whatever is left in your mouth. Don't spit out like 15 times because you're not sure

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if this is your saliva or just make mug mother and spit out the water and move on with your lovely little life you're fine. If anything is left in and then swallow that's fine. Does it's not a problem for your for your CM. Obviously you're not supposed to don't intentionally

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I don't have to leave the half of water and the swallow it down. I need but that's not appropriate. But I'm saying if you're a person who's reasonable and you're making although you do McMurdo, you spit out the water in there anything is left in the mouth with the saliva, it's not a problem. If that goes down, you don't have to be extra Yanni, you have to be hypersensitive about this issue by spitting multiple times once once that is thorough is more than enough to to make sure that you've removed the water. So these are the actions that do not invalidate fasting for sure. These are the ones that are for sure.

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Meaning, these issues here, there's very, there's none to little enough, right? There's almost no difference of opinion among scholars to a very little group that will disagree with it, because we're going to talk a little bit now about the things that there are different there's differences of opinion for sure, among scholars about whether it's invalidates or it doesn't, but these ones here so brushing your teeth, eating and drinking, forget and forgetful way unintentional sexual pleasure, intramuscular, or subcutaneous non nourishing injections, swallowing once Oh, I missed that, didn't I? Okay, so swallowing wants to live and intentional water swallowing after ablution.

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So your saliva will never invalidate your fast, even if you are gross, and sit there and just allow it to fill up in your mouth and swallow it altogether, which is disgusting. But that doesn't break your fast. It's micro is highly recommended. You should not do it. But it does not break your fast. Okay, so if you're not let's see you didn't make will do or anything, you didn't put any water into your body, your saliva, saliva glands will continue to make small amounts of saliva if you don't swallow them, which is then reflex that happens on a almost minute bases. So within your body, if you decide not to do and just let out to fill it up and then drink it. Not very nice that you don't

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do that, please. But it does not break your fast. Just to be clear. In technical. I'm talking about technicalities here. There's an issue there spirituality and doing things with the sun, which I think everyone can kind of understand and figure out. But sometimes it's important understand what the technicalities is where where the line is drawn in terms of what invalidates and what allows you to continue to find because that's important. So these are the steps of that will not invalidate

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your fasting. Okay?

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Two issues a difference of opinion. Here your scholars differ heavily. The first two I think are fine. The next two, I don't that's my opinion on the matter. But you're welcome to do your own research on the issue. And if there's an imam that you will trust and the island that gave an opinion that you're willing to go for, I have no problem. But I'll tell you, there's a lot of difference between all these issues. And I'll tell you, the first two I agree that they don't and the seconds I think they do. But number one inhalers. So if your asthma, you have asthma, or if you have COPD, for example of any any lung problem, and you have to use an inhaler, and you're breathing

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it into law, then that the scholars differ on whether this invalidates your fast versus it doesn't. And I tend to take the opinion that it does not invalidate your fasting, it is not nourishing, is going through this ivy lane, but it's not actually nourishing, and it's a medical need. And it's not actually offering anything to the body. It's not going down the esophagus. So when Allah subhanaw taala talks, or when the Prophet of Islam talks about things going through the subunit and talking about things going down, the esophagus is where you're going to be nourished, going down, the trachea offers no nourishment at all actually going to the trachea will call you to choke and cough

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things up and make it a very uncomfortable, try shutting food down your trachea and Co Op you're going to be it does not work at all. So the inhalers are there because you're struggling with breathing. So I tend to take the opinion that that's fine. However, however, there are scholars who don't agree with that, so you have to kind of do your research, but this is my recommendation, I think it's fine. So if you're an asthmatic and you have asthma and you're using like a Ventolin, or if you have COPD using simple CT or something like that, then then you're fastest but even the even the ones that have prednisone in them, even the ones that have some degree of prednisone in them,

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that doesn't in my opinion doesn't does not invalidate your past. Again, scholars are kind of divided here 6040 on this issue. Number two air and eyedrops

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again an issue of difference of opinion among scholars, they don't fully agree on this one, I would say probably the 6040 breakdown amongst them without him is in the favor of invalidating not, but I don't see it to invalidate I think because again, the actual, the actual substance that's being taken is not nourishing, there's nothing in it to nourish, and is even though by mistake, it can go down like through the Eustachian tube to find his way down the throat. Well, it's similar in my opinion to ablution. When you make ablution, make wudu and a little bit of water stuck in there by mistake, you're not actually required to stymie to keep on spitting out until you have no saliva

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left in your mouth. So a small amount of small degree of error or a margin of error is allowed within window. So I think for eyedrops and ear drops that are actually required for infections or inflammations or other reasons. I think it slides again as I explained the issue of difference of opinion so if you Google this and you find someone else sending something different I know that don't don't send me the don't send me the YouTube I know I know that people don't agree with this I will lie I know. And that's what I'm telling you this difference of opinion here so so you're very welcome as a Muslim, to listen to the arguments and make your decision based on what makes sense to

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you and that's your obligation and I will give you my recommendations because that's my job I'm so

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posted, do that for you. Number three, so non nourishing IV infusions are injections.

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So sometimes they can give you through the IV, things that are not nourishing, like it's not normal saline or TPN, or nourishment that comes to the eye, they can give other stuff that don't necessarily, for example, they can push digoxin, which is like a heart medication for heart rate.

