Four Madhabs and why do they Differ?
Channel: Zakir Naik
File Size: 18.28MB
The next question posed by Abdul Karim from Lahore, Pakistan, if all the Muslims believe in the same Quran and the same Hadith, then why are there for Muslims? And why do they differ?
This is a very important question. And a very sensitive question.
The brother posed the question that if the Muslims believe in the same Quran and believe in the same heartbeat, then why are they for Muslims? And why do they differ?
I do agree that as far as the lso novel Jamaat is concerned, a
major chunk of the Muslims, all of us believe in the same Quran. We believe in the same idea we believe after the Quran is the Buhari the most important then a Muslim is there then you follow
that up without tirmidhi then every major fullness OSI, the four are the main collection on the corporate sector, and there is anonymous agreement between this the Quran and the codable sector number one, after the Quran is buhari, then Muslim and then the other form of sovereignty regarding a question that why are there for meetups and why do they differ?
As far as
the four popular meetup that we have today?
And we follow the four Emma's that imaam Abu hanifa
Imam Malik Imam Shafi animam Mmm, humble, may Allah have mercy on them all. I love all the former's I respect them all. And I really pray follow the mela man what Allah grant the mercy and mela put all of them in Canada freedos Alanna
let me correct you first, that the four madhhab became to explain to the Muslim ummah.
Islam in detail, let me tell you that they don't differ always, they differ rarely more than 90 to 95% all the formats are the same.
They may differ in some issues may be minor issues, I find in the media issues are concerned about Salah we have to provide time regarding regarding all the format that they are saying in the minute aspects of Salah or if they may differ here and there, but they are minute differences. It's not a major difference at all, it is not worth fighting over it. So, let me tell you that 90 to 95% of all the format I add the same exactly, they may differ in small issues and very few all these four imass they said that if you find any of mefoto or any of my body which goes against Allah and His or soul, which goes against Quran and say Hadith, then you throw my foot on the wall. So all these for a mas
And they came to explain the deen to us
regarding Why do they differ if we follow the same Quran and the same modality the very important question and this question troubled me for many years
Alhamdulillah Allah has blessed me that I have met many scholars from all the former the head
and I interacted with many of them many years, and I spent time with them. And
I posed the same question Why do they differ and the reply they gave was there some less satisfying some more satisfying, but there's no convincing reply for the masses.
And the lesson maham the laughter meeting this color from all this format I have my vision
of Islam and the differences Alhamdulillah expanded a lot. Allah clearly mentioned the Quran in surah m nine chapter three verse 103, what the theme will be happy Let me hold to the rope of Allah strongly and be not divided. We Muslims are supposed to hold the rope of Allah that the Glorious Quran and Hadith and all its Iijima all the elephant novels Ahmadiyya Muslim we believe in the Quran and Hadith then why are the differences
to explain to common man, I will give you some examples and always believe in explaining people by giving example we understand.
I would like to ask a simple question to the people who know English. What is the spelling of the word color?
Can you guess?
Give the reply. You can give the reply on WhatsApp. You can give the reply on the Facebook you can give the reply on the YouTube what is the spelling of color? I'm going to get into play. What is the spelling of color?
What is the spelling of color?
Some may say the spelling of color is C or L or you are
some may say the spelling of color is C or l o r.
Which is correct. A person who is well versed with English will tell you that the first belly is the spelling of British English, ce o l o u r is the British spelling for the word color. si o l o r is the American spelling for the word color. I must mean the question we're just getting c o l o u r or c o l o r. And again, you will have different opinion Some will say C o l o u r is correct. If it's a British, some will say C o l o r, if it's an American, some will say both are correct. But even if they differ, you never find them fighting over this issue. No matter if you're a British, I will say you owe us correct. I'm an Indian, we were ruled by the Britishers. And quite a large portion of the
world was ruled by the petitioners. So, all those who are ruled by the Britishers and we were British colonies, we will follow British English I will said the spelling of currency or ello You are the American will say CE o LR we agree to both
a British I would prefer you No you are but if someone says you LR fine, we agree to differ. Similarly, American he will say CE o LR but he agrees he believes that is better, but you agree with your ello you are also similarly this is just an example I've given you How do you pronounce or f t and
how do you pronounce or FDA? Some will say often, some will say often.
Previously will often then it became often non new people are often discouraged. T is not silent, it should be pronounced some safety sign and then the big debate for that, but we realize that both are correct known ways. Similarly the schools of thought for that we have actually there were many times and hundreds of Imams and scholars before Mr. Abu hanifa Imam Malik Imam Shafi remember that number may Allah have Muslim Nepal mela granddam jenica for those two all they were more popular, or maybe they students made them popular, they were many other amounts, many other shakes many other scholars, but the for their teachings became more popular. Maybe the students made it more popular.
And that's how we have these four major metalheads but all the four great scholars and for a mass they never came to bring a division in the Muslim Ummah they explain their point of view
because if it very clear cut in the foreign there is no problem at all. If it's taken under the the different comes when they did the different swapping. Now why is there a difference of opinion? I will describe that previously as to think okay fine, you know, maybe the differences in the heartbeat Some people say say howdy Some people say for the that's the difference? That is not the real answer, that maybe in some cases
after meeting so many forecasts, and scholars of the different mothership
I've come with this example of the spelling or the example of pronunciation. So, similarly the mother had different what is the major reason according to my study,
there is a full effect
that in areas where it is not very clear cut, Quran says alcohol around the no faking it Allah says Allah
so no one will differ allowed or not ever before that where there is difference in understanding the Quran or the Hadith etc Then the fix that so as far as a fool ethic is concerned, there are different criteria for giving you a ruling on fic.
Some may have five criteria Some may have six some methods and some may have nines or maybe even 10.
I will not discuss in detail time does not permit and difficult for common men to understand.
I'll give a few examples for better understanding number one differences difference in the criteria as far as the first two criteria are concerned.
It is the same number one criteria in all Medina all schools of thought it is Quran number one, there's no difference in it.
Number two is the motto uttaradit all the schools of thought believe that number two criteria for fish.
If so, matamata d, what is the matamata D there are very different classifications of a
One of the classification depending upon the narrator's, the chain of narrators, what the what it means the Hadith, in which there are various teams of narrators in every generation. That means that Hadith had been narrated by various many sabas, who heard the Prophet say that, then the next generation turbine, there are many turbines repeated that, then the tabatabai and many turbine repeatedly. So, in every generation there are various many narrators. So, in one of the classification of Hadith, it is based on narrators.
It is maybe the single chain of ID, then they had added one narrator is there at any much the only one narrator. For example, the very famous or did the first head of say Bukhari, Omar Abdullah when he said that the Prophet said, in normal Armenia,
you actually accent or based on your intention. All you find this hadith in Bukhari and Muslim in many books about it, but there's only one Sabo narrated it. So if any of the stages were the stage of Saba that are not available in any of the stages of narration, if any of the stages are only one narrator common in all the added, it becomes a hottie. So there are various chain of narrators, but all the narrators end to O'Meara de la one and then Mara dalawa narrated what the prophet said. So it become the other day, it may be a maturity, there may be two or three narrators and it keeps on various category. The highest category is motivated that the sermon narrators at every stage that we
every stage have many narrators number in the past to be more than four or five, every stage Some are 20 Some are 30 at every stage.
So number one
is the Quran. Number two is the mutawatir Hadith.
All the schools of thought agree that the number two highest category of evidence after the Quran is the mutawatir.
third category onwards, the third criteria of evidence differs in different schools of thought
to my favorite era from a six or seven some of 10 criteria. In some schools of thought the third criteria highest criteria of evidence is
even harder. As long it's
even had no problem it can be a maturity, it is a third life and some schools are no no no, the third after the mother was that Hadith is the ORF is the custom that if the people of Medina did this act, it is the custom it is the third higher than even which is the other day some will say no, it is chaos energy. So, different schools of thought have different criteria in order for to the same, the third may be OSI,
some may say no or the custom Some may say chaos energy other group the fourth becomes harder this the fourth becomes custom in some schools of thought. So, from the third onward, it differs. So based on this difference, some may prefer custom and the higher so if it is not there in the Quran, if it not there matamata Hadith it is an added to the school of thought
the other thing it is another depending on the north.
So, I will not believe I will give more importance, customer importance. So the differences arrive in what you give more importance to you will give important more to offer the customer, do you give more importance to chaos and energy? Or do you give more importance to her this from third level it keeps on differing in different schools of thought. So because of that what you give more importance to differs. That's how the ruling differs. But all these rulings are minor.
What we have to understand that we have to respect the ruling of all the four schools of thought
because all the four schools of thought are based on Conan, they're based on Hadith, but the level of importance may differ. Some schools of thought say they may have a criteria. If you're talking about Salah it should be a matamata this because Allah the Prophet paid in public, almost all of us saw him. So if you give about Salah dough, it is a he I will not follow if it is Allah it has to be led from whatever don't follow that thing. You may agree or not agree. You may say no. It has any one sub report in it it is sufficient for me it says I had it fulfills the criteria of IE it is sufficient for me other school offers they know if it's other matters I will believe in other Salah
such important thing profit pit every day five times a day shouldn't be different, so opinion. So how do you differ? So the third and the fourth and the fifth level of criteria after the first two differ?
This is the reason why the major differences there in the four schools of thought
it may be difficult for people to understand number two,
the difference may also be that you may differ that whether it's the same or not, some methods are center, this has an hour This is the lowest level of audit, some will say, no, it is a day if I did today, if I did not know who
is not an evidence for saying something is or something is wrong, it may have other values. So the theme may differ. And when the different the different minute somebody says, somebody says I Hassan is the lowest category of say, classifying Hadith on the basis of whether they say they for Mozu is another classification, say Howdy, they said there are 10 types of say howdy then comes if then come with more due time, we're not going to go into details. So the second type of difference of opinion, in Fiq. Besides the criteria is whether the dtsa are safe. Few third, may be difference in understanding that, for example, the Hadith of the Prophet Musa al Salaam, that after ruku,
the prophet stood, and he kept his hands where there were
some schools of thought, I'm not mentioning the names purposely some schools of thought, say, the prophet
kept his hand on his chest before we went to recoup the 100 the chest so after ruku, when they get up, they keep them on the chest.
The other I must say no, before starting the Salah, wherever the hands the hands at the side, so when they get up from ruku they keep the hands on the site. So here you understand that the differences because understanding that
all of them agree that etc. But one agreed to this hadith refers to wherever the hands before going to
the other focus, agree that it was before starting salaries are so different in interpreting the audit. So one is because of criteria, which is the major difference. Number two is that difference in whether it's a failure wave number three in understanding that the similarly they can be different than understanding the Quranic verses.
For example, the verse of the Quran says that when a woman touches you will do bricks.
So one folk grieve the physical touch baixar will do the Arabic word is masa coming from the word Lama. Lama says go to meaning Arabic one means the sexual touch, one means a physical touch. So one for heart takes it as a physical touch and the physical touch breaks will do. The other focus is no, it means sexual touch, the physical touch does not make a shoe. So the differences are there in understanding
the meaning of the verse of the Quran. So because of these differences, whether it be difference in criteria, whether it be difference in whether they faded, whether it's the difference, understanding whether the difference in understanding the loss of the Quran, because of this, the differences are there, and the differences are minor.
We should not fight over it. What we find today that because of the issue, there are some people who just study for a few months, a few years, and they start saying that Okay, my think is the best and is only right one, which is wrong. All these are great forecasts. We love them all. respect them all. Even they among themselves, when they differ they respected. They agreed with the view what they said, my view I think is observed. It is better. That doesn't mean you are wrong. But today, most of them you're wrong. I'm right. What I say even I am right. To say I am only right is a big problem. Or you can say I think this is absurd. This is better than you can see. But today what we
have no I am only right, you're wrong. Because of that there is tension and there is fighting, we Muslims should be united, these are petty issues, the differences are going to be there there were differences in the sabas we should not fight over it and we should agree that we agree to disagree. We should not fight over it. And all these issues are not on the major issues. They are minor issues. So I request the Muslim man that we should be united and we should respect the Imams and we should respect the scholars and seated that we follow the origin and faded as close as possible of them. So the question