Channel: Aarij Anwer
Series: Aarij Anwer - A Juz A Day
Justice and mercy to the historically oppressed, a. 1-28
Allah is merciful to us and wants to make our lives easy (esp in light of rulings above)
Barriers to justice and mercy
Reminder to establish justice even if against yourself/family/relatives (part of faith)
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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. While early he was heavy here on Walla, Russia, he said he was in the mid waffly looked at a minister Nia Holy urbanna attina Fredonia hasta la ville ferati Hassan Burkina Gabbana Sierra Madre Kumara to LA he will Baraka to
Docomo lokalen. everybody for coming out today, we have today the fifth of June that we will be studying today inshallah, before we start the fifth jewels, we actually have to start at the beginning of certain this at the beginning of surfing, this
is about a quarter of the last of the fourth just the last quarter of the forges is through the desert and then all of the fifth just is certain is that and then a roughly a quarter of the six years is also sort of mishap So,
we will inshallah try our best to cover today, the last fourth quarter, last quarter of the forges and all of the fixtures inshallah today sounds a little bit complicated, but inshallah it won't be as So, let me share my screen and share with you inshallah, the
the beginning of setting this up okay. So, as you can see, this is still the fourth justice and we are
beginning at the beginning of the surah. This surah is called the surah of the women and it is named as such according to some scholars of the fear to, to honor the women who are traditionally underprivileged in society, traditionally, or historically, women were treated unfairly and were underprivileged members of society and Islam came to give women the rights that are equitable for them, and also to allow us to have a conversation about gender relations in light of the Scripture, the Quran and the Sunnah. So, this is one of the reasons why the sutra a lot of Muslims would stop to cream and like some scholars mentioned it is to give honor to the women who are traditionally
like I mentioned under underprivileged one interesting thing is how the last Surahs and is related to the beginning of this surah the last Surah Surah Al Imran ended with Allah saying, Yeah, are you will Athena and hospital or Sadhguru are all beautiful What up La la la come to flew home, it began it ends with Allah saying believers endure. Vi with each other endurance, stand firm in your faith and fear of God so that you may succeed, have duck walk. That's the last thing that Allah says. The next surah also begins by saying, Oh people have Taqwa. Fear your Lord. The previous war ended by saying oh, you who believe the next surah begins by saying mankind right? So believers are a subset
of mankind mankind is the larger set and the believers are a subset. The believers are twofold, that you know what happens is if you become a believer, you are now supposed to have Taqwa, which is the consciousness of God. And also the ability to have patience, to endure long stretches of difficulties with patience, and to be firm in the moments of difficulty. That's what that subset, you know, represents. And humanity at large. It does start with the first step towards that which is a taqwa having consciousness of Allah. Also, the first step towards understanding that how
the first step towards us, having a conversation with the larger community is understanding that all of us come from enough sinuata created from a single soul. We're all brothers and sisters in humanity, like Allah says, well, aka kurama Bunny, Adam, Allah has honored the children of Adam. So we are all born with Adam. And like the Prophet said, we're at the moment Rob and Adam, Adam was created from dust. So here again as a reminder that we are all
we are all from a single soul. So a call to humanity and to people who are not Muslims, that let us try to have a conversation based on what is common amongst us. And let us show you what it's like to have a starting point to become a better person and stuff and what it means to have tough love
Steve, what is the
what is the manifestation of it that is mentioned here in the very beginning. Now also what's mentioned in this surah, the the, the theme of one of the themes of this journey and this surah is justice and mercy, justice and mercy, Justice is to give people their rights, whatever it is that it is do whatever it is that they're owed, whatever is their rights, that is justice. Mercy is to go above and beyond that, to have empathy and to give more than what a person is owed, perhaps, or to take less than what a person deserves. That is the idea of mercy. Now, the sutra begins by talking about establishing justice and mercy towards the historically oppressed. Okay, that's the first part
of this surah the historically ill treated, let's speak about, you know, justice, and then showing mercy to them. These people Firstly, the idea that we are from the same source
we are halaqaat Hakuna Simba Haider, we are from this single source. So that should be a detriment for us to oppress the other we are, you know, our our origin is the same is the same father as a mother also between genders wahala come in has created from Adam, his meat. That is how we're Eve. So if we are as genders so interrelated, so intertwined. We shouldn't be thinking of oppressing each other, we shouldn't treat each others in a manner that is unjust. That is one beautiful message of this surah, the opening of the surah that look, we are all we're all from one source, and between genders. Even though there are differences. We are, you know, set from the same source so we
shouldn't be oppressing each other. That is, justice and mercy. starts off with that then begins to speak about orphans, latonia, Tama and Wallah home give the orphans the possessions that belong to them. orphans are easily exploited orphans back in the day would be a child who has inherited a great deal of wealth, and his or her family members could exploit this child's wealth without this child knowing or understanding or ever getting reparations. So the orphan was it was a symbol of that person who could be exploited the easiest and have the most gains from exploiting that because this is a child with a lot of money, and no one's gonna dare question the child's uncle for how he
takes care of his, his nephew. Right? So that it was a situation that's ripe for exploitation, ripe for corruption, and test Allah mentions the orphan and Allah says, Allah kulu Allah home era and Polycom, right, don't consume their property, adding it to your own don't sneakily add stuff to your own property, thinking no one's gonna know about it. But Allah isn't those about it. The orphans are extremely well addressed in the Quran.
