Tafseer Surah Al Mulk 06
Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
File Size: 27.53MB
Tafseer of Ayahs 25 – 30 of Surah Mulk – Final Episode
Dec 10, 2010.
Verses 25 – 30
Summary and deeper discussion
Allah warns all to wake up and change their ways to good. There is no need for arrogance and kufr because Allah created everything and there is nothing that keeps you from being swallowed up by the earth except Allah’s mercy. Arrogance leads to destruction.
Ya quloon – “They will say” they are saying and will continue to say – this is what will be brought up repeatedly.
Mataa – When – usage in Quran – used in the Quran by the disbelievers as confrontational. Asking ‘when’ as mockery to those who bring warning. Their arrogance pushes them to ask when punishment will come!
Ha thaa – This
Wa’ad – Promise – of something that will come. Non-believers are skeptical of the promise of punishment.
When? Their question is not sincere or logical. It’s a childish challenge… look at the response to this.
Allah trained the message to respond.
“Say – there is no doubt that the knowledge (Knowledge of the day of judgement) is only with Allah and no doubt I am just a warner”
When they question, it is Allah they question, we are just warner’s.
Innama – exclusiveness
Inthaar – warning coming from genuine concern
Mubeen – clarification
Mubeen and inthaar used together means a person who warns with clarification.
e.g. Be careful of what? Need to make clear what the dangers are. VERY IMPORTANT, Take control of the discussion with a level head.
Qul – no hesitation to speak. SAY – deliver the message. Be confident
Lammaa – so when… something will happen in the future
Ra ow hoo – past tense verb (but speaking about the future??) the future tense verb has no emphasis in it (open ended – rhetorical (maybe)) but the event to happen is definite – the word confirms it.
Zulfatan – something comes near in slow steps (creep close) – like the night.
See ut – for something to be bad
Wujoo – faces (waj)
An expression of how the face looks – life, energy, vigor – the expressions of the face.
Gloomy faces – remorse, regret, anxiety, depression as if someone is being executed. (see ut wujoo)
Ungrateful! To refuse Allah’s right to be worshiped
Wa qeel – and it will be said
Allah’s mercy knows no bounds. So, we should not give up in warning.
Qul – Say
A ra aytum – Do you see? – an expression that means – Have you considered?
In ahlakaniyaAllah… – if Allah was to destroy me and those who are with me… or not, instead having mercy (life is the greatest from of Mercy from Allah – to earn from the dunya for the Aakhirah) either way who will protect the disbelievers from a most painful punishment.
Your judgement will still take place irrespective of what happens with me.
Ujeer – grant safety and protection, asylum
The reality of death is clearly presented. No one will live forever.
Allah is abundantly merciful, the believers have put their faith and trust in Allah.
Fasata’lamoon – soon you will come to know (who was in misguidance).
A manna bihi – normal grammatical sequence
We believe in Allah, we believe in what Allah has taught us to believe in (angels, nabis …)
Alayhi tawakalna – abnormal grammatical sequence ( creates exclusivity)
We ONLY put our trust in Allah (exclusively)
Disbelieve = hopelessness
Believe = mercy
Asbaha – change overnight
Water is life!!!!!
Ghawran – something that sinks deep (ghaar – cave a sunken recess)
If the water sinks down to the earth????? Unavailable –
Who will bring you water
Ma’een – water is on the surface and flows, is clean.
(opposites to emphasize kufr and disbelief)
In the end we ALWAYS put our trust in Allah.
Bana is pleased to present the Quran intensive in June of 2011. We will be conducting a 30 day intensive seminar on Quranic Arabic and Tafseer studies inshallah. For more information, please visit Bayonetta summer.com. That's ba YYIN ah summer.com. I'll go ahead and inshallah recite the ayat that we'll be studying today in today's session, and then inshallah, after that, we will do a brief summarized translation of it, and then we'll delve into a deeper discussion in sha Allah, about those ayat and today's portion that we'll be studying the passage we'll be studying today inshallah. So we're starting from Surah number 67, of course a little molk and we're starting from
Isaiah number 25. Today, that's where we left off last time.
Are all the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim E.
Way up una muchacha de la
la de lien pool in
de la. We're in an ad.
C at whoo whoo Levine aka C at woohoo leadin aka for what ILA have in the coup.
de la de la v.
in allegany en la Who am I Oh Rahim Allah for me
caffine Nah, me neither bien le la mano
de la la Hito can for such Allah Muna man who are feeble,
moving all our agents in our spa hammer.
For me, t comb beam.
