Towards Understanding Surah Yusuf – 01

share this pageShare Page
Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

Shaykh Yasir Qadhi discusses at length the tafseer of Surah Yusuf which is the 12th chapter of the Quran and contains 111 verses. This Surah was revealed in Mecca during a depressing and difficult time for the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. This was because he had lost both his uncle and wife in the same year.

From the Tafseer, we gather some vital points of knowledge such as – why some surahs begin with letters alone, what were the dreams of the Prophets telling us,what did the 11 stars in Yusuf AS dream depict, who are the group of people and what are their signs, what was the brothers original plan on the way to deal with Yusuf, and much more.

Listen intently as Shaykh Yasir Qadhi paves a way for us to be comprehensively educated on the Tafseer.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:00--> 00:00:03

hamdulillah Isla is niram

00:00:08--> 00:00:14

Al Hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah Camden County, Ebony Allah Bullock

00:00:28--> 00:00:59

Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu. It gives me great pleasure to welcome you all to a new and exciting series that we're offering entitled towards understanding sort of use of in this series we will explain this beautiful and fascinating surah in the Quran, which deals with the Prophet Yusuf Alayhi Salaam. I am your host Yes, we'll call the inshallah tada today will be the first of a series of episodes where we talk about one of the most beautiful stories in the Quran. Stay with us. Law poder de

00:01:05--> 00:01:06

mercado de

00:01:11--> 00:01:13

dos de Pon levy Bina and

00:01:28--> 00:02:07

Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu verily All praise is due to Allah subhanho wa Taala we praise Him and we seek his help. And we seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls and the consequences of our actions. Indeed, whomever Allah subhana wa tada guides, none can misguide him, and whomever Allah chooses to misguide, none can guide him back to the straight path. I bear witness and I testify that there is no deity that is worthy of our worship or veneration other than Allah subhana wa Tada. And I bear witness and I testify that Mohammed Abdullah is the final prophet of Allah and the most perfect worship as to what follows. It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to

00:02:07--> 00:02:53

a series of episodes that we're going to do discussing the Tafseer of surah Yusuf, I am your host, yes, sir coffee. Now, as we all know, the Quran is composed of 114 sutras of varying lengths, and surah Yusuf is one of these 114 sutras. However, it is unique in a number of ways. Firstly, the sutra was revealed entirely at one go. Unlike other suitors in the Quran, for example, Surah Baqarah, was revealed over over a period of two or three years, so the use of came down all at once. Secondly, the theme of pseudo use of is a constant theme. It is the story of the Prophet Yusuf Alayhi Salaam. If you look at the other suitors of the Quran, many of the suitors especially of the

00:02:53--> 00:03:25

length of surah, Yusuf are longer than through the use of you will find a number of themes all of which complement one another. As for the pseudo use of itself, we find that the entire pseudo or we can say almost the entire pseudo apart from a few introductory verses, and also the ending versus pretty much the entire sutra deals with nothing but the story of the Prophet Yusuf alayhi salam. Hence, we find that this surah is in its entirety, a holistic and complete surah of the Quran.

00:03:26--> 00:04:12

Another difference about this surah itself is the fact that it came at a very crucial time in the life of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the surah was revealed towards the end of the Mexican era. Now we know that the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam can be divided into two simple, perfect divisions. The first of them is the Mexican era, and the second is the Medina era. And of course, the meccan era lasted for 13 years when he resided in Makkah, and it ended with the hijra, or the emigration to Medina, which that lasted for a further 10 years. Now, the mccunn era, saw and witnessed the revelation of the Koran in a certain style in a certain

00:04:12--> 00:04:54

manner, in a certain eloquence if you like that the Medina era had a different one. So if you look at the sutras that were revealed in Mecca, we find a different style, a different type of wording, a different type of basically rhetoric that was used and employed from the Medina and one. Both are eloquent. Both are perfect, but there are different goals and different agendas to be met. in Makkah, we noticed that the Mac consumers concentrated primarily on the fundamentals of belief. They didn't go into the details of law. We don't find verses that came down about inheritance, about marriage and divorce, about distributing money and zakat. these commandments came down in Medina

00:04:54--> 00:05:00

after the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had established himself and he had a full society.

