Quranic View of History Linear or Circular – Reminders and Reflections

Yassir Fazaga

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Channel: Yassir Fazaga

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So one of the most difficult topics to talk about is history.

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Especially, unfortunately, Islamic history.

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And

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just given what what has happened,

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the most contested event during the time of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam took place about three days ago.

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After the Hajj, the Prophet peace be upon him was on his way back to Medina.

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And as you know, it took about 10 days from people to get to move from Mecca to make it to Medina. And then on the fifth day, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stopped by this place, called the deer home, a pond or an oasis, named home. And like I said, this is the most contested event that ever took place. And this is actually one of the beginnings of the rift of the Shia, Sunni

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you know, drift that we have. And it's basically revolves around two questions, what was said,

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and what was meant,

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and that is just not the that that event, but that just it seems to be, these are the two most difficult questions to discuss in history, what was said, and what was meant. So it said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as they are

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on their caravan, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stops the caravan, and he ordered the place to be cleaned. Now up to here, this is all agreed upon Shiraz and Sooners. And then the Prophet peace be upon him gave a speech, which is unlike him and this is a traveling road and why would the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam give a speech there? And he stood there, and amongst this thinks that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said is that he held the hands of Satan I live in Abu Talib. He raised his hands and he said, When qumola Farley Yun Mola, who's ever Moeller, I am, Ali's, also their mode. And I'm not translating it, because remember, he said, what was said,

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and what was meant.

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And according to the sheer school of thought, they say that this is the event where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, declared Syedna Ali to be the Khalifa. And of course, Sunnis would say no, there was really no declaration there, what it was, it was just about bringing in more of the virtue of Syedna Ali Abeyta.

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Now going trying to go back and find out what has happened is going to be a very, very difficult task. But as I've always, you know, love this idea of, the more we know, the more tolerant we become. And the more we become aware of the of the, as they say men out of alpha Tessa Sodre who woman Keturah Allah in Cairo, the more we know.

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Usually, the calmer our reaction becomes, our reaction is not very intense. And the more we become aware of the variance of the different opinions that are out there, our ability to accommodate each other actually increases. So this is not really about settling that but it is just really about becoming aware, what actually took place what was said, and what was meant monkland tumah Allah for Allah Yun Mola, up to this point, Sunni Shia is all historians agreed up to this point. From here on, you've got a lot of additions, you've got a lot of omissions and that is where the contested part of the whole event

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begins. So the thing is, what makes the studying of history difficult is which sources do you go back to? What was said how they establish the facts, and then how they interpret the facts that were said. So what does the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam What did he mean when he said mungkin Tamala value Mola. If I am your ally, then say Natalie's your ally, said we are but that you know, you don't need to stop the entire caravan just to make that statement. If I am your friend and say Natalie is your friend Yeah, but that's like, why would you stop the entire caravan clean the place and give a long speech and just to let people know if I am your friend and say Natalie is your

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friend. That does not make sense. You know, our brothers in the Shia community would would would argue, no, that event was really about declaring Satan early to be the Khalifa. So Sunnis would say why not do this in Makkah, while

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Everybody else was present, because the people who belong to Yemen have already left the people who belong to other places have already left. Why would you wait all the way when you are only 150 kilometers away from Medina to make that declaration? And that is what I meant by saying, attempting to answer what was said, and what was and what was meant. But here is the part that is agreed upon the virtues of Satan Ali bin Abi Taalib. You know, all the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam know one person's virtues are as enumerated and as counted as a noun I believe Nabil Talib was and again you don't have to be ashamed to make that's just a that is just a a fact.

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So, if you have heard something taking place in the past few days, somebody that they refer to as read any there was a dear buddy like I said, Miss the Oasis or it means a pond, this was the incident that took place behind

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behind it. And the last point is usually in history, there is the there is the content of the history. And then there is philosophy of history, like what is history. So usually there are two schools, one school views history to be a linear, meaning that this event took place here then few years another event and then another event. So it's it's a line.

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And there is a school that views history as circular, meaning that human behavior has always been the same. But it is just a circle change the names and the places, but human behavior has always been the same, meaning that we humans just continuously repeat history. And it seems and Allah subhanaw taala agenda item, Allah knows best. It seems that the way that the Quran teaches history is that the Quran, the Quran, ik philosophy regarding history, is that history is circular. There is always a frown. There is always our own. There are always the magician that will be helping the Pharaoh, there will always going to be the people who are going to be cheering up the Pharaoh. There

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is always going to be this struggle between falsehood and truth. There is always going to be a struggle between the oppressed and the oppressors. There is always going to be a struggle between the haves and the have nots. It seems like the Quran presents history as a circular history, not necessarily as a linear

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history. So may Allah Subhana Allah increases in understanding our upper eyelid mean how to Allah Allah, Allah Allah Allah say