A Date With Dr Zakir – Ep21

share this pageShare Page
Zakir Naik

Channel: Zakir Naik

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:03--> 00:00:07

give charity for the pleasure.

00:00:10--> 00:00:11

Pleasure.

00:00:14--> 00:00:16

You believe read

00:00:19--> 00:00:20

every native

00:00:23--> 00:00:24

native

00:00:44--> 00:00:56

the brothers and sisters in Islam and humanity as salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh May the peace, the mercy and the blessings of Allah subhanho wa Taala be upon all of you.

00:00:57--> 00:01:12

Welcome to the show Ramadan, a date with Dr. Zakir I am your host use of chambers, and today we're discussing the topic. It decaf Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu Dr. Zakir while ago.

00:01:15--> 00:02:04

Well, Dr. Zakir we've been together for at least 20 days now Alhamdulillah and we discussed many issues. But one of the most I think perhaps misunderstood areas of the practices and the worship of Muslims during the month of Ramadan is a tick off. Could you firstly explain the term it took off? And could you also as by way of confirming for the Muslims out there whether they should be doing this or not? Is it compulsory for all Muslims to do it. And hamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah while alibris ibH me and my bad I was Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman Rahim prohibitionists Audrey with psyllium Li wala, Melissa Nia, of Kali,

00:02:06--> 00:02:11

the word at the caf is derived from the Arabic root word aka,

00:02:12--> 00:02:18

which means to adhere, to claim to stick, it means to keep

00:02:19--> 00:02:25

and it means to engage or devote something to enter the thing

00:02:26--> 00:02:27

which may be good or bad.

00:02:29--> 00:02:45

And especially in the Quran, in Surah ambia, chapter number 21, verse number 52. when Abraham Islam, he speaks to his father and to his people, saying that the images which you devote,

00:02:46--> 00:02:58

go through to idol worship, etc. He stated that the image which you devote, and the word use is Aki foon, which you saw devote literally attached to which are clinging to it. Here it used in the wrong sense in the negative sense.

00:02:59--> 00:03:06

That also was in the positive sense in Surah Baqarah chapter two was 125. Sorry Baccarat chapter two was 187. According to listen,

00:03:07--> 00:03:14

the word ethic AF means to fully attach oneself to something.

00:03:16--> 00:03:36

It means when someone habitats, the mosque and worship finit in the Islamic Sharia, the word ethical means to engage and retreat in the mosque, and to stay in the mosque, seeking nearness to Allah subhanaw taala and seeking his reward.

00:03:38--> 00:03:46

As far as the ruling of ethics is concerned, whether its complicity or its Asana ethic, AF is generally a Sunnah.

00:03:48--> 00:04:25

It's not complicity, it only becomes complicit in certain cases, if someone makes a vow to Allah subhanaw taala that he will do ethic off if his wishes fulfilled. For example, someone who say that I will do ethica for two days, if my speculative is cured, or am idiotic for three days, if I pass an examination, so if someone vows to Allah subhana wa Taala for the fulfillment of the disease desire, then ethic office complicity whatever the person has vowed yes to fulfill it. Otherwise ethic after the sooner but it is a sooner the market that are very highly recommended. So now

00:04:27--> 00:04:29

as it's mentioned, in the Hadith,

00:04:30--> 00:04:38

of say, Boy, howdy, vibe number eight, in the book of oats, and voles added number 6696.

00:04:39--> 00:04:44

Were the Messenger of Allah smart Allah said that anyone who promises

00:04:46--> 00:04:55

to obey Allah subhanaw taala he should obey Him. And anyone who promises disobedience to Allah subhanaw taala he should not disobey Him

00:04:57--> 00:04:58

and the Hadith

00:05:00--> 00:05:10

rumor mill I believe the Tim mentioned say Buhari word number eight in the book of oats, anvils, Hadid number 6697 mahatama men live up to him.

00:05:11--> 00:05:24

He says to the Messenger of Allah subhanaw taala, that I had vowed in the days of ignorance before he embraced Islam, that he will do ethica for one night in mustard Adam. So the Prophet said, that fulfill YAHWAH

00:05:26--> 00:05:29

because of all was good, obeying Allah subhanaw taala prophets is fulfilled.

00:05:31--> 00:05:45

And there are various verses in the Quran which speak about the calf. Allah says in Surah Baqarah chapter two was the 125 he does to Abraham, mini Salaam and Reshma and Islam, that are Abram and his man may peace be upon them,

00:05:46--> 00:05:47

do sanctify

00:05:48--> 00:06:07

the Kaaba of Allah subhanaw taala those of Allah subhanaw taala because people circumambulate around the Kaaba, and they stay, they do ethika off the retreat in the mosque, and some of the believers, they bow and they prostrate by worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. The other word ethic of retreat is used

00:06:08--> 00:06:12

it for the mission is for a Baccarat chap number two was number 87, that

00:06:13--> 00:06:33

do not associate with your wives, when you retreat in the mosque will be ethical in the mosque. And there are several of these document at the cuff including, say body worn number three, in the prophetic of Hadith number two, zero to six, Russia. Hello, Peter was the wife of the Prophet she said

00:06:35--> 00:06:41

that the Prophet used to do ethica for the last 10 days in the month of Ramadan.