You know, if you look at
their their care is prescribed and all turns and people are alone warns very severely about a pressing them in the living akuna Amalia Tama woman in the Maya kunafa Tony kinara, Messiah, slowness IRA, those who consume the property of the orphans unjustly are actually swallowing fire into their own bellies. And then soon they will burn in the blazing flame. Look at this image, these people who are exploiting and oppressing this child or these children, and you know, wrongly, I mean, there's no right oppression, they're unjust. And what's worse is there between these are their own kin. This is their own flesh and blood and they're betraying their own flesh and blood for the
sake of some money. Allah says these people are consuming not something that is food and water, they're not eating something that is, you know, enjoyable from that money. They're actually eating a piece of the fire help.
in Kumasi, Bunim Nara, that's what a law calls it is as if this unjust person who is betraying his, you know, his blood and taking advantage of that person. It's
Consuming and eating a piece of the fire hell, and then there is going to be fire around him as well. As long as there's fire inside that's eating him up inside, and there's fire outside that's eating him up from outside Subhanallah it's a scary image.
Those who are historically oppressed are what historically treated unfairly historically oppressed what the women, so the surah addresses, the women and that's where the name comes out on this. So to Latina Nicola, give the women their doubters willingly. This is something that was that's the Abrahamic tradition to give a woman who wants to get married, a dowry a gift, and that Subhanallah was something that people would play games with people today still play games with it. People who have been married for many years, haven't given the right of dowry to their wives. And it is unacceptable. It's unacceptable. It is it's a form of oppression. Okay.
Allah speaks about
more about oppression towards women, and I am number 21. Here when Allah mentions
there was a very
unacceptable acceptable practice of pre Islamic Arabs and many other cultures as well back in that time, and even sometimes to this day, have basically giving no agency to women
once their husbands had passed away, so a lot father warns against this despicable practice when he says, Yeah, you're loving Amanullah, hello, lacunae? antonito, Nisa garnacha, it is not lawful for you to inherit women against their own will, meaning back in the day when someone would like you know, someone would die, their wife or their wives would become inheritance. For the next person, they will just inherit them just take them without any like conversation as if they're like money or whatnot. So that was something that was a practice that was established. And historically, that was unquestioned. The Quran came and absolutely banned this abuse, completely eradicated it. And in
fact, remember this justice and then there's mercy, there is justice. And then Then what should be the thing that we aim for? Why should not be a roof, or we should aim for is live with them in accordance with what is fair and kind, ie
the living of the husband and wife living together, their life should be based on a roof, what is fair and kind, hey, emotions are always part of the equation, we're always going to have these ups and downs. But the basis of our relationship should be a basis of Marouf what is fair and kind. And that is what allows Papa commands why she Luna is the command. Okay?