So the brief summarized translation is, they say, if what you say is true, then will this promise be fulfilled? Say a lot along has knowledge of this day. My only duty is to give clear warning. When they see it close at hand. The disbelievers faces will be gloomy, and they will be sad. This is what you were calling for. Say, just think regardless of whether Allah destroys me and my followers, or has mercy on us, who will protect the disbelievers from an agonizing torment. Say, He is the Lord of mercy. We believe in Him, we put our trust in Him, you will come to know in time, who is an obvious error, say, just think if all your water were to sink deep into the earth, who could give you
flowing water in its place. So these are the shala the five or six ayah that we'll be studying today to conclude our study of sort of tournament. So we're starting with is number 25. Now in order for us to understand exactly where I am number 25 is picking up from we have to go back very briefly to is number 23 and 24. So when you go back to item number 23 and 24. What you see is and the last in these last two is Allah subhanho wa Taala he told the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to say to these people who say, who led unshackle, he is the one who has created you and then raised you nourish to cultivated you whether Allah Kusama will ansara will, either. And then he's also made for
you giving you the ability to hear that he's given you the ability to hear what others saw, and your sight your vision when either and your emotions, your your passions, your desire, your motivation. He's the one who's giving you all of this. And this basically defines the human experience, what we hear what we see and the emotions that we then feel as a reaction to that. And that basically is the human experience and that's what we base our thoughts off of. That's where we
that's that's where most of our decisions come from. And then Alice has Alina Mata Sharon spoon, very few little to none of you are grateful. Boo unless either accom fill out the lie to Sharon
Say, who will lead either a conference, He alone is the one who has spread you out, scattered you all over the earth, what you need to Sharon, and there's no doubt about the fact that you When will all of you be collected again, you'll all be collected, and you'll all have to go back to him, you all will return to Him, you will all have to face him, meaning Allah subhanaw taala. So this is where the I ended. So our previous discussion ended at this kind of a very strong warning, because his entire suit up till now had been reasoning with these people had been telling these people look around, you look at the sky, look at the earth, look at the blessings in your life. Look at
everything you enjoy. Why don't you realize a lot is the one who's giving you all this. And then a little bit of a stronger wake up call was being given to them that Listen, this ground that you're walking on by the blessing of Allah, what's to tell you that this grant is not going to swallow you up all, I'm not going to make that happen. And this sky beautiful sky that you walk underneath, and that you look up at and that you enjoy, and you look at the stars and find your direction. And you use the sun to live your life and grow your crops, and all these blessings that come from the sky, the rain and everything. What's there to guarantee to you that rocks won't start falling from the
sky? He won't shower stones down from the sky. I mean, what would Where are you getting this arrogance from? This this false sense of security that you have this delusion that you have? Where is it? How did you become so delusional realize wake up? And then the dig of judgment was mentioned to them?
That a familiar machine will give benalla yg. She said we acknowledge that optimism
that some people will be made to walk on their faces.
Will those people be better? Is there anything? Is that person better? Or is the one who's walking straight respectfully, with honor and dignity. And then this reminder, very strong reminders being given. The listener loves giving you everything you have everything that makes you you, he gave it to you. And then I am number 24 do what you want to do. But he's someone who spreads you out. And you all have to go back and answer to him. So that that warnings being given now, the fine you don't want to listen don't listen, your answer to him.
Now what happens here?
What happens now is a very unfortunate reality of the arrogance that people have sometimes that human beings have. And this is something that's not unique to nations of the past like audience or mood. This is something that's not unique to even the time of the messengers, the lobbies of them like Abu jehlen, Abu lahab. And these people. This is something we even see today. We see all around us, but lead up to we want to food remember the surah told us rather these people despite all the warnings and all the signs and all the sensibility and common sense that you presented them, Bella juvie or to win one for them. Rather they persist very arrogantly very adamantly, very stubbornly.
And what do they persist in? Or to win? Just complete disregard. insolence, disobedience disrespect, when you food and just completely running away from you, skittish behavior, just freaking out. They don't want anything to do with this message, this sensibility this reminder, so, but they don't really have an argument, nor do they, when you tell them that, Hey, where did you get everything from? Who gave who created you? who raised you? Who gave you these eyes, his ears, your heart, your emotions, your your your your, your your sentiments, everything that you love everything that you have everything that you enjoy? Who gave it to you? Where did this all come from?
And you tell them to look all around them at the end of the day, they really don't have any argument to stand on. They have no argument to make they have no leg to stand on.
So what do they revert back to now? They revert back to or rather they they turn to
just a complete
ignorant and unintelligent rebuttal.
argumentation. As always the easiest way to distract people from what's going on. Someone's telling you something, and they're telling you something very sensible, and they're telling you something that's true. And they're telling you something that you can argue with that you have that you have no excuse that you have no other course of action. So the best thing to do in that situation if you don't want to accept what they're doing, what they're saying what people do in that situation.
You just start yelling and screaming, become incoherent. Just start fighting with them about random things. Oh, well what about that? Or what about this, or just the empty challenge try to call their bluff
start behaving very ignorantly. And it just disperses people, it changes the focus. So, this is what these people do now. And they say where una muchacha de la
wayuu Lune yaku in the Arabic language, it means that they will say
they are saying and they will continue to say
meaning Allah subhanaw taala uses the present slash future tense of the word move on to see what the Masada Fiala Muladhara, Allah subhanaw taala uses that tense, the present and the future tenses to express the fact that this is the only argument they have. And this is what they'll continue to bring up over and over and over again, time and time again, this is the only thing they'll have to present to you is this they'll just continue to make this argument. And this argument was not just something that was made in the past, but throughout time this is the only argument people will make yakun. So they will they are saying and they will continue to say Mata.
Mata in the Arabic language means when.
But what's very interesting about its usage in the Quran, when the disbelievers Allah shows is when the disbelievers in the Quran uses word matter. They use it they use it in a very confrontational manner. They use it to try to discredit to try to make fun of to try to mock the message of the of the messengers of the prophets, like in one place in the Quran. And so to lisara forsale una mejor a doing that very soon, they will say that who's going to warn us? Who's going to, you know, give us any type of a warning and tell us what could go wrong? Well, Aladdin father, aka Amara, the one who created you, the very in the very first time in the very first instance, the one who created you
from the very beginning. He's the one who will hold you accountable. He's the one that has fixed your time and will make sure that you keep that appointment for say only Luna enago Oussama una moto. So very soon, what will they do, they'll start to kind of turn their heads away from you. They'll look down to look here and there. Because when you present something like that, they say, yeah, who's gonna hold me accountable? Who's gonna ask me who's gonna judge me? Who's gonna tell me what to do? And you say, Allah was the one who created you will tell you what to do. So don't just start looking in there, they'll do they can't make eye contact now, because they really don't have
any rebuttal to that they don't have a response to that. And then they come back and what does he say? matawa.
All right, well, when when is he going to do it? Come on, bring it down. So they use it to be very insolence very arrogant, and to try to discredit you. So they say my towel when have the word have and the Arabic language means this, that this way, Lady to Sharon, that to him, most definitely will you all be gathered together, when a wide, wide is a promise in the Arabic language. When you give somebody your word, when you tell somebody that something is coming, you inform them very confidently of something that is yet to come. So they will continue to say Machado.
When will this promise come to pass? This this horrible event that you're telling us about this big time event that's about to occur when and then very skeptical? In quantum society. Not only that, but then they add a little something at the end of it in gundams are the thing if you are actually truthful?
If you actually are truthful, meaning what's what's the basic understanding of that if you're not a liar? If you're so truthful, because once again now what are they mocking the values, the ethics, the morals of the messenger? Because the messengers, Tao, his message is based on primarily on his character. That's what gives him credit is what what an amazing person he is. So now they're attacking even that
this really shows that these people have lost all sensibility, because this man has no track record of lying. In fact, everything about his life up until this point tells you that don't you know your best bet is to be on this guy side to do accept what this guy is saying he's never lied to you. But they're even willing to start creating a little bit of skepticism in regards to that. Even trying to discredit that and they're they're speaking in the plural because they bunched a group the messenger and his followers together. In this is a little bit of a subtle message with the subtle message in this animal facility they tell us is that they're saying this to the messenger, and they're saying
this to the followers of the messenger. That means that it's not just a messenger who tells them he Leahy talk, Sharon that you all have to return back to a law. You all have to
be collected back to a law you all have to answer to a law. The followers of the messenger say the same thing, meaning you and I also are propagators of the message. And it's our responsibility. So they say, if you guys are so truthful, then when is this going to happen?
when when when is it going to happen? Tell us show us, please. So now they're, they're challenging.
So what's going to be the response to this?
What's the response to this?
In order to understand the response to this, you have to first take into consideration the nature of the question that they've asked.
Is their question sincere? No.
The intent? The purpose of the question is not good. The question is not sincere. And these is the question even a logical sensible question. No. It's an illogical, stubborn, ignorant challenge. It's childish behavior.
So now look at the response of this. And we learned something about this for our times as well, because some hannula, where we're living in a time right now, where, once again, Islam has been very publicly discussed. And the legitimacy is very being very publicly debated. And people are out there very publicly criticizing Islam. So how do we respond to these things? So we look at how electrons the messenger to respond to it. Let's go through the words of the ayah first, and then we'll come back and we'll actually see what we learn from it all say, in ama, now in NEMA in the Arabic language is to create exclusiveness exclusivity.
It confirms something but also exclusiveness that there's no doubt that only
the knowledge, and specifically the knowledge that's being spoken about is metallic.
When is his day of judgment going to happen? When is the life of the year after and all these big events that you talk about? When are they going to start to unfold? When is all this going to come to pass? So the knowledge of this is no doubt only in the law, with Allah near Allah, meaning the knowledge of this is no doubt, most definitely only with a law
in the military, the more in the law.
We're in NEMA.
And once again that same innama and most definitely no doubt and exclusiveness Anna and the Arabic language means I Naveed Naveed in the Arabic language we discussed this word earlier, Naveed comes from the root of the word which means to warn. But I discussed this before towards the beginning of the pseudo we talked about this. It doesn't mean to just scare people. No no by not by any means because that would contradict the principles of the Quran and even the principles that the Prophet was teaching the Sahaba. When inviting people when engaging people he said that, but she don't want to lose, you don't scare people don't chase people away. So in that, to warn is not like to scare
people. But in Arab in classical Arabic, it specifically means to warn people out of a genuine true concern for them, to warn them of something that is imminent, something that is a real danger to them. And you were actually truly concerned about them. You You worry about them. And that sincerity that concern and that imminent danger is what forces you to wonder that have very specific application, Navin is one who warns
Navin is this person who sees that danger coming worries about this person and then goes and says, Hey, come on, be careful.
You got to be careful.
That's what that is. And that's what it means not to somebody goes around scaring people. That's not what our Dean's based on. That's not what DARPA is. So there's no doubt that I am only a Navy. Somebody who wants people out of sincerity and love and compassion moving, moving. And a person who wants and clarifies words with clarity. He clarifies things. See one thing again. Now this adds to that equation of warning people. One thing would just be okay, fine, you're sincere. You see the danger coming saying Be careful.
But then the person says What are you talking about? Be careful of what and that can come off as very pretentious.
That you're just going around, just telling people to be careful all the time. People don't like that person, moonbeam. But to clarify, and the messenger is a lovely symbol, somebody who clarified who would clearly explain things that why am I telling you to be careful? What's going on here? What are you running into? What are the dangers here? What are the possibilities here?
clarifying things very important part of the equation. So now what do we have in this III number 26? bull say in the military more in the law, no doubt this knowledge is only with a law.
What in Nevada and another movie? And no doubt, I am only a warner, who clarifies things for people.
So now let's see exactly what happened here between question and answer.
Because these people said, You made us a promise. You told us something's coming on wide, something's approaching something's coming.
Tell us when?
If you're not lying, tell us when.
And the Prophet answers by saying only Allah has his knowledge. And I'm just using here to warn and clarify things for people.
What we learn from this answer and actually see this is an answer Ally's teaching, the process of instructing the prophets allows him to give a lot of wisdom here. So when people ask questions that are not sincere, that are not honest questions, that are being these questions are being asked to discredit to be disrespectful to mock into gear, then the response to these type of questions needs to be very leveled. You see, there's no emotion in the answer. You dare challenge me? You doubt this? Do you want to do people want to go to hell? No, no, it's very level headed. Very calm response as the first thing. composure is very necessary in this situation, because that's the goal
of these people. What do they want to do? They want to knock you off balance. They want to rile you up. They want to make you look, because what have they been accusing in Sudoku Sabha? What did they say? Hell no. No, Kamala Raja Lin, unit Bo comida moussaka, tangkula, Masak, in nakoula,
after Allah in Caliban, and B Aegina, their whole goal is to try to show that he's a crazy person.
That's part of their agenda here. That's part of their last last last ditch effort, their final plan, make him look crazy to people. So ask the most disrespectful, the dumbest question you can think of.
And so you have to be very leveled. That's the first thing we learned here. The second thing we learned is
you don't necessarily have to exactly address their question and their concern. And this is something they teach media professionals, or politicians or public speakers, people who work with the media, public relations and stuff, they teach them that, that you don't really have to exactly precisely, word for word answer that person's exact question, you don't have to you talk about what you want to
you take control of the situation, you take control of this dialogue, you take control of this discussion, and the profitsystem has been taught to take control of that.
It's very important to remember that we need to take control of this discussion about oh, well, your Koran says this or Islam says this or your Prophet Muhammad, none uh, we take control of that discussion, very level headed, very calm, very relaxed, and we take control of that discussion.
The next thing that we find here is notice is no separator. The question we have una Mata hadn't
been, and then it is a focal thermocool
it just had all the differences will mean say falconwood, which would have meant so therefore say thermocool would have meant then after that you should say. So the words of the Quran are precise. Allah didn't put any type of weapon he didn't even say and he just started this ayah by saying, say immediately, like there, there shouldn't be any hesitation on your part, confidence, no hesitation, no pausing, delivered the message
in the molarity more in the law, or in the middle of the movie. Now, if you can deal with that, good for you. If you can't deal with that, if you can't process that, that's your problem, not mine.
There's a little bit of confidence that's being taught here. And especially to us, we need to learn this type of confidence. So we see confidence, a direct message immediately should be issued, we remain very calm and relaxed. We don't lose our composure. We don't become riled up and overly emotional, because then that makes us look like crazy people. And then the final thing is we take control of the dialogue in the conversation. No, I'm in control here. I'm going to tell you how things are. You don't get to dictate this. I'm in control here. So that's what we find. And the last thing that's very important in this
Is this I mean even the Prophet alayhi salatu salam is being instructed in disregard. But it's a very important message for us to walk away with, with from desire
in the military more in the law.
Most definitely the knowledge of this is only with Allah.
point point made. We're in Nima and Anna zero movie.
I'm just here to deliver a message.
humility, humbleness, we sometimes have this attitude of, you know,
being in charge. I'm accountable. You're I'm responsible here.
But I'm just the messengers allow these images being told you just tell them you just want people.
So humility is very important. Not to act like you're some authority, not to want to be that authority. But just here's a message rather. And all I do is carry the message. That's it. And then humbleness and humility is very good. Number one, is protection for for the person answering the question.
Now, he's not saying something he's going to regret. He's not crossing limits. He's not crossing the line. His protection for him, it keeps him in his place.
And it also lets that person know that hey, by the way, guy, when you question like, in this manner, when you're questioning me, I want you to know that you think you're attacking me someway, somehow. I'm just carrying a message I'm just delivering a message to you. The one you're really attacking is
Allah subhanho wa Taala. So you think twice about what you're doing? Very, very strategic. Very important. We can learn a lot from this today.
Now the next ayah
I am number 27.
For Mr Rosen's potensi at Voodoo, who live in Nakuru de la Vela de Caen to be heated there on falam Mara over. Now, lemma in the Arabic language is little cleat.
when this will happen, something hasn't happened yet. But it will happen in the future. It's just it's not a question of if it's a question of when.
raw Oh, they will see. Now one really interesting thing to note here is, are Oh, who are Oh, this is the past tense verb. But I just told you this is talking about something in the future. So why is it using a past tense verb to talk about the future? Doesn't that seem contradictory?
It does, why not eliminate the llama and just say, for your owner who
they will eventually see
why use a past tense verb and then have to insert llama to take their past tense verb into the future.
I'll tell you why. It's it involves a little bit of grammar, but try to stay with me, I'll simplify it as much as I can.
If you use the present, the present tense or the future tense rather, if you use the future tense verb. The problem with that in classical Arabic is that the future tense verb doesn't have emphasis in it. It leaves something kind of open ended.
When you put something into the future tense in classical Arabic, it creates an element the rhetorical function of the future tense verb in classical Arabic is, maybe it'll happen maybe might not. It could it couldn't create some doubt. And somebody could find some doubt in that. So how beautiful is the Quran, that ally uses the past tense verb because the rhetorical benefit, the function of the past tense verb in classical Arabic is to confirm something. This is a fact. There's no doubting this, this is this is going to happen. This has occurred it's done. And then when you add llama, you now take it into the future tense. So now you are not only taking it into the future
tense, but you still got that emphasis you see the difference? So if you use a future tense verb, fine, you're talking about the future but there's no emphasis. There's no emphasis, but when you use a prep past tense verb and insert this lemma on it. Now you take it into the future tense, but what you take along with it into the future tense, the emphasis for llamar Oh, so when no doubt most definitely they will see it. What is the it referring to that word? Machado word when this is probably this was promised this, this news that you've given us, when is it going to happen? When they come to see it? Meaning it they are going to see it coming?
So when they see it Zul, fatten Zoo
Now the word zou fortune in the Arabic language,
it means for something to come near, but it means it, it means for something to come near, little by little step by step, slowly, like like in English, we would taste for something to creep close.
to creep up close to you is confident. And that's why this word is used when even when talking about the night, because the night kind of creeps, right? It spreads and it kind of carries on step by step. And it just keeps getting more and more and more into the night, step by step.
So the word zoom fatten means does not something's coming near, but it's like it's slowly slowly creeping near. So they're going to see this promise, this this day of judgment, life of the Hereafter, they're going to start to see it creeping so linear. How will that happen? Maybe when their death comes to them, they'll see the Angel of Death coming. And then the soul is being extracted from their body. And then they're being placed in the grave. And then all the torture and the torment and everything in the grave. And then being brought out of the grave resurrection. And then being gathered together, collected together on the Day of Judgment, and then having to face
their book of deeds in their left hand. And then having to see their skills being weighed in the reason and failing.
And then having to Rajo walk over that bridge that crosses over them, and getting sliced in half and falling into the firewall. You'll see it slowly creeping.
When this happens, and Allah says it will happen.
See at wood, you will
see it in the Arabic language. It comes from the root of the word, which is the opposite of the word hasn't excellence. So Sasha, your CEO, your sous, I assume it means for something to be bad, very, very bad. See, it is the passive, would you their faces will become very bad. And what specifically meant by that, when talking about the face, how does the face become excellent, or the face becomes good? It's basically an expression of the beauty and not just the beauty, but just the freshness of the face. You know, they say life, energy, vigor.
You can see it on a pretty hope.
Happiness, it shows on a person's face, doesn't it? If a person is going through really, really happy stuff, you know that somebody just got them somebody just came from the hospital to them to, to the mustard. And Mashallah child, his child was born at the hospital, when he walked into the machine isn't isn't a smile from here to here. I mean, he can't hide it right? Even if you want it to he couldn't hide it. He's beaming. It's just he walks in room and the room lights up. You can see it on his face. And at the same time, if somebody gets a phone call, may Allah protect everyone finding out about somebody very near and dear to him just died. Doesn't his face tell you? He
visited put up the phone and you're like, Oh my god, something happened with him.
Because it just his face tells you this world has been destroyed.
See at with their faces would just be gloomy.
Do you see the signs of remorse, regret, anxiety, depression, fear, everything manifesting itself on their face, the Mufasa rune, the very classical amorphous, you want to even describe this word like see, would you that this type of a phrase a figure of speech in Arabic would be used to describe somebody who was being dragged with death. So if somebody is being executed
by like some, you know government order, he's being put to death, he's on death row. And when he's being dragged to the execution, to the to the gas chamber, the electric chair, the look on his face, that see.
So this is how these people's faces will look. See at what you will learn in the faces of those people. cafaro cafaro in the Arabic language, we talked about the root of this earlier in this session. It literally means to bury your to hide something. It refers to being ungrateful to Allah because that person hides the blessings of Allah and it also refers to disbelieving in Allah. And of course, disbelief is the greatest form of ingratitude. The ultimate engrade is the one who disbelieve Allah gave you everything he created, you see, feed you, sustains you maintains you got get has given you everything you have. And you refuse his right to be worshipped and to be believed
in as truly ungrateful. So these people who are ungrateful, who disbelieve in Allah, their faces will will just have that look of death. See at what you will learn in a while
and it will be said have
This levy This is what couldn't be heated down this is that which you used to call for
this is that what you used to call for be he be heated their own the normal we talked a lot throughout the sutra because as soon as a lot of emphasis so we've talked a lot about normal sentence structure
normal grammatical sequence normal grammatical sequence should be that there only be but Allah says be heated their own whenever this is done it creates something extra there and the meaning that the the the meaning here that's created is emphasis that you were really adamant, weren't you?
I mean, you were up in the messengers face. Come on, bring it on, bring it on, where is it? And this is not just in do sudo Matata, right you might say well they're not really pushing the issue right? They're just saying when is this problem is going to happen that you're making. But you look throughout the Quran all throughout operandi will make these types of challenges. They would speak in this disrespectful to them and syllable and fall and number 32 they would say Allahumma in Ghana hada who will help them in their ended they would literally just forget about them and they would talk directly to Allah Allahu Allahu Allah in Ghana how that will help them and if this is true,
truly from you, you really have sent this this has come from you this religion this messenger this message if it has come from you falter ralina hayata mina sama
then rain down stones on us from the sky Come on, bring it on.
This disrespectful to this is how they would speak. A way to be either been illegal
or bring upon is the most painful punishment you can bring.
These are the this is the way they would speak. They were very disrespectful, very insolent, very challenging.
So now they're being told. They'll be told that that time it will be set to them have an ethical? Why do you have to look on your face now guy? You were confident you were saying Come on, bring it on. When the problem is if you're not a bunch of liars Come on, when is it? Why do you have this look on your face now?
How did you come to me this is what you kept demanding their own. It's not even touch your own their own means you called for it cut down is with more emphasis just like what sounds stronger than their own or that down what sounds stronger, that their own sound stronger. That's not a coincidence. If it sounds stronger, it The meaning is stronger too. That's how concise, exact classical Arabic or onic languages. You can pushing for it. You demanded it over and over again continuously all the time. Very yaku Lune over and over again Time and time again. So now deal with it.
butts but some hannula even after all of this.
Allah subhanho wa Taala you know what one attribute of Allah that has constantly been reiterated throughout the surah even though the tone of the surah so strong, but what's that attribute that quality of a law that's been the name of a lot has been re that's been repeated throughout the Surah
unless Abundantly Merciful. Allah's mercy knows no bounds. So one last time Allah instructs the messenger level with them one last time,
one last time, just level with them, make them think about what they're doing, make them take into consideration the choice that they're making. You're all saying
do you see? Do you see? Do you observe Have you considered or a tune? In literally the word means do you see Have you seen
but in classical Arabic and Quranic language, it's an expression that means Have you considered Have you taken into consideration
because one thing that they used to, that they would eventually reach at this point when the dialogue and the discussion between the messenger all the messengers of the past and especially Muhammad Rasul Allah at some, when the dialogue would reach this point, where an outright warning would be given to them that listen, what you this is, this is where you're headed. you're digging your own grave,
then they would respond with violence and with threats,
and they would basically try to kill the messenger, the prophet, and they would make attempts on his life and they would want him to just die and disappear and leave them alone. Like in the Quran many places I'm yaku Luna Sha naturopathy, rival Manu waitara
So be commodified. Don't just wait it out. We'll just wait for you to die and move on and pass on. So finally you'll leave they'll be done with you. And then they can go back to living their lives away they did with young crew began living in a cafaro legals, we took a look. I mean, they literally are sitting here and planning on how to go about and killing you. While you're under the bus, gentlemen, public health hold of our emitter fragomen kalido. So now they're, they're sitting there plotting and planning, trying to think about how to kill you how to get rid of you,
and how to kill and get rid of all of your followers. What was the Battle of the Battle of conduct? That's exactly what it was. They gathered everybody together, surrounded Medina and said, Let's finish this once and for all. We're done with this, we can deal with this anymore.
So Allah subhanho wa Taala tells the Prophet sessom that tell them have you taken into consideration in allegany Allah, if allow us to actually destroy me
to destroy to kill, if Allah was to destroy me, while mama ayah and those who are with me, meaning the believers, the followers, if Allah was to destroy all of us, wipe us off the face of the earth. Old Rahim Allah
or he doesn't destroy us. He doesn't kill us. He has mercy on us.
If he was to kill us or have mercy on us, he didn't notice he didn't say keep us alive. He said Have mercy on us. From this what we see this is chronic thought these are the Quran teaches us lessons, substituting words. What we learned from this is life is one of the greatest forms of the mercy of Allah.
Life is the greatest opportunity from Allah. It's the greatest Mercy of Allah, because this is where we're able to earn something for the life of the hereafter make, make, make some better arrangements for ourselves. That's why the prophets a lot he said them in a hadith. He even says,
the prophets Allah, Allah Subhana Hadith says, Man, Paula aundre, who has an ambu, that the best type of person is the one whose life is very, very long. But but his actions and deeds are very, very good. His life is long, but his actions and his deeds are good, that's the best type of person. So life is a blessing. It's an opportunity. It's a great mercy of Allah. So what the messengers allow these images being told by a lot to say to them is, if allow us to destroy me and my followers older, or he will have mercy on us and let us live and not destroy us. Either way, whether or not we die or we don't die and Allah kills destroys us and doesn't destroy us. For mangy dog caffeine
who will man who will Eugene, Eugene in the Arabic language, it means to grant safety to someone to grant protection to someone
to protect someone from their enemy, grant them safety, grant them sanctuary
to grant them sanctuary,
asylum or amnesty to protect them from their enemies. That is what the word Eugene means occurs many many different places in the Quran Subhana Allah but Allah subhanaw taala says yujiro Liu jawaani Allah is the one who grants protection.
Allah doesn't need protection from anyone
laying you journeymen Allah here. If somebody disobeys Allah, nobody can protect me from Allah. Nobody can grant me protection and save me from Allah. So Eugene needs to protect for managerial caffeine who's going to protect the disbelievers Mina, Davina Lim, from a most punished for painful punishment, and most tormenting punishment, who can protect them.
