The Golden Age of Islam

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Abdul Wahab Saleem

Channel: Abdul Wahab Saleem

Episode Notes

This is an inspiring lecture about the Golden Age of Islam by Sheikh Abdul Wahab. This lecture analyzes a period of Muslim history in which Muslims not only participated in the advancement of civilization but also established a legacy for the Muslims in the development of civilization worldwide.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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sudo Del Sol to sramana Rasulullah Shangri La 100 UEFI Navajo ukipo Mazda sallallahu ala Sayidina Muhammad, another original bH Marine, or melanoma And Pharaoh now I'm throwing down the mountain and then I was eating, I just meant the attending.

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Originally, I saw that he was silly mru Hello pajetta milissa Ania Akali. Essentially, I guess this lecture was mainly focused on addressing a non Muslim audience, but it seems like we don't have that many over here.

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So I'm still going to address the same topic, but I'll dress it more towards catered towards you guys. And that being

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the subject of the Golden Age of Islam. Now, the golden age of Islam

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is one of those subjects that of course, is disputed by historians, some, some people establish the idea of having a golden age for some other people say there's no such thing as a golden age. Muslims were just mere incubators of the knowledge that was left behind. That's all they were doing there it is preserving saving the knowledge or sitting around for centuries was left behind by the Romans and the Greeks and the Muslims came around, they found a treasure chest of all of these manuscripts, from their predecessors, from the Romans and the Greeks

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in terms of civilization, and then they took all this information, put it aside in libraries, and then the actual errors inheritors of the Roman and the Greek civilization came about who or who,

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who were the Crusaders, or the Europeans, in general, not particularly the course Crusaders, but the Crusaders sort of helped the idea of bringing the civilization to your now, this is the mythological definition, or the idea that is presented in a lot of classrooms. In fact, if you've studied any history, and I remember growing up in Canada, I remember studying the history classes, I didn't even know there was something called an Islamic history. Nobody knew what the idea of having a history called the Islamic history. Everything that we see before us, we thought that this was part and part and parcel of the Western civilization. In fact, just a few centuries ago, this was the idea that

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was prevalent all across the world. The Muslims themselves were looking at themselves and saying, What did we do for the world. And that was because of a lack of touch with the information that was sort of stored away in the libraries.

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The narrative of your average European classroom for history is that the Vikings were roaming around the coastlines of Europe.

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And bandits, thieves, people the like, they will all be roaming around along with the Vikings. And what they would be doing is as soon as the traders would come, they would take, they would take all of their belongings, and they would make their weight lighter, lighter for them. Okay, so they would just steal them and robbed them of everything.

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On the other end, while the Vikings are doing this through, they're also destroying information. They're also destroying library. So the Irish come about now the Irish, what are they doing? They're doing something similar. I mean, they're not doing something similar. They're doing something else that is also working towards the Dark Ages, there are preserving and hoarding information. This is the Muslim narrative. And this is the true historical narrative. But another narrative will be the Irish will try to jumpstart the Renaissance, the development of the European world. Okay. They're hiding the information from the Vikings because of the Vikings see all the stuff all these books,

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all this beautiful literature of God knows how many authors, the Vikings will come and burn it to pieces, Irish people are successful in saving the heritage of the two civilizations that preceded them.

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Now, as they're going down the lane of history, five centuries go by not 30, not 40, not 50 years, as some of them will presume, five entire centuries will go by. And over the course of five centuries, you see no light of hope in Europe at all.

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But they would like you to believe that five centuries go by

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and there was no light of hope anywhere else in the world as well.

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But such wasn't the case.

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There was a king of the Franks after who Francis named.

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A man by the name of Charles the great.

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Charlemagne he was known as

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Charlotte

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mean, would recognize that the information that is left behind by the Romans by the Greeks is invaluable information. It's information that really needs to be employed in the development of any society. So start Charlemagne will go to the city of Aachen in Germany today. And he will establish a school, a school that would change, or not so much, a little portion of history,

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a little light would begin to shine within the dark ages of European history.

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But all along Charlemagne knows that the true revolution is not going to occur in Europe. That's why he starts sending delegations to where and this is where it all starts, he starts sending delegations one after another to Baghdad to somehow link up with the Muslim world, particularly dots of how to negotiate.

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Now that Charlemagne is successfully connected himself with hanohano, negotiate after one delegation, and other delegation, of course, these delegations are received very well, but how to negotiate the halifa, who is known as Aaron, the prince, the king of Persia,

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the king of Persia, or the halifa, meaning he sends gifts presents all sorts of things to Charlemagne, he sent some elephants, he's never seen elephants before. So the first time he's about to see elephants, he sends him swords, he sends him all sorts of things, okay. And a lot of time, a lot of these things that are coming, especially the clock, the first clock, a type of clock, that would be that would have horse horses, and the horses will come out to tell time 12 windows, they'll come out of the windows, and they'll tell time through that. These horses and this cloth Charlemagne has never seen, they're all awestruck at the type of things that are coming from the Arabian

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Peninsula.

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The elephant is now named a Buddha bus because now the tables have turned no longer as we are today

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are the Europeans, the ones that have the upper hand, the Muslims are the ones that have the upper hand in terms of the civilization so the very elephants that are saved by how to negotiate is entitled after the dynasties leader of the dodo Garcia. So this elephant is called a bus.

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And this elephant is taken with Charlemagne to fight the Danes,

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when they get to the Danish, or the elephant dies, and so does the Danish King.

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And then history continues. Just a couple of years later, maybe the year 814.

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Charlemagne also dies. But remember, organs of Germany was the only place there was some hope during this time during the middle or the Dark Ages, but the illuminated ages for the Muslims, this was the only place where you could imagine that some sort of history would come back, some sort of civilization will come back they had some Roman literature that they were looking at, but yet they didn't have wisdom, yet they didn't have sciences because they couldn't translate why

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translation was an easy process for them, they would have to slay animals.

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After slaying animals don't have to flee the skin of the animals.

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And after having done that, they would now take the skin of the animal and right on top of it. How much can you write on top of it the animal skin, the elephant that was sent by I don't know Rasheed might as well been the the parchments of that time.

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But it wasn't a diet.

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So it was a very painful and difficult process. On top of that, all of this information that is in other languages, nobody knows how to read.

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It's put into manuscripts into libraries. Nobody has access to it. And the Irish monks are not doing themselves a favor by hiding this information from people.

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On the contrary,

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how do not Rashid,

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the leader the halifa of the believing people

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are the Muslims. He decides

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to

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take things a different direction.

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How will never see this collecting and collecting and collecting more and more manuscripts.

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How old are sheets

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now comes to an end. The next Caliph comes in

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and the next callus is no less than one hour sheet.

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As we said the sciences

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fully alive and they're at the at the epitome of existence in 19th century about that, but that which is the place of knowledge at the moment.

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So what happens now? Now one of the caliphs, he decides to convert the libraries

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have

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his father into what would now be known as they took the house of wisdom. But that as an author a story and puts it I'm going to read it out to you he says it was covered with parks. You're talking about Beverly Hills here, okay. Covered with parks, gardens villas, beautiful promenade.

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Plenty fully supplied with bazaars

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finally built mosques, the docks as well for people to take showers in numerous colleges of learning, hospitals, and more, all of that in both that.

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To add to that, as I said, all of a sudden, the libraries have bowed out, they're no longer considered the libraries of or that they are now transformed into something else. There transformed into something called beta hikma, this is where it all started, the house of wisdom, the house of wisdom with these humongous library, these places of knowledge where people would come and look at the books at a time, by the way, where the greatest libraries in Europe would have a mere 10, maybe a dozen, maybe two dozen titles. You'd have libraries in Baghdad that would have 1000s, if not millions of titles.

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So the halifa Mone he recognizes what's happening. Right after transforming the libraries of his father intubated hikma, he finds a Christian by the name of Romania, but is how

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they see a lot of times Muslim history is painted out to be this history that was spread by the sword. Of course, all of us know that. So we have the sword, and you've got like a little sandwich and people are spreading. Okay. That's what's happening. That's how history was spread. That's how Islam was spread. But this is of course, as a myth.