The Ayah has actually many rulings, to unpack them all will take some time. But the idea of the mean the first idea here was to remove that evil practice. The second idea was to remove the practice of taking the dour of a woman after she her husband passes away. Or if she was, you know, issued a divorce. All those illegitimate evil practices were removed and lost patola instated
instinct in the place of these, the practice of kindness and fairness as the basis of a relationship as it shouldn't be, right now you may think this is stuff is like, you know, like common sense. But think of how many centuries This is how things were until the UN came and completely changed the game. The historically the one who was oppressed was the needy, the people who were needy, the Quran speaks about taking care of them. These in this passage also we have
the needy Allah mentions that, you know, be be gentle with them, provide for them, speak kindly to them. Just because someone is in need, doesn't mean and you're helping them doesn't give you the right to be rude doesn't give you the right to insult and a lot remains well the extra Latino otaku men call him Dorian, the half and half wily him. Those who are concerned about the fate of their own helpless children, if they should die and leave them behind should show some concern for the orphans, for the needy. I think if you are concerned about your own kids and your own progeny that treat the kids and the family of those who are needy. treat them well. That is you
Your like you putting this forward as a credit for your own kids for their own protection. So then when if God forbid something happens to you, someone else will inshallah take care of your kids the way you took care of someone else's kids. So this is a beautiful Quranic instruction. You know, don't think right now because you're a powerful that things will always remain the same. And you can say whatever you want to insult whatever you want, just because you gave someone a few dollars. Be just be gentle, be kind be just show mercy. And think that this may could this could happen to your own family as well. So when you're showing kindness and justice and mercy to people also do this,
hoping that someone will show that to your family, if God forbid, you end up in that situation in sordidness. And the beginning also the art of inheritance. inheritance is a big deal in Islam and in in life, inheritance is where a lot of people pull out shenanigans, and there's, you know, a lot of injustice in the way inheritance is given and distributed in all cultures in all systems. But in the Quran, this is divine justice, with regards to money, you see qumola houfy oladipo, a law enjoins, this is a laws instruction, this is not the instruction of anybody else. And in this instruction, the basis of it is the Daiquiri myth, Lu hallsville. Insane that a male should receive a share
equivalent of that of two females, this is the basis of our inheritance law. Now, you may say, Well, how is this fair? Okay, well, this is fair, if you look at the entire system that is in place, the entire system is the men, the male is the head of the household, the meal is the one who is supposed to take care of the dependence, the responsibility, the financial liability is on the shoulders of the male. Okay? Now, if that's the case, and this is the case, not just for the males own, like a wife and kids, but also any other family dependence will end up being the responsibility will first fall on the shoulders of the boy of the house, if the father passes away, who's responsible for
taking care of the mother, it's the son at that point in time. What happens if, like a sister of the family has, you know, brothers and sisters, and one of the sisters is widowed, and now she has like nothing left, or she's divorced, and she's got nothing left, who takes care of her, the responsibility financially falls on the shoulders of the male. And, you know, everybody can chip into support, but who bears the responsibility, it's the meal. So if that's the system, if that's the way Allah has set it up, it is only fair that the meal should get more to provide for to feed more mouths that he's supposed to feed. This is part of the inheritance law that is very important,
often misunderstood. Inheritance law is so critical LSS tilaka, who do the law, these are the limits set by God, right? Don't try to, you know, have some shenanigans around it. These are the limits that Allah himself has set. So respect them and abide by them and unlearn the divine justice that is there and the mercy that is there because of these beautiful laws of inheritance. Another thing that's very important is when a girl would commit fornication or would have an affair, she would be punished way more severely than a boy. And this is again, something that's true today, we have this situation today.
Where a girl can you know, her indecency is somehow seen as worse and a boys in this and csml scene. Not so bad. Right? So indecency is bad in all cases, okay. If a girl is married, or a man is married,
in this instance, indecency
having an affair is they're both equally sinful, right? But levani Yachty and Neha Minh confer Azuma, right. In the transition, he says to men, that's not a correct translation, the better translation here would be one levani if the two of them right, and here, the two of them is
a man and a woman, if they can't, if they commit something that is evil, then both of them should be dishonored. Both of them should be held accountable, not just one gender, this is an important part of our faith, that both genders sins are treated the same way and the punishment is the same. Now, there are laws that apply before the mistake to both genders are not going to be the same, same always okay. You know, sometimes there's a more requirement for a woman and there's some less requirements for the men for example, the way they dress
But if they both commit an act of indecency, like having an affair, then the punishment is the same, the sin is the same for both. It's not like one is less, one is more. And this is something that is established in the Quran. And in this ayah and many other ayah. And that's part of the justice and mercy. That is a law that allows shows, also there is a passage as we move on from this just
to the fifth just about who a person cannot marry. Okay, this was an evil practice back in the time that a person would marry who had their father had married, not their actual mother, but like their fathers, other wives. So last potluck bands that says, Thank you, Monica milanesa, they are like your mother's This is a action that is immoral and hateful, it's an evil action. Don't do that. Also, you cannot marry your mothers, or, you know, mother and grandmother, step mothers, your daughters, your granddaughters, your sisters, step, step sisters, aunts, on both sides, mother and father sides, etc, etc. You're the daughters of your brother's the daughters of your sisters, and
subsequent generations, the kids of your wife, if your wife has that kid with kids with other in another marriage, and hurt their kids and their kids, on and on. All of these are like establishing who is excluded from potentially getting married, who you can get married to. And these also establish the idea of shoroma, like, who is a Muslim to you? Who is it that you don't have to cover in front of as a woman, you know, who is related to you and this ayah along with some others. describe that. So these, this is the fourth Jones and the next ayah continues that and begins the fifth just these are the initial laws described in Surah, An Nisa that speak about justice and mercy
to those who were historically oppressed from the orphans, the needy, the the women, how they were mistreated, how they were abused, all those things, the Quran came and completely eradicated. And this is a revolutionary moment in history, people. This really was these ideas were a revolution. Unlike others, they were Sahaba who weren't very happy when these ideas were revealed, because that's not the norm that they were used to. So this was truly something remarkable, and we should not lose sight of that.
