Lessons In Fiqh 45
Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa salam o barakato la solina Bina Mohammed Anwar Ali wasabia Jemaine Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. And welcome to lessons in
the Hadith. Number one number 169. In the chapter that deals with the conditions of Salah was narrated by a woman said, Elena we, and I believe that brother Nur will read this ad for us. They read it by Abu manfaat aloha now he may or won't be pleased with him, I heard almost messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, don't pray towards grief and don't sleep on them, don't pray towards graves, and don't sit on them. Now, we have a rule in the fundamentals of warfare that says that whenever you are forbidden from doing something, it means that it is not accepted. Which means if you are forbidden from praying after after, and you insist on praying, then your prayer would be
void and not valid. Another example, a person comes over Malik and says that I have never, it's an oath that I fast one day. And this man does not fast this day, until the day of eight.
And on the day of he says, I'm gonna fast today. So what his oath be fulfilled by fasting that day, no, because it's forbidden for him to fast the day of aid. And if he does fast the day of aid, it's not accepted. Therefore, he still has to do and make up for that one day, that is an oath, that he made it another on himself.
Likewise, the Prophet says here, this hadith that do not pray towards graves. Now he is making this something forbidden. If a person goes into a cemetery, and it's a sort of prayer, and he skipped the prayer with the congregation, and he prays in the cemetery, would his prayer be acceptable? From the rule that we've said it, it is not acceptable? It's forbidden for him to pray, if he prays, he has to pray it again, once he goes out of the graveyard or of the cemetery? And why is that?
This is to protect Islam, to protect you from a possibility that you may associate others with allies, though, as you
know, a lot of people would jump
to conclusions and say, who would worship a dead person? Who would worship a corpse that died? Well, this question sounds very logical. But throughout the history, we had, we've seen people worshipping that people and they're still doing it until today. And this is a sign of the absence of a man, the absence of the heat, and the absence of a clear mind to tell you what to do and what not to do. In
igneel Hi, em
says that this is one of the greatest tricks and traps of Satan to Muslims, where they he make, he makes them glorify the dead. And this is, you know, you can see this whatever you have a scholar or you have a pious person, and he dies, Satan immediately comes and say to you that this is a great loss. So we have to bury this nice are good, man. And when you bury him, we have to do something extra. We have to glorify this man. We have to
respect him even
After his death, and people start to innovate bits and pieces here and there until they worship this that person. And this is found in lots of Islamic countries where you have mosques, and you have that people buried inside the mosques. And they claim and say that we don't worship them. But if you see them going ground, for example, the grave of Atrazine, as I said, is the son of
Riley. That means he is the grandson of the prophet SAW Selim.
And, and Hussein is, has been assassinated, he was killed in Iraq, in Karbala.
And if you look at the Muslim world, you'd find that there's a shrine for him, somewhere in Iran.
And another one in Iraq, and a third one, probably in Egypt. I don't know if they have anything for him in in Syria. I don't know if they have anything for him in Afghanistan, in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Okay, now they say in Afghanistan, they have the grave of ID Vitaly, the cousin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I think it's in Mazar e Sharif. Now, this is strange. Ali never ever left the Arabian Peninsula, he was in Iraq. How did his body reach Afghanistan? It definitely did not. But people came and said, well, the Muslims there need, you know, a boost. They have strong Islam. So what can we do to make the strongest Islam redirected to bad Islam? Let's put the Alia, let's put these ideas of
making these place sacred for them, and this diversion from the coronation, and he succeeded.
If you go to Iran, they tell you that this is the grave of Husayn and if you go to Karbala, or to Syria, they say that this is a grave of sin. And if you go to Egypt, they say that this is a grave of her saying, may Allah be pleased with him, one of the compassionate camp companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, his grandson, and one of the MASTERS OF PARADISE. The Prophet said that is assumed that Allison and her saying they were brothers, his grandsons, are the masters of the youth. In general,
they are the top and the leader is the head of youth in general. And if you look at this situation, it's not unacceptable. So you mean to tell me that his legs are in Iran and his bodies in Karbala, Iraq, and his head is in Egypt?