00:05:00--> 00:05:41

At a state to run. As for the meccan era, which is one sort of use of came down, we find that the meccan era concentrates pretty much entirely on the fundamentals of our theology. What do we believe about Allah? What do we believe about the prophets? What do we believe about the hereafter. And this shows us the importance of our theology in Islam, theology, and Arabic we call it a P, that is the science is the basis of all other sciences, it is the foundation of our religion, and it is what makes a Muslim increase in his or her love of Allah subhana wa Tada. Hence, the first foundation that we lay is the foundation of theology. And we find pseudo use of does not stray from this

00:05:41--> 00:06:24

fundamental point, the entire theme of surah. Yusuf talks about the prophets and talks about the methodology of the prophets talks about the trials and tribulations of the prophets. Hence, pseudo use of has a very pertinent theme to the McCain era. It came down, as we said, towards the end of the McCain era, and perhaps we can say we don't know exactly when it came down. We don't know the year that that it was revealed, but we have a rough idea. And we have an idea that it came down in the last two years of the Macan stage. And this is very pertinent, because when we understand the situation, the context in which a revelation occurred, it helps us appreciate the surah and the

00:06:24--> 00:07:09

verses better. In Arabic, we call this a stab wound newzoo, or the reasons why a sutra or a verse was revealed. And this science is a very important science in understanding the Quran. Because when you understand the context, you understand the meaning of the verse, When you understand the situation that diverse cater to, you will be able to appreciate the the meaning of the verse in a more profound manner. So we need to understand the situation in Makkah. In this time, the situation was basically in one word, it was a very depressing situation, it was out of all of the 23 years of the prophethood. If we can say that there was a low if we can say that there was one stage one point

00:07:09--> 00:07:49

that really and truly was below all of the other points in terms of the stress in terms of the pressures, in terms of all of the factors facing the profits of the longer term and the early Muslims, it would have been right before this sutra was revealed around the 10th or 11th, year of the McCain era. What happened that made the situation so tense, why was the situation in Makkah, so difficult for a number of factors. First and foremost, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had been preaching for over a decade in Mecca, he had been preaching for over 10 years. And instead of finding his community accept him, instead of finding his family and friends, accept the message that

00:07:49--> 00:08:28

he comes with. He finds that most of them have opposed him, especially the elite and the rich. He finds that his own close relatives, especially the tribe of Quraysh, refused to accept the teachings that he came up with. And not only that, they came between him and his preaching of the message, they persecuted him, they tortured him, they killed many of his followers, they did not allow him even public access to the pilgrims. They came and they taunted him, they ridiculed him, and they did many things, to try to lower his morale, to try to make sure that people did not convert to his faith. So we have a long period where we don't see the fruits of the efforts of the prophets of the

00:08:28--> 00:09:16

law where you send them the Prophet system is feeling a type of despair, a type of why are not my people accepting me. Another reason is that a number of incidents that occurred that especially demoralized the early Muslims, that especially caused the Prophet sallallahu Sallam much grief, one of these incidents was the death of a butadiene. And what will make you understand who Abu Talib is? Abu Talib was the one who took care of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam since he was a child since his mother passed away and then his grandfather, Abu Talib took charge of this orphan, and everybody raised him in his own household as a son. And in fact, he loved him more than he loved his

00:09:16--> 00:09:57

own sons. I will thought they loved the process a little longer. I said them more than he loved his own sons. And when the prophets of the law who said and began preaching his message, the Quran applied pressure upon his uncle, to cause him to stop to try to make him stop. Why not only was he the senior person in the family of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was also the leader of the new Hashem. He was the chieftain of the sub tribe of courage which the Prophet sallallahu wasallam belonged to. And it was his word that was of paramount importance. If Abu Talib had withdrawn his help from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the Prophet says and it would have faced a lot of

00:09:57--> 00:09:59

opposition. So when the Quran applied pressure to apply

00:10:00--> 00:10:36

Patty, and I will probably have never accepted Islam until he died. He did not accept Islam. When the Quran applied pressure to Abu Dhabi, initially Abu Talib caved in, and he went to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he said, You have to stop teaching this message, I cannot allow you to continue. My own people have put too much pressure on me. And it was at that stage that the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam made a very emotional appeal to his uncle. And he said, Oh, my uncle, if they were to give me power over the moon and the sun, according to the Arabic to the precise meaning is, if they gave the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, meaning if they gave me power to

00:10:36--> 00:11:22

control these two celestial objects which the world depends on for its sustenance, by the mercy of Allah subhana wa, if they gave me the power to control the sun and the moon, even then I would not give up teaching this message of Islam until I die or Allah azza wa jal will something else. So when I will call him saw his zeal when Abu Talib saw his determination, he acquiesced and agreed and he said, you may do as you please, I will never come between you and your teaching. Until the day that he died. I will thought it gave his full support to the teachings of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam allowing him the right to propagate. He himself never accepted Islam. Why is this the case

00:11:22--> 00:12:04

that he never accepted Islam, because he was proud to be the son of Abdullah. Abdullah was the chieftain of the era of the time. And he was so proud to be the son of this famous person that he said, I can never give up the religion of my father, I will betray my father's trust, I will betray my father's honor if I give up his religion. And so he died, because he preferred his tribalism. He preferred the prestige and honor of who he was and who his father was over the religion of Islam, but a good part it was the primary support of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the physical in the outer world. Of course, Allah azza wa jal is the only support in the real sense but of course Allah

00:12:04--> 00:12:43

azza wa jal uses people and of the people that he used was the uncle of the prophets of Allah, why'd you send them a blue bottle? And Abu Talib, as we said, was the primary person in the entire city of Mecca who allowed the Prophet solo send them the freedom to preach and practice had Abu Talib withdrawn that right then if anybody had harmed the profits of the law, why'd you sell them? Then he was basically without a protector. But because we thought it had that right because we thought it gave him that right. Nobody could harm the profits of the law, we send them without getting the wrath of authority, and behind that the weight of the entire tribe of Banu Hashim. This was like

00:12:43--> 00:13:20

what we call an hour times a passport. Imagine if your country withdraws your passport from you. You have no country to support you and you're traveling, you have no entity to go back to. Similarly in the Japanese society of the prophets of the Lord send them a passport was what the chieftain gave you, the chieftain said you're a part of the tribe. And if you're a part of the tribe, the tribe has to support you. Hence, a Buddha gave the support of the tribe of Banu Hashim to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had he withdrawn it the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would not have had any support in Makkah, Abu Dhabi passed away in the 10th year of the digital and that the

00:13:20--> 00:13:42

death of butadiene, much agitation occurred, much problems began. And that was the first of many incidents that led to the revelation of the use of Stay with us. We'll take a short break. When we come back, we'll continue talking about the context in which pseudo usage was revealed. lafonda Ghana fee costs forcing him to do D.

00:13:48--> 00:13:48

Only

00:13:52--> 00:13:59

other Ghana fee costs, sourcing murrayville or truly only

00:14:04--> 00:14:05

only in

00:14:07--> 00:14:44

Santa Monica. Mashallah. Welcome back. We were discussing the context in which surah Yusuf was revealed. And we said that a number of incidents had happened, which caused great distress to the prophet SAW a lot while he was setting them. The first of these was the death of his uncle Bhupati. Now, as we said, Abu Talib was the primary political protector of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he was also a father figure. He was, of course his father's brother. He was his father's full brother, unlike some of the other uncles, for example, will not have a Buddha was a half brother, and the Buddha was the worst enemy of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Unlike a butadiene, I

00:14:44--> 00:15:00

will thought it was a full brother, and he was a political supporter, not a religious supporter. So Obadiah did his best to allow the profitsystem the security that he needed to preach in Mecca when Abu Talib died and he died around the 10th year of the massacre.

00:15:00--> 00:15:38

Stage of that one 10th year of the we don't call it Hitler because obviously, the hatred occurred afterwards, the 10th year of the prophetic call it three years before the hedgerow. This allowed the courage and the Arabs opportunity to be more bold against the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to ridicule him more. And in fact, it was only a matter of time, just literally a matter of time, few years, two, three years after the death of Abu Dhabi, where the situation became so bad that the prophet SAW someone was forced to flee with his very life. They plotted to assassinate him, they plotted to kill him, and they would never have had the audacity to do that when Obama was alive. So the death

00:15:38--> 00:16:18

of Abu Talib allowed the mccanns allowed the pagans to increase in their hostility, and to come more and more in the face of the prophets lesson to prevent him teaching the message. So the death of bubble thought it was firstly a personal loss. In other words, this was his father figure. This was his uncle. This was somebody who looked up to and revered, and it was also a political loss, in the sense that we thought it gave him the political protector ship. Now, just as a side point here, the death of robot a robot, it was recorded in the books of history, that when he was dying on his very last day of life, the prophet system came and he begged him, he pleaded with him to try to accept

00:16:18--> 00:17:02

Islam. And he said, Oh, my dear uncle, all I ask is that you say one phrase, one statement, one kalama that I will be able to argue on your behalf in front of Allah, give me this one Kadima. And I will be able to argue your case in front of a law, that kenema is law, in a in the law, just say this, and I will be able to plead your case in front of Allah. If you don't say it, then basically, I cannot plead, and I will call it was so close to saying it, but he had sitting there some of the leaders of Quraysh, some of the pagan elders of them Abu lahab, and of them, Abu jihad, and all of these evil leaders of Croatia, and they said, Oh Abu Talib, are you going to give up the religion of

00:17:02--> 00:17:43

your father of the Republic? And Abu Talib was that person, he had that personality, he had that respect amongst all of the Arabs, that Abu Qatada could not give up the religion of his own father. So he died saying that I am upon the religion of my father, and that was the religion of paganism, the religion of shiksa babalu did not die in the state of Islam. So this was a personal loss, and it grieved the Prophet system greatly. The famous historian of the theater by the name of urbanists have the most authoritative book of pseudo was written about him in his house in 150. In his house said, after the death of Abu Talib, the koresh was able to harm the Prophet sallallahu. It said them

00:17:43--> 00:18:24

like they had never harmed him before. So it was a very personal loss. The second incident that occurred was even more personal. And that was the death of none other than his wife, Khadija, and who will make you understand what the status of her teacher is, her deja Khadija, this woman who gave up everything that she owned, to support the Prophet sallallahu it he was sending them hadiya this noble lady, this first wife of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam whom he remained married to over 25 years he remained married to Khadija, and he never took another wife when he was married to her deja Khadija was his personal comfort, his solace his support, as well thought it was his

00:18:24--> 00:19:01

political protector outside Hadi Joe was the one who we would turn to as a man turns to his wife for comfort for support. As every single person knows, spouses help one another. When you're in crisis. When you're in grief, you turn to your spouse and you confide in them and your spouse, uplift your spirit, your wife, if you're your wife, or your husband, your spouse will lift your spirit up will calm you down, will guide you in the right direction. And not only that Khadija also supported the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them financially. Khadija was a very rich lady, and she was the one who wanted to marry the Prophet Allah Allah sent him and she sent the messages through other

00:19:01--> 00:19:45

people that she was interested in the prophets of Allah, why do you send them and when the marriage took place? It was Khadija who offered her money to the prophet SAW SLM, so that he was free to teach and preach had had it not been for that money, he would have been busy earning his income, he would not have had the time to preach to the people. So Khadija helped him in every way that she could, and many years later, when the Prophet says, and I'm married other women and of them was his beloved wife, Aisha, she says, I never saw Khadija she was too young Khadija died before I saw her. She said I never saw Khadija. And yet I was never as jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet

00:19:45--> 00:19:59

system, as I was of Khadija, because of the status that Khadija had in the wife of the in the in the in the heart of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the status that Khadija had as the first wife and as the wife that he was married to for so many years, even he felt it

00:20:00--> 00:20:37

Many years later, and she said even though I never saw her, I was so jealous of her. The Prophet system in Medina, many years later, when he would get any gift, he would send it to the sister of Khadija, he would send it to the cousins of Khadija, he would send it to the neighbors of Khadija. And this would infuriate and she will say, why are you sending it to a woman who has passed away and Garnet she was an old lady, and Allah has blessed you with a much better and a younger Lady and the Prophet system. He became irritated at this and he said, No, by Allah, Allah has not blessed me with a woman better than her. In other words, no woman is better than her by Allah has not blessed me

00:20:37--> 00:21:17

with a woman better than her. She believed in me when everybody else rejected me. She supported me when everybody else turned away from me, and she gave me money when everybody else refused to help me, Khadija, and also the precedence that she gave me children, when no other woman has given has given me children, Allah azzawajal blessed that the children of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam except for Ibrahim the other children of the process of him, all came from Khadija. So Khadija has a status that no other woman has. And the Prophet says, and I've said, many are the men who have perfected their Eman, but only four are the women who have perfected their Eman. Many are the men who have

00:21:17--> 00:21:55

perfected their Eman but only four women have ever perfected their Eman. And he said first and foremost was medium. The mother of he said he said them and then it was asked here, the wife of fifth round. And the third he said Khadija Khadija the wife of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the fourth Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. These are the four women who have perfected Eman hadiza Khadija was the lady when the Prophet system first received the revelation when he first saw this angel hovering in the air and hugging him tightly until he thought he would die when he was confused when he was distressed when he was distraught when he had no one

00:21:55--> 00:22:35

else to turn to on this earth. He comes rushing down the mountain and whose house does he go to? Who does he turn to a robotic abubaker? No, he goes running home to the watch to the house of his wife Khadija he goes running home to Khadija and he says me loonies me loony. Cover me up, cover me up. And so Khadija rhodiola Tatiana covers him up and consoled him and when she hears what has happened, she says well law he I swear by Allah ma Yosuke Allahu Allah will never humiliate, you know will never cause you distress, you are good to the orphans, you take care of the poor, you help your relatives, you are a righteous man, Allah will not cause you to go into something that is

00:22:35--> 00:23:14

problematic, Allah will not curse you allies, he will not cause you any distress or harm. And she was the one who took him to her cousin, what are the nofal? So from the beginning, we see the role and status of Khadija that Khadija consoles the Prophet sallallahu sallam, she is his primary source of support. And this is something every single man knows that you need to have a household that is running, that is comforting. You need to have a wife who is supportive. If your wife is not supportive, no matter what you do in the world around you when your household itself is not correct. When your inside of your of your of your house is in chaos, then the outside also will be in chaos.

00:23:14--> 00:23:56

You need that peace and harmony that only a wife and only a loving woman can provide. And this was Khadija that provided the support to the prophets of the law. Why do you sell them lo and behold, she passed away six weeks after the death of a party. It was a double blow one after the other. Right after his uncle, his father figure dies immediately six weeks after that he has barely recovered from this loss. And an even more profound loss happens an even more profound loss occurs. And that is the loss of the mother of his children, the loss of his dear and beloved wife the loss of her deja Binti who waited. And there was yet another instance that would happen, yet another

00:23:56--> 00:24:35

problem and tragedy that would occur. And that would be even more demoralizing, as if it was even possible, but even more demoralizing than the previous two. And that was the rejection that the prophet SAW the law where I said I'm faced in the city of thought if, after the death of a robot and Khadija the Prophet sallallahu Sallam decided to undertake a journey to a new city. He had been preaching in Makkah for 10 years, and he had given up hope of the people accepting Islam in Mecca. He had tried everything he had persisted, he had gone through every single legitimate tactic that he could think of. He had prayed and implored them, but they continued to be stubborn. They continue to

00:24:35--> 00:25:00

be mocking and ridiculing and sarcastic, and so he decided to try to find another city. He decided to go and try the city have a thought if and the city of thought it was the neighboring city of Mecca, it was the closest city to Mecca. It was also a very old and prestigious city, just like the city of Mecca was as well and the tribe of thought it was known as Turkey and the tribe of Croatia.

00:25:00--> 00:25:41

of the tribe of Macau, of course was courage and the courage and the grief, they consider themselves to be rivals. They consider themselves both to be of noble, if you like pedigree, they consider themselves to be worthy opponents. And so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam set forth. And this happened again, as we said, after the incidents of the death of a parliament, Khadija, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam set forth to see if the city of La would be any better in terms of recruits any better in terms of people converting to Islam, and so he journeyed his way up all the way to the city of Haifa and the city of LA is at the top of a mountain, and he journeyed his way alone, or maybe he was with

00:25:41--> 00:26:18

his slave Bilaal. There are reports that mentioned there was maybe blood with him, but he was not with any other support. And there he faced a bitter and cruel rejection or rejection that when we understand it, once again, it contextualizes the point of revealing surah Yusuf to summarize before we conclude for today, when we understand the context of a relation, when we understand when to use or came down, we will better appreciate the contents of the sutra. And in this class we discussed in this episode, we discussed that. So the use of was revealed after a long period of doubt what had not been successful after the relatives of the Prophet system and his cousins had opposed him. And

00:26:18--> 00:26:31

then the deaths of two very dear people are both positive and Khadija happened one after the other, and there was a third incident to occur. And that shall be the beginning of our next episode. I hope to see you then until next time,