00:06:42--> 00:06:47

And after he died, the wives of the Prophet used to continue the practice.

00:06:48--> 00:06:50

So ethika

00:06:51--> 00:06:56

unless voltage complicity otherwise generally it's a tsunami, but highly recommended so now

00:06:57--> 00:07:12

I'm rather glad that you've course have confirmed that it is a center otherwise I would have had to have gone back for 16 years and repeated my Ramadan in the last 10 days. Well doctors insha Allah after hearing the good news, read the gaff and together inshallah you start doing it in light.

00:07:13--> 00:07:30

inshallah, may Allah make it easy for all of us indeed to perform. Dr. saqib, could you possibly explain to us what are the fundamental goals of aitikaf the basic goal, the basic aim of Attica is to seek letter cutter

00:07:32--> 00:07:35

and the Hadith mentioned in say Muslim

00:07:36--> 00:07:40

more number two, in the book of fasting, or the number two six to seven,

00:07:41--> 00:07:47

which says the Prophet masala seldom hear the calf for the first 10 days of Ramadan.

00:07:49--> 00:08:07

Then it says the Prophet ethika for the middle 10 days of Ramadan, and in a Turkish tent and there was a mat hanging. And after that the Prophet takes his head out of the tent. And he says that I have just been informed by the angel

00:08:08--> 00:08:23

that the night that the LEDs recovered is in the last 10 minutes from done. So he wants to continue to get the coffee with me, they can continue. So based on this idea to come to know that the main reason for the calf is to stick laser cutter.

00:08:24--> 00:09:00

And as we discussed yesterday, Allah says in the Quran in sort of cover chapter number 27 was number three. Let's look at the Cairo mean official which means that laser cutter is better than 1000 months. That means goodness the power is much more than 1000 months. And if you wish, in this night of laser cutter, it is better than worshiping 4000 months. And if you divide by 12 comes to more than 83 years. That means if you worship that one night of lights recovered, it is better than worshiping more than 83 years.

00:09:02--> 00:09:32

You know it is much more than average lifespan of a human being. So the main aim is to seek let it recover. And further from God that could have a Muslim we come to know that Prophet Musa Salaam in order to seek lead record here at the caf for the full month, the first 10 days in the middle 10 days in the last 10 days. And then it was told him that the angel that that gathered within the last 10 days. And we also come to know that this sahabas

00:09:33--> 00:09:39

the for the profit right from the beginning of the month from man that will end that was the devotion the Sabbath had grown himself.

00:09:40--> 00:09:42

And it's again mentioned

00:09:43--> 00:10:00

in the hadith of say Muslim, or number two in the book of fasting and the number two six to five, the profitable seller central to the service that those who want to continue doing ethical fit we can continue didn't make it compulsory. And those don't do ethical. They can do it at that point.

00:10:00--> 00:10:00

is

00:10:01--> 00:10:05

not nice enough to be with him. So you'll be shown the compassion of the Prophet toward the Saba.

00:10:07--> 00:10:22

So, the basic aim is to thick layers together. Besides that, there are various other objectives. Number one, besides thinking later together, it is coming near Allah subhanaw taala and cutting off yourself from the other people.

00:10:24--> 00:10:38

Number two, it is rejuvenating your spirituality and spiritually coming closer to Allah subhanaw taala. Number three, when you cut a vessel from other people, and from the worldly affairs, it gives you an opportunity

00:10:39--> 00:10:41

to promote Allah subhanaw taala, often

00:10:43--> 00:11:26

to supplicate Allah subhanaw taala, to ask for forgiveness to do seeker. And that brings a level much higher. Furthermore, it helps you in performing the fast much better. Well, normally when we fast there are times that you may not follow the minute sonars and there are chances you may deviate and your desires may be there. So it gives a chance to follow even the fullness of the fasting minion aitikaf. And lastly, when we get the caf, you agreed to give up the worldly pleasures which you're allowed Otherwise, the many things which are allowed in the nominal drop down but but unethical if you give up with worldly pleasures and desires just for the sake of Allah.

00:11:27--> 00:12:15

Okay, well, thank you very much doctor for the answer. Regarding the condition of the person who's performing at SIGGRAPH is he or she allowed to leave the confines of the mosque. Normally, while doing it the calf, a person should not leave the mosque. If you leave the mosque, he breaks the principle of at the calf, and the calf is invalidated. But in case of emergency, if there is a need, then he can leave. For example, if a person wants to go for Call of nature, he felt good to leave himself. Or if he wants to do or to Google, or to have a bath or wash himself. Or if there is no one who can get food for him in the mosque. And if he has to go to eat, he's allowed to go to get food.

00:12:17--> 00:12:35

So unless it's a basic necessity, it's a need. As is mentioned in sable, Heidi, volume number three in the book of Attica added number two zero to nine, the holiday shamon Lupita. She says the Prophet while we get the calf never entered the house unless it was for a need.