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Scholars differ on this a lot, I tend to see this to be invalidating of your, the moment they open an IV and push anything into it. Below them, the way I see it, the amount of fluid that is within the capsule that has been put in is offering some degree of nourishment, it's expanding the vasculature of your body, which actually reflects in a way that gives you a bit of nourishment. So I, my opinion on this matter is that it doesn't validate your fasting, you there are scholars who will say that it doesn't so so again, this is something that you have to decide about, if you are stuck with this problem. And some people they go get, for example, Iran, Iran, IV infusions, or

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obviously blood transfusions invalidate your fast like immediately that doesn't, that's nourishing, that's very nourishing, talking about non nourishing IV infusions or injections, you have to ask the physician what you're being given is this nourishing, and then if you're not, if you want to look for fatawa, or scholars who think that it's okay for you to continue your fasting, you're welcome to do so. I side on this, I lean towards the side that this is not that this will invalidate your fast okay? And then suppositories again, a difference of opinion,

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because of what we know today about the rectal mucosa. And whether it what does it actually what does it absorb? And how does it absorb and what it absorbs? Where does it actually go? And what does it actually do? So we know much more today in medicine than we did before. So some scholars will will say that it's not, but I will I'm the way I see it is that depositories will go directly to the

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the venous system within your body and again, offer some expansion to that because that's how basically the, the vasculature system works for that part of the body. So I see suppositories to also be invalidating a fasting. And again, the prophet Allah Islam, we use the word sibylline. So anything going through the esophagus or going through the rectum is probably going to validate your fast but there are scholars who side on Yahoo, who will argue that suppositories like for example, if someone has a fever

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if they get a depository, some scholars will argue that it doesn't break their fast. Some of them will talk about enemas, especially if someone's constipated. And they use that to kind of move move things along. But argue doesn't cause invalidate your fasting. I disagree. So, so for these four, if you are stuck with any of them, meaning if you're faced with one of these four, then you should do a little bit of kind of research yourself and listen, listen some of the arguments and read so that you're educated on the decision, the opinion that you're going to commit to my recommendation, this is the first two they're fine. So inhalers eye and ear drops, they're okay. But then anything the

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moment they open an IV through, you go to a hospital, they open an IV, whatever they put in there invalidates your fast. That's how I That's my opinion on it. And this depositories in general will also do when you're using a day to clean, that doesn't invalidate your fast. That's another thing that someone brought to me my attention, they were told they were very fully convinced that if you're using water and you're cleaning, you're gonna you're behind, after you go to the bathroom that you have to be wary that water doesn't go inside to get evaluated fast. And I don't know what anyone drinking from that part of their body, I'm not aware of that actually working, I'd be very

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interested if that's something that's possible where you can just kind of drink from the other side. But I don't know that I don't think that's possible. So I don't believe that's an issue. Because Muslims would use water through Ramadan to clean that part. And this was never something that they fully use. We don't have a lot of we don't have evidence to kind of support that. So allow them this isn't a problem. But suppositories are different because they are being absorbed, we know they're being absorbed. And there we know they're going into the vein system into the into the search circulation. And I just the way I see it, if you're putting something into the circulation directly,

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then most likely this is offering some degree of nourishment even if it's not fully

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tangible. Sorry. So blood transfusion is not this because blood transfusion. Let's go back here. This is what transfusion parental nourishment. That's what you're actually getting. You're getting nourishment through the IV. That's what blood transfusions are. That's basically what they are. And that's like the most extreme example of it because you're getting the full, you're getting everything you're getting blood. Basically, you're gonna feel amazing afterwards. Like you don't have a reaction, obviously. But it's nourishment. So I'm talking about something that goes to the IV that is not nourishing, that's different. And then they don't have very often I want to spend too

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much time because this doesn't happen very often. But if you're stuck with this, you should probably ask an imam directly of what to do because there are situations. All right, so that's what invalidates doesn't invalidate and difference of opinion regarding invalidating your past. All right. So what are the circumstances that allow you to break your fast on a day of Ramadan? So these are the four that you need to know. Number one, if you are ill, you're ill you can break your fast if fasting harms you

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I argued that you're not allowed to fast. If fasting harms your body, if it harms your, your I need your health, then my argument is haram for you to fast because another Islamic rule another general rule, that is like a law, Islamic law. So I don't I'm learning Muhammad, Allah Salah Medina, Dionne, meaning the health of your body, the wellness of your biology is higher on the priority list than the perfection of your rituals. So yes, when we pray so far, you should stand up and start the Salah, standing up and say Allah Akbar, if standing up straight is going to harm you, or cause you severe pain, then you do it sitting down, even though the thought is that you stand up when you do

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it. And that goes for everything within the deen. Whenever there is conflict, whenever you're going to compromise your health, with an act of worship, you don't do the act of worship. And then you find another way to do it. So if someone is ill, someone who has, for example, chronic kidney disease, or somebody who is less, I'm Hala, you're being treated with chemotherapy, or radiation or something for cancers, or someone who has heart disease, or someone who requires to take medications every two to three hours by mouth, then that someone should not break it fast, and then go the period without taking their medication, and then causing themselves harm, that shouldn't be the

00:26:17--> 00:26:18

case. So illness

00:26:19--> 00:26:35

is important is a good reason to break your fast. Obviously, if you're having a bit of a fever, and you feel like you can, you know you're young and you feel like you can kind of stomach it, that's fine, but you're not required to. And especially if you're a bit I get this from a lot of elderly sisters. This is the annual

00:26:36--> 00:26:36

problem I have

00:26:38--> 00:26:43

all the hygiene all the older hajis that want to fast and the children are letting them.