This is not acceptable, then what is what's acceptable is that straight pod, Satan comes to people and he tells them to glorify these that and to think that they have powers
so that you should supplicate to them. You should pray to them, you should slaughter them. And this is what we call fitna,
Allah azza wa jal has put us on Earth, to worship Him.
And He put us on earth to examine us. So if we pass the exam, it's heaven for eternity. If we fail the exam, Allah knows what will happen. And
what made me say this was that I have friends, I know people, and all our social examine them in different ways. There's this there's this man that was married 10 years ago. And until today, he doesn't have any children. So people instruct him, go to the Kava, go to the holy mosque, pray to Allah azza wa jal that He grants you a child. So the guy goes for two, three years, nothing happens. Then this man comes up to him and say, why don't you go to the grave of Al Hussein in Egypt, or Iraq wherever you want, the guy has branches, so you can go whatever is convenient for you. Go to an Husayn and supplicate there and see what happens. So the guy says, Let me give it a try. He goes to
the mosque and he sees people rubbing the walls of the chamber and throwing letters and throwing pieces of cloth things and people saying, Oh, yeah, how Shane, do this for me do that for me. And the guy gets you know, the feeling and he starts saying, You're saying, guys, grant me a child grant me a good boy and bank within nine months. His wife is delivering a healthy, beautiful boy. What would this man
Say, he would say that I've prayed to Allah azza wa jal in the Kaaba in the Haram for three years and nothing happened and look, in less than nine months, I have a child, then this is the real power. This is the power of the people, not as strong. This is a test from Allah azza wa jal, and you've just failed the test, and you're not a Muslim anymore. By calling and praying other than Allah, you become a non Muslim. So what would say? An argue, okay, then, how did it happen? How did this man
got successful and having this child who gives the child in the very beginning? It's Allah, Allah azza wa jal who grants you, this child grants you health grants you wealth. So by asking other than Allah azza wa jal Do you think that Hussein himself has the power to give you anything? Do you think that the prophets Allah, Allah, has the power to give you anything? Without Allah azza wa jal? Definitely not. We are told not to glorify the dead, not to praise them, they're dead, we ask Allah for forgiveness for them, not to go and seek what we want from them. And that is why it's forbidden for us to pray to graves.
Do you recall any incident Friday where people
you know, started glorifying and praising the dead? And then they ended by worshipping them?
Like in the in this in the stories of the companions, or, or before?
hammock? Yeah, the story that brought us a lot mulatos that, that they were very great people yesterday.
Well, erza, they were all people that were good. One of them, for example, a lot used to
get dates, and put some wheat with it, and make a meal for the pilgrims. Whenever they come. He used to give it to them. And the minute he died, they put a shrine on his grave and they started worshipping Him. Before that we have a romantic
five, pious people.
Yes. And what happened when they died? The first day, you know, they made the statues are like a square in the city. Why? To remember them? Yes. What to remember them in what? Good? They're good. And that's exactly the point that even our best may Allah be pleased with him. No, this father told us that, at the time of Noah, there were five good people, and everybody respected them. And the minute they died, they felt bad about it. So Satan came to them and told them that why not build statues on top of their graves. So whenever you see them, you remember how pious and good there were. So you do exactly like they used to do. And they did so. And after this generation died, new
generation came in and they saw these statues and they saw how people, you know, admired them and glorified them. So Satan told them, do you know why they've built these statues? Because these people bring rain. So call them supplicate to them, and they will make it rain on you. So they did so. And they associated others with Allah azza wa jal, and they became Muslim King. And that is why we are told not to have any forms of statues or drawings that may resemble any living creature. One would say, Do you think I'm gonna worship Mickey Mouse? In 510 years time, or my Pokemon? Well, you will not worship it, but it's forbidden because you don't know what may happen. I believe that we
have to break now inshallah We will be right back.
Islam is a comprehensive way of life. It deals with everything. The Prophet Solomon SLM, wanted to empower people, and he wanted them to feel the responsibility, not just to rely on the state, the companions that are the Allahu taala on him, and in particular, Abubakar Omar, this man early. In the beginning, they were not pleased and they were not proud to become the halifa. These days we see the candidates running to become the image. Let me state has to provide
all inhabitants with the basic needs, it has to fulfill their basic needs the main foundations of the Islamic State is to establish justice.
Hello and welcome back. The Hadith we read before the break, Hadith Abu mercy Omar said Allah we may Allah be pleased with him. The Prophet says Lhasa lamb don't pray towards graves. And we gone through this and we said that it is not permissible to pray in a cemetery in a graveyard, and don't sit on them. And it's not it's forbidden to sit on graves.
A question just popped into my mind. And I hope I find the answers the answer to it with you guys. Now, I've read somewhere or the other that the prophets Allah sent them once had a black woman cleaning the mosque, do you know this Hadith,
she there was this black woman cleaning the mosque. And once she died,
and the Prophet was asleep on a salatu salam. So they buried her at night. And when the Prophet woke up, saw Salim The following morning, they told him about her. And he was angry that they did not wake him up so that he could perform the funeral prayer. And he went to the cemetery. And he asked where her grave was, and he saw someone performed a funeral prayer. So is it possible or was it obligated? Because it says do not pray towards graves? Was it obligated? Or this one is abrogated? monceau? Or do you have an explanation, Mustafa? Well, I think the Prophet Muhammad SAW some did not pray to the grave or was just he prayed the jenessa prayer.
And in her when she was in her grief, what he did not actually pray with Rico. And so
what do you think? I think he was not facing you're facing the cobbler and the griever was behind them. And scholars said it's permissible to bring in this order. As long as you're not bringing out the green double Malik
is something special for him. Well, actually, what brother must have said, was the right answer, which is, it's forbidden for you to pray normal prayers, to a grave. But to pray the funeral prayer is allowed because you're not bowing. You're not prostrating. And to pray a funeral prayer, you have to have the body or the dead person between you and the Qibla. So it cannot be performed when he's behind you. It should be he should be in or she should be in front of you, as in the case of the Prophet alayhi salatu. Salam? Yes, sir. But isn't it permissible to say for instance, you went into visit visit the graveyard? And it's time to pray? And there's a mosque far away? Can you do Gemma at
the graveyard next to it? Because the graveyard is behind you? And you're freezing the cobbler? Yes, yes. Okay, providing you're not praying to towards the grave. But again, from the other hand, a scholar say you should avoid praying in the cemetery.
You should go out, not within the boundaries, because this may lead a little bit later on, you know, a month or two later that okay, the graves are at our back, then, on a later stage, they are a little bit on to our right, on a later stage, they become in front of you. So just leave the cemetery, nor
What about somebody who has cemetery inside his house? Is this house considered to be to be grave or to be cemetery?
No. Now this is an awkward question, because it's not usual, though. There are people that have their burial areas, in their houses, but sometimes I see who stains in the grave as to keep keep the gray for two. He states. He makes the game for reserve. Yeah, he spends a night there. Yes, yes. This was reported by some of the scholars in long times. And I don't know if this is a fact or a myth, because it's reported and you have to, you know, synchronize lots of the things that you read. And it says that there was the scholar whenever he praised Russia. He used to have a great
In his house, he used to go with it, lie down and put
a piece of wood on top of him. So it's complete darkness. And he's staying there in this ditch until it's the break of dawn. And he's saying, It's convincing himself telling himself that, oh, you're dead. Now it's hell or heaven, and you have so many things that you should have done, you have not done them. And when it's the break of dawn, he goes out and says to himself, okay, Allah azzawajal has brought you back again. So let's see what you do. Because when you're dead, you don't have the chance to do this. Now, this is Yeti, farfetched, I believe that this is too much a person goes, and it says an innovation. This is a bit now this is not recommendable. Though some people say it and
think that, wow, the guy spent eight or 10 hours in the grave. Look how fearful he is from Allah, this is not fearful. This is not, instead of spending nine hours and in this ditch in there, you should have prayed the whole night night prayer, you should have studied, you should have taught people you should have done something useful in your life, but to sit to lie down and this grave like ditch and think that you're doing something good, this is not good. So this is unacceptable. This is an innovation, you should make use of your time. You know, you find people they call them, they have different names, but they you find them in mosques sitting there for like 20 hours a day,
maybe the full day with beans like prayer beads like