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You had people of all faiths, you had people of all denominations, you had people of all even theological backgrounds working together. And that's why Harley didn't move fast enough. He says that I was in a locality in the gathering, in which I saw when he

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saw he D in which I saw such and such individual in which I saw, he mentioned like 10 different individuals, each one of them is either from a different theological background, or from a different religion altogether.

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And they were all coming together these words like these were like the elite minds of that time, they were all coming together and having civilized discussions or knowledge. This was how it's not more so similarity, when I saw that this man who nativeness Health is a talented man, despite the fact that he is in a story in Christian story in Christianity.

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It's kind of like a strand of Christianity. And it broke off because they were kind of exiled by the orthodoxy. The reasons being, or the reasons why they were exiled from the orthodoxy. Whatever the idea, whatever the reasons may be, the idea is they were exiled. And eventually they found their way to Persia. That's when they came in contact with the Muslims. There were talented people in that they spoke the language of knowledge they knew Greek. So all the way from Syria and Antioch, to Alexandria in Egypt, you'd have Christians knowing the language of the trade of knowledge, Greek.

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So the Muslims now have all of these manuscripts, they have access to information. But the problem is most of the Muslims don't speak the language.

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Of course, Greek mythology brought a lot of problems into Islam as well. It's not all nice and dandy, but the idea is that at the same time, it brought a lot of good within Islam as well, not mythology, information,

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and science sciences.

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So this historian, Christian is now employed by the Muslim Caliph to spearhead the greatest project, probably the single most historic project that history after a sort of loss of a loved one, it was sentiment seen. He will translate all of the documents that were in Greek to

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the Arabic language now.

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They did hikma is a place of translation. People are sitting 90 different scholars. At one moment, they're all sitting there. And they are all translating one after the other. is how her native and his talk is Christian man. He goes all the way to bye

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antium

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he doesn't stick around the Muslim lands because remember, the Muslims are also conquering as we go as well. So Alexandria will soon become a Muslim country. And also, even this year in Antioch, which is now Turkey, which all will all all become a Muslim country eventually. But the idea is that he's not settling for the manuscripts that they have. within themselves. He's going all the way to Byzantium, which is a stem bone, which is modern a symbol all the way to there. So that he can get what

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he can get manuscripts. And those manuscripts will then be translated. And over the course of half a century, the army of 90 scholars in Beta Sigma, would have translated books of the greatest authors that ever lived such as Aristotle, such as Ptolemy, such as Plato, platonic, Euclid yaalon, have high properties, you know, some of the greatest authors that had ever lived in their respective fields, they would all be translated Archimedes, you name it, everything was now translated into the Arabic language.

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So now Arabic is the language of knowledge, you guys are going to university. For some of you, if you ever came from overseas, for those of you that are born and raised here, or just raised up here, speak English, no problem, you have to come and go through the difficulty of learning the English language, also that you can learn in a university, people who are doing the very thing, but it was in Arabic, on the other hand, because now the language of knowledge was the Arabic language, people would go to different parts of the world, whether it be quarterback or whether it be a God, but that Baghdad or wherever it may be, there was gold Damascus dimension, they would go and learn the Arabic

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language would have these Arabic as a second language centers, all over the world, or people will be learning it. And they would now implement in these pretty much operating universities.

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Muslims were not only translating, by the way, as we said, Dear Christian, the story and Christian neighbors, were also people that had information they had the Greek language, they knew about things, right. But the difference between Muslims and the historian Christians at that time was the fact that the Muslims were not only translating the information, they were also employing this information and trying to advance knowledge through the employment of this information. So information was now employed in advancing sciences, such as astronomy, mathematics, and we'll look at some of these chocolate data, history literature

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already or culture, music engineering, navigation.

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By the middle ages,

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Muslims literally had what we have on our cell phones today. And that is a GPS device.

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If you're in a desert, you have no access to any telecommunications, don't worry, because you've got a GPS a full operating GPS device, which is named after

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which is named after or she is named after it, by the name of a woman by the name of Miriam called La V, the asteroid.

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The asteroid, the astrolabe, which I said, is a GPS device. And the Muslims used to like to call it the mathematical jewel, okay, it was like a matte metallic little piece that had a lot of different calculations and numbers on it. And if you look at it, you just be confused, you wouldn't know how to use it. But everybody at that time knew how to use it. This was the trade of the day people that wanted to travel, they must know how to use it astrally. And of course, the Christian world, they ended up finding about the afterlife. The Europeans a couple of centuries later, maybe a century or two later, after the Muslims had taken the information that they had learned from the Greeks and the

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Romans and the likes. And they had now invented something called the astrolabe, which would, as I said, pretty much an operating GPS. In fact, how many of you have like a prayer time software on your phone?

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All of you have a prayer have software on your phone. Okay. What do you do with your prayer time software?

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Well, I hope you do.

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But that's one thing you do. Okay. What else do you do with your prototype software?

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you update all the time.

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And the asteroids are also being updated all the time. Okay.

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What you do is, if you're trying to get the direction of the Kaaba, you spin it in this eight motion that everybody knows about right? And then eventually leads you to the right direction of the cabinet. Similarly, the astrolabe was made for that very purpose.

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So it's not like people that are living in that time. They didn't have

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Access to, you know, the right direction of the fibula, wherever they were, they had the asteroid with them, they would point it in the direction of the Sun through two holes. And after they look through the two holes, they can figure out based on the time of the year that they're in

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exact time of the prayer, the exact direction of the cabinet and exact direction of wherever they want to go.

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That is the astrolabe of the Middle Ages, how darker Do you want to get? Or should I say how illuminated Do you want to get?

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Right? This again, was made

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by the Muslims as a collective effort. But it was also work towards you know, the betterment of it was done by men and women alike. And I give you the example of this woman by the name of Madame Pahlavi. She had made, you know, some of the most beautiful pieces of astrolabes, it was also a matter of making them look good, right? So you have to have women intervention over there. Because those are they're the ones that can usually make things look good. So mme, and Oscar lobby would be taking the astronauts and taking them to another level, it would become a piece of art now. All right, her father was a asteroid maker. So this woman learned the trade from her father. And then

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she started making these asteroids, which would become storied pieces of art that would be bought for very, very large sums.

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In fact, she was so good at it, that from the year 1944, till the year 1967.

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She was employed by the governor himself safer Dota to make the Astra leaps.

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So again, the idea of women not being able to do anything, and they haven't done anything, this is one of those ideas that we really have to get past because of the fact that in the Muslim history, we have so many examples, this only being one, of course, we have limited time. So I'm only discussing whatever I can, right. So this being only one thing. We have numerous examples of women doing so much for Islam. Now, the idea of women being subjugated

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is not allowing them to do stuff, Muslim not allowing them to do stuff. It's usually attributed to what their religious class right. The sort of fundamentalist quote unquote, class right of society,

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a very popular prominent scholar in Europe. His name is Mohammed Akram nadwi. Maybe some of you know him. Okay. This scholar, he heard on the radio, some European individual, basically bad mouthing Muslims about how they subjugate their women.

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He sat for the next 10 years, and I know this trip I've spoken to him on the phone myself, is one of the greatest scholars of our time, and he lives in England. He's got for the next 10 years,

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writing an encyclopedic work that extended 257 volumes, just mentioning the head, the fact that tradition is the scholars of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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that are found in our history, since normally the religious class are the ones that are accused with this, you can imagine the more progressive class, how many women would have indulged in things of knowledge 57 entire volumes.

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And in fact, the amount of that'd be Miss mentioned 4000 women in his book. And he didn't even look at one woman and consider her weak narrator heavy. Whereas for the men, he listed a whole bunch of weak narrator who had eaten the women's section, he had no weak narrators, they're all strong narrators.

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So the women have contributed a lot and Islam never tried to put them out of the door. In fact, the copy is in an endless 2000 of them were women, they were sitting there copying documents that have to be fairly knowledgeable for them to be able to copy documents because you're now copying a piece of academia. You have to know the information before you can copy it into another language. All of these sciences, astronomy, mathematics, history, literature, horticulture, music engineering. All of this is happening navigation, as I gave you the example already.

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How are Muslims taking all of this information? and writing it down? That is an even greater question.

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How are Muslims taking all of this information and passing it down to the next generation? I mean, if we go back to the Irish, or in Aachen in Germany, as we said, people are slaying and fleeing, right? They're slaying animals, and then they're fleeing them of the skin and taking the skin and writing on top of the skin. That's what's happening. So if you were to have a million titles in a library, all of animal skin, how big would this library have to be quite big. I would imagine.

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Muslims in the year 751, they capture in some of

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a Chinese trader

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who is a paper maker.

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And they take this trader, this Chinese trader who was also a paper maker.

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And they now ask him, why don't you teach the teachers your trade, so they learn the trade of papermaking from the Chinese. And then they take this trade and of course, they take it to a different level the Muslims, and eventually, prior to even that Elephant Elephant that was sent to Charlemagne, Charlemagne, for those of you that came in the beginning of the lecture.

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Even prior to the elephant being sent to Charlemagne, you have how don't have Rashid, the very Khadija who sends the elephant to Charlemagne, writing all of his documents on paper, this was pretty much one of the first times in history that Arabia, and most of the world for that matter was introduced so widely to the idea of paper,

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not one document, government documents would be written in paper, rather, all documents paper was prevalent, it was available. In fact, the libraries would have pens and papers particularly allocated for the Muslims. And non Muslims even that would come to use the library in our papers, you can pick up paper now, it's really easy to say. But even now, sometimes you go to the library, and there's really cheap library and they don't want to give you a paper right? At that time, paper was much more expensive. But even then paper was there at the library, people can pick it up, and then you can start writing on it.

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In fact, it didn't stop there.

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During that very time, Muslims were also dealing no longer with currency. Of course, they were dealing with currency, but not all the time, they could deal with other ways as well. They were dealing with checks as well. So since the paper came about, now, it gave them the opportunity to write checks. So whilst in Europe, you can go and find people dealing with their local currency, and there's no even not even that much trade going on between different countries because of that very reason. In the Muslim countries, you can go to the one hand or the other end, and you could drop a check at somebody's face. And that's your payment for it.

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In fact,

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paper became such a beautiful thing, that it was the very reason why an area in Baghdad would be considered a separate suburb for the scholarly class, anyone can go there. But this normally, you know, normally scholars would come here, something or a place entitled Soufan, whopping

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the market, or the stationary market, if you please.

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The markets where people that have papers exist.

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So in this market, you have

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over 100 bookshops, it's called Super European. And if you're a book collector, you might as well call it heaven.

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100 bookshops,

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one of those book shops will have over 1000 books, at the height or the zenith of the Islamic publication, you're talking about more books being published over here, then New York today on a yearly basis.

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And they're not being published in a printing press. They're being pulled published by hands, you have one Rafi and people that have papers, you go to them, and you look at the manuscript in the library, the beautiful library that's before you, and you say I want this book, and the lock will be sitting there the die that you know, transcribes information will be sitting there, and you will be your scribe, you'll write down your entire book for you. Better yet, you don't have access to paper, you don't have access to good bang, but you have a book you've written and you want to bind it and put it together nicely. By the way, even the binding press, it's largely came from Muslims. So you

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want to bind it and put it together in a nice manner. Then you go to the VA and you ask him take this book of mine, as I read it out to you, you write it down. So you're literally having your book published by the warlock, and then it gets placed on the shelf. Anyone else that wants to come grabs the book, gives it to the warlock, and they have it photocopied, quote, unquote, for him.

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This is the Islamic libraries. This is superlotto pain. This is a suburb in both

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but the libraries don't finish there.

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The libraries continue their libraries in at all in mostly their libraries before but that also is off, right? Mostly. There's libraries in both that also involve that. There are libraries in Egypt, there are libraries in other places. If you look at them

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Major libraries of the 10th century. And I'm not talking about Eastern sources, go to the Western sources, go to the library today, and try to search for the history of libraries and look through the different centuries. If you look at the 10th century, the vast majority of libraries period will be the Muslim libraries.

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There was one art library somewhere in China, that also made it made a name for itself. Aside from that, you had a library in Mosul in Baghdad, and another library in Egypt and other library elsewhere. But that was the end of that the one in Molson, which was known as Donald Hall of Science.

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It was made and founded by a man by the name of Abraham Dunn. And it had books on a you know, array of subjects. And it had food and drinks there for people as well. People get hungry, they don't need to go outside, they simply go and grab themselves some something to eat, help themselves to food. And they had writing material just as I said, nowadays, you go to some of the best libraries in the world, they don't have papers for you. But over here in both DOD, sorry, mostly, data relating has this for you.

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And then there's another library

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in the DOD, which is also known as bacon hikma, and there's that, okay, this was made in the year 1996. Common Era.

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This library has over 10,000, volumes, 10,000 titles,

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on different subjects, from religion to philosophy to science, two, you name it, everything is within this library, another library, which would be known as the house of knowledge. This library made in the year

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1004 1005,

00:31:47--> 00:31:59

would be home to all sorts of subjects and attracted scholars from all across the world. In fact, this library would even go one further step give you papers, pen and ink alike.

00:32:01--> 00:32:22

And now we come to Cairo. Cairo is not that far behind Egypt, and more is the dean and not the Calla p saying, I want to make the best library. In fact, I don't even want to just make a library, I don't want to just offer pens and papers, I want to make a pen. So in 953, C, E and more is the dean in law.

00:32:23--> 00:32:27

he commissioned the invention of the first fountain pen.

00:32:28--> 00:32:58

Prior to that people had that little you know, if you see sometimes in the movies, like a little wooden piece, it's chopped up and sliced from the bottom and you write with it, what happens when you do that, oftentimes, as you're writing, your hands will also get dirty. So whereas the dean in law, he said, Why does the hands of the scholars always get dirty, I need to give them something. So he commissioned an entire, you know, group of people to work towards the invention of the very, very first fountain pen that history had ever seen.

00:33:00--> 00:33:17

And of course, as I said, the only library anywhere else in the world was not in Europe, it was not in Germany, it was not in anywhere else in the world. It was in China, it made it as well and ham did not. This was the only other place out of the non Muslim lands where there was also a respectable or a half decent library.

00:33:19--> 00:33:59

So as we can see, from all of this information, contrary to popular belief, Muslim belief, Muslims weren't anti modern people, they weren't people that were backwards. They weren't savages. They weren't terrorists. They weren't muslim extremists. They were people that were working towards developing Muslim civilization, and civilization at large, as we'll find out very, very soon. A lot of these things that Muslims are doing now to three centuries later, Europeans will take from the Muslims, and a lot of them will even steal it to a degree that they will plagiarize information. And for a couple of centuries, we'll be awestruck, even Newton, for example. Everything that he came

00:33:59--> 00:34:38

with was not everything he came, but some of them were manuscripts he found in Arabic, and he ended up or that translated to Latin, and he ended up using it as his own theories, numerous theories that were when we study those books of inventors, if you look through them, numerous of those were actually inventions of the Muslims. And people came afterwards when these things were translated in Latin, either by accident, it was attributed to the translator himself or the person who made the theory popular, or purposely the individual himself hid the fact that he took this information from such and such books. And sometimes you find vivid reasons to believe that this was done purposely.

00:34:39--> 00:34:40

Who knows Dante?

00:34:43--> 00:34:46

Does anybody know Dante? What's your major

00:34:47--> 00:34:49

economics and you know, Dante, come on, buddy.

00:34:51--> 00:34:55

Okay, everybody should know Dante, because he was a thief. Okay.

00:34:56--> 00:34:59

He had stolen Muslim literature. That's what he had done.

00:35:02--> 00:35:09

But of course, in the Western world, in the European world, Dante is considered the epitome of European literature.

00:35:10--> 00:35:21

He's considered one of the best literary that ever lived out from the angle of the language. Of course, he's coming out with very, very good literature, but from the themes that he's taking, he's literally stealing double some things.

00:35:22--> 00:35:38

He writes, The Divine Comedy, this is one of his most popular works, the Divine Comedy, if you go to Google today, and you type in the Divine Comedy, even before you finish the word, the divine, the first thing that will come up come up as the Divine Comedy, because it's the price job of Italian literature.

00:35:39--> 00:35:47

So you look at the Divine Comedy, it starts off, it talks about heaven and hell and purgatory, he talks about a lot of these things.

00:35:48--> 00:36:22

And you look at this beautiful piece, he talks about how he ascended to the heavens. And after he ascended to the heavens, he was taken to the health and the hell he saw people that he knew to be sinful people in the society that he lived in his particular religious tradition, Christianity. And you, he'll tell you that, you know, I kept on going deeper in the pits of hell. And I found more and more people have that, like, eventually I got right down to the bottomless pit of hell, and I found Satan there.

00:36:23--> 00:36:25

And then I found a little leak.

00:36:27--> 00:36:49

I jumped inside about leak, of course, much better than what I'm saying. All right, I jumped in, started out Nick. And I was purified and then ascended all the way, or someone has ended with me all the way to the heavens, and I went into the heavens now. And now when I got to the heavens, finally I was reunited with my platonic love, the love of my life, the trees.

00:36:51--> 00:37:08

And after being reunited with my love, I met other people. And I met all these stars of Christian history. And I met people that were disciples of Jesus Himself, so be it. And many people that are considered very, very revered to Christians. He saw all these people in general.

00:37:11--> 00:37:13

Now, he's born around the 13th century.

00:37:16--> 00:37:24

Around the very time, you have another author, just 5060 years prior to that, in Muslims and the Jews,

00:37:25--> 00:38:05

and Muslims, Spain, he writes a book that is identical to the very subject. The only difference is, when he went to hell, he saw people that were figures, they're evil figures within Muslim tradition, you might as well have seen fear our own or you know, our own or someone else's, not like Abu Jad, those type of people are the ones he met in health. And then as he descended and descended further, he meant same thing he saw got to the lowest pits of health, you know, the delicate, delicate aspect and not the lowest place of health. And then he saw Satan and he saw this little pond as well, and he jumped inside of the hall. And I'm telling you, this is considered the epitome of Western

00:38:05--> 00:38:10

literature. This is entirely photocopied out of a book, which invited me to be 50 years ago.

00:38:12--> 00:38:14

He jumps inside of water.

00:38:15--> 00:38:20

And after jumping inside of the water, he is now cleansed. All of this has been written 50 years early.

00:38:22--> 00:38:34

Then he goes to Jenna. And inside of Jenga, again, he sees this platonic love. Not Patrice there was a woman by the name of Nevada, who had met who he had met in Mecca.

00:38:36--> 00:38:46

He had written books about this woman as well, even though he wasn't necessarily You know, he has issues as well. We're just discussing him for this very reason. So now

00:38:49--> 00:38:49

he

00:38:51--> 00:38:55

ascends to Geneva and he sees all of these people in Jeddah and so on and so forth.

00:38:56--> 00:39:08

Coming back to that, Dante, Dante takes this entire story. And you'll notice that Dante being in Christian Europe, he had been united with a teacher of his

00:39:09--> 00:39:27

I believe his name was Brunetto. He had been reunited with the teachers teacher of his, and this teacher had learned in underdose, because he was commissioned by the Christian King to go as an ambassador almost to attendance, wherein he learned was literature.

00:39:29--> 00:39:38

And he had bought some books and in fact, other words that Brunetto had had quoted, even Muslims and they're even worse than it had been seen and other people of that sort, they were really popular down there. Okay.

00:39:41--> 00:39:41

And,

00:39:43--> 00:39:44

lo and behold,

00:39:45--> 00:39:55

because of the fact that Dante is the staunch Christian, he even puts his very teacher in hellfire. Why? Because why are you collaborating with the Muslim so much?

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

So when he went to Hellfire amongst the characters that he had

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

sein Hellfire was booed out of his teacher

00:40:03--> 00:40:44

and other characters that he saw in Hellfire not very ironical, you know, ironically rather, was, you know, our Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu. It said them based on his narrative, and it will be a long dialogue. So the idea is that you can sense a hatred towards the Muslims over here. The idea was not to just take and strip the Muslim of their literature, the idea was to take that very literature and then shove it back in their face. So why, because during the time of Dante, most of the intellectuals, now Dante is a religious individual, most of the intellectuals were awestruck at the Muslim philosophy, the Muslim literature, the Muslim science, the Muslim astronomy, the Muslim

00:40:44--> 00:40:54

everything, okay, you're talking about people that are dressing like the Muslims, talking like the Muslims walking like the Muslims, even the Crusaders, the avid, that they started telling their women to wear hijab.

00:40:56--> 00:41:10

When they went over to the Muslim lands, they were, they saw that the Muslim woman are wearing hijab, okay, the Crusaders, they asked their wives also to meet wear hijab. And I also asked them, not to come out when except when it's necessary. So stay behind the veals, just as a Muslim woman are staying.

00:41:13--> 00:41:31

So you're talking about a society that was very, very fun. So now you have people that are making efforts to try to make it seem like there was no such thing as Muslim civilization. Dante's literary masterpiece is an example of that. And the examples go on and on, and on. And on. In medieval Europe.

00:41:33--> 00:41:34

There was no such thing as hospitals.

00:41:37--> 00:42:01

Of course, they had modern monasteries and stuff like that monasteries or places of worship as well. So if you get really, really sick, what happens if you're a European individual and medieval times, you go to the monastery, knowing that full well, that the monks were very well meaning people, they are going to be sitting there and making broth or they're going to be supplicating for me, and eventually I will be cured.

00:42:03--> 00:42:23

But I know that if you're sick, you want more than just thrive. In fact, Allah subhanho wa Taala, has charged us and commissioned us to do more than just we have to take the means as well. But the problem was that most of the Roman practices of

00:42:25--> 00:42:30

medication, and hospitalization if you please, were forgotten by the question.

00:42:31--> 00:42:52

How are they forgotten? How could they not be forgotten when the seventh century right after the inception of Islam, in Mecca, the Christian Church in Europe decided to ban the usage of surgeries, there was no such thing as surgeries because it was somehow conflicting with the faith. There was reasons for that as well. Okay.

00:42:54--> 00:42:56

And just a little while before that

00:42:58--> 00:43:02

Hippocrates was considered one of the greatest doctors, there was

00:43:03--> 00:43:09

a school that was dedicated to the medicine of Hippocrates, hippocratic medicine or something like that, okay.

00:43:11--> 00:43:48

This school was closed down by the Europeans in 489. Again, why? Because it's going against their belief system. How is it going against their belief systems? Yes, they're teaching hippocratic medicines. And yes, they're doing all of these beautiful things. But along with that, they're also bringing philosophy which contravenes our faith directly. So we have to close it down. The whole thing is one thing together. Let's close it all together. A few years later, about 40 years later, 50 years later, you have in the year 529, the school that was founded by Plato himself,

00:43:50--> 00:43:53

Academy of Athens, also closed down.

00:43:55--> 00:44:13

But again, for the same very reason. There's things that are contravening both Muslim and Christian faith like, okay, Muslims, what do they do? They looked at the information they shuffled the good, shuffled, the good and, you know, throughout the bat, for the Christian equivalent, what did what did they do, they banned the entire schools all together.

00:44:15--> 00:44:28

So now you have information contravening Christian theology, because of which medicine because of which, all the other sciences that they could have benefited from benefited from all of that is banned altogether. So what are we to do?

00:44:30--> 00:44:35

We are to go to eighth or ninth century monastery and wait to die.

00:44:36--> 00:44:41

That is what a sick person will be doing during his life in medieval Europe.