00:12:36--> 00:13:15

So if it's necessary is allowed, otherwise, in normal circumstances, you should not leave the mosque. And if you have to leave for a basic necessity, you have to come back fast as soon as possible. But nowadays at hamdulillah minima, so most of the mosque, they have a toilet attached to the mosque, they have a bathroom attached to it. And the Voodoo is inside the muscle, the less requirement to go out of the mosque. And furthermore, the wife of the Prophet, Elijah mallow predator, she said, it's mentioned in sooner that without warning number two, in the book of fasting Hadith number 2467.

00:13:16--> 00:13:30

that a person who does ethic if it is a student of ethic, that he should not visit a patient or attend a funeral or embrace the wife or her relationship with the wife

00:13:31--> 00:13:37

and should not leave the mosque and left for basic necessity. You have come to know that while doing it the caf

00:13:38--> 00:13:39

it is not asuna

00:13:40--> 00:14:05

it's not allowed the digit visit a person who's sick over the data they've all got for family needs or for earning money or for a funeral except for a basic need. You should not leave the mask. Okay, that seems to be quite clear in terms of the basic requirements of etica. Perhaps you could enlighten us with some of the things which break it took off some of the acts which are not allowed during

00:14:07--> 00:14:08

the thing that

00:14:09--> 00:14:42

invalidate the caf number one is leaving the mosque without a valid reason. As I mentioned in my earlier answer, unless it be for relieving oneself, or to go for Call of nature for donation or fortification or for doing Voodoo or having a bath or guzzle or if it No one can get food and if he has to go to get food. These are the only conditions as a last resort. It's allowed. So unless it's for a valid reason, a person cannot leave the mosque, as I mentioned earlier, but nowadays Alhamdulillah since there are

00:14:44--> 00:14:59

toilets and bathrooms attached to the mosque, this requirement itself is rare occasion. So number one is if a person leaves a mosque without a valid reason the ethic off is invalidated. Number two if a person has sexual intercourse

00:15:00--> 00:15:19

His life, as Allah says in the Quran in surah baqarah chapter number two was the mighty seven, that do not associate with your wives, while you are in retreat in the mosque while doing Attica from the mosque, do not associate with your wife. So all the scholars unanimously agree that if you have a sexual relationship with your wife, that the calf is invalidated.

00:15:20--> 00:15:32

But if the wife touches you, just normally, maybe she comes to give you food and then it's no problem at all. But if your wife touches with passion, or you touch her with passion,

00:15:34--> 00:15:35

or you embrace or kiss,

00:15:37--> 00:16:23

all discordance agree that it is macro, it is detestable. Some scholars say that it will break detica invalid. So, you have the difference of opinion and whether embracing or whether 13 with passion in marriage or not, because this was a Surah Baqarah chapter two verse number 187, the word MOBA genre, that do not associate with your wife, your if the specific meaning that so it means only sexual relationship. So those scholars who say that it does not invalidate the calf, they take it in this specific sentence, only sexual relationship, but touching with passion and kissing and embracing. It is mcru detestable, but does not invalidate the calf. For those who take this word as

00:16:23--> 00:16:39

general. So they say that besides sexual relationship, even embracing the wife, or touching with passion, it invalidates the ethic of Allah Allah. Allah knows debase. The third thing that invented the ethic of it is menstruation

00:16:40--> 00:16:50

and postnatal bleeding post childbirth, Didi. The fourth thing that invented the thick of it is committing any major sin.

00:16:51--> 00:17:15

The fifth is insanity, whether the insanity is due to madness, due to taking any drugs or medicine, or it is due to alcohol, techniques, and intoxication. Because the ibadah should always be done in sanity. It should be done. When the person is saying, if it's an infinity, then they bother is not valid.

00:17:16--> 00:17:18

And the last thing which invalidates

00:17:19--> 00:17:24

the ethic of it is apostasy. As Allah says in the Quran, and so,

00:17:25--> 00:17:37

chapter number 39 was number 52. Sorry, assumer chapter 39 was from 65 that it was revealed to you as it was revealed to people that came before you,

00:17:38--> 00:17:51

that if you join in worship God besides Allah, then all your fruits will be useless, it will be fruitless and in the Hereafter, you will not get reward for all your spirituality.

00:17:53--> 00:18:05

Therefore, if anyone does shirk or turns away the scope of the apostasy, then that the calf is in melded So, these are the six things which invalidated

00:18:07--> 00:18:13

May Allah protect us from falling into these errors and may or

00:18:14--> 00:18:23

may be accepted by Allah subhanaw taala. So, let's look at the flip side of the coin, which are the acts which are allowed during itself.

00:18:24--> 00:18:28

The acts which are permitted during takeoff, that if a need arises,

00:18:29--> 00:18:56

a person can go to the mosque, as mentioned earlier, to the reliever himself or to wash or whistle or to the Voodoo or if there's no food, etc. as that is located What about for the profit to save in? sale Buhari. One number three in the book of Attica added number two zero to nine, that the profit while doing it, the calf never entered the house, unless there was a need

00:18:58--> 00:19:05

the things which are otherwise permitted during it the calf is a person can eat and drink and sleep

00:19:06--> 00:19:07

in the mosque.