1001 long, and they have these strange liquor. And they open the books and they they this is this is selected Fatima olek. It translates to the prayer that opens things that are closed. What is this is a master key. And they say no, this is a special prayer given to us by what he saw and saw and by scholars on Shaw. And it's good that it does this does that. Is it sooner? No, no, no, no, it's even more than this is the one he he's not a prophet. He's a Willie. This is blasphemy. This is good for if you think that anyone could be better than the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And they start to make noises and sounds and they start to say a lot, a lot, a lot, a lot A lot. Like 1000s of
times what are you saying? Say this name of Allah, we say like 7000 times between prayers. What use of that? said, Oh, this is Deckard. The Prophet ever said, Allah, Allah, Allah and he kept on repeating it said no. So how do you innovate in it, this is better, this is forbidden. And after some time, instead of saying Allah, Allah, Allah, then they don't go directly by saying the name they use a pronoun they say Who? Meaning he. So instead of saying Allah, they will say him, him him. So say in Arabic hoo hoo hoo hoo. What is this? This is a dog like barking. It is not prayer. This is
this does not relate to Islam at all. So it is definitely not should not to put a grave in your house. Instead of lying in your bed, you go down there and lie in it. This is an Islamic, Muslim people used to live in graveyards. Living in graveyards is different than living in a grave. Say, if you work in a graveyard, then you have your house next to a graveyard. Nobody lives inside the graveyard. Usually, there are probably poor people or but it's not a place to live in. I don't think it's very friendly place. You know to invite your friends and let's have dinner in my place. Where do you live next to grave 2003. It was for a serial killer. But if you wish we can change the
scenery to another place. This is not logical or not
acceptable, though it's possible. people they don't know about people's lives. But praying to a grave is forbidden. You should respect the grave the cemeteries. To the extent that it's forbidden for us to walk on graves with our sandals on. The prophet SAW Selim though, sometimes you have to walk on graves because the whole place is filled with graves. You have to take your sandals off. Now sitting on a grave is completely out of the question.
Sitting on a grave is completely out of the question. Because the Prophet told us our law says that whoever sits on the grave as if he's sitting on a burning stone. This is a punishment and this tells you
The respect we have for the debt, their debt, their history, but we respect the debt. And likewise How would you think that we would respect the living or respect to the living should be even more and more and all of this? not praying to the grave is to safeguard that the hate
to safeguard the monotheism, your belief in the oneness of Allah azza wa jal and that is why there are so places in the center where it tells us Do not say the following
Allah and so on Allah and Mohammed because in Arabic is when you say Allah what Mohammed or Masha Allah who worship whatever Allah wishes and you this is associating you with Allah. In saying that Allah wishes this and you wish this and this is not acceptable. Then in Islam, we move on to the the following Hadith Hadith number 170. Narrated Abu Zeid, Raja Mohan, Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when when any of you comes to the mosque, he should look and if he sees impurity effect on his sandals or shoes, he should wipe them and then print them.
Most of this hadith talks about which condition
or impurity, about purity, removing the filth, as we will call that purity is divided into two. And this isn't essential that you understand this. Because then you know what purity is. It's not only performance evolution, this is one part of it. So purity is considered to be removing the filth and lifting the state that you should be either to take a total bath or performing evolution.
And in this Hadith, it tells us that when you go into the mosque, at the time of the Prophet Assam you could also pray wearing your socks, wearing your shoes. Now we've said that in our times, this is not acceptable simply because the masks are covered with carpets, and carpets. Take any dirt that you bring to them when you step on these carpets. So it's not asuna it's not recommendable, you should not do this. And in this Hadith,
the prophet tells us that one should look into his shoes.
Why? To see if there is any filth in it any jazz and impurity and if there is any impurity, one should remove it. But if there is nothing then he can pray and he has nothing to do with it. Is it similar to pray wearing sandals?
Mustapha Yes, it is so not to wear sandals. Because the Prophet Muhammad SAW said and told us to be different
from the Jews and the Christians because they did us know that the crystal clear the Jews because they only pray without wearing sandals. We're faded footed. They pray barefoot, but Muslims can pray both ways. And it's preferable if you have your sandals on and you're praying in a place that does not have any carpets that you pray wearing your sandals. I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program. I believe in Sharla that there are a few issues still to be discussed. So we will delay that too. Until we meet next time. Then pm Angela was Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.