Matn Alajurroomiyyah #14

Adnan Rajeh


Channel: Adnan Rajeh


File Size: 48.95MB

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Episode Notes

2017 12 1 LMM before Isha


WARNING!!! AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. Therefore, no part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

AI Generated Summary ©

The speakers discuss the use of "just" in English grammar and provide examples of verb base sentences, subhanaw taala, "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will", "will

AI Generated Transcript ©

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And then I'll also so the tools that will cause a present tense verb to go from his default status which is to go into the status of Muslim or Muslim and then I compared between both statuses last time. So let me take this off because this is not

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good. What I'm going to do is I'm going to continue by talking about a lot of white metal sml and then I'm gonna do a revision of everything that we've done after that chapter in sha Allah.

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Bobby Mark 400 smack the chapter and mark for art What is it a metaphor? I mean

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I'm probably do the standing up for today. So what

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what is the metaphor? I mean?

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Yeah, so yes, if you were going to explain that literally not grammatically, then yes, that would be the lifted button from Arabic grammar LMR four is in the status of Rafa. So the metaphor I think that

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we're talking about nouns.

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So we're not talking about present tense verbs that are metaphor, we're talking about different types of nouns that are going to be in the status of Rafa. And we have seven different types of nouns that will be in the status of offer within a sentence, and we'll go through them one by one. And they're pretty simple once you understand them. So in your room, your hammer hula con, element four, to say, but I don't wanna hear you.

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And the first type

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L file

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what is that file in English grammar?

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Is the subject okay, this subject? Because I don't know.

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Right now,

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what you need to know about the file is the following. A file only exists in a verb based sentence. So before we talk about file and how it works, I have to explain to you the two different types of sentences there are. So when you talk about sentences

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we have two types of sentences. We have now and based.

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We have verb based

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sentences are based on verbs and sentences that are vague based on nouns. How do we know is that or that basically what it begins with will kind of dictate the sentence. So how this sentence begins will tell us if it's going to be a noun based or a verb base. Sometimes a sentence will be complex, so will be a noun based, but within it, there's a verb, base sentence, or it's a verb, base sentence. Within it, there's a noun base sentence. So there's different ways of looking at it.

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The file only exists in a verb based sentence, there is no such thing as a file in a noun based sentence, a noun based sentence will have different things that are more for like we'll talk about them in Sharla in a second, but for now, when I talk about fine, we're talking about a verb base sentence, give me examples of a verb base sentence.

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Urmila luck, hub.

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That's a known base sentence because it started, it started with a with a noun, flip it.

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Now it's a verb a sentence. So how it begins, it was a noun base, when you said Ahmed yella, please, it's a noun based sentence with a verb base sentence in the middle of it. So that's a complex sentence right? When you say let you elaborate, that is a verb based sentence. So which is more, which is easier to have, which is the one that is more common verb base sentences, because once you shove a verb anywhere, it it becomes a verb base sentence, even if the actual sentence is no base. But now you have a very base right in the middle of it. On the other hand, in order to have a noun base and this, the criteria is you cannot have a verb at the beginning and you cannot have a bourbon

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the middle. So it could be a noun base sentence, but to have it a purely noun base with no verb, big sentence URL, you can't have a verb added to it. So verbs are just more a bit more contagious. The moment they come in, they turn something into a verb base sentence. So what he says

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so it started with it with a present tense verb. So it's a verb based sentence, who's the subject who's actually doing the playing?

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Here is going to be the fight. And if it was, were to just say, like in the in the past tense, it would be it would be the same thing. So this would be the subject and in the in the sentence, give me something in the Quran.

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Give me a call to Anik verb where there's a with a subject in this clinic verse with this subject. Yeah.

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Could you buy becomes more complicated? To get something a bit more a bit more simple?

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That's also complicated. That's a command that there's a subject there. But the subject there is not a subject to be a word a noun, not to be a pronoun to actually be a noun.

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Also complicated because that's in the field. That's not Yes.

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It is also complicated. It's a it's a command verb. Either Agia.

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Mahi Wellford.

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All right, either. If it's a preposition doesn't do anything doesn't dictate whether the sentence is going to be noun based. Or if it's going to be verb based, this is just a preposition, then,

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what is the job?

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Yeah, what is it is a noun or a verb.

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Is a past tense verb, right? So when you find the past tense verb, then you know it's a pat, it's a verb, base sentence, right? And then also, there's a subject

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who came the victory of Allah?

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And we said his element for it? No, that's not right. It's got to be a metaphor. That's why we have what at the end of it.

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Alright, I'll do this slowly. Don't worry, just I want to kind of build up some understanding of what we're doing here.

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They think of more

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of more is that

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you memorize that you could have something like that.