00:19:08--> 00:19:16

You can eat and drink and sleep in the mosque but it should be careful that it should maintain the sanctity and maintain the cleanliness of the mosque because it's the place of worship.

00:19:17--> 00:19:21

A person can even come the head, he can always say

00:19:22--> 00:20:00

he can remove the unwanted hair from the body. He can cut his nails. He can do he can wash. You can have a bath, you can renew growth can be perfume. These things are permitted. As mentioned in the hadith of say Buhari, we're number three in the book of Attica added number 2028 that has a dash m Hello, Peter Schiff that wildering attic of the profit from the mosque. He put the head into the house. And though she was during the menstrual cycle, she calmed down

00:20:00--> 00:20:25

The hair of the Prophet and put oil in the head. It's also mentioned in the next idea don't say body, we're number three in the book of ethika added number two zero to nine dashami Lupita. She says that while doing a take off and the Prophet is in the mosque is to put his head into the house and choose to comb the hair and all the hair and the profit number is to enter the house unless there was a need. So it means that you can comb the hair you can oil there and the other thing which I mentioned

00:20:26--> 00:20:33

further, it's also allowed to pitch a tent in the mosque, or in the backyard of the mosque.

00:20:35--> 00:20:56

It's mentioned in salable Howdy, bam number three in the book of ettercap. How did number 203 for holiday Shama Lupita, she says that the Prophet used to do a T calf for the last 10 days of Ramadan, and she used to pitch a tent for him. And after offering further Salah, he used to come at the place of ethical and independent

00:20:57--> 00:21:22

as mentioned in say, Muslim mores number two, in the book of fasting Hadith number 261. The Prophet read the calf in the last 10 days of Ramadan, and after offering further Salah, he came at the place of ethical and ordered attend to be pitched and attend was pitched video during ethica. Further, it's also allowed for your wife to come and talk to you

00:21:23--> 00:21:29

and speak to you while being at the caf. She entered the mosque and its mission to say Buhari

00:21:30--> 00:21:53

warm number three, in the book of Attica Hadid number 2035. That Sophia millo, Peter was the wife of the Prophet was the Prophet building at the caf. She entered the mosque, and she came, and she spoke to him. And after a while, when she was leaving, the prophet accompanied her to the gate of the mosque.

00:21:55--> 00:22:00

The beautiful Miss Alma, and two unsolved men, they entered the mosque.

00:22:01--> 00:22:10

And they wish the Prophet silence. And then the Prophet said, that don't run away. She's my wife, Sophia in a way.

00:22:12--> 00:22:19

So that one side said Subhan, Allah or Allah, that means, how could we think such a thing?

00:22:20--> 00:22:41

And they felt a bit hurt? That How could the Prophet thing that we are doubting the buffet? So then the Prophet replies, and it says, the Satan runs in the body, and can reach any part of the body like the blood can reach any part of the body? And I was afraid lest some evil thought may come into your mind that is the reason I clarified the sheet my wife, so that gives us a guidance that

00:22:43--> 00:22:59

when we are in public, and someone does have to clarify and even the Prophet did that Alhamdulillah so we come to know that the voice of the person who can take Afghan into the mosque, and further is mentioned in say Buhari, one, number three, in the book of Attica Hadith number 2037.

00:23:00--> 00:23:08

That holiday Shah maloca she says that one of the wives of the Prophet did ethic after the prophet

00:23:10--> 00:23:41

and four others mentioned in sable, Heidi, love number three, in the book of ethic of Hadith number two, zero to six, the prophet news to do at the caf in the mosque for the last 10 days of Ramadan, and after he expired, his wife continued with the practice. So during ethnographer also Lord speak to the wife and spend time with Zack Allah have you answer Are there any recommended acts that you can enlighten us with during aitikaf during ethical life, that which are recommended is number one

00:23:42--> 00:23:46

that we offer the Salah, but not the recommended Salah, prescribe Salah.

00:23:48--> 00:24:02

Besides that the supererogatory the Nevada Salah as much as you pray, it is preferable than overfill the Sunnah sooner as much as you can, it is preferred during the thick of number three is

00:24:04--> 00:24:10

Office application the last minute Allah made water last month as much as you can. Number four, ask for forgiveness

00:24:12--> 00:24:28

from Allah subhanaw taala and the ticker for the time men in sha Allah subhanaw taala will accept your forgiveness. Number five, they do because Allah Subhana Allah Subhana Allah Azza hamdulillah Glory be to Allah Praise be to Allah number six

00:24:29--> 00:24:32

you can see the duck beat and the kalama the lower

00:24:33--> 00:25:00

number seven, send your blessings and salutations to the last and finally messenger profitable seller seller. Number eight, recite as much as current as possible. And number nine, that besides reading the Quran, in Arabic, you can even read it the facet you can even read the translation of the Quran. For those people who understand Arabic language you can read the translation so that we can implement the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala you can read it the facet of the Quran in the language, understand

00:25:00--> 00:25:05

The best you can eat the books of Hadith of the Prophet, you can eat the life and the seal of the Prophet.

