Tafseer of Surat Adiyat Sheikh AbdurRaheem McCarthy
Channel: Abdur-Raheem McCarthy
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My Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam today we want to reflect on a small Surah from Jew Amma that perhaps all of us are most of us anyways have memorized
even though it's a small Surah of 11 verses,
it has a very powerful meaning
and a very powerful message, a message that perhaps we tend not to focus on.
But it shows us the power and the beauty of the Quran Kalama of Allah subhanho wa Taala the word of Allah.
In this surah Allah subhanho wa Taala starts by swearing, making an oath and ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada Klotho Quran starts different sources by making the custom the oath swearing Subhana wa Taala in 15 Different sources in the Quran.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala the codec the Creator has the right to swear by any of his creations. Pay attention, a law the Creator has the right to swear by any of his creations if he chooses to do so, however,
us as the creation
we can only swear by Allah subhanaw taala
it becomes Hallam first to swear by any other thing created as a movement as a believer as a Muslim. We can only swear by Allah and the Hadith. That was narrating Sohail Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, our beloved Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, mankind a highly fun, failure live below, only a small that who ever takes an oath, they let him only swear by a law or to remain silent.
And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, and the other Hadith which is narrated by Mr. Timothy, mon Khalifa, the availa, he felt called Guevara Oh, assure that whoever swears by other than a law that he has committed an act of Kufa or an act of shook May Allah subhana wa Tada safeguard us
this surah perhaps we can divide it into three different parts. The first five verses, Allah subhanho wa Taala starts by saying, we'll add the tube pan
swearing by the racing horses an idea, the pan, which is the sounds, which comes from inside the chest of the horse, as it's racing at full speed.
And subhanAllah some researchers found
that the horses when they're striving and running at top speed,
that they breathe up to 150 times per minute, a 2.5 breaths per second. That's when they're going at top speed racing.
And Allah subhanho wa Taala
is swearing by this. As we're hearing this, and we're picturing we're visualizing these five verses will add the LT the path, the horses that are racing, the panting breathing heavily fell Moriarty Akkad Ha, and the ones who are producing fire from the sparks, which is coming off their horse and SubhanAllah.
Pay attention. How the first two verses and the first verse, Allah is talking about the sound which comes from inside of the chest of the horse, which is capturing our ears. It's making us listen and pay attention to what is being said. And in the second verse, Allah subhanaw taala is describing the sparks which are flying from the hopes of the horses as they're racing into the battle as the hooks are hitting on to the rocks, and the fire from the sparks is flying from their feet, thus capturing our eyes and making us pay attention and visualize what's happening now. These horses are racing
fell movie rod is super. The ones who rate at the time of dawn, the early morning rates and this was the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he would surround a city or he would surround the village la salatu salam, he will wait to the virginal time. If he heard then Alhamdulillah that maintained him to enter into Islam and he would not fight them. But if you
He didn't hear there then. Then he would read with the Sahaba of the Allahu Anhu.
Fell movie Irati SOPA Thornaby he Naka, so they produce as the racing in Lourdes clouds of dust.
Firth Oh Nabhi he Naka, fossa, Nabi hegemon, and then they come to the middle of meaning the middle of their enemy. Imagine, as we're visualizing this scene, and how amazing it is, the detailed description of what it is, when these horses
dive into the middle of the battle, and the difficulties that these horses are facing. Look how heavy he's breathing,
the sparks the fire is flying from under his feet from under his hopes.
And as he's going in, in the early morning hours, perhaps traveling
long distances in order to prepare for this battle.
The horse is tired.
And yet, it's going in and what is it is it breathing fresh air, it's breathing, knockouts, breathing clouds of dust, and then it's in the middle of the battle. As the swords
are hitting one another, he's hearing the sounds, the spears are flying arrows are flying, bodies are falling, but yet the horse is right there in the middle of the battle.
And amazing description.
Now comes the question.
Why did Allah subhanaw taala swear by these horses? Why did Allah mention this in detail for us the difficulties and how this horse is striving?
Why is this horse striving like this? To please its master? To please its owner, the one who feeds him and the one who gives him water? That's it.
We take care of the horse and then the horse takes care of us. But what is the message that Allah is trying
to teach us here?
It comes in the next part, and the next three verses from verses six to eight.
In Al Insana, Lirac, Biela canoes that indeed, mankind to his Lord is Knut, he's ungrateful.
What is the relation? As we're focused on this battle? These horses racing into the middle of the battle,
this amazing scene.
What is the relation between these first five verses that Allah is swearing by? And then the answer which comes and verse number six in null insanity Nabila Canute. What is the relationship between somebody might say, there's no connection. But in fact, there's a direct connection and a direct relation, because Allah subhanaw taala is showing us the obedience of these horses to their masters to their owners. So what about you, oh, mankind?