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Know, it's very, very complicated zealots. It's not in the it's Melbournian module. So it's, it's a passive verb. passive verbs will study but we haven't studied them yet. So there's a bit we're not ready for that you right now. Think of something that's more

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what the who is a command you guys all think either commands or passive verbs just know my shell. Yeah, if I was asking for passive verbs or commands, I wouldn't get as many as I got right now.

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Give me something that doesn't I guess.

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The subject is a pronoun there, I want the subject to be an unknown that is that is clear within within the sentence with a noun that is there for you, for you to see if you will read

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that work

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that doesn't it's not, that's now as a noun based sentence, right?

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So you're thinking you have to think of think of just

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just think of, you'll find

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you'll find a lot of a lot of examples and if you just go through through a few of the verses in your head

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so yeah, there is a verb but Where's where's the subject? I'm asking for the subject. So John, also, was there an example of a verb and then the subject or the file that came after it? So think of something in your mind of a suit, whatever you can think of. Yet? Yeah.

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So I'll give you an example. Something simple.

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So call Allah Who?

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In New Mexico

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so Carla is a past tense verb, right? He said.

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And then who is this? Who said who's the subject?

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Right Lagenaria Hola. So it's a metaphor, it's a metaphor what is the marker of refer for it? Muscle called Allahu

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Allah and you miss

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it would work for that it would work as well but we're very well that it's hard to establish the marker on that when I want something I'm looking for things are a bit more simple is something you can kind of look at and make sense to you. The moment you look at is

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what is the subject now right and us which was the subject

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so if we say alright and just not bad I can I can I can deal with average I can.

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Where's the highlight in this

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what I ate in this Oh, sorry. I wasn't sure

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what to eat. And

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so I right this is where the word ends.

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This is a president this is a past tense verb, right? Past tense verb who is the subject here?

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This is a subject what you saw, right who we saw what you saw a nurse. This is the object so this is the subject

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so this is a female has an offer and it's a position of our for but it's not a noun is it? It's a pronoun, it's not a noun. So we want to think of subjects who are nouns within within the sentences

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right? Yes Sunday

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this think of a different

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verb besides color.

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Take away the whole talking.

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So your goal is a present tense verb, the subject is an African.

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The question is what is the marker of raffia endorsement African

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history Well, right. So this is a what is one of your points hmm with Dr. Salim, it's a sound it's a sound masculine plural. And it's either gonna have your own for refer or I'm gonna have up for NASA bingeable And because it's more for the federalism or for is going to be and whenever you're going, fall and ocean what is the marker of Russia for new?

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New what is America Russia?

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Right. Very good. Think of more examples.

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Where's the subject there?

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Who's the subject? Who's doing what the verb is indicating that is happening? A subject that file is someone or something that is doing whatever the verb has indicated is happening

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at the moment,

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so yeah, I'm alone. But where's your example? Where would it be right? Who's the subject who's doing

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because it's basically telling you Yeah, so you are the subject is you there and it's not there. So it's something that estimated but it's not there. We're looking for nouns that are written in the sentence we can we can say that makes sense. So there is a subject but it's estimated is not a bear call and call enter Hua Hua. But until you never say that you take that example who Allah is

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saying same problem

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so what I did is a command the subject is not written. The subject isn't there who's going to read you it's not written there. So in this sentence, yeah, la mala Mala and well within them income. Yeah, Nemo is a sentence verb you knows who knows? Allah knows right? So Allah is a subject supine with data and the subject is always metaphor and the marker of Rafa is going to be a Allama

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which is what we use of

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what do we use?

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They came as a process verb. Who is the subjects here? who came

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before us it didn't come? It says brothers. So what is the subject? What is the marker of raffia on the word

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to mama

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Yeah, what to what to give it what do you have

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Oh, finally you got one? Yes, you're willing No?

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Yeah, you feel is when you run away, right? So that's a present tense verb who's running away who's doing this verb?

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Right that's how you know what a file is. A subject is who is ever performing what the verb is indicating the verb is indicating fleeing running away who is doing the running away no matter what the human being so he's metaphor is it's fine it's a metaphor. What is the marker of our animal?

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if you don't know me nothing Yes. What do you have

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there you go. So

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so we have a lot of gotta enjoy so far. Let's see if you can get with new new new words. John machine.

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Machine means the bearer of good news. Jack came. So who came the bearer of good news? So he's the subject what is the marker of Russia on Bashir?

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My very good job as you allow him to give me another one.

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semi Allahu.

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semirara is a verb that means to hear, right? Who was doing the hearing? Allah subhana wa Tada. So he's a subject. It's about a foreigner. So he's going to have a llama Sami Allah alongside his hand up.

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La. Ramen. give me examples you guys know, enough of the Quran to get the examples? Yes.

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Okay, so who? Let's let's go through them. John.

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What is the verb indicating?

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Yeah, so who and who's doing what the verb is indicating?

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Yeah, where's Allah in the sentence?

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So who's what is the alternative was a substitution for the name of the tub. So is is the subject here, but is it a noun or a pronoun? It's a pronoun. We know you want nouns. We're looking at muffle smell. So you're not wrong. You're not giving a wrong sentence. You just don't give me a sentence that has a noun as a subject and I'm saying the difference I want you to kind of think of give me sentences that have nouns as subjects and you can even make up one up that's fine. Yes.

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He just gave it to me a second ago. Were you sleeping for five minutes? He just gave it to me a second ago. Yes.

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Yes, so who came the module? Yeah, so very good. Very good example because there's actually a few words between the verb and the subject. So what Yeah, I

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mean alcohol Medina De

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La Jolla. So who came the verb is bhoga came who came who did the coming

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the man right not monoxide Medina t that is just a an additional piece of information that from the FAR part of the city. So what is the subject what is the marker of Rafa on the word Russian

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Rama Rajan,

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very good example. Give me more give me more examples. This is important once you once you understand how the subject works it becomes much easier for you to deal with the eggs

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so generally Allahu

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Allah made

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seven layers within the heavens, so who did who did who did the making? Allah sees a subject so he has a

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tele que Eva

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Buka right Fila prop Buka Fila did

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who did the doing here put up Booker right. What is the marker of of what is the marker of raffia rabuka

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Yes, of course. This is where the word ends right the cuff is a is a prominent additional or a blue or a Buka

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without but other examples gonna give me

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So who did the coming this is the verb coming who did it that island is going to a metaphor

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Mama is the is the is a marker

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so Which sentence

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you are unable whom? Allah Who is it? Who is the subject

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okay, what was the marker of offer?

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Very good. Why are you saying so? Even if you're mistaken like I'm not going to bite your head off for you I label them Allah who very good so you are zebra whom

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this is an interesting one.

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Because again there's something between the verb and the subject right you either is punish who's doing the home whom they right so who's doing the punishing they are Hola

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Hola Hola palletizer subject here so he will be more for what is the market for him for the vagina

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bath Allahu Allah what I've been

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for is Allah who

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is sent

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right? Who didn't descending

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Allah more. I give you an example. Now that's kind of

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out of the

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so pay attention to this shelter. So Michelle Thoratec Alladhina see if you can if you can catch this. In the Quran, we're Ed patella.

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So now on base

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sentence, a verb a sentence. When you find a verb is a verb make sense immediately. It depends on the beginning of the sentence. Sometimes it'll be a noun based sentence and a verb base sentence in the middle of it. It'll be complex or sometimes it'll be a verb, base sentence and a noun based sentence in the middle of it. But for for means, or for the purposes of simplicity, we're going to say just a verb a sentence, pure verb based or purely noun based in that we'll talk about complexities inshallah later.

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Before subjective, yes, yes, it's the opposite, then it becomes something different.

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This is called something different at that point. Night. There are certain exceptions to that rule, but again, they're very, very rare.

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So what you didn't tell them Ibrahima?

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Sudo, Bukhara there's a very no nine, what it means that means tested. It's a verb, right?

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So who is the subject here in this sentence? So who was tested? Who did the testing?

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Testing on? So who is the subject?

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Here in the sentence?

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So what how would you see if it's my fault or not?

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What's the micro refer for it? Were

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on the on the bat. So what I boohoo and then Ibrahim is object it gets a Fatah.

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Now, if you were to flip it, Ibrahim wore a bow, you would have a you'd have a meaning that has some indication of Go for it. That Ibrahim was testing God. And of course that doesn't, that doesn't work. Right? Another example

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in MA Yaksha.

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almost one,

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in particular, at the beginning of the sentence if that is tested, right, so it's a past tense verb meaning tested. In America, revere the verb, present tense verb with the meaning of Revere.

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Alright, so who's the who's the who's the subject here?

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Yeah, so the verb is Yaksha. Right? Who is doing what the verb is indicating the verb is indicating reverence, who is performing the reverence

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and are performing the reverence for Allah subhanaw taala right. So who was the subject in the sentence?

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That's why

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mama and then in the Maya Shala in a bed here oh man, who if you switch it, the meaning becomes problematic. You switch it then if Allah is reviewing his creations as a scientist and that becomes more of a problem and understanding understanding how this works. So we're talking about resolving the subject, subject is a metaphor is a word that will be given the status of raffia amongst nouns, it is a part of a verb based sentence as to be a verb based sentence, it will be the, what the subject is, is the person or the thing that is performing whatever the verb is indicating. It is the is the person to the one

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or the thing that is performing whatever the verb is indicating Yes, yeah. Hamdi.

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Who's Who's doing what is the verb here?

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Yeah, so who's doing what are suddenly mean?

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Like send right who's doing the sending?

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Yes, so us Where's us in the Word very good way it's awesome because sentence notice to you

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know is not a noun or pronoun.

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A pronoun is not unknown, right? That's why we need we need we're looking for

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sentences that have subjects that are nouns

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Yeah, so again the third time mashallah for the same this is a very popular

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I'm gonna give you an example now to show you how things can be confusing

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right I'm talking about

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you have two brothers one named Musa the other name isa their their, you know, their arm wrestling. And then one of them one. So I said does not have a Musa and Isa. So which 110 Do you know?

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Yeah, what happens if this is a subject here?

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Could that be possible

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in the

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It's a bit so what is the marker of of effort Isa

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was a marker of Rafa Come on give it to me it was a marker of ever ASA

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if you know Mr marker

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yeah at the moment but

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my Mamuka Daraa estimated well Adama meaning is not there, you can't put it. And here if it were going to be the subject it also be an estimate. So since we have no idea, we have no way to put a marker to find out which one we just go by what Hamdi said we go by the first person, this is impossible to be the opposite. It has to mean Musa one asked me because because of the sequence, because the sequence is verb subject object. If you want to play around with that frequence you have to have markers on the words for the person who was listening to know which one which one which which one person which person actually did the verb. So let's let's change the names, let's say.

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Notice 20 different news.

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So let me just do this to bother him.

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So what about nine more?

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All right.

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So who's the who's the subjects here?

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Not necessarily. Here, if you can put markers to know, right? So it's based on where whose metaphor based on which of these because Allah is the verb, which you mean defeated, right? So whoever did the defeating over one will get will be metaphor. So if this is whatever

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Pragna Why do anyone

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right? Now more than why would you? Why would you say it like that? Is there a reason for you to say like that, yes, there is an Arabic From from a meaning perspective, there are reasons why you would put the object before the subject, it would be either emphasizing the object or emphasizing the subject based on the context of the sentence like you want to bring out the fact that this is not a regular sentence is not a regular event, this was a big deal. Let's say I was the heavyweight champion. And the whole point was who beats I'd done my did instead that would be if you just said it normally. That means no big deal about Obama either. I'd know. They played in the guy won. But

00:27:17--> 00:27:27

then if if this is the world champion, and then the loss of this person and this person won, then you would flip it to emphasize the fact that this is a very unique incident, right? And then if you were to change it

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then I won. And you lost as it should be. No, no lie then. Right? Because I become the subject I won.

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I always win by the way. You're never you're never gonna beat me. Alright, so that's, that's the idea. That's how you kind of look at look at these sentences. So you have to look where which one is metaphor, which one is going to be metaphor and which one is not metaphor? And that way you know, who's the subject in the sentence and who's not the subject in this sentence? You have a few more examples

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I'll give you one

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What if Allah Who?

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Cover means you've been protected from or saved from, right?

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So which one of these two words is going to be the subject? Who did they're protecting here?

00:28:39--> 00:28:45

Yeah, and it has to be can it be the opposite? Could it be the opposite? Why couldn't it be not just because based on the meaning what else?

00:28:47--> 00:28:53

Because there weren't many what status? Is it? Is it the size of metaphor? No, see if it was metaphor, what would it be

00:28:54--> 00:29:08

mean right wouldn't be more meaning. So the moment you see me you know this is not metaphor. It has to be this one. So love vagina is the subject in his metaphor and the marker off is going to be Obama because Allah Who and What meaning Okita?

00:29:17--> 00:29:18

know one more example Bacala

00:29:22--> 00:29:28

because I mean it's been ordered or it's been determined, someone determined something who did the determining here?

00:29:29--> 00:29:41

Allah subhana wa Tada. Right so Buddha. So it's metaphor. How do you know the marker of Ramadan? This? You have to say where the word ends? The word ends at the back here. The coffee is a pronoun, right? So what is the marker of Ramadan? The word

00:29:45--> 00:29:45


00:29:47--> 00:29:51

booka these things are very important. These little little distinctions here make a difference? Yes.

00:29:54--> 00:29:55

Where's the verb?

00:29:57--> 00:29:58

That's not a verb.

00:29:59--> 00:29:59

Right um,

00:30:03--> 00:30:03

Well hello

00:30:10--> 00:30:12

hello oh well so again

00:30:13--> 00:30:14


00:30:17--> 00:30:19

tour did the guiding Allah subhanho wa Taala again

00:30:21--> 00:30:26

in the Quran a lot of the subjects or the actions and the wills of ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada

00:30:29--> 00:30:33

Alright, so that Excel file that's the subject of studying this subject

00:30:34--> 00:30:35

let's move on

00:30:36--> 00:30:37

to the second one

00:30:39--> 00:30:41

he gave a lot of examples I think we're I think we're good

00:30:53--> 00:30:54

the second one

00:30:55--> 00:30:58

when my for all Allah de la new some fellow who

00:30:59--> 00:31:02

in my phone and leather use Atlanta Musa

00:31:19--> 00:31:33

now all the examples you gave me at the beginning you can all you know show me shuffle them all back because now it works. So the object that doesn't have a named subject so as an object

00:31:42--> 00:31:44

and identified subject

00:31:50--> 00:31:52

now gave me a couple of examples given to me back again.

00:31:54--> 00:31:57

Well, that's the command the other ones the ones that had the passivity.

00:32:00--> 00:32:15

No, no, that's not that's not an N. Identify that that's estimated he is doing it right. So let me mister you guys give me other examples. Remember the examples given at the beginning give me one more. Either Zilla T lardo

00:32:17--> 00:32:18

zebra Tiller

00:32:24--> 00:32:41

This is a verb but this verb is in the passive tense is the past tense was also in the passive tense. That's why zoom z, t is not Zela it was delta T would have been in the normal tense. Zero T means the passive tense was the passive verb.

00:32:43--> 00:32:44

The work was done.

00:32:46--> 00:32:47

The game was played.

00:32:48--> 00:33:03

That's a passive, that's a passive tense. Right? Played by whom? I don't know what I'm not telling you. But the game was played, meaning I removed the concept of the subject from the sentence altogether. I removed the subject from the sentence. So here Zilla till

00:33:05--> 00:33:07

now who performed this?

00:33:09--> 00:33:39

Right? But Allah subhanho performed it has been removed from the sentence from conceptually meaning. This says the earth was shook. Right? The earth was either shaken or shook. I don't know, which is a grammatical, grammatical shortcut. So the birth was shook. I mean, there's no subject anymore Right. But in the regular, in the regular understanding of the sentence, you will say is that is that is the verb. Allah is the subject and love is the

00:33:40--> 00:33:56

object. Correct. But in this tense, where it's zero, it was a passive tense, we remove the subject, suddenly the object, the object doesn't have an unidentified subject and it it becomes modified instead. That's what he does. You'll see that what he does, what

00:33:57--> 00:34:11

are what are boo, right? Well, it's an object should be molten salt, which shouldn't be metaphor, but because the subject has not been identified, because the word is isn't a passive tense he does was either.

00:34:14--> 00:34:36

On the other hand, what Raja Tiller do, is not passive tense, or surajit. removed, but it has inside of it, who did the removing the earth did the earth remove what was inside of it and put it outside? So the Earth is a subject and has been mined, but here it is not a subject, it is an object that does not have an identified subject. So give me more examples that were similar to that.

00:34:38--> 00:34:43

No one's gonna give me the right ones for the other one for the for the, for the subjects.

00:34:45--> 00:34:47

Where's the verb there? There's no verb, a verb

00:34:50--> 00:34:58

but there's no where's the where's the object that doesn't have an identify subject be knows right below the right you're thinking the right direction. But where's the where's the object?

00:35:00--> 00:35:03

Just think of a noun right and you look for a noun that comes after it

00:35:04--> 00:35:09

yeah kills it when there's when there's something calling doesn't doesn't work anymore

00:35:12--> 00:35:17

yeah California is not passive tense. Yeah, what would be passive tense for California

00:35:18--> 00:35:28

you have a winner, right Katella that is the direct tense Portilla is the passive tense barraba

00:35:29--> 00:35:32

Direct tense muriva passive tense

00:35:34--> 00:35:36

Jumia Very good. Join me i Shamsul

00:35:42--> 00:35:43

so Jamia Shamsul

00:35:46--> 00:36:03

now who Jumeirah is gathered? Who does the gathering? Who puts the sun in the moon together Allah subhanaw taala but he's been removed from the sentence conceptually by a passive tense by a passive by a passive past tense verb to the passive is jus me

00:36:05--> 00:36:16

it was the Jama Allah who jumps and this is an object but it would be removed conceptually. So now the object becomes in the place of a subject so it gets a bum join me i shunfu is

00:36:17--> 00:36:18

14 Al Insana

00:36:21--> 00:36:24

What do you do instead of handy to go ahead

00:36:27--> 00:36:28

Very good.

00:36:29--> 00:36:32

Very good. So what's the hottest summer

00:36:37--> 00:36:38

so yeara tiltable.

00:36:42--> 00:37:19

So Coccinelle in Sanibel was direct tend to be cut Allinson, right, and who killed the human being or who determined to human would die ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. He has been removed conceptually from the sentence with a passive with a passive verb Catina. Now the object who is the human being becomes more fluid because it's an object that doesn't have an identify subject, or you can say an object within a passive tense sentence. A passive tense sentence right? So you can say it both ways, but you don't insert footie hottie no matter how to use a direct, tense footie hottie It was opened by Allah subhanaw taala right. So by them 40 Hatim and now the summer as well as being open as the

00:37:19--> 00:37:26

object because there's no identify subject is going to get a bum as well. The same thing for sure yellowtail Jeeva do exact same thing. Yes, give me another example.

00:37:29--> 00:37:33

obeso is the is the passive tense Ibis says a direct tense

00:37:36--> 00:37:36


00:37:39--> 00:38:07

so what's the problem with this jumps to Kubelet COVID That is a problem is a passive tense verb. It shumsa comes before it so it's no longer it's no longer an object. These two have to be within a verb base sentence and shrimps becomes before COVID is no longer have repaste be extent is a noun based sentence now it's jumps is no longer a Janya. What is this? What is it before we already knew that Mr. Fairey who called in grammar today has a different name today. They call it name five

00:38:10--> 00:38:12

the substitute of the subject

00:38:13--> 00:38:24

so there's the subject tags out and tags and the object in its place so becomes a source an object that's tagging in or substituting a subject because the subject has been conceptually removed from the sentence.

00:38:25--> 00:38:27

What other examples can you give me

00:38:32--> 00:38:33

where's that?

00:38:34--> 00:38:36

You just made that up right? Mashallah.

00:38:37--> 00:38:39

Think of Quranic examples

00:38:45--> 00:38:46

is a command as a command

00:38:47--> 00:38:50

what how would it be in a passive tense who still feel alone

00:38:52--> 00:38:54

right will still feel that would be the

00:38:56--> 00:38:57

Wales can we think of

00:39:01--> 00:39:13

also a command on Union federal is the is the fact that there's Okay, I want you to learn how to passive works. I'm not teaching you passive verbs, but you'll you'll get a hang of what it sounds like it's always a bit different. Yes.

00:39:15--> 00:39:18

Young Verona it would be young Verona, if it was passive.

00:39:19--> 00:39:28

There was always also direct it will be to Lucia will be to woofer yellow kind of passive, to also is is direct is past tense, direct.

00:39:29--> 00:39:39

You're awful. Not yada, yada. Yadi who becomes wrong you out? Who is the right? Who is correct. So so that, man, you have your awful? Yes, go ahead.

00:39:40--> 00:39:51

No, no, it's off the coast. That would be the way what I'll tell you but I'll tell you NACA becomes becomes direct. So here if you say yeah, evil, yeah, evil, right.

00:39:53--> 00:40:00

It becomes direct, you're awful. It becomes underrated. Out of what is it? What is the verb mean? The verb

00:40:00--> 00:40:07

means to know something right? Let me God moon are the criminals so who who's who's doing the knowing? Who's identifying

00:40:12--> 00:40:36

everyone else? Yes, very good so everyone else is doing the identification. They're identifying them Oh Jamie Where is everyone else here they have been conceptually removed from the sentence because of the passivity of the verb. So the verb is written like this Your food is passing. So now the object the ones who are going to be known identified become the substitute of this of the that's why what is what is the marker of of raffia and the word muddiman.

00:40:38--> 00:40:50

If it was your off, when would you mean that would be a big blunder in the Quran? That'd be a big problem in the Quran understanding that would be impossible because there's no where's there's no there's no subjects so it has to be out of when would you demonia Sunday.

00:40:52--> 00:40:56

Very good. Cocina Portilla Cocina

00:41:00--> 00:41:00

de la

00:41:03--> 00:41:20

Sol who damned damn them to death or they are judged upon them or rule upon them death is where the POS Allah subhanho wa Taala right, but even conceptually moved from the sentence. So now they have would have become the substitute of the subjects so Portillo's

00:41:21--> 00:41:23

was horrible, dude. All right.

00:41:29--> 00:41:29

Very good.

00:41:31--> 00:41:33

Good. Give me something give me give me one that's

00:41:35--> 00:41:58

it would be your bus shuttle. If it was passive, but you understand you're hearing the difference. You bet shuttle is the direct tense you bus shuttle is about as a passive tense. I want you to learn the difference between a direct tense verb and a passive tense verb just by listening you must show that direct your bus shuttle is passive, right? I'm not gonna teach them just to keep on repeating it until until you understand Kuti. But there's good team and the Quran a very known idea. There you go. Yeah.

00:42:01--> 00:42:05

Anybody can we'll see. Well, either way. So either I would work perfectly here, Cookie bomb.

00:42:10--> 00:42:14

And this is good because there's something in between. I was hoping we would get one of these because it's something in between.

00:42:23--> 00:42:26

So what would the direct tense verb sound like here?

00:42:29--> 00:42:57

But it's katiba. Right? So it's not direct is passive. So the subject has been conceptually removed from the sentence now who did the writing? Who did the who did who obligated? So yeah, no Catella somehow had been removed. So now the the obligations the object of these sentences are going to become substitutes for the subject and the metaphor? So we'll see I'm fasting and keto and fighting in certain contexts, contexts, of course, become notified. Now what about Alikum?

00:43:00--> 00:43:12

Doesn't do anything? Aleykum is a preposition with a pronoun attached to it, and they don't it doesn't affect the sentence at all. It doesn't do anything don't change anything the sentence so what is the marker of raffia on the word cm

00:43:13--> 00:43:17

so Yamo and the marker Rafa will tell it

00:43:20--> 00:43:21

right? Yes. Handy.

00:43:29--> 00:43:38

Yeah, my new one is direct your analogy when you are a metal is the passive. So yeah, metal is the direct event and metal is the passive. Do you have any more?

00:43:41--> 00:43:44

Giada Is there a gorilla is passive? Yes.

00:43:47--> 00:43:49

Yes, so we just did that a second ago, but very good.

00:43:51--> 00:44:11

Use our phones very good. But there's no the the subject or the or the substitute for the subject is a pronoun. It's not a noun, we need we need a noun or a pronoun, right just so that we can keep the good we're talking about a month for a smell. We're talking about the nouns that are given the status of raffia there's seven different types of nouns, right, seven different types.

00:44:13--> 00:44:20

Very good luck, good luck. And I was hoping I was hoping I would get that at some point during this whole thing. So they're very known how to give us a second though they're very known Hadith Bonilla.

00:44:30--> 00:44:32

The question would be yes, yeah. Hondius

00:44:33--> 00:44:48

is direct. Khadija is passive. Now what is the what is the direct tense of Bonilla? What would the direct sense be? Bene right? Bene is direct Bonilla is going to be passive. So you know that conceptually

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

exists. The subject of this sentence has been removed. Who is the one who built Islam on five on five pillars? jelajah Lula, he built it on five pillars, but he's been conceptually removed.

00:45:00--> 00:45:11

So Islam was built that's what the center's me Islam has been built so Islam is the object that doesn't have a subject identify study or as a substitute for the subject is going to be marked for what is the marker of refer for it

00:45:13--> 00:45:16

when Al Islam Allah homes

00:45:20--> 00:45:29

right well how many that didn't do? Well how many LGBTQ for do Cata that kitten Wahida well, how many Latino are that's that's a very good example

00:45:31--> 00:45:33

what would the passive

00:45:37--> 00:46:01

passive verb sound like if it wasn't passive here what would it be if it was direct? How am I that right? But homie net is passive? Who does? Who's going to carry the earth and Allah subhanaw taala the ability of Allah is conceptually removed. And now the object which is the earth becomes now invalid becomes the substitute of the subject or its object doesn't have a subject and that was metaphor. Well, I mean,

00:46:02--> 00:46:03

where did you bite you?

00:46:07--> 00:46:10

in shock, but is not, is not passive.

00:46:14--> 00:46:30

The verbs aren't the same insect but is not a passive verb as a direct verb, is a passive verb indirectly, it's a very it's a complicated one in shock, because when you add a noon to the beginning of it, it becomes passively a passive verb but indirectly, so what is the passive tense of in chocolate?

00:46:32--> 00:47:00

When shortcut is never used, shortcut is used, right? So you can say shortcut or you can say in shock, but either way similar, similar meanings but there is a difference. There is a difference. So homie, that means there's an actual force that carried it in shock that means it ripped from the force of other things happening there wasn't rip directly was indirectly ripped. Shot is similar right? That's the difference remind me today I'll explain that a bit clearer. Yeah, clearly.

00:47:03--> 00:47:06

We said that as well. But just take a look here for coming in late and at least coming

00:47:08--> 00:47:10

in coming up with the with the examples.

00:47:11--> 00:47:11

And then the

00:47:13--> 00:47:19

Halacha is direct what would it be if it was passive? Holika Holika will be even more passive, but Calaca is a direct Yes.

00:47:23--> 00:47:24

You know, but what?

00:47:26--> 00:47:26

Yes, give me

00:47:28--> 00:47:29

an incentive. Very good. There you go.

00:47:31--> 00:47:32

So what would the verb unit

00:47:37--> 00:47:39

sound like if it wasn't passive?

00:47:40--> 00:47:47

You'll never be very good. You will never be who wouldn't be how it would sound if it was not passive. But here's passive so it's, you know,

00:47:51--> 00:47:51

it would be

00:47:53--> 00:47:54

your main image

00:47:59--> 00:48:01

there is no there's no doer.

00:48:03--> 00:48:25

So it's only now, at the end of this Inshallah, I'll tell you how we come up with all that. Now we understand. So in sand, if it was a direct sentence, direct verb would be the object you will never be Oh, Allah will inside Allah let's the human being no, but we can actually remove the subject. So now the object becomes the substitute and a bone Insano right now.

00:48:27--> 00:48:36

So that's all fun and games. Let's talk about the past passive. So for in order for this to exist, for number two to exist, you need a passive tense verb.

00:48:37--> 00:48:39

This year needs

00:48:41--> 00:48:50

a passive or passive verb sorry, there's no tense passive verb, a passive verb. So what's the passive verb? Let's let's talk about a direct verb Fila.

00:48:55--> 00:48:58

Fila if you want to turn that into a passive verb, you would say

00:49:01--> 00:49:03

it yes for a

00:49:04--> 00:49:06

second even if you're wrong, and he's no big deal.

00:49:08--> 00:49:14

This is only going on YouTube for everyone to see. So no, no problem man. So, so what you do, what do we do here?

00:49:15--> 00:49:22

You put a llama on the first letter, and then you put a customer on the second one. So give me examples. Baba

00:49:23--> 00:49:24

Baba, Ocala

00:49:26--> 00:49:28

Ocala Ocala what else?

00:49:30--> 00:49:36

Holika Holika Shara Shara sure Eva Very good. What else?

00:49:38--> 00:49:40

I Lima oedema Very good.

00:49:42--> 00:49:52

There are duties are very good. So what we do is we give them the first letter and a customer at the second one. Okay, so let's take your example of the word that you thought was was

00:49:53--> 00:49:53


00:49:58--> 00:49:59

what would you do here? How would

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

do that

00:50:03--> 00:50:09

so how would you turn it from this to this? How would you put a bomb on the first letter and a customer on the second one

00:50:11--> 00:50:14

so so it would look like this Giulia

00:50:17--> 00:50:29

Arab is doing speak like that. So either we're gonna get rid of the llama or get rid of the customer the bomb is always more difficult so and the customers easier to hold on to the customer and you just move this over here

00:50:31--> 00:50:32

and turn this well into a

00:50:33--> 00:50:33


00:50:35--> 00:50:45

So God that would be what would it turn into a winner. It will become cool when I know no one speaks like that. So they just get rid of the well theta. Right What else?

00:50:47--> 00:50:57

Well, theta right Makita sama it would turn into Solina na sliema Right and that's of course that's just never use but but that's how it would be used.

00:50:59--> 00:51:02

What else example whatever the example is gonna give me a word like that.

00:51:03--> 00:51:08

I can Okina right. So let's verify that for you. Color Okina Balabhadra Reba patella Cotulla

00:51:11--> 00:51:15

betta betta Yes, so Berto we're trying to betta

00:51:16--> 00:51:18

murder Anita. Yep

00:51:21--> 00:51:22


00:51:23--> 00:51:27

karma? Very good. So that's where the past tense so for the present tense your follow?

00:51:32--> 00:51:35

Yeah, I knew it would turn into

00:51:38--> 00:51:39

your file.

00:51:41--> 00:51:51

Right? Yeah. Cool. You can do your Grable your trouble Yejide su Ujjwala? Su. Yeah.

00:51:53--> 00:52:19

You're familiar. Yeah, I refer you out. Make sense? So what you do is what do you do? You? You put a Bama first. And this has to say if I tell, sometimes this won't be a factor in irregular words. Yeah, it forces us to look so it's hard to say if I tell you, we'll find you. And that's how we do it. That's why when you gave me verbs I told you if they're direct tense, or either direct or they're passive, right just based on the way of hearing it you know, there's a dumb at the beginning of it.

00:52:22--> 00:52:22

So go ahead.

00:52:24--> 00:52:26

No, look at look at this. What would you do first?

00:52:27--> 00:52:28

Yeah, cool. I'll help you.

00:52:32--> 00:52:33

You want to give

00:52:34--> 00:52:39

right Obama at the first one. So you might want to do with a cough

00:52:41--> 00:52:45

you're gonna have a record on it and then effects on the on the well.

00:52:46--> 00:52:47

So you know,

00:52:48--> 00:52:55

and no one speaks like that. Right? So what they do is they move this over here. And they get rid of this and say you call do

00:52:56--> 00:53:02

they always the vowels in Arabic are interchangeable. So from a well to a Yeah, to an end if you can always change or several things with thanks.