00:25:06--> 00:25:21

So, these are the things which are recommended, and you should not do thing which extreme, as I mentioned, say Buhari, one, number eight, in the book of oaths and vows, and these number 6704. That one's been the prophet of sermon,

00:25:22--> 00:25:43

he saw a man standing, and the Prophet said, What is the matter so the people said, He's Israel, and he has vowed, he will stand and he will not sit, he will not go into the shade, he will not talk He will not speak and he will fast. So, the Prophet says, that tell him that he should speak

00:25:44--> 00:26:10

and bring him into the shade and ask him to sit and complete as fast then ethic after the thing which recommended for Salah but don't old will not speak I will not sit under the shade. So the thing that is recommended as I mentioned is Salah dua asking forgiveness during the car, reading the Quran, Hadith, etc. Exactly ahead of this. Okay. So we'll move on to the next

00:26:12--> 00:26:16

question. Dr. Zakir, could you tell us the prerequisites for

00:26:17--> 00:26:22

aitikaf and is indeed one of the prerequisites fasting

00:26:23--> 00:26:28

as far as the prerequisite for doing anything I was concerned, but nothing the person should be Muslim,

00:26:30--> 00:26:30

it should be seen,

00:26:32--> 00:26:40

should have reached puberty and he should not be in the state of Geneva ceremonial impurity, he should not be sexually defiled

00:26:41--> 00:26:52

person should not be in the state of menstruation or post childbirth, bleeding and the person should be all welding ethical. And besides these, there are two pillars of ethical

00:26:53--> 00:27:24

number one, that is the intention is Nia should be seeking nearness to Allah subhanaw taala and seeking his reward, number two is it should be done in a mosque. Allah says in Surah Baqarah chapter number two Muslim 187 that associate not with your wife, when you retreat in the mosque. So, but natural welding at the caf you should not associate with the wife, whatever sexual issues you discussed in the last answer. And number two, it should be done in a mosque.

00:27:26--> 00:27:29

And people differ

00:27:30--> 00:27:39

the some of the people say it can be any mosque, but the majority of the scholars say that it should not be any more. So, you should be mosque in which congregation Salah are offered

00:27:40--> 00:27:58

and it should also be in a mosque in which Juma Salah is often because of congregation Salah is not offered and her person is doing it the calf and the mosque is leader mean that he's not offering certain congregation which is not correct or he may be going out to another mosque that defeats the purpose of a calf.

00:28:00--> 00:28:09

So but natural most of the scholars agree that it should be in a mosque, which has regular congregation salah and preferably even Juma Salah should be offered in the mosque.

00:28:10--> 00:28:15

And there's a prerequisite, as as mentioned malvaceae mill at the time,

00:28:17--> 00:28:32

Medal of Honor, in southern without warm number two, in the book of fasting, added number 2467 that it should not for motyka person to their decaf that he should not visit a patient

00:28:34--> 00:28:37

or attend a funeral or embracing life also says advice

00:28:39--> 00:28:46

and should not leave the mosque except if there is a basic necessity of basic need. As far as whether fasting is compulsory or not.

00:28:48--> 00:29:33

It's mentioned Shama Lupita, the same had he doesn't have a dog number two in the book of fasting and ID number 2467. possession and luck with the disease. There's no ethical life without fasting, that's her view. But if you were to say Buhari, or even buried in the book of oats and voles had it number 6697 which occurred earlier held commandment library that him he said that in the days of ignorance, yarmulke helia before he accepted Islam, he had vowed that he will do ethica for one night in mustard, the harem, and the prophets that fulfill your wall and there is no fasting during night. So, by this permission of the Prophet, it is understood that fasting is not fat, but it is

00:29:33--> 00:29:40

most of it is recommended. So now that if you fast, it's preferable, it's not too fast while doing ethika zakka. Dr.

00:29:41--> 00:29:59

Could you explain for the benefit of the viewers? What is the exact correct time to begin and end the kickoff particularly pertaining to the last 10 days of Ramadan as far as beginning of Africa for the last 10 days from manage concerns

00:30:00--> 00:30:04

There is a difference of opinion between the scholars, one group of scholars,

00:30:05--> 00:30:20

people like outside people like our thodi or a marmalade, Menlo Park with them all they say that ethical life should begin after the father Salah on the 21st night based on the deed

00:30:21--> 00:30:31

which is mentioned in say Buhari form number three in the book right the calf handed number 2034 lS 2041

00:30:32--> 00:31:12

that Elijah man lobby predator, she said that the Prophet used to be a ticker for the last 10 different from Dan and I used to pitch the tent for him and after further Salah, he used to come at the place of ethic and into the tent. So, based on this idea that rather than Mr. Salama ruffling feathers, Salah used to come at the place of ethic and into the tent, these collar they say that at the cost to start after for the Salah, this is the view of shake bottle so my lab mercy on him when he was asked that venture take our study, so they should start after further Salah of the 21st day of Ramadan if you want to fashion left and is based on the same hadith of attention Hello Peter. But

00:31:12--> 00:31:42

the majority of the scholars the other scholars including all the for a mass email Abu hanifa Imam Malik Imam, Shafi Imam, imitative number. And most of the scholars they say that if you take off in the last 10 days of Ramadan, the ethical should start before the sunset of the 21st night, because the day starts with the sunset. So, because of the ethic often laftan days, if ethical before sunset.