Then Allah wants to remind us that He is merciful to us this is the next part of this surah you read the law, who do you weigh in a locum is number 26? Well, yeah, do come sooner and sooner. Lavina Min pubnico he wants to make clear to you the lawful from the unlawful guide you to the good practices of those before you buy a toolbar they come accept your repentance, and a lot is knowing and wise, while law who you read Do I need to borrow a comb again here the word Allah is emphasize, you read the level will level up to this is a small rhetoric device, where Allah is highlighting, that he himself indeed wants to accept your repentance, he wants to make things better for you. And those
who want to follow their desires and passions, they want they would wish and camino Milan alima that you digress and into a great deviation.
This is something that you know the people who are faithless or their their desires are there.
They the priority is, you know, materialistic pleasure and materialistic consumption. The you know, the desire there will be to digress from these laws. But a law wants to add the law when you have the foreign come, Allah wants to lighten your burden was to lighten your burden. You know, a holy Hall in San life because we were recruited weak as human beings, we have weaknesses, we have vulnerabilities. And these laws protect us from being from those vulnerabilities. It protects us from the worst of our own instincts.
That is the thing about the Laws of Power and there is a baseline justice established, so no one is wronged. And then there is the higher level of mercy that is preached, and it's inspired, like go and get to the level. That inspiration is what helps us overcome our base desires, our you know, our desire to oppress
That is constantly as you'll see, the, the,
the push in the surah is towards that the next part of the surah or the next part of this surah and the Justice fifth just again, the theme I want to highlight here is justice and mercy. The next part is barriers to justice and mercy. How does it become? How what are the barriers to just living out? What are the barriers to having a empathic existence of empathy and mercy? Number one, financial
financial corruption is a big barrier. How could you be just if you are a cheat? Yeah, you are loving Armando nada. kulu ambala koombana Campbell Belton, do not consume one another's wealth and justly
do not rip other people off, don't cheat others, this is a this is the basis of Islamic financial law.
No one's money can be ripped off unjustly. And on the basis of this laws are formed at you know, you might have heard of Sharia compliant investing and all that this is the basis of it. How could you invest in a company that is ripping off other people? Right? The SEC may not stop them because it's none of you know, they don't consider to be their business, but how can you invest in a company that is going to be used to exploit other people's wealth? right this is the basis of the same or the same idea the basic idea here applied to something far You know, grander and something that's you know, like a modern day problem.
ladder Guru mitoku minakami battle inlanta kornati gelatin Antara demon COVID only in lawful business by mutual consent, okay. Again, exploitation is haram, and it's banned. And as mentioned here, while I talk to one full circle, don't kill yourselves, or one another, right? Don't, you know, let financial disputes get down to the point where it becomes killing, don't let exploitation becomes to a point where
you start to invade other people's or other countries. Most of the Wars of the last century were flopped, for exploitation purposes. Okay? And how many millions were killed for the sake of corporations getting rich? Okay, in the law, how can I become rahima Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful, right? It's rich that people who have exploited the world and kill millions will tell us what is fair and what's just right when the most, you know, like shambolic corruption has come from there from that that source. Social corruption is a barrier to justice, we see that when Allah mentions
in this ayah
in histone shabaka benei mahabharatha haccombe Amina Lee wahaca mina here in Eureka is La La Habana Noma in law, how can I even have you if if your dissension between the two husband and wife, they are about to, you know, have a lot of problems, they're about to have a very difficult time coexisting. In fact, their marriage cannot survive. Then father Arthur hackerman, Allah He or hakama mineralia have a just arbitrator between the two is the to the desire reconciliation, if they both desire reconciliation, Allah will cause them to reconcile and if they don't, then they won't be any reconciliation. This is a very important aspect, you know, unfair arbitration in family matters,
that is the cause of corruption. That is the cause of corruption. And the last part the law warns against that in the Quran.
Allah last month love warns against
his source of corruption which is
you know, envy, envy, envying what other people have while at the time and nomophobia love will be Heba kumala bound, do not wish for that which Allah has made. Some of you exceed others meaning don't wish for what others have. That's more than you. That's a that that kind of mindset is a mindset that is toxic. It makes us hate the other person. It makes us be and
it makes us discontent. We will we have that mindset makes us discontent with the favors and blessings
We have. So this is what Allah says, Don't do that, that leads to corruption. You can aim for what's good, right was an aloha mean? Firstly, ask Allah for his bounty, even for doing good. Try to get as much as you can. But don't look at what somebody else has envying them for it, hitting them for it, and then forgetting about the good that you have. This causes corruption, this evil and jealousy. It's a barrier to justice. How can you be just with somebody who you don't think is worthy of the things that they have, that Allah has given them? How could you be shown mercy when you're you're not content with what you have yourself.
In this passage, also Allah mentions
he order of things the order of the household, Gianluca Mona Lisa, men are in charge of women in the sense they are the head of the family, also in the sense that they enjoy privileges be my father, Allahu Allah, whom Allah Allah has given them this privilege and this right, but also they have a liability will be Martin Feldman and William and because of what they spend from their wealth. So it's both in order to quote Spider Man With great power comes great responsibility. That's what it is, for men power has been given. And law has chosen them to be the head of the household, and Allah has given them extra privileges. But with that extra those extra privileges comes extra
responsibility, extra liability. And that is what Allah mentions here. And that's the natural order and it should not be messed with, if it is messed with that is a barrier or becomes a barrier to justice and mercy.
One of the most important barriers to to justice and mercy is associating partners with Allah, Allah, Allah is the one who made us where I would allow a lot to Chico visa. He is the one who created us created everything How could you give something that belongs only to a lot to somebody else? That is the definition of justice? That is the definition of injustice. So worshiping a lot and associating not none with him? And what the fruit of the tree of tawheed the fruit of what it means to be worshiping Allah alone and not associate anybody with him is the following being good to parents, even a parents haven't been so good to you. But you are good to them in a either a just
manner a bare minimum level or you exceed because your parents did everything for you. Right? Doing good to them because Allah chose them to be your parents a lot chose your DNA to be the same Okay, we're bill Valley rainy Santa being good to parents while they are by relatives same way not all relatives have been good but justice bare minimum level of good to everybody even if that is just like a basic Salaam and a basic Dora or basic rights, but mercy The one who has done a lot for you, you go and do as much as you can for them within
the orphans, again, the most easily exploitable while Misaki in the needy, Baba lol well Jerry's in corba the neighbor who's close by Gerald Juniper neighbor that's far people who live in your community. They are the closer one, aka Muna Allah will Marouf the ones who are closer to you deserve more good from you because they live next to you they you coexist with them in the same area.
Why mama get a man to come and the slaves that Allah has put under your command under your charge. Slavery was a institution that existed for many centuries, Islam came and modified it so it the oppression the evilness of it was eradicated, the oppression of it was gone. And and this was one of the most This is one of the first time in human history that this change took place the attitude towards slaves change this was the first time that happened as well in the law now your head woman can and will start and for hope for hula masala and for hoorah indeed a lot is not like those who are self deluding and boastful. The one who is too full of himself or herself, just wanting to do
what they want, pleasing themselves, consuming their own,
consuming things to please their own knifes that is not a person who takes care of those around him takes care of the underprivileged takes care of relatives and families.
takes care of parents, right? That is a self centered person, likely they will only do good if it's in their benefit. The one who's not self centered, will be able to do good. Even if you know it's not in their interests or in their favor because they're doing this as a offering to Allah, Allah Buddha law, what are two she could be used as a way to show his or her devotion to Allah subhana wa Taala.
So schilke is mentioned here, and justice and mercy to all these different types of people. And important idea that Alice pantalla drives home here is in the law, her lovely movie, Paula Dora. This is a very important idea in my roots, and this is one of those is that I wish, if someone asked me, here's an idea, and here's the world What do you pick? And he's like, I'll pick this out. That's how much it means to me. Okay, in the LA LA LA limo Miss Carla Dora, he actually codes about five is from NASA just from for NASA. He said, Give me these five higher and I don't want anything else from the world. That's how amazing these ads are in his mind. This is one of those five in the law Hola,
elderly muscala vara a law does not do any injustice, even as much as an atom's Wait, if a person feels the laws of inheritance Are not you know, fair or the laws of family life or not fear or this is privileged and this is underprivileged or this is advantage or that is a you know, disadvantage. understand a lot does not do injustice. A lot is not doing justice, not even as much as an atom's Wait, what layer Little Miss Oliver atoms wait is actually not a great translation, the veteran is the smallest thing that was known to people give what is the smallest, you know, unit of thing that was known to the Arabs, the ancient Arabs and the Quran was revealed.
And, you know, there's some difference of opinion what they would refer this to be like a mustard seed or like the, you know, like the egg of an ad or something. But irrespective it was the least smallest physical thing known to them. So Allah does not wrong, even the smallest physical thing known to people,
he has absolutely no injustice. Well, entaco has another new life. If there is a good deed or any type of good, Allah multiplies it and adds on from himself more goodness to that, while you female, I don't know as an AVI man gives from himself a great reward and there's any goodness Allah multiplies it. And as from himself more good to that Baraka and blessing is added. That is what Allah is. So, we should not have the mindset thinking that this is, you know, the Quran is this providing a disproportionate advantage to one or the other, understand the objective is justice, for all goodness for all mercy for all. Now, our perception is shaped largely by you know, the society
that we grew in we are a product of nature and nurture, okay. So
our prejudices will be based off of that from our experiences. This is why this is so important. Understand that Allah Allah does not have any prejudices, he does not he is not a product of nature and nurture. He is the one who created everything. And he is saying there is no injustice that he does whatsoever. In fact, he does good and multiplies the good and adds Buttercup on his own to make that good, even more lasting. Last month, I mentioned and I added the Prophet sermon he he asked a beloved minister to recite at once, and the Prophet son just couldn't hold his tears for Keifa either genome and Coolio. matambi. Shaheed, how will it be when you bring from every nation a
witness budget naviga either her Alicia Hina and we will bring you or Hamas or Salaam against these people as a witness? How is it oh prophet Salaam, that when the court of the Day of Judgment is established, and you are called as the witness against the Muslim Ummah, how will you feel that day and the officer could not bear the thought of that? The idea here is the Prophet cillum is conveying this message. He's teaching these teachings to us. But then if we don't act upon it, we reject it as a nation as an oma, the prophets has on them and us will be on opposite ends on court on the Day of Judgment. That is what this is saying. And we should be petrified of that because guess who's going
to be winning in that court? The province is on them, right? We should want to be in his court or in his corner, but the province himself couldn't even bear the
Thought of standing against his own oma. And this is, again, the idea that the day of judgment has been perfect justice is established, irrespective of what a person you know who they are or where they came from. On the day of judgment, perfect justice will be established, and nobody will be wronged. Establishing justice means
establishing this, this means being true to our trusts and keeping our promises. This is the
I'm gonna skip a few if and come back to this and shut up
in the La Jolla moto come unto Amati La Jolla is number 58. Indeed, Allah commands you. Indeed, Allah commands you, that you render trusts to whom they are due,
are not the things that are due to a person the trust that should be given to a person the responsibility that should be given to someone based on merits, Allah commands you that you fulfill that responsibility, okay, well, either How come domain and see and
when you judge between people who judge with justice, excellent is that which a lot instructs you in the law, honey, I may, I will come be in the lagana Semyon basura Indeed Allah is hearing and seeing all hearing and all seeing,
establishing justice begins by
begins by establishing justice.
on merit, if someone is
you know, there's nepotism somebody is given a free pass, if somebody is selected, or given a position, not because they deserve it. But because of other factors, you cannot have any justice, you cannot have any accountability, you just can't forget about showing mercy or going above and beyond. You can't even have basic justice because the foundation is rotten, it's rotten. That's what Allah says in the lie. moutoku, Amana De La Jolla, that's the first step towards having that. And that is in our families, that's in our workplaces, that's in our communities. That's if like a person is at a level of governance. This is the guiding principle.
It has to be done on merit. People are selected on merit, blah, blah, blah, on who was selected to be the more of them even though the odds were against him. He was a person of African descent. But he was chosen because the professor in the south and mean, he has a better, clearer louder voice than you. on merit, he was selected. Oh, because Nick was selected on merit to be the halifa even though there were others who are closer to the profits, in in terms of their family relations, who were actually before Islam leaders of Makkah. So they could have just naturally assumed leadership because they were leaders before a workers family was never in a position of leadership or workers
family was from a very small clan, and an almost insignificant family. But he was the best head and shoulders above everybody else. And not just the best, the first and foremost and almost everything. So on merit, he was selected and merit by consensus. So this is how our oma was supposed to be how it was. And this is the basis of justice. The person who's in charge is the one who should be in charge is the one who is has the qualifications to be in charge. That's where it starts. Justice establishing it goes back to the Sunnah of the messenger so awesome. Now
it goes back to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam last month. He says, Yeah, you will levina hamano a theorem Lucha bharathiar Rasulullah Sunil Embrey mean come for internet as atom
ventanas attache in Florida who in a law he was sued in Clinton took me no Nabila, he will Yamanaka Danica Hayden was a son that we love.
That all you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the messenger and those in authority among you, okay, if you disagree over anything, refer back to Allah and the messenger if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day, that is the best
course of action, that's the best way and that will yield the best results up to your law. Ha, we're up to Rasulullah we're only Emery minko. In the passage before this, the passage that I had to skip again because but for sake of brevity, it speaks about the people who oppose the prophet SAW Selim, not because they feel the Prophet son does not have the marriage to be the Prophet of Allah or the marriage to be leader, but because of who he is, he isn't from Bhanu Hashem, he's an Arab, how can we the Jews except somebody who is not an Arab to be our Prophet and our leader, that is not a basis for for making decisions, that is a unjust base, and any decisions that will come off of that will
be unjust, making decisions based on the basis of racism will not yield any good results, in fact, they will yield corruption. On the other hand, also there were people who
would make decisions, or who would
to follow the Prophet sallam.
But then they wouldn't really follow him. They were doing this just for the sake of keeping up appearances, the hypocrites the monastic one, and they question the marriage to the prophets, Islam being a prophet, because he was from Makkah, and they were from Medina, for example. And again, that is not something that is used to be used as a basis. A last motto says about people like that, have you seen those who claim to have believed in what was revealed to you or prophet solemn, and that was revealed before you they wish to refer legislation to talk to something that is legitimate, and while they were commanded to reject it, but Satan wishes to lead them far astray. Again, the idea
being this is something that goes against the idea of establishing justice, which comes from the Sunnah of the messenger Salaam. Establishing justice in society means fighting for the weaker elements of society. Okay, fighting for the weaker elements of society is.
Write him Why am I like him? law to court eluna fee Sabina he will mustafina mina de jolly when Lisa, while bill Danny Latina yaku Nora Bana, as original menghadirkan creative volley me Aloha, Elena Milan, Cavalli and Machado Jelena Milan Kanna, Sera, and what is the matter with you that you don't fight in the cause of a law and for the oppressed among the women, among the men, women and children who say, Our Lord take us out of the city of oppressive people and appoint for us from yourself it protector, and appoint for us from yourself a helper, the idea of oppression while is can be fought as an idea, but sometime oppression has to be fought as a battle. And this is
something that the Quran instructs the believers to do again, of course under in legitimate Muslim government, and the profits of Islam will do this as a hobby, I would do this they will fight to free those who were the weaker elements of society, those who were treated unjustly and SubhanAllah. Keep in mind, this is not you know, the
this is not the situation of what current monetary governments say we're going this is operation liberation, no operation, take your oil, okay? This was not going to exploit those people's resources. This was literally to fight for those who were oppressed. And that is part and parcel of establishing justice, because oppression anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. And that is what the Quran instructs. There is justice in war and justice in peace. That's an important aspect of establishing justice, you cannot just have justice, you know, as a one way street, it has to be on both ends. So if you look at
this, I have Quran
in wartime, if I can just find it from for you hold on here.
And when they comes to them information about public security of fear, they spread it around, but if they had reverted back to the messenger or those of authority among them, and the why
We can draw correct conclusions from it would have known about it and if not for the favor of a law upon you and his mercy you should have followed Satan except for a few. Let me show you another idea here
when I can any movement in India kotula movement and Illa hapa okay
when it comes to
a battle This is iron number 92 This is a passage iron number 92 iron number 91 iron number 80 I number 90 and 89 that speaks about it waging war with people who are making a treaty and then breaking a treaty. Okay. And this is like, keep in mind this is like government policy okay. But even that gives us a glimpse of how the Quran instructs us at all levels of our life and how it instructs us to establish justice at all levels of our lives. You look at over here
the people who illa levena Yossi Luna inner comi main Akuma baina, homie, Falco Jochem house to house the lots of room and you quality lucam are you potty loo calm, okay.
They people who take refuge with people between yourselves and whom there is a treaty or those who come to you their heart strained at the prospect of fighting you are fighting their own people, okay. Now, if there are people who come who are actually have animosity towards you, but they join a group of people that you have a treaty with. Alright, case number one, if that is the case.
For me, it does a lukewarm they remove themselves from you. They're not actually actively engaging you even though they have animosity, but they're not actively engaging you while I'm you hottie lucam they don't fight you what I'll call a coma solemn, they offer peace to you that Allah has not made for you a cause against them, you have no reason to fight them. Okay? This is either if they join someone who you have a treaty with, even though you know, they're troublemakers, but right now they're not making trouble, you have no cause to fight them. Likewise, if they even come and seek with you a treaty, and they have broken peace treaties in the past, you still have no cause to fight
them, if they have removed themselves from fighting. This is you know, like the Quran teaches us that you take people on their word, you make deals on the word that a person gives you, even if you have doubts about whether they'll keep it or not. Be watchful, be careful, like you shouldn't become oblivious, and fall in become duped by them. But don't also always assume the worst of people make treaties in good faith, good faith negotiation. And this is a beautiful lesson that this passage is a long and complex passage, but I'm just giving you a glimpse of how Allah establishes justice, even in the middle of like a complex battle, not a straightforward, you know, war and everything ends.
This is like a back and forth that drags on, but is irrespective of the law and how long it drags on. Justice should we establish also establishing justice when it comes to between believers? What happens if there's manslaughter, somebody was accidentally killed. You didn't intend to kill a person. It was an accidental death, and accidental that manslaughter is a very big deal. If that's the case, whoever kills a believer by mistake, then they should feel a slave and a compensation payment presented to the deceased family, unless they forego that you give them blood money. This is for Dr. Tomasson llama, okay, Blood Money have to compensate for their loss even though nothing will
bring their family member back. But something to compensate them and also free asleep as if you've given somebody new life. So give somebody a new lease on life and make reparation payments to the family of the ones who have lost somebody because of your involuntary manslaughter. Okay, that, uh, what happens if
unable to do that in what if this deceased person is from a people that you are at war with? Again, in that case, you probably are not, you know, that there's no obligation for you to provide something to the family of that person, but then free a slave. Just because you have taken a life, you know, give a life in, you know, metaphorically by freeing a slave. Likewise, what happens if there is a person that you have killed who is perhaps not even a Muslim, but they are you have a treaty with them. They're there.
nation then present that payment to the family and free and a slave as well. The point is even in accidental that's involuntary manslaughter, there is justice established, and then there is a desire or there is a
equal call to rise above the mistake. Okay? For the one who made the mistake, set the person free, the Hirakawa free a slave, that's like giving a life in exchange of a life you've taken for the family of the deceased. Give up the charity, if you can, because that is a son, you know, forgive this mistake of this person and let it go. It's your right to get justice. But if you set the example of forgiving that is an even higher level to aspire to. So the ayah explains that or brings that to us also. Jaya warms. Yeah, you Maria Minamata Amina for Jessa, who jahannam the one who kills a believer
intentionally, then their punishment is the fire of hell. And Allah's punishment has anger will be upon them, and his curse will be upon him. And they have a great punishment waiting for them. Meaning
in an unintentional involuntary murder has serious consequences in terms of financial payment. But intentionally killing somebody is one of the greatest sins in Islam, believer, and also in the Hadith in a person who's a disbeliever of someone who has, you know, a citizen of a country, okay, outside of war, that is something it is a one of the grievous sins a person can commit. And it is something that our religion, our scripture makes no bones about. It's very, very clear. In fact, in the next ayah there was a Sahabi, who killed a man in the battlefield. When this man said, I am a Muslim, don't kill me, right? I am a Muslim anata holy man, I will call eleiko salam O Allah
Sameera, do not say to the one who gives you the greeting of peace. You are not a believer aspiring for the goods of the worldly life. Again, taking people on their word, in good faith, even in the middle of the battlefield. Right, not slaying someone
that it goes against our principles, even in the middle of the battlefield. That is the level of justice and mercy. The Quran teaches us and, you know, aspires us to reach Okay, of course, this is a very quick, you know, skim through the juice. There's a lot of beautiful details that I have to skip because of the sake of time. But I'll conclude with one of the last, I add in this
in this juice, which is the ayah in which Allah says all you who believe. Yeah, you will arena amanu Kournikova Amina will kiss the Shahada, Allah, oh, you have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, as witnesses for Allah wello Allah and fusi comm even if it is against yourselves, or your parents, or your relatives, that is what true justice means. And that's how much we value it as believers, that we should stand for it, even if it is against our own interests, or the interests of our family, or our relatives. Because
as this is something a lot has told us to do so Shahada, Allah witnesses for the sake of Allah. That's a consequence of tawheed in Allah worshipping Allah alone, that we are able to then treat people on an equal footing with justice, and those who have done well to us with mercy and compassion with those who are weak, while falletta we will, however, do not follow your personal inclinations, your prejudice, prejudices, your biases, don't act upon them, and
so that you end up being unjust by Intel Who are you and if you distort your testimony, or refuse to give testimony for in the law Academy matamanoa hubiera then understand Allah knows what you're doing and is watching what you're doing. This is a very, very important instruction. Allah says, Yeah, you are loving amanu Aminu Allah He will also do you have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger IE you have believed you have accepted this feat. Continue to practice this faith continue to uphold this faith by practicing the tenants of this faith, the rituals of our faith, the Salah, the fasting as a guide
The reading Quran but also when it comes to dealing with people and marmelade that is establishing justice, that is establishing mercy for those who are oppressed for those who are,
you know, do we deal with on a day to day basis, you know, in our communities in society at large, whether it is at peace, whether it's a time of war, all of these will allow Ireland are the manifestations that's the result of being faithful people I asked us why not give us the ability to be merciful to be just to treat our family members with justice to treat our communities with justice and to live up to the Quranic standard of justice? I mean, yeah, but I mean, the zachman love everybody for coming out today. Tomorrow inshallah again, same time, same place, we will be starting the six years which is the last little bit of softness Ah, and then so it might either
which is called by eyeshadow, the other one ha, so number five, called by Ayesha, the sutra of halal and haram. It's very interesting. We will talk about that soon, then. I'll see you all there so Hanukkah lahoma will be hamburger sure de la Ilaha. illa Anta the selfie Luca when a two word AIG de Coronavirus salam wa Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh you're able to chat now if you'd like to say something barnacle AFRICOM
what is aku
the translation is available on the website.
The Zulu blog net okay
take care Ciao for now. Go