00:26:44--> 00:27:17

I'm always a very disappointing person to turn to. So they turned to me hoping that I'll tell them it's okay to fast and tell them they can't fast. And then they told him that she was smart, don't listen to them again. And then they move on to another chef who can tell them that they will. But I am very, I'm very specific on this issue when it comes to elderly who have diseases and comorbidities and problems, health problems that are going to be exacerbated by fasting, you are not required to fast. So what do you do? If you can't fast? What do you do? Here's what you do, you only take in what is necessary, and you do it in a in a private setting. And then you enjoy the the

00:27:17--> 00:27:26

environment of fasting with everyone else. That's what you do if you're not and that's what a lady who has hailed in the first does too late in our period should not order any

00:27:28--> 00:28:01

lunch or dinner from Popeyes and sit down and eat. Also time in front of everyone you know, you take in whatever you need to take in your kit keep you hydrated, you take a little bit of food, you do it privately. And then you continue to enjoy the environment of lessening consumption and eating up Muslim. So we're not telling these people that you can't enjoy the environment of fasting and then breaking your fast at Muslim. And you're saying that you shouldn't you shouldn't actually fasted was going to harm your body. And that's not, that's not appropriate. So some people can't fast because they have to take medications every 646 hours. So those people take their medications every four to

00:28:01--> 00:28:32

six hours, take whatever small amount of food you need to to make sure that medication doesn't harm you. And then don't eat until you've got to act as if you're fasting. Otherwise, what do they do? For the long term I'll explain in a moment, we'll talk about how to make up for this stuff in a second. Number two travel, if you travel, you break, you can break your fast you're allowed to you don't have to, you don't have to. I didn't I never actually occurred to me until recently when someone asked me and they thought they had to break their fast if you're traveling. No, you don't have to. Like if you're traveling to Toronto and back in the car like I don't I doesn't make it

00:28:32--> 00:28:36

don't break your fast, but you do have the permission to do so.

00:28:38--> 00:28:39

So if you're traveling,

00:28:41--> 00:29:17

the day that you travel, you can break your fast day back, you can break your fast obviously, the days that you stay there, if they're under four, there is consensus amongst all scholars to break your fast. They're more now we go into the realm of different opinions among scholars, the 100 fees are okay, up to two weeks, the honeybees, okay, up to two weeks of you breaking your fast if you're on travel, other scholars are sometimes better Okay, with even more than that. I don't recommend that you break your fasting during Ramadan unless you absolutely have to. Because it's hard to make up for later. And you're losing out on a job that you don't want to miss out on. Number three,

00:29:17--> 00:29:40

pregnancy and breastfeeding. And then number four is if you're fatigued, so pregnancy and breastfeeding, a lady who was pregnant and a lady who was breastfeeding her child, she has the option to break her fast. Regardless of what trimester she's in there first, second, third doesn't make a difference. If she's pregnant, then she has the option to break her fast and I'll explain what she has to do after that because it's different. And then same thing for if she's breastfeeding, breastfeeding mother,

00:29:41--> 00:29:54

severe fatigue. This is important not for people. This won't be important for us. We're low on them for a long time. This came up a lot 10 years ago when I first came here when Ramadan was you know smack right in the middle of July. This became a pro if you're a roofer in July.

00:29:55--> 00:29:59

And Ramadan is then if you're fasting for 19 hours and you're under the sun

00:30:00--> 00:30:31

So if you have severe fatigue during your fasting, you can break your fast, let's say someone gets up in the morning is the only way you can make a living go, he works and he's working the sun, he's, he's working the fields, it's very hot. And then sometime around four or five o'clock, this person can't function anymore. They're very dehydrated, they gonna get sick, they're gonna get harmed, they break their fast. So you can say, well, they normally don't do that every day. They just not intend to fast No, listen very carefully. They intend to fast every day. And then whenever they can't fast, they break it. And they obviously as I explained, I'll make up for it later. But you have to make

00:30:31--> 00:31:11

the intention to fast every day of Ramadan, you can't say, Well, I know for a fact that tomorrow, bye, bye, bye for 30 I will no longer be able to fast. Okay, I understand that you still have to make the intention to fast that night before the day the night before, you still have to make the intention. And you start the day off fasting, you make your soul and you fast. And once you come to the moment where you are severely fatigued, you can no longer fast you break your fast. Where did this happen more often than here. I many Syrian refugees ended up having to go to parts of Europe. Some of them went to some of the Northern Scandinavian countries. Some of them called and said. So

00:31:11--> 00:31:12

here's the problem is just

00:31:14--> 00:31:26

the sun is up in the sky for an hour and a half a day, under the horizon for around half a day. And then it's up in the sky for over 21 hours. So what do we do? So there are different opinions there.

00:31:28--> 00:31:57

I'm not going to go through them. Because you don't matter to us right now here, I don't want to go through all the evidence and the different discrepancies. But let's say that you don't want to accept other opinions, you just want to you want to fast based on the sun, the sun comes up some zone. So it came up an hour later it goes, it came down an hour later it comes up. So you're gonna find for 21 hours, what do you do, and these people are obviously 21 hours every day for three days can be very, very problematic. And your body may not be able to actually put up with that if you're a student, if you're working, it's hard. So you'll make the intention to fast every day. And then at

00:31:57--> 00:32:10

any point, when you come to the point where you cannot fast any longer you're to fatigue, you can break your fast. Okay, so this and then you make up obviously for these days, when it's the days are a bit more reasonable in the spring or in the in the fall.

00:32:12--> 00:32:24

So memorize these four, these are the four reasons that allow you to break your fast if you're ill. If you travel, a lady who is breastfeeding or pregnant, and someone who has severe fatigue from fasting, you're allowed to break your first

00:32:26--> 00:32:30

miss days of Ramadan must be made up after Ramadan and before the following Ramadan.

00:32:31--> 00:32:33

My sisters don't like that piece.

00:32:35--> 00:33:13

Most of my sisters don't like that one. Because most of them don't do it. And they end up adding up and then they tell me I have 70 days of for the last six years, and it's hard to make up for them make up for Ramadan before the next one comes. Because if you don't, there's actually a couple of issues regarding expiation, meaning you have to pick a photo and make up for it if you do, that's the majority of scholars and that's what they see. So this is the rule that you'll run with. You missed a day of Ramadan was once the Ramadan is over. Make it up on your time, but it has to be before the next Ramadan. If not, we'll talk about what needs to happen in a moment. So expiation,

00:33:13--> 00:33:29

this called the work of Farah, okay, no, make sure this word is part of your vocabulary, because important understand Islamically. So expansion is definitely required. And I'll explain what that is in a moment when fasting is broken with sexual intercourse, and most likely with eating and drinking intentionally.

00:33:31--> 00:33:41

So there's and this is obviously talking about the heavy expiation. So here's the the major explanation is freezing freeing a slave. You can't do that than fasting 60

00:33:42--> 00:33:58

consecutive days or feeding 60 people in that order of availability. So you have to start with this order of availability. Can you free up a slave person? No. Can you fast 60 days. Put your hand up if you can fast 60 days in a row.

00:33:59--> 00:34:23

Masha Allah lift a Holic lift a Holic, very hard i, you're the first person I've met. I have yet to run to person who had a problem with this and was able to actually come up because this is also is the explanation for other stuff as well. There's Yanni Baba Yamo, SHA helenium. With the Terra behind fasting, two months in a row, some scholars allow it to be 58 days, because a month can be 29. But it's very difficult. So if you know

00:34:28--> 00:34:59

meaning your assumption of yourself, are you able to do it, if you're like, I know I won't be able to do I will break my face at some point because of the fact that I travel or I get sick or my physically not strong enough or my work doesn't allow me. So some people are very much used to fasting so they have no problem with that. But if you know that you can't do 60 days in a row, then you can move on to the sixth one, but you have to think about it that way. It's not this or this or this is this than this than this. So you have to kind of do that sequentially. So if you can't see fast then you have to feed 60 people. So or feed in

00:35:00--> 00:35:08

needy persons 60 meals, so it either either or is acceptable. So just the calculation is not hard your time 60 By what 20?

00:35:09--> 00:35:24

I think I did, I think I said around $1,000 usually usually is a good isn't that isn't that accurate or something? So I said around $1,000 is usually is usually good enough. So up to 1000 bucks for a day that you break your fast via sexual intercourse.

00:35:25--> 00:35:43

The majority of this is all the magaha If a man and his wife break their fast during Ramadan via this, then they Oh, they both Oh, this girl Farah, both of them Oh, disco Farah, you have to make up for the day, obviously. But the oh the Kafala if you break your fast by intentionally eating?

00:35:44--> 00:36:20

Well, chef who just said severe fatigue, I'm not talking about severe fatigue, not talking about the fact that you could not fast anymore. So you had to leave. I'm saying that for some somehow shape was around but you're not, you know, played a trick on you and you just got frustrated, or you just didn't you just ended up eating intentionally in Ramadan out of rage or whatever the reason may be, then the majority of scholars say that you owe this explanation 60 miskeen. But there are there is a sizable amount of of scholars within the mothership that don't see that to be the case, though it's a difference of opinion in terms of breaking your fast via eating and drinking, but via sexual

00:36:20--> 00:36:26

intercourse. There's no difference of opinion, you have to do the explanation. All right. So minor explanation.

00:36:27--> 00:36:30

The minor what is the minor explanations over there on the right, you see it,

00:36:31--> 00:37:05

feeding one person for each day. Major explanation, which I just talked about a second ago, is specific for breaking your fast via sexual intercourse or eating you want to be safe. And for some reason, you made a really bad mistake and you ate during the day of Ramadan intentionally You didn't forget the word fatigued, you weren't ill you have no excuse just ate, then if you want to be safe, you make up for the day and you pay the 60 miskeen. Because that's how to be safe because there's scholars who heavily believe that you should do it, and there's others who don't. So it's something most likely, but it's not under percent. But then you have something called minor expansion, which

00:37:05--> 00:37:14

is the Farah Surah, which is where you just feed for each day, a needy person, one person who should do this. All right,

00:37:15--> 00:37:49

terminally ill people. The elderly lady or the elderly gentleman I talked about who has chronic kidney disease was on daily treatments, someone who has a disease that's going to cause them to have to take medications every single day of their lives. They're never going to get out of it. There's no way to stop it. They have to some people have neurological diseases, they have to take a medication every six to eight hours, there's no way around it. If they don't take it, they can be harmed. So there's not going to stop at anytime soon. So they're terminally ill. They don't fast. Again, you're not allowed to fast, we're gonna harm you. So you don't fast. And they pay a minor

00:37:49--> 00:38:25

explanation for each day. Does that make sense? So if you're terminally ill, you just pay for each day that you missed. So Ramadan comes along, you do the calculation, 1520 $20 per meal times 3600 bucks, right up front, right up front, that first day of Ramadan, you pay the $600. And then you don't have to fast you're not accountable. But what would someone do, they would do as I explained, you would just eat small amounts privately and then have your meal at mostly everyone else, enjoy the environment of fasting, but don't do it, it's gonna harm you. You've got to take your pill, take your pill, that's fine. So terminally ill people does what they do.

00:38:26--> 00:38:47

And if you don't know what you have, what you have is a terminal illness or not, or a chronic illness. I said terminally ill they should probably be said of chronic honestly, probably a bad choice of words. But anything that's chronic or terminal, speak to a physician speak to him. And they'll tell you, they advise you whether that's what you've got or not. Because that's pretty important because you don't have to fast but you do owe the Catholicism, the feeding one person a day for everyday

00:38:49--> 00:38:49

elderly,

00:38:51--> 00:39:28

just by the virtue of being elderly. If someone is old, and they're a bit weak, they have this option. This is Islamic, this is based on three of the four of them. It is not it is not my it is not something I'm making up, this is what the scholars have talked about, and in all three of the four. So you're allowed to if someone's old, extremely old, and they're frail, and they're weak, they don't have to fast and their children can pay the Kafala on their behalf. Right? They can pay the fine. They don't have to find these days anymore. So that's a that's like an advantage of being a senior citizen. There you go.

00:39:30--> 00:39:59

But I'm talking about elderly. I don't think any 65 is elderly unless there's a lot of other problems, but a bit older than that. And that's kind of again, how do we define elderly because it's not an objective measurement. It's not a number. This has to be assessed by two people, a physician and an email. You need two people involved. You need to get a physician to actually advise and then an imam to advise. And then in that case, they don't have to fast but they have to the O feeding one person for each day, which is about $600 right up front at the beginning of Ramadan.

00:40:00--> 00:40:37

Are 500 If 15 is enough for a meal, I don't know if a 50 is enough for a meal anymore. Those who postpone making up for Miss days. Okay? Well back to the rule, you're supposed to make up for days before the next Ramadan, who didn't, you still owe the day. But now you pay the fossils refer those days. So let's say you're behind by 40 days, I need you hold held, you don't pay every for every year, you just pay it once. It's a one time thing. It's not for every you know, every year that you don't pass them, you have to pay for the days that you didn't pay it once. If you postpone after Ramadan, then you owe the day and you pay for each day one person, so you just don't do the

00:40:37--> 00:40:40

calculation. 20 bucks per day, and you will pay that pay that at the beginning of Ramadan.

00:40:41--> 00:41:01

So when a pregnant lady or a breastfeeding lady decides to break her fast, is it acceptable for debate breaker fast? Yes, it is a legitimate reason to break their fast or not do anything wrong. However, they have to pick a photo for those days. And that's the majority of opinion of scholars. Now, here's the good part. The husband has to pay for it.

00:41:04--> 00:41:40

Yes. So the father of the children has to pay for it, not the woman. So sisters, if you're breastfeeding and pregnant, break your fast and let him pay up. And then fast later on in November in December when it's really short and you can do it easily. I still wouldn't advise No. But again, breastfeeding and being pregnant are take a toll on a human beings body. So we would not like I frequently advise sisters like if you're if you're pregnant and you're breastfeeding, you have Allah Subhanallah gave you the excuse. It's open for you Don't tire yourself. There's no point and don't don't don't push yourself to that extent. If you want to fast a few days cuz you don't want to have

00:41:40--> 00:41:46

30 days to make up for it. That's fine. But don't push yourself. But you Oka Farah, it doesn't have to be

00:41:47--> 00:42:08

even if you make up for the fasting before the next Ramadan. This has nothing to do with when you make up for it. breaking fast because of pregnancy and breastfeeding. Kafala is owed automatically. And that's for the majority of scholars again, you will find some some minor opinions here and there that disappointed me. I'm giving you the you know the majority when it's over 80% I give you the consensus just to make life easier for everybody.

00:42:09--> 00:42:25

All right. So some sunnah and fasting, some some recommended actions of fasting. Any questions about what we talked about so far? Oh, for maybe two or three questions, if there's anything about the in validators of fasting and the outcome? Anything? Excellent.

00:42:26--> 00:42:28

Yes, sorry.

00:42:31--> 00:42:39

Bleeding, if you go back again, I'll share these slides. If you're always gonna, if you're confused about invalidates your fast, you'll go back to the bodies of the slide, you'll find that bleeding is not one of them.