00:31:44--> 00:31:58

And they see because the main aim objective of ethical life is to seek laser cutter and laser cutter is in the night. So if you have a take off in the last 10 nights, it includes the 21st night also.

00:31:59--> 00:32:45

And since the Prophet said, as we discussed yesterday that the glades will cover on the odd nights of the last 10 nights, which included on the first night. So if you start from fudger, you're missing the 21st night. Therefore, most of the scholars agree that ethica should start before sunset of the 21st night. And in reply, that either I'm unlikely to have SIBO Heidi on number three in fatica, Li number 2034 and a December 2041. That Prophet Musa wa sallam used to do ethika off in the last 10 days off from them, and I have to pitch the tent for him. And he's to offer the further salah and after offering further Salah is to come into the place of ethica to what scholars say this

00:32:45--> 00:33:28

adid never says that Prophet started ethic off after fidessa law. It says the Prophet came from the place of ethic of him to his tent, because he wanted seclusion from the other people after further Salah what they say even here, it actually indicates that the Prophet has to get the night of 21st he started Africa before sunset. So, the prophet entered the mosque before sunset of the 21st night. So that the calf starts before sunset, but he prayed in the mosque and he came to the place of Attica that is this tent, because they wanted seclusion from the other people after further Salah. So, according to the correct view of the major scholars,

00:33:29--> 00:34:01

that the calf starts before the sunset of 21st night that is before breaking the fast of the 20th day when you fast for the 20th deal from that before you break the fight before sunset you study ethica and when shared with me, Metalab mercy on him, when he was asked ventured into calf taught for the last 10 days, he had the same reply for the major group of scholars, it should start before sunset of the 21st night that is before breaking the fast 20 a day and reading the same

00:34:03--> 00:34:05

as far as ending the ethical office concern.

00:34:07--> 00:34:40

Withdrawal scholars agree that the ethical should end after sunset of the last night of Ramadan. If Ramadan is of 29 days, then after the sunset of the 29th. Day that is after the full day of shower start shouldn't be thicker. If it's 30 days then after the 30th first is over after sunset, the Gulf cannon but all the scholars agree unanimously also that it is most the hub as some of the sahabas they did continue even

00:34:41--> 00:34:43

in the night till eighth prayer.

00:34:44--> 00:34:52

So based on this, some of the scholars say it is most the hub is encouraged that it should stay even of the night

00:34:53--> 00:34:59

before that the full day of show one and continue to cap off of either salah and offer the

00:35:00--> 00:35:46

salah and then go back to your family, if you have to offer each salah and somewhere else in some other place and later you can have a bad day and then go and meet your family this is preferable but otherwise all the scholars agree that they can end after sunset after the month of Ramadan and the 29th or 30th at JazakAllah. here once again dr for the answer something which sometimes comes up question which comes up regarding whether or not it's a calf is something which is solely a practice during the last 10 days of Ramadan or not, is it as far as ethic of being done only in the last interview from done it is not a must since ethic as I mentioned is voluntary, unless we call it

00:35:46--> 00:35:46

sooner.

00:35:48--> 00:35:50

It can be done in any day of the year.

00:35:51--> 00:36:32

But again remember no we save the best ethical is when you're fasting there's the month of Ramadan and the bed in the month of Ramadan is the last 10 days to the best preferable days or the last 10 days of Ramadan. But you can do any other year from than any other day of the year. And when she asked whether a ban he was asked this question that cannot be done any day or only in the last 10 days or from none, he gets the same reply that it is preferable it is Mr. hub is encouraged to take off in the last 10 days of Ramadan because of secret laser cutter otherwise it can be done any day of Ramadan any day of the year. Its mission and say Buhari Are you number eight in the book of woods

00:36:32--> 00:36:56

anvils? How did number 66971 monologue be written in the days of ignorance in German Julia, before accepted Islam, he had vowed that he would ethica off for one night in the master data and the profits that fulfill your wall. That means how the domain located in the data cafe one of the nights ended of the year.

00:36:57--> 00:36:59

It further mentioned in the Muslim

00:37:00--> 00:37:21

world number two in the book of fasting, and ID number 2641. That the Prophet that the calf for the first 10 days of chawan. Its mission in the Muslim world number two, in the book of fasting added number to six to seven that the Prophet

00:37:22--> 00:37:29

did they take off for the full month of Ramadan, the first 10 days of Ramadan than the middle 10 days in the last 10 days.

00:37:30--> 00:37:33

It further mentioned in say Buhari

00:37:34--> 00:38:16

volume number three in the book of Attica added number 2044 that the Prophet did at the caf for 20 days in the month of Ramadan before he died. That means the last time we read the calf just before he died last time, none of his life. He did Attica for the last 20 days. And it's mentioned that he did that because archangel gabriel he has written the Quran twice, definitely for 20 days. And it's mentioned in say Buhari welcome number three in the book of Attica Lee number two, three to six that the Prophet used to do ethica for the last 10 days of Ramadan. And after he died, his wife continued with the practice. So it indicates that doing a tick off in the last 10 days, it's preferable it's

00:38:16--> 00:38:20

the best otherwise we can read the golf in India video from than any other day of the year.