What about you in the obedience to Allah subhanho wa taala.
All we did was give them water and hey,
we gave them some food, and the horses, that's how they strive for us. They risked their own life for us. They go through those difficulties for us. So what about Allah subhanho wa Taala and all of the good and all of the blessings and all the baraka that he has given us? Should we not strive for Allah subhanho wa taala? Should we not be obedient to Allah subhanho wa Taala just as this horse is obedient to its to its owner, Allah subhanho wa Taala is the owner. Allah is our maker, Allah is our master.
So doesn't he have the right to be worshipped? Just look at yourself and your body?
Allah subhanaw taala didn't just provide for us food and drink, as we're providing for the horse, look at our body, our ability to see our ability to hear our ability to taste
all of these that Allah Subhan Allah has blessed us with
the ability to breathe, if Allah does the oxygen from us, what would happen?
What about the red and white blood cells? And what's going on in our body something amazing from the creation of Allah subhanaw taala.
But yet, are we obedient to Allah subhanho wa taala? Is this animal? Is this horse better than us?
This is the question that's being asked. This is what Allah subhanaw taala wants us to reflect upon in his Surah
after he mentioned this great battle, this great struggle of the horses for their masters. Allah tells us about the reality of insanity of all of mankind, and all throughout the Quran. And pay attention to this. When you reflect on the word el insan in the Quran, in almost every
Single if Allah mentioned something negative about mankind after he talks about an inset,
because this is the reality of the human being,
will also insert love the Husa that indeed mankind all of mankind is in loss, and that Allah makes an exception to the rule and the third verse in Lilina Amanu, I'm in a Salah to the end of the verse, except for those who believe and do good deeds.
When you look into the marriage, in Berlin, Santa Julio thought HalleluYah, that indeed, mankind has been created, anxious, impatient, either muscle shovel, Jitsu, that if evil comes to him, evil touches him, he becomes impatient way that muscle whole federal medulla, that if the hair comes to him, he's withholding from it. He holds it back for himself, he doesn't want to give it to anybody else.
This is the reality of an incense.
What Allah subhanho wa Taala and Surah Ibrahim, he talks about all of the blessings that he's given to us when to Urdu namah to Allah, He led to sua that if you were to enumerate the blessings of Allah, you would not be able to count them. Like we said, just look at what's going on inside of your of your body. Look at all the blessings there, without even looking outside, you wouldn't be able to count them.
But what is the reality of an insane once again? What is the reality of a human being? That the human being? Mankind is the loom. He's oppressive, and he's Kfar, he's ungrateful. This is the reality of mankind. And then Allah said in the next verse, And verse seven, was in who Allah daddy kalasha he, that mankind bears witness to that he knows, none of us deny this, that we are ungrateful to Allah subhanaw taala.
And then Allah mentions another reality in verse eight of all of them, mankind. Were in a hula hoop below Haiti lucha de that he is for the love of the hail of the money should eat mean that he loves it intensely. He loves the money and solo till fajr What to hate bonell Mela TalkBand Gemma that you love the money with intense love with much love. This is the reality of every single human being that they love money.
And Surah Nisa were the first to show that it's in the soul of every single human being stinginess, not just love. Not just love for the money, but love with stinginess, this is the reality of all of us. But what Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us and surah Taha Boone, well, may you pursue Hanif Sefa hula eco homonuclear Hoon, that who over whoever overcomes the stinginess, that's inside, that they are the muffler whom they are the successful ones. This is the reality of all of mankind as Allah mentions in these three verses and something amazing when you look at the verses and every single one of them there's two tech kids in the inner and the lamb all of the verses are the same.
In in lamb, which is double tech eat double emphasis to emphasize the reality of mankind
and then part three of this surah comes
of Allah your animal either boo, boo boo, do they not know of that time when Oh come on, have you sent forth from their COBOL
and what is the law Subhana wa Tala after mentioning the reality of mankind mention
the reality of the bath are being sent forth from the water from the graves you'll know piano will mention that in a minute.
Well, who Silla Murph is sudo and everything which is in the hearts of man will then come clear. There'll be no hiding and then you will not be able when you're set forth in front of Allah subhanaw taala as the Lord taught us in Surah, Totara yolmer to bless you, the day when what's inside will be tested the reality of what's in your heart is going to come out. And what is the reality of man when he's being tested and what's in his heart for Milo woman who works in Walla Nelson, that he will have no strength and no support on that day
But whom beat him Yoma either via that, indeed, their lord is well acquainted
on that day with all of what they've done. And once again Allah subhanho wa Taala
gives us a double check, eat a double emphasis, with the in now with the lamb that Allah has been well acquainted, and the Kabir from the names of Allah subhanho wa Taala it's more in depth than the Alim and they all knowing Allah subhanaw taala. But the hubiera is the one who knows the Kalamoon with precision, every single thing that is in our hearts, every single thing that we've done a loss of Pana with Allah knows it, and he's Kabir. He knows the precise details of what is in our hearts subhanaw taala. So why did Allah subhanho wa Taala mention the Cabal, and the third part of the surah will be sent forth about when we're sent forth to be resurrected, you'll want the AMA to
of the reality of death. The reality of this life that one day
no matter how much money you have, no matter how much success you have, no matter how attached you are to this dunya one day you're going to leave it and you're going to go to the Cambodia Wouldn't you agree? So realize the reality of this life.
And what Allah subhanho wa Taala tells us at the end of the surah that Allah has revealed that he is well acquainted with everything we're doing.
That reminds us of reflecting on our actions. We're going to be sent forth Yom Okayama to be held accountable. Allah is well acquainted acquainted, he knows every single thing not just that we do, but what's in our hearts, what's in our minds. Therefore, we have to focus on every single thing that we do, because we're gonna stand in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala to be held accountable for BarakAllahu li Walakum for Quran he was sunnah whenever anyone here can be my fee he Mammon and it will hikma Apolo only had the wisdom for a lot Hollywood. First of you who in whom before Rahim,
Al hamdu lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala Rasulillah. My Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam, the small Surah that many of us memorize. We were small by chat with small children. We memorize this surah but have we reflected on its meanings? And how powerful the meanings are. And today, I want all of us when we go home,
to take home with us.
Three main messages.
First of all, when it comes to
the first five verses, when Allah subhanaw taala
is describing for us in detail, the battle and the horses, how they're striving to battle. What do we gain from this what is the real message?
It shows us obviously, the status of horses and we have that many Hadith
of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the status of fighting in the path of Allah subhanho wa taala. And it shows us
the importance of obedience to Allah subhanho wa Taala
and striving and racing for a law and this is what it means to be a believer. Look at the horses, how they sacrifice themselves sacrifice their lives go through difficulty for their owner for their master. This is how we need to be as believers being obedient and striving and bracing for Allah subhanho wa Taala what is the law? How does the law describe the statement of the believers
in America and uphold and move me Nina? Either do it a law he was truly heliacal my bae know
that if the statement of the believers is if they're called to Allah and His Messenger, to judge between them, you're called meaning to act upon the Quran and the Sunnah to implement the rule in the Command of Allah and His Messenger SallAllahu ala he was selling, what is the statement of the believers?
Just like the horses, no hesitation, right to the middle of the battlefield. What is the statement of the levers are your blue Submariner while trying to say we hear and we obey?
What would I go home and move on and these are the ones who will be successful, the ones who strive and dive straight in and implement the commands of Allah subhanaw taala without any hesitation.
And the second message that we need to take home and reflecting on these verses, and the second part of the surah when the Lord describe to us the reality of mankind, that he's canoed he's ungrateful. And that he's to the hail to the money and he has intense love
For the money,
this is a reality. But is it a good characteristic? It's a characteristic that Allah has put inside of us all to test us to see what we're going to do it will make you a shoe Hanif. See he told Erica homonuclear Hoon. And whoever overcomes the stinginess within himself, these will be the move for who and the successful ones. And the third message that we need to take home today and reflect on is the reality of what came in the last third versus about the Kabu that the end of this life will be to the pub or to the grapes, and the bat that will be sent forth your multi AMA, to be held accountable, and that Allah's Kabir. He is well acquainted with every single thing that we do.
Therefore, we must
pay very close attention and be very precise and our actions knowing that we're going to end up in Aqua water, we're going to be sent forth Yeoman piano to be held accountable, and our success will be through the actions that we did in this dunya and then to the Wrath of Allah subhanho wa taala. And as we end today, my brothers and sisters reflect on this because when we talk about being ungrateful,
many of us might say, that's not me. I'm not ungrateful to Allah subhana wa Tada.
But Why did Allah subhana wa Tada mention the story of these horses, and how they strive for their master, and the difficulty that they face all to please their owners.
Allah mentions this story to us,
to remind us
being grateful to Allah subhanaw taala is not something that just on the tongue by saying that hamdulillah but it's something that shows up in the actions, what we think of a horse that we trained, that we took care of, and then when it's time to go to battle, it doesn't move. It doesn't do what it's supposed to do. Would you consider it a good horse? Will you consider it a worthy horse, a praiseworthy horse?
The same thing with us, if our
gratefulness and our thanks to Allah subhanaw taala doesn't show up in our actions. Then we are canoed we are from those who ungrateful to Allah subhanaw taala May Allah safeguard us to make no more Rahim Allah Allah Yeah, come on Allah cut Amara Combi Amara, but there'll be enough Seto mathan the mela ecotel Curam for Collazo gel in Allah wa Bella eco usaw Luna r&b Yeah