00:42:40--> 00:42:55

Unless it's menstrual bleeding, right? So Allah says that the normal bleeding does not invalidate your fast. However, if you bleed out a lot and you're getting ill, then you shouldn't fast because of the illness that you have. So that's a different story. But losing blood on its own does not cause you to break to break your fast.

00:42:57--> 00:43:30

Some scholars have talked about causing intentional bleeding. Some scholars have talked about that, but I don't think that's again, that's a very specific problem. Because that's more self harm and that's different but some scholars have talked about that and validating your past but not bleeding in general. Okay, so So then a fasting number one daily and late Sodor and this is for my younger brothers and sisters specifically. There's a lot of them you don't like getting a first code it's a sunnah Get up first of all the Prophet Allah is awesome as well here the Hadith inshallah I Tricia by one of our brothers, he'll talk about this, oh, it's very important. So do it every day and do it

00:43:30--> 00:43:30

late.

00:43:33--> 00:43:34

And

00:43:35--> 00:43:36

it's not a feast day.

00:43:38--> 00:44:11

What is not a feast, so Oh, it is simple. Have just something simple. Don't, don't drink three gallons of water. First of all, you don't need it, not going to help you. It is gonna put you in the bathroom like a lot of times and cause hyponatremia and maybe send you to the merge. Don't Don't over drink is not going to get well that makes no difference. Honestly, just don't eat things that are extremely salty. Don't open a bag of Pringles or you know, Doritos and start Wolfing that down. It's gonna hurt you just have something simple, some tempo, some water, maybe milk Lebbon have a little bit of soup, some fruits, something like that. Don't make it a feast. Again, Ramadan is about

00:44:11--> 00:44:28

lessening our consumption, being a bit more healthy, try to eat less and try to moderate what you're eating throughout the month. I know. We don't talk about this a lot, but I am really bringing this to your attention. Ramadan is about moderating the amount of food we take into our bodies. Ramadan is when we actually follow the Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa salaam

00:44:30--> 00:44:56

Shalom in Berkeley, he clearly the human being will never fill a container there's more evil and detrimental to him than his own stomach. And if and kinda that would define him because it was only for me he was recently Sharabi he was brutally fussy. If you have to fill it then a third for food a third for liquid and then a third to allow your lungs to expand and you can breathe. So we want to do this Ramadan right. This is the only time for you to do it. So how you only have two times to eat basically as

00:44:58--> 00:44:59

you're bulking up

00:45:01--> 00:45:36

No it's a good question I don't think about those things very much. Can Can we postpone bulking tabs in Ramadan? Is it possible I would advise that maybe we'd advise let Ramadan cleanse you Ramadan does bring a system of of consumption that is cleansing and purifying of this of the body so allow me to do that for you again I'm not I don't know I have to think about that a little bit maybe talk to you privately cuz I don't know why you're bulking what the point of here is. So there may be no there may be there may be like something I don't know more details and context but in general, strictly speaking, so what is not a feast it's an amount of food to help you get through the day. We

00:45:36--> 00:45:52

worry a lot so we're chugging down a lot of water and that's not it's not really doing much it doesn't your body will learn to hold on to liquid and after 10 days of Ramadan with with you almost not drinking anything your body will learn it's very interesting how the body learns the body modifies the way it deals with with incoming

00:45:53--> 00:46:22

external sources of energy learn to preserve water look because you're not allowing it for your you're fasting for 17 hours a day it starts to learn after 1015 days of it it starts doing a much better so you don't have to drink all this water it's just a psychological trick. You're worried you're worried so you start drinking a lot you don't have to so don't make it a feast and the people who are telling me that they have to finish at 200 at three o'clock in fraudulent five because they need to go Mexico May Allah forgive you Allah he I don't understand how this early fast breaking make sure obviously is a daily because everyone there break your fast but the Sunnah is you break

00:46:22--> 00:46:59

your fast, the moment the alarm goes off, like the moment he says Allahu Akbar you break your fast don't wait. There's no There's no agile in waiting. There's some there's sin in waiting, saying I want to, you know, be stronger or fast but I'm gonna wait until after No, no, no, the sooner is the moment the moment the moment this is a law you start you break your fast you recognize immediately just like Jehovah there's no such there's no nothing impressive about doing so how early because you want to fast longer no break here. So right before I get as close to dying as possible without obviously putting yourself in a compromising situation where you're chewing on something and then

00:46:59--> 00:47:29

goes off because of his chewing on something and then eventually goes off. You have to spit it out immediately. Right? You can't you can't keep that in my children. We can offer some exceptions but for adults No you can't. Once he said the low Aqua is very little. I was I don't know if you ever heard ever heard that you can continue to eat until Hayato salah. I've never heard that before. Now, this was something we were taught. We were kids and I thought it was real. And I remember I told it to my chef and I was arguing with him. And he and he started to laugh at the end because he could see he was very I cared about this. I took this like to heart and obviously there's nothing there's

00:47:29--> 00:48:01

nothing like that. So you have to start so breaking fires with moist dates, dry dates or water that's the sooner the sooner it's either wrote up moist dates. If you don't have those than dry dates, you don't have those in water. That's the Sunnah of the Prophet Allah you saw because he broke his fast everyday. So my advice to you is have some voice stays in your house so you can follow the Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam where you take more estates and water if you don't have moist days you have dry days and dry dates and water if you don't have dates at all to break your fast on water don't break your fast on anything else break your fast on water that's the

00:48:01--> 00:48:36

Sunnah of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam and making dua I talked about this during the the sessions that I shared with you about preparing for Ramadan. We'll talk about that a little bit more tomorrow inshallah. But the Sunnah is when you break your fast you make dua you can do it before you can do it right after is no big deal like the scholars will differ on this is not a problem just during when your make breaking your fast. Make dua this is a really beautiful moment for you to seize the opportunity of speaking to Allah subhana wa Tada, because this is where he is most pleased with you. You actually went through the 17 hours. You just fasted for 17 hours and you're breaking your fast

00:48:36--> 00:48:46

the time he told you to do it Subhana wa Tada in full submission to his wheelchair legito It's a beautiful moment for you to speak and he will give you what you what you hope for are better. And the last thing is fasting from sin.

00:48:47--> 00:48:59

This is a condition for acceptance, not for validity. I'll repeat that. This is a condition for acceptance, not for validity. I'm standing by someone and they're staring at haram. Do I tell them your fastest unvalidated?

00:49:00--> 00:49:36

No, but I'll tell them most likely is not going to be accepted. You be like what's the difference? Oh, oh, your shares. If you don't know the difference, then you missed a lot of important classes within Islam. This is the whole thing. If I was able, I am honest about this, if I knew well, I hate that one locker, or one session that I've done in my life as we set them by God, I take off this microphone and walk right out and you can take care of yourself. I know that I'm good. If I know that Allah by accepting one thing from me, one that I'm good. You can take care of this on your own. Because you know Allah Almighty accepts something from me when he accepts your deeds, you're good.

00:49:36--> 00:49:52

You'll never will never take it back. And you'll always make it. But we don't know that anything we've done has been accepted. Not one thing. We hope we make drop but we have no idea. There are people yo yo milk Yama who have all of their deeds wrapped up and thrown into them in their faces.

00:49:54--> 00:49:59

There's a hadith in Bukhari of a person whose prayers will be brought to them as dirty laundry

00:50:00--> 00:50:23

and throw it out them here, take them back. Take them back. We don't need them. There's nothing in there for us. They're yours. You're welcome to have them. Go and see who else was involved in this deed and see if they'll pay you for it. I, he says to pound I was gonna show okay. Yeah, and it should. I mean, I mean, I'm at an extra like a fee, he may need to look to who we should. I don't need associates. If you do something for someone else, let someone else give you the reward. I don't want it.

00:50:24--> 00:51:02

Validity is a technicality, as I'm explaining to you today is the technicalities of what allows it to be valid or not valid. Acceptance is a whole different ballgame. That's a whole different thing. But for to be accepted. You have to fast with excellence, your eyes and ears and tongue and hands and feet. Everything has to be fasting. And you pushing yourself to those limits of really, if you're holding back from Khaled and holding back from haram should be should be a default. It shouldn't even be a question. So validity and acceptance, two very different things. So when I talk about fasting from sin, I'm talking about for your own sake of acceptance. It doesn't take away the

00:51:02--> 00:51:33

validity. If you curse someone out on Ramadan, you're still fasting. I don't know what the probability of this being accepted is going to be. May Allah accept all of our DC I mean, that's all that matters. What do you think? What do you think culturally and most parts of the world after they turn to each other and say the capital they're asking me Allah accept from you? It was a reminder scholars used to tell their their students to do remind yourself you just prayed, you have no idea if it was accepted, you have no idea if it was accepted, to remind them that may Allah accept make dua for them that they get accepted, and they will make dua for you that it got accepted because we

00:51:33--> 00:51:41

have no idea because we're praying and we don't know if Allah is accepting me Allah accept all of our deeds alone. I mean, but that's what I want you to remember. I put that there specifically to talk about a little bit more tomorrow.

00:51:43--> 00:52:17

Not all we let's talk a little about Deloria. That was fascinating. Let's talk a bit about salah and Donna we're so the value revolves around the connection time and completion of the Quran. That's what the value of total RIA has down to number of like, I don't carry really any value, while other people lie they don't. Why the number of guys is not important, I swear to you, my hand to God will lie has very little importance. Whether you do eight or 10 or 20 or 23 or 13, it doesn't make a difference that much. What makes a difference is the time the commitment, the connection with Allah subhanaw taala the amount of Quran has been recited. That's what matters. Commit yourself to

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something where the Quran will be recited throughout the whole month, find a masjid close by and do that and find a voice you can listen to, honestly hamdulillah in the city, there's at least five different muscles that will recite the full Quran throughout the month with Tarawa and additional pieces as well. Find someone you can listen to and that you enjoy and commit yourself to that because that's where the value of Deloria is. Honestly, we have some people in this community that have voices that are angelic to say the least Jana you have, like between Chicago and Chicago, Kareem I don't know why we even opened the massage, we should just go in standards and just

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commit yourself to the time the connection and the completion of the Quran. And don't focus too much on the number Well look, the number is not that important. It's just not

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I know honestly, this is a problem that's been

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our

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customers

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agony in our in our Muslim Ummah for so long of eights and 20 in the fight. Yeah, I'm just really your where's your where's your heart? Is it with Allah subhanaw taala then pray to or pray to 1000 or pray whatever works for you just make sure that that's the both at home and in congregation at the massage are valid options. So if you told me that myself and my wife and my children enjoy drinks at home and read the Quran to become to a masjid, I don't know what to tell you, is totally up to you. Both are valid options. Both both are very correct. Both are very good. If you're able to keep that up at home, and the environment is nice and you're enjoying it and it's something a lot of

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people did during COVID and they found it to be beautiful. If that's something that works for you. If they continue it, there's really no I can't really say that coming to a message is better. Okay. I can't say Islamically legally speaking from an Islamic perspective Islamically legally, I can't really tell you Yeah, no, it's better to come to MSU if you're able to achieve that. I don't know if it's better. I don't know. I encourage it especially for the younger people because we don't live in a Muslim majority country so the environment of Ramadan is not available how our kids are going to love Ramadan is going to be by them coming to massage and and attending taraweeh and attending to

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and being a part of holding the dose after failed on the dose before Asia and after. So that's how they're going to feel Ramadan is a special time because they're always in the masjid. There's a social gathering, there's food, there's salah, there's something different from any part of the year. So that's why I would recommend coming to a masjid. But if you're able to achieve that at home with your family, then you know both are valid options and I wouldn't know what to tell you.

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Again, here we do we do Russia, then sunnah two minutes and then immediately we go for 10 o'clock after Oh yeah, and the three of winter and we recite the whole Quran and we have the hutzpah on the 29th night of Ramadan. Now the 29th day, the 29th night so the night before the 29th day is when we have the hokhmah which will probably be a thing of wisdom

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Tuesday night, I'm not sure I think a Thursday night. So that's what we run here. You're welcome to come and attend that with us in sha Allah to Allah, we do need to develop the volume of citation per Raka is actually reasonable. It was a guidance booklet and eight prayer did I put anything after that? Okay, so this is what you need to know. So as a guidance counselor, I think this year is still 15 to $20 per person in the family, including fetuses that are 120 days, there are more than 100 days since consumption. So if your wife is more than 120 days, which is around four months, if your wife is more than four months pregnant, and as a man, you owe the guy that filter. So in a family, a

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man has to pay for it, if the lady is single, then her father pays for it. And if she has no one that she pays for herself, obviously, but this is how the things work. The men are responsible for paying for their families. So a father should pay for his children, if his children are married, then they can do that within their own families, but even staying with him, they should pray they should pay as they go to the filter for them. And that goes for even babies that are still have not been born that over for four months, you should pay for it if you have three children, and a five month pregnant wife, and you pay for yourself, your wife, three children, and so your favorite six

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people, so $20 for each. That's 120 you pay that out now. Again, another Yani lovely, lovely fight that we have to have every year is whether it's okay to pay it out through money or just have to be wheat, and I am of the opinion that it's okay for it to be money. If you're not comfortable with that opinion. And you don't think that's valid and you think you have to give it out as wheat or barley, that's fine. You can find people who will take out from you, but the IBI Allahu Alem This opinion is very valid and very acceptable within Islamic law, you can just pay the money. And the majority of scholars today are very much in keeping with that and must be given before a prayer.

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Some say it's okay up to Officer of the day of aid, some say very few number, like a very, very small number of scholars just bring it up in case somehow you forget your you get caught or you're traveling or something. Some say it's okay. But the vast majority of scholars it has to be given out before the aid, when is the best time to start doing it. Last couple of days of Ramadan. Some scholars Okay. The last 15 days Ramadan, some stars, okay, from the beginning of Ramadan. The more back we go, the less scholars okay with it. You want to do it right when it's dashing, okay, when's the last 10 days of Ramadan, enter, prepare your second filter and pay it out during those last 10

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nights of Ramadan. That's the best time to do it. And make sure you calculate appropriately and Charlotte's island. So April just end with this and we'll pray eight pairs highly recommended is considered to be a fourth key failure, you are obligated to go not just you, you're obligated to go yourself, your wife, your children. Back in the day, they used to take their pets with them, you should take animals with them. They didn't have us take their their cats used to go with everything. Everyone would go outside and go with older animals who pray as a congregation outside. So a prayer is highly recommended if not follow the key failure. So you should definitely attend it can be

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delayed a bit meaning if it doesn't happen at seven o'clock in the morning, baboons nine or 10 or 11 Not a problem anytime before the load is actually very much acceptable. All members of society should attend preferably outdoors and one community should have one pair of possible. Now we've been trying to organise that here. It's not going to happen in London, I don't think but we will sell to make sure that every year we have a large outdoor or large large venue for eight so that the majority of people can go and then the small massages will have smaller aids running. We will never pray aid here ever. As long as I am alive and functional. We will not have a parent dismissed us so

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don't ask me the question and don't even think about it. We will I will be doing aid and other places or attending outside like everyone else. A pair should be done as congregation outdoors or in larger massages not in small places. It doesn't serve the purpose and that's the end of the Halacha Inshallah, what I'll do is after salah, everything like that after then after the car dealer, I will if there are questions I'll make myself available if not then we'll go home and show it's not gonna look historical condition related and stuff. So I said Muhammad Allah