00:38:21--> 00:38:32

Is ocular hair doctor. And my last question in this interview phase regarding the topic here to cuff Could you explain the reward for

00:38:34--> 00:38:38

it's a cuff as far as the reward fatted calf is concerned.

00:38:39--> 00:38:56

And without Metalab mercy on him. He asked me to be humble man let mercy on him that what are the rewards that the calf so he says that I don't know if any except somebody didn't save it mentioned the muscle of without.

00:38:57--> 00:39:17

And there are many zafer did talking about the awards for epic AF for example. It's mentioned in one of the fA d that mentioned in malvani. In epitomizes fit the revenue manager that anyone who does a calf and who seeks that award

00:39:19--> 00:39:20

and does not do any sin.

00:39:21--> 00:39:25

It is as though he will get the reward of all the good deeds that he has done.

00:39:26--> 00:39:28

This is classified as Dave by shackle money

00:39:30--> 00:39:35

is another Hadith which is also the if we save that anyone who does ethica for one day

00:39:36--> 00:39:51

seeking the faithful last minute Allah, Allah will make for him 33 ditches between himself and the fire. Each ditch will have the breadth of east and west of the world. This will cover the day. Magical money

00:39:52--> 00:39:55

which is talking about the rewards of ethical is also the thief

00:39:56--> 00:39:58

in which it says that anyone would have ethical for a day

00:40:00--> 00:40:18

with sincerity and seeking the award will have all listings forgiven. So this is the for deed. In fact, that was just a he just mentioned in, say Buhari, barn number three, the vocabulary added number 2014 that anyone who prays during the night of Qatar

00:40:20--> 00:41:01

with sincerity seeking Allah reward all his passengers forgiven. So if you do at the caf and if it falls on the ricotta then inshallah but just for epigraph there's nobody selling that all your sins be forgiven. There's another Hadith which is cassava the mo do Mashallah Bonnie. That anymore does ethika for the last 10 days in the month of Ramadan is equivalent to doing too much and tumorous is classified as module fabricated by Shia galbani. There's no particular Hadith which he which talks about the award fatica but there are general Hadith the general heartbeat mentioned in say Buhari, volume number 800. Number 6502.

00:41:03--> 00:41:13

Talking generally about the rewards for the waffle for supererogatory things and says that anyone who offers the fried and does not waffle, Allah says he will come closer to me.

00:41:15--> 00:41:24

And now Phil includes supplication asking forgiveness, and Salah including ethic if someone didn't the waffle,

00:41:25--> 00:41:32

Allah says according to personal so seldom did he come closer to me and I become his sense of hearing through which he hears

00:41:34--> 00:41:49

his sense of seeing from which he feeds his hand from which he gives his legs the way he walks. And whatever they ask, I will fulfill so generally about Noah filbert, natural, there are various rewards but specific photograph, there's none which I know is mentioned as

00:41:50--> 00:42:40

well May Allah subhanho wa Taala encourages all allow us all to do it ticked off in the last 10 days of Ramadan, inshallah, may Allah subhanaw taala benefit us all, by doing that righteous action in the last 10 days of Ramadan. Dr. Zakir we have reached the time when the interview phase is over. And we will be inviting questions from our viewers of which of course, you know very well better than I do if you are receiving 1000s and 1000s of them. And it's unfortunately difficult for us to answer them all individually. And personally. However, we will be answering lots and lots of questions which we've deemed to be the most popular amongst the emails that we've received. So,

00:42:40--> 00:43:20

Doctor, we've got a number of questions, which have been put to us by our viewers, the first of them, one of the viewers says that there's a certain Hadeeth and he refers to it says he says there's no it's a calf except in three mosque, famous mosque in Mecca, famous one in Medina, and of course Jerusalem is this Sahih Hadith as far as the Hadith, where the viewer is asked to say how did how did the backi book of fasting? How did number 8574 we discuss it right? Especially not with the money that the deed is narrated by

00:43:21--> 00:43:43

the farmer in love with him. And he faced a dilemma Massoud malarkey the team that I have seen people doing attic off from your house to the house of Musa mela, Peter Tim, in the mosque in between your house in the house of Musa but I heard the Prophet saying that the new attic of except in the

00:43:45--> 00:43:52

three mosque, multi, multi din Abbey and was the Aqsa. So based on this hadith there are

00:43:53--> 00:44:31

a few scholars who do say that at the caf would only be performed in the three months. But the majority scholars don't agree with that. They say that offering in the three months is preferable. You'll get most of our because as mentioned that if you're offered must be the Haram in Makkah is equal to 100,000. So up if you did Medina be 10,000 server and the third mosque is Mr. JAXA so it will be much more peripheral but the general ruling is based on the Quranic verses of Surah Baqarah chapter two verse number 187 that do not associate with your wife. When you retreat in the mosque when they take off in the mosque is talking about gender Mosque, the word is massage it so you can