So now what's being presented here is a reality check. It's kind of saying listen, put these childish things aside, grow up, leveling with them. Saying that listen, think about yourself for a second, forget about us. Whether we die or we live in love destroys us a lot. Protect doesn't matter. Who's going to protect you from the punishment of a life you keep disbelieving. You still have to deal with the law directly. You have to answer to a law. And another lesson and a message in here is
what are we trying to do? The messenger salatu salam, the believers What are they trying to do for these disbelievers? they're just they're trying to present a message to them a lifestyle to them that will do what protect them from what? The punishment, so it's kind of like killing or attacking the person who's doing something good for you. So you're thirsty, somebody brings you a glass of water and you shoot him.
That's stupid. What are you doing? use this for a second. So first of all, realize why
happens with me.
It makes no difference to you, it shouldn't make no difference to you, you have the answer to a law alone.
And secondly, what am I doing here? the messengers allotey salaam is being told to tell them, I'm just trying to give you that which will protect you from the punishment. And I'm the one that you're attacking. Come on, you're better than that. You're more intelligent than that. You're an adult, you're mature, you're Come on us that sensibility has given you.
And at the same time, one of the things that's being presented here is the reality of death is also presented that look at the end of the day, nobody's going to live forever. We all have to die. We all have to move on. And we all have to go back and answer to Allah. Allah subhanaw taala. And the answers were my john oliver, Sharon, mean publican that we never made for any human being given before you a life of eternity, for emitter for
that, if you die, for whom will hardly do that they do they really think that if you die, they'll live forever. These this machine, they think that if you die, they'll live forever. They'll be free of death somehow by you dying
in neck omega two, omega two, you will die and they will die as well. Everybody has to leave and everybody has to go back and answer to Allah. Imam Shafi Rahim Allah has a beautiful couplet in Arabic. He says the man Narayan an amateur in a mode for till kassabian less to be happy. Oh, howdy. He says that the men people, they wish that I would die. But if I was to go ahead and die, then that's a path that I am not treading alone. Like the people who want me dead. What they need to understand is that if I do die,
I'm not walking down that path alone. Guess Guess who's coming next down that path. You are.
You're coming right down after me. You're next in line for either a common phenomena. Nevada, bamboo. Whenever you see a janazah being lifted away know that you're going to be lifted next. So this rationale, this logical thought is being presented to them. And then finally, an ayah number 29.
Allah subhanaw taala panatela tells the messengers a lot some cool say, Hey, man, he is a rock man, the most Abundantly Merciful man.
We have believed in him.
We have put our faith or belief in him while etowah Khanna and only upon him do we place our trust for Salah moon. Very soon you will come to know all of you will come to know man who have evil Allah movie, who was it? Who was immersed?
Who was lost? In a very, very clear misguidance they you think we're crazy today? You think we're foolish? You think we are living in some weird bubble?
That we are the ones unless the Most Merciful ramen.
We've put our a man in him. And we've only only upon him do we place our trust. Very soon you guys are going to come to realize who really wasn't who was living in that bubble of misguidance Fie inside, just completely surrounded, living in an alternate reality. That's what people do. That's what Cooper associate does to people. It creates an alternate reality around them.
Now one thing interesting about the eloquence of this is that we can see the precision of the Quran from his you know, I've talked a lot throughout this sutra. throughout this series, we've talked a lot about sentence structure, grammatical sequence, and
that's normal sentence that's normal grammatical sequence, we believe in Him,
meaning a lot. And then the next phrase or they hit our cabinet is abnormal grammatical sequence. And abnormal grammatical sequence creates exclusiveness exclusivity and only upon him do we place our trust. Now the scholars even say Look how a lot two phrases Amanda de la de la one he does it in the normal grammar, grammar, grammar, and when he does it in abnormal grammar sequence. Why the difference? Because the abnormal sequence it creates exclusiveness we believe in Allah. But do we believe in only Allah or are there other articles of faith?
Anybody? There's other things that we believe in as well right? melodica t wakatobi. He was when he when you're malarkey. There's other things you believe in as well. So it's not stated with
exclusiveness we believe in him. And also the other things he's told us to believe in. It's understood. And the second phrase alayhi takala only upon him. Do we place our trust because that's exclusive. So Hannah let you see how precise Quranic languages The next thing that we realize now, if you look in the previous ayah that we studied is number 27 if you look back in it number 27 What did it say? See at Whoo hoo, Latina cafaro
if people disbelieve them, they'll have that look of death on their faces. It'll end up in a bad result fit what? what leads to failure disbelief. Here it says a man NaVi Wallahi Turkana, who are rushed man, he's Abundantly Merciful, we believe in him. So belief leads to mercy, disbelief leads to failure, hopelessness. So once again, the Quran is presenting these two very clear concepts to us. This surah is summarizing with these two clear concepts. you disbelieve, you'll end up in a hopeless situation, you believe in Allah and he's
you have mercy, you have hope you have something to latch on to. Now the last thing the final III and number 30 bull say, are a term Have you taken into consideration? Have you considered in US Bahama? Okay, um, hold on, if he was to turn if he was to change, literally, like overnight? us by means like, overnight for something to just change? If he was to overnight change, turn your water, the water? And what is water to people? What do you
mean, hey, it's life. Water is everything we needed to clean and to cook and to eat and to drink. It's everything. If overnight he was to change he was to turn your water, but hold on. Hold on in the Arabic language, the root of the word it means for something to sink deep. That's why even a cave in the Arabic language is hard. Because it's it's like a sunken recess in the cave. In the mountain, excuse me, a cave is like a recessed sunken part of the mountain inside the mountain. The goal means if the water was to recede down into the earth,
it would just go down into the earth it would sink down into the earth to the point where it's inaccessible, you dip you throw you drop your bucket into the world and you come back with nothing, the water would just sink, go away from us in US Bahama okumura if he was to make your water unavailable to you to sink down deep into the earth,
for me, then who is it that could bring to you who could bring to you be mine in marine water, marine water that is marine marine in the Arabic language, it means water that is on the surface and flowing. not rushing not like a rapid, but you know, like a very calm, cool stream
of a nice, cool calm stream, what it's on the surface, it's flowing. So it remains clean and pure. It remains cool, it doesn't sit there and get heated up. It just keeps flowing very smoothly, very hot like a spring. That is called Mary favorites. Even the word marine very soft. And so my aim is water that's very soothing, very soft, very accessible. Very pleasant. Very nice. So who is it that could bring that water and look at once again, the opposites that are being presented, because it's trying to make us see understand the difference between covering the mind water sinking cover water on the surface cool and smooth and flowing nicely.
So if allow us to make your water sink down into the earth, who could bring it back up to the surface and make it flow for you again, nobody could wonder ation it actually even says when the prophets a lot of them would recite this ayah within well when he would recite this ayah he would after the say Allahu
Allah only Allah, Who is Rabbil aalameen.
So this final thought is being presented to them that something very, very tangible. See, once again, this is the mercy of Allahu Allah, Rama, he's abundantly merchant. Look, he's not giving up on these people. And for all the challenges and after the disrespect and the insolence that they've shown Matata while doing it, after all of that liquid alleged he's still trying to convince them. He's selling a messenger system, talk to them about something they understand something that's intimate something they deal with on a daily basis water,
something they understand the value of and if you take it specifically back to the context of the profits a lot easier them in Makkah, you're talking about Arabia, you're talking about the desert water is a very valuable, extremely valuable commodity. In fact, the whole city of Morocco was populated all because of a well because of water zone.
So if anybody understands the value of water these people do.
And the only source of water they had was wells. So if the water was to just dry up in the wells and sink down into the earth or
something, they didn't even have a luxury didn't have water flowing on the surface, who could bring that to you. You don't have that now, who could take it from deep into the earth and bring it back to you on the surface, only Allah subhanaw taala could. So once again, they're being level with, they're being told, realize what you're doing, realize the implications of the choices that you're making. So this concludes the study of the ayah of the eye out of the surah itself. Now one last thing that I wanted to do here before we go forward is, like I said, What I stated in the introduction when we got started earlier today, very important part of appreciating the Koran is
starting to see the surah as a whole discussion.
As a complete conclusion, and an introduction. It developed the arguments and it stated different points to you, trying to convince you of what it presented in the introduction. And then finally, it's going to end with a conclusion wrap everything back up. So how does the end of this hoorah connect back with the beginning of the surah and create a complete discussion?
What did the sudo begin with the Baraka levy big hill molk wahoo Allah coalition called a big hill molk means in his hand alone, is the kingdom is the control. But remember, is the abnormal sentence structure in his hand alone,
alone only in his hand, while while condition coded, abnormal sentence structure doesn't mean that he's in control over everything. Only he is in control over everything. And look how the pseudo ended, it ended by presenting the same thought the same example, but in a much nicer theoretical form. Because remember, the beginning is the introduction, you present your theory, but it's ending with the conclusion and a very practical manifestation of what it presented in the theory water,
he can take a deep dive into the earth, and he's the only one that can bring it up to the surface, meaning it's only in his control, and lost control. He's the only one in control over it via the envelope of Allah condition. And the second thing that we also see that the surah ties in all together is that the next thing that was presented in the introduction, the beginning of the sudo was Allah The hola como tal hayata. He is the one who created death and or helical moto lifelessness in life. Why Lia blue, accom au come as a mama so he can test you, who amongst you would have the most excellent the more excellent deeds, the more excellent action who will do better amongst you?
And look how the suitor ended? would see it would you lead in a cafaro? Because when you talk about who will make the right choice, who will make the better decision who will have the better action that could go two ways somebody's going to make the wrong choice when they lead in a cafaro and then somebody is going to make the right choice in the Latina actual naraba home and look how the pseudo ends see at would you live in a cafaro whatever happened with the people who make the wrong choice? That look of death on their faces? Total losers at the end of the day, hopeless desperate people and what will happen with the people who make the right choice? Who are roschmann manavi Voila.
I have I'm not desperate, I'm not hopeless. Why I have put my faith my belief in a ramen and I put my trust only exclusively number one, I have nothing to worry about. So the suitor concludes very beautifully and presents his entire concept
shala just wanted to
make a little announcement inshallah. I have a couple of summer courses coming up that I'll be teaching in different parts of the country that will require me to travel for like two weeks at a time. So shall we I won't be continuing with the next surah four will basically have about a two week break because I'll be on the road for the next sutra. However, that doesn't mean that we won't have some type of a class or a discussion. inshallah we're going to figure that out. I'm going to sit with rasheeda uncle and Dr. Asif We'll figure something out inshallah, and we'll probably have a good guest speaker inshallah to come and have some type of a lesson or some type of a class is just
a very next today inshallah we'll wait, and we'll pick that up inshallah when I get back into town,
sort of Hello, Michelle.
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