00:44:43--> 00:44:45

On the contrary, you have

00:44:48--> 00:44:58

the nestorian Christians, again, people that were exiled by the Orthodox, they were sent over to different parts of the world, the Friends of the Muslims as well

00:44:59--> 00:45:00

to a certain

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

degre

00:45:02--> 00:45:12

these Christians, they take all of this information, all of this, you know, large chunks of Roman and Greek information and they bring it along with them.

00:45:14--> 00:45:20

And they take it to Persia. And now Persia becomes one of the best places for medicine.

00:45:23--> 00:46:03

But now that Muslims are overcoming the place empowered, they are all across the Arabian Peninsula. Along with that, also the Persian Gulf, all over the world, the Muslims are becoming empowered. So naturally they're also having these books of Hippocrates. We already spoke Galilean and other people being translated now into Arabic. So in the year 805, we're going back and forth because I'm discussing different concepts, okay? In the year 805, how would I Rasheed the very Calif that was sending elephants to Europe, he decided to start something called, of be modest on

00:46:05--> 00:46:21

who knows would be modest. I know you and I know you do to know. Okay, Who else knows? If you're from Pakistan or India, you know what be modest means? a sick person. Okay. So how do you know Rashid starts a place? That is called a be modest stop?

00:46:23--> 00:46:26

What does that mean, the place of the sick people.

00:46:27--> 00:47:03

This was considered the very, very first Hospital in pretty much the history of humanity, if you please adopt level, okay. We're talking about state of the art facilities. If you are in Europe at the moment, and you're very sick, you're imagining yourself in a democracy. And you just wish you're in a view, all of a sudden, I'll tell you just like that today, as we speak. If you are in the east, the first thing that comes to your mind when you get extremely sick, and you're like, these doctors can't do anything about it. You say, let me go to England, let me go to the United States. Let me come to Canada, let me go to Russia. That very thought is coming into the European mind during that

00:47:03--> 00:47:03

time,

00:47:05--> 00:47:30

that they'd be Morriston is the place for me to be if I go to the monastery, they're gonna kill me, they won't kill me, they'll make, you know, they'll do supplication for me, they'll make the off for me. But eventually, I'm going to die. Nonetheless, basically, it's a very respectable form of dying, you go to this monastery, and when you're inside of the monastery, you have a nice comfortable bed for yourself, and people around you are taking care of you. But caring is not curing hospitals are made for curing

00:47:31--> 00:47:45

over into the milestone you are cared for, and you are also cured. So most of the people that are coming to the demorest, and they're coming with this thing in their back of their mind that eventually, inshallah, by the rule of law by the leave of a law will be cured.

00:47:47--> 00:47:53

Now, of course, if you have hospitals, what comes next? any medical majors over here, or medicine majors? Or

00:47:54--> 00:47:56

if you have a hospital, what do you need?

00:47:57--> 00:48:00

There's something that comes hand in hand with the hospital, you have a prescription, and then you add

00:48:02--> 00:48:23

medicines. So pharmaceutical revolution also starts within the Muslim world. The very first pharmacy started in the ninth century, along with the damariscotta, a few years after the 805 is the amount of stock the hospital and a few years after that comes a pharmacy as well.

00:48:25--> 00:48:40

Now, of course, the Muslim pharmacy wasn't like the Roman pharmacy, they had access to a larger part of the world. And it was very, very different. The dynamics that the Muslims have to play with what's much more than the Romans. Why is that?

00:48:41--> 00:49:00

Because they have parts of Europe under their rule. They have parts of all of Arabia under their rule. They have parts of Persia under their rule, they have opportunity in India as well, because they had good trade relations with India. They had opportunities with China as well. They had good trade relations with that all of this is through their disposal.

00:49:02--> 00:49:12

So the Muslims are going to be using and employing medicine from the Romans from the Greeks and they are going to have a very rich tradition of medicine already. Who knows what that tradition is.

00:49:13--> 00:49:16

The prophetic tradition of medicine.

00:49:17--> 00:49:18

That is what we call the prophetic medicine.

00:49:23--> 00:49:27

No, that's not this. Yeah. So the prophetic tradition of medicine.

00:49:28--> 00:49:59

So they're going to going to take all of these types of medicines now and put them together to bring about some of the best medicinal facilities and one of the best revolutions ever in the history of medicine that man has ever known. All of that is occurring in boatyard when the model storm starts, but hold on. When you have a big amount of stock. You have pharmacies as well. pharmacies, by the way, very, very great. Indeed. In fact, there was pharmaceutical ingredients that were never used before. Nothing that was never used.

00:50:00--> 00:50:34

For pharmaceutical purposes, sandalwood mercury was never used for pharmaceutical ingredients as well. So you have pharmaceutical ingredients that have never been used. In fact, it will be thought who was considered one of the best physicians in history. He has a lot of good books in medicine and other things as well, if everybody bar Muslim, he writes a book about medicine, which is called the corpus of symbols, in which he places 1400 different medicines 300, of which history has never seen

00:50:36--> 00:51:05

300 of which history has never seen 1400 medicines we're talking about a long time, they say that, you know, The Big Bang Theory and all that kind of stuff. They say that 12 to 15 million years ago did that occur? Okay. So if it's 12 to 15 million years ago, then you're talking about a very long history and humanity. There's 300 people, there's 300 medicines that history is never used before. ingredients that people never knew to use for medicine before.

00:51:06--> 00:51:10

And the pharmaceutical industry

00:51:11--> 00:51:14

comes with something else as well as if it what is it come with?

00:51:15--> 00:51:25

It comes with now, you have to have trained physicians, right. So they've been minus Don was not just a hospital, rather, it was also a training facility for doctors,

00:51:27--> 00:52:04

the director that would be commissioned for the hospital that the amount of star, he would not only be, you know, treating patients in the morning at nighttime, you'd have lectures just like this lecture hall, and you'd have medical students students biting at their teeth, because they don't understand what the teacher is saying. Okay, this is what what would be happening in ninth century be modest on whilst if you go to the European neighbors, they would be waiting to die in a monastery, calling out to God. This is not to undermine their civilization, because they did a lot for humanity afterwards. Okay. But the idea is, to be fair, you have to recognize where all of this

00:52:04--> 00:52:17

information came from. And a lot of that was not just, you know, incubators in the Muslim world where books were just kept as be saved. It was actual development of civilization and knowledge. So that the amount of Sun comes with something else.

00:52:20--> 00:52:24

How many of you know about the Italian bionz?

00:52:25--> 00:52:32

It's like, little potteries that the Italians have, and they're very beautiful. If you'd have to type that in on Google, you'll find it. Okay. So

00:52:34--> 00:52:46

the pharmaceutical industry brings about a revolution from another angle as well in terms of art. You have these barrels, somebody close the door, if you have these barrels.

00:52:47--> 00:52:58

These barrels, whoever's the last person supposedly, okay? The, you have these barrels that are sent with very, very large portions of for example,

00:52:59--> 00:53:24

medicine, okay? Because you need to have something to preserve all these stirrups, and okay. These barrels are standing to the European world, whoever is living on the Gulf, whoever is living on the sea side, of course, he's becoming a millionaire now, because they're buying it off the Arab neighbors across the Gulf across the water across the water bodies. And they're taking this and taking advantage of it by selling it to the other people, right.

00:53:25--> 00:53:38

So, the Italians get access to these barrels. These barrels are the subject of the squiggles of the Muslim art Art farzaneh

00:53:42--> 00:53:44

the barrels that are being sent for shipments

00:53:45--> 00:54:03

and they are so beautiful that it inspires one of the greatest artistic revolutions in Italy and that would be the modern what we know today as I said, the finance the ones that you the pottery, okay, so that comes from the barrels that are used for shipment in the Muslim lunch.

00:54:06--> 00:54:12

The seminars that are offered at the domata standy range from a lot of different things. When you think of the

00:54:13--> 00:54:39

medieval Arab dude especially now the people the way that people try to you know, make him seem you think of the smelly guy that has has invades for weeks. One of the concepts that were being discussed at the Marist on a regular basis was hygiene, personal hygiene, they would have seminars offered at they'll be about to start you come and take your little seminar seminar you sign up for it of course we had pen and paper Yeah. So you sign up for this Mr. Destiny

00:54:40--> 00:54:53

hygiene seminar and you go and take yourself a seminar on other subjects as well if you want to be you know informed about other subjects related to medicine, come on over and will teach. Now along with this has to come something else.

00:54:54--> 00:54:59

Along with this has to come libraries as well because hospitals have to have libraries.

00:55:01--> 00:55:32

So, we have libraries down. Every demand, Stein comes with one of the greatest libraries because all of our hospitals are not mere hospitals. They're also educational facilities for the next generations of doctors. So people are learning medicine, they're practicing medicine. And after learning medicine, they have state approved examinations, so that people can take these exams. And after learning medicine, they can finally get a certificate that would be printed on a paper, a diploma.

00:55:33--> 00:55:48

After you have this pre med diploma, you practice under a doctor as you would do today. And then you go ahead and start practicing on people. In fact, the Islamic law and I'm a major in Islamic law, in the Islamic law, if you

00:55:51--> 00:55:51

were to

00:55:54--> 00:56:20

treat a patient in Islam, if you are to treat a patient and you have no certifications, how do we get this concept because of these vivado stuff, you had papers, diplomas were printed, you show your diploma, that's when you can treat a patient, whether that be at the data center, or you want to do it in your house, no problem. But you have to have the right facility. So if you treat a patient and you don't have a certificate, and something happens to the life of that patient, you are responsible in the court of law.

00:56:21--> 00:56:25

This is something very, very explicitly mentioned in the books of

00:56:27--> 00:56:50

Islamic jurisprudence, if you have if you're a doctor, because people may be trying different things, you're not a doctor, and you don't have a certificate proving the fact that you're a true physician or a doctor, you try to treat a patient what's going to happen is they will put you not in jail, but they will put you put you to trial before the court of law. This is the ruling for a person who treats without a certificate.

00:56:51--> 00:56:59

Doctors and physicians were also their greatest of doctors that ever lived. And man comes to mind by the name of it.

00:57:01--> 00:57:03

Otherwise, he was a 19th century Muslim physician

00:57:07--> 00:57:13

who studies led him to write one of the greatest books ever written also in the history of medicine.

00:57:15--> 00:57:18

And this book, would now be translated

00:57:20--> 00:57:24

and reprinted into Latin 40 times 40 some odd times.

00:57:27--> 00:57:29

From the year 1498,

00:57:30--> 00:58:09

Common Era to the year 1866. Again and again, this book of Ozzy would be translated once, twice, three times, four times and it remained an authority one of the authoritative text books in the university classrooms, the Western University classroom, whether you talk about the faculty of Paris or other places like that, all of them were using this textbook. This was one of the many textbooks that the Muslims had written, and were used in western classrooms. Because of course, these were possibly even outdated textbooks in the Western world. They were using them all the way till the 18th century. So if it was written, right, if it was written in the

00:58:10--> 00:58:39

10th century, we're talking about almost 1000 years later. The textbook that was written 1000 ago still is being used in the European classrooms. Oh, Ozzy was the first person to make a distinction between what between smallpox and measles prior to that doctors were treated in the same manner all over history. Nobody knew the difference. Ozzy comes and he makes a distinction between smallpox and measles and measles. measles, okay.

00:58:43--> 00:59:14

Another idea that a lot of these, by the way, is revolutionary in terms of medicine. Okay, another idea that Raji brings about is that he recognizes that there is a relationship between sickness and psychology. Prior to that, everybody would pretty much just be treating the patient as as an abstract object of disease and not looking at his emotions not looking at a psychology and there's this really funny story of Ozzy Ozzy was summoned by an amine

00:59:15--> 00:59:30

to treat him this was a common practice amongst Omar Adi amongst the governors because you know, they had a lot of money to spend so they would grab themselves to the best of doctors and even see now was a great doctor as well. We'll discuss them in a bit. He also was summoned by Amit as well. So

00:59:31--> 00:59:33

a lot of these summoned by enemies

00:59:34--> 00:59:38

and he is caught now brought before his court to

00:59:39--> 00:59:43

treat this individual. So he says to him, okay, grab yourself a pool lie inside of the

00:59:45--> 00:59:59

pool of water that is, otherwise he will stand on the side of the pool, okay. And he's looking at the individual. I mean, before him, the governor before him, and he starts making fun of it starts taunting

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

You start seeing all these nasty things.

01:00:04--> 01:00:06

And needles like I got you here as a doctor, what are you doing?

01:00:08--> 01:00:15

So he continues to make fun of him. I mean, threaten them stop, otherwise I'm going to do something, continuously make fun of him, okay?

01:00:17--> 01:00:47

And all of a sudden, I mean, dressed or undressed, who knows? He gets up out of the pool, and he starts threatening a lobby, I'm going to kill you. I'm going to commission an entire army against you, whatever he's saying, I have no idea. I was he escapes out of the house of the, I mean, amid very soon recognizes that the fact that a Razzie had taunted me, those very times jolted me back to energy.

01:00:49--> 01:01:16

So you recognize the fact that psychology has much to do the idea of placebos. He recognized the fact that psychology has much to do with what with good health. In fact, he was the first person to recognize something else that we think today modern day is true discovered. It's not discovered in modern day modern history, it's discovered in another type of modernity, if you please, the modern modernity of like the Muslim lens. That is that

01:01:21--> 01:01:23

eating well, having a healthy diet.

01:01:25--> 01:01:26

eating well

01:01:27--> 01:01:44

was he started focusing on this direction telling people start eating well, and you'll, you'll get better. Don't worry about all the medicines, the drugs and this or that a lot of these started going in this direction and telling people stop using the drugs, if you just maintain a healthy diet, that will be enough for you.

01:01:47--> 01:02:00

Also, a lot of it is the first person to use alcohol as an antiseptic. Prior to that, they didn't have access to too many antiseptics alcohol was used. And it was first and foremost used by a Razzie.

01:02:01--> 01:02:16

His greatest contribution of his life, in addition to the 200, some books that he's written, would have to be a book that was translated by Jewish physicians in the year 1279, by the name of it, how he,

01:02:18--> 01:02:29

and how we pretty much like the comprehensive text that has everything inside of it, okay. And how we was the summary of all of the medical theories that have ever existed.

01:02:30--> 01:03:07

Any medical theory that you can think of today, you can pretty much dated back to how he or other works that Muslims had written and that and how we could be written back or dated back to every, you know, historical work on the subject of medicine, whether that be this works of Hippocrates, whether that'd be the works of galleon, any other works that you can think of you can bring and how we and it will summarize all of that information to you for you and add a lot to it. He didn't take my properties and gallon for granted, he started questioning a lot of things they were saying as well. So he pretty much had his own strand of medicine, if you please. So

01:03:09--> 01:03:28

this book would now after being translated by the Jewish physicians in 1279, used in Europe, and all across the world rather, for the next 500 years already in the list of lines is being used as written Arabic. But when it's translated into Latin, it's now used in the European world for the next 500 years.

01:03:31--> 01:03:40

Throughout, throughout the 14th century, 100 years, the faculty of Paris owned only nine books.

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The most celebrated of these books was and how are we? Why? Why was it the most celebrated of the books? The reason is because again, it's a very comprehensive text. George agree with that when King Louis that night comes to Paris and he tries to get himself a copy of it, how are we they asked him to put a very, very exorbitant amount for a deposit, so that he doesn't end up taking or doing something to it, how he nine books is all they have. Whereas as I said, four centuries ago, we're talking about in that we have 100 bookstores that would a person like me, if I was to go there, I would consider it Heaven, you know, 100 bookstores in one area and one little neighborhood or suburb

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or both 100 entire bookstores. One bookstore in one of the places that I believe it was, the Egyptian bookstore had 1.6 million titles. 1.6 million titles in 40 different rooms of the library, not one room because you don't have enough room in here for 1.6 different titles. 1.6 million different titles. over in Europe, the faculty of Paris has got a copy of and how we that was translated in 1279 14th century they're still using it and they'll continue

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To use it for the next couple of centuries as well. Even Sina, known to the west is a the central

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body. And for St. Abdullah Ibn Sina

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was the prince of physicians. That's how it's also known to the Western world.

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He memorized the Quran at a very, very young age, he was about 10 years of age when he memorized the Quran.

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By the age of 17, ebenstein, I had read all of the works that you can think think of on all subjects, by the way, just as a backtrack, because most of us who are Muslims, even Sina has a lot of issues in his theology, but that is beyond the scope of the discussion today. So even seeing that he memorizes the Koran at a very young age, after memorizing the Quran even sooner, he

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begins to indulge himself in all sorts of sciences, astronomy, astronomy was a really popular science at that time.

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All the sciences, all the trades that he can think of, by the way, scholars of that time, especially some of them would be science would be people of all traits, not, you know, just one particular science or anything like God, but masters of every single trait jack have not

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even seen not at the age of 17, he cures by the will of Allah azza wa jal, one of the most

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difficult problems that we're facing that was faced at that time before the doctors

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in Siena at the age of 17. And because of that, he gains a name for himself across the Muslim world as one of the best positions the prince of the physicians, as he is known, all of that at the age of 17.

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And, of course, what he does this mean, the person he is curing the person he's treating is that I mean,

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he is a governor. So the governor gives them access to the libraries that are private libraries. Now we're talking about beyond the libraries that are publicly accessible to every single person, the Sultan's themselves have large, big, big numbers of books that they've collected over the centuries, whether that be through wars, whether that be through their personal purchases, whatever the case may be, they've got their own library. So now these governors give access to a VA center, even Siena, to go and look through these libraries and search for whatever information he pleases.

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even seen are

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searching through the libraries, he finally ends up

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reading into the subject of medicine so much that he said I learned it, I mastered it, and it was one of the more easier subjects

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then he writes a book that will become one of the greatest books ever written in history literally ever written in history. Okay, even better than and how even better than some of the other words that what was he even seen us on to the canon of medicine, it will become the greatest single greatest masterpiece that was ever compiled.

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And this Canada, or this canon of medicine will become really popular in Europe as well, why because the Christians church will put a stamp on it saying it's authorized. It's okay. It's not erratic, it's not against our belief system. So now the canon of film, or the canon of Venice, like even a couple other major and so the canon of medicine will become

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the main text to be studied all across Europe from the 12th century, all the way through to the 17th century.

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The canon of medicine icon on the Oregon footer will have aspects of physiology. First and second chapter will be about or the volume will be about physiology and hygiene. The third and fourth chapter will be about treatment of different types of disease.

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The fifth chapter we'll be discussing things about pharmacology, but hold on ebenstein it despite the fact that he was such a beautiful and great doctor and all these sort of things. He was also a person of other trades as well. He was pretty much the first person that had ever written a book on science fiction.

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So he was talking about going up to you know the cosmos and meeting aliens before the modern books that we're reading. Again, possibly that theme had come down from where the Muslim lens just as the john Dante spinata kind of come down from even Adobe's work by the way if not all these work where is it inspired from when he said Dante took it from Hebrew I'll be it will be where is it inspired from? It is inspired from the or on itself doesn't allow us to partner with data say same similar to the sauce with Hannah lady, I saw the RBD Leela mineral mystery how I'm interested to absorb that

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exhausted is the one who took during the night journey, his slave from an misgendered her on the sacred mosque Mecca, all the way to Jerusalem, the furthest of mosques and messed up stop, the one that we had put bought our God blessing all around it. And then, of course to the heavens, the story of Islam, which most of you probably already know. So this theme that we had envisioned he taken it from there, but I keep making a disclaimer throughout. I've even seen a lot of these people if they have theological issues with the orthodoxy of Islam, but they did have a lot of contributions in other ways. Mathematics is no different.

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Up until the Middle Ages, and even beyond the Middle Ages, you know, towards the Renaissance, you would have had the European world still using Roman numerals. Okay.

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But comes a man by the name of a Howard Smith. And he ends up taking himself a tenure at that very school that we were talking about. They did hikma, the house of Hickman bowed out.

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And after taking themselves for tenure, there are other a fellowship or tenure or something like that, he ends up writing words that would revolutionize another strand of sciences. And that is mathematics, he will write his book called The Sabu Jeopardy when

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we translate that translates loosely to calculation of integration and equation, this would be considered one of the primary or the premier textbooks ever written in the history of mathematics. Of course, a lot of the information that Hawaii has me will take you is going to be taking it from the Indians, okay, so you have to give credit wherever it's deserved. He's going to be taking it from the Indians, but you will take this information and present it to the world in a manner that is very, very authoritative. So the Roman numerals will go out the door. And now the new way of calculating and the new way of, you know, putting numbers down for things will be the Arabic

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numerals, which are essentially the Hindu numerals. Okay.

01:12:18--> 01:12:20

This was his Apple, Java.

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Now, if you look more closely to his average level of inner, the word and juggle it comes close to something we know, something we hate,

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doesn't it? What is it come close to

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algebra. The word algebra comes from the chart book, the book title, and how it is me.

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Hey, Sam was jumpy when eligible. So of course, the European pronunciation you can pronounce things, the way the Arabs would be doing that a different set of words, different set of vowels, everything. So an agenda would turn into algebra, just as the name of this meme self would turn into something similar, and that would be algorithms algorithms.

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algorithm was taken from the name of a medicine, or how it is me himself. This is the contributions. Of course, this is not the contributions, there's too many contributions. But we are getting one lecture that is really fast. This is some of the contributions of the Muslim. This is some signs of contributions of the Muslim tradition towards mathematics.

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But there's another sign of

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our contributions towards mathematics all across the world.

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And that is the fact that we would introduce to the world a number that was not known before.

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And that would be a number that would later go on to be pronounced in Europe, a cipher

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or zero. And in Arabic, people would be pronouncing this number as what? slit slit good cipher. So the fifth cipher zero.

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This is the number zero. And of course, as we all know it, the

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entire computer revolution was started based on these binary numbers, right? So federal one, so a lot of that, we have to give the credit where it's deserved. Again, mathematical revolution brings about also the mathematical jewel that we were talking about, right? We talked about the Astra leap. So the astrolabe had much to do with mathematical calculations. So that came from that direction, as well. Now we come to another and pretty much the last subject of our discussion today. And that is the discovery of the optics.

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discovery of the optics. Well, the discovery of the optic optics as we know it in the Western tradition, was done somewhere in the glasses that I'm wearing right now. These came from

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Italy in the 13th century, 14th century between the year 13 113 50, somewhere in Italy, some anonymous Dude, you have no idea who he is. He ended up bringing about the idea of the glasses. Okay.

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But perhaps there's a better narrative than that.

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A better narrative that maybe some of us don't know, maybe a better place to look again, is that in the 10th century, or Egypt, better yet, in the 10th century, as well. And if we look in Egypt in the 10th century, we'll find a man by the name of Eben L.

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Ha.

01:15:41--> 01:15:51

Even though I think he wasn't in the 10th century, and he wasn't in Egypt. So even, I'd hate to find a man by the name of ebonylife. It

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would be born

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in the city of Buffalo also. Okay. Also at all, you'd be born in the city of Buffalo in the year 1965. But now, there's problems happening between between the fall tomia and the Sudanese. And so even Elijah decides to go and, you know, join the ranks over there in Egypt, whichever ranks they are the fight the father, or the father might can Kingdom right, he would go and join them.

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And she said to himself, that the power is going in this direction, I need to get myself some funds. Every great scientist, ever great thinker, you need some funds along with that, right? So when you're researching for university, your master or graduate degree, what do you need, you need funds? The first thing you look at is, is does this university Give me the ample funds for me to be able to research and not be busy making money for myself. So if you hate him, looks over there in Egypt.

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And he finds himself a lot of fun.

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He proposes that all of these years, these Egyptians didn't have an idea how to stop the Nile from flooding.

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So he goes to the Caliph and tells them I will be the one that will block the Nile from flooding, I will do something I will invent something that will stop the Nile from flooding. So

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lo and behold, the

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couch, that's Sure, go ahead. I'll give you a very, very healthy grant. You go ahead and research whatever you have to research. So he does research whatever he has to research. But even Haitham is not a restless person, okay, he doesn't want to just stay in one place. So he jumps into the aisle himself with a boat or something of that sort, I imagine. And he drives upstream until he finally goes and sees the pyramids, awestruck at the pyramids, even Ethan thinks to himself that, how is it that I'm going to make something, make the Nile stop, while these people could make pyramids, and they still couldn't have the non stop. If they can make a dam to stop the Nile, they would have done

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that already. Because they made these grand things that I've never seen the likes of in my life before. So if you hate them, he says, I'm going to stop, I'm going to quit before it's too late. But what happened, he's going upstream is going downstream. He's playing around, he's having fun, he has wasted the entire grant. Having all this fun,

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should take students off that I'm gonna have to go downstream. I'm not obscure individual people knew I would know who I am. They know about the grant, they know that this new person has come from Buffalo and he's gonna make us, you know, stop drowning in the Nile River. So he says that I'll go back downstream and our face. My destiny is destiny will of course be death. Because of hacking. All that time. Particularly, he was a very difficult man to deal with. There's no way he's just going to let him off the hook.

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So he says to himself, okay, let's go face destiny. As he is facing destiny, he becomes cold feet. And he says to himself, I have one choice that I can use one last speed that I can use, and that is, I will tell the people that I am I'll pretend I'm insane.

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So he goes before the court of law and he pretends is insane.

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And of course, now the halifa when he sees an insane individual, and he took some money, and now he's become insane and blah, blah, blah, okay, let him go through lots and go. Even how you feel he still has to make money. He's a thinker. He is a scientist. He's a person of knowledge. He still has to make money. So he starts turning to the more fortunate scientists that still have their grants. They still have their fellowships with the ultimate Caliph, cow califor time. So what he does is he starts being a copyist for these people, he starts copying their works for them. Mathematics, you know, works on astronomy works on everything that he can think you can think of. He starts copying

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these for them, soon as a copyist, but

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Over the course of his life

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965 he is born

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50 years later, in Haytham is an old man. And now the Caliph of the Muslims, or the Caliph in Egypt has died. Finally, he can come out of the closet and tell people that I wasn't actually insane. I just said that to try to save my life. But he has wasted most of his life, just copying documents, or has he? Has he wasted? And the answer is no, because of the fact that as he was copying, he was also getting the opportunity to study these priceless documents that he may as well have not studied, had he not been a copyist. So he studied math, he studied sciences, he studied astronomy, he looked into even other sciences. He looked into Ptolemy and his theories and even discredited

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some of the theories of Ptolemy. In fact, she writes an entire discussion, an entire book, saying that doubts about Ptolemy, discussing and discrediting some of the theories of Ptolemy, but he has a greater impact than just his dissertation of Ptolemy. He has a book that he writes, which is known as

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the kita boon MANOVA.

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Before we get into that, he now is starting to discuss the concept that has never been discussed in the history of mankind, at least that which we know, right? That is the secrets of vision. Prior to that the Greeks were thinking what they were thinking that the eyes if you open them, they have raised the goal and reflected things and then you ended up seeing

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as opposed to this belief.

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Even Haytham starts introducing the idea

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of

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the primary vision, and the secondary vision, if you please, something along that lines, okay. So the primary mission and that secondary mission,

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you have a light that's going in a certain direction, they believe anything will tell you that if that object illuminates by itself, this is the primary mission.

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That is like a flashlight.

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But the specs that you see in front of your flashlight, that will also reflect sunlight in different directions, that will be the secondary emission.

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So it's like the sun, it's a primary emission. And the secondary emission is what

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cement

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the moon because it will reflect the light off the sun and will get the light of the moon right. So there's a primary emission and that's why it's very bright. And then there's a secondary emission and that's why it's not as bright anymore, this very fury will be stolen by a Dutch Christian Scientist 600 years later into his own language, which will be called the fury of the the wavelets. Okay, the primary and the secondary,

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similar to the primary and the secondary emission through the concept of the primary and the secondary emission isn't really a thing will come across something revolutionary ignorant. Haytham will come across the science of the optical theories.

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Optical theories are laid down in the book by the name of kuttabul manava by Edmund Haytham, in which he writes, you know, very extensively about the science of the optics and a lot of theories would continue to last. For the next 500 years, the optical thesaurus of ignorant hate them would be considered the primary text on the science. In fact, the very first of its cards because prior to that, there was no science of optics. So modern day, apology or whatever you want to call it. This glass had something to do with what chemistry

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and the likes of Da Vinci and Kepler will literally copy out and plagiarize the work of ignorant Haytham and presented to the world as their own. I asked Allah Subhana Allah to forgive us I ask Allah subhana wa tada to grant us Sophia, you understand from this, that the Muslim tradition as it was from the very getgo from the very beginning, it was a tradition of knowledge and learning. And that's why it lost a panel with Allah The very first thing that he revealed to mankind was what? I should hear a lot of answers here. Huh?

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The smell of the canary one of the very first revelation that comes to mankind. After a pause for centuries.

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Lisa Lisa ROM coms profits stopped coming and there's a federal article so that there's a there's a pause in the messengers and a lot of people

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with honor reveals a passage to the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu. It was setting them in the dark depths of that night in a cave that was looking down at Mecca, this new optic and Larry Pollock read in the name of your Lord that is created inside them and right away Allah subhanaw taala is pointing to something that has something to do with science, he has created man through Allah is created man through a clot.

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So Allah subhana wa Taala wishes for you to read and according to

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one of the opinions in on the second verses are the set of verses that were revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam were moved when kalami one is born, which is basically placing every aspect of writing down, okay, the educational theories are based on reading and writing. Right. So every aspect of writing down is placed in the second set of verses that allows a partner with data reveals to the profits of the law it was setting them, the first thing you need to write is what noon you need letters, right. So law starts off this tool by saying noon, ie a letter you use these letters, one upon me one is stone, and also the pen that you use, and also the paper that you will

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be writing on. So all aspects of the educational theory are placed in the first and the very second revelation based on one opinion. And if it's not the second revelation, if you go further down, and the first revelation Allah will say olevia limited column, the one who taught man through pen Anyways, this is in the first revolution. So both pen reading, writing, all of that is placed within the crux of religion. The first idea that Allah subhana wa tada is presenting to humanity is what read and right. And that's exactly what these people did. They're really direct. And they wrote, and as I said, most of us here are Muslims. So the addresses to you and if there's any non Muslims as

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well there is addressed to you as well, that start reading and writing. Start reading and writing. Allah subhana wa tada he wishes for you to read and write, and through the reading and writing, will you flourish all over again, the reading of the Muslim dynasty came through reading and writing. It didn't come through people that were wasting their times and cafes and people or places of that sort. It came through people reading and writing and studying. And Allah subhanho wa Taala His Prophet says, In the lie of herbal morality and work on a host of stuff, Allah subhanho wa Taala he loves the most grandeur of things and hates slowly include and useless things. So don't indulge your

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time yourself, your life, you have a set amount of moments in your life. Don't use those. Don't use this time and waste this life off in those useless things. Playing video games, chatting with people doing this doing that Facebook and Twitter and going to your Twitter account. And

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finally, there's someone that most did something, leave the Twitter account alone.

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If somebody is going to post it will if you have a depending on what computer you have, they'll give you a message. Okay? They'll give you a reminder there's a notification here the sound, but even if you don't hear the sound you still want to

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don't do that. Put your time to good use asking lots of huddle data to give us the tip to put our times to get used to this thing barakallahu li como fecal said on Monday