00:44:31--> 00:45:00

do ethically in any massage. One report scholar says any massage even if there is no congregation Salah which most of the scholars don't agree, most of the scholars including Imam Ahmed Min lopid him he said that it should be in a mosque a congregation Salah is offered and masala is offered and men check with Damian check NASA that manual does that is it true that you can offer only in these three months. They said it is preferable often these three months but it's not a fun at takeoff can be done at any mosque as long as

00:45:00--> 00:45:27

There is a congregation salah and masala in it, but offering in these three mosques is preferable. And when Jake minmatar was asked the question and again the scholars decode there was a sort of Baccarat chap, it was 187 that the verdict is general mosques. It doesn't district only three mosque adminship bin bass was asked he gives the same answer that at the calf can be in any mosque, as long as the company Salah. But if someone vows to do

00:45:28--> 00:46:07

industry most dentists complicity should do otherwise. At the general ruling, it can be done any mosque where Congress has offered masala that's comforting to know. Thank you. Next question, can we observe it a calf for a short period of time, there is no limit as far as the period of ethical is concerned, you can offer the calf for the short period of a long period. For a short while the majority scholars agree it can even run for a short while even for one I didn't have some middle VPS with me said that ethic of Cambrian for one hour. But there are certain scholars who say that ethic of should be the minimum for one day or four days. And this is this one hour is actually a period

00:46:07--> 00:46:46

doesn't refer to a day. But the majority scholars agree it can be there for a short time for one hour, for a day for few days per week for 10 days for a month, it depends upon the person, there is no limitation as far as the period is concerned. Just sokola hair doctor. Next question are women allowed to observe it's a calf in their houses, as far as they take off is concerned according to the verse of the Quran Surah Baqarah chapter two with a microphone received that are not associated with your wife and do ethical retreat in the mosque. So as soon as the word is specific, the ruling is in the mosque, as its ruling for the gents that they should read the calf in the mosque. The same

00:46:46--> 00:47:26

ruling applies even for the woman. There are a few scholars who do say that the calf can be done in the home where the woman prays based on that day that praying in a room is better than praying in the outdoor room in the house praying in the house better in the courtyard in the courtyard better than the mosque. But this doesn't mean Masjid literally means a place where you do sudo it's more of a word where we do sudo but technically the word massage used in sort of buttress eprovided seven means the proper must not wait to salute because in the inner room a person changes clause and a person in the state of general sexual impurity etc. So the ruling for the woman as far as the major

00:47:26--> 00:48:04

scholars are concerned if they want to do they should do in the mosque and that for mentioned several Hadith including the hadith of say Buhari volume number three in the book of Attica Hadith number two zero to 600, ashram and Lupita. She says that the prophet will take off in the last 10 days of Ramadan. And after he died, his wife continued with the practice. So the wife of the Prophet did at the calf in the mosque, and there's no evidence to show that they ever did in the house. Okay, good. That's very good to know. And next question from the next viewer. Is there any redemption on a person who breaks the etic half voluntarily, as far as a fire is concerned or

00:48:04--> 00:48:34

redemption is concerned? Since ethics is voluntary. If you break a voluntary at the calf, there is no compensation. It's preferable if you want, you can again do it. But if a person keeps a compulsory ethic, afifi vowels that he want to keep for two days, if you pass an examination for them, if he breaks it, then he has to do it some other time because it's the law. It's the fact that the calf, as far as warranted, is concerned. It's not complicity. But even if he breaks the volunteer the calf, if he does at some other time is preferable, but

00:48:36--> 00:48:36

it's not.

00:48:38--> 00:49:15

Okay. Next question, Doctor Exactly. Does a husband have the right to prevent his wife from doing aitikaf and that the graph is voluntary. And when a lady does that the carpenter goes to the mosque, but natural infringes on the rights of the husband. So but naturally, she has to do it because she has read the permission of the husband, because some of his rights will be lost. And if you give permission, he has the right even to call back if required. Unless if she's doing an obligate rate because she has vowed and then when she starts then that has been caused, you should continue. We'll have fun. Otherwise in volunteer at the office, you should take the position of the husband and the

00:49:15--> 00:49:36

husband has the right to call back if you require. Okay, well, I'm afraid this is going to be the last question today. Dr. Zakir Is it correct to teach somebody or give a lecture during if it was performing aitikaf as we mentioned earlier, the recommended acts while doing it the calf is to offer Salah to do no offering Salah to supplication to ask for forgiveness,

00:49:37--> 00:49:39

to be declared and read the Quran.

00:49:41--> 00:49:58

So it's best for me to do these acts. But if someone really wants to learn something, especially of Islam, and if you teach, there is no problem or if you give a lecture, or you give a lesson to someone especially regarding the rulings of Islam. It's permitted. Fine because you're teaching someone getting Inquisitor last minute

00:50:00--> 00:50:37

Hello hair doctors. Okay, that's unfortunately all we got time for today, but thank you very much mail us panatela award you and me and all the viewers for watching and attending this session on etiquette is aka Lucha brothers and sisters. I hope that you have enjoyed and benefited from the show today and that you will take less than take heed of all the answers that Dr. Zakir Naik has given today on the subject of etiquette of tomorrow we will be discussing Ramadan, the month of self improvement and Islam. So please do join us then. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah.